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St.Petersburg Centre for Oriental Studies

ST.PETERSBURG JOURNAL
OF ORIENTAL STUDIES
9
volume 9

< ^
-
1997

3(5)52








S West ()
R Ames ()

191186, -, , 18

S (812)3116283 (812)1835381
E-mail info@petvost spb su

198152, -, / 111
, .
.


.


,
, ,
,
65555 05 12 97 25 12 97
60x90 1/16
37 1000 3579

-
199034, -, 9- , 12

ISSN 0869-8392
ISBN 5-85803-106-4 (. 9)

1997




8
10
( )

51
59 XVII
69
XVIII
( ,
)
,
85


90
( , )

115


139

ORIENTALIA:

.
162


205
.

208


227

-
238



243 mlk
251


266 ,
( VI 255260 )
280
,
(
,
-)

285


314

326

356

Lundin,
S Frantsouzoff
M

384
392

(
XVII )
-

An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar
from The British Museum
XV
( )

408


-
( )
:

414

436

448

476

- (18651918)
(18781945)

501

516

522
526

(18971946)
(18831951)




( )

PERSONALIA

( )

534


( 100- )

537

541

546

552
553

554

1793

( )
100-

(-)
( 1
1996)
Rev Heine, Steven Dogen ang the Koan Tradition
A Tale of two Shobogenzo Texts Albany State
University of New York Press, 1994. 329 pp

-

XIX





(, 27 3 1997 )

( 75- )
( 50- )


MISCELLANEA

559

Kabanoff

577

579
579

583

588
590

584

592

ST. PETERSBURG JOURNAL OF ORIENTAL STUDIES


Volume 8
Contents
MONUMENTA ORIENTALIA
N Goreghad
8
10

Peculiarities of the genre of Tai hei ki


Tai hei ki Book II
(Transl and comments by V N Goreghad)
N Knlova
51
The Ordeal by the Hell the Last Books
of Mahabharata
69
Mahabharata Book XVII
Book XVIII
(Transl and comments by N Knlova,
ed By S L Neveleva)
V Afanasyeva,
85 The Ancient Indian The Tale of Savitri
Ya V Vassilkov
(Savitryupakhyana), translated from Sanskrit
by Nina V Lobanova
90
The Tale of Savitri
(Transl by N V Lobanova comments by S L Neveleva)
M S Pelevin
115 The life of The Light Master in the works
of Akhund Darweza
A G Sazykin
139 Oirat Version of the Tales on the Benefits
of Vajracchedika
ORIENTALIA: ARTICLES AND STUDIES
V M. Rybakov
162 The Reflections of Morals in Law (xiang-rong-yin)
V L Uspensky
205 Lamaist Institutions in Peking in the Qmg dynasty time
1 M. Stebhn208 On the culturation-related lexics in the Pamir
Kamensky
Languages
227 Linguistic Relations between Old Armenian
I M Dyakonov
and Hurro-Urartian
238 An Accessory Nasal Sonorant
M N Bogohubov
in the Avestian Sound System
243 Some observations on the term MLK
M V. Jvanova
in the Old Testament
251 Make-up palettes and Early Egyptian Ideology
R B. Libina
266 Woman of the righteous Man who survived the Flood
V V Emelyanov
280 On the problem of the correlation of the Literature
. Frolova
Arabic and its dialects
V. A Drozdov,
On some stylistic features of medieval Sufi works
285
M S Fomkm,
Frolova
Jahle Jahl
The Yezid Folktale The Dispute between The Earth
314
and The Heavens
HISTORIOGRAPHY AND TEXTOLOGY
B- G Doronm
326 The Ming shih on South Ming
(On the official interpretation of the dynasty crisis
in the mid-17th century)
1
T- I. Sulatnov
356 A Turkic Version of The Tarikh-i rashidi and its
significance for the Medieval Historiography of East
Turkestan
A Lundm,
384 An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar
Frantsouzoff
from The British Museum
5
M Yakerson
392 The Fifteenth century Hebrew Book Lists
(An attempt of a bibliographical analysis)

5. Kurbanoff,
408 New Books in Korean in the library of St. Petersburg
J. Tsiperovitch
Institute of Oriental Studies
EAST NEIGHBOURS OFRUSSIA
S. R. Turkin
414 Some Persian astronomical and astrological manuscripts
in the collection of St. Petersburg Institute of Oriental
Studies
POINT OF VIEW
V. S. Panfilov
436 On the paradoxes of Dao De Jing
ARCHIVES
I.E. Tsiperovitch
448 Orientalists Academician Ed. Shavannes (18651918)
and Academician Paul Pelliot (18781945)
M. V. Bankovskaya
476 Memorandum for posterity
R. Sh. Sharafoutdinova 501 N. I. Pokrovsky (18971946) and
I. Yu. Kratchkovsky (18831951)
N. A. Buranovskaya
516 A Letter of M. V. Nikolsky to V Shilejko
Vladimir Glotser
522 The Last Pseudonym of Cherubina
Li Xiang-zi
526 A House By The Pear Tree
PERSONALIA
534 I. N. Vinnikov
G. M. Demidova
(On the occasion the 100-th Anniversary)
537 S. N. Ivanov
A. B. Vzkilov
(On the occasion the 75-th Anniversary)
541 M. A. Rodionov
(On the occasion the 50-th Anniversary)
546
Yu. A. Petrossian
546 . . Dreyer and Russian Oriental Studies
MISCELLANEA
H. S. Jamgotchian
552 A Rare Curdish Printed
Text Dated 1793
D. A. Morozov
553 Three more MSS from the Library of Muhammad Parsa in Moscow (A suppliment to article by A. B. Khalidov)
554 100-th Anniversary of Russian-Chinese Alliance
A. J. Tojbert
559 The Brush and the Leisure of the Perfect Man jun-zi
A. S. Martinov
(Notes on the book Follow the Brush by I. Alimov)
577 Rev.: Heine, Steven. Dogen ang the Koan Tradition:
A. Kabano//
A Tale of two Shobogenzo Texts. Albany: State
University of New York Press, 1994 329 pp.
583 Academic Activities
592 List of Contributors





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Ithaca, London, 1976

/ /
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Vassilkov Ya The Mahabharata's Typological Definition Reconsidered // Indo-Iranian


Journal Vol 38 >* 3 July 1995 P 249-256
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3 , 1992
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Banyan // Dange S A Glimpses of Puramc Myth and Culture Delhi 1987 P 60-62
Sharma N Festivals of India New Delhi, 1977 P 21 87
Fig 24 Dange S A Glimpses P 62 65, Parpola A The Fig Deity Seal from Mohenjo
Daro Its Iconography and Inscription // South Asian Archaeology, 1989 P 229
//
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Glorification of the Devoted Wife,


translated from Sanskrit by Nina V. Lobanova
Glorification of the Devoted Wife (.Pativratamahatmya), known also as The
Tale of Savitn (Savitryupakhyana)* is a part of the great Indian epic poem the
Mahabharata (Mbh III 277 282) This translation from Sanskrit into Russian was
done in the 1950-s by the Russian Indologist Nina Vladislavovna Lobanova (1904
1976), but for many reasons could not be published during the scholar's lifetime The
present publication was prepared by N V Lobanova's daughter, Veromka Afanasyeva and the Indologist Yaroslav V Vassilkov The Preface contains 1) necessary
information about Indian tale (stressing its mythic and ritual connections and particularly its ties with the mythology of the Gayatn mantra and the Vatasavitnvrata
rite) and 2) translator's biographical data Notes to the text were compiled by Svetlana L Neveleva

115




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1980, 30]
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[ 1976, 53]
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4 125 (126)], 'alS 'innahu bi kulh ' muhitun (,
) [, 41 54] ma' kulh
' 'ala kulh '

137

29
30
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32

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36
37
38
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12661286
Subhan ul-mahk ul-bari juda kard 'alam-i nun az nari Bazid Ansari
Bazid-i misktn had! ul-mudalltn
( 1296) -
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( 130 1306) ,
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(parav),
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138



XVI - XVII // 1955 5 121-132
- , 1969 ( )
3 , 1987
/ , 1963
, 1991

1976
(
) , 1980
1
- , 1994
- - -- 1 , 1889 ( )
/ / -
, 1969 1-1( )
Beidhawn Commentanus in Coranum / Ed H Fleischer Vol 1 Leipzig, 1846
Brockelmann Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur Bd 2 Berlin, 1902, Sup
plementband I Leiden, 1937, Supplementband 2 Leiden, 1938
Caroe The Pathans 550 - A D 1957 London, 1958
Leyden J On the Roshenian Sect and Its Founder Bayezid Ansan / / Asiatic Re
searches Vol 11 London, 1812
Massignon L Le dtwan d'al-Hallaj Essai de reconstitution, edition et traduction
Pans, 1931
Neamet Ullah History of the Afghans / Translated from the Persian by Dorn
P 1 London, 1829
Raverty H G Notes on Afghanistan and Part of Baluchistan, Geographical, Ethno
graphical and Historical London, 1883
Ritter H Das Meer der Seele Mensch, Welt und Gott in den Geschichten des
Fariduddin 'Attar Leiden, 1955
Shaft M Bayazid Ansari / / The Encyclopaedia of Islam New ed Vol 1 Leiden
London, 1960 P 1121-1124
Wenstnck A J Concordance et indices de la tradition musulmane / Organises et
commences par A J Wensinck et J P Mensing, continues par J Brugman T 6
Leiden, 1967

Mikhail S. Pelevin. The life of Light Master in the works of


Akhund Darweza
The life and activities of Bayazid Ansan (1524/25 - 1572),
spiritual guide of the Roshani sect, are known through the several
sources including two works of his contemporary and fierce opponent
Akhund Darweza The passages from Darweza's Makhzan ul-islam
and Tazkirat ul-abrar wa-1-ashrar containing three variants of the
life of Light Master as Bayazid nicknamed himself are combined in
a single version, translated into Russian, and supplemented with the
notes and introduction

139





(-)

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2
,
300
- 3
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5
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Ligeti L Catalogue du Kanjur Mongol impnme Vol 1 Budapest 1942 N 771



Sarkozi A Toyin Guisi s Mongol Vajracche
dika//Acta Onentaha Hungancae T XXVII (1) Budapest, 1972 43-102
Co

- (
-) // ,
1986 47 69, /
, 1993, ()
//Acta Onentaha Hungancae T XLIX (3) Budapest, 1997, Sazykin A G
Diamond Sutra Mongolian Version of the Translation of Zayapandita Namkhai
Jamco // Zentralasiatische Studien Wiesbaden ( )
( bihg-(in cinadu kijayar a kurugsen
)
()
, 24
70

2 2647-2741 ( )
80
, X ,
, 1975 232-233 0241

//
1988 434 436

140

XVII ,
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176 ( 378 )
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- , , -,
XVIII 9
,
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200
100

// 11
, 1975 245-250
//
, XX
1 , 1986 70-74
3
N , Hurvitz L , Okada H Catalogue of the Manchu-Mongol Section of the
Toyo Bunko The Toyo Bunko 1964 N 87
4
Heissig W, Sagaster Mongohsche Handschnften Blockdrucke Landkarten
Wiesbaden 1961 N151-155
5
, 215 0063 (17 )
6
,
Calm A 4 Calm A 11
7

1 , 1988 377-380
8
,
// Mongohca
, 18841931 , 1986 271
272, 285 19
9
Heissig W Zur Bestandsaufnahme und Katalogisierung mongohscher Handschnften
und Blockdrucke in Japan // Ural Altaische Jahrbucher Vol 38 Aquis Mattiacis
1966 S 69
2

141

Zodboyin aci tusa orosibo
(lb) 6m so=sdi Erte caqtu ecige eke xoyor=tu arban nasun dere
toyin boluqsan nige sayin mergen kuboun bui tere rnergem dergede nige
belgeci bira(man) bui tere caqtu tere toy in nokod buguder belgeci te=re
biraman-du sayin mou belgesi uzuuleye geji belgeci xamiya bui ten=de
odod tere belge=ci-du buguder beige uzu=uluqsen du teden-du saym mou
belgesi llyun uzed tere nomci toyindu oyoun bihqci(m) masi sayin
bolbo=cu arban nayiman nasun dere ukuku ci kemeqsen-du toyin cu tere
ugeyigi unendu bisiren touni xoyino xoyor yurban Jil bolod belgeciyin
oguulesei sanad (2a) masi ayiji obonyin baq=sidu ayiladxaqsandu baqsi
eyin kemen nigen aqlaq keyidtu olon zarhq debter bui tende oduya
kemeged odci ene olon bicigiyin dotoroso nasu urtu bolxu biciq nada
uciraxu boltuyai kemen irol talbid abuqsan-du Dorji Zodbo tus bolboi
teged obonyin nasuni urtu bolxuyin aryadu Dorji Zodboi-gi idam bolyoji
odur soni ugei zalbiraji ungsibai tende nige asuyun ungsixui caq=tu tere
oron gerel- duu=red nomoyodun amurhqsan xo=yor dgelong yartan
nige deb=ter bariji ired cini ungsiq=ci tere Dorji (Zodbo) ene mun
oun=du suteqser cini nasun kiged buyan erkesil ed ayourasun togusci nomyer udundun yurban mou zayatani oude xan siddhi bute=kuyin xubi
togusku boluyu kemen zarhq boluqsandu tere toyin cu masi suzulun
murguq=sen xoyino tere xoyor dges=long ulu uzeqden odboi tende tere
toyin xon nasulad aqlaq keyid- xanji bel=(2b)=geci biraman-ni
dergede oduqsan-du tere cociji ci you uyile=duqser eyimi nasutai bolbo
kemen asayuqsandu tere toyin oguule=bei Dorji Zodboi-gi idam bolyon
ungsiqsan- busu youma ugei gebe touni xoyino Dorji Zodboyin kucun-yer kiged adistid bukundu aldarsiqsan- tere oroni olon kumun cu Dorji
Zodboi-gi idam bolyon ungsixui ama abubai tere toyin cu jiran tabu
nasulad ukun youdci togus bayas=xulangdu toroboi
bihgiyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zod=boi-gi aqlaq keyidese olod toyim
nasun urtu boluqsan bo=loq inu undu bui
basa nige oroni keyidtu nigen kucutei doqsin tenggen bui tere
tenggen cu xura mondur kirou kei xui tenguuten bolyon kumun amitani
genete xor=lon uguulkui kiged ukuqse=ni keregi cu ulu butelgen oyiro
orcindu kumun ten=guuten yabuji ulu bolun de=re yabuqsan sobuun cu
una=ji ukudeq nigen bui tere caqtu Enedkeqtu tarni ung=(3a)=sid
ulekule yeke muren cu urusci ulu bolun lusun xad yazanyin ezen ada
cidkur tenguuteni erkeden orou=luqci nige yeke kucutu tarni=ci bui tere
tarnici doqsin tenggen nomoyodxuyin tula tere keyidtu orod doqsm
tar=msi ungsibai soni duhyin caqtu tenggen cu tere tarnici=yin uye
gesou-gi tasulji tolo=yoi xayalun ukuulbei naran yaruqsan xoyino tere
keyidiyin dotoro- tarmciyin yasu olboi touni xoyino tarni=ciyin sabi
undu metu yeke kucutei nigen bui tere baqsan alaqsani meded
tarnisi butekui ed abad keyidtu our=lan oroji souyad kucutei doqsin tarnisi
dounsxan ung=sibai daruyida tere tenggen cu tere tarmciyin zurekendu

142

orod cusar buljiulji ukuul=bei tende tere keyidiyin derge=de Dorji Zodbo
ungsici nige ucuuken toyin bui doqsin tenggen xoyor tarmciyigi
ukuu=luqsem meded toyin kuji abad kucutu tenggenyin derge=(3b)=de
odxuyidu olon toyid tende bu od amidu xanji ulu ireku ci kemen
oguuleqsendu bolul ugei tere keyidtu odod nigen uzuurtu sedkil Dorji
Zodbo ungsiji soubai tende nige soni oulen yarad cakil=yan cakilun yazar
cu yekede kodolod mondur xura kiged ulan xui kodolji olon modu
unayan yeke dalayigi dol=gisxon ayouxu metu dursu=tei aman ece yal
badaran xabar-e=ce utan burkiroulji eldeb zuyil mou dou yaryan yartan
eldeb zuyil mese banji olon nokod- kuroloulun oulayin cinen beyetei
ayouxu metu nigen cidkurtu xubilji tere keyidtu ireqsendu tere ucuuken
toyin cu surdul ugei Dorji Zodbo ungsiji souq=sandu tere cidkur sonosod
amurhngyui sedkil toron oq=toryuyin oulen cu anlun olon mondur xura
ulan xui bugu=de anlad olon nokod buguder dutabai doqsin tenggen tere
bisiren ahxa ben xabsurun obodoq- kusoro sogudun (4a) Dorji
Zodboyin sudun sono=suya kemeji tere ucuuken toyindu oguulebei bi cim
ami tasulxai irelei ene sudunyin dou sonosumaqca mini auya kucun cu
sin=tarad mou urm cu masi amur(h)bai mini onggu cirai cu masi ayouxu
metu coqtoi boluqsan- tere xoyor tarnici cu namai alaji yadad oboron
ukubei yerudu dai=sun mini nom uyiledbur mini kilince bui kendu xor
sedkiqsen mini mayad ukuku bolbocu bihgiyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji
Zodboyin kucun yekeyin tula cimadu xorloji ese cidabai kemen oguulebei
touni siltan- Dorji Zodboyin erdem bukundu aldarsiqsan- tere oroni
torolkitoni zanm inu esi abun zanm mu bicin zanm mu idam banji
ungsin zanmuud inu eldeb zuyil xub=cad-yer takibai yeru Dorji
Zodboyigi takin ungsiqsani aci tusa inu buyan arbidun ebeci ugei bolod
urtu nasulan auya (kucun) yeke bolun erke-luge togusku bolu=yu
Dorji Zodboyin aci tusa-e=ce ucuuken toyin yertuncu-daki doqsin
tenggen nomoyodxoqson boloq mu xoyoduyar bui
(4b) basa nige keyidiyin dergede DharmaTar=bhe kemeku dgeslong
bui tere dgeslong inu xurahyin ger aq=laq ger sanggiyin ger tenguuteni
bari=ji tedeni dergede nige takih=yin ger zasaji masi anun sedkil- tere
orondu bayiqsan burxam zarhq bukuni bicin ungsiqsan xoi=no xabunyin
dunda sa(ra)du kucu=tei turgen ebecin kurteqsendu tende tere altan
kiged monggun teriguuten- banqsan keyidtu ireqsendu eldeb erdeni
-ber cimeqsen burxadi uzebei tere keyidiyin dotoro nigen sire de=re al
sara debel umusuqsen yar=tan nomiym debter banqsan yo uzeskulengtei
nigen toyin Dharma Farbhedu eyin kemen oguulebei
ci buyan
uyileduqsen bolbo cu yurban erdeniyin edi edleqsen- buyan kilince
xoyori xoh=cuulun uyileduqseni tula buyana=sa kilince cini yekeduqsen
bui touger ci mou zayatandu odxu kilince anlyasu kemen sanaxula
Dor=ji Zodbo biciji namancilan cini kilince xocorli ugei anlxu boluyu
kemebei touger tere dgeslonggiyin ebecin anlji xann basa duralaxu
sedkil torod xamuq ed tavar(-yen) Dor=(5a)=Ji Zodbo zoun nayiman
bi=ciuluqsem bancadu orgu=bei touni buyanar tere dgeslong=giyin ed
ayourasun yeke bolod ebecin ugei urtu nasulaqsan bui ecustu ukun
youded saca Mayida=nyin orondu toroboi

143

bihgiyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zod=boyin aci tusa ece Dharma
Tar=bhe dgeslong kucir ebecin-e=ce tonilji togus bayasxulang=du toroqson
boloq mu yutayar bui
basa nige geriyin ezen ebeji ukuq=sen xoymo toum sunusu erhgi=yin
elci abad erhgiyin orondu oduqsan-du tende tere kumun tere toyin-luya
xamtu bayiji el=deb zuyil zobolongytoi amitani uzebei tere caqtu Erhq
xan tere toyindu ci buyan you ui=leduqsen bui kemen asuyuqsandu toyin
eyin kemen Dorji Zodbo ungsiqsan bui kemeqsendu erh=guud sire-ece
buuji ahxa xab=surun murgud eym kemen ci burxa=ni sabi mun atala
ende youm tula ireji zoboxu bui kemen zarhq bolumaqca tende
oqtor=yui-ece eldeb zuyil onggu togusuqsen nige keseq oulen (5b) doroqsi
buuqsan toum doto=ro eldeb erdeni-ber cimeqsen sire dere souji tere
toyin oq=toryui-du yarbai unda erh=giyin elci acaraqsan tere kumui=gi
eldeb zuyil mese banq=san olon erhq kurelun souji tere kumuni nere
asayad ci kumu=ni torol olod yambar buyan ui=leduqsen bui kemen
asayuqsandu tere eyin kemen bi Dorji Zodbo idam bolyoji ungsin basa cu
beige tolgu tenguuteni suruqsan bui kemen oguuleqsendu erhguud
oguu=lebei ci kumu sonjin eleqlen doromjiloxu tenguuteni uyile=duqsen-yer cini keqsen buyan ucuu=ken bui kemen oguulebei tende Erhq
nomiyin xan zarhq bolboi cini keqsen kihnce yekeyin tula tamuyin yeke
zobolongyor zoboxu ci xoron xann kemen zarhq bolumaqca xoron
xayi(la)qsandu buculuqsan zesi=yin nour dotoroso tabun zoun al=dayin
todui beyetei olon tenguu=tei zes moyoi ireji tere kumu=ni keler tenguun
burise sonjin eleq=len doromjiloxu teriguuten- ayil=yabai tende tere
kumun nidun yazar-tu unaqsan metu ayoun mungxaraji mou doun-yer
caskin doudaqsandu Erhq (6a) nomiyin xan oguulebei aya ci kumuni
orondu yabuxu caqtan sinji cingnour teriguuten- xudaldu aralza
mekeleqsen kilmcer tamuyin yeke zobolong (edleku) bolbocu ci Dorji
Zodboyigi idam bol=yon ungsiqsan buyanar bi cimai xann kumuni orondu
llgemui keni cu sonjin eleqleku kiged uzelge (beige) tenguuteni uuraji
onco buyan uyiled kemen zarhq bolod xanul=bai tendese xann Zambu-tibtu ired saca sonj'in eleqleku doromjilo=xu tenguuteni uurad nigen
uzuur=tu sedkil- Dorji Zodboi idam bolyon ungsiji ecustu ukun youded
saca yucin yurban tenggenyin orondu toroboi
bihgiyin cinadu kuruqsen Dor=ji Zodboyin aci _tusa-ece geriyin ezen
bucalma zesiyin nourasa toniluqsan boloq inu dotogor bui
basa nige keyidiyin dergede arban xoyor nasun kurtele Cayan
pad=ma-yin sudur kiged Dorj'i Zod=boi(gi) idam bolyon ungsidaq nigen
mergen toyin bui toundu nige caqtu damnaxu sedkil toron dam=nal ugei
sedkiltu busudi cu damnaxu sedkil toroulun uyiledbei (6b) toum xoyino
naran singgekui caqtu nige kumun gerte oroji ired saca bi Erhq nomiyin
xani elci cimai abxa irelei gebe toum da=rui toun- doqsin erhgi llgeji
tere toyini nasu youdke=bei tende tere toyini beyeyin nilci dolon xonoq
boltolo ese yaruqsan- yasu ese yaryabai tere toyini sunesun inu ondur
sire dere al sara debel umusuqsen xoyor toyini uzed toum dergede

144

oduqsan-du tere xoyor ayouxu metu aratan bol=Ji nige nigenen maxa
ideldun xann basa kumun bolji selgekui-ber el=deb zuyil zobolong
edleq=sei uzeji masi cociji ayibai teged tere nomci toyin Erliq
der=gede oduqsandu Erhgiyin xan ci buyan you uyileduqsen bui kemen
asuyuqsandu bi Dorji Zodbo ungsiqsan bui kemeqsendu Erliq xan murgud
eyin kemen bi urudu=ym mou uyileyin erker Erh=giyin xan bolji
toroqson mun mergen toyin ci mini tolo Dorji Zodbo dolon xonoq
boltolo ungsi kemen ayiladxaqsandu tere toyin cu dolon xonoq boltolo
ungsi=bai Erliq xan toundu yucin bukuli (7a) kib banbai tere mergen
toyin mu Zambutibtu xanji ireq=sen-du Erliq banqsan kib to=yoron
toum abdara dotoro bai=qsan=du touni siltayar duradxui sedkil toroji tere
toym yertun=cuyin damnal sejiq tenguuteni uu=rad nigen uzuurtu sedkil-yer Dorji Zodboi ungsiji touni (uge) udxai sedkilden oroulad diyandu
deq=si ayouluqsan- tere toyin yeren tabu nasulabai touni xoymo zuni
ecus saradu zabilan souji nirvan bolun dorbon jil bol=tolo beyeym onggu
cu ulu buu=ran uye gesoun cu kodolji sularaqsan cu ugei bui
bih=giyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zodboym aci tusa-ece toyin
touderekui sejigi tebciji tamu- to(ni)luqsan boloq inu dabtayar bui
basa erte caqtu nige tusimel(-du) zasagiyin ayoul boluqsandu
tu=simel tere ayoul (toun)-ece yarxuyin aryadu Dorji Zodboi-gi mingya
ungsisu kemen ama abubai tende tere tusimehym kuzoun=du xongyor
ajirya unuu=lun toune xamtu mingya yarun kumu=yigi zasaqlaji (ajirya)
unuul=bai (7b) tere dotoroso tusimehym xongyor ajirya Dorji Zodbo-ym
kucur ebdereji odboi tou=ni ucin yaryacin xan-du ayilad=xaqsandu xan cu
yayixan yaqca tere tusimeh talbld tounese bisiyini alabai tou=m siltan
-yer tere kumun noyoud bisireku sedkil toro=ji Dorji Zodboi(-gi)
ungsiqsan- ene kiged (xoyitu torohyin) ulu zokildu=xuyin zuq-ece
tonilun zokildu=xui zuq bukuni oluqsan bui
bihgiyin cinadu kuruqsen- aci tusa- tusimel zasaq-ece
tomluqsan boloq inu zuryaduyar bui
tende basa nige yazartu maxa arki songgino tenguuteni ulu iden
urgulji burxani sanvan sakin Dorji Zodboi-yi-gi urgulji ungsidaq (nige)
emegen bui tere eme=gen ungsixui caqtu nour yar aman- ugun beyedu
sayin uner surcin anun debesker dere souji kucu=tei sedkil- ungsiqsani
kucur tere emegen nasu youdkui caqtu yayixamsiqtai olon beige temdeq
boluqsan-du tere orcini ulus-noyoud kuji zandan sayin unur-(8a)-yer
takin tere emegen Suka=vadidu padma- xubilji torSd Amidabhayin
gegeni iler=kei uzeqsen bui
bihgiyin cinadu kuruqseni aci tusa- emegen Sukavadiyin oron-du
toroqson boloq inu dolo=duyar bui
basa nige yazartu alaxu ten=guuten nuuldu duratai nigen kumun bui
tende Dorji Zodbo-ber kilince bukuni anlyaxui-gi sonosod kilm=ce
anlyaxuyin tulada nige Dor=ji Zodbo biciqsen bui ecus-tu tere kumun
ukud saca Erliq xani omono kuruqsen-du xan eyin kemen ci kumuni

__
145

orondu yabuxudan buyan you uyiled=be kemen asayuqsandu tere kumun
ami tasulxu tenguuteni uyile=duqsen yeke kihnce ber buya=ni daruqdaji
xanu keleji cidal ugei ukudkuji unabai Erliq nomiyin xan basa eyin
kemen ci uhgerlekule erde=niyin tib- yar xosun ireq=sen metu buyan
uyiledul ugei nuul uyileduqsem erker zabsar ugei tamudu toroji (8b) lldu
tenguuten eldeb zuyil mese-ber utulun kerciku kiged olon ami=tani maxa
ideqsen-ni on tolosun-du obonyin maxa busudtu lduulkuyin tula
zobolong- tarcilxu bolu=yu kemen zarliq bolboi tende olon erhguud
tere kumuni ende abci ire kemeqsendu olon yaryacin tere kumu=yi-gi
xara[n]gyui xalya tomor- cingge xadaqsan xalya batu kodolosi ugei
xadaqsan xalya tenguuten zuryan xalya togusuqsen tomor xotoyin dotoro
abci oduqsandu xab xara dursutei ayouxu metu erhguud tere kumui-gi
turgu uruu talbinji eroulgu caqtu tere kumun ahxa xabsurui cas=kin
doudan-ji niguuleskui sedkilten uzed namai getulgen soyirxo kemen
zalbinqsan-du erhguud eyin kemen ene tamuyin orondu bida buyan
kihn=ceyin urei kilyasuni todoi urbuul=daq ugeyin tula cini barkiraqsan
doun kereq ugei kemen oguulebei tende daruyida eldeb cimeq-yer
dimeqsen xutuqtu erketu Niduber uzeqci ou=leni dotoroso buuji ired ene
arban nayiman tamuyin orondu Dorji Zodbo biciqsen biciuluqsun
ung=siqsan torolkitun bukun yarci ireqtun (9a) kemen zarliq boluqsandu
nayiman tumen dorbon mingyan amitan tamuyin zobolong- tonilboi
ten=de tere kumun baroun obodoq- sogudun ahxa xamtudxaji bi cu
kumuni yertun=cudu axui caqtu Dorji Zodbo nige biciuluqsen belei
kemen oguuleqsen-du erhguud tere kumui-gi Erliq xa-ni omono kotolji
odod ene kumun Dorji Zodboi-gi nige biciul=bebi genei kemen
ayiladxaqsandu
Erliq xan altan tohdu uzeqsen-du
tere kumuni
biciuluqsen Dor=Ji Zodbo touni neretei uzeqde=bei (tende) Erliq nomiyin
xan kumum ci nada kezenei youndu ese oguulebe ci Dorji_ Zodbo
biciuluqsen mun atala cimai tamudu llgeqsei namanci=lamui zobsol ogun
soyirxo kemen oguulen touni xoyino nige o[n)dur ordu xarsidu altan sire
de=re tere kumuni soulyad ahxa xamtud=xaji Dorji Zodboi-gi nada
6guulen soyirxo kemen zalbanji sonosuq=san touni siltan yer nayiman
tumen dorbon mingyan amitan tamuyin zobolong- tomluji singgekui
zuq Sukava=diyin orondu toroboi teged Erliq xan tere kumundu oro dere
ahxan xam=tudxaji xann kumuni orondu llgesu (9b) kemeqsendu tere
kumuni unda alaq=san xonin kiged yaxai zayasun kiged buyu maral kiged
kiryui xulan kiged toulai tarbayan kiged zuraman bosun tenguuten olon
amitan tere mani maxa iden cusun uuqsan(-ni) on tolo abul ugei ulu
talbimui kemen oguuleqsen-du Erliq xan amitan tedendu zarliq bolboi ene
kumun yeke kilmcetei bol=bocu Dorji Zodbo biciuluqsen oundu ken cu
xor kurgen ulu cidaxu kemen zarhq boluqsandu amitan tede unesel ugei
bida talbixu bisi kemen ayiladxaqsandu Erliq xan (inu) cinourtu Dorji
Zodbotoi tere amitan bukuni cingnuqsen-du Dorji Zodbo kundu
boluqsandu amitan tede cu yekede yayixaji Dorji Zodbodu suzuled tere
kumuni omono murgun sogodci namancilad talbibai touni siltayar amitan
tede ukun youded saca yucin yurban tenggenyin orondu toroboi tende
E l xan tere kumui-gi xann kumuni orondu llgebei tendese irekul zamdu

146

tamuym oudendu tere kumuni xan tomor ginji-ber kuhqdeji mou doun
yaruqsam uzebei tere xan ci namai tanibuu kemeqsen-du kumun tere
tambai (10a) kemeged ta youm siltayar ende irebe kemen asayuqsandu
xan eyin kemen bi ulu medekuyin erker dedu nomdu damnal toro=ji
doromjiloxu tenguuteni uyileduqsen- ende ireji ene metu boluqsan
mun ci mini koboudtu namai ene zobolongyo=so yarxuyin tula Dorji
Zodbo=yi-gi ungsml kemen oguuleqsen-du tere kumun xanji ireji
obo=nyin beyedu orod kodoluqsen-du touni uraq sadun noyoud aym
dutaqsandu (tere kumun busud ta bu dutan) Erliq namai xariulba ta ulu
itegedeq bolxuna tamuyin oronduki uzeqsen oguulesu kemeged xam
ugeyigi xan koboud-tu keleqsendu xan koboud unesi=ji Dorji Zodboi-gi
dolon xonoq boltolo ungsiuluqsan xan-yer tamuyin zobolong- tonilboi
touni uruq sadun cu unedu bisireji Dorji Zod=boigi ungsixui ama
abulcabai
tere kumun nigen uzuurtu sedkil- Dorji Zodboi-gi
ungsiq=san-yer ene nasundu onido jiryan ecustu ukun youded saca
Suka=vadiyin orondu toroboi
bihgiyin (10b) cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zodbo-ym aci tusa- alaci
kumun tamu- tonilji Sukavadiyin
orondu toroqson boloq inu
nayima=duyar bui
basa mge orondu nige genyin ezen ebeduqsen-du em kereq zaraq tusa
ese boluqsandu touni gergen inu anun yazartu kuji tenguuten-ni tuled
obodoq- sogudci arban zugiyin xamuq burxadtu bisiren murguji eyin
kemen zalbanbai mini ene nokonyin ebeci anlyaqci aryai nada llete
uzuulun soyirxo kemen zalbanqsan-yer oqtoryui- Dorji Zod=bo
ungsiuluqtun kemeku dun yaruqsandu tere Dorji Zodbo=yi-gi xamuq
zuqtu bedenji ese olboi teged tere genyin ezeni yadadu dotodu yazar
delekei bukuni arciji unurtu usun- surcid koroq (kiged) tuq kukur
eldeb cimeq tenguuten cimeq- cimed urda oqtoryui- oguu=leqsen
tere Dorji Zodbo nada ene odur olduxu boltuyai ( l l a ) kemen kusen lroqson- udal ugei al sara debel umusuqsen nige toyin yartan Dorji
Zodboi banji ired bi genyin ezeni ebeci edegikuyin tula Dorji Zodboi
zalaji ireqsen mun kemen oguule=ji Dorji Zodboi-gi tere kumun-du ogod
ulu uzeqden odboi tende tere kumun Dorji Zodboi-gi dolon xonoq boltolo
ungsiu=luqsan-yer daruyida tere (genyin) ezen ebe=cin-ece tonilod tere
kumuni ong=go cirai kucun undu- ulemji bolboi touni siltayar (xan)
xaracu olon kumun cu Dorji Zodbodu suzuq torod zobolong- tonilboi
bih=giyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zo[d]boyin aci tusa- genyin ezen
mou ebe=cin-ece tonilji xan xaracus bugu=den nomdu oruuluqsan boloq
inu yesuduger bui
basa nige orondu obor zouran xadxunda bolji olon kumun alalda=xui
caqtu Dorji Zodbo ungsici nige kumun bui tere alaqdaxui- ayouji
bayising derese xaralxui=du nige lldu banqsan kumun ireji alaxui
zabdaqsandu tere kumun masi ayayad yarayidci yazartu unaxuyin
zabsartu nige nomiyin sakuusan yar- ( l i b ) banji alaxui- tonilyon

147

alaciyin lldu keseq keseq tasuraji odboi teged keze ukun ukutele tere
kumu=ni yar- sayin unur anggilabai
bili=giyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zod=boyin aci tusa- alaqdaxui
nige kumuni nomiyin sakuusan ibeq=sen boloq inu arbaduyar bui
basa nige orondu nige genyin ezen-du mergen bisuun mge koboun bui
tere sobuun tenguuten olon amitani alan Dorji Zodbo tasural ugei
ungsidaq bui tere koboun inu zalou nasu=dan ukuqsen xoyino nige oro
=son kuhyin (bulin) nilci ese yaruqsan-du dolon xonoq boltolo yasui ese'
yaryabai teged tere kumun edeged uruq sadundu eym kemen namai
Er=hq nomiyin xani dergede kotolji abci oduqsandu Erhq xan nada eyin
kemen aya koboun ci kumuni torol olod buyan you uyiledbe kemen
asayuqsandu bi cu Dorji Zod=boi-gi yidam banji ungsilai kemen
medouluqsen-du Erhq nomiyin xan zarliq bolboi oron xarmya cu buya=m
undusu uyileduqsen sayin touni dotoro erhgiyin oron ende Dorji Zodboi-gi bicin ungsin biciuluqsen- ulemji buyantai you=ma (12a) ugei kemen
za[r]hq bolod koboun cini ukuku nasuni kemze mun bolbo cu Dorji
Zodboi-gi biciku ungsixu tenguuteni ouden- olon amitandu tusa
bolxuyin tula xarm kumuni orondu llgesu tamuyin oroni zobolong oum
olon kumun-du medoulkuyin tula ci oguule uyiled kemen zarliq bolboi
tamuyin zobolong inu badarangyui tomor yazanym dere amitan mzed
bunyin beyedu zouyad zouyad xadasu xadaji amandu bucal=ma siremu
cudxan eroulkui uze=bei Dorji Zodboi ungsiqsani kucur unda mini
alaqsan gurosun soboun tenguuten olon amitan cu (nada) xor kunol kel
Ugei bi ende ire=bei Dorji Zodbo bici[u]luqsen ung=siqsani aci tusa tolosi
ugei yeke kemen oguuleji obonyin you bayiqsar zoun nayiman [Dorji]
Zodbo biciulji zoun nayiman kumundu tugebei basa cu olon kumun-du
Dorji Zod=boi-gi biciulji ungsiuluqtun kemen zakibai touni kucun-yer
tere kumun nasu urgulji jiryan ukun yuuded saca Sukavadiyin orondu
toro=boi
bihgiyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji-(12b)-Zodboyin aci tusa- kilmcetu
koboun tamusa tonilji Sukavadiyin orondu toroqson boloq mu arban
nigeduger bui
basa nige xara genym ezendu nige okin bui tere okini buulyaji
oguqsen xoyino sara bolul ugei ukubei tende oqtoryui- tere okini
xamtu toroqson tenggen inu okin duritei ireqsendu ecige eke uruq sadun
mu ci ken bui youndu irebe you kusenei kemen asayuq=sandu tere okm
ecige ekedu eyin kemen nada amidu yabuxu caqtu busu kilince ugei
namai nokor-tu oku-yi caqtu xunmiyin tulada uker xonin yaman
tenguuten-m alaqsan kilince- tamuyin orondu masi kucir zobolong
uzebebi tende Erhq nomiym xan eym kemen tamuym orondu Dorji
Zodbo ungsiqsan-e=ce busu ulemji buyan ugei altan kiged monggun
tenguuten eldeb er=deni ber Dorji Zodboi bicin el=deb xubcasu banqsan
torolkitun noyoud dedu jiryalangtu orondu odumui kemen zarliq bolboi
touni tula ta mini tolo Dorji Zodboi-gi ungsiuluqtun kemen oguulen ulu
ttzeqden odboi tende ecige eke (13a) mu okini tulada Dorji Zod=boi-gi

148

dolon xonoq boltolo ungsiul=bai dolon xonogiyin ecustu ecige ekeyin
zoudundu kuuken Dorji Zodboyin kuciir zobolongtu (tamu) e=ce tomlji
xann basa erdenitu kumuni beye oluqsan uzeqde=bei
bihgiyin cmadu kuruqseni aci tusa- okin tamusa tonil=ji ere
kumuni torol oluqsan boloq inu arban xoyoduyar bui
basa nige genyin ezen ezen=du xurca bihqtei nige koboun bui tere
kobougi nom suryaxa baqsiyin dergede nige kotocitoi llgeqsendu tere
koboun nom suruqsan xoymo touni koto=ci cu nom oboron surci bici=ku
ungsixu tenguutendu saym bolboi touni xoyino tere obonym baqsiym
sibeqcine sed=kiltei boluqsani toryouhdu touni adouci bolboi tende adou
aduulaji yabutala urda Dorji Zodboi-gi biciqseni aci tusai medeqsen
siltayar Dorji Zodbo biciye gebe cu casun ese oldoq=sondu ciloundu biciye
geji soun atala yazar ciloundu bicikule torolkitun noyoud giskiji kihn=ce
(13b) yeke bolxu geji sanaji oqtor=yuudu bicibei biciji togusked kuji-ber
takiji eyin kemen Dorji Zodbo ouni biciuluqsen buyan- erkin ure senun
zemes tenguu=ten orosin
tenggenyin unur anggi=xui ceceq-luya
togusuqsen burxan-luya adah buyani coqcosi togusken olxu boltuyai
kemen iroson- daruyida kusuqsen metu tere yazar buguder tenggenym
sanggiyin suyui metu bolun tere yazanyin zuqtu kucutei xura casun ulan
xui mondur kirou ugei bolji tere aduuci nasuda buyan xuraji ukun youded
saca jiryalangtu Sukavadiyin oron-du toroboi
bihgiyin cmadu kuruq=sen Dorji Zodboyin aci tusa- adouci
Sukavadiym orondu toroqson boloq inu arban yuta=yar bui
basa nige genyin ezen Dorji Zodboi-gi tayilbuurtayim bici=ji anun
gerte talbibai touni xoyino nige odur Dorji Zod=boi-gi tayilburtayini
obonym gerte zalaxa odxuyidu tere genyin eze=m dolon nasutai kuuken
daxaji odod Dorji Zodboi-gi zalaji (14a) irekuym zabsar-tu kuuken
sedkibei dedu nomi anun kundulukule dedu orondu toroku boluyu ene
zarhgi burtaq yazartu talbixula kilm=ce yeke bolxu kemen sanaji Dorji
Zod=boi-gi yartan abun dolon alxu yazar kunduleji abci odod xarin
eci=geyin yartu banulbai Dorji Zodboi-gi dolon alxu yazartu unen
sedkiler abci oduqsan buyan- tere kuu=ken nasun urgulji jiryad ukun
you=ded saca yucin yurban tenggenyin orondu padma- xubilji toro=boi
dolon torol boltolo torol- sanan eldeb ed ayuurasun- togusci dolon
torohyin ecustu Sukavadiyin orondu yeke kolguni ondur lzourtandu
toro=boi
bihgiyin cmadu kuruqsen Dorji Zodboyin aci tusa- genyin ezem
okin dolon alxuyin yazartu kunduleqsen- tenggenyin orondu dolon
torol olod ecus-tu Sukavadiyin orondu toroqson boloq inu arban dotogor
bui
basa nige orondu Jiluba kemeku nige toym bui tere toym dun yosun
- xayacan nabtusu sirdeq umu=sun tere orondu orosiqson guro=sucu
zayasucin- maxan abci ide=ku (14b) teriguuten- yabudal sularan
zang bayidal mou bolbocu Dor=ji Zodboi-gi urgulji ungsi=daq bui

149

(tende) tere orom kumun-noyoud Jiluba toyini yabudah sonjm ulu todoq
bolbocu Dorji Zodboyin adistid- ecustu ukukuyin un=da tabun jildu
tere oron teng=gen kumuni sayin unur- urgul=Ji anggilun irou doun
u ur=gulji yarun xabunyin ekin sarayin nigen sineym odur ocir zamilal
-yer souji nirvan bolun dorbon jil boltolo onggu cirai mu ulu xubilun
uye gesoun ucuu=ken cu kodulul ugei amidu metu bayiqsandu tendeki
xuvaraq bugude eldeb zuyil takil- takin mun tere cu Enedkegiym
yazartu oduge kurtele bayiya bui olon nomiym sakuusun toundu takil
Uyilede bui tere orondu oro=siqson amitan bukun nasun urgulji jir=yabai
biligiyin cinadu kuruqsen Dorji Zod=boyin aci tusaym tayil=bur-ece
toyin Jiluba (15a) mrvan bolxu-yi caqtu yeke yai=xamsiqtai belgesi
Uzuuluqsen boloq inu arban dabtayar bui
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24
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22

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183
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184
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185
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186
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187
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2 .

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188
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1,5
3 . 3 2 . 3 2 , , 3 .
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189
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; 1
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190
Onentalia
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1
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( 349)
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25

26



( , 1976 7 1184)
, 1984 358

191


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),
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, V III

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, ,


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, 2 7



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192
Orientaha



,


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, "'),
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,

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193

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(),
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8.

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), ,

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,


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474, 80
10 ,
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,

1 QA

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, 28 . ,
,

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.

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470,
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, 100 1,5 ).
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196
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,

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197
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455, , , , , - , , 1
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198
Orientaha'
,
, ,
, -
, 3 , , ,
3 ,
. ,
[ ] , [] . , , , , 451,
,
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-
( ), ... , []
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] [ ], [ , ] ,
455.

10.
, , , , ,
23 1987 . . , , ,
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, 7 "
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,

199
. . .
, ,
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: [. . ]
[] ,
[ . . .]32.
, , ,
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, -
.
, , , XX ., ,
,

8 1934
,
. , [ . ],
,

30

, , 1987 117
1936

119120

140

200
Orientalia:
33

, .
, , ,
( , - , ), :
!.. 34
, , . ,
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...
,
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,
.

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,
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,

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, . ,
- . ,
, , 35.
33

. 3 . . . , 1984 (.
. / / . 1988. 3. 107).
. . 5 (1918-1922). .; ., 1923 (. :
. ., 1989. . 1. . 304).
35
. , . -
... ,

34

201
. . .
, .
, , . , - -
, ,
, , , , . , , ... (
345),
. : ,
, .
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,
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-, . . . ,
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,
,
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,
,
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: ,
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) , , . ,
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, .

202
Orientalia:
. , ,
. , , , ,

.



, , , , , , .

, , , ,
(. .
, , ) .
, , , . -, , : , , , 3 6 .
, , ,
- , , ,

.
3 7 ,
, 36

. : The Book of Lord Shang, a Classic of the Chinese School of Law, by Dr


J. J. Duyvendac P 114
3
' To , , ,

,
, , , ,
.
, , ., . . ,
. ,
, , .
:
, ", :
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-

203
. . ,
,
, .

.

. , , ,
.

,
.
, ,
( ),
, ,
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, -. , , . . , , .
. . ,
(
)

.

, , ,
, , , .
, ,
,
, -
. , ,
( )

204
Onentaha

,
, ,
, , , ,
,
,
, ,
,
Summary
The reflections of morals in law (xiang-rong-yin).
The concept of interaction between traditional moral philosophy and
consciously formulated legal rules is still insufficiently investigated This
particularly concerns original cultures, such as Chinese culture, for example
Basing on the materials translated from the Criminal Code of the Chinese
dynasty of T'ang (T'ang Lu Shu Yi), the author investigates the process of
the interactions between moral and legal rules concerning cases of concealing
criminals by their kinsmen
In this respect the traditional moral philosophy was, probabl>
comparatively rather indulgent Confucianism in fact approved of concealing
kinsmen Later the Legalists attacked this conception According to the law
worked out on the basis of the Legalists ideas it was actually prohibited
concealing kinsman who committed a crime Thus these laws in the indirect
way abolished particular km relations equating them with those of strangers
The break-up of the original Legahsm and the arising of the Confuciamsed
law led to the opposite situation again Relatives were obliged on pain of
punishment to conceal each other The methods of the realizing of these
duties were carefully regulated by the extent of the heaviness of crime and
the degree of relationship The analysis of this regulation is the main object
of the article
The author also comes to the conclusion that law-based attacks against
morals is the phenomenon common for all historical periods and all cultures
which shows at the moments when a state falls too much in love with
itself and is trying to isolate ins citizens from each other, leaving them to
face only the state The consequences of such attacks are fatal for the state
itself and bring it to another extreme to the attempt to jundicalh
consolidate ethic norms and to state immoral acts as criminal This swaying
of jurisprudence between the aspiration to destroy morals and the aspiration
to unify morals limiting it by civil law is one of the basic points in which
morals and law interact

205
Onentaha





(-)
(1644 1912)
, , , -,
-
-,
,
,
-,
,

1644 XVIII XIX
, , ,

,

,


1900 ,
,
,
, 1712
( -)


XX ,

206
Orientalia:
: , , .
, . 1744
,
, , .
, '
18- , , . , 246 , 2 , 254 ,
1 (1 = 37,3 ). ,
, . : , ,
. XIX .
(-). : 60
, 20 . ()
.
1961 . .
.
.
, .
, .
. , ,
,
.

, XVII XX .
,
, ,
.
;
.
. -, , , . -, -

207
. . .
,
.
. -, , .
, , .
, -, ; . ,
.

. :
1684-1692, 1700, 1717-1720, 1737 1765 . 17181720 .
1724 . ( ). 17421749 .
226- .
.
.
, ,
.

208
Orientalia:

*
. . -
-
,
( ) - .
[,
1908, . 78 83; , 1911, . 20 .; ,
1947; , 1957; , 1959, . 13 .; Kussmaul, 1965,
. 44 .; , 1966, . 110-147; , 1972, . 161-169;
, 1976, . 164 . .], , . . . . [, 1958),
. , [, 1971; 1973; 1975; 1978;
1980; 1984; Mukhiddinov, 1979a, 1979b].
, , , , , ; .
, , ,
, , .


' .
, ... ... ... [, 1926, . 137]. , , * -
, [-,
1982; 1984; 1985; 19856; 1987].
1
, , ,
, , ( 21 22 ).

209
. . -.
,
[, 1975, . 69].
. .
: ,
[, 1958, . 97-108].
,
, , , (), , ( ). - afkina ' ;
, ' [, 1971,
. 77; 1982, . 20], -, ., .
*afkana ( i ) , ,
(), ., , afk/gandan '', '', '' (. , . afgona '' [, 1969, . 1, . 996])'.
. (y)ikang 2 '' .-. *abi-, vi-kana(ka) *wikang w-
- -i, . . ,
, .-.
kan- (afkandan '' < *abi-kan- [Horn, 1893, . 24]),
- (),
. . ( *apa-kan- '').
-
: . bijln ' ,
', ., . bijln
', '. .
.-. **upa-kaina- '?' [EVSh, . 19b],
.-. *- ( *apa-)kan-ya- ,
. -
, ,
, ( -) ( -).
. . porub, .-. poru(b) '', '', , - [, 1958, . 105]: . () '', rub''; . . -, . . , , .
-, '', '' .

, , . , . (y)ikang ''
, [, 1976]. , ( ).
. ikSng [, 1975, . 2066], <
, , .

210
Onentaha
,
- - ', ' ,

,

, ,

,
, , ,
, 5art, 5id, ,
6lg, 5eg, , cap 5lg, 5ag '', '', ''
- 5art(i)-, 6rt- [IIFL, vol 2, 521b,
EVSh, 30b], -e dher-, dhreid-(s)t- [IEW, 256], ,
, dnta 'cacare', form ' ( )',
dirt ''
5rt(')yc, dirt '' < *drt- [EVSh, 30b], udel, wu5il, p3skedrl '' (

)
,
, -, (
1 < *d) - 1 '
', , , lar, lal ', 1 '',
delk [, 1927, 3326], dilk '', ''
led ' (
)', lid ' ' [Morgenstierne, 1973, 132],
, led, lidi '
', lid '
' < *hdda- [CDIAL, N 11057]
,

. , ,
,

,
, , [,
1958, 63, 2]
[, 1953,
63, , 1927, 362, , 1976, 259-260]
,
-, ,
[Lonmer, 1935, 1619]
1

lal '' [, 1959, 13] , 6ag '', ''

211
-

,

( ,
)
pask, pbsk, pask, ,
, , , baxxag, paska ' ' , ,
' ,
( - ) , -
pssk, pisk ' ', pusk, pisk, piskil, pisgil '
' , -, , '', '' ( posidan 'id ' ) ,
(*-rs-,
*-us-, -sc-, --), , , 2 pes,
pes, pas, pas '', '' < *pasi-,
pos, puskak, pistik ' ' *parsi- [CDIAL,
N8139], pus ' ' < *prsa- 'drop' 'droppings' [CDIAL,
N 8363], pulske '' < *prika- [EVSh,
64b, Bailey, 1979, 246], pursk, pisk, pusk, ,
, , puk 3 ( *-sk- [Elfenbein, 1965, 595],
pork ' ', ' '
- prska- ' ' , *fra- rabask,
rabask < *fra-prska , nbuxc ' ' < *fra-prska[EVSh, 66] , , (
*fr- > ftr-)
,
, ( ,
) - sirm, sirn, sbrn, sunn, sbirn, 5 ' (, )' , - sa(y)- '', saman- '', fra-saimna- '',
yusak, pi yosaya ' ' (< *-say- [EVP, 28], gau- ''">)
1

p skedn ' ' drt ,



[CD1AL, X], (defective)
(
)

212
Onentaha
sargin, , sargln ' ', ssgm ''
'', , sakin, sarkm '',
, sargln ''', ,
sairya- '' ( ,
*sakr-aina- [IIFL, vol 1, 287]), sargen,
y'w-skyn, sara, soro '', sara, yuskan,
(*gau-sakana- [IIFL, vol 2, 213b]), ywasya,
sayan, sagan [Elfenbein, 1965, 592], sayon, skan,
gaekaen, zaek'sn '' (*sakan [, 1958, 392]),
- sakrt-, gen sakn-, *sakana- ( ga-sa, sangan
[CDIAL, N12238]), *sakara- ( sargu [CDIAL, N12241]), *cha
kana- *chakara- [CDIAL, N 4952, 4955, KEWA, Bd 1, 4 0 2 403]
,
( )

, [, 1958
28 29],

,
,

,

,
, [, 1958
45 46, , 1929, 170, Kussmaul, 1965, 46
, 1975, 59 60, , 1957, 38, Mukhiddinov
1979b]


- anjan ' , , ,
', , anjan
anjan, injan [, 1958, 45] 'id '
, , , ,
*ham-kan- (?)
anjav-, , injav- '()'
'()' ( - ham-kap- [EVSh, 15]),
, ,
anja ',
' ' [, 1978, 449]

213
-
[LFA, 1961, 22] ,
( nijad ' '')
- anjansk

< [, 1957, 36] palkas [ , 1929, 168] - (kas-) , ( , pal,
pala '', '')
- ,
, -


[, 1972, 163]
,
, ,
,
- ( [, 1908, XI, , 1958, 40, 5, 6,
46, 8, , 1959, 17, 8, Kussmaul, 1965, 47,
, 1975, 58, 64, 17, 23])
[, 1970,
59-60]
, - wargast,
1, cimu(d), sabad, sovday, kajova
wargast ' '
- *bara-karsti- [, 1975, 2836], , , *var-ksst
*-st- ( -st-, -rst- [IIFL, vol 2, 73]) vsvk^ak^e '
' warkati
' (?)', wargeti ' ' ,

-

cimu(d), cumu(d), camlg, cimig (f ), camug,
cimug ( , camig), , camug, cap
cambig, camug '' - **camrta/i [EVSh, 23b]
1/1, cumol ' '

214
Onentaha
khamuda- '', '',
- *kamrta- kam '' [Bailey, 1979, 71]
'
', pujumc, pajumc '
' (< *pati-kama-ca- [EVSh, 56]), , ,

kamuk, kamak, cap com], cumj
'', '' < *kamaka- [EVSh, 26]



, , savat, sabad ''
,
(
) sabad/t '' , , sovd3y '',
savda, savde ''
[IIFL, vol 2, 249]
, , , sapt ' ', ' ', usovd ' ',
sipt, siptak ', '
[, 1958, 289], , , sept, sopt, sapoc '
', sebdm ' ' ( sibjak '
', sebj ' ',
siptm ' ' [, 1963,
271]), cap sipt ''
- sap- [EVSh, 75] ( '', ''"', sabz '', sabs ''
[EVP, 66]) 1,
, , sava
'', '', sapat [Bailey, 1979, 422b], (
) savdic , sapat'', '' [, 1969, 492, 4936],
safat, savat, - sabada '' [,
1962, 106] (, ), sebat,
sevda [, 1888-1922, 1, 143], svatkf [Weryho,
1962, 307] saweu ' '
[IIFL, vol 4, 139],
sup, supu ' ( )'
( - surpa- "> [CDIAL, N 12573, KEWA, Bd 3, 366])

5ldvor [, 1958
289]
*sap ''
( *sapaka ) ( )
[Bailey 1979 422-423]

215
-
-
( - kajova),
kajowa '
' [, 1927, 24], , kajova '
', kajawa ' ( )', ' ' [, 1978, 579]
, -, girAn [Lonmer, 1958, vol 2, 281]
- , , ,
,
pheram ' ', , [Berger, 1947, 170],
, , khareti, karei [Lorimer, 1938, 229b]
, kdwa, kawo, kawa
' ' [Morgenstierne, 1966, 183]
, , -
, -
kacofc, kacufc, kisipc [, 1958, 289], ksapc '
' kispa ' ', kassa, , [, 1966,
145, 29] ' ' ,
cap xafc '' (< *xsapaci- "> [, 1975, 2146])

amsang ' ' ( ham-sang ' '')


, , , , ,
ajixc [, 1958, 51, 54, 12], Jlxc '
,
'
- *a-krsti-cl-, a-karsa- ' '
[EVSh, 39]
s(a)varn '
, '
khc '', '' - *kallc- ( ? ) , - kihnca-,
kalmja- ' ', '' ([KEWA, Bd 1, 212] '), killc '' , ,
( , , kilc [-, 1985, 159])', kelak '', ' (
)', klac ' ( )', klec ' (
)'

216
Onentaha
, ,




[, 1958, 58, , 1975, 70]
,
, ,
[, 1970, 60]
, ,
, ,
( [, 1957, 54 55])
wiger- '
( )', - vi-caraya- [EVSh, 89b], kar
(praes karaya-) '', kalyn '', '', '
' [, 1958, 569]

5ig-tlzd (taz- tizd-)
(5ig), 5lg-awezd [,
1958, 59] - Slgcawcig > [, 1958, 59]
, ,
, di- ( dingak) Bax
' , '
, kans '' ( karidan '', kar-)
-
- tal zadan ( tal '', ''),
rada zadan rad(d)a '', '', '' ( )
wasip kat- '
' ( kat- kart- '', ''),
wasip - *ava-, *vi xsvaipa-,
v
rasip '', '' < *fra-xs aipa-' ( xsvaewayat astra- '
'), - ksip- '()', '()' (< *ksvip-,
[KEWA, Bd 1, 289]), - ksipani- ' '
[CDIAL, N 3682], - xwsyp < *xsvaepa- '', '' [nmg, 1940, 23], , ( ) sappa '', '' [,
3256], sib '' [Tomaschek, 1880, 801, IIFL,
vol 2, 538]
' - fra saip [
252]

1975

217
-
, ,



( ),


,

[ - , 1911, 27-30, , 1908, 97, ,
1958, 60, 329, , 1970, 114-117, Kussmaul, 1965, 90,
, 1972, 165, , 1975, 93-97, 1984, ,
1976, 234-239 ]

, ,
, , -,

[, 1958, 63, , 1976, 164-165, ,
1972, 166, 4, Snoy, 1964] , , [, 1975, 75],
, ( tuxm doxtan, zadan, tuxm
di- '', tuym-we5d '', '' )
( ) , '', '',
' ', - kar ' ',
' ' kir- kbrtd-, kir- kurt ,
- cert-, , cert-, , , cap cor- cort, Karkard- < *karaya- [EVSh, 26b], - kord-, kgst-, kor3
4
kask-, karkisc- < *kar(aya)"krsta-, cp kar-, kar[AIW, 449],
' ' [, 1958, 570], ,
, 2kars- '', 3kars- '' [AIW, 456 457], kars- '', ker- kilsta- [Emmenck, 1968, 23, Bailey,
1979, 53], - - '', - ksl- [Gershevitch, 1954,
21, 84], kor- kost-, kar- kast-, kist- ' ', ', ', kis- kista-, karal '', kalyn
kald '', ' ' [Shaw, 1876, 190, maschek, 1880, 879, IIFL, vol 2, 399]

- kord '' - kast- '' [-

218
Onentaha
, 1975, 214]
, / [
, 1981, 60],
*krsta- ( ,
, , )
kbist [, 1975, 214], kist '', '',
,
, kist '', ' ' ( *krsta
[Hubschmann, 1895 86]), , ( ) kist, kbst
'()'

( klx, , kus aya ),
'' (
''), ' ', [-, 1987, 145]

, - qulba, qslba '',
qulba kardan ''
, , [, 1958, 36]
- , , qulba '' ',
qulba ' ', ' ', qulba '',
' ', '' ( qulba kawsl ''),
qulba '' [Platts, 1930, 793], kulba, kulbu ''
qulba ''
[, 1969, 2, 704] ,
qalaba '', '', miqlab '', '' [, 1977, 6546]
, , , ,
,
, - *spara [-, 1985]

,
- [, 1958,
58, , 1975, 1314, 75, 1980]
,
, , , , ,


, , [, 1958, 58],
qalwa '' [Lonmer 1922
176]

219
-
'', ' ', '', karyar '',
'' - ( kiro
'' *kar- '', '' [Bailey, 1967a, 47])
, , kar-yar
, ,
yoraki [, 1927, 24 25]
qacar '
', ' ' , , - ,
hasar ' - ' ( hasara '', '')

, -
,
'', ,
[, 1936, 30, , 1957,
117-118, , 1958, 58, 62, , 1966, 68] , alyov
alyov, - ,
alyow, , alyow '', cap alyew ceyg(ew) '', alyew ' ', alyow, alyowkon
'', alyow vu- ' ' [,
1972, 163], ( ) alyov '', ' ',
algo ' ' , [,
1974, 152 155], ,
(, ?) - *hada-gav- - *hada gama-
(, ) [, 1974, 153] ( ), , , *ha5a-yav- ( -yam-) d > 1 [, 1979, 182]
alyov/w ''
, , , , ,
( , , alyew '
5
' yew '', '', yew da- ' '" )
, ( ) alyov-dalyov '', '', , [, 1974, 154], alyov '', ,

[, 1966, 322, 10]
, alyav,
alyav-dalyav '', '', alyow '', '', alyow

220
Orientalia:
'', '', '', '', . alyu-talyu, . alyo(v)-dalYo(v)
'', . yavyo '', '' (, yayat, yawya' '', '',
''), . ( .) yawyo '', '', ., ., .,
yauyau '' [Lorimer, 1962, . 115], ., . deyow '',
, . gav- '', .-. gav- '', .
, , . .
, alyov < *hada-gav(a)- ( *gama-?) '' , .
(. .) amboz ' ' , , [, 1927, . 10]: .-.
amboz, amboj, . amboz, . amboz [, 1972, . 171, . 1] , hambaz, . hamboz '', '' ( . ham-vaz- [Hiibschmann, 1895, . 22]). amboz
'' - ;
. . (.-.) amboj .

(. . 221; ,.; ;
, ).
- , , :
.-. -- ( ) ' ()',
.-. 5rt- '', '',
.-. (fra-) prska- ' ',
.-. vi-caraya- ' ()',
.-. kar(aya)- : krsta- ' ', ' ',
.-. hada-yav- ''.
, ,
, , .
, , ,
.
,
, , - .

221
. . -.
i
.-.

afkina
poru, lar
pask

alyov

anjan
kajova

sara
psska

anjan
cimu(d)
jlxc
wiger

anjan
mul

anjan
wargast

sovday

cerkiryar

kir-

karyar

alyow

alyow

udel

baxxag

paxc

pbsk

old

ikang
5art
pask

bijin
oag

sabad
s(s)varn

Bax.

khc

kraz di-,

wasi'p kat-

korhasar

Kar-

karyar,
qacar
alyew

kor
-

.
.
.
.-.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.-.
.-.
.-.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

. [AIW]


() [, 1966]
()- [, 1971, . 77 151; 1982]
( ) [, 1963]
[, 1960, . 68181]

[Lorimer, 1938]
( .) [, 1964, . 82121]
- [, 1976, . 291-524]
( ) [Berger, 1974, . 129188]
( .) [, 1956, . 258 272]



[, 1959, . 178 255]
- [IIFL, vol. 2, . 187-279]
( .) [ 1950, 1960]
( .) [, 1956]


( .) [, 1962]
[, 1972, . 271 397]
- [IIFL, vol. 1, . 386-414]

- [IIFL, vol. 1, . 230-304]
- [IIFL, vol. 3, pt. 3]
[]
,
( .) [, 1956, 186195]

222
Orientalia

cap

-
-

() [, 1930, 23 72]

[, 1959, 109 304]
[IIFL, vol 2, 379 426]
[, 1971]
( )



- [, 1954]



,
- [, 1959, 109-304]
[, 1960, 85 288]
-
- [, 1957, 223-370]
[, 1971]

, 1958
1 , , 1958
, 1927
, 1927
, 1970 ( 19271928 ) / , 1970
, 1911 , // II
, 1911
, 1966 - () /
1966
, 1977 X. - 5- , 1977
, 1908 (
) , 1908
, 1956 //
6 1956 133-195
, 1929 ,
, 1929
, 1962 //
10 (73) , , 1962
, 1972
, , , 1972
, 1978 , -
1978
, 1969 - , 1969
, 1888 1922
1 , 1888 2 1,2 , 1922, 3, 1 , 1922
1927
// 2, 2 , 1927 275 364
, 19276 //
1926 1 , 1927 111-200

223
-
, 1927
// ,
1927 361-373
, 1930 // 1928 6 () , 1930
, 1960 , , 1960
( )
,

, 1963
, 1963
, 1936
- , , 1936
, 1947
, , //
1947 1 108-125
, 1926 - /
, , 1926
, 1959
// (
47) , 1959 3-94
, 1971
-
// 1971 1 90-99
, 1973 - , , XIX XX //
1973 3 99-109
, 1975 -
XIX XX (- ) ,
1975
, 1978
// 1978 4 ( 9 4 ) 26-34
, 1980
(XIX XX ) //
, , , 1980 294 300
, 1984 XIX XX , 1984
, 1956 ( ) , 1956
, 1974 '' // 10 ,
1974 152-155
, 1979
, 1979
, 1959 , 1959
, 1971 - , 1971
, 1975 , 1975
, 1927 , 1927
-
1-14 , 1965 1978 (1-
)

224
Onentalm
- /
, 1970 2- , , 1983 3
, , 1985
, 1957
(- ) , 1957
, 1950 3 // 2
, , 1950 145-168
, 1956 3 //
1956 6 196-272
, 1960 3 , 1960
, 1964 3
1964
, 1970 3
//
1970 3 114-119
, 1971 3
, 1971
, 1982 3 -
(- ) , 1982
() , ,
, 1959 ,
1959
, 1960 , 1960
-, 1981 -
// 1980
1981 57-66
-, 1982
, 1982
-, 1984
-
, 1984
-, 1985

// 1981 ,
1985 154-170
-, 19856
,
// 3 ,1985 73-85
-, 1987
// 1982 , 1987
132-157

, 1953 ( -)
1 , 1953
, 1958 ( -)
2 /
, 1958

, 1966 1 , 1966
, 1954 - / , 1954
, 1969 , (
) , 1969
, 1962 , 1962
( 107)
, 1972 , 1972

225
-
, 1971 - 1971
, 1976 ,
, 1976
, 1957 - ,
- ,
, , 1957
AIW Bartholomae Chr Altiramsches Worterbuch Strassburg, 1904 (photomechanischer Nachdruck , 1961)
Acta Onentaha Leiden
Arch Or Archiv Onentalni Praha
Bailey, 1967 - Bailey H W Prolexis to the Book of Zambasta // KhT Vol 6
1967
Bailey, 1979 - Bailey H W Dictionary of Khotan Saka Cambridge, 1979
Berger, 1974 Berger H Das Yasin Burushaski (Werchikwar) Grammatik, Texte
Worterbuch Wiesbaden, 1974
CDIAL Turner R L A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo Aryan Languages L ,
1966 (2nd impression, 1973)
Elfenbein, 1965 - Elfenbetn J Landa, zor wsla1 Wanecf//Arch Or Vol 35 1965
563-606
Emmenck, 1968 Emmenck R E Saka Grammatical Studies L , 1968
Gershevitch, 1954 Gershevitch I A Grammar of Mamchean Sogdian Ox , 1954
EVP Morgenstierne G An Etymological Vocabulary of Pashto Oslo, 1927
EVSh Morgenstierne G
Etymological Vocabulary of the Stughm Group
Wiesbaden, 1974 (Beitrage zur Iranistik Bd 6)
Henning, 1940 - Hennirig W Sogdica // James G Forlong Fund Vol 21 L
1940
Horn, 1893 - Horn P Grundnss der neupersischen Etymologie Strassburg, 1893
Hubschmann, 1895 Hubschmann H Persische Studien Strassburg, 1895
IEW J Indogermanisches etymoiogisches Worterbuch Bern, 1959
IIFL Morgenstierne G Indo-Iraman Frontier Languages Vol 1 1929, Vol 2
1938, Vol 3 1956, Vol 4 1973 Oslo (2nd ed , 1973)
IIJ Indo-Iraman Journal Leiden
JASB Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal Calcutta
KEWA Mayrhofer M Kurzgefasstes etymoiogisches Worterbuch des Altmdischen
Bd 1-3 Heidelberg, 1953-1975.
KhT - Indo-Scythian Studies being Khotanese Texts / E d by H W Bailey
Vol 1-6 Cambridge, 1945-1967
Kussmaul, 1965 Kussmaul F Badaxsan und seine Tagiken // Tnbus Veroffent
hchungen des Linden-Museums N14 Stuttgart, 1965 11-99
LFA, 1961 Lu at l amiyana-yi Farsl-yi Af anistan Ta'llf Abdallah Af am-navis
Kabul, 1340 (1961)
Lonmer, 1922 Lonmer D L R The Phonology of Bakhtian, Badakhshani and
Madaglashti Dialects of Modern Persian with Vocabularies L , 1922 (Prize
Publication Fund Vol 6)
Lonmer, 1938 - Lonmer D L R The Burushaski Language Vol 3 Oslo, 1938
Lonmer, 1962 - Lonmer D L R Werchikwar-Enghsh Vocabulary Oslo, 1962
Morgenstierne, 1966 Morgenstierne G Notes on the Pashto Tolana Vocabulary of
Munji//AO Vol 30 (Iranian Studies presented to Kaj Barr ) 1966 177188
Morgenstierne 1973 - Morgenstierne G Irano Dardica Wiesbaden, 1973

226
Orientaha
Mukhiddinov, 1979a Mukhiddinov I Traditional Tilling Implements Utilized by
the Pamir Nationalities
// Tools and Tillage Vol 3 4 Copenhagen, 1979
215-226
Mukhiddinov 1979b Mukhiddinov 1 Spade Digging by Means of Andzhan Trac
tion in the West Pamirs
// Tools and Tillage Vol 3 4 Copenhagen, 1979
245-248
Platts, 1930 - Platts J T A Dictionary of Urdu Classical Hindi and English 5th
Impression Oxford University Press 1930
Shaw, 1876 - Shau R On the Ghalchah Languages (Wakhf and Sankoh) //
JASB Vol 45 P 1 N 2 139-278
Snoy, 1964 Snot/ P Feldbestellung in Mundschan // Festschrift fur Ad E Jensen
Munchen 1964 665-669
Tomaschek, 1880 Tomaschek W Centralasiatische Studien II Die Pamir Dialek
te Wien, 1880
Weryho, 1962 - Weryho J W Sistani-Persian Folklore//IU Vol 5 1962 276-307

I. M. Steblin-Kamensky. Lexics of the field works in Pamir Languages


This article continues the series analyzing agricultural vocabulary
of Pamir languages in comparative and historical interpretation published eaher The words designating different types of natural fetihzers, vast variety of agricultural devices (baskets, spade appliances,
etc ), such verb as plough and sow are examined all connected
with the beginning of field work at spring As the result reconstructions of Old Iranian roots for these agricultural terms are given together with the comparative table of studied words in all Pamir languages and Tadjik dialects of the region

227
Onentaha


-


(-)
,
,
, ,
. ,
, , , , , 95% -
-, ,

, , , , - , , VIII ,
, , VI
,
, -,
,

, -
, , , I
, ,
,
, , ,

228
Orientalia:
,
.
, ,
;
, , ,
- .
, , ,
.

.
, , ,
( 60% 80%). ,
, ,
, . , ,

. , , ,
,
,
V . . . , , .
, , ; , ,
, . . : ,
: , . .
. XI . ; XI XIV . - . , , ,
, , , . . ,
, . .

, .

. . . ...
. ,
V . . .; :
, , , . ., , , . , , (
):
I ,
, . IV VI . . .

, , .
,
.
-,
-, .
77 , .
, ,
, , , , .
, , ,
;
, , ; , , . , , , , ,
, , , ,
.
/// .
- , - , . , , . , ,
,
. . , . ,
,
. ,
. -

230
Onentaha
, ,
II , ,
, (VI IV ),
, , ,
( )
,
, I III,
, , ,
,
,

IV ,



, , , , ,

, , - -
, , , ,
, -
,
-,
, , ,
, , ,
, N I III , ,
, -
,
I I , ,
- , ,

,
- , -

231


-,

, -
,
- ,
, ,

, , ,
, ,
. , ,
aiaxin ', ' ( '
[ ]'),
alx ' ' ( ' [ ]'),
astern '' ( aste '',
),
'' ( ' , '),
' ', ' ( , , )
. ,

'' ( , , , ),
'' ( , - , ,
),
salor, slor ', ' (
'', '' - ),
uit '' ( , ,
),
xaioi ' ' ( , -, ),
xnjor ', ' ( )

serkewil '' tuft '', ,
, ,

232
Orientalia:
. :
' ' ( , . .
,

);
'' ( , );
aralez ', ' ( ( ? ) ) ;
aralle '' ( , - -zi). ,
, . . , -zi , ,
, ;
kmax-k' ' '. kimahhu ', ' ki-mah ' '. - , : - *kimahhi, , ,
-
-ahhi
' ';
knik' '': kaniku, *kanikku ' '; , , , *k'nik'\
t'iw '' ( ', ; ';
. . ).
. , ,
.
''. ,
harhar- '', '' ''
-s-;

; , , , harhar-.
- .
, - , ,
. , , ,
, , , , ,
. , ,

. M, . ...
, , .
, - ,
- , - , - , , , , , . , , ,
- ,
(, -) .
- ,
, .
{atx, aiaxin, , ') (agur, anag, knik'), ,
(aralez, kmax-k'),
,
(, ,
, salor, xaioi, xnjor).
V. - , ,
, . , , : , , .
,
( ), ,
.
,
, ,
V IV . . .
, , , , ,
, , -
.
, , ,
, ;
- .
, -

234
Orientalia:
() *k', * *ts, *dz s, z (
, , -,
; , , ); *k"', *gw ( k, g,
);
( , , ,
, );
( , , );
, , i ( ); -on, - in
-(), -() ( ); s- h-, ( ,
, ).
()
-, ,
( , ,
, - , , -); -5- (
, , ,
),
( , ).
, ,
-;
.
,
, , , , -: ,
, , , , -,
, .
, , ,
(, , . .), (, ),
. -, ,
, ,
. , () XIV
XIII . . . , ,
.


jfJ%J

. . . ...
III . . . , , , -,
. ,
, , ,
.
(XIV VIII . . . ) , (XXIII
XIII . . .) , . , (IX VI . . .),
- ,
:
Arsivd ' ', '', . . arcui, arciw
( ), ulguse ', '
( [olyoss], , , . .-. //). ,
, , -
.
, , .
.
, , - .
.
, (V . . .).
, , ,

, , .
, () *k' 5 ( , -, ); s h ( , );
6, , i ( )
-on, -in -(), -() ( ). *g(h), *k(h) i, e /, '.
, . .
-, , .
- , , - . ,
herm- '', sal '', "'- ''
/, at, kow, . Giarnia ' -

236
Orientalia:
' Garni, , , "Kami *Jarni; xypp. *sallori
'' . salor, slor, *alor, ' ', ,
, *akur. . , , , , , - , ,
- .
, ,
, , - .
* *f, a */" ', . , */"
'\ *t *k.
11- ; ,
, - .
, , , , ,
, . , ,
. , , . .

. ;
, 16-

, . . :
: , , , ,
. , , . , - 8- 16-, ,
11-. 8- , , ,
II I . . . IX . . ., XIII .
; ,
, , - XII
X . . .;

237
. . . ...
, , 8- ,
- , . -
, , II I . . .
*, XII . . .
(, , ) Mus- -k', -k'i.
, , ,
, , . , - , ,
. , , , - . -
.
, --- , . ,
: , ,
,
,
. , , ,
, , .
-
.


.
, . * *g'h *k' *gw *gwh *kw > j s k g ( /) k'
*s > h . Gaura-, Giarnia-
*Kawr-, *Karni ( *), -ki -k',
*-s, salor '' *alor.
. . ,
[ , . . .] .

238
Onentalia





,
, h
+ = , aha > ,
3- ah=
ahati Chtiy), 2- *ahahi
aha > a ahi Chy) , ,
9ahi/6anhi (0'hy) Oahahi/Banhahi 2 Sg Subj Gati
(G'tiy) *6ahati 3 Sg Pres 6ah-/8anh- ,
*Vivahana-, Vivarjhana- - Vivana (AirWb 1452)
aha , h n arjha aha >


visyata (Y 30, 3, 6) 3 PI Impf Mid
, sy= (AirWb 441) =/= , == =nta
== "visyata,
visyata , aha *visyahata *vi=syah=ata
- bhay=, =
=as=/=ah= byah=, biwivarjha "bibyaha (Yt 19, 48, Insler 223) syah= kay=/
v
cay= ( pas= fsah=, vah= usah=, hav= x ah=) Haosyarjha= *hu=syah= ,
( Mayrhofer, N 168) Haosyarjha= (*Hausyaha=)
,
, aha 6,
voi (AirWb 1427) *vahai vah= , ( - yes=, ) atari
voi mazda ahurahya ahi mainyus voi ahya sp9msto ahi (Y 36, 3)
,

voi vidaite (Y 30, 8) 2vaed= voivid= (AirWb 1318) , , voi vidaite voi vidaite,

voi < *vahai


, , vidaite 3 Sg Pres
Mid vi + da= , at mazda taibyo
xsa9ram vohO manarjha voi vidaite (Y 30, 8) , ,

a moyastra (Y 30, 9) a myastra barana(AirWb 1190), amaestra (Humbach, II, S 23), a moi (a)sta (Insler,
p 34, 173) *amoi *yastra
i + , , , aiwyarjhana=
abi *yahana=, aiwyasta= abi yasta= ,
ah > ,
*amoi *yastra *ahmai *yastra, ahmai
Pres Pron 1 PI Dat yastra
=tra=/=9ra= yat= (), , , , yat=,
yataya=, yayata, yoiesma, - ytw happy result, yt'kh ad
vantage, ntsta= paid back <*m=y(a)t=ta=, bista= restricted(?) < *abi=y(a)t=ta= (DKhS 187, 293) *yastra=, hastra= had= , vastra=
vah= , , ,
, *yastra PI
atca toi vaem Kyama
mazdSsca ahuranho
hyat haOra mana bvat

yoi fm fgrasam ahum


a moyastra barana asaca
cistis ai]hat
Y 30, 9

a moyastra barana
baran , ( )
3 PI Inj Impf Act bar=
= +
'manah= 2manah= ,
, Y 30, 4,
, ,
anhat ,
cistis , ,
maet=/mae0= , -e *meit(h)= (Pok 715, >
) , ,
mitayatu, miOnatu, miGnat, miGnaiti
0= Aufenthaltsort fur Menschen
(und Gotter), Wohnung, Haus (> , - mehan
, ), mae0anya= Wohnung, Behausung (AirWb 1105
1107), 0= , ,
parmiha= <*panmi6a ( DKhS 219)

240
Onantaha
,
,

nivananti
mvanat ave awra upapa masito gains ruvangnti
(Yt 14, 41) , yat no
uyra bazaus nivanat tbisyanbyo (Yt 10, 75)
Chr Bartholomae vana=, Van= von oben her bergen, (AirWb 1353)
Van= Humbach (CM Benzing 102),
'w'ny= emhullen,
beschutzen < *awanaya=, m'w'nyd
3 Sg Impf (Benzing 384) D N MacKenzie V n y =
*'wn= *a=wrna=, 'var= hullend
bedecken (KhwGl 534, N25) (KhwEl, N386, p ),
5'w'ny'd n m suretyship, bail,
=yad, < *yati, 6'w'n (Muq ) surety, bail,
sponsor < *hada-awana- with protection, D N MacKenzie Samadi, 'w'ny=
4
van= (Samadi, 9)
- avahana-
auan , 'wn'
, awana 2 vah= , W Bailey (DKhS 383) , ,
vana= dwelling-place , -
avahana= > avan ( aha > ), Van=,
nivananti, nivanat

aha/aha > a
3
vah= sich kleiden in
== *vahana= , *vana= nivansnti, nivanat Van=,

3
vaha= vah=, aha > ,
n vanha= *vahana=, vana= mvansnti *mvahana=
nivanat "nivahanat,
'w'ny= , < *awa=, 5'w'n *5awan *hada=-awana= ,
!
, , 5 w'ny'd *8awanyad ,
*vahana= > vana=,
,

241

S Insler asa yeca


(Y 30, 1, Y 51, 2) asaya=ca, ,
, asa= asaya
asa= , , asm,
asaica ,
ah > , asahyaca
( ahya > -, = Reichelt, 133)
asa yeca , staotaca ahurai yesnyaca varjhaus
manarjha
asa yecS (= asahyaca)

(Y 30, 1), ta v mazda
paourvim ahura asa yeca (= asahyaca) , (Y 51, 2)
, , , , , , ,
aha >
ah > ,
, , , , h ,
sar)ha= (<*sanha=, - samsa=), darjhah=
(<*danhah=, - damsas=) ah(a) > ,
, ,
|,
h, (
Reichelt,
96100) , rj h , - () (, 28)
, , ,
,

ah(a) > , , , rj
h
, , , rjh, ,
,

242
Onantalia

( )
, 1964
AirWb
- Bartholomae Chr Altiramsches Worterbuch Strapburg 1904
Benzing
Benzmg J Chwaresmischer Wortindex Wiesbaden 1983
BSOAS
- Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies London
DKhS
- Bailey H XV Dictionary of Khotan Saka Cambridge University Press
1977
Humbach - Humbach H Die Gathas des Zarathustra Bd I, II Heidelberg, 1959
Insler
- The Gathas of Zarathustra / By S Insler //Acta Iramca 8 Leiden
1975
KhwGl
- MacKenzie
D N The Khwarezmian glossary, IV / / BSOAS
Vol XXXIV, Part 3 1971
KhwEl
MacKenzie D N The Khwarezmian Element in the Qunyat al
Munya / / School of Oriental and African Studies University of
London, 1990
Muq
Zeki Vehdi Togan Muqaddimat al-Adab Istanbul, 1951, / Benzing
Das chwaresmische Sprachmatenal emer Handschnft der Muqad
dimat al-Adab von Zamaxsari Wiesbaden, 1968, J Benzing Chwa
resmischer Wortindex Wiesbaden, 1983
Mayrhofer Mayrhofer M Iranisches Personennamenbuch Bd I Die altiramschen
Namen Faszikel 1 Die avestischen Namen / Osterreichische Akademie
der Wissenschaften Wien, 1977
Pok
Pokorny J Indogermanisches etymologisches Worterbuch
Bern
Munchen, 1959
Reichelt
- Reichelt H Awestisches Elementarbuch Heidelberg, 1909
Samadi
Samadi M Das chwaresmische Verbum Wiesbaden, 1986
TPhS
Transactions of the Philological Society London
Y
- Yasn
Yt
- Yast


Act Active
Dat Dative
Impf Imperfect
Injunctive
Inj
Mid - Middle

Pers Personal
- Plural
PI
Pres Present
Pron Pronoun
Sg
Singular

243
Onentaha

mlk


,
, mlk

( 33, 5), ( 9, 6). , ,
,

I.
( ysr , )
32, 15, 33, 5, ( 44, 2), ,,

,
, , mlk
ysr mlk sdq , [ . 1993, 67]
- ( 10, 13, 2 1, 18)
, ,
, ,
, , ,

, ,
, ,

244
Orientalia:
,
.
,
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
!
( 32, 15-17)
( 32,
143) ,
1958 . . [Eissfeldt, 1958]. ,
.
, ,

, ,
33, 5.
, 33 , ,

. , .
( 5), [Eissfeldt,
1964, S. 303; , 1988, . 288; , Bottero, 1986, . 141;
. . 146 5, 8 ybhr 'lhym hdsym Restaient cois les champions de Dieu!].
. ,
, dat ( 33, 2), , , [Koehler, Baumgartner, 1958, . 220].
5
, 33, 2 5
, [. Noth, 1930, S. 7172; Eissfeldt, 1964, S. 303].
33, 4 5 : v6|iov 6v
eveeiXccTO ) Miovrfjo. KXr|povo|iiav , 1|3. ev
|| apxwv auvaxuevToov apxovTiov Xawv , Iopar|X.
- III . . . mlk
apxwv , , .
, 5 , . , , (, . mlk',
( ) [. .: Berliner, 1984, 1, S. 237]. , ,
, , [.
1906, . 85; Berliner, 1884, 2, S. 9 2 - 9 9 ] .

94

M. . . mlk

, , ,
. , ,
.
, , ,
, . ,
: , .
: [ ], ,
[ ]
, ; ,
, ,
[] . , . ,
( 33, 2 5). , ; : = , = .
.
,
, , ,
,
,
,
,
,
,
.
,
,


.
,
, , .
II.
9- . .
-, ,

246
Orientalia:
, , ,
.
*- ( 9, 22),

. . , .
(, - ),
.

XII . . . , ,
,
, , ,

, . : , , ,
[Sympson,
1972, . 118-120; Boling, 1975, . 175, 181-182, 185]. -
, , : ,
, [Eissfeldt, 1964, S. 16; Herrmann, 1983,
S. 163].
,
. ,
-
.
. , , .
. ,
[Boling, 1975, . 176,
178], ,
. , ( 33, 19
34, 2; 9, 28). - ,
: ,
.
[Vaux, 1967, . 115117],
-
- ( 8, 33; 9, 4 46), ,
.
: ( 8, 27), ( 4 5),

247
. , . mlk
( 11, 910), ,
(1 11, 7).
; ,
. ,
.

.
,
(1 26, 6),
(2 5, 6 9), , .
, -
XI
X . . . ,
.
III.
, ,

[Boling, 1975, . 108]. ( 5), (XII . . .), . -,
( 32, 6).
, :
, ? '
hw' 'byk qnk hw' c sk wyknnk ( 32, 6). qnk , . - [.
, 1987, . 159-163].
.
. . , ( ) , [, 1992, . 126]. ,
; ,
. , [. , 1994, . 27].

248
Orientalia:
. ( ) : ,
, , ? ,
, , , ( 11,
24). ,
:
( 94, 3 = 95, 3).
.
, -,
. . . 1952 . .
32, 8 9,
- [, 1987, . 168]. 8 . (-)
lmspr bny ysr'l,
. , ,
:
apiu|i6v ayyEXtov ueou; : ,
. 6, 2, .
,
,

.
,
.
b 8
9 , , , .
.

. , ,
-,
. , -
.
, , ( 32, 11). , ,
.


, , -

249
, . . mlk

.
,
, , , ...
( III, 3, 3 ), , .:
, , ! ( IV, 22, 1 ); [, 1989, . 38].

.

, ,
. , ,
,
(., II, 204 206); (., I, 149171).
,
.

[Mowinckel, 1961;
Morgenstern, 1964; , 1987].
.
mlk
,
. ,
. ,
, , , 33, 5 mlk , .

1. []. // []. : . ., 1994. . 25 107.


2. . . . 5. , 1906.
3. . . () //
: . 2. ., 1988. . 269 290.
4. . . / / : . ., 1989
. 3 56.
5. . . . ., 1992
6. . . (XIV .) ,
1987.
7. . . ., 1993.
8- . ., 1987.

250
Orientalia:
9. Berliner A. Targum Onkelos. 1 2. Berlin, 1884.
10. Boling R. G. The Anchor Bible: Judges: Introduction, Translation and Commentary. New York, 1975.
11. BotteroJ. Naissance de Dieu: La Bible et 1'historien. Paris, 1986.
12. Eissfeldt O. Das Lied Moses Dt 32, 143... Berlin, 1958.
13. Eissfeldt O. Einleitung in das Alte Testament. Tubingen, 1964.
14. Koehler L., Baumgartner W. Lexicon in Veteris Testamenti Libros. Leiden, 1958
15. Morgenstern J. The Cultic Setting of the Enthronement Psalms / / HUCA
Vol. 35. Cincinnati, 1964. P. 1142.
16. Mowinckel S. Psalmenstudien. Bd. 2. Amsterdam, 1961.
17. Moth M. Das System der zwolf Stamme Israels. Stuttgart, 1930.
18. Sumpson C. A. Judges, Book of / / Encyclopaedia Britanika. XIII. Chicago; London, 1972. P. 118120.
19. Vaux R. de. Les institutions de l'Ancien Testament. 2. Paris, 1967.
Summary
Margarita V. Ivanova. Some observations on the term MLK in the
Old Testament.
The main these of the present article is that there is a mutual
modeling of the Earthly and Heavenly powers. In the introduction, the
question is raised in how far the use of the term king is adequate when
applied to the life of pre-monarchial Israel, in some texts of the Old
Testament. The article is divided into three parts: 1. Moses as king of
Jeshurun; 2. Abimelech as king of Israel; 3. Yahwen as King of Israel.
The author is inclined to answer to the question raised in the negative,
and adduces evidence in favour of her opinion.
The article includes poetical translations into Russian of some
fragments of the Song of Moses, and of the Blessing of Moses (with
a short philological commentary).

251
Orientalia:



. .
( -)


1 .
.
. ,
.
, , .
. :
. , ,
, , , , ,
, , - .
, 2 .

, , , ,
.
.
, .
.
, . 3
, , .
, 4
, , , . , ,
, 5 .

252
Orientalia:
, , ,
.
. , ,
.
,
.
I . ,
-
.
, , , .
, , - . ?
?

.
,
. : (VI IV . .)
( )
. , XIX . , - ,
6

, , , 7 .
,
, . ., . , 0,5
2,5 . V IV 8 (, 9 )
10 ,
IV , , ".
12 . , , ,
, , , , IV 13 .
,

253

.
, ,
15 . , , , I 16 .
, , , ,
( ) ,
. , .
.
17
,
.
. , , , , , (, ) 18 .
, ,

.
,
. , , . , , .
:
1) ()
;
2) (
, , );
3)
;
4) ;
,
19, . . - 2 0 .
, ?

254
Orientalia:
1) ,
, , , , ,
, , , .
2)
, . .
, .
.
3) , , :

0
1

I
1

1 + +1

2
3
4
3

+
+

1 +

1+

+ + + +

1
+

i 26

2 1
32
2
V
22
44
3

23
4 -
50
I

24
105
5 - 25
26
232
6 27
400
7 -
850
8 6--28

29

9
1000
-
10
30

1000
-
"
3000
4800
12 32
()
13 3J
5600
()

13

255
. . .
, ,
. (, ), .
, : ,
. ,
, , , 3 4 . , , . , ,
. ,
, . , ,
.
.
,
.
V III . .
- III 35 . V IV 10 35 .
IV , , ,
36 .
(7 10 ), (, , . . ) 3 7 .
, , ( ), , . IV III . ( ) 38 .
13 : ( ), ( 7), ( 5),
( 4), ( 3).
, , , . ,
-- 850
( ) 123 , 61 , 20 , 14 , 7 39
( ) .
,
.
4) , - , ,

256
Onentaha
-



4 0
,
, ( ) ,


,
, ,

, IV
I ,
,
, ,

( 158 N 169) 4 1

158 42 , 169
A i (
) ,
, 4 4

,
45
,
, -,

II 50
,
-
,
, 4 6
( ,
)
47


- 4 8

,
158 169




,

257


49
253 , IV
, (
)
-
, , , , ,

,
,
,
- , ,
,
,
- ( III ) 5 0 , I
II

51 V 5 2 I ,
53

54

56 ,
, 5 5
35
15 ,
45
89 ,
5 6 , , ,

(
, ),
, , , ( )

258
Onentaha
- ,
-,
, ,
- ,
, , ,
, ,
,
,
5 7 , , ,
, ,
( ) , , , , ,

5 8 ,
, ,
- ,
, ,
, , , , ,
,

,
, , ,



,
, ,

5J
60

,
61 , , ,
6 2 ,

259

( ),
, ,


, , ,

, - , ,

,
1) ,
, ,
, ,
()
( )
, ,
,

, ,
,
,
,
, , ,
,
( , )

, ,
,
,
, ,

260
Onentaha
2)
,


,

,

,
,
3) ,
, ,
IV
III ,


6 3 , ,
,
,
,





,
,
,
-
,
,
0 II
, , , ,
, 40 000
65, 120 000 , 1 800 000 66, ,

,


, ,


,

261

67



, -,


(III ) , , 6 9 ( ),
, ,
4)
,
(VI
IV ) , , ,


III ,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
,
,
, (VI
V ) 80% ,
70
20%

IV , , , IV ,
,
, , , IV
, ,
,
, , ,
()
,
, ,

262
Onentaha

1 //
1987 2 3 36
2
3 1 , 1983 268
4 ,
, 1969 11
5 1983 244
6 P e t n e W M F , Quibell J E N a q a d a a n dBallas L, 1 8 9 6 P 3 2 , P e t n e W
M
F
Diospohs Parva L, 1901 P 29-36
7 Posener G
Dictionnaire de la civilization egyptienne P
1989 P 202
, 1977 184
8 Naville , Peet , Loot W L S Cemetnes of Abydos Pt II L , 1914 P 14
Randall Maciver D , Mace El Amrah and Abydos L , 1902 PI V fig 5
Petne WMF
Op cit P 29-36, Ayrton E R , Loat W L S Predynastic
Cemetry at El Mahasna L , 1911 P 10-25, Brunton G , Caton-Thompson G
The Badarian Civilization and Predynastic Remains near Badary L , 1928 P 20
9 Brunton G , Caton Thompson G Op cit P 4 7 - 4 8
10 Petne W M F Op cit P 29-36, Naville E, Peet E , Loat W L S Op
cit P 14, 17 19, Scharff A Die archaeologischen Ergebnisse des vorgeschicht
lichen Graberfeldes Abusir el-Meleq Lpz , 1926 S 6 - 9 , 108-165, Brunton G
Caton Thompson G Op cit PI XXX-XXXVII, Petne W M F, Quibell J E
Op cit P 1 6 - 3 1 PI III, V
11 Brunton G, Caton Thompson G Op cit P 47-48, Petne W M F , Qui
bell J E O p c i t P 1 6 - 3 1 P I I I I , V , Petne WMF
Gizeh a n dRifeh L
1907 P I V I , V I A , Petne W M F D i o s p o h s P a r v a P 2 9 - 3 6
12 Naville E , Peet E , Loat W L S Op cit P 15, 17-19, Petne W M F
Abydos Pt I L , 1902, pi XLVIII-XLIX, Scharff A Op cit S 108-165
Brunton G , Caton Thompson G Op cit PI V - I X , Petne W M F,
Qm
bell J E O p cit P 1 6 - 3 6 PI I I I , IV Petne
WMF
Diospohs Parva
P 29 36 Morgan M H de Report on excavations made in Upper Egypt du
ring t h e winter 1907 1908 / / A n n a l e du Service des antiquites de l'Egypte Le
Caire, 1912 P 30 37, Reisner G H The Archaeological Survey of Nubia
Vol 1 Cairo, 1912 26, 90, 133, Petne WMF,
Warn
aright G H , Gardiner A H Tarchan I and Memphis V L , 1913 P 5
13 N a v i l l e E , P e e t E , L o a t W L S O p c i t P 1 5 - 1 9 , P e t n e W M F A b y d o s
P I X L V I I I - X L I X , Scharff
A O p cit S 108-165, Petne W M F Diospohs
Parva PI 29-36, Morgan M H de Op cit Petne W M F, QuibellJ E Op
cit P 16 31 PI III, V, Reisner G H , Mace The early dynastic cemetnes
o f N a g a e d - D e r Vol II Lpz , 1 9 0 8 - 1 9 0 9 P 1 2 9 - 1 3 0 , Brunton G , Caton Thomp
sonG
O p cit PI V, X X X - X X X V I I I , Petne WMF
Abydos PI VI, V I A
p 4 - 7 , Ayrton E R, Loat W I 5 Op cit P 10-25, Petne W M F
Wainztnght G H , Gardiner A H Op cit P 5 - 1 3
14 Petne WMF
Diospohs Parva P 2 9 - 3 6 Naville E , Peet E , Loat W L S
Op cit P 1 5 , 3 2 - 3 3 Petne W M F Abydos PI XLVIII-XLIX P 16-18
Reisner G H , Mace Op cit Fig 16 18, 20
15 Naville E , Peet E , Loat W L S Op cit P 3 0 - 3 3 , Petne W M F Op cit
PI X L V I I I - X L I X
P 16-18, Petne W M F Diospohs Parva P 2 9 - 3 6
Morgan M H de Op cit
16 Reisner G H , Mace Op cit P 10
17 , 6\
,

263

18 ,

, ,



19 ,
,
20 , , ( Jsf> 100), (
)
(Quibell J , Green F W Hieracon
pohs Pt II L , 1902 P 22)
21 Petne WMF
Abydos Op cit
22 Naville E , Peet E , Loat W L S Op cit
23 Ibid
24 Petne WMF
The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties Vol II L , 1901
25 Ayrton E R , Loat W L S Op cit
26 Morgan M H de Op cit
27 Randall Maciver D , Mace Op cit
28 Scharff A Op cit
29 Petne WMF,
Wainwnght
G H , Gardiner A H O p cit
30 Petne WMF
Diospohs Parva
31 Petne WMF,
Quibell J E O p cit
32 BruntonG, Caton Thompson G Op cit PI XXX-XXXVIII
33 Ibid , pi V - I X
34 Petne WMF,
Quibell J E O p cit P 10
35 Reisner G H , Mace Op cit P 130
36 Ibid
37 Ibid
38 X

, 1976 47
,
- ,
100
( ),
, , {Quibell J E
Green F W Op cit Pt II P 21)


( ),
( )

, , (
N 100 )
39 Scharff A Op cit S 108-165
40 Petne WMF,
Quibell J E O p cit PI V, fig 24, 25, Scharff A O p cit
Taf 42, 102, taf 49, 512
41 Petne W M F, Wainwnght G H, Gardiner A H Op cit PI II fig 21
42 Ibid
43 Ibid , p 12
{Petne
WMF
Quibell J E Op cit P 127), , ,

264
Onentaha:
44 Petne W F , Wainwnght G H, Gardiner A H Op cit P 12
45 Ibid
Petne
WMF
Wainwnght G , Gardiner A H Op cit N 169
N 158,
( 1, 21) ( 12)
,

46 Zaki Saad Ceiling Stelae m Second Dynasty Tombs Le Caire 1947 P 5 - 6 3
47 Ibid , p 48, 24, p 51, 25
48 I b i d . p 5 - 6 3
49 Petne WMF,
Quibell J E O p cit PI V, fig 29
50 1060
,
,
,
, ,
{Petne
WMF
Gizeh and Rifeh P 5)
51 Naville E , Peet E , Loat W L S Op cit P 14
52 Petne WMF
Gizeh and Rifeh PI VIA, 56
53 30 , 56

54
I {Petne WMF
Gizeh and Rifeh
P 5)
55 Petne WMF
Gizeh and Rifeh PI VIA, 56
56 Naville E , Peet E , Loat W L S Op cit P 30-31
57 Reisner G H Op cit P 12
58 AHX , Erman A
Grapow H Worterbuch der agyptischen Sprache Lpz , 1953 1955
Bd I
S 204
59 Petne W M F Diospohs Parva P 3 1 - 3 5
60 Petne WMF
Abydos P 33
61 Scharff A Op cit P 9
62 Petne WMF,
Wainwnght G. H , Gardiner A H Op cit P 12,
69
63 Petne WMF
Abydos PI L
64 Quibell J E Hieraconpohs, pi I L , 1900
65 Ibid , pi XLI
66 2 , 1988 319
67 1 263
68 Bothmer On Realism in Egyptian Funerary Sculpture of the Old Kin
dom//Expedition Vol 24 1982 N 3 P 2 9 - 3 0 Fig 5 - 7
69
// , 1989

70 Brunton G , Caton Thompson G

Op cit PI V - IX

Cosmetic palettes and early Egyptian ideology


What was the origin of the ancient Egiptian conception of the special
quality inherent m depictions and inscriptions'? The conception said, that

265

man-made representations had to generate similar reality This idea revealed
itself differently in Egyptian culture It appeared in the Old Kindom in the
most obvious way as the custom of putting statues, stelae, false doors and
other kinds of depictions in tombs in order to reproduce the parallel world of
Ka Of the comparison of predynastic burials and the Old Kindom tombs it
can be conclued, that the fundamentally similar conception was connected in
predynastic period with palettes As the practice of putting palettes into
burials existed beginning with the earliest necropolis for all the predynastic
period, it can be supposed, that the forming of corresponding ideology took
place in the epoch preceding the New Stone Age

266

,
( VI 255260 )


-
- *- (,
1994, 232 293),

, , ,
,
, , ,
-
,

,
, ,
) , ) ( ,
), ) ,
,
, (
),
, , , , "
, ",
,
, ( , 1973,
400) ,
, , ,


(
), - (
),

267
,
(= ), ,
, , ,
(= ), () ( )
, ( I, 361)

,
,

,
, , (Gen 6 7 9 1)
, ,
, ( )
,
, , 1)
(, )
, 2)
, 3) - ,
(
)


,
, VI 254) Zi-u4-sud-ra2 lugal-am3
255) igi-an-dEn-hl2-la2-se3 ka ki su-ub ba-gub 256) ti dingir-gim mu-un
na-ab-sum-mu 255
, ,
an- d En-hl 2 Zi-u4-sud-ra2 mi2-e u[n xxxx]
(1914)
, (PBS IV, pt 2, 63) , ,
,
255 ,
,
255
Anu (and) Enhl cherished Ziusudra (ANET, 42 44, 57)
mi2
nu 2 (zi) d u u (

268
Onentalia
) , ,
,
255 ,
, mi2
[provided] Ziusudra with a wife (Atr , 172)
, , (is
open to doubt), ,
,
,
mi2
mi2-(zi)-du11,
,
255 255 -
, 1991 VI 254 256
,

, (, 1991,
158) 1994
, , () , ()
, , ka ki su-ub
( ka u
gal 2 ), ba-gub , 255
mi2-e u[n-na du,,-ge-es] An and
Enhl did well by him (Jacobsen, 1981, 525)

( ),
( mi 2 )
mi2 -,
-
, -
UN, , -
( UN )
, mi2-e (
- Ergativ), (Loc -Term )

, , ()
[]
,
,
,

ba-gub ka ki su-ub
255,
, ,
254 256

269
,
, , () , .
() [?], ,
, ,
Zi-u4-sud-ra2 gls ma 2 gur4-gur4 [ab]
BUR 2 mu-un-da-buru3 / u 3 d Utu gis-nux-ni-da glsma2-gur4 gur,-se3 ba an
ku4-re-en /Zi-u 4 -sud-ra 2 lugal-am3 igi-dUtu-se3 ka ki su-ub ba-gub
,
, , , (V 207 210)
,
,
-
(?)


assu ume ruqQti nadanimma u kunnu paleja na'diS akmesa
utnin maharsun

(Sar 80 12)

,

, , , -,
( V 210 211)

,
,
XI , ,

uSteh ana hb3-ba g l s ehppi ka-la kim-ti la u
sa-lat-ia ,
(Gilg XI^) kimtu (kintu) ,
salatu (sallatu),
kin by marriage (, ), ,
, (CAD, S, 93)
, sallatu im-ri-a , su
IM RI = SU-u, kim turn, -su-tum, sa la-tum (Hh I
117 ff), [su-u2] [SU] = ki-imtum, m su-tum, sa-la-tum (AH/7 IV
13 ff )
salatu kimtu , ,
,
,
, ,
,

270
Onentaha
[suh ana] libbisa [assatk]a kimatka salatka
, , (Atr 128 8)
assatum (
), , ,
-,
,
smnistu (1 191 ), marhitu (1 2 0 2 205 209 25) marhitum
MI 2 US assatu
(CAD, M,, 208)
assatu,



i-lam-ma d Elhl (BE) a-na hb3-bi g l ! ehppi / n-bat qa-ti-ia-ma ul-te-la-anm-ia-a-si / -te-h us-tak-mi-is sin-ms-ti ma l-di-ia / ll-pu-ut pu-ut-nima lz-za-az ma bi-n-in-ni l-kar-ra-ban-na-si / i- pa-na m Ut-napistim ame-lu-tum3-ma / e-nm-na-ma mUt-napi3tim u smnistu (MI 2 )-su 2 lu-u emu-u2 ki-i llam (DINGIR) m e s na-si / lu-u a-sib-ma d Ut-napistim ma ru
u2-qi2 ina pi-i narati (ID 2 ) m e s ,
(),
, ,
, , , ' ,
1" (XI 1 S 9 _ 1 9 5 )
,
,

, , (, -
) , Pi-Narati, ,
,
, , NUN1" gis-km2 ki-sikil-la mu2-a / mus2-bi "^za-gmj-durus Abzu-ta Ia2-a /
ki-tus-a-na ki-ganzer-am3 / e2-ge6-ge6-ga-a-m-se3 tir gissu du3-a lu 2 nu-muun-ku4-ku4-da / sa3 d Utu Ama-usumgala-na-ke4 / dal-ba-na id2-da ka-minkam2-ma / dKa-he2 (')-gal dIgi-he O)-gal2 dLa-ha-ma NUNkl-ga-ke4 / mu7
mu7-Abzu a-ra-an-se3 ,
" ,
' , , ,
, ,
, ,

271
. . . ,
( XVI, 46, 183-185, 189, 193, 195-202
= Iraq XLII, 28, 2'4', 8', 12', 14', 16' 17', 19') , (=
), ,
dug sahar 2 3udun-gal-ta du-a u u3-me-m-tag / id2-ka-min-na-ta a-[xx]-a u3-me-ni-sa10
.. / a-sikil-la-Eredu (NUN) kl -ga-ke4 u-me-m-du / a-gub2-ba-Abzu-ta ume-m-ak , ,
[] 1 1 ' ( XVII, 40, 30 33, 53, 55 =
, 1993, 255 256) ,
, mu-u2 sa2 ma Ap-si-i ke-ms - / pu-u2 el-lu sa2 dE2-a ul-hl-Su-nu-ti ,
, (ASKT, 9, 7, 9) , ,
) ( ),
, ,
) , ,
( ), ) ,
, , , ,
, , ' te-di-qi2 Iu-u2-la-bis ru-bat bal-ti-su2 /
a-di ll-la-ku ana ah (URU)-u 2 / te-di-qu i-ba' a-a id-di- e-di-su2 hdis '

,
' (1 2 4 3 244 2 4 6 ) , sum-sa sii-bu is-sa-hir amelu (LU 2 ) ( . ) -- (1281) , ,
, , ,

, (?) , ti-dmgir-gim mu-un-na-ab-sum-mu / zi-da-n2


dmgir-gim mu-un-ab-en-dej / u4-ba Zi-u4-sud-ra2 lugal-am3 /
numun-namd
Iu2-ux un3-ak / kur-bal kur-Dilmun-na ki- Utu-e3-se3 mu-un-til3-es ,
, , ,
, , , , , , ,
(VI 256 260) ti(l 3 ) ,

272
Orientalia:
, . zi , (.
zi-a3-gal2 ). ,
.
. .
. , : kur-bal
, ,
,
, .
, .
,
,
,
(, 1994, 272 273).
. ,
fagara : ) , ,
) , , ) ( ), ) , , ) - ,
(Lane, F, 2340 2341). , , , , . , ,
) , )
, ) , )
, ) .
, , . ,
,
, ,
, . , :

.
, (
). ?

?

, , ( ). .
, , , -

074
t

. . . ,
. ,
.
(X v 36_vi 39 ; XI, 97 ,, 98 , 202-204. ~^
, ,
(1258-2)-
. ( , . . ). :
(
). , ,
, (
. Westenholz, 1993; , 1995).
:
.
:
( , ), , .
, ,
... , (
) 1.

, , .
, , , , . . .
1

.

XI , I. , XII , , .
, XII .
, : ) , ) , ( ). ,
. , , .
( ), ,
, , .

274
Orientalia:
, : ... , ,
... (Gen. 7:11).
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edu (.). . ,
(Heidel, 1949, 241).
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(im-si-si-ig), ,
(radu), (mehu), (urpatu salimtu).
, .
,
(
): ina ITI UDRA.AM3 hurbasi bibil libbi sa2 d Ellil
, () , ( 2, X
34); ITI UDRA sa2 dAdad (IM) gugal same u erseti
() , (Cal;
105:11). - sabatu , .
, (, 1994, 245248).

, . : '''sabatu (UDRA)
arah SA 3 IGI.GURU 6 d Ellil N ( )
(III, 33'; George, 1992, 154). III
, 11-
, 2 sizkur2 sa3 Nibrukl
() ,
(Sallaberger, 1993, 149). sabatu

275
. . , ,
: 18- , , (rimkani)
- .
a-ab-ba hu-luh-ha,
; : uru 2 a-du,,-ga a-gi4-a-za / Nibru1"
a-du,,-ga a-ta mar-ra-za: alu sa2 nak'-ru3-u2 3a2-nu-u2 / alu sa2 nak'-ru-u
ana me-e sa-lu-u , , /
, ... (274) (van Dnel, Assur,
140; a-ab-ba hu-luh-ha, 1975). ,
,
,
( , -, , , ).
,
: ITI Si-li-li-ti ITI UDRA.AM3 ... assu ina
ITI UDRA.AMj hasadanu sa ilani [...] () N () ...,
( ) [] ( 24, 102); Bel Nabu sa2 ina ITI
UDRA hasaddasanuni , , ... (ABL 65 . 17). : mul Ma 2 -gur 8 mu Suhur-mas2 / /
d
Nabu u dTas-me-tu " () " =
(VR 46, 1.37).
( 2, 8) 1. an = dA-nu-um
dGu-la (A.ZU
gal-la-tu), ( XXIV, 47, 1, 23 26): el-tum mu-bal-lit-ta-at mi-i-ti d Gu-la ina Sipsit qa-ti-sa el-le-te li-sap-sihu , ,
(Surpu VII, 80 sqq.).
, , . ,
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( .
; Oppenheim, Letters, 168).
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, : Dingir-mah Nin-mah, Addu Nu-mu5-da I M ,
d
Sullat u d Hani5 2MUL m e s d Sullat d Hani5, d Nin-urta mul Pa-bil-sag (MUL.APIN
I ii 21 25). ,

276
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: MUL GU.LA .. EN IDIM E2-a ... (Walker-Hunger, 1977, 27 34, . 28).


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,



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VI 255 260 ,


, 1955
, 1993
mis pi (CT XVII, 38 41) // , 1993 4 247-267
, 1994
// , 1994 6 232 293
, 1995 (
) // , 1995 7 133 146
, 1991 , 1991
I - I I - 1 , 1980, 2 , 1982
1 , 1993
, 1973 (
1)
, 411 , 1995
ABL Assyrian and Babylonian Letters
ANET Ancient Near Eastern Texts Oxford, 1955
Atr Atrahasis in Lambert W G , Millard A R Babylonian Flood Story Ox
ford, 1969
BPO Babylonian Planetary Omina
Cal Labat R Un calendrier babylonien des travaux Paris, 1965
CT Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
Gen Genesis ( )
George, 1992 George A R Babylonian Topographical Texts Leuven, 1992
Gilg - Campbell Thompson R The epic of Gilgamish Oxford, 1930
Heidel, 1949 -Heidel A Gilgamesh and the Old Testament Oxford, 1949
Higin Higin Le Astronomie Paris, 1983
Jacobsen, 1981 - Jacobsen Th The Endu Genesis (JBL 100/4)
Lenormant, 1874 Lenormant F Les premiers civilizations Paris, 1874, I II

279
,
MUL APIN Hunger , D An Astronomical Compendium MUL APIN
Horn, 1989
Porada, 1987 Porada E The Origins of Aquarius / / AV Reiner New York
1987 P 279-291
PBS Publications of the Babylonian Section of Pennsylvaman Museum, Philadelphia
Sallaberger, 1993 - Sallaberger W Der Kultische Kalender der Ur-III Zeit Berlin,
New York, 1993
Sar - Lyon D G Die Keilschnfttexte Sargons Leipzig, 1906
Walker-Hunger, 1977 - Walker F , Hunger H Zwolfmaldrei / / MDOG 109
(1977) S 27-34
Westenholz, 1993 Westenholz J G Writing for Posterity / / In memonam
R Kutscher Tel Aviv, 1993 P 205-218

Summary
The article deals with the image of 'Noah"s wife in the Mesopotamian Deluge texts

280
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la zala bi-n-nasre wa-1-burhan huma furqan*
furqan h-Musa-w-lahu yora Badre hu furqan 4

* -
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281

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Husnu-1-habib shaqani wi-sh-sha\vqu qad saquh


qabbaltu ngluh mina-1-ashwaqi bal saquh
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282
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7. . . 37. . 7.
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9. . . 506.
10. . . 10, 12.
11. . : Hilli Safiyy ad-Din al-. Die Vulgararabische Poetik-al-Kitab al-'Atil
al-Hali wal-Murahhas al-Gali / Ed. W. Hoenerbach. Wiesbaden, 1956.
12. X. . // . X. /
. , . ., 1986. . 422.

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11 ' Cammap ' - - (1641 1731) ,
//
, 1987 15 19, 18
12 111
13 111, 104, 101, 99, 93
14 ' - -' , 1853 261
15 14
16 ' 270
17 , , , 1984 6
18 27
19 ' - -' ( 973/1565) , 1914 94, 213
20 109
21 ' ' -' , 1976 4
22 XVIII
// > 13 , 1987 163-172, 167-168

312
Orientaha
23 - - -' // -
'- , 1967 14 3 302 325 N 4
476-493, 5 - 6 618-628, 307

24 () , 1976
47
25 () , 1980 220
26 /
1978 31
27 Arberry A J 'Iraqi The song of lovers Oxford, 1939 275-365

28 , 1965
440
29 - , 1969 96 97
30 / ,
, 1980 250-251
31 ' 2-

1336/1957 372
32 '// - - /
, 1341/1962 1 15
33 '- // - '-- - -
, 1305/1887 23 31

34 111
35 Mansuroglu M Sultan Veled'in turkce manzumelen Istanbul, 1958 10
N 1-2
36
//Turcologica 1986 , 1986 290-296
37 , 1970
243, //
1963 1 99-112
38 Be
// 1985 2 2127
39 II
1985 116, 118, 9
40 , , 1952
41
// Problemy hteratur onentalmch Warszawa, 1974 S 49 57,5152
42 , 1977 35
43 -
// , 1989 222
238, 224
44 199
45 200
46 3
XII XIII , 1984 164
47 /
// / , 1990
5-59 38
48 138
49 3 131
50 152

313
. . , ,
V. A. Drozdov, M. S. Fomkin, . . Frolova
About some stylistic features of medieval Sufi writings
The knowledge of stylistic characteristics of Sufi writings may contribute
to their better understanding In the article an attempt is made to establish
some stylistic characteristics of Arabic, Persian and Turkish Sufi writings
Arabic material was presented by al-Futuhat al-Makkiya by Ibn 'Arabi
(11651240), a collection unpublished manuscript treatises composed in the
first half of 18'h century and a collection of poetry by 'Abd al-Gham anNabulusi (1641 1731) The Persian sources used were the prosaic treatises
and poems on the subject of mystical love the Savanih fi -'ishq by
Ahmad Ghazall (d 1126), Risala dar 'ishq by Saif ad Dm Baxarzi (11901261), 'Ushshaq-nama by Faxr ad-Din 'Iraqi (12131289) and 'Ishq
nama by Sultan Valad (12261312) The Turkish part of the poem
'Ibtida-nama by Sultan Valad and the Turkish part of the poem Rubabnama by the same author were used as Turkish material

314
Orientalia:


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322
Onenatla'

QEWLE E'RD U E'SMIN


1 Qudreta melk'ed berime,
Xelqo, bifikinn mine,
E'rd 0 e'sman fawastane be stune
2 Qudreta heqe,
P'adjae min mjyar kinne cardeh teveke,
E'rd fl e'sman be stfln fawastane mahqe
3 Qudreta yeki feh'mani,
Meleka we deng hilani,
Go E'rd 0 e'sman be stfln Fawastane
4 Meleka wa cav didaye
e'de xwe p'adsaye,
Stflna e'sman pe fawastaye ew duaye
5 Eva qewla qewleki xase,
E'smSn e'rdefa kirye be'se,
Go Taji, toje, gire, eze xase
6 E'rde h e'sminfa lore be'se,
Go Ne senge, ne h xange,
9
Ne ez ji cewareke xase
7 E'rde go E'smano, e'sle mm te ji dereke,
Em fiviqandme ji cewareke,
ivqa em anine pe? nezereke
8 E'rde go E'smano, ivqa me kir cebere,
Ez fiviqandim hhere,
Ser mm ?ekirye naz fl ne'met fl xere
9 Naz u ne'mete hfln dibimn,
Bende ser me hiltinm,
iqas xulyeqete ez dighinim
10 E'rde go E'smano, tu bire mini seri,
Tui be tiki, be beri,
Xwedeo ser min cekirye naz u ne'met fl tiri
11 E'rde we kir hedede,
Go E'smano, naz u ne'mete ser min tete,
Ew ji h'eywanete pe d^'erete
12 E'rde go E'smano, xox, fl bi, fl zeyt'fln,
Gul u feh'ane fl beybfln,
E'rde go, e'smano, ew ji ser mm hasil dibfln
13 E'rde go E'smano, qudreta yeki feh'mani,
Car nave hatme ser mm girani
Encile, T'ewrate, Zebflne, Firqani
14 Encile, Qurane, T'ewrate, Zebfln,
Evin her9ar naved me5flr,
Nazil bflne ji cem yeki xefur
15 E'sman e'rdefa kire be'se,
Go Eva qewla qewleki xase,
Mer fl meleka ser min xaj h'ewase
16 E'rde we digote e'smine
Ser te melek' fl firetine,
Ewana nevs fl je'bet t'unine
17 E'rde go E'smano, qudreta yeki feh'mani,
Xwedeyo bende ser mm dani,
Vefa hene du nevse girani

323

18 Ewin bende xwedene,
Du nevse giran je dibene,
Ewin xwe ji ya xirab dipene
19 E'smen go E'rdo, eze cak, ta bi e'yb,
Ser te dibe qet'il, buxdan 0 xeyb,
E'cev miclisa ve dinyaye digefin e'cev
20 E'smen we gef didave,
Go E'rdo, weki cem mm neye baran fl ave,
Miclisa ve dinyaye we pe ci avave7
21 E'smen we gef dixare,
Go E'rdo, weki cem mm neye baran fl baye,
Miclisa ve dinyaye we pe 51 bive avaye7
22 E'smen we deyn dikir bi c'efe,
Go E'rdo, ez cetinm ziv u zefe,
Jorda ser kel u e'mele teda dinhefe
23 E'rde go E'smano, ezim e'rde dewrej,
Ser mm digefe cimlet fl ?
E'rde go E'smano, kes k'ubarye nace pe
24 E'rde go E'smano, ezim e'rde k'lbir,
Ser mm digefe cimlet fl ce$ Q feqir
E'rde go E'smano, kes k'ubarye nace ber dindara mir
25 Zebine dev mizgefta,
Yared fflnistine xewleta,
H'ewsuf fenzed milyak'eta
26 Ya Allah fl ,
Ahmed fadibine ser,
Ji fifa'ne didine xeber
27 eved inya a'hm dixflnm,
Radivme ser membera deng hilttnin,
Nav dik're Sixadi, Melek' txsin heq timn
28 Ziyarete cem we dibm xwe dibin
teref berbi qulbe,
Nav dik're ixadi, Melek' Stxsin sere xitma
29 E'sman go E'rdo, ser nun heye Ezrahil fl Cibrahil, Dflrdahil,
Mik'ayil, Xusrafil, Xu?razil, Ezrazil, Ezra Eziz,
Ewin her h'eft melek'e kibir,
Nazil bflne cem yeke qedim
30 E'rde go E'smano, qudreta yeke sebir,
Mekke, Medin, Quts, Ibrahim Xelil, Lahsa Nflram,
E'rde go, e'smano, ew ji ser mi dibflne sedil
31 E'rde wa kir h'ikyate,
Go Wexta Nevi Meh'med banava dihate,
Hinge e'sman mabu me'te
32 E'smen go E'rdo, ez cetirim ji zefe fl ziv,
Ser mi heye foje fl hiv
E'rde go E'smano, ne ser mi ji hene xelqe naziki let"if
33 E'rde go E'smano, ezim e'rde k'amil,
Ser min digefm mir, h'akimed adil,
Ewan ji ser mm dibflne hasil
34 Qudreta Yeke Reh'mani,
Axi Cibrahil nazil bflye bani,
E'rd fl e'sman hev ani,
Ser xitma vi qewli Dawude bin Dermani

324
Onenatla-

1
2
3
4
5
6

- , 1960 242
, 1960 242
- 242

, 1984 99101
Puiqilmilbq 1847 t? 331332

1 iluiimlmpjniG huyng QpuiljiuGnipjuiG

1910 t? 140-142

g U ITGuiguiUuiGjuiG ^mjliuiljuiG ilt^GuinuipjuiG dnnnilpnuiljuiG bpQbp brUuiG, 1956


g "Uhruhu U"nlimg}i> puiGuminbnunipjniGGhp ^^ 1

Inim

{uuiGjuiGti bpUmG, 1975


JQ U ITGuiguiliuiGjuiG, <mjljmlimG iIJi^GmivmpjmG dni\nilpivmUmG hpqhp t2 608
j j ITnljuigli, pmGmumhi]unipjniuGhp t j j 64
12

U ITGmgmUmGjmG, ^mjUmlimG JJijGmiimpjmG dni\nilpivmlimG hpqhp bpbmG, 613

13 ,

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Summary
A major historic event in the mid-17th century was the establishment, by
the scions of Mmg ruling family, of their own regimes in South China after
the manchus entered Peking, it was an important component of the processes
caused by the disintegration, in 1644, of the political center of the Empire
The Ch'ing historians spent a lot of time and energy to work out an official
version of the event The main bulk of the material is to found in the Standard History Ming shi The present paper offers an analysis of the above
roatenal. Characteristics the official version of the South Ming history are
Uustrated by a description of the first South Ming regime set up by FuWa
n g Chu Yu-sung m Nanking

356

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1
// 8 1973 598-599, 4
-
, , 1972 2 1068

381
-

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

(
) // -
, 1982 116-135, Hofman H F Turkish literature A Bio bibhogra
phical Survey Section 3 P a r t i Vol 1-6 Utrecht, 1969 Vol 3 P 156
// 5
1968 610 599

, 1962 37
Islam Ansiklopedisi Cuz 43 Istanbul, 1949 S 388
Pearson J D Oriental Manuscript Collections in the Libraries of Great Britain
and Ireland London, 1954 P 55

3 ,
1975 465
Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 3 162
Ibid
The Tankh l-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat A History of the
Moghuls of Central Asia An English Version / Edited with Commentary, Notes
and Map by N Elias The translation by E Denison Ross London 1895 P IX X
M
3137,


1 , 1965 8 7 - 9 3
-
25 ,

- , 6 , 570 2406
37
(
) / , , , 1977 72
XV XVIII (
) , 1969 482 483
37

, ,
240 270 ,
240 ,

- , , 648,
14, 394, 12, 395, 176, D 71, 20
-,
-
- , 648
120, 394, 986-99, 395, 1576- 158, D 71, 191-192
, 648, 83-84, 394, 58, 395, 1026-103, D 71
124-125

-,

3 , 1955
2721 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 4 29
,
2 , , ,
, , 1975 24
24 30 Smirnow W D Manuscnts turcs de L Institut des Langues
Onentales St Pdtersbourg, 1897 78

382

29
, 1926 15
30 [ ] //
15 , 1962 202
31 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 4 23
32 //
1957 41
33 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 4 23
34 41
35 32
36 , 2 24
37 2 1068 1204 4
38 - //
1 , 1961 437, 32
39 Salemann Neue Erwerbungen des Asiatischen Museums // Melanges Asiatiques
tires du Bulletin de I'Acaddrme Impenale des Sciences de St -Pdtersbourg
Tome IX (1880-1888) St-Petersbourg, 1888 S 383-384
40 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 3 P 163
41 Ibid Vol 4 P 21
42 - ,
, 569 2-10
43 ()
XVIII , , 1936 97
44 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 3 164, Vol 4 21
45
97, 107, 164, 191, Courant M L'Asie
Centrale aux XVII et XVIII Siecles Empire Kalmouk ou empire Mantchou?
Lyon, Pans, 1912 P 121-122
46 Hartmann M Chinesisch-Turkestan Geschichten, Verwaltung, Geistesleben und
Wirtschaft Halle, 1908 S 35
47 , ,

210, 10
16 ( , , 1
93)
48 ,

49
50 , , 1 93
51
2 , 1864 144
52 XV XVIII (
) -, 1969 191, 520
53 2 137138
54 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 3 163
55 Salemann Neue Erwerbungen
S 383 Anm 12
56 - , , D 120
16-12
57 , D 121, 1466-147
58 Hamada Masami Islamic Saints and Their Mausoleums // Acta Asiatica Bulletin
of the Institute of Eastern Culture Tokyo, 1978 T 34 P 92
59 , , 1 27
60 -', , D 106, 2
61 Hamada Masami Islamic Saints P 92
62 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 4 P 279
63 Smirnow W D Manuscnts turcs
76, 31
33 36, , , 1
88-92

-
54 7 ,
1964 5014
55 410 411,

// 5
, 1994 8 8 - 9 5
66 Manuscripts from Indian Collections Descriptive Catalogue New Delhi 1964
P 110
57 Hofman H F Turkish literature Vol 3 P 162,
(The Tankh-i Rashidi p IX)
58 The Tankh-i-Rashidi P X
69
II 1263
1845 , , 1847
70 Hamada Masamt Islamic Saints
P 81
71
, ,
1898 ( 13), // -- , 1928 27
72 - , , 648,
676, 394, 45, 395, 84, D 71, 102
73 // Melanges Asiatiques Tome XI (18951901) St-Petersbourg, 1901 P 55 4
74 , , 1 9 1
75 55

384

An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar


from The British Museum

Avraam G L u n d i n

& Serguei A

Frantsouzoff

In July 1994 the authors of the present paper during their visit to the
British Museum noted a fragmentary South Arabian bronze altar which bore a
very interesting Sabaic text, and were surprised to discover that this inscribed
artifact remained practically unknown to specialists on ancient Yemen Only
two rather short descriptions of this altar with some remarks on the contents of
the inscription cast on it have appeared until now' The permit for its
publication kindly granted by the British Museum gave an opportunity to
introduce a new iconographic and epigraphic source on early Sabaean religion
into the field of South Arabian studies 2 Though the exact provenance of this
bronze altar has not been ascertained, it seems to come from Manb 3 , capital of
the Sabaean state mentioned in the epigraphy under the names of MRYB and
MRB4
In 1970 both fragments of the altar were auctioned at Christies and
were purchased by the British Museum in rather poor condition because of
strong oxidation (pi I) By 1973, however, they had been cleaned in the
Museum's Research Laboratory with most excellent results 5
The Sabaean bronze altar or rather offering table exhibited now in the
British Museum was assembled from two separate parts The larger part (WA
135323 height 66 cm, width 110 cm, depth 34,5 cm) includes the so
called front panel 6 preserved almost entirely and decorated with three rows of
sphinxes shown frontally (pi II a), the upper section of one of the lateral
panels (pi II b) and a corner of the back panel (pi II c> The smaller part
(WA 135324 height 20 cm, width 75 cm, depth 20 cm) represents a
considerable piece of the upper section of the back panel flanked on every side

' Christies 07 07 1970, p 152 no 159 Barnett Curtis 1973 p 130 pi LXII LXI1I a
Profound gratitude should be expressed in this connection to Dr St J Simpson Curator
of the Department of Western Asiatic Antiquities of the British Museum who encouraged
the authors in their research on this object and did his best to facilitate the appearance of
the present article
3
Barnett Curtis 1973, p 130
4
Cf Robin 1996 col 1106
5
Barnett Curtis 1973 p 130 pi LXII
This panel is considered to be the front one since it bears the beginning of the inscription

385
A Lundm & S Frantsouzoff An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar

9 .*. ft * 1

The British Museum


PI. I The front panel of the altar before the restoration

by a projecting bull's head (pi II ) 7 These two fragments8 seem to be


remnants of the bronze revetment which originally covered a wooden offering
table It is well-known that the bull's head is one of the most wide-spread
motifs in South Arabian art 9 . The representation of a sphinx, on the contrary,
pccurs very rarely among the artifacts of ancient Yemenite civilization The
$phmx' images already attested in Southern Arabia, namely different varieties
of winged sphinxes hewn on the limestone reliefs R 7 t / o l / 9 6 51",
R71//95 41, R 71//96 91 (CIAS, 1/2, p 461-462, 465-468, Bossert 1951,
no 1286 & 1301 (erroneously discnbed as CIH 73)) as well as cast on the
ibronze plate above the text CIH 73 (Pirenne 1955, p 145, pi V d, CIAS,
J / 2 , p 469, fig 2 a), apparently followed Hellenistic patterns 10 In contrast
to them the figures of these fantastic creatures skilfully depicted full-faced on
the altar from the British Museum were influenced by another, more archaic,
prototype They bear a strong resemblance to a sphinx' statue discovered m
1942 near the Ethiopian village of Addi Keramaten and kept now in the
From a purely iconographic point of view this richly decorated panel may also be
interpreted as the front one It seems that this altar was set up in the centre of the deity s
sanctuary so that the worshippers could contemplate all its sides
In the same show-case one more fragment of the bronze panel is exhibited (WA 135756)
but it obviously belonged to another artifact since it is decorated with four (not three)
rows of sphinxes, very similar, however, to those of WA 135323, and differs in its height
from the above mentioned front panel The detailed analysis and publication of this object
would go beyond the limits of the present paper
The bull as well as the ibex proved to be largely venerated in South Arabian religion In
all probability these sacred animals were not connected with any concrete deity (cf
Ryckmans 1976, p 262, Robin 1996, col 1168-1169)
10
Cf CIAS, 1/2, p 469, fig 2 a & b

386

The British Museum


PI. II a. The inscription LuBM i A (on the front panel).

Museum of Asmara11. Thanks to a fragment of the early South Arabian


inscription hewn on its pedestal (RIE 54) this object was attributed to the
sculptors of the Sabaean colony in Ethiopia who had imitated a Cushitic or
n
even Egyptian model . Thus the sphinx' image probably came to early Saba'
from Cush or Egypt through Sabaeo-Ethiopian culture.
The three panels of the altar are surmounted by a single line of the
inscription marked here with the siglum LuBM 1 1 3 . Perhaps the fourth
panel, which is not extant now, bore its final part Unfortunately the authors
had no possibility to determine the exact dimensions of the inscription and
of its signs

11

12

13

See the short description and the bibliography of this artifact in RIE, I, p 45, 136 Good
photographs of it have been published in RIE, II, pi 44 (full-faced), CIAS, 1/2, p 469
fig 1 (half-faced)
It is not the unique representation of this creature originated in Ethiopia One more
sphmx, also inscribed (RIE 70), was discovered at Dibdib in the same region, but it is too
roughly carved to be compared with masterpieces of South Arabian art (RIE, I, p 148 '
pi 54)
In commemoration of A G Lundin's merits his disciple S A Frantsouzoff proposes to
designate the two inscriptions of the British Museum, which this famous scholar identiHea
as unpublished, with the sigla LuBM 1 2 The text LuBM 2 will appear later on

307

A Lundin & S Frantsouzoff An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar

The British Museum


PI. II b. The inscription LuBM 1 (on the lateral panel).

The British Museum


PI. II The inscription LuBM 1 (on the back panel).

388

L U B M 1 (PL. II -)
PALEOGRAPHY AND DATING

The paleographic peculiarities of the inscription, namely a very slight


inclination of the horizontal stroke in n and in the apex of alif, the use of the
so-called 'closed' triangles in m, a smooth curve of the arc in r, etc. provide
clear evidence that it dates from the 6th century , i. e. from the period that
immediately succeeded the reign of the Sabaean mukarrib and malik Karib'il
Watar, son of Dhamar'alay (from the end of the period according to
J. Pirenne) u . It is worth noting that the Sabaean colony in Ethiopia, whence
the sphinx' image represented on this altar seems to be borrowed, existed in
the same epoch (8 th - 6 t h centuries ) 15 .

Text
A
[.. .J'L/bn/ -M'NS1 /r^w/RHMW/hqny/RHMW/LHY'

# TT/w-SBHHMW #

ywm[/s]yct TT#R/d-MS1WT-m

b-T#[TR]i6...

Translation
A
[...]'il, son of 'Amm'anas, priest of Rahmaw, dedicated to Rahmaw
Lahay'aB
that and Sabahhumaw

when [he performed


By 'Ath[tar] ...
14

15
16

the hjunt

of 'Athtar

dhu Musawwa'atim

The chronological conception of J. Pirenne, who traced the starting-point of South


Arabian civilization back to the 5 century , is now completely rejected. Exhaustiven
arguments in favour of the so-called 'long' chronology have recently been presented '
concise form by Chr. J. Robin (Robin 1996, col. 1111-1117).
Frantsouzoff 1995; Robin 1996, col. 1123-1124.
Unfortunately in that word the character i, which is perfectly discernible after 'ayn, has
been completely overshadowed on the photograph by the bull's head (pi. II c).

389
A. Lundin & S. Frantsouzoff. An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar

Commentary
[.,.]'L the proper name of the dedicant can't be restored, since the element 'L is very
popular in the South Arabian onomasticon.
tf'NS' the name used here as the dedicant's patronymic has been attested in all the
epigraphic languages of Southern Arabia (Harding 1971, p. 435). It also occurs in some
old Sabaic inscriptions such as Ja 2905 c / 1 and Y.85.AQ/10 = Er 62. Its first element
'M derives from the Semitic common noun 'paternal uncle' and bears no relation to the
supreme Qatabanian god 'Amm (Lundin 1979).
rs2a)/RHMW the interpretation of rs*w as 'priest' is well-founded (Lundin 1971, p. 139).
It is the first occurrence of the deity Rahmaw in South Arabian epigraphy. The
vocalization Rahmaw is, of course, purely hypothetical. The gender of this deity too
cannot be determined with certainty.
thqny/RHMW/LHYTT/w-SBHHMW
- the dedications of persons to deities had been
rather wide-spread in the early period of Sabaean history and were replaced later by
symbolic offerings of bronze statues of men and women. The name Lahay'athat is
attested in all the epigraphic South Arabian languages except Hadramitic (Harding 1971,
p. 513). As for Sabahhumaw, this proper name had been found until recently only in
Sabaic, for the most part in early texts (Harding 1971, p. 366), but in 1990 it was
discovered at Raybun in Western Hadramawt during excavations undertaken by the
Soviet Yemenite Joint Complex Expedition (SOYCE) in two fragmentary inscriptions
SOYCE 2433, 2601 which remain still unpublished.
ywm[/s]yd "LTR the restoration ywm/hy'/'TJR
'when he poured out libation for
'Athtar' proposed at first sight by A.G. Lundin proved to be unreliable (cf. pi. ). In
principle among the verbs used in the old Sabaic formulae after the conjunction ywm
only s'qy 'to irrigate', 's'y 'to make, to erect, to offer (a sacrifice), to take possession of
..." 1 7 and bny 'to build, to construct' may be inserted in this lacuna. However, all of
them require direct objects (cf. Lundin 1971, p. 146, 153 & pi. 26, p. 173 & pi. 33). On
the other hand, it is possible to assume that the damaged vertical line after is not a
dividing stroke, but appertains to a character . In that case the verb [s]ya 'to hunt'
seems to be the most suitable restoration for such a context 19 , since it has already been
attested in different versions of the formula of the ritual hunt introduced with ywm:
ywm/sd syd/'TTR/w-KRWM
(RES 4177/3-4),
ywm/sd/sd/'TTR/w-KRWM
(Y.85.AQ 7 = Er 4 1 / 2 - 3 ) , ywm/syd/syd/TTR/w-KRWM
(Ry 544/3-4) 'when he
performed the hunt (or: hunted the game) of 'Athtar and Karwam', ywm/sd/syd/
KRWM
(RES 3946/7), ywm/syd/KRWM
(Schmidt/ Marib 23/2) 'when he
performed the hunt of Karwam' . The text on the altar is close to the last 'shortened'
version of the formula, but instead of the deity Karwam it mentions the first member of
this divine pair (not necessarily matrimonial), i. e. the god 'Athtar. The verb syd is used

An exhaustive semantic analysis of this verb has been made in: Lundin 1965.
Moreover, the dividing stoke just on the edge of the altar's projection is not necessary. It
, is lacking, for example, in the same position between MS'W'T-m and b-'Z[TR].
, Some traces of a triangle of d can be discerned on the photograph.
Cf. Lundin 1971, p. 169 & pi. 32, p. 170; Ryckmans 1976, p. 269-271, 276; Beeston
1991, p. 5154. The interpretation of KRWM as a deity's name has been perfectly
argued in: Mliller 1989.

390

in that version the infinitive, not in the perfect
and the whole passage may be
literally translated at the time of performing the hunt of 'Athtar
The ritual hunt described by the above-mentioned formula has been attested up to now oni
as a prerogative of supreme rulers of the Sabaean state If our restoration is correct
would be the first reference to this game hunted by some religious official in early Saba
d_ MS'WT m this epithet of 'Athtar obviously derives from the name of a sanctuarv olocahty The toponym MS'WT m, however, has not been attested in pre-Islarruc
Arabian epigraphy
b T_#[TR] this final invocation was probably continued on the other side of the altar
In that case some other principal deities of Saba' (Hawbas, Almaqah, Dhat Himyam or
Dhat Ba'dan) as well as Rahmaw may be enumerated in it
The inscription LuBM 1 published here clearly demonstrates that the scope
of our knowledge about South Arabian religion is extremely limited Even the
discovery of a new Sabaean god or goddess remains still possible According to
this text the cult of Rahmaw was highly developed the deity had its own
priesthood The splendid appearance of the bronze altar implies the existence of
a rich sanctuary of Rahmaw But the contents of this short inscription are
insufficient t o ascertain how the dedication of persons to Rahmaw was
connected with the ritual hunt of 'Athtar

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL

ABBREVIATIONS

Barnett, Curtis - Barnett R D, Curtis J E A Review of Acquisitions 1963-70 of


Western Asiatic Antiquities (2) - British Museum Quarterly, 37, 1973, p 119137
Beeston 1991 - Beeston A F L The Sayhadic Hunt at SYb al-'Aql Etudes sud arabes
Recueil offert a Jacques Ryckmans Louvain-la-Neuve, 1991 (Publications de 1 Institut
onentahste de Louvain, 39), p 4957
Bossert 1951 Bossert H Th Altsynen Kunst und Handwerk in Cypern, Synen
Palastma, Transjordamen und Arabien von den Anfangen bis zum volhgen Aufgehen in
der gnechisch-romischen Kultur Unter Mitarbeit von R Naumann Tubingen, 1951 (Die
altesten Kulturen des Mittelmeerkreises, 3 Bd)
Christies 07 07 1970 - Christies Catalogue, Tuesday 7 July 1970 Sale of Primitive Art
Ancient Gold, Classical, Egyptian and Western Asiatic Antiquities
CIAS Corpus des inscriptions et antiquites sud-arabes T I Section 1 Inscriptions
Section 2 Antiquites Louvain, 1977
Frantsouzoff 1995 Frantsuzov S A Sud'by sabejskoj tsivihzatsn v Efiopn Afnka
kul'tura l obshchestvo (istoricheskij aspekt) Moscow, 1995, p 77 84
Harding 1971 Harding G Lankester An Index and Concordance of Pre-Islamic Arabian
Names and Inscriptions Toronto Buffalo, 1971 (Near and Middle East Series, 8)
Lundin 1965 Lundin A G O
znachenn glagola sy v drevnejemenskih nadpisjah Semitskie jazyki Vyp 2 Chast' 1 Moscow, 1965, p 306-313
Lundin 1971 Lundin A G Gosudarstvo mukarnbov Saba (sabejskij eponimat) Moscow
1971 (avec un r6sumd detaille en francais)
21

In the 'complete' version of this formula the first s(y)d is the finite verb, while the
second s(y)d is an infinitive form employed as maf'ul mutlaq (Beeston 1991, p 54)

22

From t h e stylistic point of view, however, it seems preferable t o translate s(y)d in the
e
'shortened' formula by means of t h e finite verb in t h e past after W W Muller's examp'
(Muller 1989, p 95)
But not all of them, since the width of the lacuna is sufficient for three names only

23

391
A Lundm & S Frantsouzoff An Inscribed Sabaean Bronze Altar
Lundin 1979 Lundm A G Element 'm v juzhnoarabskih lmenah lmja boga ill termin
5
rodstva' Pis'mennye pamjatmki 1 problemy istorii kul tury narodov Vostoka XIV go
dichnaja sessija LO IV AN SSSR (doklady 1 soobshchenija), dekabr' 1978 Chast I
Moscow, 1979, p 123-128
Muller 1989 - Muller W W The Meaning of Sabaic KRWM - Arabian Studies in
Honour of Mahmoud Ghui Symposium at Yarmouk University, December 811 1984
Ed by M M Ibrahim Wiesbaden, 1989 (Yarmouk University Publications Institute of
Archaeology and Anthropology Series, vol 2), p 89 96
Pirenne 1955 Pirenne J La Grece et Saba Une nouvelle base pour la chronologie sud
arabe Memoires presenters par divers savants a l'Academie des inscriptions et belles
lettres, t XV Pans, 1955, p 88-192, pi I - X I
RIE Bernard E , Drewes A J , Schneider R Recueil des inscriptions de 1'Ethiopie des
penodes -axoumite et axoumite Introduction de Fr Anfray T I Les documents
T II Les planches Pans, 1991
-Robm 1996 Robin Chr J Sheba (dans les inscriptions d'Arabie du Sud) Supplement
!
au Dictionnaire de la Bible Pans, 1996, col 1047-1254
Ryckmans 1976 Ryckmans J La chasse ntuelle dans l'Arabie du Sud ancienne AlBahit Festschrift Joseph Henninger zum 70 Geburtstag am 12 Mai 1976 Bonn, 1976
(Studia Instituti Anthropos, vo! 28), p 259-308

SIGLA OF THE INSCRIPTIONS CITED


CIH Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum Pars quarta inscnptiones himyanticas et sabaeas
continens T I - I I I Pans, 1889, 1911, 1929
Ja 2905 c - Jamme A Miscellanees d'ancient (sid) arabe, XI Washington, 1980, p 29
pi 2
RES Repertoire d'epigraphie s6rnitique pubhe par la Commission du Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum T V-VIII Pans, 1929, 1935, 1950, 1968
RIE see above
6me
Ry 544 - Ryckmans G Inscriptions sud-arabes 15
sene - Le Museon, 70, 1957, p 109
112, pi II
Schmidt/Manb 23 Muller W W KRWM lm Licht einer neuentdeckten sabaischen
Jagdinschnft aus der Oase von Manb Archaologische Benchte aus dem Yemen, III,
1986, S 101-107, Taf 15 d, Muller 1989, p 93, 95
Y 85 AQ/7 (falsely designated as Y 95 AQ/7) = Eryani 41 - Garbim G The Inscriptions
of Si'b al-'Aql, Al-Gafnah and Yala/Ad-Durayb The Sabaean Archaeological
Complex in the Wadl Yala (Eastern Hawlan af-Tryal, Yemen Arab Republic) A
Preliminary Report Ed by A de Maigret Rome, 1988 (IsMEO, Reports and Memoirs
vol XXI), p 26-27, pi 41
Y 85 AQ/10 = Eryani 62 - Ibid , p 28-29, pi 41

QQO

XV .
( )
.

(-)
>' . " D'w
mxi. wiu> tnpVi
11 .p VK jin "? : yipn DRI .nmim
ts ' . bs nxnoai .nsn Vx
( )*
.
: , , (
,
)1, . . : -2 -

* .
. "" ,
. []
, , . . ( . ; .
Hebrew Ethical Wills / Selected and Edited and with an Introduction by Israel
Abrahams. Philadelphia, 1954. P. 63 )
1
(. . ,
- ) ,
, . , .: Zulay M
A Book-List in Which an Unknown Work of Saadyah Gaon is Mentioned // Kiryat
Sefer. 25 (19481949). P. 203 205;
Gittin ( ) . Unknown List of Hebrew Books // Manuscripta Orientalia. 1998. Vol. 4. N 1
P. 1-8.
2
a (genizah, ')
. XIX . ( , ).
200 000 , .
, . . : Kahle P. E. The Cairo Ceniza. London, 1947; Genizah, Cairo// Encyclopaedia Judaica. Vol. 16. Clmn. 1333-1342

393
. . . XV .
2

\ ,
3
. 4, , ( ,
)
. 5
1492 .,
:
;
,
; .
, ,
, , :
. , - 6,
1

., . Zulay, : Woman E. G. Two BookLists from the Cambridge Genizah Fragments // Jewish Quarterly Review. 20
(1907-1908). P. 460-463 .
., , XV .: Isaiah
Sonne. Book Lists through Three Centuries // Studies in Bibliography and Booklore. Vol. 1. P. 55-76.
., , : Isaiah Sonne. Book Lists through
Three Centuries // Studies in Bibliography and Booklore. Vol. 2. P. 3-19, 1445 .;
," 410, nVlD'XO "- ' '.. > W D . 7

Scritti in memoria di Umberto Nahon. Gerusalemme 1978. P. 47 62.


. (. 48 49,
3).

1595 . : 27 1595
( , ), ,
. 430 (
, , , ). . : Baruchson S. Books and
Readers. The Reading Interests of Italian Jews at the Close of the Renaissance.
Ramat Gan, 1993. P. 87104. , , .: . . 237. . 12.
XII
(Twelve World Congress for Jewish Studies, , 30.07.1997)
. (. , . 3 ) ( ).
( 4 , . 393): (, ), .

394

,

( , , . .), . , , . :
( I) 1 . (Cesena), 1445. 47 ,
Biblioteca Angelica (
/. Sonne, 9, . 3).
( II) 2 . . . . (. 2 , . 394) XV . Lesse.
78 , 89v
(The Jewish Theological Seminary of America,) - ( . Schmelzer).
( III) 3 . .
. . ante
1503 (. ). ,

( ), 45 4.
( IV). (?). 1492 . 26 5.
Tur Yoreh De'ah
-6.
1

.: Sonne I. Book Lists throughout Three


Centuries // Studies in Bibliography and Booklore. Vol. 2. P. 10-11
. . (. Schmelzer, The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York), .
. , : A Fifteenth Century Hebrew Book List ( Studies in Bibliography and Booklore, . (. . Zafren).
. :
. 2 3 9 2 3 7 . ". "DO VT 0 \ . ". N DTBN

. 43 , 5 . , , ,
, 7 45 .
, . . ( 1213) ( 17), . . , .
Jacob ben Asher. Tur Yoreh De'ah. Hijar, Eliezer ben Abraham Alantansi, 1486
1487. 2. 138 L.

395
. . . XV .



: , .
( II): [1] (
: ( 1), ( 25),
( 6), ( 7), ( 8),
( 9); [2] ( 10 15); [3] ( 16 41); [4] ,
( 4263), [4] ( 64 76); ( 77 78)'.
(. . ,
, , , , )
( I III). , , I: 12 , 3 11 , 12, 14, 17 , 38 39 . .
:
,
.


. .
(,
(IKOK-) (IKO)
2
,
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(.1270 .1340) 'Arba'ah turim, Hovot ha-Ievavot
(XI .) Torat ha-bayit
3
(.1235 .1310) -

, , ,
1415 . (
), . (Idem. Vol. I. N 2. P. 64 65).
^ (Halahah) .
'Arba'ah turim ( /)
,
: 'Orah hayyim ( ) ,
, ; Yore de'ah (
) , ; 'Even ha-lezer ( )
, ; Hoshen ha-mishpat ( ) .
Hovot ha-levavot ( )
.

396

1

. , .

Shorashim ():
(. -.1235; I 30, III 40, 42 2 , IV 9)
(XI .; I 32,
II 23 3 ).
,
(.: . ). (. ).

.
4. ,

( ) . , (
,
), , ,
. (, Mishne Torah 'Arba'ah
turim), , ,
.

Torat ha-bayit ( ) .
.
Turim - II 55, 56, III 7, IV 1-4 15; Hovot halevavot - I Mb 16, 19, II 30, IV - 10; Torat ha-bayit - I 33,
IV - 14.
III 43 , , (01D13 ').
, . . flacaHaxaShorashim .
, , I,
. Somewhat surprising is the presence of Ibn Janah's Shorashim (Roots), little known
in Italy (. 6) ( 15), ,
, ,
,
. , ,
( 23; Ha-rikmah ( 36) ,
.
., , : Benjacob I. A. Ozar haSepharim. Thesaurus Librorum Hebraicorum tam impressorum quam scriptorum
Wilna, 1880; Friedberg D. B. Bet Eked ha-Sefarim. Tel-Aviv, 1951-1956; : Wiener S. Catalogus Librorum Impressorum Hebraeorum in Museo Asiatico Academiae Scientiarum Rossicae Asservatorum. Fasc. 16
Petropoli, 1893-1918, .

. . . XV .
,
, (,
1
1 ? (Mishneh Torah) : JWRTi '' '
( [] ; I 17 2 ), obw
( ; 46); oVtt' 7HPD 13' ( []
[]; III 3, 31); D"nmn T
( ; IV 3). ,
, (. .
).
(, ) :
- 3

1-28
I I - 4 4
III-30
IV-15

16
22
12
8

11
20
16
7

1
2
2
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( I III).
( ), , , . ,
4. ,

/ ( )
-5.
: I'plPa ( I 3); 1 ( II 8),
( III 4), ( 31,32).
(nViJV '). , ,
1

3
4

Mishneh Torah () ,
. .
1180 . 14 (Hayiad
ha-hazakah, ), V
(''; 14) Mishneh Torah.
.
, .
, ( II 8 ).
.- Beit-Arie M. Hebrew Manuscripts of East and West. Towards a Comparative
Codicology. London, 1992. P. 116, note 40.
,
'
( semicursi ve ).

398

. , ,
(, ).
,
,
() ( 7).
-

1-5
- 3
III-25

2 ( 19, 43)
10

4 0 * 1 , 2, 46, 47)

1 ( 3)
1 ( 8)
13

XV . (^) (*1"3). , , ,
.
.
(,
), . ( 3). , , , , 1. ,

( , ) ,
. , (, , , ,
) 2.

1-46
II-45
III-38
I V - 8

42
20
24
8

4
4
13
-

_
21
1
-

, , .
Isaiah Sonne (. 7 8).
. : Beit-Arii M. Hebrew Codicology. Tentative Typology of Technical
Practices. . Jerusalem, 1981. P. 37-40.

399
. , . XV .

. - folio ( 23, 27, 28, 43, 49, 51, 54, 55, 59, 60,
61, 62, 69, 71, 78) qvarto ( . 2 1 (. . ;
20, 21, 22, 25, 29. 30, 32, 36, 37, 38, 39, 64, 67, 70, 73, 74, 75).
, folio folio
magna (43) folio parva ( 51).


.
,
. , , . ( DJ?), (, []7 []]
[] ' ? ( , ; I, 20),
, (,
["l]12? []01 ( ; I, 31),
(D'IDDO) . . ,
( 'Va; 21).



. yip (kbz II - 48, 50, 52, 53, 64, 66), D313. (kwbs, . .
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pap (kbz).
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400


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38, 39).


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II 44, 45 (). ,
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( III IV) . III ( 7, 18, 24, 25, 29, 43). .
, -

. : Narkiss . Hebrew
Illuminated Manuscripts Jerusalem, 1992.

401
. . . XV .
1503 .1 Terminus post quem
18 1488 .,
editio
princeps Gittin
Tosafot2 ( 29). , de visu,
.
IV (15 (5)252 ./ 31 1492 .) terminus ante
quem. , ( III ). ,
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( ). Gittin ( ), (), Tosafot () Pisqe tosafot
( ). (, ), 18 1488. Folio. 124(?) . (.: Offenberg . . Hebrew Incunabula in Public
Collections... Nieuwkoop, 1990. N 123.)
.81 a r . a D'^V/'-vnvniNi nra ,. janan.
., , :
,
,
(280 ...mBDBTI 1 D"ran 'B'D 0"" -' O'TOlVipn . "frm . 8)

402

. XV .
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.


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vjn ano QV xav 'noD w
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onx ni else iVpa '34? noDi
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x ix"?3O DV iVp3 xnaj


ix^ao ov pjVpn T i l maa'a XTBJ x .10
lxVau us I'pps oTioD " XIBI x
iinu in? mas ix'jau DV ]>2 ^SD
x ixVao DV ^ '"lyn1? ^ by WITS
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mix my Di3B ixVau ov ^ n"?u ixp msa .15


x ixVau Q iVpa rain nno N
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as niv 01 1X^30 DI> )Vpa xnrr px1? m^'ja m u^aina IPITB S
PIT

1S> D1DB 1"73 DV ]Vp3 ^ 1 1DD N

m3w x ixVau as ^ v'vrh ' WITB X .20


mix iv D13B ixV3u as j^pa "'wnV vnw WITS N
I^'JID as ix'jau DV f aw vrtrs
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DHK iv 1 ix"?3B DV ' ' s

403
. . XV .
?2 ' ' '^ .25
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1 ' piT iy 17 V'T Vxan iV r y


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7 my D13B ": ' mm


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11 ' 7 173 ' 7 3 '"7 11 N
17 ?1 17 1 X
1 0138 1N73U ' 1

17 '
1873U 7 -| ':iB"a7 nxp B"DI ->sipa B"-i7 Vnj rma iso s .40
n x iy 1 W73D 1' v>vn 'si main wain x
J'0' 7' 1 X
1X73U -<"~ ! 13 'D X

'Va 11
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( II)
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17'1 1 ] 1 1

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[17]
' '' ma'Vu' mb'sn .10
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m n n'Vn
'S'1? ' nib'sn n y
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n o '33 YTWB " niy .is


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404

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' ' iVpa Vim 7 ' Dienj 'i? in


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VID ^sna ' iVpa ia?K iov i
VID 'sna maaVn nain .
7 Dnai D i?pi ' D'3ia:n ! Vs VNTI 'XB 'S
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7 1 TDD
iVpi ' l i p ' TBND
... .35

VID 'sna nns ...


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73 D1 - 3"J

Shimon M. Iakerson. Hebrew Book Lists of the Fifteenth century


(attempt of a bibliographical analysis).
Book Lists are one of the most interesting and informative sources
for the study of Medieval book culture, and may b the most important source for the study of the bibliographical criteria of book description. In the present article four book lists of the fifteenth century are examined: three of "Italian" and one of "Sefard" origin. The
complete examination of these lists, on my opinion, gives the opportunity to point out the obligatory, unnecessary and optional items in
book description, as well as to follow certain regularities in its structure. The following items can be observed as the obligatory ones: title, material (in case it is parchment), number of volumes and mode
of book production (if it is a first printed book). The unnecessary
ones are: name of the author, binding description and handwriting
characteristics. All the other items (size, physical condition, etc.)
were marked without any system. It is rather remarkable that book
descriptions of the Fifteenth century entirely ignored the bibliographical data and the decoration elements. The appendix of the present article includes the text of all the four book lists and the complete index of the abbreviations.

408


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(Korean Research Foundation)
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. 212-217.
34. .: , 211.
35. , . 40; , . 306 307.
36. .: , . 49; , 2, . 362 364.
37. , . 49; , . 222-223.
38. , . 50; , 2, . 364.
39. .: Melanges Asiatiques, IV, 1863, . 56-57.
40. (II, N 897) , ,
856.
41. .: , . 75 77; , 2, . 504 506.
42. , . 76.
43. , 2, . 506.
44. (. 77), (. 321323)
.
45. .: , . 43 (1); , . 226 227, , , , :
Jioi USLLII .: , . 43 (2).
46. .: , . 3 4; , 2, . 312 214,
. , . .
(- - , TehpaH, 1348/1969).
47. , . 64; , . 224 225; , 2, . 431.
48. .: , . 64; , 2, . 427 432.
49. .: Collections scientifiques de 1'Institut des Langues Orientales du Ministere
des Affaires Etrangeres. Vol. 3. 1886. N 124. P. 300-317.
50. , . 212.
51. , . 320-321.
52. , . 78-79; , . 344-345.
53. .: , . 307.
54. , . 355-356; Rieu II, 852.
55. -, .
56. (. . 54 ) , ( 840) .
Summary
Some Persian astronomical and astrological manuscripts
from the collection of the St. Petersburg Institute
of Oriental Studies
The article has been aimed to give a fuller description of some rare and
unique Persian astronomical and astrological manuscripts from the collection.
It updates previous reports on these manuscripts, provides new original data
on their dating, structure, contents and derivation, and establishes their
place among copies of the same works kept in other collections.

434
:
The manuscripts discussed in the article differ in volume, age and place
of production. Nonetheless, they represent ail sides and branches of medieval
Islamic astronomy and astrology.
The compositions chosen have formed the following sections: 1) zijes and
their commentaries; 2) treatises on astronomical instruments; 3) personalia,
4) astrological compositions; 5) calendars.

436


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,

437
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438

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440

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441
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442

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() {Z (),
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). ,
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[12, . 265].
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[13, . 12].
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[15, . 179].
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443
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() - () (;), ,

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444

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^ ^ ^ . 40). , , , . ,
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[1, . 136] ( ^ ^ ^ ffi 1 , 73).
.

: , ,
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445
,
. . .
.
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. 137]. ,
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[1, . 137], , [1, . 137]? , ,
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.. [18, . 5].
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446

1. . ., 1972. . 1.
2. . . // ( - ). 1994. > 9.
3. . . ., 1976. . 1
4. . . // . 1995. 3.
5. . . // 1994
9.
6. . // . 1994 9
7. . . , 1994
8 . . // 1995. 5.
9. . .
( . ) // . 1994. 9.
10. . // . ,
1994.
11. . . ., 1993.
12. . . // . . . ,
1994.
13. . . // . 1994. 6.
14. . . . ., 1993.
15. . . // . 1994. N 4.
16. . // . 1991. 6.
17. . . // . 1993. 5.
18. . ., . . :
. // . 1992. 12.

448

-
(18651918)
(18781945)
. .

(-)
XIX XX .
.
. . XX . : , , .
, . (1881
1951), , -,
. ,
. . , . . , . ,
, 1.
,
,
(, 17771853),
(, 18171878) . (1818
1900). . ,
.
1937 . . , , ,
. , , 1


. . . . . 1998 .

449
- . . - . .
, , ,
, ,
( ) . , ,
, XX .
, ,
; . , ,

. :
,
, .
, , ,
,
:
, XIX XX .
. . ,
, . , ,
560 , ,
. (*. 820, . 1, . . 33).
. .
19041906 .1 .

,
; , - - ; , .
.
. , . . ", ,
,
. ,

[1, . 270]. ,
. .-
.
. .
1906 . , [3].

450

: , , ,
, , , [4, . 302]

.
, 19041906 . (: ) 1 , , , . (A. Meillet), . (V. Henry), . (P. Passy) .- (J -P. Rousselot). He ,
. ,
,
, , ,
\
1

College de France
( 1530 )
,

, ; ,
.
, ,
^
-,
1936 1946

,
. . [6, 78 82]

451
. . . - . .
, , . ,
. . , , , .
,
, 17
1906 .
. . . . , ,
, ,
,
,
, . ,
,
, , , . [8, . 78].
: 10 1907 .
,
. , , ,
.

. , ; . . . . . 1958 . [2]. , ,
( ),
.
.
1911 , ,

. 29 1918 '
, . . 17
.
: . ,
, . .

452

1905 ., ,
, ,
? ,
? ! [7, . 77]
. . (. 3).
. ; . , 1911 ,
, 1 . , ,
,
, 1914 1916 ., 1918 .
1920 . !
22.04.1921 . :
,
. !
.
, , .
, ,
, ,
. , ,
College, . !
! !
1923 . 1925 1932 . ,
.
30-
, .
: ,
1945 . .

. , ,
, ,
.

.
- (Emmanuel-Edouard Chavannes, 5.10.1865-29.01.1918). 1885 . (l'Ecole normale superieure),
1888 .
,
,
.

453
- . . - . .
, ,
, . , 1891 ., . , .
1889 . , (attache hbre),
. *, (II I . . .)
( ). , I . ., , .
Memoires historiques de Se-ma Ts'ien. Traduits et annotds par
Ed. Chavannes [18]. ( ) 1895 1905 . ,
: (47 130). ,

, . . . : .. "
,
[12, . 630]. , . ,
,
, ,
. .
. . , , ,
.
, , , . , : ,
, ,
( )
. "
Les Memoires historiques de Se-ma Ts'ien" [9, I, IV].

: 1913 . , [18];
, 1179 ,
1907 . ( 1909, 1913 1915 .)
[19 21]; ,
(

454

19101924 .) [16]. ,
: , , ,
, ,

,
, ,
, , , 74
200 (ptes rendus, notes) [26, . 114147]. ,
.
-
. 1890 1917 .
1045 (. 820, . 1, . . 616, . 1-991).
, .
. 1893 .
(
). d'Academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres)
- (agregee). 1893 . .

, [3], , ,
, , , ,
.

, , ,
,
. , , , , .
, , , ,
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
".
,
, [7, . 76
77]. . . , .
, ( , )

455
- . . - . .
(T'oung ), 1890 . . . .
1904 1918 . , ,
.
1895 .
(Societe Asiatique)',
, -
( 1913 .) 2 , 1915 . .
, , XX
. (Marcel Granet, 18841940),
,
; (Henri Maspero, 18831945), ,
, ; (
) (Paul Demieville, 18941979),
- XVII .
.
, ,

.
, 1937 .
[14],
(A la memoire de mon cher Maitre, Edouard Chavannes)
!

. , . . - : , : 1.
; 2. , ; 3.
. , (. 820,
. 1, . . 615, . 1).
(Paul Pelliot, 28.05.1878-26.10.1945) -
, , , , . . 1901 .
1900 .
(L'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme Orient).
(. 1822 .), .
, 1913 .
- (. 1 ).
. , . . . , , ( )
. . .

456

19051909 .
.
, , [33, 44,
46]. ,
,

, . 1910 .
,
,
.
, , , , ,
VI XI . '

,
2 , ,
:
, , , ,
[46, . 181].
. 1911 . ,
. 1914 .
: ; (
1916 .); (1918). 1921
, 1922 - . 1921 .
,
.
: , ,
,
1

1970
, [15]
I, III IV (
N 3501 4000) ,
, ,

, 1914 1924
[37]
, [38]

" " [45],
2047 ,

457
. . . - . .
, . 1936
, .
, , , , .
(1921), (1923), (1925), - (1926), (1927), (1928), , , (1932), (19331935),
(1936) 1937 .
,
1; 2. ,
- .
-.
- . , ,
, , , , , [35]. ,
,
,
, , ,
, , , , . , . , , , ,
, . ,
1940 ., [25], ,
, , ,
[9, 3
] ; VIII . [34];

, ,
, 1927 103
(.: Bibliotheque buddhique 1934 IV V)
, [32].
[31], [30]
. [28].

1949 Oeuvres posthumes de Paul Pelhot

,
(, ), , -

458

_____

XV . [36];
- [40]; [41]; [43], [39]. , ( ,
, ) .

, . ,
[42] , ,
, , 44 ; 55 . 348,
. , , ,
, () . , .
, : : ,
, ; , ; ,
extemporalia* ( 27.04.1931 . 13 ).

, , ,
, . . : .
, , [28, . 44]. , . ,
. 14.06.1927 .
, , ,
. .
, ,
. . . , ,
,
. , , .
,
, *"

.
, '
(., .: [47, 48J)
(.).

459
- . . - . .
, , . .
, . . . , ,
:
, .
, , [9,
].
. ,
, ,. . . (Paul
Pelliot) . : - 1937 . ,
, . . .
2 , . . 6 , . . 4 . 7 1937 . . . : (...) ,
, , ,
(.: [11, . 106]). 7 1937 . (. 2 ), , , . ,
.
. :
, , , ,
, ,
La litterature chinoise [14] ,
, ,
!

1*

(Edouard C h a v a n n e s ) -fe
, . -t -fe
, , , 1. -,
,
, -
1 2 .

460

-
.
- -fe,
1 College de France, * . -fc College de France, Ecole des Hautes Etudes -
-fc Ecole Franchise de l'Extreme Orient, * . : , , - , . - + *
M-fccri , - , . - --. (Les Mdmoires Historiques de Se ma ts'ien traduits et annotes. 1895-1905.
5 volumes). *
1 .
, , La
sculpture sur pierre en Chine au temps des deux dynasties Han. Paris 1893; -
- - , -
- 1. - ,
- , , - , - .
* 1909 . (Mission
Archdologique dans la Chine Septentrionale).
, T'oung Pao, 1913 . Ars Asiatica -bcrt R. P e t r u c c i La peinture Chinoise au
Musde C e r n u s c h i en 1912.
* - Le T'aichan. Essai de monographic d'un culte Chinois, Paris 1910 Le traite sur les
sacrifices Fong et Chan de Se ma t'sien traduit en Framjais J. P. O. S. 1890.
-, . . ,
.
. -fe ,
Bodh-Gaya, - TemecTBie - - (I-tsing. Memoire
compose a l'6poque de la grande dynastie T'ang sur les religieux eminents qui
allerent chercher la loi dans les pays d'Occident. Traduit en francais, Paris
1894), * . , '
-.
1 -- 1, * *, * -

461
. . . - . .
1903 (Documents sur les Tou-Kuie (Turcs) occidentaux). Bee
.
- .
. . . . .
- 20 1913 .
( 505)

2
.-. ,
. .
(Paul Pelliot)
, - - ,
- (
. .),
.
, . . , , .
, , , , , , ,
.
, . . ,
,
.
. .
, , ,
, , , , . , , , .
, , , . . , , , , .
,
XIX , ,
(La
1
Russie est le pays de Palladius et la noblesse oblige ).
. .
7 1937
(. 820, . 1, . . 607, . 1 1 .)
1

, (.).

462

3
. .
(,
. . )'


,
,

, . ; .
- , ( 820)
( 3).
, . . . ,
, (!) . 16 67 , ,
. ,
. , (. , . , . ) . .

, (Musee National
des Arts Asiatiques Guimet), 26 . . .
91 . . , ,
. ,
.
,
. .


: . .
( . . ). 18 1905 ,
6 1917 .

463
. . . - . .
Hotel de l'Academie
2 Rue Perronete
Pans 7
11 1905'
,
,
. , ,
. ,
Fontenay 2 .
, , ,
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.

2
3

, . . 1904 . 1906 . ,
. .
Fontenay-aux-Roses , .
18981902 .
, , (18181900) (1863-1903).
, . .
1904/05 . , .

464

Upper Bedford
Russel Sg. W
London
14 1905
,
, , , , ,
. a priori', , 2 , , .
( . . . ) 3 (...) , .
(...) , ^
- / ^ 7 . , ,
(...). (...). , , . (...).
, : 1)
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1906 ., 4 . , , ,
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2

(.).
, (1881 ?), ,
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, ,
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,
.

465
. . . - . .
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(...) , ( ..)
(...).
, , , .
, , -.
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. .
. , 6
.-
8 1911
,
, , 3 .
( ) . , , .
, , ,
. , (
), , ',
. , , -, [27]
, (...) (. . . - . . ) . , ? ,
! ,
, . ,
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. ,

(Farjenel Fernand, ?-1918) - .


1910 . [29],
[23]
Journal asiatique [22]

466

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3. .


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])
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]
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2
1.
2 .
1.
1
1.
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1.
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1.

(18631934) , -
(19041929), ,
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,
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(18781937) - ; , .
, . . ,
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, , [6, . 515 520].

467
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(145? 87? . . .) jtj 16 ( ),
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(837 908) ( ).

. . , 1916 .
[5]
.
(1842 1913) . . .
1902 ., , -

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68

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, , .

.
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P. S. ,
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27 1911 /9 1912
,
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2
3


(1906-1909) [10].
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200- (XVIII .) , .
, (.).

469
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.

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10 1913

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?! ( ).
1907 . , . .
. . . [2].

470

',
.
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... - 2 . ,
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.
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< < ( ) . .
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I, XIV XXXV , , 4
,
. IV-ro , (, )
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1

3
4

1902 . 1907 . (. . . ,
. . [13, . 163164]). ,
. . ,
; 1913 .
.
- ( , VI . . .) . , * *, () (
, ), , -
.
(12491333).
, (XVI .) (226-249).

471
. . . - . .
? ?
. . (,
4000 ). . : ,
(), (l*f3t[]), (
[]), (), .
? ?
(
).
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.
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.,,-#,:31,,%,2-
, ^ 0 . . (). , . ( ). . , .
. . :
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1

.: [ ] . ,
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(. ): [] !

472

, , .

, ., . 1/33, . 1
6 1917
!
13 , , . ,
[24],
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. .) .
1907 .3,
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[ ], , (...) . . , , , . , , , ,
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1
2

3
4

{.).
, . . [5], .
. 3 (. 469) .
(1847 1936)
(1917-1936).
.: , . . (.).

473
. . . - . .
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Ed Chavannes Vols I - V P , 1895-1906
19 Chavannes Ed Mission archdologique dans la Chine septentnonale Planches P
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20 Chavannes Ed Mission archdologique dans la Chine septentnonale T I Prdmiere
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21 Chavannes Ed
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22 Chavannes Ed Note de M Chavannes//Journal asiatique Ser X T 15 1910
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23 Chavannes Ed Quatre inscriptions du Yun-nan (Mission du Commandant
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24 Chavannes Ed Le royaume de Wou et de Yue // T'oung Pao Vol 17 1916 N 2
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25 Chavannes Ed et Pelliot P Un traitd manichden retrouvd en Chine P I II /
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26 Cordier H Edouard Chavannes Ndcrologie//T'oung Pao Vol XVIII 1918 N 1
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27 Couvreur S Dictionnaire classique de la langue chinoise P , 1890, 2-me dd 1904
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30 Hambis L Paul Pelliot (1878-1945) histonen et linguist//Ibid P 3 0 - 4 0
31 Hambis L Paul Pelliot et les etudes mongoles//Ibid P 69-77
32 Paul Pelhot Pubhe par Socidtd Asiatique P , 1946
33 Pelhot P Une bibhotheque mddievale retrouvee au Kan-sou // Bulletin de L'Ecole
francaise d'Extreme Orient 1908 P 501-529
34 Pelhot P Deux ltmdraires de Chine en Inde a la fin du VIIPs // Ibid 1904
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35 Pelhot P Un fragment du Suvarnaprabhasasutra en iranien oriental Texte trans
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Mission Pelhot Fasc IV, extraits des Mdmoires de la Societe de Linguistique de
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36 Pelhot P Les grandes voyages mantimes chmois au debut du XV sidcle // T'oung
Pao T XXX 1933 P 237-452
37 Pelhot P Les grottes de Touen-houang Peintures et sculptures bouddhiques des
dpoques de Wei, des T'ang et des Song / Par P Pelliot T I - I V (Planches)
P , 1914-1924 (Mission Pelhot en Asie Central)
38 Pelhot P Grottes de Touen-houang Carnet de notes de P Pelliot Inscriptions et
peintures murales T I - I V P , 1981-1982
39 Pelhot P Histoire secret des mongols Restitution du texte mongol et traduction
francaise des chapitres 1 a 6 // Oeuvres posthumes de Paul Pelhot T I P , 1949
40 Pelhot P Meou-tseu ou les doutes leves Traduit et annote // T'oung Pao
T XIX 1920 N 3 P 255-433
41 Pelhot P Mongols et la Papaute//Revue de 1'Onent Chretien S6r 3 T III
N 1 , 2 ( 1 9 2 2 - 1 9 2 3 ) P 13-30, T IV N 3 , 4 ( 1 9 2 4 ) P 225-335, T VIII N 1
2 (1931-1932) P 3-84
42 Pelhot P Notes critiques d'histoire Kalmouke Vols 1-2
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1960 (Oeuvres
posthumes de Paul Pelliot, VI)

475
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43 Pelhot P Notes on Marco Polo P , 1959, 1963, 1973 (Ouvrage posthume)
44 Pelhot P Rapport de M Paul Pelhot sur sa mission au Turkestan chinois
(19061909)//Compte rendue des science de l'Academie des Inscriptions et
Belle-Lettres P , 1910
45 Pelhot P Repertoir des Collections Pelhot A et B du fonds Chinois de la
Bibhotheque Nationale // T'oung Pao 1913 Vol XIV P 697-780
46 Pelhot P Trois ans dans la Haute Asie // Bulletin du Comite de PAsie Francaise
Janv 1910
47 Schmidt Ghntzer H Chinesische Mamchaica mit textkntischen Anmerkungen und
einem Glossar Wiesbaden, 1987 (Ser Studies in Oriental Religions)
48 Tajadod N Mam, le Bouddha de Lumiere Catechisme manicheen chinois P ,
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1. . ., . ., . . : , 20 50- //
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2. . . - . . -

515
. . . . . . .
// - 20 50-
XIX .: . , !989. . 88-90.
3. . . . . (1897 1946) // : . -. /., 1985
.73-178.
4. . . - - 19361937 . //
. 15. . XIX . ., 1941 . 151-185.
5. . . //
. 6. .; ., 1960. . 609-622.
6. . . // . . 6. ; .,
1960. . 585-608.
7. . .
, //
, 1. ., 1932. . 55-62.
8. . . 1877 . , 1968.
9. - 20 50-
XIX .: 20 22 1989 .: . , 1989.
10. . . : ( . .) // . . .
- . -. . 1. /., 1941. . 55 97.
11. . . // . . 2. .; ., 1936. . 185 234.
12. . . - XIX :
. , . . ., 1938.
13. -
/ . . . . . .; ., 1941; / , , . . . . .; ., 1946.
14. . . . . (18971946) 20 70- . XIX : (
. . ) // . : IV ... . . 2. . 210 212.

R. Sh. Sharafoutdinova. N. I. Pokrovsky (18971946) and


I. Yu. Kratchkovsky (18831951). Problems of Caucasian arabistics according to archives' data.
Archives data of St. Petersburg Archives' Russian Academy of Science are equally interesting for characteristics of both scholars, they
reveal many, now topical problems of Arabic documentary studies
and history of Caucasus of XIX
Archives materials cover the period from 1937 to 1945 and include
also 27 letters.
Academician I. Yu. Kratchkovsky's review of the book by wellknown historian N. I. Pokrovsky (Conquest of North-Western Caucasus and struggle for mountaineers' independence) contains high
evaluation of his work (unfortunately unpublished).

516



. .

(-)
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MISCELLANEA

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ARMBUICB

"'-; >-' f

ANGLlCt

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From Eaitern Regioni,froiii those fertile plaint,


Where summer w t h perpetual verdure reigas,
The Sages come ith eager steps to find
The Infant God in humble cot reclin'd j
Hluimn'dtya scars propitious light,
Whichshoneon high vith lustre wondrous bright.
Mysterious off'rings to the child they bring i
Incente the God proclaims, gold speaks the King,
Myrrh, hich Arabia's Teeping rind distils,
Alas I his death portends, 0 vorst of ills'

GERMAHICB
Jjrtj m\\< Srtngoi

SDergdiliaM

SBunim tiitt 01? ? it mrtn

Augusto Fndenco Magnae Bntanmae principi Georgu Regis Filio Carmma Lmguis
Exoticic in honorem Dei puen in avla conlegit Catholico Nomini propagando (1793)

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553
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. .

A Rare Curdisk Printed


Text Dated 1793 by
H. S. Jamgotchian
A rare edition entitled A Rare Curdish
Printed Text (Rome, 1793) contains a rendering of the story of the Gifts of the Magi in
Curdish in Armenian characters That seems to
be one of the first printed texts in this language
(if not the earliest one) We present a re-edition in facsimile of this text with parallel texts
in Armenian (a probable original for Curdish),
English and German A French version is omitted in the original edition




(
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Brockelmann . Geschichte der arabischen Litheratur. Bd. I. Weimar; Berlin, 1898. S. 294.

, .

. .

Three more MSS from Library


of Muhammad Parsa in Moscow
(An Addendum to Article
by A. B. Khalidov: Vol. 6 (1994)
506-519) by D. A. Morozov
The author adds to the list compiled by
. Khalidov short descriptions of three more
MSS originated from the same medieval collection, discovered by him in two Moscow libraries.

100-


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Lensen G. A. Balance of Intrigue. P 513.

559


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1957. Vol. 20. N 3 - 4 . P. 524-525.

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3
. .

Heine, Steven. Dogen ang


the Koan Tradition: A Tale
of two Shobogenzo Texts.
Albany: State University of
New York Press, 1994. 329 pp.
The name of Dogen (1200-1253)
does not need an introduction to anyone
who has at least a general knowledge
about Zen However, for a long time the
Soto Zen tradition, implanted by him in
Japan, has been associated with certain
stereotypes that provided a distorted image of the great Zen master The book by
Steven Heine is the first attempt to radi
cally reevaluate former conventional approaches to the Soto Zen and the writ
ings of its founder His goal (though not
always successful) was to go beyond the
3

,



(

) //
4 1986 256-257

578
Miscellanea
frame of traditional scholarship and to
trace the importance of the Chinese Zen
koan tradition for Dogen Heine is the
first Western scholar who turned away
from the Japanese Shobogenzo version
and tried to pay attention to the Sanbyakusoku (compiled by Dogen in Chinese) that contains three hundred koan
cases without any annotations Until recently the latter work was considered
spurious but the recent studies of Japanese scholars proved its genuineness
The main point of the Heine's book
is to stress the importance of the koan
tradition for the whole doctrine of Soto
as developed by Dogen Until recently it
was too often labeled as anti-koan and
exclusive pro-sitting meditation system
Having rejected the conventional views
on the Dogen's attitude to koan training,
Heine exploits the postmodern theories
of the literary criticism to move aside
from earlier psychological or comparative
philosophical approaches though not completely rejecting their value With an unprecedented mastery he concentrates
mostly on the language used by Dogen
The transformative interpretations of earlier Zen texts that sometimes are rather
mis-interpretations finely correspond with
the postmodern notion of intertextuality
In fact, nowadays each of us, including
Heine, transforms and recreates texts of
Dogen without even bothering that we
are dealing with already transformed and
accommodated texts
Dogen and his ideas go on to be a
riddle, because his philosophical notions
were too novel and shocking for his contemporaries and even for the closest disciples He still goes on to be unsurpassed
in the use of any possible language devices, tricks and puns, and as Heine truly states, for Dogen the aim of koan studies is not to abbreviate and cut off
speech, but to expand and multiply the
diverse levels and implications of meaning embedded though sometimes also
conceals in the polysemy of words (p
30) And we may notice in such a trend
pursuing the native tradition of the court
poetry with its permanent puns, homophonic language plays, quite rare in the
Japanese Buddhist tradition that existed
preeminently in kanbun
Dogen made a further step not only
in his topsy-turvy use of the language

but also in his attitude to the koan prac


tice in general, one of the most distmc
tive traits of the school that allow lm
mediately to distinguish Zen from other
Buddhist schools Heine suggests a terse
definition of koan in the Zen practice
The koan is a psychohnguistic puzzle
that leads to the exhaustion of the ego
and fosters a dynamic and dramatic m
sight based on the unity of self and real
lty, humans and nature, subject and ob
ject (p 44) In fact, in his discourse
Heine goes further on rejecting the tradi
tional interpretations of koan as unintel
hgible on a logistic level He insists that
the koan are to be realized rather through
an attentive linguistic analysis of their
content
The book is divided into two
(unequal in their importance) parts The
first part deals mostly with general and
specific methodological problems that
arise in the Dogen studies Attempts to
demythologize previous theories sound
appealing, while at the end it results with
a new theory too susceptible to criticism
mainly because not enough convincing
textual proofs are presented to support it
In the second part of the book Hei
ne tries to suggest a new methodology
for the koan studies It must be of great
interest for conventional scholars (I mean
the majority before and even after Heine)
to trace the intricate ways of his methods
when dealing with koan in Soto Zen
The fourth chapter is of the highest interest because it provides new insights
into the nature of koan by examining the
different Zen genres that existed in Chi
na from the Tang period through the Sung
period and by comparing them with la
ter similar genres in Japan Only in this
chapter we find at last convincing tex
tual examples that help to verify general
critical statements
The post-modern discourse (discus
sed through such items as Mythology
and Demythology, Inter- and Intra-tex
tuality, Narratology and Tropology)
may be of interest not only for admirers
of theories of Dernda or Lacan, but also
for more conventional students of Zen, if
they were able to break through the lexi
cal brushwood sometimes over burdened
with sophisticated expressions and foiled
into embarrassing connotations like the
koan could be considered an untext

579

embedded in the elaborate texts it seeks


to subvert in order to defeat any lingering expectation of or dependence on textuality in accord with the notion of ' no
reliance on words and letters (p 61)
After such a rather enigmatic declaration
the author moves to a rational explanation why the koan is to be interpreted on
a logical level In a striking contrast to
the conventional understanding of the
Soto Zen tradition, Heine convincingly
proves that there is no considerable difference between approaches of Ta-hui and
Dogen
The appendixes include translations
of three koan cases from the Shobogenzo and the complete list of all cases in
the Mana Shobogenzo One feels puzzled, why the latter work proclaimed from
the very beginning to be an important
source for an adequate understanding of
Dogen's thought is mentioned and (even
less) analyzed than the standard Kana
Shobogenzo version The whole list of
300 koan cases with indications of exact
places they have been cited in Dogen's
writings and with correspondences to
Sung texts is provided, though the aim
of list is not defined quite clearly
At the same time one should stress
that Heine extensively used any available Japanese sources in the Dogen studies (Kawamura Kodo, Ishn Shudo and
Kaganushima Genryu, to mention just a
few) that in a more traditional manner
anticipated many of his statements Nevertheless, Dogen still stays a charismatic
figure that with his philosophical background still prevents us to embrace the
whole chart of the Soto Zen development
in Japan Even though left into oblivion
by his own followers, he went on to stay
through centuries a highly respectable
figure to convince anyone that the Soto
Zen must be traced to Dogen's thought
and interpreted in its vein However, the
real situation is more perplexed, and to
grasp the philosophical input of Dogen
to the medieval Buddhism we are to
scrutinize the tradition as it had existed
for centuries after his death Popular religious trends, adoption of native cults
along with new influences accepted by
the Soto Zen after the infusion of the
rather influential Daruma school, as well
as possible influences to the Soto Zen are
left untouched in the present study

Dogen is mostly presented as a person


dangling in an a historical space Heine
pays a lot of attention to Dogen s attitude towards two main trends in the
Chinese Soto line the silent illumination
(mokusho zen), identified with Hung-chih
Cheng-chueh (1091-1157), and the koan introspection (kanna zen) advocated
by Ta-hui Tsung kao (1089-1163), the
mam supposed opponent of the Dogen s
criticism Heine tries to eliminate the opposition and to prove that Dogen vir
tually had a closer intellectual affinity
with Ta-hui than it was traditionally believed
It is a pity that we get almost no information about the use of the koan by
his followers in later centuries the special koan manuals with secret stereotyped answers or private initiations into
the koan practice In fact, Heine aimed
to unveil only the koan s importance for
Dogen, but the tradition did not stay
unchallenged for centuries and its modifications with course of time are of primary importance
The book will be surely applauded
by people with inclinations to post-modernist structural theories and criticized
(or rather ignored) by those who prefer
more traditional approaches I would
suggest a compromise it may be used by
traditional scholars to get a better understanding of Dogen s thought and by
people with post-modernist trends as a
valid guideline for use of their beloved
theories when applied to studies of the
Oriental thought

Alexander Kabanoff


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