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( Reaffirmed 2000 )

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FdR POINT HOOKS WITH SHANK FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES
Lifting Chains and Associated Fittings and Components Committee, EDC 49
Chairman DR K. N. SINAI Members SHRI KULDIP GRAND Sum A. N. KAMPANI ( Allmale DEPUTY DIRECTOR ( MET-II ) Directorate General Delhi ) R-arch Designm Chittaranjan of Supplies & Dirposals, New Central Represenling Mining Rexarch Station (CSIR), Dhanbad

Sectional

and

Standards

Organizadon,

AMMTANT DIRECTOR( WF.LDINQ ) ( dkmcrtc) Dtmm~ DIRECTOR STANDARADS Ministry of Railways ( LOCO ) AEBIBTANT DIRECTOR ( WELDING) ( Alternate ) Jcssop & Co Ltd, Calcutta SHRI I& GAN*PA~Y Hindustan Steel Ltd, Ranchi SHRI G. C. JAIN W. H. Brady & Co Ltd, Bombay SXRI K. B. KALE SHRI C. K. RADHARRISANAN ( Altmrnah ) Ministry of Tranaport & Shipping (Transport SRRI S. KANTHURI Wing ), New Delhi &ara India, Madras SHRI P. RAJAQOPAL MENON SARI P. M. NITY~NANDAN ( Akma& ) Indian Mining Association, Calcutta SHRI P. K. Muasrrr SERI L. FLACK ( Al&mate) Indian Link Chain Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SHRI P. K. NEVATIA Ashok Steel Chain Manufacturing Co, Bombay SHRI v. A. OZA SHRI F. M. FERN~NDIZ ( Altemaie ) Directorate General Factory Advice Service & SRRI B. J. RAMRAKHUNI Labour Institutes ( Ministry of Labour, Employ_ ment & Rehabilitation ), Bombay SHRI H. N. JAOTIANI ( Al&na& ) Saw H. A. RAXBDALE Gm Miller & Co Private Ltd, Calcutta SHRX P. CEATTEEJEE ( Altern& ) ( Coatinued ORpap 2 )

INDIAN
MANAK

STANDARDS
BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR NEW DELHI

INSTITUTION
SHAH ZAFAR MARG

( Continued

from pugc 1 )
MrmbcTS Representing

SHRI K.C. SADHUKHAN The Commissioners for the Port of Calcutta, Calcutta SHRI B. R. ~liAlJTEttJEE ( AflernaL ) Sam N. K. SEN GUPTA Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation Ltd, Durgapur SHRI T. R. TRIQARAJAN Ministry of Defence ( R & D ) MAJ P. S. CHAWLA ( Alternate ) SHRI M. V. PATANXAR, Director General, IS1 ( Eu-oJcio Membsr ) Director ( Mech Engg ) Secre/a7y SHHI M.G. Deputy Director
KRISHNA RAO

( Mech Engg ).

ISI

Hooks and Ancillaries Conucncr


SHRI H. N. JAOTIANI

Subcommittee,

EDC

49 : 3

Directorate General Factory Advice Service & Lahour Institutes ( Ministry of Labour, Employment & Rehabilitation ), Bombay

Members Research Designs & Standards Organization, Lucknow

India Forge &-Drop Stampings Ltd, Madras 1 SRRI PREX CHONA ( Altcrnuk , Hindustan Steel Ltd, Ranchi SABI S. K. Bnsn SHRI T. C. SHARM_~ ( Alternate ) Ministry of Transport & Shipping ( Roads Wig ), SHBI G. v. GHELLAM New Delhi eaop & Co Ltd, Calcutta SHRI B. K. DEV Wagon Co Ltd, Calcutta h e Indian Sandard SARI T. C. GHOSAL SHRI S. P. GHOSAL ( Alternate ) The Commissioners for the Port of Calcutta, Calcutta SnBl K. c. SADHURA~N SHRI B. R. CHATTERJEE ( Alkrnotc)

ls:3815-1969

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR POINT HOOKS WITH SWANK FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES

0;

FOREWORD

0.1This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institu-

tion on 31 March 1969, after the draft finalized by the Lifting Chains and Associated Fittings and Components Sectional Committee had been approved by the Mechanical Engineering Division Council. 0.2 Hooks form an important part of lifting gears extensively used for a construction, erection and operation in industrial establishments, and for material handling. 0.3 The hook may be of circular cross-section or of trapezoidal section. The hooks may be specified with screwed shanks or with eyes. Point hooks with screwed shanks have been covered in this standard. The standard trapezoidal section specified here is the closest approximation to the theoretical optimttm triangular section and is to be preferred to the circular section hooks wherever possible. For small loads users may prefer a trapezoidal section of increased internal diameter compared,to that of the standard trapezoidal section. A special trapezoidal section to meet this need is also included. 0.4 Shank hooks are not generally specified beyond the safe working load d 40 tonnes in Grade 30 material or 50 tonnes in Grade 40 material though the range up to 50 tonnes is covered for both the materials for standard trapezoidal section hooks in this standard. For safe working loads exceeding 40 tonnes IS : 3177-1965* recommends the use of ramshorn hooks and lifting eyes. 0.5 On account of the need for reliability, it is recommended that supplies should be obtained from manufacturers possessing adequate facilities for heat treatment and testing equipment and employing competent staff for inspection.
*Code of practice for design of overhead than steel work cranes. travclling cranes and gantry cranes other

IS:3815-1969 0.6 Users are warned that the hook shall not be taken as complying with this standard unless the specified tests have been made and the test requirements obtained in the presence of a person representing or approved by the purchaser. 0.7 For normal conditions of use, the maximum permissible load ( safe working load ) shall not exceed the values given in Tables 1, 2 and 3. When the conditions of working are extremely hazardous or severe, the permissible working load should be substantially less. 0.8 The information in Appendix A. to be supplied with the enquiry and order is given

0.9 In the preparation of this standard assistance has been derived from B. S. 482 : 1968 Wrought iron and mild steel hooks for cranes, slings, blocks and general engineering purposes ( excluding building operations ) and Dot : 67/31284 Steel higher tensile hooks ( revision of B. S. 2903 ) issued by the British Standards Institution. 0.10 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, final. value, observed or calculated, expre&ing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with The number of significant places retained in the rounded IS : 2-1960*. off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

1. SCOPE 1.1 This standard covers the requirements of mild steel and higher tensile steel point hooks with shank for general engineering purposes. 2. TERMINOLOGY 2.0 For the purpose of this standati, 2.1 Rating-The withstand. maximum the following definitions shall apply. load which the hook shall

safe working

2.2 Proof Load-The load to which the hook shall be subjected in the finished condition (see 9.2). trea:ment of the hook subsequent to forging, 2.3 Processing --4ny as, heat treatment, polishing, etc. such

2.4 Competent Person - A person who is approved and ~declared as such under the relevant statutory provisions. *R&S for rounding~off numerical values ( revised 1. 4

IS : 3815 - 1969
3. TYPE AND RATHIG

3.1 The hooks shall be made of mild steel or higher tensile steel and shall be any one of the following types as may be specified by the purchaser: a) Circular b) Standard c) Special section shank hook, section section shank hook, and shank hook. load given in trapezoidal trapezoidal

3.2 The hooks shall be rated according to safe working Tables 1, 2 and 3 for types (a), (~b) and (c) respectively. 4. MATERIlhL 4.1 Mild

IS : 1875-\96fj* 4.2 Higher


grade 3 of properties. 4.3 5.
manufacturer

steel hooks shall be made of material conforming to grade 2 of 01from material having equivalent mechanical properties.

tensile

steel hooks shall be made of material conforming to or from material having equivalent mechanical 1875-1966* by the purchaser at the time of placing the order, shall supply a copy of steel makers cast analysis. the

If required

FORM AND DIMENSIONS


form and dimensions of hooks shall be in accordance with the

5.1 The
following:

a) Circular b) Standard and

section

shank hook -Table section section

1 and the figure, 2 and the figure, 3 and the figure.

trapezoidal trapezoidal

shank hook-Table

c) Special

shank hook -Table

5.1.1 Trapezoidal section point hooks whose dimensions and safe work_ ing loads differ from those in Tables 2 and 3 may be designed as special hooks to this standard provided that the section is geometrically similar to the specified hook section and other requirements of this standard are complied with.
5.2

Tolerance OP Dimensions
tolerwces on drop-forged

5.2.1 Tolerances on Drop-Forged Hooks -The hooks shall be as given in IS : 3469-19667.

*Specification for carbon steel billets, blooms and slebs for forgings ( r&rd ). tSpecification for tolerances for steel drop forgings, press forgings and forged bars. 5

IS:SSlS-1969 5.2.2 Tolerances on Hand-Forged Hooks -Forged dimensions shall not be less than the values given in Tables 1, 2 and 3 and shall not exceed these by more than the following amounts: 30 percent 8 percent on the radius and dimensions on all other dimensions. dimension it is recommended that it is as nearly as 5, and

C being a critical possible to size. . 5.3 Shank Details

5.3.1 Diameter of the Shank -A plus allowance shall be made when forging the shank to allow for machining the diameter of the shank and the diameter at the top of the screw thread. In all cases a fillet or radius shall be machined at the junction of the shank and the forged diameter adjacent to the shank. 5.3.2 Threaded Length-The length of the screwed portion of the shank shall not be less than the nominal thread diameter. If the shank and the nut which secures it are drilled to take a fixing or retaining pin or for any other purpose, these shall remain a continuous length of the shank engaged by thenut on the load side at least equal to the diameter of the shank. 6, WORKMANSHIP AND FINISH

6.1 The hooks shall be free from defects and shall be cleanly forged in such a manner that the macroscopic flow lines follow the body outline of the hook. The whole of the shank shall be forged in one piece, integral with The finished hook shall be clean and free from ~coating of any the hook. <iescription unless otherwise specified by the purchaser. The hook shall be free from any welding. 7. HEAT 7.1 TREATMENT

illg heat treatments

All hooks shall, before proof testing, be subjected to one of the followas agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer: a) Normalizing by heating to a temperature within 50 deg C above the upper critical point of the steel used, followed by cooling in still air. b) Hardening and tempering by heating to a temperature within 50 deg C above the upper critical point of the steel used followed by quenching in oil or water and tempering. 7.2 Details of the heat treatment which has been given to the hooks during manufacture shall be endorsed on the makers test certificate. 6

IS:3815- 1969 8. PROOF TESTING


8.Vzh;

testing machine shall conform to the requirements given in App.

8.2 After heat treatment, the finished hooks shall be su.bjectcd to a proof load of twice the safe working load given in Tables 1, 2 and 3. Prior to the application of the proof load, each hook shall bear two centre punch in distance marks at positions a and b as shown in Fig. 1. The change between a and b before applying proof load and after removal of proof load is the amount of permanent set and shall not exceed 0.25 percent of After removal of the proof load and determination of the initial distance. the permanent set, each hook shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person and shall be accepted as complying with this standard only if found free from any flaw or defects.

QUALITY MARK

NOTE 1 - Points ( (1 and 6 ) between which the hook shaJt be measured before and after proof testing and recommended position for marking hook with safe working load. NOTE 2 - Location of point o to b within 10 mm from I+ of the swivel and point 6 at the centre of the nose radius; edge on the centre line

FIG. 1 MARKING ON HOOKS


8.3 In case proof load testing facilities are not available at the manufacturers works, the manufacturer shall carry out such proof test at a recognized or approved test house at his cost.

IS : 3815 - 1969 9. DESTRUCTION 9.1 A sample hook tested to destruction a purchaser desiring is less then 50, he The hook shall, at neither fracture nor 10. INSPECTION, TEST shall be selected cut of a lot of every 50 hooks a& by the application of the test load. In the event of destruction tests to be carried out when the lot size should specifically so state in his enquiry and order. any load less than 5 times the safe working load, so distort as to be incapable of retaining the load. CERTIFICATE OF TEST AND EXAMINATION

10.1 The representative of the purchaser shall have access to the works of the manufacturer at all reasonable times for the purposes of inspecting hooks at any stage of manufacture and for the purpose of witnessing the specified tests and inspecting the machine and methods of examination. 10.2 The manufacturer shall supply a certificate of test and examination in the form shown in Appendix C with every supply of hooks. The certificate shall give the results of all rests made. For the purpose of this standard test certificate in Form V of the Indian Dock Labourers Regulation, 1948, is acceptable provided that it is endorsed in co1 2 by the manufacturer or supplier that the hooks comply in all respects with this standard and that it states the material of which the hooks are made, the details of heat treatment to which they have been subjected and the destructive test results. 11. MARKING 11.1 Quality Marking -Each in Fig. 1 as follows: hook shall be legibly marked as indicated

hook with the mark 3 or 4 for mild steel and higher a) Normalized tensile steel respectively. b) Quenched and tempered hook with the mark 03 or 04 for mild steel and higher tensile steel respectively. The mark shall be enclosed in a circle. c) The stamps shall be of the following sizes: Safe Working Load of Hook tonnes Up to and including 2 Over 2, up to and including Over 8 8 Shy of Mark mm 3.5 5-O 6.5 and the indentation

The stamps used shall have a concave surface shall be neither too sharp nor of excessive depths. 8

IS : 3815 - 1969 11.2 Identiacation Marking-Unless otherwise specified by the purchaser, each hook shall, after proof testing, be permanently and legibly stamped on a non-vital part (see Pig. 1 ), with the safe working load given in Tables 1, 2 and 3 and also with such individual marks or symbols as will allow indent&cation with the manufacturers certificate of test and examination.
11.3 Inapec%io~Markring-The ISI Certification Mark. eye hooks may also be marked with the

NOTE -The use of the ISI Certification Mark is governed by the provisions of the Indian Standards Institution ( Certification Marks ) Act, and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. Presence of this mark on products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the assurance that they have been produced to comply with the requirements ofthat standard. under a well-defined system of inspection, testing and This system, which ts devised and supervised by IS1 quality control during production. and onerated by the producer, has the further safeguard that the products as actually marketed arr continuously checked by IS1 for conformity to the standard. Details of conditions, under which a licence for thr use of the IS1 Certification Mark may be granted t:, manufacture&x processors. may be obtained from the Indian Standards Institution.

APPENDIX ( Chsu 0.8 )


INFORMATION ENQUIRY A-l.
The enquiry

A
WITH THE

TO BE SUPPLIED AND ORDER

and order should state: (see 3.1); steel; mild steel or higher tensile load (see Tables required (see 7 ); and analysis required.

a) b!

the type of hook required whether safe working heat treatment further

cl 4
e)

1, 2 and 3 );

tests or chemical

APPENDIX ( Clause 8.1)


REQUIREMENTS El. OF TESTING

B
MACHXNE$
within

The machine shall be accurate enough to take measurements a tolerance off 5 percent of the proof load applied. 9

IS:3815-

l!b@

B-2. Machines measuring the load by levers and weights or by pendulum shall be verified and adjusted as necessary by a competent independent person at intervals not greater than one year. For achines measuring the mlurn, the interval shall load other than by levers and weights or by pendu be not greater than three months. The testing machine shall be balanced inthe presence of the representative of the purchaser before the tests are made. B-3. A signed certificate of the last examination shall be prominently displayed adjacent to the machine. B-4. Adequate facilities shall be provided, with suitable lighting examining the chains after they are proof-tested. for

APPENDIX (Clause 10.2)


PRO-FORMA
FOR THE CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION
NUMBER TESTED

C
OF TEST AND

)IBTIN~UI~H-

INO MARK

)R~CRIPTI~I- MATERIAL OF HOOKS

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6) I

(7) I

tonnes

tonnes

tonnes

Particulars of heat treatment to which the hooks have been subjected, stating temperatures and methods of cooling, are as follows: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. .. . . . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . . . .. ... .. . .. ... . . . .. .. . . . . ... .. . . . . We hereby certify that the hooks described above, comply in all respect with IS : 3815-1969 and that they were-subjected to proof load and subsequently examined and passed by a competent person. Signature Date 10

TABLE

DIMENSIONS

FOR STANDARD [clouO.7,3.2,5.1

TRAPEZOIDAL SECTION (b),5.l.l,5.2.2,8.2nnl11.2]

POINT

HOOKS

WITE

SEiANX

All dimrmians in milbnetra.

1369.I%1

Dimmionr

orscrew

thread

run outa and UndercuO. BALL Branmom TO Is:2513;1%3~

I
0.5 I I.0 2 I I

IIMS w.

74 63 I

35 3.9 I

:: I 33

39 33

34 ~ 27 15 29 / 23 12 1 I i , ! 41 33 20

M M

I4 I2 I

25 21 i 3: IL

20 I7

25 21

MS HS

I9 16

I6 I4

::

t:

I4 12 -. t:

48

Ii)

28 25

:: _~_

MS 27 HS 23 ______~_

23 20

;:

II IO

2.0

4 I

2 P 1 i 63 b155 _ !

3.2

6.4

MS 187 89 1 68 59 HS 162, 77 I I

90 85:

85 1 68 74 59

35 30

M M

33 30

51 44 ---I---

69 54 45 40 85 78

8.0

160

MS 294 HS 2%

I40 107 122 93

154, I34 134 ,116

109 93

55 50

4---H
1: ;: 55 50 i3 I3 105 95 z: 123 ; 107 I55 I- I35 174 I51 MS HS 132 II3 1151 98 1 227 ! 197 / 94 1 82 1 94 , 82 I fz I E 191 162,

12.0

MS369 HS 319 I

176/134(193~168 134170 152 I16 167 14.5 II6 60 . 198 ,191 ISI 17, 217 189 189 I64 I51 131 80 7U

6$

125 IO8

100 a7

16.0

, I

32

MS 360 4,5 HS MS 465 HS 404

M76 M WI

1%

221 169 243 !2ll 193, 147 211

184147
236 205 109 164

I69

85 80

MRO M7?

6 6

I57 137

127 II0

MS 520 2481 I89 HS 45, /2151 164 -1 12 1 IO 70 MS HS 516 533 293 254 224 19) 60

272 236

100 85

M M

!I0 Ii0

6 6

176 153

142 I23

M 100 M SO

t::

15s 131

323 280 279 242

224 I94

I20 II0

II0 M I00

208 I80

14

:z

MS HS

157 I36

I34 116

I i *C&&&g formule for C: ForMS--C=267?.+IP PorHS--C=29,174/P + hfacbincd ( Boundary q HS shank diameter dimensions ( Min ). metric screw threads. of rolling bearings fur general engineering purpora. *Su IS: 4218-1967 IS0 I: MS - Mild steel. High trmile ttccl

12

ISi3815.ls.s9
.

TABLE

DIMBNSIONS

FOR SPEUAL

TRAPEZOW!4L

SECTION

POINT

HOOKS

WITH

SHANK

[Ckuas 0.7, 3.2, 5.1(c), All dimensions

5.1.1, 5.2.2, 8.2 and 11.21 in millimctres.

Nola

Undercut

according BODEF

to IS

: 1969-1961 Dimensions

of screw thread -_--.___

run ouu and undercuts.

l Calculating
For HS -

formulc

for C:

Forh4S--C!~32S9+/~C E 27.69 r/p + Machined shank diimclu ( Min ). 2 So IS :4210-1967 IS0 metric screw Brtab. 4 lbundary dimenrionrof rolling bearing [ MS - Mild steel. 7 HS - High tensile steel. far general cngioaing purpaa.

13

AMENDlkI@NT NO. 1
-TO

DECEMBER

1970

IS : 381511969 SPECIFICATION FOR POINT HOOKS WITH SHANK FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES
Gdrigendnrn ( Page 7, clause 8.2, first scntmce ) ekisting sentence: Substitute the foliowing for the to the proof

After heat treatment, the finished hooks shall be subjecled load given in Tables 1, 2 and 3.

(EDC 49)
Printed at Swma Offset Press. Delhi