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>> >> >> >> >> #05 2004

CRT
17

85


CRT', LCD-

?
?

Thomson
15LCDM03B
-
Thomson

- . 26

DDR 2 !!!

HDD Serial ATA

Rover Spark
LS1500

Rover


- .32


...
Athlon 64
2600+

64- 1.6 2600+ $100


- . 6

Athlon 64?
CD-ROM?
- ?
?

WD WD360GD00FLA0
,

10000 /
- . 46

CD

>> 140 BIOS'


>> 10
>> 50
>> 60
+

FAQ:

4 IDE ?
CRT-?
?
- . 74

CD

Ace Utilites
Asus Probe
ASTRA
BadCopy Pro
Defragmenter Pro Plus
Fraps
HWinfo
Speedfan
SuperRam
Throttle


TestMem 1&2
TestMem 4
S&M 0.3.2
MemTest-86 v3.1a
MemTest86+ V1.15
DocMemory 1.45a & 2.0
Nokia Monitor Test 1.0.0.1
Monitor Test 2.1
TFT 1.3
Monitor Calibration Wizard 1.0
Artifact Tester 5
Burn-In Test 4.0
Nero CD-DVD Speed 3.10
Hirens BootCD 6.0

PDF
05(65)
05(42)
05(44)
05(03)

BIOS FIRMWARE

Abit
AOpen
Asus
Chaintech
Epox
Gigabyte
Intel
LG
Lite-On
MSI
Pioneer
Plextor
Samsung
Shuttle
Soltek
Sony

BenchEmAll 2.58
Central Brain Identifier 7.2
CPUFSB 2.2.13
CPUCOOL 7.2.12
ATi Tray Tool 1.0.0.338
RivaTuner 14.3NY
Crystal CPUID 3.5.11.182
PowerStrip 3.50.441b
Driver Cleaner 3.2

ATi
-Media
Intel
Logitech
NVidia
VIA


MSI Core Center
MSI Live Update
Drive Fitness Test
DLGDiag
Intel Application Accelerator
Intel Chipset Installation Wizard
Epox Magic BIOS
PlexTools Professional
SeaTools

TestMem 1&2
TestMem 4
S&M 0.3.2
MemTest-86 v3.1a
MemTest86+ V1.15
DocMemory 1.45a & 2.0
Nokia Monitor Test 1.0.0.1
Monitor Test 2.1
Monitor Calibration Wizard 1.0
Artifact Tester 5


7z 3.13
Adobe Reader 6.01
Download Master 3.2.2.759
FAR 1.7b5
Flashget 1.60a
FlashFXP 2.1
ICQ Lite 2004
IrfanView3.91
K-Lite MEGA Codec Pack 1.02
McAffe Stinger
Miranda IM 0.3.3.1
mIRC 6.15
Mozilla 1.7
MyIE2 RU 0.9.27
Nero 6.3.1.15
Opera 7.51 With Java
The Bat! 2.11.00
Thunderbird 0.7
Total Commander 6.03a
Winamp 5.03c Pro
WinRar 3.30


(noah@xard.ru)

.
(dronich@xard.ru)

(donor@xard.ru)

CD
(kazarian@xard.ru)


(dr.cod@xard.ru)

(silvestrova@xard.ru)

Art
-

(chikolini@xard.ru)

(romanishkin@xard.ru)

iNet
WebBoss
(Alyona@gameland.ru)


(igor@gameland.ru)


(olga@gameland.ru)
(vika@gameland.ru)
(olgaeml@gameland.ru)
.: (095) 935 7034 : (095) 924 9694

Intra
, ,
? .
, ,
i915- DDR2 (. 38):
Intel
Intel Pentium 4 2.8
Samsung 512 MB DDR2 PC2-4300
(. 6) - Asus
Extreme AX600 ATI Radeon X600. Hi-End, PCI-Express.
?
: CRT
(. 20), LCD (. 26)
32 (. 32)? , :) - BenQ PB7220. , . LCD' Acer AL1751W, ,
( ?), .
- , SATA- (. 46) - Samsung SP1614C. :).
(. 86). , , , .
:(. !
(. 80) - ,
, :(. /, , :).
, UPS
Ippon Smart Power Pro 2000 (. 42).
PS. (. 10) - , , :).
n0ah

PUBLISHING


(pokrovsky@gameland.ru)

(dmitri@gameland.ru)


(boris@gameland.ru)

(vladimir@gameland.ru)



(andrey@gameland.ru)

PR

.: (095) 935 7034 : (095) 924 9694


101000, , , / 652,
magazine@xard.ru http://www.xard.ru

,

77-18057 24 2004 .

ScanWeb,
27 500 .

.

.

.

#5 2004


#5

10

14

!
Thermaltake XRAY

16

Creative TravelSound
MSI MEGA CUBE

17

GIGABYTE Cooler Ultra PCU31-SD


Creative MuVo Slim

18

Bluetooth Gigabyte
Ego Systems QuataFire 610

19

ViewSonic NextVision N4 Video Processor

!
17" CRT-

20

26

32

DDR II vs. DDR

38

Line-Interactive SMART UPS

42

Serial ATA

46

52

: 58

2004 #5


#5

62

66

HyperTransport

70

FAQ

74

!
Athlon 64

76

CD-

80

POST-

84

86

!

-
90

94

#5 2004

Seagate

Dothan:

, Intel Centrino Pentium M
,
- Dothan, .
,
Athlon 64, . 2 ,

.
Pentium M Dothan :
,
,
Intel. , ,
,
, .

1- Compact
Flash Seagate,
. 2.5 5 .
Seagate ST1 Series

.
Seagate,


, -.

, , ,
, Seagate .

Prestigio
Pentium M
Dothan, Prestigio,
, Intel. Prestigio
Noble 153D 14001050, , , , ATI Radeon 9600 (M10).
Hi-end,
, , , ,

, ASUSTeK, IBM Sony.


.

Intel
, Intel
, . Pentium 4 Prescott LGA775
,
(
): Pentium 4 520 (2.8 ) - $178, Pentium 4 530 (3.0 ) - $218,
Pentium 4 540 (3.2 ) - $278, Pentium 4 550 (3.4 ) - $417, Pentium 4
560 (3.6 ) - $637 3.4 Pentium 4 Extreme Edition $999.
i915 i925. 915-
-,
i925.
DDR2, PCI
Express X16 PCI Express X1, .
.

6 2004 #5

DVD

Panasonic DVD- DMR-E85HEE-S,


DVD-RAM/DVD-RW ,
80 .
,

, : 18
, -
142 . .

PCI Express:
ASUSTeK
, PCI
Express,
ASUSTeK. Extreme
AX600 AX300, , , ATI
Radeon X600 X300.

,
Radeon 9600,
Radeon
9200, , .
, - ATI.

Flash- :


Flash- USB , hi-tech .
PowerDisk, ,
mp3 ,
, . , ,
,
, .

NV45:
?
NVIDIA NV45. ,
NV40 (GeForce 6),
HSI (High-Speed Interconnect),
PCI Express. ,
NV45 -
AGP, . , 3.0. ,
NVIDIA PCI Express-
: , .

#5 2004

Low-end 64-
AMD, ,
64- Athlon 64 : ,
. Athlon 64 2600+,
1.6 ,
$100.
Socket 754, 64- , Socket A.

ASUSTeK ...
Computex Taipei 2004
ASUSTeK NCCH-DL. , Intel 875P, , ,
. ASUSTeK
,
.
: PCI-X,
LAN- .

Benq:
,
Benq LCD-,
.
15-17 , ,
Benq, 19- . , Benq FP937s,
12 , . - 500:1 - 250 /2.
,

.

Acer:
ACER EMEA
. -
ACER . - , ,
ACER .
:
Hi-end .

8 2004 #5

ASUSTeK

ASUSTeK
DRW-0804P-D, 8 DVDR.
,
IDE-
8- .
USB 2.0
IEEE1394, .
FlextraLink FlextraSpeed,
.
.

MSI PCI Express


AGP , , : PCI Express, ,
, . , , PCI Express. ,
MSI RX600 XT,
ATI Radeon X600 XT, -.
,
.

ASUSTeK Intel

ABIT ,

,
ABIT
PCI Express.
ATI ABIT
, ,
- , OTES, -
. , ABIT RX300, RX600
RX800 (, ATI
Radeon X300, X600 X800) , , , ,
.


, ASUSTeK,
Inteli915/i925. PCI Express,
DDR2 600 .
, : Stack Cool -
, ,
, AI NOS - ,
,

WiFi-g AI NET2. ASUS
AI Proactive (
)
.

#5 2004

AMD: !

OCZ
,
. .
, , Thermaltake, Zalman,
OCZ Technology . ,
,
, . , OCZ 420 520 , .
3.3 , 5 12 ,
. , , .

, AMD 0.09 , , , Intel


Pentium 4 Prescott. AMD , ,
, . , Athlon 64, , ,
2004 .

Epson

Epson ,
, .
, 3- . , . , , 3-
.

?
, () Alienware
,
Dual NV45 . ,
. , ,
: PCI Express,
AGP. NV45 AGP, PCI Express,
. , . Alienware
Video Array ( )
3D- 100% ,
: ,
. , , Dual NV 45
.

10 2004 #5

Sony Sony
, -
40 . , ,
. , , Sony,
. , Sony . ,
,
-
, 12
Pretec 14 ;).

HDD Sony

Hynix
Hynix, , DDR-2 4
. 1- , 533 . SO-DIMM DDR-2 1 ,
, :

,

.

20-
Sony.
, 3.5- 320240
MPEG2/4 . 6 , 8 mp3 . HMP-A1
,
. , .

Benq: , !
, Benq
-, .
56- -, , . ,
, , , , .

#5 2004

11

...
... . ,
, ,

. , ,
Casio,
, ,
.
, .
, .

AMD

Sun
AMD, ,
AMD64. , Athlon 64/Opteron ,
. ,
Opteron,
.
, , ,

Intel !
, , , Intel . , , , ,
: . , Wi-Fi
(i802.11b). , . , . , Quake ?

3DLabs
3DLabs,
. : Wildcat
Realizm 800, 200 100. ,
PCI Express. 512
GDDDR3, 128 . ,
700 GFlOPS.
$2800. Wildcat Realizm 200
100 . $1600 $1250 .

12 2004 #5

Sun
Sun

Niagara, 8- , , (
, Hyper-Threading). - , .
, , , , AMD Intel,
.

ATI NVIDIA
?
, ,
. , :
,

, , ,
,
.

Maxtor

Maxtor
MaXLine III,
300 7200 /. ,
16 , , -
? , ,
,
, .

Philips
DVD-RW 16- . ,
, NEC
, , Philips, , 16-.
, ,
. ,
1-2 .
$200.

#5 2004

13

. Defragmenter Pro Plus


, ,
,
.
, ,
Windows.
.
Defragmenter Pro ,
,

.


-
, ,
Windows
, ,
. BadCopy Pro
,
,
.
,

Wizard,



,
600, 500, 400% . Throttle 200% , ,
, . ,

,
200% :).


, ,
, . SpeedFan
, , .

,

. ,
, ,

.


, . 3D-
Fraps . ,
, , 1-2 . Fraps:
, ( Angel Potion).

14 2004 #5

Ace Utilities ,
,
Windows. , . , ,
, . ,
. .

Hardware Info, , ,
, .
, , .
, i915/i925 Intel. , Hardware Info , , .


, , . 1 , , , ,
100 , . SuperRam,
, . : , ,
.
SuperRam , .

- DOS
ASTRA ( ,
Advanced Sysinfo Tool and Reporting
Assistant) ,
DOS. , ASTRA
,
,


,
.
,
.

ASUS...
ASUSTeK, ,
ASUS iPanel, PC Probe.
, ,
.
ASUS
iPanel


PC Probe,

.

#5 2004

15

Thermaltake

:
:
:
:

5,25
17015040
12
6,5

$25

XRAY

, ,
, .
, , ,
. ?

,
CD-ROM, ...
. ?
, , ,
, , , .
? , ,
. ?
, XRAY
Thermaltake. ,
.
, .
, , . , , , . ,
, .
, -


. ,
,
,
. , , -, !
. .
, , .
, , ,
, , . , - . ,
(
).
, , .
, ,
CD-ROM. ,
,
XRAY . , .
, ,
.

Creative TRAVELSOUND

:
/:
:
:

$70
, ,
?
?
? , - , -

16 2004 #5

2
80
4
35

.
,
,
, . , . , , :
. ,
, Creative TravelSound.
, ,
, , , , . ,


.
, , ,
? .
- ,
. ,

Wide Stereo. , , . . , , . ( ?).
(
),
( ).
,
.
Creative TravelSound
, -, , -
, .

MSI

MEGA CUBE

:, , ,
:
USB
:
128
: WMA, MP3

. , ,
. ,
, ,
. . .
? , ,
, . , .
, , -. , . , .
, . . ?
, .
. .
. ,
, . .
128 MP3
WMA. ,
. ,
USB- ,

FM-, ,
. , ,
.

, . , ,
, , -,
.
, - .
, (
,
), , , , ,
, .
:
( ), ,
, . , , - .
, , . , . ,
. -

. .

.
, , ,
.
.
.

GIGABYTE COOLER ULTRA PCU31-SD

:
(1900/2500 10%) rpm.
:
50000 .
:
Intel Pentium 4; AMD Athlon XP/64.
:
.
: 18,5 1900 /, 23,7
2500 /.
:
4 Thermal Tube + .
:

Gigabyte .
, . 3D : GIGABYTE Cooler
Ultra PCU31-SD.
,
, 760
. ,
. ,

- :
Gigabyte.

, Intel Pentium 4, AMD Athlon
XP/Athlon 64,
CPU, .
Intel (LGA 775), Socket 478, - .

2500 1900,
(molex)
CPU-.
(
), Gigabyte .

, Gigabyte , . ,
:
: ASUS A7V333 (BIOS
1018-1)
: AMD Athlon XP 1800+ (1.54 ,
Palomino)
: -8
: Igloo 2500 Pro
: ASUS PCProbe, CPU Burn-It, HotCPU

#5 2004

17

Creative MUVO SLIM

: , , ,
:
USB 2.0
:
256
:
WMA, MP3
:
43


.
, .
,

-

$190

( ). , Creative MuVo Slim.


, (7.5 )
(43 ) ,
.
, WMA (64 /) MP3 (128 /),
( 32 ),
, . , , 256 ,

,
! ( ,
play/pause, ), -,
(
, 4-16 , ),
, . , ,
.

BLUETOOTH

Gigabyte

Gigabyte Bluetooth USB Dongle


Bluetooth:
1.1
:
723 /
:
10
:
Windows 98-XP
Gigabyte Bluetooth USB Printer Adapter
Bluetooth:
1.1
:
100
:
,
:

.
,
Bluetooth.
Gigabyte .

(. #3, ),
.
,
, ,
,
, -

18 2004 #5

, .
,

. ,
, . , , .
, . . , , , . .
, . . , , ,
,
.
MuVo USB 2.0.

MuVo , .

,
Bluetooth
.
USB Gigabyte Bluetooth USB Dongle.
.
USB, .
Bluetooth 1.1,
10 -

723 /.
- ,
Bluetooth- .
, , , ?
, ,
USB . ?
? !
. Gigabyte Bluetooth
USB Printer Adapter.
, ,
- . .

.
USB-, ,
. , - ? , -. , , . Bluetooth-. ,
. , .
, .
, .
. ,
.
Bluetooth- .

Ego Systems QUATAFIRE 610

:
RCA, MIDI, XLR, SPDIF, Jack.
:
4

, :
96
, :
24
:
8

, :
192
, :
24
/
:
96/24

QuataFire 610
-,
.
FireWire
( USB ). , . QuataFire
610
,
,
.
, ,

: ,
, -

, .


. , ,
,
QuataFire 610
, ,


.
QuataFire 610
.
RCA,
MIDI, XLR SPDIF. .

,
. ,
,
.
Ableton Live, , . ,
, ,
.

ViewSonic NEXTVISION

N4 VIDEO PROCESSOR

:
:

RF, S-Video, RCA, D-SUB RGB (In/Out),


Audio In/Out (Jack/RCA)
640x480@60 , 640x480@75 ,
800x600@60 , 800x600@75 ,
852x480@60 , 1024x768@60 .

, , ?
,
, , ... , - !
-
Bluetooth Wi-Fi,
, .
. , .
- , . -

. ,
,
, ,
,
.
ViewSonic NextVision N4 Video
Processor , , , ,
. ,
,
. , N4
DVD-,
, . . ,
.

. ,
-.
( ) , , ,

$347

,
. , ,
, .
QuataFire 610,
.

.
. , ,
.
.

.

- .
- . .

#5 2004

19

: / :

17 CRT-




(. 728-4004)
DVM Group (. 777-1044).


17 CRT- . . LCD 1517, , ! $400 LCD.
$200 CRT 17. , CRT 17.


Philips 107T5
Samsung SyncMaster 797DF
Samsung SyncMaster 793S
LG EZ T710PU
iiyama HM703UTA
Formoza 751F
NEC MultiSync FE770
CTX VL700

OPQ, , , .
, . Windows
.
NEC
NaViSet. ,
.


,
. -,
.

. , , . Samsung MagicBright.

, , Movie. , , .
. LG
BrightView. ,
, ,
.
Philips LightFrame. -
iiyama.

20 2004 #5


.
CRT 17:
1024768@100 . ,

85 ,
- .
1024768@100 , , , CRT 17
,
.
LCD 15
1024768, LCD 17 12801024.
CRT 17
12801024 ,
, 1024768.


. ,

. ,
. -

Nokia
Monitor Test.

.

(, ), ,

. ,
,
.
,
OPQ BrightView.
. ( , ,
),
.
- .
.
, .
, .
.

CRT 17 ! : , .
CRT 17.
-

! . ,
PreCAL, ,
.
! ,
. , ,
,
,
.
- ( )

, .
, .
,
.
!
.
.
, .
0 100. ,
CRT ,
.
!
Nokia Monitor Test.
(
, )
.
. ,
.
Nokia Monitor Test
.
,
- .
! ,
.
!
.
. ,
120 , .
,
100 80 .
! ,
.


17 CRT-
: , , . - , , , CRT-.
,
, .
.
- ,
.
- . -

. , . CRT- - .

, - , ( ),
.

.

LG EZ
T710PU .
Samsung
SyncMaster 793S, ,
, . , .

Philips 107T5

:
, :
, :
:
:

1024768@85
0.25
n/a
TCO99
LightFrame

+ LightFrame 3
.
+ .
- .
- .
- .
.
- ,
. .
- 35 .

$140

Samsung SyncMaster 797DF




, :
,

1024768@85 12801024@85
0.20
250
TCO03
DynaFlat

+ 03
.
+ .
+ DynaFlat -
, .
+ NMT . ,
, .
+ 75 . .
- . , ,
. , .
-
( ).

22 2004 #5

$190


17 CRT-

Samsung SyncMaster 793S



:
, :
, :
:
:

1024768@85
0.23
110
MPR-II

+ .
.
+ , .
+ 68 .
- . , NMT
Focus.
- .
. .
- .

$130

LG EZ T710PU

:
12801024@75
, :
0.20
, :
n/a
:
TCO03

BrightWindow BrightView
+ ,
.
+ 12801024 75 .
+ 03.
+ BrightView,
, , .
- .
- .
- .

$155

iiyama HM703UTA


,
,

1024768@85 12801024@85
0.25
160
TCO99
QPC

+
.
+ Nokia Monitor Test, , Focus,
.
+ QPC, ,
.
- , 100
1024768.
- TCO99.
03.
- .
.

$240

#5 2004

23


17 CRT-

Formoza 751F

:
, :
, :
:
:

1024768@85
0.25
110
TCO99

+ . .
+ Focus
Nokia Monitor Test.
- .
- . , ,
.
- ,
.
- .
- 03 .

$185

NEC MultiSync FE770



:
, :
, :
:
:

1024768@85
0.25
n/a
TCO99
NaViSet

+ .
+ . , . ,
, .
+ , - .
+ NaViSet OSD (On Screen
Display), .
- , .
- 03.
- , .
.

$170

CTX VL700

:
, :
, :
:
:

1024768@85
0.23
n/a
TCO99

+ . NMT.
+ 80 .
+ .
- .
- .
- 03.
- .
, .

$155

24 2004 #5




www.gamepost.ru

www.e-shop.ru


LCD--

: / :

TV
-
- ,
(barebone), ,
, , ... , ,
, LCD- .
(-) , .
, . , , , -
.


LG Flatron RZ-17LZ40
Philips 180 MT
Thomson 15LCDM03B
Samsung LW15S13C
Philips 150MT2
Samsung LW15E23C
Sony WEGA KLV-15SR2
Acer AL1751W

LCD
-, , .
( ), .
, , , .

RCA
. ( RCA),
( CRT),
,
. , , ().

26 2004 #5


LCD--


: ASUS A7V333 (BIOS ver. 1018.1b)
: AMD Athlon(tm) XP 1800+ 1.52
: Hyundai 256 MB DDR PC2700
: ATI Radeon 9000
: LG Flatron F700P 17
: Windows XP Professional EN Corp Edition (build 2600.xpsp_sp2_beta1.
031215-1745: SP2)

S-Video
MiniDin ( 4 7 ),
, , 2
, 2 ( ). , ,

.

SCART

!
ATI Radeon 9000, , : , SVideo, DVI D-SUB.
, DVI DSUB ( ).
.
:
! .
! .
! Nokia Monitor Test TFTTest
( ,
, (), ,
).
! ,
( (RCA), S-Video).
! (
).
!
( , OSD, ).
! .

RGB ,
, ,
. SCART , , S-Video . SCART
,
.

D-SUB
VGA
, RGB+Sync,
,
( ).

DVI
, LCD-. ,
. LCD 17 ! ,
LCD-.

,
- ,
. CRT-

.
,
Thomson 15LCDM03B ,
,
. Samsung
LW15S13C /, .

#5 2004

27


LCD--

$1000

$1200

LG Flatron RZ-17LZ40

Philips 180MT

:
:
:

+ .
+ .
+ ,
/.
+ ,
.
+ .
- ,
.
- (
- ).
- (
).
- D-SUB .
- .
- ( ) .
- ( ,
).
- S-Video .
- .
- Pattern Screen TFTTest.
- 14 (Times), 12 (Arial), 12
(Courier), .
- ( -
).

+ (
).
+ .
+ .
+ Pattern Screen.
+
8 ( )
+ ( )
.
+ .
+ , .
- .
- - ( ).
- ( ).
- (
, ,
).
- .
- , .
- .
-
, .
- , .
-
.
- , , .

17
1280x768@60
SCART, Audio (MiniJack/2xRCA,
PC Audio), S-Video, ,
D-SUB, 75
14
:
404473205
:
7,3

28 2004 #5

18.1
1280x1024@75
SCART, S-Video, D-SUB,
75 , Audio (Minijack/2xRCA)

14

452x450x200 ( )

6,3


LCD--

$1100

Thomson 15LCDM03B

:
:
:

15
1024768
SCART, S-Video, Audio (2xMiniJack
In/Out;2xRCA), ,
75 , D-SUB
:
15
:
377x343x63
:
3,5

+ , ,
.
+ .
+ OSD
( ).
+ .
+ .
+ .
+
.
+ .
+ .
+ (,
).
- (
).
- .
- ,
.
- (, )
.
- ,
,
.

$850

Samsung LW15S13C

:
:
:

15.3
1024x768@75
SCART, S-Video, ,
D-SUB, Audio (2xRCA, MiniJack),
75
: 15
:
346x169x361,5
:
3,2

+ ( ) ,
.
+ .
+ , .
+ ( )
.
+ ,
.
+
.
+ , ,
CRT- .
+
, .
+
.
+
, .
+ .
+ .
-
.
- (
).
- (
).
-
.
- Pattern Screen
, .

#5 2004

29


LCD--

$700

$700

Philips 150MT2

:
:
:

15
1024x768@75
SCART, S-Video, 2xD-SUB,
Audio (MiniJack, 2xRCA),
75
: 13
:
392x374,1x167,8
:
4,1

Samsung LW15E23C

:
:
:

15
1024x768@75
SCART, S-Video, ,
D-SUB, Audio (2xRCA, MiniJack),
75
: 15
:
47451397
:
3,97

+ .
+ TV- .
+
D-SUB.
+ .
+ Pattern Screen
.
+ .
+
.
+ .
+ .
+ ,
.
+
.
-
.
- : , , , , .
-
.
- ,
, -

.
- , (
).

+ (
,
).
+ , .
+ ,
.
+ Pattern Screen.
+
.
+
.
+
.
+ .
+ (
VESA)
+ .
- .
- , -
.
-

3.
-
.
- , ,
.
- ,
- .

30 2004 #5


LCD--

$850

$580

Sony WEGA KLV-15SR2



:
:
:

15
1024768
SCART, S-Video, Audio (2xMiniJack
In/Out;2xRCA), ,
75 , D-SUB
:
15
:
377x343x63
:
3,5

+
.
+ /
.
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ (
), DVD Sony,
.
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ ( ),

.
- .
- .
- .
- D-SUB- .
- ,
.
- ,
.

Acer AL1751W

:
:
:

17
1280x768
DVI-D, D-SUB, S-Video,
,
Audio (2xRCA/MiniJack)
: :
518x333x198
:
5

+ ,
.
+ , .
+
16:9.
+ DVI-, .
+ S-Video
.
- ,
, .
- , LCD-
.




ULTRA Computers (. 775-7566).

#5 2004

31

: / :




Rover Computers (. 964-32-80).

?
, . , . , , .
. , ,
. , .
, , , , ,
. ! , . ,
, , -,
. . ( 1000 ),
, , .


LG RD-JT41
Acer PD112
BenQ PB7220
ViewSonic PJ510
NEC VT46
Sony VPL-CS6
RoverLight Spark LS1500
RoverLight Zenith LX1700

, ,
.
,
.
,
. (
)

, ,
-, . ,
,
.

, ,
,
, . ,
.
.
,
, ,
.
.
,
( ,
, , -
,
-
:)).

32 2004 #5

,
,
, ,
.

,
. ,
.
,

, .
.



(
VGA DVI-
,
),

.

,
,
.
,
.
,
, .
, . ,
.
,
,
. ,
,
.
,

, ,
. !

,

, ,
.

,
,

,
.
,
. !


.
,

. , ,
,
,
, , ,
.
,

,
,
3D AquaMarka.



.


.
.

.
,
,
360 .
,
. ,
,


.

USB.
, ,
,
, .
,
, :

! VGA.
!
. ,
, .
! ,
,
.
,
, .

.
! , , ,
.
! Focus Nokia Monitor Test
.

,
Texas Instruments, ,
DMD.


,
.
,
.



90 ,
.

LCOS

.

DLP

DLP (Digital
Light Processing,
),
Texas Instruments.

DMD-,
Digital Micromirror Devices,

.
,
, ,
.
DMD-
,


().


.


,
.
,
.

.
,
,
,
( )
,


.
!
-
.

.
(
DMD) DLP-

RGB-.

,
, ,
.
, ,
.
DMD
.


.

LCD
,
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display
),
.

,

. , LCD

. ,
,
.

LCOS (Liquid Crystal On Silicon,


)
LCD
DLP.
,
.
,
. ,
,
LCOS, 90
,
.
, ,

.


.
!
ANSI-.



0.5 2

.
.

,

.

, .
,

#5 2004

33


.

,
LCD CRT-.
, .
. , ,
. ,
.


.

.

,
.
Acer PD112

.
RoverLight
Spark LS1500
/ .

RoverLight Zenith LX1700


,
,

,
,

LCD
1024768
19.5'' 300''
0.98 13.53
1700
400:1
37
2000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video
2.7

$1400

+ . . , ,
.
+ .
.
+ . ,
, ,
.
+ .

+ ,
.
+ .
+ .
- . - .

LG RD-JT41

,
,

,
,

DLP
800x600
22'' 300''
0.8 10
2000
600:1
<33
2000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video, component
3.1

+ .
,
.
+ ,
.
.
+ .

$1650

+ Focus NMT .
- ,
.
.
- . .
- .

34 2004 #5

Acer PD112

,
,

,
,

DLP
800x600
32.5'' 337.5''
1.4 12
1300
2000:1
35
2000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video
2.2

$1150
- , ,
.
- ,
- .
- .
- USB-.

+ .
.
+ .
+ .
+ !
+ , ,
, .

BenQ PB7220

,
,

,
,

DLP
1024x768
22'' 300''
0.8 10
2500
2000:1
<34
2000
RCA, D-SUB (2.), S-Video
2.7

$2400
+ , , .
FarCry ,

+ (
).
- , ,
, . .

+ .
.
+ .
+ . ,
, , , .
22 .
+ . ,
.
+ ,

ViewSonic PJ510

,
,

,
,

LCD
800600
30'' 433''
0.89 11
1200
300:1
32
4000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video, component
2.9

$1150

+ . ,
,
, .
+ , .
+ .
+ . , ,
, .
.

.
- .
- , , .
.
- .

#5 2004

35

NEC VT46

,
,

,
,

LCD
800x600
60'' 300''
0.7-11
1200
400:1
32
3000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video
2.9

$1050

+ .
, .
+ . .
.
+ .
+ , . .
+ .

+ ,
. , .
- !
- .
- , , - ,
-.

RoverLight Spark LS1500


,
,

,
,

LCD
800600
27.5'' 275''
1.2 13.2
1500
400:1
37
2000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video, component
3.1

$990

+ . , .
+ . ,
- .
+ .
+ , ,
.
+ .

- .
- .
- .

Sony VPL-CS6

:
:
:
, :
, :
:
, :
, :
:
, :

LCD
800600
40'' 150''
1.2 5.7
1800
400:1
43
2000
RCA, D-SUB, S-Video
2.7

$1600

+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
- .

-
.
- .

36 2004 #5

: / :

DDR2

DDR II vs. DDR 10


! PC
DDR DDRII. ? .
Intel i915 DDR II Samsung Semiconductors,
, MERLION, DDRII
. DDR.

, .


hi-end
90- , ,
10 ,

. , ,
memory wall,
.
, (). (prefetching).

-,
, PC, , , .


,
DDR II,
- DDR . DDR II

DDR
.


, ? -,
DDR 266/333/400. , .
,
? . ,

. -

38 2004 #5

DDR 533,
DDR 266.
GEIL, , ,
. , , , DDR 650,
- .
- ,
, ,
.
, .

,
, , DDR II.
?
- . , ,

.

: (On-Die Termination).

.
,
, , .


, , ,
. .

Ethernet 10Base-T,
50 ,
. .
DDR II ,

. ,
. , .

:
TSOP
TSOP (Thin Small Outline Package)
FBGA (Fine Ball Grid Array),

DDR.

, .
20% TSOP.
, , 2.5 1.8 .
.

.

: (Off-Chip Driver Calibration).



, (
!),
(skew)
. - . DDR II
.
, (ADJUST ERMS). .

: 4-
(Four Bit Prefetch).
DDR
( Double Data Rate),
. DDR II

.
, DDR II, ,
-


DDR2
,
. ,
. -
, , ,
, ,
.
, .

: .
DDR II - (Additive
Latency, AL). ,
CL (CAS Latency). RCD (RAS
to CAS Delay). . AL , RCD 1.
,
. ,
CAS

. .
,
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
.


( ),

, .

DDR II -
64Mx4 DDR DDR II.

( ) -
,
( ). , , 4-4-4.
- CAS Latency (CAS Column Address Strobe,
), ,
READ
. - RAS to CAS
Delay (RAS - Row Address Strobe,
) - , RAS CAS.
, , - RAS Precharge Time, , .


Micron
(http://www.micron.com/products/modules/),

.

C DDR II

. -
Intel, D915GEV / D915PCY /
D915GRF, i915,
LGA 775. Intel Pentium 4
2.8 , 800 .
,
,
,
, -

478.
, , -

.
PCI
Express. ,
PCI ATI 3D Rage (Mac64)
, - Athlon 64.
,
,
-

Intel i915

DDR: , DDR II, . 8. .

DDR II: , . 16.


. .

#5 2004

39


DDR2

DDR II Samsung

Samsung 512 MB DDR2 PC2-4300 (4-4-4)


Samsung 256 MB DDR2 PC2-4300 (4-4-4)
Data Rate 533
Samsung K4T56083QF-GCD5.
,
512
.

Xeon . ,
(
, ).

C DDR

Gigabyte GA7NNXP
nVidia nForce2, AMD Athlon XP 1700+ (1100 )
200 .
.


Debian GNU/Linux c 2.5.69.
LMBench
(http://www.bitmover.com/lmbench) -

40 2004 #5

DDR GEIL

GEIL 256 MB DDR500 PC4000 2.5-7-4


GEIL 256 MB DDR433 PC4000 2.5-6-3
Data Rate 400 .

3.0-3
shell-.


, .

bw_mem
(, , )
.

, ,
.
,
,

.

, , ,
.

lat_mem_rd .
- L1 L2,
TLB.
. ,

. ,
( 512 )

TLB (Translation Look-aside Buffer)


,
.
, Page Table,

. , . , TLB ,
.


, GEIL

http://www.3dnews.ru/cpu/geil-manufacture/.
(
128 ).
, ,

date +%s (
1 1970 UTC).

.

. DDR II.
,
-,
.
16, 64, 256, 512 2,
,
. DDR II, . -, .

, DDR II . ,
, .
DDR,
, .
,
. , .
.
(. ).

,
DDR 433 2.5-6-3.

DDR II
:
1) http://download.micron.com/pdf/
datasheets/dram/ddr2/256Mb_DDR2.pdf
2) http://www.qdrsram.com/datasheets/
Cypress/Cypress18MDDRIIB2.pdf
3) http://www.necel.com/memory/pdfs/
M15821EJ7V0DS00.pdf

DDR SDRAM SDRAM


.
. DDR
SDRAM .

,
.
DDR II SDRAM 4 ,
4 2 .
, , DDR SDRAM, - ,
. .
, SDRAM
. , -
.
.
,
SRAM (Static Random Access Memory).
,
SDRAM.
,
SRAM, ( 0.13
0.09 )
(CPU) (GPU),
.
- ,
SRAM.
. . DDR II . 4-4-4 2.5-6-3 4/2.5.
,
512
, 256 .
. . ,
,
. ,
.

, , DDR II
? , -, : , .
, .
DDR II
, DDR, .
,
, ,
, .

: / :

ups

PERPETUUM MOBILE
. , , - .
,
UPS (Uninterruptable Power
Supply - ).
(), UPS. (LineInteractive SMART UPS) $100-$150.
, , , .


APC Smart-UPS 420INET
Ippon Smart Protect Pro 1000
Ippon Smart Power Pro 2000
Ippon Smart Power Pro 1400
PowerCom Smart King 600 LCD
PowerMan Real Smart 700
PowerCom King 800AP


, . UPS - ( ) ( ). ,
.

Line-Interactive

StandBy (
), ,

42 2004 #5


CRT

:
.

HDD

NEC MultiSync FE 791SB


250W
AMD Athlon XP 1700 +
Gigabyte GA-7
7NNXP
Siluro MX200 3Mb
Fujitsu MPP 3043AT

. Line-Interactive :
(220 , 50 ),

. ( )
() .

UPS .
( ), ( StandBy ) ( On-Line ,
, ). , ( 4
), , -

(
).

-,
(,

),
, . -, ( , ),
UPS,

,
.

Smart
UPS,

BackUp SMART
. BackUp

ups


( /)
, SMART
UPS
RS-232 (COM-).
- ,
,
, ,
, ,
UPS
.


: (/),
(

). - ,
, .

UPS ,

.
APC. UPS ,
, . Double SmartBoost

30%
( 151 ).
SmartTrim
253-282 ,
.
,
10Base-T 100Base-TX,
.

.
Ippon.

, . - ,

APC

IPPON

,

. - ,
. - (
UPS). Green
Power - 5 , (
).
PowerCom. - .


,
, ,
,
, UPS,
( ),
AVR ( ).
:
1.
.
2. (
, ).
3. UPS , .
4.
,
.
5. CPU Burn, ,
.
6. ,

.




Merlion (. 784-1471)
USN Computers (. 775-8202).
UPSMON PLUS PowerCom

PowerMan

#5 2004

43


ups

$145

$125

Ippon Smart Power Pro 1400

APC Smart-UPS 420INET

, : 1400
( ), : 47-63
( ), : 50
, : 4
: 4 , RJ-11
: , ,
, / ,
1, : <40
, : 14.6
: 368140180
+ Smart Protect Pro,
Smart Power Pro , .
+ , , ,
.
+ 20 . .
- , .
.

, : 420
( ), : 47-63
( ), : 50-60
, : 4,5
: 1 , 3 , RJ-11
: , , ,
,
1, : <45
, : 9.12
: 169120372
+ , .
, .
+ ,
.
+ .
+
. .
+ .
- .
- .
15 7.5 .

$135
$105

Ippon Smart Protect Pro 1000

, : 1000
( ), : 47-63
( ), : 50
, : 4
: 4 , RJ-11
: , ,
, / ,
1, : <45
, : 14
: 365x140x178
+ .
+ 1000 14 . ,
.
+ , .
+ , , .
+ ,
(,
).
+ .
- , .

44 2004 #5

PowerCom King Pro 800AP

, : 800
( ), : 50-60
( ), : 50-60
, : 4
: 5 , RJ-11
: , AVR,
,
1, : <40
, : 13
: 130x382x201
+ . .
+ . ,
, .
+ . , .
+ . ,
.
+ 25 .
.
- . , , .

ups

$155

Ippon Smart Power Pro 2000

$125

PowerMan Real Smart 700

, : 2000
( ), : 47-63
( ), : 50
, : 4
: 4 , RJ-11
: , ,
, / ,
1, : <40
, : 16
: 368140180

, : 700
( ), : 50
( ), : 50
, : 6-8
: 4 , RJ-11
: , , ,
, ,
1, : n/a
, : 15.4
: 256x295x495

+ Smart Protect Pro , .


+ .
+ .
-
.
+ .
+ 2000.
!
+ AVR 150.
- ,
, .

+ .
+ . , ,
.
+ .
,
.
+ ,
23 !
- .
- ? ? , .

$145

PowerCom Smart King 600 LCD

, : 600
( ), : 50-60
( ), : 50-60
, : 4
: 4 , RJ-11
: - ,

1, : <40
, : 13.8
: 140436210
+ - . , ,
, . , ...
+ ..., ,
, . ,
, , .
+ ,
15 .
- AVR. 170 . 160 .

( APC, ) ,
, ,
, .
(
) Ippon Smart Power 2000
,
AVR . PowerCom Smart King
800AP,
.

#5 2004

45

: / :

sata hdd

Serial
ATA

, SATA-
, ATA HDD.
, , ,
SATA. , .
,
,
.
, , ,
.

Hitachi HDS722516VLSA80
Hitachi HDS722525VLSA80
Hitachi HDS722580VLSA80
Maxtor 6Y120M0
Maxtor 6Y200M0
Maxtor 7Y250M0
Samsung SP0812C
Samsung SP1213C
Samsung SP1614C
Seagate ST3160023AS
Seagate ST3200822AS
Seagate ST380013AS
WD WD360GD-00FLA0

SATA-

SATA (Serial AT Attachment)



ATA,
Parallel ATA. Serial ATA
(150 /
133 / ATA), (
), :

, , ,

.

46 2004 #5

ECS K7S5A
AMD Athlon XP 1600+
Hyundai 256 PC133
IBM IC35L040AVVA02-0
STB Velocity 100 8
Silicon Image Sil 3112A SATA Raid, BIOS 4.2.12, 1.0.0.47
Windows XP Home SP1

,

, : . : ,
/ ,
.
:
Hitachi Deskstar 7K250, , .
Maxtor
(FDB) .
Samsung : NoiseGuard

SilentSeek. NoiseGuard
,

,
.
SilentSeek ,
, .
Seagate SoftSonic,
. SBT (Sound
Barrier Technology), .
WD360GD-00FLA0

.

sata hdd

-
.

$232

, .

Hitachi HDS722525VLSA80

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:


, . , 100% .
,
SMART Self-Monitoring
Analysis and Reporting Technology ( ).
, SMART- ,
: ,
,
/
Reallocated Sectors.
Reallocated Sectors
, , / -
.

Hitachi HDS722516VLSA80

250
7200
8
15.1
30
N/A
5...55
3
6

+ .
+
.
+ .
+ .
+ , .
- .

SMART

$121

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

160
7200
8
15.1
28
N/A
5...55
2
4

+ ,
.
+ .
- . , Samsung, .
- .

SMART ,

Scandisk .
SMART.
SMART-
SpeedFan
(http://www.almico.com/speedfan.php)
(MS Windows) smartmontools
(http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/)
(Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, Solaris,
Windows).


:
1). ZiffDavis
WinBench99 2.0 . .
.
2). Intel IOMeter 2003.02.15 ( FileServer WebServer) -


.
Intel
IOMeter

1, 4, 16, 64 .
.
3). ,

.
4). , ,
, ,
.
5). , ,
.




ULTRA Computers (. 775-7566),
USN Computers (. 775-8202).

#5 2004

47

sata hdd

,
.

$74

Hitachi HDS722580VLSA80

Maxtor 6Y120M0

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

80
7200
8
15.1
26
N/A
5...55
1
2

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

+ ( ) .
+ .
+ .
- , .
- .
- .

$147

,
.

Maxtor 6Y200M0
200
7200
8
N/A
27
35
5...55
3
5

+ .
+ .
+
Maxtor
- .
- .
- .

48 2004 #5

120
7200
8
N/A
27
35
5...55
2
3

+ .
+ .
- .
- .
- , .

$217

Maxtor 7Y250M0

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

$101

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

250
7200
8
N/A
27
38
5...55
3
6

+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
- .
- ( WD360GD-00FLA0).
- .
- , Maxtor 6Y200M0,
.

sata hdd

$99
$76

, Elastic BPI, .

Samsung SP1213C

Samsung SP0812C

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

80
7200
8
18
27
28
5...55
1
2

$116

,
, .

120
7200
8
18
27
28
5...55
2
3

+ .
+ .
+ , , Samsung
SP0812C.
+ , .
+ .

+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .

Samsung SP1614C

$131

, .

Seagate ST3160023AS

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

160
7200
8
15
27
28
5...55
2
4

+ .
+ .
+ .
-
. ,
. Samsung SP1213C.
- .

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

160
7200
8
N/A
25
34
0...60
2
4

+ .
+ .
- .
- .
- , .
- .

#5 2004

49

sata hdd

$164

,
, .

Seagate ST3200822AS

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

$81


, Seagate.

Seagate ST380013AS

200
7200
8
N/A
25
34
5...55
2
4

+ .
+ .
- .
- .
- , Maxtor WD, .

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

80
7200
8
N/A
<25
31
0...60
1
2

+ .
+ .
- .
- .
- .

WinBench99: Business DiskWinmark,


, .

() .
.

WinBench99: High-End DiskWinmark,


, .

Intel IOmeter FileServer.


, .

50 2004 #5

.
, SATA- .

$120

WD WD360GD-00FLA0

, :
, ./.:
-, :
, :
, :
, :
, C:
:
:

36.7
10000
8
10.2
32
36
5...55
1
2

+ : 50%
, .
+ 10 000 .
+ ,
WB99 HE FAT32.
+ , ( ).
+ .
+ .
- .
- .
- .

Intel IOmeter WebServer.


, .

,
WD360GD-00FLA0, 10000 , , ,
, , . , , Intel IOMeter - , .
Samsung SP0812C, , . , , .
,
, Hitachi HDS722525VLSA80.

Bonus

: / :

, moddix , .
, . , ,
-, . 30 , .

, , , . , , . , , .
, .


,
midi-tower .
:

,
,
.
,
.


,
,
. ,

(-
).

!
, .
, , .

!


.

52 2004 #5

!
,
,
. ,
( ,
) .


,
,

.
,
, .

,
Revoltec Cold Cathode Fan
,

Revoltec
Ultra bright cold cathode light.
:).

Bonus

$15

Revoltec UV LED Fan

Revoltec LED Fan

$20

21

80x80x25
2000 /

$23

, , , .
. ,

. .
, . , ,
.
,
.

, . , - - . , ,
.

.
,
. -,
, .

30

80x80x25
2600 /
2,4

$20

Revoltec Cold Cathode Fan UV

Revoltec Cold Cathode Fan

28

80x80x25
2700 /
1,56

, , .
, . , . ,
-,

.
,
. ,
.

28

80x80x25
2700 /
1,56

, , , .
, . (, , RGB )
.
,
. , , ,
.

#5 2004

53

Bonus

5" ( )

Revoltec Star Serie Fan ontroller Alberion

: 7-12
: 18
: 4

,
.
, , ,
- . , . ,

. , , .
,
, .

$33

.

. . -, . ,

.
-, - , . , .

Revoltec 3,5" Fan Controller


3.5"

: 7-12
: 18
: 4

, , .

, ; . :
, , ;

. , , , -

$25
,
,

.
- .
, , , , .

$10

,
.

. , , , , .
, .
:)

54 2004 #5

Revoltec Laser LED Ultra Violet


: 3
: 90

, ,
. ,
.
45 , .
, .
. , . ,
. ,
.

Bonus

Revoltec Neonstring

$25

: 1,5
:
. , . ( ),
. ,
.

, , rounded, .

.
, , .

$18

Revoltec Ultra bright cold cathode light UV


Revoltec Ultra bright cold cathode light TRIPLE
Revoltec Ultra bright cold cathode light
: 3001515
:

.
,
. , , midi-tower'e.
. ,
PCI-, .
, PCI-. ,
.

#5 2004

55

Bonus

Revoltec Lightpad

280x226x6
243x190
450
8
USB

, ? ,

?
.
( )
, .
-
. , -

$49

.
,

, . , ,
, . ,

...

,
. , .

$6

,
. , , hurricane .

$15



80
,
.

.

56 2004 #5

Bonus

Revoltec IDE Cable round (UDMA 133), UV active, 48cm


Revoltec Rounded Floppy Cable, UV-Reactive, 48cm
Rounded- , , , . ,
.

$13

$9

$10


, , . ,
, .
,
.



-
www.pcdesign.ru.

#5 2004

57

: / :


- :
, , ,
. :).

, !
, , .
:).
. ? .
, , ? !
, ,
. -
, ? , -
, ?
.
.
,
, ,
:). ,
Sandra AIDA32
. , .

TestMem 1&2

www.testmem.nm.ru
, . , . TestMem2. , ,
.
TestMem 2.

. , MMX ,
. -
, .
.
. , -
. Readme. . , , , - TestMem.

TestMem 4

www.testmem.nm.ru
. . DDR. . : F1-F12 , tab . , , ( ). ,
. ,
, , .
nVidia,
. ,
. , TestVideoRam
. TestVideoRam ,
, Radeon (, , , :)). nVidia , . ,
,
. , - .

S&M 0.2.1

www.testmem.nm.ru
:).
. overclockers.ru. ,
- . , ,

58 2004 #5

MemTest86+ V1.15
http://www.memtest.org

S&M 0.2.1

, :). Athlon Pentuim 4, , , , Hyper-Threading. AMD64


,
. , , , : , .
TestMem ( ,
- :)) DDR. ,
, , . .
: . , , :).

MemTest-86 v3.1a

http://www.memtest86.com/
.
. ,
, AMD (, ,

Athlon). ,
,
.
CD.
. ,
, . , . , :).
20. 8-, 9- 10- . 11 3. .
. . ,
6+ .
:). .
, , :).

MemTest-86,
. , MemTest-86 , GPL.
www.x86secret.com . , . -
, .
,
. nForce, VIA, ATi, Ali, SiS,
AMD Athlon64 Pentuim-M. .
.
, CD.

DocMemory 1.45a & 2.0

http://www.simmtester.com/page/products/doc/
docinfo.asp
. , . (
) . , , , $100,
, - :). :
1.45a Win9x 2.0 Win2k/XP. ,
, 1.45 .
? ,
, pdf.
, .
, RIMM . , , :).
.
DocMemory 1.45a

#5 2004

59

Nokia Monitor Test 1.0.0.1


www.google.com :)

. ,
. ,
, , , . , , . . , ( , ) . , , .
- .

. ,
. , , , Nokia Monitor Test.

. , ,
Nokia Monitor Test, .

TFT 1.3
http://tfttest.fromru.com

LCD .
,
. -

TFT 1.3
Nokia Monitor Test 1.0.0.1

LCDTest.
, ,
( , -
LCD ). , .

(
), .
, .
.
, . , Nokia Monitor Test.

Monitor Test 2.1

Monitor Calibration Wizard 1.0

www.passmark.com

http://www.hex2bit.com/

, ,
Nokia. , ,
, , .
. !
, , ,
. Nokia Monitor Test
, -

, . CRT - ,
LCD .
. ,
, .
. . 5 , -

Monitor Test 2.1

Monitor Calibration Wizard 1.0

60 2004 #5

, . , . ?

Artifact Tester 5
www.google.com :)

, . - 3DMark
. .
. ,
. :). -

- , .
,
CDSpeed. ,
. , COM, LPT USB. ,
,
:(. ,
, ? .
. .
- ( ).

Nero CD-DVD Speed 3.00


http://www.cdspeed2000.com

.

, .
, .
. , .
( )
( ).

Artifact Tester 5.

, , . , - , .

Burn-In Test 4.0


http://www.passmark.com

. .

. .
, 3D .
.
. ,
. :
S.M.A.R.T.- .
, .
CD/DVD ! ,

Burn-In Test 4.0

,
.
Nero,
. .

Hirens BootCD 6.0

http://62.253.162.19/hiren.thanki/bootcd.html

Burn-In Test 4.0

, , ? . , . Hirens
BootCD. , , . (AIDA,
ASTRA ), (
), ! , NTFS, ( USB) ( TCP/IP ). ,
. - .

#5 2004

61

,
.


, CD- . , ,
, . , 100%
100%. - CD-ROM
? 1980- ,
, 70% ,
28%. , R,
, 50% , RW
25% ( 8-
- CD-R
CD-RW). 60% ,
, CD-.


?
, !
, ,
, ... , Lexmark'e
z602, ( ) (600300 dpi,
5%) 3.175 /. Canon' LBP
1120 2.28. 165 - . 18500 .
200 , 8 . , , ,
,
2 /, .
8 ... , 165
;)?


( ,
EZQuest) EZ-Disk 4.771.910.33

62 2004 #5

4 , ,
( ,
). 512 , -10 60
-20 +80 10 . ;).

PC vs
, The Bat!
:
5 ? , , , ... PC
210 (, ).
, 10 , , 6, Siemens' 3
9 . ,
7
, 14% ,
. , ,
, UPS ;).
( ),
- 4 .
UPS ...


, ? ;). :
- 182 ;
- 54 ;
- 35 ;
, , , ,
, , , ,
12- 11.15 -

. ,
625 . , 2001 . ,
IDC 2007 1 150 .
:)!

!
, ?
,
,
, ,
. ,
625 / ( 16 000
), 22 .
, 22 , , . ,
-6 -82 96
. ,
...


DRAM-?
DRAM'
.
1, 0.
... , :(. , ,
, . , . ,
. 64 , , , .
, , - 1%
. SRAM' ,
-.


, ? ;).
. CR 2032, 3 , 210 , 0.2 . 20 , 3.2 , 3.2 . , ... , , ;)? , , BIOS' , , , . . -, , , , -
, .


? , ! ;). 165
Hewlett-Packard, 159 IBM. ... : IBM SGI 41 . Nec Earth Simulator 12 8 . 378 500 . , IBM
ASCI Purple Blue Gene/L, , - . !!! , ?!
?!

HDD
, , 30/30. ,
... 24
1954 , : (
)
()
,
. ? IBM (

#5 2004

63

6 , ). ,
( - Zalman'
, ). Duron, - ;).

) RAMAC 305,
50 . 10.5 . . ( 237-
) 50 ( 60 2.5 ), 1200 rpm.
1 ,
... 5 . , 10.5
;).

,
-
7- ,
. -
, . , ,
. , , - . XIX
, , .

, ? ,
( , -, ) 3 : ,
. , , .
1.3-1.4 . - .
...

- , !
, ,
. ,
;)!
( ) : ,
(drop-on-demand)
. , ( BubbleJet
Canon') .
,
(7-10 )
... ( !) ...500
. , 12 /. ,
, ... , , ,
600 .

, 237 , 50 .


? 20? 30? 1000
? , ,
. - 600
.
1300,
1200 ( 3

, , 286-,
Intel
80286 1984 .
16- ,
16 25
( ,
). 286- Intel'
.
, ! , 80- 15 .
Sextris...

7200 rpm! ( ),
. , , , 5.25
7200 ./! 180 / . , Nissan'a Primera 1.6-
12 . ...

( 2)
?


TCO'03
? ! ?.. CRT, 1%;
2%; 3%; 120
/. .; ( !)
20 80%; 1024768 17'' 85 ;

15 ;
0.5 , 4.8 .
: 0.2% ( ). , , , (,

..), 150 /. ., 20 ,
. , ,
0.2%.

, :
DIN 1 , ps/2 2 (, /2?), 25-pin COM
15 . .
, (
), . : 168- SDRAM DIMM 6 / , 144 SO DIMM 6, 72- SIMM 5 ( ECC, , 3 ),
168- DRAM DIMM 17. 2 , . RIMM
.

!
, ! ,

400 ,
. , ... , ... , PC?
. /// .
, , - , ;). ...

, 1024 ,
1024
;). , 1000
1 . ! 24 . ! ,
. , 120
, 120, - 111.76 .
10% . , :(.
12 -...

!
: .
3.5 7200
./, 200985.12 / - 120 /. ,
, ,

#5 2004

65


,
.
.
( ) ( ). :). 1834 (
1822 ). . Difference Engine ( ).
, , . , ! , ,
150 . , , , 8000 5 . Difference Engine
.
66 2004 #5


50-
.
. , .
1953 Remington-Rand

UNIVAC (Universal
Automatic Computer), UNIPRINTER. 600
( 130 ).

. - ,
, .
,

. , ,
. . ,
, ,
. ,
, , , , . -
.
Reynold B. Johnson
IBM. 1954, 1955,
, 1000
( 100 ).

.
, 1959 ,
IBM 1403.
Data
Processing System. IBM 1403

, IBM,
.
, , . IBM 1403 ,
.
1400 132
( 23 ! 3 !!!). , , ,
,
. ,

. , , , ,
.

,
:
, , .
,
(- ).
.


(Dot Matrix Printer)

. .

. ,
(
) .
,
.
,
,
, .

Seiko Epson, 1964 , . 70-
Centronics Data Computer.
1970
, Model
101.
7 (
57 , ),
165
.
2 995 . 1977
Micro-1 (240
$595). Epson
TX-80,
( IBM,
OEM-).

, 9,
12, 14, 18 24 .

. : LQ (Letter
Quality )
NLQ (Near
Letter Quality
).
70-

(!)
. 4 ,
.
.
-

ImageWriter C.Itoh
Electronics, 1976
,
Apple 1983
$675.
NEC, Oki
data TEC.

.
,
.
,
,
.


, ,
,
, . , ,
.
,
. XIX ,
.
1948 ,
Siemens.
,
:
( Epson Brother),
.

#5 2004

67

(Canon) dropon-demand (Hewlett-Packard).



, ().

, .
, .
, .
.
(
BubbleJet)
, 300-500 ,
, .
drop-on-demand
.
,
,
.
.

.
. 70- .
1976 IBM
Model 6640, .
Siemens
. 1978 Canon
BubbleJet. Hewlett-Packard
drop-on-demand.
HP
1984 ,
ThinkJet, .

68 2004 #5

Epson , 1985
SQ-870/1170,
. Dataproducts .
Epson Stylus ( 1994 ).
, 90- , HewlettPackard
. ( (cyan), (magenta) (yellow))
,
. Stylus
Color, Epson.


,
,
. 1938
Chester Carlson ,
.
, : (),
,
. , , -
, .

( ,
, , , ), ,
, .
: ( ) , ,
.
, 4 ( , , ).
.
,
LED- (Light Emitting Diode).
:
(Gary
Starkweather), Xerox,


. 1969
. 1971 . EARS,
. , Xerox 9700
Electronic Printing System,
1977 . IBM ,
1976 IBM
3800 F.W.Woolworth.
, 1981 , Xerox Star 8010, , WYSIWYG-
, , , , .
17000 . .
Hewlett-Packard LaserJet,
300 dpi $3 500.
Apple LaserWriter
Lotus Development, Microsoft Aldus.
1985 1986 Apple
LaserWriter LaserWriter Plus . 1990 HewlettPackard LaserJet IIP
1000 .
LaserJet III (RET
Resolution Enhancement Technology).
HP
- LaserJet 4,
600 dpi. Lexmark HP ,
Optra 1200 dpi.

1993 . QMS
ColorScript Laser
1000, 12 499 .
Apple Color Laser Printer
12/600PS $7 000.
.
, , .


: LPT.
,

(
), Line PrinTer.
LPT- , 8- ,
5- 4 .
Centronics
Data Computer.
.
, , LPT SPP (Standart Paralell Port).
,

.
,

( ,
..). 40-50 /.
,
LPT, ,
, 20 /.

EPP (Enhanced
Parallel Port).
Intel, Xircom Zenith Data
Systems. ,
,
. ,
2 /.
CD-ROM,
.

.
Hewlett-Packard Microsoft ECP (Extended Capability
Port). -

:).


, DMA ( ), .
USB . USB
LPT, .

USB.


,
, .
, , ,
. .
80- , . , ,
3D-.
(
16 ) ,
.

HyperTransport
, : CPU
(AGP-).

1999 AMD 64-


x86-64,
,



. 1997
AMD
LDT (Lightning Data Transfer ). 2000
AMD ,
Transmeta LDT. AMD,
, , .
2001 AMD
,

HyperTransport. HT
,

AMD, ,
,
PCI, AGP, DRAM, PCI-X, , HT . Broadcom,
Cisco Systems, Apple Computer, nVidia,
Sun Microsystems. ,

70 2004 #5

HyperTransport
Technology Consortium (http://www.hypertransport.org/). 40 .
2003 , HyperTransport
Technology Consortium,
HyperTransport Technology I/O Link
Specification 1.05, 2004

HyperTransport Release 2.0 Specification.

HT ?
,
Hyper-Threading, HT
HyperTransport.
, HT ,
,
. , ,
,

, . .
, -


PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect).
AGP,
. PCI AGP ,

Socket754

.
, .
HyperTransport
, . HT : ,
, ..

- (peer-to-peer), ,
,
(,
:)).
0.8 / 89.6 / (51.2 /
). , :

.
(DDR).
(2-32
)
(200-1400 ).
, nForce3 nVidia, HT
.
8- 200 .
400 ,
800 /.

:

8 , 1 ;
200 ;

200 *2 ( DDR) = 400 ;


400 *1 = 400 /c;
( )- 2*400 /c = 800 /c

,
CPU AGP,

HT , ,
, HT ,
,
, ,
.
HyperTransport
(
). -

HyperTransport . ,

PCI-X,
.

HyperTransport

,
: ( ),
(
),
( ), ( ) (
).
, . HyperTransport , .
, -

, ,

.
, ,
: cve (), tunnel
() bridge (). () , ,
,
(hst)
.

HT 2-. 24 (8
, 4 , 4 , 2 , 4 , 1 , 1
). 32
197 . , I 2.1
84 , I- 150.
HT 61 (24 ) 800 /. 1.2 , 100 .
,
HyperTransport,
LVDS (Low Voltage
Differential Signaling
).

200 1400
.

, HT
. 32
,
64 ( , ). , (Tx) (Rx).
.
2, 4, 8, 16, 32 64 .
,

72 2004 #5

, , 32-
800 , 6.4 / ( 12.8 /). ,

200 .
100 /
. .

HyperTransport
. , 32 8- ,


.
, , HT StreamThru.
, .

HT vs PCI Express
,
HyperTransport
Intel. ,
Intel
: PCI Express. : , , .
: PCI Express

, . , HyperTransport


. ,
.

HT 64 , PCI Express
1 ,
4 , 16 . PCI Express
,
,
,
HyperTransport.
PCI Express PCI,
AGP,
BIOS ,
HT
PCI.


,
HyperTransport PCI Express. , PCI
Express HyperTransport.

HT

HyperTransport
Intel.
( ):
, , AGP
,
/ PCI. Intel , . ( )
, .
HyperTransport host-. , AMD
, ,
, . , .
16
(
).
, AMD
, .
, AGP
(GART) .
HyperTransport. AGP,
/, PCI
:
AGP tunnel, PCI-X I/O Bus Tunnel / (I/O Hub).

. ( AGP PCI-X ), AGP, PCI-X
. , nVidia
nForce3 .


HyperTransport Release 2.0
Specification.

: 1 , 1.2
1.4 . ,
HT2 PCI Express.

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, ?
BIOS
.
,
BIOS.
AWARD BIOS:


;

;
1 ;
2
,

;
3 , ;
1 + 1
;
1 + 2
;
1 + 3
, ;
1 + 9
BIOS, ,
BIOS .
.
1
;
1
.
AMI BIOS:
1
POST ;
2 ;
3 -

74 2004 #5

64 ;
4
;
5
CPU;
6
;
7
;
8
;
9 BIOS,
;
1 + 2
1 +3
.

Reallocated Sectors
Count?
S.M.A.R.T. . .
//
(spare area) ,
,
.
remapping, remap.
,

bad block. raw
value
.

Current Pending Sector


Count?

. raw value ,

(remap).
,
.

DMI?

CRT ?
,
. , 1024x768 100 (
). ,
(, 1100800).
,
: 100 ,

1100*100 = 110 . :
800*110 = 88 . , ,
100
, 1024x768 100 (
,
).

DMI Desktop Management Interface.




. -
,
,
(, LCM).

Smart ?
SMART ,
UPS RS-232 USB.

?
.
-.

: = /sqrt(2)
=0,707* (.. 600 -
420 ),


FAQ
(PFC Power
Factor Corrected).

/ .
, , kx (http://www.kxproject.com/).

FAT 32
?
, ,
, FAT. BPB (BIOS
Parameter Block) (file system
info sector backup boot sector).
, , FAT 2-, 4-.


...

,

( ) (
,
),
.

- , ,
, . , ,
.

?

, , . .
,
.
.

.

. .

( Memory Cooling Kits). PCI/AGP/CNR/ISA/AMR
Blower, . ( , HDD, Mobile
Rack, etc), .

?
molex ( ,
),

( , +5, +12),
( ). Molex

( ,
+12 , ).


256 DIMM 128 DIMM
...
, BIOS

,
BIOS . , DIMM.

3
?
,
2
.
,
.

http://www.nag.ru/goodies/shema/
eth01.html.


?

. -

,
.
, / - .

BIOS ,
?
.

, , .
, , BIOS
, !
.
,
,
. , .

?
, ( ) ( ,
,
..), (
),
.

.

4 IDE
: HDD, HDD, CD-ROM CD-RW.
, ?
.
: 1 HDD 1 CD

D; 2 HDD , 2
CD , , HDD
. ,
:
SiSoft Sandra. swap- .

#5 2004

75

: / :

Athlon 64 :
Socket939,
, ,
. AMD Athlon 64
2800+ 180 (

). Intel
Pentium 4 2.8 Northwood. CPU .
AMD? ,
? ? , . AMD Athlon 64 2800+.

AMD Athlon 64 2800+ (1.8 )

EPoX EP-8HDA3+

2*256 DIGMA DDR500

128 SAPPHIRE Radeon 9500@9700PRO 378/290

HDD

20 MAXTOR 740-6L

ZALMAN 7000A Cu

DVD-R
ROM

ASUS E616P1

CODEGEN 300X, 300

Athlon XP
Athlon 64 , ,
. , , ( Intel Pentium 4),
. Athlon XP, Athlon
64
CPU.
, .

, , . -

76 2004 #5

.

. ,
FSB,


:
HyperTransport.

FSB

. , -

. FSB . , Athlon 64 HyperTransport, , CPU,


.
(
AGP 3.0) I/O Hub,
, ,
.
Athlon 64 AMD Cool'n'Quiet.


. .
Cool'n'Quiet, . ,
Athlon 64 , . , FSB.


Athlon 64
2800+ NewCastle.
NewCastle
ClawHammer. ,
. NewCastle ClawHammer
512
. Athlon 64
ClawHammer ,
NewCastle. ,
AMD , , - . Athlon 64
NewCastle : SH7-C0, SH7-CG, DH7-SG. -



NewCastle . ,
,
AMD Athlon 64
2800+. .
SH7-C0 ADA2800AEP4AP
SH7-G ADA2800AEP4AR
DH7-G ADA2800AEP4AX
SH7-CG SH7-C0
Cool'n'Quiet (

1000 , CG 800 ).

.
,
SH7-CG 200 , - SH7-C0.
DH7-CG , -
Athlon 64 2800+ -
Athlon 64, 200 .

512 (
SH7-xx 512 ).
AMD,
. , 3000+
NewCastle, ClawHammer,
,
ClawHammer, 200
. NewCastle
.

,

Socket754, FSB
AGP/PCI.

nForce3 250 VIA K8T800 PRO,
.
, VIA
K8T800.
ABIT KV8-MAX3, :
EPoX EP-8HDA3+
CPU , . , EpoX
nForce2,
,
, .



,
FSB, FSB
PCI/AGP.
EPoX EP-8HDA3+
,
Athlon 64.

,
,
FSB = 240 .

, ,
Burn K7 Prime95. : 3DMark 2003
CPU Test,
WinRar 3.30, DVD
AVI DivX, Unreal 2, Unreal
Tournament 2004, FarCry.
BenchemAll
2.58 1024*768.
DIGMA DDR500
.

Serial ATA. ,
Serial ATA
. V-Link, PCI.
IDE Maxtor D740X6L. , AGP.
Sapphire Radeon
9500@9700PRO. -


Athlon 64 2800+, , . SH7-C0,
CPU-Z. , .

SH7-C0


,
AGP .

.

DDR400.
- .
DDR500 256
DIGMA.
,
.
,
PCI-
.
. Socket754,

BOX' AMD , , ZALMAN
7000(A) Cu. , .



S&M 0.2.1,

20 .

78 2004 #5

FSB
241 , 2169


,

. ,

,
, BIOS,
.
, ,
CPU

Athlon 64
SH7-C0 22002300 .
.

AGP/PCI
CPU , 2250 .


.
. , .
, CPU
. ,
Socket 754. :(.

10 , FSB 230
2070
.
1.55 ,
, 1.6 .
. FSB 240
Windows .
, 1.65
.
FSB 10 ,
.
1.75 . ,

, AGP
79 , 66 .
,
, 240 250 . FSB
242 . 243
, 244
. -

3DMark 03 CPU Test

DivX

WinRar UT 2004

2800+

149

487

327

2800+@3169+

179

584

393

Unreal 2

FarCry

99.56

88.61

32.29

116.3

102.31

37.77

, :
16% 20%.

CPU- 3DMark 2003 20%.

,
.
AVI DivX , ,
241 . FSB 2169
.
CBID (Central Brain Identifier) BIOS',
.

CPU,
. Athlon 64
, Athlon XP
,
.
, . , Cool'n'Quiet
33-34
.
58-59 .

, ? , 1800 2169 ,
20%, , 2800+
3169+, 13%.
. ,
? , Celeron
2 3 ,
. , 100% , 20%.
-

208

3 CD DVD

110

20%.

16%. , ,
Athlon XP 1700+
Athlon XP 2500+ (Barton),
.
,
,
,
AGP/PCI.

,
20%, 25%.
, , ,
AMD Athlon 64 3000+ $220, AMD
Athlon 64 3200+ $280. $80. , . , AMD Athlon
64 2800+ XH7-CG
, ,

AGP/PCI.
NewCastle
3000+ 3200+ ,
.
,


, , Serial ATA , AGP. ,

Socket939
.
Socket939 .
, Socket939
, Socket754.
, Athlon 64
Socket 754 !

,

P C


.
!
: , Manhunt, Hitman
Contracts! .
!
?
, PC . .

7 !

: / :

CD-

,
, CD-, , CD-ROM
DVD-RW.
,
, , . , ,
.

, . ,
-NoName
.
, , () ,
.
:

CD,
. , ,
. , -
, .
,
, ,
,

,

.
(), .

CD
,
( ,
), , , , (
, 200%), . , ,
. 220 ! -, , , -, , ,
. . , , ,
. 200 .
:
2~3 1 (2 3
).
( )
,
.
,

.

,
. , , IDE, , ,
. -, , , , , ,
,
.
,
(
, BIOS,
, ) .
, ,

, CD,
, , . ,
( , ,
-), . ,

, , Samsung , ,
, 32 24
.
.
.

CD-ROM. , .
:
1
2 ( )
;
3 ;
4 , ;
5 ,
;
6 ,
;
7 ;
8 .

,
,
,
. -,
, , , ,
, . ,
, .
,
(, )
, 1

, , . ,
. . ,
, ,
,
.


.
, , ,
, ,

(,
).
.
,
, ,

.
.

, .
:
1.
BIOS,
,
, .

, , .
2. .
BIOS, , - ,
(, ) ,
,
,

7
5
2
4


CD-ROM .

, ( )

CD-ROM NEC

. ,
, / .

HowTo



,
:
.
1. ,
,
,
.
,
,
(,
,
,
).
. :
a) - ,

, ;
b) ,
(
);
c) - .
, , ,
,
( ),
,
,
, .
,
(
). :
1.1. , , , .

82 2004 #5

CD-ROM Creative

, .
30- ,

(, ).
,


.
, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
,
, . , ,
, ,
,
,
, .
,

, ,
.
,
,

1 ,

!
1.2. , , , ( , , ,
).


,
.
, ,
.

, , .

CD-ROM LG

, (
, , ).

, 50% ,
, .
, ,
, . , , . ,

, ,
.
, ,

,
, ( ) ,
.
1.3. , ,
( , ).
( 99%) , ,
,
.

, . ,
,
.
,
:
. , ,

BAxxxxFM BAxxxxFP (

, ).

. - . - ,

. ,
,
, .
1.4. , , ( play),

BIOS .
, IDE,
, ,
-, ( , ).
.
, ,
.
1.5. ,
.
, ,
.

CD- NEC, ,
,
.

5 12 ( ,
200 )
15 20 ,
. ,
. ,
.
,

.
. ,
,
,
.
,
.

, . , ,
,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
,
.
2. , :
2.1.
.

,
-

,
. -
,
. .
, , , , .
2.2. , ,
,
.
, , , . ,
,
.
,
- (-
), .

, CD-ROM
. , !

#5 2004

83


...

...
PO
ST
-

: / :

,
,
, , , ,
. ,
,
, , .
, , .
-
.

,
POST- (Power On Self Test, ). PCI
ISA .

, ,

84 2004 #5

.
: AWARD, AMI Phoenix,
- BIOS
, .
, . BIOS ,
ompaq, IBM, Intel .


, .
, (reset),
, , ,
, , , / ...
POST POST 80h. . ,
, (, , ), .
POST- , ( ) . ,
. POST .

,
, -


...
. ,
POST-

. , 80h, , , 92h, , ,
.
, , , , . . -
PCI, , , , ,
.
,
(-12, +3.3, +12, +5).

. , .
0F, 10 DMA.
,
, .
30 .

. , -
.
43 - /.
. ,
.
FF , BOOT-, .

,
, BIOS:

AMI BIOS

AWARD BIOS
C1 , .
,
, .
3 256 ,
BIOS, BBSS (Boot Block structure signature). ,
BIOS.
BIOS, .
6 External Cache- .
-
( ). :).
CF . . ,
.
05 .
, ,
. , , .
07 CMOS, CMOS, CMOS (/).
, . - . ,
. ,

, .
BE , Host Bridge.
, .
0C , Num
Lock.
. :).
0D . ,

D1 - DMA 0 1, . ,
AWARD BIOS.
D3 - , .
.
07 .
,
CPU ID. ,
.
13 . .

, , , .

Phoenix BIOS
0 -
. POST- . -
,
.
16 - BIOS. . BIOS .
3D
SETUP. . CMOS .
7C .

. , .

, .
.
POST- ,
,
, .

#5 2004

85

: aka Saddamka

,
, , , .
modding.ru
.
. , , ,
. , , ,
. , , , , , , ,
. , ,
!
,
-, , ,
, -
.
. .


, .
, . ,
. .
, ,
.

86 2004 #5

, , ,
, .
-
.
... ,
.
10000
/. 33000 /, 5 . , , , .
,


. ,
,
.
,

, , QuickChange .

, , : ,
(- ),
,
.
,
.
, , .
, ,
.
(,
),

.
,
-

modding.ru , :
,
. ,
, ,

- Albert J. Dremel,
1932 ,
. , .

- Bosch.

.
.


, , , .



, ,
.



, .



,
,
, , .
,
.



,
, ,
.


,
, , , , , , , ,
,
.

,
. , , Corel Draw .
4 ,
!

? , .

.

.


, , , , ,
, , , .


- ,
,

. , , , , ,
, ,
, .

,
.
,
, , . .

.

!
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, -

, ,


. . . , .
. , ,
.
.
, , . ,

. -

.
,
. ,
.
.
. 150
,


. ,

#5 2004

87

! !

.
,

, .
.
, ,
, .
,
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!

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. ,


. , ,
, .


.
, .

,
( ). , .
- .


,
.

pro - . modding.ru
!
, ,
.
,
,
.
- .
,
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.


.
.
, .


, , .
.
.
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.
,

.
. ,
.
, ,
, . , ,
,
,
.
. , ,

- .


.

.

.
,
1010
. .
Photoshop,
, , .
, .

.
, - . ,
,
. .
.
, . -

.
,
, . -
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. ,
.

, .
.

, , .
- - , .
, . (
), , . . -

,
,
.
.
90
. , , -
.

.


.
,
,
. ,
.
aka
aka
Maximka.


-
www.pcdesign.ru
.

#5 2004

89

-

, . Spectrum, Amiga, Atari, Commador -0010. Apple IBM PC . . ,
? , ,
-, .

: , !

-.
: ! -
1993 .
- , ,
, .

:
, .
: , .
?
: -
, . , ,
, , ..
,
.
-. ,


.

90 2004 #5

: , IBM PC XT .
: ,
IBM PC i8088
i8086 4,77 ,
- .
i80286 ,
,
-2, , . , ,
.
: IT-
?
: , ,
:
, .

- .
:
? ?
(): , i8088, 8
, 10 , EGA-. ...
: ?

: .
handmade /
. ,
. , .
: ?
: , -
,
.
: -
?
: , .
: (Compaq, Hewlett-Packard,
Dell)? ?
: , . : . , - , , .
, ,

. ,
, , . , OLDI.
,
-
.
, -


/ .
, second
hand second hand,
...
.
:
?
: .
,

,
. ,
, :
.
:
?
: - . 70-80% .
: , ? ,
?
: ,
. ? . : ,
?
- ,
. , .
, , .
. -


,
, ,
CD/DVD-, .
:

?
: .
,
, , .

, , .
:
, Intel?
: , , ,
. :
Intel, , Intel -

.
: ?
: , , . :

. , ,
, ,

.
:
?
: , , .
:
?
: ,
.
-
http://www.fcenter.ru/,
,
. , ,
, ,
,

.
:
?
: .
, .
:

#5 2004

91

(
) ,

.


, ,
,
, ,
.

92 2004 #5


?
: ,
. .
: ? 90-?
: 90-, ,
, .
.
.
. , Maxtor
.
Intel
: CPU
. , , 100% .
:

?
:
(retail) : , ,

,
. 60-70%
, OEM .
:
OEM-style,
retail-?

:

:
. ,
, , . OEM
. 8%,
,
, .
3040% 50%, , ,
.
: ?
: , .
:
, ?
: , :
,
.
, , ,
.
: -? .
: -
: , , ,
..
, ,
,
.
: ?

: ,
,
.
cashand-carry. ,
. ... , , . , ,
OEM
.
:
?
: DIXIS .

, cash-and-carry. , , , ,
. COMP USA
(http://www.compusa.com/)
,
, , ...
,
. ,
,
.
, ,
/ , -
, ,
: ,
.. , .

, , .
:
cash-and-carry?
:
. .
,
-
. ,
cash-and-carry.

,
, .
: ?
: , , . ,
600 800 , , .
,
.
: -

?
: ,
. , Intel
.

. , ,
..
-1, .

. Epson
Hewlett-Packard
.
: .

,
?
:
Thermaltake.
,
modding.ru .
,
.

, , ,
Kingstone,
.
:
. !
: !

-1
(. ) 1991 KM1810VM88,
i8088. 4
512 , MFM- , RS-232. 128 , 16 ,
640200.

@
mail@xard.ru
FROM:
SUBJ:

:
.
COM, .
Epox 8RDA3I. ?
: ,
. , .
, , (

),

.
,
( PS/2
USB), , , COM-PS/2 COM-USB.

FROM: VEBER
SUBJ:

Creative
(Cambridge SoundWorks DeskTop
Theater 5.1 DTT 2200).
- .
-
?
:

. , , , / .
, , , :
-, ,
-, (
Windows)
CD-ROM ,
. , , ,
. ,

. IDE-.
()

94 2004 #5

. .

, ,
, , 4-7 .
. ,
. , ,
, .
, .

: ,
. Fast Ethernet Adapter

Ethernet DSP (Digital Signal Processor) ,
soft- /
V.34, V.34
bis, V.90, V.92, .

.

FROM:
SUBJ:

FROM:
SUBJ:

IBM DTLA307030. -
.
.
, , ,

. ?
: , , ,
( DTLA)
IBM.

, . IDE

. . ,
. IDE- ,
. Bad-
,
remapping .
, HDD , ,
,
BIOS .
www.ibm.com
IBM Drive Fitness Test,
, , .
,
,
, . HDD
.

FROM: MOUZ
SUBJ:

,
VIA Rhine II Fast
Ethernet Adapter. - ,

.
, !

( ), WinXP
.

HUB 2- ?! !
: ,
,
, .
, :
: , , , , , , , ;
: , , ,
, , , , . -
, : , , ,
, , , , .
: , ,
, , .

FROM: ARTMAN
SUBJ:

: Seagate (200 , 1 ,
UltraATA).
.
WinXP ,
Win2000 , , . . . /
ATA .
: PIO UDMA2.
Windows 2000 Service
Pack ( ),
. IDE

IDE .

: ,
IDE ( , , ).
,
!
-:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4
D36E96A-E325-11CE-BFC108002BE10318}, :
0000 , 0001 Secondary
IDE Chanell, 0002 Primary IDE Chanell,
:
MasterDeviceTimingModeAllowed SlaveDeviceTimingModeAllowed (
)
UserMasterDeviceTimingModeAl-


lowed UserSlaveDeviceTimingModeAllowed ( ,
). UDMA
SlaveDeviceTimingModeAllowed
0ffffffff, SlaveDeviceTimingMode
,
(0x10010 UDMA Mode 5 (ATA100),
0x8010 UDMA Mode 4 (ATA66),
0x2010 UDMA Mode 2 (ATA33)).
UltraDMA , ( //).
IDE ,
UltraDMA (
UltraDMA).

FROM:
SUBJ:

, ,
... . ?
: ,

,
.

. ,
( ), UPS.
, (
,
).
,

, ,
. ,
.
.

, .
, (,
, CD-ROM) ,
. , .
.
, , , ,

.

FROM: LORD OF HAUZZ


SUBJ:

: Western
Digital 10 Seagate 120 . , , ?

:
fdisk
(,
). , , .
Norton Ghost
,
. Ghost
Local Partition To Partition
, . Ghost DOS,
NG2003

Windows, .
. ,
, ,

.

FROM: DAV
SUBJ: +

, MITSUMI ,

.
, WinAmp .
WinAmp?
: , PI
WinAmpa

play/stop/pause/
etc.
( play , stop ..).
,
(Winamp Control Executables
http://ftp.winamp.com/customize/component/2000/9/21/P/Winamp_Control_Execu
tables.exe ,41 , 4 Prev.exe,
PlayPause.exe, Stop.exe, Next.exe)
(
).

FROM:
SUBJ: BIOS +


( ).

BIOS. 0,3 3 !!!
?
: , , - , , ( ,
). , , , ,
.
(
),
,
-.
, $3. -

, - .

FROM: OLEG
SUBJ:

.
F5A/250. , , 5
250 .
, ?
: , ,

250 . 3-4
, .
..
,
, , ,
!
, ,
, . , ,
, ( ) , .

FROM: ORPHOS
SUBJ: BLUETOOTH



Bluetooth-?

.
: -,

. , IrDA-, Bluetooth-
. (, Nokia xxxx (Bluetooth)).
-, , .
. , GPRS- *99#, mts mts,
DNS 213.87.0.1 213.87.1.1,


IP.
AT+CGDCOUNT=1, IP,
internet.mts.ru. ,

(
,
).
, , ,
,
(dial-up ASDL).

,
.

#5 2004

95


:
2004

#06
:

-
OpenGL vs
DirectX
FAQ

:

mp3-
2.1
wi-fi

ATI Radeon X800


Pro ATI Radeon
X800XT

,

: CRT 17

>>

- LCD

>>

>>
DDR2

UPS

>> >>
HDD SATA

>>

>>

05 2 004

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