Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

No.

01/08
March 15th, 2008

The Magazine for Professional Testers

,
Gerd Altmann / www.pixelio.de

. , .
, .. . ,
.
: ;
, ; ,
. .
. , : ,
, , . ,
, .

1.



.
(ISTQB, ISEB, GTB), (Myers 79, Beizer 95, Kaner 99, Copeland 2004) (
ISTQB, BS 7925, IEEE 829, 1008, 1012,). ,
,
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
(Schaefer 2005). , ,
.
, -,
: ,
, .
,
. ,
,
(Bach), ,
.

The Magazine for Professional Testers


, ,
.
: .
- .

(Hetzel).
,
.
,
,
. ,
,
,

. .
,
, ,
.

www.testingexperience.com

2.

1979 :
.
, .


, : .
, .
,
. (
, ),

.
.. ,
.
3.
,
: ,
. ,
.

.
,
,
.
. ..
. 4.


, .
, .
,
,
, ,
,
. 5.
.
. , ,
, ..
, .
. , .
,
:
,
, .
, ,
.
6.
, .
- - .

,
.
,
(Gilb 2003). 7.

3.

.
( ) .

.
, ,
. ,
, .
:
.

. ,
( ).
: - ,

, , . ,
,
.
: !
. ,
, .
.
.
,
.
:

www.testingexperience.com

.
,
.
,
,
, , .
!
, , ..
!
! :
(
). : ,
, ? ..
, .
, .
.
: ,
, , ,
, .. ,

.
,
.
; ,
, .

The Magazine for Professional Testers

:

,
, .
.
, ,
.
. ,

.
,
.
.
,
. ,
, .
,
. , - ,
,
- , .
.
.
.
:
.
, ,
. , .
,

.
.
.

: .
, ,
, , .
, .
, ,
,
.
: !
!
,
!

, !

4.


.
: ,
?
?
?
.
,
. ..
,
.
: , .
, ,
. ,
. ,
: -
,

.
. :
, , ,
?
.
?
, ?
, , ,
. ( ).
- ,
.
.
,

( ).
, .
!
, .

.
.
, ,
, .

.
.
, (
).
. , .
.. . ?

.
, ,
.
,
. ,
,
.

The Magazine for Professional Testers

.

. (
).
,

. ,
, .
,
, ,
, ,
.

www.testingexperience.com

.
.

: , ,
?
? ?

,
( , ).
.

, , .

? (, , ,
?) ,
,

.
, .

.
.
, , !

. .
, - -
- -. ,

5.

, , -
( ,
). ,

.
,
,
,
!

,
.
: ,
. .
, ,
, ,
,
!
, !
, , ,
, , !
, : ,
. ( )
:
, .

! : , ,
.
.
: .
. , , - ,
, - . ,
. ?
?
?
?
: .
, . ..
,
. , ,
!
, !
! ,
.
, . ,
,
. ,
.


, .

www.testingexperience.com

! !

,
. ,
, . (.
). - .
, ,
.
.
,
. -!
, ! :
, , .
,
. -
,
.
, .
.

, !
,
.
!

The Magazine for Professional Testers

6.

!
, ,
. (
, ,
). , ,
, .
. , , ,
, ,
. . -, :
1 ,
.
2 ,
-
.
.
, - .
.
, . ..
,
, .
,
,
.
..
. :
, ?
?
-?
.
.

(Kaner Bugadvoc).
, ,
, ..
, ,
. - :
- ,
, .

( ) !
, ,
!
!
!

:
. ,
, .
. ,
.

, .
,
- .
. -
.

The Magazine for Professional Testers

,
, ,
. ,
.
. ,
18 -
. ( NASA
).
,
.
,
. ,
, :
, , , ,
, , .
.
,
.
,
.
, .

, . ,
- ,
, -, .
,

,
, , .
(Bach 2005)
:

!
, !
, ,
!

!

: .
. . ,
, ,
- , , ,
. :
. .
. , ,
, , ,
.. ,
.

100%!
, !

www.testingexperience.com

7.


. ,
, .
. ,
, ,
, .
.

1.
.


, .
.

4.
.

!
.

.
,
: XP.
:

()
,
()
,
, .
(Gilb 2003)
( ):

8.

2.
.
3.
.

5. ,
,
.
6.
.
7. ,
.
8.
,
.
9.
, .
10.

.
:
!

?
?
.
. .
, , ,
- . .
, ,
,
. , ,
, ,
, .
.

.
,
, .
,
!
, .
, .
,

www.testingexperience.com

,
. ,
, .
, !
,
.

: .

.
, ,
:
. ,
.
(Copeland 2004) x .

!
!
, . ,
,
.
,
. , ,

The Magazine for Professional Testers

(
!). , ,
. !

! !
, .
, .. . ,
. ,
.
.
.
:
.
.
.
!
, ,
!

9.

Bach 2005: James Bach.


: http://blackbox.cs.fit.edu/blog/james/
Beizer 95: Boris Beizer, Black Box Testing, John Wiley, 1995 Better Software Magazine,
www.bettersoftware.com. www.stickyminds.com. !
BS7925: British Standard: www.testingstandards.co.uk/bs_7925-1.htm
Copeland 2004: Lee Copeland, A Practitioners Guide to Software Test Design, Artech
House, 2004.
Crispin: Lisa Crispin, Tip House, Testing Extreme Programming, Addison-Wesley, 2002,
http://home.att.net/~lisa.crispin/XPTesterBOR.htm
Gilb 2003: "Testers Rights: What Test should demand from others, and why?".,
EuroSTAR 2003
GTB: German Testing Board: www.german-testing-board.info.

ISTQB.
IEEE: . www.ieee.org
ISEB: Information Systems Examinations Board of British Computer Society. http://
www.bcs.org/BCS/Products/Qualifications/ISEB/
1999.
ISTQB: www.istqb.org International Software Testing Qualifications Board.

.


54 .
.
1979:
, . :
,
.
1979 1981:


, .
1981 1987:
, .
.

.

.
1987 2007:

.


.



.
.
. (
CONQUEST 2003, 2004
).

ISTQB: http://www.istqb.org/downloads/glossary-current.pdf

1998 1999:
Y2K Norwegian Telecom.

Kaner 99: C. Kaner, J. Falk, H. Q. Nguyen, Testing Computer Software 3 rd ed.), John
Wiley, 1999.

1999: ISEB
( )

Kaner bugadvoc: ,
. http://www.kaner.com/pdfs/BugAdvocacy.pdf

2004: ISTQB
( )

Myers 79: Glenford Myers: The Art of Software Testing, John Wiley, 1979.

2003 2007:

Schaefer 2004; Hans Schaefer, What Software People should have known about Software
Testing 10 years ago - What they definitely should know today. Why they still dont know
it and dont use it, EuroSTAR 2004.
: http://wired.com/news/technology/
bugs/0,2924,69355,00.html?tw=wn_tophead_1
: Never Assume, Sofie Nordhamment St. Jude Medical EuroSTAR 2005. (Knowing whats right, doing whats wrong)

The Magazine for Professional Testers

1992 2007:

,

.

www.testingexperience.com

Оценить