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# Name: Rachel Whiteside Date: 9/11/13 Grade Level/Subject: 8th/ Algebra Approximate Time: 50 Minutes Student Objectives/Student Outcomes:

Students will determine which relationships are functions and which are not, using both graphs and tables. Materials/Resources/Technology: None. Implementation:

Time Opening of lesson: Start class by having a volunteer read the lesson introduction. Then begin problem 1-62 as a whole class, which introduces the concept of a function. In this problem students should focus on the notion of determining a single output from a given input. The core concept is the essence of a function: the ability to accurately predict a single output from the given input. If more than one output is possible (as is the case in part (b)), then we cannot predict a unique output. That translates to algebraic relationships: when a given x-value results in more than one y-value, the relationship is automatically not a function. Carefully work through the problem yourself before discussing it in class. Procedures: To start the problem, ask a student volunteer to read the opening paragraph for the class, and then discuss parts (a) using a Think-Pair-Share. Part (a) asks students to describe the input and output of a soda machine as a pre-problem for Lesson 1.2.5, which will introduce students to the domain and range of a function. During the discussion of parts (b) and (c), have a table like the one below on the board or overhead. For each input, list the button that was pushed. Then list the resulting drink for the output. This visual aid will help some students synthesize the information being given. An example table for part (b) is shown below. Input Lemon Twister Lemon Twister Lemon Twister Output Lemon Twister Blast ??

With the class, analyze each scenario for the cola machine. Part (b) is important because it addresses the idea that as soon as one input has more than one possible output, we cannot accurately predict the output. Allow students to explain this in their own words. Later, when confronted with graphs, they will