Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 42

MSETCL RTC PADGHE BATCH (21.1.

2014)

POWER LINE CARRIER COMMUNICATION


Job aids (Basic Course)
For Restricted circulation only

Guided By Shashank S.Jewalikar SE TCC MSETCL Aurangabad

PLCC training material designed for MSETCL Engineers This course provides the information

required to confidently understand & assess the quality of PLCC network.

Page 2 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

Index
Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PLCC Introduction Wave Trap CC/CVT LMU Coaxial cable PLCC Panel (ETL & 9505 V3) Protection coupler(NSD 50 & DC 42) PLCC Data MODEM (NSK 5) Job Aid Page No 3 7 13 17 23 25 31 37

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 3 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -1
Name of Trainee Batch
1.1

Title: Identification of Power line carrier communication Indoor & Outdoor equipment and their
applications.

1.2

Objective:

On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to : a. Identify PLCC Indoor & Outdoor equipment. b. Understand application of PLCC equipment.

1.3

Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

1.4 Set up/ Equipment Required:


Wave Trap/ Line Trap Coupling Capacitor(CC)/ CVT Line Matching Units (LMU A & B Unit) HF cable Power Line Carrier Terminal ( ABB/BPL) with Protection coupler & PLCC Data MODEM 48 V Supply Electronic Programmable Automatic Exchange (EPAX)

1.5 Exercise:
1.5.1. Study the PLCC diagram.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 4 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 1.5.2 Identify the different Outdoor Equipment of Power Line Carrier Communication (PLCC) System & their uses.

Equipment / Cable

Name of Equipment/ Cable

Use

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 5 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 1.5.3 Identify the different Indoor Equipment of Power Line Carrier Communication (PLCC) System & their uses.

Equipment

Name of Equipment

Use

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 6 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 1.6

Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

1.7

Self - Assessment :
1 The Power line carrier communication is a technology which uses ------------------------------ as physical media for Speech, data & Protection signal transmission. 2. In PLCC power line conductors are used for ----------------------- instead of separate telephone lines. 3. Power utility operators communicate with each other to -------------------------------------------- & exchange all kinds of operational information. 4. PLCC provides very limited --------------------- & is not suitable where the requirement of Voice & Data channels is large. 5. The R.F. range in PLCC system is ------KHz to -------------KHz.

(Power line, Communication, co ordinate actions, Bandwidth, 50 to 500 KHz, )

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 7 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -2
Name of Trainee Batch 2.1Title: Wave trap or Line trap

2.2 Objective:

On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to : c. Identify different parts of Wave trap & their functions. d. Select blocking band of wave trap.

2.3 Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

2.4 Set up/ Equipment Required:


Wave Trap/ Line Trap Main Coil Tuning pot LA

2.5 Exercise:
2.5.1. Identify Main coil, tuning pot & LA in following diagram. .

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 8 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 2.5.2 Study the following figure & identify Tuning pot, LA & Main Coil.

2.5.3 Write down the function of Tuning pot, LA & Main Coil.

Main Parts of Line trap Main Coil

Use

Tuning Pot

LA

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 9 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 2.5.4 Select Blocking band of Wave trap

PLCC Frequency BPL Make Wave Trap

Band Selection

96/92 U KHz

104/112 UL KHz

148/152 U KHz

488/480 UL KHz

72/76 U KHz

PLCC Frequency W.S. Make Wave Trap

Band Selection

96/92 U KHz

104/112 UL KHz

148/152 U KHz

488/480 UL KHz

72/76 U KH

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 10 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

PLCC Frequency ALSTOM / AREVA Make Wave trap

Band Selection

96/92 U KHz

104/112 UL KHz

148/152 U KHz

488/480 UL KHz

72/76 U KH

PLCC Frequency GYRO Make Wave trap

Band Selection

96/92 U KHz

104/112 UL KHz

148/152 U KHz

488/480 UL KHz

72/76 U KH

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 11 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 2.5.5 Study Pedestal wave trap with insulator & structure.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 12 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 2.5.6 List of routine tests (as per IEC 60353) 1. Measurement of blocking impedance of line trap. 2. Power frequency voltage withstand dry test on tuning device 8.17 KV rms for 5 seconds. 3. Measurement of rated inductance of main coil. 4. Measurement of power frequency inductance of main coil. 5. Dimensional checks.

2.6 Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

2.7 Self - Assessment :


1. Wave trap is connected in ------------------ to the line in switch yard. 2. --------------------- Frequency signals are blocked by wave trap entering into switch yard. 3. The rated inductance of main coil for 220 KV Wave Trap is -------------------------. 4. In wave trap Main coil, LA & tuning devices are --------------- connected to each other. (Series, carrier, 0.5 milli Henry, Shunt)

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 13 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -3
Name of Trainee Batch 3.1Title: Coupling Capacitor or CVT 3.2 Objective:
On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to : e. Identify different parts of CC/CVT. f. Connection of CC/CVT to LMU

3.3 Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

3.4 Set up/ Equipment Required:


CC CVT Single insulated lead in wire

3.5 Exercise:
3.5.1. Label the parts of coupling capacitor

1. Primary Terminal 2. Expansion system 3. Capacitor elements 4. Rating voltage 5. Low voltage terminal 6. Support insulator.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 14 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 3.5.2 Study different parts of CGL , ABB & Alstom Make CC

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 15 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 3.5.3 Study different parts of CVT.

1. High Voltage Terminal

2. Compensation reactor

3. Intermediate Voltage transformer

4. Ground terminal

5. Ferro resonance suppression device

6. Damping resistor

7. Carrier (HF) terminal

8. Overvoltage Protective device

9. Secondary terminals

10. Link to be opened for test purposes.

3.5.4 Locate HF Point in CVT

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 16 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 3.5.5 List of Routine tests as per IEC 60358. 1. Capacitance & tangent of the loss angle before the voltage test. 2. A.C. Voltage test (Dry) between Terminals. 3. Partial discharge test. 4. Capacitance & tangent of the loss angle after Voltage test. 5. Power frequency test on the Earth terminals. 6. Sealing test. 7. Dimensional checks

3.6 Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

3.7 Self - Assessment :


1. ----------------------------- offers the isolation between high voltage line and carrier equipments. 2. Coupling capacitor offers ----------------------------- impedance to carrier frequencies. 3. CVT consists of coupling capacitor and ----------------------------------------------------------. 4. Coupling capacitor in CVT is used for -----------------------------------------------------------.

(Coupling Capacitor, Low, Voltage transformer, carrier communication)

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 17 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID - 4
Name of Trainee Batch 4.1Title: Line Matching Unit, 3 element Protection device & Coaxial cable 4.2 Objective:
g. h. i. j. k. On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to :

Identify different parts of LMU & 3 element protection device Select Pass band of LMU Connect CC/CVT to LMU by single Insulated lead in conductor Connect Main HF & HF loop Prepare End connector of HF cable.

4.3 Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

4.4 Set up/ Equipment Required:


LMU with 3 element protection device Single insulated lead in wire HF cable

4.5 Exercise:
4.5.1. Demonstration by faculty.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 18 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 4.5.2 Identify different parts of LMU.A & B unit.

4.5.3 Write down the function of each. Name of Part Function

Balancing Transformer

Matching Transformer

Filter

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 19 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 4.5.4 List down the 3 elements of Protection device with their use. Function Name of Element

4.5.5 Select Pass band of LMU

BPL Make Line Matching Unit 1. Band I (35 50 KHz) 2. Band II (50 90 KHz) 3. Band III (90 500 KHz)

PLCC Frequency

Band Selection

96/92 U KHz

104/112 UL KHz

148/152 U KHz

488/480 UL KHz

72/76 U KH

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 20 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

4.5.6 What is the purpose of Single insulated lead in wire in PLCC system & where it is connected?

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 21 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme .4.5.7 Study CC to LMU connection in case of BPL Make LMU & ABB Make Coupling device.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 22 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 4.5.8 Acceptance Tests for Coupling device 1. Composite loss 2. Return loss 3. HV test on Transformers 4. Inductance of Drainage coil. 5. PF Spark Over Voltage Test on Lightning arrestor 6. Operation check on earth switch 7. Dimensional checks 8. Visual & General Arrangements

4.6 Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

4.7 Self - Assessment :


1. To match the impedance between power line & carrier terminal ---------------------------- is used. 2. LMU consists of Balancing transformer, Matching transformer and --------------------. 3. To connect Coupling capacitor to LMU---------------------------------------------- is used. 4. The PLC Terminal is connected to LMU in switch yard by means of --------------. 5. Three element protection device consists of Drainage coil, LA & --------------------. 6. Earth switch in Protection device is --------------- during maintenance. (LMU, filter, Single insulated lead in wire, HF cable, earth switch, closed)

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 23 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -5
Name of Trainee Batch 5.1 Title: Co axial cable 5.2 Objective:
On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to : l. Identify Coaxial cable m. Connection of HF Coaxial cable

5.3 Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

5.4 Set up/ Equipment Required:


HF Coaxial cable Soldering gun with metal HF End connectors AC supply

5.5 Exercise:
5.5.1. Name the different parts of HF cable

(Copper center conductor, Insulator, copper/ Aluminium mesh, Protective outside cover) By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 24 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

5.5.2 Explain the procedure for connecting Cable connector plugs to HF Coaxial cable. Instructions for connecting cable connector plugs to HF coaxial cable 1. Cut off the coaxial cable somewhat longer than needed (according to local conditions) leaving enough slack to make a loop when connecting the cable. 2. Loosen the screw and take the plug to pieces. 3. Put the cone and threaded cylinder over the cable. 4. Remove PVC covering and copper braiding for a length of 20 mm(4/5inch) 5. Cut off PVC covering for an additional length of 6 mm( 1/4inch) 6. Slightly spring open the slit section of the plug interior. 7. Push the cable into the spring opening of the above part. 8. Draw the copper braiding through the two holes in the plug interior piece and solder it to the outside of the plug interior piece. 9. Solder the cable conductor to the plug pin and cut off the part which protrudes.( Do not heat the pin too long because of the polyethylene insulation) 10. Slide the threaded cylinder and the cone back into position and tighten the screw. 11. Test cable for continuity and short circuit. 12. Fasten the cable beneath the connector plug by means of bracket clip so that the plug is not subjected to any tension 5.5.3 Demonstration of preparation of HF cable connector by faculty. 5.6

Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

5.7

Self - Assessment :
1. PLCC terminal is connected to LMU, in switch yard by means of ---------------------. 2. Coaxial cable is a --------- conductor cable made of a single conductor surrounded by a braided wired jacket with a plastic insulating material separating the two. 3. The coaxial cable provides ------------- so that noise cannot get into the cable & cause interference.. 4. The characteristic impedance of the coaxial cable is either ---------or ------------ohms (Co axial cable, two, Shielding, 75 or 125)

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 25 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -6
Name of Trainee Batch 6.1Title: Power Line Carrier Communication (PLCC) Panel/ Terminal/Cabinet/Set

6.2 Objective:

On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to :

n. Identify PLCC Panel (Make, Type, Single/ Twin Channel) o. Identify different Modules/prints & their function. p. Select frequency

6.3Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

6.4 Set up/ Equipment Required:


ABB Make ETL 41/42 Panel with Protection coupler & NSK 5 BPL Make V3 Panel with DC 42 Protection coupler

6.5Exercise:
6.5.1. Demonstration by Faculty.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 26 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 6.5.2Identify and locate the different cards available in ABB Make ETL PLCC panel

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 27 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

Name of Card B5LA Power Supply Unit E5LA E5LB P3LB P3LK B4LA G4AA G4AC G4AC NSK 5 O4LA O4LC P4LA P4LB P4LC P4LD P4LF P4LG

Function 48 V DC Tx Filter ( 100-500 KHz) Tx Filter (24-100 KHz) RF Hybrid Dummy Load 48 V DC to DC converter DSP Card Relay Interface 1 Relay Interface 2 PLCC Data MODEM Data Interface Speech Interface Pilot & supervision AF Converter IF Converter Rx RF Converter Tx RF Converter Carrier Generator

Indications/ Test points

P4LE P4LI

Rx RF Converter Ch 1 & 2 Carrier Generator

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 28 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 6.5.3 Write down the function of different cards of BPL Make 9505 V3 Panel.

Module

Name of Module

Function

95 AMP

95 PLF

95 PSU

95 MEMRI

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 29 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

Module

Name of Module

Function

95 SPIN

95 MODEM

95 DATA

95 LINT

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 30 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 6.5.4Compare performance of ABB Make ETL & BPL Make 9595 V3 PLCC panel Sr No 1 Feature BPL Make 9505 V3 PLCC panel ABB Make ETL PLCC Panel

Pilot frequency programming Loop test

3 AF Pilot can be selected. After changing pilot, FSK tuning is required In some PLCT LTM feature does not respond i.e. standalone testing not possible in some link. In some PLCTs, RLB getting ON automatically in spite of RLB switch in OFF position, which create problem in speech. High. As it includes lot of function gives problem in alignment when PLCT frequency is to be changed

5 AF pilot can be selected easily.

Stand alone testing possible.

RLB

It does not operate unless & until made ON.

4 5

Module failure rate 95 MODEM

Very low There are different modules for different functions, Easy to tuned for new frequency on field,

6.6Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

6.7Self - Assessment :
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ------------------- Modulation is used in PLCC system to modulate AF signals. Modulation & Demodulation requires ---------------- frequency which is generated in PLCC panel. The frequency band for Single side band transmission in PLCC system is ---------------KHz. Speech, data, Pilot/Dial & protection signals are connected to PLCC terminal in -----------section. ------------- Signal transmitted from station A, controls the AGC of the receiver of station B and vice versa. PLCC Terminals are used as a -----------, one at each end of the power line between substations. Each PLCC Terminal is designated for a set of ---------- & -------------- frequencies. These frequencies may be adjacent or separate. The corresponding PLCC terminal at the other end will be designated for the ------------ value of the transmission & reception frequencies. The channel frequency will be either ----KHz or ----KHz bandwidth depending upon S.C or T.C. (Amplitude, Carrier, 4, AF, Pilot, Pair, Tx, Rx, reverse, 4, 8,)

8.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 31 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -7
Name of Trainee Batch 7.1Title: Protection coupler

7.2Objective:

On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to :

q. Identify different cards of Protection coupler r. Understand switch setting in protection coupler s. Connect relay to Protection to coupler

7.3Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

7.4Set up/ Equipment Required:


ABB Make NSD 50 Protection coupler BPL Make DC 42 Protection coupler

7.5Exercise:
7.5.1. Demonstration of NSD 50 & DC 42 by faculty.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 32 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 7.5.2 Study different cards of NSD 50

Slot No

Name of Card (NSD 50) G4AA G4AC 1 G4AC 2

Function

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 33 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

7.5.3 Study different cards of DC 42

DC PSU

DC DC CPU COMIO I

DC DC COMIO II REC

Slot

Name of Card DC 42

Function

DC PSU

Provides dual 12 V DC output & 5 V DC output.

DC COMIO I & DC COMIO II

It consists of DC CIC & DC COC DC CIC provides interface between relay & coupler DC COC provides interface for transferring trip command from coupler to relay.

DC CPU

Provides the commands necessary to generate the Guard & trip frequencies. Responsible for transmitting the frequency corresponding to command issued by DC CPU as well detecting the trip frequency and issuing corresponding trip command to DC CPU

DC REC

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 34 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

7.5.4 By referring fig. complete the following table

Sr No 1 2 3

Purpose of Wire Negative Protection DC Carrier Send Carrier Receive

PLCC side ferrules

ABB NSD 50 X302-1 X302-2 X302- 5

BPL DC 42 TC 1 TC7 TE2 CR TE1 CR Positive

4 5 6

Positive Protection DC Carrier fail/ healthy Positive protection DC

X302-6 X301-5 X301-6

TC 10 TB 1/ TB 3 TB2

Relay Panel

Protection coupler

Distance Relay 21
Trip Send Contact in RP 85X

RP K102
RP K877 Opto coupler

Carrier Receive Relay in RP

RP K173

30X

RP K169

Solid state Contact

Carrier Healthy relay in RP

RP K161 Alarm Contact RP K169

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 35 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

K 169

K 173

K 161 K 102 K 169

K 877

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 36 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 7.5.5 Sr No Compare performance of ABB Make NSD 50 & BPL Make DC 42 Protection coupler Feature BPL Make DC 42 Protection coupler ABB Make NSD 50 Protection coupler Provisions of 4 commands .anyone can be made coded & uncoded. For 1 coded & 1 uncoded we need only one interface. Manual loop testing is possible in all PLCT. Automatic available. False command not observed.

Command Input

Provisions for 4 commands out of which first 2 are uncoded & remaining 2 coded. For 1 coded & 1 uncoded we need two interfaces.

Loop test

Manual loop testing is not possible where LTM feature not working. Automatic not available.

Command received

False received of all command in some couplers without transmission from other end. High failure rate of all modules Module fixing is not proper . Big TB are provided for com. 1 to 4 which make PLCT congested from inside.

4 5

Module failure rate Hardware engg.

Very less There is no problem in insertion of modules. Terminal provided is in order.

7.6 Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


... 7.6

Self - Assessment :
1. The carrier aided protection schemes are provided to EHV lines for simultaneous tripping of ----------------------------------------------- at both the ends. 2. While transmitting the -------------------------- signals, other signals such as speech, data & pilot/dial are disconnected momentarily in the PLCC equipment. 3. Percentage of power in PLCC equipment for transmission of trip command signals is ------ % (circuit breakers, trip command, 100 )

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 37 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

JOB AID -8
Name of Trainee Batch 8.1Title: PLCC Data Modem NSK 5

8.2 Objective:

On completion of this visit / Practical exercise, the trainee will be able to :

t. Identify PLCC Data Modem NSK 5 u. Understand switch & Jumper settings of NSK 5 v. Test & trouble shoot NSK 5

8.3Venue/ Site: Training Center.


[In training locations where the required equipment /set up is not available the same will be carried out through field visit]

8.4Set up/ Equipment Required:


NSK 5 ABB Make ETL 41/42 Panel Level meter, level Oscillator & Multi meter. LATOP /PC Cables

8.5Exercise:
8.5.1. Demonstration by Faculty.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 38 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

8.5.2Identify and locate the different switches & Jumpers available in NSK 5

NSK 5( Switches/Jumpers) Switch S1 Switch S2 Switch S3 CA,CB,CC,CD,CE,CF AH,AF AA,AB

Function

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 39 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 8.5.3 Study the different Switch & Jumper settings of NSK 5 for 405,406,407,601 & Remote SCADA Data Channel Baud speed BW Center frequency Fs Baud 1 405 200 Baud, 480 Hz, 2520120 Hz 406 200 Baud, 480 Hz, 3000120 Hz 407 200 Baud, 480 Hz, 3480120 Hz 601/ 602 2760240 Hz Remote SCADA 1200 Baud, 1640 Hz, 2860400 Hz On On Off On Off Off On Off Off Off On Off Off Off Off On 600 Baud, 960 Hz, On Off On On Off Off Off On On Off On On Off Off Off On Off On On On On Off Off On Off On On On On Off Off On Off On On On Off On Off On Off On On On Off On Off On Off 2 On 3 On Transmit Frequency 4 On 5 Off 6 Off 7 Off 8 On Rx Sensitivity 1 Off 2 On 3 On Receive Frequency 4 On 5 Off 6 Off 7 Off 8 On Setting of S1 Setting of S2

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 40 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 8.5.4 Study Tx level & Rx sensitivity settings for different baud rates. Baud rate, BW, Fs Switch S1 Baud rate Relative Tx level setting (dBm0) Actual measured Tx level (dBu) G4AE,P4LB 1 50Bd 120Hz, 30 Hz 100 Bd 240 Hz60 Hz 200 Bd 360 Hz90 Hz 200 Bd 480 Hz120 Hz 300 Bd 480 Hz,120 Hz 600 Bd 960 Hz240 Hz 1200 V.23 On On Off On Off On On Off Off -8 CB -3 CF 0 CF 1200 + sp On On Off -3 CF 2400 Bd, On On On 0 CF -10 -24 Off Off Off 2400 Bd ETL -13 -27 Off Off On Set automatically -10 -24 Off Off Off None -13 -27 Off Off On None -18 -33 Off On On None Off On On Off On Off Off Off On Off 2 Off 3 Off -14 CD -11 CC -8 CB -18 -33 Off On On None -21 -36 On Off Off None -24 -39 1 On 2 Off 3 On None Receive Sensitivity settings Switch S2 Rx Sensitivity Required equalization filter

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 41 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme 8.5.5. Connect NSK 5(G4AE card) to LAPTOP/PC through 25 Pin connector & Explain procedure of transmission & Reception through Hyper terminal. Write down different steps to start Hyperterminal. Steps to start Hyper terminal 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Click on Start button Click on All programs Click on Accessories Click on Communications Click on Hyper terminal link Hyperterminal window will appear Enter the Name (for e.g. PLCC) Click OK button 7. Then connect to window will appear a) Select connect using option Respective COM port b) Select COM port Right click on My computer icon, click on properties, click on Hardware, click on Device Manager, click on Ports option Check on which COM port USB to serial cab le is connected. Select that particular COM port in the Connect using List box c) Click on OKbutton. 8. Then COM port properties window will appear in that enter i) Bits per second 1200 ii) Flow control- X on/X Off 9. Click on OK button After all the above steps Data flow can be checked through hyper terminals.

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420

Page 42 of 42 Power Line Carrier Communication Basic course for MSETCL, JE INDUCTION LEVEL Training Programme

8.6Learning Outcome : ( to be filled by participants)


...

8.7Self - Assessment :
1.The NSK 5 is a new, fully programmable ------------------------------------------------ (FSK) modem for data transmission over voice grad telecommunication channel. 2.The NSK 5 modem has been designed using ----------------------------------------(DSP) technology. 3.The NSK 5 MODEM is available in two versions -------------------- & --------------------------. G4AF modem includes main & standby line connections for the Tx & Rx. G4AE uses the same printed circuit board as the G4AF but it does not include the standby lines. 4.DIL switch S2 allows the ------------------Sensitivity to be adjusted over a range of 21 dB. 5.The modem transmit level setting depends on the ------------------------. The transmit level of the 600 Bd to 2400 Bd can be set by jumpers. The level of the others needs to be set with the potentiometer. 6.The line termination jumpers must be in positions ----- & --------- . 7.The NSK 5 modem has two special high speed channels that are optimized to work over the ETL These are the 1200 Bd above speech & the ------------Bd channels. 8.When the modem is used for transmitting over an ETL link then the channel center frequency and the -------------------- must be chosen so that it does not interfere with the ETL pilot, NSD 50 protection equipment or speech. 9. The NSK 5 Modem termination impedance can be set on ---------- ohm or a high impedance. 10. The -------- level is set using CA, CB, CC, CD, CE, CF jumpers.

(Frequency Shift Keying, Digital Signal Processing, G4AF,G4AE, receiver, Baudrate, AH, AB,2400, baud rate, 600, transmit)

By S.V.Kulkarni DyEE PLCC Pune email kulkarni.sunildatta@gmail.com Mobile 9405600828/9767104420