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Contents
3


.
()

Sergei Mironov's visit to the Russian State Exploration University


(photo report)

DEVELOPMENT VECTOR

. ., . ., . . 
 :

V. N. Lazhentsev, I. G. Burtseva, I. N. Burtsev. Mineral mining and


processing industries of the Northwest of European Russia: Scientific
and technological development

ROSNEDRA CENTRAL COMMISSION FOR RESERVES: NEWS

13

13

. ., . .

.

(
2009 )


21
23

i
. .

V.I. Voropaev, A.A. Ashikhmin. Approval of norms for mineral mining


losses as a mechanism government regulation in the area of under
ground resources management. Outputs of the analysis of the quali
ty of mine planning and technical documentation for solid mineral
deposit development (based on the findings of the Solid Mineral
Section of the Rosnedra Central Oil and Gas Field Development
Commission in 2009).

OERN NEWS
21

News i Information

23

Shandyrin A. N. The Applied Technology Workshop Sinergy of Sta


tic and Dinamic Modeling

REGULATION OF RELATIONS IN MINERAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT


Methodological Support

24

. ., . .

24

N. M. Emelianova, V. I. Poroskun. Probabilistic assessment of oil


and gas resources of local sites with geological risk analysis

30

30

. .

R. A. Rezvanov. Simple method for approximate evaluation of


bazhenite capacity


36

. .

Foreign practices
36

Yu. A. Agabalyan. On the conceptual grounds of the Classification of


Solid Mineral Deposit Reserves

MINERAL RESERVES AND RESOURCES

40

40

. ., . . 

A. M. Ignatova, M. N. Ignatov. Coarse estimates of the suitability of


mineral resources in the Perm Territory with a view of welding mate
rials production

MINERAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT

43

. .

43

E. V. Kuzmin. On the feasibility of ore caving technology application


in Russian ore mines

45

. ., . ., . .
(
)

45

R. N. Diyashev, R. F. Gainetdinov, R. L. Rakhimov. Probable ways


for Carboniferous deposit development (Stepnoozerskoe oilfield
casestudy)

SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING SUPPORT

50

. .

50

A. S. Fedyanin. Application of geophysical methods for the imple


mentation of strategic tasks in mining

54

. ., . ., . .



54

G. I. Fenin, Yu. I. Zytner, O. V. Chumakova. Analysis of the current


knowledge about conditions for the formation of abnormally high
reservoir pressure in TimanPechora oil and gas province

58

. . 

58

A. V. Malkov. Methods of interpretation of field filtration test data


aimed at the assessment of porosity and permeability characteristics
of aquifers

62

. ., . .

62

E. D. Nikolaev, A. V. Nazarov. Technologies for deep openpit min


ing based on the application of modernized highangle conveyors

65

. ., . .

ECOLOGY
65

D. G. Gospodinov, A. V. Shkarin. Problems of industrial waste water


purification at ore mines

ATTITUDE

73

73

. .

S. N. Zakirov. Good morals and underground resources manage


ment are two peas in a pod

ANNIVERSARY

61

61

( 706 )

Vladimir Golik (the 70th anniversary)

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Mineral mining and processing industries of the Northwest of Euro+
pean Russia: Scientific and technological development
V. N. Lazhentsev, Dr. Sc. (Geol. Mineral.), Corr. Member, RAS, Direc
tor; I. G. Burtseva, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Academic Secretary,
Institute for Socio Economic and Energy Problems of the Komi North
SC UB RAS; I. N. Burtsev, Dr. Sc. (Geol. Mineral.), Deputy Director,
Institute of Geology of the Komi North SC UB RAS
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Institute for Socio+Economic and Energy Problems of the Komi North SC
UB RAS. In the course of this research the authors have identified the
most promising areas of scientific and technological development of the
regional economy including fossil fuel and ore mining industries.
Key words: Komi Republic, mineral mining and processing industries, oil
sector, coal sector, ore mining industry, investigation of mineral reserves
and resources, mineral processing, innovative technologies.

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03.03.2010 . 118.

Approval of norms for mineral mining losses as a mechanism government regulation in the
area of underground resources management. Outputs of the analysis of the quality of mine
planning and technical documentation for solid mineral deposit development (based on the
findings of the Solid Mineral Section of the Rosnedra Central Oil and Gas Field Development
Commission in 2009).
V. I. Voropaev, First Deputy Chairman, Rosnedra Central Oil and Gas Field Development Com
mission, Director of the Solid Mineral Section, Deputy General Director, FGU State Commission
for Reserves ; A. A. Ashikhmin, Academic Secretary, Solid Mineral Section, Rosnedra Central
Oil and Gas Field Development Commission, MSMU professor.
Generalization of experience and findings of the Solid Mineral Section of the Central Oil and Gas Field
Development Commission of the Rosnedra (Federal Agency for Underground Resources Management)
shows that variations of the external and internal parameters, which are inevitably faced with in the
process of implementation of any mineral deposit development project, predetermine the necessity of
any such project updating at least once every 57 years. Such updating is aimed at timely decision+
making on deposit development and corrective measures to be taken (technological refurbishing,
reconstruction and expansion of production) to provide the required competitiveness and capacity to
meet planned objectives, including innovation trends of investment activities.
Moreover, updating of the planning and design documentation is the most important factor of the
assessment the relevance of planned norms of solid mineral mining losses and useful component
losses resulting from mineral processing. Approval of norms of solid mineral mining losses in the
course of finalizing the planning, design and technical documentation and specified norms of losses
in the course of preparation of annual mining plans is an efficient mechanism of government regula+
tion in the area of underground resources management.
Key words: fficient underground resources management; solid minerals; norms of mineral mining loss
es; annual mining plans; feasibility studies for defining cut off grades; norms of useful component
losses resulting from mineral processing; planning and design documentation for mineral deposit
development; government regulation of underground resources management.

=References
1. . ., . ., . . . . .: 
, 2001. = P. L. Vilensskiy, V. N. Lifshits, S. A. Smolyak. Assessment of the efficiency of investment projects. Theory and Practice.
M.: Delo Publishers, 2001 (in Russian).
2. . . // XXI
. 2007. 3. . 2021. = V. I. Voropaev. On the auditing of norms of solid mineral mining losses // NedropolzovanieXXI Vek
Magazine, 2007, 3, pp. 2021 (in Russian).
3.  
( ). . . .
05.06.2007. 37. : , 2007. = Methodological Guidelines on the feasibility studies to define cutoff grades for the esti
mation of reserves of solid mineral deposits (exclusive of coals and oilshales). Issued by FGU State Committee for Reserves.
Approved by the resolution of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia of 05.06.2007. 37p. M.: NP NAEN, 2007 (in Russian).
4. 
(44 ). . . . 05.06.07. 37. .:
, 2007. = Methodological Guidelines on the application of the Classification of solid mineral deposit reserves and prognos
tic resources (44 solid mineral types). Issued by FGU State Committee for Reserves. Approved by the Resolution of the Ministry
of Natural Resources of Russia of 05.06.2007. 37p. M.: NP NAEN, 2007 (in Russian).
5. 2009 2010 .
02.02.2010 . [ ]. .: : . .
, . 2010. : http://www.rosnedra.com/article/297/.html. = Basic findings of the Federal Agency
for Underground Resources Management in 2009 and toppriority objectives for 2010. 02.02.2010 [web source]. M.: website of
the Federal Agency for Underground Resources Management. Information items, 2010. Access via:
http://www.rosnedra.com/article/297/.html.
6. . ., . . 2007 //
XXI . 2008. 1. . 2124. = S. A. Filippov, A. M. Kochergin. On the activities of the Solid Mineral Section, Rosnedra
Central Commission for Reserves in 2007 // Nedropolzovanie XXI Vek Magazine, 2008, 1, pp. 2124 (in Russian).
7. . ., . . 2008 // 
XXI . 2009. 2. . 2229. = S. A. Filippov, A. A. Ashikhmin. Findings of the Solid Mineral Section, Rosnedra
Central Commission for Reserves in 2008 // Nedropolzovanie XXI Vek Magazine, 2009, 2, pp. 2229 (in Russian).
8. . ., . ., . ., . . :
// XXI . 2009. 4. . 5761. =
S. A. Filippov, M. I. Shchadov, A. A. Ashikhmin, V. N. Zelichenko. Solid Mineral Section, Rosnedra Central Commission for Reserves:
Case Studies: auditing of planning and design documentation for coal deposit development // Nedropolzovanie XXI Vek Mag
azine, 2009, 4, pp. 5761 (in Russian).

2 2010

XXI

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() 2007 .
7
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, 7
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.
CRIRSCO (Committee for Mineral Reserves International Reporting Standards)
; , 1994 .
/
, JORC, CIM, SAMREC, SME IMM ( PERC).

. CRIRSCO ,
,
. www.crirsco.com

2 2010

XXI

21

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PERC (Pan+European Reserves and Resources Reporting Committee)


/, 2006 . IMM.
JORC (Australasian Joint Ore Reserves Committee 7
), SAMREC (South African Mineral Resource Committee
) , . CRIRSCO. 2008 . PERC
( www.percreserves.com).


+
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22

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2 2010

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Page 25

F(Q), 
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2
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. 

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f(Q) F(Q)
Q. 


f(Q) F(Q) . 1.


f(Q) F(Q).

, . 2. 
,
. 2,

f (Q)

P0

(1  P0 ) f (Q)

Q = 0;
Q > 0;

F (Q)

(1  P0 ) F (Q)

Q = 0;
Q > 0,

(1)

f(Q) F(Q)
.

. 2. f(Q) F(Q)

2 2010

XXI

25

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Page 26

. 3. , f(Q) F(Q).

f(Q) F(Q)
 .
f(Q) F(Q) . 3.
f(Q) F(Q) 
( )

Q V2 : f(Q)=f ( Q ,V2 );

F(Q) = F(Q ,V2 ).



, 
,

f(Q) F(Q) (1):

Q = (1 0) Q , Q
. 
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'Q, 
, 
: 'Q = 'Q.

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'Q) : P'Q = (1 0) P 'Q.


, 
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,


. 4.

26

XXI

2 2010

. (1)
. 4 , 


(1 0) 
.


,
, 
. 
,

 (
), 
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f(Q), F(Q)
f(Q), F(Q),

(expectation curve) [6]. 
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F(Q) F(Q)) 


 [2, 6].



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. 

. 
Q6

f(Q6) = f ( Q6, V62), F(Q6) = F( Q6, V62),



f( Q L VL2), F(Q L VL2), i = 1,,N.

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Q i 
f(Q6), F(Q6) 

Q 6 V62 :

Q6

Q ,

V62

2
i

(2)

i = 1, , N. 
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Q 6, , (2),



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1

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*(
Q
)

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n
, 
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F2(Q) = F(Q1 + Q2) + F(Q1 + Q3 ) + F(Q2 + Q3), n = 2; 32 = 3;
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(3) (4)
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)
Q 6 
f(Q 6) F(Q 6).
(3),
f(Q6) F(Q 6) 
 . . 5 

F(Q 6) F(Q 6), 
, 
:
F(Q1)= NORM(150,30), F(Q2) = NORM(250,20); F(Q1) =
=NORM(200,30).
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f(Q 6) F(Q 6) 
 


F(Q i ) 0. 
,
(3) (4).




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(4) :

Q6

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0

P Qi
i

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i

n = 1, ..., N; i = 1, ..., N; Qi
F(Qi) 
.


:

Q6

f* (Q) F*(Q)

n 1

P Q6 , i 1,..., N ,

(5)

Q 6 
.
(5) ,

_ 
Q 6 

2 2010

XXI

27

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Page 28




.
[9], 


.


,

.
. 5.
reaming phenom
F(Q6)
enon ( ) [6].
F(Q6)
.


Q 6. 
. 5  . 

(Q 6)

(Q 6) : Q 6 = 600 ,  [6, 10], 

Q 6 = 420 . : )
(2), (5) ) F(Q 6) () [6].
F(Q 6), . 5. ,
. : 
P0N = 0,3 3 = 0,027. ,
(5) . 5 , 
, . .
 . 
, 
, . 

.  (6) 
,  .
.

,
[9]. 



0 = .
= 1 0. 
,  
() N  .
N [8]:

= N/ N .

(6)

( 0 = 1 ), 
, 
(
),
, 

. 

.

. 

28

XXI

2 2010

1. 


;
= (1 0),
0 .
2. , :
i

( ,
= (1 0)) 

, ;

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 29

i 
( 06
Q 6 ) 

( 0) 06 = 0N,
N ;
i 



, .

Probabilistic assessment of oil and gas resources of local


sites with geological risk analysis
N. M. Emelianova, Dr. Sc. (Geol. Mineral.), Senior Research
Associate; V. I. Poroskun, Dr. Sc. (Geol. Mineral.), Division
Director, VNIGNI
The authors describe methods providing for two types of probability esti+
mates of oil and gas resources of local sites (C3 Category) with and with+
out geological risk analysis. Geological risk means a probability of nega+
tive findings of exploration. The article also contains the description of
rules for the summation of the above mentioned two types of probability
estimates. The effect is shown of geological risk analysis on the statisti+
cal characteristics of probability estimates of input resource data and
total resources.
Key words: oil and gas resources, exploration, probability estimates, geo
logical risk.

=References
1. .., . . ( 
)//, . 2004. 7. = N. M. Emelianova,
V. I. Poroskun. Probabilistic method of oil and gas resources estimation and classification (analysis of methodological approach
es) // Geologiya, Geofizika I Razrabotka Neftyanykh I Gazovykh Mestorozhdeniy Magazine. 2004, 7 (in Russian).
2. . ., . . 
. .: , 2000. = L. V. Kalamkarov, M. M. Ellanskiy. Probabilistic approach for oil and gas
occurrence prediction and planning of prospecting and exploration of oil and gas fields. M.: GiGNG, 2000 (in Russian).
3. . ., . . // XXI .
2009, 1. = N. M. Emelianova, V. I. Poroskun. On the economic criterion for the classification of resources // Nedropolzovanie
XXI Vek Magazine. 2009, 1 (in Russian).
4. / . . [ .] // 
 . . XXI . .: , 2007. . 2. = N. M.
Emelianova, V. I. Poroskun. = Principles of the classification and accounts of oil and combustible gas reserves / V. I. Poroskun [et
al.] Information and analysis bulletin. Supplement to Nedropolzovanie XXI Vek Magazine. M.: NP NAEN, 2007, issue 2 (in Russ
ian).
5. . ., . ., . . 
// . 1999. 5, 6. = V. I. Poroskun, M. Yu. Sternin, G. I. Shepelev. Probabilistic assessment of
reserves at early stages of investigation of oil and gas pools // Geologiya Nefti I Gaza Magazine, 1999, 5 and 6 (in Russian).
6. Meisner J. and Demirmen F. The Creaming Method: A Bayesian Procedure to Forecast Future Oil and Gas Discoveries in Mature
Exploration Provinces // Journal of Roy Statist. Soc. Ser. A. 1981. Vol. 144. 1. = Meisner J. and Demirmen F. The Creaming
Method: A Bayesian Procedure to Forecast Future Oil and Gas Discoveries in Mature Exploration Provinces // Journal of Roy
Statist. Soc. Ser. A. 1981. Vol. 144. 1.
7. Crovelli R. A., Balay R. H. A Microcomputer Program for Energy Assessment and Aggrigation Using the Triangular Probability Dis
tribution. // Computers and Geosciences.1991. Vol. 17. 2.
8. . . , : . .: ,
2000. = G. A. Gabrielyants. Geology, prospecting and exploration of oil and gas fields. A Guide for students of vocational schools.
M.: Nedra Publishers, 2000 (in Russian).
9. . . . .: , 1982. = V. I. Shpilman. Quantitative forecast of oil
and gas occurrence. M.: Nedra Publishers, 1982 (in Russian).
10. Lee P. J. and Wang P.C.C. Probabilistic Formulation of a Method for the Evaluation of Petroleum Resources. // Math. Geology.
1983. Vol. 15. 1.

2 2010

XXI

29

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622.276.5.001.42

. . , 2010

. . ,
,
., 7 .

rezvanov ra@pangea.ru
: , 
, , 
, 
, , .




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[1, 2],
, 

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30

XXI

2 2010

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Page 31

.
 ().

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) 

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. [4]

. 

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W = 9,92 6,95lgU+ 1,95(lgU)2 0,2(lgU)3,
U 
. 
[3].
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( , ,
.),  ,
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()
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10000
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2 2010

XXI

31

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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, , 
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2002 . , 2007 .
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32

XXI

2 2010

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Page 33

30; 50; 70 / 
0,58. , 

,
80100 /, 
50 /, 
, 
( , 
, , , 3035 /).
: 
(
); 
. 


. , 
, 
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: 
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30 40 /. 

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 34


, 

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( 3540 /), ( ) 
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.

Simple method for approximate evaluation of bazhenite


capacity
R. A. Rezvanov, Dr. Sc. (Eng.), Chief Expert (ZAO Pangaea)

In terms of composition and physical properties the rocks of Bazhenov


formation differ significantly from typical oil and gas bearing strata,
therefore numerous methods of rock investigation used for oil and gas
petrophysics and well log interpretation are hardly applicable in this case.
The efficiency of typical well log systems and laboratory methods intend+
ed for the investigation of rock sections overlying and underlying this for+
mation is not sufficient for the assessment of numerous parameters,
which present importance for oil and gas experts. Investigation of bazhen+
ites needs elaboration of new approaches, and development of new
research methods. The author offers a method, which seems promising
for the well log+based judgment at least on the probable occurrence of
pay zones and approximate estimation of the formation total capacity.
The method works with the data of standard gamma+ray logging, which
correlates with the organic material content within the interval of bitumi+
nous sediments of Bazhenov formation, and therefore may be an evidence
of oil generating potential, and consequently, of probable productivity of
rocks.
Key words: rocks of Bazhenov formation, oil and gas occurrence, oil
reservoir types, well logging, methods and procedures of research into
bazhenite composition, bituminous sediments, organic material.

=References
1. . ., . . 
. .: , 1978. = B. Yu. Vendelshtein. R. A. Rezvanov. Geophysical methods for estimation of oil and gas reser
voir parameters. M. Nedra, 1978 (in Russian).
2.

// . . . , . . , . . . :
, 1990. = Methodological guidelines on the estimation of volumetric parameters of oil and
gas reservoirs by data of well logging and results of sample core analysis and test drilling of pay zones. // Under
the editorship of B. Yu. Vendelshtein, V. F. Kozyar, G. G. Yatsenko. Kalinin: NPO Soyuzpromgeofizika, 1990 (in
Russian).
3.  / .
. [ .] // . 2001. 4. . 4953. = Assessment of porosity and permeability of com
plicated reservoirs in Bazhenov formation by well logging methods. / under the editorship of B. Yu. Vendelshtein
[et al.] // Geofizika Magazine, 2001, 4, pp. 4953 (in Russian).
4. 
: / . . . , . . . , 1996. = Estimation of volu
metric parameters, composition and mechanical properties of rocks of Bazhenov formation oil and gas fields oper
ated by OAO Surgutneftegaz: Methods and Procedures / under the editorship of V. P. Sonich, V. V. Khabarov.
Tyumen, 1996 (in Russian).

34

XXI

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Page 36


553.042:553.009(100)

. . , 2010

. . ,
., 7 .



.
,
,
, .

,
/ ,
.



Aghabalyan@mail.ru


() /
[1]
,
. 


[2], 1998 . 
*. 
[1].
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, 

()
.
2. 
, () 
,


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[2], 
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(%):
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160.
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36

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()
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: = /. 
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)





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[2, 5, 6].
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) 
,
. 3 W  1 , $ ; H H 
(). W
:
1 , . 
(1) > ( ) 
HW = HW,
: H > H.
(1)
W (1)

2 2010

XXI

37

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Page 38


. 
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>1,5
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W = (lg lg )/(lg H lg H).
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38

XXI

2 2010

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 39


, 

10
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i 


;
()

i , 
, 
;
On the conceptual grounds of the Classification of Solid
Mineral Deposit Reserves
i (), 
Yu. A. Agabalyan, Prof., Dr. Sc. (Eng.)
[3, 4], ,
State Engineering University of Armenia
(
);
The author describes the principal conceptual provisions of the Classifi+
i 
cation of Solid Mineral Deposit Reserves and Prognostic Resources of
;
the Republic of Armenia. In some cases, a comparison is drawn between
this Classification and the United Nations Framework Classification for
i 
Fossil Energy and Mineral Resources.

Key words: reserves/resources of solid minerals, classification, Republic
;
of Armenia, United Nations Framework Classification.
i
4. [2] ,

D
D

=references
1. / .
/ . , 1997. = United Nations Framework Classifica
tion for Fossil Energy and Solid Minerals/ United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Geneva, 1997.
2. /
. , 1998. = Classification of Solid Mineral Deposit Reserves and
Prognostic Resources / State Commission for Mineral Reserves of the Republic of Armenia, Yerevan, 1998 (in Russian).
3. .
 /
. ., 1985. . 1. = Classification of Solid Mineral Deposit Reserves and Prognostic
Resources. Guidance Package on Geological Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Mineral Deposits /State Committee for
Mineral Reserves of the USSR. M., 1985, vol. 1 (in Russian).
4. /
. ., 1997. = Classification of Solid Mineral Deposit Reserves and
Prognostic Resources / State Commission for Mineral Reserves, RF Ministry of Natural Resources. M.,1997 (in Russian).
5. . . .
. . 1997. 12. = Yu. A. Agabalyan. About the Classification of the Reserves
of Solid Mineral Deposits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia. Geosciences. 1997,
12 (in Russian).
6. . . . .: , 1994. = Yu. A. Agabalyan. Theory and practice of
optimal mineral deposit development. M.: Nedra Publishers, 1994 (in Russian).

2 2010

XXI

39

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Page 40

-
621.721:553.041

. . , . . , 2010

. . ,

. . ,
., 7 .



Ignatovaanna2007@rambler.ru


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XXI

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1, 60, 64 ; 1, 2, 3 
; 1, 2, 3

2 2010

XXI

41

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Page 42

3.
, %

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.
Coarse estimates of the suitability
of mineral resources in the Perm
Territory with a view of welding
materials production
A. M. Ignatova, post graduate
student;
M. N. Ignatov, Prof., Dr. Sc. (Eng.)
(Perm State Technical University).
The article discusses search for new raw
material sources for welding applications
and presents coarse estimates of the suit+
ability of mineral resources in the Perm Ter+
ritory for the purpose.
Key words: welding fluxes, processing, min
eral feedstock.

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 43


622.372/274.54

. . , 2010

. .
., 7 .

evgenykuzmin@hotmail.com

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.

2 2010

XXI

43

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 44








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 35 . 
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.
On the feasibility of ore caving technology application in
Russian ore mines
E. V. Kuzmin, Dr. Sc. (Eng.) (Moscow State Mining University)

. 3. :
1 ; 2 ; 3 
; 4 ; 5 
; 6

44

XXI

2 2010

The author reviews some foreign engineering solutions suitable for suc+
cessful development of thick ore deposits with the application of ore cav+
ing methods. The article shows prospects of the application of ore caving
mining methods in conditions of Russian ore mines. Particular emphasis
in the article is made on roof+arch caving control at the first stage of stop+
ing.
Key words: thick ore deposits, ore caving mining methods, roof arch cav
ing, telemetry boreholes, detonating charges of explosives.

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 45


622.276

. . , . . , . . , 2010

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2 2010

XXI

45

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 46

. 
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46

XXI

2 2010

. 2. . D
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NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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13:58

Page 47

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2 2010

XXI

47

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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13:58

Page 48



[5].
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 . 4. k/P:

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= 0,394. , 33 26 % [4]. : 
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48

XXI

2 2010

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 49



( 
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7075 % ( ,
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Probable ways for Carboniferous deposit development


(Stepnoozerskoe oilfield case+study)
R. N. Diyashev, OOO TNG Group
R. L. Rakhimov, R. F. Gainetdinov, OAO Tatnefteotdacha
Stepnoozerskoe oilfield is among small fields occurring in Carboniferous
deposits of Tatarstan with the most unfavourable geological conditions.
The currently applicable development plan (2001) envisages the identifi+
cation of a limited number of independent mining operations, partial appli+
cation of horizontal drilling and reservoir flooding method. The first years
of the field development have shown that the planned development targets
are not achievable. The article describes some outputs of the research
into the problem and probable ways for the improvement of deposit devel+
opment.
Key words: oil field development, Carboniferous deposits, physical and
mathematical modeling, planning of mining operations, displacement effi
ciency, oil recovery factor, methods for the enhancement of oil recovery.



. , 


,
,  
23
, ,
,

.





.


1. Oil&Gas Journal. 2008. Apr. 21. . 4759.
2. . / . .. .
: , 2007. = Oil and gas occurrence in the Republic of Tatarstan. Geology and development of oil fields / Under the
Editorship of R.Kh. Muslimov. Kazan: Fen Publishers, 2007 (in Russian).
3. . ., . . // . 2006. 3. = A. I. Bakirov, I. M. Bakirov.
About the displacement factor. // Neftyanoe Khozyaistvo Magazine, 2006, 3.
4. 
: / . . [ .].
, 2009. = Scoping studies aimed at the feasibility assessment of potentially promising technologies for commercial appli
cation at Stepnogorskoe oil field: VKRO RAEN Report / R. N. Diyashev [et al.]. Bugulma, 2009 (in Russian).
5.)
: / . . [ .]. , 2009. = Scientific and methodological grounding of
promising technologies aimed at the enhancement of oil recovery from reservoirs of Stepnogorskoe oil field: VKRO RAEN
Report / R. N. Diyashev [et al.]. Bugulma, 2009 (in Russian).

2 2010

XXI

49

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13:58

Page 50

-
622.83:622.271

. . , 2010

. . ,
,
. .

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NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 51



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XXI

51

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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13:58

Page 52

. 2. :
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NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 53


. 






.
, 






. 

.
, 







2015 .,

.


,


.
,







; 



; 





.
Application of geophysical methods
for the implementation of strategic
tasks in mining
A. S. Fedyanin, Dr, Sc. (Eng.), Director,
Bureau of Geomechanics (NMMC
Central Mining Administration)
The article describes the results of full+scale
geophysical studies aimed at the identifica+
tion of mechanisms for the formation of fault
structures and prediction of stability, moni+
toring of the pitwall state of a deep opencast
mine and diagnostics of geodynamic activity
of Muruntau deposit operated by Navoi Min+
ing and Metallurgical Company.
Key words: Muruntau opencast mine, engi
neering and geological studies, deformation
processes, laws of development, geodynam
ic model, pitwall stability forecast.

10 2010

2010:
: CNews

Conferences CNews Analytics

:
i 2010 ?
i : ?
i : 2009 ?
i : ?
i ?
:
,
,

, :

,
:
+7 (495) 363:11:57, . 50:35,50:78, 50:77,
e:mail: events@cnews.ru,
, , .

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 54

622.276

. . , . . , . . , 2010

. . ,
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2004 . 20,5 , 2006 . 24,1 ,
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54

XXI

2 2010

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NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 55

: 


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2 2010

XXI

55

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

08.04.2010

13:58

Page 56


(, , 
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,

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,

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.

 
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,

. , , 7084 %

, 4852 %
[9].

1520 5080 . 


56

XXI

2 2010

. , 
 (). 
, 
12 1020 %, 
30 %.

,
, 
. ., . .


.


,

. 
[10, 11]

. [9] 24 
, 18 
(1540 %).
14 , 78 %. 

. , 


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 .

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1. ,
,
Analysis of the current knowledge about conditions for the formation of
abnormally high reservoir pressure in Timan+Pechora oil and gas
province
G. I. Fenin, Dr. (Geol. Mineral.), Research Associate; Yu. I. Zytner, Dr.
(Geol. Mineral.), Senior Research Associate; O. V. Chumakova, Senior
Research Associate (VNIGRI)
The article describes major factors causing the formation of abnormally
high reservoir pressure (AHRP) in Timan+Pechora oil and gas province.
The authors emphasize the fact that pressure prediction is problematic
due, first of all, to the polygenic origin of AHRP, as well as due to the effect
of at least 34 mechanisms (factors) of pressure formation. The authors'
idea of the probable mechanisms of AHRP formation in Timan+Pechora
province is viewed as the one needing further studying, detailed elabora+
tion and refinement.
Key words: Timan Pechora oil and gas province, hydrocarbon accumula
tions, abnormally high reservoir pressure, mechanisms of the formation,
prediction.

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 57

 
.
(
, ,
, ),
.
2. , ,


(, 

, , ,
).
3. , 
,  , 
,
,
, 
,
(, , , 
).

=References
1. . ., . ., . . , , , 
. : , 2005. = M. D. Belonin, V. I. Slavin, D. V. Chilingarov. Abnormally high
reservoir pressure, origin, forecast, problems of hydrocarbon field development. St. Petersburg, Nedra Publishers, 2005 (in Russ
ian).
2. . . :
 . .: , 1973. = B. L. Aleksandrov. Identification and prediction of abnormally high
reservoir pressure by geophysical methods: Scientific and engineering report. M.: VNIIOENG, 1973 (in Russian).
3. . ., . ., . . , 
 // . 1979. 1. . 4851. = B. L. Aleksandrov, L. V. Krysanova,
S. A. Ulyashova. AHRP zones in sections of Vozeiskoe, Usinskoe and Pashninskoe fields of TimanPechora province //
Geologiya Nefti I Gaza Magazine, 1979, 1, pp. 4851 (in Russian).
4. . . 
// . . . 1971. 2. . 7173. = N. M. Nevskaya. The effect of underground waters on
the formation and transformation of fields in TimanPechora province // Izvestiya Vuzov. Geologiya I Razvedka Series, 1971,
2, pp. 7173 (in Russian).
5. . . //
.  . .: , 1979. = N. M. Nevskaya. The
effect of hydrogeological conditions on the location of oil and gas pools in the sedimentary section // Collected articles
Prospects of oil and gas occurrence in TimanPechora province. L.: VNIGRI, 1979 (in Russian).
6.  
. / . . [ .]: . 
 30 3 2008 . : , 2008. . 230239.
= About abnormally high formation pressure worldwide and its peculiar characteristics in TimanPechora province. Lithologic
and geochemical grounds of oil occurrence prediction. / G. I. Frnin [et al.]: Proceedings of the International Scientific Con
ference, 30 June 3 July, 2008, St. Petersburg: VNIGRI, 2008, pp. 230239 (in Russian).
7. 
/ . . [ .]: . 2630 1998 . 
  
. : , 1999. . 61 65. = Application of data on AHRP indication for the assessment of prospects
of oil and gas occurrence in the northern areas of TimanPechora province. / V.E. Aronson [et al.]: Proceedings of the Interna
tional Conference, 2630 October, 1998, Prospects for the development of the fuel and energy reserves and resources in the
Northwestern economic region of the Russian Federation. St. Petersburg: VNIGRI, 1999, pp. 6165 (in Russian).
8. / . . [ .]. .: , 1987. = Pressure of reservoir fluids / A. K. Gurevich [et al.].
L: Nedra Publishers, 1987 (in Russian).
9. ) . ., . ., . .  
 . .: , 1991. . 8. . 37.= A. A.
Ferens)Sorotsky, G. I. Fenin, T. A. Lystseva. Dependence of abnormally high reservoir pressure on neotectonic activity of local structures
of the sedimentary section in the northern part of TimanPechora province. M.: VIEMS, 1991, Issue 8, pp. 37 (in Russian).
10. . . . .: , 1964. =
K. A. Anikiev. Abnormally high reservoir pressure in the interior of oil and gas fields. L: Nedra Publishers, 1964 (in Russian).
11. . . . .:
, 1971. = K. A. Anikiev. Forecast of superhigh reservoir pressure and improvement of deephole prospecting of oil and
gas. L: Nedra Publishers, 1971 (in Russian).

2 2010

XXI

57

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-
622.83:622.271

. . , 2010

. . ,
, . .7.

: ,
, ,
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, , .

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58

XXI

2 2010

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 , [13]:
w S1

wt
w S 2

wt
w S
3
w t

1*

k
w 2 S1 1* w S1

 0 * (S 2  S1 );
r wr
m0P1
w r2

*2

k
k
w 2 S 2 *2 w S2

 0 ( S1  S 2 )  00 * ( S3  S 2 );
r w r m0P*2
m00P 2
w r2

a*3

w S3 a3* w S3
k

 00 ( S 2  S1 ),
w r 2 r w r m00P*3

(1)

S1, S2, S3
t
, r 
; i*, P i* i ,
ai* = kmi/ P i; k0, m0, k00, m00

; km i i 
(. 1).

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 59

,
, .

:

t 0, Si 0, Q 0;

wS
w S1
wS
Q

r
lim r 3 0 lim r 2 
;
t ! 0, lim
r o0
ro 0
ro 0
w
w
w
S
r
r
r
2
km2

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wr
wr

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, 

:
wS
wt

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w 2 S * w S

 b* S,
w r2
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P * m0 m00

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f

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r
W D; ,
4Skm B

(3)

W (D, r/B) ; B

b*
.


( ) [2, 4, 5].
, D
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= 200
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:
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. 1.

2 2010

XXI

59

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. 2. D
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60

()




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,
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NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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( ),
( ).
3. 
.
,
, 
r d 0,2B.
4. 
1015 % 
,
.

Methods of interpretation of field filtration test data aimed at the


assessment of porosity and permeability characteristics of aquifers
A. V. Malkov, Dr. Sc. (Geol. Mineral.), Director OOO Narzan Gidroresursy
The article describes improved methods of interpretation of the field fil+
tration test data aimed at the assessment of porosity and permeability
characteristics of aquifers. The available Theis, Jacob, Hantush methods
are applicable assuming that the feeding aquifer is of unlimited capacity
and no drawdown occurs. Neglecting the drawdown factor for a donor+
aquifer in some cases may result in misinterpretation of hydrodynamic
parameters. The authors propose estimated dependences and methods of
interpretation of field test data taking into account the ultimate capacity
of the donor+aquifer. The accuracy of the methods is estimated at 10 +
15%.
Key words: undergrounds waters, drawdown, filtration tests, aquifer filtra
tion parameters, hydrogeological wells.

=References
1. . ., . ., . . .
.: , 1973. = Borevsky B., Samsonov B., Yazvin L. Methodics of parameters of watercarry horizon according to pumps out.
M.: Nedra, 1973.
2. . . .
.: , 1968. = F. M. Bochever. Theory and practical methods of hydrogeological calculation of useful underground water
reserves. M. Nedra Publishers, 1968 (in Russian).
3. . . . .: , 1988. = I. K. Gavich. Hydrogeodynamics. M.: Nedra Publishers, 1988 (in Russian).
4. : / . . . . .: , 1994. = Computer)aided hydro
geological calculations: Educational aid / Under the editorship of R. S. Shtemgelov. M.: MSU, 1994 (in Russian).
5. . . .: , 1969. = R. De Wiest. Hydrogeology and land hydrology basics.
M.: Mir Publishers, 1969 (in Russian).
6. . . //
. . 2007. 1. . 3134. = A.V. Malkov. Assessment of hydrodynamic parameters of aquifers in condi
tions of overrunning // Izvestiya vyzov. Geologiya i razvedka. 2007. 1. p. 3134 (in Russian).
7. . ., . . .
.: , 2007. = A. V. Malkov, I. M. Pershin. Synthesis of distributed regulators for systems of hydrolithosphere process
control. M.: Nauchny Mir, 2007 (in Russian).

70
, , 
, , , .
. 1962 .  
 ,
. 19661990 . . . , 
, , ,
 . 
, 
, . , . . 
, .
1991 . . .  , 2006 .,
.
.
700 , 35 , , 24
. : 
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. . , , 
. , .

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.
Technologies for deep open+pit mining based on the application of mod+
ernized high+angle conveyors
E. D. Nikolaev, Dr. Sc. (Eng.) Assistant Professor, Chair of Surface Mining
A. V. Nazarov, Senior Lecturer, Chair for Electrical Engineering and Elec
trical Equipment
GOU VPO Siberian State Industrial University
The article describes modernized versions of high+angle conveyors,
which have served a basis for the development of a novel technology for
deep open+pit mining. This technology is able to significantly improve
mining conditions and to enhance the economic efficiency of deep open
pits.
Key words: deep open pits, high angle conveyors, cyclic continuous tech
nology.

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 65

628.3.034.2:622.012

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XXI

69

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XXI


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Problems of industrial waste water


purification in mining industry
D. G. Gospodinov, Dr. Sc.
(Geol. Mineral.), General Director;
A. V. Shkarin, Dr. Sc. (Chem.), Chief
Process Engineer;
ZAO PO Geoekologiya Plyus,
Novosibirsk, Russia
The article discusses the aspects of the
enhancement of purification efficiency of
industrial waste waters in mining industry by
way of combining different technologies. In
particular, for fine purification of mine, spoil+
bank and tailing pond waste waters use is
made of electrochemical treatment of water
in electrical flotation coagulator (EFC) or
ozone treatment of waste waters with subse+
quent afterpurification on sorption and ion+
exchange filters. The authors present data of
the test program of combined fine water
treatment technology providing for the
removal of organic and inorganic contami+
nating agents from surface and underground
waste waters in coal and non+ferrous metal
industries.
Key words: industrial waste waters (IWW),
electrochemical IWW treatment, ozone treat
ment of IWW, sorption filters, ion exchange
filters, afterpurification.

NP21_2_2010_SborkaCopy.qxd

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Page 71

= References
1. /. . [ .]. .: , 1987. = Technology for electrochemical
treatment of water. / S.V. Yakovlev et al. L.: Stroyizdat Publishers, 1987 (in Russian).
2. . . : . .:
, 1971. = E. I. Apeltsina. Electrochemical methods for natural and waste water treatment technology: TsINIS
Review. M.: USSR Gosstroy, 1971 (in Russian).
3. . ., . ., . . . ,
1973. = N. A. Bychin, I. L. Povkh, N. V. Kazimirenko. Research into electrical coagulation methods of mine water purification. Perm,
1973 (in Russian).
4. . .
: .
. ...  . . ., 1993. = V.A. Kolesnikov. Electrical floatation technology and equipment for the removal of heavy met
als and organic impurities from liquid wastes of electrochemical operations, with the utilization of useful components: Author's
abstract of the doctoral dissertation. M., 1993 (in Russian).
5. . . . .: , 1984. = N. V. Keltsev. Basics of adsorption technique. M.: Khimiya
Publishers, 1984 (in Russian).
6. /. . [ .]. : , 1981. . 2940. = Adsorption tech
nology for waste water treatment / A.M. Koganovsky et al. Kiev: Tekhnika Publishers, 1981. pp. 2940 (in Russian).
7. . . . .: , 1982. = A. D. Smirnov. Water purification by sorption. L.: Khimiya Pub
lishers, 1982 (in Russian).
8. . . . : , 1980. = V. D. Grebenyuk. Ionexchange desalination of water. M:
Khimiya Publishers, 1980 (in Russian)
9. . ., . .
//. . V
. , 29 2007 . = D. G. Gospodinov, A. V. Shkarin. Electro
chemical method of regenerating solution production for anion exchangers, and utilization of solutions after regeneration of
anionexchange filters// Collected papers. V International Congress on waste management and environmental protection tech
nologies. Moscow, 29 May, 2007 (in Russian).
10. ,
: . 2176989. . 01.11.2000. .
20.12.2001/: . . , . . , . . , . . . = Electrochemical modular cell for aque
ous solution treatment; an alkali and alkaliearth metal solution electrolytic oxidation product plant: RF Patent 2176989. Appl.
of 01. 11. 2000. Issued 20.12. 2000/ Authors: B. I. Leonov, V. M.Bakhir, Yu. G. Zadorozhny, S. A. Panicheva (in Russian).
11. . . : // .
2009. 3. = V. M. Bakhir. Akvakhlor Plant: an optimal system for water decontamination// Vodosnabzhenie i Kanelizatsiya.
2009, 3 ( 36) (in Russian).
12. /. . [ .]//
. 2005. 1. 3436. = V. V. Semenov et al. Slurry decantation by ferritizing method at galvanic operations //
Ekologiya I Promyshlennost. 2005. 1, pp. 3436 (in Russian).
13. /. . [ .]//. : 
. . 2006. . 1. 113 . = Utilization of slurries at galvanic operations by chelating
method. // O. A. Zavaltseva et al.// Izvestiya Vuzov, SeveroKavkazsky Region. Technicheskie Nauki, 2006, Pril. 1, 113 pp. (in
Russian).
14. . . . 2009. 8. . 6063. = O. A. Zavaltseva. Ecology of Production. 2008, 8. pp. 6063
(in Russian)
15. . ., . . ,
 // . 2010.
1, 2. = D. G. Gospodinov, A. V. Shkarin. Optimization of purification technology for mine, spoil dump, tailing pond waste waters
of copperzinc deposits aimed at the reduction of ecosystem stresses.// Vodosnabzhenie I Kanelizatsiya. 2010, 12, p. 90 (in
Russian).

2 2010

XXI

71

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630032 , . , 2, / 183
/ (383) 353+12+80, . (383)353+73+99
www.geoecology.ru ressbertech@geoecology.ru; ressbertech@ngs.ru

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