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26

SS7

SS7 (Signalling System 7 7, 7)


CCITT. SS7
. ,
,
.
SS7 , OSI.

MTP-2

Message Transfer Part Level 2

MTP-3

Message Transfer Part Level 3

SCCP

Signalling Connection Control Part

DUP

Data User Part

ISUP

ISDN User Part

TUP

Telephone User Part

TCAP

Transaction Capabilities Application Part

MAP

Mobile Application Part

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

448

SS7

SS7
OSI.

INAP

ISUP

IS41/MAP
TUP

VLR

AUC

EIR

HLR

TCAP

B-ISUP
DUP

BSSMAP

GMS/CDMA
DTAP

BSSAP

BTSM

SCCP

LAPD

GPRS

SS
MM
RR
CM/CC
SMS

GTP

UDP
SNDCP
GMM

IP
X.25

SMS
NM

MTP-3

LLC
BSSGP

MTP-2

Frame Relay

V5 PSTN
V5
V5

LAPv5
V5

NS-

V5

MTP-1

SS7 OSI

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

MTP-3

449

MTP-3
Q.704 http://www.itu.ch/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q704_27792.html
MTP-3 (Message Transfer Part Level 3 ,
3) Q.SAAL . MTP-3
.

. ,
,
,
.
MTP-3 .

4
MTP-3


, (
) .
,
.

SCCP ( ).

ISDN

MTP- .


,
.

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

450

SS7

MTP-2
Q.703 http://www.itu.ch/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q703_24110.html
ANSI T1.111 199
MTP-2 (Message Transfer Part Level 2 , 2)
, MTP-3

.
MTP-2 .

BSN (7 )

BIB

FSN (7 )

FIB

LI (6 + 2 )
SIO
SIF
(16 )

MTP-2

BSN
(backward sequence number),

.

BIB
(backward indicator bit).



.

FSN
(forward sequence number).

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

MTP-2

451

FIB
.

LI
(length indicator) ,
.

SIO
(service information octet).

SIF
(signalling information field).


16- ,
.

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

452

SS7

SCCP
Q.713 http://www.itu.ch/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q713_23786.html
ANSI T1.112
SCCP (Signalling Connection Control Part
) MTP-3,

(connection-oriented) (connectionless),
. SCCP MTP-3
OSI.
SCCP .

3-4




SCCP


, .

SSCP.
:
CR
Connection Request ( )
CC
Connection Confirm ( )
CREF
Connection Refused ( )
RLSD
Release ()
RLC
Release Complete ( )
DT1
Data Form 1 (, 1)
DT2
Data Form 2 (, 2)
AK
Data Acknowledgement ( )
UDT
Unidata
RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

SCCP
UDTS
ED
EA
RSR
RSC
ERR
IT
XUDT
XUDTS

453

Unidata Service
Expedited Data ( )
Expedited Data Acknowledgement (
)
Reset Request ( )
Reset Confirm ( )
Protocol Data Unit Error ( PDU)
Inactivity Test ( )
Extended Unidata
Extended Unidata Service


.

.


, ,
.
, .
.
( ) ( ),
.

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

454

SS7

DUP
ITU-T recommendation X.61 (Q.741)
http://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q741.html
DUP (Data User Part - )
, ,
SS7
.
:

, ,
,
.

, ,

,
.

,
, .

14

16

DPS
BIC

28
OPC

TSC

HC

32
BIC

,
, .

14

DPS
HC

16

28
OPC

32


DUP
, .
(message transfer part)
RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

DUP

455

.
DPS, OPC, BIC TSC.

DPS
(Destination Point code).

OPC
- (Originating Point Code).

BIC
(Bearer Identification Code).

TSC
(Time Slot Code).

HC
(heading code), ,
. HC
DUP.

, .
.

0000.

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

456

SS7

ISUP
Q.763 http://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q763_23976.html
ISUP ISDN
SS7. ISUP ,
,
.
ISDN,
ISDN .
ISUP. ISDN
.

ISDN.
ISUP .

3-4

()
()
()
ISUP



,
.
MTP .



( ) /
.


.
ISUP.
.

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

ISUP

Address complete

Answer

Blocking

Blocking acknowledgement

Call progress

Circuit group blocking

Circuit group blocking acknowledgement

Circuit group query @

Circuit group query response @

Circuit group reset

Circuit group reset acknowledgement

Circuit group unblocking

Circuit group unblocking acknowledgement

Charge information @

Confusion

Connect

Continuity

Continuity check request

Facility @

Facility accepted

Facility reject

Forward transfer

Identification request

Identification response

Information @

Information request @

Initial address

Loop back acknowledgement

Network resource management

Overload @

Pass-along @

457

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

458

SS7

Release

Release complete

Reset circuit

Resume

Segmentation

Subsequent address

Suspend

Unblocking

Unblocking acknowledgement

Unequipped CIC @

User Part available

User Part test

User-to-user information

.

.

ISUP
RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

TUP

459

TUP
ITU-T recommendation Q.723
http://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q763_23976.html
TUP (Telephone User Part , )
7 .
,
. , ,
/ .
.
.

DPC

14

OPC

14

CIC

12

TUP

DPC
(destination point code),
, .

OPC
(originating point code),
, .

CIC
(circuit identification code)
, .
- H0 H1. H0
, H1 (
) .

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

460

SS7

TCAP
ITU-T recommendation Q.773
http://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-t/rec/q/q500-999/q773_24880.html
TCAP (Transaction Capabilities Application Part
)

, SCCP,
. TCAP MSU (SCCP-).
TCAP - .
TCAP ,
- ,
;
, ;
,
, .
.

TCAP



. TCAP
. ,
.


.
. , .

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

TCAP

461

, ( )
, .

TCAP
TCAP.
Unidirectional ()
Query with permission ( )
Query without permission ( )
Response ()
Conversation with permission ( )
Conversation without permission ( )
Abort ()

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

462

SS7

MAP
EIA/TIA-41 http://www.tiaonline.org
MAP (Mobile Application Part )

,
. MAP TCAP
(IS-41 GSM).

MSC (mobile switching center),
,
(home location register - HLR).
MAP,
TCAP.
MAP , 4
. .
TCAP,
MAP.

16


MAP


, .
:

AuthenticationDirective

AuthenticationDirectiveForward

AuthenticationFailureReport

AuthenticationRequest

AuthenticationStatusReport

BaseStationChallenge

Blocking

BulkDeregistration

CountRequest
RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

MAP

FacilitiesDirective

FacilitiesDirective2

FacilitiesRelease

FeatureRequest

FlashRequest

HandoffBack

HandoffBack2

HandoffMeasurementRequest

HandoffMeasurementRequest2

HandoffToThird

HandoffToThird2

InformationDirective

InformationForward

InterSystemAnswer

InterSystemPage

InterSystemPage2

InterSystemSetup

LocationRequest

MobileOnChannel

MSInactive

OriginationRequest

QualificationDirective

QualificationRequest

RandomVariableRequest

RedirectionDirective

RedirectionRequest

RegistrationCancellation

RegistrationNotification

RemoteUserInteractionDirective

ResetCircuit

RoutingRequest

463

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com

464

SS7

SMSDeliveryBackward

SMSDeliveryForward

SMSDeliveryPointToPoint

SMSNotification

SMSRequest

TransferToNumberRequest

TrunkTest

TrunkTestDisconnect

Unblocking

UnreliableRoamerDataDirective

UnsolicitedResponse


, .

RADCOM, Ltd., 1999. . BiLiM Systems Ltd., 2000. http://www.bilim.com