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SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS Ateneo School of Law Course Outline Second Semester, SY 2013-2014 Atty. Ronald C.

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PRELIMINARIES Define Action Define Special Proceeding Action v. Special Proceeding Cases: 1) Hagans v. Wislezenus, 42 Phil 880 (1920) 2) Natcher v. Court of Appeals, 366 SCRA 386 (2001) 3) Vda. De Manalo v. Court of Appeals, 349 SCRA 135 (2001) 366 SCRA 752 (2001) JURISDICTION Extent of Jurisdiction BP 129, as amended Cases: 1) Mangaliman v. Gonzales, 36 SCRA 462 (1970) 2) Baybayan v. Aquino, 149 SCRA 185 (1987) 3) Fernandez v. Maravilla, 10 SCRA 589 (1964) 4) Manalo v. Paredes, 47 Phil 938 (1925) RULE 72 - SUBJECT MATTER AND APPLICABILITY OF GENERAL RULES Relate to other provisions of the ROC Case: 1) Fernandez v. Maravilla, supra RULE 73 VENUE AND PROCESS Steps to determine which court has jurisdiction When does the court acquire jurisdiction? Settlement of estate upon dissolution of marriage Presumption of Death - Article 390 to 392 of the CC Cases: 1

1) Salazar v. CFI of Laguna, 64 Phil 78 (1937) 2) Cayetano v. Leonidas, 129 SCRA 522 (1984) 3) In re Kaw Singco, 74 Phil 239 (1943) 4) Garcia Fule v. Court of Appeals, 74 SCRA 189 (1976) 5) Cuenco v. Court of Appeals, 53 SCRA 360 (1973) 6) Ongsingco v. Tan, 97 Phil 330 (1955) 7) Eusebio v. Eusebio, 100 Phil 593 (1956) 8) Sandoval v. Santiago, 83 Phil 784 (1949) 9) Vda. De Manzanero v. CFI of Batangas, 61 Phil 850 (1935) 10) Benedicto v. Javellana, 10 Phil 197 (1908) 11) Casiano v. Maloto, 70 SCRA 232 (1977) 12) Cuizon v. Ramolete, 129 SCRA 495 (1984) 13) Bernardo v. Court of Appeals, 7 SCRA 367 (1963) 14) Uriarte v. CFI of Negros Occidental, 33 SCRA 252 (1970) 15) Del Rosario v. Del Rosario, 67 Phil 652 (1939) 16) Dolar v. Roman Catholic, 68 Phil 727 (1939) 17) Alfonso v. Natividad, 6 Phil 240 (1906) 18) Cruz v. De Jesus, 52 Phil 870 (1929) 19) De la Rama v. De la Rama, 7 Phil 745 (1907) 20) Villacorte v. Mariano, 89 Phil 342 (1951) 21) Calma v. Tanedo, 66 Phil 594 (1938) 22) Ocampo v. Potenciano 89 Phil 160 (1951) 23) Prado v. Natividad, 47 Phil 776 (1925) 24) De la Rama v. De la Rama, 25 Phil 437 (1913) 25) Fulgencio v. Gatchalian, 21 Phil 252 (1912) 26) Lukban v. Republic, 98 Phil 574 (1956) RULE 74 SUMMARY SETTLEMENT OF ESTATES Different modes of intestate settlement Requisites of a valid extrajudicial settlement Nature of summary settlement Requisites for a valid summary settlement of an estate of small value Extrajudicial Settlement v. Summary Settlement Cases: 1) Utulo v. Vda. De Garcia, 66 Phil 302 (1938) 2) Hernandez v. Andal, 78 Phil 196 (1947) 3) Torres v. Torres, 10 SCRA 185 (1964) 4) Arcillas v. Montejo, 26 SCRA 197 (1968) 5) Ermac v. Medelo, 64 SCRA 359 (1975) 6) Carreon v. Agcaoili, 1 SCRA 521 (1961) 7) McMicking v. Sy Conbieng, 21 Phil 211 (1912) 8) Pereira v. Court of Appeals, 174 SCRA 154 (1939) 9) Jerez v. Nietes, 30 SCRA 905 (1969) 2

RULE 75 PRODUCTION OF WILL, ALLOWANCE OF WILL NECESSARY RULE 76 ALLOWANCE OR DISALLOWANCE OF WILLS Nature of probate of a will Effect of allowance or disallowance of a will Jurisdictional requirements for probate of a will Scope of inquiry on proceeding to probate will Proof required on probate hearing Binding force of trial court order allowing or disallowing a will When jurisdiction vest Cases: 1) Fernandez v. Dimagiba, 21 SCRA 428 (1967) 2) Mercado v. Santos, 66 SCRA 215 (1938) 3) Sumilang v. Ramagosa, 21 SCRA 1369 (1967) 4) Balanay v. Martinez, 64 SCRA 452 (1975) 5) Pastor Jr. v. Court of Appeals, 122 SCRA 885 (1983) 6) US v. Chiu Guimco, 36 Phil 917 (1917) 7) Rodriguez v. Borja, 17 SCRA 418 (1966) 8) Teotico v. Del Val, 13 SCRA 406 (1965) 9) Fernando v. Crisostomo, 90 SCRA 585 (1951) 10) Araujo v. Celis, 6 Phil 459 (1906) 11) Lim Billian v. Suntay, 63 Phil 793 (1936) 12) Basa v. Mercado, 61 Phil 632 (1935) 13) De Aranz v. Galing, 161 SCRA 628 (1988) 14) In re Estate of Johnson, 39 Phil 156 (1918) 15) Abut v. Abut, 45 SCRA 326 (1972) 16) Rodelas v. Aranza, 119 SCRA 16 (1982) 17) Gan v. Yap, 104 Phil509 (1958) 18) Gago v. Mamuyac, 49 Phil 902 (1927) 19) Aldanese v. Salutillo, 47 Phil 548 (1925) 20) Cabang v. Delfinado, 34 Phil 291 (1916) 21) Avera v. Garcia, 42 Phil 145 (1921) 22) Solivio v. Court of Appeals, 182 SCRA 119 (1990) 23) Manalo v. Paredes, supra 24) Riera v. Palmaroli, 40 Phil 105 (1919) 25) Manahan v. Manahan, 58 Phil 448 (1933)

RULE 77 ALLOWANCE OF WILL PROVED OUTSIDE OF THE PHILIPPINES Article 815 to 817 of the CC Requisites of probate of a will allowed in a foreign state Cases: 3

1) 2) 3) 4)

Suntay v. Suntay, 95 Phil 500 (1954) Fluemer v. Hix, 54 Phil 610 (1930) Miciano v. Brimo, 50 Phil 867 (1924) Leon & Ghezzi v. Manufacturers Life Insurance Co., 90 Phil 459 (1951)

RULE 78 RULE 85 AND RULE 87 Who may serve as executors and administrators Executor v. Administrator Other ground for disqualification or incompetency When are letters of administration granted Kinds of administrators Interest required to oppose issuance of letters testamentary Special Administrator Bond of executor and administrator Inventory and Appraisal Powers and duties of executor and administrator Accountability and compensation of executor and administrator Action by and against executor and administrator Cases: 1) Guerrero v. Teran, 13 Phil 212 (1909) 2) Navas v. Garcia, 44 Phil 711 (1923) 3) Mercado v. Vda. De Jaen, 64 Phil 75 (1937) 4) Ozaeta v. Pecson and BPI, 93 Phil 416 (1953) 5) De Guzman v. Limcolioc, 68 Phil 673 (1939) 6) Gonzales v. Aguinaldo, 190 SCRA 112 (1990) 7) Johannes v. Harvey, 43 Phil 175 (1922) 8) Gutierrez de Ocampo v. Valera Calderon, 59 Phil 631 9) Trillana v. Crisostomo, 89 Phil 710 10) Gutierrez v. Villegas, 5 SCRA 313 (1962) 11) Duran v. Duran, 20 SCRA 379 12) De Guzman v. Angeles, 162 SCRA 347 (1988) 13) Garcia Fule v. Court of Appeals, supra 14) Roxas v. Pecson, 82 Phil 407 (1948) 15) Pijuan v. Vda. De Gurrea, 18 SCRA 898 (1966) 16) Tan v. Go Chiong Lee, 46 Phil 200 (1924) 17) Lizzarga Hermanos v. Abada, 40 Phil 124 18) Warner Barnes v. Luzon Surety, 95 Phil 924 (1954) 19) Wilson v. Rear, 55 Phil 44 20) Luzon Surety v. Quebral, 127 SCRA 295 (1984) 21) Cosme de Mendoza v. Pacheco, 64 Phil 134 (1937) 22) Gustilo v. Sian, 53 Phil 155 (1929) 23) Degala v. Ceniza and Umipig, 78 Phil 791 24) Chua Tan v Del Rosario, 57 Phil 411 (1932) 25) Adapon v. Maralit, 69 Phil 383 (1940) 26) Moore & Sons Mercantile Co. v. Wagner, 50 Phil 128 (1927) 4

27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 46) 47) 48)

Santero v. CFI of Cavite, 153 SCRA 728 Concepcion Jocson de Hilado v. Nava, 69 Phil 1 (1939) San Diego v. Nombre, 11 SCRA 165 (1964) Jaroda v. Cusi Jr., 28 SCRA 1008 (1969) Garcia v. Escudero, 43 Phil 437 Nicolas v Nicolas, 63 Phil 332 (1936) Uy Tioco v. Imperial, 53 Phil 802 (1928) Dacanay v. gernandez, 53 Phil 824 (1928) Lacson v. Reyes, 182 SCRA 729 (1990) Rosenstock v. Elser, 48 Phil 708 (1925) Joson v. Joson, 2 SCRA 83 Philippine Trust Co. v. Luzon Surety, 2 SCRA 122 (1951) Dela Cruz v. Camon, 16 SCRA 886 (1966) Quirino v. Gorospe, 169 SCRA 702 (1989) Aguas v. Lllemos, 5 SCRA 959 (1962) Melgar v Buenviaje, 179 SCRA 196 (1989) Pajarillo v. IAC, 176 SCRA 340 Bernardo v. CA, 7 SCRA 367 (1963) Guanco v. National Bank, 54 Phil 244 (1930) Alafriz v Mina, 28 Phil 137 (1914) Heirs of Gregoire v. Baker, 51 Phil 75 (1927) Velasquez v. George, 125 SCRA 456 (1983)

RULE 88 PAYMENT OF THE DEBTS OF THE ESTATE Cases: 5) Timbol v. Cano 1 SCRA 1271 6) Jaucian v. Qeurol, 38 Phil 7) Cu Unjieng v. Tiaoqui, 64 Phil 8) Intestate of Januaria Gonzales, 72 Phil 245 9) Echaus v. Blanco, 179 SCRA 704 RULE 89 SALES, MORTGAGES AND OTHER ENCUMBRANCES OF PROPERTY OF DECEDENT Cases: 1) Estate of Gamboa v. Florenza, 12 Phil. 191 2) Boaga v. Soler, 2 SCRA 755 3) Vda. De Celis v Vda. De la Santa, 93 Phil 909 4) De Jesus v. De Jesus, 3 SCRA 548 RULE 90 DISTRIBUTION AND PARTITION OF THE ESTATE Cases: 1) Lopez v. Lopez, 68 Phil 227 2) Heirs of Perfecto Santiesban v. Santiesban, 68 Phil 367 3) Solivio v. CA, 183 SCRA 119 4) Salvador v. Sta. Maria, 20 SCRA 604 5

5) Timbol v. Cano, supra 6) Uriarte v. CFI of Negros Occidental, 33 SCRA 252 RULE 91 ESCHEAT Cases: 1) Municipal Council of Laguna v. Colegio de San Jose, 65 Phil 2) Republic v. IAC, 148 SCRA 271 3) Vicente Tan v. City of Davao, 166 SCRA 73 4) Bermudo v. CA 55 SCRA 8 5) Republic v. CFI of Manila, 165 SCRA 11 RULE 92 GUARDIANSHIP Cases: 1) Francisco v. CA 127 SCRA 371 2) Lavides v. City Court of Lucena, 114 SCRA 187 RULE 93 APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIANS Cases: 1) Encarnacion Lopez Vda. De Baluyot v. Leonor Ines Luciano, 72 SCRA 52 2) Yangco v. CFI of Manila, 21 Phil 184 RULE 94 BONDS OF GUARDIANS Cases: 1) Delfin Nario v. Philippine American Life Insurance Co., 20 SCRA 434 2) Arroyo v. Jungsay, 34 Phil 589 RULE 95 SELLING AND ENCUMBERING PROPERTY OF WARD Cases: 1) De Pua v. San Agustin, 106 SCRA 7 2) Gonzales v. Ordonez-Benitez, 181 SCRA 401 3) Lindain v. CA, 212 SCRA 725 4) Maneclang v. Baun, 208 SCRA 179 RULE 96 GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES OF GUARDIANS Cases: 1) Parco v. CA, 111 SCRA 262 2) Cui v. Piccio, 91 Phil 712 RULE 97 TERMINATIONS OF GUARDIANSHIP Cases: 1) Ypil v. Salas, 89 SCRA 172 6

RULE 98 TRUSTEES Cases: 1) Tiangco v. Francisco, 68 Phil 639 2) Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaro v. de la Pea. 26 Phil 144