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Individual Reaction (Decomposition) 1. Explanation of each compound or molecule involved in the reaction. a. Explain the structure of each compound?

i. Ionic or Covalent bonds? Answer: Potassium Chlorate's molecular geometry is the Triagnol Planar. Dipotassium Dichloride's molecular geometry is linear and Ozone (Trioxygen) is bent. These are all ionic-ally bonded. 1.Are any of the compounds hazardous? b. If yes, what safety precautions should be taken when handling or storing this compound in the lab? c. Where can they be found? d. Any useful applications? Answer: Yes, these compounds are extremely hazardous. (For Potassium Chloride and Potassium chlorate). Where possible, enclose operations and use local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release. (For all three compounds)If local exhaust ventilation or enclosure is not used, respirators should be worn. Wear protective work clothing. Wash thoroughly immediately after exposure to Potassium Chlorate and at the end of the work-shift. Post hazard and warning information in the work area. In addition, as part of an ongoing education and training effort, communicate all information on the health and safety hazards of Potassium Chlorate to potentially exposed workers. (NJ.gov). 2. The word equation. Answer:2KClO3 ! (heat+ MnO2 , these are the Catalysts) ! 3. 2KCl + 3O2" 4. The balanced chemical equation. a. Include the state of matter for each compound. b. Explain how the law of conservation of mass relates to the balance chemical reaction. Answer: The balanced equation is 2KClO3 !2KCl +3O2 .Potassium chloride and Potassium chlorate are solid at room temperature but oxygen is a gas. When balancing an equation (whether adding or taking away) , you really can't take away an oxygen or add an oxygen because it will always be there (law of conservation). A balanced equation simply means that the number of atoms for each element must equal each other on both sides of the equation. This relates to the Law of Conservation of Mass, which states that in a chemical reaction, the mass of the products must equal the mass of the reactants. (Taksreview) 5. Description of the overall reaction. a. How was this reaction discovered? b. When was this reaction discovered? c. Examples of where this reaction commonly occurs. d. Useful applications of this reaction in the world. Answer: At the end of the 18th century, French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet first discovered potassium chlorate . The reaction occurred when he lit fireworks .His discovery ignited a spark under the fireworks industry, allowing their beautiful colors to be properly seen for the first time. This was all thanks to its powerful oxidising abilities. Potassium chlorate, when heated, decomposes to produce oxygen. (rsc.org) 6. List of evidence that this chemical reaction has occurred. a. What observable evidence suggests that this reaction has occurred? b. What evidence proves this chemical reaction has occurred? Answer: You would know if the chemical reaction occurred because two products will be formed. Heat will be produced and then you would noticed that it occurred.

Works Cited

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