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1

KOMHEKCHLE
HHCA
A. A. KHPCAHOB
HCKOB 2002
2
Hena+ae+cx no emennm ia]e(i anie6i n ieoxe+nn,
n e(ainnonno-n:(a+enicioio cone+a H!HH nx. C.M. Knona
Peueuseu1: Meneena H.H., ian(n(a+ ]n:. xa+. nayi,
(onen+ ia]e(i anie6i n ieoxe+nn H!HH nx. C.M. Knona.
Kupcauon A.A.
K435 Koxnneicnie nncna. Hcion: H!HH, 2OO2 - 28 c.
Vne6no-xe+o(nnecine eioxen(annn
(nx caxoc+ox+eninoio n:ynennx +exi Koxnneicnie nncna
n iyce nnnennon anie6i.
K435
H:(ano n an+ocion e(ainnn.
Hcioncinn iocy(ac+nennin
ne(aioinnecinn nnc+n+y+
nx. C.M. Knona, 2OO2
(H!HH nx. C.M.Knona), 2OO2
Kncanon A.A., 2OO2
EEK 517.3
K435
3
1. Houa1ue uucuonoro noua
O(nnx n: noc+enmnx nncnonix xnoec+n xnnxe+cx +no-
wecneo oamypa:oomx :uce:
N
:
{ } ,... 3 , 2 , 1 N .
B nex ncei(a ninonnnxi (na ocnonnix anie6annecinx
(enc+nnx: c:owenue n y+nowenue.
J+o o:nanae+, n+o (nx nm6ix na+yaninix nncen m n n
n m +
n n m
ec+i cnona na+yaninie nncna.
Hn i+ox ninonneni cne(ymmne aicnoxi:
1.
m n n m + +
- ioxxy+a+nnnin :aion cnoennx;
2. ( ) ( ) l n m l n m + + + + - acconna+nnnin :aion cnoennx;
3. m n n m - ioxxy+a+nnnin :aion yxnoennx;
4. ( ) ( ) l n m l n m - acconna+nnnin :aion yxnoennx;
5. ( ) l n l m l n m + + - (nc+n6y+nnnin :aion yxnoennx
o+nocn+enino cnoennx.
Oneannn ninn+annx n (enennx na xnoec+ne na+yani-
nix nncen
N
n o6mex cnynae neeono:nu+o, +ai, nannxe
3-5, 2-2, 4:7, 11:3
ne xnnxm+cx na+yaninixn nncnaxn.
nx ninonnennx (enc+nnx ninn+annx xnoec+no na+yani-
nix nncen
N
acmnxm+ (o +nowecnea ece e:mx :uce:
Z
:
{ } ,... 3 , 2 , 1 , 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 ..., Z .
Uuc:oeoe +nowecneo e tonopo+ eceeoa eono:nu+o onepa-
uu c:owenu u y+nowenu e cooneencneuu c atcuo+a+u 1-5,
a natwe onepau eo:unanu nasoeaenc ro:oox.
Tainx o6a:ox +nowecneo ece e:o :uce: oopasyen
to:to.
nx +oio, n+o6i c(ena+i ninonnnxon oneannm (enennx cne(ye+
(o6ann+i i xnoec+ny ncex nenix nncen
Z
xnoec+no ncex
o6iinonennix (o6en nn(a
4
n
m
,
0 n
,
i(e m n n - non:noninie nenie nncna.
B e:yni+a+e +aioio acmnennx xi nonynnnn +nowecneo
ece paaooa:oomx :uce:
Q
.
Onenn(no, n+o n +aiox xnoec+ne ninonneni (enc+nnx cno-
ennx, yxnoennx, ninn+annx n (enennx nn
0 n
.
Mnowecneo :uce: e tonopo+ eceeoa eono:nu+o oecneu
c:owenu u y+nowenu e cooneencneuu c atcuo+a+u 1-5, a
natwe oecneu eo:unanu u oe:enu npu
0 n
, nasoeaenc
ao:ex pauona:tno :uce:.
Jaxe+nx, n+o xnoec+no nannonaninix nncen nonx ne
o6a:ye+, +ai iai
2 2 2
,
0 2 2
ne xnnxm+cx nann-
onaninixn nncnaxn.
O6re(nnnn xnoec+na annonaninix n nannonaninix
nncen xi nonynnx +nowecneo eemecmeeoomx :uce:
R
io+o-
oe o6a:ye+ none nemec+nennix nncen.
2. Kounuekcume uucua
Honynennoe naxn xnoec+no nemec+nennix nncen
R
ne no-
:nonxe+ nax n:nneia+i ionn n: o+nna+eninix nncen, nann-
xe,
1
,
2
,
4
16
n +.(.
B none nemec+nennix nncen
R
ne a:emnxi yannennx
nn(a
0 1
2
+ x
,
0 16
4
+ x
n +.(.
Hee( xa+exa+nion nc+ana :a(ana: acmnn+i none neme-
c+nennix nncen
R
ny+ex nncoe(nnennx i nexy nonix nncen,
+ainx, n+o6i acmnennoe xnoec+no o6a:onano nncnonoe
none, n io+oox 6ino 6i ncei(a ninonnnxo (enc+nne n:nnene-
nnx ionen.
Kainx e (onno 6i+i i+o none'
5
Bo nenix, ono (onno co(ea+i n ce6e none nemec+nen-
nix nncen
R
. anee, n i+ox none (onno 6i+i emeno yan-
nenne
1
2
x
.
Uuc:o, teaopan tonopoeo paeen -1, oyoe+ ooosna:ant oyt-
eo
i
u nasoe+ eeo xoaxoa eaoaea.
H+ai,
1
2
i
nnn
i 1
.
Tai iai nonoe xnoec+no (onno 6i+i nonex, ono nax(y
c nemec+nennix nncnox
b
n xnnxon e(nnnnen
i
(onno co(e-
a+i nx non:ne(enne
bi
, a +aie n cyxxy
bi a +
,
i(e
R b a,
,
i
- xnnxax e(nnnna.
Hncno
bi a z +
na:onex roxa:ercomx uac:ox n o6o:nannx +nowecneo ece to+-
n:etcno :uce: cnxnonox
C
.
Hncno
R a
na:inae+cx eeecneenno (oecneune:tno)
nac+im ioxnneicnoio nncna
z
n o6o:nanae+cx iai
z a Re
.
Hncno
R b
na:inae+cx toaqquuenno+ npu +nu+o eou-
nue n o6o:nanae+cx iai
z b Im
.
Jaxe+nx, n+o
bi bi + 0
- xnnxoe nncno, a
a i a + 0
- ne-
mec+nennoe nncno.
na ioxnneicnix nncna i b a z
1 1 1
+ n i b a z
2 2 2
+ 6y(ex
cnn+a+i annixn, ecnn anni nx (enc+nn+eninie nac+n n ioi]-
]nnnen+i nn xnnxon e(nnnne, +.e.
2 1
z z
ecnn
6
2 1
a a n
2 1
b b .
nx nemec+nennix nncen xi xoex yc+anonn+i nonx+ne
6onime nnn xenime, nannxe:
9 7 <
,
6 12 >
.
nx neannix ioxnneicnix nncen +aioe coo+nomenne yc-
+anonn+i neni:x. Mi, nannxe, ne xoex cia:a+i n iaiox o+-
nomennn naxo(x+cx (na neannix ioxnneicnix nncna
i 9 6 +
n
i 9 2
.
3. Cuoaeuue kounuekcumx uuceu
Cyxxon (nyx ioxnneicnix nncen i b a z
1 1 1
+ n i b a z
2 2 2
+
6y(ex na:ina+i ioxnneicnoe nncno
( ) ( )i b b a a z
2 1 2 1
+ + + . (1)
Tainx o6a:ox npu c:owenuu oey to+n:etcno :uce: naoo
c:owunt u oecneune:tnoe :acnu u toaqquuenno npu +nu-
+o eounue.
B o6nac+n nemec+nennix nncen nxee+cx nncno nyni, +a-
ioe, n+o
a a + 0
.
B o6nac+n ioxnneicnix nncen +aiym oni 6y(e+ nia+i
i + 0 0
.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) bi a i b a i bi a + + + + + + + 0 0 0 0 .
Koxnneicnoe nncno
bi a
6y(ex na:ina+i nponueono-
:owno+ ioxnneicnoxy nncny
bi a +
.
Hpuuepm.
1) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i 7 7 6 1 5 2 6 5 2 + + + + + + + ,
2) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i + + + + + 7 6 7 2 5 6 2 7 5 ,
3) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i 6 9 2 4 15 6 2 15 4 6 + + ,
7
4) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i 4 9 0 9 4 0 9 4 + + + .
5) Pemn+i yannenne ( ) ( ) i xi y yi x 5 9 2 3 5 + + + .
Cnonn ioxnneicnie nncna n nenon nac+n yannennx no-
nynnx
( ) ( ) i i y x y x 5 9 3 2 5 + + + + .
na ioxnneicnix nncna anni, ecnn anni nx (enc+nn+eni-
nie nac+n n ioi]]nnnen+i nn xnnxon e(nnnne, +.e.

'

+
+
. 5 3
, 9 2 5
y x
y x
He+y(no noia:a+i, n+o emennex (annon cnc+exi yan-
nennn 6y(e+
1 x
n 2 y .
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i
1) ( ) ( ) i i 5 3 6 3 + + , 2) ( ) ( ) i i 3 5 3 2 + + ,
3) ( ) ( ) i i 3 2 4 9 + , 4) ( ) ( ) i 2 3 + ,
5) ( ) ( ) i i 6 1 6 1 + + , 6) ( ) ( ) i i + + + 4 4 ,
7) ( ) ( ) i xi y yi x + + 13 2 3 5 2 ,
8) 7( ) ( ) 3 19 2 2 3 + + + i y yi x .
4. Bmuu1auue kounuekcumx uuceu
Pa:noc+im (nyx ioxnneicnix nncen
i b a z
1 1 1
+ n i b a z
2 2 2
+
oyoe+ nasoeant to+n:etcnoe :uc:o
( ) ( )i b b a a z z z
2 1 2 1 2 1
+ .
8
Hpuuep
1) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i + + + 2 7 6 3 5 7 3 6 5 .
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i
9) ( ) ( ) i i + 9 2 , 1O) ( ) ( ) i i 3 7 2 7 + + ,
11) ( ) ( ) i i 5 3 5 3 + , 12) ( ) ( ) 6 6 i .
5. Yuuoaeuue kounuekcumx uuceu
Ho+e6yex, n+o6i yxnoenne ioxnneicnix nncen
i b a z
1 1 1
+ n i b a z
2 2 2
+
ninonnxnoci no nannny yxnoennx (nynnenon, +.e.
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) .
1
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
2 2
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
2 2 1 1 2 1
i a b b a b b a a
i i b b i a b b a a a
i b a i b a z z z
+ +
+ + +
+ +
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) .
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1
i a b b a b b a a i b a i b a + + + + (2)
Hpuuepm
1) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i 8 27 6 3 5 2 5 3 6 2 5 6 3 2 + + + + ,
2)
( ) ( ) i i i i i i i 2 1 2 1 1 1 1
2
+ + + + + +
,
3)
( ) ( ) 13 9 4 9 6 6 4 3 2 3 2
2
+ + + i i i i i
.
4) Han+n
z
ecnn ( ) i z i 5 1 3 2 .
9
Hyc+i
bi a x +
, +oi(a
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i b a b a bi a i 5 1 2 3 3 2 3 2 + + + + ,
n+o annocnnino cnc+exe yannennn

'

+
+
. 5 2 3
, 1 3 2
b a
b a
Pemennex (annon cnc+exi yannennn 6y(e+
1 a
,
1 b
, +.e.
i z 1
.
Honenx nonynennoe emenne

( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i i i z i 5 1 3 3 2 2 1 3 2 3 2
2
+
.
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i
13)
( )
2
4 7 i +
, 14) ( ) ( ) i i + 5 5 ,
15)
( )
3
1 i +
, 16) ( ) ( ) i i 4 6 4 6 + + ,
17) ( ) 15 2 + i z , 18) ( ) i z i 8 2 2 + .
6. eueuue kounuekcumx uuceu
Coo+nomenne
2
1
z
z
z
6y(ex nonnxa+i n cxicne, n+o
2 1
z z z .
Hyc+i yi x z + , i b a z
1 1 1
+ , i b a z
2 2 2
+ , +oi(a
( ) ( ) i b a i b a yi x z z z
1 1 2 2 2 1
+ + + .
B coo+ne+c+nnn c (2) nocne(nee niaenne :annme+cx +ai:
10
( )i x b y a y b x a i b a
2 2 2 2 1 1
+ + + ,
n+o annocnnino cnc+exe yannennn

'

+

.
,
1 2 2
1 2 2
b y a x b
a y b x a
(*)
Vxnonn nenoe anenc+no (*) na
2
a , a n+oe - na
2
b n cno-
nn nx, nonynnx:
( ) ( )
( ) .
2 1 2 1
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
b b a a x b a
y b a x b y b a x a b y a x b a y b x a
+ +
+ + + +
O+iy(a
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1
b a
b b a a
x
+
+

.
Vxnonn nenoe anenc+no (*) na
2
b , a n+oe - na
2
a n nin-
+x nx, nonynnx:
( ) ( )
( ) .
2 1 2 1
2
2
2
2
2
2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
a b b a y b a
y a x b a y b x b a a y a x b b y b x a

+
O+iy(a
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1
b a
b a a b
y
+

.
Oionna+enino
i
b a
b a a b
b a
b b a a
z
z
z
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1
2
1
+

+
+
+

. (3)
nx ia(oio ioxnneicnoio nncna
i bi a z 0 0 + +
one(e-
nnx oopannoe exy nncno
1
z
, +aioe, n+o
1 0 1
1
+

i z z
.
Hcnoni:yx (3) xi xoex :annca+i
i
b a
b
b a
a
bi a
i
z
z
2 2 2 2
1
0 1 1
+

+
+

. (4)
11
Hpuuep
1) Han+n o+nomenne
i
i
3 2
7 9

,
i i 0 0 3 2 +
.
Hyc+i
( ) ( ) i yi x i yi x
i
i
7 9 3 2
3 2
7 9
+ +

,
+oi(a n coo+ne+c+nnn c (2) :annmex
( ) ( ) i i x y y x 7 9 3 2 3 2 + + ,
n+o annocnnino cnc+exe yannennn

'

+
+
. 7 2 3
, 9 3 2
y x
y x
Pemennex (annon cnc+exi yannennn 6y(e+
3 x
, 1 y .
i
i
i
+

3
3 2
7 9
.
2) Han+n nncno, o6a+noe
i z 3 2 +
.
B coo+ne+c+nnn c (4) nxeex
i
i
i
z
13
3
13
2
3 2
0 1
1

+
+

.
Honenx nonynennin e:yni+a+ yxnoennex:
( ) 1
13
9
13
4
13
9
13
6
13
6
13
4
13
3
13
2
3 2
2 1
+ +

,
_

+

i i i i i z z
.
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i
19)
i
i

+
2
2
, 2O)
i
i
+ 1
4
,
12
21)
i 3 4
5
+
, 22)
i
i 2 3 +
,
23) oia:a+i anenc+no
i
i
i
i
9 17
4 13
3
2

+
.
Han+n nncna o6a+nie (annix:
24)
i z + 2
, 25)
i z 2
,
26)
i z
, 27)
i z 4 3
.
7. Kounuekcuo-conpaaeuume uucua
Koxnneicnoe nncno
bi a z
na:inae+cx conpwenno+ i
ioxnneicnoxy nncny
bi a z +
. Hannxe, nncno
i 5 3 +
conx-
eno nncny
i z 5 3
, nncno
i 2 3
conxeno nncny
i 2 3 +
, nncno
i i 3 0 3
conxeno nncny
i i 3 0 3 +
.
Hyc+i a - non:noninoe nemec+nennoe nncno. Toi(a
a i a i a a + 0 0
,
+.e. :mooe eeecneennoe :uc:o paeno ceoe+y conpwenno+y.
Beno n o6a+noe y+ne(enne: ec:u to+n:etcnoe :uc:o
bi a z +
paeno ceoe+y conpwenno+y to+n:etcno+y :uc:y
bi a z
, n.e.
bi a bi a +
,
no ano :uc:o eeecneennoe. J+o cne(ye+ n: +oio, n+o anen-
c+no (nyx ioxnneicnix nncen
z
n
z
o:nanae+, n+o a a n
0 b b
.
Tainx o6a:ox, us ece to+n:etcno :uce: eeecneennoe
:uc:a u no:tto onu paeno ceou+ conpwenno+ :uc:a+.
Onenn(no, n+o cy++a u npouseeoenue to+n:etcno-conpwen-
no :uce: ecnt :uc:a eeecneennoe.
( ) ( ) a bi a bi a z z 2 + + + , (5)
( ) ( )
2 2
b a bi a bi a z z + +
. (6)
13
He+y(no noia:a+i, n+o
2 1 2 1
z z z z + +
n
2 1 2 1
z z z z
. (7)
Cnonc+no (6) no:nonxe+ nonynn+i nai+nnecinn cnoco6 (e-
nennx ioxnneicnix nncen. Hyc+i
i b a
i b a
z
z
z
2 2
1 1
2
1
+
+

, i i b a 0 0
2 2
+ + .
Vxnonx nncnn+eni n :naxena+eni (annon (o6n na ioxn-
neicno-conxennoe nncno i b a
2 2
, +oi(a
( )( )
( )( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
2 2 2 2
2 2 1 1

b a
i b a a b b b a a
i b a i b a
i b a i b a
z
+
+ +

+
+

,
n+o nexe(nenno nnno(n+ nac i ]oxyne (3)
i
b a
b a a b
b a
b b a a
z
z
z
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1
2
2
2
2
2 1 2 1
2
1
+

+
+
+

.
Hpuuep
1)
( )( )
( )( )
i
i i i
i i
i i
i
i
+
+

+
+ +

+
+

3
13
13 39
9 4
21 14 27 18
3 2 3 2
3 2 7 9
3 2
7 9
.
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i:
28)
i
i
+

3
3
; 29)
i
i
9 2
2 9
+

; 3O)
i
1
;
31)
i
i
i
i

4
7 6
4
5 2
; 32)
i
i
i
i

+
1 7 3
1
;
33)
i
bi a
ai b
ai b
bi a
+

.
14
8. C1eneuu uuuuo euuuum
Henon c+enenim nncna
i
xnnxe+cx caxo i+o nncno, +oi(a:
i i
1
;
1
2
i
;
i i i i
2 3
;
1
3 4
i i i
;
i i i i
4 5
;
1
5 6
i i i
n +ai (anee.
Onenn(no, n+o nn nm6ox
N n
1
4

n
i
;
i i
n

+1 4
;
1
2 4

+ n
i
;
i i
n

+3 4
.
Hpuuepm
1.
1
2 2 24 1 124 26 125
+
+ +
i i i i i i i
.
2.
i i i i i i i i + + + +
+ +
1 1
3 60 2 96 100 63 98 100
.
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i:
34.
56 46 36 26 16 6
i i i i i i + + + + +
.
35.
53 43 33 23 13 3
i i i i i i + + + + +
.
15
36.
3
1
i
.
37. Hn iaiox (enc+nn+eninox nncne a nncno

( ) 5 1 2 3
2 3
+ + i a ai i
6y(e+: a) (enc+nn+eninix; 6) nnc+o xnnxix; n) annix nynm.
9. Ieoue1puueckoe usopaaeuue kounuekcumx uuceu
H: mioninoio iyca xa+exa+nin n:nec+no, n+o neme-
c+nennie nncna xono n:o6aa+i +oniaxn na nncnonon nx-
xon (nc. 1). Hn i+ox ia(oxy nemec+nennoxy nncny coo+-
ne+c+nye+ e(nnc+nennax +onia na nncnonon nxxon.
Mi xoex y+ne(a+i, n+o +nowecneo ece eeecneen-
no :uce: naoounc eo esau+no oonosna:no+ cooneencneuu c
+nowecneo+ ece no:et :uc:oeo np+o.
Koxnneicnoe nncno
bi a z +
xono oxaai+en:o-
na+i ynox(onennon na-
on nemec+nennix nn-
cen ( ) b a, , i(e a - nenoe
nncno,
b
- n+ooe nncno.
Taiym nay nncen xo-
no o+o(ec+nn+i c +on-
ion na nnocioc+n, ecnn
na nen :a(ana cnc+exa
ioo(nna+.
Hannxe: ioxn-
0
2
2
2
5
Pnc. 1.
0
x
y
( ) 2 , 3 A
( ) 2 , 3 A
( ) 1 , 0 B
( ) 0 , 2 C
2
2
3
Pnc. 2.
16
neicnoe nncno
i z 2 3 +
xono o+o(ec+nn+i c +onion ( ) 2 , 3 A ,
io+oym xono n:o6a:n+i na nnocioc+n
XOY
(nc. 2). Koxn-
neicno-conxennoe nncno
i z 2 3
n:o6a:n+cx +onion ( ) 2 , 3 A ,
cnxxe+nnnon +onie ( ) 2 , 3 A o+nocn+enino (enc+nn+eninon ocn.
Tonin ( ) 1 , 0 B n ( ) 0 , 2 C coo+ne+c+nym+ ioxnneicnix nncnax
i z + 0
n
i z 0 2 +
.
Mi xoex y+ne(a+i, n+o +nowecneo ece to+n:etcno
:uce: naoounc eo esau+no oonosna:no+ cooneencneuu c +no-
wecneo+ ece no:et n:octocnu.
Ynpaaueuue
38. Ha:na+i ioxnneicnie nncna, conxennie (annix.
H:o6a:n+i (annie n conxennie i nnx ioxnneicnie nncna
+oniaxn na nnocioc+n:
a)
i + 1
; 6)
i 7 4
; n) 3; i)
i 3
; ()
i 3 1
.
10. Tpurououe1puueckaa qopua kounuekcumx uuceu
C nm6on +onion A nnocioc+n
XOY
xi xoex cnx:a+i a-
(nyc-nei+o
r OA
H

n xi xoex yc+anonn+i n:anxno o(no:nan-


noe coo+ne+c+nne ioxnneicnix nncen ( ) b a z , c xnoec+nox nei-
Pnc. 3.
17
+oon (nc. 3) c ioo(nna+axn ( ) b a, , ecnn nce nei+oi 6ey+
nanano n +onie O c ioo(nna+axn ( ) 0 , 0 .
Onenn(no, n+o
cos r a
, sin r b
n +oi(a
( ) i r bi a z + + sin cos (5)
ec+i +ai na:inaexax npueono+enpu:ecta qop+a ioxnneicno-
io nncna.
Vion 6y(ex na:ina+i apey+enno+ ioxnneicnoio nncna
z
, a
OA r
- eio +ooy:e+.
cno (nc. 3), n+o
2 2
b a r +
,
r
a
cos
,
r
b
sin
,
a
b
tg
.
Hpuuepm
1. Jannca+i n +nionoxe+nnecion ]oxe ioxnneicnie
nncna:
i z + 1
.
Mo(yni i+oio ioxnneicnoio nncna ec+i
2 1 1
2 2
+ r
,
+oi(a
2
1
sin
,
2
1
cos
, o+iy(a
+

k 2
4
. Oionna+enino
:annmex
1
]
1

,
_

,
_

+ k i k i z 2
4
sin 2
4
cos 2 1
, i(e
Z k
.
O6inno n: 6ecionennoio xnoec+na :nanennn aiyxen+a
ioxnneicnoio nncna ni6nam+ +o, io+ooe :ainmneno xe(y
18
0
n
2
. B namex cnynae +ainx :nanennex
xnnxe+cx
4

. Oionna+enino (nc. 4) :ann-


mex

,
_

+
4
sin
4
cos 2 1 i i z
.
2.
i z 3
.
2 1 3 + r
.
2
3
cos
,
2
1
sin
.
C +onnoc+im (o yina, ia+noio
2
, nxeex
0
330
6
11

,
cne(ona+enino, (nc. 5)

,
_


6
11
sin
6
11
cos 2 3 i i z
.
3.
i z
.
1 r
,
0
1
0
cos
,
1
1
1
sin
, o+iy(a
2


n, cne(ona+enino, (nc. 6)
2
sin
2
cos

+

i i z
.
Pnc. 5.
Pnc. 6.
Pnc. 4.
19
4.
3 z
.
3 0 9 + r
,
1
3
3
cos
,
0
3
0
sin
, o+iy(a
0
0
n, cne(o-
na+enino, (nc.7)
( )
o
i z 0 sin 0 cos 3 3
0
+
.
5.
3 z
.
3 r
,
1
3
3
cos


,
0
3
0
sin
, o+iy(a

n, cne(ona-
+enino, (nc. 8) ( ) + sin cos 3 3 i z .
Ynpaaueuua
Jannca+i (annie ioxnneicnie nncna n +nionoxe+nnec-
ion ]oxe, one(ennn nx xo(ynn n aiyxen+i:
39.
i z 3 2 2 +
. 4O.
i z + 3
. 41.
i z 1
.
42.
4 z
. 43.
i z 3
. 44.
i z 2
.
11. Yuuoaeuue u eueuue kounuekcumx uuceu, sanucauumx
n 1purououe1puuecko qopue
Vxnoenne n (enenne ioxnneicnix nncen y(o6nee ninon-
nn+i, ecnn i+n nncna :anncani n +nionoxe+nnecion ]oxe.
Pnc. 7. Pnc. 8.
20
Hyc+i
( )
1 1 1 1
sin cos + i r z , ( )
2 2 2 2
sin cos + i r z ,
+oi(a
( ) ( ) [ ]
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
sin cos + + + i r r z z z ,
a
( ) ( ) [ ]
2 1 2 1
2
1
2
1
sin cos + i
r
r
z
z
z
.
Hpuuepm
1.
( )
0 0
1
130 sin 130 cos 2 i z +
,
( )
0 0
2
230 sin 230 cos 3 i z +
.
( ) 6 360 sin 360 cos 6
0 0
2 1
+ i z z z
.
2.
( )
0 0
1
47 sin 47 cos 5 i z +
,
( )
0 0
2
13 sin 13 cos 4 i z +
.
( ) i i i z z z 3 10 10
2
3
2
1
20 60 sin 60 cos 20
0 0
2 1
+

,
_

+ +
.
3.
( )
0 0
1
150 sin 150 cos 2 i z +
,
( )
0 0
2
105 sin 105 cos 3 i z +
.
( ) ( ) i i i
z
z
z +

,
_

+ + 1
3
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
45 sin 45 cos
3
2
0 0
2
1
.
4.
0 0
1
70 sin 70 cos i z +
,
0 0
2
100 sin 100 cos i z +
.
( ) ( ) i i i
z
z
z
2
1
2
3
30 sin 30 cos 30 sin 30 cos
0 0 0 0
2
1
+
.
21
Ynpaaueuua
Binncnn+i
45.
( ) ( )
0 0 0 0
70 sin 70 cos 5 20 sin 20 cos 3 i i + +
;
46.
( ) ( )
0 0 0 0
80 sin 80 cos 7 40 sin 40 cos 2 i i + +
;
47.
0 0
0 0
40 sin 40 cos
130 sin 130 cos
i
i
+
+
;
48.
( )
( )
0 0
0 0
47 sin 47 cos 5
107 sin 107 cos 2
i
i
+
+
.
Koxnneicno-conxennoe nncno
( ) ( ) ( ) [ ] i r i r bi a z + sin cos sin cos
nxee+ +o+ e xo(yni
r
n no+nnonononin aiyxen+ - .
Hon:ne(enne
( ) ( )
2
sin cos sin cos r i r i r z z +
,
o+iy(a (nx xo(ynx ioxnneicnoio nncna xoex :annca+i
z z r
.
Ec:u +ooy:t to+n:etcnoeo :uc:a paeen eounue ( ) 1 r , no
1 z z
, u, natu+ oopaso+
z z
1
.
Hn nm6ox na+yaninox
N n
( ) [ ] ( ) + + n i n r i r z
n n n
sin cos sin cos
,
nnn
( ) + n i n r z
n n
sin cos
(6)
i+o +ai na:inaexax qop+y:a Myaepa no:nonxmmax naxo(n+i
na+yaninie c+enenn ioxnneicnix nncen.
22
12. Hsnueueuue kopue us kounuekcumx uuceu
He(nononx, n+o ioeni c+enenn n n: ioxnneicnoio nncna
( ) i i r z 0 0 sin cos + + cymec+nye+ n anen ( ) + sin cos i .
Toi(a
( ) [ ] ( ) + + sin cos sin cos i r i
n
.
Hcnoni:yx ]oxyny Myana, nonynnx
( ) [ ] ( ) ( ) + + + sin cos sin cos sin cos i r n i n i
n n
.
Mo(ynn (nyx annix ioxnneicnix nncen, o+nnnnix o+
nynx, anni, a aiyxen+i xoiy+ o+nnna+icx na yion ia+-
nin
2
. Toi(a
r
n

, + k n 2
nnn
n
r
,
n
k +

2
,
i(e
k
- nm6oe nenoe nncno. B nac+noc+n nn:
0 k
n


;
1 k
n n


2
;
2 k
n n


4
;
..............................................;
1 n k
( )
n
n
n

+


1 2
.
Hn ( ) ( ) 2 , 1 , + t + t t n n n k n +.(. 6y(y+ nonyna+icx :nane-
nnx

, o+nnnammnecx o+ nanncannix nime na yini, ia+nie


2
n nniainx nonix ioxnneicnix nncen i+n :nanennx
k
(a+i
23
ne xoiy+. Tainx o6a:ox ia(oe ioxnneicnoe nncno, o+nnnnoe
o+ nynx, nxee+ onno n ionen n -n c+enenn.
H+ai, ecnn +oniio ioeni n -n c+enenn n: ioxnneicnoio nnc-
na ( ) + sin cos i r z cymec+nye+, +o on xoe+ nnnnxa+i nnmi
cne(ymmne n :nanennn:

,
_

n
i
n
r a
n
sin cos
0 ;

,
_

+
+
+

n
i
n
r a
n
2
sin
2
cos
1 ;
.....................................................;
( ) ( )

,
_

+
+
+

n
n
i
n
n
r a
n
n
1 2
sin
1 2
cos
1 .
!eoxe+nnecin nce n :nanennn ionx n -n c+enenn n: ioxn-
neicnoio nncna ( ) + sin cos i r z n:o6aam+cx +oniaxn, ne-
amnxn na oiynoc+n c nen+ox n nanane ioo(nna+, a(nyc
io+oon anen
n
r
.
Hpuuep
1. Han+n nce :nanennx ionx 4-n c+enenn n:
i
.
2
sin
2
cos

+

i i
.
Mo(ynn ncex ionen 4-n c+enenn anni
1 1
4

. Aiyxen+i
6y(y+ nxe+i :nanennx:
8

;
4
2
8

;
4
4
8

;
4
6
8

nnn

8
1
;

8
5
;

8
9
;

8
13
,
24
+oi(a
8
sin
8
cos
0

i a
;
8
5
sin
8
5
cos
1

i a
;
8
9
sin
8
9
cos
2

i a
;
8
13
sin
8
13
cos
3

i a
.
13. Hsnueueuue kopua n - c1eneuu us 1
B (annox cnynae
1 z
n +oi(a
0 0
0 sin 0 cos 1 i +
nnn

+ k i k 2 sin 2 cos 1
, i(e
Z k
,
,... 2 , 1 , 0 t t k
Hyc+i
( ) + sin cos 1 i r
n
. Toi(a no ]oxyne Myana
( ) + n i n r
n
sin cos 1
,
o+iy(a
n
r 1
, n k 2 .
Tainx o6a:ox
1 r
, +ai iai xo(yni ioxnneicnoio nncna -
nemec+nennoe nonon+eninoe nncno;
n
k

2
, +.e.
n
k
i
n
k
n

+

2
sin
2
cos 1
, ,... 2 , 1 , 0 t t k
Hononx
n
k
i
n
k
a
k

2
sin
2
cos
. Hn 1 ,..., 2 , 1 , 0 n k nxeex
1
0
a ,
25
n
i
n
a

+

2
sin
2
cos
1
,
n
i
n
a

+

4
sin
4
cos
2
,
..................................,
( ) ( )
n
n
i
n
n
a
n

+

1 2
sin
1 2
cos
1
.
Hn (yinx :nanennxx
k
xi nonix ionen ne nonynnx, +ai
iai nn
n k
nxeex
0
1
2
sin
2
cos a
n
n
i
n
n
a
n

,
_

,
_

n
i
n
a
2
sin
2
cos
1

( ) ( )
1
1 2
sin
1 2
cos

n
a
n
n
i
n
n
,
2 2

n
a a n +ai (anee.
Mi y6e(nnnci, n+o
n
1
nxee+ onno n a:nnnnix ionen.
Hpuuep
Han+n :nanennx
n
1
nn 6 , 4 , 3 , 2 n .
1.
2 n
. Hxeex (na ionx (nc.9).
1
0
a ,
1
2
2
sin
2
2
cos
1

i a
.
2.
3 n
. Hxeex +n ionx (nc.9).
26
1
0
a ,
2
3 1
3
2
sin
3
2
cos
1
i
i a
+

,
2
3 1
3
4
sin
3
4
cos
2
i
i a

.
3.
4 n
. Hxeex ne+ie ionx (nc.9).
1
0
a ,
i i a

4
2
sin
4
2
cos
1
,
1
4
4
sin
4
4
cos
2

i a
,
i i a

4
6
sin
4
6
cos
3
.
4.
6 n
. Hxeex mec+i ionen (nc.9).
1
0
a ,
2
3 1
6
2
sin
6
2
cos
1
i
i a
+

,
2
3 1
6
4
sin
6
4
cos
2
i
i a
+

,
1
6
6
sin
6
6
cos
3

i a
,
2
3 1
6
8
sin
6
8
cos
4
i
i a

,
2
3 1
6
10
sin
6
10
cos
5
i
i a

.
H: nc.9. nn(no, n+o :nanennx
k
a acnonoeni n nemnnax
nannninoio n -yioninnia, nnncannoio n e(nnnnnym oiy-
noc+i. O(na n: nemnn i+oio n -yioninnia nxee+ ioo(nna+i
(1,O).
Hyc+i
0
a ,
1
a , ...,
1 n
a - ionn n -n c+enenn n: e(nnnni. Lcnn
xi no:ne(ex
1
a n a:nnnnie nenie nonon+eninie c+enenn
n k ,..., 2 , 1
, xi nonynnx no o(noxy a:y nce ionn n: e(nnnni,
+ai iai
1
1
1
a a
,
2
2
1
a a
, ...,
1
1
1

n
n
a a
,
0 1
a a
n

.
27
Ananoinnnix cnonc+nox xoiy+ o6na(a+i n (yine ionn
n: e(nnnni.
Kopent n - cnenenu us eounuo, npu eoseeoenuu tonopoeo
e cnenenu
n k ,..., 2 , 1
no:y:amnc no oono+y pasy ece topnu n -
cnenenu us eounuo, nasoeaenc aepeoopasomx.
Tai nn
4 n
ionn i a
1
n i a
3
xnnxm+cx nenoo6a:-
nixn:
3
1
3
a i a
,
2
2
3
1 a a
,
1
3
3
a i a
,
0
4
3
1 a a
.
Ynpaaueuua
Han+n nce :nanennx (annix ionen:
49.
3
3
. 5O.
3
1 i +
.
51.
4
1
. 52.
0 0
100 sin 100 cos i +
.
53.
3
8i
. 54.
i 4
.
Pnc. 9.
28
u1epa1ypa.
1. !ononnna .H. nnennax anie6a n neio+oie ee nnno-
ennx. M.: Hayia, 1971.
2. Kone+ion L.C., Kone+iona L.C. Anie6a n inexen+a-
nie ]yninnn. M.: Hocnemenne, 1966.
Coepaauue
1. Honx+ne nncnonoio nonx ....................................................... 3
2. Koxnneicnie nncna .............................................................. 4
3. Cnoenne ioxnneicnix nncen ............................................. 6
4. Binn+anne ioxnneicnix nncen ........................................... 7
5. Vxnoenne ioxnneicnix nncen ........................................... 8
6. enenne ioxnneicnix nncen ................................................ 9
7. Koxnneicno-conxennie nncna ....................................... 12
8. C+enenn xnnxon e(nnnni .................................................. 14
9. !eoxe+nnecioe n:o6aenne ioxnneicnix nncen .......... 15
1O. Tnionoxe+nneciax ]oxa ioxnneicnix nncen............. 16
11. Vxnoenne n (enenne ioxnneicnix nncen, :anncannix
n +nionoxe+nnecion ]oxe ............................................ 19
12. H:nnenenne ionen n: ioxnneicnix nncen ....................... 22
13. H:nnenenne ionx n -n c+enenn n: 1 ................................... 24
H:(a+eniciax nnnen:nx H N06024 o+ O9.1O.2OO1 io(a.
Ho(nncano n nena+i 1O.O9.2OO2 i. uoxa+ 6Ox9O/16.
O6rex n:(annx n ycn.nen.n. 1,75. Tna 1OO ii:. Jaia: 328.
Hcioncinn iocy(ac+nennin ne(aioinnecinn nnc+n+y+ nx. C.M.Knona,
18O76O, i. Hcion, nn. ennna, 2.
Pe(ainnonno-n:(a+enicinn o+(en H!HH nx. C.M.Knona,
18O76O, i. Hcion, yn. Cone+ciax, 21, +ene]on 2-86-18.
O1neua1auo n 1unorpaquu rase1m Tonapm u ueum