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Aircraft Inspections

Richard D. Mileham Airworthiness Safety Program Manager Great Lakes Region

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Maintenance Technician and Inspection Authorization Inspection Task


Review of the Inspection tasks will assist you in performing the task of a maintenance technician and Inspection Authorization to the requirements of the Federal Aviation Regulations Recurrent training is the key to your success and the key to maintaining a safe aircraft. Lets take a look at those tasks that we are required to do as a maintenance technician.

INSPECTIONS

Inspections are the most important task that we perform. It is also important that we build a working relationship with the owner and operator aircraft so we can complete the requirements of the inspection to determine that all the airworthiness requirements are met.
It is just as important that the owner/operator understand their responsibility in maintaining the aircraft . Take the
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CUSTOMER RELATIONS... GET IT STRAIGHT

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Explain to the customer the requirement of the inspection and what it is going to take to accomplish the entire inspection. Remember maintenance includes inspection and items found during the inspection must have a corrective action.
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Many times there is a misunderstanding that the owner/operator has an option not to fix discrepancies found during the inspection. The regulation does not allow items to be deferred except in accordance with inoperative equipment procedures. Therefore, once you have determined it to be a discrepancy, a corrective action must be taken. Set it

straight before you start the


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Piper PA46-310P and Cessna 152


Lets take a look at the above aircraft and see what the requirements would be for an inspection of the aircraft to determine that it meets its type design and is in a condition for safe operation.

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REGISTRATION AND AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATES

AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION
UNITED SATES OF AMERICA

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION-FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

STANDARD AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATE


3. AIRCRAFT SERIAL NUMBER

1. NATIONALITY AND REGISTRATION MARKS 2. MANUFACTURER AND MODEL

4. CATEGORY

5. AUTHORITY AND BASIS FOR ISSUANCE This airworthiness certificate is issued pursuant to the Federal aviation Act of 1958 and certifies that, as of the date of issuance, the aircraft to which issued has been inspected and found to conform to the type certificate therefor, to be in a condition for safe operation, and had been shown to meet the requirements of the applicable comprehensive and detailed airworthiness code as provided in Annex 8 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, except as noted herein. Exceptions:

6. TERM AND CONDITIONS Unless sooner surrendered, suspended, revoked, or a termination date is otherwise established by the Administrator, this AIRWORTHINESS certificate is effective as long as the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and ALTERATIONS are performed in accordance with Parts 21, 43, and 91 of the Federal Aviation Regulations, as appropriate, and the aircraft is registered in the United States. DATE OF ISSUANCE FAA REPRESENTATIVE DESIGNATION NUMBER

Any alteration, PRODUCTION, or misuse of this certificate may be punishable by a fine not exceeding $1,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 3 years or both. THIS CERTIFICATE MUST BE DISPLAYED IN THE AIRCRAFT IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS.

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91.203(a)(1)(2)

The first thing we need to do in our research is to determine the aircraft had been registered and that is has an airworthiness certificate.
FAR 91.203 Civil Aircraft: Certification Requirements.

If these are not present, we must inform the owner/operator of their responsibilit
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THE AMT and IA MUST RESEARCH:


MAINTENANCE RECORDS SPECIFICATION OR DATA SHEET AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES THE CURRENT MANUFACTURERS MAINTENANCE MANUAL OR INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONTINUED AIRWORTHINESS.

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FAR 43.13, 15, 16

Maintenance record research is a time consuming task but is a must. It is important to review the work that may have been accomplished since the last inspection. As part of the inspection you will be taking responsibility for the condition of the item being inspected and you want to make sure the work accomplished meets all the regulation and airworthiness requirements. III-12

ARE THESE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED?

TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET PA-46-310P MALIBU

PA-46-310P MALIBU

PA-46-310P MALIBU

PIPER

PIPER

FLIGHT MANUAL

APPROVED EQUIPMENT LIST

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Lets take a look at each of these documents and see what the significance of the documents are to the inspection and how it will be used to determine the aircraft to meet its type design.
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The first document is the Aircraft

Type Data Sheet.


This document provides a listing of all the equipment installed at the time of manufacturing and list optional equipment that could be installed on the aircraft.

Inspection of the aircraft to the type data sheet is a must.


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION A25S0 Revision 1 Piper PA-46-310P December 30, 1983
TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A25SO

This data sheet , which is part of Type Certificate No. A25SO, prescribes conditions and limitations under which the product for, which the type certificate was issued meets the airworthiness requirements of the Federal Aviation Regulations.

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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

Type Certificate Holder; Piper Aircraft Corporation Vero Beach Division Vero Beach, Florida 32960

1.

Model PA-46-310P (Malibu), 6PCLM (Normal Category), Approved September 27, 1983) Engine Teledyne Continental Model TSIO-520-BE Fuel 100/100LL Minimum grade aviation gasoline

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The type data indicates the following information:

Type Data Sheet Number and Revision Aircraft Make and Model Conditions and Limitations Airworthiness Requirements Engines installed Fuel Specification Engine Limits Propeller and Propeller Limits Airspeed Limits
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Engine Limits

For all operations:

2600 RPM and 38 Hg MAP (310 HP), sea level to 24,000 Ft.; 2600 RPM and 35 Hg MAP above 24,00 Ft. 2400 RPM and 31 Hg MAP maximum when leaned to 50 F lean of peak, any altitude. Propeller and

Hartzell, Hub BHC-C2YF-1BF, Blade F8052 ( ) Propeller Limits Pitch: High 38.0 plus/minus 1degree, low 16.0 plus/minus 0.2 at 30 station Diameter: Not over 80, not under 78. Spinner: Hartzell D-4810 or D-4810P 09/91 Governor: Hartzell Model E-5-2

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Airspeed Limits (KIAS) Vne (Never Exceed) 203 KIAS Vno (Maximum Structural Cruise) 173 KIAS Va (Maneuvering 4100 lbs.) 135 KIAS Va (Maneuvering 2450 lbs.) Page No. 1 2 3 4 103 KIAS Vfe (Maximum Rev. No 1 1 1 Flaps Extended) 120 KIAS
09/91
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Type Data Sheet: (Continued)

Airspeed Limits Center of Gravity Ranges Empty Weight Maximum Weight


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December 31, 1983

A25SO Revision 1 Airspeed Limits KIAS

Vlo (Maximum Landing Gear Operation Extension 170 KIAS Retraction 130 KIAS Vle (Maximum Landing Gear Extended) 200 KIA

C.G. Range WT. FWD Limit AFT Limit (Gear Extended) (LBS) IN.S AFT OF DATUM) (IN.S AFT OF DATUM) 4100 143.3 In. 147.1 In. 3680 136.1 In. 147.1 In. 2450 or less 130.7 In. 147.1 In.
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-2-

December 31, 1983

Empty Weight C. G. Range Maximum Weight Takeoff Landing

None

Ramp 4100 lbs. 3900 lbs.

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Type Data Sheet: (Continued)


Number of Seats and their locations Maximum baggage (Forward and Aft) Fuel Capacity (number of Gallons and location) Oil Capacity (number of Quarts and location) Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cabin Operating Altitude Maximum Cabin Operating Pressure III-24

Number of Seats

6 (2 at +177.0)

(2 at +135.5

(2 at + 218.7
Maximum Baggage 100 lbs at + 88.6 (Fwd.) 100 lbs. at + 245.1 (Aft.) Fuel Capacity Oil Capacity 122 gals. (2 wing tanks) at + 149.4 See note 1 for data on fuel system. 8 qts. at + 53.5 See note 1 for data on oil system.

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Maximum Operating Altitude 25,000Ft. Maximum Cabin Operating Pressure Differential Control Surface Aileron Movements Elevator Rudder Elevator Trim Tab Wing Flaps (+1) (+1) (+0.5) (+1,-0) (+1) 5.6PSID

Up Up Left Down Up

18 Down 18 23.5 Down 14.5 26 Right 30 24.5 Up 19 (Elevator Neutral) 0 Down 35

09/91 III-26

Type Data Sheet: (Continued)


Manufacturers Serial Numbers Datum Certification Basis Production Basis Equipment Noise Characteristics Current Weight and Balance Report Placards Life limit items
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December 31, 198

Manufacturers 46-8408001 and up Serial Numbers Datum 100 inches forward of pressure bulkhead. Leveling Means Top or Bottom Fuselage at B.L.-0 (constant section) Certification Basis FAR Part 23 effective February 1, 1965, thru amendment 23-25, effective Mar. 6, 1980; FAR 25.783(e), 25.831(c) and (d) of Amendment 12, effective Aug. 1, 1981. No equivalent safety findings.

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December 31, 198

Production Basis:

Production Certificate No. 206.

Production Limitation: Record issued and the manufacturer authorized to issue airworthiness certificates under the delegation option provisions of FAR 21.

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December 31, 1983

Equipment The basic required equipment prescribed in the applicable airworthiness regulations (see Certification Basis) must be installed in the aircraft for certification. In addition, one of the following items of equipment are required for S/N 46-8408001 and up; AFM Report FT-157, Appendix D approved September 26, 1983 or POH Report VB-1200
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Did you notice that under equipment that the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) or Pilot Operating Handbook (POH) is required.
Therefore, when you are performing the inspection, you need to make sure these
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Noise Characteristics The corrected noise level of the Model PA-46-310P is 74.8 dBA at the Maximum Normal Operating Power at 2600 RPM. The noise level stated above has been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration in noise level test flights conducted in accordance with FAR 36. Noise Standards: Aircraft Type and Airworthiness Certification. The aircraft noise is in compliance with
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A25SO

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December 31, 19

NOTE 1. Current Weight and Balance Report, including list of equipment included in certificated empty weight and loading instructions when necessary, must be provided for each aircraft at the time of original certification. The certified empty weight and corresponding center of gravity locations must include undrainable system oil (not included in oil capacity) and unusable fuel as noted below Fuel 09/91 -END12 lbs. at (+152.37) Oil 2.8 lbs. at (53.5) III-33

A25SO

-4-

December 31, 1983

NOTE 2. All placards required in the POH and AFM must be installed in the appropriate locations. The following placards must be displayed in clear view of the pilot: The markings and placards installed in this airplane contain operating limitations which must be complied with when operating this airplane in the normal category. Other operating limitations which must be complied with when operating this airplane in this category are contained in the airplane flight manual. No aerobatic maneuvers, including spins, approved.

NOTE 3. The life limit of the fuselage assembly, P/N is 82250 is 10,145 hours. The life limit of the wing assemble, P/N 831000 is 15,580 hours.
-ENDIII-34

09/91

Equipment Lists are needed to determine what is installed on the aircraft that is not included on the Type Data Sheet.

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The following equipment list is a comprehensive list of all Cessna equipment available for this airplane. A separate equipment list of items installed in your specific airplane is provided in your aircraft file. The following list and the specific list for your airplane have a similar order of listing. This equipment list provides the following information:
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An item number gives the identification number of the item. Each number is prefixed with a letter which identifies the descriptive grouping (example: A. Powerplant & Accessories) under which it is listed. Suffix letters identify the equipment as a required item, a standard item or an optional item. Suffix letters are as follows:
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- R= required items of equipment for FAA certification - S= standard equipment items - O= optional equipment items replacing required or standard items - A= optional equipment items which are in addition to required or standard items A reference drawing column provides the drawing number for the item.

CESSNA MODEL 152

EQUIPMENT LIST

SECTION 6 WEIGHT & BALANCE/ EQUIPMENT LIST

The following equipment list is a comprehensive list of all Cessna

equipment available for this airplane. A separate equipment list of items installed in your specific airplane is provided in your aircraft file. The following list and the specific list for your airplane have a similar order of listing.
This equipment list provides the following information:
An item number gives the identification number of the item. Each number is prefixed with a letter which identifies the descriptive grouping (example: A. Powerplant & Accessories) under which it is listed. Suffix letters identify the equipment as a required item, a standard item or an optional item. Suffix letters are as follows: -R= required items of equipment for FAA certification

-S= standard equipment items -O= optional equipment items replacing required or standard items -A= optional equipment items which are in addition to required or standard items
III-39 A reference drawing column provides the drawing number for the item.

ITEM NO

EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION


AMMETER

REF WT ARM DRAWING LBS INS


S-1320-5 0.5 18.0

D19-R

D25-A

CLOCK INSTALLATION

0400341

0.4 14.4

D67-A

RECORDER, ENGINE HOUR METER

0401017

0.6

5.2

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ITEM NO

EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION

REF WT ARM DRAWING LBS INS

E. CABIN ACCOMMODATIONS
E05-R SEAT, PILOT INDIVIDUAL SLIDING SEAT, VERTICALLY ADJUSTABLE, PILOT SEAT, COPILOT INDIVIDUAL SLIDING 0414070 11.1 45.2

E05-O

0414071

13.6

45.2

E07-S

0414070

11.1

45.2

E07-O

SEAT, VERTICALLY ADJUSTABLE, COPILOT

0414071

13.6

45.2

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NOTE
If additional equipment is to be installed, it must be done in accordance with the reference drawing, accessory kit instructions, or a separate FAA approval.

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A complete equipment list will also assist in the task of accomplishing a weight and balance, Airworthiness Directive review and compliance listing.
If your aircraft does not have a current equipment list it is impossible to know all the equipment make, model and serial numbers of the equipment installed.
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Airworthiness Directives
Lets take a look at Airworthiness Directives and the compliance requirements. Guidance and information can be found in AC39-7C Airworthiness Directives Airworthiness Directives are mandatory and it is the responsibility of the owner/operator to assure the ADs are complied with. Additionally, the maintenance technician performing an inspection is responsible to see the ADs are complied with. III-44

Airworthiness Directives
The person performing the compliance of an airworthiness directive is responsible to assure all airworthiness requirements are met. Airworthiness Directive research is a must when performing any inspection.
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ISSUANCE OF AD SUMMARY EFFECTIVE 1990 CHANGES


BOOK 1, SMALL AIRCRAFT AND ALL ROTORCRAFT BETWEEN THE 1940S AND 1979 (STILL IN EFFECT) BOOK 2, SMALL AIRCRAFT AND ALL ROTORCRAFT ADS BEGINNING WITH 1980 TO PRESENT BOOK 1, LARGE AIRCRAFT BETWEEN THE 1940S AND 1979 (STILL IN EFFECT) BOOK 2, LARGE AIRCRAFT ADS BEGINNING WITH 1980 TO PRESENT

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AC 39-6

AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES ARE ISSUED WHEN...


AN UNSAFE CONDITION EXISTS IN A PRODUCT,

AND
THAT CONDITION IS LIKELY TO EXIST OR DEVELOP IN OTHER PRODUCTS OF THE SAME TYPE DESIGN.
III-47 FAR 39.1

AD CATEGORIES
EMERGENCY ADs NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING

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LETS LOOK AT AN

AD

A LITTLE CLOSER
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ADS HAVE 3 MAIN SECTIONS THE NUMBER APPLICABILITY COMPLIANCE PERIOD


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BASIC ELEMENTS OF AN AD NUMBER

87
YEAR OF ORIGINAL ISSUANCE
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03
BIWEEKLY PERIOD OF ORIGINAL ISSUANCE

10
SEQUENTIAL NUMBER ASSIGNED TO EACH AD IN THE BIWEEKLY PERIOD

AD NUMBERING INCLUDES TWO SUPPLEMENTAL ELEMENTS


1. THE R NUMBER INDICATES THE NUMBER OF TIMES THE AD HAS BEEN REVISED 78-09FOR EXAMPLE:

07 R3

AD 78-09-07 R3 HAS BEEN REVISED THREE TIMES.


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AD NUMBERING INCLUDES TWO SUPPLEMENTAL ELEMENTS


2. A T WHICH PRECEDES THE AD NUMBER MEANS THE AD WAS TELEGRAPHED TO THE OWNER OPERATOR OF THE UNSAFE PRODUCT. NOTE:

92-02-51

THE LAST TWO SEQUENTIAL NUMBERS OF THE TELEGRAPHIC AD BEGIN WITH THE NUMBER 51 AND CONTINUE IN ASCENDING ORDER
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IMPORTANT FACT

A REVISED AD MAY INCLUDE ADDITIONAL MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES THAT WERE NOT REQUIRED IN THE ORIGINAL AD. THE INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE COMPLIED WITH AND THE REVISED AD BE SIGNED OFF EVEN THOUGH THE ORIGINAL AD WAS A ONETIME COMPLIANCE AD.

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AD APPLICABILITY
A STATEMENT IN THE AD WHICH SPECIFIES THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE AD APPLIES.

THE AVIATION PRODUCT IS USUALLY IDENTIFIED BY MAKE, MODEL, OR SERIAL NUMBER

III-55

REMEMBER
NOT ALL ADS ARE WRITTEN WITH A ONE TIME COMPLIANCE ACTION!!! MANY ADS HAVE RECURRING OR REPETITIVE COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS DUE TO THE NATURE OF THE UNSAFE CONDITION.
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AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES
CHECK CURRENT SUMMARY FOR ADS APPLICABLE TO AIRCRAFT, ENGINE, PROPELLER, AND APPLIANCES

91.417(a)(2)(v) STATUS OF ADS


METHOD OF COMPLIANCE AD NUMBER REVISION DATE RECURRING AD TIME/DATE DUE

Use of an AD Compliance listing is recommended.


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AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVE COMPLIANCE LIST


N_______________
AIRCRAFT, ENGINE, PROPELLER, ROTOR, OR APPLIANCE Make_________ Model__________ S/N_________
O N E T I M E
R E C U R R I N G

AD NO.

REV. APPLICABLE S.B. DATE OR SUBJECT

DATE AND METHOD OF HOURS AT COMPLIANCE COMPLIANCE

NEXT COMP AUTHORIZED DUE DATE SIGNATURE HRS/CYCLE AND NUMBER

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Airworthiness Directives may include specific language as to how compliance with the AD is to be performed.
Be sure to read the AD very close to determine the action required and if you have questions pertaining to the AD contact the person at the phone number located at the end of the AD.
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85-20-01 XXXXXX: Letter issued September 27, 1985. Applies to XXXXXX Model...... (a) Prior to further flight: 1) Deactivate... 2) Fabricate... (b) Within 25 hours... (c) The requirements of paragraph (a)... (d) The airplane may be flown in accordance with FAR 21.197 to a location where this AD may be accomplished, providing the cabin heat is not used during flight.

(e) An equivalent method of compliance may be used...


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WHAT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES? 100 HOUR INSPECTIONS ANNUAL INSPECTIONS

PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS
OTHER REQUIRED OR APPROVED INSPECTIONS AS APPROPRIATE
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IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO DETERMINE BY INSPECTION OF THE AIRCRAFT RECORDS AND AIRCRAFT THAT COMPLIANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE ADS HAS BEEN ACCOMPLISHED.
ANY NONCOMPLIANCE SHOULD BE REPORTED TO THE AIRCRAFT OWNER. IT IS THE OWNERS RESPONSIBILITY FOR AD COMPLIANCE
III-62 FAR 43.15(a)(1), 43.11(b), 91.403(a)

ARE MANUFACTURER SERVICE BULLETINS MANDATORY???


III-63

IF THE FAA DETERMINED THE SERVICE BULLETIN SHOULD BECOME MANDATORY BY LAW, THEN IT WILL BE ADDED TO THE
AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVE REVISION TO TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET REVISION TO AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL OPERATION SPECIFICATIONS

MANUFACTURERS INSPECTION PROGRAM


III-64 PREAMBLE TO 135.421

AIRCRAFT INSPECTION PROGRAMS


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ANNUAL INSPECTIONS
REQUIRED FOR FAR PART 91 AND SOME AIR CARRIER OPERATORS REQUIRED EVERY 12 CALENDAR MONTHS REPAIR STATIONS, AIR CARRIERS, OR THE HOLDER OF AN IA MUST PERFORM THE INSPECTION PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH FAR PART 43 AND APPENDIX D OF FAR 43

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FAR 43.7, 13, 15, 91.409

100 HOUR INSPECTIONS


+ REQUIRED FOR AIRCRAFT THAT OPERATE FOR HIRE + AN A&P MECHANIC OR REPAIR STATION MAY PERFORM THE INSPECTION + SIMILAR IN SCOPE AND DETAIL TO THE ANNUAL INSPECTION

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FAR 91.409(b) 43.3

PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS
* WRITTEN REQUEST MUST BE SUBMITTED TO THE FAA * MANUFACTURER, REPAIR STATION WITH AIRFRAME RATING OR A&P MECHANIC WITH AN INSPECTION AUTHORIZATION MAY SUPERVISE OR CONDUCT THE INSPECTION * PROVIDE A CURRENT INSPECTION PROCEDURES MANUAL WHICH EXPLAINS: * THE INSPECTION * WHO IS RESPONSIBLE * HOW RECORDS ARE MAINTAINED * SCHEDULE OF INSPECTION INTERVALS III-68 FAR 43.3, 91.409(b),(d)

PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS
COMPLETE INSPECTION IN 12 MONTHS

IF THE PROGRESSIVE INSPECTION IS DISCONTINUED, THE OWNER/OPERATOR SHALL NOTIFY THE LOCAL FAA OFFICE

III-69

FAR 91.409(d)

PROGRESSIVE INSPECTIONS
Inspection schedule must insure compliance with all applicable FAA Specifications, type certificate data sheets, airworthiness directives and other approved data. After the discontinuance of the progressive inspection the next annual inspection is due 12 calendar months after the last complete inspection.

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FAR 91.409(d)

FAR PART 135 PROGRAMS


AIRCRAFT WITH NINE OR LESS SEATS 100-HOUR/ANNUAL

APPROVED AIRCRAFT INSPECTION PROGRAM


PROGRESSIVE INSPECTION

III-71

FAR 135.411(a)(1), 135.419

INSPECTION Requirements
Each person performing an inspection required by Part 91, 123,125, or 135 shall perform the inspection as to determine whether the aircraft or portions thereof under inspection , meets all applicable airworthiness requirements.
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Inspection Requirements
Each person performing an inspection or maintenance specified in an Airworthiness Limitation section of the manufacturers maintenance manual or Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall perform the inspection and other maintenance in accordance with that section or in accordance with the operation specifications.
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INSPECTION CHECKLIST
Each person performing a 100 hour/annual inspection inspection shall use a checklist while performing the inspection, May be the persons own design One provided by the manufacturer One obtained from another source Must include the scope and detail of the items in Appendix D of Part 43
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Inspection Requirements
If the inspection is provided for FAR 123, 125 or 135 or 91.409e you must perform that inspection in accordance with the instructions and procedures set forth in the inspection program for the aircraft being inspected.
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Inspection Records
Records of the 100-hour, annual, progressive and other required or approved inspections for each aircraft (including the airframe) and each engine, propeller, rotor and appliance of the aircraft , the records must include: A description of the work performed. The date the work was completed. The signature and certificate number of the person approving the aircraft for return to service.
III-76

Inspection Records
Must contain the following information: The total time in service of each engine, each propeller and each rotor. The current status of life-limited parts of each airframe ,engine, each propeller, and each rotor. The time since overhaul of all items installed on the aircraft which are required to be overhauled on a specified time basis.
III-77

Inspection Records
The current inspection status of the aircraft, including the time since the last inspection required by the inspection program under which the aircraft and its appliances are maintained. The current status of applicable airworthiness directives (AD) including for each, the method of compliance, the AD number, and revision date. If the AD involves recurring action, the time and date when when the next action is required.
III-78

Inspection Records
Except for a progressive inspection, if the aircraft was found to be airworthy and approved for return to service the record entry must include the following or similar worded statement : I certify that this aircraft has been inspected in accordance with (insert type) inspection and was determined to be in an airworthy condition.
III-79

UNAIRWORTHY

III-80

Inspection Records
Except for progressive inspections, if the aircraft is not approved for return to service because of needed maintenance, noncompliance with applicable specifications, airworthiness directives, or other approved data - the record must include the following or similar worded statement: I certify that this aircraft has been inspected in accordance with (insert type) inspection and a list of discrepancies has been provided for the aircraft owner or operator.
III-81

Inspection Records
For progressive inspections, the following or similarly worded statement: I certify that this aircraft has been inspected in accordance with a progressive inspection program, a routine inspection of (identify aircraft or component) and a detailed inspection of (Identify components) were performed and the (aircraft or components) are (approved or disapproved) for return to service.

If disapproved, the entry will further state,

and a list of discrepancies have been provided to the owner/operator.

III-82

Aircraft Inspections
The End

III-83