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# . .

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13
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14
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15
.

-
() d hoc
..
..
- ..
()...
-
?

2
7
8
11
13
15
17
18
21
22

....

25

..

28

..

30

33

37

1.
( , ,
) ,
( ).
,
. , -,
, ,
.
1996 Excel,

(, N = 3.491.888.400 1920
, Excel).
, ( )
.
(
) , ,
, . :
, (
) .
1998
, 1000
.
( ),
.
, ,
(),
. 4
,
, ( )

() 14-.
(-),
, ,
, 20- , ,
( 19-

-). 14
, , ,
, .
(
),
, 16
,
,
()
()
, , ,
(- ) ,
, .
, (
,
, ). -: 1982

(, ),
( , ,
, , , ).

( I ), 1992
,
, (),
,
( : 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, )
, (
) ().
: 1,

( )
( )
( ,
).
,

, - (
, ).
2013 ,
, ,
(1 )
(, 2,718
e^e 15,15).
t lnN, , lnN
[1; N],
lnN .
t lnlnN ,
.
, 137,
- ,
(13,798 . ) t 1/ 137 (
), 1 100.688.871 .

.
, V lnN/lnlnN
(299.792.458 /)
t 1/ ( ). -
() : 1
3,9945*10^34 ( 25 ).
(
N)
: N ~ 10^61 ( )
N ~ 10^(10^59),
.
(11.2013),
, , .

(,
..) ,
-, ,
, .
,

,
.
( ,
) : 1, (1+1);
(1+1+1); (1+1+1+1);
.
.
, .
,

. ( )
,
.
, (,
),
. ,
,

, , ,
,
, . ,

,
( , ),
?
,
(
- ).
. ,
,
.
, (, ,
, )
(
, , ).

,
, . - (
)
, ,
( ), ,
. , ).
, ,
( ?)
(- ). -
, , , .
(-
. -, )

2. -

- () N.
( )
N ( = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, )
() ( + 1).
,
() ,
,
( , ).
,
N = E*lnE ( =
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ), ,
( ) ,
(
, . . 3). , - ()
,

.
,
: t lnlnN,
( ). -
: t
1/ 137 (13,798 .
), 1 100.688.871 .
()
. , -

N = e 2,718 ()
N e^(e^137) 10^(10^59). ,
- - ()
(), 1 3,9945*10^34 (
25 ).

3. () d hoc
(t lnlnN),
-:
M [1 + 0,5/e^(0,5*t)]*(1 + e^t t).
(3.1)
, ,
: t = 0 ( N = = 2,718) (3.1)
= 3, (),
(N = 2, 3, 5)
1, 2, 2. , N
( )
.
(3.1) , t = 0 t 0,27010785 (
N 3,7065657) - 2,93 (
), - (
?). , (3.1) .
,
. ,
, ( )
,
.
d hoc.
(d hoc ) ,
, ,

-
. ,
()
,
, ,
, .
[ ,
() , , .
, ().]

- ,
, ,
(3.1), , :
t = 1 ( N = e^e 15,15) 3,5426 ,
: t = 100.688.871
M 88 . ()
,
(t)
.
(t = 100.688.871 !)
, , ,
- ( ) ( V
lnN/lnlnN e^t/t) . t =
1 ( N = e^e 15,15)
: V = Vmin = e = 2,718 / 3,42*10^
49 / ( , ),
t V
, () t = 0,
V e^t/t = e^0/0 = 1/0 . V
( t = 0),
t 17,6 ( N
0,000000000000555%) V
V 2,3*10^35 / ( 1
), t = 0 V
. , , N < e^e V
lnN/lnlnN e^t/t ,
, , 1
(. , 11).

10

, , ,
( , , , )

. ,
()
(
, , , , ..),
,
, ,
( ).
, d hoc,
(3.1) t < 1 ( ).
, - ()
t lnlnN (N e)
.
(N) :
N = 3 ( = 2) 26-
N = 101 ( = 26).
( ) lnE
0,6544*exp(1,0509*t),
() N t lnlnN:
E exp[0,6544*exp(1,0509*t)].
(3.2)
, (3.2),
( ) :
N 1,1409*E^1,3766,
(3.3)
- ()
( ):
M 1,1409*[(E + 1)^1,3766 E^1,3766],
(3.4)
(3.2). ,
- 25- ( N = 3
N = 101), t.
25- ,
:
1,3892*t^3 1,6192*t^2 + 1,3671*t + 2,1065. (3.5)

11

(3.5), ,
-,
, (3.5)
d hoc. N = 2
1,32, N = 3 2,22 . . (-
), N = 43 -
,
7

- ( )

(M ')

- ("")

4
3
2
1

N ( )

0
3

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

43

45

47

49

51

53

55

57

59

. 3.1. N ( N e 2,718)

(3.1), N.
, () :
(41676*t^2 32384*t + 13671)/10000,
(3.6)
, ,
. - (X M/M),
,
.
, ,
, . 3.1.
4.

12

( ),
. .
,
2,718, (1; )
().
N, ,
2,718 ,

= N/lnN ( N = e = e/lne = e).
,
N ( = N/lnN)
( ) ( = /ln).
N
, [e; N]
, N (
). ,
(,
) , ,
:
( ) ()
?
( ),
,
, ,
( ).
,
( ) .

13

N,
() : = /ln = N/lnN.
, (),
N ( = 2,718)
.
= /ln, ,
(
= 2,718 ),
( = 1/ln1 = 1/0 = ,
). ,
,
N (E = /ln = ).
, ,

(
N), , (), (1)
()
.

( ): ,
,
(, , ) .

14

= /ln ,
( )
, ,
, ,

. ,
, ,
, (
) ,
, , ,
( . 3.1,
).
( ?) t ,
t lnln < 0
(, ). ,
(), (0; 1),
() t,
( ) t
( ).
. .
5.

15

, N,
e (2,718)
= N/lnN. ,
N = 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, ,
= 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
. N
. = /ln ( = 3,
4, 5, 6, 7,) ,
() . ,

N (
= 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, .).
2,718 (
). , ,
,
N.

.
: 2,718 ,
(t lnlnN)

N ( 2,718).

16

.
, (1; )
, .

= 2, N = 4
( E = 2/ln2 = 4/ln4).
, 2 (
1). ,
N = 3 ( = 2)
2,47805, -
( > 2,718),
( ).

, 14%
( )
[( 2,47805)/( 1) 0,14]
N.
, ()
: = 1,85718; 1,42961; 1,29585, 1,22688,
1,18434 ( N
= 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,), . . 5.1.

,
() ,
0,00001% = 3, 4, 5, , 25.

17

() ()
/

()
()

E
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

P
5
7
11
13
17
19
23
29
31
37
41
43
47
53
59
61
67
71
73
79
83

5.1

(E = /ln ),

(-

(""

..
""

=1+1/10^a

()

1,8571840000
1,4296118000
1,2958555000
1,2268887000
1,1843482400
1,1553708300
1,1343228600
1,1183255880
1,1057486400
1,0955974000
1,0872298800
1,0802128000
1,0742429700
1,0691018100
1,0646277000
1,0606985450
1,0572203800
1,0541196700
1,0513380850
1,0488287150
1,0465534350

a
0,0669
0,3669
0,5289
0,6442
0,7344
0,8086
0,8719
0,9269
0,9757
1,0196
1,0593
1,0958
1,1293
1,1605
1,1896
1,2168
1,2424
1,2666
1,2896
1,3113
1,3320

t = lnln
-0,4796
-1,0289
-1,3503
-1,5873
-1,7767
-1,9350
-2,0712
-2,1908
-2,2974
-2,3936
-2,4813
-2,5619
-2,6364
-2,7058
-2,7706
-2,8314
-2,8888
-2,9430
-2,9945
-3,0434
-3,0900

= f(t )
0,4276
0,1338
0,0690
0,0425
0,0290
0,0210
0,0160
0,0126
0,0102
0,0084
0,0070
0,0060
0,0051
0,0045
0,0039
0,0035
0,0031
0,0028
0,0025
0,0023
0,0021

M ' = tg
0,5349
0,2016
0,1115
0,0716
0,0501
0,0371
0,0286
0,0228
0,0185
0,0154
0,0130
0,0111
0,0096
0,0084
0,0074
0,0066
0,0059
0,0053
0,0048
0,0043
0,0040

X = M '/M
1,2509
1,5072
1,6167
1,6830
1,7286
1,7622
1,7882
1,8089
1,8259
1,8401
1,8520
1,8623
1,8713
1,8791
1,8861
1,8922
1,8978
1,9028
1,9073
1,9114
1,9152

6. -
, :
= 1 + 1/10^a, a = ln( 1)/ln10,
(6.1)
, (
). , > a,
* = 1 + 1/10^A, .

N 3 ( 2),
*
( + 1),
,
= * = [1 10^(a A)]/10^a
(6.2)

18

- 1,857
, - ( )

*,
(. . 5.1). -
, ,
, ,
, ( )
( ).

-.
,
= /ln = (1 + 1/10^a)/ln(1 + 1/10^a)
(1 + 1/10^a)/(1/10^a) 1 + 10^a, 0.
* = */ln* 1 + 10^, *
( > *), * = + 1.
, :
= /ln 1 + 10^a,
(6.3)
a ln(E 1)/ln10; A lnE/ln10.
(6.4)
, 10^a 10^[ln(E 1)/ln10],
, ln(10^a) [ln(E 1)/ln10]*ln10 ln(10^a)
ln(E 1), 10^a E 1.
, 10^( ) = 1 1/E.
(6.2) ( ):
1/(E^2 E) () (1/E)^2.
(6.5)
N
( ,
), ( ),
= N/lnN,
() [e; N].
1/ = lnN/N ( )
[e; N]
(6.5) N,
, :
(lnN/N)^2.
(6.6)

19

, - (
)
[e; N], N
.
7. ()
(t lnlnN),
t (lnln)
(
).
,

( , ?).
, ,
(t lnln) ,
( ), .
e 2,718

() ( ).
1 + 1/10^a (
),
, (t lnlnN) ,
, ( ) :
t lnln a*ln10 lnE,
(7.1)
/ln 1 + 10^a ( 0) .
N
, (
), N
= N/lnN, N t lnlnN ~ lnlnE,
E ~ N (, N).
, N,
, ( ,
) : t
lnE , t lnlnE. ,
t

20

, .
.
N : t |
lnln| , t lnlnN .
N 3,3 N 2*10^10
( 1,5%):
V t/t 0,1995*t^3 0,2794*t^2 + 0,6323*t + 0,9442. (7.2)
, t ( t 0,1385 t
3,356 ) (t) 4-
t (7.2).
,
, , || 3% t 3,5784
( N 3,58*10^15). ( )
( ) :
V t/t lnE/lnlnE, E N/lnN .
(7.3)
, ( )
V lnE/lnlnE,
(
N). V lnN/lnlnN (
?)
(11.2013). V
ln/lnln
:
2,718 V ()
. t lnln
(
)
() (
).
8. -
- ,
, ( )
t lnlnN 1/ 137
( ),

21

(. . 2). - (137
13,798 . ) , 1
100.688.871 N = e^e 15,154.
t lnln
, N,
() -
. ,
1 100.688.871 , , t
( ). , ,
= 1,000000 (
59- , . ),
t lnln = 1/ 137 13,798 .
. ,
t ,
.
, () ,

( 13.912.201 - ).
. ,
1
(e^e e) 15,154 2,718 12,436.
, ,
(1; ), ( 1)
1,718 ( 1
,
). , , (),
,
: 100.688.871/(e^e e)*(e 1).
13.912.201 ,
- ,
()
(N) t 1/ 137 .
,
(t lnln)
( ), , (

22

). ,
* 1,00464 99,73%
, ( *)/( 1) 0,9973 ( *
). , * 1,00464
: t lnln(*) 5,3753
541.238.570 , t 99,73%. ,
* 2,718
99,73% .
() -
:
( N)
t |lnln| 1/ 137 ?
, ?
, , t |lnln| = 1/
137 exp(1/) e^(137), 3,2657*10^59.
:
= 1 + 1/10^a, a ln(E 1)/ln10 59,513978, , =
1,000000, 59- ,
, .
( )
N E*lnE.
[2; N], (,
N E*lnE) N [
Li(N)]: N 4,6038*10^61
- .
, 1998
() N ~ 10^61,
(t lnlnN). ,
, [1; N],
,
t |lnln| = 1/ 137 ( -
). ( N
10^61) , -
(t lnlnN = 1/ 137) N e^(e^137)
10^(10^59) ,

23

(t lnlnN);
.
9. ?
, , - (t 137)
= 1,000000 ( 59- ),
N 4,6038*10^61.
? ,
. .
( : t lnlnN),
N ( )
(
).
(, ) .
-, ( 13,798 . )
,
(
), (),
8,0714*10^60 ( 1 1,8549*10^43
). ()
5,7 N.
-, ( )
(D 8,64*10^26 )
(), D 5,3459*10^61 ( 1
6,1873*10^34 ).
(D) 1,16 N.

( ),
( 1).
2013 t
lnlnN,
( N)
: N ~ 10^61 N ~
10^(10^59). , N ~ 10^61
, ,

24

( ?).
.
- (t lnlnN 137
13,798 . ), ,
(t |lnln| 137
13,798 . ).
N 4,6038*10^61,
-
( ?) :
t 4,9557 (498.985.690 ) 3509
..
, , N
(
), .
.
(lnN/N)^2 N, ,
t 137 - 9,5115*10^
120 (1/^2).
(1/^2)? , , , ~ (1/N)^2,
, N
(). , ,
- (t 137) - ()

( ),
( ?) 10^56 (1/^2), 2,6*10^
122 (1/^2), 364 (). ,
, 3,64*10^54
(1/^2).
10.

,
( N)
. ,

25

:
(
).
, ( )

N (. .
10.1). * 1,00464
2,718 99,73 %
( 100 % 1 ).
* N* 1601,29 (
* N* ). 99,73
% (. ), (?)
, 99,73 %
N
( N)
: 2 1601 (:
). ( )
N ,

( ,
100%

% ,
,
N

90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%

N ( )

20%
10%
0%
1

10

100

1000

. 10.1. N , %

, N).
.

N = 6, 30, 210, 2310, ,
D ( ,
): 6 (2*3, D = 2 ); 30 (2*3*5, D = 3); 210
(2*3*5*7, D = 4); 2310 (2*3*5*7*11, D = 5); .. ,
N, D = 252 (

26

= 1601), N = 2*3*5*7*11*
*1583*1597*1601 = 10^, > 664.
() :
X ~ D*(lnD + lnlnlnD)/ln10.
(10.1)
() ,
N D = 252 N ~ 10^678.
(
) = 666
. , (
), ;
. ,
N, (
) 252 ,
N ~ (10^678)^1601, N ~ 10^1085028.

() . ,
() : 99,73 %
N
: 2,718 N 1601.
N ,
( )
. ,
: 99,73 %
N N 1601.
()

.
(, ,
).
, , , (
)
,
(.
, . 29). ( )
, ,
, :

27

,
, ..
,
( ) ,
( )
. , ,
.
11.
/ln t lnln, , e^(e^t)
exp(exp(t)) E (
t, t):
= e^(e^t)/e^t.
(11.1)

(6.5) [ (1/E)^2], -
( t ):
M [e^t /e^(e^t)]^2.
(11.2)
- () . 5.1,
(
= 3 = 23) M 1,0824*exp(2,0291*t),
(11.2),
(1 + 2*e^t):
M (1 + 2*e^t)*[e^t /e^(e^t)]^2.
(11.3)
(11.3) , t
0 ( 1 1,857,
) 0 0,249 ( t = 0 = 0,406).
- , , .
t ( t) ~ 1/10^(10^12)? ,
- 10^(10^12) ?
10^(10^12)
, . . 1983 .

28

.

( 10^8 )

10^(10^12) . ,
10^(10^12) .
, - ()
.
(
) e^(2*t)
10^t. , - = 1/10^X (
>> 1) t ():
t lnM/ln10 .
(11.4)
= 10^12, t 10^12 ( , ),
e^(e^t)
10^[(1/ln10)*10^(t/ln10)] 10^(1/10^12) 1,000000,
10^12 . - 1
100.688.871 , t 10^20 .
, ,
, ,
10^(10^12) , (
)
10^20 ( , )
(
). , ( )
-
13.912.201 (. . 8),

,
. , ,
( ),
,
N,

29

t lnlnN (
, ).
t 10^20
.
10^15 10^39
. ( ,
) ,
,
, .
,
: , ,
.
,
, .

( 2,910^29
). :
.
: ,
, . ,
, (?),

( ).
(?) -
( -
).
, -
N (. . 3). -
( )
- ().
, (
2,718) ,
:

30

-
. ,
,
,
( ) .
12.

, .

, , - ( ), () -:
= M/M.
(12.1)
() - () t
( = dM/dt), (11.3):
M = [4*e^(4*t) 4*e^(3*t) 2*e^(2*t)]/e^(2*e^t).
(12.2)
, t
() (
2,718) -
= 2 1. =
1,000.000.1 ( ;
t 1.622.912.845 )
= 1,999.999.999.999.96 ( 2).
, = 2 ,
-,
2,0

## X = M '/M (" ")

1,9
1,8
1,7
1,6
1,5
1,4
1,3

( 1) ( 1)
0,01

0,10

. 12.1.

31

1,2
1,00

, = 2 = 1
(. . 12.1).
, .
() t lnln -
,
.
2,718 ,
,
,
.
, :

t lnlnN:
100.688.871 6 (2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13);
100.688.871 251 ;
100.688.871 27.775.341 .
() t
lnlnN,
(N 2,718). -
N , ,
. ,
, .
.
,
,
. ,
( , ).
.
.
.

32

1,010

## X = M '/M (" ")

1,008
1,006
1,004
1,002
1,000

t = lnlnN ("")

0,998
0,996
2

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

. 12.2. N

- N ,
max 1,009027036
t 3,484 (350.800.026 ) (. . 12.2). min
0,9971471193 t 7,025 (707.339.317 ),

= 1 .
.
(11.2013)
13.
, ()
()
( )
,
-
( , ..).
() .
, (K)
[e; N] K N/lnN
N,
K. (
), t lnlnN (
, ).
, - t 1/ 137
( ) ,

33

13,798 . ,
: 1 100.688.871 .
(K) (
) t lnlnN :
K e^(e^t)/e^t exp[exp(t)]/exp(t).
(13.1)
K :
K 10^W, W lnK/ln10,
(13.2)
lnK e^t t ( t >>1) lnK e^t,
(13.3)
( t 137)
K , , t.
,
t K
t. , (
t 1/ 137 13,798 . )
lnK A + B*t,
(13.4)
A = 3,2657*10^59 lnN,
(
) t 1/ 137 ,
B = 3,2434*10^53 lnK
t 1/ 137,035999074306 ( ) t
137,036000067465 ( 100 ).
100 ()
(13.4) 0% 0,01% :
(1/10^9 + t /10^6),
(13.5)
t ; ,
lnK A + B*t, lnK e^t.
-
( lnN
[e; N]) t 1/ 137
: lnN 8,0714*10^60
(). V lnN/lnlnN (
) ( =
299.792.458 /)
( , , ).
lnK

34

(lnN 8,0714*10^60 ),
100
lnK 0,04046.
, , (13.4),
t (t 0 ),
, , :
lnK 0,04 + 1/(4*10^10)*t.
(13.6)
(13.6) ( ) ,
.
:
A = 0,0404603470187924
(lnN
) t 0 , .
B = 1/(4,01835630187142*10^10) lnK (
) t 0 ( ) t = 100 ( 100
), 100.
() (13.6)
0,000000000224% ( 100 ).

lnK 0,04 + 1/(4*10^10)*t

(). ,
, (K) ,

(. ).
lnK
, :
( t)
.
.
, , (. . 14).

( ) .

( , ..).

35

. ,
(FLOPS)
, ,

.
, ( )

( ,
).
( )
1941 (t = 0 ) 2016 (t = 75 ),

: 2,5371*exp(0,5038*t) (
):
ln 0,931 + 0,5038*t.
(13.7)

(13.6) . ,
, t = 0 t = 100
ln lnK 24 .
(?), ()
(
ln) (lnK)
, ( ).
14.
, 13,798 . .
:
4568,5 0,5 .

. , 4,5 .
, 9,298 .
.

, ;

36

.
31 (
, . . . 14.1)
( , , , ).
. 14.1,
31- (
, ). ,
:

( ).
( )
:
,
, . ,
.
,
K
[e; N],
: K N/lnN.
, t
= 13,798 . 1/ 137 ( 1 100.688.871 ).
(13.2), (13.3) K 10^W, W
(e^t t)/ln10 1,418*10^59 10^S, S 59,152.

(, ): t` =
9,298 . 92,34387008 ( )
K` 10^W`, W` (e^t` t`)/ln10
5,524*10^39 10^S`, S` 39,742. .
1 ( , ).
K K`
,
,
: lnK W*ln10 3,266*10^59
lnK` W`*ln10 1,272*10^40.
(lnK lnK`) 30- (
) (lnK lnK`)/30

37

1,08857*10^58. ()
30- lnK: 1,272*10^40;
1,089*10^58;
2,177*10^58; ; 3,266*10^59. 30-
t lnlnK ().
() 30-
t (. ): 9,298; 13,455; 13,525;; 13,798.
(13,798),
1
. . 14.1 .
, ( t =
9,298*10^9 t = 13,798*10^9 )
( ) 1% :
lnK exp(t/10^8)*(0,804 3*t/10^11),
(14.1)
t lnK
, ( ,
13). , .
2 ( ).
S S` (. ),
() 30-
: (S S`)/30 (59,152 39,742)/30 0,647.
, ,
,
(
). ( = 0,647)
30- (P): 39,742; 40,389; 41,036;;
59,152. 30-
K 10^P t lnlnK lnP + lnln10
(). ()
30- t (. ): 9,298; 9,448; 9,598;
; 13,798.

(13,798),

2
. .
14.1 ( ).

38

4,500
0,342
0,273
0,232
0,203
0,180
0,162
0,147
0,133
0,121
0,111
0,101
0,092
0,084
0,077
0,070
0,063
0,057
0,051
0,046
0,041
0,036
0,031
0,027
0,022
0,018
0,014
0,011
0,007
0,003
0,000

4,500
4,000
3,600
3,200
2,800
2,500
2,300
2,050
1,800
1,600
1,400
1,200
1,000
0,850
0,635
0,541
0,485
0,443
0,419
0,359
0,299
0,252
0,201
0,145
0,066
0,056
0,034
0,023
0,005
0,003

4,500
4,350
4,200
4,050
3,900
3,750
3,600
3,450
3,300
3,150
3,000
2,850
2,700
2,550
2,400
2,250
2,100
1,950
1,800
1,650
1,500
1,350
1,200
1,050
0,900
0,750
0,600
0,450
0,300
0,150
0,000

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

0,000012

10,00

(. )

1,00

10

15

20

25

30

0,10

( )

2

1
0,01

. 14.1.

(
. 14.1)
() ( 1
2), , .

( ). ,

39

,
, , , ( )
(. . 13)
.
.
15.
, ,
( , )
, ,
.
-, ,
, ,
. ,
(
) , ,
, , ( ).
( ?),
,
-
( ). ,
, , ,
, ,
,
-.
, , (
?!) , , ,
( , 1
2,718). ( ),
, , ,
( +).
, . . (
),
:
, , .

-, isaev12345678@mail.ru

40

10 2013 .

41

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