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Part Two

Statics and Strength of Materials

Chapter 2

The effects of forces on materials


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2.1
R I M I F H F a F g M L I V H M P h @ A B C D E F I S F R S M V F F M L J R I M I F H F a F g M L I

Introduction
G F H I F J K L M N K J O P M L P M Q R F M P S M L T F U L F U I S F H K H I S F W K I U K L K X I S F N K J O Y Z S F Q L U I K X X K H P F




 
                     

24 Mechanical Engineering Principles


Q L J F H I S F b F U T S I K X M g F S U P a F M L J M R V M L L F H b U a a N F L J R a U T S I a O b S F L I U T S I F L U L T M L Q I Y p I U R U W V K H I M L I X K H F L T U h

2.2 Tensile force


@ R S F M H X K H P F P M L P M Q R F M W M I F H U M a I K N F L J c R a U J F K H s E [ t u B [ U R M X K H P F I S M I I F L J R I K R I H F I P S M W M I F H U M a c M R I b U R I Y R S K b L U L e U T Q H F v Y w Y e K H F G M W V a F c

Part Two

2.3 Compressive force


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2.5 Stress
x y z { | } ~  ~ e K H P F R M P I U L T K L M W M I F H U M a P M Q R F M P S M L T F U L J U W F L R U K L R M L J I S F W M I F H U M a U R R M U J I K N F U L M R I M I F K X t ] C E t t Y d I H F R R


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2.4 Shear force


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The effects of forces on materials 25


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2.6
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Strain
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Practise Exercise 11
w Y @ H F P I M L T Q a M H N M H S

Further problems on stress


M g U L T M P H K R R h R F P I U K L M a M R M I F L R U a F X K H P F K X v `

Part Two