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LESSON

 

Polynomials

 

7-6

The

of the monomial is the sum of the exponents in the monomial.

 

8x 2 y 3

The exponents are 2 and 3.

Find the degree of 4a 6 b. 4a 6 b The exponents are 6 and 1.

The degree of the monomial is 2 3 5.

The degree of the monomial is _______.

The degree of the polynomial is the degree of the term with the greatest degree.

 

Find the degree of 2x 4 y 3 9x 5 .

Find the degree of 4ab 9a 3 .

2 x 4 y 3
2 x
4
y
3

9 x

5

4 ab

9

a

3

 

7

5

Degree of the polynomial is 7.

2

3

Degree of the polynomial is ______.

The standard form of a polynomial is written with the terms in order from the greatest degree to the least degree. The coefficient of the first term is the leading coefficient.

Write 5x 6x 3 4 2x 4 in standard form.

 

5 x

6 x

3

4

2 x

4

Find the degree of each term.

 

1

3

 

0

4

2x 4 6x 3 5x 4 The leading coefficient is 2.

Write the terms in order of degree.

 

Find the degree of each monomial.

  • 1. 7m 3 n 5

2. 6xyz

3.

4x 2 y 2

Find the degree of each polynomial.

 
  • 4. x 5 x 5 y

5. 4x 2 y 3 y 4 7

6.

x 2 xy y

Write each polynomial in standard form.

 
  • 7. x 3 5x 4 6x 5

8. 2x

5x 2 x 3

9.

8x 7x 2 1

Polynomials have special names based on their degree and the number of terms they have.

Terms

1

2

3

Any #

Name

       

Degree

0

1

2

3

4

5

Name

Constant

     

Quartic

Quintic

Classify each polynomial according to its degree and number of terms.

Adding and Subtracting Polynomials

Like Terms have the same

_______________________ Only combine terms that are like terms!!!

and same _________________.

The following are like terms: The following are not like terms:
The following are like terms:
The following are not like terms:
  • 1. (m 2 10m 5) (8m 2)

  • 2. (6x 3 5x) (4x 3 x 2 2x 9)

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

  • 3. (2y 5 6y 3 1) (y 5 8y 4 2y 3 1) ______________________________________________________

When you subtract: _________________________________________________________.

  • 4. (9x 3 5x) (3x)

5.(6t 4 3) (2t 4 2)

6.

(2x 3 4x 2) (4x 3 6)

  • 7. (t 3 2t) (t 2 2t 6)

8.

(4c 5 8c 2 2c 2) (c 3 2c 5)

Application

9.

  • a. Mrs. Edmonds has a garden whose length is 3x 2 + 4 and width is 4x 2 - 10.

Write an expression to represent the perimeter of the garden.

  • b. Calculate the perimeter if x = 2 feet.

10. A firework is launched from the ground at a velocity of 200 feet per second. Its height after t seconds is given by the polynomial -16t 2 + 200t. What is the height after 3 seconds? After 4 seconds?