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32.973.23-08
004.3
67

67

. .
BIOS . . .: , 2007.
160 .: . ( ).
ISBN 5-91180-043-8

, BIOS, ,
, .
BIOS ,
BIOS . ,
.
32.973.23-08
004.3

.
.
, , , . , , , .

ISBN 5-91180-043-8

, 2007

......................................................................................................... 6
....................................................................................... 6
1. .......................................................... 7
......................................... 7
................................................................. 9
.................................................................. 11
............................................................................ 12
....................................................................................................... 13
....................................................................................................... 14
....................................................................................... 15
............................................. 16
.............................................................................. 16
2. BIOS. BOIS Setup ................... 19
BIOS ............................................................ 19
BIOS ............................................ 20
POST ................................................................................... 21
BIOS ............................................................................................ 23
BIOS ........................................................... 24
BIOS Setup .................................................................................. 25
BIOS Setup ......... 26
BIOS Setup ............................................................................. 28
BIOS Setup ..................... 30
BIOS Setup .................................... 33
BIOS Setup ........................................................... 34
BIOS
......................................................................................... 37
3. ,
BIOS ........................................................................................ 40
BIOS ........ 40
...................................................................... 43
POST- .............................................................................................. 50
BIOS ............................................................................ 51
BIOS ........................................................ 53

BIOS ................................................................... 54
..................................................... 56
................................. 58
AwardBIOS ...................................................................... 58
AMIBIOS .......................................................................... 61
BIOS ................................. 62
BIOS ............................................... 62
............................................................ 65
........................................... 68
............................................................................................... 70
, ............................................. 72
........................................................................... 75
AMD
Athlon 64/Sempron ................................................................................ 76
........................ 80
................ 80
4. BIOS .......................... 82
..................................... 83
IDE- .................................................................. 85
.......................................................... 90
................................... 91
- .................................................................... 94
5.
................................................................................................... 100
............................................................... 101
...................................................................... 106
............................................................................... 109
............................................................................. 110
..................................................................................... 113
6. ............ 114
.......................................................................... 115
AGP ............................................................................................ 119
PCI Express ................................................................................ 122
............................................................... 123
IDE ................................................................................... 124
Serial ATA RAID .................................................... 126
USB ............................................................................................. 130
.................................. 132

7. ,
..................................................... 135
DMA .............................. 136
............................... 139
......................................... 140
.................................................... 144
....................................................... 146
..................................................... 147
................................................................................................... 150

. , , .
, .

BIOS, . BIOS
, BIOS
.
,
BIOS .
,
Windows .
: , , ,
. . . , , .


, ,
gurski@minsk.piter.com ( , ).
http://www.piter.com
.

1.

BIOS, , , .


(. 1.1). , .






.
, .
, , . ,
. /,
.
, , .
. , .
. ,
. ,
,
.
. ,
.
. .

8 BIOS



. ,
.
CD DVD. - ,
.
.
,
.
, , - .

. 1.1.

1. 9



, ;
( ).
, 34 .
, . , .
.


().
-
.
.
, -.
. Intel Socket 370, Socket 478
Socket T (LGA 775), AMD Socket A (462),
Socket 754, Socket 939 Socket 940.
FSB.
FSB (Front Side Bus). , .

_______________________________________________________
AMD Athlon 64
HT (HyperTransport), , 
FSB.

, . ,

10 BIOS

FSB . , AMD Athlon 64 3700+ FSB


200 , 12,
2400 .
. , .
, .
, ,
.
-. , , .
, , -.

-. - (L1)
( 1632 ).
- (L2)
, 128
1 . - (L3) 1 .

, :







3DNow!, MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3;


AMD NX-bit (No Execute), Intel
XD (Execute Disable Bit).

CoolnQuiet ( AMD), TM1/TM2, C1E, EIST ( Intel);
64- AMD64
EMT64 (Intel);

Intel HT
(Hyper-Threading Technology).

1. 11


, . 1.2.
, , , , .
, (Northbridge)
(Southbridge) .
, .

. 1.2.

12 BIOS


. FSB, ,
AGP PCI Express.
,

. :









IDE;
Serial ATA/RAID;
;
PCI ISA;
USB-;
;
;
/.

, BIOS
CMOS. CMOS .


,
,
.
( ) RAM (Random Access Memory
).

, DRAM (Dynamic RAM); BIOS.
,
.


SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM). Pentium I/II/III,

1. 13

Pentium 4, ,
AMD.
DDR SDRAM (Double Data Rate SDRAM), DDR.
SDRAM, DDR ,
. DDR , .
: DDR266 (PC2100), DDR333 (PC2700),
DDR400 (PC3200).
DDR2. DDR:
.

Intel, i945/955.

, . SDRAM, DDR/DDR2
DIMM
, (. 1.3).
SIMM, DIMM
.

. 1.3. DIMM

, ,
. ,
. .

14 BIOS





ISA. 1980- , 1990-


PCI. ISA .
PCI. 1992 Intel ISA . , Plug and Play,
.
AGP. PCI, .
PCI Express. ,
PCI AGP. .

/.
.
.
.






(COM).
, , .
(LPT).
, .
.
, .
PS/2. : ,
.
USB. . .
IEEE 1394 (FireWire).
.

1. 15


(IrDA). ( .) ,

.
Bluetooth. , , .

. 1.4
. . . 6.

. 1.4.


, , . .


IDE, ATA. ,
. 40- 80-

16 BIOS

, , , ,
BIOS (. . 4).
Serial ATA, SATA.
, ATA, . IDE, , .
SCSI. ,
.
SCSI , SCSI- SCSI-.

. ,
,
BIOS.
CD DVD. - DVD
,
, , ,
. CD DVD
IDE-, IDE- (. . 4).
flash-. Flash- , , ,
, .
USB flash-
, .


; ,
. ,

1. 17

, . .
 . , .
.
 (DMA).

. DMA,
.
 /.
. 64 , , .
 ,
. /
, .

,

,
, .
. (INT) ,
. 16 , :











0 ;
1 ;
2 ;
3 4 COM 2 COM 1;
6 ;
7 ;
8 (RTC);
12 PS/2-;
13 ;
14 15 IDE-.

18 BIOS

5, 9, 10, 11
. 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14 15
, 0, 1, 2, 8 13 .
_______________________________________________________

(APIC),
. APIC
24.

Plug and Play



, ,
. Plug and Play,
.
Plug and Play, BIOS, .
,
, .

2. BIOS.
BOIS Setup

BIOS (Basic Input/Output System /)


,
/.
BIOS BIOS, BIOS Setup Utility,
CMOS Setup Utility .
, BIOS Setup Setup.
BIOS,
, BIOS Setup
BIOS.
BIOS Setup.

BIOS
BIOS , .
BIOS / (, ), /. BIOS
.


(PowerOn Self Test POST). ,


BIOS, . , .
, POST .
BIOS
Setup. POST

20 BIOS

BIOS, CMOS-. , .
, BIOS Setup CMOS
Setup. BIOS Setup
.
/ BIOS. BIOS , ,
, , / .
, MS-DOS, Windows.

BIOS
BIOS , ROM (Read-Only Memory),
.
BIOS flash- (Flash Memory), EEPROM
(Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory).
. BIOS . , BIOS ,
.
flash-
(. 2.1), ,
.
BIOS
,
DIP32 (. . 2.1, ); BIOS
(. . 2.1, ).
BIOS, flash-.

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 21

. 2.1. BIOS

BIOS ,
CMOS-. , (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor). CMOS-
,
.

POST
,
, . , , BIOS

22 BIOS

,
POST.
POST .
1. : , , .
2. CMOS .
CMOS ,
.
3. . (. 2.2).
4. :
, , , .

(. . 2.2).

. 2.2. POST

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 23

5.
(. 2.3).
6. BIOS.
7. .

. 2.3. POST

POST, , . BIOS First Boot Device, Second Boot


Device, Third Boot Device , 5.

BIOS
,
BIOS,

24 BIOS

.
BIOS, BIOS
.
1. BIOS ( AMI,
Award Phoenix) ,
,
.
2. - BIOS ,
.
BIOS
, .
, BIOS , :


BIOS, : AwardBIOS 6.0


BIOS Award,
, ;
BIOS BIOS, ; BIOS
,
.

BIOS

BIOS.


AwardBIOS Award Software (www.phoenix.com), BIOS.


AwardBIOS 4.51, AwardBIOS 6.0,

. 1998 Award -

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 25

Phoenix,
AwardBIOS Phoenix-Award BIOS.
AMIBIOS American Megatrends (www.ami.com). AMIBIOS , Award, , ASUS, ASRock, MSI .
PhoenixBIOS Phoenix Technologies (www.phoenix.com).
. Phoenix,
, Award BIOS
.

BIOS,
, Intel,
IBM, Compaq, Toshiba, Dell . BIOS
BIOS Award, AMI Phoenix.

BIOS Setup
BIOS Setup, . Delete, F1 F2;
. ,
BIOS Setup, , POST
, , : Press DEL to enter SETUP.
, ,
:


Delete;

: F1, F2, F3, F10, F11, F12;


Esc;
Ctrl+Shift+S Ctrl+Alt+S;
Ctrl+Alt+Esc;
Ctrl+Alt+ Delete.






BIOS Setup,
:
.

26 BIOS

POST -,
Setup 0,51 .
Setup
. , , BIOS Setup , . 5.

BIOS Setup

BIOS
. BIOS Setup
, . 2.4,
( ).

. 2.4. PhoenixAwardBIOS 6.0

BIOS Setup , , Enter. BIOS Setup (. 2.5).






.
. , , .

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 27




.
, ,

.

, .

. 2.5. BIOS Setup

BIOS Setup
:



( ) ;
Enter ; BIOS Enter

28 BIOS









;
Page Up/Page Down +/- ;
, ;
Esc , BIOS Setup ;
F1 BIOS Setup;
F2 BIOS Setup (
BIOS);
F5
: , BIOS Setup ( BIOS
);
F6 ( Load Fail-Safe Defaults); BIOS
F5 F9 (, AMI BIOS);
F7
( Load Optimized Defaults);
F10 BIOS Setup ,
Y Enter.

__________________________________________________________
BIOS
, 
.

BIOS Setup
BIOS Setup, :



;
.

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 29

Exit Without Saving,


Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? (. 2.6), Y Enter. BIOS Setup,
.

. 2.6. BIOS Setup



:



- , ;

.


Save & Exit Setup SAVE to CMOS and EXIT(Y/N)? (. 2.7). Y Enter,
, .
CMOS, N Enter
Esc.

. 2.7. BIOS Setup


30 BIOS

,

, .

BIOS ,
Exit, Exit
Without Saving Save & Exit Setup.


BIOS Setup
,
-, Windows.
BIOS , - .
.
1. .
2. (POST) BIOS ( Delete F2). BIOS Setup.
Setup , .
3.
, Advanced
BIOS Features, Enter.
4. ,
,
.
5. , ,
First Boot Device,
. CDROM
CD/DVD.

:
Page Up/Page Down (
+/- ),
;

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 31


Enter, (. 2.8) Enter; ,

BIOS.

. 2.8.

6. Esc.
7. BIOS Setup
Save & Exit Setup, Y Enter.
__________________________________________________________
BIOS Setup ,
  .
BIOS Setup 
, .

8. , -.
9.
First Boot Device,
.
ASUS, ASRock BIOS Setup .

32 BIOS

BIOS c
.
1. BIOS Setup.
2. Boot.
.
3. First Boot Device
(1st) CDROM (CD/DVD)
(. 2.9).

. 2.9. AMIBIOS

4. Exit Exit & Save Changes. Enter .


5. -,
First Boot Device.

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 33

BIOS
Setup
BIOS Setup ,
.
, .





BIOS , .
BIOS .
, , .
, . , , BIOS Setup .
, .
, .

. , ,
.
.
3.
Hard Disk Utility,

BIOS.
,
IDE .

, , , BIOS
. BIOS, .


BIOS
Setup,

34 BIOS

. , .
,
, . ,
Load
Fail-Safe Defaults. .
-
BIOS. CMOS (. . 3).

BIOS Setup
BIOS Setup,
(. . 2.4).
,
BIOS Setup, , . AwardBIOS AMIBIOS.

Standard CMOS Features (Standard CMOS Setup)


,
, , .
.

Advanced BIOS Features (BIOS Features Setup)



BIOS, ,
, , , .

Advanced Chipset Features (Chipset Features Setup)


, , , .
, ,

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 35

, , , AGP PCI Express . , .

Integrated Peripherals
,
: ,
, , USB- . .

Power Management Setup



. , .

PNP/PCI Configurations
. , .

PC Health Status

, .
BIOS Setup PC Health Status H/W Monitor.
, , .

Frequency/Voltage Control

, , , .

36 BIOS


, .
, , ,

(. . 3).

Load Fail?Safe Defaults (Load BIOS Setup Defaults)


BIOS .
, .
, Y (. 2.10).

. 2.10. ,

Load Optimized Defaults (Load High Performance)


BIOS, , .
, , ,
POST, ,
.
,
. Load Fail-Safe Defaults,
.

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 37

Set Supervisor Password, Set User Password


BIOS
(. . 5).

BIOS

, ASUS ASRosk, BIOS Setup, (. 2.11). PhoenixBIOS,
AMIBIOS AwardBIOS,
. ,
.

. 2.11. BIOS

38 BIOS

Main
, ,
BIOS: ,
. Main Standard CMOS
Features.

Advanced

(. 2.12). , , ,
. , Advanced
Advanced Chipset Features, Integrated Peripherals, Frequency/Voltage Control,
PNP/PCI Configurations Advanced BIOS Features.
BIOS Advanced
, , , .

. 2.12. Advanced

Power
, Power Management Setup, . , ( H/W Monitor).

2. BIOS. BOIS Setup 39

Boot
, , . ,
,
Security (. . 2.11).

Exit
(. 2.13) :


Exit Saving Changes ;

Exit Discarding Changes -

Load Setup Defaults ;

Discard Changes .

. 2.13. Exit

,
.

3. ,

BIOS

,
,
. ,
. , , . , .

BIOS

,
POST
. , /
.
, . ,
.
. 3.1 3.2 AMI
Award BIOS. , . ,
.

3. , 41

, ,
.
1. Reset .
.
2. ,
, , . .
3. , - BIOS.
BIOS
.
4. BIOS
, .
, .
5.
, , , .
__________________________________________________________
, 
.

6. , - (, CD-ROM)
.
.

42 BIOS
3.1. AMI BIOS

64

BIOS

10

CMOS-

11

1 2

1 3
2 2

3.2. Award BIOS

1 2

1 3

BIOS

3. , 43

1 9

BIOS
BIOS

.

.

F1 BIOS SETUP
Delete


,
. . , ,
.
. 3.3 AMI, Award Phoenix BIOS.
_______________________________________________________

POST . , 
ASUS ASUS POST
Reporter, Albatron Voice Genie.
3.3. Award BIOS AMI
BIOS


8042 Gate - A20 Error

A20,
. ,

Adress Line Short

.
, ,



44 BIOS
3.3. Award BIOS AMI
BIOS ()


Bad Cache Memory - Do
not Enable

- (. Cache Memory Bad)

Bad PNP Serial ID


Checksum


Plug and Play-.

BIOS ROM Checksum


error - System halted

-
BIOS.
BIOS (. . 3)

BIOS Update For Installed


CPU Failed


. , BIOS

BootSector Write!


,
.


BIOS (. . 5, Boot
Sector Virus Protection)

C: (D:) Drive Error


C: Drive Failure
Drive Error C:, (D:)

C: D:.
.
. Primary
Master Hard Disk Fail

Cache Memory Bad

- .
,
- BIOS (. . 4),

CH-2 Timer Error

Checking NVRAM

.
Update OK,
Update Failed

Cmos Battery State Low


Cmos Battery Failed
System Battery Is Dead

CMOS
.
-
;

3. , 45


CMOS Checksum Failure
CMOS Checksum Error Defaults Loaded

CMOS,
BIOS
. -
CMOS,
,
.
,
BIOS

CMOS Memory Size


Mismatch


CMOS.
BIOS Setup

CMOS System Options Not


Set

CMOS ,
.
-

CMOS Time and Date Not


Set

CMOS
.

CPU Has Been Changed,


Or CPU Ratio Changed
Fail


(,
)

Disk Boot Failure, Insert


System Disk And Press
Enter

,
,
, CD, DVD .
BIOS (. . 5),


(. Missing Operation System)

Diskette Boot Failure

.

,

DMA Error
DMA #2 Error
DMA #1 Error

DMA.
DMA: #1 #2.
DMA

DMA Bus Time out


DMA.
DMA


46 BIOS
3.3. Award BIOS AMI
BIOS ()


ECC Error

,
(ECC).
,

ERROR - Can't Write


ESCD


. ,
NVRAM

Error Encountered
Initializing Hard Drive
Error Initializing Hard Disk
Controller


IDE-. . Hard Disk(s) fail

Fdd Controller Failure


Floppy Disk(s) Fail (80)
Floppy Disk Controller
Error Or No Controller
Present


.
,
BIOS (. . 4).
, ,

Floppy Disk(s) fail (40)

.
BIOS.
, ,

Gate 20 Error

A20,
(. 8042 Gate - A20 Error)

HARD DISK initializing


Please wait a moment...

Hard Disk(s) fail


Hard disk(s) Diagnosis fail
Hard Disk Install Failure
HDD Controller Failure


IDE- .
,
,
BIOS (. . 4).

INTR #1 Error
INTR #2 Error

(INTR #1) (INTR #2)


Invalid Boot Diskette

(. Diskette Boot
Failure)

3. , 47


KB/Interface Error
Keyboard Error
Keyboard controller error
Keyboard error or no
keyboard present
Keyboard failure, press
[F1] to continue

.

, ,
.

,

Keyboard is Locked ...


Unlock it
Keyboard is locked out Unlocked key

Memory Parity Error


Memory Parity Error at
xxxxx

Memory size has changed


since last boot


(. CMOS
Memory Size Mismatch)

Memory test fail


Memory verify error at
xxxx

Missing Operation System


Missing OS
No ROM BASIC
No Operating System
Found
Not Boot Device Available

()
.
BIOS
(. . 5),
(
)

NVRAM Checksum Error,


NVRAM Cleared
NVRAM Data Invalid,
NVRAM Cleared

NVRAM,
NVRAM

NVRAM Cleared by
Jumper

NVRAM

OC fail, please enter setup


to change OC Fail settings

.




48 BIOS
3.3. Award BIOS AMI
BIOS ()


Operating System Not
Found


(. Missing Operation
System)

Override enabled - Defaults


loaded

,
CMOS,

Parity Error

PCI I/O Port Conflict


PCI IRQ Conflict
PCI Memory Conflict

PCI
: (IRQ),
/ (I/O Port)
(Memory).

Press a key to reboot


.
-

Press ESC to skip Memory


Test


Esc ,
POST

Press F1 to disable NMI,


F2 to reboot

NMI.
F1 NMI,
F2

Press TAB to show POST


Screen

, Tab
POST,

Primary Boot Device Not


Found

, BIOS
.
,
.
(. Missing Operation System)

Primary IDE channel no 80


conductor cable installed

IDE-
40- 80-,

3. , 49


Primary Master Hard Disk
Fail

,
IDE- Primary Master.

,
40- 80-
. BIOS

(. . 4)

Primary Master Hard Disk


S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad
Primary Slave Hard Disk
S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad


S.M.A.R.T.
,
Primary Master Primary Slave

Primary Slave Hard Disk


Fail

,
IDE- Primary Slave (. Primary
Master Hard Disk Fail)

RAM parity error checking for segment

Resuming from disk, Press


TAB to show POST screen


. Tab
POST

Secondary Master Hard


Disk Fail

,
IDE- Secondary Master (.
Primary Master Hard Disk Fail)

Secondary Master Hard


Disk S.M.A.R.T. Status
Bad
Secondary Slave Hard Disk
S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad


S.M.A.R.T.
,
Secondary Master Secondary Slave

Secondary Slave Hard Disk


Fail

, IDE Secondary Slave (. Primary


Master Hard Disk Fail)

Software Port NMI


Software Port NMI
Inoperational

NMI

System halted,
(Ctrl-Alt-Del) to reboot

- .
Ctrl+Alt+Delete

50 BIOS
3.3. Award BIOS AMI
BIOS ()


Uncorrectable ECC DRAM
Error

ECC DRAM.
,

Unknown PCI Error

PCI.
PCI-

Update Failed
Update OK


(. Checking NVRAM)
(Update OK)
(Update Failed)

VIRUS : Continue (Y/N)?


,
, .
Y
N

Warning! CPU has been


changed or Overclock fail
Warning! Now System is in
Safe Mode. Please reset
overclocking Features in
the Setup Menu

Your computer case had


been opened. Press SPACE
to continue

,

. ,
,

POST?
POST .
, POST- .
POST-, ,
.


POST. EPoX,
ABIT Chaintech.

3. , 51


, POST-
,
, .
POST, POST-,
PCI.

POST- POST-
BIOS. , BIOS. , POST-,
icbook.com.ua.

BIOS
BIOS , , Load BIOS Setup Defaults Load
Fail-Safe Defaults. BIOS .
BIOS . , .
BIOS .
BIOS Setup , . .



BIOS Setup
.
-
BIOS.

CMOS , , :
, Insert,
, Delete BIOS Setup
.
().

52 BIOS

, .
Clear CMOS.
BIOS .
1.
.
2. Clear CMOS.
3. , .
__________________________________________________________
, 
, Clear CMOS.

CMOS
1-2 2-3.
, (. 3.1).
CMOS.

. 3.1. CMOS

3. , 53

CMOS , .
1. ,
. ,
.
2. 1020
. CMOS,

.

BIOS
BIOS
flash-, BIOS, ,
, , .
, BIOS , , . .





, BIOS.
, BIOS.
, BIOS.
- BIOS. , ,
BIOS, , .

BIOS ,
.
BIOS, .

54 BIOS


: BIOS, . .

BIOS
, BIOS,
. . ,
. ,
, .
,
.


SiSoftware Sandra (www.sisoftware.co.uk). ,


,
. , , , BIOS .
EVEREST (www.lavalys.com). SiSoftware Sandra, .
(. 3.2).

, .
,
(. 3.3). , .

. ,
EVEREST ,
www.google.ru www.yandex.ru. (Download),
(Support).

3. , 55

. 3.2. EVEREST

. 3.3. PCI

56 BIOS


BIOS. ,
, ,
.
BIOS, , (
) .
__________________________________________________________
BIOS,
. BIOS
, 
.


BIOS MS-DOS, .
MS-DOS Windows XP
.
1. .
2. ,
A: .
3.
MS-DOS (. 3.4), ,
OK .
Windows 9x .
1. , , format a: /s OK.
2. , Enter .
3. Enter, N,
.

3. , 57

. 3.4. Windows XP


MS-DOS, format a: /s
.
__________________________________________________________

, autoexec.bat
config.sys. ,
.
drvspace.bin,
.
_______________________________________________________

, 
,  flash. 
 Nero Express,
flash 
.

58 BIOS

, . .





, (UPS).

, .
, .
.
BIOS. ,
. BIOS.

AwardBIOS
AwardBIOS Awdflash.exe
( , Award.exe). BIOS : .
__________________________________________________________
,
. 
,
.

AwardBIOS
AwardBIOS .
1.
Awdflash.exe BIOS

3. , 59

2.

3.

4.
5.

. , . , - ,
BIOS1.BIN.
, BIOS Setup
:
1) , BIOS Setup;
2) BIOS Load BIOS
Defaults ;
3) , First Boot Device (. . 5) ;
4) BIOS Flash Protect (. . 4),
System BIOS Cacheble Video BIOS Cacheble (. . 6),
Disabled.
BIOS Setup, ,
, .
MS-DOS ,
Awdflash Enter .
File Name to Program (. 3.5) , BIOS1.BIN, Enter.

. 3.5. Awdflash

60 BIOS

6. , Do You Want To Save BIOS (Y/N).


Y, BIOS, N,
.
7. , ,
OLDBIOS.BIN, Save Current BIOS As Enter
(. 3.6).

. 3.6. Awdflash

8. ,
Flashing Complete. Press F1 to Continue.
9. F1 ,
BIOS Load BIOS Defaults,
.

AwardBIOS

BIOS c
,
BIOS , 13 -

3. , 61

. MS-DOS
:
AWDFLASH __ __ /py /sy /cc /cd /cp /sb /e

BIOS . , :
AWDFLASH __ /py /sn /cc /cd /cp /sb /e

, ,
Awdflash /?.
_______________________________________________________________
, 
BAT
, , .
,
BAT .
, 
BAT , 
.

AMIBIOS
AMIBIOS Amiflash
. AwardBIOS .
1. BIOS Amiflash.exe.
2. BIOS Setup, , BIOS, BIOS (
AwardBIOS).
3. BIOS Setup .
4. MS-DOS Amiflash __ Enter.

62 BIOS

5. ,
. BIOS .


BIOS
, BIOS,
Amiflash, Awdflash ,
. ,
,
Windows.
, , MS-DOS BIOS.
BIOS,
.
ASUS Gigabyte.


ASUS. ASUS EZFlash,


BIOS.

XXXXXXXX.rom, XXXXXXXX
. . ,
POST Alt+F2. BIOS .
Gigabyte.
Gigabyte Q-Flash BIOS. ,
BIOS Setup F8.
Save BIOS to Floppy Load BIOS from Floppy (Update BIOS from
Floppy) .

BIOS
BIOS
.
, : -

3. , 63

, ,
. BIOS, , CMOS
(. . 3) .

Boot Block
, BIOS
(Boot Block) BIOS.
Boot Block AwardBIOS ,
, ,
.
.
1. ,
AwardBIOS, -
.
2. , :
AWDFLASH __ /py /sn /cc /cd /cp /sb /r

3. autoexec.bat.

.
4. CMOS-, ,
. . ,
POST, .
AMIBIOS .
1. BIOS AMIBOOT.ROM.
2. . . BIOS, , Ctrl+Home.

64 BIOS

BIOS


BIOS, .
.


ASUS CrashFree BIOS.


ASUS AMIBIOS.
AMIBOOT.ROM,
.
Gigabyte DualBIOS.
Gigabyte BIOS: .
, . BIOS Setup,
DualBIOS F8.

.
Albatron BIOS Mirror. Albatron
BIOS,


BIOS
. BIOS
.
, BIOS,
. flash- , , . ,
, , BIOS, BIOS -

3. , 65

(. 3.7) . - BIOS
.

. 3.7. BIOS


, ,
, , . , ,
. , ,
(overclocking).
, , .

66 BIOS

, . BIOS,
.
,
:





, , ;
- ;
;
, , .

__________________________________________________________
, ,
. ,  , 
!

,
,
. .





. ,
.
, .
,
.

, .
.
 . , , Windows. ,

3. , 67

Gigabyte Easy Tune 5,


MSI CoreCenter.
BIOS.
,
.

BIOS.
. , . .
Frequency/Voltage Control, . :


JumperFree Configuration ASUS;

MB Intelligent Tweaker Gigabyte;

Cell Menu MSI;

Power BIOS Features EPoX (. 3.8);

Soyo Combo Feature SOYO;

Genie BIOS Setting DFI;

SoftMenu Setup Guru Utility ABIT.

, .
- ,
, . BIOS
, ,
, Advanced Chipset Features.
__________________________________________________________

, , 
.

68 BIOS

. 3.8. Power BIOS Features EPoX


, , .
, , , , .

Dynamic Overclocking (D.O.T)


,
MSI. , , ,
.
:



Disabled ;
Private, Sergeant, Captain, Colonel, General, Commander -


1 % Private 15 % Commander.

3. , 69

CPU Intelligent Accelerator 2 (C.I.A. 2)


C.I.A. 2 Dynamic
Overclocking, Gigabyte.
:



Disabled ;
Cruise, Sports, Racing, Turbo, Full Thrust 5 % (Cruise)
19 % (Full Thrust).

Top Performance
Gigabyte .
, Ctrl+F1.
:


Enabled Top Performance ; -


;
Disabled Top Performance .

,
; Top Performance,
BIOS, .

AI Overclocking
, ASUS, .
:


Manual ;
Auto ;
 Standard ;
 AI Overclock (Overclock Profile) , Overclock Options;
 AI N.O.S (Non-Delay Overclocking System) Dynamic Overclocking;
N.O.S. Option.


70 BIOS

Overclock Options

AI Overclock AI Overclocking.
:


Disable ;

Overclock 3%, Overclock 5%, Overclock 8%, Overclock 10%

N.O.S. Option

AI N.O.S AI Overclocking.
, Overclock Options.

Robust Graphics Booster


Gigabyte
, .
:


Auto

Fast, Turbo ,

;
( Turbo).

, ,
.

CPU Clock Ratio, CPU Ratio Selection, Multiplier


Factor, Ratio CMOS Setting
.

3. , 71

,
.
:


Auto ; , ;
8.0X, 8.5X, 9.0X, 9.5X . . ,
,
.

CPU Host Clock Control, CPU Operating Speed


FSB , .
:


Disabled Auto Detect ;


, ;
Enabled (On) User Define CPU Clock
Ratio CPU FSB Clock; .

CPU FSB Clock, CPU Host Frequency (Mhz), FSB


Frequency, External Clock
FSB, , . FSB
, . FSB , c
33 (100 , 133 , 166 , 200 . .), 1 .
, Auto
CPU Operating Speed
.

72 BIOS

CPU Host/PCI Clock, CPU FSB/PCI Clock


FSB ( CPU FSB Clock)
, BIOS ,
, ,
PCI.
:



Default (Auto) ,
;
100/33 166/41 1 .

CPU Voltage Control, CPU VCore Voltage



, .
:


Auto (Normal) -

;
0,85 1,75
0,0125 ;
.

__________________________________________________________

.

,
, , , PCI, AGP, PCI Express.

DDR Voltage, DIMM OverVoltage Control, Memory


Voltage

.

3. , 73

:


Auto (Default) -

;
, ;
2.60V, 2.65V, 2.70V, 2.75V, 2.80V, 2.85V, 2.90V, 2.95V, 3.00V
, , ,
,
,
;
+0.1V, +0.2V, +0.3V, +0.4V, +0.5V, +0.6V
; BIOS .

HT Frequency
HT (HyperTransport),
AMD Athlon 64
.
:


1x, 1.5x, 2x, 2.5x, 3x, 4x, 5x


FSB ( ), HT (, 200 5x HT
1000 );
200 MHz, 400 MHz, 600 MHz, 800 MHz, 1000 MHz BIOS
HT .

AGP/PCI Clock
AGP PCI.
.


Auto ;

66.66/33.33, 72.73/36.36, 80.00/40.00 AGP PCI . 66.66/33.33, .

74 BIOS

BIOS FSB AGP/PCI


, CPU Host/PCI Clock.

PCI Express Frequency (Mhz), PCIE Clock


PCI Express.
:


Auto ( 100 );

90 150 ,
, .

,
. . :


Chipset Core PCI-E Voltage;

MCH & PCIE 1.5V Voltage;

NF4 Chipset Voltage;

PCIE Voltage;

FSB OverVoltage Control.

, , . Auto (Normal). ,
.

Spread Spectrum
,
. -

3. , 75

, ,
.
:


Enabled ,

;
0.25%, 0.5% ; BIOS;
Disabled Spread Spectrum .

_______________________________________________________________

Spread Spectrum.

, Spread Spectrum , : CPU Spread Spectrum, SATA


Spread Spectrum, PCIE Spread Spectrum, AGP Spread Spectrum.


.


.
, , .
BIOS, , . 6,
.
BIOS
(. ). ,
BIOS .

.
-

76 BIOS

: Motherboard
Monitor (mbm.livewiredev.com), SpeedFan (www.almico.com)
. , , , ,
.
. , .

AMD
Athlon 64/Sempron
, Athlon 64/Sempron,
.
Athlon 64 HyperTransport (HT) 200 4 5. FSB ,

HyperTransport.
Athlon 64
FSB, 200 .
HyperTransport
. , . , HT .
.
1. BIOS .
, :
Cool'n'Quiet Spread Spectrum.
2. . , ,
SPD ( Memory Timing by SPD ), Memory Frequency for (. 3.9).

3. , 77

. 3.9.

3. HyperTransport HT Frequency (. 3.10).


, 3x, 600 .

. 3.10. HyperTransport

78 BIOS

4. PCI/
AGP. 33/66 ,
AGP/PCI Clock AGP OverClock
in MHz (. . 3.9).
5.
. FSB
1015 % (, 200 225 ), . CPU FSB Clock, CPU
OverClock in MHz .
6. CPU-Z (www.cpuid.com) ,
(. 3.11). .
- , .

. 3.11.
CPUZ

3. , 79

7. ,
, FSB 5 10 ,
.
, .
8. FSB, ,
,
CPU VCore
Voltage CPU Voltage (. 3.12). 0,20,3 (1520 %). , ,
60 .

. 3.12.

FSB, .
1. , HT.
1000 , FSB , , 250 , 4x.

80 BIOS

2.
. ,
. (. . 6).
3.
HT,
.



Athlon 64 . . Athlon XP/Sempron, Socket A
(Socket 462), Intel .
HyperTransport
, , .
Intel Pentium 4 , . ,
( ) . , ,
.

, RightMark CPU Clock Utility (www.rightmark.org).

. POST, , .
FSB
FSB, , PCI AGP.

3. , 81

.
BIOS .
, .
BIOS Insert .
Windows , ,
Windows .
, , .
,
.

. , , Prime95,
BurnK7, SuperPI .
, .
, ,
. , : SiSoftware Sandra (www.sisoftware.co.uk), 3DMark PCMark
(www.futuremark.com) .
, . ,
,
Adobe Photoshop .

4.

BIOS

CMOS Setup Utility


Standard CMOS Features Standard CMOS
Setup (. 4.1), BIOS c
Main.

. 4.1. Standard CMOS Features

BIOS Advanced BIOS Features (. 4.2), BIOS.


AMIBIOS c Advanced,
(. . 2.12).

4. BIOS 83

. 4.2. Advanced BIOS Features

Date (mm:dd:yy), System Date, Time (hh:mm:ss),


System Time
,
, RTC (Real Time
Clock).
.

,
.

Daylight Saving

. , , Disabled (Off).

84 BIOS

Halt On
,
.
:







All Errors -

; , , , ,
;
No Errors ;
All, But Keyboard
, ;
All, But Disk
, ;
All, But Disk/Key
, .

POST Errors, POST Error Halt


BIOS Halt
On, :


Halt On All Errors

;


No Halt On All Errors


.

Wait For If Any Errors


, ,
. Enabled (Yes)
, Disabled (No) .

Keyboard
:


Installed (Present) ;

4. BIOS 85


Not Installed (Absent) .

Video, Primary Display


.
EGA/VGA, (CGA 40, CGA 80, Mono, MDA) , ,
.

Language, Current Language


BIOS ,
, . BIOS , , English, German French.

Drive A, Drive B, Legacy Diskette A/B


, (A B) .
:



Disabled (None) ;
360K, 5.25 in, 720K, 3.5 in, 1.2M, 5.25 in, 1.44M, 3.5 in, 2.88M, 3.5 in

.
1.44M, 3.5 in.
__________________________________________________________
BIOS , , 
, 
.

IDE?
IDE (ATA),
, CD DVD
.

86 BIOS

IDE-, Primary IDE Secondary IDE.


IDE-; Master (),
Slave (). ,
, Primary Master,
Primary Slave, Secondary Master Secondary Slave.
IDE- , Master Slave.
IDE- ,
,
(MA, SL) (. 4.3).
Master, Slave.
, , .

. 4.3. IDE
__________________________________________________________
80
, 40 
CD/DVD.
,

.

, BIOS.

4. BIOS 87

Standard CMOS Features


(Main BIOS c ). IDE-
:


IDE
IDE
 IDE
 IDE


Primary Master;
Primary Slave;
Secondary Master;
Secondary Slave.

BIOS , : IDE Channel 0 Master, IDE Channel 0 Slave, IDE Channel 1


Master IDE Channel 1 Slave.
, , IDE Primary Master
(. 4.4).

. 4.4. , IDE
Primary Master

IDE HDD Auto?Detection


Enter
,

88 BIOS

. Cylinder, Head, Sector, Capacity


.
HDD .


.
, .
. , ,
BIOS.
BIOS (. . 3). , HDD .
.
, IDE-
, , .

Type, IDE Primary Master


,
. .



Auto

;
Manual (User)
,
, ;
CDROM/DVD ,
/ CD DVD;
,
Auto, None;

4. BIOS 89


None , ,

IDE-; , , BIOS;
LS-120, ZIP-100, MO, JAZ (JAZ2) , .

Mode, Access Mode, LBA Mode



. .





Auto ;

;
Normal (CHS) 504 ;
LBA (Logical Block Addressing)
, 1 ;
Large , 1 , LBA.

Head, Cylinder, Sector


:




Head ;
Cylinder , , ;
Sector , .

90 BIOS

.
Normal.

Capacity
,
. 512 , :
Capacity = Head Cylinder Sector 512.

Precomp, WPCOMP
, ,
.
HDD LBA,
Normal .

Landing Zone, LZONE


, ,
( ). HDD
IDE .


Standard CMOS Features ( Main) .
.






Base Memory, Extended Memory -

;
Total Memory
; Installed Memory
System Memory Size;
BIOS Version BIOS,
;
Processor Type, Processor Speed
, ; -

4. BIOS 91

, - L1\L2.

. 5.

Swap Floppy Drive


A
B . Disabled (Off).

Gate A20 Option


A20, .
:



Fast A20 , ;
;
Normal A20 ; ,
, .

Report No FDD for WIN 95


Windows 9x .
:


Yes , ;

No ,

S.M.A.R.T. for Hard Disks, HDD S.M.A.R.T Capability


S.M.A.R.T. (Self Monitoring Analysis
and Reporting Technology), , .

92 BIOS

:


Enabled (On) S.M.A.R.T. , -

Disabled (Off) S.M.A.R.T. .

__________________________________________________________
S.M.A.R.T. ,
.
, , 
.

BIOS Flash Protect


BIOS.
:


Enabled (On) flash- ,

BIOS ;
Disabled (Off) BIOS ;
BIOS.

BIOS BIOS Update,


BIOS Flash Protect.

PS/2 Mouse Function Control


IRQ 12 ,
PS/2, .
:


Auto , PS/2, ,
IRQ 12 , ;
, ;
Enabled IRQ 12
, .

APIC Function, IOAPIC Function


APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt Cont-

4. BIOS 93

roller), ,
, .
:


Enabled (On)
( ); Windows
2000/XP/2003;
Disabled (Off) ; Windows
95/98, APIC.

Interrupt Mode,
PIC APIC.
__________________________________________________________

. Windows XP 

Windows.

MPS Table Version, MPS Revision


MPS (Multi-Processor
Specification), , .
:


1.4 MPS -

, Windows 2000/XP/
2003; ;
1.1 MPS.

MPS 1.4 Support :


 Enabled MPS 1.4;


Disabled MPS 1.1.

Delay IDE Initial



. ,

94 BIOS

, .
:


0 ( );

1 15 , .

Typematic Rate Setting



. , MS-DOS, Windows.
:


Enabled (On) ,
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
Typematic Delay (Msec), -

Disabled (Off) -

;
, .

?
, -.

Hyper?Threading Function, Hyper?Threading


Technology

Hyper-Threading,
. Intel
Pentium 4 .
:



Enabled (On) Hyper-Threading ;


Disabled (Off) Hyper-Threading .

Hyper-Threading, .

4. BIOS 95





BIOS,
Enabled (On).
Hyper-Threading.
Hyper-Threading . Windows XP/2003
Linux c 2.4.x.

CPU L1 & L2 Cache, CPU Internal Cache/External


Cache
-
,
.
:



Enabled (On) - ;
Disabled (Off) - ,

.
- ;
MS-DOS.
BIOS L1 Cache
L2 Cache.

CPU Level 2 Cache ECC Check


-
.
Enabled (On) ,
. Disabled (Off) .

CPU L3 Cache
- (L3),
. ,
.

96 BIOS

Microcode Updation

, , BIOS POST.
:


Enabled (On) ;
 Disabled (Off) .

Max CPUID Value Limit, Limit CPUID Max Val


CPUID 3, . Windows 9x/NT4 Enabled (On), Windows
2000/XP/2003 Disabled (Off).

Execute Disable Bit, No?Execute Memory Protect


, ,
.
:


Enabled (On) ;

(Windows XP SP2 Windows 2003 SP1);
Disabled (Off) .

Enhanced C1 Control, Enhance Halt State, CPU


Enhanced Halt, C1E Function

Intel Pentium 4 Halt.
:


Auto (Enabled) C1E (-

);
Disabled C1E .

4. BIOS 97

CPU EIST Function, EIST Function, Intel(R)


SpeedStep Technology
EIST (Enhanced Intel SpeedStep
Technology), Intel Pentium 4, .
C1E, EIST . :





BIOS; Auto (Enabled);


Intel Pentium 4 EIST;
Windows XP SP2/Windows 2003 SP1
;
.

CoolnQuiet Control
CoolnQuiet, AMD Athlon 64.
EIST.
:


Auto (Enabled) CoolnQuiet ( -

Windows XP SP2 Windows 2003 SP1);


Disabled CoolnQuiet .

CPU Internal Thermal Control


, Intel Pentium 4.
:


Auto , -

(
);
Disabled , -
, .

98 BIOS

Thermal Management
Intel Pentium 4.
:


Thermal Monitor 1 (TM1) , ;


Thermal Monitor 2 (TM2)
,
, . .

BIOS CPU Thermal


Monitor 2 (TM2), TM2.
, TM2 Bus Ratio
TM2 Bus VID, (. 4.5).

. 4.5. Pentium 4

Delay Prior To Thermal


, ,

4. BIOS 99

. : 4 Min, 8 Min, 16 Min, 32 Min


. , .


BIOS , . :


CPU Type ;
CPU Speed (Frequency) ;
 FSB Speed (Current FSB Frequency) 

;



Cache L1/L2/L3 (Cache RAM) -;


Ratio Actual Value -

Ratio Status ,

;
.
_______________________________________________________
BIOS
Standard CMOS Features Main.

5.

, , ,
. BIOS Advanced BIOS Features (. 5.1); , .

. 5.1. Advanced BIOS Features

BIOS , ASUS ASRock,


Boot (. 5.2).

5. 101

. 5.2. Boot



, BIOS. , , .

Boot Sequence

. ,
, .
.



. A:.
. ,
C:,

102 BIOS

D:, E:, F:. , ,


HDD.
CD DVD. CDROM, , , Master.
SCSI , BIOS.

, Boot Sequence .
.





A, C, SCSI. -

. ,
, : Non-system disk or disk
error. Insert system disk and press any key when ready.
, .
, , SCSI.
C, A, SCSI. ,
SCSI. Windows , .
C only. . BIOS .
C, CDROM, A. : , -, .
CDROM, C, A. CD, -.
D, A, SCSI. , .

5. 103


SCSI, A, C. , -

SCSI.
BIOS Boot Sequence , , , .

First Boot Device (1st Boot Device)


. ,
, Second Boot Device
Third Boot Device. Boot
Sequence, .
First Boot Device :


Floppy ;

HDD-0 (IDE-0), HDD-1 (IDE-1), HDD-2 (IDE-2), HDD-3 (IDE-3) , IDE-;


CDROM (CD/DVD) -,
IDE-;
LS-120 SuperDisk (LS-120);
ZIP-100 ZIP-;
USB FDD, USB CDROM, USB HDD, USB-ZIP USB;
SCSI SCSI;
LAN (Network) ;
ATA100RAID RAID- IDE;
Disabled (None) .










First/Second/Third
Boot Device, .
BIOS, .
First/Second/Third Boot Device :


Removable ; ,
Removable Device Priority;

104 BIOS


Hard Disk ;

, Hard Disk Boot Priority;


CDROM (CD/DVD) -; CDROM Boot Priority;
Disabled .

BIOS , .
First Boot Device
( ),
.
BIOS,
First Boot Device , .
,
Integrated Peripherals .

Second Boot Device (2nd Boot Device), Third Boot


Device (3rd Boot Device)

; , First Boot
Device.
(, ), 4th Boot Device.

Hard Disk Boot Priority, Hard Disk Drives


(. 5.3) , . , ,

.
,
.
1.
.
2. +
,
( ).

5. 105

. 5.3.

, First/Second/ Third Boot Device. ,


, First Boot Device Hard Disk.

Removable Device Priority, Removable Drives



. Hard Disk Boot Priority.

CDROM Boot Priority, CDROM Drives


CD-; Removable Device Priority Hard Disk
Boot Priority.

Boot Other Device, Try Other Boot Device


, First/Second/Third Boot Device. :


Enabled (Yes, On) -

106 BIOS


Disabled (No, Off)


, First/Second/
Third Boot Device.

Boot From Network, Boot From LAN



, , . ,
Disabled (Off), .


BIOS, .
. IDE-. , , .

Quick Power On Self Test, Quick Boot



(POST) .
, .
:



Enabled ( On ) ;

Disabled (Off) .

Boot Up Floppy Seek, Floppy Drive Seek At Boot



/. ,
,
Disabled (Off).

Boot Up NumLock
Num Lock ; -

5. 107

,
. Enabled (On) , Disabled (Off) .

OS Select For DRAM > 64M, Boot to OS/2


, 64 OS/2. , No (Non-OS2).

Wait for F1 If Error


,
.
Halt On (. . 4). :


Enabled (On) -

Disabled (Off)

;
, .

Hit DEL Message Display


BIOS Setup, Press DEL to run Setup.
:



Enabled (On) ( -

);
Disabled (Off) (
BIOS Setup ).

AddOn ROM Display Mode



BIOS, SCSI- RAID-.
:


Force BIOS BIOS ;

108 BIOS


Keep Current BIOS

Boot Sector Virus Protection, Virus Warning, Boot


Warning
, BIOS: .
, . , . ,
.
:


Enabled (On) , -

;
Disabled (Off) .

.
, ,

.
__________________________________________________________
,

.

Full Screen Logo, Show Boot Up Logo, Quiet Boot


.
:


Enabled (On) ;

, POST;

5. 109


Disabled (Off) ,


POST.
, . Boottime Diagnosis Screen, Summary Screen -
.

Small Logo (EPA) Show


EPA ( ), .

Interrupt 19 Capture

INT 19, ,
.
BIOS ,
Enabled INT 19
BIOS IDE-, SCSI- RAID-.


, BIOS ,
, . ,
,
-, .
BIOS
.

F11 ( AMIBIOS) Esc ( AwardBIOS). ,
Asus F8 ( POST ).

110 BIOS

, (. 5.4).
Enter,
.

. 5.4. AMIBIOS
__________________________________________________________

, BIOS.



.
BIOS, ,
.

5. 111

BIOS .


.
,
. , ,
BIOS Setup.
BIOS Setup. , , ,
BIOS Setup.
BIOS .

. AMIBIOS Security (. 5.5) BootSecurity.


.

. 5.5. AMIBIOS

112 BIOS

Set Supervisor Password


.
, Set Supervisor Password, Enter, (. 5.6),
Enter.

. 5.6.

,
Set Supervisor Password Enter,

. Security Option.

Set User Password


.
,
BIOS Setup.

Set Password
BIOS ,
Security Option. , .

Security Option, Password Check


1 ; .


Setup. , , BIOS Setup.

BIOS Advanced
BIOS Features.

5. 113

,
BIOS. , BIOS (Supervisor Password), (User Password)

.
System (Always). , , BIOS Setup. ,
BIOS Setup ,
Setup.

,
.


,
BIOS Setup ,
-
BIOS. ,
, .
, BIOS, .

BIOS (. . 3). , , ,
. , ,
.

6.


.
: , -, . Advanced
Chipset Features (. 6.1), BIOS
Advanced .

. 6.1. Advanced Chipset Features


_______________________________________________________________
Gigabyte
,
Ctrl+F1 ( , 
) BIOS Setup.

6. 115

:
, , . ,
Integrated Peripherals (. 6.2).

. 6.2. Integrated Peripherals


,

.
.
, .
,
.
.
: CAS Latency (tCL), RAS# to
CAS# delay (tRCD), RAS# Precharge (tRP) Active to Precharge Delay (tRAS).

116 BIOS

,
.
SPD (Serial
Presence Detect),
. . , , ,
.


, .
(. . 6.1), .
, .

DRAM Timing Selectable, Timing Mode


, .
:


By SPD (Auto)
SPD;
, ;
Manual .
.

SDRAM Timing by SPD, Configure SDRAM by SPD,


Memory Timing by SPD

DRAM Timing Selectable, :



Enabled (On) SPD;


Disabled (Off) .

6. 117

Memory Frequency for, DRAM Frequency,


Max Memclock, Memclock Index Value
, . SPD. , ,
.
:


Auto -

100, 120, 133 (PC100, PC133)

SDRAM;
200, 266, 333, 400, 533 (DDR266, DDR333, DDR400, DDR533) DDR.

SPD ( );

CAS# Latency, tCL, DRAM CAS# Latency, SDRAM


CAS Latency Time
(CAS#) .
1,5; 2; 2,5; 3. ,
.
_______________________________________________________
BIOS 
, 3T (3 DRAM Clocks).

tRCD, RAS# to CAS# delay, SDRAM RAS?to?CAS


Delay
(RAS#) (CAS#).
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. tRCD,
, , CAS Latency,

.

118 BIOS

tRP, DRAM RAS# Precharge, RAS Precharge,


SDRAM RAS Precharge, Row Precharge Time
, .
2, 3, 4, 5.
, .

tRAS, Active to Precharge Delay, DRAM RAS#


Activate to Precharge, Min RAS# Active Time
, ,
.
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. , tRAS

DRAM Command Rate, 1T/ 2T Memory Timing


.
:


2T (2T Command) ,
, ;
1T (1T Command)
,
.

2T Command
DRAM Command
Rate, :


Auto -

Enabled 2 ;

Disabled 1 .

SPD;

6. 119

Bank Interleave
, .
:


Auto ;

2 Way, 4 Way -
; 4 Way ;
Disable , .

DRAM Burst Length, Burst Length


.
4, 8. . 8 , .

Write Recovery Time


. , .
2T, 3T.
,
.

AGP
AGP PCI, . 66
266 / ( AGP 1x) 533 / ( AGP 2x). AGP 4x, AGP 8x,
2 /.
BIOS .

120 BIOS

AGP Capability, AGP Mode, AGP Transfer Mode


AGP.
:


Auto ; -

,
AGP, ;
1X, 2X, 4X, 8X ;
,
AGP. , .

AGP 4X Mode
, AGP 1x/2x/4x, 4x (
Enabled (On) ) ( Disabled (Off)).

AGP 2X Mode

AGP 4X Mode.

AGP Aperture Size


,
.
8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256. , . ,
.

AGP Fast Write


,
,
. , Enabled (On). , ,
, Disabled (Off).

6. 121

AGP Master 1 W/S Read



AGP. Enabled (On) , .
,
Disabled (Off).

AGP Master 1 W/S Write


AGP
.

AGP Driving Control, AGP Driving Value


AGP , 4x.
:


Auto AGP -

Manual AGP
AGP Driving Value. -

( );

0 FF. DA,
nVidia GeForce 2 .

AGP to DRAM Prefetch, AGP Prefetch


Enabled (On)
AGP- .
, .

On?Chip VGA, Onboard VGA


.
:


Enabled (On) ;
,

122 BIOS

, ;
Disabled (Off) ; ,
, .

PCI Express
PCI Express
PCI AGP.
.

PEG Link Mode


ASUS. , PCI Express x16
(PEG PCI Express Graphics PCI Express).
:



Auto , ;
Slow, Normal, Fast, Faster
. Slow ,
Faster
.

PCI Express
ASUS , , ,
. :


PEG Root Control PCI Express;


 PEG Buffer Length -

PCI Express.
PCI Express , Auto.

PEG Port
PCI Express x16,
,
.

6. 123

:



Enabled (On) PCI Express x16 ;


Disabled (Off) PCI Express x16 .

BIOS PCI Express. PCI


Express Slot 1, PCI Express Slot 2, PCI Express Slot 3, Enabled/
Disabled.

PEG Force x1
PCI Express x16 x1.
:


Disabled (Off) x16,


, PCI
Express x16;
Enabled (On) x1, .


Advanced
Chipset Features,
.

System BIOS Cacheable


BIOS, . BIOS flash- ,
Disabled (Off).

Memory Hole At 15M16M


1
15 16
ISA-. , Disabled
(Off).

124 BIOS

Video BIOS Cacheable


BIOS System BIOS Cacheable.
, -BIOS POST
.

PCI Delay Transaction, Delayed Transaction



PCI, . , Enabled (On).
,
PCI 2.1, .

IDE
IDE- , IDE Integrated Peripherals.

OnChip IDE Channel0, On?Chip Primary PCI IDE


IDE-.
PIO UDMA,
Standard CMOS Features.
:


Enabled (On) IDE- ;

Disabled (Off) IDE-

; , ,
.

OnChip IDE Channel1, On?Chip Secondary PCI IDE


,
IDE-.

IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO



, -

6. 125

IDE-.
/ (PIO),
.
:



Auto ;

, ;
Mode 0-4 PIO:
Mode 0 , Mode 4 .
PIO
CD-ROM.

IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA



UDMA (UltraDMA) IDE-. ,
PIO, IDE-.
:


Auto UDMA ;

; UDMA
, PIO;
Disabled UDMA ,
PIO. , IDE-.

IDE DMA Transfer Access



(DMA) IDE. , Enabled (On).

IDE HDD Block Mode


IDE-,
. Enabled

126 BIOS

(On) ,
Disabled (Off) .

IDE Prefetch Mode



IDE-.
Enabled (On),
Disabled (Off).

IDE Burst Mode, IDE Bursting


Enabled (On), - .
.

Serial ATA RAID


Serial ATA RAID.
(. 6.3).

. 6.3.

6. 127

On?Chip Serial ATA, On?Chip SATA Mode, ATA/IDE


Configuration
SATA IDE.
:


Disabled Serial ATA ;

Auto BIOS -

IDE;

SATA IDE, Master/Slave;


Combined Mode (Legacy Mode) SATA IDE, MS-DOS Windows 98/Me.
SATA
IDE- Serial ATA
Port0/1 Mode;
Enhanced Mode (Native Mode) SATA IDE,
;
Windows 98/Me;
SATA Only SATA, Primary Master Secondary Master.

Onboard IDE Operate Mode



SATA IDE.
:



Compatible Mode MS-DOS, Windows 9x/NT4.0;


Enhanced Mode , Windows 2000/XP/2003.

Enhanced Mode Support On



.

128 BIOS

:


S-ATA Windows
2000/XP/2003 , MS-DOS,
Windows 9x/NT4.0 IDE (P-ATA); ;
P-ATA, P-ATA+S-ATA ; , .

IDE Port Settings



SATA IDE .
:




Primary, P-ATA+S-ATA IDE-, -

, SATA-;
Secondary, P-ATA+S-ATA IDE-, , SATA-;
P-ATA Ports Only IDE-, SATA .

PATA IDE Mode, PATA IDE Set to


,
,
IDE-.
:



Ch.1 Master/Slave, Secondary, IDE2 IDE- Secondary Master Secondary Slave;


Ch.0 Master/Slave, Primary, IDE1 IDE- Primary Master Primary Slave.

SATA Port 0/2 Set to, SATA Port 1/3 Set to, SATA Port
, IDE SATA-, PATA IDE Mode.

6. 129

SATA RAID/AHCI Mode, SATA Mode, Configure


SATA As

Serial ATA.
:


Standard IDE (Disabled) SATA -

RAID RAID-, OnChip Serial ATA Enhanced Mode;

AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) -

, IDE;

SATA, Serial ATA2.


__________________________________________________________
Serial ATA , 
.
Windows ( 
).

SATA1/SATA2
Serial
ATA, SATA1 SATA2.
:


Enabled (On) Serial ATA ;

Disabled (Off) Serial ATA .

SATA3 SATA4 SATA3/SATA4.

IDE/SATA RAID function, Raid Function, RAID


Enabled
( Enabled (On)) (Disabled (Off))
RAID-.

130 BIOS

RAID, , RAID- . BIOS,


:


VIA SATA Raid Utility;

OnBoard Sil3114 RAID;

Onboard Promise Controller;

Intel RAID Technology.

_______________________________________________________
RAID 
RAID,
.

SATA1 RAID, SATA2 RAID, SATA3 RAID, SATA4 RAID


RAID- , Serial
ATA RAID.
:


Enabled (On) SATA- -

RAID ( RAID- RAID);


Disabled ( Off) SATA- ,
IDE-.

RAID SATA-, IDE,


: IDE Primary/ Secondary Master/Slave RAID.

USB
USB . USB,
.

6. 131

, ,
, .

USB Controller, OnChip USB Controller, OnChip EHCI


Controller
( Enabled (On)) (Disabled
(Off)) USB-. USB- , .

USB 2.0 Controller, USB 2.0 Support


(USB 1.1 USB 2.0),
USB-.
:



Enabled (On) USB 2.0, ;


Disabled (Off) USB 1.1; ,
USB 2.0.

USB Legacy Support, USB Keyboard Support Via


USB- BIOS , USB-.
:


Enabled (On) BIOS USB-

BIOS ; ,
USB- , Windows;
Disabled (Off) OS USB- BIOS ; , USB- Windows.

USB Mouse Support


USB- BIOS USB Keyboard Support Via.
, USB- , MS-DOS.

132 BIOS

/
Onboard I/O Chip, SuperIO Device (. 6.4).

. 6.4. /

Onboard Serial Port 1, COM Port 1


,
/.
:



Auto ,
( );
3F8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3 /
, ;
Disabled (Off) .

Onboard Serial Port 2, COM Port 2


.
Onboard Serial Port 1.

6. 133

Onboard Parallel Port, Parallel Port


,
().
:


378/IRQ7 ( ), 3BC/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5 /

, ;
Disabled (Off) .

BIOS Parallel Port Address Parallel Port IRQ


, , /
.

Parallel Port Mode, Onboard Parallel Mode, Parallel


Port Type
.
:


Normal (SPP ) -

; ,
;
ECP+EPP EPP
ECP; . BIOS
.

EPP ECP+EPP EPP Mode


Select (EPP Version), EPP ( 1.9).
ECP ECP+EPP DMA ECP Mode Use DMA (ECP
Mode DMA Channel). DMA3.



.
BIOS,
, Disabled (Off), , Enabled (On) Auto.

134 BIOS

.




AC97 Audio, Audio Controller, Onboard Audio Chip.


.
Onboard FDC Controller, OnBoard Floppy Controller. .
Onboard LAN Control, MAC LAN. .
OnBoard LAN Option ROM (OnBoard LAN Boot ROM), .
OnBoard IEEE1394 Controller, IEEE1394.
IEEE1394
(FireWire).
Onboard Game/MIDI Port. MIDI-.
, .
Onboard Infrared Port. . , .

7. ,

: (IRQ),
(DMA), /
. BIOS PnP/PCI
Configurations (. 7.1), .

. 7.1. BIOS PNP/PCI Configurations

Plug and Play. ,

136 BIOS


ISA- (, ).
BIOS Power Management Setup Power (. 7.2).

. 7.2. Power Management Setup

,
.
c Hardware Monitor (H/W Monitor) PC
Health Status.
_______________________________________________________
(, , 
, )
Integrated Peripherals.


DMA
, .

7. , 137

Plug and Play OS, PNP OS Installed


, : BIOS
.
:


Yes , ,
BIOS, ,
Plug and Play;
No
BIOS.

Windows 2000/XP
ACPI. BIOS
, No.

Resources Controlled By
(IRQ) (DMA).
:


Auto (ESCD) (-

); , ;
Manual IRQ x Assigned to DMA x Assigned to.

Force Update ESCD, Reset Configuration Data



(ESCD). , .
:



Disabled (No) ESCD ; ;


Enabled (Yes)

138 BIOS

. Disabled, ESCD .

Assign IRQ For VGA, Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA


(IRQ)
. ( ) Enabled (On), .

Assign IRQ For USB


( Enabled (On) )
(Disabled (Off)) (IRQ) USB.

Assign IRQ For ACPI



(ACPI).
:


Auto ACPI ; -


;
IRQ 9, IRQ 10, IRQ 11 ACPI
. IRQ 9.

IRQ x Assigned to
Resources Controlled By , , 3 15.
:


PCI/ISA PnP (PCI Device) Plug and Play;


;
Legacy ISA (Manual, Reserved) ISA-.

7. , 139

DMA x Assigned to
( Resources
Controlled By), BIOS
DMA. IRQ x Assigned to.

PIRQ_x Use IRQ No, INT Pin x Assignment


PCI- AGP- (PIRQ).
PIRQ , , Auto.

PCI Slot x, Slot x


PCI PIRQ_x Use IRQ No.
Auto.

Init Display First, Primary Graphics Adapter


, .
:





PCI -

, PCI;
AGP AGP-;
Onboard ,
;
PCI Express (PCIE, PEG) PCI Express.

BIOS
, PCI/AGP AGP/PCI.

, .

140 BIOS

PCI Latency Timer


,
PCI , Bus
Master, .
32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224, 248. 32 64 , , , .

PCI/VGA Palette Snoop, Palette Snooping


,
VGA ,
MPEG-.
, Enabled (On), Disabled (Off).

Maximum Payload Size



PCI Express ,
.
128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048, 4096. . 4096,
, , ,
PCI Express.


,
Windows 2000/XP/2003 ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface).
ACPI BIOS, .

ACPI Function
ACPI
BIOS. .

7. , 141

:


Enabled (On) ACPI BIOS ; -

Windows 98 SE;
Disabled (Off) ACPI ; , ACPI .

__________________________________________________________
ACPI 
. Windows 2000/XP/2003,
ACPI , 
.

_______________________________________________________
BIOS 
, ACPI .

ACPI Suspend Type, ACPI Standby State


, ACPI- .
:


S1(POS) POS (Power on Suspend)

, , , ;
S3(STR) STR (Suspend to RAM)
, ;
S1&S3 (Auto) S3 , , S1;
Auto .

BIOS Suspend to RAM, (Enabled) (Disabled) S3(STR).

142 BIOS

ACPI APIC Support


(APIC) ACPI. , Enabled.
__________________________________________________________
, ACPI Function, 
.

Soft?off by PWR?BTTN, PWR Button < 4 secs


.
:


Instant-Off -

Delay 4 Sec (Suspend)

;
. , .

Power Management
BIOS.
, ACPI- .
:


Max Saving ;

Min Saving

, 1 ;

15 ;
User Define Suspend
Mode Standby Mode.
1 60 .
, HDD Power Down.

7. , 143

Suspend Type
.
:



Stop Grant ;
PwrOn Suspend .

Video Off Method


.
:


Blank Screen , -

V/H SYNC + Blank -

DPMS

;
;
DPMS (Display
Power Management Signaling).

Video Off In Suspend


Suspend. Yes
, No ,
.

AC Loss Auto Restart, PWRON After PWR?Fail, AC


Back Function
.


Off (Soft-Off) -

On (Full-On) -

;
Former-Sts (Memory) , .

( );

144 BIOS



, , .
,
Power Management Setup (. . 7.2)
Wake Up Events (. 7.3).

. 7.3.

, .
.



VGA. ON .
LPT & COM.
(LPT) (COM)
. : LPT, COM, LPT/
COM NONE.

7. , 145





HDD & FDD. ON -


.
PCI Master. ON PCI-.
Primary INTR. ON .

.
BIOS .
.


Power On by Ring, Modem Ring On, Resume On RING. -

Resume by Alarm, Power On By RTC Alarm, RTC Alarm Resume. -







.
: Date (of Month) Resume Time (hh: mm: ss) ( ).
Wake Up by PCI Card.
PCI-.
Wake Up On LAN, Resume On LAN. .
Power On By Mouse, Resume on PS/2 Mouse.
.
Power On By Keyboard, Resume on Keyboard.
.
POWER ON Function.
Power On By Keyboard Power On By Mouse.

BIOS IRQs Activity Monitoring


Reload Global Timer Events (. 7.4).
,
,
Enabled (On).

146 BIOS

. 7.4. IRQs Activity Monitoring


, , . BIOS
Hardware Monitor (H/W Monitor) PC Health Status (. 7.5) .
, .
:


CPU Temperature ;
System Temperature (MB Temperature) ;
 PWM Temperature (Power Temperature) -

.
,
, .


, .
3.3V, +5V, +12V, -12V 5V SB (
).
, ,

7. , 147

(CPU Voltage VCORE), (Chipset Voltage), (DIMM Voltage) .

. 7.5. PC Health Status

Voltage Battery, CMOS .


, . :




ASUS, ASRock, MSI .: CPU Fan Speed, Chassis Fan Speed,


Power Fan Speed;
Soltek, Shuttle : Fan1 Speed, Fan2
Speed, Fan3 Speed;
Gigabyte: Current CPU FAN Speed (RPM), Current SYSTEM FAN
Speed (RPM).




. , .

148 BIOS

CPU Warning Temperature


,
BIOS .
:


60C/140F, 70C/158F, 80C/176F, 90C/194F


( ), , ; ;
Disabled .

Shutdown Temperature
, . ,
CPU Warning Temperature.

CPU FAN Fail Warning, CPU Fan Beep


. , Enabled.

System FAN Fail Warning


. .

Q?Fan Control
ASUS
.
:


Enabled ; -


;
Disabled .

7. , 149

(CPU Q-Fan Control) (Chassis


Q-Fan Control).

CPU Smart FAN Control, Smart CPU Fan Target


Q-Fan Control, Gigabyte MSI. BIOS
,
.

CPU Smart FAN Mode, CPU Q?Fan Mode


, .
:


Auto ;

Voltage (DC)

;
PWM .

ACPI, Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ( )


, .
AGP, Advanced/Accelerated Graphics Port (), .
APIC, Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller . , .
APM, Advanced Power Management ( ) .
APM
ACPI.
ATA, Advanced Technology Attachment ,
IDE.
Serial ATA.
ATAPI, Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface - . ATA (IDE)
ATAPI-.
BIOS, Basic Input Output System ( -) , () . BIOS
.
CAS, Column Access Strobe ,
.
CMOS, Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
BIOS

151

. CMOS- .
COM- , .
CPU, Central Processing Unit .
DDR SDRAM, Double Data Rate SDRAM
, .
DDR2 . DDR, .
DEP, Data Execution Prevention Windows XP , (. NX-bit, XD).
DIMM, Dual In-Line Memory Module SDRAM, DDR, DDR2.
DMA, Direct Memory Access , .
DRAM, Dynamic Random Access Memory . BIOS
DRAM, SDRAM DDR.
ECC, Error Correction Code; Error Checking and Correcting , .
EDO, Extended Data Out ,
Pentium I.
EEPROM, Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
. EEPROM Flash EEPROM, flash, .
EIDE, Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics IDE (ATA) .
EISA, Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture
.

152

EPA, Environmental Protection Agency , Energy Star.


EPP, Enhanced Parallel Port (
) 2 /.
ESCD, Extended System Configuration Data , .
ECP, Extended Capabilities Port ( )
2,5 /,
DMA-.
FDC, Floppy Disk Controller .
FDD, Floppy Disk Drive .
FPM, Fast Page Mode ,
Pentium.
FPU, Floating Point Unit , .
( ).
FSB, Front Side Bus , .
HT, HyperTransport ,
AMD Athlon 64 .
HT, Hyper Threading, HTT, Hyper Threading Technology
, Intel Pentium 4,
.
HDD, Hard Disk Drive .
IDE, Integrated Drive Electronics (. ATA).
IEEE 1394, FireWire
.
INT, Interrupt , ,
.
IrDA, Infrared Data Association , .

153

IRQ, Interrupt Request , , IRQ 0 IRQ 15.


ISA, Industry Standard Architecture , IBM PC XT/AT . PCI.
L1, Level 1 - ,
,
.
L2, Level 2 - ,
,
128 1 .
L3, Level 3 - ,
.
12 .
LAN, Local Area Network .
LBA, Logical Block Addressing ( () )
, IDE (ATA)
1 .
LCD, Liquid Crystal Display .
LED, Light Emitting Diode .
LPT , , .
MBR, Master Boot Record ,
.
MBR , , .
MMX, Multi Media eXtention
.
MPS, MultiProcessing Specification
Intel
.
NMI, Non-Maskable Interrupt ,
. .

154

NVRAM, Non-Volatile RAM . NVRAM


ESCD.
NX-bit, No Execute AMD,
, .
PCI, Peripheral Component Interconnect
,
Intel 1992 .
PCI Express, PCIe , Intel PCI AGP.
PIO, Programmed I/O /,
IDE- .
Plug and Play, PnP , Intel,
. ,
, .
PnP.
POST, Power-On Self Test
, BIOS.
PS/2
.
RAID, Redundant Array of Independent Disks ( ) / .
RAM, Random Access Memory .
.
RAS, Row Adress Strobe , .
ROM, Read-Only Memory . , , - (CD-ROM) BIOS (EEPROM).
RTC, Real Time Clock , .
S.M.A.R.T., Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology
, .

155

SATA, Serial ATA , IDE (ATA).


SCSI, Small Computer System Interface . .
SDRAM, Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory . Pentium I/II/III/4 ,
DDR.
SIMM, Single In-Line Memory Module EDO FPM.
SPD, Serial Presence Detect , .
SPP, Standard Parallel Port .
SSC, Spread Spectrum Clocking
.
SSE, Streaming SIMD Extensions
.
TM1, Thermal Monitor 1, TM2, Thermal Monitor 2
Intel Pentium 4.
(
TM1) ( TM2).
UDMA, Ultra DMA IDE (ATA).
USB, Universal Serial Bus ( ) ,
.
VGA, Video Graphics Array
, .
XD, Execute Disable Intel,
, .

. .

BIOS .


.
.
.
. -
. , .
.

14.08.06. 60901/16. . . . 10.


4000.
, 198206, -, , 73, . 29.
005-93,
2; 95 3005 .
1906.
191126, -, ., 2.