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2. BIOS.
BIOS SETUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
POST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

3.
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
POST- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

4. BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
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BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
AwardBIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
AMIBIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
BIOS . . .61
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Intel Core 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
AMD Athlon 64/Sempron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

6.
BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
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7.
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8.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
AGP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
PCI Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
IDE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Serial ATA RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

9. ,

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DMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
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BIOS,
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14

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 ISA.

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HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface).

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16

1.


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SCSI-
SCSI-.


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.

BIOS.
BIOS Setup

BIOS (Basic Input/Output System /)


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BIOS BIOS, BIOS Setup Utility,
CMOS Setup Utility . , , BIOS Setup Setup.
BIOS, , BIOS Setup
BIOS. BIOS Setup.

BIOS
BIOS flash-,
. BIOS
/ (, ), /. BIOS .
 (Power-On

Self Test POST). , BIOS,

20

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

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 BIOS
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BIOS Setup CMOS Setup. BIOS Setup .
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BIOS. BIOS , , , , / . , MS-DOS,
Windows.

BIOS
BIOS , ROM (Read-Only Memory),
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flash- (. 2.1), , .
BIOS
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(. . 2.1, ); BIOS (. . 2.1, ),
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POST

21

(. . 2.1, ).
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flash-.

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BIOS , CMOS-.
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.

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(. 2.3).

22

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

. 2.2. POST

. 2.3. POST

6. BIOS.
7. .

BIOS

23

POST,
,
. BIOS First Boot Device, Second Boot Device,
Third Boot Device , . 7.

BIOS
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BIOS, .
BIOS,
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Phoenix) , , .
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24

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

BIOS
BIOS.
 AwardBIOS Award Software (www.phoenix.com)

BIOS.
AwardBIOS 4.51, AwardBIOS 6.0, .
1998 Award Phoenix,
AwardBIOS
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 AMIBIOS American Megatrends (www.ami.com). AMIBIOS 8.0
, ASUS, ASRock, MSI .
 PhoenixBIOS Phoenix Technologies (www.phoenix.com).
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Award BIOS .
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BIOS Setup, .
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POST , , : Press DEL to enter SETUP.
, ,
:
 Delete;
 : F1, F2, F3, F10, F11, F12;

BIOS Setup

25

 Esc;
 Ctrl+Shift+S Ctrl+Alt+S;
 Ctrl+Alt+Esc;
 Ctrl+Alt+ Delete.

BIOS Setup,

. POST -, Setup
0,51 .
Setup . , ,
BIOS Setup , .
. 7.

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26

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

BIOS Setup , ,
, Enter. BIOS Setup (. 2.5).


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BIOS Setup

27

BIOS Setup
:
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 Enter ,









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BIOS Setup ;
F1 BIOS Setup;
F2 BIOS Setup (
BIOS);
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);
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( Load Fail-Safe Defaults); BIOS
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F7 ( Load Optimized Defaults);
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Y Enter.

BIOS F1F10
, .

BIOS Setup
BIOS Setup, :
 ;
 .

28

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

Exit Without Saving,


Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? (. 2.6), Y
Enter. BIOS Setup, .

. 2.6. BIOS Setup


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Save & Exit Setup
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? (. 2.7). Y Enter
, .
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. 2.7. BIOS Setup


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, .

BIOS Setup

29

BIOS
, Exit,
Exit Without Saving
Save & Exit Setup.


BIOS Setup
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CD/DVD.

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30

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

. 2.8.

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BIOS Setup , - - . BIOS Setup ,


.

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BIOS c
.

BIOS Setup

31

1. BIOS Setup.
2.
Boot. .
3. 1st Boot Device CDROM (CD/DVD) (. 2.9) .

. 2.9.

4. Exit
Exit & Save Changes.
Enter .
5. -, 1st Boot Device.

BIOS Setup
BIOS Setup ,

.

32

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

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.
 BIOS ,




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BIOS
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BIOS Setup Hard Disk Utility,
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33

Load Fail-Safe Defaults.


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 - BIOS. CMOS (. . 3).

BIOS Setup

BIOS Setup, (. . 2.4). , BIOS Setup,
, . AwardBIOS AMIBIOS.

Standard CMOS Features (Standard CMOS Setup)


, , , . .

Advanced BIOS Features (BIOS Features Setup)


BIOS,
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, , , - .

Advanced Chipset Features (Chipset Features Setup)


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. ,
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34

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

Integrated Peripherals

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Power Management Setup


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PNP/PCI Configurations

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PC Health Status
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BIOS Setup
PC Health Status H/W Monitor. , ,
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Frequency/Voltage Control

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BIOS Setup

35

, ,
(. . 5).

Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Load BIOS Setup Defaults)


BIOS .
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, Y (. 2.10).

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Load Optimized Defaults (Load High Performance)


BIOS,
, .

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POST, , .
,
.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults,
.

Set Supervisor Password, Set User Password


BIOS (. . 7).

36

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

BIOS

, ASUS ASRosk, BIOS Setup, (. 2.11).
, .

. 2.11. BIOS

Main
, , BIOS:
, . Main Standard CMOS Features.

Advanced

(. 2.12). -

BIOS

37

, , , . , Advanced Advanced
Chipset Features, Integrated Peripherals, Frequency/Voltage Control, PNP/PCI
Configurations Advanced BIOS Features.
BIOS Advanced , , ,
.

. 2.12. Advanced

Power
, Power Management Setup, .
, ( H/W Monitor).

Boot
,
, . ,
, Security.

38

2. BIOS. BIOS Setup

Exit
(. 2.13) :
 Exit & Save Changes ;
 Exit & Discard Changes -

;
 Load Setup Defaults ;
 Discard Changes .

. 2.13. Exit

, .

BIOS Setup . , Asus


Tools BIOS, BIOS
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BIOS , . BIOS
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40

3. BIOS


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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
1 2
1 3
2 2

41


64






BIOS
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3.2. Award BIOS


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1 2

1 3
BIOS

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BIOS BIOS
2
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F1 BIOS SETUP
Delete

42

3. BIOS


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. 3.3 AMI, Award Phoenix BIOS.

POST . ,
ASUS ASUS POST Reporter.
3.3. Award BIOS AMI BIOS

8042 Gate - A20 Error

Adress Line Short

Bad Cache Memory - Do


not Enable
Bad PNP Serial ID
Checksum

A20,
. ,

.
, ,

- (. Cache Memory Bad)


Plug and Play-.


BIOS ROM Checksum
-
error - System halted
BIOS. BIOS (. . 4)
BIOS Update For Installed
CPU Failed
. , BIOS

BootSector Write!

,
.

BIOS
(. . 7, Boot Sector Virus Protection)

43


C: (D:) Drive Error;

C: D:.
.
C: Drive Failure;
. Primary
Drive Error C:, (D:)
Master Hard Disk Fail
Cache Memory Bad
- .
,
- BIOS (. . 6),

CH-2 Timer Error



Checking NVRAM
.
Update OK,
Update Failed
CMOS Battery State Low; CMOS
.
CMOS Battery Failed;
-
System Battery Is Dead
;
CMOS Checksum Failure; CMOS,
CMOS Checksum Error - BIOS
. - Defaults Loaded
CMOS,
,
. ,
BIOS
CMOS Memory Size

Mismatch
CMOS.
BIOS Setup

CMOS System Options
CMOS ,
Not Set
.
CMOS Time and Date Not CMOS
Set
.

CPU Has Been Changed,
Or CPU Ratio Changed
(,
Fail
)
Disk Boot Failure, Insert ,
System Disk And Press
, ,
Enter
CD, DVD . (. Missing Operation System)


44

3. BIOS

3.3 ()

Diskette Boot Failure

DMA Error;
DMA #2 Error;
DMA #1 Error;
DMA Bus Time out
ECC Error;
Multi-Bit ECC Error;
Uncorrectable ECC DRAM
Error
ERROR - Can't Write ESCD

Error Encountered Initializing


Hard Drive;
Error Initializing Hard Disk
Controller
Fdd Controller Failure;

.
,

DMA.
DMA: #1 #2.
DMA

,

(ECC). ,


. ,
NVRAM

IDE-.
. Hard Disk(s) fail


.
Floppy Disk(s) Fail (80);
,
Floppy Disk Controller Error Or BIOS
No Controller Present
(. . 6). , ,


Floppy Disk(s) fail (40)
.
BIOS.
,
,

Gate 20 Error
A20,
(. 8042
Gate - A20 Error)
HARD DISK initializing Please
wait a moment...
,


Hard Disk(s) fail;
Hard disk(s) Diagnosis fail;
Hard Disk Install Failure;
HDD Controller Failure
INTR #1 Error;
INTR #2 Error
Invalid Boot Diskette
KB/Interface Error;
Keyboard Error;
Keyboard controller error;

45


IDE- . , , BIOS (. . 6)
(INTR #1)
(INTR #2)
(. Diskette
Boot Failure)
.
, ,
.

Keyboard error or no
keyboard present;


,
Keyboard failure, press [F1]
to continue
Keyboard is Locked ...

Unlock it;

Keyboard is locked out Unlocked key
Mem Optimal Error

A
B, -
Memory Parity Error
.
Memory Size Decrease Error

Memory size has changed

since last boot
(. CMOS
Memory Size Mismatch)
Memory test fail;

Memory verify error at xxxx .

Missing Operation System; ()
.
Missing OS;

No ROM BASIC;
BIOS (. . 7),
No Operating System Found; (
Not Boot Device Available
)


46

3. BIOS

3.3 ()

NVRAM Checksum Error;
NVRAM Cleared;

NVRAM,
NVRAM

NVRAM Data Invalid


NVRAM Cleared by Jumper NVRAM

OC fail, please enter setup to
change OC Fail settings
.

Operating System Not Found


(. Missing Operation
System)
Override enabled - Defaults ,
loaded
CMOS,

.
Parity Error;
RAM parity error - checking
for segment
PCI I/O Port Conflict;
PCI IRQ Conflict;
PCI Memory Conflict
Press a key to reboot

Press ESC to skip Memory


Test
Press F1 to disable NMI,
F2 to reboot
Press TAB to show POST
Screen

PCI-
: (IRQ),
/ (I/O Port)
(Memory).


.
-


Esc ,
POST
NMI.
F1 NMI,
F2
,
Tab
POST,


Primary Boot Device Not
Found

Primary IDE channel no 80


conductor cable installed

Primary Master Hard Disk


Fail;

47

, BIOS
.
,
.
(. Missing Operation System)
IDE-
40- 80-,



,
IDE- Primary Master Primary Slave.

Primary Slave Hard Disk Fail


,
40- 80-
. BIOS

(. . 6)
Primary Master Hard Disk

S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad;
S.M.A.R.T.
,
Primary Slave Hard Disk
Primary Master Primary Slave
S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad
PS2 Keyboard not found;

,
PS/2.
PS2 Mouse not found
,

,
PS/2
Resuming from disk, Press

TAB to show POST screen
. Tab
POST
Secondary Master Hard Disk ,
Fail;
IDE- Secondary Master Secondary
Secondary Slave Hard Disk Slave (. Primary Master Hard Disk Fail)
Fail
Secondary Master Hard Disk
S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad;
S.M.A.R.T.

,
Secondary Slave Hard Disk

Secondary
Master Secondary Slave
S.M.A.R.T. Status Bad


48

3. BIOS

3.3 ()

Software Port NMI Inoperational


NMI
SPD Toler Error Serial Presence SPD,
Detect (SPD)

System halted, (Ctrl-Alt-Del) to -


reboot
. Ctrl+Alt+Delete

Unknown PCI Error
PCI.
PCI-
Update Failed;

(. Checking
Update OK
NVRAM)
(Update OK) (Update Failed)

VIRUS : Continue (Y/N)?

, ,
.
Y
N
Warning! CPU has been changed
or Overclock fail;

Warning! Now System is in Safe .
Mode. Please reset overclocking

Features in the Setup Menu
Your computer case had been
opened. Press SPACE to
continue;
Intruder Detection Error

,

. ,
,

POST-
POST .
,
POST- .

BIOS

49

POST-, ,
.
 POST-.

EPoX,
ABIT .
 , POST- , ,
.
 POST-,
POST-,
PCI.
POST- POST-
BIOS. , BIOS.
, POST-, icbook.com.ua.

BIOS
BIOS , , Load BIOS Setup Defaults Load
Fail-Safe Defaults. BIOS . BIOS
. BIOS
,
. BIOS .
BIOS Setup ,
. :
 BIOS Setup

;
 -
BIOS.
CMOS , ,

50

3. BIOS

: , Insert, , , Delete BIOS Setup .



(). , .
Clear CMOS.
BIOS .
1. .
2. Clear CMOS.
3. , .

,
, Clear CMOS.

CMOS 12 23 (. 3.1, ). ,
(. 3.1, ).
CMOS.

. 3.1. () ()
CMOS

BIOS

51

CMOS ,
.
1. , . ,
.
2. 1020 .
CMOS,
.

BIOS
BIOS flash-,
BIOS, , , . ,
BIOS , .

BIOS
BIOS ,
, .
.
 ,

BIOS.
 -

, BIOS.
 , BIOS.
 BIOS ,
. BIOS
, ,
BIOS . ,
, .

, BIOS,
, , .

BIOS

53

BIOS ,
.
BIOS, .

: BIOS,
.
.

BIOS
, BIOS, .
.
,
. , ,
.
,
.
 SiSoftware Sandra (www.sisoftware.co.uk). -

,
, .
, ,
, BIOS .
 EVEREST (www.lavalys.com).
SiSoftware Sandra, . (. 4.1).
, .
, (. 4.2).
,
.

54

4. BIOS

. 4.1. Everest

. 4.2. PCI

55


. ,
EVEREST ,
www.google.ru www.yandex.ru.
(Download),
(Support).

BIOS. ,
, , .
BIOS, ,
( )
.

BIOS, . BIOS , , .


BIOS
MS-DOS, . MS-DOS Windows XP .
1. .
2. ,
A: .
3.
MS-DOS (. 4.3), , OK .
Windows 9x .
1. , ,
format a: /s OK.
2. ,
Enter .

56

4. BIOS

. 4.3. Windows XP

3. Enter, N,
.

MS-DOS, format a: /s
.


, autoexec.bat config.sys.
, .
drvspace.bin, .

,
,
- flash-. - Nero Express, flash-
.

BIOS

57


,
. .
 , -

(UPS).

, .
 , .
.
 BIOS.
,
. BIOS
.

BIOS

BIOS,
.
 MS-DOS. , -

. MS-DOS,
-, , .

,
flash-.
 BIOS.

BIOS,

. ASUS
Gigabyte.
 Windows.
BIOS

58

4. BIOS

Windows. ,
,
MS-DOS
BIOS.

.

AwardBIOS
AwardBIOS Awdflash.exe,
.
BIOS : .

, . ,
.

AwardBIOS
AwardBIOS
.
1. BIOS . ,
.
2. , BIOS Setup :
1) , BIOS Setup;
2) BIOS Load BIOS Defaults
;
3) , First Boot Device (. . 7)
;
4) BIOS Flash Protect (. . 6), Disabled.
3. BIOS Setup, , , .

AwardBIOS

59

4. MS-DOS , Awdash Enter .


5. File Name to Program (. 4.4) ,
Enter.

. 4.4. Awdflash

6. ,
Do You Want To Save BIOS (Y/N). Y,
BIOS, N, .
7. , ,
OLDBIOS.BIN , Save Current BIOS As Enter
(. 4.5).

. 4.5. Awdflash

60

4. BIOS

8. ,
Flashing Complete. Press F1 to Continue.
9. F1 , BIOS Load BIOS Defaults, .

AwardBIOS

BIOS c
,
BIOS ,
13 . MS-DOS :
AWDFLASH __ __ /py /sy /cc
/cd /cp /sb /e

BIOS .
, :
AWDFLASH __ /py /sn /cc /cd /cp /sb /e

, ,
Awdash /?.

,
BAT , , .

,
BAT- . , BAT- ,
. Gigabyte
autoexec.bat, .

BIOS

61

AMIBIOS
AMIBIOS Amiflash .
AwardBIOS .
1. Amiash.exe
BIOS.
2. BIOS Setup, , BIOS, BIOS ( AwardBIOS).
3. BIOS Setup .
4. MS-DOS
Amiash __ Enter.
5. , . BIOS .
AMIBIOS .
, AMIBIOS ASUS Afudos.exe,
( /i, /o ):
Afudos /i__ [/o_ __]

BIOS

BIOS
Amiflash, Awdflash ,
. MS-DOS, .
,
BIOS .

Windows BIOS. BIOS

62

4. BIOS

ASUS Gigabyte,
.

Asus
ASUS EZ Flash, BIOS. , - flash-
XXXXXXXX.rom, XXXXXXXX . .
, POST Alt+F2.
BIOS .
ASUS EZ Flash 2,
:
 Alt+F2 POST;
 BIOS Setup Tools.


, Enter , .
- ASUS
ASUS Update, BIOS Windows,
.

Gigabyte
Gigabyte
Q-Flash BIOS. , BIOS Setup F8. Save BIOS to Floppy
Load BIOS from Floppy (Update BIOS
from Floppy) . Q-Flash , .
- Gigabyte @BIOS
Gigabyte
BIOS. , BIOS Windows .

BIOS

63

BIOS
BIOS
. ,
:
, ,
. BIOS, , CMOS (. . 3) .

Boot Block
, BIOS
(Boot Block) BIOS.
Boot Block AwardBIOS ,
, ,
. .
1. ,
AwardBIOS, -
.
2. , :
AWDFLASH __ /py /sn /cc /cd /cp /sb /r

3. autoexec.bat.
.
4. CMOS-, ,
. , POST,
.
AMIBIOS .
1. BIOS
AMIBOOT.ROM.

64

4. BIOS

2. .
. BIOS, ,
Ctrl+Home.

BIOS

BIOS,
. .
 ASUS CrashFree BIOS.

ASUS AMIBIOS.
, CD flash-

. BIOS
, .
 Gigabyte DualBIOS. Gigabyte
BIOS: .
, . BIOS Setup,
DualBIOS F8.
.
DualBIOS Gigabyte Virtual Dual Bios, :
1)

BIOS;
2) BIOS BIOS .
 MSI. AwardBIOS AMIBIOS, SafeBIOS,
BIOS .

BIOS

65

 Elitegroup (ECS). Elite-

group BIOS.

. .
 Albatron BIOS Mirror. Albatron
BIOS, .


BIOS
. BIOS .

, BIOS, . flash- . , , ,
BIOS, BIOS . - BIOS
.

, , , ,
, . ,
.
.


, , , , .
,
, . , , (overclocking).
, ,
.
,

.
BIOS, .
,
:
 , ,

67

- ;
 ;
 , , -

, ,
. , - , !

, , . :
 . -

, ;

, ;
 ,
.

.
.
 . -

, ,
Windows. , Gigabyte Easy Tune, MSI
Dual CoreCenter, Asus
AI Booster.
 BIOS. , .
 BIOS. .
,

68

5.

. .

Frequency/Voltage Control,
. :
 JumperFree Configuration ASUS;
 MB Intelligent Tweaker (M.I.T) Gigabyte;
 Cell Menu MSI (. 5.1);
 Power BIOS Features EPoX;
 SoftMenu Setup Guru Utility ABIT.

. 5.1. Cell Menu MSI


,
.

69

- ,
,
. BIOS , , ,
Advanced Chipset Features.


, ,
.


,
,
. ,
, , , .

Dynamic Overclocking (D.O.T)


, MSI. , , , ,
.
:
 Disabled ;
 Private, Sergeant, Captain, Colonel, General, Commander

1 % Private 15 % Commander.
MSI :
 Dynamic OverClocking Mode , -

; : CPU
only ,

70

5.

CPU and PCIE PCI Express, PCIE only


PCI Express;
 CPU D.O.T3 step 1/2/3 setting
; CPU D.O.T3
step 1 setting
20 %, CPU D.O.T3 step 2 setting 50 %
CPU D.O.T3 step 3 setting 80 %;
 PCIE D.O.T3 step 1/2/3 setting
PCI Express; CPU D.O.T3 step 1/2/3 setting.

CPU Intelligent Accelerator 2 (C.I.A. 2)


C.I.A. 2 , Dynamic
Overclocking, Gigabyte.
:
 Disabled ;
 Cruise, Sports, Racing, Turbo, Full Thrust

5 % (Cruise)
19 % (Full Thrust).

Memory Performance Enhance (Performance Enhance)


Gigabyte.
:
 Standard (Normal) ;
 Fast, Turbo Extreme ; -

AI Overclocking (AI Tuning)


, ASUS, .
:
 Manual ;
 Auto ;

71

 Standard ;
 AI Overclock (Overclock Profile) -

, Overclock Options;
 AI N.O.S (Non-Delay Overclocking System)
, Dynamic Overclocking; N.O.S. Option.

Overclock Options

AI Overclock AI Overclocking.
:
 Disable ;
 Overclock 3%, Overclock 5%, Overclock 8%, Overclock 10% -

N.O.S. Option (N.O.S. Mode)


AI N.O.S
AI Overclocking. :
 Overclock 3%, Overclock 5%, Overclock 8%, Overclock 10% -

;
 Auto, Standard, Sensitive, Heavy Load ;
 Auto, Manual Manual Sensitivity
Target Freqency.

Robust Graphics Booster


Gigabyte ,
.
:
 Auto -

72

5.

 Fast, Turbo , -

(
Turbo).


, ,
.

CPU Clock Ratio (CPU Ratio Selection, Multiplier Factor,


Ratio CMOS Setting)

.
,
.
:
 Auto

; ,
;
 7.0X, 7.5X, 8.0X, 8.5X, 9.0X, 9.5X . .
,
,
.

CPU Host Clock Control (CPU Operating Speed)


FSB , .
:
 Disabled Auto Detect -

;
, ;
 Enabled (On) User Define
CPU FSB Clock;
.

73

FSB-Memory Clock Mode


FSB .
:
 Auto FSB ;
 Linked FSB , -

;
 Unlinked FSB .

CPU FSB Clock (CPU Host Frequency (Mhz), FSB Frequency,


External Clock)
FSB,
,
. FSB ,
. FSB
, c 33 , 1 .
,
Auto CPU Operating Speed
.

CPU Voltage Control (CPU VCore Voltage)



, .
:
 Auto (Normal)

;
 0,85 1,75 0,0125 ;
.

74

5.


, .
.
,
. ,
.
.
: CAS Latency (tCL), RAS# to CAS# delay (tRCD),
RAS# Precharge (tRP) Active to Precharge Delay (tRAS).
BIOS
. SPD (Serial Presence Detect), .

,
, .
, .


, .
, (. 5.2). ,
.
, Advanced Chipset Features
Advanced. ,
BIOS Setup.

75

. 5.2.

DRAM Timing Selectable (Timing Mode)


,

.
:
 By SPD (Auto) -

SPD; , ;
 Manual ;

.

Configure DRAM Timing by SPD (Memory Timing by SPD)



DRAM Timing Selectable, :
 Enabled (On)

SPD;
 Disabled (Off) .

76

5.

Memory Frequency (DRAM Frequency, Memclock Index


Value, Max Memclock)

.
SPD. ,
,
.
:
 Auto

SPD ( );
 100, 120, 133 (PC100, PC133)
SDRAM;
 200, 266, 333, 400, 533 (DDR266, DDR333, DDR400, DDR533)
DDR;
 DDR2-400, DDR2-566, DDR2-667, DDR2-800, DDR2-889, DDR2-1067 DDR2.
,

FSB/Memory Ratio.

FSB/Memory Ratio (System Memory Multiplier)


() FSB
.
:
 Auto FSB

SPD;
 1:1; 1:1,2; 1:1,5; 1:1,66; 1:2, 3:2; 5:4
FSB
; , FSB ( ), DDR ; , FSB 1066 1:1,5 (1066 :4 )1,5 2 = 800 ;
 2,00; 2,50; 2,66; 3,00; 3,33; 4,00
FSB ;
 Sync Mode FSB.

77

CAS# Latency (tCL, DRAM CAS# Latency)



(CAS#) .
:
 1,5; 2; 2,5; 3 DDR;
 3; 4; 5; 6 DDR2.

CAS# Latency , .

BIOS , 3T (3 DRAM Clocks).

tRCD (RAS# to CAS# delay, DRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay)



(RAS#) (CAS#).
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. ,
, , CAS Latency,
.

tRP (DRAM RAS# Precharge, RAS Precharge,


SDRAM RAS Precharge, Row Precharge Time)
,
.
1 7.
, .

tRAS (Active to Precharge Delay,


DRAM RAS# Activate to Precharge, Min RAS# Active Time)
, , .
3 18. tRAS,

78

5.

, tRAS .

DRAM Command Rate (1T/2T Memory Timing)


.
:
 2T (2T Command) , -

, ;
 1T (1T Command) , .

2T Command
DRAM Command
Rate, :
 Auto

SPD;
 Enabled 2 ;
 Disabled 1 .


, . , , .
, .
:
 tRRD (RAS to RAS Delay)

;
 tRC (Row Cycle Time) ;
 tWR (Write Recovery Time)
;
 tWTR (Write to Read Delay)
;

79

 tRTP (Precharge Time) -

;
 Bank Interleave

;
 DRAM Burst Length

, .

DDR/DDR2Voltage (DDR/DDR2 OverVoltage Control,


Memory Voltage)
.
:
 Auto (Default)

; , ;
 2.50V, 2.60V, 2.65V, 2.70V, 2.75V, 2.80V, 2.85V, 2.90V, 2.95V, 3.00V DDR;
 1.80V, 1.90V, 1.95V, 2.00V, 2.05V, 2.10V, 2.15V, 2.20V, 2.25V, 2.30V, 2.35V,
2.40V DDR2;
 +0.1V, +0.2V, +0.3V, +0.4V, +0.5V, +0.6V ; BIOS .


, .


, ,
,
.

80

5.

HT Frequency (LDT Frequency)


HT (HyperTransport),
AMD Athlon 64
.
:
 1x, 1.5x, 2x, 2.5x, 3x, 4x, 5x

FSB ( ),
HT (, 200
5x HT 1000 );
 200 MHz, 400 MHz, 600 MHz, 800 MHz, 1000 MHz
BIOS HT .

AGP/PCI Clock
AGP PCI.
.
 Auto ;
 66.66/33.33, 72.73/36.36, 80.00/40.00 AGP PCI -

; 66.66/33.33,
.

PCIE Clock (PCI Express Frequency (Mhz))


PCI Express.
:
 Auto ( 100 );
 90 150 , -

,
,

.
.
:
 Chipset Core PCI-E Voltage;
 MCH & PCIE 1.5V Voltage;









81

NF4 Chipset Voltage;


PCIE Voltage;
FSB OverVoltage Control;
NB Voltage;
SB I/O Power;
SB Core Power;
VTT FSB Voltage.

, ,
Auto (Normal).

Spread Spectrum
,
.
, ,
.
:
 Enabled , -

;
 0.25%, 0.5% ;
BIOS;
 Disabled Spread Spectrum .

Spread Spectrum.

, Spread Spectrum
, CPU Spread Spectrum, SATA Spread Spectrum,
PCIE Spread Spectrum .


.
 .

82

5.

,
.
BIOS,
, .
, ,
.
BIOS
(. . 3). , BIOS
.
.
- : Everest, SpeedFan (www.almico.com) . , , , , .

.
.

Intel Core 2
, Intel Core 2
. Intel
,
:
 Celeron 4xx;
 Pentium DualCore (DC), -

Core 2 Duo;
 Core 2 Duo;
 Core 2 Quard.

Core 2 FSB,
:
 200 Celeron, Pentium DualCore Core 2 Duo

4xxx;

Intel Core 2

83

 266 Core 2 Duo Core 2 Quard 6xxx;


 333 Core 2 Duo Core 2 Quard 6x5x,

8xxx 9xxx.
FSB
, , FSB . , Core 2 Duo E6550 2,33 (1333 FSB)
FSB 1333 :4 = 333 .
FSB , , PCI/PCIE
. , .
,
.
.
1. BIOS . Disabled (Off) Spread Spectrum,
. : (CPU), PCI-E,
SATA .
2. Intel SpeedStep C1E Support. .
3. PCI/PCIE. PCI
33 , PCI Express
101 , 100
.
4. .
:

Memory Frequency ; , ,
;
, FSB ,
FSB/Memory Ratio, System Memory Multiplier .

84

5.


,
Everest, CPU-Z, .
5. .
FSB 2025 % (, 200 250 266
320 ),
.
CPU FSB Clock, CPU OverClock in MHz .

FSB , , ( CPU Host


Clock Control) . , Asus AI Overclocking
Manual.

6. CPU-Z (www.cpuid.com)
, (. 5.3). . - , .
7. ,
, FSB 5 10 ,
. ,
.
8. FSB, , ,
CPU VCore Voltage CPU Voltage. 0,10,2
( 1,401, 50 ).
,
, 60 .
FSB,
.

AMD Athlon 64/Sempron

85

. 5.3.
CPU-Z

9. . 2 , FSB
.
CPU-Z, Everest .
, : MemTest .
10. ,
.

AMD Athlon 64/Sempron


Intel Core 2
Athlon 64/Sempron.

86

5.

Intel Core 2,
. Athlon 64 HyperTransport
(HT) 200 4 5.
Athlon 64 ,
FSB, 200 .
HyperTransport ,
.
.
1. BIOS . , : CoolnQuiet
Spread Spectrum.
2. . , ,
SPD ( Memory Timing by SPD ), Memory Frequency
for (. 5.4).

. 5.4.

3. HyperTransport HT
Frequency, LDT Bus Frequency (. 5.5). -

AMD Athlon 64/Sempron

87

, 3x, 600 .

. 5.5. HyperTransport

4. PCI (33 ),
PCI-E (100110 ) AGP (66 ).
5. . FSB 1015 % (, 200 225 ),
.
CPU FSB Clock, CPU OverClock in MHz .
6. CPU-Z , ,
, FSB 510 .
7. FSB,
,
,
CPU VCore Voltage CPU Voltage
(. 5.6).
0,20,3 (1520 %). , , 60 .

88

5.

. 5.6.

FSB,
.
8. ,
HT (LDT). 1000 ,
, FSB , 250 , 4x.
9. ,

.

.
POST, ,
. FSB

FSB, (PCI Express,
PCI, AGP).

89

.
,

:
 1020 -

;
 / (MSI);
 Insert.
BIOS
, .
Windows , ,
Windows .
, ,
.
, .

. ,
: Prime95, S&M, SuperPI
. , .
, ,
.
, SiSoftware
Sandra, 3DMark PCMark (www.futuremark.com) .

,
. , ,
Adobe Photoshop
.


BIOS

CMOS Setup Utility Standard CMOS Features Standard CMOS Setup (. 6.1),
BIOS c Main.
.

. 6.1. Standard CMOS Features

, , BIOS Advanced BIOS Features (. 6.2), BIOS.


AMIBIOS c Advanced, (. . 2.12).

91

. 6.2. Advanced BIOS Features


Standard CMOS Features (Main) 80- , ,

.

Date (mm:dd:yy) (System Date, Time (hh:mm:ss), System Time)


, , RTC (Real Time Clock).

.
,
.

Halt On (POST Errors), Wait For If Any Errors


,
.

92

6. BIOS

Halt On:
 All Errors






; , , , ,
;
No Errors
;
All, But Keyboard
, ;
All, But Disk , ;
All, But Disk/Key
, .
Wait For If Any Errors :

 Enabled (Yes)

;
 Disabled (No) .

Video (Primary Display)


. EGA/VGA,
(CGA 40, CGA 80, Mono, MDA) , ,
.

Language (Current Language)


BIOS , ,
, .
BIOS , ,
English, German French.

BIOS
, F3.

93

Drive A/B (Floppy Drive A/B, Legacy Diskette A/B)


,
(A B)
.
:
 Disabled (None) ;
 360K, 5.25 in, 720K, 3.5 in, 1.2M, 5.25 in, 1.44M, 3.5 in, 2.88M, 3.5 in

;
1.44M, 3.5 in.

BIOS , ,
,
.



CD/DVD- IDE (ATA),

SATA. IDE-
SATA.
IDE-, ,
Primary IDE Secondary IDE.
IDE-;
Master (), Slave (). ,
, Primary Master,
Primary Slave, Secondary Master Secondary Slave.
IDE- ,
Master Slave. IDE- , , .
Master, Slave. , ,
.

94

6. BIOS

, BIOS.
Standard CMOS Features (Main
BIOS c ). IDE-
IDE Primary
Master, IDE Primary Slave, IDE Secondary Master, IDE Secondary Slave.
BIOS , IDE Channel 0 Master, IDE Channel 0 Slave, IDE Channel 1
Master IDE Channel 1 Slave.
, , , IDE Primary Master
(. 6.3).

. 6.3. , Primary Master

Serial
ATA,
. Standard CMOS
Features (Main)
SATA1/2/3/4, SATA Channel 1/2/3/4 . BIOS, SATA-
IDE-. SATA IDE-,
, .

95

, BIOS IDE/SATA, . 8.

IDE HDD Auto-Detection


Enter
,
.
Cylinder, Head, Sector, Capacity
.
HDD -
.


. , .

. ,
, BIOS. BIOS (. . 4).
, HDD .
 .
, IDE- , .

Type (IDE Primary Master)


, .
:
 Auto -

;
 Manual (User)

,
, ;

96

6. BIOS

 CDROM/DVD , -

/ CD DVD; ,
Auto,
None;
 None ,
, , IDE-; ,
, BIOS;
 LS-120, ZIP-100, MO, JAZ (JAZ2)
, .

Mode (Access Mode, LBA Mode)



.
:
 Auto ; -


;
 Normal (CHS) 504 ;
 LBA (Logical Block Addressing) , 1 ;
 Large ,
1 ,
LBA.



:
 Head -

97

 Cylinder , ,

;
 Sector , -

;
 Capacity ,
;
 Precomp (WPCOMP) , , ; ;
 Landing Zone (LZONE) ,
, ( );
.

.
Normal.


Standard CMOS Features ( Main) . BIOS System
Information.
:
 Base Memory Extended Memory -

;
 Total Memory (Installed Memory, System Memory Size) -

;
 BIOS Version BIOS, ;
 Processor Type, Processor Speed , ; ,
- L1\L2.

98

6. BIOS


, .
. 7.

Swap Floppy Drive


A B
.
Disabled (Off).

Gate A20 Option


A20, .
:
 Fast A20 , ; -

;
 Normal A20
; , ,
.

Report No FDD for WIN 95



Windows 9x .
:
 Yes , ;
 No , -

HDD S.M.A.R.T Capability (HDD SMART Monitoring)


S.M.A.R.T. (Self Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology), ,
.
:
 Enabled (On) S.M.A.R.T. , -

;
 Disabled (Off) S.M.A.R.T. .

99

S.M.A.R.T. , . ,
, .

BIOS Flash Protect (Firmware Write Protect)


BIOS.
:
 Enabled (On) flash- ,

BIOS
;
 Disabled (Off) BIOS ; BIOS.
BIOS BIOS Update,
BIOS Flash Protect.

, BIOS
.

APIC Mode (APIC Function, IOAPIC Function)


APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller),
,
, .
:
 Enabled (On) (

); Windows 2000/XP/2003/
Vista;
 Disabled (Off) ;
Windows 95/98,
APIC.
Interrupt Mode,
PIC APIC.

100

6. BIOS


. Windows XP Windows.

MPS Table Version (MPS Revision)


MPS (Multi-Processor
Specification), , .
:
 1.4 MPS -

, Windows 2000/XP/2003; ;
 1.1 MPS.
MPS 1.4 Support :
 Enabled MPS 1.4;
 Disabled MPS 1.1.

Typematic Rate Setting


. , MS-DOS,
Windows.
:
 Enabled (On) ,

Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)


Typematic Delay (Msec), ;
 Disabled (Off) , .

-
, -.

101

CPU Features (. 6.4).

. 6.4.

Hyper-Threading Function (Hyper-Threading Technology)



Hyper-Threading, Intel Pentium 4
.
:
 Enabled (On) Hyper-Threading ;
 Disabled (Off) Hyper-Threading .

Hyper-Threading, :
 Hyper-Threading

BIOS,
Enabled (On);
 Hyper-Threading;
 Hyper-Threading
; Windows XP/2003/Vista Linux c 2.4.x.

102

6. BIOS

HyperThreading Core 2
.

CPU L1 & L2 Cache (CPU Internal Cache/External Cache)


- ,
.
:
 Enabled (On) - ;
 Disabled (Off) - , -

( ).
BIOS L1 Cache
L2 Cache.

CPU Level 2 Cache ECC Check


- . Enabled (On)
, . Disabled (Off)
.

CPU L3 Cache
- (L3), .
,
.

Microcode Updation
, ,
BIOS.

103

:
 Enabled (On) ;
 Disabled (Off) .

BIOS .

Max CPUID Value Limit (Limit CPUID Max Val)


CPUID 3, .
Windows 9x/NT4 Enabled (On), Windows 2000/XP/2003
Disabled (Off).

Execute Disable Bit (No-Execute Memory Protect)



, ,
.
:
 Enabled (On)

;
(Windows XP SP2,
Windows 2003 SP1 Windows Vista);
 Disabled (Off)
.

Virtualization Technology (Vanderpool Technology,


VT Technology)
, . .
:
 Enabled (On) ; -

, ;

104

6. BIOS

 Disabled (Off) ;

, .

Enhanced C1 Control (Enhance Halt State, CPU Enhanced Halt,


C1E Function)
Intel Halt.
:
 Auto (Enabled) C1E (-

);
 Disabled C1E .

CPU EIST Function (EIST Function, Intel(R) SpeedStep


Technology)
EIST (Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology), Intel Pentium 4/Core 2, . C1E, EIST .
:
 BIOS;

Auto (Enabled);
 Intel Pentium 4/Core 2 EIST;
 Windows XP SP2, Windows 2003 SP1, Windows

Vista ;
 Windows XP
.

AMD CoolnQuiet Control


CoolnQuiet,
AMD Athlon 64. EIST.

105

:
 Auto (Enabled) CoolnQuiet ( -


Windows XP SP2, Windows 2003 SP1 Windows Vista);
 Disabled CoolnQuiet .

CPU Internal Thermal Control


Intel.
:
 Auto ,

( );
 Disabled , - -

, .

Thermal Management
Intel Pentium 4.
:
 Thermal Monitor 1 (TM1)

, ;
 Thermal Monitor 2 (TM2) -

, ,
.
BIOS CPU Thermal
Monitor 2 (TM2), TM2.
, TM2 Bus Ratio TM2
Bus VID,
(. . 6.4).

Delay Prior To Thermal


, ,
.

106

6. BIOS

: 4 Min, 8 Min, 16 Min, 32 Min .


,
.


BIOS , .
:
 CPU Type ;
 CPU Speed (Frequency) ;
 FSB Speed (Current FSB Frequency) -

;
 Cache L1/L2/L3 (Cache RAM) -;
 Ratio Actual Value ;
 Ratio Status , .

, ,
,
. BIOS
Advanced BIOS Features (. 7.1); , .

. 7.1. Advanced BIOS Features

BIOS ,
ASUS ASRock,

108

7.

Boot, , , (. 7.2).

. 7.2. Boot


, BIOS. ,
,
.

Boot Sequence
, . ,
, .
:
 A, C, SCSI :

, , SCSI;

109

 C, A, SCSI -







,
SCSI;
C only ;
BIOS
;
C, CDROM, A :
, -, ;
CDROM, C, A
CD, -;
D, A, SCSI , ;
SCSI, A, C ,
SCSI.

BIOS Boot Sequence , , ,


, .

First Boot Device (1st Boot Device)


.
,
, Second Boot Device Third Boot
Device.
.
First Boot Device :
 Floppy ;
 HDD-0 (IDE-0), HDD-1 (IDE-1), HDD-2 (IDE-2), HDD-3 (IDE-3)

, IDE-;
 CDROM (CD/DVD) -, 




IDE-;
LS-120 SuperDisk (LS-120);
ZIP-100 ZIP-;
USB FDD, USB CDROM, USB HDD, USB-ZIP USB;
SCSI SCSI;

110

7.

 LAN (Network) ;
 ATA100RAID RAID- IDE;
 Disabled (None) .

BIOS First Boot


Device ,
,
.
, Integrated Peripherals .
First/Second/Third
Boot Device,
. , First Boot
Device HDD-0 (IDE-0) .
BIOS,
.
First/Second/Third Boot Device :
 Removable ; , -

Removable Device Priority (Removable Drives);


 Hard Disk ; , Hard Disk Boot Priority (Hard Disk Drives);
 CDROM (CD/DVD) -;
CDROM Boot Priority (CDROM
Drives);
 Disabled .
BIOS
, .
First Boot Device
( ), .

Second Boot Device (2nd Boot Device), Third Boot Device


(3rd Boot Device)
; , First Boot Device.
(,
), 4th Boot Device.

111

Hard Disk Boot Priority (Hard Disk Drives)


(. 7.3) ,
.
, ,
.

. 7.3.

,
.
1. .
2. + , (
, , ).
,
First/Second/Third Boot Device. ,
, First Boot Device
Hard Disk.

Removable Device Priority (Removable Drives)



. Hard Disk Boot Priority.

112

7.

CDROM Boot Priority (CDROM Drives)


CD-; Removable Device Priority Hard Disk Boot
Priority.

Boot Other Device (Try Other Boot Device)


, First/Second/Third Boot Device. :
 Enabled (Yes, On) -

;
 Disabled (No, Off)

, First/Second/Third
Boot Device.

Boot From Network (Boot From LAN)


,
, . , Disabled (Off),
.



BIOS,
.
.
. , ,
.

Quick Power On Self Test (Quick Boot)


(POST) .
,
.

113

:
 Enabled (On) ; -

;
 Disabled (Off) .

Boot Up Floppy Seek (Floppy Drive Seek At Boot)



/. ,
,
Disabled (Off).

Boot Up NumLock
Num Lock
; ,
. Enabled (On) ,
Disabled (Off) .
Num Lock
Windows.

OS Select For DRAM > 64M (Boot to OS/2)


,
64 OS/2.
,
No (Non-OS2).

Wait for F1 If Error


, ; Halt On (. . 6). :
 Enabled (On)

;
 Disabled (Off)

, .

114

7.

Hit DEL Message Display



BIOS Setup, Press DEL to run Setup.
:
 Enabled (On) ( );
 Disabled (Off) ( -

BIOS Setup ).

AddOn ROM Display Mode



BIOS, SCSI- RAID-.
:
 Force BIOS BIOS

;
 Keep Current BIOS -

Boot Sector Virus Protection, Virus Warning


,
BIOS: .

.
:
 Enabled (On) , -

;
 Disabled (Off) .


.
, , .

,
.

115

Full Screen Logo



.
:
 Enabled (On) ; -

, POST;
 Disabled (Off) , POST.
, . Boottime Diagnosis Screen, Summary Screen - .

Small Logo (EPA) Show


EPA (
),
.

Interrupt 19 Capture
INT 19, ,
. BIOS ,
Enabled INT 19 BIOS IDE-, SCSI- RAID-.


, BIOS ,
,
. ,
,
.
BIOS
.

116

7.

F11 ( AMIBIOS) Esc ( AwardBIOS). ,


F8 Asus, F12 Gigabyte, F10 Intel. ,
POST.
,
(. 7.4).
Enter, .

. 7.4.


, BIOS.



. BIOS, , .

117

BIOS
.
 .

, .
, ,
BIOS Setup.
 BIOS Setup. ,
, ,
BIOS Setup. BIOS .

. BIOS
Security (. 7.5) BootSecurity.

. 7.5. BIOS

Set Supervisor Password


. , Set Supervisor Password, Enter,

118

7.

(. 7.6), Enter.

. 7.6.

, Set
Supervisor Password Enter, . Security Option.

Set User Password


.
, BIOS
Setup.

Set Password
BIOS ,
Security Option. , .

Security Option (Password Check)



; .
 Setup. -

, , BIOS Setup.
, BIOS.
, BIOS
(Supervisor Password), (User Password)
.

119

 System (Always).

, BIOS Setup.
, BIOS
Setup , Setup.
,
.


,
BIOS Setup ,
-
BIOS. ,
, .
BIOS
(. . 3).
, , , .

BIOS , ,
.

.
: , -, . Advanced Chipset
Features (. 8.1), BIOS
Advanced . , ,
, . 5.

. 8.1. Advanced Chipset Features

AGP

121

Gigabyte
Ctrl+F1 (
,
) BIOS Setup.


: ,
, . ,
Integrated Peripherals
(. 8.2).

. 8.2. Integrated Peripherals

AGP
AGP PCI, .
PCI Express, AGP
.

122

8.

AGP Capability (AGP Mode, AGP Transfer Mode)


AGP.
:
 Auto ; -

, AGP, ;
 1X, 2X, 4X, 8X ;
, AGP;
, .
AGP 4X Mode
AGP 2X Mode,
2X 4X.

AGP Aperture Size


,

.
8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256. , .
, .

AGP Fast Write


, , . , Enabled (On).
, ,
, Disabled (Off).

AGP Master 1 W/S Read



AGP. Enabled (On) , -

PCI Express

123

.
,
Disabled (Off).

AGP Master 1 W/S Write


AGP
.

AGP Driving Control (AGP Driving Value)


AGP , 4x.
:
 Auto AGP -

( );
 Manual AGP -

AGP Driving Value. 0 FF.


DA, nVidia
GeForce 2 .

AGP to DRAM Prefetch (AGP Prefetch)


Enabled (On)
AGP- .

, .

PCI Express
PCI Express . .

PEG Link Mode


ASUS.
, PCI Express x16 (PEG
PCI Express Graphics PCI Express).

124

8.

:
 Auto ,

;
 Slow, Normal, Fast, Faster . Slow ,
Faster .
PCI Express ASUS :
 PEG Root Control PCI Express;
 Link Latency PCI Express

x16;
 PEG Buffer Length

PCI Express;
 Slot Power
PCI Express.
PCI Express ,
Auto.

PEG Port
PCI Express x16, ,
.
:
 Enabled (On) PCI Express x16 ;
 Disabled (Off) PCI Express x16 .

BIOS PCI Express. PCI Express


Slot 1, PCI Express Slot 2, PCI Express Slot 3, Enabled/Disabled.

PEG Force x1
PCI Express x16 x1.
:
 Disabled (Off) x16,

, PCI Express x16;

125

 Enabled (On) x1,


,
.

HPET Support
HPET (High
Precision Event Timer).
:
 Enabled (On) ;

Windows Vista;
 Disabled (Off) .

HPET Mode,
32- 64- .
32-bit mode 32- Windows Vista,
64-bit mode 64-.

Memory Remap Feature


PCI 4 .
:
 Enabled (On) , PCI,

; 64- 4 ;
 Disabled (Off) ;
4
3 .

System BIOS Cacheable


BIOS,
. BIOS
flash- ,
Disabled (Off).

126

8.

Memory Hole At 15M16M


1 15
16
ISA-. ,
Disabled (Off).

Video BIOS Cacheable


BIOS
System BIOS Cacheable.
, -BIOS POST .

PCI Delay Transaction, Delayed Transaction



PCI, . , Enabled (On).
, PCI 2.1,
.

IDE
IDE- .
, IDE Serial
ATA (SATA).

OnChip IDE Channel0 (On-Chip Primary PCI IDE)


IDE-.
PIO UDMA,
Standard CMOS Features.
:
 Enabled (On) IDE- ;
 Disabled (Off) IDE- -

; , , .

IDE

127

OnChip IDE Channel1 (On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE)


,
IDE-.

IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO


,
IDE-. / (PIO),
.
:
 Auto ;

, ;
 Mode 04 PIO:
Mode 0 , Mode 4 ;
PIO
CD-ROM.

IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA


UDMA
(UltraDMA) IDE-. , PIO,
IDE-.
:
 Auto UDMA ; -

; UDMA , PIO;
 Disabled UDMA , PIO;
, IDE-.

IDE DMA Transfer Access


(DMA) IDE.
, Enabled (On).

128

8.

IDE HDD Block Mode


IDE-,

. Enabled (On) , Disabled (Off)
.

IDE Prefetch Mode


IDE-.
Enabled (On), Disabled (Off).

Serial ATA RAID


Serial ATA
RAID.
(. 8.3).

. 8.3.

Serial ATA RAID

129

On-Chip Serial ATA (On-Chip SATA Mode,


ATA/IDE Configuration)

SATA IDE.
:
 Disabled Serial ATA ;

IDE;
 Auto BIOS -

SATA IDE, Master/


Slave;
 Combined Mode (Legacy Mode)
SATA IDE, 4 MS-DOS Windows 98/Me; SATA IDE-
Serial ATA Port0/1 Mode;
 Enhanced Mode (Native Mode)
SATA IDE, 6 ; Windows 98/Me;
 SATA Only SATA, Primary Master Secondary Master.

Onboard IDE Operate Mode


SATA IDE.
:
 Compatible Mode -

MS-DOS, Windows 9x/NT4.0;


 Enhanced Mode ,

Windows 2000/XP/2003.

Enhanced Mode Support On


.

130

8.

:
 S-ATA Windows 2000/

XP/2003 , MS-DOS, Windows


9x/NT4.0 IDE (P-ATA); ;
 P-ATA (P-ATA+S-ATA) ; ,
.

IDE Port Settings


SATA
IDE .
:
 Primary, P-ATA+S-ATA IDE-,

, SATA-;
 Secondary, P-ATA+S-ATA IDE-, , SATA-;
 P-ATA Ports Only IDE-, SATA .

PATA IDE Mode (PATA IDE Set to)


, ,

IDE-.
:
 Ch.1 Master/Slave, Secondary, IDE2 IDE- -

Secondary Master Secondary Slave;


 Ch.0 Master/Slave, Primary, IDE1 IDE-
Primary Master Primary Slave.

SATA Port 0/2 Set to (SATA Port 1/3 Set to, SATA Port)
, IDE SATA-,
PATA IDE Mode.

Serial ATA RAID

131

SATA RAID/AHCI Mode (SATA Mode, Configure SATA As,


Onboard SATA/IDE Ctrl Mode)
Serial
ATA.
:
 Standard IDE (Disabled) SATA ,

IDE;
 RAID RAID-,
On-Chip Serial ATA
Enhanced Mode;
 AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface)
SATA,
Serial ATA2.

Serial ATA , .
Windows ( ).

SATA1/SATA2
Serial ATA,
SATA1 SATA2.
:
 Enabled (On) Serial ATA ;
 Disabled (Off) Serial ATA .

SATA3 SATA4 SATA3/SATA4.

IDE/SATA RAID function (Raid Function, RAID Enabled)


( Enabled (On)) (Disabled (Off))
RAID-.
RAID, , RAID- .

132

8.

BIOS, :
 VIA SATA Raid Utility;
 OnBoard Sil3114 RAID;
 Onboard Promise Controller;
 Intel RAID Technology.

RAID-
RAID, .

SATA1 RAID, SATA2 RAID, SATA3 RAID, SATA4 RAID



RAID- , Serial ATA
RAID.
:
 Enabled (On) SATA- RAID

( RAID- RAID);
 Disabled (Off) SATA- ,
IDE-.
RAID SATA-,
IDE, :
IDE Primary/SecondaryMaster/Slave RAID.

USB
USB .
USB,
.
, , ,
.

USB Controller (OnChip USB Controller, OnChip EHCI Controller)


( Enabled (On)) (Disabled
(Off)) USB-. USB-

133

, .

USB 2.0 Controller (USB 2.0 Support)


(USB 1.1 USB 2.0),
USB-.
:
 Enabled (On) USB 2.0,

;
 Disabled (Off) USB 1.1;

, USB 2.0.

USB Legacy Support (USB Keyboard Support Via)


USB- BIOS , USB-.
:
 Enabled (On, BIOS) USB- BIOS -

; ,
USB- ,
Windows;
 Disabled (Off, OS) USB- BIOS ;
, USB-
Windows.

USB Mouse Support


USB- BIOS
USB Keyboard Support Via. ,
USB- , MS-DOS.


/
Onboard I/O Chip, SuperIO Device, I/O Devices
(. 8.4).

134

8.

. 8.4. /

Onboard Serial Port 1/2 (COM Port 1/2)


, /.
:
 Auto , -

( );
 3F8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3 / ,
;
 Disabled (Off)
.

Onboard Parallel Port (Parallel Port)


,
().
:
 378/IRQ7 ( ), 3BC/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5 /

, ;
 Disabled (Off) .

135

BIOS Parallel Port Address Parallel Port IRQ / .

Parallel Port Mode (Onboard Parallel Mode, Parallel Port Type)


.
:
 Normal (SPP) ;

, ;
 ECP+EPP EPP
ECP;
; BIOS
.
EPP ECP+EPP EPP Mode
Select (EPP Version), EPP ( 1.9).
ECP ECP+EPP
DMA ECP Mode Use DMA (ECP Mode DMA
Channel). DMA3.



.
BIOS,
, Disabled (Off), , Enabled (On) Auto.
.
 AC97 Audio (Audio Controller, Onboard Audio Chip, Azalia Codec). -

.
 Onboard FDC Controller (OnBoard Floppy Controller). .
 Onboard LAN Control (MAC LAN). .
OnBoard LAN Option ROM (OnBoard LAN Boot ROM),
.

136

8.

 OnBoard IEEE1394 Controller (IEEE1394). -

IEEE1394 (FireWire).
 Onboard Game/MIDI Port.

MIDI-. ,
.
 Onboard Infrared Port.
.
, .

: (IRQ),
(DMA), /
. BIOS PnP/PCI
Configurations (. 9.1), .

. 9.1. BIOS PnP/PCI Configurations


Plug
and Play. ,
.

138

9. ,

, PnP/PCI Configurations ,
.

BIOS Power Management Setup Power (. 9.2).

. 9.2. Power Management Setup

,
. Hardware Monitor (H/W Monitor) PC Health
Status.

(, , ,
) Integrated
Peripherals.

DMA
, . .

DMA

139

Plug and Play OS (PNP OS Installed)


, BIOS
.
:
 Yes , , BIOS,

, Plug and Play;


 No BIOS.
Windows 2000/XP ACPI. BIOS ,
No.

Resources Controlled By
(IRQ) (DMA).
:
 Auto (ESCD) (

); ,
;
 Manual IRQ x Assigned to DMA x Assigned to.

Reset Configuration Data (Force Update ESCD)



(ESCD).
,

.
:
 Disabled (No) ESCD ;

;
 Enabled (Yes)

;
Disabled
ESCD .

140

9. ,

Assign IRQ For VGA (Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA)


(IRQ)
. ( ) Enabled (On), .

Assign IRQ For USB


( Enabled (On) ) (Disabled (Off)) (IRQ) USB-.

IRQ x Assigned to
Resources Controlled By , ,
3 15.
:
 PCI/ISA PnP (PCI Device)

Plug and Play; ;


 Legacy ISA (Manual, Reserved)
ISA-.

DMA x Assigned to
( Resources Controlled By), BIOS DMA.
IRQ x Assigned to.

PIRQ_x Use IRQ No, INT Pin x Assignment


PCI- AGP-
(PIRQ).
PIRQ , , Auto.

PCI Slot x IRQ (Slot x)


PCI-
PIRQ_x Use IRQ No. Auto.

141


PnP/PCI Configurations
.

Init Display First, Primary Graphics Adapter, Initiate Graphic


Adapter
,
.
:
 PCI -

, PCI;
 AGP AGP-;
 Onboard , ;
 PCI Express (PCIE, PEG) PCI Express.
BIOS , PCI/AGP AGP/PCI.
, .

VGA Share Memory Size (Frame Buffer Size)


,
.
: 8M, 16M, 32M, 64M, 128M, 256M, 512M
. , , .

PCI Latency Timer


,
PCI , Bus Master,
.
32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224, 248. 32 64 , , , .

142

9. ,

PCI/VGA Palette Snoop (Palette Snooping)


, VGA ,
MPEG-.
, Enabled (On), Disabled (Off).

Maximum Payload Size


PCI Express , .
128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048, 4096. . 4096, , , ,
PCI Express.


, ACPI (Advanced Configuration
and Power Interface). ACPI BIOS,
.

ACPI Function
ACPI BIOS.
.
:
 Enabled (On) ACPI BIOS ; -


Windows 98 SE;
 Disabled (Off) ACPI ;
, ACPI
.

143

ACPI
. Windows 2000/XP/2003, ACPI ,
.

BIOS , ACPI .

ACPI Suspend Type (ACPI Standby State)


, ACPI .
:
 S1(POS) POS (Power on Suspend) -

, , ,
;
 S3(STR) STR (Suspend to RAM)
, ;
 S1&S3 (Auto) S3 ,
, S1;
Auto .
BIOS Suspend to RAM, (Enabled) (Disabled) S3(STR).

ACPI APIC Support


(APIC) ACPI. , Enabled.

, ACPI Function, .

144

9. ,

Soft-off by PWR-BTTN (PWR Button < 4 secs)



.
:
 Instant-Off

;
 Delay 4 Sec (Suspend) -

. , 4 .

Re-Call VGA BIOS From S3 (Repost Video on S3 Resume,


Run VGABIOS if S3 Resume)
BIOS
S3.
:
 Enabled (On, Yes) S3

VGA BIOS;
 Disabled (Off, No)
S3 ; ,
, VGA BIOS.

Power Management

BIOS. , ACPI- .
:
 Max Saving , -

, 1 ;
 Min Saving -

15 ;
 User Define -

Suspend

145

Mode Standby Mode; 1 60 .


, HDD Power Down.

Suspend Type

.
:
 Stop Grant -

;
 PwrOn Suspend
.

Video Off Method


.
:
 Blank Screen ,

;
 V/H SYNC + Blank
;
 DPMS DPMS (Display Power Management
Signaling).

Video Off In Suspend



Suspend. Yes
, No ,
.

Restore On AC Power Loss (AC Loss Auto Restart,


PWRON After PWR-Fail, AC Back Function)

.
 Off (Soft-Off)

( );

146

9. ,

 On (Full-On) -

;
 Former-Sts (Memory, Last State) ,



,
,
.
, Power Management Setup (. . 9.2) Wake Up Events (. 9.3).

. 9.3.


.
Enabled (On)
, Disabled (Off) .
,
.
 VGA. -

147

 LPT & COM. -



















(LPT) (COM) . : LPT, COM, LPT/COM


NONE.
HDD & FDD. ON .
PCI Master. ON PCI-.
Primary INTR. ON .
Power On by Ring (Modem Ring On, Resume On RING).
.
Resume by Alarm (Power On By RTC Alarm, RTC Alarm Resume).
. : Date
(of Month) Resume Time (hh: mm: ss) .
Wake Up by PCI Card. PCI-.
Power On By PCI Devices (Power On By PCIE Devices). ,
PCI PCI Express.
Wake Up On LAN (Resume On LAN).
.
Power On By Mouse (Resume on PS/2 Mouse). .
Power On By Keyboard (Resume on Keyboard). .
POWER ON Function.

Power On By Keyboard Power On By Mouse.
Resume From S3 By PS/2 Keyboard (PS2KB Wakeup from S3). PS/2.
Resume From S3 By PS/2 Mouse (PS2MS Wakeup from S3). PS/2.
Resume From S3 by USB Device. USB-.

148

9. ,

 Resume by PCI-E Device. -

, PCI-Express.
 PME Event Wake Up (WOL(PME#) From Soft-Off).

, PCI
PCI-Express, .

Windows .

BIOS IRQs Activity Monitoring


Reload Global Timer Events (. 9.4).

. 9.4. IRQs Activity Monitoring

,
,
Enabled (On).


, ,
. BIOS Hardware

149

Monitor (H/W Monitor) PC Health Status (. 9.5) .

. 9.5. PC Health Status

,
.
:
 CPU Temperature ;
 System Temperature (MB Temperature) ;
 PWM Temperature (Power Temperature) -

.
, , .
 , . -

3.3V, +5V, +12V, -12V 5V SB (


).
 , ; (CPU Voltage VCORE), (Chipset Voltage), (DIMM
Voltage) .
Voltage Battery,
CMOS .

150

9. ,

, . :
 CPU Fan Speed (Current CPU FAN Speed (RPM))

;
 Chassis Fan Speed (Current SYSTEM FAN Speed (RPM)) -

;
 Power Fan Speed .



.
,
.

CPU Warning Temperature


, BIOS
.
:
 60C/140F, 70C/158F, 80C/176F, 90C/194F -

( ),
,
; ;
 Disabled .

Shutdown Temperature
,
. , CPU Warning Temperature.

CPU FAN Fail Warning (CPU Fan Beep)


. ,
Enabled.

151

System FAN Fail Warning


.
.

Q-Fan Control
ASUS .
:
 Enabled ;


;
 Disabled .
(CPU Q-Fan Control) (Chassis Q-Fan
Control).

CPU Smart FAN Control, Smart CPU Fan Target


Q-Fan Control, Gigabyte MSI. BIOS
,
.

CPU Smart FAN Mode (CPU Q-Fan Mode)


,
.
:
 Auto ;
 Voltage (DC)

;
 PWM .

ACHI, Advanced Host Controller Interface

Serial ATA,
: NCQ, .
ACPI, Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ( ) ,
BIOS
. , ACPI .
AGP, Advanced/Accelerated Graphics Port
(), . PCI Express.
APIC, Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller .
,
.
APM, Advanced Power Management ( ) .
APM ACPI.
ATA, Advanced Technology Attachment , IDE.
Serial ATA.
ATAPI, Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
- .
ATA (IDE) ATAPI-.
BIOS, Basic Input Output System ( -)
, () -

153

. BIOS
.
CAS, Column Access Strobe , .
CMOS, Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor BIOS . CMOS- .
COM-
, .
, .
CPU, Central Processing Unit .
DDR SDRAM, Double Data Rate SDRAM .
, DDR2.
DDR2
. DDR,
.
LGA775 (Intel) AM2 (AMD).
DDR3 ,
8 SDRAM. ,
Intel P35.
DEP, Data Execution Prevention Windows XP , (. NX-bit, XD).
DIMM, Dual In-Line Memory Module
SDRAM, DDR, DDR2, DDR3.
DMA, Direct Memory Access ,

.
DRAM, Dynamic Random Access Memory
. BIOS DRAM,
SDRAM DDR.
ECC, Error Correction Code, Error Checking and Correcting
, .

154

ECP, Extended Capabilities Port ( )


2,5 /.
EDO, Extended Data Out , Pentium I.
EEPROM, Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory .
EEPROM Flash EEPROM, flash-,
.
EIDE, Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
IDE (ATA)
.
EISA, Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture
.
EPA, Environmental Protection Agency , Energy Star.
EPP, Enhanced Parallel Port (
)
2 /.
ESCD, Extended System Configuration Data
,
.
FDC, Floppy Disk Controller .
FDD, Floppy Disk Drive .
FPU, Floating Point Unit , .
( ).
FSB, Front Side Bus ,
.
HDD, Hard Disk Drive .
HDMI, High-Definition Multimedia Interface , .
HPET, High Precision Event Timer , . Windows
Vista.

155

HT, Hyper Threading, HTT, Hyper Threading Technology , Intel Pentium 4, .


HT, HyperTransport , AMD Athlon 64 .
IDE, Integrated Drive Electronics
(. ATA).
IEEE 1394, FireWire .
INT, Interrupt , , .
IrDA, Infrared Data Association ,
.
IRQ, Interrupt Request , ,
IRQ 0 IRQ 15.
ISA, Industry Standard Architecture ,
IBM PC XT/AT .
PCI.
L1, Level 1 - ,
, .
L2, Level 2 - ,
, 128
.
L3, Level 3 - ,
.
1 .
LAN, Local Area Network .
LBA, Logical Block Addressing ( () ) ,
IDE (ATA)
1 .
LPT , , .
MBR, Master Boot Record ,
. MBR

156

, , .
MMX, Multi Media eXtention .
MPS, MultiProcessing Specification Intel
.
NCQ, Native Command Queuing
Serial ATA, .
NMI, Non-Maskable Interrupt , .
.
NVRAM, Non-Volatile RAM
. NVRAM
ESCD.
NX-bit, No Execute AMD, ,
.
PCI Express, PCI-E , Intel
PCI AGP.
.
PCI, Peripheral Component Interconnect , Intel
1992 .
PIO, Programmed I/O
/, IDE- .
Plug and Play, PnP , Intel,
.
, .
PnP.
POST, Power-On Self Test , BIOS.
PS/2
.
RAID, Redundant Array of Independent Disks (
) -

157


/ .
RAM, Random Access Memory .

.
RAS, Row Adress Strobe , .
ROM, Read-Only Memory .
, , - (CD-ROM) BIOS
(EEPROM).
RTC, Real Time Clock ,
.
S.M.A.R.T., Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology ,
.
SATA, Serial ATA
, IDE (ATA).
SCSI, Small Computer System Interface
.
.
SDRAM, Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
. Pentium I/II/III/4 ,
DDR/DDR2.
SIMM, Single In-Line Memory Module
.
SPD, Serial Presence Detect
, .
SPP, Standard Parallel Port .
SSC, Spread Spectrum Clocking
.
SSE (SSE2/3/4), Streaming SIMD Extensions
.
TM1, Thermal Monitor 1 TM2, Thermal Monitor 2 Intel Pentium 4.

158

( TM1)
( TM2).
UDMA, Ultra DMA IDE (ATA).
USB, Universal Serial Bus ( )
,
.
VGA, Video Graphics Array ,
.
XD, Execute Disable Intel, ,
.

, ,
,

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