Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 128

-

-
2010

372.8(075.3)
32.8171
86

, . .
86

- 2 / . . , . . .
.: -, 2010. 128 .: .
ISBN 978-5-94157-638-8
- .
.
,
.
- 2
, , , , -
. , , .
.
- ,
24 .
2-

372.8(075.3)
32.8171

:

.
.

02429 24.07.00. 01.09.09.


60901/8. . . . . 16.
. 5000 . 30.58.
"-", 190005, -, ., 29.
-
77.99.60.953..005770.05.09 26.05.2009 .
.
tP
"- "
188300, ., . , . , 45

ISBN 978-5-94157-638-8

. ., . ., 2005
, "-", 2005

!
.
.
.
.
, , .
, .
,
, .

. , ,
,

,
.
-
.
, -
:
;
;
.
.
.


(, , ) ,
.
,
.

,
, .
,
, , ,
. , , ,
, (
) .

(),
.

.

, ,
,
1
, ,
. ( )
.

2
,
, .

3
, ,
, :
d4 c4 b4 a4

,
:

4
, ,
.
. .
a3 d4 a2 d1 c2 b2 a3 d3 a5

, ,
,
1
. . ,
, .
. ?
?


u





9

2
,
. , ,
, .
.




3

, .









1;
6;
7;
4;
1;
3;
1;
5;

10










4;
4;
1;
1;
5;
1;
1;
4.

11



1
.

2
. .

12

3
, :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

.
.
.
.
.

4
, :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

, , .
, , .
, , .
, , .
, , .

5
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

, , , .
, , , .
, , , .
, , , .
, , .

13

6
, .

7
, , , , ,
, .
: 3 .
5 ..................
7 ..................

1 ..................
4 ..................


1. , .

2. , .

14


1
.
? .

15

2
1. . ?
?
) , , , .
) , , , .
) , , , .
) , , , .
) , , , .
) , , , .
) , , , .
) , , , .
2. : ?

3
.

16

4
, -
( ).
(). .
)

5

:

)
)


, -
( ). ().
.


17

1
:
) : ?
) : ?
) : ?
) : ?

2
, , .
, , (
) ?

3
5 , :
, ( 2 );
2 ;
, ;
,
;
.
, ,
.

18

4

, :

5

( ).
) , , .
) , , .
) , , .
) , , .

19

6
,
( ).
) , .
) , .
) , .
) , .

20


.
:
;
, ;
.
.

21


1
.

100

100

40

2
.
) , , , , .
) , , , , , .
) , , , , .
) , , , , .

22

3
, .
: ,
, .
, ,
.
. :
+ =
+

+ =

+=

4
, .
________________.
_______________ .
_______________ .
_______________ , __________ .
_________ , __________ .
________ , __________ .

23

5
:
, .

.


.
()

, .
.
()
.
()

,
.


. ()

,
. ()

,
.

, ,
.
. ()

. ()

.
()

,
.

24


1. .
5

100

100

2. .
, ................

, ...................

, ....................

, .......................

, .................

, ....................

, ..................

, ................

25


1
:

100

100

40

2
.

. . .

26

3
,
.

4
,
.
......

......

......

......

......

......

......

......

27

5
,
.
?
, ,
...
(
- ?)
___________

.
, .
.
.
.
.
.
.

6
, , , , ,
, :

..............................

4 .................................

................................

6 .................................

28


. . .


, : , , .
.
! .
...
, .
, ... !..
...
!
.
!
. !
:
...
:
.
?
, . !
, , .
: .
, . !
:

. , .
:
.

29


1
.

2
,
.

30

3
.

31

32

10


. , ,
, .

.
. , ,
( )
, .
,
,
( ,
).
1,
.
, .
,
.
, ,
.
,
.

, ,
.

33

1
. ,
?

34

2

?
?

3
,
.

35


,
.

36

11

1
, .

2
, .

3
, , ,

4
, .

37

5
.

6
.
, .

38


, .

39

12

.
1
.

2
.

40

* * *
.

,
,
- .
. , ,
, , ,
, .
.
-
, , :

41

, ,
:


( )
.

42

13

1
.

2
, ,
, ( ):
_____________________________________________________

43

3
( ) ,
:

4
, .



,
.

44


2 ( )
.

45

14

?
1
,
.

2
, , , , ,
:
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

46

3
( ) :

4
.

47



,
.

48

15

(),

(v), (+), ().

49

2

.

50

3
, :

4
, :

5
, :

51

16


1
.


2
,
:

52

53

3
, :

4
.


54

"


. ?

55

17


1
, :
, ...
... .
) , ...
) , ...
) 2 ,
, ...
) , , ...
) , , ...
) , ...
) , ...

2
. .
) , ...
) , ...
) , ...
) , ...
) , ...
) , ...
) , ...
) 14 , ...

56

) , ...
) , ...
) , ...
) , ...

3

.
,

4
, .
) .
) .
) .
) .

57


:
) , __________________________________
_________________________________________________________
) , __________________________________
_________________________________________________________
) , _________________________________
_________________________________________________________
) , ____________________________
_________________________________________________________


1. :
) , _____________________________
_________________________________________________________
) , ________________________________
_________________________________________________________
) ,

________________________________

_________________________________________________________
) , _______________________________
_________________________________________________________
) , _______________________________
_________________________________________________________
2. 2 (
) .

58

18


1
-
- , , ,
.
.

,
1. ,
2. ,
3. ,
4. ,
5. ,
, ,
, ,
. , ,
: ,
.
25 : , . 5.
, , , .

59

.
:

2
,
, :
.

60


,
.


,
.
1. __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
3. __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

61

19


1
.
, ,
. .
,
, .
: , ,
.

. : 5, 7, 8.

.

2
:
) , ...
) ...
) ...
) , ...
) , ...
) ...

62

) , ...
) ...

3
,
, :
. .
1. .
2. .
3. -.
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. , .
9. .
10. .

4
6.

2, 1, 6, 6, 3, 4, 8, 9, 2, 6, 7, 6

63

5
, 5.

10 + 6 8 =

11 4 + 8 =

12 8 + 1 =

13 3 5 =

14 + 12 4 =

6
,
.
)

7
:


, 3.

25 22 =
18 13 =
36 33 =

64

24 1 3 =
46 43 =


,
.
,
,
, ,
, .
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
,
,
, !

65

20


1
.
.
.
.

20 +
8

+ 12 =

;
;

70 55 =

40 32 =

66

+ 12 =

, .

20

25

15

67

2
, ;
; .
, .


,
.


, ,
.

68

21


1
:

69

2
!
6 : 1 ,
2 , .
, ,
, .
, ?

11

3
.

15

28

32

18

9
7

10

10
9

14

12

14
?


,
.

70


!
:

?
,
1 8 ,
- .
.

71

22


1
.
.
4 . , ? ,
, .

2
.
3 .
4 . ?

3
.
,
3 . ?

4
.
: , ,
, , .
?

72

5
,
.
, . .
, .

6
.
, ,
.
1

13

16 12

28 25
7

12

6
8

19
27 32

73


, ,
4 . , ,
, , , ,
, . .

I
III

II
IV


. ,
, , .
? ? ,
.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
, .

_____________________________________________________________

74

23


1
.
3 , 2 .
?

2
.
, 2 , ,
. ?

3
: 17 47? .

4
: 10 1000?
.

75

5
5 :
1. 7 + 9 + 11 + 13 = ____
2. 6 + 4 + 8 = ____
3. 14 2 4 = ____
4. 19 7 3 1 = ____
5. 3 + 5 + 4 + 6 = ____
- . ,
- ,
. :
01

1, 2, 5

( ).

02 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
03 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
04 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
05 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
06 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
07 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
08 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
09 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
10 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).

76

6
.
, ,
.

2
4

45

10

40 43

15

36

20

30
22

60

10

5
25

9
5

27

?
3

18

77


. .
-
:
, .
;
.
-,
, .
, :
, !
,
.
, ,
, !
!

!
,
.
,
.







.
.
, .
, .
, .
, .

78

24


1
, 5.
17 5 + 4 =

20 + 30 17 =

20 10 5 =

20 + 9 6 =

12 + 13 4 =

14 12 + 3 =

16 7 4 =

26 + 4 16 =

18 2 + 14 =

2
.
, ,
.
3

11

19

10

13 17

20 16 12
35 30
30

14

20
24 21 18

79

3
5 :
1. 25 5 4 = ____
2. 8 + 8 + 8 = ____
3. 28 8 4 = ____
4. 4 + 9 +11 = ____
5. 3 + 9 +10 + 2 = ____
- . ,
- .
.
1 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
2 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
3 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
4 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
5 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
6 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
7 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
8 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).

80

15

28

9
19

31

14
?


. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
,

. 7 8 .

, !
! !

!
,
,

!

81

25

?
1
1
, 7.
27 14 3 =

20 + 30 17 =

33 12 5 =

21 + 9 7 =

12 + 13 18 =

14 + 12 + 3 =

36 7 4 =

23 4 + 16 =

49 21 21 =

2
.
, ,
.
1

5
9

13
6

17

19
19

14 15

9
15

82

16 29 21

3
5 :
1. 17 + 3 + 11 + 19 = ____
2. 19 6 3 1 = ____
3. 24 2 12 = ____
4. 16 + 6 + 8 = ____
5. 3 + 6 + 4 + 6 = ____
- . ,
- .
.
01 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
02 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
03 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
04 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
05 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
06 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
07 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
08 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
09 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
10 __________ ( ____________________________ ).

83

28

36

17

10

49

26

14
?

2
1
,

6.

27 5 + 4 =

20 + 30 44 =

40 10 15 =

23 + 9 6 =

17 + 13 8 =

14 11 + 3 =

16 7 3 =

29 + 4 16 =

28 12 + 14 =

2
.
, ,
.
18 16 14

10

17 15 13 11
6
17 13
30 24
48 39

84

24 30
9

12
12

3
5 :
1. 7 + 19 +11 + 13 = ____
2. 6 + 16 + 5 = ____
3. 19 3 9 = ____
4. 19 7 3 2 = ____
5. 2 + 5 + 4 + 6 = ____
- . ,
- .
.
01 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
02 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
03 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
04 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
05 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
06 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
07 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
08 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
09 __________ ( ____________________________ ).
10 __________ ( ____________________________ ).

85

35

9
44

86

58

10
68

43

18
?

26


1

.
.
?

2

.
.
?

3
- : ,
: ,
.
, , .
, , .
? , ?

87

4
.

...

...

...

5
.
, ,
.
1

16 21

30 27
14
15
6
11

88

18
16

18

11

10

18
31

51


,
.

89

27


1
, :

,
. , ,
. :
, ,
, .
. .
,
, :

90


. :
:

25 17 39 4 15

:
(1) =

(2) =

(3) =

(4) =

(5) =

(1) = 25

(2) = 17

(3) = 39

(4) = 4

(5) =15

2
.
. .

  
:
( ) =

( ) =

( ) =

( ) =

( ) =

3

6 . .

91

:
(2) =_____

(3) = ______

(5) = ______

(6) = ______


.
, .

10

11

12

10

11

12

.
) ?

____________________

) ? ____________________
) 3? _________
) ? _______________
) ? ____________


. .
.

92

1. , ,
,
,
,

2. ,
,
,
!
,
!

3.
.
, ,
,


, ,
!

93

28


, :
(1) = (3); (2) = (4); (3) = (5); (4) = (1); (5) = (2).

2
,
.
, :

94

(1) = (3);

(2) = (2);

(3) = (1);

(4) = (4);

(5) = (5);

(6) = (6).

3
9 14,
. ,
:
(1) = (6);

(2) = (5);

(3) = (4);

(4) = (3);

(5) = (2);

(6) = (1).

10

11

12

13

14

4
,
.

95

(1) = (2);

(2) = (4);

(3) = (5);

(4) = (1);

(5) = (3).

5
,
. 2 5 3 ,
.

(1) = (

10

); (

)=

); (

)=

).

); (

)=

(
(

)=

).

1
(

) = (

);

)=

);

96

)=

);


,
. 2 4 ,
.

_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________


,
.

, .

97

_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

98

29


1
,
, ,
.

,
.
(1) =

);

(5) =

);

(9) =

);

(2) =

);

(6) =

);

(10) =

);

(3) =

);

(7) =

);

(11) =

).

(4) =

);

(8) =

);

11

10

99

2
,
:
(9) = 91;

(3) = 0;

(2) = 76;

(6) = 34;

(5) = 11;

(7) = 49;

(1) = 17;

(4) = 37;

(8) = 37;

(10) = 23.

10

3
.
. ,
, .

12

16

14

10

15

11

13

_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

100


,
. .
.

( 1 ) = (

);

)=

);

);

)=

).

) =

)=

);

101


, ,
, .

,
.
(1) =

);

(2) =

); (3) =

); (4) =

);

(5) =

);

(6) =

); (7) =

); (8) =

).

102

30

1
.
.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

, ...
, ...
, ...
, ...
, ...
, ...
, ...
, ...

2







, .
.
.
.
.
.
.

103






.
.
.
.

3

, .
. , ,
. ?

,
,
. :

,
. . :
, .

104

4
.

5
:

6
,
:
(8) = ;

(5) = ;

(7) = ;

(4) = ;

(1) = ;

(9) = ;

(2) = ;

(10) = ;

(3) = ;

(6)= .

10

105

7
5 .
1. 7 3 + 11 + 15 = ____
2. 13 + 3 + 13 = ____
3. 44 2 13 = ____
4. 19 +7 + 3 + 1 = ____
5. 43 24 4 6 = ____
- . ,
- .
.
01 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
02 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
03 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
04 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
05 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
06 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
07 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
08 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
09 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).
10 ___________ ( ____________________________ ).

106

...


,
.

107

31


1
:

2
.
, ,
.
10

30 40
25 35 45

52 46

28

35 31 27
30

108

24 21

3
, 6.
40 4 30 = ____

20 + 30 40 = ____

20 16 + 2 = ____

20 + 9 14 = ____

3 + 13 10 = ____

14 8 + 17 = ____

37 10 21 = ____

26 + 4 + 13 = ____

18 + 2 14 = ____

4
,
, ,
.

,
.
(1) =

);

(2) =

);

(3) =

);

(4) =

);

(5) =

);

(6) =

);

(7) =

);

(8) =

);

(9) =

);

(10) =

);

(11) =

).

10

11

109


( ) :


1. 8 , 2
.

2. ,
:
(9) = ;

(4) = ;

(3) = ;

(6) = ;

(2) = ;

(8) = ;

(1) = ;

(7) = ;

(5) = ;

(10) = .

110

10

32

1
1
:

2
, 9.
10 4 + 3 = ____

21 + 30 1 = ____

20 14 6 = ____

20 + 9 + 17 = ____

3 + 3 + 3 = ____

14 8 + 3 = ____

16 10 + 13 = ____

26 + 4 21 = ____

18 + 2 + 20 = ____

3
.
, ,
.

111

12

10 55
20 25 50 53
25

46

18 30

40

20

70

32

4
, ,
, .

,
.
(1) =

);

(2) =

);

(3) =

);

(4) =

);

(5) =

);

(6) =

);

(7) =

);

(8) =

).

112


( ) :

113

2
1
:

2
, 4.
10 6 + 16 = ____ 20 + 30 46 = ____

16 + 20 16 = ____

20 + 9 25 = ____ 22 + 23 + 7 = ____

14 9 + 46 = ____

16 12 + 13 = ____ 26 + 4 + 13 = ____

18 + 2 + 49 = ____

3
.
, ,
.
4

10 16

28

10

24

12

26 21 16 11
48 41

114

27

4
,
, ,
.

10


, .
(1) =

);

(2) =

); (3) =

); (4) =

);

(5) =

);

(6) =

); (7) =

); (8) =

);

(9) =

);

(10) =

).

10

115


( ) :

116

33


1
(), (),
(+), (v).

117

2
!
O.

118

3
, :

4
, :

5
, :

119

120

1

, .
: .

121

122

123

124

125

126


1.

..................................................................................... 3

2.

, , , ............ 6

3.

, , , ............ 9

4.

...................... 12

5.

..................................................... 15

6.

............................... 18

7.

............................................................... 22

8.

............................................................... 26

9.

.......................................... 30

10. ................................................................................ 33
11. ................................................................................ 37
12. . ................................................................ 40
13. ............................................. 43
14. ?................................................................. 46
15. ................................................ 49
16. ............................................... 52
17. ................................................................. 56
18. ...................................................... 59
19. ....................................................... 62
20. ................................................................. 66
21. ................................................................. 69
22. ................................................................. 72
23. ................................................................. 75
24. ............................................. 79
25. ?................................................................. 82

26. ............................................... 87
27. ........................................................... 90
28. ............................................................ 94
29. ............................................................ 99
30. ............................................. 103
31. ............................ 108
32. ? ............. 111
33. .............................................. 117
1 ........................................................................................ 121
2 ........................................................................................ 123