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I+pn Banc

Bcenennan Ann P+n








Hocnxmaercx Cemypy Hyxepy
n namxrn Fnnna Vonmana,
a raxxe nsarenxm n +xonomncram,
xoropte nensmenno nepnt
cnonm rneptm mopantntm npnnnnnam

Ecnn entramn
Ipexn ncxynannct,
Hnmt oraun t
Ha cnere cnacannct.
Mon ncntrannx (naponax necnx)

Bneenne. 3nauenne Ann P+n
Haunnancx 2009 ro, n yxacnte nocnecrnnx ]nnanconoro xpnsnca
npoxnnxnnct no ncem. Hepnoe norpxcenne yxe npomno, no nerue ne crano.
Honcxn nnnonntx tnn n camom pasrape.
conpan marepnant nx xypnantno crartn o Tnmorn Iarnepe, rontxo
uro nasnauennom mnnncrpe ]nnancon CBA, xora narxnyncx na crapym
]ororpa]nm, xoropax, xax mne noxasanoct, morna nocnyxnrt noxoxme
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nnnmcrpanne x crarte. Camt snamennrt nacrannnx Iarnepa, tnmn
npecearent Conera ynpannxmmnx ueepantno pesepnno cncremt CBA
Anan Ipnncnen tn saneuarnen na +ro ]ororpa]nn n Fenom ome, nmecre c
npesnenrom xepantom Pyont]om uopom n eme rpemx nmtmn. Cnnmox
tn cenan n cenrxpe 1974 roa, xora Ipnncnen rontxo sacrynnn na cno
nepnt ornercrnennt nocr npecearenx Conera +xonomnuecxnx
xoncyntranron.
Pxom c Ipnncnenom croxna xenmnna ner cemnecxrn. B nocnenn pas x
nnen ee noprper na onoxxe ono xnnrn: ram ona tna monoxe, no cront xe
nennuecrnenna, c nensmenno crpnxxo xape. Btcrynax na renennennn, ona
sanomnnanact spnrenxm rem, uro ronopnna c cnntntm pyccxnm axnenrom n
ntpaxanact ouent rouno, ]opmynnpyx ]pasy rax, yro sapanee sanncana ee na
ymare.
An P+n reponnx ns npomnoro. V menx nnxora ne tno nonoa nncart o
ne. mnoro ner npopaoran penoprepom, ocnemax xnsnt Vonn-crpnr,
rnanntm opasom ee nsnanxy, a nonocrn, cnxsannte c An P+n, nensmenno
nonaann n pyrne pypnxn. 3ra xenmnna cymecrnonana re-ro na crtxe
nnreparypt, ]nnoco]nn, +xonomnxn n nonnrnxn xpane npano nonnrnxn.
Menx xe nnrepeconan mnp sonororo rentna, x xoropomy reopnn P+n, xax
mne xasanoct, ne nmemr nn manemero ornomennx.
omnancx. Hpnuem ouent onroe npemx.
B 2009 roy, rnxx na crapoe ]oro, x nonxn, uro P+n aer mne n pyxn
yrpauennt ]parmenr ronononomxn, na xoropo x nncx c rex camtx nop, xax
paspasnncx ]nnancont xpnsnc. 3a mnorne rot x nn pasy nceptes ne
saymancx o rom, n uem npnunnt nponcxoxmero, xaxona npancrnennax
noonnexa nocrynxon, n pesyntrare xoroptx mt nce nocrpaann. Houemy
spanomtcnxmne, n ocnonnom uecrnte ]nnancncrt, npxennxn n
ncnonnnrentnte npexropa ronxrcx sa entramn c raxo nenoxonenmo
neneycrpemnennocrtm, ne saorxct o nosmoxntx nocnecrnnxx cnonx
ecrnn? uro nnxer saxonoarenxmn n npannrentcrnenntmn unnonnnxamn,
xoropte noepxnnamr nx? Orner, xasanoct t, ouennen: xoptcronmne,
xaxa ntcoxoro nonoxennx n nnacrn, a reopnx saxnara oxcnxer
esecrnne npannrentcrna. Onaxo +rnx oxcnenn, nnnmo, neocrarouno.
B nnxennxx n pennnxax neymnx axrepon na rearpe ]nnanconoro xpnsnca x
nnen onpeenennym moent noneennx.
Ty xe moent x ycmorpen n cnryannn, cnxsanno c naennem xona Tena,
npxmonnnenoro n nopasnrentno paorocnoconoro ntxona co Cpenero
3anaa, n xoropom nnenn yymero cnacnrenx nnnecrnnnonnoro anxa Merill
Lynch. Fnaroapx npexpacno cncreme nanncnrn, xoropax paorana xax
ornaxennt mexannsm, n rnasax mnpoxo omecrnennocrn +ro tn Ten-
Ionona, uenonex-xantxynxrop, esynpeuno uecrnt pyxononrent. Ceronx
ero nomnxr rnanntm opasom xax uenonexa, xynnnmero nx cnoero o]nca
xomo na noxxax sa 35 rtcxu onnapon, xoropte c +ro nentm tnn nsxrt
ns axnnonepnoro xannrana.
nanman +ry moent noneennx n y xona Honcona, menexepa xex-
]ona: nomorax Goldman Sachs n cosannn ]nnancontx nncrpymenron, on
xopnen na cycranaprntmn saxnantmn, cront xe ntrontmn nx nero,
cxont pasopnrentntmn nx xnnenron anxa. Kax uenonex nncrarentnoro yma,
Honcon ynnen, uro ]nnanconax cncrema pesno necercx x xpam nponacrn. B
ornnune or menexepon pyrnx xex-]onon, xoropte nnn rpenory (sa uro
tnn ocmexnt), Honcon cenan cnom cranxy n cnen rnxo, nomenxn ]nmxn na
nannunte n nocnenn momenr, xora cncrema yxe nourn pyxnyna. Hs ecet
c Honconom x ntnec nneuarnenne, uro on nocnxrnn ncm cnom xnsnt onomy
eny neyemnomy crxxannm ener. Cenxa c Goldman Sachs crana
xyntmnnanne ero exrentnocrn, nanpannenno na yonnernopenne +ro
enncrnenno crpacrn.
Oruero xe +rn na opasonanntx, npo]eccnonantno cocroxnmnxcx uenonexa
oxasannct nacrontxo +roncrnuntmn, cront ouennno amopantntmn n
necosnarentntmn? Orxya raxax xanocrt? Kax n mnorne pyrne, onn
xnnxmrcx nocnrenxmn onpeenenno cncremt nsrnxon. Hpn +rom ne naxno,
tna nn ona npnnxra nmn cosnarentno nnn ner. Inannoe, uro onn xnnyr n
coornercrnnn c nem.
3ra nocnynax, nernacnax cncrema nsrnxon namna orpaxenne n ro
ynepennocrn, xoropym Ipnncnen neycranno nacaxan n ueepantno
pesepnno cncreme: yro t ptnxn +ro nexax ntcmax cnna, nonax nxrax
nnacrt. Taxoe ornomenne x xnsnn nponnstnano ncm ]nnanconym cncremy n
npnnnmanoct, nnora axe c upesmepntm +nrysnasmom, perynnpymmnmn
opranamn n Konrpeccom CBA npn ncex amnnncrpannxx, a raxxe
snaunrentno uacrtm CMH.
Cnauana x npnmen x ntnoy, uro sect nannno nenax cncrema
npecrannenn, xoropym moxno onpeennrt xax npnmar ptnxa. Ho
naroapx ]ororpa]nn Ipnncnena, cenanno n 1974 roy, menx npyr
ocennno: net y +ro ]nnoco]nn naxnnt ecrt anrop.
An P+n nce npemx tna sect, a x ne sameuan. H +ra xnnra nontrxa
nanepcrart ynymennoe.
nncan cno rpy ne nx roro, urot nepecxasart ncropnm xnsnn An P+n
nnn n rtcxunt pas nepeuncnnrt anno ncem nsnecrnte +rant ]nnanconoro
xpnsnca. Bce +ro yxe tno macrepcxn cenano n mnorouncnenntx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nccneonannxx n n ]nnantnom oruere Komnccnn no paccneonannm npnunn
]nnanconoro xpnsnca. Xnsnt An P+n tna rmarentno nsyuena xennn]ep
Fepnc n 3nn Xennep, anropamn nnpryosno nanncanntx norpa]n [1 - Burns J .
Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right. New York: Oxford
University Press, 2009; Heller A. C. Ayn Rand and the World She Made. New
York: Nan A. Talese, 2009.]. Knnra xona K+ccnn Kax onannnnct ptnxn c
ocoenno nponnnarentnocrtm xnnonncyer noem yronnuecxnx +xonomnx,
xoropt, napxy c npexnonennem nepe neperynnpyemtmn ptnxamn, npnnen x
xpaxy 2008 roa.
Bce +ro renept ncropnx. Onaxo nponan eperynnponannx n
neorpannuennoro xannrannsma, xaxercx, yxe nnuero ne snaunr. Bmecro
pe]opm sa ]nnancontm xpnsncom nocneonano coxpamenne pacxoon,
onponepxenne, orpnnanne nponsomemero. Vonn-crpnr no rnane c xemn
amonom, neneycrpemnenntm renepantntm npexropom J P Morgan Chase,
pesxo ntcrynnna npornn camo nen perynnponannx xomnencann n npornn
nmtx orpannuenn cnoonoro nsneca, necmorpx na nosmoxnte
nocnecrnnx. Ftnn nnnnnnponant nesnaunrentnte pe]opmt, no Konrpecc ne
yrnepnn coornercrnymmne saxonoarentnte axrt. axe saronapnnart o
cnyunnmemcx n onnnxrt anxnpon tno sanpemeno. Ipnncnen npoonxan
rnepnrt cnoe, cnonno opaxyn pennocrn: orocyapcrnnenne ne ntxo. H sa
ncem nponcxoxmnm npocrynan npnspax amt, xoropax croxna pxom c
Ipnncnenom na ro ]ororpa]nn nourn copoxanerne annocrn:
ropxecrnymme An P+n, nepno nen peaxnnonno nonnrnxn.
C rex nop, xax paspasnncx ]nnancont xpnsnc, nen P+n nepexnnamr
ypnoe nospoxenne: xaxercx, nnuro ne n cnnax ee ocranonnrt. Her opta sa
ymy Amepnxn, n P+n ntnrptnaer. Ona ntnrptnaer noromy, uro ee ne
cunramr naxno ]nrypo. Mnorne anropnrernte nnunocrn cpactnamr ee co
cueron, nonarax nropocrenenntm nepconaxem, cymacmeme, cexranrxo,
+xcrpemncrxo. Bmecro roro urot anannsnponart n ocyxart ee rpyt na
nem npocro cmemrcx. a, ona tna +xcrpemncrxo, no ee +xcrpemnsm
axryanen, on ontme ne ronuercx na sanem nnane.
Hocneonarenn yrnepxamr, uro An P+n ceptesnt ]nnoco].
Hexoropte axe cunramr ee nennuamnm ]nnoco]om ncex npemen. A
nexoropte nastnamr ee nennuamnm nncarenem ncex npemen, a ee poman
Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nennuamnm nponsneennem n ncropnn
uenoneuecrna. Heopoxenarenn nospaxamr: An P+n mapnaranxa, ee
yuenne npnmnrnnno, nropnuno, npornnopeunr nopmam mopann. Mnorne
noome orpnnamr, uro ona ]nnoco] n uro ee neonornx xnnxercx ]nnoco]ne.
Tem ne menee x yy ncnontsonart repmnn ]nnoco]nx: na mo nsrnx,
orpnnart snaunr nepasymno npeymentmart eccnopnoe nnnxnne An P+n.
H yx rouno eccmtcnenno orpnnart, uro An P+n tna nncarentnnne,
pamaryprom, +ccencrom n cnenapncrom. Bce +rn ponn nropocrenennte n ee
xnsnn, xoropax tna nocnxmena nponarane panxantno ]opmt cnoonoro
ptnxa, laissez-faire [2 - Fyxn.: nosnontre enart ]p. +xonomnuecxax
oxrpnna, cornacno xoropo rocyapcrnennoe nmemarentcrno n +xonomnxy
onxno trt mnnnmantntm. Hpnmeu. nep.] xannrannsma. Cama P+n
nastnana cex panxanom or xannrannsma [3 - Rand A. Choose Your Issues //
The Objectivist Newsletter. Vol. 1. No. 1. January 1962 (Irvine Calif: Second
Renaissance, 1990). P. 1.]. Kannrannsm n cnooa tnn nx nee
cnnonnmamn, rouno rax xe, xax npannrentcrno n nacnnne.
Ona nnepxna ocoym cncremy neponann, nepenopaunnax mopantnte
nennocrn sanano nnnnnnsannn c nor na ronony. Hnoxoe cranonnnoct
xopomnm, amopantnoe sacnyxnnano nocxnmennx, a noxnantnoe oopaunnanoct
snom. Ona nepnna n nnnnnyannsm n ntcrynana npornn omecrnenntx
nncrnryron, xoropte npnnocnnn nontsy ne nnnnnam, a rpynnam nme:
raxne nncrnryrt ona nopnnana, onnnxx n rpexe xonnexrnnnsma. nx nee
xaxt uenonex cnonno ocrpon. B napannentno ncenenno ee neonornn
trt pannonantno-+roncrnuntm +ro enncrnenno +rnunax ]opma
cymecrnonannx. Fecxoptcrne xe xnnxercx snom. An P+n uacro ncnontsonana
+ro cnono.
P+n nosnnxana na nonnrnuecxo apene nepnonuecxn, naunnax c 1930-x
roon n o camo cmeprn. Ona tna ncrounnxom nonnrnuecxo
nexoppexrnocrn, a ee nosnnnx xasanact onesnenno nenocneonarentno. Ona
tna npornn yuacrnx CBA no Bropo mnpono none n noepxnnana
Hspannt. Ona pesxo ne oopxna Bternamcxym nony n cunrana, uro yar
3senxay+p nnraer cnaocrt x xommynnsmy. Ona tna croponnnne Fappn
Ionyorepa n nopnnana Ponanta Perana sa noepxxy xpncrnancxnx
]ynamenranncron. Ona ntcrynana npornn pacnsma n 3axona o rpaxancxnx
npanax 1964 roa. Ona nepnna, uro xpynnte nsnecment npecneyemoe
mentmnncrno, onaxo monuana, xora ontmo nsnec ncxpnmnnnponan
nacroxmne mentmnncrna, nxnmuax ro, x xoropomy npnnanexana ona cama.
Ona npesnpana xnnnn n nonncxym oxsannocrt. Ona tna
npecrannrentnnne +nnrt n ooxana erexrnnt Mnxxn Cnnnnena. Ona
ropxuo samnmana nnnnnyannsm, ee repon tnn nenocnpnnmunnt x xpnrnxe
onaxo cama ona nnana n rnyoxym enpeccnm, xora xpnrnxa cmemana c
rpxstm ee nocnenn n camt xpynnt poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun.
An P+n nastnana cnom ]nnoco]nm oexrnnnsmom. nx nee camo n ee
yuennxon nean +ro mnp +neprnuntx nme, re ropxecrnymr
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npoyxrnnnocrt n cnpanennnocrt. 3ro mnp, re cnooa nnraer n n sanax
nnacrn, n n yyapax. Haoennntx pocrnennnxon ntmntpnnamr ns omon.
Fpaunte xnxrnt oxastnamrcx ne nyxnt xax n nnuno xnsnn camo An
P+n. B neennn npannrentcrna ocramrcx nnmt rpn nncrnryra: apmnx,
nonnnnx n cyt. Hooxont nanor ormenen, xax n nourn nce ycnyrn,
]nnancnpyemte ns nanoron.
Konnennnx panxantnoro xannrannsma, cosannax nncarentnnne, n namn
nn crana xax nentsx onee nonynxpno. Bet nmenno P+n xpecrnax mart
nnxennx uaennrnx, +roro ]nnoco]nuecxoro onnora npantx cnn,
xpnrnxymmnx cncremy connantnoro crpaxonannx n nporpammy
rocyapcrnennoro mennnncxoro ocnyxnnannx npecrapentx (Medicare). A
npn xnsnn ona tna nnepom xyntra, npenmoexo, nonncrnymme
arencrxo, croponnnne aopron, npornnnnne anrnnapxornuecxnx saxonon.
P+n morna trt n ntcme crenenn nenexecrnenno n camtx rnanntx
nonpocax n npn +rom nyramme nposopnnno. H nycrt ona cnepxecrecrnenno
rouno ynonnna cyrt amepnxancxo ymn, ee xnnrn oxastnamr, uro xnsnt
otuntx amepnxannen ona nonnmana nnoxo.
Ee camt rnannt xpnrnx tn ne opocepeunt nnepan, a
apncroxparnunt nnep xoncepnarnnnoro nnxennx Vnntxm up+nx Faxnn-
mnamn. Ero nacrontxo nosmyrnno orpnnanne co cropont P+n xpncrnancxo
mopann, uro on nopyunn Vnrraxepy uemepcy, nepeexunxy or xommynncron,
nanncart o xnnre Arnanr pacnpannn nneun pasrpomnym crartm nx xypnana
National Review. Hocxontxy ontmnncrno ns nac ne nmnr roro xe, uero ne
nmnr mncc P+n, ne nmnr rax xe ropxuo, xax ona, mnorne roront nepnrt
e na cnono, nncan uemepc. Mexy rem, yrnepxaer on, +ra nncarentnnna
cmorpnr na mnp c nenanncrtm, n ee nsrnxt ntstnamr omepsenne. Hourn c
xaxo crpannnt Arnanra snyunr ronoc, xoropt c rxrocrno
neornparnmocrtm npnxastnaer: B rasonym xamepy marom mapm!. [4 -
Chambers W. Big Sister Is Watching You // National Review. December 28,
1957.]
3ro paccxas o npornnocroxnnn, re oe cropont n panno crenenn
ntstnamr nenanncrt, ronopnnoct n osope xypnana The Washington Post.
Knnra oper unrarenm n yxo, nynnr no ronone n naexe npnnneut ero
nnnmanne, a sarem, xora on nounnxercx, npnnnmaercx mnorocnonno noyuart
ero, ns crpannnt n crpannny, nacmemnnno xommenrnponan Ip+nnnnn Xnxc
[5 - Penensnx ns Washington Post nnrnpyercx n ns.: Heller A. C. Ayn Rand
and the World She Made. P. 282283; cm. raxxe: Hicks G. A Parable of Buried
Talents // New York Times Book Review. October 13, 1957.], xpnrnx ns
xnnxnoro oospennx rasert The New York Times. Hecmorpx na exym
xpnrnxy, xnnra Arnanr pacnpannn nneun npoananact mnnnnonamn
+xsemnnxpon n o cnx nop ocraercx ecrcennepom.
na rnanntx pomana P+n conepmenno pasnnuamrcx no remarnxe. B
Hcrounnxe, xoropt tn nanncan n 1943 roy n npocnannn nncarentnnny,
ner nourn nn cnona o xannrannsme. Inannt repo xnner cnonno nnmn n
axe ne nmnr entrn. B Arnanre, onynnxonannom n 1957 roy, nce
nnnmanne cocpeoroueno na anropcxom neane: cosaercx xonnennnx
neperynnpyemoro, nenoxonrpontnoro rocyapcrny, nenooruernoro
npannrentcrny xannrannsma. Iepon pomana upesntuano orart. P+n ncera
narononnna x panxantnomy xannrannsmy, onaxo e ne xnarano
npaxrnuecxnx snann n onacrn +xonomnxn n npomtmnennocrn. Heocranano
onoro naxnoro nnrpenenra, xoropt P+n ortcxana nocne roro, xax
nanncana Hcrounnx. Hmx emy tno Anan Ipnncnen.
Ipnncnen cran nepntm noxnonnnxom ee rnopuecrna c nauana 1950-x roon.
On nxonn n ysxn xpyxox npnnnxenntx, rax nastnaemt Konnexrnn,
unent xoroporo ncrpeuannct c P+n pas n neenm n cocrannxnn rpynny ee
nocneonarene. Onn no rnanam unrann n ocyxann Arnanra, n sarem
pacnpocrpanxnn ee nen. Konnexrnn c roamn paccexncx, ynnuroxennt
uncrxamn n eseprnpcrnom, no Ipnncnen nnxora ne noxnan P+n, nnxora ne
comnenancx n ne, axe ecnn comnenannct pyrne, xax t +xcnenrpnuno ona
cex nn nena.
Ha nporxxennn 1960-x n 1970-x roon xon]opmncrcxn nacrpoennte
nnrennexryant n yuente oxornponann An P+n. Ee penyrannx tna ne
nnoxo ona tna naryno. B 1972 roy Vnntxm O`Hnn, npenoanarent
]nnoco]nn ns ynnnepcnrera Rxno Kann]opnnn n anrop onoro ns
necxontxnx ceptesntx xpnrnuecxnx pasopon, nocnxmenntx counnennxm
P+n, cxasan, uro nncart o ne onacnoe sanxrne: B nnrennexryantntx
xpyrax ee nno nonnocrtm nrnopnpymr, nno nonce cnnctnamr co cueron. Te
xe, xro npnnnmaer ee nceptes nacrontxo, urot nsyuart ee nsrnxt, pncxymr
nanneut na cex rnen omecrna. [6 - ONeill W. F. With Charity Toward None:
An Analysis of Ayn Rands Philosophy. Totowa, NJ: Littlefi eld, Adams, 1972. P.
3.]
axe cpen yntrpanpantx y P+n tno ouent ne mnoro pyse. B ee
nepconantnom octe uFP ronopnrcx, uro xon 3rap Iynep no conery
nounnennoro n 1966 roy xareropnuecxn orxnonnn ee npocty o ncrpeue nx
ocyxennx nexoero oruacrn nnunoro, oruacrn nonnrnuecxoro nonpoca. [7 -
Hnctmo 3rapa Iynepa x An P+n or 13 exapx 1966 roa; Morrell to Wick
Memo (es art); octe uFP na An P+n npeocranneno anropy no sanpocy
FIOPA, N 1154646-000.]
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Ha ]ororpa]nn pxom c Ipnncnenom, n Onantnom xannere, renntm
ocennnm nem 1974 roa, P+n no-npexnemy orenena or ocrantntx, nce raxax
xe +xcrpemncrxa, rax n ne cmxrunnmax cnonx nsrnxon. Ho, cnana Anany
Ipnncneny, renept ona nosnpyer pxom c npesnenrom Coennenntx Braron.
Ona cnona oxaxercx n Fenom ome na roa cnycrx, xora rya npnyer c
nnsnrom pyro ee npnnepxenen, Manxontm upesep, npemtep-mnnncrp
Ancrpannn. P+n nourn ne noxnana cnoe ntm-opxcxo xnaprnpt n Hcr-
Cae, pasne uro nspexa, urot unrart nexnnn. B nocnenne rot xnsnn
ona npenparnnact n nseprannym, oxecrouennym crapyxy, ponnmym no
xnaprany n omamnem xanare.
B +ro rpyno nonepnrt, yunrtnax, cxont snaunmt n nnnxrentnt nen An
P+n n namn nn. Hopasnrentnt xonrpacr! Ona crana nmnmo reponne
xoncepnarnnno npecct n morymecrnenno ]nrypo n Hnrepnere. Ipynnxn
nepntx nocneonarene neyr norn n ]opymt, nocnxmennte P+n, cosamr
nn]opmannonnte pacctnxn, ecrt axe car snaxomcrn nx ee npnnepxennen.
Ona, yro nont Fenxamnn upanxnnn, noxnonnxer nnnemnx nonnrnxon
conpemennocrn. Ee naxonnunte ntcxastnannx noncm nnrnpymr npante. Ona
cnonno +axn anrnno Vnnna Poxepca, nauncro nnmennt ncxxoro mmopa,
mano x xomy ne ncntrtnammn nenpnxsnn. Croponnnxn ne An P+n
perynxpno ycrpannamr cest no nce crpane. Ee pomant, or xoroptx xora-
ro mapaxanoct nayunoe coomecrno, renept nsyuamrcx n ynnnepcnrerax n
axe n mxonax. Xopomo eme, uro xnnrn ecnnarno pasamrcx orartmn
nocneonarenxmn n Hncrnryrom An P+n, yupexenntm nocne ee cmeprn,
at ynexoneunrt ee nacnene.
Ho P+n ne nyxen nncrnryr ee nmenn. Ee pomant nexann na npnxponarntx
cronnxax amepnxannen eme no npemena +n-yma, saonro o ocnonannx
nncrnryra. Hopaornn monuannnoe noxonenne, ona nomna antme, npnnox
n rpener noxonenne nxc n ntnemnnx ynnnepcanron. Ee xnnrn crann
neoremnemtm arpnyrom nocnenoenno Amepnxn, ynnnepcantntm urennem
nx nopocrxon, xax Ha nponacrtm no pxn C+nnnxepa. Pexnammnx ns
cepnana Fesymnt, ooxammn P+n, onnnernopxer coo cpasy na
nepnoa, xora ee rnopuecrno ntstnano axnorax: nepnt, neonrn,
npnmencx na 1960-e, xora ona tna nnmt nropocrenenno ]nrypo, a nropo,
onee snaunrentnt, mt nanmaem ceuac.
B 1975 roy Cr+nnn Mapxyc, npecearent npannennx cern marasnnon
Neiman Marcus ns annaca, orxptro xpnrnxonan xopnopannn, xoropte
memann nponnxennm saxononpoexron, nanpannenntx na connantnoe
pasnnrne. Kro ns conpemennoro enonoro coomecrna, cnpamnnan on,
nceptes npenoxnr Konrpeccy orosnart 3axon o ercxom rpye nnn
anrnmononontnt Axr Bepmana? Hnn 3axon o ueepantnom pesepne, nnn o
perynnponannn ]onono npxn? Hnn o noconxx no nerpyocnoconocrn? O
connantno samnre? O mnnnmantno sapaorno nnare? O rocyapcrnennom
mennnncxom ocnyxnnannn npecrapentx? O rpaxancxnx npanax? Bce mt
ceronx, ronopnn on, npnsnaem, uro +rn saxont cocrannxmr neoremnemym
uacrt enno cncremt, onn enamr nac cnntnee. [8 - Silk L., Vogel D. Ethics
& Profi ts: The Crisis of Confi dence in American Business. New York: Simon &
Schuster, 1976. P. 219.]
Bosmoxno, n 1975 roy rax n tno, no rontxo ne ceronx. Fnaroapnrt nnn
nopnnart? sa +ro nao An P+n.

unran Hcrounnx n Arnanra n nepno nononnne 1970-x roon. He
nomnm rouno xora n ne mory c ynepennocrtm cxasart sauem. Comnenamct, uro
ounran +rn xnnrn o xonna. B re npemena mne npannnnct ncropnuecxne rpyt
n pomant, yocroennte +xpannsannn. nomnm, xax naunnan unrart
Hocmeprnte sanncxn Hnxnnxcxoro xnya, no rax n ne ocnnnn; y menx o cnx
nop xpannrcx +xsemnnxp Hcropnn Bropo mnpono nont, xoropt x mnoro
ner unran sanoem, no ]parmenramn. Hoospenam, uro x sanncan ]amnnnm
P+n, nocmorpen n nounom renenoxase Hcrounnx. Tam nrpann cypont I+pn
Kynep n cexcyantnax Harpnnnx Hnn. Homnm, mne nonpannnact mystxa. Kynep
mne npannncx ncera. B rom ]nntme on tn, xax otuno, npxmoymen, onaxo
nnmen npnntuno nemnorocnonnocrn. 3ect repo Kynepa tn nonpocry
onrnnn. A n xonne on nponsnocnn onn ns camtx nnnntx mononoron n
ncropnn xnno. Onaxo npeoonert cxyxy nomorana ona cocrannxmmax, na
xoropo epxancx nect ]nntm (n poman), nstnanmax x moemy myxcxomy
ecrecrny, cexc, mnoro cexca.
B re npemena P+n tna nourn xyntrono ]nrypo n rom cmtcne, n xaxom
+ro cnono ncnontsyercx n maccono xyntrype. V nee nmennct noxnonnnxn,
xorx +ro ne pocanoct n rnasa. Tora x ne snan, uro P+n orxptro
ntcxastnanact npornn nont no Btername, cunrax ee esnpancrnenno, ne
no rem npnunnam, xaxne npnnoxr otuno, a noromy, uro +ra nona ne
cnyxnna nnrepecam CBA, ro ecrt ne tna +roncrnuno: npesnenr xoncon
crapancx ocnoonrt anexym crpany or nra xommynnsma. Henannx
xommynnsm, P+n nce xe cunrana Bternamcxym nony nenpocrnrentno
a]epo, uncremnm opasnom cneno, eccmtcnenno, antrpyncrnuecxo,
camoornepxenno onn [9 - Rand A., Branden N., Greenspan A., Hessen R.
Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal. New York: Signet, 1967. P. 236. Cm. raxxe
ocyxenne Bternamcxo nont n pyrom +cce, n +rom xe nsannn (p. 224).].
3nyunr ouent noxoxe na nosynrn, c xoroptmn ntcrynann cryenrt Bxont
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nayx Fponxca. Hpana, P+n nenannena nporecrymmnx cryenron n xnnnn rax
xe cnntno, xax xommynncron.
Ee npnnonnn n xpocrt rpyno noammnecx onpeenennm, camte otunte
uenoneuecxne xauecrna nennxoymne n camonoxeprnonanne. B sananom
mnpe rocnocrnyer yexenne, uro antrpynsm ecrt ona ns rnanntx
xapaxrepncrnx speno nnnnnnsonanno nnunocrn. Mt poxaemcx +roncramn n
rontxo co npemenem nayuaemcx saornrtcx o pyrnx. Mt ycnannaem, uro
+ronsm +ro nnoxo. nx P+n xe mnaenuecxn +ronenrpnsm npannnen, +ronsm
xopom, a antrpynsm npornnopeunr ocronncrny n npancrnennocrn. ere
yuar, uro orentnte nnnnnt onxnt ntnonnxrt omym nporpammy n
paorart n xomane. B xomane ner mecra nx x, rax ronopxr. Hyxno
ennrtcx c pyrnmn. B Hcrounnxe An P+n noyuaer xaxoro norpyxennoro
n cex nopocrxa: Ftrt onnouxo nopmantno. Tee ne nyxnt pystx. Tee
ne nyxno nn c xem ennrtcx. 3ro rnox nrpymxa. Tt ee sacnyxnn. Hnxomy ne
ana. A mnamax cecrpenxa moxer narn cee pyrym.
Iepo Hcrounnxa Ionap Popx onnouxa n xpann nnnnnyanncr, ne
nocnpnnmunnt x uyxnm mnennxm. On ne xomannt nrpox. V nero nourn
ner pyse, ner cemtn, ennomtmnennnxon, axe npnxrene-coyrtntnnxon
ner. B camom nauane pomana on npasnyer cnoe ncxnmuenne ns
rexnonornuecxoro nncrnryra. On nn o xom ne saornrcx n ne xer, uro xro-ro
craner saornrtcx o nem. On uenonex, nauncro nnmennt omecrnennoro
cosnannx. On aconmrno +roncrnuen, n nent xnnrn oosnaunrt ero nosnnnm
xax uncremee nonnomenne mopann. Fnnxe x xonny pomana Popx nsptnaer
yxe nocrpoennoe xnnoe sanne, n sarem +ror nocrynox onpantnamr. (3anne
crponrcx n Knnnce, onaxo opasa ropoa n ero xnrene ne nosnnxaer:
nepconax no nmenn Ien Bnnan camt neocronepnt ntxoen ns
ropocxnx rpymo sa ncm ncropnm mnpono nnreparypt, a amepnxancxne
exopannn npocrynamr nnmt ne mnornm oruernnnee, uem n napcrne rpes ns
Arnanra.)
P+n nepnna, uro nyrt +ronsma ecrecrnenntm opasom neer n mnp, re ner nn
npannrentcrna, nn npoxnxroro xonnexrnnnsma. Ee poman Arnanr pacnpannn
nneun npecrannxer xaprnny raxoro pax, paccxastnax unrarenxm, uro
nponcxonr c Amepnxo, xora camte rananrnnnte nmn ycrpannamr
saacronxy. Ho mnennm anropa, crpana epxnrcx na ntammnxcx nnunocrxx, a
ne na npocrtx cmeprntx, xoropte nxantnamr y xonneepa nnn n nnannntntx
nexax. Paoune nerxo samennmt, no rnopnt nn n xoem cnyuae. Iepon An
P+n sannmamrcx rem, uro axxymynnpymr entrn, ne naxno, sapaorannte nnn
nonyuennte no nacnecrny. Onn onnrapxn n rexnoxpart, nnrennexryant n
nsoperarenn. Bce ocrantnte pat, rxnymne nxmxy sa sapaornym nnary,
namymne or snonxa o snonxa, noannxmmee ontmnncrno saypxntx
nepconaxe, cocrannxmmnx nannm, ne napo P+n. Taxne nmn e ne
nyxnt. Hx crpaannx n ycrpemnennx ne ee saora, ona ne nnmer o nnx, ecnn
rontxo onn ne nomoramr nponnnmcrpnponart ee neonornm nnn oxasart ee
npanory. Otxnonennte, cnate, npecrapente nx P+n xnno
neouenonexn. B onom ns naxnemnx +nnsoon Arnanra noes,
sanonnennt raxnm orpetem, nneraer n satmnennt xenesnoopoxnt
ronnent, xoropt npenpamaercx n cnoero poa rasonym xamepy. Vnrraxep
uemepc tn cnnmxom rpy n npxmonnneen, onaxo, anax onenxy Arnanry,
on ne rax yx cnntno nepernyn nanxy.
Poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nponnnaer cner na p+nnancxym
xonnennnm nonoro oexrnnncra: +ro xoptcronmen n esoxnnx,
nesanncnmt, pannoymnt, xnanoxponnt. Mnp Arnanra nanomnnaer
]nntm Honte npemena c uapnn uannnntm, rontxo naxonrcx on n
napannentno ncenenno, re repo uannnna oxastnaercx npecrynnnxom. Ha
npocrpancrne n rtcxuy necrn crpannn ornaxnte xannranncrt onoxr noxpyr
nantna pasntx omepsnrentntx poxxex. 3ro mnp orartx nacnennxon es
narornopnrentnocrn, mnp amntrepa es yrptsenn conecrn. Inannax
reponnx xnnrn crponax n cexcyantnax (reponnn P+n ncera crponte n
cexcyantnte) nacnennna xenesnoopoxnoro marnara, xoropax ntraercx
cnacrn cement nsnec or yrpmmo, nenannxme nsnecmenon Amepnxn. B
xommapnom mnpe P+n paoune +xcnnyarnpymr occon. He npannrentcrno
cnxsano no pyxam n noram npomtmnennocrtm, a naoopor, snonte noconnxn
rocyapcrna npecneymr n pasnpamamr mexannxon cranennrentx sanoon n
ne]rxnnxon. Inannte snoen P+n +ro nenxne mpoxpart n nsnecment-
npearenn, xoropte corpynnuamr c npannrentcrnom crannnncron, urot
oecneunrt cee necnpanennnoe npenmymecrno nepe coronapnmamn.
Ee neantnt repo crpont n cexcyantnt nsoperarent no nmenn
xon Ianr. On noxnnxercx nnxe x xonny pomana, npnmepno rax xe, xax
Iappn Ham nxonr n nept n cepenne ]nntma Tpern uenonex, rontxo
Ianr nnmen oaxnnx, cnocrnennoro Opcony V+nncy. Iepon P+n ncera
noxoxn na Ianra: necrnaemte, npannnte, ceptesnte, cxnonnte x
]nnoco]cxnm mononoram, neneycrpemnennte n nocroxnno sanxrte paoro.
Ecnn y nnx ecrt cemtx, +ro ncera nnmt opemennrentnax nomexa, a ere ne
tnaer nnxora.
Cnonno xaxo-nnyt xommynxxa ns ]nntma, cnxroro no nropo nepno
Kpacno yrpost, Ianr nornxontxy rpynrcx, urot ynnuroxnrt Amepnxy,
nocrpexax x mxrexy xannranncron n meronuno nonnexax ncex
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nponsnonrene n saacronxy. Bce ocrantnte moryr xarnrtcx n a, uro onn n
enamr n xonne xnnrn. Onn rnnyr, noromy uro +nexrpo+neprnn ner, noesa
sacrpxnn nocpen esxnsnenntx nycrtnt, omecrno pacxonoro. Mepsannt-
mpoxpart, xoppymnnponannte xannranncrt n otunte nmn c ryntmn
]nsnonomnxmn, ena nn ne cnaoymnte, ncrpeuamr nmenno ry cyty, xaxym
sacnyxnnamr.
Kora x unran Arnanra mnoro ner nasa, on menx ne rponyn. Mne
noxasanoct, uro on nanncan na nnrennexryantnom yponne emenoro nayuno-
]anracrnuecxoro urnna. Heneno nnnnt n cxyunt poman, xya menee
panxantnt, uem npouax epyna, nonynxpnax n ro npemx, a nocrynnpyemt n
nem oexrnnnsm tn nx menx raxnm xe eccmtcnenntm, xax n pyrne
neoneuennte neonornn ro +noxn. yunncx n rocyapcrnenno mxone,
norom n rocyapcrnennom xonnexe, nnara sa moe oyuenne tna ornxra,
xax cxasana t P+n, y nanoronnarentmnxon Htm-Hopxa. B Htm-Hopxe 1970-x
roon rpaxancxoe nacenenne tno osaoueno rnanntm opasom ne
+xonomnxo, a pocrom npecrynnocrn, pesyntraramn xoroporo cranonnnnct n
nacroxmee ornxrne ener, n connantnax necranntnocrt. Konnennnx
+ronsma P+n tna yro cnennantno paspaorana nx roro, urot onpanart
annenne na entx n na cpenn xnacc. Hnuno y menx cnono xonnexrnnnsm
acconnnpyercx n nepnym ouepet c ecnnarntm ynnnepcnrercxnm
opasonannem: mne npecrannxmrcx nmn npoe xonaca Conxa, xoropte ne
cmornn t camocroxrentno onnarnrt oyuenne. Onaxo An P+n npn cnone
xonnexrnnnsm nnxrcx rono n xaoc nocnepenonmnnonno Poccnn.
P+n ntmna ns poccncxo ypxyasnn n npnnanexana x
npnnnnernponannomy xnaccy. Ona ponnact n enpecxo cemte, re ronopnnn
no-pyccxn: ee ponte nmenn mano omero c ronopnnmnmn na nnm rpxsntmn,
nnmnmn enpexmn, xoropte ronnamn npnesxann n Amepnxy, n ocnonnom eme o
pyccxo penonmnnn. Onn nepecexann Arnanrnxy ntnyxenno, crpemxct
ntxnrt, exann nanyntmn naccaxnpamn na nmmnrpanrcxnx xopanxx. Onn
tnn cyenepnt n pennrnosnt. Onn repnenn, xora nx, xax cxor, nporonxnn
uepes npnemnt nynxr na ocrpone 3nnnc, a norom nannann nmn
mnoroxnaprnpnte oma, ornpannxx paorart na nororonxax nnn nopoxontx
sanoax. B Amepnxe nsrnxt mnornx raxnx nmmnrpanron cranonnnnct onee
panxantntmn: ns-sa yxacntx ycnonn xnsnn nmn enannct connanncramn n
npo]comsntmn axrnnncramn. Onaxo noannxmmee ontmnncrno ne
nnrepeconanoct nonnrnxo, onn tnn cocpeorouent na paore, cemte n
pennrnn.
nx P+n onn tnn uyxnmn, xax mapcnane. Ona xnna nonnrnxo, ee ne
nonnonana cemtx, ona pano npnmna x arensmy. P+n npnexana n Amepnxy n
1926 roy, ncxope nocne yxecrouennx nmmnrpannonnoro saxonoarentcrna,
nentm xoroporo tno ne onycxart n crpany ntxonen ns Bocrouno Enpont,
raxnx, xax ona. Hpnexana ona no cryenuecxo nnse, a entrn ponrene
nsannnn ee or neoxonmocrn ennrt rxrort nyremecrnnx c nanyntmn
naccaxnpamn (xorx ns oxymenron cneyer, uro ona nyremecrnonana nroptm
xnaccom, a ne nepntm, xax yrnepxamr ee noxnonnnxn [10 - B onom epexno
xpannmom mn]e o P+n yrnepxaercx, yro ee mart npoana cnon
paronennocrn, urot ona, ypoxennax Annca Posenaym, morna nosnonnrt
cee nner nepnoro xnacca o Htm-Hopxa. 3romy nocnxmen onn ns
ymepasnpammnx +nnsoon oxymenrantno-nponaranncrcxoro ]nntma
An P+n. Cmtcn xnsnn (1997). B rpertem xnacce e nntrt, ecrnnrentno,
ne npnmnoct. Onaxo ns cnncxa naccaxnpon cneyer, uro ona exana n
xom]opraentno, no ne pocxomno xamre nroporo xnacca. Cnncox
naccaxnpon napoxoa De Grasse or 19 ]enpanx 1926 roa, co crpoxo Alice
Rosenbaum, moxno ynnert na care Ancestry.com. Bce nncrt cnncxa
nonte, n na nepxy nroporo nncra, re snaunrcx +ra ]amnnnx, yxasano: 3rn
(xenrte) crpannnt npenasnauent rontxo nx naccaxnpon nroporo xnacca.]).
B unxaro ee ncrpernnn saxnrounte pocrnennnxn, ona npocpounna cnom nnsy,
xax n noxonennx pyrnx nesnantx nenerantntx uyxecrpannen, n mrnonenno
nnmnnact n crpany, xoropax ee orneprana. P+n nnxora ne paorana na
nororonxax nnn sanoax, a noromy n ne morna nponnxnyrtcx couyncrnnem x
npocrtm rpyxennxam, a no nnaentnax ]apnx n npounx xannranncrax nnena
ne esxanocrntx +xcnnyararopon, a repoen, crponrene n nnrennexryantnt
pecypc omecrna.
Hacenenne Hnxnero Hcr-Caa, enxxn nenanxnx nsrnxon, xoropte sa
necxontxo ner o npnesa P+n ntnnnynn n xonrpeccment connanncra,
ntstnann y nee orropxenne. Hensnecrno, nncana nn ona o nnx: ecnn n nncana,
ro nnuero ne nynnxonana. Ee repoxmn tnn nsnecment, ontmne mnmxn
nmn, noxoxne na ee orna. Cemtx P+n norepxna nce, xora ontmennxn
ornxnn y nero eno, n ornoncxoe ynnxenne nonnnxno na ncm xnsnt ouepn. B
nontrxax amepnxancxoro npannrentcrna onrtcx connantno-+xonomnuecxoro
panencrna ona nnena crpemnenne npnnynrt onnx nme (raxnx, xax ee
oren) nomorart pyrnm, menee yaunnntm.
Bce ecrnnx rocyapcrna, xoropte ne npannnnct P+n, ona mera]opnuecxn
nastnana ntcrpenamn npannrentcrnenno nymxn [11 - Cm., nanp.: Rand A.
Have Gun, Will Nudge // The Objectivist Newsletter. Vol. 1. No 3. March 1962.
(Irvine, Calif: Second Renaissance, 1990.) P. 9.]. Ona ne npnsnanana
neoxonmocrn, nponxronanno enocrtm, ona ne snana nyxt nanepnoe,
noromy, uro y nee nmennct orarte pocrnennnxn, ncera roronte npnrn na
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nomomt (nanpnmep, xora e nyxno tno cenart aopr) [12 - Heller A. C. Ayn
Rand and the World She Made. P. 128.]. Feccepeune n ynepennocrt, uro nce
xpyrom ee onxnnxn, tnn cnocrnennt P+n o xonna xnsnn, nmn xe
nponnxnyra n ee neonornx.
poc pxom c +mnrpanramn ns Poccnn, xoropte nenannenn cnom ponny
rax xe cnntno, xax nenannena ee P+n. H xorx n xapaxrepax ncex +rnx nme
mne nnnrcx nexoe cxocrno (ro tnn ne camte mnnte nmn na cnere), nm
npnmnoct nepenecrn crpaannx, ne neomte P+n. Poccncxne +mnrpanrt,
xoroptx x snan nnuno, ne nmenn ontmnx rananron n nm ne conyrcrnonana
yaua. Onn ne crann cnenapncramn, nm ne nocuacrnnnnnoct nosnaxomnrtcx c
Cecnnem e Mnnnem. Onn tnn npocrtmn paounmn. A ecnn axe n
cranonnnnct npenpnnnmarenxmn (noprntmn nnn canoxnnxamn), ro nnmt
noromy, uro nnoxoe snanne anrnncxoro xstxa ne nosnonxno nm nonyunrt
onee ntcoxoonnaunnaemym paory.
Poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun tn nm nacrontxo xe uyx, xax n mne,
uyx, xax counnennx 3npnxa Knnnepa, xoropt n ornnune or P+n nxonn n
cnncox oxsarentnoro urennx nx cryenron ropocxoro xonnexa Htm-
Hopxa. a, mne onenoct ncrpeuart poccncxnx +mnrpanron-xannranncron: ro
tnn nsmyuennte paoro nanounnxn, nopunnnte raxcncrt n napxoropronnt
co Cro rpnnart nxro ynnnt. P+n nonarana, uro cnoont,
neperynnpyemt ptnox craner rnanntm oprannsymmnm nenrpom cnoonoro
omecrna. nx menx xe onnnernopennem cnoonoro neperynnpyemoro ptnxa
tn Fennn-Xynnx, ropronen ns ]pyxrono nanarxn, uro croxna nepe nanxo
mxcnnxa na Knnrcpnx-poy. Fennn ro n eno ntxpnxnnan c nponsnrentntm
enpecxnm axnenrom: Hoxon-noxyna! tnn meonte! nocontnax n
cymxn rnnnte n noponx n*censored*rt noxynarenm ecxrox nmecro mxnnt.
yx +roro uenonexa onntn c oxpannt o Vonncrpnr. Bmecro Fennn-
Xynnxa, cranmero nx menx apxernnom xannranncra, noxnnnact nonax uepea
opason: pecnexraentnte ]nnanconte ]npmt, xoropte onpamr xnnenron;
rpmnept n ranrcrept, xoropte ctnamr onnrannn; menexept xex-
]onon, xoropte nrpamr na ptnxe axnn c raxnm xe snannem ena, c xaxnm
Aaaa Fepman mannnynnponan c rorannsaropamn na cxauxax, oecneunnax
npntnt ronnanny Byntny. B npexnee npemx, ne nmex nosmoxnocrn
nonyunrt opasonanne, onn t crann yxmexepamn nnn ropronann t
napxornxamn. H nor, nmecro xpacnonnnero Fennn n sanxnanno maxe
noxnnncx ocronourennt poxep Fepnn M+o]], xoropt npoaer nennte
ymarn na +nexrponntx roprax n nocnr ente c monorpammo. Onaxo oa onn
cnnnamrcx nx menx n ono nenoe menxax comxa n ontmax mnmxa.

B 1960-e cnana An P+n nomepxna. Ee nen norepxnn cnoe snauenne. Tor
yxac, xoropt ona nanonna na oospenarene n xypnantntx nncax, cmennncx
ntcoxomepno cnncxonrentnocrtm. Ceptesntx xpnrnxon y P+n tno mano,
n na nnx nnxro ne opaman nnnmannx nosmoxno, cnpanennno. K uemy
cyernrtcx ns-sa cront nenpnxrno ocot? Brynpyx nnctmennte
ntcrynnennx sa n npornn An P+n, x tn nopaxen rem, xax mano xpnrnuecxnx
pasopon ee ]nnoco]nn nanncano ne nneprapnannamn n ne oexrnnncramn.
Onnm ns nepntx n, nanepnoe, nyumnx xpnrnxon P+n, tn nsnecrnt
ncnxoanannrnx oxrop Antepr 3nnnc. Cpen ero mnorouncnenntx rpyon
ortcxancx neontmo romnx 1968 roa, nepensannt n 2006-m, re erantno
nccneyercx oexrnnnsm. 3ra xnnra crana nepno sneso n xpomemno
remnore, no ocranact n nenom nesameuenno [13 - Ellis A. Are Capitalism,
Objectivism, & Libertarianism Religions? Yes! Santa Barbara, CA: Walden Three,
2006.]. 3nnnc ymep n 2007 roy, a camt snamennrt npar P+n ns uncna
npantx, Fnnn Faxnn, cxonuancx room nosxe. Cxnatnaercx nneuarnenne, uro
P+n, ymepmax onee nanarn nxrn ner nasa, nepexnna cnonx onnonenron.
Hocne 2008 roa cpecrna maccono nn]opmannn ormeuamr pocr nnrepeca x
An P+n, no nx nnx ona no-npexnemy ocraercx ]nrypo neneno. Xypnan
The New Yorker onynnxonan n anpene 2009 roa samerxy, re n nectma
cnncxonrentnom rone paccxastnanoct o exemecxuntx ncrpeuax noxnonnnxon
P+n na Manx+rrene. Hoxnonnnxn +rn xapaxrepnsonannct xax saannte
uyaxn [14 - Widdicombe L. Talk of the Town: Ayn Crowd // The New Yorker.
April 13, 2009. P. 24.]. 3amerxa nanncana n raxom rone, uro unrarent repxercx:
npespenne anropon x reponne cront ouennno, uro ner cmtcna orxptro
ntpaxart ero. Touno rax xe moxno tno t paccxasart o ncrpeuax
neonanncron nnn esymnen, yrnepxammnx, uro 3emnx nnocxax.
Fontmnncrny ecrecrnenntx nparon P+n, ocoenno ns uncna nentx, xasanoct,
uro nonemnsnponart c nem ne cronr rpya. Ee nonpocry ne sameuann, nopo
ocmennann, or ee oexrnnnsma ormaxnnannct, cunrax ero uem-ro npoe
panxantno nepcnn nneprapnancrna.
Ho nanexe or ncero +roro, n rnyoxom rtny, n mnpe CMH c npantm yxnonom
x P+n ornocnnnct ouent ceptesno. Ee oexrnnnsm xax yro nponneran na
noune nnmenn n crpaxon nocnexpnsncno peneccnn. Bospoxenne ee nnnxnnx
nponcxonno menenno, no nepno, n ocrnrno cnoero anorex x cepenne
nepnoro npesnenrcxoro cpoxa Fapaxa Oamt, nonnrnxa xoroporo ntstnana
crontxo napexann. Ocentm 2010 roa, no sanpocy Hncrnryra An P+n, tn
nponeen onpoc Zogby: on ntxnnn, uro 29 % ns 2100 nspocntx
pecnonenron unrann xnnry Arnanr pacnpannn nneun, n nononnna ns nnx
saxnnnn, uro poman nonnnxn na nx mnenne no pxy nonnrnuecxnx n +rnuecxnx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nponem.
3ror onpoc cran uem-ro npoe ocrpoymno xonnonxn nexoe nsompenno n
xecroxo myrxn: necnoconocrt ptnxon cxoppexrnponart nocnecrnnx
snoynorpenenn +ra ouennnax, neunax cnaocrt xannrannsma ycnnnna
nnnxnne reponnn xannrannsma.
nx mnornx npecrannrene nonoro noxonennx p+nnannen oexrnnnsm
cran ne crontxo neonorne, cxontxo opynem peannsannn nx xnsnenntx
nene. B renenepeaue na xanane Fox News Inenn Fex perynxpno
npoxnnnaer Vonn-crpnr n n ocoennocrn anx Goldman Sachs, nsnarax
nsompennte reopnn saronopon. H n ro xe npemx on nonynxpnsnpyer xnnrn n
reopnn xenmnnt, xoropax ymn ne uaxna n Vonn-crpnr. Hpn +rom on nn pasy
ne ynomxnyn o rom, uro conpecearent Hncrnryra An P+n xnnxercx saono
n renepantntm xoncyntranrom Goldman Sachs [15 - Cm.: Hncrnryr An
P+n. unent npannennx (The Ayn Rand Institute: Board Members // URL:
http://www.aynrand.org).]. Fnaroapx Fexy, xony Crocceny n npounm
oospenarenxm xanana Fox, nponnrammnm nen An P+n n perynxpno
ynomnnammnm ee nmx, ona cenanact cnmnonom nonoro mtmnennx, es
xoroporo nenosmoxno cnomnrt Oamy n nepnyrt nsnecy ero saxonnoe mecro.
Cnnsnrt nanorn n nosononnrt opty npornn rocyapcrnennoro xonrponx
sarnart ero n re rpannnt, n xaxnx on xora-ro cymecrnonan neocrarouno.
Tenept nsnec onxen crart mopantntm nnepom Amepnxn.
P+n nponoxnr opory x cornopennm nono nannn, nyume nannn, ro,
xoropax nennr cnonx naroerene nsnecmenon, cosammnx paoune mecra,
n nn n rpom ne crannr cnoe npannrentcrno. B nauane 2009 roa tno npoano n
rpn pasa ontme +xsemnnxpon Arnanra, uem sa nect npetymn ro [16 -
Sales of Atlas Shrugged Soar in the Face of Economic Crisis // The Ayn Rand
Center for Individual Rights. February 23, 2009 (URL:
http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=22647).]. H n
nocneymmne rot axe nenpasymnrentnte pannne paort n +cce ns
anronorn, manononxrnte n neanrnunte, xax n mnorne pyrne ee counnennx,
npoanannct na ynnnenne xopomo. B uncne nanonee npoanaemtx oxasanact
n xnnra, npnstnammax unrarenx noraxart cocrnenntm cnaocrxm:
nastnaercx ona opoerent +ronsma. 3ro copanne +cce, ouent rpyntx
nx urennx n nonnmannx, onynnxonannoe n 1964 roy, crano ono ns camtx
nonynxpntx xnnr no ]nnoco]nn n +rnxe, nanncanntx na anrnncxom xstxe.
ne oronopnncx. ne nmen n nny, uro +ra xnnra camax nonynxpnax n
xnnxnom marasnne Ayn Rand Bookstore, uro naxonrcx n ropoe Hpnane, n
Kann]opnnn, n xoropom npoamrcx ncxnmunrentno rnopennx An P+n.
nmen n nny nmenno ro, uro cxasan: camax nonynxpnax ns nanncanntx na
anrnncxom xstxe.
B 1999 roy, xora P+n tna xya menee nocrpeonanno, uem ceronx,
onpoc unrarene, nponeennt nsarentcrnom Random House, nocrannn
opoerent +ronsma na nepnoe mecro n cnncxe nyumnx nexyoxecrnenntx
nponsneenn, onynnxonanntx c 1900 roa. Ha rpertem mecre oxasanact
xnnra Oexrnnnsm. unnoco]nx An P+n, onynnxonannax n 1991 roy
nnrennexryantntm nacnennxom P+n, ee annnm noxnonnnxom Heonapom
Hexo]]om, coyupenrenem Hncrnryra An P+n. Eme onn onpoc,
nponeennt npnmepno n ro xe npemx, noxasan, uro unrarenn cunramr
Arnanra nyumnm pomanom, onynnxonanntm c 1900 roa. Pesyntrart
noontx onpocon moxno sanpocro noraconart, onaxo onn neanexn or
ncrnnt. Hs pernnron npoax xomnannn Amazon cneyer, uro
nonynxpnocrt P+n cymecrnenno nospocna eme o ntxoa n 2011 roy
+xpannsannn pomana Arnanr pacnpannn nneun. opoerent nocroxnno
epxnrcx n uncne ecrcennepon Amazon n pypnxe 3rnxa n mopant,
namnoro oronxx no nonynxpnocrn, nanpnmep, Hpo]nnn myxecrna xona
unnxepanta Kennen.
P+n onaxt cnpononnponana orpomnt cxanan, nasnan nporpammy
nontx pyexe Kennen ]amncrcxo. Tenept, nonnexa cnycrx, P+n
nsxna nepx na remn, xro, ycntman +ro ee ntcxastnanne, pemnn, uro ona
uoxnyrax. 3ro ee nocmeprnax mecrt Fennery Cep]y, onomy ns ocnonarene
Random House, xoropt orxasancx neuarart ee nantmennym npononet o
]amncrcxom nonom xypce, n xoropo ona cpannnnana Kennen c Aont]om
Inrnepom [17 - Cerf B. At Random. New York: Random House, 1977. P. 252
253. Peut ner o ee +cce uamncrcxn nont xypc, ocnonannom na nexnnn,
npounranno n uop Xonn uopyme n Focrone (1962). Texcr +cce moxno narn
n ns.: Rand A. The Ayn Rand Column. New Milford, CT: Second Renaissance
Books, 1998. P. 95.]. opoerent raxxe epxnrcx n nepxnnx crpoxax
pernnron npoax na care Amazon.com n pasene xnnr no reopnn nosnannx.
Hocxontxy P+n nnxora ne nsnarana uerxo n xcno ocnonntx npnnnnnon
cnoe ]nnoco]nn, poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun xnnxercx nx ee
nocneonarene rnanntm nnctmenntm ncrounnxom ee ne. 3a 2009 ro tno
npoano 600 rtcxu +xsemnnxpon pexop ncex npemen. B rom xe roy
Hncrnryr An P+n pacnpocrpannn 347 rtcxu ecnnarntx +xsemnnxpon xnnrn
no cpennm mxonam CBA n Kanat. B anpene 2011 roa, xora ntmna
+xpannsannx pomana, xnnra sanxna uerneprym crpouxy n cnncxe npoax
Amazon. H xora myxcxo xypnan GQ nasnan P+n camtm nnnxrentntm
anropom 2009 roa, +ro ne tno npeynennuennem. Pernnrn samnrnnxon
cnoonoro ptnounoro xannrannsma, raxnx xax upnpnx Xaex n Hmnnr ]on
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Mnsec, roxe nonxnnct, no nm anexo o P+n: n o ee xnnyuecrn, n o
nonynxpnocrn cpen monoexn, n o ocrynnocrn ee counnenn rpomano
aynropnn. Xypnan The Economist cunraer, uro mexy
rononoxpyxnrentntm pocrom npoax Arnanra n cnoxnocrxmn n +xonomnxe,
a raxxe ntopom cnocoon nx npeoonennx cymecrnyer cnxst. [18 - Atlas Felt a
Sense of Dja Vu // The Economist. February 26, 2009.]
nnxenne uaennrnx tno noxnonneno nenocpecrnenno nexmn P+n, n
ee nnnxnne npoxnnxercx ne rontxo n nosynrax Kro raxo xon Ianr? n An
P+n tna npana, xoropte nce uame snyuar na mnrnnrax. Hepnoe copanne
uaennrnx tno nororonneno Pnxom Canrennn, xoropt oxnnn cex
p+nnannem [19 - Canrennn cxasan: nonnmam, uro +ro nposnyunr ne
cnnmxom rymanno, no x xonny nx x cranonnmct p+nnannem (cm.
ntcrynnenne na xanane CNBS 19 ]enpanx 2009 roa: URL:
http://www.cnbc.com).], n P+n xnnxercx ymo nenoro nnxennx n ro xe
mepe, uro n Ponant Peran, Inenn Fex nnn Hncyc Xpncroc. Hncarent n
+ccencr +nn upym samernn n nauane 2010 roa, uro nnxenne uaennrnx
ntraercx npeopasonart Pecnynnxancxym naprnm CBA n naprnm An
P+n. [20 - Frum D. The GOPs Forgotten History // FrumForum. March 24,
2010. (URL: http://www.frumforum.com/the-gops-for-gotten-history).]
Hponnxmnct ee ]nnoco]ne neorpannuennoro, neorocyapcrnnennoro
xannrannsma, uaennrne crano nocnene napnanne remt, anno snyuame n
amepnxancxo nonnrnxe n onncanno Tomacom up+nxom n xnnre 2004 roa
uro cnyunnoct c Kansacom?. C reuennem npemenn rpaxan yennn
ronoconart sa xannaron, npeanntx nnrepecam rpancnannonantntx
xopnopann, noromy uro nsnparenxm xxot npanxrcx npocrte napnn,
xoropte npesnpamr Ionnnny. B namn nn uenonexy ner nyxt cxptnart, uro
on noepxnnaer nnrepect enontx xpyron. B 2010 roy, nocne camoro
rpannosnoro +xonomnuecxoro ecrnnx co npemen Bennxo enpeccnn,
nsnparenn perynxpno ntcrynann npornn cocrnenno +xonomnuecxo
ntrot, ronocyx sa nonnrnxon, xoropte orxptro cranxr nnrepect ontmoro
nsneca ntme nnrepecon npocrtx nme, xoroptx nnmamr npana ntxyna nx
nmymecrna n ntmntpnnamr na ynnny. Kannrannsm reponuecxax cnna,
xoropym neoxonmo samnmart or Oamt.
Pasnnna mexy 2004 room n ntnemnnm onpeenxercx nmenno em An
P+n. Fnaroapx e noepxnnart acnocnonno orartx nme crano ne
rontxo npnxrno, no n rnyoxo npancrnenno. H nnxaxnx ceptesntx nospaxenn
co cropont xpnrnxon P+n ne nocneonano nnmt ennnunte nontrxn
nanrt cee neny n nouepxnyrt npancrnennocrt cocrnenno nosnnnn.
B ncropnm +ror momenr noer xax npemx ynymenntx nosmoxnocre.
unnancont xpnsnc mor t crart nauanom nono nsnec-+noxn, nepnoa
pe]opm n osoponnennx +xonomnxn uepes ee orocyapcrnnenne. Onaxo nce
nomno npaxom ns-sa esexrentnocrn n naccnnnocrn, noromy uro nsnparenn
nporonoconann sa xannaron ns uncna npnnepxennen P+n, sa ee nonyrunxon
n antnem nyremecrnnn. H re n pesyntrare nonyunnn xonrpont na nnxne
nanaro Konrpecca, nponannnn naxnym pe]opmy Vonn-crpnr, npnxptnn
]nnancnponanne perynnpymmnx opranon n ocranonnnn re poxne
npeopasonannx, xoropte nce-raxn tnn nponosrnament.
Hontmn snesamn pecnynnxannen crann nno nocneonarenn P+n, nno
couyncrnymmne ee nsrnxam. Pon xoncon, opxct sa mecro cenaropa or mrara
Bncxoncnn n 2010 roy, oomen npecrannrenx emoxparon Pacca uanrona
co cnoe nonnrnuecxo nnar]opmo, nacxnost nponnranno oxrpnno An
P+n. xoncon saxnnn, uro ocnonononaramme xnnro nx nero cran
Arnanr, n xpocrno samnman P+n, xora o ee nexx peut samna n
reneearax c uanronom. Max Hn yuacrnnx nnxennx uaennrnx,
xannar or yntrpanpantx, nspannt n Cenar or mrara Rra, no ncem
npnepxnnaercx neonornn P+n n nastnaer ee xnnrn n uncne cnonx nmnmtx
[21 - Rolly P. Mike Lee and the Big Tent Theory // Salt Lake Tribune. J uly 8,
2010.]. P+n Hon (nasnannt rax, nonpexn cnyxam, nonce ne n uecrt An P+n)
ntcxasancx npornn nroporo pasena 3axona o rpaxancxnx npanax 1964 roa,
re cxasano, uro mecra omecrnennoro nontsonannx npenasnauent nx ncex
nme, nne sanncnmocrn or nx nannonantnocrn, nnera xoxn n
neponcnoneannx. Hosxe on nsxn cnon cnona oparno, onaxo ro tn
nonment mnr nx croponnnxon P+n. Bnepnte sa ecxrnnernx xannar or
xpynneme nonnrnuecxo naprnn noepxan ee nem o rom, uro
npannrentcrno ne nmeer npana sanpemart nsnecmenam ncxpnmnnannm.
Hpnstnt x nacnnnm, nycrt nexnnte, moxno narn n n nexoroptx saxnnennxx
B+pon 3nrn, xoropte ona cenana, xora annornponanact n Cenar or mrara
Henaa. Ee ntnat npornn Bropo nonpanxn x Koncrnrynnn CBA n namexn
na nosmoxnocrt noopyxennoro noccrannx ponnnct ne na nycrom mecre:
yncrna, omexxn, rasonte araxn n rpaexn cocrannxmr ocnony pomana
Arnanr pacnpannn nneun.
B 2011 roy nocneonarent P+n, Hon Paan, pecnynnxanen ns Bncxoncnna,
cran rnano Fmxerno xomnccnn Hanart npecrannrene. Onaxt na
ncrpeue, nocnxmenno namxrn An P+n, Paan saxnnn: Ecnn t menx
cnpocnnn, xax x oxasancx na rocyapcrnenno cnyxe, x cxasan t, uro no
ontmomy cuery menx noxnonnna ona nnunocrt, onn mtcnnrent, n +ro An
P+n [22 - Gilbert C. Ryan Shines as GOP Seeks Vision // Milwaukee J ournal-
Sentinel, April 25, 2009.]. Ho cnonam Paana, +xonomnuecxax nonnrnxa Oamt
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
yro nsxra npxmo ns pomana An P+n. H nnxoro ns rex, xro snaxom c
neonorne P+n, nncxontxo ne ynnnno, xora Paan ornepr cnoxnnmncx
nonnrnuecxn xypc n n anpene 2011 roa opymnncx c xpnrnxo na nporpammy
Medicare, xoropax tna ocoenno nenanncrna P+n eme o o]nnnantnoro
npnnxrnx.
Hamepenne Paana rmarentno nepecmorpert +ry nporpammy ncrpernno
xecrxoe conpornnnenne, onaxo npnunnt ee coxpanennx ne nparmarnuecxne,
a, cxopee, npancrnennte o cnx nop xpane pexo ntnocnnnct na
ocyxenne. Mexy rem croponnnxn P+n anno saroronnnn xonrpaprymenrt,
raxxe mopantnoro cnocrna. B crarte, onynnxonanno n Chicago Tribune sa
ma 2011 roa, Paan pasnec no xnpnnunxam nect nnan nporpammt Medicare,
npnnpannxx cnon aprymenrt p+nnancxo pnropnxo. On saxnnn, uro
naroapx nnany, xoropt on npenoxnn, nnna noxnnoro nospacra cmoryr
ecrnonart, xax noxynarenn, cosnammne cronmocrt ronapa, na npospaunom,
xonxypenrocnoconom ptnxe [23 - Ryan P. The Budget Debate We All Deserve
// Chicago Tribune. May 16, 2011.]. nx P+n ptnox tn npentme ncero, a
norpenrenn npecrannxnnct ne orentntmn nnunocrxmn c orpannuenno
noxynarentcxo cnoconocrtm, no moryue +xonomnuecxo cnno, xoropax ne
nyxaercx n samnre co cropont npannrentcrna. Hnan Paana tn marom na
nyrn x nenn, x xoropo anno crpemnnnct oexrnnncrt: x ynpasnennm
nporpammt rocyapcrnennoro mennnncxoro ocnyxnnannx npecrapentx.
P+n crana +axnm Tomom xoaom or npantx. Herxo npecrannrt, xax ona
saxnnxer: Ecnn re-ro neercx opta sa ro, urot orarte crann eme oraue,
x yy ram. Ecnn re-ro saxonoarent opercx c anxnpom, x yy ram.
P+n tna ram n n 2010 roy, n n 2011-m. Ona c namn n ceronx.
P+n ram, re Vonn-crpnr nmer cnoco cnxrt re nemnorne orpannuennx,
xoropte tnn nanoxent na nsnec nocne ]nnanconoro xpnsnca.
P+n ram, re npante ntramrcx ynnuroxnrt nnan Oamt no
spanooxpanennm, cctnaxct na npeen saonxennocrn, urot onrtcx
netnanoro coxpamennx pacxoon, nmyr cnoco nonepnyrt nasa, x rem
npemenam, xora eme ne tno nn Honoro xypca, nn Bennxoro omecrna.
P+n ram, n ona npnnaraer nce ycnnnx, urot sanyrart Konrpecc n
nporonxnyrt nporpammy npantx.
P+n c namn, n axe cnycrx rpnnart ner co nx cnoe cmeprn
nonncrnennax xax nnxora. Ha 6 mapra 2012 roa npnxonrcx cepenna camo
neonornuecxn pacxonoro npesnenrcxo xamnannn c 1972 roa, xora
Pnuap Hnxcon coxpymnn xopxa Maxronepna. P+n n ee nocneonarenn
naxoxrcx n nonno oeno roronnocrn. Ho xax nacuer nac, ocrantntx?

Hanepnoe, nt oraannct, uro x ne noxnonnnx An P+n, no ecnn nt
oxnaere, uro x pasnepny anrnp+nnancxym nonemnxy, ro yere
pasouaponant. Honpax marepnant nx +ro xnnrn, x nponnxcx ynaxennem x
camoornepxennocrn n ncxpennocrn ee nocneonarene, onennn cnoconocrt
P+n nrpart na +monnxx amepnxannen n nnnxrt na nannonantnt nanor.
Herpyno ntcmexrt P+n n ee croponnnxon, nasnan nx maprnnantno cexro.
Ee xpyxox yxe n pantme rax nmenonann [24 - Walker J . The Ayn Rand Cult.
Chicago: Open Court, 1999.] n nexoropte npnsnaxn cexranrcrna o cnx nop
yratnamrcx n noneennn ntcmnx +menonon p+nnancxoro nnxennx. a,
moxno ormaxnyrcx or P+n n ee nocneonarene, xax or cexranron, no rora
npnercx ormaxnyrtcx n or roro ]axra, uro na nporxxennn cemn ecxrnnern
ee npnstnt na xoxr orxnnx ne n cymacmemnx, a n nnrennexryantno
pasnnrtx, opasonanntx, axe nncrarentntx nmxx. Anan Ipnncnen n
nauane 1950-x roon, xora nonan no nnnxnne P+n, tn nocxoxme
sneso n +xonomnxe. Tax uem xe ee neonornx rax npnrxrnnaer nme npoe
Ipnncnena?
Paorax na +ro xnnro, x craparentno nepecmorpen cocrnennt
neonornuecxn arax: rnannoe n nem rnyoxoe n annee yexenne, uro
xannrannsm neoxonmo epxart n yse. H c +rnm araxom x norpysnncx n mnp
An P+n, yro nnes n crapt anroyc xomnannn Trailways c ontmnm
uemoanom. H mox noma rxxeno na menx annna, xora x nosononnn
nyremecrnne, npepnannoe eme n panne mnocrn.
Mne npecroxno npouecrt nce ee xnnrn n +cce. Hosnaxomnrtcx c ee
nocneonarenxmn. B +rom cocronr cnxmennax n nenpnxrnax oxsannocrt
xypnanncra. yman, mne nce +ro crpamno ne nonpannrcx.
Oxasanoct, x neoonennn An P+n.

1. Bepymmne
Oexrnnncrt +ro snann. Onn ns nnx cxasan mne: Haemct, mt
nponsneem na nac nneuarnenne. a, on snan.
On cxasan +ro mne na ono ns exemecxuntx ncrpeu nocneonarene An
P+n na Manx+rrene. Co npemenem x cran nocroxnntm yuacrnnxom +rnx
copann. Kax nn crpanno, mne nonpannnoct xonrt rya. Mne nce ontme
npannnnct nmn, xoropte ram conpannct. uro eme onee crpanno, mne
nonpannnnct pomant P+n. nauan cmyrno couyncrnonart ee yexennxm,
xorx onn n npornnopeunnn ncemy, uemy menx yunnn, ncemy, uro cocrannxno
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
mo xnsnennt ontr c camoro ercrna. B ee nponsneennxx tno uro-ro
ocoenno npnrxrarentnoe n yenrentnoe, no uro nmenno, x ne cmor t
cxasart. Hsarent Fenner Cep] n cnoe npemx noxoxnm opasom nocnpnnxn
camy An P+n. B cnonx memyapax on nncan: noman cex na rom, uro ona
mne npannrcx, xorx concem +roro ne oxnan. [25 - Cerf B. At Random. P. 250.]
Poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun ntnnncx y menx na xo]enom cronnxe
necxontxo neent, npexe uem x pacxptn ero. 3ro tno ouepenoe nsanne n
mxrxo onoxxe, c npencnonnem Heonapa Hexo]]a nomomnnxa,
npeemnnxa n ennomtmnennnxa P+n. B xonne xonnon x sacrannn cex
npnnxrtcx sa urenne. Cnauana x tn cornacen c coo-nopocrxom, uro +ro ne
cnnmxom xopomax xnnra.
Menx orranxnnan rxxent cnor P+n n cnnmxom yx nperennnosnte nmena
nepconaxe. Heroxen snann xax-nnyt npoe Font]a nnn Cnarenxona.
Iocyapcrnennoro unnonnnxa, samnmammero napasnron, snann Bncnn Mayu.
Ouent no-nxxenconcxn, rontxo es nxxenconcxoro ocrpoymnx. 3rn repon
]nsnuecxn nenpnnnexarentnt n rax n ctnnmr rnynemnmn ntcxastnannxmn:
cnonno noxntnamr n nosyx rnnnxntx ronye, urot P+n morna nannrt
no nnm ns poonnxa.
Bor npnmep:
A uro xnnxercx ncrnnntm cmtcnom xnsnn, mncrep Renx? sacrenunno
cnpocnna monoax enymxa n enom neuepnem nnarte.
Crpaanne, ornernn Renx. Hpnnxrne nensexnoro n crpaanne. [26 -
Hep. . Kocrtrnna. Hpnmeu. pe.]
Renx ntcrynaer sa npnnxrne saxona, orpannunnammero rnpax nmo
xnnrn 10 rtcxuamn +xsemnnxpon. Ho uro, ecnn xnnra xopomax? B nnreparype
cmxer +ro ncero nnmt npnmnrnnnax nyntrapnocrt, npespnrentno nspexaer
+ror nepconax.
Bor nexoropte mon samerxn, cenannte no xoy urennx:
nenpanonoono; anrnamepnxancxn; ne yurent ooponnrentnte
nnrepect/nosnnnx rocyapcrna. (Ouent crpanno nx xnnrn, nsanno n pasrap
xonono nont.) Hepconaxn xnnyr n mopantnom naxyyme; npespenne x
entm.
Ho sarem, no mepe roro xax nepenncrtnannct crpannnt, moe conpornnnenne
ocnaenano. nauan nocxnmartcx ymennem nncarentnnnt saanart pnrm cront
rpannosnomy nonecrnonannm. B ne nce oruernnnee npoxnnxncx
ronnnnycxn cnenapncr. tn npncrtxen. uyncrno tno raxoe, yro x
unram Mom opty, payxct nmecre c ]mpepom romy, xax ocrpoymno on
pasonauaer npeonocntx napasnron monx coparten. racxan rxxenennym
xnnry c coo n cymxe, cnex, urot onoxxa nnxomy ne nonanact na rnasa,
noxa x ny no ynnnam Ipnnnnu-Bnnnnx, nponnranntm yxom
xonnexrnnnsma, crapaxct ne cmorpert n nnna npoxoxnm.
Mne crano xcno, uro nossnannx An P+n nmemr ne rontxo nonnrnuecxn
xapaxrep. Conoxynnocrt ee pomanon opasyer neuro npoe Fontmo
+nnnxnonenn oexrnnnsma: +ro n xyoxecrnennoe nponsneenne, n
neonornuecxn yxnapt, n camoyunrent. H no ncem nponsneennn ncnxonornx
uenoneuecxnx ornomenn noxasana no onpeenenntm yrnom nne cemtn. V
P+n nnxora ne tno ere, ona ne ocoenno xopomo pasnpanact no
nsanmoornomennxx noxonenn, onaxo rouno snana, xax cneyer opamartcx c
apmoeamn, xanxnmn neroxxmn n neyaunnxamn, xoropte moryr
onapyxnrtcx nnyrpn orentno nsxroro cemecrna. Ona cunrana, uro nx nyxno
ntmntpnnart non es manemero coxanennx. uro xacaercx cynpyxecxo
nsment A uro, cocrnenno, ryr raxoro? To, uro noxonr X+nxy Peap+ny,
yx rouno nooer n nmomy nocneonarenm +roro crponoro, cexcyantnoro,
necrnaemoro npenpnnnmarenx, mnorocrpaantnoro otrunxa, xopmnntna
nenaroapno cemtn n rnannoro nmonnnxa +rnn.
Xnnte cexcyantnte cnent, crpacrnte nmonnte rpeyrontnnxn n uyxt
ycnonnocrxm nsrnx na nncrnryr paxa +ro noxxa mea, xoroptm n
Arnanre n Hcrounnxe npnnpannen erort ]nnoco]cxnx nosspenn
nncarentnnnt. Ona ne ntxastnaer, mxrxo ronopx, nnxaxoro nourennx x
cementm nennocrxm. B oonx pomanax nce rnannte nepconaxn
nsonnponannte or connyma +xsncrennnantnte ]nrypt: npnmepno raxne repon
ecrnymr n ]nntmax xanpa nyap. Hnxaxnx Ossn n Xappner, nnxaxoro Bapa
Knnnepa n ]anrasnnom mnpe P+n nt ne naere. Bcero necxontxo ere,
npnuem anexo ne nce onn neyr cex no-ercxn. Hn Vonnn, nn Fnnepa. xyn
Knnnep y P+n tna t xecrxo pyxononrentnnne ntcoxoro panra nnn
nsoperarentnnne nontx meroon nepepaorxn pyt. Ko ncxxnm ram upeam
Pyrep]opam n xonnexrnnncram, nonyuammnm xnsnt ns nroptx pyx, ns
uncna snaxomtx cemecrna Knnnepon, sect ornecnnct t c xonontm
npespennem, xoropoe rontxo n cnocrnenno nepconaxam P+n.
unrax Arnanra n Hcrounnx, nerpyno nonmnrt nnnnnyannsm n
neorocyapcrnnennt xannrannsm, noromy uro n +rnx pomanax mnp sopontx,
monotx repoen npornnonocrannen mnpy omepsnrentntx neroxen. Hnxaxnx
neymecrntx crapnxon, xoropte xnnyr n ome npecrapentx n xoxr no cex.
Hnxaxnx esnornx nerepanon, nnmenntx ncxxo noepxxn. Hnxaxnx
exennen ns antnnx crpan, utn npo]eccnn ne nocrpeonant na ptnxe.
Hnxaxnx ceson xy-xnyxc-xnana. Hnxaxo +xcnnyarannn enxxon. Hnxaxnx
rpymo, nonntx xptc. Hnxaxnx pacontx mentmnncrn. Fenocrt n
espaornna neuro uyxoe n anexoe. Enncrnennt npecrannrent
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nnsmero xnacca, c xoroptm cunraercx +rnn, cesonnt paoun na xenesno
opore, oxastnaercx oexrnnncrom, xoropt snaer, xax opartcx o Ianra.
Hnxro n nnuro ne napymaer onoopasno xaprnnt, nnuro ne nomaer
crepeornnon, nnxaxne mnrpanrt ne xnxnuar rpomn. P+n, ntcrynax n ponn
Fora, enaer +rnx nme nennnmtmn, oenxx rem camtm ymn amepnxancxnx
nsnecmenon. Enncrnennax connantnax nponema n Arnanre cocronr n rom,
uro npannrentcrno nnoxo ornocnrcx x nsnecy n necnpanennno oxonrcx c
orauamn.
3rn na rpya P+n, cnoeopasno ncxaxammne ecrnnrentnocrt,
nocnyxnnn nnrennexryantno ocnono nx copann oexrnnncron, na
xoropte x npnxonn. Vuacrnnxn nx tnn nexnnnt n repnennnt c remn, xro ne
ycnen eme nopono osnaxomnrtcx c rpyamn P+n (xax n c sapeanmnmn
nopo na +rn ncrpeun xonnexrnnncramn), no cnenrt sa ncxyccne tno
rpyno, ne snax xax cneyer coepxannx ee pomanon n npnnxro n nnx
cncremt nonxrn. Hponepnm ncxonte nonoxennx: raxona tna otunax
npncxasxa nocnxmenntx. P+n uacro nonropxna, uro nmn, ne cornacnte c ne,
n cnoem mtcnnrentnom nponecce orranxnnamrcx or nenepntx ncxontx
nonoxenn.
Vuacrnnxam copannx menx npecrannn mo nepnt rn n mnpe
oexrnnnsma n, xcrarn, rn no npo]eccnn. Ero snann upeepnx Kyxnnx+m,
n n cnoonoe npemx on nonn nemne +xcxypcnn no Htm-Hopxy An P+n
[27 - Hnrepner-car u. Kyxnnx+ma naxonrcx no apecy: www.
indepthwalkingtours.com. On snammn n oxonrentnt rn, n ero +xcxypcnn
nomoramr nyume nosnaxomnrtcx c An P+n.]. Kpome roro, on anrop
necxontxo cymypno, no nmontrno xnnrn, xoropym nsan sa cno cuer;
xnnra nanexna pasmtmnennxmn o An P+n n nastnaercx 3noxa P+n.
Boopaxax yymee c nosnnn oexrnnnsma. Hecmorpx na nasnanne,
upeepnx rnanntm opasom pasmtmnxer na ]nnoco]ne P+n, a ne
npecrannxer cee yymee. 3ro rnyoxomtcnennax xnnra, mecramn saannax,
uro xpane pexo ncrpeuaercx n oexrnnncrcxo nnreparype. Anrop xnno
cxenrnuecxn ornocnrcx x xpannrenxm ne oexrnnnsma ns Hncrnryra An
P+n, n nectma anex or noxnonennx cnoe reponne. Tax, on nouepxnnaer, uro
xorx P+n ntcrynana npornn pacnsma, n ee paorax rax uacro ynomnnamrcx
,asnarcxne ouarn sapast n ronosate nxapn, xaxymne nomomn or
Coennenntx Braron, uro ee nencxpennocrt n +rom nonpoce cranonnrcx
ouennno, nycrt axe ona n onpeenxer nxapx xax uenonexa, nepxmero n
marnm.
upea cmymano mnenne P+n o Maxarme Iann, ntcxasannoe n nnctme x
Hsaent Harepcon, xypnanncrxe npanoro ronxa. P+n nncana ncero uepes
neenm nocne rnenn Iann [28 - Cookinham F. The Age of Rand: Imagining an
Objectivist Future World. New York: IUniverse, 2005. P. 226, 227, 228229. Cm.
raxxe: Letters of Ayn Rand / Ed. by M. S. Berliner. New York: Dutton, 1995
(nnctmo x Hsaent Harepcon or 7 ]enpanx 1948 roa).], nastnax +ro yncrno
nourn xecroxnm npoxnnennem ncropnuecxo nponnn, cnonno nexn ntcmn
pasym cenan mnnt caponnuecxn xecr. P+n ronopnr: Bor uenonex,
xoropt ncm xnsnt oponcx, urot nsannrt Hnnm or nnacrn Fpnrannn, no
nmx mnpa, parcxo nmnn n nenacnnnx. H on nonyunn ro, sa uro oponcx.
upe npetnan n pacrepxnnocrn: O uem +ro ona ronxyer? A no mne, rax
+ro ouennno. Iann tn antrpyncrom n sacnyxnn raxym cyty. Bor ono ns
npoxnnenn xnanoxponnx, cront cnocrnennoro P+n. upe, ne n cnnax
paspemnrt saraxy, sameuaer, xorx n c nexoroptm comnennem, uro P+n n
Iann tnn n onpeenennom cmtcne comsnnxamn, nocxontxy oa nepnnn,
uro nent onpantnaer cpecrna. Hnuno x ne mory npecrannrt cee nyx menee
cxoxnx nme, axe npn rom, uro Iann tn nnunocrtm nourn popxoncxoro
macmraa.
Hpounran ero xnnry n notnan na +xcxypcnn, x nonxn, uro upe
nesanncnmt mtcnnrent n xnno ne unen xyntra [29 - upe n cnoe xnnre
pacxonrcx c Hncrnryrom An P+n no pxy nonpocon (cm.: Cookinham F. The
Age of Rand. P. 384).]. Mt ncrpernnnct c nnm sa nanuem n xo]ene Au Bon
Pain n Hnxnem Manx+rrene, neanexo or roro mecra, re tna cenana
nsnecrnax ]ororpa]nx P+n, na ]one ueepan-xonna, c ontmo sonoro
pomtm n nne snauxa onnapa.
upey tno sa nxrtecxr, opoxa c npocetm, n n nenom on nopasnrentno
noxonn na Pnuapa pe]yca. Kora ne tno +xcxypcn, on paoran
xoppexropom n mpnnuecxo xonrope, a n cnoonoe npemx nen n noennnxx.
Kax n ontmnncrno orneanmnx p+nnancxoro sentx, upe nosnaxomnncx c
xnnramn P+n eme n ercrne. Emy tno onnnanart, xora x nemy n pyxn
nonan Inmn, ona ns ee pannnx nonenn, a y ero para na xnnxno nonxe
namencx Arnanr. Mantunx nerxo npounran nepnoe, xoporxoe, nponsneenne
ncropnm nexoero rnpannuecxoro omecrna, n xoropom rocnocrnyer
xonnexrnnnsm. To tn mnp, noont mnpy Arnanra, no cosannt onee
rpyo: nme nastnamr no nomepam, a cnono x nonce nsrnano ns
ynorpenennx. Poman Arnanr oxasancx nx upea n re rot cnnmxom
nnnntm, peenxy ocnnnrt ero tno rpyno, no xnnra mannna ero, n n
nospacre rpnnanarn ner on npnnxncx sa nee cnona. H na ce pas npouen
nennxom.
Hoxa mt cnenn n xa]e Iocyapcrnennoro ynnnepcnrera Htm-Hopxa n
Koprnene n saxyctnann c+nnnuamn, upe paccxasan mne, uro nepntm
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
enom ncrynnn n Hneprapnancxym naprnm. Hneprapnannt n re rot tnn
nesanncnmte xnasn-anapxncrt n nonce ne nnnctnannct n xoncepnarnnnoe
nnxenne rax oprannuno, xax n namn nn. annen 3nncepr, na nonne cnant
nocne ena c oxymenramn Henrarona, unran nexnnn n ynnnepcnrerax.
upey yanoct sanonyunrt ero anrorpa] na ror camt nomep xypnana
Reason, n xoropom tno onynnxonano nnrepntm c nnm. 3nncepr cxasan
rora upey, uro nneprapnancxne nsrnxt xypnana nnsxn ero cocrnenntm.
3ro neynnnrentno: net nneprapnancrno, ocoenno n re anexne nn,
nceptes npnnnexano n nentx, n npantx. Ono npornnocroxno nocxrarentcrnam
na cnooy nnunocrn n ro xe manepe, uro n Honte nente, n cnncxano cee
ypnym cnany, ntcrynax sa nerannsannm mapnxyant. (P+n, xcrarn, roxe tna
sa nerannsannm mapnxyant, xorx, pasymeercx, +ro ne xnnxnoct rnanntm
nynxrom ee nporpammt.)
B ecee c upeom x ynomxnyn onoro ns xoppecnonenron xypnana Pnsn,
c xoroptm tn xora-ro snaxom, no upe nnxora ne cntman o raxom
uenonexe. ne cnexy sa nonocrxmn, noxcnnn on. B cnoonoe npemx on
unran xnnrn. upe oxasancx uenonexom ypannonemenntm, npnnexntm,
ornnuno snammnm ncropnm. On perynxpno, naxt n mecxn, noceman
saceannx xpyrnoro crona, nocnxmennoro Bone sa nesanncnmocrt.
upe ncxpenne couyncrnonan nsrnxam P+n n axe npncyrcrnonan na ee
noxoponax n 1982 roy: necmorpx na xono, npnmen na xnanme Cenepnoro
V+cruecrepa, urot nocmorpert, xax +ry xenmnny onycxamr n mornny pxom c
ee mnorocrpaantntm myxem, opocepeuntm anxoronnxom, tnmnm
axrepom up+nxom O`Konnopom. upe ncrpernncx c P+n ncero pas n xnsnn
mentxom, no ero cocrnennomy ntpaxennm: noomen nonpocnrt anrorpa].
3ro tno n 1978 roy, nocne nexnnn Heonapa Hexo]]a
Ocnonononarammne npnnnnnt oexrnnnsma, xoropax cocroxnact n orene
Pennsylvania. P+n roxe npncyrcrnonana: ona uacro nocemana nexnnn cnonx
npnnnxenntx. upe namen ee n rounocrn raxo, xaxo ee npecrannxna
npecca: Paspaxnrentnax, cxasan on. H cnerxa cymacmemax. Ero +ro
nosaannno.
cnpocnn, uro snaunna P+n nx nero nnuno, n upe npnnxncx
]nnoco]crnonart: Hocxontxy x tn ouent mono, xora nosnaxomnncx c
nexmn P+n, y nee ne tno ocoenntx xonxypenron, npnsnancx on.
uacro saanancx nonpocom, xax t nce oepnynoct, ecnn t x ne nsxncx rora
sa ee xnnry nnn npouen t uro-nnyt conepmenno pyroe.
Menx necxontxo ynnnno, cxont cnntno P+n nonnnxna na upea. Kax nn
crpanno, naroapx e on cran repnnmee ornocnrtcx x npo]comsam n y nero
noyannnoct +nrysnasma no ornomennm x xonono none. On ponncx n
poc n xoncepnarnnno cpee: ero ponrenn tnn pecnynnxannt, xnrenn
cenepnoro Htm-Hopxa. Hntmn cnonamn, no nponcxoxennm upe rnnnunt
npecrannrent amepnxancxoro cpenero xnacca. Ero oren tn menexepom n
opoxno-crponrentno xomnannn n yuacrnonan n neperonopax c sanpncrtm
npo]comsom nonrene rpysonoro rpancnopra, nnepom xoroporo tn
xnmmn Xo]]a. Heynnnrentno, uro crapmn Kyxnnx+m tn ne n nocropre
or npo]comson. Hmenno P+n nsmennna mo menrannrer n sacrannna menx
couyncrnonart npo]comsam. Ona yrnepxana, uro ecnn y nme ecrt npano
yupexart xomnannn, ro y nnx raxxe ecrt npano yupexart npo]comst,
paccxastnan upe.
On tn npan. P+n ntcrynana npornn saxona Ta]ra Xaprnn
nocnenoennoro axra, xoropt ocnann npo]comst n cenan nosmoxntmn
saxont o npane na paory, xoropte ne nosnonxnn xomnannxm ynontnxrt
paounx, ne ncrynnnmnx n npo]comst. B nnctme or 1949 roa P+n
ocnapnnana npano npannrentcrna cepxnnart npo]comst, xax n cepxnnart
+xonomnuecxym exrentnocrt nmoro uenonexa. [30 - Letters of Ayn Rand /
Ed. by M. S. Berliner. P. 443.]
Hmn raxoro ne oxnamr, ronopnn upe. Mnorne nneprapnannt n
oexrnnncrt, mne xaxercx, +roro ne nonnmamr. Onn nnrynrnnno oxrcx
npo]comson n nenannxr nx. Bepoxrno, ror xe nncrnnxr cpaartnaer y
mnornx npantx: onn cunramr, uro xomnannn moryr n onxnt oennxrtcx
nx samnrt cocrnenntx pannonantntx nnrepecon (P+n nospaxana npornn
anrnmononontntx saxonon), onaxo, ecnn c ro xe nentm oennxmrcx
naemnte paornnxn, +ro nnoxo.
Ho cnonam upea, onxrt-raxn nmenno P+n cnacna ero or napanon no npemx
xonono nont. Fnaroapx ee nexm on ne noancx ome
anrnxommynncrnuecxo ncrepnn n ne ynnexcx reopnxmn saronopa. B xauecrne
npnmepa on cocnancx na ee +cce 3xcrpemnsm, nnn Hcxyccrno ouepnennx,
xoropoe tno onynnxonano n anronornn Kannrannsm. Hesnaxomt nean.
3ro, mexy npounm, samernn on, enncrnennax paora, n xoropo P+n
ynomnnaer xo Maxxaprn, a n ro mnmoxoom, pocnn enncrnennym ]pasy:
, ne noxnonnnna Maxxaprn. B paccyxennxx upea tno sepno ncrnnt.
Hpana, n nasnannom +cce P+n nonce ne nopnnana Maxxaprn nnn
nopoxennym nm napanom, a, nanpornn, nanaana na ero xpnrnxon. [31 - B
+cce 3xcrpemnsm, nnn Hcxyccrno ouepnennx (nnepnte onynnxonano n 1964
roy) P+n ecrnnrentno ronopnr, uro ona ne noxnonnnna cenaropa
Maxxaprn. Onaxo ns pyrnx ntcxastnann cneyer, uro ona ero
noepxnnaer (cm.: Heller A. C. Ayn Rand and the World She Made. P. 246
247). B +cce 3xcrpemnsm ona nonce ne crpemnrcx cnecrn cuert c
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
maxxaprnsmom. Ho ee cnonam, npnuacrnocrt Maxxaprn x c]apnxonanntm
enam npornn napoa oxasana ne tna. Hent +cce ocynrt ncnontsonanne
raxnx repmnnon, xax maxxaprnsm n +xcrpemncr, xoropte, no mnennm
P+n, nyxnt nnmt nx ouepnennx anrnxommynncron. Cneonarentno, cnono
ouepnenne n sarnannn +cce, nanpannennoro npornn ouepnennx npantx, ne
nnonne ymecrno.]
B cepenne 1990-x roon upe tn axrnnntm unenom Hneprapnancxo
naprnn. On nonnsancx na nenaroapno nonnrnuecxo nnne, pacnpocrpanxx
nncronxn na nenpnnernnntx oxpannax Htm-Hopxa. Co npemenem on nsannncx
or nnnmsn. B Htm-Hopxe nneprapnannt ncera sannmann nnmt xpomeunym
uacrt nonnrnuecxo apent, nx nnnxnne na nsnparene tno nnuoxntm, xax n
pont n nonnrnuecxom nanore. nnxy sect neocrarounym ceptesnocrt
namepenn, cxasan mne upe. O uaennrnn on raxxe tn nerarnnnoro
mnennx, xapaxrepnsyx nnxenne xax nneranrcxoe n cunrax, uro nepcnexrnn
y nero axe mentme, uem y Hneprapnancxo naprnn. Hponantnoe
npenpnxrne, raxon tn nepnxr upea. Pasyro npecco.
upe paccxasan mne o perynxpntx copannxx ntm-opxcxnx oexrnnncron,
xoropte ncrpeuannct n nocnenmm cyory xaxoro mecxna. Hpoxonnn nx
ncrpeun na Manx+rrene, n camo otxnonenno xo]ene na Bocrouno
nxrtecxr nxro ynnne. 3a cnnnyrtmn cronamn neanexo or nxono nepn
cneno uenonex nanart, n ocnonnom noxnntx myxunn n xenmnn: nexoropte
ns nnx cenannct noxnonnnxamn P+n eme n 1960-e rot, xora ee nomomnnx
Harann+nt Fpanen unran nexnnn n sane orenx McAlpin n n pyrnx
aynropnxx, pacnonoxenntx na Manx+rrene, otuno re-nnyt n paone
Tpnnart uernepro ynnnt. Hocnenne rpnnart ner cnoe xnsnn P+n
npoxnna nenoanexy orcma, n nexasncrom paone pxom c Mmppe-Xnnn, n
nocrouno uacrn Manx+rrena. 3ect xe pacnonarancx n o]nc Hncrnryra
Harann+nx Fpanena, npemecrnennnxa Hncrnryra An P+n.
Mmppe-Xnnn tn rnanno nnomaxo oexrnnncron n nocnenne
rpnnart ner xnsnn P+n na Manx+rrene. Ona nena cxpomnoe cymecrnonanne
nencnonepxn nnn n mepy ycnemno nncarentnnnt, a nonce ne snarno amt.
Hocnennm ee xnnnmem crana camax saypxnax xnaprnpa n otunom ome na
Tpnnart uernepro ynnne. o roro ona xnna na Tpnnart mecro, n
esopasno pasnanmxe nocnenoenno nocrpoxn. Hexoropte ns nnxamnx
nocneonarene P+n, n rom uncne Harann+nt n Fapapa Fpanent (nropoe n
rperte nnna n oexrnnncrcxo nepapxnn), npoxnnann nenoanexy. Mne
noxasanoct crpanntm, uro ncrpeun oexrnnncron npoxoxr ne na Mmppe-
Xnnn nnn re-nnyt n oxpecrnocrxx Vonn-crpnr, yunrtnax ncropnuecxym
cnxst +rnx mecr c oexrnnnsmom; x romy xe n rex paonax mnoro ementx
xa]e.
oxasancx na onom ns perynxpntx copann, xoropte room pantme
nopono onncan xoppecnonenr xypnana The New Yorker. Oxnax ynnert
]anarnuno nacrpoenntx npantx co crantntm necxom n rnasax, x ynnnncx,
xora nepeo mno npecrana ranepex opoymntx n cxpomntx nnn.
Armoc]epa na copannn napnna axaemnuecxax, nnrennexryantnax, npnmepno
raxax xe, xax na copannn Menct. B onom nomemennn copannct camte
pasnte nmn: tnmn rennncncr cnen pxom c menexepom xex-]ona.
Hcropnuecxn +rn ncrpeun rpynnt An P+n nocxonnn x copannxm
Konnexrnna: rax P+n n ee nocneonarenn, c ontmo one camonponnn,
nmenonann exeneentnte ncrpeun, npoxonnmne y nee na xnaprnpe n 1950
1960-e rot. nx oexrnnncron Konnexrnn tn uem-ro npoe pexn Hopan,
n noax xoropo Anan Ipnncnen xpecrnn nepymmnx. Henocpecrnennax cnxst
mexy nmenem P+n n Manx+rrenom tna pasopnana nancera, xora
Komnnrepn p+nnancxoro nnxennx, Hncrnryr An P+n, uepes necxontxo
ner nocne ee cmeprn orxptn cnom nanouxy n oxpyre Opnnx, n Kann]opnnn,
re y oexrnnncron namnoct mnoxecrno ennomtmnennnxon.
Copanne npoxonno no sapanee paspaorannomy cnenapnm. Cnauana
sanceraran npecrannnnct nonnuxam, sarem nauanoct omee ocyxenne, n
npncyrcrnymmne npncrynnnn x nosnemy nanuy. (Hecmorpx na
mnorouncnennocrt yuacrnnxon, xaxt pacnnarnncx orentntm uexom
ouent xapaxrepno nx nme, orpnnammnx xonnexrnnnsm no ncex ero
npoxnnennxx.) Hpecrannenne yuacrnnxon sanxno mnoro npemenn: unent
copannx yro napouno nontsonannct +ro nosmoxnocrtm, urot noennrtcx
naonenmnm, paccxasart o npounranntx xnnrax, coomnrt o naxntx
cotrnxx, xoropte nnannpymrcx n oexrnnncrcxo cpee.
Anrycroncxoe copanne 2010 roa cocroxnoct na cneymmn ent nocne
mnrnnra Inenna Fexa, n mne xasanoct, uro yuacrnnxn onxnt trt
naroapnt emy n nonnt +nrysnasma. Bet Fex ontmo noxnonnnx P+n.
On orstnaercx o ne c nensmenntm nourennem, a ero nanaxn na nepxnn, n
samnry connantno cnpanennnocrn nnonne mornn trt noxnonnent
p+nnancxnmn nexmn. Ho o nuepamnem cotrnn nnxro ne saronapnnan.
unent rpynnt cnonno xorenn npoemoncrpnponart +rnm, uro onn oparopt,
nnrennexryant n y nnx ryr ne mnrnnr xaxo-nnyt. Hpecearentcrnonan
Fennn Honnax ypoxenen unnn, ntne corpynnx anxa na Vonn-crpnr,
unen-ocnonarent Cxenrnxon Htm-Hopxa rpynnt, yuacrnnxn xoropo ne
cnycxamr nnnmarentnoro nsrnxa c nxeyuentx, mapnaranon or mennnnt n
npoue noono nynnxn. nnxenne cxenrnnnsma anno menx npnnnexano,
onaxo mne n n ronony ne npnxonno, uro mexy cxenrnnnsmom n
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oexrnnnsmom moxer trt cnxst. Hpocro napo ncntrtnaer ornpamenne x
mncrnnnsmy, xoropt P+n ynomnnana uacrentxo n cnoe otuno
npespnrentno manepe.
cnen mexy upeom n onom Iaynrmanom, xnsnepaocrntm rocnonnom
c xamranono opoo. on npemx or npemenn nynnxonan n oexrnnncrcxom
mnnerene The New Individualist crartn na remt, cnxsannte c An P+n, a
onaxt norparnn na ayxnnone Christies 50 rtcxu onnapon na nonnnnte
rpanxn nnrepntm, xoropoe P+n ana n 1964 roy xypnany Playboy.
nennoxo oecneuen, noxcnnn on mne. Hanpornn menx cnen C+nn, monoo
nomomnnx mpncra ns ]npmt, paoranme n c]epe mnrpannonnoro npana:
napent rontxo uro nepeuen Arnanra n ne namen n +rom pomane nnuero, c
uem tn t ne cornacen. uepes necxontxo uenonex or menx cnena Apnc
Fenn rpa]nuecxn nsanep. Kora-ro ona paorana na P+n: nnrepntm c
nem nomno n cocran Vcrno ncropnn, xoropym nor-nor onxen tn
onynnxonart Hncrnryr An P+n. Apnc n ee myx Hon, xoropt nnepnte
ysnan o oexrnnnsme n 1960 roy, ns panontcrynnennx Harann+nx
Fpanena, tnn na +rom copannn camtmn noxnntmn oexrnnncramn. Hx
nsrnxt, ycroxnmnecx sa mnorne rot, necxontxo ornnuannct or nsrnxon
ocrantntx npncyrcrnymmnx.
Ecnn t nourn nce yuacrnnxn copannx ne tnn rax sannxnent na P+n, onn
nnuem ne ornnuannct t or camtx otuntx nocernrene nmoro
manx+rrencxoro xa]e, xorx n nenom armoc]epa n nomemennn napnna
ceptesnax. Hoxoxnm opasom, xax mne xaxercx, npoxonnn n ncrpeun
Konnexrnna, c ro nnmt pasnnne, uro sanpannxna ncem nnuno P+n. Mnorne
unent Konnexrnna tnn pystxmn n pocrnennnxamn Fapapt Fpanen, n
mnorne tnn xanant, xax n Fpanent. Heonap Hexo]], ypoxenen
Bnnnnnera, npnxonncx Fapape xysenom. Hyumax nopyra Fapapt, xoan
Mnruenn, xora-ro tna samyxem sa Ipnncnenom: nmenno ona npnomnna
yymero npecearenx Conera ynpannxmmnx ueepantno pesepnno
cncremt x ]nnoco]nn P+n. uro xacaercx pacono n nannonantno
npnnanexnocrn yuacrnnxon, ro cpen nnx n rora, n renept tno ontme
ncero npecrannrene eno pact, rnanntm opasom enpeen. (noe
oexrnnncron, npncyrcrnonanmnx na copannn n xo]ene, xora-ro axe ena
ne yapnnnct n oprooxcantnt nyansm, no oexrnnnsm cnac nx.) Cnntnee
ncero yuacrnnxn npexnnx n ntnemnnx copann pasnnuannct no nospacry:
Konnexrnn ntnemnn tn crapme rex, nanarnnxrnnernnx, xoropte
conpannct nexora noxpyr P+n.
Ftno conepmenno ouennno, uro cma npnmnn nopmantnte, xopomo
ycrpoennte n xnsnn nmn, c nnrennexrom necxontxo ntme cpenero, n nm
npnxrno n ymrno n nx oexrnnncrcxom mnpe. Hpnmxnyn x oexrnnnsmy, onn
openn uerxo c]opmynnponannym neonornm n nent. Exemecxunte ncrpeun
crann nx nnx cnacennem or conpemenno amepnxancxo xnsnn, nonno
yxacon xonnexrnnnsma, +nnsot xoropo onn nspexa nepecxastnann pyr
pyry no ncex omepsnrentntx noponocrxx (nanpnmep, onn ns
npncyrcrnymmnx paccxasan o rom, xax y nero nponsomna nenpnxrnax crtuxa n
merpo c*censored*ranamn ns npo]comsa).
Hpecrannenne sanceraraen nonnuxam nnanno nepemno n ecet na camte
pasnte remt. Cpen npounx ntcrynnn 3nn xopx mystxanr, xoroporo c
nexmn P+n nosnaxomnnn unent pox-rpynnt Rush, ee npeannte
noxnonnnxn. 3nn npnnnex nnnmanne copanmnxcx x norpxcamme
+xonornuecxo nporpamme no nasnannem uenonex ne npexmn. On ysnan
o ne naroapx xaentnomy renexanany Planet Green, re tn noxasan
oxymenrantnt ]nntm o ntm-opxcxo cemte, nent ro ne ynorpenxnme
npoyxron, nanocxmnx npe oxpyxamme cpee. 3nn nomecrnn n Hnrepnere
samerxy, n xoropo pesxo pacxpnrnxonan +ror esonnt +xcnepnmenr, no
ror xnnxn coo npnmep snocrnoro antrpynsma. Fontme ncero mystxanra
ypyunn ror momenr, xora onomy ns repoen ]nntma npnmnoct ntcnymart
norannm or saxpanmerocx nmnrenx oprannuecxoro semneennx ns Ipnnnnu-
Bnnnnx, xoroporo on [repo] ooxaer. Iepox onnnxmr n neocrarxe
antrpynsma, n nce nponcxonr, xax n cnene mexy 3nncnoprom Tyxn n
Hnrepom Knrnnrom, nymx npespenntmn nepconaxamn ns pomana An P+n
Hcrounnx.
B nenom copanne tno nacrpoeno ouent onrnmncrnuno: nennxoe yymee
oexrnnnsma ne ntstnano y nnx nn manemnx comnenn. Hon Fenn coomnn,
uro tn npnxrno nopaxen, ysnan, uro ar Maxnnrap, neymn nounoro
+]npa na Red Eye Radio, npounran nce xnnrn P+n n npn ee xnsnn
nonnctnancx na nn]opmannonnt mnnerent oexrnnncron.
Hexro Fennn, npnsnanax, uro P+n nesecyma, saancx nonpocom:
ecrnnrentno nn nme nnrepecyer ee ]nnoco]nx, nnn xe onn nnxr n +ro
xenmnne nnmt snamenocna xannrannsma? Xopomn nonpoc. Mnorne
nnrnponann P+n, naxnannnann ee nnn nopnnann, onaxo mnorne nn tnn
ecrnnrentno snaxomt c ee nsrnxamn?
upe cornacnncx, uro rpyno nonneut nme n ocyxenne rex acnexron ee
oxrpnnt, xoropte ne cnxsant nanpxmym c +xonomnxo. Hanpnmep, mano xro
roron ronopnrt o ee +nncremonornn, samernn on. 3ro n ecnoxonno Fennn,
noromy uro n nannonantnom nanore o xannrannsme n ponn npannrentcrna n
xnsnn omecrna nnxora ne nonnmaercx nonpoc o rom, uro npannntno.
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Mopantno nn +ro? Bsxrt xorx t nponemy nanoroonoxennx. Hanorn
amopantnt. Bor mnenne Fennn: nannonantnt nanor no nonpocy o nanorax
n pacxoax pexo nepepacraer n ocyxenne nonpoca o rom, uro npancrnenno, a
uro ner. Hpannntno nn onarart orartx onee ntcoxnmn nanoramn, uem
entx? H rax nn yx nenpannntno nocrynart nnaue?
Hocntmancx neoopnrentnt ponor. Kro-ro samernn, uro n namn nn
mnorne neyr cex, xax Ien Bnnan ns Hcrounnxa uenonex
npaxrnuecxoro cxnaa, xoropt conepmenno ne naercx n acrpaxrnte
acnexrt roro, uro enaer, rem camtm nosnonxx mannnynnponart coo
emonnuecxomy 3nncnopry Tyxn. (Tyxn n +rom pomane nnnxrentnt
apxnrexrypnt xpnrnx. Paorax n rasere Bnnana, on nonocnr n cnoe xononxe
Ionapa Popxa, a cam cosaer nouny nx nponnerannx rpexon antrpynsma n
xonnexrnnnsma. B xonne pomana on opamaer ncm cnom snoy na Bnnana n
ynnuroxaer ero rasery.)
Cnycrx nexoropoe npemx pasronop samen o crapnnntx nmmnrpanrcxnx
omecrnax camonomomn n o xomnannn Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
ceprn]nnnponanno uacrno oprannsannn, nponepxmme esonacnocrt
pasnnuno npoyxnnn. Taxne crpyxrypt cnoe exrentnocrtm narnxno
emoncrpnpymr, uro rocyapcrny ne oxsarentno part na cex saory o
soponte n esonacnocrn rpaxan. Vuacrnnxam copannx npecrannxnoct, uro
+ro conepmenno ouennnoe pemenne mnornx nponem. Houemy t ne
yupenrt raxne naoparopnn nx nponepxn xauecrna xocmernxn? npenoxnn
onn ns npncyrcrnymmnx.
mano uro snam o UL, saro npexpacno ocneomnen o exrentnocrn
Hesanncnmo yxapecrcxo acconnannn nomomn ontntm, n xoropym xora-ro
nxonnn mon pocrnennnxn co cropont orna. Acconnannx tna ocnonana n
nauane XX nexa enpexmn, npnexanmnmn ns Pymtnnn. Ona oecneunnana cnonm
unenam +nemenrapnym mennnncxym nomomt n noxoponnte ycnyrn n ne
pan nonnrnuecxo ntrot, a npocro noromy, uro mnornm enxxam tna
neocrynna nnarnax mennnna. Forartm ne nyxnt noonte oprannsannn,
noromy uro y nnx ecrt entrn na npaue n na noxopont. K 1970 roy
acconnannx sannmanact yxe rontxo npeocrannennem pnryantntx ycnyr,
saonro o roro npnxynnn nx cnonx crapemmnx unenon yuacrxn na
xnanmax Knnnca n Honr-Anena. uro xacaercx nomomn ontntm, ro +ry
uacrt ee exrentnocrn anno nsxnn na cex crpaxonte xomnannn n nporpamma
Medicare. Ecnn t n re npemena x ntcxasan npenonoxenne, uro omecrno,
xax nastnann acconnannm ee unent, nomoxer paspemnrt nponemy xpnsnca
nannonantnoro spanooxpanennx, menx oxnnnn t nenopmantntm. [32 - O
craptx enpecxnx omecrnax cm. n nncrarentnom nccneonannn M. P.
Baccepa: Weisser M. R. A Brotherhood of Memory: J ewish Landsmanshaftn in
the New World. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985.]
Taxona npana o crapnnntx nmmnrpanrcxnx omecrnax camonomomn. Hx
cosanne tno mepo ntnyxenno, no n Amepnxe ne tno cnyxt
connantno nomomn nx entx n npecrapentx, no n xonne xonnon
npannrentcrno cymeno oecneunrt noxnntx rpaxan mennnncxo nomomtm,
n noonte oprannsannn ntmepnn sa nenaonocrtm. Onaxo nocneonarenn
P+n c xapom ynennnnct sa mtcnt o nx nospoxennn. Hpannrentcrno ne
sannrepeconano n rom, urot nmn cosnanann, uro es nero moxno oornct, n
n mxonax o +rom ne paccxastnamr, capxacrnuecxn samernn upe. Kro-ro
oannn, uro tn na +xcxypcnn n Hnxnem Hcr-Cae, xoropym npononr
myse Tenemenr, n +ra +xcxypcnx tna nacxnost nonnrnsnponana. B ne
oxastnanoct, uro cnonm pasnnrnem omecrno oxsano rontxo saxonoarenxm
n npannrentcrny, a ne nnnecropam n npomtmnennnxam.
Hocrenenno yuacrnnxn copannx noomnn x ocyxennm ntcrynnennx
Inenna Fexa na mnrnnre. oxnan, uro onn npoxnxr couyncrnne x nemy n
ntxaxyr cnom noepxxy, no nnuero noonoro ne cnyunnoct. A o rom, uro
Fex ooxaer P+n, nnxro axe ne ynomxnyn.
Copanne saecnoxonnoct. Hponema tna ]ynamenrantnax n, xaxercx,
xnnnact nacroxmnm xamnem nperxnonennx. Inenn Fex ro n eno yapxercx n
pennrnm n mncrnnnsm, saxnnn xro-ro. Hnxro ne xenaer saymtnartcx o
ncxontx nonoxennxx, rnepnna xyn, rexnnuecxn menexep npoexron
c Vonn-crpnr n axrpnca nmnrentcxo rpynnt. Happn, npopa c Honr-
Anena, samernn, uro Fex onaxt saxnnn, yro nmxm neoxonmo ne
cneonart pasymy, a oparnrtcx x Fory. Paspymnrentnax nex!
Happn cctnancx na ono ns rnanntx nonoxenn oexrnnnsma, ornnuammee
ero or npounx ]nnoco]n c npantm yxnonom. Oexrnnnsm arpeccnnno
arencrnuen, on ornepraer nce pennrnn es ncxnmuenn, ncex nennrene,
mncrnxon n xonynon nyy, co ncemn nx xyxnamn n ynanxamn. P+n
nnrynrnnno nonnmana, uro nepa anrnresnc paccyxa. Ona nonpocry ne morna
nepenapnrt antrpyncrnuecxne oxrpnnt mnpontx pennrn, n ocoennocrn
xpncrnancrna.
Ouennno, uro cxnonnocrt Fexa x pennrnn nocrannna nocneonarene An
P+n nepe ceptesno nnemmo. Fnaroapx noepxxe +roro uenonexa xnnrn
P+n npoanannct, a ee nmx nocroxnno snyuano, uero ne cmor t oecneunrt n
noonom macmrae nnxro pyro. B nauane 2010 roa Fex axe nocnxrnn
pomany Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nenym nporpammy, re rnanntm rocrem
cran pon Fpyx, npesnenr Hncrnryra An P+n. Bce pexnamnte meponpnxrnx
nncrnryra n axe +xpannsannx Arnanra npx nn t ocymecrnnnnct, ecnn t
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Fex ne npexnonxncx nepe P+n.
cntman, xax yuacrnnxn copannx ntpaxamr oecnoxoennocrt n cnxsn c
ecrnnxmn Fexa n raxnx cnonax, xaxne snyuar rontxo na nonnrnuecxnx
copannxx. xyn nonpomana, ecrnnrentno nn Fex noranxnnaer napo x
pannonannsmy nnn xe, nanpornn, x crpaxy, neynepennocrn, comnennxm, urot
cxasart norom: Hnre sa mno, x noney nac? Pannonannsm ona ns
naxnemnx cocrannxmmnx n cncreme neponann P+n (nppannonantno, xax
moxer noxasartcx nenocnxmenntm).
Inenn Fex menx nyraer, saxnnna noxnnax ama, annxx croponnnna
oexrnnnsma. Ecnn on opnercx o nnacrn, ro npenparnrcx n emarora.
uyncrnonan, uro npncyrcrnymmne nosmyment, xareropnuecxn c uem-ro ne
cornacnt. H mon omymennx nornepnnnct, xora Happn paccxasan, xax n
nauane 2009 roa ocnonan na Honr-Anene rpynny n noepxxy uaennrnx.
3ro nnxenne rora rontxo eme sapoxanoct. nx +roro emy npnmnoct na
npemx ocrannrt n cropone cnom oexrnnncrcxym neonornm. Mne tno ne c
xem ee ocyxart, oxcnnn on. ne snan, uro cxasart copanmnmcx. On
onapyxnn, uro pxonte yuacrnnxn uaennrnx neonontnt Oamo n
rontxo. Hx neonontcrno ne nmeno nnxaxo ]nnoco]cxo noonnexn.
conepmenno ne nonnman, ecrnnrentno nn onn parymr sa npana n cnooy
nnunocrn nnn npocro xorxr nosponrt Pecnynnxancxym naprnm? uem
ontme Happn omancx c yuacrnnxamn uaennrnx, rem cnntnee cranonnnnct
ero comnennx.
Hmn pennrnosnte a x onycxam, uro n rnynne ymn mnorne ns nnx
oexrnnncrt, no-npexnemy rxroremr x narepm pecnynnxannen, samernn
Fennn.
Hon Fenn nonxncx, urot ntcxasartcx. P+n ronopnr, uro nepement
npnxoxr mexy ntopamn, a ne no npemx ntopon, n ceuac nmenno raxo
momenr mexy ntopamn, saxnnn on. Buepa x norparnn rpn uaca na ro,
urot ynnert +ror mnrnnr Boccranonnennx uecrn. nanman nect
nponecc, or nauana n o xonna, noromy uro xoren nonxrt, uro nponcxonr.
Hon cxasan, uro eme ro nnn na nasa noonoe cotrne ero nanyrano t, no
rontxo ne renept. Mne Inenn Fex axe nonpannncx. B nem mnoroe
nenpnxrno, ocoenno ero neannee opamenne x Fory. 3aro on ymeer
ocryuartcx o nme.
Hon c nocxnmennem ronopnn o Cape Hennn. Emy nonpannnoct ee
ntcrynnenne na mnrnnre. Bor xoro cronr npnnnmart nceptes. Hpannrcx ona
nam nnn ner, no nmenno or nee moxno xart nomomn n opte c rorantntm
xonnexrnnnsmom, x xoropomy cxnonxercx nama crpana.
Ho pasne ona ne noxasanact nam n ntcme crenenn anrn-
nnrennexryantno? cnpocnna xyn.
Her, rnepo ornernn Hon.
Heopasonanno?
Her, cxasan Hon. Kro ona, no-namemy? Inannax nnrennexryanxa na ncem
enom cnere nnn anropnrernax ]nrypa na nonnrnuecxo apene? Orner
ouennen. H pasne ona ne cnntnax nnunocrt, xoropax nnuero ne onrcx?
Onennnax +ror mnrnnr, Hon ntcxasan mnenne, uro Fex snaer nepnt
narnos, no npx nn nonnmaer, xaxnm onxno trt npannntnoe neuenne.
Hponema cocronr n rom, uro cnnmxom mnornm ceronx nyxna pennrnx. H
oycnonneno +ro, na ero nsrnx, napacrammnm omymennem, uro n xyntrype
napnr esnpancrnennocrt.
Houemy nuepamnne cotrnx menx ne nyramr? Cnymare nce! nosrnacnn
Hon. Pasronopt n snon rapenox crnxnn. Hoonte nmn renept nama
enncrnennax naexa. Tontxo onn moryr cnacrn namy crpany. K romy xe nx
ontme, uem nac.
Kaxne nmn? O xom nt? cnpocnn xro-ro.
Hmn, xoropte nepxr n Fora.
3ro saxnnenne ncex omenomnno. C rem xe ycnexom moxno tno cxasart
xacnam n Bnntxmcypre, uro enncrnennte ocronte cnacennx nmn
anrncrt ns cocene nepxnn.
Hon npoonxan:
Hpoyxenne pennrnosnocrn cponn ]nnoco]cxo mopann.
Hocntmannct oopnrentnte nosrnact. H ceuac camoe rnannoe
nsannrtcx or xpernnon n oenx nonnrnuecxnx naprnxx. Or xpernnon, xoropte
c txnontcxnm ynopcrnom ynnuroxamr crpany.
Crpany? nmemanact noxnnax ama. Bect mnp!

2. Osex1nnnc1 oosex1nnnc1cxon +noxn
Hs npncyrcrnonanmnx na copannn oexrnnncron Apnc Fenn snana P+n
nyume ncex, no+romy x c nerepnennem npenxyman snaxomcrno c nem. Ona ne
tna yuacrnnne Konnexrnna, xax Ipnncnen, onaxo na nporxxennn nxrn c
nnmnnm ecxrnnern P+n tna nx nee xax cner n oxomxe. K romy xe y menx
cnoxnnoct nneuarnenne, uro +ra ama mtcnnr ouent nesanncnmo, a snaunr,
cmoxer opnconart mne nonnym xaprnny nponcxoxmero.
Apnc xorena (no xpane mepe, ne orxastnanact) art mne nnrepntm,
onaxo nce npemx nepenocnna ncrpeuy. V nee tno mnoro en. Cpen npouero,
ona oprannsontnana exemecxunte copannx J unto rpynnt nneprapnannen
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
n oexrnnncron, xoropym ocnonan n ]nnancnponan Bnxrop Hnepxo]]ep,
nnep no onnnonam n nncarent. V menx yxe tn noxoxn ontr c ponom
Fpyxom, ue cexperapt Kypr Kpamep nrnopnponan mon +nexrponnte nnctma n
rene]onnte snonxn, cnonno ne n mepy saornnnax mamama nexno nocrouno
xpacannnt. Ho na Apnc x nosnaran ontmne naext. Concem neanno ona
nosmymanact rem, xax nensypa Hncrnryra An P+n coxparnna nnrepntm,
xoropoe ona ana nx Vcrno ncropnn P+n. B nonom nnrepntm ona cmorna
t ntcxasart nce xax ecrt.
Oexrnnncrt, conpanmnecx n manx+rrencxo xo]ene, ntxastnann
ocoennoe nourenne x Apnc, noromy uro ona, noono xnno nnrn,
cnxstnana nx c P+n. H nx menx ncrpeun c remn, xro nnuno snan P+n, tnn
nennemnm ncrounnxom nn]opmannn: onn nomorann nonyunrt nepnoe
npecrannenne o mnponosspennn p+nnannen. samernn, uro npecrannrenn
crapmero noxonennx, n rom uncne Apnc, otuno paccmarpnnann xapaxrep
P+n n nme ns ee oxpyxennx nesanncnmo or neonornn oexrnnnsma,
xoropym noepxnnann ncem cepnem. Or +roro onepne x nnm mnamnx
coparnnxon nospacrano, a nnuno nx menx, nesanncnmoro croponnero
nanmarenx, n nennocrt copann c nx yuacrnem.
Apnc tno ner cemtecxr, onaxo rot nomannn ee, n tno xcno, uro no
npemena snaxomcrna c P+n, copox c nnmnnm ner nasa, ona tna nacroxme
xpacannne. Ho npo]eccnn rpa]nuecxn nsanep, n re anexne npemena
Apnc o]opmnxna onoxxn nx pommp, xoropte P+n nsanana nmecre c
Harann+nem Fpanenom, noxa onn ne paspyrannct. Hmx Apnc mnmoxoom
ynomnnaercx n norpa]nn P+n, nanncanno 3nn Xennep.
3a re necxontxo pas, xora x npncyrcrnonan na copannxx, y menx cnoxnnoct
nneuarnenne, uro Apnc ne n nocropre or Hncrnryra An P+n n ero
pyxononrene: noxoxe, ee cnntno paspaxano, uro nncrnryr nnennncx n
nacnene P+n meprno xnarxo. Onaxt no npemx ecet nocne ouepenoro
copannx Apnc samernna mne, uro nennnxn n sanncnte xnnxxn P+n,
onynnxonannte nncrnryrom, noneprnnct nensype. xennn]ep Fepnc n
cnoe norpa]nn P+n, ntmeme n 2009 roy, onennnaer nsxrte ]parmenrt
xax cymecrnennte n nponemnte. [33 - Burns J . Goddess of the Market. P.
291292.]
Apnc n cama nocrpaana or oexrnnncrcxo nensypt. Ona tna ono ns
nocnennx, y xoro nsxnn nnrepntm nx copnnxa Cro ronocon anronornn,
onynnxonanno n xonne 2010 roa n pamxax npoexra Vcrnax ncropnx An
P+n, ocymecrnnennoro Hncrnryrom An P+n [34 - Heller A. C. Ayn Rand
and the World She Made. P. 361. Hnrepntm Apnc Fenn cm. n ns.: 100 Voices:
An Oral History of Ayn Rand / Ed. by S. McConnell. New York: New American
Library, 2010. P. 227231.]. B ecee c nncrnryrcxnm anropom Apnc
ntcxasanact orxponenno. Hmena mecro nexoropax neuecrnocrt, o xoropo,
xax mne xasanoct, cneonano paccxasart, saxnnna ona na onom ns copann
n xo]ene na Manx+rrene. E xorenoct trt ynepenno, uro cnycrx rot ro,
uro ona nepexnna, uro nnena cocrnenntmn rnasamn, pasronopt, xoropte
nena c pasntmn nmtmn, nce +ro coxpannrcx nx noromxon. B 1999 roy ona
ana nncrnryrcxomy anropy uertpexuaconoe nnrepntm no ee
nocnomnnannxm, pemnrentno nerarnnnoe.
Ho xora Apnc nonyunna cnrnantnt +xsemnnxp anronornn Cro ronocon,
ro c neroonannem onapyxnna, uro ee ntcxastnannx ne npocro coxparnnn, no
n noneprnn nensypno npanxe. Onn ymypnnnct nsnneut ns monx cnon nce
nonoxnrentnoe, uro nnxax ne nxsanoct c omnm ronom ecet. Apnc
neperonopnna co mnornmn nmtmn, utn nnrepntm nomnn n copnnx, n
ntxcnnna, uro c nx ntcxastnannxmn nocrynnnn rouno rax xe.
ncrpernncx c Apnc n ee xnaprnpe na Manx+rrene, pacnonoxenno
nenoanexy or mra-xnaprnpt OOH, npnmepno n mnne or nocnenero xnnnma
P+n. Mt npomnnct o ono ns saxycountx, pacnonoxenntx no
neocxpeom Citigroup na Hxrtecxr rperte ynnne: +ro onontno rnxoe
mecro, xorx nonnsocrn ncera ronuercx napa esomntx.
Apnc c yonontcrnnem paccxastnana mne o cnonx ponrenxx n cnoem
nocnnrannn, xoroptm ouent ropnnact. Apnc umpcrenepr, nnyuxa enpeen-
nmmnrpanron ns Bocrouno Enpont, ponnact n unxaro. Ponrenn ee tnn
ntcoxonnrennexryantnte nmn, meronunte n cncremarnunte no ncem. Hx
noncenennax exrentnocrt tna ocnonana na spanom cmtcne, n n ercxnx
nocnomnnannxx moe coecennnt saneuarnenact npexe ncero +ra nx
paccynrentnocrt. Onn nosnaxomnnnct n 1938 roy n, pemnn noxennrtcx,
norparnnn cneymmne na roa na ro, urot oneut n cnona cnon nsrnxt na
xnsnt, cnon xnsnennte nnant. Hoonoe crpemnenne pacnnannponart
yymym xnsnt noxaxercx neotuntm n ceronx, n yx rem onee ono tno
nernnnuno nx npecrannrene paouero xnacca n unxaro 1930-x roon. Xorx
nnxro ns ee pontx ne unran nponsneenn An P+n, xoropax eme rontxo
naunnana cnom xaptepy, Apnc, no ee cocrnennomy npnsnannm,
nocnnrtnanact, xax oexrnnncr. Ee ponrenn uyncrnonann, urot no-
nacroxmemy nonnmart, uro enaemt, cpannnnart napnanrt n trt ynepenno,
uro nocrynaemt npannntno, neoxonmo onexart nce cnon mtcnn n cnona.
Tax uro xora n cemte nauann unrart P+n, nce xopom cxasann: Oexrnnnsm
+ro name.
Xopomo npoymannte, oexrnnnte rpeonannx ponrene Apnc x
cocrnenno xnsnn oruernnno npoxnnnnct n nx xnsnenntx nnanax. Onn
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
sanenn ere, urot nanmart, xax re cranonxrcx nnunocrxmn. Onn cpasy
pemnnn: ern yyr pacrn nx roro, urot crart coo, a ne ocymecrnnrt
meurt ponrene. 3ro tn conepmenno nont noxo, npornnopeuamn
cnoxnnmnmcx crepeornnam. Cnymax Apnc, x yro nepenocnncx n
p+nnancxym nepcnm ntect Knn]]opa Oerca Hpocnnct n no, n xoropo
eymxa-mapxcncr ecrecrnenntm opasom npenpamaercx n oexrnnncra.
umpcreneprn ne nonyunnn xopomero opasonannx, saro ymenn
nontsonartcx nnnorexo. B Hynnuno nnnorexe unxaro onn nepeunrann
nce xnnrn no nocnnrannm ere, xenax ysnart, xax n pasnnuntx xyntrypax
]opmnpyercx nnunocrt. Onn xorenn nonnmart, uro enamr, nouepxnyna
Apnc. H pesyntrarom nx ycnnn crano pannonantnoe nocnnranne. Hnxaxnx
mannnynxnn co cropont marepn n cemte umpcrenepron nnxora ne tno.
Hnxaxoro mopantnoro manraxa, nnxaxnx npnnpox. Kora Apnc ornpannnact
na nepnoe cnnanne, mart nenena e nosnonnrt n nononnne onnnanaroro.
Apnc cnpocnna, sauem. Mart npnsnanact, uro cama ne snaer: npocro rax
ronopxr ouepxm nce ee nopyrn.
Tora Apnc samernna e, uro ecnn saxouer sanxrtcx cexcom, ro cmoxer
cenart +ro n nmoe npemx cyrox, a ecnn nonaer n anapnm, ro ponrenxm
nosnonnr nonnnnx, rax uro n ee snonxe omo ne yer nnxaxoro cmtcna.
Mart cornacnnact, uro x npana, ncnomnnana Apnc.
Ponrenn ee nponcxonnn ns ceme menxnx ropronnen, no+romy c xapom
samnmann cnoonoe npenpnnnmarentcrno or*censored*rene npoe para ee
marepn. To tn rnnnunt nepconax Oerca nouront cnyxamn n
xommynncr. (Eme mne npnmen na ym opas ysorepa Htmmana ns cepnana
Can]en.) Heonornx P+n ornnuno nnnctnanact n rapmonnunym xaprnny
omamnero xannrannsma, xorx ee xnnrn noxnnnnct n cemte, xora Apnc
ncnonnnnoct nocemnanart n ona nocrynnna n mxony ncxyccrn,
pacnonoxennym n nenrpe unxaro. Vunrtcx ona ooxana: n mxone axe
nanomnnana yunrentnnne, xora ra satnana art erxm omamnee saanne.
Rnax Apnc tna nenepoxrno neneycrpemnenno n ceptesno. noe ee
coxypcnnxon ynepxnn, uro ona nacroxmax reponnx An P+n. Onn rontxo uro
npounrann Arnanr pacnpannn nneun n Hcrounnx n noconeronann Apnc
osnaxomnrtcx c +rnmn pomanamn nmenno n ro nocneonarentnocrn, n xaxo
onn tnn nsant.
npounrana, nanepnoe, crpannn ecxrt ns Hcrounnxa n nonxna, uro
nmenno n raxom mnpe x ntpocna, ncnomnnana Apnc. Mne tno nnrepecno,
npecrannxer nn anrop (myxunna, xax mne xasanoct), xax na camom ene xnnn
t ero repon.
Hmenno raxo xnsntm Apnc ncera xnna. Onaxo, npounran eme nemnoro,
enymxa nonxna, uro P+n snana ontme.
B mnp An P+n Apnc nomna crpemnrentno. Ona ornpannna no noure
orxptrxy, xoropax npnnaranact x nsannm Arnanra, n ncxope nonyunna
orner or Hncrnryra Harann+nx Fpanena (nepconantnoro enanrennuecxoro
omecrna An P+n), n xoropom coomanoct, uro nncrnryr n cxopom npemenn
orxpoer cepnm nexnn n unxaro. Apnc sanncanact na nepnym nexnnm,
xoropym conpancx unrart nnuno Fpanen. Horom e nosnonnn unxarcxn
npecrannrent nncrnryra, monoo uenonex no nmenn 3 H+m, n npnrnacnn na
ncrpeuy c Fpanenom n cnom neypno ocrannennym xonocrxnxym xnaprnpxy
na Pam-crpnr.
nx mno Apnc ro tn rononoxpyxnrentnt nsner, crpemnrentnoe
nepememenne ns pxon otuntx unrarene n uncno cnennantntx rocre,
npnrnamenntx nncrnryrom. H+m tn nennxonenen nonnrnuecxn axrnnncr
n nocxoxmax snesa npxmoro mapxernnra. Ha ncrpeuy Apnc npnmna, no
ronont or nponcxoxmero ne norepxna. Copannem nennuecrnenno npannn
Fpanen. Hpoxonno ono, cyx no onncannm, n rom xe xnmue, uro n ncrpeun n
xo]ene na Manx+rrene, rontxo nynnxa copanact onee nponnnarentnax.
Ouennno, H+m, ncnontsyx nantxn, npnoperennte nm na nnne npxmoro
mapxernnra, cnennantno nonpan monotx nme, opnenrnponanntx na
]nnoco]nm oexrnnnsma. Fpanen ne ocoenno nonpannncx Apnc: on
noxasancx e nantmenntm. 3ro ero xauecrno yratnaercx axe na
]ororpa]nxx, cenanntx cnycrx necxontxo ecxrnnern.
Meponpnxrne roxe ne nponsneno na Apnc ocoennoro nneuarnennx, saro ona
cama nponsnena nneuarnenne na H+ma, xoropt npnnxncx repnennno
yxaxnnart sa nem. Ona n ro npemx tna ynneuena onnm cnmnarnuntm
monotm uenonexom, c xoroptm nosnaxomnnact n mxone ncxyccrn. Anmas n
nycro nopoe, rax ona arrecronana +roro mnomy. On tn ns xonocxo
cemtn, ns Texaca, pasenxn nce ]ynamenrantnte amepnxancxne nennocrn, no
y nero nmencx nenonpannmt nsxn: on ne unran P+n n, uro eme xyxe, uem
rnyxe enymxa norpyxanact n oexrnnnsm, rem cnntnee on
paccrpannancx. Apnc narocxnonno ornecnact x H+my, xoropt, uro
neynnnrentno, couyncrnonan ee npnxrenm. 3arem ona nopnana c
onoxypcnnxom n crana ncrpeuartcx c H+mem.
To ecrt ncrpeuartcx, nanepnoe, ne concem noxoxmee cnono, noromy uro
uepes ne neenn onn noxennnnct. Cnata cocroxnact n ropocxo paryme,
ouent cxpomnax. Mt xorenn npnrnacnrt rontxo nyumnx nme. axe ne
snam, xaxne neocrarxn mt onapyxnnn n namnx omnx pystxx,
ncnomnnana ona, no nnxro ns nnx ne oxasancx ocrarouno xopom, urot
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npncyrcrnonart na name cnate. Ta xe nponema nosnnxna n co cnaentm
nnartem: n nrore ono oxasanoct uepntm n es pyxanon, noromy uro rontxo x
raxomy nnartm nn y xennxa, nn y nenecrt ne nosnnxno nperensn. Tenept xe
x ymam:
Kaxoe on noome nmen npano ntcxastnart cnoe mnenne o monx napxax?
Mt tnn cnnmxom npnnxsant pyr x pyry. A +ro ne ouent xopomo.
Fpax pacnancx cnycrx napy ner. Kax tno npnnxro n re npemena y cynpyron-
oexrnnncron, H+m ornpannncx n Htm-Hopx, urot noconeronartcx c
Harann+nem n Fapapo Fpanen, a nosmoxno, n c xem-ro eme ns
anropnrerntx nnn. On xoren ocynrt c nnmn nepcnexrnny pasnoa. Mne
norom paccxastnann, uro on npoe xax nonpocnn y nnx paspemennx,
noxcnnna Apnc. On nosnonnn mne ns Htm-Hopxa n cnpocnn, ecnn x
npannntno nomnm, rax: Mt eme nnmnent pyr n pyra?. Apnc ornernna
orpnnarentno, n nce tno xonueno. 3ro cnyunnoct n 1964 nnn 1965 roy. B
cpee oexrnnncron rora napnna nonnax cymxrnna, samernna ona.
Mnorne tnn roront xennrtcx nnn ntrn samyx sa nepnoro ncrpeunoro
oexrnnncra.
K +romy momenry x yxe nauan nonnmart, nouemy mnoroe ns roro, uro Apnc
paccxasana nx Cra ronocon, ntpesann. H uem ontme anexoron ns xnsnn
npnnnxenntx P+n ona paccxastnana, rem ontme x nonnman nensopon.
Hoxa Apnc c H+mem tnn xenart, onn uacro npnesxann n Htm-Hopx. Bo
npemx nepno cnoe noesxn na nocrox onn nanecrnnn ony snaxomym H+ma
nncarentnnny, xoropax npexe nxonna n xpyxox ocoo npnnnxenntx x An
P+n. Cnyunnoct +ro naxanyne npasnnuno neuepnnxn, re Apnc onxnt
tnn nosnaxomnrt c P+n. Hncarentnnna cxasana: snam, uro sanrpa
neuepom nt ncrpeuaerect c P+n. Ho+romy x onxna xoe-uro noxasart nam.
Ona npnrnacnna rocrtm x cee n cnantnm n noxasana e nnctmo ns Hncrnryra
Harann+nx Fpanena. Apnc ne morna ncnomnnrt, xem nmenno tno
nonncano nnctmo, n nnmt cmyrno nomnnna, o uem n nem ronopnnoct. Ona
uro-ro cenana nenpannntno. npounrana nnctmo naxt, no rax n ne nonxna,
uro nmenno, paccxastnana Apnc. 3ra xenmnna cenana uro-ro raxoe, sa
uro ee ocynnn, ne naxno, uro nmenno. E paspemanoct n antme nocemart
nexnnn, no sanpemanoct pasronapnnart c nmtmn ns nnxnero xpyra. Tax
Apnc nnepnte cronxnynact c oexrnnncrcxnm otuaem, cymecrnonanmnm
npn xnsnn P+n n axe onee nonynxpntm n namn nn, c oexrnnncrcxo
ana]emo.
Apnc ncnomnnana, uro tna norpxcena o rnynnt ymn. Ee nonym
snaxomym npocro cnncann co cueron. Teopernuecxn, naxonnuno noxcnnna
Apnc, x ne onxna tna naxonrtcx n ee ome n pasronapnnart c nem,
noromy uro ona tna ornyuena or oexrnnnsma. Xosxxa noxasana Apnc
+ro nnctmo nnmt nx roro, urot rocrtx pemnna, rorona nn ona n antme
nontsonartcx ee rocrenpnnmcrnom: net o]nnnantnt oexrnnncr, snax o
raxom nnctme n nonnmax, uro xosxxa ncxnmuena ns xpyra npnnnxenntx, ne
saxoren t nmert c ne nnxaxnx en.
B ro npemx conepmnnoct mnoxecrno nsrnann, mnoro cyon. Apnc
cxasana: He snam rouno, xax uacro onn nponcxonnn: pas n mecxn, n neenm,
rpn pasa n neenm? Mnornx ncxnmuann, n ncxnmuenntx nce oxnnct.
Onaxo, npounran ro nnctmo, Apnc rontxo nneuamn noxana. Otua
ornyuennx noxasancx e crpanntm, no nnxax ne nonnnxn na ee mnenne o
P+n.
Crpannocrn npoonxnnnct n cnycrx necxontxo ne, yxe nenocpecrnenno
npn snaxomcrne Apnc c P+n. enymxe npnmnoct ncntrart nacroxmee
norpxcenne, n nectma nenpnxrnoro cnocrna. Hpecrannxx cnom monoym
xeny, H+m coomnn P+n, uro ona yuacrnonana n cosannn nsana nx
pexnamt Hncrnryra Harann+nx Fpanena. P+n cnpocnna: Cxaxnre, nam
npannrcx paorart n pexname? Apnc opaonanact, uro e ntnan manc
paccxasart P+n o rom, uero ra ne snaer. H ona crana paccxastnart, xax
cosaercx nsan nx pexnamt. nponsnecna npnmepno cneymmee: Bt
npecrannxere cee, o uem nmxm naxnee ncero ysnart, n nsopaxaere +ro na
nepenem nnane.
Tyr Apnc samernna, uro rnasa y P+n mnpoxo pacnaxnynnct or rnena.
Fenxxxa ne nonnmana, uem paccepnna ee. Hoomen 3 H+m, nsnnnnncx n
ornen Apnc n croponxy. Xort ye, ne nomy, uro x raxoro cxasana,
npnsnanact ona myxy. H 3 oxcnnn: Tt cxasana nsopaxaere.
ronopnna rax, yro yunna ee enart pexnamy. A nao tno ronopnrt esnnuno
nsopaxaercx. An P+n ne repnena, xora e yxastnann, uro enart,
axe ecnn +ro tna npocro ]nrypa peun.
Apnc pacnennna ee peaxnnm, xax npoxnnenne nexoropo +xcnenrpnunocrn:
net nn ona cama, nn ee ponrenn ne nonenn t cex noontm opasom.
nonaexnact, uro omenne c raxnm uenonexom pacmnpnr mon ropnsonrt.
Horom crano xcno, uro ne pacmnpnr, npnsnanact mne Apnc.
Cnycrx necxontxo mecxnen ona oxasanact na copannn, na xnaprnpe y P+n.
Tam tnn n Fpanen c H+mem. Myx P+n, up+nx O`Konnop, roxe
npncyrcrnonan, no cnen n croponxe. Ocyxannct nexnnn, xoropte H+m
npenaran npouecrt P+n, n rom uncne n xon]epenn-nenrpe McCormick place
n unxaro. Ben necxonuaemt pasronop o rom, xax nyume opartcx o
unxaro: camonerom (P+n nenannena camonert) nnn noesom. H ecnn onn
|P+n n Fpanen] nce-raxn nonerxr, ro onnm pecom nnn pasntmn: net uro
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
craner c oexrnnnsmom, ecnn camoner pyxner, n oa nnepa nornnyr?
Apnc nmemanact n pasronop, nocxontxy npouna neanno crartm o rom, uro
esnrt no ropoy n anromonne namnoro onacnee, uem nerart camonerom. He
cronno +roro enart. P+n ne nmnna camonert n rouxa. Btcrynnenne Apnc
tno conepmenno neymecrntm. 3 H+m n Harann+nt xopom xpnxnynn:
,Apnc!, uro osnauano sarxnnct, a P+n npoonxana paccyxart, yro x
ne cxasana nn cnona. Mox mart n noontx cnryannxx otuno ronopnna:
,Hocnyma, Apnc, npocro coomn nam ]axr. Mt ne cmoxem npnrnopnrtcx,
yro ne cntmann. Ho nx P+n no rnane yrna croxn nonce ne ]axr, axe
xora ocyxannct onee naxnte nonpoct, uem noesxa n unxaro. Onaxo
+ror cnyua npesancx n namxrt Apnc xax npnmep roro, nacxontxo noneenne
P+n ornnuanoct or npnnxroro n ee cemte, cpen oexrnnncron
ooexrnnncrcxo +noxn, nx xoroptx oexrnnnt ]axr tn npentme
ncero, axe ecnn, cocnanmnct na nero, mnax out orxastnanact snonnrt
oecnoxoenno marepn n nononnne onnnanaroro. P+n xorenoct yrn or
peantnocrn, paspymnrt ee, noxcnnna Apnc. Ho ona ne crana saocrpxrt
nnnmanne na +rom nnnnenre. He n ee npannnax tno xpnrnxonart nme sa
neconmenne npnnnnnon oexrnnnsma, axe ecnn +rn nmn nastnann cex
oexrnnncramn n axe ecnn peut mna o camo An P+n. Hpocro x
nonnmana, xaxne onn na camom ene. A antme pemana, xouy x antme c
nnmn omartcx nnn ner. axe ecnn peut mna o P+n no c nem Apnc
omennx ne npepnana.
B cepenne 1960-x roon, nocne paccranannx c H+mem, Apnc nepeexana n
Htm-Hopx. Ee ncrpernnn npnnernnno, pasno c H+mem nnxax ne nonnnxn na ee
nonoxenne n xpyxxe P+n. Ona npoonxnna sannmartcx pexnamo Hncrnryra
Harann+nx Fpanena n enart onoxxn nx mnnerenx P+n. Ha nee nponsnen
ontmoe nneuarnenne orxas P+n nontsonartcx ee ycnyramn apom: saxasunna
saxnnna, uro sa paory ncera nyxno nnarnrt. Apnc nosnaxomnnact co
mnornmn snamennrocrxmn ns cpet oexrnnncron, n rom uncne c Hexo]]om.
On sanomnnncx e crpanntm mantunxom, xoropt nocroxnno onrancx
nonnsocrn. Eme ona nosnaxomnnact c Ipnncnenom. Onn cnenn pxom na
onom snanom oee, n y nnx sanxsanact nenpnnyxennax ecea o rom, xax
npnxrno cnymart mystxy n camonere. B re anexne npemena n coomecrne
oexrnnncron cnercxax xnsnt nna xnmuom: onn conmecrno ormeuann nn
poxennx, npasnnxn, y nnx axe tna cnox co]rontnax xomana. H nenrpom
+ro axrnnnocrn tna P+n, xorx +ro ne pocanoct n rnasa: ona nnuyrt ne
noxonna na xnonornnnym enpecxym mamamy, cpannnrt c xoropo ee mor t
pasne uro Fpanen (xorx nx ornomennx tnn necxontxo nntmn, uem y marepn
n ctna).
Apnc uacro ncrpeuanact c P+n, n xaxt pas xaxax-nnyt menout
nponsnonna na nee ontmoe nneuarnenne. Tax, onaxt ona nnna xo]e c
nnpoxntmn n rocrxx y P+n. 3ror cnyua ona nomnnna no ncex noponocrxx
axe cnycrx nonnexa axe mapxy xo]e: Chock Full ONuts. Ko]e ouent
nonpannncx Apnc, n ona saxorena eme uameuxy. P+n, rocrenpnnmnax
xosxxa, cxasana, uro ceuac npnnecer. Apnc rora noymana: 3ro xe cama
An P+n! A x sacrannxm ee nrn na xyxnm sa xo]e n oparno! Ho P+n tna
rontxo paa. a, ona tna nenepoxrno nepemenunna. Morna trt mnno n
nennxoymno n n cneymmn mnr cranonnnact pesxo n xsnnrentno. O
orranxnnammnx ueprax ee xapaxrepa nn pasy ne ynomnnaercx nn n Cra
ronocax, nn n npounx nponaranncrcxnx nsannxx Hncrnryra An P+n.
Kax cxasano n o]nnnantno yrnepxenno norpa]nn, P+n nnxora ne
snnnact, a ecnn snnnact, na ro nmennct necxne ocnonannx. Apnc xe
yrnepxana, uro xorx P+n nnxora ne xpnuana, nopo or nee nontxano raxo
xpocrtm, uro napo cnacancx ercrnom ns xomnart nnn nexnnonnoro sana.
Eme ona oannna: Ha mo nsrnx, nnxaxnx necxnx ocnonann nx
noontx +monn otuno ne tnano. Cxaxem, cryenr saanan P+n nonpoc
o Kanre, a ra pearnponana rax, cnonno nepe ne croxn cam Kanr no nnorn,
xnnnmncx, urot copnart nexnnm. 3ro tno yxacno. Ho cnnerentcrny
Apnc, n nncrnryre raxoe cnyuanoct perynxpno.
a n n noncenenno xnsnn P+n nepexo emoncrpnponana remnym
cropony cnoe nnunocrn. Kax-ro pas Apnc oxasanact na neuepnnxe, re
npncyrcrnonana Harpnnnx Cxorr, nocneonarentnnna P+n, nosxe ntmemax
samyx sa Fpanena. Ona npnmna, xora neuepnnxa tna yxe n pasrape, noromy
uro cmorpena namymenmym ponecxym nocranonxy uenonex ns Hamanun.
Apnc ncnomnnana: Harpnnnx tna n raxom nocropre, uro nocnemnna
noennrtcx nm co ncemn. Ona onnctnana exopannn, xocrmmt, mystxy. Kora
ona oronopnna, P+n npnnxnact saanart nonpoct: B uem, no-namemy, nent
ncxyccrna? Coornercrnyer nn e +ra nocranonxa? Bneuarnenne tno raxoe,
yro ona pexer Harpnnnm na manentxne xycouxn, n npoonxanoct +ro o rex
nop, noxa or enxxxn nnuero ne ocranoct. Cnauana Harpnnnx ronopnna: n
raxom nocropre! Hocranonxa uyecnax! A nocne nmemarentcrna P+n cxasana,
uro x ne nomnm rountx cnon, no cmtcn tn n rom, uro mmsnxn nnoxo.
Iepo meuraer o neocrnxnmom. A +ro sno. Tax uncremn nocropr y menx na
rnasax oparnncx n xyny.
Apnc orxptna oxno n mnp P+n ecxrnnernx nasa, xora ra tna eme xnna,
a p+nnancxoe nnxenne mano uem ornnuanoct or cexrt. Ho uro moxno
cxasart o unenax ntnemnero ysxoro xpyra nspanntx oexrnnncron? Kro onn
raxne? uem sannmamrcx?
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Hyumn cnoco ntxcnnrt +ro nosnaxomnrtcx c remn, xro nrpaer camym
naxnym pont n nmo oprannsonanno rpynne oexrnnncron nn,
pecnynnxannen, emoxparon nnn ntnycxnnxon xonnexa c remn, xro aer
entrn.

3. Hoen1enn
B cnonx nantmenntx peuax o nomomn neyaunnxam, xoroptx
ntmntpnynn ns cocrnenntx omon, Pnx Canrennn saanan saxonomepnt
nonpoc: 3rn nmn neyaunnxn. Ho xro xe rora noenrenn? Orner
nanpamnnancx cam coo: noenrenn saxnrounte xommepcanrt, xoropte
roprymr norpenrentcxnmn ronapamn n noepxnnamr ero, Canrennn. Foraun,
nnmennte omecrnennoro cosnannx n ynepennte n rom, uro ono nnxomy n ne
nyxno. Onn yexent (na ocnonannn mnorouncnenntx aprymenron), uro
ropocrt n nonnoe orcyrcrnne cocrpaannx x menee yaunnntm nmxm
nennxne opoerenn. Hm naoeno ncntrtnart uyncrno nnnt sa cnoe
orarcrno.
notnan cpen nnx, n oxpyxennn noenrene cra nxrnecxrn
nnnxrentntx, xopomo oertx, onrnmncrnuno nacrpoenntx nme. Bce
cxnatnanoct n nx nontsy. To tn yaunt ent, cuacrnnnt ent, n neuepom
onn copannct, urot noennrtcx pyr c pyrom paocrtm or roro, uro onn
naxoxrcx na nepeono; urot nnecrn nxna n nponarany cnoero opasa
xnsnn, a rnannoe opasa mtcne.
Orent Wayne-Falkland apenonart tno nentsx, no+romy meponpnxrne no
copy cpecrn Penonmnnx Arnanra, pacnpannnmero nneun, oprannsonannoe
Hncrnryrom An P+n, npoxonno n orene St. Regis, sanne xoroporo,
ncrnnnt apxnrexrypnt meenp, pacnonaraercx na nepeceuennn Hxro
anenm n Hxrtecxr nxro ynnnt. Ono tno nocrpoeno na pyexe nexon n
tno nacrontxo nnymnrentntm, uro ntstnano y menx poocrt. uem nnxe x
noxonn, rem ontme uyncrnonan cex ne n cnoe rapenxe. He norn nn mne
uepes cnyxent nxo? 3ro xe nacroxmn nopen. Bnxapnt nonnx
Wayne-Falkland nosmoxno, camt +neranrnt orent n ropoe. Or nero rax
n neer apomarom ener, n neynnnrentno: net sect nasnauena ncrpeua
oraue, xoropte ne neamr yrptsenn conecrn.
Ftna cepenna cenrxpx 2010 roa. nnxenne uaennrnx, noxnonnennoe
nexmn P+n, cyx no pesyntraram mnorouncnenntx onpocon n
npenapnrentntx ronoconann, rposnno cmecrn ncex na noxptcxnx ntopax.
Hpanxmax nepxymxa pecnynnxannen tna rorona cartcx. emoxpart
yrpmmo nacynnnnct, nanmax nacrynnenne uaennrnx c rem xe
nacrpoennem, c xaxnm nocxa Rxnoro Bternama n 1975 roy exann or ranxon
cenepo-nternamcxo apmnn. Hpornn nnx tna ntnnnyra rpyax cnna,
crncnyrt xynax nonynncrcxo +neprnn npantx. C rouxn spennx nme,
copanmnxcx n orene, crpane nyxna tna xpenxax ysa, nnrennexryantnax
ncnnnnnna. 3ect, n orene St. Regis, re comnnct noenno entrn, +ra
camax ncnnnnnna n, rnannoe, rmarentno ntnepennte ncxonte nonoxennx,
yer cosan sanac neonornuecxoro ronnnna, ocrarount nx roro, urot
pasnepnyrt Amepnxy cnnno x rocyapcrnennnxam, antrpyncram n
connanncram.
a, satn ynomxnyrt: Wayne-Falkland nentsx tno apenonart noromy,
uro na camom ene ero ne cymecrnonano. Opas +roro nenepoxrno pocxomnoro
ntm-opxcxoro orenx cosan n Arnanre: rnannte repon xnnrn
ocranannnnamrcx n nem, xora npnesxamr n ropo. upe Kyxnnx+m n cnoe
nemexono +xcxypcnn ronopnn, uro npoopasom B+n-uonxnena,
nepoxrno, nocnyxnn orent Waldorf-Astoria: eno n rom, uro n pomane on
naxonrcx nenoanexy or xenesnoopoxnoro repmnnana xomnannn Taggart
Transcontinental, cnncannoro, nepoxrno, c Henrpantnoro noxsana. Onaxo
Waldorf ycrynaer orenm St. Regis n pocxomn. Ocnyra paoraer ram
nanart uertpe uaca n cyrxn. On ouent nonynxpen cpen nnnomaron, n ero
ouent nmnn Ant]pe Xnuxox.
o oea nce conpannct n sane Hmonnxa XIV, a cam oe npoxonn n
Bepcantcxom sane. Hmonnx XIV npannn upannne n XVIII cronernn, on
nonyunn nposnnme Kopont-Connne. Ero nopen n Bepcane tn nonnomennem
nennunx n nennxonennx, xaxoe rontxo moxno xynnrt na entrn, cxonnennte
mnornmn noxonennxmn npexon.
P+n ne nmnna Hmonnxa XIV. B anrycre 1962 roa n crarte nx rasert
Los Angeles Times ona nanncana, uro, no ee mnennm, +ror xopont apxernn
ecnora: nperennnosnax nocpecrnennocrt c rpannosntmn amnnnxmn.
Hacxontxo x nonnmam, n ycrax P+n +ro ouent nerarnnnax xapaxrepncrnxa, no
xya ontme ee repsano ro, uro rnannt conernnx xoponx, Xan-Farncr
Kontep, onn ns nepntx rocyapcrnennnxon conpemennoro rnna, yupenn
ecuncnennte nncrpymenrt rocyapcrnennoro ynpannennx n nnen saxont,
xoropte ymnnn enonoe coomecrno [35 - Rand A. The Ayn Rand Column.
New Milford, CT: Second Renaissance Books, 1998. P. 2425.]. Btop sanon,
nasnanntx n uecrt raxnx nxape, nx copannx cnoncopon oexrnnnsma,
crano nx P+n, nanepnoe, camtm ceptesntm ocxopnennem c 1976 roa, xora
ncero n necxontxnx xpax or ee nocnene ntm-opxcxo xnaprnpt tna
yupexena cpenxx mxona Hopmana Tomaca. [36 - H. Tomac, nnep
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
amepnxancxnx connanncron, npneper camte exne xommenrapnn nx
maxnnann amepnxancxoro nsneca, samernna New York Times, xora
orxptnact cpenxx mxona (Fowler G. Dedication Hails Norman Thomas // New
York Times. May 28, 1976).]
Onaxo, npncrynax x nstcxanntm saxycxam, yuacrnnxn ncrpeun axe ne
noospenann o +rom. 3ect nnxro ne naxntnancx na yromenne nce enn c
nsxmecrnom. H xyxypysnte nenemxn n menm ne snaunnnct. Kax n cyn-
maneon. Ka]e n nenrpe Manx+rrena, pacnonoxennoe ncero n necxontxnx
xnapranax or St. Regis, ne morno cpannnrtcx c +rnm nocxom. Mon snaxomte
oexrnnncrt, ntcoxonnrennexryantnte n xnno nnsmero copra (sa
ncxnmuennem pasne uro ona Iaynrmana, uenonexa nectma oecneuennoro),
tnn t sect ne x mecry, connantno n emorpa]nuecxn, na +rom oee no
nonropt rtcxun onnapon na rocrx, re pyxonocrno Hncrnryra An P+n
nosnonnno mne npncyrcrnonart c ontmo neoxoro. Hoospenam, uro
nncrnryr tn no xaxo-ro npnunne sannrepeconan n moem yuacrnn: nepoxrno,
pyxonocrny xorenoct, urot x onennn macmra nx ]nnancnponannx, xorenoct
ornymnrt menx snonxnmn peuamn, xoropte snyuann nect neuep. H, pasymeercx,
nnuno x tn t sannrepeconan n rom, urot npncyrcrnonart na oee, axe
ecnn t ne nncan xnnry: net ram noanann camym nxycnym ey, xaxym mne
xora-nno ononnoct npoonart.
Ha moem nponycxe snaunnoct, uro x onxen cnert sa xopnunentm
cronom. Cnauana x pemnn, uro +ro raxo nnerono xo, no norom ynnen, uro
no rnane moero crona cnnr xnm Fpayn [37 - Fyxn.: xopnunent (anrn.).
Hpnmeu. nep.], pyxononrent n connaenen xomnannn Brandes Asset
Management, xoropt noxeprnonan na +ror oe 25 rtcxu onnapon. uepes
na uenonexa cnena or menx cnen K+mepon, monoo Hnrepner-
npenpnnnmarent, xoropt ne unraer nonocre. He raser, a noome nnxaxnx
nonocre. Bam +ro nyxno nx paort, a mne ner, saxnnn on mne
yexenno. onxen npnsnartcx, x ne namencx cpasy, uro emy nospasnrt, urot
yenrt ero unrart nonocrn (nnn, ecnn yx na ro nomno, noome uro-nno
unrart). Mne o rex nop ne ononnoct ncxyrnponart na noonym remy.
3auem unrart nonocrn? 3auem noome unrart?
Tem ne menee oxasanoct, uro cron, sa xoroptm mt cnenn, npenasnauen nx
npecrannrene CMH. Hanpornn menx cnen 3npm Hanonnrano no nposnnmy
Cytx, xommenrarop Fox News, xoropt npexe paoran n Btcmem cye
Htm-xepcn. Pxom c K+meponom cnen Kypr Kpamep, onronxst n
xyocount xoncyntranr no cnxsxm c omecrnennocrtm Hncrnryra An P+n,
ntnnrt nepconax ns Arnanra, ecnn t ne xnentxax cnernax opoxa:
P+n ncera nnrana ornpamenne x pacrnrentnocrn na nnne.
c neoxoro oropnancx or xapenoro na cxonopoe ]nne-mnnton: mxco tno
npnroronneno neantno, npn +rom posonarax ntpesxa xonrpacrnponana c
necrxme n onnnxonom macne xopouxo xapro]ennn, npnnpannenntx mnnrr-
nyxom n uecnoxom, n c xpacntmn xnxxcamn nyxonoro mapmenaa. K mnxpo]ony
ntmen pon Fpyx n cran paccxastnart, xax on +mnrpnponan ns Hspannx
crpant, xoropax no npemena ero ercrna satxanact no xpmom snononnoro
connannsma. To tnn nonnymmne nocnomnnannx o rxxxnx ncntrannxx, no
Fpyx npeoonen nonnenne.
On tn uenonex xyomant, pantme npemenn noceenmn, c rpeyrontntm
nnnom, na nocy ouxn es onpant. Ionopnn c ocotm nanopom, xoropt
ntanan n nem ontrnoro oparopa. Ionoc Fpyxa rax n rpomtxan n ycnnnrenxx, a
ntronop tn cxopee ocroncxn, uem rent-annncxn, n nanomnnan peut
3nmepa uaa: nnora p snyuano xax y necnoronoe. On nenexn
xnaccnuecxym nmmnrpanrcxym meury: Amepnxa crpana nosmoxnocre.
Fyyun oexrnnncrom, Fpyx ]opmynnponan +ry mtcnt necxontxo nnaue:
Amepnxa crpana nnnnnyantno cnoot, ronopnn on, n y ncex nac
ecrt npano trt cnoontmn or npnnyxennx, n ocoennocrn co cropont
npannrentcrna. Ornt-ocnonarenn CBA nonnmann, uro rnanntm
napymnrenem npan ncera tno npannrentcrno.
Fpyx tn nsnecrntm oparopom, nen cnon xononxn n raserax, noxnnxncx na
xaentnom renennennn, n n ror neuep on nsxn na cex oxsannocrn
pacnopxnrenx. On cran npeemnnxom Heonapa Hexo]]a, nexora camoro
mnoro nporexe P+n, xoropomy renept yxe cryxnyno nocemtecxr n xoropt
mnpoxo yntancx c rpynnontx ]ororpa]n Konnexrnna. Kax coomnn mne
no +nexrponno noure Kpamep, orneuax orxasom na npocty o nnrepntm c ero
occom, Hexo]] onee-menee n orcranxe. Onaxo x rouno snan, uro ror
paoraer na xnnro, n x tnan na ne-care, c xoroporo on perynxpno
pacctnan noxacrt. V menx nmencx +xsemnnxp ero xnnrn 3nonemne
napannenn, onynnxonanno n 1982 roy; P+n ee ouent xnannna [38 - Xnannn
ee n cam Heonap Hexo]]. B nosarononxe x xnnre ee xanp onpeenxercx xax
nncrarentnoe nccneonanne.] n axe cama nanncana x ne npencnonne. B
3nonemnx napannenxx Coennennte Brart conocrannxmrcx c Bemapcxo
pecnynnxo, xaxo ona tna o nannsma. 3ro ocnonarentnoe, ceptesnoe
nccneonanne, ona ns rnan xoroporo nastnaercx Kanr npornn Amepnxn.
Hanepexop mapxcncrcxo reopnn, ontmo nsnec tn ono ns nanmenee
nnnxrentntx cnn n amepnxancxo ncropnn, yrnepxaer Hexo]], naptnpyx
ony ns cxnosntx rem p+nnancxo nnreparypt. [39 - Peikoff L. The Ominous
Parallels. New York: Penguin, 1982. P. 260.]
Kax n n pyrnx nponsneennxx, Hexo]] nropnr sect anexomy ronocy
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
cnoe nacrannnnt. P+n yrnepxana, uro nsnec-+nnra Amepnxn na camom
ene nnxaxax ne +nnra, a npecneyemoe mentmnncrno, poxamee no xnyrom
xonnexrnnnsma, necnpanennno onpeenennoe n xosnt ornymennx, n rontxo
mar orenxer ero or rasono xamept nnn IVHAIa. Hmoe nnxenne,
crpemxmeecx nopaornrt crpany, nmax nxrarypa nnn norennnantnax
nxrarypa nyxaercx n mentmnncrne, ns xoroporo moxno cenart xosna
ornymennx, onnnnrt no ncex eax nannn n ncnontsonart +ro xax
onpananne, urot norpeonart nx cex nxraropcxnx nonnomoun,
yrnepxana P+n na nexnnn n 1962 roy. B conercxo Poccnn xosnom
ornymennx crana ypxyasnx, n nanncrcxo Iepmannn enpecxn napo, a n
Amepnxe nsnecment [40 - Rand A. et al. Capitalism. P. 45.]. 3rn n pyrne
crpannonarte xommenrapnn An P+n pexo nnrnpymrcx n peuax, +cce n
renentcrynnennxx cnernn oexrnnnsma.
H n peun Fpyxa ne tno nn xannn anoxannnrnuecxoro +xcrpemnsma, axe
xora on xanonancx, uro crpana nnauenno caer nosnnnn no ncex rex
onacrxx, ns-sa xoroptx x n npnexan cma: n rom, uro xacaercx cnoot
nnunocrn n ponn npannrentcrna n name xnsnn. Bce mt snaem, uro nyume
ne cranonnrcx, cxasan on. Cranonnrcx rontxo xyxe. Hama crpana
npannrcx nam +ro nnn ner anxpor.
Ho ecrt eme nyu naext, ecnn rontxo nnxro ns copanmnxcx ]nnancncron
n nx nnsxnx ne nosnonnr cee nounnart na nanpax. Cxopo, n noxpe, nac
xer nennxax noea pecnynnxannen. nceneno sa nnx, saxnnn Fpyx, n
nynnxa ornernna oopnrentntm mtuannem. ronocym sa
pecnynnxannen. Onaxo rnannax nponema, npoonxan on, cocronr ne n
neocrarxe cnn y pecnynnxannen, a n nx ncxaxennom mtmnennn, n
nenanncrn x nsnecy. H, uro camoe omepsnrentnoe, monoomy noxonennm
meronuno npnnnnamr ro xe ncxaxennoe mtmnenne. Inannax sapasa rnesnrcx
n ynnnepcnrerax. uem nyume ynnnepcnrer, rem ropxuee on ntcrynaer npornn
xannrannsma, npornn nsneca, npornn paccyxa, npornn ncero roro, uro enaer
namy crpany nennxo, coomnn Fpyx npnrnxme nynnxe.
ntrancx npecrannrt cee, xax Iapnapcxax mxona nsneca, Hentcxax
mxona menexmenra n Voproncxax mxona nsneca ntcrynamr npornn nsneca,
xora Fpyx n cnoe peun nepemen or xpnsnca n opasonannn x nocroxnntm
neyauam omecrnennoro crnmynnponannx. Mt cnona n cnona nacrynaem na
onn n re xe rpann. Mt nnuemy ne yunmcx. Hpenoxnn nn Oama
ocrarouno omnpnt xomnnexc mep no crnmynnponannm +xonomnxn, eme
npecronr ocynrt, no ntnemnn neuep tn nocnxmen nno reme. 3ror
neuep tn npenasnauen nx axrnnnoro pacmnpennx xpyra snaxomcrn, nx
nosnnxnn n panypntx peue.
An P+n nonnmana, uro rnanntm nnrarenem nporpecca, rnanno cnno,
]opmnpymme omecrno n ncropnm, xnnxercx ]nnoco]nx, neonornx. Ecnn
Hncrnryr An P+n n ocraercx enncrnenntm n cnoem poe, rax +ro noromy,
uro mt nocnpnnnmaem neonornm nceptes, ronopnn Fpyx. a, mt
sannmaemcx nonnrnxo. Mt nmemnnaemcx n cncremy opasonannx. Ho no nce
namn sanxrnx mt npnnnocnm ]nnoco]cxn nsrnx, ]nnoco]cxn noxo,
xoropt sacrannxer nac saanartcx ceptesntmn nonpocamn. Mt ronopnm o
+xonomnxe, no mt ronopnm o ne ne xax o +xonomnxe n uncrom nne. Mt
ronopnm o ne xax o ]ynamenrantno nee, xoropax peannsyercx ns
coopaxenn mopann, nnuno ntrot nnn camonoxeprnonannx.
Mt enncrnennte, xro noxonr x +romy ]nnoco]cxn, saxnnn on. H +ro
npana. Tontxo nocneonarenn P+n paccyxamr o npancrnenno ocnone roro,
no uro nepxr, a onn nepxr, uro xannrannsm cnoont, ne xonrponnpyemt
rocyapcrnom xannrannsm enncrnenno npancrnennax cncrema. Fpyx n Fennn
Honnax nomernnn ro, uro npornxena ncx nannx: nce cnopt o connantntx
nporpammax, o nporpamme rocyapcrnennoro meocnyxnnannx npecrapentx, o
cncreme nanoroonoxennx cnoxrcx x npornnocroxnnm mopantntx
xonnennn, pasntx npecrannenn o ope n sne.
oxnan, uro nynnxa samnxaer, xora Fpyx nponsnec cnonno, xoroptm
nocroxnno rpemar nocneonarenn P+n, camonoxeprnonanne. Onaxo
mnorne tnn cnnmxom sanxrt nexntm moxonantm nnpoxntm c xoxocontm
coperom n xrontm uarnn. Mt ornoxnnn nnnxn, urot nepenapnrt
rnoantnym nponemy, xoropym Fpyx c]opmynnponan, xax noncx pannonecnx
mexy paccyxom ncnontsonannem mosron n nepo, yt ro nepa nentx
nnn nepa npantx. He nmeer snauennx. Bor n uem na camom ene cocronr
xon]nnxr neonorn. Koncepnaropt, nneprapnannt y nnx ner noontx
ne, mnorne n cntmart o nnx ne xorxr. Onn ne sameuamr +ro snxmme
nycrort.
3amertre: Fpyx nocrannn nneprapnannen n xoncepnaropon n onn px.
Tpyno cxasart, xoro ns nnx P+n npesnpana ontme. nx nee nneprapnannt
tnn nnuroxecrna, x romy xe uoxnyrte, a n xoncepnaropax ona nnena (xax
Croxnn Kapmaxn n Hannonantno acconnannn coecrnnx nporpeccy
nnernoro nacenennx) nxntx croponnnxon cymecrnymmero nopxxa, xoropte
onontcrnymrcx xpoxamn c xosxcxoro crona. Ono ee +cce, nanncannoe nx
anronornn Kannrannsm, nastnanoct Koncepnarnsm. Hexponor. Fpyx
ononnnrentno cxoppexrnponan naprnnym nnnnm, nanncan nx cara
Hncrnryra An P+n narponoe cnono o neoxoncepnaropax.
B cnoe peun n St. Regis on nsnoxnn mtcnt, xoropax, nosmoxno, ynnnna
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
t nenanncrnnxon P+n ns uncna nentx. Bce nponcxoxmee n conpemennom
mnpe onpeenxercx ne opto mexy xannrannsmom n connannsmom nnn
ontmnm n mantm npannrentcrnom, a opto mexy pasymom n nepo. P+n
pasnnnana +ry nxoromnm c camoro nauana cnoe exrentnocrn, n renept ona,
xax x nnxy, npnoperaer nonynxpnocrt y nnrennexryanon npanoro ronxa, no ne
n cpee npocrtx, nennrennexryantntx, nesaxnrountx amepnxannen, nx
xoroptx nepa n Fora neoremnemax uacrt xnsnn n tra.
Xnsnt camoro Fpyxa tna saxnartnammnm nnanannem no pennrnosnomy
menxonotm, nocxontxy on ponncx n pennrnosno crpane, xoropax n nepnte
rpn ecxrnnernx cnoero cymecrnonannx npnnnmana axe cexranron or
connannsma. Hecxontxnmn roamn pantme Fpyxa nnrnponann n rasere
J erusalem Post: xypnanncron npnnnexnn ero nen no nonoy Hspannx,
ponnmnecx ns npanopanxantntx nsrnxon n orpnnammne pennrnosnym
ocnony +roro rocyapcrna. Cama P+n croxna na nponspanntcxnx nosnnnxx ne
noromy, uro nnena n poxennn +roro rocyapcrna ncnonnenne nnecxnx
npopouecrn: npocro nx nee +ro tn ]opnocr sanano nnnnnnsannn na nxom
Fnnxnem Bocroxe. Fpyx, n nenom npoonxax ry xe nnnnm, cunran, uro
Hspannm neoxonmo ynnuroxnrt Xamac n uro nspanntcxne nocenennx na
sananom epery pexn Hopan xpane naxnt nx esonacnocrn Hspannx,
no+romy orxastnartcx or nnx nentsx. Xnrenn +rnx nocenenn ero nmxr, uro
neynnnrentno, no uyncrno +ro ne nsanmnoe. B nnrepntm Post Fpyx saxnnn:
Kora onn cornamamrcx co mno, nx ncxonte nonoxennx nenepnt n
nopount. Ho ero cnonam, nornxa, no xoropo For oeman +ro mne n an +ro
mne moxer npnnecrn rontxo x xpononponnrnm n none. On ntcrynnn npornn
rocyapcrnenno xon]ncxannn uacrntx apacxnx sement nx ycrpocrna
nocenenn. [41 - Arfa O. You Dont Fight a Tactic // J erusalem Post. J uly 12,
2007.]
B pomanax P+n pennrnx npecraer nparom oexrnnno peantnocrn. B ee
xyoxecrnennom mnpe ner nn xaronnxon, nn nporecranron, nn mycyntman, nn
nyeen. B nnx, xax n na renennennn 1950-x roon, samanunnaercx nonpoc
pacono npnnanexnocrn. Oomenno-amepnxancxax npnpoa ee nepconaxe
tna ocoenno ouennna n xoporxom oxymenrantnom ]nntme o xnnre
Arnanr pacnpannn nneun, xoropt Fpyx npoemoncrpnponan copanmnmcx n
St. Regis. B cemxax ]nntma yuacrnonann n axrept, xoropte nsopaxann
nepconaxe Arnanra: cnnomt xyte, ente, xopennte amepnxannt.
Hcrnnnte amepnxannt pyrnx nneron xoxn roxe tnn noxasant: onn
npenosnocnnn ocronncrna xnnrn, noxa mt norxrnnann xann]opnncxoe
mapone. Hocne noxasa pasannct nexnnnte annoncmenrt. unntm tn
xoporxn, ncero na necxontxo mnnyr. Hpn +rom on saxnmuan n cee ry xe
rnannym mtcnt, uro n oopennt nncrnryrom nponaranncrcxn ]nntm
An P+n. Cmtcn xnsnn, xoropt xorx n cmaxnnaer na xnrnx cnxrtx n
snxer npoenamn, tn ntnnnyr n 1998 roy na npemnm Axaemnn.
Hocne npocmorpa ]nntma n nocne roro, xax ntcxasannct nce xenammne,
Fpyx cnona saronopnn o naxnemnx npoexrax Hncrnryra An P+n. nnamnxa
anntx na onpocntx nncrax Zogby cnnerentcrnonana, uro P+n ynopno
nponnaercx n cosnanne amepnxannen, xorx n neocrarouno +neprnuno.
Honntm xoom mna nororonxa x nnepennm ee ne n nx ymt. nnxenne
oexrnnncron ontme ne conpaercx xart, noxa xaxo-nnyt peenox
cnyuano sapeer n nnnorexy nnn ycntmnr or xoro-nnyt o Arnanre
nnn Hcrounnxe. Rntm unrarenxm ntayr xopomym nopnnm P+n, xorxr
onn roro nnn ner.
Kaxt yunrent anrnncxoro xstxa n Coennenntx Brarax nonyunr or
nac cneymmee npenoxenne: ecnn on cornacnrcx ntart yuennxam xnnrn An
P+n, mt ecnnarno ocrannm emy nyxnoe xonnuecrno +xsemnnxpon. Haunnax
paorart n +rom nanpannennn, mt pasocnann necxontxo rtcxu xnnr, coomnn
Fpyx. Tenept xe mt exerono pacctnaem no rpncra nxrtecxr rtcxu
+xsemnnxpon.
Pasancx rpom annoncmenron, n ntcxasart nospaxenne tno t
nemtcnnmo.
An P+n ne nepnna n npnmenenne cnnt, ona ne nepnna n nontsy
rocyapcrnenntx mxon. Bnacrt rocyapcrna ona nmenonana nymxo. A ryr
peut ner o cornxx rtcxu yuennxon, ns xoroptx mnorne, ecnn ne ontmnncrno,
yuarcx n mxonax, ]nnancnpyemtx rocyapcrnom, no npnnenom +ro camo
nymxn, n ncex +rnx yuennxon no npnnenom nymxn sacrannxmr unrart
xnnrn xenmnnt, xoropax nnnxamn ntrnana t ere ns mxon n saxptna t nx
nancera.
Pomant P+n, ynepxn Fpyx, nnonne noxoxr nx nsyuennx n mxonax xorx
t yxe noromy, uro onn ne cxyunt. Cnopnoe yrnepxenne. H ecnn n cpene
mxone noome cneyer nsyuart rnopuecrno nonynxpntx anropon, ro nouemy
nmenno P+n? Tontxo noromy, uro enexnte memxn, copanmnecx n +rom
sane, moryr rtcxuamn nocrannxrt ee xnnrn n nnnorexn? Hnuno mne xaxercx,
uro +rn xnnrn noxoxr nx mxontnoro nsyuennx nnmt n rom ornomennn, uro
pasamrcx ecnnarno n nepno mxerntx coxpamenn.
Fpyx ryr xe ntan orner na nce ouennnte nonpoct, xoropte ne tnn
ntcxasant ncnyx. Knnrn P+n npocro neoxonmo nsyuart. Houemy? Horomy
uro mt cunraem, uro nponemt, croxmne nepe name crpano, nmemr npexe
ncero ]nnoco]cxym npnpoy. H opasonanne mt cunraem rnanno raxo
nponemo. Fpyx xnno nonropxncx, no x ynonnn ero mtcnt.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Hpornnopeunx crann mnoxnrtcx, xora Fpyx nepean mnxpo]on Tape Cmnr,
npenoanarentnnne ]nnoco]nn ns Texaccxoro ynnnepcnrera n Ocrnne: n
nporpamme neuepa +ra ama snaunnact xax pyxononrent oexrnnncrcxnx
nccneonann, crnnennar ]ona Anthem. Hntmn cnonamn, ona tna +axnm
Ananom Ipnncnenom or nayxn oexrnnncrxo, paoramme n
rocyapcrnennom ynnnepcnrere (npnrom uro oexrnnnsm ne npnemner
rocyapcrnenno cncremt opasonannx), npenoamme ocnont ]nnoco]nn n
yrpoxamme ynnuroxnrt yuenoe saneenne, no xptme xoroporo ona
ennrcx naro necrtm oexrnnnsma co cnonmn yuennxamn. P+n nncana n
Arnanre: Hpornnopeun ne cymecrnyer. Bcxxn pas, xora rt cunraemt,
uro cranxnnaemtcx c npornnopeunem, nponept ncxonte nonoxennx. Tt
onapyxnmt, uro ono ns nnx omnouno. Kaxoe ncxonoe nonoxenne tno
nenepntm n moem paccyxennn? Pasne rontxo ono: oexrnnnsm cnooen or
npornnopeun.
Hncrnryr An P+n, cxasana Cmnr, nnrepecyercx rymannrapntmn
nponemamn ne menee, uem +xonomnxo n nsnecom. H +ro neotuno,
samernna ona. Iymannrapnte nponemt npnnxro oronnrart na sann nnan
xax +sorepnuecxne, +roncrnuecxne. To, uro mt ymaem, sanncnr or roro, xax
mt ymaem, npoonxana Cmnr. H nor ryr rymannrapnax cocrannxmmax
ecrnnrentno ouent naxna.
Peut ner o cnoconocrn uenonexa nnrepnpernponart nponcxoxmee noxpyr
pannonantno. Inannax nponema, c xoropo mt cranxnnaemcx ceronx n n
nayunom mnpe, n sa ero npeenamn, +ro onnne naronamepenntx nme,
xoroptm xaxercx, yro onn paccyxamr pannonantno n oexrnnno,
ronopnna npenoanarentnnna. Bosmoxno, uro nam, xax n mne, n nocnenne
rot npnxonnoct cntmart mnorouncnennte n ouent xapxne nonnrnuecxne
eart no nonpocam mxernoro e]nnnra, spanooxpanennx n npounm. Xouy
cnpocnrt: ne ononnoct nn nam yxonrt c noontx earon, saanaxct
nonpocamn: H moxno rax ymart? Kax onn noome ymamr? uero onn ne
yunrtnamr? H xaxont yyr peantnte nocnecrnnx nx nnsopyxocrn, nx
neymennx ymart?.
Oexrnnnsm, saxnnna ona, aer orner na +rn nonpoct, noromy uro yunr
mtcnnrt oexrnnno. onronpemennte, rnyoxne xyntrypnte nsmenennx
nponsneyr rnyoxne nsmenennx n mtmnennn nme, yrnepxana ona. [42 -
Cmnr ynycrnna nosmoxnocrt nsmennrt mo opas mtcne. Ona orxasanact
art nnrepntm nx +ro xnnrn.]
Hepe copanmnmncx noontx nonpocon ne croxno, no nx ymt yxe tnn
nacrpoent na oexrnnnoe mtmnenne. Annoncmenrt nepepocnn n
nacroxmym onannm. Cmnr ymeno nouepxnyna rnannym saauy copannx: ne
rontxo onrnmnsnponart mtcnnrentnte nponecct, no eme n yenrt
npncyrcrnymmnx ntnncart uexn. B cpecrnax maccono nn]opmannn npantx
uacro onnnxmr n rom, uro onn ncxyccrnenno ]opmnpymr omecrnennoe
mnenne n coornercrnnn c rantmn nnanamn xopnopann. Ho sect ne tno
nnuero ranoro. O xopnoparnnnom cnoncopcrne ronopnnoct orxptro, n nent
neuepa tna rpomxo osnyuena: nsmennrt cnoco, xoroptm amepnxannt
ncnontsymr cnon mosronte xnerxn.
To tna amnnnosnax nporpamma npomtnxn mosron: otuno o noontx
nporpammax ynomnnamr n cnxsn c Cenepno Kopee nnn enamr nx ocnono
cmxera nayuno-]anracrnuecxnx ]nntmon. Amepnxannam rnepxr, uro
neoxonmo conpornnnxrtcx nnymennm n rorannrapntm neonornxm. Ho
nepeo mno tno copanne xnno paccynrentntx, nnrennexryantntx
amepnxannen, xoropte ornnann naonn, annonpyx nepcnexrnne roro, uro
mnomecrny yyr nacnntno nanxstnart neonornsnponannym nnreparypy,
nectma anexym or omenpnnxrtx n Amepnxe nennocre.
Fpyx cnona npecran nepe onontno n ctro nynnxo. 3ro tno noxoxe
na saxptrne npxentx ropron.
Mt oxasannct nonneuent n cnoxnt xon]nnxr, saronopnn on snyuntm
ronocom. 3ro ne +xonomnuecxax opta, ne nonnrnuecxax opta, ne
xnacconax opta. 3ro opta sa mtmnenne nme, uro ropaso naxnee.
Fopta sa ro, uro nmn yyr cunrart npannntntm nnn nenpannntntm.
Vcranonxa ana. Hycrt c nonropamn, saro oxounno. omyrnn, xax n
oxpyxammnx nonxnact ncxpennxx paocrt. Ontrnt oparop, Fpyx uyrxo
ynonnn onacennx, naext n ycrpemnennx cnoe aynropnn, c]opmynnponan
nx n sacrannn nposnyuart pasymno n peanncrnuno. A nouemy t,
ecrnnrentno, ne nsmennrt opas mtcne amepnxannen? 3ror neuep ne
pacnonaran saanart nonpoct: Pasne +ro xoro-ro xacaercx? Pasne +ro
pasymnax nent? Orner tn t: Hy, pasymeercx, uepr noepn! Ecnn rontxo
yacrcx sanonnnrt ocrarounoe xonnuecrno raserntx xononox, oprannsonart
ocrarounoe xonnuecrno renennsnonntx ntcrynnenn, nnymnrt namy nem
ocrarounomy uncny npantx nonnrnxon n yuacrnnxon uaennrnx n
n*censored*rt ocrarounoe xonnuecrno xnnr ocrarounomy xonnuecrny
yunrene, urot re nonnnn nyxnte mtcnn n ronont ocrarounoro
xonnuecrna yuennxon.
Hocne peue, xora copanmnecx oexrnnncrt yxe npocro omannct n
onrann, ncex oxnarnno omymenne onontcrna, a nonce ne npeuyncrnne
cxoptx cpaxenn. a, nnepen mnoro paort, no ne yxe rponyncx, nporpecc
nannno. Onaxo x nourn nce npemx uyncrnonan xaxym-ro oruyxennocrt. B
peuax yratnancx cxptrt norexcr, n ocoennocrn n peuax Fpyxa. Ero meura
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nsmennrt mtmnenne amepnxannen n nyumym cropony, meura ntcoxax,
nocxontxy norpenocrt n +rom orpomna, onaxo nent, x xoropo on crpemnncx,
maxunna anexo na ropnsonre: rax uysnxmy nnno ns Toxno.
Vonnernopnr nn +rnx nme uro-nnyt, xpome nonnoro orxasa or ncex
connantntx nporpamm: or rocyapcrnennoro meocnyxnnannx npecrapentx,
or cncremt connantno samnrt, or ncex rocyapcrnenntx yuentx
saneenn? Or ncex saxonon, xort xax-ro orpannunnammnx nsnec? Or ncex
]eepantntx n mecrntx opranon, sa xoroptmn ocranxr nnmt npano crpenxrt
no nparam n ramnrt nme n cy? Bet nmenno n +rom cocroxna nent An
P+n. B ee npecrannennn, yronnuecxax Amepnxa +ro crpana, re +xonomnxa
n nce omecrno, nnnort o nocnenero erepx n opoxnoro paouero, nanexn
ocnooxent or nosopnoro nra rocyapcrnennocrn.
Bor on pa panxantnoro xannrannsma, ne menee peonax meura, uem
connanncrnuecxn pa, npecrannxnmncx Mapxcy. Hauncro nnmennt
ncxxoro rocyapcrnennoro xonrponx, xannrannsm P+n nn pasy ne
ocymecrnnncx sa ncm ncropnm uenoneuecrna. Hnuero noonoro ne tnano nn
n Anrnnn npemen nxxenca, nn n Amepnxe n +noxy aponon-pasonnxon, nn
n xonocxnx ropoax na sanano rpannne, re espasentno npannn
mecrnsapxnt penontnep (a n Htm-Mexcnxo eme n Mantm Fnnnn co cnoe
ano, unent xoropo nastnann cex 3axonoarenxmn). axe n camtx
oranenntx nocenennxx nxoro 3anaa nmennct mxona na onn xnacc n
nouronoe orenenne. Bo npemena xpocrno n nnuem ne cepxnnaemo
+xcnancnn na sana nent napo tn sarnan npannrentcrnenntmn nymxamn
(nacroxmnmn) n conepmenno neoexrnnncrcxne pesepnannn, re nmxm
npnmnoct xnrt na rocyapcrnennoe nocone. Hmo, xro unran nxxenca,
snaer, uro xpome rmpem n nnxropnancxo Anrnnn tnn eme n paornte oma,
coepxanne xoroptx onnaunnanoct ns nanoron Cxpyxe. B 1936 roy P+n n
cama npnsnana, uro nonnocrtm cnoonoe xannranncrnuecxoe omecrno o
cnx nop ne tno nnre nocrpoeno. [43 - P+n A. opoerent +ronsma. M.:
Antnnna Hannmep, 2012.]
Taxona reopnx, rpyax n ecxomnpomnccnax. Ho net ecrt eme n peantnocrt,
n xoropo nnonne nosmoxnt tnn xomnpomncct n rex cnyuaxx, xora
sarparnnannct nnunte nnrepect P+n.
Ha nporxxennn nce cnoe xnsnn P+n rpomxo xpnrnxonana nce
npannrentcrnennte nporpammt, npnsnannte nomorart noxnntm n nenmymnm
rpaxanam. Ona nacmeprt croxna npornn nporpammt Medicare c camoro
nepnoro nx, xora amnnncrpannx Kennen rontxo nauana ee npononrt. B
ntnycxe mnnerenx The Objectivist Newsletter sa xnnapt 1963 roa P+n
ntcmennana rymannrapnte (nmenno rax n xantuxax) npoexrt, xoropte,
xax e xasanoct, oxsarentno yyr nanxstnartcx nonnrnuecxnmn
cpecrnamn, cneonarentno, cnno, orpomnomy mnoxecrny uenoneuecxnx
cymecrn.
Hporpamma mennnncxoro ocnyxnnannx npecrapentx xpxn npnmep
noonoro npoexra, nncana ona. Pasne ne xenarentno, urot noxnnte
nmn tnn oecneuent mennnncxo nomomtm n cnyuae onesnn?
cnpamnnamr ero croponnnxn. Hcxox ns xonrexcra, orner ouennen: a,
xoneuno, xenarentno. V xoro naercx npnunna cxasart ner? Kax pas na +rom
mtcnnrentnt nponecc xonnexrnnncrcxoro pasyma npeptnaercx, antnemee
n rymane.
3ror ryman, npoonxana ona, sacrnnaer coom raxne ]axrt, xax
nopaomenne n, cneonarentno, ynnuroxenne mennnncxo nayxn,
pernamenrannx n pasponenne mennnncxo npaxrnxn, orxas or
npo]eccnonantno +rnxn, cnoot, xaptept, amnnn, ycnexa, cuacrtx, camo
xnsnn nx rex nme, xoropte onxnt oecneunnart ocrnxenne +ro
,xenarentno nenn: x nmem n nny npaue.
Hpoexr nporpammt ynxs n Konrpecce: emy ne anana xoa nepenyrannax
onnosnnnx or oprannsonanno mennnnt n npantx. Onaxo uyrt nosxe, n
1965 roy, on nce xe tn yrnepxen, n nocneonarenn P+n npoonxnnn cnon
ntcrynnennx npornn rocyapcrnennoro mennnncxoro ocnyxnnannx. B 2008
roy, ntcxastnaxct sa nnecenne nsmenenn n +ry nporpammy, pon Fpyx
c]opmynnponan oexrnnncrcxym nosnnnm no nonoy onnaunnaemo
rocyapcrnom mennnncxo nomomn npecrapentm. 3ra nosnnnx cnonrcx x
orxasy or noono nomomn: Ecnn npannrentcrno rapanrnpyer napoy
mennnncxoe ocnyxnnanne, ro nent onxnt nsnerert o neec. Ecnn cuera sa
meocnyxnnanne craner onnaunnart xro-ro pyro, norpenrent yer
rpeonart nx cex maxcnmym mennnncxnx ycnyr, ne saymtnaxct o nx
peantno cronmocrn. Fpyx npoonxaer paronart sa nosnpar x ecrnnrentno
cnoono cncreme, re xaxt nnnnnyym co nce ornercrnennocrtm
cosnaer cronmocrt oxastnaemtx emy mennnncxnx ycnyr. Taxo noxo
oxsarentno ntnycrnr na nonm ncm momt xannrannsma n mennnncxo
c]epe, n +ro nensexno npnneer x noxnnennm mennnnt ntcoxoro yponnx,
xoropax yer amepnxannam no xapmany. anare ncxart nyrn no+rannoro
coxpamennx rocyapcrnennoro nmemarentcrna n mennnny. [44 - Medicares
Free Market Fasade (npecc-penns Hncrnryra An P+n or 18 nmnx 2008
roa). URL:
http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=19912&news_iv_ctrl=
1221.]
Bo ncem +rom ner nnuero ocoenno ynnnrentnoro, ecnn ne npnnnmart no
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nnnmanne, uro cama An P+n nontsonanact rocyapcrnenno nporpammo
Medicare.
Ho xonen xnsnn, xora y ee myxa, up+nxa O`Konnopa, pasnnnact emennnx,
P+n nonxna: axe anropy ecrcennepon ne xnarnr ener, urot yonnernopnrt
nce nyxt uenonexa npexnonnoro nospacra. V P+n tn pax nerxoro, a up+nx
crpaan or onesnn, neuenne xoropo rpeonano nnrencnnno repannn n
cronno ementx ener. 3na Hpaop, connantnax paornnna, xoropax
ocnyxnnana P+n, paccxasana n Cra ronocax, uro ee snamennrax xnnenrxa
noana saxnnenne na yuacrne n Medicare n nporpamme connantnoro
crpaxonannx. A net nmenno +rn ne rocyapcrnennte nporpammt onxnt
tnn n nepnym ouepet nornnyrt no nxro oexrnnnsma. P+n ncm xnsnt
nnarnna nanorn, ]nnancnpyx nporpammy connantnoro crpaxonannx, no+romy
ne nnena n cnoem nocrynxe nnxaxoro npornnopeunx. Ho Medicare?
Hporpamma, npornn xoropo ona ntcrynana c camoro nauana? Hporpamma,
xoropax nopaomaer mennnncxym nayxy?
Hpaop n P+n, pasymeercx, cnopnnn. Conpaornnna ncnomnnana: Cnauana
mt ocrnrnn cornacnx no nonoy xoptcronmnx. Ona tna ntnyxena
npnsnart, uro raxoe xnnenne, xax xoptcronmne, cymecrnyer. Bpaun moryr
cronrt ropaso ontme, uem npnnocnr npoaxa xnnr, n ona moxer nonpocry
pasopnrtcx na cuerax sa neuenne, ne npnsnanax +roro ]axra [xypcnn mo. I.
B.]. P+n cunrana, uro nnnnnyymy ne cneyer npnnnmart nnutm nomomt,
onaxo cama npnnnmana ee. Kora na xony oxasannct +xonomnuecxne nnrepect
camo P+n, ro necuacrnte nopaomennte npaun npenparnnnct n
xoptcronmnen c sarpeymnmn pyxamn n xoptcronmnen n camom
otunom, ne p+nnancxom cmtcne +roro cnona, ro ecrt n nme nenxnx,
+roncrnuntx (onxrt-raxn ne n p+nnancxom cmtcne), npnunnxmmnx npe
oxpyxammnm.
eno tno cenano. Bonpoc tn yxe ne n npnnnnnnantnom cornacnn nnn
necornacnn. H nx nee, n nx up+nxa +ro tno neoxonmo [45 - Hnrepntm c
3no Hpaop n ns.: 100 Voices. P. 520. O ornpamennn P+n x nporpamme
Medicare, xoropax yrpoxaer rnentm npo]eccnonantno mennnne,
ynomnnaercx n n pyrom nnrepntm (cm.: Tam xe. P. 302).]. Tax peantnocrt
paspymnna neonornuecxne rpest.
Conerym nam npounrart anronornm Kannrannsm, n ocoennocrn +cce
Anana Ipnncnena Hocxrarentcrno na nenpnxocnonennoe. 3ro nomoxer nam
nonxrt, nacxontxo na camom ene npnmeuarenen nocrynox P+n. B +rom +cce,
orpaxammem o]nnnantnym p+nnancxym oxrpnny, Ipnncnen ronopnr:
Hmenno xoptcronmne nsnecmena, nnn, rounee, noncxn ntrot, n ecrt
nenpensoennt samnrnnx norpenrenx. Omnxa xonnexrnnncron,
yrnepxaer on, cocronr n rom, uro onn orxastnamrcx nnert, xax +ro xe
cnoexoptcrne ntnyxaer nsnecmena trt uecrntm n enax n ntnycxart
xauecrnennt npoyxr. [46 - Greenspan A. The Assault on Integrity // Rand A.
et al. Capitalism. P. 118122.]
Kax xe nonyunnoct, uro P+n ne saxorena, urot xoptcronmne npaue
crano ee naexntm samnrnnxom? A xax nacuer mnnnnonon nme no nce
Amepnxe, xoropte sanncxr or nporpammt Me dicare? onycrnmo nn nx nnx ne
nonarartcx na xoptcronmne, xax na naexnemero samnrnnxa? Paspemaercx
nn nm, n nne ncxnmuennx, orcrynnrt n +rom nonpoce or oexrnnncrcxo
neonornn, xax cenana P+n?
Ecnn t y P+n tnn ern, xonnn t onn n rocyapcrnennym mxony?
Vunnnct t n rocyapcrnennom ynnnepcnrere Texaccxom, nanpnmep? Vunna
t Tapa Cmnr ee nnyxon ocnonam ]nnoco]cxoro yuennx, xoropoe ntcrynaer
npornn roro, urot rocyapcrno yupexano yuente saneennx npoe
Texaccxoro ynnnepcnrera [47 - Powers: UT must reinvent how we do business
// Austin Business J ournal. May 10, 2011.]? [48 - B cnyuae c Texaccxnm
ynnnepcnrerom rocyapcrnennoe ]nnancnponanne nonce ne reopernuecxn
nonpoc. B 2011 roy saxonoarentntmn opranamn mrara tn ntnymen saxon,
cornacno xoropomy ]nnancnponanne ynnnepcnrera tno coxpameno na 20 %.]
Kro-ro, nosmoxno, nasoner +ro nnnemepnem n yer ne concem npan, xorx n
ocrarouno rouen. Moxno ntpasnrtcx onee nexnnno, cxasan, uro n noneennn
P+n nanmamrcx npornnopeunx, xoroptx, no mnennm P+n, n npnnnnne ne
tnaer. Hnn, moxer trt, y oexrnnnsma ner nnxaxnx npaxrnuecxnx nene,
xpome noepxxn +xonomnuecxnx nnrepecon nme, xoropte ero
]nnancnpymr: pannonantntx, cocpeorouenntx na cocrnenno ntroe,
xaxne oxpyxann menx n orene St. Regis, necmorpx na ro uro oexrnnnsm
norennnantno yrpoxaer ynnuroxnrt nx ncex, nxnmuax cnom ocnonarentnnny.
Kora sarparnnamrcx nnunte nnrepect, n npornnopeunx, n neonornx
orcrynamr na sann nnan. Tontxo ouent orarte nmn, n uncno xoroptx
P+n ne nxonna axe n camte yaunte rot, moryr nosnonnrt cee cneonart
neonornn oexrnnnsma n nonno mepe. Honyuax or Hncrnryra An P+n
ronopapt, cymma xoroptx n 2009 roy [49 - Bxnmuax 180 rtcxu npemnantntx,
xoroptx on ne nonyunn n 2010 roy, cornacno nanorontm exnapannxm
Hncrnryra An P+n.] npentcnna 439 rtcxu onnapon, a eme xanonante
npexropa nnnecrnnnonnoro ]ona, yx na noxo, Fpyx, nepoxrno, cmoxer
cncremarnuecxn npnepxnnartcx p+nnancxo ]nnoco]nn n ne nontsonartcx
rocyapcrnenntmn nporpammamn. [50 - uopma 990 na oruernt ro,
sanepmnnmncx 30 cenrxpx 2009 roa (Hncrnryr An P+n, Hanoronoe
ynpannenne CBA, arnponano 5 ]enpanx 2010 roa).]
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Onaxo ontmnncrny nme noonax pocxomt neocrynna.
He snam, xax ocroxnn ena y ocrantntx copanmnxcx n sane orenx. V menx
cnoxnnoct nneuarnenne, uro nce onn es xoneann nocnontsymrcx
nporpammo Medicare, ecnn nce nx rpacr-]ont, sonorte napammrt nnn
crpaxonxn ne oecneuar nm onxnoro mennnncxoro ocnyxnnannx. Ha
copannn n St. Regis +ror nonpoc ne ocyxancx, n npx nn on noome
nonexnr ocyxennm.
Hx mnenne no nonoy omecrnenntx nnrepecon tno c]opmnponano An
P+n, a ona yunna, uro raxoro nonxrnx, xax omecrnennt nnrepec, nonpocry
ne cymecrnyer. Ona nncana: Her raxoro oprannsma, xax omecrno, noromy uro
omecrno +ro ncero nnmt cymma nnnnnyymon. A snaunr, xora saxonr
peut o cronxnonennn omecrnenntx nnrepecon c nnuntmn, xoro-ro
nenpemenno npnnocxr n xeprny uyxnm nnrepecam n xenannxm [51 - Rand A.
Check Your Premises: The Monument Builders // Objectivist Newsletter. Vol. 1.
N 12. December 1962. P. 53.]. ono n ntcme crenenn conasnnrentnt nx
saxnrountx nsnecmenon, xoroptm ner nn manemero ena o omecrnenntx
nnrepecon. P+n ana nx eccepeunm npancrnennoe oocnonanne. Pasymeercx,
omecrno moxer xarnrtcx xo ncem ueprxm. Her nnxaxoro omecrna! Onaxo
nanoronnarentmnxn CBA onnaunnann mennnncxne cuera An P+n n up+nxa
O`Konnopa rontxo noromy, uro xnnxnnct nonnonpanntmn unenamn omecrna n
noromy, uro ocnontnannct na npnnnnne mopann: saora o npecrapentx
omecrnennt nnrepec. A nmcrn omecrnennt nnrepec npannntno.
Ho +ro eme ne ncx nponnx. Onnaunnax mennnncxne cuera xenmnnt,
xoropax ntcrynana npornn rocyapcrnenno mennnncxo nomomn
npecrapentm n nocnxrnna ncm cnom xnsnt opte c rocyapcrnenno
cncremo, cosamme noonte nporpammt, npannrentcrno npoxnnno
nacroxmn antrpynsm n nexoropom poe axe camonoxeprnonanne. Ono
yxnantno cnacno oexrnnnsm n nnne ero ocnonarentnnnt, xax n 2008 roy
cnacno Vonn-crpnr, noepxan xpynnte xomnannn, xoropte t nanen o nanen
ne yapnnn, ecnn t menxne xomnannn nnn rem onee otunte rpaxane
nonann n sarpynnrentnoe nonoxenne no cocrnenno nnne.
Onaxo n +rom sane c pocxomntmn nmcrpamn, nasnannom n uecrt nopna
xoponx, xoroporo P+n npesnpana, n sane, re ocrarxn opororo yxnna
ynpann co cronon esmonnnte o]nnnanrt n ynn]opme, nx +roro
nepaspemnmoro napaoxca nonpocry ne tno mecra.

4. Banxnp
nx oexrnnnsma arensm cponn ]onono mystxe, xoropax nocroxnno
snyunr n ne rpeyer nnxaxoro npnsnannx. Iepon P+n ntcrynamr n onnouxy
npornn nenoro mnpa, nomomt cmeprntx nm ne nyxna, n ne onn rparxr npemx
na monnrnt necymecrnymmnm oram. P+n orneprna pennrnm n nce ypnoe,
uro c nem cnxsano, nect npnnarammncx x ne arax, xoropt memaer
uenonexy necrn +roncrnunym, nponnsannym cnoexoptcrnem xnsnt. Bce
neyonte acnexrt pennrnn, aptept, memammne es yrptsenn conecrn
xonnrt entrn, P+n nastnana mncrnnnsmom. pyrne nastnamr nx +rnxo n
mopantm.
B nponsneennxx P+n ner nn pamarnuecxnx cnen na remy For ymep, nn
ncrepnuecxnx nonne n yxe Manen Mmppe O`X+ep. Bor rnnnunte nx nee
paccyxennx o arensme ns pomana Hcrounnx:

Ienpn Kamepon: Houemy pemnn crart apxnrexropom?
Ionap Popx: Tora x ne snan. Tenept snam: noromy, uro ne nepm n Fora.
Ienpn Kamepon: Fpoct! Ionopn no eny!
Ionap Popx: Horomy uro nmnm +ry semnm. H ontme nnuero rax ne
nmnm. Mne ne npannrcx ]opma npemeron na +ro semne. xouy +ry ]opmy
nsmennrt. [52 - Hep. . Kocrtrnna. Hpnmeu. pe.]

O arensme ne xpnuar c ropocrtm no nect ronoc, a opmouyr cee no noc,
axe menuyr. Bsxrt, x npnmepy, orptnox ns Arnanra, re xon Ianr
ronopnr:
Onn nperenymr na snanne cnocoa cymecrnonannx ecxoneuno onee
ntcoxoro, uem yen namero semnoro trnx.
uanarnxn yxa nastnamr +ro pyrnm nsmepennem, cyrt xoroporo
orpnnanne nsmepenn. uanarnxn nnorn nastnamr +ro cnerntm yymnm, cyrt
ero orpnnanne nacroxmero. urot cymecrnonart, nao onaart
onpeenenntmn cnocrnamn. Kaxne cnocrna onn moryr npnnncart cnonm
ntcmnm c]epam? Onn npoonxamr paccxastnart nam, uem +ro ne xnnxercx, no
nnxora ne ronopxr, uro xe +ro raxoe. Bce onpeenennx, xoropte onn moryr
notcxart, cyrt orpnnannx: For ecrt ro, uro ne ano nosnart nn onomy
uenonexy, ronopxr onn n nocne raxoro saxnnennx rpeymr cunrart +ro
snannem; For +ro ne uenonex, neeca +ro ne semnx, yma +ro ne reno,
opoerent +ro orcyrcrnne ntrot, A +ro ne A, nocnpnxrne ne cnxsano c
uyncrnamn, snanne ne cnxsano c pasymom. Onpeenennx, xoropte onn
npenaramr, nnuero ne onpeenxmr, nnmt cnox nce x netrnm, nynm. [53 -
To xe.]
3ror orptnox nponnrnponan na o]nnnantnom care Hncrnryra An P+n
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
xax orneuammn na nonpoct: Arencrnuen nn oexrnnnsm? n Kaxono
ornomenne oexrnnnsma x pennrnn? Tam xe nnrnpyercx ]parmenr ns
nnrepntm 1964 roa nx xypnana Playboy.
Bonpoc n nnrepntm tn saan raxo: Heyxenn, no namemy mnennm, nn
ona pennrnx ne npnnecna nmxm npaxrnuecxo nontst? [54 - Bonpoct,
uacro saanaemte Hncrnryry An P+n (The Ayn Rand Institute FAQ) // Car
Hncrnryra An P+n (URL:
http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=faq_index).]
P+n orneuana: Cama no cee pennrnx ner: n snauennn cneno nept,
neponannx, ne nornepxennoro ]axramn peantnoro mnpa n onoamn
paccyxa nnn axe npornnopeuamero nm. Taxax nepa npnunnxer uenonexy
orpomnt npe, ona orpnnaer paccyox. Ho neoxonmo nomnnrt, uro pennrnx
xnnxercx n panne ]opmo ]nnoco]nn: +ro nepnte nontrxn oxcnnrt
cymecrnonanne ncenenno, ntcrponrt cncremy uenoneuecxnx nennocre, art
onpeenenne nennocrxm mopantntm nce +ro tno cnxsano c pennrne o rex
nop, noxa uenonex ne opoc nnn ne opasnnncx nacrontxo, urot npnymart
]nnoco]nm.
Ha oa nonpoca moxno tno ornernrt npocro, es orctnox x nepconaxam
pomanon n mnorocnonntx nnrar. a, oexrnnnsm arencrnuen. Her, An P+n
ne nnena n pennrnn nnxaxo nontst.
C rem xe ycnexom Hncrnryr An P+n mor nponnrnponart ee ntcxastnanne
1928 roa. Pennrnx, cxasana ona, +ro nennuamax orpana nx uenoneuecrna.
Hnn nsxrt nnrary 1934 roa: xouy oportcx c pennrne, xax c ncrounnxom
ncxxo nxn n enncrnenntm onpanannem crpaann. Hnn nor eme ono
ntcxastnanne, roxe 1934 roa: pennrnx +ro nepnt npar cnoconocrn
mtcnnrt. [55 - J ournals of Ayn Rand / Ed. by D. Harriman. New York: Plume,
1999. P. 24, 66, 68.]
Cneyx n +rom sa P+n, xax n no ncem ocrantnom, nocneonarentnte
oexrnnncrt tnn nce +rn rot nonncrnymmnmn arencramn, naunnax c
Fpanenon c nx pystxmn n pocrnennnxamn ns Konnexrnna n saxanunnax
ntnemnnmn nocneonarenxmn.
Tema pennrnn npncyrcrnonana re-ro na sanopxax moero cosnannx, xora x
ocranonnncx y rocrnnnnt n nenrpe Manx+rrena, re onxen tn ncrpernrtcx c
xonom 3nnnconom, rnanntm oexrnnncrom xopnoparnnno Amepnxn.
nnxora ne tn ocoenno pennrnosen, a urenne pomanon P+n, ee +cce n
xypnantntx crare eme cnntnee orannno menx or pennrnn. ncrpernncx c
3nnnconom sa na nx o Hom-Knnnypa, nx ncxynnennx, nocra n noxaxnnx,
camoro cnxmennoro npasnnxa n nyansme. ne conpancx yuacrnonart n
npasnnxe n narononyuno cnncan cnoe nexenanne na nnnxnne P+n. Moe
paccyounoe, oocnonannoe nexenanne conmcrn +ror npasnnx menx myunno.
cosnanan, uro noncm nyr nn rpenera nepno mexy enpecxnm Hontm
room n Hom-Knnnypom. Cxasano, uro y Iocnoa ecrt xnnrn, n xoropte on
sannctnaer nmena rex, xro yer xnrt n xro ymper n nacrynammem roy,
npnmepno rax xe, xax xopnopannn pemamr n xonne roa, xoro npecronr
ynonnrt. Menx +ro ncera nemnoro nyrano: nosnnxano uyncrno cxptro
yrpost, xoropomy, nnpouem, x ne npnanan ontmoro snauennx.
Oprooxcantnte nyen n +ro npemx roa yuacrnymr n mnorouncnenntx
pnryanax. Pantme x roxe npnnnman yuacrne n onom ns nnx: rpnxt ononn
noxpyr ronont pyxo c saxartmn n ne entramn, unrax monnrny. Ho x
orxasancx or +roro opxa, paccynn, uro xnsnt mne nponnr ne on, a
ononnnrentnte uact, nponeennte n cnoprsane.
Hecmorpx na orxas or onnyma nx napoa, xaxne-ro comnennx P+n
nasnana t nx npepaccyxamn y menx ocranannct. naexncx pasnexrt nx
no npemx ncrpeun c 3nnnconom. Otuno n cpecrnax maccono nn]opmannn
ero nastnamr nonntm nmenem: xon A. 3nnncon uerneprt, no n
noncenenno xnsnn +ror uenonex conepmenno uyx uonopnocrn. On ymeer
omartcx c nmtmn ns pasntx cnoen omecrna, cunraercx onnm ns nyumnx
renepantntx npexropon n nmeer ontr nsanmoecrnnx c nepconaxamn npoe
menx.
Mt ncrpernnnct n xonne orenx, pacnonoxennoro nenoanexy or repmnnana
Taggart Transcontinental (nx nac Henrpantnoro noxsana). 3nnncon o
nexoropo crenenn noxonn na repox oexrnnncrcxoro pomana, nocxontxy
tn crpontm n nectma pocntm. Anrpononor moxer nopxxom nonecennrtcx,
nsyuax renocnoxenne nocneonarene P+n. 3a nce npemx, noxa x nncan xnnry,
x ne ncrpernn nn onoro oexrnnncra, xoropt t tn nnsxopocntm n
crpaan or nnmnero neca.
3nnncon oxasancx conpemenno xonne Mnaca Mannnrana ]nnancncra,
xoroporo P+n ynexoneunna n Arnanre n opase ocnonarenx Vmentx Ianra,
oexrnnncrcxoro pax, cxptroro n Cxanncrtx ropax.
Mo nnsann tn ononpemenno n cocroxnmnmcx nsnecmenom, n
mtcnnrenem-oexrnnncrom. Vnepen, P+n ouent opoxnna t ero
omecrnom. Mne xaxercx, ona ynaxana nme, xoropte uero-ro onnnct n
xnsnn, ropaso ontme, nexenn oxpyxanmnx ee noxannmon.
B exape 2008 roa, n nospacre mecrnecxrn ner, 3nnncon cnoxnn c cex
nonnomounx renepantnoro npexropa BB&T Corporation, ]nnancono
xonnnrono xomnannn ns Cenepno Kaponnnt. 3ra xomnannx ntmna ns
]nnanconoro xpnsnca ornocnrentno nenpenmo, xorx n nena arpeccnnnym
nonnrnxy n nexoroptx nonpocax: npocro n nntx, uem pyrne anxn, xoropte
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ceptesno nocrpaann nnn nonce npexparnnn cnoe cymecrnonanne.
Hsnauantno anx BB&T tn no-omamnemy ymrntm n
nenpnrxsarentntm. Hasnanne ero pacmn]pontnaercx xax Branch Banking &
Trust. Ho 3nnncon npnmennn noxo Mnaca (ntpaxaxct xstxom enono
npecct). B 1971 roy on nonan n +ror connt mxnt anx npxmo ns
ynnnepcnrera Cenepno Kaponnnt. Hpox nce crynenn xaptepno necrnnnt,
n 1989 roy on cran renepantntm npexropom. 3anxn +ror nocr, 3nnncon
cnnannponan cepnm nornomenn nyrem npnoperennx nenntx ymar. B
pesyntrare peannsannn +roro nnana BB&T npenparnncx ns nponnerammero
anxa mecrnoro snauennx n rnannt pernonantnt anx c axrnnamn na 136,5
mnnnnapa onnapon npornn 4,5 mnnnnapa, nmenmnxcx na ror momenr, xora
3nnncon npnnxn onxnocrt, n 275 mnnnnonon, xoropte nannuecrnonann,
xora on rontxo naunnan paorart n +rom anxe. 3nnncon cran Iopanno
Anxepom anxoncxoro ena (npana, n 2008-m roy ero ntnynnn npnnxrt
enexnym nomomt or rocyapcrna, xorx on n ne ne nyxancx).
Iopanno Anxep tn onnnernopennem nporecranrcxo rpyono +rnxn,
xantnnnncrcxo cmecn nept n xannrannsma, xoropo ne namnoct mecra n
camoynepennom nonom mnpe oexrnnnsma. 3nnncon raxxe noxonr no
onpeenenne uenonexa oprannsannn: net ncx ero xaptepa cnxsana c ono
xpynno xomnanne. P+n npesnpana rnn xopnoparnnnoro rynexna, noprper
xoroporo cosan Vnntxmom X. Varom n ero cytonocno xnnre 1956 roa.
Var saneuarnen rnnax xopnoparnnnoro xonnexrnnncra, xoropt
orxastnaercx or cnoe nnnnnyantnocrn n nocnxmaer ncero cex ontmo
xomnannn, nma samnrt n ee yrpoe. B 1958 roy n cnoe xononxe P+n
onnuana necuacrntx, oomecrnnenntx, orxasanmnxcx or cex
nocpecrnennocre, onncanntx mncrepom Varom [56 - Cm.: Whyte W. The
Organization Man. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1956; Rand A. The Ayn Rand
Column. P. 112.]. xon 3nnncon, uenonex oprannsannn, xaxercx, nocnxrnn
cex romy, urot cnomart +ror crepeornn.
Bt oexrnnncr? cnpocnn menx 3nnncon n camom nauane pasronopa. -ro
conpancx nsyuart ero cncremy neponann, a on cpasy cran nnrepeconartcx
moe.
uro x, y nero tno nonnoe npano saart +ror nonpoc, noromy uro, n xonne
xonnon, ecnn uenonex oexrnnncr (P+n, npana, npenounrana, urot ee
nocneonarenn nmenonann cex nccneonarenxmn oexrnnnsma), +ro
cnntnemnm opasom nnnxer na ero nocnpnxrne mnpa. pacnennn nonpoc
3nnncona ne xax ntson, a npocro xax ntpaxenne nmontrcrna, xenannx
nonxrt, cmoxem nn mt pasronapnnart na onom xstxe. ornernn, uro ne
cunram cex oexrnnncrom, onaxo unran n Hcrounnx, n Arnanra.
Coecennxa mo orner, xaxercx, yonnernopnn. ecrnnrentno, ne npourn x
+rnx pomanon, o uem t mt noome mornn pasronapnnart? C rem xe ycnexom
mapcnannn mor t necrn nanor c xaronnuecxnm enncxonom.
V menx nosnnxno raxoe uyncrno, yro x cnona oxasancx n xonnexe n
eceym c nayuntm pyxononrenem. B +rom ne tno nnuero ynnnrentnoro,
nocxontxy 3nnncon npenoanan n xonnexe. On xnno nocnxrnn cex nsyuennm
nonpocon npancrnennocrn, n x naunnan nonnmart, xaxoe npenmymecrno +ro
aer p+nnannam. Onn yxe nnnponann n +ro nrpe xorx t noromy, uro
pasmtmnxnn na nonpocamn npancrnennocrn. A nepno nnn nenepno nx
nonnmanne npancrnennocrn, yxe ne rax naxno. Inannoe, nx apcenant nanrt
nnrennexryantno amynnnne.
nx 3nnncona oexrnnnsm cran nceoemnmme neonorne, xoropax
nanpannxer reuenne nce ero xnsnn cront xe esoronopouno, xax pyrnx
nanpannxmr pennrnosnte yuennx, c enncrnenno pasnnne: n oexrnnnsme
ner mncrnxn n pasntx comnnrentntx cctnox na Bcemorymero, otuntx nx
nepymmnx. V menx cxnatnanoct nneuarnenne, uro npn xaxo ecee c rem
nnn nntm oexrnnncrom menx nonemnory, axe nenamepenno, ntramrcx
oparnrt, oxpecrnrt, npnnecrn xo Xpncry n opase noxono enpexn.
Hoono romy, xax pennocrnte xpncrnane unramr Fnnnm, a pennocrnte
nyen c panne mnocrn nsyuamr Tanmy, re, xoro nneuer x rpan-ame
panxantnoro xannrannsma, otuno npncrynamr x camoopasonannm n
nopocrxonom nospacre nnn uyrt nosxe. 3nnncon nauan unrart P+n, xora
emy tno nanart. B re rot on nsyuan n ynnnepcnrere ]nnanct n
+xonomnxy. On samen n xnnxnt marasnn, n ero nnnmanne npnnnexno
nasnanne xnnrn Kannrannsm. Hesnaxomt nean. 3nnncon nepnt ns
ncrpeuenntx mnom oexrnnncron, ute opamenne n nepy nauanoct ne c
pomanon. B anronornn Kannrannsm, onynnxonanno n 1967 roy, tn
npecrannen poneont npnxnano oexrnnnsm raxo xe
npnrxrarentnt n ocrpoymnt, xax xaxax-nnyt meronuxa no oeno
nororonxe.
Hasnanne noxopnno menx, npnsnancx 3nnncon. On unran n nacnaxancx.
3cce Ipnncnena (sanpeentno panxantnte) on namen ne rontxo
nncrarentntmn, no n nponnuntmn n cnere roro, xaxne nocrt nx anrop
nosxe sannman n npannrentcrne n n ueepantno pesepnno cncreme.
ycomnnncx, uro +nnrer nponnunte, nycrt rount, noxonr x +cce
Ipnncnena, xoropt paronan sa nosnpamenne sonororo cranapra, ormeny
anrnmononontntx saxonon n ycrpanenne ncex nnon perynnponannx. Taxxe
mne tno rpyno nonxrt, xax +ror npnnernnnt xenrntmen, yuent (n
ynnnepcnrere V+x uopecr 3nnncon cunraercx ntammnmcx npenoanarenem)
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
moxer npnepxnnartcx cront panxantntx nsrnxon. B omecrne xpocrntx
oexrnnncron x uacro ncntrtnan noonoe neoymenne.
Hsyunn anronornm Kannrannsm, 3nnncon nepemen x pomanam n pyrnm
nponsneennxm P+n. B xoneunom nrore, cxasan on, ero cncrema neponann
opena onpeenennym crpyxrypy, n on eme ontme yenncx n npannntnocrn
+ro cncremt. Kora x npounran nce, y menx noxnnnoct nexoe omymenne
nasnan t ero omymennem npancrnenno ocronepnocrn, oxcnnn on.
Hoxo P+n tn ouent cncremarnuntm: or mera]nsnxn uepes
+nncremonornm, +rnxy n nonnrnxy x +crernxe. A norom 3nnncon paccxasan
mne, xnno npnntuntmn cnonamn, xax cnntno oexrnnnsm nonnnxn na xo ero
xnsnn n paory ero anxa naroapx cnoe ocxonantnocrn,
crpyxrypnponannocrn n cncremarnunocrn.
Bce +ro ne noxasanoct mne ocoenno yenrentntm, no n onom mt c nnm
nce-raxn comnnct: no ncex cnonx xnnrax P+n anannsnpyer ornomennx mexy
nepconaxamn c xnpyprnuecxo rounocrtm (rontxo es cnocrnennoro npauy
mnnocepnx). Ocoenno xncrnenno +ro nnno n Arnanre. 3ro ouent
momnt noxo, cornacnncx 3nnncon. H cnpanennnt. Moxno onro
paccyxart o nnnnnyantnocrn, ocoenno xora +ra nnnnnyantnocrt
xnemer uepes xpa. Pasymeercx, moxno cnopnrt o ntroax, xoropte oemaer
nerocyapcrnennt xannrannsm. Ho xro yer nospaxart npornn
cnpanennnocrn? 3nnncon cxasan mne, uro nsrnx P+n na cemente
ornomennx nomor emy pasopartcx n cocrnenntx ornomennxx n sacrannn
xcno nonxrt, c xaxnmn nmtmn <emy>xouercx trt pxom. Xena 3nnncona
npounrana poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nocne snaxomcrna c nnm, n +ro
nomorno monotm nmxm cnnsnrtcx.
3ro ona ns camtx npnnnexarentntx uepr P+n, xoropym ne ncera
cnocont onennrt nenepymmne. Ona ne rontxo ynopno paronana sa
xannrannsm, npnstnax nepnyrt rocyapcrno oparno n xamennt nex, ona tna
eme n cnoeopasno npemecrnennnne oxropa unna. P+n rnepo
nacrannaer na rom, uro npexe ncero neoxonmo npnnnmart nornunte
pemennx, ocnonannte na ]axrax, cxasan mne 3nnncon, xora mt cnenn n
ro uacrn xonna, xoropax tna ntropoxena no xoxrent-ap. (B annom
cnyuae on npnnxn nornunoe pemenne ne saxastnart nnxaxnx nannrxon, n x
pemnn nocneonart ero npnmepy.) Peantnocrt, npoonxan mo coecennx,
nponsnecx +ro cnono c ontmnm yexennem. Paccmarpnnare cno pasym
xax nncrpymenr, xoropt nosnonnr nam ntxnrt, npeycnert, ocrnrnyrt
cuacrtx. Hocrynart nyxno ncxox ns pasymnoro +ronsma: na mo nsrnx, +ro
ouennno. Hsnnexart ntroy ns ornomenn c nmtmn n ne npnnocnrt n
xeprny cex. Mt net ecrnnrentno ropronnt, mt menxem ony nennocrt na
pyrym, mt ntraemcx nonanrt pyr c pyrom cnonom, rnannax nnxymax
cnna n name xnsnn +ro ne uro nnoe, xax nsanmontront omen.
Kro t cran nospaxart npornn nsanmontronoro omena n roro, uro n cnonx
ecrnnxx cneyer pyxonocrnonartcx pasymom? Koneuno, +rn nosynrn snyuar
xya onee npnnnexarentno, uem npnstnt ncex nporpamm connantno samnrt
nmecre nsxrtx. B xaxo t +xonomnuecxo cncreme nt nn cymecrnonann,
raxo rnn mtmnennx xnnxercx n ntcme crenenn npnrxrarentntm. Bet n
pasymnom +ronsme ner nnuero ypnoro, a camonoxeprnonanne n n camom ene
ne camoe nyume xauecrno, ecnn paccmarpnnart ero c rouxn spennx P+n.
3ro ouent momnt npancrnennt xnmu x ycnemntm nsanmoornomennxm,
npoonxan 3nnncon. B namem pasronope on uacrentxo ncnontsonan cnono
momnt, no x ntnyxen tn c nnm cornamartcx no xpane mepe, xora
peut mna o nepconaxax pomana Arnanr. axe xora re nsmenxnn pyr pyry,
or nnx rax n nexno npancrnennocrtm n nonnmannn P+n. B ee nponsneennxx
nenepnte cynpyrn ne ycrpannamr nrpnm na cenonane: onn cosnamr ntcmne
ocronncrna pyr pyra, oruero, xoneuno, nsmena xaxercx ne raxo rpxsno.
Bospaxennx, npnneennte n xnnre Antepra 3nnnca, paspymammero +rn
camte npecrannennx c meronunocrtm nsecnnmecx rasonoxocnnxn, nauncro
nosatnnct, noxa x ntcnymnnan necnemnym, nacxammym yxo peut 3nnncona.
Mexy npounm, nce ne+xonomnuecxne onot P+n n nnrepnperannn
3nnncona snyuann nectma ocmtcnenno. Paccyxennx +roro uenonexa tnn
nanepnoe, momntmn no +ro rontxo o rex nop, noxa ne saymaemtcx xax
cneyer. B uncne oexrnnncrcxnx xonnennn, xoropte mne tno rpyno
ocmtcnnrt, tna reopnx o rom, uro raxoro xnnennx, xax cronxnonenne
nnrepecon, ne cymecrnyer. Ecnn nt nonaraere, yro nanmaere
cronxnonenne nnrepecon, ronopnna P+n n Arnanre ycramn onoro ns
nepconaxe, nam cneyer nponepnrt ncxonte nonoxennx.
3ry xe rouxy spennx P+n pasnnnana n opoerenn +ronsma, yrnepxax,
uro cpen pasymntx nme ner xon]nnxra nnrepecon axe rora, xora eno
xacaercx nmnn. Kax n nmax pyrax nennocrt, nmont ne xaxax-ro
crarnunax macca, xoropym nao pasennrt mexy ncemn, a esrpannunoe
uyncrno, xoropoe nao sacnyxnrt [57 - P+n A. opoerent +ronsma. M.:
Antnnna Hannmep, 2012.]. B Arnanre P+n ntnyxaer repoen sannmart
+ry nosnnnm xaxt pas, xora +rnn pocaer nx. B Hcrounnxe Ionap
Popx emoncrpnpyer raxoe xe ornomenne, xora ncnopuennax orarax
enuonxa omnnnx upanxon es nmnn ntxonr samyx sa rasernoro marnara
Iena Bnnana, necmorpx na ro uro xouer Popxa. Popx ne nospaxaer, axe
xora omnnnx ns xoxn non neser, urot ero ne nsxnn paory n +ro no npemx
Bennxo enpeccnn! (Ee ecrnnx oycnonnent pannonantntmn,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
oexrnnncrcxnmn coopaxennxmn, no nce panno xaxyrcx crpannonartmn.)
Ecrt nn sect cronxnonenne nnrepecon? ne snam, cxasan 3nnncon,
onaxo, mne xaxercx, +rn cronxnonennx ne raxne cnntnte, xax moxer
noxasartcx. Pasne nam t xorenoct, urot sa nac ntmna xenmnna, xoropax
nmnr pyroro? Koneuno xe, ner.
H mne xaxercx, ono P+n cnonrcx x cneymmemy: ecnn mt rmarentno
nsnemnnaem cnon nnrepect, xon]nnxrt c pyrnmn nmtmn cnoxrcx x
mnnnmymy. cam n +rom yenncx, xora crponn xaptepy. anee, c
nexoroptmn nmtmn nam, nosmoxno, noome ne xouercx nmert nnxaxnx
ornomenn. Ho mne xaxercx, ns mnpoxoro xonrexcra nponsneenn P+n
cneyer, uro cymecrnyer macca nosmoxnocre nx ycnemntx
nsanmoornomenn, ntrontx oenm croponam. H ona ns naxnemnx
xnsnenntx saau cocronr n rom, urot ycranannnnart raxne ornomennx, ecnn
onn oemamr ntroy.
Kasanoct t, nce npeentno npocro, no cosaercx nneuarnenne, uro nnunax
xnsnt P+n npornnopeunr +ro necxontxo omanunno oxrpnne. B 1950-e
rot ona cama crana nonnomenntm cronxnonennem nnrepecon, xora cnana c
Harann+nem Fpanenom, necmorpx na crpaantuecxne nospaxennx ee
espasnnunoro npoe t myxa n Fapapt Fpanen. H peantnocrt tna raxona,
uro nmenno rpyax cnna ]nnanconax sanncnmocrt or P+n ee myxa n
Fpanena, xoropt tn mnoro monoxe, a raxxe ncnxonornuecxax sanncnmocrt
or Fpanena ero xent nosnonnna +romy cronxnonennm nnrepecon sarxnyrtcx
na mnoro ner.
B cnryannn pomanrnuecxo nmnn, nncana P+n, nnxro ns unenon nmonnoro
rpeyrontnnxa ne nponrptnaer, ecnn xenmnna ntnpaer onoro ns myxunn.
Hponrpanmn nce panno ne mor t nonyunrt ro, uro ocraercx
noenrenm. 3nnnc nastnaer +ro yrnepxenne nenepoxrno nxnntm,
sameuax, uro nnrepect nme uacro nepecexamrcx [58 - Ellis A. Are
Capitalism, Objectivism, & Libertarianism Religions? Yes! P. 176.]. 3nnnc,
mexy npounm, nonce ne cnnpnryanncr, ntcrynammn npornn oexrnnnsma:
nanpornn, on cxenrnx n arencr, ocnonononoxnnx pannonantno-+mornnno
noneenuecxo repannn, xoropax ocnontnaercx na crporom pannonantnom
noxoe. Onaxo xe 3nnnc xpocrno nospaxan npornn oexrnnnsma, xoropt
npoe t roxe ocnontnaercx na pannonantnocrn.
Bo ncex cnonx xnnrax 3nnnc nosmymaercx anrn+mnnpnsmom P+n. Ha
nopmantnom xstxe +ro snaunr, uro ona nonxrnx ne nmeer, o uem ronopnr.
Hpocromy cmeprnomy nnonne ouennno, uro nannno cronxnonenne nnrepecon,
xora n 1968 roy An P+n noptnaer c Fpanenom, nsmennnmnm e c
monoo xenmnno. Ho cama P+n ne sameuaer nenocneonarentnocrn
cocrnenntx nocrynxon. Ona nce orpnnaer, no nceycntmanne nonnnax
Fpanena rpxstm.
cxasan 3nnncony, uro, xorx n cornacen co mnornmn ntcxastnannxmn P+n,
nanpnmep, npornn nont no Btername, ee ntnot nepexo npecrannxmrcx
cnopntmn. Tax, no nonoy pomanrnuecxo nmnn ona yrnepxana, uro
myxunna, yexennt n cnoe nnxuemnocrn, yer rxnyrtcx x xenmnne,
xoropym npesnpaer, noromy uro ona craner nx nero orpaxennem ero
cocrnennoro ranoro x, ona ocnoonr ero or ro oexrnnno peantnocrn,
uro on omanmnx. Onaxo 3nnnc, npau c ontmnm ontrom, cpasy ynnen, uro
+ro nonnax uymt, n yxasan na ro, uro myxunna, ynepennt n cocrnenno
nnxuemnocrn, cxopee ncero, norxnercx x xenmnne, xoropym ynaxaer, urot
xax-ro cmxrunrt omymenne cocrnennoro neconepmencrna. [59 - Tam xe. P.
176177.]
3nnncon sanpocro (xorx n nectma npecxasyemo) paspemnn mom nnemmy.
Ona nocroxnno nonropxer yrnepxenne, xoropoe nnuno mne ouent nomorno n
xnsnn: neoxonmo ncera nponepxrt ncxonte nonoxennx. Hao ncxxn pas
cnpamnnart cex, nouemy nt nepnre n ro, no uro nepnre, cxasan on. B
npomnom on tnan ne cornacen c P+n, no sarem onapyxnn, uro npocro
npnepxnnancx yexenn, xoropte ne nmenn ontmoro cmtcna.
Taxoe nosmoxno, ecnn uenonex ne ncntran na nnunom ontre roro, o uem
ronopnr P+n. Ho uro, ecnn yexennx camo P+n ne nmemr ontmoro
cmtcna? uro, ecnn ee ncxonte nonoxennx nenepnt? samernn, uro P+n
nosnonxna cee cynrt o rom, uro naxonnoct sa npeenamn ee xomnerennnn:
nanpnmep, o ncnxonornn. Cunraercx, uro P+n tna nenpensoenno
cnopmnne. Pasymeercx, ona snana, uro ornernrt nynnxe, xoropax nanaana
na nee n renecrynn, no npemx moy unna onaxtm n 1979 roy. Onaxo ona
orxasanact or earon c 3nnncom, n ne coxpannnoct nn enno sanncn ee
crtuex nnnom x nnny c xaxnm-nnyt ecrnnrentno ntammnmcx uenonexom,
ntcrynanmnm npornn ee cncremt neponann.
Hecmorpx na mon annne nexopomne npeuyncrnnx, onxen npnsnart, uro
xora P+n nnmer o nnemne nonnrnxe CBA, n ee paccyxennxx
npncyrcrnyer onpeenennax nornxa. 3nnncon, onontnt, uro sect mt
comnnct no mnennxx, paccxasan mne, xax n 1960-e rot An P+n conepmenno
nepenepnyna ero nsrnxt na Bternamcxym nony. Ho npnsnannm 3nnncona, o
npnxoa x oexrnnnsmy on cunran, uro Coennennte Brart ecrnnrentno
npecneymr no Bternamcxo none cocrnennte nnrepect. Ho xora on
nauan no-nacroxmemy anannsnponart n pasmtmnxrt, ro ocosnan, uro npocro
ntraercx onpanart ecrnnx rocyapcrna. 3nnncon npnmen x nonnmannm
roro, uro nona no Btername tna nonce ne n nnrepecax Amepnxn. 3ro ne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
snaunr, uro x pasennn nsrnxt emoncrpanron, xoropte ntcrynann npornn
nont, noxcnnn on. no-npexnemy tn ne cornacen c nnmn. 3aro x
cornacnncx c P+n n rom ornomennn, uro Bternam ne ro mecro, re cneyer
samnmart Amepnxy. Btpaxaxct p+nnancxnm xstxom, 3nnncon nsmennn
cnon ncxonte nonoxennx: cnauana on cunran neoxonmtm npnnxrt
cropony Amepnxn, a sarem saancx nonpocom: n uem cocronr ntroa nx
Amepnxn?
nanomnnn 3nnncony, uro P+n npnepxnnanact ro xe nornxn, xora
nospaxana npornn ncrynnennx Coennenntx Braron no Bropym mnponym
nony. On nocmorpen na menx nenonnmammnm nsrnxom. nacrynnn na
ontnym mosont. B name npemx n n namem nospacre, xora Bennuamee
noxonenne, no mepe ero ntmnpannx, nce ontme neannsnpyercx, nonexmne
nocnomnnannx o ro none xnnxmrcx ono ns nemnornx rem, cnxsanntx c
amepnxancxo ncropne, xoropte ocramrcx nepaspaoranntmn.
snam o +rom cnnmxom mano. Hnuero ne mory cxasart, saxnnn on.
Heyxenn? 3nnncon nceptes nsyuan oexrnnnsm, a orxponennoe
conpornnnenne yuacrnm CBA no Bropo mnpono cocrannno n xnsnn P+n
snaunrentnym rnany. Kax n noepxxa xannara n npesnenrt V+nenna
Vnnxn, nacrpoennoro npornn yuacrnx n none, or xoroporo P+n orpexnact,
xora on nomen n cocran amnnncrpannn Pysnentra. nacrannan na ornere, n
rora 3nnncon coomnn, uro nomnnr rontxo, xax ona yrnepxana, uro nemnt
n pyccxne ncrpexr pyr pyra, a nam nmemnnartcx ne cronr. H mt moxem
nosnonnrt cee ne nmemnnartcx.
ntpasnn comnenne no +romy nonoy, no 3nnncon tn nenosmyrnm. Bce
cnonrcx x ncxonomy nonoxennm: nam cxasann, uro yuacrnonart no Bropo
mnpono none xopomo, ycmexnyncx on. ne ynepen, uro nam
ecrnnrentno cneonano orxasartcx or yuacrnx no Bropo mnpono. Ho ono
P+n, no-moemy, ouent axe A uro, ecnn t +rn nnoxne napnn n nnpxmt
noynnann pyr pyra?
H net raxoe nnonne morno cnyunrtcx, sacmexncx on, npecrannn cee
noonym nosmoxnocrt.
3nnncon nectma yxnonunno ronopnn o nosnnnn P+n. Henosmoxno cxasart,
npana ona tna nnn ner, npoonxan on. Mt ouent nomornn pyccxnm, nsxnn
na cex ontmne pacxot n ontmo pncx nocne Bropo mnpono. Ho
noronre mnnyrxy, nospasnn x. Pasne Iepmannx ne oxnnna nony CBA
nocne Hepn-Xapopa?. P+n cxasana t, uro mt camn ycrponnn cee Hepn-
Xapop:
nao tno nnaue opamartcx c xnonnamn, ornernn on.
3nnncon tn npan. Hmenno rax cxasana t P+n. B xnnxnom oospennn,
naneuarannom n exaptcxom nomepe Becrnnxa oexrnnncra sa 1962 ro,
Fapapa Fpanen c oopennem nnrnponana onoro anropa, xoropt saxnnn,
yro Pysnentr cosnarentno cnpononnponan araxn na Ianan n unnnnnnnt.
Hmx anropa tno xon T. unnnn, a xnnra nastnanact Mn] o Pysnentre.
Fpanen ouent xnannna ee, xax esxanocrno rounoe nsnoxenne cotrn,
nmenmnx mecro no npemena Honoro xypca. B mnnerene nnuero ne neuarann
es oopennx P+n nsarentnnnt n onoro ns peaxropon. Harann+nt
Fpanen, rora eme myx Fapapt, tn nroptm peaxropom.

uro-ro n namem pasronope c 3nnnconom menx rpenoxnno. Mne tno
nnrepecno: mne nourn ncera nnrepecno eceonart c oexrnnncramn, n na ro
ecrt npnunnt. Ho uro-ro menx n nyrano. 3a necxontxo ne o Hom-Knnnypa x
cnxy n paccyxam o rom, ne tno nn ceptesno omnxo nauart nony,
naroapx xoropo nanncrcxax Iepmannx ne cmorna ornpannrt n rasonte
xamept eme ontme npecrannrene moero napoa. Bce-raxn n nosnnnn,
xoropym orcrannan 3nnncon, tno neuro a-a, na ym camo coo npnxonr
cnono esnpancrnennoe.
Mne xaxercx, uro ns ncex non, n xoroptx xora-nno yuacrnonana Amepnxa,
ne tno onee cnpanennno c omeuenoneuecxo rouxn spennx. Onaxo nx
oexrnnncron nmte aprymenrt, ocnonannte na uenoneunocrn,
uenonexonmnn n npounx ]opmax antrpynsma, ne rontxo saneomo
ecnomomnt, no n no onpeenennm npent. Hmo oexrnnncr cxasan t,
uro mon nepexnnannx nonpocry nnemennte, a ne oexrnnnte.
B pasronope c 3nnnconom menx nnrepeconan npexe ncero ne anrn+mnnpnsm
P+n, a ro, uro ona nepexonna rpannnt. B rom uncne n nonpoce o Bropo
mnpono none. 3axont o rpaxancxnx npanax, npornn xoroptx ntcrynana
P+n, tnn eme ono rpannne. urot ee cncrema neponann morna
nperenonart na nnrennexryantnym uecrnocrt, P+n npocro oxsana tna
nepexonrt +rn rpannnt n ynnuroxart +rnx cnxmenntx xopon. Onaxo y ee
nocneonarene n pesyntrare tnn cnxsant pyxn. Hm npnmnoct ncne sa nem
nepexonrt re xe camte rpannnt, nnaue onn yxe ne cmornn t nperenonart
na nnrennexryantnym uecrnocrt.
Hosnonxr nn cee xora-nnyt yuacrnnxn uaennrnx, pasmaxnnammne
nnaxaramn c nmenem xona Ianra, nspomennte na ]nntmax xona V+na n
cepnane Fpartx no opyxnm, cornacnrtcx c rem, uro Bropax mnponax nona
tna, cxaxem rax, neoxsarentno? C rem, uro nam ee cneonano npocro
nepexart? uro, c rouxn spennx ono ]nnoco]cxo oxrpnnt, nx et tnn
panent no Annno conepmenno nanpacno? B crarte 1974 roa, ronopx o
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
yuacrnn Amepnxn n nonax XX nexa, n rom uncne n no Bropo mnpono, n o
noxaneuenntx, nsypoonanntx, ncrepsanntx na nonxx cpaxenn, P+n
yrnepxana, uro nnxro n nnxora ne ronopnn nm, nouemy onn onxnt
cpaxartcx n uero ocrnrnn cnoe xeprno [60 - Rand A. Moral Infl ation (Part
II) // The Ayn Rand Letter. Vol. III. No 13. March 25, 1974. Oceanside, Calif:
Second Renaissance Books, 1990. P. 305.]. 3ra nnrara npnnonr mne na ym
cneny ns ]nntma Hyumne rot name xnsnn (1964), re espyxn nerepan
napactnaercx na uenonexa, cxasanmero npnmepno re xe cnona. 3ry cneny n
]nntm n nenom nynnxa onennna ouent ntcoxo, no y P+n on ntsnan
npespenne. [61 - Cm.: J ournals of Ayn Rand / Ed. by D. Harriman. P. 367369,
re onnctnaercx ropxuax nenanncrt P+n x +romy ]nntmy, xoropt, no ee
mnennm, nanpannen npornn xannrannsma. P+n cunrana, uro n cnene paxn n
anrexe tmr ne npocro anrnxommynncra, no n anrncemnra n anrnnerpa roxe,
nocxontxy ne +rn nosnnnn [nenanncrt x xommynnsmy n nenanncrt x
nannonantntm mentmnncrnam] nyr pyxa o pyxy. Ha camom ene nepconax,
o xoropom ner peut, nonce ne npornn enpeen n nerpon. Bosnnxaer nonpoc,
nnena nn P+n +ror ]nntm. B nocnenne rot ona nncana penensnn na xnnrn,
xoroptx ne unrana, n na ]nntmt, xoroptx ne nnena. Cm. o +rom: Walker J .
The Ayn Rand Cult. P. 224.]
Crpemnenne P+n nepexonrt rpannnt orpaxeno n orpomnom xonnuecrne
uacrntx nncem, onynnxonanntx n pasntx copnnxax c narocnonennx
Hncrnryra An P+n. B nnctme x ennrry 3mepn, rnane Hannonantno
acconnannn menxnx npenpnnnmarene, sa oxrxpt 1941 roa [62 - Letters of
Ayn Rand / Ed. by M. S. Berliner. P. 58.] ona nncana, xax nocxnmaercx Ienpn
uopom anromonntntm marnarom, xoropt ntnycxan pacncrcxym rasery
Dearborn Independent n onynnxonan orxponenno +xcrpemncrcxym xnnry
Mexynaponoe enpecrno, pacnpocrpanxn c]apnxonannte Hporoxont
cnoncxnx mypenon n pyrne anrncemnrcxne counnennx. Ceronx uop
xnnxercx onnm ns nanonee nenanncrntx nepconaxe n ncropnn
amepnxancxo npomtmnennocrn. Ho P+n nmnna uopa. Eme npexe uem sa
uopom oxonuarentno saxpennnact penyrannx anrncemnra, ona meurana o
ncrpeue c nnm (rax nocropxennax enouxa-nopocrox morna t meurart o
ncrpeue c up+nxom Cnnarpo), conepmenno ne yunrtnax, uro, yyun
enpexo, ona xnno ne n ero nxyce.
Bor xax ona onnctnana cnon uyncrna: npnpoxennax nounrarentnnna
repoen. Ho noxpyr menx ueproncxn mano repoen, xoroptx moxno nounrart. On
onn ns nocnennx, noromy uro on nonnomaer n cee nce nyumee, uro ecrt n
xannrannsme. P+n monnna o aynennnn cnoero xannranncrnuecxoro repox,
xoropt ncero sa necxontxo ner o roro c ropocrtm npnnxn or nanncrcxo
Iepmannn Fontmo Kpecr opena Iepmancxoro Opna.
Ona ecrnnrentno tna nounrarentnnne repoen, no ntnpana nx, noxoxe,
nectma nenocneonarentno c rouxn spennx cocrnenno neonornn.
sanpocnn n uFP octe na P+n na ocnonannn Axra o cnooe nn]opmannn n
onapyxnn n nem cnamanoe nnctmo, nanncannoe em n xnnape 1966 roa xony
3rapy Iynepy, onomy ns camtx ecnornuntx npannrentcrnenntx
unnonnnxon n ncropnn CBA. Ecnn t P+n tna nepna cnoe ]nnoco]nn, ona
npenouna t epxartcx noantme or raxoro uenonexa. Ho ona ntranact
noontcrnrtcx x nemy. Iasera Saturday Evening Post nanncana o Iynepe, uro
on orxpemnnaercx or xpntxa yntrpaxoncepnarnnnoro nonnrnxa, npenounrax
nastnart cex oexrnnncrom. P+n yxnarnnact sa +rn cnona, urot
yrounnrt, snaunr nn +ro, uro on cornacen c ]nnoco]ne oexrnnnsma. H,
ne oxnaxct ornera, npoonxana: Mne t rax xorenoct ncrpernrtcx c Bamn,
ocynrt ony nnunocrno-nonnrnuecxym nponemy.
Iynep npoxommenrnponan nnnsy nnctma: nnxora ne nastnan cex
,oexrnnncrom, n xaxom t ro nn tno snauennn. Onn ns nomomnnxon
Iynepa yxasan n cnyxeno sanncxe, uro npexrop uFP ne moxer
nepexpannart cno paoun rpa]nx pan ncrpeun c osnauenno nnunocrtm.
Orneuax P+n n orxastnaxct or ncrpeun, Iynep cocnancx nmenno na nnornt
paoun rpa]nx n oannn: nnxora ne yrnepxan, uro xnnxmct
oexrnnncrom. Hnctmo P+n n orner Iynepa, uro neynnnrentno, ne nomnn n
oopennt Hncrnryrom An P+n copnnx Hnctma An P+n. Cyrt +ro
camo nnunocrno-nonnrnuecxo nponemt ncropnx ne coxpannna [63 -
octe uFP na An P+n (nnr. ntme).]. P+n n pantme npenpnnnmana
nontrxn ynnertcx c Iynepom, n 1947 n 1957 roax, oa pasa esycnemno. [64 -
Heller A. C. Ayn Rand and the World She Made. P. 480.]

Xorx nsrnxt 3nnncona na reononnrnxy tnn nectma nnrepecnt, eme
ontme menx nnrepeconano, xax nmenno +ror ycnemnt nsnecmen npnmenxer
na npaxrnxe nacrannennx P+n. 3a onrne rot x ycnen nsxrt nnrepntm y
mnoxecrna renepantntx npexropon n snan, uro pyxononrenn ntcmero snena
nectma xonxperno orneuamr na noonte nonpoct ecnn, xoneuno, xorxr.
Bosmoxno, +ro nposnyunr ouennno, cxasan 3nnncon, no uerxoe
cosnanne cocrnenntx nennocre nosnonxer onrtcx snaunrentnoro ycnexa.
Ha camom ene nx menx +ro tno conepmenno ne ouennno. 3nnncon
oxcnnn rax: nx P+n ouent naxna nent. Ona cunraer, uro nme
neoxonmo nanpannxrt x onpeenenno nenn, uro uenoneuecxne nocrynxn
nxrymrcx nentm, oprannsannn onxnt npecneonart nexym nent +ro ouent
momnax pyxonoxmax cnna. Moxer trt, cxasan on, ocosnart +ro ne rax
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npocro, xax ero xe yrnepxenne, uro nyxno npnnnmart nornunte pemennx,
ocnonannte na ]axrax. Mano xomy, sa ncxnmuennem nannenron
ncnxnarpnuecxnx xnnnnx, npnmno t n ronony saxnnrt, uro on npnnnmaer
nornunte pemennx nanepexop ]axram.
Koneuno, x comnenamct, uro xro-ro ns enontx nme cran t c +rnm
cnopnrt, npnsnan 3nnncon, no mnorne nx pemennx nonce ne ntrexamr ns
]axron. H ecnn nt cunraere +ro cnonm ocronncrnom, cnonm npnnnnnom:
,Hao cex ncnnnnnnnponart, nao npnnnmart nornunte pemennx,
ocnonannte na ]axrax, y nac ropaso mentme mancon corn c nepnoro nyrn,
cxasan on, ocoenno nouepxnyn nocnenne cnona. Tora nt npx nn
cranere npnnnmart pemenne, nounnxxct +monnxm. Xouy, mon, urot mo
anx tn ontme, uem anx roro napnx, x o raxnx +monnxx ronopm.
Eme onnm naxntm nocrynarom ]nnoco]nn An P+n xnnxercx
camoyrnepxenne, cxasan 3nnncon, n ro, xax nt operaere uyncrno
cocrnennoro ocronncrna uepes cno opas xnsnn. To ecrt ecnn y nac
nmemrcx uerxne npnnnnnt, nt xnnere cornacno +rnm npnnnnnam, nocrynaere
uecrno, nt ncxpennn nce +ro nx nac ne oxsannocrn, a cpecrna nx
ocrnxennx ycnexa n cuacrtx. B raxom cnyuae nac, cxopee ncero, oxpyxamr
nmn, xoropte ecrnymr, raxxe pyxonocrnyxct cnonmn npnnnnnamn,
ncxpenne n uecrno, ne noromy, uro rax, no namemy mnennm, cneyer
nocrynart, no noromy, uro n +rom nam nnnrcx nyrt x ycnexy.
ne nnonne nonnman, nouemy nce cxasannoe xxot npncyme ncxnmunrentno
oexrnnnsmy. H xaxo pyxononrent, axe ecnn on camt orxnnennt
xynnx, ne cunraer cex uecrntm? snan nexoroptx npexropon, xoroptm ne
oonxnn t n xapanama, no xoropte cunrann cex npeentno
oponopxountmn. ynepen, uro xe]] Cxnnnnnr, tnmn
ncnonnnrentnt npexrop xopnopannn Enron, napannax nont nnn enax
uro-ro eme, uro nonoxeno enart n ]eepantnom ncnpannrentnom yupexennn
n 3nrnnye, nenpeptnno saaercx nonpocom, xax cnyunnoct, uro raxo
uecrnt mant, xax on, oxasancx n rmpxre.
Onaxo onn ns acnexron ]nnoco]nn P+n, oosnauennt n Hcrounnxe,
noxasancx mne nectma ocmtcnenntm, n x c paocrtm saronopnn o nem c
3nnnconom. P+n orcrannaer npano nnunocrn na rnopuecrno, ona ne repnnr
rpynnonoro mtmnennx n upesmepnoro onepnx x xomnreram. Hnnnnyannsm
ona ns ]ynamenrantntx nennocre oexrnnnsma, n Ionap Popx ero
anonorer. B Hcrounnxe Popx nonyuaer npenoxenne or ornon sananoro
ropoa nororonnrt xpmapxy Mapm cronern. Popxa, xoropomy n pasrap
Bennxo enpeccnn oruaxnno nyxna paora, xorxr nanxrt n cocrane xomant
ns noctmn apxnrexropon. On cornamaercx nsxrtcx sa +ror saxas na rom
ycnonnn, uro ocrantntx cemeptx apxnrexropon ne namyr. On nacrannaer na
rom, urot ecrnonart n onnouxy, xorx ornnuno nonnmaer: noonoe
ynpxmcrno yer cronrt emy paort. ne paoram n xonnexrnne. He
xoncyntrnpymct. He corpynnuam [65 - Hep. . Kocrtrnna. Hpnmeu. pe.],
ronopnr on.
3ro onn ns rex +nnsoon, xoropte nonpannnnct mne n +rom pomane ontme
ncero. Fonee roro, +ror repo, nosntmammncx na ncemn npounmn n +rom
nponsneennn, ne nmnr entrn! Ero nnexyr entrn? cnpamnnaer
3nncnopr Tyxn y Hnrepa Knrnnra. Her, orneuaer Knrnnr, annn pyr
Popxa, xoropt, nepoxrno, tn saecrnonan n +ro cnene ne nx roro, urot
esnn]opmnponart unrarenx.
He satnare, uro Hcrounnx ono ns nyx rnanntx nponsneenn
oexrnnnsma: nx oexrnnncra on xax Hanecrnncxn ranmy nx mecct,
xorx n nenom Arnanr nennrcx ntme, xax onee anropnrernt, uame
nnrnpyemt Bannnoncxn ranmy. c nonnennem oxnan ornera na nont
nonpoc: xaxnm meroam ynpannennx conpemenno xopnopanne, no mnennm
3nnncona, yuar nac noonte ]parmenrt n Hcrounnxe? Tax nn ynpannxer
cnonm anxom cam 3nnncon ne npncnymnnaxct x mnennm xomnreron, nn c
xem ne corpynnuax?
Her, ne rax.
Ha camom ene nepconaxn Arnanra npanxrcx mne ontme, uem nepconaxn
,Hcrounnxa. Mne xaxercx, uro onn nyume npopaorant, saxnnn 3nnncon.
Kax renepantnt npexrop anxa on xoren t, urot paornnxn ymann
camocroxrentno, onaxo xomannax paora nce eme ne yrparnna cnoero
snauennx. B xonrexcre oprannsannn mt nce n ono ynpxxxe, n nam
npnxonrcx paorart n xomane.
Ipynnonoe mtmnenne nosnnxaer ram, re xomannax paora nonnmaercx
nenpannntno, cxasan on.
Onaxo Popx ne tn xomanntm nrpoxom, c rpynnontm mtmnennem nnn es
nero. Ocnonnax mtcnt xnnrn x +romy n cnonrcx: nnnnnyantnocrt ntme
xonnexrnna. A uro ecrt xomana, xax ne xonnexrnn? Komannt nrpox ne
orxasancx t or nosmoxnocrn nopaorart n xomane nennxnx apxnrexropon.
Komannt nrpox, ecnn na ro nomno, ne nsopnan t Koprnan. Ftn t
ononen Popx, ecnn t xro-nnyt ns ropocxo amnnncrpannn xnnncx x
nemy n cxasan: Mt n ono ynpxxxe?
H n +rom mne nnnrcx ncrounnx neuntx rpynocre nx nocneonarene An
P+n: nm npnxonrcx ncxycno oxonrt re acnexrt ee yuennx, xoropte
npecrannxmrcx nm nepasymntmn nnn xaxyrcx pasymntmn na nepnt nsrnx,
no cronr npncmorpertcx x nnm nonnnmarentnee ryr xe pacctnamrcx n npax
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
[66 - Te, xro couyncrnenno ornocnrcx x An P+n, n oexrnnncrcxax
nponarana n nenom, otuno cxnonnt ne sameuart anrnxomanntx
nacrpoenn Hcrounnxa. Hpexpacnt romy npnmep paora onnt Ipanep
n Teoopa Knnnn: Greiner D., Kinni Th. Ayn Rand and Business. New York:
Texere, 2001. Tam nopono anannsnpyercx opas Ionapa Popxa, onaxo
oxonrcx cropono ero ornpamenne x xomanno paore +romy
xpaeyrontnomy xamnm conpemennoro amepnxancxoro menexmenra.]. Kaxoe t
cnntnoe neonontcrno nn ntstnann xomnrert, onn neoxonmt nx
]ynxnnonnponannx xpynntx oprannsann. Onaxo P+n n Hcrounnxe
pemnrentno ntcrynnna npornn nmtx xonnexrnnntx pemenn.
3nnncon npoonxan pacnnctnart mne, xax n BB&T nponoxrcx copannx
n xaxne mept npeycmorpent, urot nponecc ocyxennx ne ntponncx n
opty camonmn, no mornnnponan corpynnxon x npoyxrnnno paore.
3nyuano nce npocro ornnuno, n n camom ene: noxa 3nnncon corpynnuan n
BB&T, anx ynpannxncx npexpacno n nsexan mnornx onacnocre, c
xoroptmn cranxnnannct na nporxxennn nocnenero ecxrnnernx ocrantnte.
Onaxo mne npnmnoct cnntno nocrapartcx, urot coopasnrt, xaxoe
ornomenne nmeer x +romy P+n nnn xax +ro cornacyercx c +xcrpemantntm
nnnnnyannsmom, nocnertm n Hcrounnxe. Ha camom ene nnonne nepoxrno,
uro npnmenenne npnnnnna P+n: nnunocrt ntme xonnexrnna cnocono
ntnecrn xomnannm ns nsneca, n ocoennocrn ecnn n nrpy ncrynaer
xoptcronmne.
3nnncon npenonoxnn, uro x nnmt erno osnaxomnncx c Arnanrom,
nponsneennem onee spentm. Ho +ro ne cnnmano npornnopeun, nocxontxy
Arnanr opnenrnponan n conepmenno nnom neonornuecxom nanpannennn
ne na nnnnnyannsm, a na xannrannsm, xoropt nourn ne ynomnnaercx n
Hcrounnxe. Tam axe pyrarentnte cnona ornnuamrcx: nmecro rpycnnntx
xon]opmncron ns Hcrounnxa, n Arnanre P+n nce npemx ronxyer o
rpanrenxx.
3nnncon nosxe npncnan mne pommpy, xoropax pacnpocrpanxercx cpen
cnyxamnx anxa nx nnepennx xopnoparnnno ]nnoco]nn BB&T. Ona
nacxnost nponnrana oexrnnnsmom, xorx nmx P+n ne ynomnnaercx nn pasy.
Kauecrna ntammerocx corpynnxa BB&T onpeenent xax
neneycrpemnennocrt, pannonantnocrt n uyncrno cocrnennoro ocronncrna.
Pasymeercx, nectma rpyno nospaxart npornn noontx uepr. Pasne xaxomy-
nnyt pyxononrenm saxouercx, urot y nero cnenn no xanneram
nneprnte, nepannonantnte, ne ynaxammne cex corpynnxn? Hnmt ono
sameuanne n camom nauane pommpt npecrannxercx neymecrntm. Tam, xax
nosynr, saxnnena nent ynyumnrt xnsnt nme n ropoax, n xoroptx mt
paoraem. 3ro xnnax ycrynxa anantnomy mecreuxonomy antrpynsmy. Ho
nocxontxy peut ner o anxe, x ynepen, uro +ro nycrax pnropnxa n ne cronr
npnanart snauenne +romy saxnnennm.
Xopomn xopnoparnnnt menexep +ro uenonex, cnocont naxonrt
xomnpomncc, npnmnpxrt cropont, necrn neperonopt, n 3nnncon xnno onaaer
coornercrnymmnmn nantxamn. Bosmoxnt nn xomnpomncc n npnmnpenne
mexy oexrnnnsmom n cnnerenxmn Heront? Ho mepe roro, xax n rnasax
amepnxancxnx npantx snaunmocrt P+n nospacraer, arensm nce ouennnee
enaercx xamnem nperxnonennx nx nectma snaunmoro xpncrnancxoro xptna
Pecnynnxancxo naprnn n nnxennx uaennrnx. 3rnx orooxsnenntx
nme nentsx ocxopnxrt, nocxontxy onn ecrnymr no npnnnnnam P+n. Kax
samernn Hon Fenn necxontxnmn neenxmn pantme, na copannn rpynnt
oexrnnncron, nmn, xoropte nepxr n Fora, neoxonmt, urot
ocranonnrt uymy xonnexrnnnsma, saxnecrnynmym nannm.
3nnncon coomnn mne, uro ecrt nmn, nastnammne cex xpncrnancxnmn
oexrnnncramn. Hnuno mne +ro xaxercx oxcmmoponom, xax n nasnanne +rnx
naoennntx nyo-xpncrnan, pasammnx noncmy cnon pommpt.
3nnncony nepexo npnxonnoct cntmart or pasntx nme, uro onn cornacnt
c P+n no ncem, xpome ee nsrnxon na pennrnm. Ho no oexrnnncrcxnm
xanonam pannonannsm ne conmecrnm c nepo. Hs xnea n ptt moxno cenart
c+nnnun c capnnamn, no nentsx naxopmnrt ronny nxrtm xneamn.
3nnncony yxe npnmnoct nporn +ror nyrt. On cxasan mne, uro nonyunn
ouent pennrnosnoe nocnnranne. H uro xe? On ortcxan camt esonnt
cnoco saxnnrt o cnoem arensme. Tenept x cunram cex npexe ncero
anonorerom spanoro cmtcna. ne crontxo anrnpennrnosen, cxontxo
nepennrnosen. uopmnponanne +rnx nsrnxon norpeonano snaunrentnoro
npemenn.
cntmy mnxante n neoopnrentnt ryn na copannxx uaennrnx.
Fanxnp-esoxnnx or npantx ns Cenepno Kaponnnt? Mnorouncnennte
crepeornnt tmr npeesrn o non npxmo y menx na rnasax, npxmo sect, n
uyecnom orene na Hexcnnrron-anenm.
npnsnancx 3nnncony, uro mox nepa tna necxontxo noopnana urennem
P+n. 3auem xonrt n cnnarory n nn rpenera? 3auem monnrtcx? B uem cmtcn?
On orneccx xo mne c couyncrnnem. omyrnn, uro mexy namn nosnnxaer
nexax cnxst. O +rom n ronopnna P+n. 3ro ouent momnte aprymenrt,
cxasan 3nnncon, renept ntcrynax n xauecrne moero yxonnoro nacrannnxa, a
saono n ncnxonora. Ona c camoro nauana ronopnna, uro xaxt, xro
npnsnaer cymecrnonanne Fora, onxen ero oxasart. Eme ona ronopnna, uro
pennrnosnte nmn crapamrcx nserart +roro ncemn cnnamn, xorx ne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
norepnenn t esoxasarentnocrn n pyrnx onacrxx cnoe xnsnn. oxaxnre
cymecrnonanne Fora, n x nonepm n nero, rax ona nonropxna. Pasymeercx,
nnxro ero ne oxasan. Ho+romy ona orxastnanact or nept xax cpecrna
nosnannx.
H enana +ro no nectma necxo npnunne, xax mne xaxercx, npoonxan
3nnncon. Ona ronopnna, uro cronr nsxrt xorx t nont: ecnn mox nepa
ornnuna or rnoe nept, n nnxro ns nac ne n cnnax npnnecrn oxasarentcrna, n
mt oa ronopnm, uro nonyunnn cnom nepy cntme, ro cnop nentsx paspemnrt,
ne ncrynax n nony. Ona ronopnna, uro nepa xpane onacna, nocxontxy
neoxasyema.
Ftno rpyno cnopnrt c 3nnnconom no +romy nonpocy. Ha camom ene on
menx noenn. Cnycrx na nx, n Hom-Knnnyp, x npocnyncx nosno n nnorno
nosanrpaxan. ncntran oneruenne. H mne +ro ne nonpannnoct.

5. O1c1ynnnxn
xon 3nnncon ntcxasan yenrentnt ono, xora ynomxnyn, uro nepa
onacna, nocxontxy neoxasyema. 3ro xacaercx nmo pennrnn nnn xyntra.
Boome ronopx, ro xe camoe moxno cxasart n ornocnrentno oexrnnnsma. V
nonnrnuecxnx n ]nnoco]cxnx nnxenn ne tnaer ropxunx croponnnxon nnn
nenanncrntx orcrynnnxon. Onnonenron ram ne nonocxr xax rpemnnxon. He
nsronxmr nnaxomtcnxmnx. He onnnamr rpxstm rex, y xoro nosnnxnn nnunte
rpennx c nnepom nnxennx. A n oexrnnnsme nce +ro ecrt.
Camte nsnecrnte nepoorcrynnnxn +ro Harann+nt n Fapapa Fpanent,
camte ntammnecx nomomnnxn P+n. Oa onn xnnt, oa ronopnnn co mno
Fapapa samerno ontme, uem Harann+nt, xoropt onrne rot tn nroptm
nnnom n nepapxnn oexrnnncron.
Harann+nt (nacroxmee nmx Haran Fnmmenrant) ponncx n Onrapno n tn
cryenrom Kann]opnncxoro ynnnepcnrera n Hoc-Anxenece, xora nanncan
nocropxennoe nnctmo P+n n nonyunn npnrnamenne nocernrt ee na panuo n
onnne Can-uepnano. Henecra Fpanena, Fapapa (ypoxennax Baman),
roxe ns Kanat, ncne sa Harann+nem nomna n uncno npnnnxenntx P+n.
Kora n nauane 1950-x roon onn nepeexann n Htm-Hopx pan yuet n Htm-
Hopxcxom ynnnepcnrere, P+n roxe nepeexana n +ror ropo. Boxpyr nnx
c]opmnponancx rax nastnaemt Konnexrnn, xoropt n nepnte rot
cocroxn n ocnonnom ns pocrnennnxon n pyse Fapapt, npnexanmnx ns
Kanat. Cpen nnx tn n ee xysen Heonap Hexo]], n nopyra Fapapt,
xoropax rontxo uro ntmna samyx sa neorecannoro napnx, +xonomncra no
nmenn Anan Ipnncnen.
Her cmtcna cnona n noponocrxx nepecxastnart, uro nponsomno n
antnemem, xax t nmontrno +ro nn tno. B namn nn +ro nastnaercx
cexcyantnte ornomennx nenanexamero xapaxrepa. Cnxst P+n c
Fpanenom nauanact n 1955 roy, nocne roro xax onn nonyunnn ntmyuennoe
cornacne cnonx cynpyron. Paccrannct onn n 1968 roy, xora Fpanen
ynnexcx monoo xenmnno, na xoropo roxe ne tn xenar. Fapapa Fpanen
paccxasana +ry neuantnym ncropnm nennxom n 1986 roy, n xnnre Crpacrt
An P+n. B 1999 roy no xnnre cnxnn ]nntm c Xenen Mnppen n ponn P+n n
xynn ennn n ponn Fapapt. Harann+nx ctrpan 3pnx Brontn, a up+nxa
O`Konnopa Hnrep uona. Xenen Mnppen n ponn P+n, ynneuenno
cexcyantntmn ornomennxmn, crana, onxno trt, onnm ns camtx ontmnx
orxptrn n ncropnn renennsnonntx ]nntmon, n orstnt na xaprnny tnn
ouent npornnopeunntmn. B osope The New York Times cxasano, uro axe
ocronax nocxnmennx Xenen Mnppen ne cmorna yenrentno nonnornrt
opas rnanno reponnn, esymno crapyxn An P+n [67 - Wertheimer R. TV
Weekend: The Ayn Rand Cliffs Notes: Philosophy as Foreplay // New York
Times. May 28, 1999.]. Kaxnmn t ocronncrnamn nn onaan ]nntm, on, xax n
xnnra, nectma cnococrnonan oxonuarentnomy ynnuroxennm penyrannn P+n.
B nauane 1960-x roon, xora Apnc Fenn nomna n xpyxox npnnnxenntx
An P+n, ornyuennx yxe crann n oexrnnnsme otuntm enom. Hocne
pasptna c Fpanenamn P+n nauana npenpamartcx n nacroxmym ncnxonarxy.
Hpnnepxennt exann onn sa pyrnm, nosmymennte ee ocxopnrentntm
noneennem: nanpnmep, rpanne unenon Konnexrnna ns-sa nx nsrnxon na
ncxyccrno, nnn nsronxnnct c rnas ono sa manemee noxnnenne neynaxennx.
Hs cnntno coxparnnmerocx Konnexrnna, ns rex nemnorouncnenntx ero
unenon, xoropte coxpannnn nepnocrt cnoe nacrannnne n ne tnn em
nsrnant, nanonee samerntmn ]nrypamn xnnxmrcx Hexo]] n Anan
Ipnncnen.
Hsrnannx n uncrxn npoonxannct n cnycrx onroe npemx nocne cmeprn P+n.
Camoe nocnenee xpononycxanne cnyunnoct n xonne 2010 roa n sarponyno
unena noneunrentcxoro conera Hncrnryra An P+n, xona Maxxacxn [68 -
Hoponocrn +roro na ynnnenne nycroro pasopa moxno nouepnnyrt na
pasnnuntx ne-carax, nocnxmenntx oexrnnnsmy. Cm., nanp.: Parille N. The
McCaskey Schism // The Objectiblog. September 19, 2010 (URL:
http://objectiblog.blogspot.com/2010/09/mccaskey-schism.html). Touxa spennx
Maxxacxn nsnoxena na care no apecy:
http://www.johnmccaskey.com/resignation.html.]. Kax n n cnyuae npexnnx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
cxananon, rpxsnoe ente Maxxacxn nonocxann rontxo n p+nnancxnx xpyrax.
axe xora y P+n cnyunncx pasptn c Fpanenom, +ro cotrne nourn ne
ynomnnanoct n npecce. Maxxacxn, ynnnepcnrercxn npenoanarent n
oexrnnncr ns noneunrentcxoro conera Hncrnryra, pacxpnrnxonan n ysxom
xpyry xnnry, npencnonne nx xoropo nanncan Hexo]]. Hexo]] ornpannn
+nexrponnoe nnctmo mpncxoncyntry Goldman Sachs, xoropt tn raxxe
conpecearenem conera npexropon Hncrnryra An P+n. B +rom nnctme
ronopnnoct: Kora ornnunym xnnry, cnoncnponannym nncrnryrom n
onynnxonannym no monm nmenem (naemct, nt eme nomnnre, xro x n xaxon
mo nnrennexryantnt craryc n oexrnnnsme), ocyxaer unen conera
npexropon nncrnryra, xoropt x xe n ocnonan, xro-ro onxen yrn, n yer.
H xro nmenno pemart nam. Hexo]]a nnxora nentsx tno ynpexnyrt n
nsnnmne cxpomnocrn.
Xorx Maxxacxn ocranan nx Hncrnryra An P+n entrn, +ro ne nmeno
snauennx. On ocxopnn Heonapa Hexo]]a. anee n +nexrponnom nnctme
ronopnnoct: Kax cxasana t An, n acxo nepapxnn on nonxncx na
cneymmym crynent, no oexrnnnsm or +roro ne cran nparmarnsmom.
Maxxacxn ryr xe ymen, nasnan ntcxastnannx Hexo]]a ocxopnrentno
necnpanennntmn. [69 - Hnctmo onynnxonano na ne-care x. Maxxacxn
no apecy: http://www.johnmccaskey.com.]
Ouent noxxe na cemenym ccopy. Bnpouem, +ro ona n ecrt. Kax uacro tnaer
n cexrax, oxpyxenne yxonnoro nnepa npenpamaercx n mnorouncnennym,
saxptrym, nenarononyunym cemtm. Ha ]ororpa]nxx orrenxa cennn,
cenanntx n 19501960-e rot, nnyrpennn xpyr P+n npecrannen monotmn
nmtmn, copanmnmncx nocnymart npecrannrene crapmero noxonennx,
noronopnrt c nnmn. 3rn cnnmxn nanomnnamr mne cemente ]ororpa]nn ro
+noxn, rontxo es ere. Kora x noennncx cnonm nanmennem c Fapapo
Fpanen, ona cornacnnact: Hac oennxnn omne nennocrn, ncem nam tno
xax-ro onnoxo no npaxeno ncenenno, cxasana ona. H y nac
ecrnnrentno tno omymenne, uro mt n cemte. Mt saornnnct pyr o pyre,
nam tno npnxrno npononrt npemx nmecre.
3ro tna cemtx, n ne cnyuannct xpynnte ccopt n oxnaxennx ornomenn,
xax tnaer n nacroxmnx cemtxx, xora pocrnennnxn npexpamamr omenne na
onrne rot. Fapapa ne pasronapnnana co cnonm xysenom Heonapom
Hexo]]om c 1968 roa. B oxymenrantnom ]nntme o Hexo]]e, xoropt
pacnpocrpanxercx na DVD n ysxnx xpyrax n nastnaercx Heonap Hexo]].
Cnonmn cnonamn, rnannt repo ynomnnaer, uro c P+n ero nosnaxomnna
xysnna. On ne yrounxer, uro +ro xysnno tna Fapapa Fpanen. Hn Fapapa,
nn Harann+nt ne ynomnnamrcx n +rom ]nntme, n +rom nopasnrentnom
opasunxe camonmonannx. Bce noromy, uro, nopnan c P+n, nx Heonapa onn
nepecrann trt nnunocrxmn.
B cexre P+n 19501960-x roon nmo nsrnannt ns cemtn cunrancx
nonnomennem sna. Cnonom sno oexrnnncrt paspactnannct nanpano n
naneno, cxasana Fapapa. Hsrnannnxa nce ocyxann, nnora nynnuno. Ero
nserann. On nonpocry nepecranan trt nnunocrtm.
Hsrnanne Fpanenon, nnn Pasptn, xax nastnamr +ro cotrne
oexrnnncrt, tno camtm snaunrentntm pacxonom n p+nnancxnx xpyrax
npn xnsnn P+n, nacroxmax oxora na netm. Fapape renept yxe sa
nocemtecxr, n xora-ro ona tna nnsxa c P+n, xax out tnaer nnsxa c
mareptm npana, n annom cnyuae mart cnana c myxem ouepn. Mne ne
yanoct nonecrn Fapapy x pasronopy o rom annem cxanane, no ]nntm mt
ocynnn. E nonce ne npannnoct, uro n ]nntme cenan raxo axnenr na cexce,
no ee mnennx nnxro ne cnpocnn. Ona cxasana, uro Hnrep uona, nsopaxax
opocepeunoro poronocna up+nxa O`Konnopa, snononyunoro myxa P+n,
nrpan ouent rporarentno. Emy npexpacno yancx opas uenonexa c ncrepsanno
ymo, nmenmero necuacrte xennrtcx na An P+n.
3xpannsannx Crpacrn An P+n +ro, xoneuno, ne Ipaxannn Ken, no
nce-raxn ona ropaso nyume norpenannoro xpnrnxamn ]nntma Arnanr
pacnpannn nneun, ntmemero n anpene 2011 roa. Fonee roro, xnnra Fapapt
ntepxana ncntranne npemenem. Hexo]] cnepna saxnnn, uro nce n ne
onncannoe nonnax ntymxa (yrnepxax npn +rom, uro xnnrn ne unran).
Onaxo nosxe, n oxymenrantnom ]nntme Hncrnryra An P+n Cmtcn
xnsnn, axe on ntnyxen tn npnsnart, uro rnannoe orxponenne xnnrn
cymecrnonanne nnrnmntx ornomenn mexy P+n n ee monotm
nomomnnxom, Harann+nem Fpanenom npana. Hauanoct nce no nsanmnomy
cornacnm, no co npemenem ntponnoct n omorarentcrna. Kora Fpanen
saxoren npexparnrt cexcyantnte ornomennx, P+n ne norepnena orxasa. Ona
ne npocro nopnana c nnm, ona nontranact ero ynnuroxnrt. Ona nncana
raocrn o oonx Fpanenax, n ocoennocrn o Harann+ne, no ncex
oexrnnncrcxnx xypnanax [70 - Rand A. To Whom It May Concern // The
Objectivist. Vol. 7. May 1968 (September 15, 1968). Palo Alto, Calif.: Palo Alto
Book Service, 1982. P. 449.]. Onaxo nce, xro yocyxnncx nceptes saymartcx
na +ro cnryanne, sa ncxnmuennem pasne uro camtx yneprtx
oexrnnncron, npnnxnn cropony Fpanenon.
V menx cocroxncx xoporxn rene]onnt pasronop c Harann+nem Fpanenom,
xoropomy renept sa nocemtecxr, n on ronopnr ena cntmntm ronocom. B
ornnune or tnme xent, xoropax c paocrtm mna na omenne, part y nero
nnrepntm tno nce panno uro rxnyrt sy. On nsmonnncx o nomae mnnyr uepes
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nxrnanart. He snam, ycran nn on, nnn emy npocro ne nonpannnnct mon
nonpoct. Hoospenam, uro nmenn mecro oe npnunnt.
Hecmorpx na npoxnxrne, xoropoe P+n nanoxnna na Harann+nx, cnonno
crapax ntranxa n emenom xnno]nntme, on nennoxo ycrponncx n
nocrp+nnancxym +noxy. Hocne pasptna c P+n on cenan xaptepy yxe ne n
oexrnnnsme, a n nonynxpno ncnxonornn, nanncan mnoro xnnr o nontmennn
camoonenxn n nectma orxponennte nocnomnnannx Mon rot c An P+n. B
nenom on ne nperenonan na ntcoxoe nonoxenne n oexrnnncrcxo nepapxnn,
xorx npemx or npemenn n mentxan na omnx ]ororpa]nxx. V menx ontmne
nponemt co sopontem. , moxno cxasart, yannncx or mnpa, noxcnnn on.
Ho-nnnmomy, nonnrnuecxax opta ne ocoenno nnrepeconana Harann+nx, no
cnoe mnenne no nonoy nnxennx uaennrnx on nmen, npnuem ne ocoenno
necrnoe. B nenom nx nsrnxt ne cnnmxom pasymnt, cxasan on. V menx ner
pasnornacn c uaennrnem, no x ne nonnmam, uero onn xorxr onrtcx n
onrocpouno nepcnexrnne.
B rpannnonntx nonnrnuecxnx, ]nnoco]cxnx nnn connantntx nnxennxx
saxanennte ont npoe Fpanenon cunrannct t nenntm pecypcom, a nx
pasptn c P+n nnxro t ne npnnnman no nnnmanne sa annocrtm ner. Onaxo
oexrnnnsm moxno nasnart xaxnm yrono nnxennem, rontxo ne
rpannnonntm. Hncrnryr An P+n, re no-npexnemy nce pemaer Hexo]],
npoonxaer ornocnrtcx x Fpanenam xax x uyonnmntm npearenxm, xorx
onnnennx P+n npornn nnx tnn cnnomno xnenero, n oa onn ocramrcx
xptmn samnrnnxamn oexrnnnsma n rpyon P+n. Emy [Hexo]]y] nsnecrno
nnmt ro, uro An nopnana co mno. H +ro nce, uro emy cneyer snart.
nonnomenne sna. Hnn axe cam txnon no nnorn, naxonnuno saxnnna
Fapapa. B nponaranncrcxom ]nntme Cmtcn xnsnn, ntnymennom c
oopennx Hncrnryra An P+n, o Fpanenax ynomnnaercx nnmt mnmoxoom
n nectma npenepexnrentno. O nx yuacrnn n ome ncropnn tno pemeno
ymonuart. H +ro ne cnyuanocrt. Cosarenn ]nntma tnn onyment x
apxnnam nncrnryra na rom ycnonnn, uro onn ne cranyr part nnrepntm y
Fpanenon n nocrapamrcx ne ynomnnart o nnx n ]nntme [71 - Walker J . The
Ayn Rand Cult. P. 193.]. Hn y onoro ns cynpyron ne nsxnn nnrepntm n nx
Cra ronocon ycrno ncropnn, onynnxonanno Hncrnryrom An P+n n
xonne 2010 roa. B nee nomnn orpeaxrnponannte pacmn]ponxn ece co
ncemn, xro xort xax-ro conpnxacancx c P+n, naunnax c ee cecrpt, xnnyme n
Poccnn, n saxanunnax axrepom Poeprom Cr+xom, utn ntcrynnennx na
renennennn npannnnct P+n. H ne tno cxasano nn cnona or nmenn nyx
nme, ctrpanmnx naxnemym pont n oexrnnncrcxo ncropnn.
B camom ene, nenepoxrno, uro raxo orart ncrounnx cneenn o P+n
nonnocrtm nrnopnpyercx pyxononrenxmn Hncrnryra An P+n. Ho-moemy,
+ro ornnunt xostpt nx npornnnnxon oexrnnnsma. Fpanent sannmamr
nonoxenne, ocrynnoe ouent ne mnornm ns ntne xnnymnx: onn yuacrnonann n
nnxennn oexrnnnsma c camtx ero ncroxon. o pasptna c P+n Harann+nt n
Fapapa Fpanent tnn ee rnanntmn nomomnnxamn, a sa nnmn yxe cneonann
Hexo]] n Ipnncnen, sannmanmne n p+nnancxo nepapxnn npnmepno ony n
ry xe crynent. Hmenno Fapape n Harann+nm P+n onepnna n 1962 roy
cocrannenne xnaneno xnnrn Kro raxax An P+n?. Kax rnannt nexrop
Hncrnryra An P+n Harann+nt Fpanen cran +axnm 3nmepom Ianrpn or
oexrnnnsma. H Harann+nt, n Fapapa nmecre c P+n ntnycxann
oexrnnncrcxym nnreparypy. Harann+nt npnnnman yuacrne n anronornxx
P+n, mnoro nncan nx ee mnnerenx, a snaunr, xnnxncx nroptm no snaunmocrn
anropom p+nnancxo oxrpnnt nocne camo P+n.
Vunrtnax ncropnm Fapapt Fpanen, mne ne repnenoct ycntmart ee
mnenne o nospoxennn nnrepeca x P+n. Croponnemy nanmarenm moxer
noxasartcx, uro P+n nnxora ne tna nacrontxo nonynxpna, xax ceuac,
axe n re npemena, xora ocrnrna nepmnnt cnant, nocne ntxoa
Arnanra, n xonne 1950-x nauane 1960-x roon. Fapapa co mno
cornacnnact. B re npemena, samernna ona, mnorne oexrnnnsma uyxannct:
To tn nepno, xora nen An tnn n nonnnxy, nx nce ocyxann
ecrnnrentno nce. Ho renept cnryannx nsmennnact xapnnantno. To, uro
nponcxonr ceuac, nectma npnmeuarentno.
An npnoperaer nce ontmee nnnxnne, ocoenno n nonnrnxe. Hnuero
noonoro o cnx nop ne tno. Ee nnnxnne rpomano. H ono noncmy,
cxasana Fapapa. H uro, no ee cnonam, ocoenno npnmeuarentno, onrne rot
P+n nrnopnponann nacrontxo, nacxontxo nosmoxno. Tenept nce nnaue. Ee
nenosmoxno nrnopnponart.
B nepnte nanart ner nx snaxomcrna, xora Fapapa nxonna n nnxamee
oxpyxenne P+n, ra tna ena nn ne napne. 3naere, cxasana Fapapa,
xora ntmen Arnanr, An tna ouent paccrpoena. a, npoaxn oxasannct
ntcoxnmn n npoonxann pacrn, a nnctma noxnonnnxon npnxonnn nauxamn,
no nn onn ns nnntx omecrnenntx exrene ne ntcxasancx n ee noepxxy.
Ona nepexnnana +ro ouent onesnenno. A ceronx nnnte exrenn ns camtx
pasntx onacre ronopxr o ne noncemecrno. H Fapapa, +ra nsrnannax
xoponena panxantnoro xannrannsma, nepeuncnnna mne nmena xommenraropon
xanana Fox, xoropte nocroxnno ynomnnamr P+n, c raxnm nocroprom,
cnonno npnnanexana x uncny nonoopamenntx, a ne ornepxenntx.
nx Fapapt npnunna nocxpemennx P+n ouennna: nannx naxonrcx n
nnauennom nonoxennn. Hmn nmyr ntxoa ns cnoxnnmecx cnryannn n
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nnxr n An P+n peantnym antrepnarnny. B +noxy nocnenoennoro
naroencrnnx, xora Arnanr rontxo ntmen ns neuarn, cnryannx
cymecrnenno ornnuanact or ntnemne. Hpo]comst tnn ropaso cnntnee, n
axe n npannenne 3senxay+pa coxpanxnoct xya ontme ynaxennx x
rpannnxm, nnepannsmy, nennocrxm Honoro xypca, uem ceronx, xora
panxantno nacrpoennte npante xpnrnxymr nce cnxmennte cnmnont
nporpecca or nynnunoro pano o perynnponannx poxaemocrn n
nporpammt Medicare.
P+n tna crpamno nsonnponana na ncem nporxxennn 1950-x roon,
cxasana Fapapa, n rax npoonxanoct mnorne rot. Tenept cnryannx nnax.
Fapapa npnnercrnonana nacrynnenne nono +pt n tna cornacna c mnennem
mnornx nocneonarene P+n, uro ra, nycrt yyun ne neantntm uenonexom,
cosana n ntcme crenenn pannonantnym ]nnoco]nm.
Bospacranne nnrepeca x P+n Fapapa nauana sameuart no npemena
amnnncrpannn xopxa Fyma. Mne xaxercx, n ro npemx nmn
oxonuarentno nnmnnnct nonnrnuecxnx nnnmsn, cxasana Fapapa, n
ocosnann, uro crpana nnxercx conepmenno ne n rom nanpannennn. Ho+romy
onn nauann ntcrynart npornn nnepannsma, nonnmax, uro nontst or nero
nnxaxo. 3arem nspanne Fapaxa Oamt, crpamnemee ecrnne nx name
crpant, nomorno P+n nonxrtcx eme ntme. Tora-ro, x ymam,
xaracrpo]nunocrt nnepannsma n npoxnnnact xax nnxora pantme.
Moxno ne cornacnrtcx c ee orpnnarentntm nsrnxom na nnepannsm, onaxo
n onom ee onenxa upesntuano rouna. Oama ecrnnrentno orxptro
npnsnanancx n cnoem nporpeccnnnsme, uro, nacxontxo x nonnmam, onxno
tno cnpononnponart ornernym peaxnnm. H cnpononnponano. Hmx e tno
P+n. Oama cran xosxnnom Fenoro oma n nepno camoro crpamnoro
+xonomnuecxoro ynaxa co npemen Bennxo enpeccnn, n n +rom ynaxe
onnnxnn ero, nycrt axe on mnoro pas cnpanennno sameuan, uro nce nauanoct
pantme. H xorx Oama yenrentno ntxastnan cex necrnnxom nepemen,
nocne 20 xnnapx 2009 roa on noccranonnn craryc-xno. H Fapapa cxasana mne:
Hmn ne moryr ne sameuart, uro c +rnm crarycom-xno uro-ro ne n nopxxe.
Cnntno ne n nopxxe.
Vnepen, Fapapa ronopnna cnonamn cnoe anne nacrannnnt, yrnepxax,
uro n 2008 roy ]nnancont xpnsnc noxasan nmxm, uro nyxno ncxart
antrepnarnny cnoxnnmemycx nonoxennm neme. Hmenno ono npnneno nac x
enpeccnn, n mt ne ntem ns nee, enax ponno ro xe camoe, uro enann o
cnx nop. Hoxa n npecce n n nccneonannxx xpnsnca, n rom uncne npononmtx
xomnccne no paccneonannm ero npnunn, n nenrpe nnnmannx ocramrcx
ecrnnx anxnpon n npomaxn perynnpymmnx opranon, oexrnnnsm
ntnrptnaer n ntptnaercx nnepe naroapx pennsnonncrcxo ncropnn
xpnsnca, re ncx nnna nosnaraercx nenocpecrnenno na npannrentcrno. Kora x
ocropoxno ntcxasan Fapape cranaprnym rouxy spennx, uro xpnsnc,
nosmoxno, cran pesyntrarom nexonrponnpyemoro xannrannsma, ona ornernna,
xax ornernna t cama P+n: Mt ne nnenn nexonrponnpyemoro xannrannsma
yxe ner cro nxrtecxr.
a, +ro mnenne, nanepnoe, nnsxo x rnnnunomy npanonneprapnancxomy
nsrnxy na xpnsnc, onaxo ero ntcxastnaer nonce ne rnnnunax
npecrannrentnnna npanoro xptna nneprapnannen. Ero ntcxastnaer
nnonepxa oexrnnnsma, xenmnna, npncyrcrnonanmax npn cosannn xpeo,
xoropoe cront mnoroe oemaer nocne cotrn 2008 roa. Fonee roro, +ra
camax xenmnna yenna Anana Ipnncnena n anexnx 1950-x roax, uro
npannrentcrno ne onxno sannmartcx ntaue nnnensn na neenne
anxoncxnx onepann. O +rom erno ynomnnaercx n memyapax Harann+nx
Fpanena, onaxo conepmenno ooeno nnnmannem n Crpacrn An P+n.
[72 - Branden N. My Years with Ayn Rand. San Francisco: J ossey-Bass, 1999. P.
112.]
3ro tno na neuepnnxe, ecnn x nnuero ne nyram. H xaxnm-ro opasom ne
nomnm, xax nmenno, ncnntna +ra rema. Mt npocro pasronapnnann c nnm n
xax-ro saronopnnn n o +rom, n x ntcxasana cnom rouxy spennx. Ho-nnnmomy,
nx nero +ro tno naxno, ncnomnnana Fapapa. yxacno coo ropnnact,
no x ne +xonomncr. 3aro Ipnncnen tn +xonomncrom, xoncyntranrom no
+xonomnxe, nnnxnne xoroporo cpen nexoroptx neymnx nponsnocrnenntx
xomnann Amepnxn tno ouent nennxo. , nanepnoe, ne cmorna t cxasart no
+ro reme nn cnona cnepx roro, uro cxasana Ipnncneny, npnsnananact ona,
cunrax cnon nosnannx n anxoncxom ene xpane cxyntmn.
B ynecncrtx memyapax Ipnncnena 2007 roa no sarnannem 3noxa
norpxcenn ner nn cnona o rom pasronope. Ecrt nnmt ernoe ynomnnanne o
pyxe c Fpanenamn. Ipnncnen nsopaxaer cnoe ynneuenne ]nnoco]ne
P+n xax mnomecxym crpacrt, xax nopocrxonoe ynneuenne mystxo rpynnt
Deep Purple. B nocnecnonnn x nsannm n mxrxo onoxxe,
onynnxonannomy n pasrap ]nnanconoro xpnsnca, Ipnncnen nsnaraer cnom
nepcnm paspasnnmerocx xommapa. Ipnncnen ram n cnoem penepryape:
mnorocnonnt, ntpaxammncx nnrnenaro, no neyxnonno neymn cnom
rnannym nnnnm napannentno nnnnn P+n. Hnxaxnx nontx saxonon
perynnponannx ]nnancontx ptnxon ne nyxno. Ecnn nama nent marepnantnoe
narononyune, nnmer on, x ne nnxy antrepnarnnt rnoantnomy
ptnounomy xannrannsmy. [73 - Greenspan A. The Age of Turbulence. New
York: Penguin, paperback edition, 2008. P. 529.]
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Fapapa, xaxercx, xax n npexe, nepna ]nnoco]nn P+n, onaxo nectma
xpnrnuno nacrpoena no ornomennm x ntnemnnm nnepam oexrnnnsma. Ona
nasnana Hncrnryr An P+n paccannxom ]ynamenranncron or
oexrnnnsma, noospenax, uro nx ecxomnpomnccnt nsrnx na
oexrnnnsm nnmt npenr eny. Ho ee cnonam, onn enamr xoe-uro xopomee,
pacnpocrpanxmr xnnrn P+n, no, xaxercx, npnnocxr ontme npea, uem nontst
cnonm ]anarnsmom n ormarnsmom.
3axonomepno nosnnx nonpoc, orner na xoropt mne xorenoct narn: ncera
nn oexrnnnsm tnaer ]anarnuntm n ormarnuntm? Cymecrnyer nn raxoe
xnnenne, xax ymepennt oexrnnnsm, cnocont nocrpannartcx no
rpeonannx npemenn n necxontxo cmxruart cnon nsrnxt?
B nyansme ecrt pe]opmaropcxax nernt. V xpncrnan ecrt ynnrapnax nepxont.
Bosmoxno nn neuro noonoe nx nocneonarene rpan-amt panxantnoro
xannrannsma?
Hamnoct nn na semne mecro nx Hepno pe]opmaropcxo nepxnn P+n?

6. Pacxontnnx
Hs uepet mnorouncnenntx cxananon, nsrnann n ncxoon, nenpnxrntx
cotrn, cnyuanmnxcx n pasnoe npemx n nnxennn An P+n, naunnax c
Fpanena n saxanunnax neannnm cxananom c Maxxacxn, onn cnyua
ntenxercx ocoo, n ero orronocxn omymamrcx o cnx nop, xorx npomno
nourn nanart ner. 3ror pacxon n pxax p+nnannen oxasancx raxnm xe
naxntm n ecnonoporntm, xax pasptn c Fpanenom, no o nem moxno
paccxastnart erxm o mecrnanarn.
Fontmnncrno nnyrpnoexrnnncrcxnx cxnox nnxax ne rpenoxnnn
oxpyxammnx. Ho +ra cxnoxa ocoenno npnmeuarentna, noromy uro
sarparnnaer nsanmoornomennx mexy p+nnannamn n ontmo rpynno nx
nactnxon-nneprapnannen. Ecnn xon]nnxr paspemnncx t, oexrnnnsm cran
t cnntnee, a ero npornnnnxn ne omymann t ro ynepennocrn, xaxym
omymamr ceronx.
nx ncero mnpa nneprapnannt n oexrnnncrt npnmepno ono n ro xe.
Ha camom xe ene +ro ne npocro orentnte nnxennx, no n xecroxne
xonxypenrt, n ocoenno xecroxo npoxnnxmr cex oexrnnncrt. Ecnn xornre
nopasnnrt oprooxcantnoro oexrnnncra, nasonnre ero nneprapnannem.
Hmenno +ro cenan n cnonx memyapax Ipnncnen, xora cxasan: P+n nanncana
,Hcrounnx, urot nponnnmcrpnponart ]nnoco]nm, x xoropo npnmna,
]nnoco]nm, xoropax ocoenno ntenxer paccyox, nnnnnyannsm n
ocosnannt +ronsm. Hosxe ona nasnana +ro oexrnnnsmom, ceronx ee
nasnann t nneprapnanxo [74 - Greenspan A. The Age of Turbulence. P. 40.].
Bosmoxno, n rax. Ho +ro tno t nenepno, n xax nerepan oexrnnncron
Ipnncnen ornnuno +ro snan. Ipnncnen orxponenno nontrancx cxptrt
+xcrpemncrcxn xapaxrep panxantno, anrnnpannrentcrnenno,
arencrnuecxo n, nx orpomnoro xonnuecrna nme, omenomnxmme
amopantno cncremt neponann P+n.
V nneprapnannen n oexrnnncron mnoro omero, no nneprapnannt c
camoro nauana ueproncxn paspaxann P+n. Ha sape nneprapnancxoro
nnxennx, n nauane 1970-x roon, onn mnornm xasannct xaxnm-ro
crpannonartm npantm xptnom Hontx nentx, ynacneonanmnm nx
anapxnuecxn, anrnrocyapcrnennt yx. P+n xe nonpocry ormaxnynact or
nnx [75 - Rand A. Dont Let It Go (Part II) // The Ayn Rand Letter. Vol. I. N 6.
December 6, 1971. P 19.]. ne oopxm nx, x ne cornacna n nnxax ne cnxsana
c +ro noneme napnanne xaxnx-ro xoncepnaropon, rax nastnaemtx npantx
xnnnn, xoropte nepemannnamr na cnom cropony camtx mntx nnn camtx
nennnmarentntx monx unrarene, saxnnxx, yro cneymr moe ]nnoco]nn, n
n ro xe npemx onpantnax anapxnsm, nncana P+n n cnoe pommpe 1971
roa. [76 - Rand A. Brief Summary // The Objectivist. September 1971. P. 1090.]
Ee nonenn neocrarox noopaxennx, rorantnax nonnrnuecxax cnenora n
nenpeycmorpnrentnocrt, noromy uro sa nocneymmne rot nneprapnancrno
samarepeno n npenparnnoct n ro nnnxrentnoe nonnrnuecxoe nnxenne, xaxnm
xnnxercx ceronx. cnntno comnenamct, uro P+n crana t nepexnnart no
nonoy norepn ronapnme nnn yrpart nnnxnnx. He n ee xapaxrepe tno
saornrtcx o rex, xoro ona cunrana necroxmnmn. B namn nn Hncrnryr An
P+n no-npexnemy pasenxer nenpnxsnt P+n x nneprapnannam, n na rnanno
crpannne ero cara pasmement ntepxxn ns nexnn P+n, n xoroptx ona
nonocnr nneprapnancrno. Cpen npounx npnneena n nnrara 1972 roa, re
ona ronopnr: cxopee nporonocym sa Foa Xoyna, parten Mapxc nnn
xeppn Htmnca. Ecrt eme ntcxastnanne 1973 roa, n xoropom P+n
nastnaer Hneprapnancxym naprnm emeno nontrxo pexnamt, xoropax
ne ocrnrna nenn, n saxnnxer, uro nneprapnannt ee nparn n xpayr ee
nen. [77 - Ornert n nonpoct An P+n o nneprapnancrne (Ayn Rands Q&A
on Libertarianism) // Becar Hncrnryra An P+n
(http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=education_campus_libertaria
ns).]
Hoonoro poa ntpaxennx tnn otunt nx P+n. Ona, ne xonenxct,
opymnnanact na cnonx coparten ns npantx, nocroxnno ntpaxax cnoe
npespenne, nanpnmep, x nennrennexryantnocrn pecnynnxannen n
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
xoncepnaropon. B crarte ns mnnerenx 1974 roa P+n neroyer no nonoy
npenoxennx nanxsart npecce rocyapcrnennt xonrpont, ynepxx, uro or +roro
npenoxennx pasnr xoncepnarnnntm crnnem: sarxntm sanaxom
mcrnrentnoro, nnmennoro nnrennexryantnocrn xenesoeronnoro ynpxmcrna,
nenepnoro mpaxa, nsnopornnnocrn, nonnrnxn ymnpornopennx, xomnpomncca n
n xoneunom nrore nnuem, xpome rnnno npaxenocrn. [78 - Rand A. Ideas v.
Goods // The Ayn Rand Letter. Vol. III. No 11. February 25, 1974. P. 295.]
P+n, pemnrentno crpemnnmaxcx x neonornuecxo uncrore, nn sa uro ne
npnmnpnnact t c nneprapnannamn. H raxoe ornomenne coxpanxnoct eme
onro nocne ee cmeprn. B 1989 roy Hnrep Bnapn, peaxrop
Hnrennexryantnoro axrnnncra, pommpt Hncrnryra An P+n, nacrannan
na rom, uro nneprapnancrno rpexonno, n ntcxastnancx npornn
nesaxonnoro cnnxennx c nneprapnannamn. Inen Bnapna tn ntsnan rem,
uro +nn Kennn, axrnnncr or oexrnnncron n pyr Hexo]]a, nontrancx
orxptrt nanor c nneprapnannamn n nmen necuacrte nerarnnno ntcxasartcx o
]nntme Crpacrt An P+n [79 - Kelley D. The Contested Legacy of Ayn
Rand: Truth and Toleration in Objectivism. Poughkeepsie, NY: Transaction
Publishers, 2000. P. 11.]. Bnapn oxapaxrepnsonan nneprapnancrno, xax
nnxenne, xoropoe npnneuaer pacrnnrene manonernnx, npononennxon
onocroponnero pasopyxennx CBA, Hontx nentx, nmnrene HC,
omomerarene, naprnsan-xommynncron ns Rxno Amepnxn n eroynn ns
uncna nocneonarene cnpa Apa]ara. Bce +ro npnemnemo no nonorom
nneprapnancrna (n cranonnrcx npnemnemtm nx xaxoro, xro nastnaer cex
nneprapnannem). [80 - Schwartz P. On Moral Sanctions // Intellectual Activist.
Vol. V. No 1.]
3a cno npocrynox Kennn tn c xpnxamn n ynmnmxantem nsrnan ns
nnxennx oexrnnncron. Konnexn nonyunnn npeocrepexenne or
Hncrnryra An P+n, uro +roro uenonexa ne cronr npnrnamart unrart nexnnn.
Tax cex neyr pennrnosnte ]anarnxn, nncan nosxe Kennn [81 - Kelley D.
The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand. P. 15.]. Ho n ornnune or npexnnx
cxananon n cpee oexrnnncron, xora orcrynnnxon cnnnann nornxontxy,
Kennn onynnxonan cnon nospaxennx n ocnonan antrepnarnnnym rpynny,
xoropym nasnan Hncrnryrom oexrnnncrcxnx nccneonann. Hosxe +ror
nncrnryr rpanc]opmnponancx n Oexrnnncrcxn nenrp, ntne nsnecrnt no
nasnannem Omecrno Arnanra.
Ecnn oexrnnnsm pennrnx, ro nsrnanne Kennn npecrannxercx nnonne
ecrecrnenntm +ranom +nonmnnn nepoyuennx. Bo ncex ocnonntx pennrnxx
ncera cnyuannct pacxont. Hpnnnnnnantnoe pasnornacne Kennn c Hncrnryrom
An P+n cocronr n rom, uro on nepnr n oexrnnnsm xax n orxptrym cncremy,
cnoconym +nonmnnonnponart n nocnpnnnmart nonte nen, rora xax
Hncrnryr An P+n cunraer oexrnnnsm saxptro cncremo,
nceoemnmmnm neponannem, xoropoe tno nonyueno nentntm n neennmtm
ns pyx P+n, a Mmppe-Xnnn nocnyxnn oexrnnncram uem-ro npoe ropt
Cnna. Cnonno Monce, cnycrnnmncx c ropt, urot aponart saxon
nenaroapntm erxm Hspannentm, P+n cnycrnnact n nn]re oma nomep 36
no Bocrouno rpnnart mecro ynnne (nosxe ona nepeexana na Tpnnart
uerneprym), urot aponart saxon oexrnnnsma nnxuemntm n npespenntm
napoam mnpa.
Hneprapnannt, xoroptm nnsox npnnnnn xnnn n a xnrt pyromy,
xaxercx, ne crpaamr or roro, uro P+n cunrana nx rpxsno npnpexno
neno, uro Kennn tn nsrnan sa omenne c nnmn n uro P+n xpocrno
nporecronana, xora onn npnnnmann ee rouxy spennx. Ee ooxecrnnxmr xax
orneprammym, no esrpemnym mart oexrnnnsma, n ona ocraercx rnanno
ponrentnnne neonornn nneprapnancrna.
Ha camom ene ncropnx oxastnaer, uro P+n ncrana ne na ry cropony. B
nauane 1970-x roon nneprapnannt, nanepnoe, mornn xasartcx cnerxa
uoxnyrtmn nopaxarenxmn oexrnnncron, onaxo onn oxasannct nonce ne
raxnmn xpernnamn n neyaunnxamn, xaxnmn cunrann nx P+n n nosxe Bnapn.
nnxenne oexrnnncron, xorx n npoonxax snocnonnrt, nocrenenno
npnsnaer +ror ]axr. B nocnenne rot, n ocoennocrn c noemom
uaennrnx, nponacrt, pasenxmmax oexrnnncron n nneprapnannen,
nonemnory coxpamaercx. Ecnn pantme +ro tn Fontmo Kanton, nonnt
nsanmntx onnnenn c nepexoom na nnunocrn (no ncxxom cnyuae, co cropont
P+n n ee nocneonarene), ro nocrenenno nponacrt cysnnact o pasmepon
otuno npnopoxno xanant, xoropym moxno sanpocro nepenptrnyrt. 3ro
naxnoe nsmenenne, xoropoe ne npnnnexno ocoennoro nnnmannx sa npeenamn
oexrnnncrcxnx xpyron, norennnantno cnococrnyer pacmnpennm nnnxnnx
P+n.
nnxenne uaennrnx nomorno cnecrn nmecre oexrnnncron n
nneprapnannen. pon Fpyx nponnnarentno ynonnn naxnocrt +roro nnxennx
n na onom ns camtx xpynntx mnrnnron, xoropt cocroxncx n Focrone 4 nmnx
2009 roa, nasnan nyxnt apec. 3neprnx +roro copannx n ecxrxon pyrnx
noontx copann no nce crpane orxptnana nepe onnonenramn
nosmoxnocrn, ynycrnrt xoropte tno nentsx. Bmecro roro urot nonropxrt
omnxy P+n n nopornrt noc or orooxsnenno ronnt, couyncrnymme
nneprapnancrny n pasmaxnnamme necanxnnonnponanntmn nnaxaramn c
nannctm Kro raxo xon Ianr?, xpannrenn nnamenn p+nnancrna ns
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Hncrnryra An P+n pemnnn npncoennnrtcx x +ro ronne, axe ne ntraxct
cenart nenosmoxnoe n pasrpomnrt uannxon.
Hncrnryr An P+n cosan na cnoem care pasen nx rex, xro couyncrnyer
uaennrnm. Hpn +rom cnono arensm craparentno nseraercx [82 - Henrp
An P+n o ncrpeuax uaennrnx (ARC on the Te a Parties) // Ayn Rand Center
for Individual Rights
(www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=media_topic_tea_party).]. B
pasene pasmemena Crparernuecxax macrepcxax no cosannm
nnrennexryantntx noopyxenn, n xoropo naxanyne mnrnnra n Bamnnrrone,
nasnauennoro na 12 cenrxpx 2009 roa, tn ecnnarno nponeen rpennnr nx
nyxcor nxrnecxrn oprannsaropon uaennrnx. Hent namnx copann n rom,
urot sacrannrt Konrpecc n amnnncrpannm Oamt ycntmart namn ronoca,
ronopnnoct n nnrepner-oxnnennn o nponeennn nceomero rpennnra.
Onaxo n ontmnncrne cnyuaen onn cntmar rontxo +monnonantnte,
nennxrnte ntcrynnennx n xaxne-ro anantnocrn. urot npenparnrt
,nnxenne uaennrnx n +]]exrnnnoe opyxne n none sa cnooy nnunocrn,
yuacrnnxn mnrnnron onxnt ntpaxart cnon mtcnn cnxsno n
aprymenrnponanno. Tora onn cmoryr onrtcx nonoxnrentnoro pesyntrara.
[83 - Hpnrnamenne na rpennnr naxonrcx no apecy:
www.eventbrite.com/event/415812707. uncno yuacrnnxon sa]nxcnponano n
]opme 990 or 2009 roa (Hncrnryr An P+n, Hanoronoe ynpannenne CBA,
arnponano 5 ]enpanx 2010 roa).]
Ho, uro ropaso nnrepecnee, npn nororonxe rpennnra coanropom +ro
rpannnonno oexrnnncrcxo pnropnxn cran Hncrnryr xonxypenrnoro
npenpnnnmarentcrna (CEI) nayuno-nccneonarentcxn nenrp
nneprapnannen.
Ornomennx nneprapnannen n oexrnnncron oxonuarentno onpeennnnct n
nauane 2010 roa, xora pon Fpyx nponsnec peut n Oxc]opcxom omecrne
nneprapnannen [84 - Bneosannct c peutm pona Fpyxa moxno nocmorpert
na nore Oxc]opcxoro omecrna nneprapnannen (URL:
http://oxlib.blogspot.com/2010/02/yaron-brook-morality-of-investing-and.html).].
3a nanart onn ro o roro Kennn c rpecxom ntcrannnn ns Hncrnryra An
P+n, onnnxx, n uncne npouero, n rom, uro on noxnnncx n nneprapnancxom
xnye Laissez Faire Supper Club. Cxnatnaercx nneuarnenne, uro Amepnxy
An P+n saxnecrnyna nonax renennnx x yperynnponannm xon]nnxron. V
menx +ro nneuarnenne ycnnnnoct, xora x npounran n Hnrepnere cpen pasntx
cnneren, uro Hncrnryr An P+n ecrnnrentno npenpnnnmaer nexoropte
marn x npnmnpennm c +nnom Kennn! 3ro xe nce panno uro noccoennenne
pnmcxo-xaronnuecxo nepxnn c npanocnanno! Hsrnanne Kennn ns nnxennx
oexrnnncron onrne rot cnmnonnsnponano nce neocrarxn oexrnnnsma c
rouxn spennx xpane npantx: ouent conercxoe orcyrcrnne ronepanrnocrn,
nenpexnonnocrt, npnntuxa nnepon ntcxastnart xecrxne cyxennx n apec
nme, yxnonnnmnxcx or renepantno nnnnn naprnn. H ecnn xora-nnyt na
xpane npanom ]nanre sanomr Kymax!, ecnn oa xptna oexrnnnsma
oennxrcx, nporxnyr pyxn ronapnmam ns nnxennx nneprapnannen n ns
uaennrnx, ro conmecrno c nnmn onn cmoryr c]opmnponart Oennennt
]ponr panxantnoro xannrannsma, cnocont cmecrn nce na cnoem nyrn.
emoxpart n nnepant nnpane nacmexartcx, nastnax +ro antxncom uoxnyrtx
+xcrpemncron, onaxo croponnnxn nporpecca ncera nenepno onennnann cnny
nonynnsma npantx n neonornuecxym momt An P+n. H npomexyrounte
ntopt 2010 roa +ro oxasann.
conpancx cnxsartcx c +nnom Kennn, urot ysnart, nacxontxo npannnt
cnyxn. Ho noxa uro x pasmtmnxn o rom, x uemy moxer npnnecrn raxoe
oennenne.
nonnman, uro n noonom comse omnnnponart yer Hncrnryr An P+n.
Omecrno Arnanra ropaso mentme nncrnryra, cyx no ]nnancontm
oxymenram [85 - Cm.: ]opma 990 sa 2009 ro (Oexrnnncrcxn nenrp,
Hanoronoe ynpannenne CBA, arnponano 20 anrycra 2010 roa) n ]opmy 990
sa 2009 ro (Hncrnryr An P+n, Hanoronoe ynpannenne CBA, arnponano 5
]enpanx 2010 roa).]. Hanoronte exnapannn omecrna orxptrt nx ocryna:
saxon rpeyer or nexommepuecxnx oprannsann, xoropte ocnooxent or
nanoron, ]nnancono npospaunocrn. a, oe oprannsannn xnnxmrcx
nexommepuecxnmn n ornnune or Hncrnryra Harann+nx Fpanena. B mnpe
oexrnnnsma, neuyncrnnrentnoro x nponnn, ouennno, ne sameuamr
npornnopeunx mexy neonorne +rnx nnxenn n nx crarycom
nexommepuecxnx oprannsann. Ho-nnnmomy, nponnrart uaennrne n
sannmartcx nonnrnuecxo arnranne (meponpnxrne no copy cpecrn n orene
St. Regis tno cotrnem nonnrnuecxnm, xax x n oxnan) nncrnryry ne
memamr nnxaxne sanpert na nonnrnuecxym exrentnocrt, npeycmorpennte
nx nexommepuecxnx oprannsann, cymecrnymmnx na orannn
narornopnrene, xoropte sa +ro ocnooxamrcx or ynnart nanoron.
Hanoronax cnyxa sanpemaer nexommepuecxnm oprannsannxm noepxnnart
rpynnt xannaron [86 - The Restriction of Political Campaign Intervention by
Section 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Organizations // Be-car Hanoronoro ynpannennx
CBA (URL: http://www.irs.gov/charities/charitable/article/0,id=163395,00.html).
Pe. or 16 nmnx 2010 roa.]. Bnnmo, urot sannrepeconart nanoronym
nonnnnm, nyxno n orxptrym pasanart rpaxanam snauxn c npentopntmn
nosynramn. Bnpouem, n cepenne 2011 roa noxnnnnct npnsnaxn cxoptx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nepemen n +rom ornomennn. Hanoronax cnyxa nauana opamart nnnmanne na
nexommepuecxne oprannsannn, y xoroptx nmeercx nonnrnuecxax nporpamma.
Ocnooxenne or nanoron ne rontxo npeocrannxer nm nexnnte nanoronte
ntrort nx nonnrnuecxo exrentnocrn (xaxax nponnx, yunrtnax nsrnxt
oexrnnncron na nanoroonoxenne!), no eme n nomoraer cxptrt nnunocrn
cnoncopon. [87 - Strom S. I.R.S. Moves to Tax Gifts to Groups Active in Politics
// New York Times. May 12, 2011.]
Hncrnryr An P+n n Omecrno Arnanra xax yro xnnyr nennoxo,
necmorpx na rpynte npemena, nacrynnnmne nx ncex nexommepuecxnx
oprannsann. B +rom ner nnuero ynnnrentnoro, yunrtnax, uro oe +rn
onrnmncrnuno nacrpoennte crpyxrypt cnyxar nnrepecam oraue, a oraun
cnocont orcroxrt cnon nnrepect npn nmom +xonomnuecxom xnnmare. B
2009 roy (nocnenem, annte sa xoropt x cmor cpannnrt) noxeprnonannx n
rpanrt Omecrny Arnanra cocrannnn 1,1 mnnnnona onnapon, ro ecrt
cymecrnenno mentme 6,5 mnnnnona, nonyuenntx sa ror xe nepno
Hncrnryrom An P+n; a xanonante Kennn cocrannno nnmt 67 496 onnapon
npornn 439 rtcxu onnapon Fpyxa. Ecnn cocrannrt nponopnnm nnnnann sa
ro, omee nosnarpaxenne Fpyxa, axe sa ntuerom 180 rtcxu npemnantntx,
oxaxercx snaunrentno ontme, uem y Kennn. B 2010 roy oxot Hncrnryra
An P+n pesxo nospocnn o 11,8 mnnnnona onnapon, uro narnxno
oxastnaer pocr nonynxpnocrn panxantnoro xannrannsma [88 - uopma 990
Hanoronoro ynpannennx CBA sa ]ncxantnt ro, sanepmammncx 30
cenrxpx 2010 roa (Hncrnryr An P+n, Hanoronoe ynpannenne CBA, 19
xnnapx 2011 roa).]. Coornercrnymmne annte no Omecrny Arnanra
(xoropoe n oxymenrax nanorono cnyxt no nensnecrntm npnunnam o cnx
nop snaunrcx xax Oexrnnncrcxn nenrp) neocrynnt.
Ho xpane mepe n reopnn, cnnxnne nnn antxnc nyx conepnnuammnx
oprannsann, n xoropom coennnnnct t neonornuecxax croxocrt n
orxptrocrt, nomoxer P+n cenartcx onee npnrxrarentno nx
neoexrnnncrcxoro mnpa. Bepoxrno, noont coms npnnnex t n npocrtx
cmeprntx.
ncxan cnnerentcrna romy, uro ormarnsm Hncrnryra An P+n ornyrnnaer
mnornx pxontx p+nnannen. Tax ono n tno nx nexoroptx nme, c
xoroptmn x nosnaxomnncx n oexrnnncrcxnx xpyrax Htm-Hopxa, n rom uncne
nx Bnxropa Hnepxo]]epa, rpeepa n oprannsaropa nnrennexryantnoro
canona J unto. Bnxrop n ero xena Ctmsen tnn nnsxn x Omecrny
Arnanra n xya mentme xanonann nncrnryr, xoropt Ctmsen
oxapaxrepnsonana mne, xax cnnmxom ormarnunt. ne ocyxan
Omecrno Arnanra c xonom 3nnnconom, no on nponsnen na menx
nneuarnenne uenonexa, ntcrynammero sa oennenne, necmorpx na
ecxomnpomnccnt noxo x oexrnnnsmy. Kora x pasronapnnan c Fapapo
Fpanen, ona xcno ana nonxrt, uro cunraer Omecrno Arnanra ropaso
onee nnoornopntm, uem Hncrnryr An P+n, cxasan, uro Omecrno
enaer opoe eno. Onn orxptrt pyrnm nexm. Onn orxptrt nx
ocyxennx.
A nncrnryr, noxcnnna ona, cunraer An P+n nourn uro oxecrnom.
axe n ne nourn ona n ecrt nx nnx oxecrno. Conepmencrno. Ipynna
Kennn nonnmaer, uro ona tna uenonexom n conepmana omnxn n n nnuno
xnsnn, n n ]nnoco]nn. Onn cornacnt c nem no mnornm nonpocam, no onn ne
]anarnxn.
Kora x naxonen npncrynnn x nnrepntm c +nnom Kennn, on ntcxastnancx
ocropoxno: Hanepnoe, nam cneyer orxptrt xaprt. nourn ne unram
]nnanconte nsannx, onaxo npocmorpen nexoropte namn crartn, n y menx
cnoxnnoct croxoe nneuarnenne, uro nt cronre na nosnnnxx, anexnx or
oexrnnnsma, cxasan on, nnnomarnuno cmxruax ]opmynnponxn. Ho+romy
x pa noeceonart c namn. Onaxo sect ne nonpenr onpeenennax
ocropoxnocrt, nocxontxy mt sannrepeconant n nponnxennn paor An P+n
n pacnpocrpanennn nn]opmannn o ne.
B ero cnonax ne uyncrnonanoct xenannx onnuart oexrnnnsm. Hecmorpx na
cnon comnennx, on cornacnncx art mne nnrepntm, xorx n c onacxo. urot
cnomart neox, x paccxasan emy, xax n 1990-x roax cnoont ptnox
npnsnann snom unent ma]nn, xoropte ntrannct cnexynnponart na axnnxx
mnxpoxannranon. Ha camom ene x nopono nsnoxnn nce +ro n xnnre
Poxennte noponart, ntmeme n 2003 roy, no Kennn cmxrunncx ne
namnoro. Ma]nx ne cnoont ptnox, ]tpxnyn on (noome-ro, +ro
tna mox pennnxa). Mt nemnoro noronopnnn o ropoe Ha]xnncn (mrar
Htm-Hopx) ponne moe marepn, re n x xora-ro xnn. Ho neox nce panno
ne cnomancx.
Hpomno nemnoro npemenn, n mo coecennx paccnanncx nacrontxo, uro
paccxasan mne o cnoem ercrne n Bexep-Xarc, orarom npnropoe
Knnnnena, n o cnoem orne, nectma nonnrnsnponannom mpncre. Hcrounnx
Kennn npounran n cpene mxone.
Knnra yxasana emy nyrt x romy uenonexy, xaxnm on xoren crart (n cran, cyx
no romy, uro nosnonxer pyrnm nmert nnunoe mnenne o +nnre
oexrnnncron). Kennn ponncx n 1949 roy, n ero mnocrt npnmnact na nopy
pacnnera roro nnxennx, xoropoe nmenymr xonrpxyntrypo.
nonpocnn ero paccxasart, xax ero snaxomcrno c P+n coornocnnoct c
npanamn +noxn. Hanepnoe, orneuan on, ecnn ynpocrnrt, ro moxno cxasart
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
rax. Hennocrn, o xoroptx nam ronopnnn n cemte, n nepxnn, n raserax,
npecrannxnn coo cmect nyx xnsnenntx ]nnoco]n: cam nponnacx n
xnsnn n yt uacrtm xomant amepnxancxo xomant. Fyt npnxren
nmxm. C ]nnoco]cxo rouxn spennx, +ro tna cmect +ronsma n antrpynsma.
Hoospenam, uro eme n n couerannn c npnstnom yt uenonexom
oprannsannn. Bectma spante nennocrn, xorx n ne oexrnnncrcxne, n
nepememannte es pasopy.
Cemtx Kennn ne ornnuanact pennrnosnocrtm, n on c pannnx ner tn
arencrom, uro ynpocrnno emy nepexo n oexrnnnsm. P+n pasxcnnna rax
mnoro, npomna o xonna crontxo opor, xoropte x eme rontxo naunnan
nccneonart na rom yponne, xoropt ocrynen crapmexnaccnnxy. axe
orpnnanne antrpynsma ero ne cmyrnno. nonnman, uro P+n ne npornn
uenonexonmnx, ne npornn pyxt nnn nmnn. nx Kennn nex
camonoxeprnonannx nnxora ne nmena cmtcna, xax n npocnannenne roro, uro
on, sa nenmennem nyumero cnona, nastnan naronpncronocrtm, xoropax
cronr na nepnom mecre n cnncxe ocronncrn nporecranrcxo Amepnxn. Ho
tno xcno, uro P+n ntcrynaer sa nosnrnnnte ornomennx, xoropte nastnaer
npnnnnnom omena. Onn cocroxr n rom, urot omennnartcx uem-ro
nenntm n ne xart or nme, uro onn ayr nam uro-ro, ecnn nam neuero nm
npenoxnrt, n naoopor, oxcnnn mne Kennn.
yxe ne pas cntman +ror nocrynar oexrnnnsma or 3nnncona n pyrnx, c
xem ycnen noomartcx. Ionopx rax, mon coecennxn nnrnponann P+n,
xoropax neannsnponana ropronna xax uenonexa, xoropt sacnyxnnaer ro,
uro nonyuaer, n nnxora ne oraer n ne eper nnuero saapom. Ona ynepxna,
uro raxo uenonex ne paccunrtnaer na ro, uro on moxer nonyunrt uro-ro
npocro rax, a nnmt na cnpanennnym nnary sa cnon ocrnxennx [89 - P+n A.
opoerent +ronsma. M.: Antnnna Hannmep, 2012.]. B raxo ]nnoco]cxo
nosnnnn npncyrcrnyer nexoropoe nsxmecrno. Bce +ro snyunr x t cxasan,
mnno. Ho x nnxax ne mor no ncem +rom pasopartcx, noromy uro
neannsnponannt opas ropronna npecrannxncx mne ]anracrnuecxnm.
Moxer trt, P+n ne cneonano ynorpenxrt sect cnona ropronen. Morna
t uro-nnyt npnymart, xaxoro-nnyt epn-oranax, urot onncart
necymecrnymmn nn uenonexa.
Ee xapaxrepncrnxa ropronnen ne nmeer nnuero omero c ropronnamn ns
peantno xnsnn, yt ro axanemnx na yrny, ropronen axnnxmn c pyro
cropont ynnnt nnn npoanen ns cynepmapxera Walmart. comnenamct, uro
ontmnncrno nacroxmnx ropronnen nnxr cex raxnmn, xaxnmn nx onncana
P+n: net nnaue onn cymecrnonann t no nnacrn nnnmsn, memammnx nm
ncnonnxrt cnon npo]eccnonantnte oxsannocrn. Hm rnyoxo nannenart, ecnn
onn ne sacnyxnnn cnonx npntne. Onn noxynamr noemenne, npoamr
noopoxe n nonyuamr nosnarpaxenne sa +ro ymenne. Or +roro onn ne
cranonxrcx nnoxnmn nmtmn. V nnx npocro raxax paora. Ecnn t onn rontxo
omennnannct uem-ro nenntm, oxnaxct nsanmontrono cenxn, onn
ocrannct t es paort. uecrnax ropronnx +ro pexnamnt nosynr, a ne
enonax npaxrnxa. Kax samernn Antepr 3nnnc, no ncem mnpe, no
ncenosmoxntx +xonomnuecxnx cncremax ropronen sannrepeconan rnanntm
opasom n rom, urot nonyunrt ro, uero on (cornacno yrnepxennxm mncc
P+n) ne sacnyxnnaer. V xannranncron ono npannno: Caveat emptor, nnn
,Hycrt noxynarent ocreperaercx! [90 - Ellis A. Are Capitalism, Objectivism, &
Libertarianism Religions? Yes! P. 101.]. [91 - Eme 3nnnc sameuaer: Topronen
opamaercx c noxynarenxmn ne xax c nesanncnmtmn, panntmn emy
nnunocrxmn, no otuno crapaercx oypaunrt nx, axe nounnnrt cnonm
xenannxm. On npenounraer necrn ena c nnmn npn nomomn ynonox, cnnt n
npnnyxennx x omeny, nserax xonxypenrno optt, ntraercx sacrannrt nx
cornacnrtcx na ero neny, xorxr onn roro nnn ner. On xnno xer, uro emy
sannarxr sa nentnonnenne nm oxsarentcrn rax xe, xax sa ntnonnenne. H ecnn
conepmaer npomax, ro n ontmnncrne cnyuaen crapaercx onnnnrt n cnonx
npomaxax pyrnx, es ncxxnx pannonantntx oxcnenn, npnrnopxxct, uro ne
onycxan omnox. Opas xannranncrnuecxoro nponsnonrenx n ropronna,
napnconannt P+n, neanen, n +ror nean nacrontxo anex or connantno n
nonornuecxo peantnocrn, uro emy npx nn cyxeno xora-nnyt
ocymecrnnrtcx. Xyxe roro, ona omantnaer cex, cunrax cno nean
peantnocrtm, ymax, uro nmn raxont, xaxnmn ona nx pncyer. Heynnnrentno,
uro ona rax uyonnmno pasouapontnanact, cranxnnaxct c nacroxmnm
noneennem nme!]
Hoonte npornnopeunx mexy peantnocrtm n pnropnxo ne ecnoxonnn
mnoro nonoopamennoro Kennn. On xynnncx. Hpnnxrne ]nnoco]nn P+n
npecrannxno coo ne ]nnoco]cxym, a npaxrnuecxym nponemy, nocxontxy n
memancxo cpee, re xnn Kennn, tno naxno trt xax nce. Hpnnxrt nen
P+n tno nce panno uro naert x cmoxnnry ente nocxn. Kennn onapyxnn,
uro n xonrpxyntrypa roxe ornnuaercx ennoopasnem. Ona oxasanact onee
uem xon]opmncrcxo, cxasan Kennn. Tam npnnnmann antrpyncrnuecxym,
xonnexrnnncrcxym nosnnnm. H nounrann +ro nnnnnyannsmom. Ho rax net
nentsx. Kennn noccran npornn +roro, noccran npornn crpemnennx cnepcrnnxon
noxonrt pyr na pyra c eme ontmnm nosmymennem, uem noccranan npornn
noxonennx ponrene. B ro xe npemx P+n nonnnxna na ero nonnrnuecxoe
mtmnenne, eme ontme orannn or ponrene, xoropte tnn sa Pysnentra n
emoxparon. Mt uacro ccopnnnct npxmo sa oeenntm cronom. Mo oren
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
cnntno nnrepeconancx nonnrnxo, ncnomnnan mo coecennx.
Vonrep Kennn tn crapomontm nporpeccnnncrom, mynnnnnantntm
mpncrom n Knnnnene n n 1970-e rot m+pom ropoxa Bexep-Xarc. B re
npemena on npnopen mnpoxym nsnecrnocrt naroapx cnoe nnepantno
nonnrnxe, yocronncx noxnant or The New York Times sa noepxxy
mxrxoro pyxonocrna, cnococrnymmero pacono nnrerpannn [92 - Stevens
W. K. An Integrated Suburb Thrives in Ohio // The New York Times, October 18,
1975.]. Kennn cxasan, uro ero ncnyrt c ornom, xorx no npemenam n xapxne,
nocnnn nnrennexryantnt, a ne +monnonantnt xapaxrep. Honnrnxa eme
ne ncx xnsnt, samernn on. Xorx moxno rontxo oratnartcx, uro mor
ymart saxopenent nnepan npoe Vonrepa Kennn o sanrptnannxx cnoero
ctna c panxantntmn npantmn.
B Bexep-Xarce tno mnoro enpeen, n n nenom nacrpoennx sect tnn
nporpeccnnnee, uem n ontmnncrne noxoxnx ropoxon Cpenero 3anaa. He
cmymaxct cnonm nnepantntm oxpyxennem n nsrnxamn pontx, ocrontmn
coxanennx, Kennn npnnxncx pennocrno ntncxnnart nx omena nexmn
nopocrxon c npantmn nsrnxamn n npoonxnn nsyuenne oexrnnnsma,
nonncanmnct na nn]opmannonnt mnnerent The Objectivist, xoropt
nsanana P+n. On nocrynnn na ]nnoco]cxoe orenenne Fpaynoncxoro
ynnnepcnrera: no ero cnonam, na +ro pemenne uacrnuno nonnnxno ero
ynneuenne P+n. Ee paort pexo nsyuannct n xonnexax, n Fpaynoncxn
ynnnepcnrer ne tn ncxnmuennem. Mon npenoanarenn ne nnrepeconannct
P+n. Onn snann o ne, no crapannct yenrt oxpyxammnx ne nocnpnnnmart
|ee ]nnoco]nm] nceptes, paccxastnan mne Kennn. Ero axaemnuecxo
xaptepe +ro ne nonpenno, xorx on n cntman, xax pyrne menuyrcx y nero sa
cnnno: H uero Kennn sannmaercx +ro cymacmeme?
Kennn nocrynnn n ynnnepcnrer n 1971 roy, rax uro npemx ero yuet
npnmnoct na camt pasrap norpxcenn, ntsnanntx nono no Btername.
Kennn ncnomnnan, uro nexoropte ns ero onoxamnnxon nceptes
couyncrnonann Bterxonry n xorenn, urot on noenn. Onn sannonann
penonmnnn, noxcnnn on. Kennn tn cnxsan co cryenuecxo rpynno,
xoropax nomemana saxnary sannx ynnnepcnrera panxantno nacrpoenntmn
cryenramn, no antme +roro ero nonnrnuecxax axrnnnocrt n rot yuet ne
pacnpocrpannnact. On esnn n Focron na napy exerontx ntcrynnenn P+n n
nexropnn Ford Hall Forum, no nn pasy ne ronopnn c nem, xorx ona ana emy
anrorpa], nonncan nsanne Hcrounnxa.
Hocne acnnpanrypt n Hpnncroncxom ynnnepcnrere, c 1975 roa, Kennn
nauan npenoanart n xonnexe Baccapa n cnen snaxomcrno c nexoroptmn
nmtmn, snanmnmn P+n nnuno. Hecxontxo pas on ncrpeuancx c nem na omnx
copannxx, xoropte npononnnct y nee na Tpnnart uernepro ynnne.
Copannx tnn ne ocoenno ]opmantnte, cxasan Kennn. P+n nponsnena na
nero nneuarnenne npnnernnno n rocrenpnnmno xosxxn, nnrepecymmecx
nexmn rocre. Ona npoxnnxna x nnm ncxpennn nnrepec. Ecnn ona ronopnna c
uenonexom, coecennx uyncrnonan, uro ona ronopnr nmenno c nnm n
nonnocrtm cocpeorouena na pasronope. Onaxo Kennn nouepxnyn, uro nn n
xoem cnyuae ne nxonn n xpyr npnnnxenntx.
Bnpouem, cyx no naxnocrn ro ponn, xoropym Kennn nrpan na noxoponax n
camo P+n, n ee myxa up+nxa O`Konnopa, moxno npnrn x conepmenno
nnomy ntnoy. B 1979 roy, na noxoponax up+nxa, Kennn unran ncnyx
Knnnnnra. Hpana, on cenan +ro no npocte cnoero pyra n nacrannnxa
Heonapa Hexo]]a, a ne ns xenannx npoemoncrpnponart xaxym-ro ocoym
npnnnxennocrt x P+n. Heonap uyncrnonan, uro ne cmoxer cam, no+romy
nonpocnn menx, noxcnnn Kennn. Ha noxoponax P+n n 1982 roy on npouen
crnxornopenne n snax npnsnarentnocrn romy uenonexy, xoroptm on
nocxnmancx n y xoroporo crontxomy nayunncx. H na ce pas ero cnona
nonpocnn o +rom Hexo]], xoropt nosxe ornyunn ero or oexrnnnsma. Ho
n ror momenr Kennn tn unenom neontmoro parcrna npnnnxenntx x P+n,
cnnornnmerocx c ee cmeprtm.
Kennn paoran nmecre c Hexo]]om na ero ornetmame xnnro
3nonemne napannenn, n onn nauann nmecre roronnrt copnnx An P+n. Ho
norom nce pyxnyno, noromy uro xnnra Fapapt Fpanen yocronnact
xnanenoro orstna n xaxom-ro nenonxrnom nn]opmannonnom mnnerene no
nasnannem On Principle. Hponema cocroxna n rom, uro Kennn nxonn n
peaxnnonnym xonnernm +roro mnnerenx. Hexo]] tn roron cnannrt
pommpy, a Kennn cunran, uro xnnxxa n nexoropte ns npecrannenntx n ne
orxponenn yxe necxontxo sanosann, n o +rom tno neoxonmo cxasart
ncnyx. On orxasancx noxnart pexonnernm, necmorpx na annenne co
cropont Hexo]]a. Tora ero onnnnnn n nocemennn oea n nexnnn
nneprapnannen, n nauanact ecxoneunax cxnoxa, xaxne uacro cnyuamrcx n
nrantxncxnx cemtxx, xonnernantntx opranax, xnyax caonoon n
nropocrenenntx nonnrnuecxnx nnxennxx. [93 - P. Fnnnorro, nanncanmn
osop, paccxasan o pannem +rane pacxona na oexrnnncrcxom care:
http://rebir-thofreason.com/Forum/ArticleDiscussions/1101_4.shtml#99.]
Ceuac nce +ro xaxercx nycrxxamn, no n ro npemx +ro tn nacroxmn
xaraxnnsm n cpee oexrnnncron. Eme onee nycrxuntm +ro cotrne
npecrannxercx orroro, uro renept Hncrnryr An P+n axrnnno saxnmuaer
comst c nneprapnannamn. Ho ynpannennem pona Fpyxa onn sa nocnenne
nxrt ner conepmenno nsmennnnct, cxasan Kennn. Onn enamr conmecrnte
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npoexrt co mnornmn oprannsannxmn, c Amepnxancxnm nncrnryrom
npenpnnnmarentcrna, c uonom Arnanra no +xonomnuecxnm nccneonannxm
ner, on nnxax ne cnxsan c Omecrnom Arnanra. a, xaxax nponnx, uro onn
rax nsmennnn cnom nosnnnm.
Ecnn yx ronopnrt o nsmenennn nosnnn: a nocneonarenn P+n ns
nncrnryra nsmennnn cnoe mnenne o Kennn n ero rpynne? Moxer trt, onn
crpemxrcx x oennennm? Menx sannrpnronano ro, uro x npounran n
Hnrepnere o ncrpeue Kennn c Fpyxom, cocroxnmecx concem neanno.
Kennn paccxasan mne o +rom npana, nexorx. Oxasanoct, uro ncrpeua
cocroxnact eme n 2007 roy nepnax nocne rpannosnoro pacxona. Mt
ncrpernnnct, urot nonecrn nrorn, nonxrt, na uem mt ocranonnnnct,
noxcnnn Kennn. Moxno cxasart, ncrpeua tna nnonne rennax, no rpannnt
no-npexnemy tnn ouepuent uerxo ne crontxo ornocnrentno
nneprapnancrna (n nenom onn renept npnnnmamr namy nonnrnxy), cxontxo
ornocnrentno namero onee orxptroro nonnmannx oexrnnnsma. Kennn
ntxcnnn, uro Fpyx ne ocoenno mnpoxo orxptnaer nepn Hncrnryra An P+n
ocoenno n rom, uro xacaercx xnmuentx nx oexrnnnsma nonxrn n
npecrannenn. Taxnm, xax nce eme cymecrnymmee Omecrno Arnanra.
Kora mt ncrpernnnct, on ouent mnorocnonno oxcnnn, xax emy xouercx,
urot mt nepenomnnn cnryannm. On xoren, urot Hncrnryr An P+n cran
enncrnenntm cnnxepom or oexrnnnsma. A +ro rouno ne cnococrnyer
nanaxnnannm ornomenn, coomnn mne Kennn es ncxxnx +monn, xax +ro
n cnocrnenno oexrnnncram.
a yx, ne cnococrnyer. Kpome roro, noonax nosnnnx npecrannxercx mne
conepmenno ne amepnxancxo. B xonne xonnon, pasne ne pasnoopasne mnenn
xonex Amepnxn? Bnpouem, ecnn peut ne ner o pennrnn. Fpyx nnxomy ne
yrpoxan rpyo cnno, cxasan Kennn, onaxo tna npenpnnxra nontrxa
yenrt namnx unenon npannennx nepemernyrtcx na pyrym cropony n
ynnuroxnrt nac, coxparnn ]ont.
Fpyx, no cnonam Kennn, cnxsancx c nexoroptmn unenamn npannennx
Omecrna Arnanra, ntraxct yenrt nx yrn, n rom uncne n xona
Arnnanopo, xoropt npncyrcrnonan na ncrpeue. Arnnanopo tn npexropom
Cybex International xomnannn, nponsnoxme cnoprnnnoe oopyonanne, n
on necxontxo ner sannmancx cosannem cnenapnx x ]nntmy Arnanr
pacnpannn nneun, xoropt tn naxonen ntcrannen na nceomee nocmemnme
n anpene 2011 roa.
Hocxontxy unent npannennx xnnxmrcx raxxe ocnonntmn cnoncopamn
Omecrna Arnanra, araxa Fpyxa na rpynny Kennn, na mo nsrnx, crana
nmenno npnmenennem rpyo cnnt.
nonpocnn Kennn nasnart rex, xro tn na ncrpeue. B uncne npounx ram
npncyrcrnonann Kennn n Fpyx, samecrnrent Kennn, 3 Xaxnnc, n Arnnanopo.
Kennn ponntm ronocom nepeuncnxn nmena yuacrnnxon, xora menx npyr
cnonno xnecrnyno ono ns nnx. Ouent noxoxee na on uro, cxasan xon
3nnncon?
a, cxasan. tn omapamen. Mo xon 3nnncon? Mo xoncyntranr? Fanxnp
ns Cenepno Kann]opnnn? Onn c ponom oronapnnannct o cenxe,
oannn Kennn. Homnx pasronop c 3nnnconom, x c rpyom npecrannxn cee,
uro +ror nnrennnrenrnt ynpannenen ntrancx rpyo ynnuroxnrt nenym
oprannsannm. Ho, no cnonam Kennn, ntxonno, uro ntrancx, n rax, urot nce
eno xasanoct ne crontxo snonemnm, cxontxo cmexornopntm, onaxo y nero
nnuero ne nonyunnoct. [94 - uyrt nosxe x cnpocnn y 3nnncona o rom
copannn, n on n nenom nornepnn cnona Kennn. On nasnan ncrpeuy onee
nnn menee pyxecxo. Fpyx ncxan nyre x npnmnpennm, onaxo +nn
Kennn npnnepxenen nexoroptx ]nnoco]cxnx nosspenn, xoropte pon
cunraer npornnopeuamnmn ]nnoco]nn P+n. Hoxa +nn ne nepecmorpnr cnon
nsrnxt, nonropnrt nontrxy cnnxennx yer cnoxno. uro xacaercx ecet
co cnoncopamn, xoroptx cxnonxnn npexparnrt ]nnancnponanne Omecrna
Arnanra, ro 3nnncon cxasan: nonnmam, nouemy +nn nocnpnnxn +ro
nmenno rax, n cnxsan +ro c rem, uro nncrnryr n omecrno opmrcx sa
cnoncopon. Honaram, uro pasronop c nnmn tn, n co cropont nncrnryra
nanepnxxa tno cxasano npnmepno cneymmee: Cnymare, nt noepxnnaere
oexrnnnsm, a mt ynepent, uro exrentnocrt +nna Kennn, no ontmomy
cuery, nanocnr oexrnnnsmy npe, noromy uro on ncxaxaer ]nnoco]nm P+n.
Ho+romy nmecro roro urot oranart entrn emy, oranare nx nyume nam.]
Hrax, mox ]anrasnx o nosmoxnom cnnxnnn Hncrnryra An P+n n
Omecrna Arnanra narononyuno ymepna. nx oexrnnncron,
nneprapnannen n croponnnxon neperynnpyemoro xannrannsma +ro nnoxax
nonocrt. Ona osnauaer, uro pasomennocrt n narepe P+n coxpannrcx. 3aro nx
npornnnnxon oexrnnnsma n +rom ner nnuero nnoxoro. Cymecrnonanne nyx
rpynn oprooxcon n pe]opmaropon osnauaer, uro nx npnnneuennx
neo]nron ecrt na pasntx nyrn, ne rpynnt, croxmne na ono n ro xe
nosnnnn panxantnoro xannrannsma. Honaram, +ro nnonne
nsanmonentronax cnryannx.
uro xacaercx cnocrnennoro oexrnnnsmy orpnnannx pennrnn, xoropoe na
nporxxennn mnornx ner cnntno ecnoxonr nme c npantmn nsrnxamn, ro
npornnoopcrnymmne rpynnt ne opamamr na +ro nnnmannx. Kennn npnsnan,
uro axrnnncrt uaennrnx ntpaxann cnoe neonontcrno arencrnuecxo
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nosnnne oexrnnnsma, a n pyrne npante croponxrcx ero no +ro camo
npnunne. Ho +ro ne nmeer snauennx. Arensm oennxer ncex ncrnnntx
oexrnnncron, yt onn croponnnxn xecrxoro xypca, pasenxmmne nosnnnm
nncrnryra, nnn orxptrte nontm nexm unent Omecrna Arnanra, nnn
noxnncrt ns xo]enn na Manx+rrene. Hpnxonnoct nn nm npeoonenart cex
pan +roro nnn ner, n nrore nce onn cenannct arencramn. Hnaue onn ne
cmornn t nastnart cex nocneonarenxmn nsnecrno amt co crpnxxo xape.
nx neo]nron oexrnnnsma arensm ceptesnoe ncntranne, npnsnan
Kennn. 3ro ono ns camtx rpyntx npenxrcrnn na nyrn x nemy n xament
nperxnonennx nx mnornx nocneonarene P+n.
Koneuno, moxno npnnnmart oexrnnnsm es arensma. Ho +ro nce panno uro
nnrt no yrpam xo]e es xo]enna n naexrtcx na npnnnn opocrn. a,
orooxsnenntx oexrnnncron ne saracxnnamr n remnte nepeynxn n ne tmr,
no onn nnxora ne cranyr nonnonpanntmn yuacrnnxamn nnxennx. Mt ne ro
urot npornn pennrnn nnn Fora, oxcnnn mne Kennn. Mt sa paccyox,
cneonarentno npornn nept. Ho ero cnonam, oexrnnncrt npornnnnxn ne
pennrnosno oxrpnnt, a rontxo roro, xax ona nonnomaercx n xnsnt. Hnn,
ronopx cnonamn pona Fpyxa n Tapt Cmnr, nx ne ycrpannaer pennrnosnt
opas mtcne.
Ho cpannennm c +ro omnocrtm nce pasnnunx mexy ]paxnnxmn
oexrnnnsma, yt ro orxptrtmn, saxptrtmn nnn npnorxptrtmn ne nmeer
snauennx. Henaxno, na xaxo nosnnnn mt cronm, saxnnn Kennn. B nmom
cnyuae mt arencrt. H +ro npana. Hnxaxnx ecnn, nnxaxnx no.
Amnnt.

7. Yuepennmn osex1nnnc1
K +romy momenry x yxe nonnman, nouemy oexrnnnsm mnornmn
nocnpnnnmaercx xax pennrnx nnn xyntr, ocnonntmn ormaramn xoroporo
xnnxmrcx nonncrnymmn arensm, rnnepnnnnnyannsm, npexnonenne nepe
xannrannsmom n orpnnanne nyecxo-xpncrnancxo mopann. Hpnunno romy
crann ennonnunocrt n nerepnnmocrt, conepmennax nenpexnonnocrt n
npnntuxa nonocnrt onnonenron. Xorx Omecrno Arnanra nemnoro
ycrynunnee Hncrnryra An P+n, no cpannennm c nnm, nenpexnonntm n
ormarnuntm, ono cnnmxom manentxoe n cnaoe.
Fnaroapx nnxennm uaennrnx c nexmn An P+n snaxomt mnnnnont
amepnxannen, xoropte nnaue tnn t espasnnunt nnn axe npaxent x ee
]nnoco]nn. Onaxo neonornuecxne npornnnnxn P+n, ocoenno ns uncna
nentx, no-npexnemy ne npnnnmamr ee nceptes. Knacct onrynon nnxr n ne
ncero nnmt ocanym nomexy. B 2010 roy nonnrnuecxn nor Wonkette
ntnycrnn cepnm myntr]nntmon no nasnannem Hpnxnmuennx An P+n n
Crpane uyec carnpy, n xoropo P+n nsopaxena n conpemenno Amepnxe,
xax raxax pacncrxa. Bcx xpnrnxa P+n, ocrynnax npocrtm rpaxanam sa
npeenamn xoncepnarnnntx n nneprapnancxnx xpyron, cnonrcx x +rnm
myntrnxam n x nanaxam n nneprapnancxnx norax.
Ecnn +rn nacmemxn enncrnennoe, uro amepnxancxoe ontmnncrno
cnocono npornnonocrannrt P+n, +roro xnno mano. P+n noenr n
neonornuecxo opte. Ie xe crpemnenne ocyxart neonornuecxym
ocnony xannrannsma neperynnpyemoro, ne nounnxmmerocx npannrentcrny,
ecconecrnoro, nnmennoro rpannnonno +rnxn n ne neammero mnnocepnx?
Hyunx naext sapesxnn nx menx na oee n St. Regis, re npononncx
cop cpecrn. Onn ns ntcrynanmnx, ron-menexep Fappn Konnnn, ronopnn o
cosannn ntm-opxcxoro ]nnnana Hncrnryra An P+n. npnoopnncx,
ysnan o meponpnxrnn, nasnauennom na nnxamee yymee: peut mna o cepnn
earon c xnntmn, nacroxmnmn neoexrnnncramn. C nnepanamn! Hepnte
eart tnn sannannponant na 15 ]enpanx 2011 roa, cpasy nocne nx
cnxroro Banenrnna.
Ha nporxxennn mnornx ner pon Fpyx npnnnman yuacrne n earax na
pasnte remt, or nmmnrpannn (sa) n o nomomn nnocrpanntm rocyapcrnam
(npornn). Ho re eart tnn ne ocoenno xapxnmn, Fpyx ntcrynan na nnx
npornn xaxnx-ro ]amncron, npornnnnxon nmmnrpannn. C camtx sonortx
eneuxon Hncrnryra Harann+nx Fpanena nn onn nnep oexrnnncron ne
ncxyrnponan nn c onnm nnntm npecrannrenem nonnrnuecxoro
mencrpnma.
eart Fpanena cocroxnnct n mae 1967 roa, sa ro o ero nennxoro
pasptna c P+n. Mecrom nx nponeennx tn ntpan mnxapnt antnt san n
rocrnnnne New Yorker, n ee uyecnom sannn n crnne ap-exo, onxrt xe na
Tpnnart uernepro ynnne. Hepe nosyxenno aynropne n 1100 uenonex
comnnct n nrne Fpanen n oxrop Antepr 3nnnc. Hpenonaranoct, uro
eart yyr nocnxment ocronncrnam pannonantno-+mornnno
noneenuecxo repannn 3nnnca n xpnrnxe ]nnoco]nn oexrnnnsma. 3nnnc
npexe naxonn nexoropym nontsy n oexrnnnsme: on cunran, uro nocnert
n Hcrounnxe nnnnnyannsm n xaxo-ro crenenn nonnnxn na nero, xora
on paspaartnan cno mero ncnxorepannn [95 - Ellis A. Are Capitalism,
Objectivism, & Libertarianism Religions? Yes! P. ii.]. P+n orxasanact
yuacrnonart n earax c nnm, a Fpanen cornacnncx.
eart npenparnnnct no nceomym cnapy n nacrontxo oropunnn 3nnnca, uro
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
on n 1968 roy nanncan xnnry Pasne oexrnnnsm pennrnx?, xoropax tna
opaorana n nepensana ncxope nocne ero cmeprn. Hecmorpx na crporne
ycnonnx earon, nncan 3nnnc, npncyrcrnonanmne oexrnnncrt, n
uacrnocrn Fpanen, pacnannnnct, osnonnnct, necxontxo pas onnnxnn menx n
naynarentcrne [96 - Tam xe. P. 191.]. A cnpononnponan on Fpanena n ero
coronapnme p+nnannen (ns xoroptx, no cnonam 3nnnca, cocroxna nourn ncx
aynropnx) rem, uro ocmennncx xpnrnxonart oexrnnnsm!
Hnrnpyx nnctmo, ornpannennoe emy Fpanenom nocne earon, 3nnnc
ncnomnnan n cnoe xnnre, uro nporexe P+n onnnnn ero n snono,
neymecrno n ecnpnunnno xpnrnxe ntmtmnenntx repoen An P+n sa nx
neocronepnocrt, xaxymymcx nnuno emy. Ho cnonam Fpanena, +ro cnntno
ocxopnno mncc P+n, xoropax tna n ror neuep y nero n rocrxx, n ona ne
namepena nospaxart nnn orneuart 3nnncy. Hnctmo tno nennxom
onynnxonano n exaptcxom nomepe mnnerenx The Objectivist sa 1967 ro.
[97 - Letter From Nathaniel Branden // The Objectivist. December 1967. P. 379
380.]
Ho cnonam 3nnnca, Fpanen n P+n pasxpnnnct ns-sa roro, uro on
pacxpnrnxonan opast Ionapa Popxa n xona Ianra xax nenosmoxntx
nme, nnn, rounee, cnepxnme. Ena nn +ro moxno cuecrt ocoenno
ocxopnrentntm onnnennem nnn nanaxamn nnuno na P+n, onaxo ona, ee
nmonnnx n nocneonarenn tnn nne cex or rnena.
Hpnmepno n cepenne moero ntcrynnennx, ncnomnnan 3nnnc, An P+n,
cnenmax n nepnom pxy, yxacno pasnonnonanact n ncxounna, ntxpnxnyn:
ne conpamct cnymart +rn eart!. Hocne uero nontranact noxnnyrt
sanonnennt napoom san, a Fpanen roxe n xpocrn ncxounn c mecra n
npoxpnuan n mnxpo]on, uro co cropont 3nnnca ne+rnuno n neuecrno
nanaart na roro, xro, no npannnam earon, ne moxer orneuart cam. Onnnxx
3nnnca n neocronom noneennn, Fpanen orxasancx onapoonart
aynosannct earon, a nx +roro rpeonanoct paspemenne oenx cropon.
3nnnc, yxe c rouxn spennx ncnxorepanenra, npenonaraer n cnoe xnnre, uro
ecnn t An P+n ecrnnrentno tna ymcrnenno sopono (a rem onee
reponuecxo, xaxnmn mnxr cex mnorne oexrnnncrt), ona, xoneuno, ne
nocnpnnxna t ero onnnennx nceptes, a npocro cxasana t cee, cnoxono n
cepxanno, uro ee repon nce-raxn ne conepmenno nenosmoxnte nmn, c
yntxo npnsnana t onnonenra cnerxa rynoymntm n nenosmyrnmo
ntcnymana t pyrne onnnennx c ero cropont [98 - Ellis A. Are Capitalism,
Objectivism, & Libertarianism Religions? Yes! P. 193194.]. Onn ns
npncyrcrnonanmnx oexrnnncron, Poepr unannep, cxasan mne, uro
aynropnm paccepnno sameuanne 3nnnca, yro axe Inrnep ne tn
esoronopouno nnoxnm uenonexom. Fpanen yxnarnncx sa +ry pemapxy n c
paocrtm ncnontsonan ee npornn 3nnnca. unannep, cromaronor n annn
nocneonarent P+n, ontme nnuero ne cmor npnnomnnrt o rex earax:
rontxo +ror momenr n ro, xax P+n ntranact yrn. On cornacnncx, nce nenn
cex onontno npxmonnneno.
Menx nopasnn xnasnpennrnosnt xapaxrep ro npaxenocrn, xoropym
ntxasann x Kennn oexrnnncrt no npemx n nocne earon. Kora P+n
ncxounna c mecra, orxastnaxct cnymart onnonenra, ona nonena cex ne xax
nnep ]nnoco]cxoro reuennx, a, cxopee, xax axronna, rponxncrcxn noxt nnn
yntrpaoprooxcantnt pannnn, utm nepy nocrannnn no comnenne. Taxax
ncropnx cosaer ne nyumne npenoctnxn nx nmtx earon, xaxne
oexrnnncrt pemar nponecrn cnycrx copox uertpe roa.

V menx ne tno nosmoxnocrn noeceonart c Fappn Konnnnom no npemx
oea n St. Regis, no x cnxsancx c nnm cnycrx necxontxo neent. Emy tno
nemnoro sa copox, on tn crpoen, xorx n ne ntcox, c pexo cnerno
opoxo. Boome-ro, on nemnoro nanomnnan Kypra Kpamepa ns Hncrnryra
An P+n sa rem ncxnmuennem, uro oxorno orneuan na mon snonxn. Mt
oronopnnnct o ncrpeue n Hentcxom xnye na Baepnntr-anenm, xax pas
nanpornn Henrpantnoro noxsana (repmnnana Taggart Transcontinental).
Kora mt ycennct n yonte xoxante xpecna n xonne, on noxcnnn, uro xorx n
ne xnnxercx unenom Hentcxoro xnya, uacro nasnauaer sect ncrpeun,
nocxontxy nnxaxnx yocronepenn otuno ne cnpamnnamr. Pantme on tn
unenom Knya o]nnepon n Bamnnrrone, xorx nnxora ne cnyxnn, n ror xny
tn ropaso emenne Hentcxoro, saro norn rya tno ropaso cnoxnee.
Mo coecennx tn uenonexom ymntm, no n ero noneennn npncyrcrnonana
xaxax-ro neymecrnax manonnnnocrt. ryr xe noman cex na mtcnn, uro on
mne npannrcx rax ncera tno npn snaxomcrne c oexrnnncramn. Cnmnarnm
ntstnano n ero nenpensxroe ornomenne x oexrnnnsmy, ntpasnnmeecx n
roronnocrn oprannsonart eart.
B nporpammxe narornopnrentnoro oea Konnnn tn nnonne anantno
oosnauen xax nnne-npecearent nexoe ynpannxmme xomnannn no
nasnannem Balyasny Asset Management. unpma c xannranom n 2,5 mnnnnapa
onnapon xnnxnact cocranno uacrtm Vonn-crpnr, sa rot npenparnnmecx n
npnexnme neperynnpyemoro xannrannsma maxcnmantno nnsxoe noone
Vmentx Ianra, xaxoe rontxo moxer cymecrnonart n conpemennom mnpe.
Balyasny ynpannxer xex-]onamn. 3ro uacrnte xomnannn, nanenennte
na crxxanne orarcrn, n no npemx ]nnanconoro xpnsnca onn ymypxnnct
npennert pasnnrne cotrn n nsnnexart ntroy ns rpxymero onana
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nnoreunoro ptnxa. 3ro ntstnano xpnrnxy, ocoenno xora ntxcnnnoct, uro
menexep xex-]ona xon Honcon corpynnuan c xomnanne Goldman
Sachs, ntncxnnax ror cexrop, re naynaercx nystpt, n ntnpax
nexauecrnennte nnoreunte xpenrt, npoannte nnnecropam. Honcon nauan
moprnrt npoanart nsxrte n xpenr axrnnt, nrpax npornn nnoreuntx
ymar. Kora o +rom crano nsnecrno, nonxnact ontmax mymnxa, n
Komnccnx no nenntm ymaram n npxam npexnnna ncx anxy Goldman
Sachs, xoropt, urot cnxrt c cex onnnennx, ntnnarnn mrpa] n pasmepe
550 mnnnnonon onnapon. (Kax +ro otuno tnaer, Goldman ne npnsnan, no
n ne cran orpnnart cnoero yuacrnx n cnexynxnnn.) Honcon xe n +ro cnryannn
ne tn cnxsan nnxaxnmn npanontmn oxsarentcrnamn, no+romy mrpa]a ne
sannarnn. B nauane 2009 roa x pan y Honcona nnrepntm nx xypnana
Portfolio. O P+n mt ne ronopnnn, onaxo cnonm yneprtm, nponecenntm
uepes ncm xnsnt crpemnennem enart entrn on xnno corpen t e ymy
nnn, moxer trt, ona emy.
Xex-]ont ne npnnnmann nenocpecrnennoro yuacrnx n ]nnanconom
xpaxe. Onaxo camo nx cymecrnonanne nonnnxno na otuan Vonn-crpnr n
ono nectma snaunmo onacrn ntnnart nosnarpaxenn. Xex-]ont n
ocnonnom yepxnnamr 20 % npntne cnonx asncntx nopr]ene n xauecrne
noompnrentno npemnn, uro xnnxercx camo oxono cxemo, xaxym rontxo
moxno ortcxart n ]nnanconom mnpe. Bsamen onn npenaramr nnnecropam
pacmnpennt naop nnnecrnnnonntx crparern no cpannennm c otuntmn
naentmn nnnecrnnnonntmn ]onamn nnn ynpannxmmnmn xomnannxmn.
Moent onnart rpya c ntnnaro onycon cenanact nenepoxrno
npnnnexarentno, oruero npnmenxnact noncemecrno, ntnyxax anxn
ntnnaunnart cnonm rpeepam n anxnpam rpomante entrn, urot
npeornparnrt yreuxy mosron n xex-]ont.
Ornnunrentnax uepra moenn onnart n xexentx ]onax saxnmuaercx n ee
nenpensoenno +roncrnunocrn. B rom, urot enart ecnponrptmnte
cranxn, ner nnuero ypnoro. Hpenonaraercx, uro xex-]ont cnauana
xomnencnpymr ytrxn xnnenram, a yxe norom nponsnoxr ntnnart
menexepam ]ona, onaxo onn cxopee ntyr ns nsneca n naunyr nont,
uem orxaxyrcx nnarnrt cnonm menexepam sa neonpeenennoe yymee. Fanxn
neyr cex rax xe, crpemxct x npntnxm nmo neno. Hnxro ne coxpamaer
sapaornym nnary rpeepam, ecnn onn nponannnamr eno. Onn nonyuamr
cnon onyct, pncxyx entramn paoroarene, onaxo ne nnarxr mrpa]on,
xoropte mornn t yepxart nx or norepn ener. Ecnn t ne +ra xyntrypa
npemn, xoropax, cnonno nn]exnnx, pacnpocrpannnact no Vonn-crpnr n 1990-e
n 2000-e rot, xora anxnpt mornn orarert, conepmax pncxonannte cenxn
na nnoreuntx nenntx ymarax esymno pncxonannte, ]nnanconoro
xpnsnca, cxopee ncero, ne nponsomno t.
3ra cncrema sannarn cnauana mne, xoropax crannr nnrepect orentntx
rpeepon n anxnpon ntme nnrepecon nx paoroarene a raxxe nce
]nnancono cncremt, noospnrentno oraer p+nnancrnom. 3ro xe
o]nnnantnax oxrpnna P+n: nsnecmen, xoropt crannr nnrepect
axnnonepon ntme cocrnenno naxnnt, no cyrn ncero nnmt npespennt
antrpyncr. Heonap Hexo]] ntpaxaer ry xe mtcnt n +cce nx uero
nsnecmeny ]nnoco]nx, nomemem n anronornm 1999 roa. Mnorne
nsnecment, nnmer on, na camom ene ornnunte napnn (ro ecrt +roncrt), no
ntramrcx cxptrt +ror ]axr, yrnepxax, yro na camom ene paoramr nx
nontst paoroarene, cnonx xnnenron n axnnonepon, n ocoennocrn non n
cnpor. [99 - Peikoff L. Why Businessmen Need Philosophy. Irvine, CA: Ayn
Rand Institute Press, 1999. P. 1112.]
Axnnonept, pasymeercx, xnnxmrcx nnaentnamn xomnannn, no Hexo]]
nyrpom uyer, uro ncnonnnrentnt npexrop onxen npexe ncero
npecneonart cocrnennte nnrepect, a ne paorart n nnrepecax xomnannn nnn
ee axnnonepon. 3ro camoe orxponennoe nsnoxenne roro opasa mtcne,
xoroptm nponnxnact Vonn-crpnr n +noxy anunocrn, nepe ]nacxo 2008 roa.
Bnonne ecrecrnenno, uro nponnxenne oexrnnnsmom laissez-faire
xannrannsma, cncremt neponann, ocnonanno na +ronsme, tno narocxnonno
ncrpeueno ]nnancncramn. Cnoxnncx axe crepeornn: monoo, cnxmn sa
pynem ]eppapn, unrammn An P+n menexep xex-]ona.
Cooreuecrnennnxn nncrnnxrnnno nacrpannamrcx c oexrnnnsmom na ony
nonny, cxasan Konnnn. Ho +ro ne snaunr, uro onn xnnxmrcx nacroxmnmn
oexrnnncramn.
Ecnn t rax tno, y nnx ne ntsnana t ecnoxocrna crartx P+n,
onynnxonannax n xypnane Cosmopolitan sa anpent 1963 roa, n xoropo ona
npononna pasnnunx mexy remn, xro enaer entrn, n remn, xro ornnmaer
entrn [100 - Rand A. The Money Making Personality // Peikoff L. Why
Businessmen Need Philosophy. P. 29.]. Bsrnxt P+n c]opmnponannct n anno
mnnynmne nn pacnnera rxxeno npomtmnennocrn, no+romy ona nocxnmanact
remn, xro enaer entrn, xnnxx coo npnmep nepnoorxptnarene, xoropte
opamamr cnon orxptrnx n marepnantnte nennocrn. Te xe, xro ornnmaer
entrn, nanpornn, xnnxmrcx nmtmn n ntcme crenenn nernopuecxnmn: nx
ocnonnax nent sanonyunrt nesacnyxennym uacrt orarcrna, cosannoro
pyrnmn. Onn nmyr nyrn x ooramennm, no ne sanoentnax npnpoy, a
mannnynnpyx nmtmn n nyrem connantnoro manenpnponannx.
Tor, xro ornnmaer entrn, nnuero ne nponsnonr: on nepepacnpeenxer,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npocro nepexnatnaer yxe cymecrnymmne orarcrna ns xapmanon nx
nnaentnen n cnon cocrnennte. Cnonmn nacmemxamn P+n mernna npxmo n
Vonn-crpnr. B +ro crarte ona nnrnponana cnoero annero nomomnnxa Anana
Ipnncnena, y xoroporo onaxt cnpocnna: Kaxo nponenr n namem enonom
coomecrne sannmamr nonnnnte rnopnt, nmn nonnocrtm nesanncnmte, c
cocrnenntmn nosspennxmn? n Ipnncnen orneuan nemnoro neuantno: Ha
Vonn-crpnr npnmepno nxrt nponenron, n npomtmnennocrn oxono
nxrnanarn. [101 - Tam xe. P. 37.]
B +ro xe crarte ona nanocnr coxpymnrentnt yap conpemenntm xex-
]onam: Fontmnncrno rex, xro enaer entrn, pannoymnt x pocxomn: onn
npnntxnn necrn na ynnnenne cxpomnym, no cpannennm c pasmepamn nx
cocroxnnx, xnsnt, coomnna P+n unrarenxm Cosmo [102 - Tam xe. P.
36.]. uro conepmenno ner npaspes c orpomntmn rparamn, cront
cnocrnenntmn mnornm ynpannxmmnm xex-]onon. Ho ecnn ne sarnxtnart
n yxranrepcxne xnnrn, ocrannn n cropone entrn, xexept cnnomt
nocnrenn nennocre An P+n.
unnancncr n tnmn menexep xex-]ona, Voppen Fa]]er, onn ns
oraremnx nme na nnanere, n 2010 roy ntsnan xpocrt oexrnnncron,
nynnuno oxnnn o pemennn pasart ontmym uacrt cnonx orarcrn n
npnstnax pyrnx cyneporaue orart xorx t nononnny cnonx cocroxnn
[103 - Buffett W. My Philanthropic Pledge // Fortune. J une 16, 2010.]. pon Fpyx
nmecre c anannrnxom Hncrnryra An P+n onom Vorxnncom nanaann na
Fa]]era n cno xononxe na care Forbes.com sa ro, uro ero oer apennx
xnnxer coo oer noxaxnnx. Hnrnpyx nsrnxt na ]nnanrponnm
conpemenno nacnennnt rpexon An P+n, Fpyx c Vorxnncom ocyxamr
Fa]]era n Fnnna Ierca, xoropt x nemy npncoennnncx. Onn nanomnnamr
+rnm nym myntrnmnnnnapepam, uro coxpanenne ener n ro xe mepe
coornercrnyer npnnnnnam ntcoxo mopann, xax n nx pasaua. (Moxer trt,
axe n n ontme mepe, nouepxnynn onn.) Kaxt onnap na namem
anxoncxom cuere oran nam xaxnm-ro uenonexom, xoropt paccrancx c nnm no
cocrnenno none, oran n omen na npoyxr, xoropt, no ero mnennm, nennee
+roro onnapa, ynepxnn onn. V nac ner mopantntx oxsarentcrn,
rpeymmnx uro-nno xomy-nno nosmemart, noromy uro nt nnuero nn y
xoro ne ornnmann [104 - Watkins D., Brook Y. The Guilt Pledge // Forbes.com.
September 22, 2010 (URL: http://www.forbes.com/2010/09/22/bill-gates-warren-
buffett-giving-pledge-opinions-contributors-don-watkins-yaron-brook.html).].
[105 - Hoxont Crnn xoc, onn ns camtx orartx nme na nnanere, es
comnennx, cornacnncx t c +rnm nocrynarom. Ocnonarent xomnannn Apple
ne cran part na cex oer apennx n noome ne crpaan nsnnmne
crpacrtm x narornopnrentnocrn. Crnn Bosnxx, coyupenrent ]npmt Apple,
paccxastnax o xnsnenntx opnenrnpax mnoro xoca, ynomxnyn, uro poman
Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nanepnxxa nxonn rora n nx uncno (Sorkin A. R.
The Mystery of Steve J obss Public Giving // New York Times. August 30, 2011;
Wozniak on Steve J obss Resignation from Apple (telephone interview) //
Bloomberg. August 24, 2011 (URL: http://www.bloomberg.com/video/74391682,
npnm. 8:40.).]
Hanpacno Fpyx n Vorxnnc ecnoxonnnct. Cxnonnocrt x
narornopnrentnocrn, npoxnnennax Fa]]erom, Iercom n Copocom, xnnenne
pexoe cpen menexepon xex-]onon. Onn mo snaxomt npexrop mysex
cxasan, uro ceronx y cnoncopon n xoy npncxasxa: uro x c +roro yy
nmert? xaxo noapouex: omecrnennoe npnsnanne, xonrpaxrt? Moxno
cunrart +ro npoxnnennem xanocrn nnn cxapenocrn, ecnn rontxo nam
opnenrnp ne P+n, cosanmax mnoxecrno nnrennexryantntx opyn, urot
samnmart noonym xnsnennym nosnnnm.
Tpeept n anxnpt nparmarnxn, a ne neonorn. Onn comnenamrcx,
cranonnrtcx nn nm axrnnntmn oexrnnncramn. Onn nyume yyr nonyuart
npntnn n +xonomnxe, xonrponnpyemo rocyapcrnom, uem ntcrynart npornn
nee. Hourn nnxomy ns ynpannxmmnx xex-]onon ne npannrcx nonnrnxa
Oamt, no npn nmom pacxnae xro-ro ntnrptnaer, a xro-ro repxer, cxasan
Konnnn. Xexept ntramrcx nsannrtcx or nponrpanmnx n sanonyunrt n cno
narept noenrene, a ne necrn opty c rem, uro npante cunramr ananrapom
connannsma. Koneuno, +ro necxontxo oecxypaxnnaer, npnsnancx Konnnn,
ntcrynax c nosnnn axrnnnoro oexrnnncra. Onaxo xe, on samernn, uro
uncno xexepon, npnnnmammnx yuacrne n nnxennn P+n, nocrenenno pacrer.

Konnnn cnntno ornnuancx or crepeornnnoro menexepa xex-]ona
ntxona ns oecneuenno cemtn, ntnycxnnxa Hentcxoro ynnnepcnrera,
nomemannoro na paore. On raxxe tn nernnnuntm oexrnnncrom, uro
nononxer cunrart ero onnm ns camtx nnrepecntx nme, c xoroptmn mne
yanoct noeceonart n nponecce paort na +ro xnnro.
Konnnn ctn crapmero cepxanra Boenno-nosymntx cnn CBA, no+romy
nce ercrno nponen n pasesax. Hocrynnn n ynnnepcnrer Mnccypn,
]nnancnpyemt rocyapcrnom, o uem n cpee oexrnnncron otuno
npenounramr satrt. nem on paoran, yunncx no neuepam, no+romy
oxonunrt ynnnepcnrer emy yanoct rontxo uepes cemt ner. Hocne ntnycxa on
ycepno rpynncx n pasntx ]npmax, nauan c onxnocrn npxenoro maxnepa n
pernonantno poxepcxo xomnannn, a uepes ecxrt ner cran yxe npesnenrom
xomnannn Tremont Capital Management, onoro ns xpynnemnx xex-
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
]onon, nnnecrnpymmnx pyrne xex-]ont.
H nce +ro es ocooro nnnxnnx P+n. Konnnn men otuntm nyrem spenoro
oexrnnncra, npounran n ynnnepcnrere pomant Hcrounnx n Arnanr
pacnpannn nneun. o neannero npemenn ero npnuacrnocrt x oexrnnnsmy
+rnm n orpannunnanact: snaxomcrnom c xnnxxamn, npounranntmn n
nesanamxrnte npemena, xax +ro tno co mno, noxa x ne nsxncx sa cnoe
paccneonanne. Onaxo sa nocnenne rot nnrepec Konnnna x P+n pesxo
nospoc. H, yx n orcranxy, on nnnornym ynnexcx oexrnnnsmom.
Pannn ntxo na nencnm npoe t ne cornacyercx c ocnonamn p+nnancxoro
mnpa, re ntcoxne n crponte myxunnt n xenmnnt xnnyr n ymnpamr,
nocroxnno npetnax n cocroxnnn rnopuecxo cosnarentnocrn. Konnnn
mtcnnn nnaue: Onn nncrpyxrop no nepconany, corpynnx moe xomnannn,
cnpocnn menx: A ror Fappn Konnnn, xoroptm rt tn nanart ner nasa, ne
ynnnncx t romy, xem cran ntnemnn Fappn Konnnn? ornernn: Her, no
on ne ynnnncx t, axe ecnn t x cran antnoomnxom. H x ecrnnrentno
rax cunram.
ne nnonne nonxn, uro on xoren +rnm cxasart, no cneymmax ero ]pasa
tna nonna spanoro cmtcna, nycrt n necxontxo rpyonaroro. 3ro rxxxn
nsnec, cxasan on. Hocnenne rpnnanart-uertpnanart ner x ncero
naxt cmor notrt oma na namy c xeno roonmnny, noromy uro
naxonncx n nocroxnntx pasesax. npocmorpen ntnncxn no namnm
anxoncxnm cueram n nonxn, uro ram ocrarouno cpecrn, n x nnonne mory
ntrn n orcranxy. Ham nyxno ne mnoro, npn namem opase xnsnn mt nnonne
cuacrnnno npoxnnem na ro, uro ecrt. Tax nouemy xe ne ntrn n orcranxy?
uro x, +rn paccyxennx nopaonann t P+n, xoropax nnrana nenpnxsnt x
nmnrenxm nstrouno pocxomn.
Tax uro renept, axe sannmax onxnocrt nnne-npecearenx xomnannn
Balyasny, na paore Konnnn npononr ouent mano npemenn. On nourn
nocroxnno paoraer oma, a om ero pacnonoxen n ropoxe Var-Hnenc
anexo ne n camom mnxapnom mecre. Konnnn nemnoro paccxasan mne o rom,
uem sannmaercx na nencnn: n ocnonnom +ro rpnarnon n cxanonasanne. urenne
P+n ne nxonr n uncno ero ynneuenn. Kaxercx, on ne cnnmxom mnoro snaer
o oexrnnnsme. On axe ne snaxom c nymx norpa]nxmn P+n,
onynnxonanntmn neanno.
Hocne nnornoro omennx c nnrennexryantntmn, yrpmmtmn, nnora axe
namenntmn, npanentmn, xareropnuntmn npecrannrenxmn +nnrt
oexrnnnsma, mne tno ocoenno npnxrno ncrpernrt raxoe ncxnmuenne ns
omnx npannn. nnepnte nosnaxomnncx c ymepenntm oexrnnncrom.
nonce ne xouy xnnyrt xament n cropony pyrnx oexrnnncron, c xoroptmn
omancx n npetymne mecxnt, no ymepennocrt +roro uenonexa tna mne xax
antsam na ymy.
Oparno cropono cront menxoro norpyxennx n rnopuecrno P+n xnnnoct
ro, uro Konnnn naunnan oruaxnno nyrartcx, xora peut saxonna o
maxnanennnencxo nonnrnxe n nnxennn oexrnnnsma. Camo no cee +ro,
xoneuno, ne or necrt xaxo rpex, ecnn t rontxo on ne xnnyncx n
oprooxcantnt oexrnnnsm, cenanmnct rnano npecrannrentcrna
Hncrnryra An P+n n Htm-Hopxe. On nnxora ne cntman o J unto. On,
xaxercx, nectma cmyrno cosnanan cymecrnonanne Omecrna Arnanra n tn
o nem nectma nenecrnoro mnennx. 3ro n neynnnrentno, nocxontxy on snan
oo ncem +rom rontxo co cnon pona Fpyxa.
Hs roro, uro x nonxn, cxasan Konnnn, nonyuaercx, uro cymecrnyer
necxontxo rpynn, opnenrnponanntx na oexrnnnsm. H mne caercx, uro ncx
pasnnna mexy nnmn cocronr n mnennn no nonpocam, n +ro npnnnnnnantnt
momenr, xoroptx P+n nnxora ne sarparnnana. Hanpnmep, no nonpocam
nnemne nonnrnxn. Ho cnonam pona, P+n nourn nnxora ne ntcxastnanact
no nonoy nnemne nonnrnxn. Bo ncxxom cnyuae, nanpxmym. Ha camom ene
ntcxastnanact, n onontno uacro. Hacmemxn na npomaxamn npannrentcrna
no nnemne nonnrnxe tnn nmnmtm sanxrnem P+n. urot yenrtcx n
+rom, ocrarouno oparnrtcx x xnnram, nanpnmep, x copnnxy Kannrannsm.
Hesnaxomt nean, re onynnxonana ee nexnnx 1967 roa, n xoropo ona
ntcxastnaercx npornn nont no Btername [106 - Bsrnxt P+n na Bternam
cm. n ns.: Rand A. et al. Capitalism. P. 223226.]. Hecxontxo pas P+n
noanana ronoc n noepxxy Hspannx, n rom uncne n na nexnnn 1973 roa n
Ford Hall Forum n n nnrepntm unny onaxtm, n 1979 roy. onaxtm ona
saxnnna, uro n c]epe nnemne nonnrnxn CBA ecrnonann neocrono na
nporxxennn mnornx ner n axe ecxrnnern, naunnax npnmepno c Honoro
xypca nnn pantme. [107 - Cm.: Ayn Rand Answers / Ed. by R. Mayhew. New
York: New American Library, 2005. P. 96. Hnrepntm u. onaxtm c P+n moxno
narn na pasntx ne-carax. uparmenr o Hspanne cm. no URL:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2uHSv1asFvU.]
Konnnn npoonxan nsnarart naprnnym nnnnm, yrnepxax, yro
oexrnnncrt, ne naxoxmnecx no xptnom nncrnryra, ncnontsymr
oexrnnnsm xax oocnonanne nx rex nsrnxon, xoroptx P+n rouno nnxora
ne ntpaxana nnctmenno. H pon ronopnr, uro +rn rpynnt nmemr npano na
cymecrnonanne, npocro Hncrnryr An P+n cocpeorouen ncxnmunrentno na
rex momenrax, xoropte esoronopouno npnnanexar x oexrnnnsmy.
Ecnn ronopnrt nauncrory, Konnnn tn nonnuxom n oprannsonannom
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
oexrnnnsme. Kpome roro, on tn npnrnamennt +xcnepr, n ero ]amnnnx ne
snaunnact n nnarexntx neomocrxx. Ero yuacrne n nnxennn oexrnnnsma
nauanoct, xora mnrpn Fanxcnt ponnmncx n Poccnn ocnonarent
xomnannn n ontmo noxnonnnx An P+n npnrnacnn ero na oe n
unxaro, npnmepno n 2009 roy. onxen tn ntcrynart pon, no+romy x
nomen, n mne ouent nonpannnoct. Konnnn onapyxnn, uro y Hncrnryra An
P+n ner orenennx n Htm-Hopxe. noyman, nanepnoe, nnrepecno
nonpoonart nsxrt nce, uro nncrnryr enaer na sanpeentno ntcoxom yponne,
n nontrartcx nonropnrt na yponne mecrnom. Ho+romy on pemnn
oprannsonart ]nnnan n Htm-Hopxe, xoropt nauan cnom paory necno 2010
roa.
Mt nponenn napy oeon, n x pemnn, uro camoe rnannoe nx nac
oprannsonart eart, paccxastnan Konnnn. Mne ne ouent nnrepecno
oeart c remn, ute mnenne x nonnocrtm pasenxm. Ho+romy x ntcxasan nem
nacuer earon mtcnxmnm nmxm, nsrnxt xoroptx ornnunt or monx.
Konnnn n omnx ueprax opnconan mne nsnauantnt nnan earon, xoropte
onxnt tnn oxnarnrt omnpnt xpyr rem nepnonpnunn. B xauecrne
moeparopa npnnnexnn nepnoxnaccnoro neymero, Fpaana Hexpepa, c
nnrennexryantno panocrannnn WNYC. Ha nepntx nyx earax epxart
oopony co cropont oexrnnncron nasnaunnn pona Fpyxa n xona
3nnncona. Hx npornnnnxamn onxnt tnn ntcrynnrt emoxpart,
npecrannrenn onoro ntm-opxcxoro nayuno-nccneonarentcxoro nenrpa,
xoropt ]nnancnponan meponpnxrne conmecrno c Hncrnryrom An P+n n
WNYC. emoxpart nporpeccnnnax rpynna, ntpaxammax
rocnocrnymmym rouxy spennx, onnm ns nx nnepon tn rora eme
manonsnecrnt cenarop or mrara Hnnnnoc Fapax Oama.
Hepnte eart tnn nasnauent na 15 ]enpanx 2011 roa n nastnannct rax:
Hpannrentcrno. Cxontxo nam neoxonmo?. Bropte tnn nocnxment
cneymme reme: Cncrema connantno samnrt nacenennx. Pasne mt cropoxa
partxm namnm?. A rpertn tnn nasnant: Kannrannsm. opoerent nnn
sno?
Konnnn cornacnncx co mno, uro omecrnennoe mnenne otuno cxnonxercx x
xpannm nosnnnxm no saxnnenntm nonpocam. Onaxo on xoren xnno
ncxyccnn n ne es npnunnt. Fontmnncrno earon, xoropte mt
nanmaem, nponcxoxr mexy remn, xro cunraer xaxoe-ro xnnenne yxacntm,
n remn, xro npnepxnnaercx cepennt. H otuno xoncepnaropt ronopxr:
,Hocnymare, n xannrannsme ecrt n xopomee, no nam nyxno ontme
perynnpymmnx saxonon, nam nyxno ro, nam nyxno +ro. To ecrt otuno
eart nponcxoxr ne mexy npecrannrenxmn xpannx nosnnn, a mexy
npomexyrountm snenom n xpannmn n annom cnyuae nenanncrnnxamn
xannrannsma.
H xya n raxom cnyuae moxno npnrn? cnpocnn Konnnn. Moxno npnrn
npnmepno cma, cxasan on, yxasan pyxo na nexn noopaxaemt nynxr
nasnauennx, xnno nnxe xo sny. Ho+romy mt pemnnn, uro nyume ncero, ecnn
eart yyr nponcxonrt mexy croponnnxamn xpannx nosnnn. Ty xe
nornxy npnmennnn n x npounm npemeram ocyxennx:
oexrnnncrt yyr yrnepxart, uro nnxaxo connantno samnrt trt ne
onxno, n rax anee. Kaxym t ns nyx npornnononoxntx nosnnn nt nn
orcrannann, n nrore nensexno nosnnxner nonpoc o ee npancrnennocrn,
noxcnnn Konnnn. Tyr eno ne npocro n nonnrnxe nnn nosmoxnocrn
nonnrnuecxoro xomnpomncca. Baxno nonecrn no cnon yexennx
npancrnennym asy.
Ecnn nocrannena nent ocynrt, nacxontxo mopanen panxantnt
xannrannsm, ro noonte eart nx +roro nyumn cnoco. nce oruernnnee
nonnman, nacxontxo naxno nocrannrt npancrnennocrt no rnany yrna. Hn
nacxontxo. Onaxo x ne snan, xax noonax crparernx nocnpnnnmaercx
oexrnnncramn. Koneuno, onn cunramr panxantnt xannrannsm ncrnnntm
nmecrnnnmem npancrnennocrn. Onn nxrtecxr ner nopx rnyr +ry nnnnm.
Onaxo ncem, xro ne xnnxercx croponnnxom panxantnoro xannrannsma, +ro
yrnepxenne xaxercx nenentm. B ro xe npemx x ne npecrannxm, urot
emoxpart npyr sanxnn xpane npornnononoxnym nosnnnm n crann t
yrnepxart, uro xannrannsm ncrounnx ncxxoro sna. Tontxo connanncrt n
xommynncrt cunramr xannrannsm esoronopountm snom, a emoxpart tnn
npecrannent na earax raxnmn ymepenntmn croponnnxamn, xax Mans
Panonopr, rnana rpynnt, tnmn cexperapt mrara Konnexrnxyr, n onn ns
coyupenrene, +nn Kannaxan. Konnnn cnxsancx c oonmn +rnmn rocnoamn,
urot ocynrt npecroxmne eart.
B orner na yrnepxenne, uro nopoxn xannrannsma ocoenno oruernnno
npoxnnxmrcx no npemx ]nnancontx xpnsncon, npecrannrent oexrnnncron
nanepnxxa nepeuncnnr nce npnntunte nospaxennx. V nero narorone orner, uro
cmemannax +xonomnxa +ro nonce ne xannrannsm, noromy uro ona
coueraercx c rocyapcrnenno nonnrnxo, neyme ee x xpaxy. Ho urot
cnptcnyrt Banentm N 5 moent xannrannsma, cosannym An P+n,
xannrannsma laissez-faire, uncremero, nesanxrnannoro, opexammero entx
na rnent, neoxonmo norpysnrtcx n camym esny Fnaroponoro 3ronsma,
or xoroporo coopasnrentnt onnonenr, nacrpoennt npornn P+n, ne
ocrannr xamnx na xamne.
uepno-ente ]opmynnponxn rem nx earon orpaxamr +xcrpemncrcxym
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npnpoy oexrnnncrcxo nosnnnn. B xaxo-ro momenr eart o cncreme
connantno samnrt onxnt nepern n ocyxenne nonpoca o rom, cxontxo
nmenno nam neoxonmo. Onaxo oexrnnncrt ynepent, uro nnxaxo
cncremt connantno samnrt ne nyxno nonce. o xaxo crenenn mt onxnt
trt cropoxamn namnm partxm +ro nonpoc o xonnuecrne, cxasan Konnnn.
Ho n ror mnr, xora nt nponsnecere noonym ]pasy, eart yyr
nponrpant. Ecnn oe cropont cornacxrcx, uro cncrema connantno samnrt
neoxonma, nosnnxner nonpoc o pasmepe noconx no espaornne. Houemy
nao nnarnrt rtcxuy n mecxn? Houemy nao nnarnrt nonropt? Hnn ne? A
net sa ro espaornna ne ncuesner. Ecnn oe cropont cornacxrcx, uro
nocone no espaornne ntnnaunnart nyxno, ryr xe nosnnxner nonpoc: a
nouemy t emy ne trt neuntm? Cronr xort na uro-nnyt cornacnrtcx n
eart yyr nponrpant, noromy uro nx rnannt nonpoc n rom, cxontxo
nmn onxnt nonyuart. Mt cnnmxom uacro cunraem, uro eart naunnamrcx
c nepnoro mara nancrpeuy pyr pyry. Ha camom xe ene raxne eart
opeuent na nponan.
Bce +ro, ecrecrnenno, nsnauantno nopasymenaer, uro y nac ner nnxaxnx
+rnuecxnx nnn mopantntx oxsarentcrn, urot oecneunnart espaorntm
connantnym samnry. 3ro nonpoc o nennocrxx, xoropt cnona nosnpamaer nac
x nyecxo-xpncrnancxo mopann, xnpnnuno crene, na xoropym ro n eno
nartxamrcx oxrpnnt oexrnnncron. B ocnone remt nroptx earon na
nmnmtx xontxa oexrnnncron: antrpynsm n nnyrpncemenax sanncnmocrt.
3a mnorne cronernx ncem nam nonnnn n ronont, uro no ncem ecrt n rom
uncne n pennrnosnt acnexr. Ho+romy orpomnoe uyncrno nnnt rnepnr nam,
uro mt oxsant trt cropoxamn partxm cnonm, samernn Konnnn. Ho
nonoy uyncrna nnnt x c nnm cornacnncx, xax cornacnncx t na moem mecre
nmo enpe.
H x npenonoxnn, uro cronr nporn +ror nyrt o xonna n nepenecrn opty
oosnauenntx nsrnxon n npornnocroxnne mexy oexrnnnsmom n nyecxo-
xpncrnancxo mopantm. Houemy t ne npnrnacnrt na nropte eart, cxaxem,
xaronnuecxoro cnxmennnxa?
a, xoneuno, mt nocroxnno ronopnm o +rom: ecnn nt oexrnnncr, ro nt
arencr, cornacnncx Konnnn. Ho+romy eno ena nn oer o ncxyccnn co
cnxmennnxom no nonpocam mopann. ymam, oexrnnncr orxaxercx or
noono ecet na rom ocnonannn, uro mopant pennrnosntx nme ocnonana
na mncrnnnsme, xoropt mt nonnocrtm cnnctnaem co cueron. Bet sa rem,
uro ocnonano na mncrnnnsme, ne moxer croxrt nacroxme mopann.
Ftno nmontrno nanmart, xax xpncrnancxym oxrpnny nospacrom n ne
rtcxun ner cront nepexno ornpannxmr n mycopnym xopsnny, onaxo na menx
nponsnena cnntnoe nneuarnenne ncxpennocrt n npxmonnnenocrt Konnnna.
3ror uenonex ne pocan cnon na nerep, uemy, nepoxrno, n tn oxsan cnonm
ycnexom n xauecrne menexepa xex-]ona n nosmoxnocrtm ntrn na
nencnm n raxom pannem nospacre. (Kennn npenounran ronopnrt o
nonyorcranxe, no x ne nnen sect nnxaxoro nony-. snaxom c
nacroxmnmn nencnonepamn, crapme mecrnecxrn nxrn, a onn paoramr xya
ontme, uem on, n xaxom-nnyt cynepmapxere npoe Walmart nnn
sannmaxct npoaxamn no rene]ony.)
Konnnn ntpasnn naexy, uro eart nonnnxmr na mtmnenne spnrene,
ycnnxr nnn ocnaxr nx nepy. H ro n pyroe rontxo na nontsy. Bsxrt, x
npnmepy, xannrannsm. Bt npnrnamaere xaxoro-nnyt ymammero uenonexa
or emoxparon, n y nac ecrt xon 3nnncon, uenonex nenepoxrno nymunnt,
xcno nsnarammn cnoe mnenne no nonoy xannrannsma. Hpenonoxnm, onn
coyrcx n earax. B annt momenr y menx ecrt onpeenennte yexennx,
no uro cnyunrcx nocne earon, ecnn npecrannrent emoxparon ntnnner
neoxnannte, necxne onot n nontsy cnoe nosnnnn? nx sanomnm n,
npnx omo, nocrapamct oymart.
Hocne +rnx cnon x nepecmorpen cnoe mnenne o Konnnne xax o uenonexe, ne
pocammem cnon na nerep. Moxno nsmennrt mnenne nme no xaxnm-nnyt
nropocrenenntm nx nnx nonpocam: nanpnmep, o mommem cpecrne nnn o
xaxom-ro xonxpernom nonnrnxe. Ho urot nomenxrt ocnonononarammne
yexennx, npocro onronnn, xax npannno, neocrarouno. Onaxo n
cneymmn momenr mo coecennx pasnnn cnom mtcnt: Ecnn x yy ymart
o nontx nx menx nexx ocrarouno onro n ynopno, a sarem no xaxo-ro
npnunne orneprny nx, ro mon cocrnennte yexennx oxpennyr, noromy uro x
nonepr nx comnennm. Bosmoxno, nomnmo nonn camoro Konnnna +rn ero
cnona nanomnnnn mne o rom, xaxym ncrepnxy saxarnna An P+n, ntraxct
ntpartcx ns rocrnnnunoro xon]epenn-sana n 1967 roy.
nenontno saxnnan: ne enax nn, yro cornacen, n axe ne or ycranocrn
x ecrnnrentno tn cornacen c Konnnnom. Ho net +ror tnmn menexep,
pannonantno mtcnxmn n npnxrnt n omennn, roxe ne nepnn n nontsy
nocon no espaornne, a noonax nosnnnx, crant ona saxonom, moxer
orpocnrt Amepnxy anexo nasa: n re nn, xora xnrenn Bennxnx pannnn
ymnpann c ronoy na oxpannax pannoymntx ropoon. cnntno comnenamct,
uro orcranno menexep xex-]ona, cnenmn nepeo mno, cran t
nacrannart na cnoe nosnnnn, cenacx on antnoomnxom nmecro roro,
urot norn n ]nnancncrt. H on ne cran t n +rom cnyuae pyro nnunocrtm.
Hpocro ne n pannonantntx nnuntx nnrepecax antnoomnxa paronart sa
ormeny noconx no espaornne. Touno rax xe, xax ne n pannonantntx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nnuntx nnrepecax An P+n tno orxastnartcx or nporpammt Medicare,
xora ona crana crapo n ontno. Ho ner comnenn, uro npornnnrtcx
nporpammam, xoropte rapanrnpymr ntnnary nocon no espaornne,
npoyxronte xaprouxn n ecnnarnoe mennnncxoe ocnyxnnanne, n
pannonantntx nnuntx nnrepecax ouent mnornx menexepon xex-]onon,
anxnpon n npounx oraue, nnmenntx connantnoro cosnannx. Kaxoe nm eno,
ecnn mt nepnemcx no npemena rynepnnne? Hm-ro ne npnercx ram xnrt. B
+rom n cocronr nx +ronsm.
3ro nonpoc npancrnennocrn, cxasan Konnnn. 3ro ncxyccnx o
npancrnennocrn.
C +rnm x ne mor cornacnrtcx. B xoneunom nrore nannonantnte eart o
npanax n cncreme connantno samnrt cnoxrcx x nonpocy o rom, npana nn An
P+n, xora nocnenaer xannrannsm n crannr snax panencrna mexy ptnxom n
cnooo, mexy npannrentcrnom n nymxo. Onaxo ee cncrema neponann
ntxonr anexo sa npeent nsneca, ]nnancon n nonpoca o rom, npancrnenno
nn nnmart npannrentcrno ero ]ynxnn n ypesart nporpammt noepxxn
nenmymnx. P+n ymypxercx npocounrtcx n ncxyccnn, ne nmemmne
ornomennx x entram n xannrannsmy.
H nor sect nonoct ecrnnrentno ncramr tom.

8. Arn1a1op
unrax nnrepntm pona Fpyxa n J erusalem Post, re nnep oexrnnncron,
poxennt n Hspanne, npnnnmaer cropony apaon, xora nonpoc saxonr o
uacrno cocrnennocrn [108 - Arfa O. You Dont Fight a Tactic.], moxno
npnrn x ntnoy, uro npn cronxnonennn pennrnn, npepaccyxon n uacrno
cocrnennocrn oexrnnncrt ncera npenounramr cocrnennocrt.
Onaxo na camom ene +ro ne concem nepno.
B 2010 roy ona nponema, cnxsannax c npanom cocrnennocrn, paspocnact
o nannonantntx macmraon. nmem n nny nonpoc o rom, nmemr nn ntm-
opxcxne mycyntmane npano nocrponrt meuert n xyntrypnt nenrp ncero n
nape xnapranon or Ground Zero roro mecra, re croxnn amnn Bcemnpnoro
ropronoro nenrpa. Hpornnoopcrnymmne cropont tnn oosnauent
nenycmtcnenno: uacrnax cocrnennocrt npornn npannrentcrna, xoropoe nso
ncex cnn (n esycnemno) ntranoct nonoxnrt xonen npornnocroxnnm. M+p
Htm-Hopxa Maxn Fnymepr cxasan: eno n rom, uro +ro sanne naxonrcx n
uacrno cocrnennocrn, n nnaentnt nmemr npano ncnontsonart ero xax mecro
nx monnrnt [109 - Bloomberg on Mosque Vote // Wall Street J ournal. August
3, 2010.]. V P+n tn panxantnt nsrnx na uacrnym cocrnennocrt. Hpano
na xnsnt ncrounnx ncex npan, a ntpaxamrcx onn n nepnym ouepet n npane
na cocrnennocrt. Fes npana na cocrnennocrt pyrne npana ne nmemr
cmtcna, ronopnna ona n opoerenn +ronsma. [110 - P+n A.
opoerent +ronsma. M.: Antnnna Hannmep, 2012.]
Onaxo oexrnnncrt, xoroptm npoe t nonaraercx orcrannart uacrnym
cocrnennocrt, ntcrynnnn npornn crponrentcrna meuern pxom c Ground
Zero n npnstnann npannrentcrno ncnontsonart nonce ne mera]opnuecxym, a
camym nacroxmym nymxy nx npeornpamennx crponrentcrna. Heonap
Hexo]] n nmne 2010 roa osnyunn o]nnnantnym nosnnnm oexrnnncron n
noxacre, xoropt ocrynen n Hnrepnere: Bo ncex nosmoxntx paspemennxx
onxno trt orxasano, a ecnn +ro nx ne ocranonnr n onn nocrpoxr meuert,
npannrentcrno onxno pasomnrt ee, cponnxrt c semne. Pasymeercx,
npenapnrentno +naxynponan nme, no es xaxo-nno enexno
xomnencannn nnaentnam cocrnennocrn. [111 - Hoxacr cm. no apecy:
http://www.peikoff.com/2010/06/28/what-do-you-think-of-the-plan-for-a-mosque-
in-new-york-city-near-ground-zero-isnt-it-private-property-and-the-refore-
protected-by-individual-rights/.]
3ect npexpacno nnno, xax spant cmtcn naranxnnaercx na ro, uro P+n
nastnana rpaannsmom, na npeyexenne npornn mycyntman, npnuem
rpaannsm noexaer. Ono eno ntcrynart npornn noxnnennx meuern na
rom mecre, xoropoe cront namxrno ntxnnmnm 11 cenrxpx: rouno rax xe nmn
nporecronann n 80-e rot npornn yupexennx n Ocnennnme monacrtpx.
Onaxo nnert n +ro meuern npaxecxn ]opnocr, ne nmex x romy nnxaxnx
ocnonann, snaunr, oueprx ronony pnnyrtcx n nyunny npeyexenn. P+n
nopnnana ncxxne npeyexennx n crarte 1963 roa o pacnsme, xoropax tna
nepeneuarana n anronornn opoerent +ronsma. Ona nastnana pacnsm
camo nnsme, orxponenno xecroxo n npnmnrnnno ]opmo
xonnexrnnnsma. [112 - P+n A. opoerent +ronsma. M.: Antnnna
Hannmep, 2012.]
P+n ncera oxorno sannmana nenonynxpnte nosnnnn, no+romy nnonne morna
t noepxart crponrentcrno meuern, ecnn t oxnna o 2010 roa. Ho x
cxnonxmct x mtcnn, uro nce-raxn ne noepxana t, noromy uro nnxe x
xonny xnsnn na nee cnnsomno nexoe osapenne: ona npyr ocosnana ro, na uro
ncera saxptnana rnasa, cocrnennym npnnanexnocrt x enpecxomy napoy.
3ro npnsnanne cnoero nacnenx, xax mne xaxercx, npoxnnnoct n n ee
nponspanntcxo nosnnnn, xoropym ona nynnuno sanxna n 1970-e rot, a ne
nynnuno eme pantme. Fapapa Fpanen cxasana mne, uro +ro nponsomno,
cxopee ncero, n xonne 1950-x roon.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Crpemnrentnoe ercrno P+n or cnonx +rnnuecxnx xopne crano onnm ns
camtx samerntx cotrn ee panne norpa]nn. Ona nponcxonna ns
nepennrnosno (n no pyccxnm, n no nyecxnm mepxam) cemtn, re ormeuann
rontxo Hecax nyecxn npasnnx, nosmoxno, nanonee nnsxn neonornn
oexrnnnsma, nocxontxy ercrno ere Hspannentx ns Ernnra [113 -
Hnrepntm c 3neonopo potmeno n ns.: 100 Voices. P. 13.] conepmnnoct n
nx pannonantntx nnuntx nnrepecax (n nanomnnaer saacronxy Ianra). Moxer
cnoxnrtcx nneuarnenne, yro P+n crpemnnact orcrpannrtcx or nyansma, ne
xenax, urot ee acconnnponann c rem, uro moxno oosnaunrt xax ena
enpecxne. Ho npntrnn n CBA ona ne crana omantnart nmmnrpannonnte
cnyxt: n cnncxe naccaxnpon ona oosnauena xax enpexa [114 - Cm.:
Cnncox naccaxnpon napoxoa e Ipacc or 19 ]enpanx 1926 roa c nmenem
Annct Posenaym // URL: Ancestry.com.], onaxo ona nemenenno
nepeenana cnom xnno enpecxym ]amnnnm na anrnoxstunt na n ne
coomana cnoero nacroxmero nmenn (Annca Posenaym) nnxomy, xpome
nnxamero oxpyxennx. [115 - Heller A. C. Ayn Rand and the World She Made.
P. 5657.]
Ee +neprnunte nontrxn crpxxnyrt c cex nacnene npexon npoxnnxmrcx n n
arensme, n n nocxnmennn Ienpn uopom, n n ntcrynnennxx npornn yuacrnx
CBA n none c nanncramn. Cyx no xypnantntm nynnxannxm n nnctmam,
P+n ne cxasana nn cnona no nonoy Hspannx nn n nepno, xoropt
npemecrnonan ero nesanncnmocrn, nn n nepnte rot ero cymecrnonannx. Ho n
nauane 1970-x roon uro-ro nsmennnoct nepoxrno, ns-sa roro, uro Conercxn
Coms cran npoxnnxrt x rocyapcrny enpeen ocoennt nnrepec. Bosmoxno, o
+roro ona roxe noepxnnana Hspannt, xax ncnomnnana Fapapa Fpanen, no
rontxo n 1970-e rot ona nauana rpomxo nm nocxnmartcx n cenanact xptm
xpnrnxom ero apacxnx npornnnnxon. Fyyun An P+n, ona ntpasnna cnom
nosnnnm rax, urot nce, xpome oexrnnncron, omyrnnn nenonxocrt.
Hspanntrxne norpynnnct, urot oxasart nsnauantnym npnnanexnocrt
enpecxoro napoa x +ro semne, ntncxnnax cnon xopnn c nomomtm
apxeonornn n cctnaxct na Fnnnm (a n neannee npemx eme n nyrem anannsa
HK). Anrncnonncrt ntramrcx oxasart nesaxonnocrt npnrxsann
nspanntrxn, ntcrannxx Hspannt xxot uyxepontm renom, xoropoe cnnxom
cynynn n rnorxy Fnnxnemy Bocroxy. Onaxo nmenno +ra npenonaraemax
nenoxoxecrt na pyrne crpant n npannnact P+n n Hspanne. E tno
nannenart na nnecxne xopnn enpecxo nannn nnn na craparentno
copannte apxeonornuecxne oxasarentcrna roro, uro enpen onrann n rex
mecrax na nporxxennn nexon. Ona nnxora ne esnna n Hspannt, urot
npnnxrt yuacrne n xaxnx-nnyt mncrnuecxnx pnryanax npoe monnrnt y
Crent Hnaua. P+n n Hspanne npnnnexano nonce ne ocymecrnnenne oemann,
cenanntx rpn rtcxun ner nasa n pennrnosntx rexcrax, nennocrn xoroptx
ona ne npnsnanana, n ne ro, uro Hspannt cran npnexnmem nx ronnmtx
nyeen n rex, xro nepexnn xonoxocr, ner, ona nnena n Hspanne anannocr
sanano nnnnnnsannn.
Orneuax na nonpoc, saannt n sane nexropnx Ford Hall Forum n 1973
roy, P+n npnuncnnna apacxym xyntrypy x nanmenee pasnnrtm n saxnnna,
uro apat npaxrnuecxn xouennnxn. Ona nasnana nx xyntrypy
npnmnrnnno n cxasana, uro onn snt na Hspannt, noromy uro on
enncrnennt nnanapm conpemenno nayxn n nnnnnnsannn na nx
xonrnnenre. Kora nnnnnnsonannte nmn tmrcx c nxapxmn, cxasana
ona, ecrecrnenno oxasart noepxxy nnnnnnsonanntm nmxm. [116 -
Mayhew R. Ayn Rand Answers. P. 96.]
3rn nponspanntcxne (ecnn moxno rax cxasart) nacrpoennx tnn
nocnpnnxrt n ee nocneonarenxmn, uro ornnuano nx or nneprapnannen,
sannmanmnx nopo anrnnspanntcxym nosnnnm. Kora n 1989 roy +nn
Kennn tn ncxnmuen ns p+nnancxnx pxon, npnunno ero npenonaraemoro
mopantnoro naennx [117 - Schwartz P. On Moral Sanction // Intellectual
Activist. Vol. V. No. 1. May 18, 1989. ocrynno na care Hncrnryra An P+n
(URL:
http://www.aynrand.org/site/Page_Server?pagename=objectivism_sanctions).]
tna nasnana cnxst nexoroptx nneprapnannen c eroynnamn-
croponnnxamn cnpa Apa]ara. B ornnune or nneprapnannen, raxnx xax Hon
Pon xoropt na npenapnrentntx ntopax 2008 roa npnnen xona
Maxxena n xpocrt cnonmn nsonxnnonncrcxnmn nsrnxamn, Fpyx cnntno
nporecronan npornn nonncrnymmero ncnama [118 - Cm., nanp.: J ourno E., Brook
Y. Americas Compassion in Iraq Is Self-Destructive. Orxptrt marepnan
npecrannen na ne-care Hncrnryra An P+n (URL:
http://www.aynrand.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=10775&news_iv_ctrl=
1021).]. Hexo]] ntcxastnancx no annomy nonpocy eme pesue. Hoxonunrt c
rocyapcrnamn, ]nnancnpymmnmn reppopnsm rax nastnaercx ero +cce,
nanncannoe ncxope nocne rparenn 11 cenrxpx. Ceronx ntop cronr mexy
maccono rnentm nme n Coennenntx Brarax n maccono rnentm cpen
nann reppopncron, saxnnn on. [119 - Peikoff L. End States Who Sponsor
Terrorism.


Onaxo nanmaercx npornnopeune mexy noontmn nosnnnxmn n
ntcxastnannxmn P+n npornn nont c nanncrcxo Iepmanne, a raxxe ee
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npexnonennem nepe reponuecxnm Ienpn uopom. Bepoxrno, urot ne
npnnnexart nnnmannx x cocrnennomy nyecxomy nponcxoxennm, P+n nn
pasy ne cxasana nn cnona no nonoy ncxpnmnnannn enpeen n Amepnxe,
xoropax tna ocoenno ouennna, xora ee npecneyemoe mentmnncrno,
ontmo nsnec, nannmano cee paornnxon. Xyxe ncero eno ocroxno na
Vonn-crpnr, xoropym P+n rax ooxana. Co npemenn ee npntrnx n Brart o
xonna 1960-x roon xommepuecxne n nnnecrnnnonnte anxn, sa ncxnmuennem
mnsepnoro uncna enpecxnx ]npm, raxnx xax Kuhn, Loeb & Co n J . & W.
Seligman & Co. tnn nourn nonnocrtm cnoontmn or enpeen. B 1933
roy xypnan Fortune coomnn, uro n camtx xpynntx xommepuecxnx anxax
npaxrnuecxn ner paornnxon-enpeen. H nonoxenne nncxontxo ne menxnoct:
nccneonanne 1948 roa, nocnxmennoe anrncemnrcxnm renennnxm n c]epe
nama, ntxnnno, uro enpeen cncremarnuecxn ynontnxmr ns anxon, ]onontx
npx n crpaxontx xomnann [120 - McWilliams C. A Mask for Privilege: Anti-
Semitism in America. Boston: Little, Brown & Co, 1948. P. 142143.]. H axe n
1967 roy Amepnxancxn enpecxn xomnrer nornepnn, uro cymecrnyer
ornaxennax cxema ncxpnmnnannn enpeen, xoropym npnmenxmr
pyxononrenn xommepuecxnx anxon [121 - Spiegel I. Banks Are Urged to End
Hiring Bias // New York Times. May 21, 1967.]. B 1966-m roy Amepnxancxn
enpecxn xomnrer ntxcnnn, uro n copoxa nxrn ns nxrnecxrn xommepuecxnx
anxon Htm-Hopxa na pyxonoxmnx onxnocrxx ner nn onoro enpex.
Hoonoro poa xanot cntmannct na nporxxennn ncex 1970-x roon.
H ner cnnerentcrn, uro P+n, Fpanen, Hexo]] nnn pyrne neymne
oexrnnncrt a rax nonyunnoct, uro nce onn enpen, xax n Anan Ipnncnen,
xoropt ne cmor narn paory na Vonn-crpnr, oxonunn n 1948 roy xonnex,
xorx t pas ntcxasannct no nonoy anrncemnrcxnx nacrpoenn n ontmom
nsnece n ]nnanconom mnpe, xorx P+n saxnnxna, uro pacnsm roxe xnnxercx
xonnexrnnnsmom.
K 2010 roy pannoymne oexrnnncron x nonoxennm enpeen ocranoct n
npomnom. Cnryannx na Fnnxnem Bocroxe crana rnanno saoro nyeen, a
crponrentcrno meuern pxom c nnomaxo Ground Zero nocnpnnnmanoct xax
yap co cropont panxantnoro ncnama, nanecennt npxmo n cepne Htm-
Hopxa. Ho+romy xora omno o nacroxme paxn, ncxyccnxm yxe ne tno
mecra. K uepry saxonnte npana na cocrnennocrt oexrnnncrt npornn
meuern!
nnxyme cnno n +ro opte cran onn oexrnnncr, no +ro tn ne Fpyx
n ne Hexo]]. 3ro tn norrep, xoropt onnnernopxn coo
oexrnnncrcxym nenpnmnpnmocrt no ornomennm x xpane npantm
nonnrnxam, nmnrenxm sanrptnart c ncnamom. 3nann norrepa Hamena Iennep.
Mart-onnouxa nxrnecxrn c neontmnm ner, ns Hcr-Caa na Manx+rrene,
ona nponsnena cencannm n Hnrepnere n cpecrnax maccono nn]opmannn,
orxponenno ntcxastnax cnon anrnmycyntmancxne nacrpoennx. Ee nor
nastnaercx Arnanr pacnpannn nneun. [122 - Fnor Hament Iennep (URL:
http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/).]
Hasnanne ena nn ne xpnuano: oexrnnncr!, no nnxro ne opaman na
+ro ocoennoro nnnmannx. H n mnorouncnenntx crartxx, nocnxmenntx
Hamene, tno yeneno nopasnrentno mano nnnmannx ee p+nnancxo
neonornn. B nnnnom n nponnsannom anrnnarne norpa]nuecxom ouepxe n
The New York Times P+n ynomnnanact nnmt mnmoxoom, urot oxcnnrt
nasnanne nora [123 - Barnard A., Feuer A. Outraged, and Outrageous // New
York Times. October 8, 2010.]. B crarte ne tno nn cnona o rom, uro Hamena
naxonrcx no cnntntm neonornuecxnm nnnxnnem P+n. Ocranoct es
ynomnnannx n ro, uro na nporxxennn mnornx ner ona nnrnponana P+n npn
xaxom yonom cnyuae n no nonpocam mano cnxsanntm nnn axe nonce ne
cnxsanntm c ncnamom.
Hanpnmep, xommenrnpyx npncyxenne n 2008 roy Hoenencxo npemnn
Hony Kpyrmany, Hamena samernna: Kro t mor noymart, uro mnp Arnanra
nomepxner nepe peantnocrtm? Taxoro axe P+n ne cmorna t onncart
npanonoono. 3nncnopr Tyxn nnxmer n ay or paocrn. Tpnym]
xonnexrnnnsma, neymero x omecrny, re nocpecrnennocrt crpemnrcx x
nynm [124 - Geller P. Even Ayn Rand wouldnt Believe It, Krugmans Nobel //
Atlas Shrugs (nor). October 13, 2008 (URL:
http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/atlas_shrugs/2008/10/even-ayn-rand-w.html).].
Tax ronopnr ne saypxnt unrarent pomanon An P+n, no nepnt ee
npnnepxenen.
ornpannn Hamene Iennep nnctmo no +nexrponno noure n cnauana nonyunn
ror orner, xoropt yxe npnntx nonyuart or Hncrnryra An P+n, ro ecrt
nonce nnxaxoro ornera. Heyxenn x uro-ro cenan ne rax? Moxer, nyxno tno
oparnrtcx x ne oxrop Iennep? ( craparentno nmenonan pona Fpyxa,
oxropa +xonomnxn, oxropom Fpyxom no ncex +nexrponntx nnctmax n no
rene]ony, nocxontxy y oexrnnncron +ro cunraercx xopomnm ronom.)
Hpomno necxontxo neent, n x cnona ornpannn nnctmo n na +ror pas nonyunn
px onaexnnammnx orneron, nensmenno nonncanntx Bama n cnooe:
raxym ]opmynnponxy uame ncero ncnontsymr nneprapnannt n yuacrnnxn
uaennrnx.
ropxyct rem, uro cmorna nosnaxomnrt c nem cornn rtcxu nontx
unrarene, cxasana Hamena o P+n n nepecnana mne +nexrponnoe nnctmo or
noxnonnnxa ns Iepmannn: nocxnmamct Bamn n nnxennem uaennrnx, n x
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ouent npnsnarenen Bam sa ro, uro Bt nopexomenonann mne npounrart
,Arnanra, nncan on. Xorx x eme ne ounran o xonna (ceuac na 748-
crpannne), xnnra yxe (uecrnoe cnono) nauana menxrt mom xnsnt. Kora x
sannmancx ]nnoco]ne, mne nn pasy ne ncrpeuanoct ynomnnann o
oexrnnnsme nnaue xax n nerarnnnom xonrexcre n nn cnona o rom, xaxym
cnooy on necer. Kora x nonpocnn Hameny nepecnart mne pyrne nnctma,
ro nonyunn orxas. He yy axe ncxart, x nx ne xpanm, ornernna ona.
Orner nposnyuan rpyonaro, xorx ona nonce ne noxasanact mne ntstnamme
nyntrapno, xax onnctnann ee tnmne xonnern, utn ntcxastnannx
nnrnponannct n Times.
Mt necxontxo ne xpxy nepepactnannct +nexrponntmn nnctmamn, a
sarem Hamena cnpocnna: Ecrt nn xro-ro, xro mor t sa nac nopyunrtcx?
Hornepnrt namy nnunocrt? Ecnn ner, anare omartcx no noure nnn no
rene]ony. tn omenomnen noontm npenoxennem. Heyxenn ona ymaer,
uro x xaxo-ro camosnanen? ceuac xe nepecnan e +nexrponnt apec
moero nsarenx, no nouyncrnonan cex necxontxo ntnrtm ns xonen.
Hocne roro xax sa menx onxntm opasom nopyunnnct, mt ncrpernnnct n
xo]ene na Bocrouno rpnnart uernepro ynnne. a, cnona +ra ynnna.
npomen mnmo oma, re xora-ro xnna P+n, mnmo mxont nmenn Hopmana
Tomaca. Hamena xnnnact ncx n ronyom, c xynonom ns yxn L-O-V-E npxmax
npornnononoxnocrt ro nenpnnnexarentno ocot ns Hnrepnera, c xoropo x
nepennctnancx. Ona ronopnna c samerntm nonr-anencxnm axnenrom.
Hnnrnncrt yrnepxamr, uro mecrnte axnenrt ncrpeuamrcx nce pexe. Or ee
peun nexno ynnnrentntm perpo, ronop tn noxox na pyxnnncxn, no
ropaso onee xpxn, nanxsunnt. Hs-sa +roro ronopa ona nponsnonna
nneuarnenne nectma pemnrentno ocot, ynnuno enuonxn, xorx n xnna
ncm xnsnt cpen npnnnsanntx nyxaex n npocropntx omon Xtmnerr Xapop,
ropoxa oraue na mxno oxoneunocrn Honr-Anena.
Kax n mnorne mon nonte snaxomte ns uncna oexrnnncron, Hamena
npnomnnact x rnopuecrny P+n n mnom nospacre, xora eme yunnact n
ynnnepcnrere Xo]crpa. Kro-ro ns pyse nopexomenonan e poman Arnanr
pacnpannn nneun. Hamena cenana cee mtcnennym samerxy n npounrana
xnnry na roa cnycrx. Hnuero ocoenno nonoro nx menx ram ne namnoct,
npnsnanact ona, no +ro tno nacroxmee orxponenne. Kro-ro nsnoxnn na
ymare mon cocrnennte mtcnn.
Kaxercx, P+n oxastnana noonoe nosecrnne na ncex. Ona yro nsnarana
ro, uro yxe npncyrcrnonano n cosnannn amepnxannen: nmenno rax
]anracrnuecxn nnrarent xona Ianra ntpaartnan +neprnm, uepnax
crarnuecxoe +nexrpnuecrno npxmo ns armoc]ept. nocroxnno xnnana: a,
nepno. a-a. Kaxoe spanomtcnne! Ee cncrema nsrnxon tna uncro
amepnxancxo. nmem n nny, ona ynnnrentno uyncrnonana Amepnxy. To
tna nepnax n ncropnn neonornuecxax cncrema, ocnonannax na npanax
nnunocrn. Tenept +ro n mox nnar]opma. ne pecnynnxanxa, ne emoxparxa n
yx rouno ne nneprapnanxa. Ecnn t mne saxorenoct ncrynnrt n naprnm, +ro
tna t mox cocrnennax naprnx.
Touno ne nneprapnanxa? Her, saxnnna Hamena: Hneprapnannt saxoxr
cnnmxom anexo. Ona npoonxnna npnnomnnart mnorouncnennte
nerarnnnte ntcxastnannx P+n no nonoy nneprapnannen, a norom oannna:
Mne xaxercx, onn ne nonnmamr. Concem ne nonnmamr P+n. H
nponnrnponana cnona nneprapnannen n noepxxy nerannsannn napxornxon.
3ro menx ynnnno, noromy uro P+n xax pas ntcrynana sa nerannsannm
napxornxon, a saono n *censored*nnn, yrnepxax, uro npannrentcrno ne
onxno nmemnnartcx n +rn ena [125 - Mayhew R. Ayn Rand Answers. P. 13
14 (nnr. ornera P+n na nonpoc ns sana nocne nexnnn 1963 roa).]. Kora x
ynomxnyn o +rom, Hamena nauana nsnopaunnartcx, nepenex remy pasronopa
na xya menee onpeenennym nosnnnm P+n no nonoy xonrponx na
xpanennem opyxnx. Ho n omem n nenom Hamena, xax mne noxasanoct, tna
xopomo snaxoma c rpyamn P+n. Haexnax onopa, ocrponox nornxn n
conepmenno esymnom mnpe, nonena ona nror.
Hamena npoxnnna nspxnym nposopnnnocrt, an nasnanne cnoemy nory eme
n 2004 roy, ro ecrt o roro, xax P+n opena mnpoxym nonynxpnocrt. C
camoro nauana ona nnrnponana P+n xaxt pas, xora peut mna o
npnnnnnnantno naxntx nemax. Ona cxasana, uro nonyuaer no +nexrponno
noure no na-rpn nnctma n neenm or nme, xoropte naroapxr ee sa ro, uro
ona npnnena nx x An P+n. Ocrpte, pesxne ntcxastnannx Hament
sacrannnn oprannsonanntx oexrnnncron oparnrt na nee nnnmanne, xorx +ro
nn x uemy ne npnneno. Ona saxnnna, uro nosnaxomnnact c ponom Fpyxom, on
e nonpannncx, no Hexo]]a ona repnert ne morna, noromy uro cunrana, uro
on ynnuroxnn nacnene An P+n.
Kax +ro? Oxcnnrt nenpocro. cunram, uro on cxomnpomernponan ee
nosspennx. Mne xaxercx, ouent mnornx xopomnx nme ronxnynn no xoneca
anroyca, xoroporo nonce ne onxno tno trt n +rom mecre, cxasana ona.
Horom mt saronopnnn o pasptne P+n n Fpanena n 1968 roy. Hamena xnno
tna na cropone Fpanena. Ona saxnnna, uro Fapapa Fpanen unrana ee nor
n noepxnnana c nem cnxst, no n nocnenne na roa onn ne omannct.
Hamena tna ne n xypce nocnennx p+nnancxnx cnneren, xorx onn
nanpxmym sarparnnann ee. ynnnncx, ysnan, uro ona ne cntmana
ntcxastnann Hexo]]a o rom, uro meuert cneyer pasomnrt o ocnonannx,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ecnn ee xora-nnyt nocrpoxr. Eme ontme x ynnnncx, xora Hamena ne
cornacnnact. Kaxax nxocrt, cxasana ona. Ona couna, uro +ro n ntcme
crenenn ypnax pexnama. H +ro ronopnr o mnorom, noromy uro nao tno
sanxrt noncrnne +xcrpemncrcxym nosnnnm, urot oorn no +romy nonpocy
axe Hameny Iennep. Hamena nacrontxo ne nnnctnaercx n npnntunte cxemt,
uro n xoncepnarnnnom nore Little Green Footballs ee ro n eno pasnocxr sa
anrnmycyntmancxym nponarany. [126 - Hoopxa sannce o Iennep c nora
Little Green Footballs (URL: http://littlegreenfootballs.com/tag/Pamela+Geller).]
V menx cxnatnanoct nneuarnenne, uro, ecnn t n pesyntrare manentxoro
nopnonoro nepenopora Fpyx ntrecnnn Hexo]]a, ontmnncrno
nocneonarene P+n opaonannct t. Ho +roro, pasymeercx, nnxora ne
cnyunrcx, noromy uro y Hexo]]a ocramrcx npana na rpyt P+n. (Mne
nourn xant pona Fpyxa, cxasana mne Fapapa Fpanen. On n raxom
rpynom nonoxennn. V Heonapa nce npana na ymarn An, y nero nce ee
nemn, n pon Fpyx ne moxer noccrart npornn nero. ymam, on cenan t +ro,
ecnn t mor.) Onaxo o cnx nop o pasnornacnxx n pxax p+nnannen nourn
ne cntmno, n rom uncne noromy, uro raxne croponnnxn P+n, xax Hamena, ne
ntcxastnamr cnonx onacenn ncnyx. Ona nanepnxxa nn pasy ne osnyunnana n
cnoem nore nnuero raxoro, uro cxasana o Hexo]]e mne.
Hamena orpannunnana cno oexrnnnsm pamxamn nora. Ona cntmana o
nccnenrcxom Omecrne Arnanra, nonyuana npnrnamennx na ncrpeun
oexrnnncron, no y nee, no ee cocrnenntm cnonam, nonpocry ne tno
npemenn no ncem +rom yuacrnonart. Ona nmena n nny nonce ne cnoe
nonoxenne marepn-onnouxn, no neuro xya onee menopamarnunoe.
xaxoe mrnonenne uyncrnym, xax rnxamr uact. Xnsnt xoporxa, n mo sanac
npemenn orpannuen. Honaram, mo nor yer n nrore npnsnan xceno]ocxnm.
Bet npemx or npemenn cart saxptnamr, cxasana ona. Hamena cunrana, uro
ee car roxe saxpomr. 3ro moxer noxasartcx npoxnnennem napanon, no,
nepoxrno, ona npana. 3nexrponnax nnarexnax cncrema PayPal n cepenne 2010
roa yxe orxnmuana ee na napy ne na rom ocnonannn, uro ee car conpaer
noxpyr cex rpynny nenanncrn, onaxo uepes na nx nce nepnynn oparno
[127 - Cm.: Geller P. PayPal Cuts Off Atlas: Truth Is the New Hate Speech // Atlas
Shrugs. J une 12, 2010 (URL:
http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/atlas_shrugs/2010/06/paypal-cuts-off-atlas-
truth-is-the-new-hate-speech.html); Paypal Called, Paypal Caved // Atlas Shrugs.
J une 14, 2010 (URL:
http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/atlas_shrugs/2010/06/paypal-called-paypal-
caved.html).]. 3ror ontr xnno nponsnen na Hameny nneuarnenne. Ona
onacanact, uro npannrentcrno npnxpoer ee ne-car, n xanonanact, uro n
Mexynapono oprannsannn no pacnpeenennm nomepon n nmen (ICANN),
nnrepner-crpyxrype ntcmero nopxxa, napacramr mycyntmancxne nnnxnnx.
upesmepnax cocpeorouennocrt Hament na ncname pesxo xonrpacrnpyer co
cnoxontmn, nonntmn repnnmocrn ntcxastnannxmn, xaxne moxno ycntmart
or nneprapnannen npoe Pona Hona. Ha npenapnrentntx ntopax on tn
camtm nonynxpntm xannarom ns uncna xpannx xoncepnaropon, a n nauane
2011 roa ntnrpan ronoconanne no ntnnxennm xannara n npesnenrt na
Kon]epennnn xoncepnarnnntx nonnrnuecxnx ecrnn: sa nero rora orann
ronoca 30 % eneraron. H nnuero ynnnrentnoro, uro n mae 2011 roa on
saxnnn o cnoem namepennn npnnxrt yuacrne n ntopax npesnenra CBA 2012
roa.
Hamena n pyrne nponspanntcxn nacrpoennte nmn (ne rontxo ns uncna
p+nnannen) repnert ne moryr Hona ns-sa ero ntcxastnann no nonoy
Hspannx. On uyonnmen. ouent ero ne nmnm, cxasana Hamena. Kora n
]enpane 2011 roa Hon npenoxnn coxparnrt nomomt Hspannm, cpasy nocne
rpnym]a na Kon]epennnn xoncepnarnnntx nonnrnuecxnx ecrnn, na nero
xpocrno napocnnnct n Hamena, n pyrne norrept, n xommenrarop +nn
Ioponnn. Hocnenn oosnan ero snontm anrncemnrom. Enpecxne xpyrn,
xaxercx, ncrpenoxnnnct ropaso mentme: net uro moxer cenart Hon es
noepxxn pecnynnxancxnx nnepon, no on na npemx ocrannn +ry remy.
[128 - Cm.: Geller P. Speaker Boehner to Israeli Ambassador Michael Oren the
United States is committed to standing by our close ally; Ron Paul to Israel: Drop
Dead // Atlas Shrugs. February 17, 2010 (URL:
http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/atlas_shrugs/2011/02/speaker-boehner-to-
israeli-ambassador-michael-orenthe-united-states-is-committed-to-standing-by-
our-.html); Horowitz D. Ron Paul Is a Vicious Anti-Semite and Anti-American and
Conservatives Need to Wash Their Hands of Him // NewsRealBlog. February 17,
2011 (URL: http://www.newsrealblog.com/2011/02/17/ron-paul-is-a-vicious-anti-
semite-and-anti-american-and-conservatives-need-to-wash-their-hands-of-him/).]
Bpaxenocrt Hona no ornomennm x Hspannm nosnpamaer nac n re nn,
xora Hspannt ooxann nente, a nomemannt na nonne xommynncron xon
uocrep annec npononn npn 3senxay+pe npoapacxym nnemnmm nonnrnxy,
ntnynn Hspannt ntnecrn nocxa ns Ernnra nocne Cy+nxo xamnannn 1956
roa. C reuennem npemenn maxrnnx xaunyncx n oparnym cropony,
pecnynnxannt n xoncepnaropt xpenxo nopyxnnnct c Hspannem, a xpnnte
rpnmact +noxn 3senxay+pa anno nosatnnct. Bce npante ropo croxr sa
Hspannt, sa ncxnmuennem nneprapnannen n nernnnuno mtcnxmnx
pecnynnxannen npoe H+ra Ftmxanana.
Ono ns npnunn nonynxpnocrn Hspannx y nentx n npexnne rot tno ro,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
uro crpano npannnn connanncrt, o nocxoxennx Menaxema Fernna n 1970-x
roax. eceonan c Hameno o nentx nacrpoennxx n cpee enpecxnx
nmmnrpanron, npntnanmnx n Brart n nauane XX nexa, n o
connanncrnuecxnx xnynax, cront pacnpocrpanenntx n Hspanne. Mox
coecennna ryr xe yxnarnnact sa +ry remy, urot npornnonocrannrt P+n xax
nnnnnyantnocrt, cnoconym x xpnrnuecxomy mtmnennm, rpynnonomy
mtmnennm nentx (n uncno xoroptx ona nxnmunna nourn nce nspanntcxne
cpecrna maccono nn]opmannn, xapaxrepnsyx nx xax nyonnantnte).
Ie onn? cnpamnnana Hamena o xnynax, nem xoroptx oxapaxrepnsonana
xax nponantnym. Hoonoro poa xommynt, cxasana ona, npecrannxmr
coo ]opmy pacrna. Ho ee mnennm, Hspannt cnnmxom yx cxnonxercx
nneno, on neer cex uepecuyp mxrxoreno. Hm nopa nepecrart nsnnnxrtcx sa
ro, uro onn xnnt, sa ro, uro xnnyr na cnoe pono semne, saxnnna ona.
Bo nsrnxax Hament na nnxnenocrounym cnryannm ne tno nnuero
neotunoro. Tontxo naroapx nponoxannonntm ntcxastnannxm no nonoy
crponrentcrna meuern pxom c Ground Zero ona npnopena ypnym cnany.
Or noron npoe Little Green Footballs nor Hament ornnuancx ne crontxo
cmtcnom ntcxastnann n axe ne oexrnnncrcxnmn nacrpoennxmn, cxontxo
pesxocrtm ]opmynnponox rouno rax xe xora-ro P+n nepexonna nce
rpannnt, oxorno npononnpyx n ocxopnxx cnonx onnonenron. 3ro nrpano na
pyxy n P+n, n Hamene. Ona npexpacno cnpannxnact c pontm arnraropa, a
rpynna, coyupenrenem xoropo ona tna Ocranonnm ncnamnsannm
Amepnxn, ntennnact nacrontxo, uro Rxnt nenrp oecneuennx xonrponx
saxonnocrn nnec ee n cnncox rpynn nenanncrn. Hmenno +ra rpynna
pasmecrnna na mynnnnnantntx anroycax connantnym pexnamy, npnstnanmym
mycyntman orxasartcx or noxntx nennocre ncnama. [129 - Siemaszko C.
Southern Poverty Law Center lists anti-Islamic NYC blogger Pamela Geller,
followers a hate group // Daily News (New York). February 25, 2011.]
uyncrna tnn rpaanncrnuecxne, a pnropnxa ncxnmunrentno
p+nnancxax. Onaxo ecnn P+n tna poneno moentm nx cnonecntx
ecunncrn Hament onycrnm, Hamena nyxanact sect n npnmepe nx
nopaxannx, na ee pennrnosnte nosspennx ona nnxax ne cmorna nonnnxrt.
Hamena nepnna n Fora. ncxpenne nepm, uro Iocnot cosan ncenennym.
Mne xaxercx, n +rom P+n nenpana, cxasana mne Hamena.
Ecnn ne cunrart +roro, Hamena marana n nory c ]nnoco]ne oexrnnnsma,
nxnmuax n nsrnxt na antrpynsm. Te, xro cunraer, uro nsrnxt P+n na
antrpynsm nyr npaspes c nyecxo-xpncrnancxo +rnxo, saxnnna Hamena,
npocro ne nonnmamr, uro ona nmena n nny.
Hpounran +cce P+n, x npnmen x conepmenno nnomy saxnmuennm. Ee
nsrnxt na antrpynsm panxantno ornnuannct or roro nournrentnoro
ornomennx x narornopnrentnocrn n mepocrn, xaxoe npnnnnamr xaxomy
enpecxomy peenxy n enpecxo mxone, a raxxe xaxomy xpncrnannny nnn
mycyntmannny, xoroporo nocnnrtnann n pennrnosno rpannnn. P+n ne
nepnna nn n ony mopantnym cncremy, xoropym camonnuno ne nsnoxnna na
ymare.
B opoerenn +ronsma ona naunnana cosanart cno mopantnt xoexc,
]opmynnpyx onpeenennx. Otuno cnono +ronsm ncnontsyercx nmtmn xax
cnnonnm sna, nncana P+n, ono cnxsano c opasom xponoxanoro nxapx,
xoropt roron nx ocrnxennx cocrnenntx nene nrn no rpynam, ne
opamaer nnnmannx nn na xoro pyroro n crpemnrcx nnmt x yonnernopennm
cocrnenntx nnsmenntx xenann. Ha camom xe ene, saxnnna ona
nonnnnoe snauenne +roro cnona moxno narn n nmom cnonape, +ro:
,saora o cnonx cocrnenntx nnrepecax [xypcnn An P+n. I. B. ]. Bor n
nce cnonapnoe onpeenenne, cornacno P+n. [130 - P+n A. opoerent
+ronsma. M.: Antnnna Hannmep, 2012.]
Bnepnte npounran +ry ]opmynnponxy, x ntramnn cnonapt n nonxn, uro mne
npeocrannxercx ntop: nonepnrt Hom Becrepy nnn An P+n. Kro-ro ns nnx
tn nenpan. B moem nsannn Vnnnepcnrercxoro cnonapx Becrepa sa 1971
ro +ronsm onpeenxncx xax saora ncxnmunrentno n npexe ncero o cee;
noncx nnn npecneonanne cocrnenntx ntro, yonontcrnn nnn
narononyunx es yuera nnrepecon pyrnx. P+n ypana ns onpeenennx ry
uacrt, re ronopnrcx o npenepexennn uyxnmn nnrepecamn n xoropax n +rom
nynxre co mno, nepoxrno, cornacnnoct t ontmnncrno nme nastnaer
rnannoe ornnunrentnoe cnocrno +ronsma.
Onaxo nnora ontmnncrno omnaercx, n n cnonapxx roxe ncrpeuamrcx
omnxn, no+romy x ornpannncx n nnnorexy n nsxn Oxc]opcxn cnonapt
anrnncxoro xstxa. Oxasanoct, uro ram +ronsm onpeenxercx xax
cocpeorouennocrt rnanntm opasom na cnonx cocrnenntx ntroax es
yuera nnrepecon pyrnx, npenourenne cocrnenntx nnrepecon nnrepecam
pyrnx [xypcnn mo. I. B .]. ne nepnn cocrnenntm rnasam: ntxonno,
uro P+n namepenno ncxasnna cnonapnoe onpeenenne. B cnoem
onpeenennn +ronsma ona onycrnna camoe rnycnoe: npenepexenne
nnrepecamn pyrnx nme, a net +ro camoe cymecrnennoe n onpeenennn
+ronsma.
P+n raxxe npenoxnna cocrnennte onpeenennx nx camonoxeprnonannx
n antrpynsma. Antrpynsm cunraer cnoe xoneuno nentm n nennocrntm
cranaprom cmeprt, saxnnna ona n opoerenn +ronsma, no+romy
nornuno, uro opoerenxmn n nem cunramrcx camoorpeuenne n nmte pyrne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
]opmt crpaannx nnnort o camopaspymennx [131 - Tam xe. P. 38.]. P+n
oronapnnaercx o roro, uro +ronsm necnpanennno ouepnxnn nce +rn rot, uro
na camom ene x nemy nao crpemnrtcx, a ne+roncrnunte nmn npocro
cnaoymnte.
An P+n n xpanne oexrnnncrt, croxmne sa ne, cxnonnt onpeenxrt
+ronsm n camonoxeprnonanne no-cnoemy, nrnopnpyx omenpnnxroe snauenne
+rnx cnon, nncan Antepr 3nnnc. Xorx nnonne ouennno, uro ontmnncrno
nme cxnonnt trt ymepenno +roncrnuntmn, cranx cnon nnrepect na nepnoe
mecro, a nnrepect pyrnx na nropoe, cpasy xe sa cnonmn, P+n yrnepxaer,
uro nce mt onxnt trt conepmenno +roncrnuntmn. [132 - Ellis A. Are
Capitalism, Objectivism, & Libertarianism Religions? Yes! P. 7.]
Ta uacrt onpeenennx, xoropym ona onycrnna, ecrnnx es yuera
nnrepecon pyrnx nme n ornnuaer uecrnoro anxnpa or roro, xoropt
npnnnexaer orpomnoe xonnuecrno saemntx cpecrn, urot xax moxno cxopee
cxonornrt mnnnnon n oecneunrt cee onyct. Hepnt anxnp npecneyer
cnon cocrnennte nnrepect, nropo xe, xax n nooaer +roncry, nncxontxo ne
saornrcx o rom, xax ero ecrnnx moryr orpasnrtcx na axnnonepax nnn na
nce anxoncxo cncreme. Ho n +rom ner nnuero ypnoro, xax sameuaer
Hexo]] n paore nx uero nsnecmeny ]nnoco]nx, n rom ee ]parmenre,
xoropt x nnrnponan ntme. Fnsnecmen onxen saornrtcx o cee, a ne o
axnnonepax, nycrt axe onn nont n cnport.
Hameny Iennep ne ecnoxonno, uro P+n nerouno nnrnpyer cnonapnym
crartm. Ona nnxora ne cornamanact co cranaprntmn onpeenennxmn, no
nnrynrnnno uyncrnonana, uro onn tnn ant rocyapcrnennnxamn,
xonnexrnnncramn. Hamena tna npexpacno snaxoma c rpyamn P+n, n rom
uncne c nropocrenenntmn anronornxmn n noopxamn crare, xoropte P+n
mexy enom napactnana nx rasert Los Angeles Times, a raxxe c neanno
nsanno xnnro, n xoropo copant ornert P+n na nonpoct ns sana,
saannte na pasntx nexnnxx. 3a nocnenne rot ntmno mnoro noontx
xnnxex n axe copnnx maprnnann sannce, xoropte P+n cenana na
nonxx uyxnx xnnr. Bce +rn nsannx, ntnymennte nno camnm Hncrnryrom
An P+n, nno c ero narocnonennx, onxnt nactrnrt ncex anuymnx ee
cnona.
Cnymax nocropxennte orstnt Hament, x nonnman, nouemy na xaxym
nonym nopnnm nospoxennoro p+nnancrna, orenennym nncrnryrom or
ocnonnoro nacnenx, nepymmne napactnamrcx c raxnm nencroncrnom.
Hocneonarenn An P+n xnno oxnauent enanrennuecxnm rpenerom. Hamena
ncxpenne ynepena, uro cnono P+n neoxonmo necrn n macct. uero x ne mor
nonxrt o xonna, rax +ro roro, nouemy P+n npnnonr ee n raxo nocropr. Ho
xora ona saronopnna o nnnxnnn P+n na ee nnunym xnsnt, x nonemnory nauan
nonnmart. An P+n npnana mne pemnmocrn n ynepennocrn, urot ntcroxrt
n onnouxy, noxcnnna Hamena. Ona xax cnacnrentnt, marepnncxn
xopant.
Ouent nmontrnoe onpeenenne. Marepnncxn xopant. P+n tna nonno
npornnononoxnocrtm nyecxo marepn. E tno ne cnocrnenno enpecxoe
uyncrno nnnt. Hentsx nosnonxrt, urot namn nontsonannct pasnte
crepnxrnnxn, cxasana Hamena, nmex n nny p+nnancxnx cementx
xnmnnxon n xnno nopasymenax xnmnnxon ns cocrnenno cemtn. Hamena
cxasana, uro ona tna napmnno onno, neyaunnne no cpannennm c
cecrpo. Mne ne npannnoct, xax xo mne ornocxrcx ponte, no+romy x
ocnoonnact or nnx. Hamena paorana nce rot oyuennx n xonnexe,
noromy uro ponrenn orxasannct onnaunnart ee opasonanne. Onn xnno mornn
sannarnrt: ee oren sannmancx nponsnocrnom rexcrnnx, no orxastnannct
nnarnrt, ecnn out ne yer xnrt oma.
Kora Hamena paccxasana mne cnom ncropnm, x nonxn, nouemy P+n namna n
ee yme raxo orxnnx. Ee ponrenn ntrannct pastrpart xnaccnuecxn ramnr
c ycranonnennem xonrponx na ee nnunocrtm, a Hamena orxasanact nrpart.
P+n morna t ropnrtcx. Kora Hamena naxonen crana unrart P+n, ro
nouyncrnonana, uro namna saxonnoe oocnonanne nx cnonx nsrnxon: y nee
tno raxoe uyncrno, uro ona n cama nmenno rax ncera ymana.
Honauany Hamene xasanoct, uro P+n cmorpnr na yymee Amepnxn
cnnmxom neccnmncrnuno. Onaxo renept ona cunrana, uro ra tna, nanpornn,
neocrarouno neccnmncrnuna. Bect nor Hament Iennep nponnxnyr nnonne
ncxpenne rpenoro sa Amepnxy, xoropax nsopaxena ocaxenno
panxantntm ncnamom. Ho eno ne rontxo n mycyntmancxo yrpose. Hamena n
nenom nnraer ornpamenne x romy xypcy, xaxo nspana crpana. Ona c
npespennem ornocnrcx x rpenoram +xonoron n yrpose rnoantnoro norennennx,
c npenepexennem orstnaercx o Oame. Ona npornn nanoron n sa pesxoe
coxpamenne mxera, npenoxennoe n 2011 roy npantmn no rnane c Honom
Paanom, npecearenem Komnrera no mxery Hanart npecrannrene. Ha
camom ene Hamena paccyxaer nourn rax xe, xax yuacrnnxn uaennrnx c nx
nennxrno nporpammo manoro npannrentcrna n omnm neonontcrnom
ornocnrentno nonnrnuecxoro xypca Amepnxn.
Kora x cnpocnn Hameny o nnxennn uaennrnx, ona sacnxna, cnonno
poxecrnencxax enxa. uro ram moxer ne npannrtcx? cnpocnna ona.

9. Hepnmn uannnx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Poxenne nnxennx uaennrnx otuno cnxstnamr c mymntm
ntcrynnennem n npxmom +]npe Pnxa Canrennn, xoropoe npnmnoct na 19
]enpanx 2009 roa, rax yx connano, uro noctmtmecxrtm rpemx roamn
pantme An P+n nnepnte marnyna na amepnxancxym semnm. Btcrynnennm
Canrennn npemecrnonano necxontxo mnrnnron npornn nanoron n npornn
npannrentcrna, n oprannsannm nnxennx otuno npnnnctnamr Canrennn n
ero nenocpecrnenntm npemecrnennnxam.
rpeym nnecrn xcnocrt. Ha camom ene nepntm uannxom tna An
P+n. Hmenno ona crana nepntm uenonexom na amepnxancxo nonnrnuecxo
apene, xoropt oruernnno c]opmynnponan nen, nnsxne x nexm uaennrnx.
P+n nponoxnna nnxennm uaennrnx opory sa ecxrxn ner o roro, xax
+ro nnxenne nosnnxno. B 1964 roy ona ana na pano nnrepntm, xoropoe
moxno tno t rpancnnponart n ceronx, n c nopasnrentno rounocrtm
c]opmynnponana nce onacennx npantx nonynncron XXI nexa.
Comnnrentno, uro P+n noepxana t uaennrne, oxnnn ona o namnx
ne. 3ro tno t ne n ee crnne. Ho naxno nomnnrt, uro ono eno nen
P+n, n concem pyroe ee pe]nexropnoe nenpnxrne nmtx nnxenn,
nsrnxt xoroptx mornn t xonxypnponart c ee cocrnenntmn. B crarte ns
mnnerenx sa 1971 ro ona ntpaxaer npespenne x yuacrnnxam Omecrna Fepua
nnxennx, cxoxero c uaennrnem, xorx ropaso menee macmranoro,
xoropoe ntcrynano npornn OOH n nomomn nnocrpanntm rocyapcrnam,
npornn mexynapontx cornamenn, xaxnx-nno cnxse c
xommynncrnuecxnmn crpanamn, npornn rocyapcrnennoro ]nnancnponannx
opasonannx n npornn nooxonoro nanora. P+n c npenepexennem
orstnanact o noontx omecrnax, xax o npnmnrnnntx narpnornuecxnx
rpynnax, xorx pasenxna nourn ncex nx nsrnxt.
Hnuno x, nncana ona, ne nnram cnmnarn x noontm rpynnam, noromy
uro onn ne ymemr pasymno orcrannart cnon nen, noromy uro nyr n
cmeprentnt o esopyxntmn n nenororonnenntmn n necyr eny npantx
ontme npea, uem nontst [133 - Rand A. The Disenfranchisement of the Right
// The Ayn Rand Letter. Vol. I. No. 6. December 20, 1971. P. 23.]. P+n tna
npana. Hoonte omecrna ymnn n npomnoe, ne ocrannn samernoro cnea, saro
oexrnnnsm nponneraer. pyroe eno nnxenne uaennrnx. Ono ocnonano
na npespennn x npannrentcrny uyncrne, rnnnunom nx xnrene name
crpant n ena nn ne ]nsnuecxn cnxsannom c rpan-amo panxantnoro
xannrannsma.
Camoe narnxnoe romy oxasarentcrno moxno narn n nnrepntm, xoropoe
P+n ana neontmo cern panocrannn n oxrxpe 1964 roa. ne ncrpeuan
ynomnnann o +rom nnrepntm nn n ono ns anronorn, cocrannenntx sa
mnorne rot Hncrnryrom An P+n. Fapapa Fpanen cxasana, uro roxe
nnxora o nem ne cntmana, xorx P+n ntpaxana n ee npncyrcrnnn re xe nen.
Houemy +ro nnrepntm ne nonyunno antnemero pacnpocrpanennx, yunrtnax
ero snoonennocrt, ocraercx nx menx saraxo.
ocran sanncn +roro nnrepntm n eme onoro, 1962 roa. Oa onn tnn
ant panoxomnannn McClendon, npnnanexame Iopony Maxxnenony,
nsnecrnomy opny c npepaccyxamn [134 - 3ect cronr ynomxnyrt o
nponcxoxennn sannce +rnx nnrepntm. Onn oxasannct n pacnopxxennn
moero pyra n xonnern, nsnecrnoro xypnanncra Pnuapa Fexapa. Pnu nonyunn
nx n 80-x roax or Maxxnenona, n nce +ro npemx sanncn xouenann n ero mxa]y
c nonxn na nonxy. Kora Pnuap ysnan, uro x paoram na +ro xnnro, ro
naropono ntxponn nx menx npemx, ornnexcx or paccneonannx cxanana c
Fepnn Meo]]om, xoropoe on rora npononn, n conepmenno ecxoptcrno
ntynn +rn sanncn ns mxa]a, cxonnponan nx n orocnan mne. Hntmn cnonamn,
on conepmnn ne+roncrnuecxn nocrynox, uem sacnyxnn t npespenne P+n,
yt ona xnna.]. B nnrepntm 1962 roa nonpoct saanan cam Iopon
Maxxnenon. ary x onpeennn camocroxrentno, onnpaxct na cneennx,
nouepnnyrte ns xnnrn Kro raxax An P+n?, xoropax xax pas roronnnact x
neuarn, ns norpa]nn, nonno naroronennx n nanncanno oonmn
Fpanenamn. B onom ns nnrepntm P+n ntpaxana cnoe npespenne x
amnnncrpannn Kennen, paccyxax na remt, xoropte sarparnnana ncera n
ncmy, n rom uncne n cnoe raserno xononxe n n mnnerene The Objectivist
Newsletter. Amnnncrpannx Kennen, saxnnna P+n, ]amncrcxax, nocxontxy
oxastnaer annenne na cranennrenym npomtmnennocrt, sacrannxx
nponsnonrene cnnxart pacnenxn.
Honxrno, xro ntmen ns +ro optt neonorn noenrenem:
conpornnnxrtcx An P+n ecnonesno! B namn nn, cnycrx nonnexa nocne rex
cotrn, npesnenr CBA n nomtcnnrt ne moxer o rom, urot nmemnnartcx n
ena rxxeno npomtmnennocrn (pasne rontxo npnnecrn marnaram na
nmeuxe mnnnnapt, xoropte nosnonxr nm yepxartcx na nnany, ecnn
nosmoxnax yrpara orpacnn yer npnsnana cnnmxom onesnenno).
B rom nnrepntm menx nnuro ne sanennno. 3aro nropoe nnrepntm
nepexnnxaercx c ceronxmne opto sa ymy nannn.
Hnrepntm, nsxroe y P+n noc-anxeneccxnm mpncrom n nnnecropom no
nmenn Po Ho]rnn, ntmno n +]np n pasrap npesnenrcxo ronxn 1964 roa, n
xoropo comnnct yntrpaxoncepnarnnnt pecnynnxanen Fappn Ionyorep n
ncera paymnt, nenoxonenmt npnnepxenen Honoro xypca n croponnnx
nont no Btername Hnnon xoncon. Ho cpannennm c ceronxmnnm nem ro
tnn rot nennnnocrn. Bternam eme ne omen o rouxn xnnennx, nannx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nourn naroencrnonana. Crpana pasnnnanact. Konrpecc n re nn, xora eme ne
cxnatnanoct esntxontx nonoxenn, ecrnnrentno sannmancx enamn:
ysaxonnnan rpaxancxne npana, paspaartnan cncremy mennnncxoro
crpaxonannx nx npecrapentx, roronnncx x nonncannm saxon o cncreme
Medicare. Fnaroapx nonnrnuecxnm rananram xoncona yxe uepes ro +ror
omepsnrentnt opasunx rocyapcrnennoro nmemarentcrna ocuacrnnnnn
mncrepa n mnccnc O`Konnop, a raxxe mnnnnont pyrnx noxnntx
amepnxannen npanom na ecnnarnoe mennnncxoe ocnyxnnanne.
B re nn amepnxancxax nannx tna nonna mnomecxnx cnn n ntnxocrn.
Hexoroptm nerepanam Bropo mnpono eme ne ncnonnnnoct copoxa.
Hacrynann nonte npemena. P+n +roro ne sameuana. Ona nnena ne
nponneranne, a npnnnxenne remno nonnt annennx co cropont rocyapcrna.
Hepe ne npecranann mpaunte nnennx: e mnnnoct, yro Coennennte
Brart onee mecrnecxrn ner nnxyrcx n cropony rocyapcrnennoro
rorannrapnsma. He satnare: +ro nnrepntm tno sanncano n 1964 roy, a
P+n c camoro nauana XX cronernx rnepnna o rom, xax rocyapcrno ymnr
nsnec. Ona nnena Amepnxy npnmepno raxo, xaxo nnnr ee ceronx
uaennrne crpano, re crpemnrentno rnner cnooa. H ne naxno, uro +ro
camoe nnrepntm, n xoropom ona ntcxastnanact npornn npannrentcrna, tno
ocranneno npannrentcrnom es nnnmannx onn +ror ]axr onponepraer ee
onnnennx n ]amnsme. Ho net P+n nnxora ne sameuana peantnocrn.
B 1964 roy Ho]rnn nauan cnoe nnrepntm c nonpoca o rom, uro P+n ymaer
o npo]comsax. Ona ornernna neonosnauno. B npnnnnne, npornn nnx ona
nnuero ne nmena, onaxo ne xorena, urot onn cnnmxom sanocnnnct. B
sameuannn, npepexanmem nporecrt npornn orment xonnexrnnntx oronopon
n Bncxoncnne n 2011 roy, ona ntpasnna onacennx no nonoy nnnxnnx
npo]comson. B +noxy rocnocrna rxxeno npomtmnennocrn npo]comst
mornn saxptnart noprt, noxnponart rpancnoprnym cncremy n samopaxnnart
nponsnocrno xnsnenno neoxonmoro ctptx. H nce-raxn P+n ne
ntcxastnanact xareropnuecxn npornn npo]comson, npnepxnnaxct roro
yexennx, uro y npo]comson ecrt npano necrn neperonopt c xopnopannxmn o
pasmepe sapaorno nnart n o noconxx.
Ho]rnn cnpocnn, ne nnnr nn P+n onacnocrn n rom, uro cpen xannaron,
xonrpeccmenon n cenaropon, rax mnoro npo]comsntx exrene? Orner tn
ocropoxntm n neonosnauntm, onaxo n nenom ntepxanntm n pamxax ro
pnropnxn, xaxym moxno tno ycntmart cnycrx nonnexa ns ycr Cxorra
Voxepa, ryepnaropa Bncxoncnna, n ero coparnnxon no uaennrnm, xora n
2011 roy nauanoct noannenne npo]comson.
Onacnocrn? nepecnpocnna P+n. Her, nnxaxo onacnocrn ne cymecrnyer
o rex nop, noxa +rnm exrenxm ne npnxonrcx ronoconart rax, xax rpeymr
npo]comst. Ho sarem, oruacrn nox na nonxrnym, ona sannna, uro nnnr no
ncem +rom ontmym omnxy n npoxnnenne uyonnmno necnpanennnocrn,
nocxontxy y npo]comson ner npana onpeenxrt nonnrnxy crpant nnn
yxastnart cnonm unenam, sa xoro ronoconart. Cneonarentno, ner y nnx n
npana ]nnancnponart roro nnn nnoro xannara es nnunoro cornacnx ncex
unenon npo]comsa.
P+n pasrpannunna npo]comsnym mopant n npano ]nnancnponart nonnrnxon
sa cuer unencxnx nsnocon: V nnx ner na +ro mopantnoro npana. K necuacrtm,
n annt momenr y nnx ecrt npano saxonoarentnoe, uro conepmenno
nenpnemnemo. Pasymeercx, +ro necnpanennno, no nce-raxn ne cnnmxom
onacno. Onacnocrt noxnnrcx, ecnn npo]comsnte nnept cmoryr, cxaxem rax,
onnartcx xenaemtx pesyntraron ronoconannx. Kora onn ecrnnrentno
cmoryr nnnxrt na mnenne nsnparene ns uncna cnonx unenon. Ho noxa onn +ro
cenart ne n cnnax. Ho mepxam P+n, +ra xapaxrepncrnxa nnonne nerpantna,
onaxo ona sarparnnaer camym cyrt nponemt, xoropax ocranact nepemenno
n cnycrx nxrtecxr ner.
Ho]rnn nepenen pasronop na pyrym remy: on saronopnn o ntopax n Cenar
or mrara Htm-Hopx. Poepr Kennen cocrxsancx c Kennerom Knrnnrom,
nnepantntm pecnynnxannem (n re npemena raxoe eme tno nosmoxno),
xoropt yxe mnoro ner npecrannxn n Cenare Htm-Hopx. H cnona
ntcxastnannx P+n ntpaxann nsrnxt, ouent nnsxne axrnnncram
uaennrnx. uopmynnpyx cnon mtcnn rax, urot Kennen ocranoct mentme,
uem Knrnnry, xoropt orxasancx noepxart ee nporexe Fappn Ionyorepa,
P+n saxnnna, uro +rn ntopt onn ns camtx neyauntx na ee namxrn
nnn axe camte neyaunte. Mano roro, uro ntnnxenne Kennen or Htm-
Hopxa npecrannxno coo xnnt saxnar nnacrn, c uem n ro npemx n Htm-
Hopxe ocoenno n ne cnopnnn, P+n cunrana necnpanennntm, uro
nsnparenn c npantmn nsrnxamn ne cmornn nporonoconart npornn rnycnoro
Kennen. B pesyntrare onn orann npenmymecrno nnepantnomy
pecnynnxanny nocnrenm nonnrnuecxnx nsrnxon, x xoroptm P+n
ornocnnact c raxnm xe npespennem, c xaxnm yuacrnnxn uaennrnx nsnpamr
na ymepenntx n anexo ne xoncepnarnnntx pecnynnxannen.
emoxpart xorx t orxptro noxastnamr, xro onn ecrt, cxasana ona. A
nor nnepantnte pecnynnxannt, xorx n ne ntcxastnamr xnnoro necornacnx c
emoxparamn, onaxo narononyuno npnnenn pecnynnxancxym naprnm x
+xonomnxe, perynnpyemo rocyapcrnom.
V P+n ne tno npnunn nx ecnoxocrna. K xonny ee xnsnn nnepantnte
pecnynnxannt ntmnn ns ynorpenennx, xax anromonnn +cen 1959 roa
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ntnycxa. uepes rpnnart ner nocne ee cmeprn nce crano rax, xax ona xorena:
xannart nso ncex cnn crapannct ocxaxart pyr pyra cnpana, cnonno
amnnnosnte renepant npemen Hepno mnpono. Pecnynnxancxo naprne
xomanymr ee nocneonarenn nnxenne uaennrnx.
Ho]rnn xocnyncx n roro nonpoca, xoropt n namn nn cran nx nce crpant
camtm xnnorpenemymnm. On cnpocnn, cunraer nn P+n, uro nannonantnt
onr, npentcnnmn rpncra mnnnnapon onnapon, xnnxercx nx amepnxannen
ceptesno nponemo. B re npemena +ro tna orpomnax cymma. Ceronx, c
nonpanxo n 2,1 rpnnnnona onnapon na nn]nxnnm, +ro tnn t cymne
nycrxxn.
Orner P+n tn yro nsxr ns arnrannonntx peue, snyuamnx nepe
mnrnnramn uaennrnx: Cama mtcnt, cxasana ona, uro +ror onr ne
xnnxercx nponemo npocro noromy, uro mt onxnt, cxaxem rax, camnm cee,
nnn xe noromy, uro nam nnxora ne npnercx ero onnaunnart, uro mt cmoxem
nepeanart ero ns noxonennx n noxonenne, npocro sanyxenne,
nopoxennoe ynpomenntm, npnmnrnnntm nsrnxom na +xonomnxy. Hmo
nopxount +xonomncr cxaxer nam, uro nentsx rparnrt ontme, uem
nponsnonmt, n uro pano nnn nosno noonte rpart ntyr nam oxom.
Hocne uero nocneonano nonoe npopouecrno:
H pacnnaunnartcx sa onrn npnercx ]nnancontm xpaxom, no cpannennm c
xoroptm xpnsnc 1929 roa noxaxercx nycrxxom. Pocr nannonantnoro onra
oxsarentno npnneer x +xonomnuecxomy xpnsncy. Pasymeercx, enncrnennoe,
uero ne moxer npecxasart nn onn +xonomncr, +ro npemx, xora xpnsnc
paspasnrcx. Hnxro ne snaer, xora +ro nponsoer. Ho nponsoer
oxsarentno.
Kora x nnepnte ycntman +rn npocrte cnona ns anexoro npomnoro, x ne
mor nonxrt, nouemy Hncrnryr An P+n ne pacrpynn o +rom
omenomnxmmem npecxasannn noncemecrno. Bepoxrno, npenonoxnn x, +rn
cnona npocro sarepxnnct n uepee mnorouncnenntx panonnrepntm n n noroxe
ncero, uro tno nanncano sa onrne rot. Koneuno, neneno npenonarart, uro
pocr nannonantnoro onra npnnen x xpnsncy nnn ]nnanconomy xpaxy 2008
roa. Onaxo ynennuenne nnmnra roconra n 2011 roy npnneno x cnnxennm
xpenrnoro pernnra CBA n x ontmnm nsmenennxm na ptnxe. Hpecxasanne
P+n morno noxasartcx nenentm n 1964 roy nnn axe n 2010-m. B 2011 roy
ono crano xyrxo, nyramme ocronepntm ns-sa neonornuecxo nonxpnsannn,
xarannsaropom xoropo crann nen P+n.
axe ecnn t o nnrepntm 1964 roa crano nsnecrno mnpoxo nynnxe, +ro
ne ormennno t rnannoro npenxrcrnnx, memammero uaennrnm
npenparnrtcx n uaennrne P+n, necornacnx no nonpocam nept. Taxono
neunoe npoxnxrne oexrnnncron, neunt xament nperxnonennx. P+n
nenannena pennrnm, ocoenno xpncrnancrno. Onaxo nx noannxmmero
ontmnncrna yuacrnnxon uaennrnx nepa n Fora cocrannxer ocnony xnsnn.
Arnrannonnax nnreparypa nnxennx nanomnnaer copnnxn nepxonntx
rnmnon, re nocroxnno ynomnnamrcx Bcemorymn n Xpncroc. Anrop
xapmannoro nsannx Mann]ecra uaennrnx, xoncepnarnnno nacrpoennt
xypnanncr xose] uapa, ynomnnaer Iocnoa npaxrnuecxn na xaxo
crpannne. snam cepne n ymy nnxennx uaennrnx, nnmer on. Ero
cocrannxmr nmn, xoropte no rnanntm nonpocam npnepxnnamrcx roro xe
mnennx, uro n x. 3ro nnxenne nme oromontntx, nme, xoropte nmxr
Fora, nme, xoropte nocemamr nepxnn n cnnarorn [135 - Farah J . The Tea
Party Manifesto: A Vision for an American Rebirth. Washington, D.C.: WND
Books, 2010. P. 45.]. Oexrnnncrt, raxnm opasom, ocramrcx ne npn enax,
ecnn rontxo ne cunrart P+n ocnonarentnnne cocrnenno nepxnn.
Ecnn uaennrne xora-nnyt or nce ymn npnmer oexrnnnsm, +ro
npnnecer P+n nennuamn ycnex co npemen nynnxannn Arnanra n
nectma comnnrentnoe ocrnxenne nx ncex, xomy nnenart na nnant npantx.
Onaxo ornomennxm P+n n uaennrnx yenxercx ouent mano nnnmannx.
Cpecrna maccono nn]opmannn cocpeorouent na nropocrenenntx
momenrax, raxnx xax cnxsn uaennrnx c pyrnmn rpynnamn: nanpnmep, c
nnxennem Amepnxannt sa nponneranne, xoropoe ]nnancnpyercx +nnom
n uapntsom Koxamn, ne]rxntmn marnaramn npanoro ronxa. Xypnan New
York nasnan parten Kox Fymaxnnxamn uaennrnx [136 - Cm., nanp.:
Goldman A. The Billionaires Party // New York, J uly 25, 2010; Mayer J . Covert
Operations // New Yorker, August. 20, 2010.], namexax, uro uaennrne xnnxer
coo cxonnenne yrtx rpynn xxot maccontx oprannsann,
]nnancnpyemtx xopnopannxmn n cocrnenntx nnrepecax, ns xenannx
onrtcx coxpamennx rocyapcrnennoro annapara, cnnxennx nanoron n
nenmemarentcrna rocyapcrna n +xonomnxy.
ne snam, rax nn +ro naxno, xro cycnnpyer uaennrne. Kaxnmn t nn
tnn ncrounnxn ]nnancnponannx, uaennrne orpaxaer onpeenennte
nacrpoennx amepnxancxoro omecrna, xoropte xnno ycnnnnamrcx. V nnxennx
ner nnxrno neonornn, no+romy ero sanpocro moryr +xcnnyarnponart
p+nnannt nesanncnmo or roro, xro nnarnr no cueram. Ker 3epnnxe
nanncana n cnoe xnnre Fesymnoe xnnenne, uro y nepntx oprannsaropon
uaennrnx nmenact neonornuecxax asa: onn ronopnnn o npane nnunocrn na
cocrnennocrt, o cnooe n romy noonom, onaxo n nocneymmne mecxnt,
xora mnrnnrn cranonnnnct nce onee mnorouncnenntmn, n pxt uannxon
nnnnnct nonte yuacrnnxn, nnxnmte onee nnsmenntmn uyncrnamn
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
snocrtm n crpaxom. [137 - Zernike K. Boiling Mad: Inside Tea Party America.
New York: Times Books, 2010. P. 2627.]
Bonpoc nnmt n rom, cmoryr nn nocneonarenn P+n nounnnrt cee +ro
cnao mornnnponannoe, no momnoe nonnrnuecxoe nnxenne.

10. Oprannsa1op
V An P+n na cuery mnoxecrno noe na remn, xro tn cnao noxonan
neonornuecxn. Ona uacro noexana naroapx romy, uro oexrnnnsm ne
cocpeorouen ncxnmunrentno na xannrannsme n +xonomnxe: +ro tno t
cxyuno n cnnmxom cnoxno. nx noannxmmero ontmnncrna rex, xro snaxom c
pomanamn P+n, npnrxrarentntm xaxercx nce: nanpnmep, nnnnnyannsm
nepconaxe npoe Ionapa Popxa. Hamena Iennep, xora, yyun eme
nopocrxom, nsynronanact npornn crpornx ponrene, npnnxna cnocrnennte
P+n ysxne nsrnxt na cemente ornomennx n pemnna, uro naroapx ee
xnnram uyncrnyer cex npano nmemme. Hopocrxn uacro crpaamr or
yxonno nycrort, uyncrnymr cex nenpnxaxnntmn, no+romy cranonxrcx nx
P+n nerxo otue. Mnrnnrn uaennrnx ecrnymr na yuacrnnxon
npnmepno rax xe, nomorax nm nouyncrnonart, uro onn nnxr mnp npannntno,
nomorax nm omyrnrt cocrnennym snaunmocrt n opecrn ennomtmnennnxon,
xoropte rnepxr re xe camte pacnntnuarte anantnocrn.
3aaua pona Fpyxa cocroxna n rom, urot oparnrt ncex +rnx nme,
nnxnmtx nnsmenntmn uyncrnamn, n oexrnnnsm. H ecnn t ne pasnornacnx
no nonpocam pennrnn, saaua tna t npocro. P+nnannen n yuacrnnxon
uaennrnx cnxstnamr anrnnpannrentcrnennte nacrpoennx, n re n pyrne
ntcrynamr npornn ntxyna rocyapcrnom nponemntx axrnnon. B Mann]ecre
,uaennrnx, xoropt cocrannn nx Apmn, no nasnannem are nam
cnooy, nenax rnana nocnxmena nopnnannm noontx ntxynon [138 - Armey
D., Kibbe M. Give Us Liberty: A Tea Party Manifesto. New York: Harper-Collins,
2010. P. 3764.], a nerarnnnoe ornomenne uannxon x noontm axnnxm,
xax n n nenom x Vonn-crpnr, tno ouennno saonro o roro, xax n 2010 roy
Apmn nsnoxnn cno mann]ecr na ymare.
Ftnmn nnep ontmnncrna n Hanare npecrannrene, on onnnernopxn ro,
uro moxno nasnart pecnynnxancxnm xptnom nnxennx, nocxontxy npxmo n
orxptro noepxnnan nporpammt xopnopann n Vonn-crpnr. Ero oprannsannx
Freedom Works nonyunna or cemenoro ]ona Koxon nenanart mnnnnonon
onnapon, uro crano xpxnm npnmepom nnnxnnx ne]rxntx marnaron na
uaennrne [139 - Rich F. The Billionaires Bankrolling the Tea Party, New York
Times, August 28, 2010.]. Apmn nosnaran nnny sa ]nnancont xpnsnc 2008
roa nn n xoem cnyuae ne na Vonn-crpnr, a na roro neroxx, xoropt n nonno
mepe npoxnnn cex n nocneymmne rot, na npannrentcrno. On ntrancx
nepenanpannrt rnen uannxon n nonoe pycno, yxastnax na ro, uro nmenno
nonnrnxa rocyapcrna, xax on yrnepxan, xnnxercx rnanno npnunno xpnsnca.
B uncne npenoxenntx nm pemenn orxas or mnorouncnenntx nepexocon n
saxonoarentcrne, xoropoe yxecrounno rpeonannx x ]nnancono oruernocrn,
cnemno npnnxrte na nonne nannxn naunnax c 3axona Capensa Oxcnn,
npnnxroro n nxno nontrxe npornnoecrnonart rem ]nnancontm
maxnnannxm, xaxne onapyxnnnct n xomnannn Enron n pyrnx n nauane
2000-x roon. [140 - Armey D., Kibbe M. Give Us Liberty. P. 44.]
Aprymenrt Apmn tnn nsxrt npxmo ns ntcrynnenn na saceannxx
Toprono nanart CBA n Kpyrnoro crona. unrax nocnanne Apmn (uapa n
cnoem Mann]ecre uaennrnx nourn ne sarparnnaer +xonomnuecxne
nonpoct), moxno nonxrt, uro sa ]oxyc sect noxastnamr. Heocrarxn
xannrannsma npenpamamrcx ns neocrarxon neperynnpyemoro xannrannsma n
npomaxn xoe-xax perynnpyemo moenn xoppymnnponannoro xannrannsma
Fyma Perana. Fontmnncrny nme, ecnn rontxo onn ne cnexr sa
]nnancontmn nonocrxmn c ocoenntm crapannem, npocro neorxya ysnart,
nacxontxo yenrentnt oxasarentcrna roro, uro x xpnsncy npnnenn ecrnnx
xpynnemnx anxon, Amepnxancxo mexynapono rpynnt (AIG) n
nnoreuntx oneparopon nxyne c neocrarountm n nepexntm xonrponem co
cropont npannrentcrna. Onaxo xe Apmn nonan n rouxy, cocpeorounnmnct
na cnatx mecrax +nayra nporpammt no ntxyny nponemntx axrnnon. On
saxnnn: Btxynart nnoxnx ncnonnnrene, xoropte nomnn na neonpanannt
pncx, ne nmeer cmtcna [141 - Tam xe. P. 47.]. 3ro tn pemammn aprymenr,
yenrentnt ono. Mopantnt pncx n cnyuae c ntxynamn ne yunrtnancx
ns-sa pannonantnoro crpaxa, uro cncrema nor-nor opymnrcx. Fanxam tn
ntenen xannran, xoropt nnxro ne rpeonan ccyxart onn n ne ccyxann. B
+rom n cocroxno camoe cnaoe mecro anxoncxoro +nayra, nycrt n ror
momenr conepmenno neoxonmoro.
Ioptxax nponnx nce +ro ncropnn c ntxynom nponemntx axrnnon cocronr
n rom, uro ona nnxax ne crnmynnponana npeocrannenne samon, noromy uro
anxnpt ecrnonann xax ncrnnnte p+nnannt axe re ns nnx, y xoro na
npnxponarnom cronnxe ne nexan romnx opoerenn +ronsma. He ccyxax
entrn, nonyuennte or npannrentcrna, anxnpt ecrnonann n pamxax nnuntx
pannonantntx nnrepecon. Onn tnn +roncrnunt. nx nnx tno t ne rontxo
nenepno, no n amopantno, c rouxn spennx P+n, necrn cex no-pyromy. Ecnn
t anxnpon nsnauantno paccmarpnnann uepes npnsmy p+nnancxnx ne xax
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
norennnantntx oexrnnncron, ro crano t xcno, uro onn, nepoxrno nnn axe
nanepnxxa, ne cranyr ntnonnxrt cno rpaxancxn onr n ccyxart
nonyuennt or rocyapcrna xannran. 3ro tno t ouennno.
C pyro cropont, Ienpn Honcon, Tnm Iarnep, Fen Fepnanxe n npoune
corpynnxn Mnnncrepcrna ]nnancon, xoropte yuacrnonann n nororonxe
+nayra, nenn cex ne xax oexrnnncrt. Onn ne npecneonann
pannonantnte nnrepect npannrentcrna CBA. Onn nannno npenonoxnnn,
uro enexnte nnnnannx norexyr x saemmnxam. Bmecro +roro entrn ocrannct
n anxax, a +nayr cran npnmepom camonoxeprnonannx co cropont
npannrentcrna. H eme onn npornnopeuar p+nnancxo nee o rom, uro ptnxn
onxnt npexpacno paorart n es nmemarentcrna npannrentcrna. Bor yx
noncrnny noxnax nex, xora ouennno, uro nmemarentcrno neoxonmo nx
cnacennx anxoncxo cncremt, oneenno o xpanocrn nenepntmn
ecrnnxmn anxnpon. unnancont xpnsnc npexpacno npoemoncrpnponan,
uro ptnox ne xnnxercx camoperynnpymmnmcx mexannsmom.
Pasymeercx, mnoroe sanncnr or roro, xax nonnmart cocrnennt
pannonantnt nnrepec. Ecnn nocmorpert na nponsomemee no pyrnm
yrnom, ro Honcon, Iarnep, Fepnanxe n nxe c nnmn conepmnnn nocrynox n
cnonx pannonantntx nnrepecax, n ysxom, +roncrnuecxom cmtcne, a +ro, ecnn
noymart, ouent n yxe P+n. X+nx Honcon narononyuno ntmen n orcranxy c
rocyapcrnenno cnyxt. Iarnep nnonne saxonomepno nonyunn nontmenne
n sanxn nocr mnnncrpa ]nnancon, Fepnanxe coxpannn paory, n ne
nocneonano nnxaxnx canxnn nn nx xoro ns yuacrnnxon ena, yt ro
anxnpt nnn unnonnnxn. Hnxoro ns anxnpon ne npnsnann x ornery, no ncxxom
cnyuae, sa rpn roa nocne xpnsnca. Ennnnt noneprnnct npecneonannxm co
cropont perynnpymmnx opranon. Hpannrentcrnennte unnonnnxn, xoropte
npornann crao uepes +ro nenonynxpnoe nmemarentcrno npannrentcrna n ena
nsneca, noneprnnct nopnnannm, no ocrannct nentmn n nenpenmtmn. Ecnn
rnanno ]ynxnne mpoxpara xnnxercx camocoxpanenne, ro ntxynt nmenn
norpxcammn ycnex.
uaennrne nponnxnoct x +nayry nenanncrtm, no xro ne nponnxcx? Hmn
camtx pasntx nonnrnuecxnx yexenn neroonann. H rontxo npante
nxnmuax, pasymeercx, nocneonarene P+n noxoxe, uro-ro ntnrpann or +rnx
ntxynon. H oxasarentcrnom romy cnyxar oemt npoax Arnanra,
tmmne nce pexopt.
F+nayr npornnopeunr ncem neanam oexrnnnsma. To tno rpyoe
nmemarentcrno npannrentcrna n cnoont ptnox, xymee npoxnnenne
xoppymnnponannoro xannrannsma n rax anee. Koneuno, ntxynt cnacnn
cncremy, no npnsnanart +ro tno ne oxsarentno, no+romy nnxro n ne
npnsnanan. P+nnannt cnexynnponann na +nayre, urot nponarannponart
oexrnnnsm cpen yuacrnnxon uaennrnx.
Ho nn pony Fpyxy, nn xomy pyromy sa npeenamn nnxennx ne tno
nyxt npecrannxrt An P+n uannxam. Ona yxe tna cpen nnx.
ornpannn sanncxy onomy ns rnanntx oprannsaropon uaennrnx, Mapxy
Mexnepy. ntpan ero, ncxox ns macmraon n nnnxnnx ero oprannsannn, a ne
ns npenonoxennx, uro on moxer trt p+nnannem. 3ro tn ntcrpen nayra.
Hn on, nn onn pyro nnep uaennrnx ne npnsnanannct nynnuno, uro
nmemr xort xaxoe-ro ornomenne x An P+n, ne ronopnnn, uro ncnoneymr ee
nepy nnn uro ornepramr ee. Ho+romy x tn npnxrno ynnnen, xora Mexnep
saxoren co mno noronopnrt. Hopasymenanoct, uro emy ecrt uro cxasart. H on
cxasan.
Mexnep, mpncr c cenepa Kann]opnnn, xnnxncx coyupenrenem n
nannonantntm xoopnnaropom Harpnoron uaennrnx ono ns nxrn
rpynn, xoropte sannmamrcx nponarano ne n oprannsanne n nenom
neoprannsonannoro nnxennx uaennrnx. Ipynna Mexnepa oecneunnana
noepxxy n oyuenne axrnnncron uaennrnx, a raxxe noepxnnana cnyx,
yro +ro ecrnnrentno naponoe, macconoe nnxenne. Hpn +rom ee
yuacrnnxn ne cxartnannct o npensxrocrn, c xaxo ornocnrcx x nnxennm
nx Apmn [142 - Rasmussen S., Schoen D. Mad as Hell: How the Tea Party
Movement Is Fundamentally Remaking Our Two-Party System. New York:
Harper Collins, 2010. P. 149150.]. Mexnep nonyunn naronx or xypnana
Mother J ones sa cnom npexnmm paory: on sannmancx pacnpocrpanennem
ronapon Herbalife. Hocranmnxn nnmentx oanox npneramr x cxeme
mnoroyponnenoro mapxernnra, n xoropom nexoropte npornnnnxn nnxr ena
nn ne cxemy ]nnancono nnpamnt [143 - Mencimer S. Is the Tea Party
Movement Like a Pyramid Scheme? // Mother J ones. October 19, 2010.]. Xorx
ntcxastnanne Mexnepa o rom, uro nnxenne uaennrnx ne onxno crart
opynem Pecnynnxancxo naprnn, uacro nnrnpyercx, ero xpnrnxonann sa
cnxsn c xoncyntranramn ns uncna pecnynnxannen n c FreedomWorks nxa
Apmn. [144 - Roth Z. Tea Party Leader Was Involved With GOP-Tied Political
Firm // TPM Muckraker (blog). March 2, 2010 (URL:
http://tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com/2010/03/tea_party_leader_was_invol
ved_with_political_fim.php); Zernike K. Boiling Mad. P. 43; Roth Z.
FreedomWorks Says J ump, Tea Partiers Ask How High // TPM Muckraker //
August 11, 2009 (URL:
http://tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com/2009/08/freedomworks_says_jump_t
ea_partiers_ask_how_high.php).]
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Bpaxeno nacrpoennax npecca cymena cosart opas +raxoro onnoprynncra
n ena nn ne xynnxa, a nonce ne ynepennoro n cee neonora. Onaxo, nsyuax
cnxsannte c nnm nynnxannn ontrntm nsrnxom nccneonarenx p+nnancrna,
x samernn nexoropte npnsnaxn roro, uro on ne npocro xaxo-nnyt C+mmn
Innx or uaennrnx. Pacnpocrpanenne Herbalife npenonaraer nannune
p+nnancxo npenpnnmunnocrn, xenanne enart entrn, a +rnuecxax cropona
+roro sanxrnx emoncrpnpyer ror camt nn +ronsma, xoropt rax nmnna
P+n. Eme x namen xparxne ynomnnannx n npecce o rom, uro necxontxo ner
nasa Mexnep epxan n ropoe Henae, mrar Kann]opnnx, xa]e no
nasnannem Mekka [145 - Kellar L. Local lawyer emerges as face of Tea Party
movement // Union (Nevada County, CA). February 27, 2010.]. Hmo unrarent
Arnanra snaer, uro onn ns nropocrenenntx nepconaxe pomana (xopomn
napent) epxnr saxycounym.
Tax uro x ne ynnnncx, xora Mexnep cxasan mne, uro on npounran ncm
noopxy paor P+n na nepnom xypce xonnexa, xora emy tno ner
nocemnanart. Vunrtnax, xaxoe nnnxnne ona oxasana na mom xnsnt, axe
crtno, uro x ne nomnm, xax nmenno nosnaxomnncx c ee xnnramn, cxasan on.
Mexnep coomnn mne, uro cnauana npounran Hcrounnx n Arnanr
pacnpannn nneun, a yxe norom ocnnnn ocrantnte paort.
ercrno Mexnepa npomno n manentxom ropoxe, re rocnocrnonann
memancxne npant. Ctn ropronna n npenpnnnmarenx, on ntpoc n onnne Can-
uepnano. Ero ponrenn tnn xoncepnarnnntmn pecnynnxannamn. On poc n
nnorno sacenennom xnaprane n, no-nnnmomy, no +ro npnunne c ercrna
xoren crart sacrpomnxom. urot ocrnrnyrt cnoe nenn, on nocrynnn na
mpnnuecxn ]axyntrer n renept xnner n ropoxe Ipacc-B+nnn, cpen xonmon
no Caxpamenro. 3ro, moxno cxasart, crpana xona Crenexa, no xora eno
xacaercx nocneonarenx P+n, n ero cosnannn nourn ner mecra nx Crenexa.
Ero nonynnsm nonce ne ror, uro tn y namnx ornon. B ero xaprnne mnpa ner
nnxaxnx cesonntx paornnxon, xoroptx +xcnnyarnpymr xecroxne ]epmept,
ner xnrene Oxnaxomt, xoropte crpemxrcx x nyume xnsnn, opmrcx c
neroxxmn, naxox npnexnme n ycrpoenntx npannrentcrnom narepxx nx
paounx mnrpanron. Ero nonynnsm tn nonynnsmom naropontx
npenpnnnmarene, a raxxe nanounnxon n ]epmepon, uyxtx
camonoxeprnonannx.
Mexnep ceptesno nsyuan P+n. Eme n mnocrn on npounran ne rontxo ee
pomant, no n nynnnncrnxy, n npoune nponsneennx, n rom uncne xnnry, n
xoropo nsnaraercx +nncremonornx oexrnnnsma. Hao trt ncrnnntm
npnnepxennem P+n n p+nnannem o rnynnt ymn, urot npopartcx uepes
+ro rymannoe nponsneenne, ornnuammeecx nnreparypntm nsxmecrnom
eronomemanxn. (Ona ns rnan nastnaercx Anannrnuecxn-cnnrernuecxax
nxoromnx, n nanncana ona ncera ysnanaemtm Heonapom Hexo]]om.) c
ynnnennem ysnan, uro y Mexnepa ner noopxn nn]opmannonntx
mnnerene P+n. Bet nmo ee ncrnnnt nocneonarent, xax x samernn,
nenpemenno onxen onaart opnrnnantntmn nsannxmn +rnx yopaxamnx
ymy +cce.
nnxora ne tn ncrnnntm nocneonarenem xoro t ro nn tno,
nospasnn mne Mexnep. Hpocro n annom cnyuae x tn ouaponan ee nexmn n
]nnoco]ne. nnxaxo ne axrnnnt nocneonarent, x ne nonnctnamct na
nepnonuecxne nsannx, ne ncrynam n xnyt, nnuero raxoro. Ftno crpanno
cntmart noonte cnona or oprannsaropa nonnrnuecxoro nnxennx. Moxer,
on xax Iann, xoroporo x rouno nnxax ne mory npecrannrt cee n mecrnom
xnye Kiwanis?
nonpocnn Mexnepa oxcnnrt mne, uro ero rax npnnnexno n Hcrounnxe.
On ornernn, uro, unrax xnnry, naronxnyncx na necxontxo npnnnnnnantntx
nonxrn, xoropte tnn nx nero naxnt. On xcno ynnen n ne orpaxenne
mnorouncnenntx ncrnn, x xoroptm cam ycnen npnrn n nocemnanart ner, no
xoropte tn ne n cnnax c]opmynnponart. Ona ns nnx saxnmuanact n rom, uro
nnmt camotrnax nnunocrt moxer uero-ro ocrnut.
pyrax xonnennnx, nouepnnyrax nm ns paor P+n, cocroxna no
npeonocnocrn xonnexrnnnsma, xorx n ro npemx Mexnep ne cymen t
ntpasnrt +ro raxnmn cnonamn. nnen, uro cnyuaercx c nmtmn, xora nx
ropmosnr xaxo-nnyt xonnexrnn, cxasan on. B omecrne cymecrnyer
renennnx npnnennxrtcx x nmxm, xoropte uero-ro ocrnrnn, n rxnyrt nx
nasa. 3ro mnenne y nero yxe cnoxnnoct x nocemnanarn roam, no+romy
xora on unran xnnry, +ro tno cnonno osapenne. a! a, +ro ro, no uro x
nepm! He ro urot: Vx rt, xaxne cnexne nen, nnuero noonoro mne n n
ronony ne npnxonno. Her, cxopee, omymenne tno raxoe, yro ro, no uro x
nepm, naxonen c]opmynnponano, npnuem rax nonxo, xax x nnxora t ne
cmor.
H cnona mne paccxastnamr, xax P+n npenparnna mnennx cnonx unrarene n
nepymnmym cxany neonornn. H cnona x cntmy o nornepxennn, o
xoropom ronopnnn n Hamena Iennep, n Apnc Fenn, n ocrantnte, nonropxx
pyr sa pyrom nourn cnono n cnono, yro cronopnnmnct. P+n nstnana x
uemy-ro coxponennomy, uro rannoct n ymax raxnx pasntx nme: nsnec-
nen c Honr-Anena, rpa]nuecxoro nsanepa poom ns unxaro, mpncra ns
manentxoro ropoxa n Kann]opnnn.
Mexnep nsyuan oexrnnnsm rax xe ynopno, xax n ocrantnte, xorx n ornnune
or nnx nnxax +ro ne emoncrpnponan. Hn n ono sanncn ero nynnuntx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ntcrynnenn mne ne yanoct narn nn ennoro ynomnnannx o P+n. Ho on nce
panno tn saxonuennt oexrnnncr. On paccxasan mne, uro npounran
Hcrounnx n Arnanra pas mecrt ecxrt. Hoonax mannaxantnax rxra
nepeunrtnart n nepeunrtnart nanmaercx rontxo y camtx npeanntx
nocneonarene P+n. Onn xaxyr cnona nepexnrt paocrt or npourennx ee
nporpammntx nponsneenn n, nepoxrno, ortcxart nonte orxponennx,
ynymennte npexe.
Feceyx c Mexnepom, x ynonnn xaxo-ro ncconanc. On ntpaxan cnom
npeannocrt P+n cnonamn, crpanntmn nx oexrnnncra: 3rn xnnrn x unram
nmecre c yxonntmn xnnramn, nmecre c Fnnne, unram n rpynte mnnyrt.
Kora mne neoxonmo noxnonenne, urot oportcx antme, +rn xnnrn menx
noxnonnxmr. B npecrannennn Mexnepa P+n npenparnnact ns
nenpnmnpnmoro opna c xonnexrnnnsmom n +axoro Hopmana Bnncenra Hnna.
Knnra Arnanr pacnpannn nneun cpasy noxnonnna Mexnepa, noromy uro
oemana: Hmn, xoropte nocrynamr npannntno, paoramr mnoro, c nonno
camooraue n na naro cnoero ena, yyr ncxart pyrnx nme, xoropte
neyr cex rouno rax xe. Menx noxnonnno ro, uro cymecrnymr nente rpynnt
nme, xoropte rax nocrynamr. snan, xaxo x cam, xax x paoram c nonno
camooraue n na naro ena. ne crpemnncx nnxomy nnuero oxasart.
Mexnep onncan cex ne xax rnnnunoro peenxa, unrammero Arnanra,
nocxontxy raxo unrarent npecrannxncx emy ntnycxnnxom oporo uacrno
mxont, n ]opme ynnnepcnrera, nxoxmero n Hnry nnmma. Cam xe Mexnep
ynnexancx nanx-poxom n ncem rem, uem noome ynnexanact monoext n 1980-e
rot. On ne tn nonnrnuecxn axrnnntm, xorx cnenn sa nonocrxmn c
nenanarn ner, unran Los Angeles Times n ocyxan rexymne cotrnx c
ornom. B camom pannem nospacre on yxe nouyncrnonan ro, uro n nonno mepe
ocosnan, cran nspocntm: uem mentme npannrentcrno yer nesrt n namy
xnsnt, rem nyume. H xnnra Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nropnna ero uyncrnam:
rax monooro uenonexa, xaxymero connantno cnpanennnocrn, moryr
noxnonnrt xnnrn, npocnannxmmne antrpynsm (ro ecrt nourn nce xnnrn,
nanncannte c nauana npemen).
Tenept +ra xnnra xaxercx mne nourn npopouecxo, cxasan Mexnep o +ro
Fnnnn oexrnnncron. Henosmoxno unrart Arnanra, ne npecrannxx cee
ceronxmnn mnp. Ero nenanarnnernn ctn nouyncrnonan ro xe camoe,
nouepxnyn Mexnep. Tporarentnax npecrannxnact xaprnna: oren nepeaer
ctny paronennym xnnry. A xaxax xnnra y nero nmnmax? Ecnn ocrannrt n
cropone nce yxonnoe n nnecxoe, Arnanr pacnpannn nneun
onpeenenno camax nmnmax mox xnnra, oxasanmax na menx nanontmee
nnnxnne, orneuan on. Ouennno, Mexnep tn ns uncna rex camtx
xpncrnancxnx oexrnnncron, o xoroptx mne ronopnn xon 3nnncon. Mexnep
cxasan, uro n ocnonnom cornacen c oexrnnnsmom. ronopm n
ocnonnom, nouepxnyn on, n +ro naxno. ne npnnanexy x uncny
nocneonarene oexrnnnsma n ]nnoco]nn P+n. Ho mne nnsxn mnorne
nen, nsnoxennte n ee xnnre.
Mexnep nocroxnno cctnancx na Cnxmennoe Hncanne, no+romy x nncxontxo
ne ynnnncx, xora on cxasan, uro arensm rnannoe, uero on ne npnnnmaer y
P+n. Hnxora ne yer raxo ]nnoco]nn, xoropym x npnmy nennxom n
nonnocrtm, noxcnnn on. ne aenr, +ro ne n moem crnne. Kaxne-ro nen
mne nnsxn, xaxne-ro naoopor. Pasymeercx, +ro pasymnt noxo, xorx
noonte paccyxennx ne nopaonann t P+n. C pyro cropont, ouent ne
mnorne ns ee ntnemnnx nocneonarene nopaonann t rpan-amy
panxantnoro xannrannsma cnonmn paccyxennxmn. axe o cnx nop
neocrynnt nx omennx pon Fpyx, nanepnoe, ntnen t P+n ns cex,
nocxontxy xxmaercx c nnxennem nenanncrntx e nneprapnannen. ynepen,
uro ona tna t n xpocrn ns-sa roro, xax Mexnep n npoune ee nounrarenn
xonamrcx n ee yuennn, ntnpax orentnte xycxn, cnonno n cronono mecrnoro
orenx Marriott. Ecnn n cymecrnyer Hont Oexrnnncr, ro +ro Mapx
Mexnep: ne arencr, snarox Cnxmennoro Hncannx, oprannsarop n noxnonnrent
maccontx nporecron, nesanncnmt mtcnnrent, sancerara saxycountx.
Ona rouno ne tna saypxno nnunocrtm. Ona nmena nenepoxrnoe
xonnuecrno nsxnon, saxnnn on. tn xenar cemnanart ner. Mne n n
ronony ne npnxonno sanecrn cnxst na cropone. He mory axe npecrannrt, xax
t x cmor onpanart ee nnunym xnsnt c ro xe nerxocrtm, c xaxo +ro enaer
ona cama. A net ecrt eme npano na aopr, xoropoe, nanomnnn x emy, P+n
ncxuecxn noepxnnana [146 - Letters of Ayn Rand / Ed. by M. S. Berliner. P.
666.]. C ]nnoco]cxo rouxn spennx, x ne nocneonarent oexrnnnsma,
ornercrnonan Mexnep. Bor on, Hont Oexrnnncr, xoropt nepecraer trt
oexrnnncrom, xora peut saxonr o nenpnxrntx momenrax.
Mexnep tn snaxom n c xnnro opoerent +ronsma n axe nonoxnn ee
nepe coo na npemx name ecet. Mne tno nmontrno ycntmart ero
mnenne no nonoy antrpynsma, nenanncrt x xoropomy, mexy npounm,
xnnxercx nenrpom npnrxxennx nce +rnuecxo cncremt P+n. roron
cornacnrtcx, uro nnonne onycrnmo ntnpart ns paor P+n re ]parmenrt,
xoropte nam nanonee nnsxn. Onaxo, no moemy mnennm, ceptesnt
unrarent oxsan nno nonnocrtm orneprnyrt yexenne, uro antrpynsm
omepsnrenen, nno cornacnrtcx c nnm.
3ect Mexnep ynnntnyn or npxmoro ornera. ne nepeunrtnan +ry xnnry,
nanepnoe, ner nanart, cxasan on o opoerenn +ronsma, xorx nsanne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nexano npxmo nepe nnm. ne cmory art onpeenenne romy, xax ona
onpeenxer antrpynsm. O cee xe camom on ronopnr cneymmee: Tax yx x
tn nocnnran. Bor enns, n coornercrnnn c xoroptm xnny: Ecnn rt
necuacrnnn cam, ro ne cmoxemt cenart cuacrnnntmn pyrnx. t cxasan,
uro +ro nnonne cornacyercx c opoerentm +ronsma. Ho cnonam Mexnepa,
nmn, ne onnmnecx ycnexa, otuno ne crpemxrcx cenart uro-ro nx
pyrnx. Hmenno re, xro yonnernopen cocrnenno xnsntm, a nmenno +ro x
cunram ycnexom, enamr uro-ro nx pyrnx, nonnmamr pyrnx o cnoero
yponnx.
ne nonnman, xax nce +ro coornocnrcx c nexmn P+n, n ocoennocrn nen
cenart cuacrnnntmn pyrnx n enart uro-ro nx pyrnx. 3ro xe npxmo
crpouxn ns 1960-x roon, ns necen uoxnyrtx xnnnn [147 - Tax n ecrt. B onom
anno satrom mmsnxne 1960-x roon, o-pe-mn, tna necnx no nasnannem
Cena xoro-nnyt cuacrnnntm.]. B opoerenn P+n pasnnnaer
reopnm o rom, uro cuacrte cymecrnyer, n onpeenxer ero xax cocroxnne
cosnannx, nosnnxammee n pesyntrare operennx nennocre [148 - P+n A.
opoerent +ronsma. M.: Antnnna Hannmep, 2012.]. Hen cenart
cuacrnnntmn pyrnx n nonxrt pyrnx o cnoero yponnx nnxax ne
cornacymrcx c raxnm onpeenennem cuacrtx n nonaxnnamr conepmenno
neymecrntm antrpynsmom, xaxomy yuar n nocxpecno mxone. Tem ne menee ero
uyncrna tnn naropont n uenoneunt, n mne ne xorenoct nsopaxart ns cex
snoex n pymnrt ero nnnmsnn. Ecnn nmxm xouercx npnnnecrn uenoneunocrn n
cncremy nennocre P+n, n xoropo nsnauantno nnxaxo uenoneunocrn ner,
xro x raxo, urot nm memart? H nce xe n +ror momenr mne noxasanoct, uro
Mexnep nno ne nacrontxo xopomo snaxom c neonorne P+n, xax morno
noxasartcx, nno napouno saxptnaer rnasa na camte nenpnxrnte momenrt.
Kora x samernn, uro P+n ne sannmanact narornopnrentnocrtm n npx nn
nonnmana xoro-ro o cnoero yponnx, Mexnep cnona saronopnn o ee
nnrennexre, cocnanmnct na npecnonyrt npnnnnn ropronna, nouepxnyn,
uro ona nepnna n omen nennocrxmn na nmom yponne. Tax uro nce sanncnr
or namnx nennocre. Moxno omennnartcx nmn rax, uro +ro yer ncrnnnt
antrpynsm, no npn +rom nce xe omen. B xonne xonnon, npx nn re, xro
sannmaercx narornopnrentnocrtm, cxaxyr, uro noonte sanxrnx enamr nx
necuacrntmn. Taxoro ne tnaer. Hmn xeprnymr na narornopnrentnocrt,
noromy uro or +roro nm cranonnrcx xopomo, n, nycrt onn n ne xorxr n rom
npnsnanartcx, onpeenennax onx +ronsma sect npncyrcrnyer. Xeprnyx na
narornopnrentnocrt, onn nontmamr camoonenxy, y nnx ynyumaercx
mnpoomymenne. Btnnctnax uex na xpynnym cymmy, onn nonyuamr or +roro
yonontcrnne. Ecnn nor rax ntmnntnart ormy oexrnnnsma, ro oer
apennx Voppena Fa]]erra, xoropt pon Fpyx nopnnan, nastnax oerom
noxaxnnx, nnonne nnnctnaercx n neonornm. Ha camom ene, nmoe
npoxnnenne uncroro antrpynsma noxaxercx nnonne npnemnemtm, ecnn ror, xro
ero rnopnr, npn +rom omymaer paocrt.
3ronsm, cxasan Mexnep, ecrt n n rom, urot xnrt n coornercrnnn c
neanamn, xax mart Tepesa, antrpyncr ns antrpyncron, nocnxrnnmax cnom
xnsnt enxxam Kantxyrrt. Ecnn npnmenxrt +ry mon]nnnponannym nepcnm
]nnoco]nn P+n, ro naepercx ncero ropcrxa necuacrntx esymnen, xoropte
npnnocxr cex n xeprny n roront ena nn ne cocrnenntx ere n nocnenmm
pyamxy orart cnonm snemnm nparam, n rontxo nx n moxno nasnart
nacroxmnmn antrpyncramn. Hnn onn roxe moryr cunrartcx +roncramn? Hycrt
nam noonte nmn xaxyrcx uoxnyrtmn, no net nx nnx xenanne npnnecrn
cex n xeprny nponxronano rnyoxo ]nnoco]cxo neoxonmocrtm.
Vnepen, moxno nocnopnrt, uro axe sect npncyrcrnyer cxptrt omen
nennocrxmn.
nanman, xax pyrne p+nnannt npnmenxmr ry xe ntnnxnyrym nornxy,
urot narononyuno onpanart nanaxn P+n na antrpynsm. Hoonte
paccyxennx ncera nopaxann menx, xax xnnoe nnrennexryantnoe
momennnuecrno. Hentsx nonyunrt cpasy nce. Ecnn nt cunraere, uro trt
ne+roncrnuntm nenpannntno, ro naunnaere manoymno ntncxnnart
ncenosmoxnte nasexn, oxastnax, yro npaxrnuecxn nce n mnpe nponnsano
+ronsmom. Hoont pannonantnt noxo, xaxercx, npnyman nx roro,
urot menee snaunrentnte acnexrt ]nnoco]nn P+n xasannct ne raxnmn
+xcrpemantntmn, xaxnmn xnnxmrcx na camom ene, net rora nce npoune
cocrannxmmne ormt x npnmepy, neperynnpyemt rocyapcrnom
xannrannsm yer nerue npnnxrt.
Hoxa mt eceonann n Mexnep npoonxan ntncxnnart +roncrnuecxym
noonnexy n antrpyncrnuecxnx nocrynxax, x nauan nenontno nocxnmartcx ero
spantm nonnrnuecxnm cmtcnom, xoropt nomor t nanecrn mocrt mexy
npantmn xpncrnanamn n pasenxmmnmn yexennx P+n arencramn,
parymmnmn sa cnoont ptnox. uopmyna sect npocra: nexnnno ne
cornamartcx c remn yexennxmn P+n, xoropte ornpamamr or nee
pennocrntx xpncrnan, nanpnmep, c arensmom nnn c ee mnennem o aoprax,
n naxonrt pannonantnoe oxcnenne romy npespennm, xaxoe ona ncntrtnana
x narornopnrentnocrn, antrpynsmy n npounm nyecxo-xpncrnancxnm
+rnuecxnm npnnnnnam.
Onaxo axe co ncemn neoxonmtmn oronopxamn nponnrart ]nnoco]nm
P+n yer nenerxo. Mexnep cornacnncx, uro ee arensm ornyrnnaer mnornx
yuacrnnxon uaennrnx. Mnorne ns nnx yrnepxamr, yro ne moryr unrart
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
P+n, noromy uro ona nonncrnymmax arencrxa, cxasan on. A ecnn t onn
snann noponocrn ee nnuno xnsnn, oannn Mexnep, ro, nanepnoe,
ocxopnnnct t eme ontme. On nponsnen na menx cnntnoe nneuarnenne,
+ror naronocnnrannt xpncrnannn, xoropt unraer Hncanne, no+romy x
cnpocnn, xax ero nocnnrtnann, xax npnnnnann nmont x Hepxnn, n on
paspymnn ror crepeornnnt opas yuacrnnxa uaennrnx, xoropt y menx
cnoxnncx. nye, cxasan on. axe ne snam, nouemy x rax ynnnncx, no
ynnnncx. Kax n mnorne pyrne, x tn ynepen, uro no rnane nnxennx
uaennrnx onxen croxrt ent amepnxanen, npecrannrent cpenero xnacca
n yx rouno xpncrnannn.
Hpn raxom pasnnrom nnrennexre n nonnrnuecxo +pynnnn +ror uenonex mor
t crart nenntm npnoperennem nx p+nnannen. On tn ono ns camtx
naxntx ]nryp nnxennx: +ro on nomor cosart oprannsannm, xoropax, xax on
nonaraer, nacunrtnaer nanart mnnnnonon yuacrnnxon n rpn rtcxun
orenenn n pasntx ropoax. Ho+romy x n ynnnncx, xora Mexnep cxasan, uro
nnxora ne ncrpeuancx n ne noepxnnaer cnxse nn c xem ns Hncrnryra An
P+n nnn Omecrna Arnanra. axe c ponom Fpyxom, necmorpx na ncm
nponarany uaennrnx. tn t ne npornn c nnm nosnaxomnrtcx, no
ocoennoro xenannx ne ncntrtnam, cxasan Mexnep. Ha sape nnxennx
Fpyx npnnoxnn nemano ycnnn, urot nananrt c nnm cnxst, a n 2011 roy
axe ynonn ycnnnx. Hent ro Fpyx ocranancx n nenrpe nnnmannx ncex
yuacrnnxon uaennrnx naroapx cnoe nenpnmnpnmo nosnnnn, a n peun na
onom ns copann uaennrnx on axe saxnnn, uro cncrema connantnoro
oecneuennx nopouna n npnunnxer crpaannx nce nannn (xax t cnntno +ra
cncrema nn nomorna P+n na cxnone ner). Hsxnrt cncremy connantnoro
oecneuennx yer ne npocro. 3ro samer xaxoe-ro npemx, saxnnn Fpyx.
Onaxo mt onxnt rnepo npnepxnnartcx cnoe nosnnnn. [149 - Travis Sh.
Political Ticker: Conservatives boo GOP congressman as summit attendees push
for deeper federal spending cuts // CNN.com. February 26, 2011 (URL:
http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2011/02/26/conservatives-boo-gop-
congressman-as-summit-attendees-push-for-deeper-federal-spending-cuts/).]
H uro xe ntnec Mexnep ns roro ]axra, uro nnxro ns oprannsonanntx
nocneonarene P+n rax n ne nontrancx ycranonnrt cnxst c
ocnonononoxnnxom nenepoxrno nnnxrentnoro, nnsxoro nm no yxy
nnxennx? Hnuero ocoennoro: no ncxxom cnyuae, rax on yrnepxan. 3ro ne
noxnax cxpomnocrt, no no mne ner nnuero ocoennoro, cxasan on.
oprannsonan nnxenne uaennrnx n Caxpamenro n npoonxam oponontno
partcx sa paory, xora pyrne ne moryr, noromy uro y nnx n xnsnn nmemrcx
eme ena.
Ha camom ene x nce-raxn pemnn, uro +ro nmenno noxnax cxpomnocrt. Ecnn
t n Mexnepe ne tno nnuero ocoennoro, x ne cran t part y nero
nnrepntm, a ero ]amnnnx ne mentxana t n npecce. On conepmenno rouno tn
nncrarentntm nonnrrexnonorom, xro t uro nn yman o ero nonnrnxe, n mne
xorenoct ycntmart ero mnenne o rom, nacxontxo nennxo nnnxnne P+n na
uaennrne. Orner oxasancx na pexocrt npornnopeunntm.
cxasan t, uro cam no cee oexrnnnsm, xax nceoemnmmax
]nnoco]nx, xoropax npnnnexaer nme, ne nnnxer nnxax. axe re ns monx
snaxomtx, xro unran xyoxecrnennte nponsneennx P+n, ne ynomnnamr o
oexrnnnsme, cxasan on. Onn ronopxr o P+n, n nepnym ouepet o
,Arnanre, onaxo ne paccmarpnnamr ero xax o mann]ecr ]nnoco]nn
oexrnnnsma. Hntmn cnonamn, yuacrnnxn uaennrnx ronopxr o
oexrnnnsme, nocxontxy Arnanr +ro nnnx oexrnnnsma. P+n onocnr
cnom ]nnoco]nm uepes nepconaxe, n anare nocmorpnm npane n rnasa:
oexrnnncrcxax reonornx n eranxx nenepoxrno cxyuna. axe re
oexrnnncrt, xoropte conpamrcx n pecropane na Manx+rrene, pexo
paccyxamr o oexrnnnsme n acrpaxrnom xnmue.
Onaxo Mexnep samernn snaunrentnoe nnnxnne, n ocoennocrn xnnrn
,Arnanr pacnpannn nneun, na mtmnenne nme. On tn t cnonm
uenonexom na neuepe no copy cpecrn n orene St. Regis. pon Fpyx n Tapa
Cmnr tnn t pat ycntmart ero cnona. Mexnep cunran, uro P+n nonnnxna
na nnxenne uaennrnx axe ontme, uem ]nnoco]t cnoonoro ptnxa
upnpnx Xaex n Hmnnr ]on Mnsec, xnnrn xoroptx crpemnrentno
pacxynannct na nporxxennn ncero 2011 roa. nx yuacrnnxon nnxennx,
cxasan on, ner onee unraemoro nncarenx, uem P+n.
nnxenne uaennrnx ncntrtnaer nonce ne nropxenne oexrnnncron,
pasmaxnnammnx snamenamn c nmenem xona Ianra n pacxnannnammnx P+n,
xoropte nanom nanxr ns pecropana na Manx+rrene n npounx xueex
p+nnancrna, a cxopee npnrox rex, xoro n 50-e rot peaxnnonept nmenonann
couyncrnymmnmn, nme, xoropte naxoxrcx no nnnxnnem nsrnxon
P+n, xorx n ne pasenxmr nx nonnocrtm. Moxno nponecrn ananornm c
Hontmn nentmn ns 60-x n 70-x roon: nx axrnnncrt naxonnnct no
nnnxnnem xecrxnx mapxcncrcxnx oxrpnn, no npn +rom ne npnnnmann
naprnnym nnar]opmy nennxom. Bterxonroncxne ]narn, xoroptmn
pasmaxnnann na anrnnoenntx mnrnnrax ern nocnenoennoro noxonennx, n
nnaxart c nmenem xona Ianra na mnrnnrax uaennrnx npexpacno
ononnxmr pyr pyra. H ro n pyroe cnmnont +xcrpemncrcxnx ne n pyxax
y nme, cneaemtx rpenoro sa yymee cnoe crpant.
B moe ananornn ecrt rontxo ono cnaoe mecro: n Amepnxe Kannran
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
mrynpymr rontxo yuente, naunnammne mapxcncrt n npoune cnennanncrt.
P+n xe unrann mnnnnont amepnxannen, n Mexnep neesocnonarentno
samernn: Ouent rpyno narn cpen rex, xro unran ee paort, uenonexa,
xoropt t saxnnn, uro onn ne oxasann na nero nnnxnnx. Mexnep ornocnncx x
nnnxnnm P+n na uaennrne cnoxono: Kora peut ner o nnnxnnn na
mnponosspenne nme n nx ]nnoco]nm, nensmenno nosnnxaer spnmt
+]]exr. H on nontrancx oxcnnrt, oruero P+n rax nnnxer na nme: Ona
cymena nsnoxnrt ouent cnoxnte ]nnoco]cxne nen n ]opme pomana. Mne
xaxercx, nmenno naroapx +romy onn nponnxamr rax rnyoxo n name
cosnanne n cepne.
Mexnep cunran, uro +ro nponcxonr nesamerno, na nocosnarentnom yponne.
Hmxm ne oxsarentno ronopnrt ncnyx: ronocym sa roro napnx, noromy
uro ero nsrnxt nnsxn x ]nnoco]nn An P+n. Onaxo ee ]nnoco]nx xnner
n nx cepnax n ymax, cocrannxx neoremnemym uacrt nx nnunocrn.

11. Cuy1no neyonne1nopennme
pacnycrnn cnyx, uro xouy noronopnrt c p+nnannamn ns nnxennx
uaennrnx, n mne ryr xe nauann npnxonrt +nexrponnte nnctma. Hncann
nocroxnnte yuacrnnxn nnxennx, payxct, uro moryr nomout
nenocnxmennomy nocrnut cyrt nx yuennx (na nocrnxenne xoropo x yxe
yrponn ymy npemenn). mor nonxrt nx neyonnernopennocrt
cymecrnymmnm nonoxennem n crpane, no ne mor nonxrt, nouemy onn parymr
sa nonnrnxy, cnoconym rontxo rnyxe sarxnyrt nac n ro onoro, n xoropom
mt n rax yxe ynxsnn.
B paore Tomaca upanxa uro cnyunnoct c Kansacom? oxcnxercx, nouemy
nmn ns nenrpantno uacrn Amepnxn uyncrnonann n ronoconann rax, xax onn
uyncrnonann n ronoconann n 2004 roy, n pasrap npannennx Fyma. B ro npemx
nenrpom nceomero nnnmannx tna connantnax c]epa, a +xonomnxe yenxnoct
mano nnnmannx. Tenept +xonomnxa n uyonnmnom cocroxnnn, n connantnte
nponemt oromnn na sann nnan. Onaxo y nac na rnasax no ]narn
uaennrnx crxrnnamrcx mnnnnont npocrtx nme, orxponenno oopxx
+xonomnuecxym nonnrnxy, xoropax nx mnornx ns nnx yer noona yapy
noxom. mory nonxrt nncrnnxrnnnoe ornpamenne ceneponocrouno +nnrt,
ntnyxammee nme ronoconart npornn cnonx nnrepecon. mory nonxrt,
xora nmn saxptnamr rnasa na re acnexrt +xonomnxn, xoroptx ne nonnmamr.
Ho x nnxax ne mory nonxrt, xora nmn ecneuno npnnercrnymr camym
panxantnym ]opmy neperynnpyemoro xannrannsma, xoropax nanecer npe
nenocpecrnenno nm, nx erxm n ponrenxm.
Ono eno cunrart, uro pemx nannonantnoro onra ne cneyer nsnannnart
na nnyxon. Ho uro, ecnn +rn nnyxn ne nonyuar orann na opasonanne, uro,
ecnn onn n nx ponrenn ne cmoryr nosnonnrt cee mennnncxym crpaxonxy
pasne ne o +rom cronr rpenoxnrtcx n nepnym ouepet? Pasne rnrannuecxne
ycnnnx rocyapcrna no oecneuennm rpaxan neoporo mennnncxo
nomomtm ne n nnuntx pannonantntx nnrepecax ontmnncrna nme?
Honnmamr nn axrnnncrt uaennrnx, n uem cocroxr nx cocrnennte
nnrepect? 3nann nn onn, uro nmenno noepxnnamr, xora nonnmann na
mnrnnrax uaennrnx ecuncnennte nnaxart c nmenem xona Ianra? Hnn xe
+ro nycro cnmnon, n onn norpxcann nmn rax xe, xax nmn moero noxonennx
norpxcann nnaxaramn na anrnnoenntx mnrnnrax, xoropte nnora
ycrpannannct n noepxxy xponoxanoro Bterxonra?
C rouxn spennx P+n, nx anrnnoenntx mnrnnron 1960-x roon nmencx
+roncrnuecxn mornn. Bet myxcxax nononnna nonpocry crpemnnact nsexart
cnyxt n apmnn. Ha nony mt ne noem! cxannponana monoext. Ho
yuacrnnxn uaennrnx cxannpymr: Cnooy ontmomy nsnecy!, are
mnnnnapepam nanoronte ntrort! c nerepnennem xan, xora xe +rn nmn
pasxcnxr mne npnunnt cnoero noneennx.

Hocne Mapxa Mexnepa nepntm uannxom, xoropt cornacnncx
ncrpernrtcx co mno, tn uenonex no nmenn Mapx Iepp. Btxoen ns camoro
sananoro Tenneccn, ponnt 3nnnca n apexm, on yuacrnonan n uaennrnn
Cpenero Rra, xoropoe oxnartnaer cenep Mnccncnnn, nocrount Apxansac n
nourn nect sana Tenneccn. Ha ne-care Cpenero Rra nnxenne onncano
xax nnenaprnnax macconax oprannsannx xnrene Mem]nca, oxpyra Benn,
Tenneccn n pyrnx onacre Cpenero Rra. antme ronopnnoct, uro
nnxenne saponnoct na nonne onacenn, uro naponoe (sic!) npannrentcrno
nocrenenno orxonr (sic!) or npnnnnnon, nsnoxenntx n Koncrnrynnn CBA, n
ocymecrnnxer nenepnym rocyapcrnennym n connantnym nonnrnxy [150 -
About Us // Mid-South Tea Party Web site (URL:
www.midsouthteaparty.org/about.html).]. Taxne ntcxastnannx o
rocyapcrnenno nonnrnxe xpxn npnmep connapnsannn c
nneprapnancxo n oexrnnncrcxo pnropnxo.
Iepp yocronncx onpeenennoro nnnmannx, xora Hannonantnax acconnannx
coecrnnx nporpeccy nnernoro nacenennx (NAACP) n nmne 2010 roa
ntcxasanact sa ocyxenne pacnsma nnyrpn nnxennx uaennrnx. Pesonmnnx
tna mxrxax, ona npnstnana nnepon nnxennx ncxnmuart ns cnonx pxon
rex, xro n cnonx nnaxarax n peuax npneraer x pacncrcxo repmnnonornn [151
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
- NAACP Delegates Vote to Repudiate Racist Elements Within Tea Party //
NAACP Web site (URL: http://www.naacp.org/news/entry/naacp-delegates-vote-
to-repudiate-racist-elements-within-the-tea-pary/).]. Onaxo Iepp nonce ne
npneran x noono repmnnonornn. On saxnnn, uro pesonmnnx tna
nonnrnuecxax: onn oxrcx uaennrnx, noromy uro mt xornm orpannunrt
pasmept, c]epy exrentnocrn n nnacrt npannrentcrna [152 - Mid-South Tea
Party Reacts to Racist Accusations // MyFoxMemphis.com (URL:
http://www.myfoxmemphis.com/dpp/news/local/071310-mid-south-tea-party-
reacts-to-racist-accusations).]. B npecce Ieppa mnoro pas onnctnann xax
axrnnncra, ntpasnrenx nsrnxon n oprannsaropa anno rpynnt uaennrnx.
Honaram, on nnonne sacnyxnnaer ncex +rnx onpeenenn. 3nexrponnoe
nnctmo or nero x nonyunn c apeca orenennx uaennrnx na Cpenem Rre, n
nnnsy nmenact o]nnnantnoro nna npnnncxa, xaxne otuno ncrpeuamrcx n
nnctmax mpnnuecxnx ]npm, uro nmoe pacnpocrpanenne, nepectnxa nnn
xonnponanne anno xoppecnonennnn crporo sanpemeno. 3naunr, Iepp
nrpan n nnxennn na Cpenem Rre ocrarouno samernym pont, urot
ornpannxrt nnctma c o]nnnantnoro apeca.
Ftno noxoxe, uro on npnnanexan x ro ]paxnnn nnxennx, xoropax cnntno
ecnoxonnact, xax t ee ne sanoospnnn n uepecuyp renntx ornomennxx c
Pecnynnxancxo naprne. (Hnxora ne mor +roro nonxrt: a c xem eme nm
trt n renntx ornomennxx? C Oamo? Mne +ro nanomnnaer cnryannm 1968
roa, xora nente nserann Xtmepra Xam]pn n nomorann nonoxnrt nauano
+noxe Hnxcona.) Mne nonanact na rnasa ona crartx, onynnxonannax necno
2010 roa, n xoropo nnrnponannct cnona Ieppa: Mt ne xornm npenparnrtcx
n uaenynnxannen [153 - Associated Press. Tenn. tea party activists split on
GOP relations // Kingsport Times-News. April 5, 2010.]. Ho x raxxe ormernn,
uro on xnnxercx eme n yuacrnnxom Freedom-Works, nnxennx nxa Apmn,
xoropt nnsox no cnonm nsrnxam x pecnynnxannam: no xpane mepe, rax
yrnepxaercx n Hnrepnere, na ero nnuno crpannne yuacrnnxa
FreedomWorks. [154 - Mark Herrs Page Freedomworks Tea Party Group
(URL: http://teaparty.freedomworks.org/profile/MarkHerr).]
On tn neymnm na nnrepner-pano nnxennx uaennrnx Cpenero Rra:
orcma n +nexrponnt apec. Hoxa mt pasronapnnann, on coomnn cpen
npouero, uro na camom ene nnxora ne unran An P+n.
Hnuero crpamnoro. Hycrt Iepp yer moe xonrpontno rpynno ns onoro
uenonexa, xax re necuacrnte, xoropte npnnnmamr yuacrne n ncntrannn nontx
nexapcrn n nonyuamr nnaneo, samernt, no nenocroxnnt yuacrnnx
uaennrnx, xoropt ne ner nyrem P+n. On cntman, uro na mnrnnrax
uaennrnx ro n eno ynomnnaercx xon Ianr, cosnanan crenent nnnxnnx
P+n na pyrnx yuacrnnxon nnxennx, onaxo nce panno ne nxonn n nx uncno.
Iepp mor t crart nx menx nonesntm ]onom. Ornpanno rouxo, cxasan
on, cornamaxct npnnxrt yuacrne n moem +xcnepnmenre no ntxnnennm
p+nnancxoro cosnannx.
Iepp npocnenn nx menx n mentuamnx noponocrxx +nonmnnm
cocrnennoro mtmnennx, nnraxct nasa ro sa room nnnort o 1990-x, xora
on cnyxnn n Boenno-nosymntx cnnax. Hmenno rora ero nauann ecnoxonrt
nononte reuennx conpemenno nonnrnxn, xoropte rpenoxar ero n nontne.
Cnauana ero oecnoxonna +nnemnx nonnrxoppexrnocrn. tn mono.
nnuero ne snan o nonnrnxe, o emoxparax n pecnynnxannax, o xoncepnaropax,
nnepanax n ncex npounx. Bce +ro xasanoct mne npocro ouent crpanntm
cnocoom noannennx cnoot cnona, cxasan on. 3auem mt noannxem n
cee cnoconocrt cnoono mtcnnrt n ronopnrt? Bor c +roro nx menx nce n
nauanoct. ycomnnncx n omenpnnxrtx ncrnnax n nonnrnuecxo
xoppexrnocrn.
3arem nocneonano nspanne Fnnna Knnnrona, n rora mnoroe crano
nonxrnee. Iepp nanomnnn mne o onom ecrnnrentno nosmyrnrentnom n
ocxopnrentnom cotrnn, xoropoe nsmennno ero opas mtcne. On cxasan
mne, uro n 1992 roy cnyxnn n nonnn, xya npntn Knnnron, urot
nonncart Knorcxn nporoxon o coxpamennn ntpocon napnnxontx rason nx
cepxnnannx rnoantnoro norennennx (]enomena, n xoropt oexrnnncrt,
mexy npounm, nonce ne nepxr). Bo npemx ero nnsnra, no cnonam Ieppa,
nponsomen nenpnxrnt nnnnenr.
Ho xaxo-ro npnunne npesnenr npnxasan nanpannrt na namy asy opr
nomep na. Mt nce ntcrponnnct, npnmepno rpn c nononnno rtcxun uenonex,
n croxnn, oxnaxct, noxa npesnenr nter ns camonera. On nor-nor onxen
tn noxnnrtcx. Ho ryr xro-ro noomen x renepany n onoxnn o uem-ro
nnonronoca. Ienepan pasnepnyncx, n tno xcno, uro on sopono pasosnnncx.
Mt ysnann, uro na asy ornpannnn nx ornoa rnas opr nomep na, a cam
npesnenr npnsemnnncx n a+ponopry Hapnra, paccxasan Iepp. 3ro tno, no
mnennm onxenntx noenntx, uyonnmnoe napymenne nporoxona. Tax co
cnyxnntmn ne nocrynamr. Hpoxarnnact nacroxmax nonna neonontcrna,
noromy uro nonocrt ouent tcrpo pacnpocrpannnact no nocxam, npoonxan
Iepp. noome nepecran nonnmart, uro nponcxonr n crpane. uyncrnyere, o
uem x? Mne nce +ro ne noxasanoct raxnm yx uyonnmntm ocxopnennem, no,
nanepnoe, urot raxoe nonxrt, nyxno ncntrart nce na cocrnenno mxype.
[155 - He ynepen, uro n annom cnyuae +ro nmeer snauenne, no nx cnpanxn
xouy yrounnrt: Knnnron npnneran n nonnm na cammnr Fontmo cemepxn, a
ne nx nonncannx Knorcxoro nporoxona, n nponcxonno +ro n 1993 roy, a ne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
n 1992-m.]
Bce +ro yxe tno cxnepno, no ntopt 2000 roa nopasnnn Ieppa o
rnynnt ymn. Hocne ntopon npomna ne ona neenx, a nce a nce
npoonxanoct n rom xe yxe! Cxontxo nsanmntx ocxopnenn n nponarant,
cxontxo myma n nepasepnxn! Ero nsymnn nocuer npyunym mnnerene c ne
o xonna nponrtmn ornepcrnxmn. H noneenne Bepxonnoro cya tno ne
menee ynnnrentntm. neoymenan: uro +ro sa uexapa? Houemy onn rax
nencrono tmrcx pyr c pyrom? uyncrnyere, o uem x? +roro ne nonnman n
o cnx nop ne mory nonxrt. uyncrnyere, o uem x? Iepp rora yxe ynonnncx ns
apmnn n yunncx n Iocyapcrnennom ynnnepcnrere Henrpantnoro Tenneccn na
orenennn ]nnancon n nn]opmannonntx rexnonorn (anunocrn n
nponarant cexnnnuan on). cnpocnn, xaxont tnn ero nonnrnuecxne
nsrnxt n ror nepno, n on cnona nepnyncx x nosmyrnrentntm ntopam 2000
roa. Bce mon pasmtmnennx roro npemenn, ne nonnmam nouemy, cnonnnct x
onomy nonpocy: uro croxno sa +ro opto? Houemy ona tna nacrontxo
naxna? K uemy nce +ro? Kasanoct, yxe crontxo nanncano n cxasano o ropxuem
xenannn xaxo ns cropon oepxart noey. Honnmaere, uro x nmem n nny?
a, x nonnman.
Mne npocro crano nmontrno, npoonxan Iepp. Bce neprenoct noxpyr
+rnx ne o xonna nponrtx mnnerene n Bepxonnoro cya: noam npornn
rex ncx! Her, +ro x noam npornn rex ncx! H nosnnxan nonpoc: uro sa ena
ram rnopxrcx? uero pan crontxo cyert?
A norom tno: 11 cenrxpx, Harpnornuecxn axr, Hpax, opyxne
macconoro nopaxennx n rax anee, n coepxanne peue crpemnrentno
nsmennnoct yro re, xro nponrpan n 2000 roy ntopt, nomemannct. Onn
cxonnenrpnponann ycnnnx yxe ne crontxo na nannonantno esonacnocrn,
cxontxo na rom, urot nepnyrt cee nnacrt H +ro nce cnntnee nnnxno na moe
mtmnenne, ncnomnnan Iepp. Hpecrantre, xax +rn cotrnx cxasannct na
monx npecrannennxx o nonnrnuecxo xoppexrnocrn: ]antmnnoe npntrne
opra nomep onn, norom ntopt nyxrtcxunoro roa, n nor naxonen
onnnanaroe cenrxpx n nocne nero nonnrnuecxne peun yxe concem pyroro
coepxannx. Hosxe, n 2006 roy, emoxpart npnopenn nnacrt n Konrpecce,
n ero mtmnenne npoonxano pasnnnartcx n nspannom nanpannennn (cam x ne
nnonne nonnmam, xax nmenno +ro nponcxonno, no nepm emy na cnono). Iepp
paoran meroncrom n xonnexe Mem]nca, sarem cenan nepeptn n paore,
urot ocnonarentno orpemonrnponart om n cenart eme xoe-xaxne ena.
Horom npnmen ro 2008-, n mnoxecrno cotrn opymnnoct na crpany
pasom. B rom uncne n ymencxn ntxyn nnoreuntx xpenron. Tax Iepp
oxapaxrepnsonan ntenenne xpenra anxam n rnranrcxo crpaxono
xomnannn American International Group (AIG). Mt nce nocrpaann
noromy, uro oxasannct essamnrnt nepe mnorouncnenntmn n
mnoroopasntmn nexauecrnenntmn nnoreuntmn xpenramn n cnxsanntmn c
nnmn nenntmn ymaramn. B cnyuae c AIG peut mna o espaccyntx
cnexynxnnxx c nnoreuntmn epnnaramn. Cnryannx xasanact ouent cnoxno,
no cnonnoct x romy, uro ]nnanconte menexept saxnenynnct n
cocrnenno xanocrn, n nx npnmnoct cnacart, nnaue onn yrxnynn t sa
coo na no n ncex ocrantntx.
Iepp npecrannxn +ro cneymmnm opasom: on nonpemx ntnnaunnan no
cnoe nnorexe, rax yx on tn nocnnran, a sect mt nmeem cnryannm, xora
nonnrnxy npononr ]eepantnoe npannrentcrno. ne snam ncex nmen
yuacrnnxon, ne snam nnxaxnx noponocre, saro rouno snam, uro nmenno ns-
sa nonnrnxn ]eepantnoro npannrentcrna yupexennx, ntananmne
nnoreunte xpenrt, oxastnannct nnnonartmn, ecnn ne oopxnn xaxne-ro
nnt samon. Iepp nasnan +ro nacroxmnm npoxnnennem xoppynnnn, no
rem xe camtm nmxm, xoropte cosann nponemy, nopyueno ee xe pemart.
3ro ecnoxonno ero ontme ncero.
Menx nopasnno ero nnenne +rnx cotrn, no+romy x nepecnpocnn, rouno nn
on nmeer n nny ]nnancont xpnsnc 2008 roa, xoropt n ero nsnoxennn
noxonn na xpnsnc npnmepno rax xe, xax acxerontnt mxu na tnm. a,
mo coecennx ronopnn o xpnsnce. Menx npnneno n samemarentcrno ro, uro
]eepantnoe npannrentcrno, camo ycranonnnmee saxont, xoroptmn
pyxonocrnymrcx yupexennx, ntammne nnoreunte xpenrt, nosnaraer ncm
nnny sa cnyunnmeecx na +rn yupexennx, a norom +rn xe yupexennx n
ntramrcx pemnrt nosnnxmym nponemy. Kaxax-ro crpannax nornxa.
Cnpanennno. urot yenrtcx, npannntno nn ero nonxn, x cnpocnn y Ieppa,
uro, no ero mnennm, noponno xpnsnc: anxn nnn nonnrnxa npannrentcrna?
ne nnonne ynonnn ero mtcnt. a, cymecrnonann saxont, xoroptmn anxn tnn
oxsant pyxonocrnonartcx. Onn +roro ne enann, n nnnonaro n +rom
npannrentcrno? Iepp orneuan, uro, no ero mnennm, nmenno nonnrnxa
npannrentcrna nocrannna anxn n raxoe nonoxenne, xora onn moryr
sannmartcx xoppynnne nnn npnnnmart nenepnte ]nnanconte pemennx. 3ro
tno ero rnanntm yexennem, nsxrtm npxmo ns resncon nxa Apmn: anxn n
yupexennx, ntananmne nnoreunte xpenrt, nentsx nnnnrt. Bnnonaro
npannrentcrno. yxe cntman noonte yrnepxennx. To tna nornxa 1960-x
roon: nnnn no ncem cncremy, rontxo renept +ra nornxa ntnopaunnanact
nansnanxy. Boxpyr nantna onenn orartx n morymecrnenntx, a ne mntx
xeprn xoncona Hnxcona H+pa. He o uem nonnonartcx: y ntnemnnx
orarentxnx xeprn cncremt nonno samnrnnxon n nnne npocrtx nme npoe
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Mapxa Ieppa, xoropte croxr sa nnx ropo n omen na a npocro rax.
Antrpynsm n uncrom nne.
cnpocnn, xaxne nmenno ns ecrnn rocyapcrna Iepp nmeer n nny. Bet
nepeo mno tn nnep uaennrnx, nponaranncr, panoneymn, n x
oxnan nonyunrt nexn ananns nnn xorx t xparxoe nepeuncnenne npnunn
xpnsnca, a raxxe roro, xaxym pont n nem ctrpano npannrentcrno. Iepp tn
npocro uenonex, ne nonnrnx, onaxo xax pas npocrte nmn nanonnnn
Hnrepner ncenosmoxntmn reopnxmn o rom, nouemy nmenno ena ne pyxnyna
anxoncxax cncrema.
3ro ouent cnoxno, ornercrnonan Iepp. Hponema xpoercx n
]eepantnom npannrentcrne. Ona raxax cnoxnax ne snam, xax nnxrno
nsnoxnrt. Tam nce rax nepenyrano! On ne mor nasnart nmen rex nonnrnxon,
xoropte ntnynnn anxn npnnnmart nenepnte pemennx, saro snan rouno, uro
Fapnn upanx n +noxy Knnnrona yuacrnonan n ecuncnenntx ncxyccnxx,
orcrannax saxon o ornercrnennom cycnnponannn nnn uro-ro noonoe n
nauane 1990-x roon. Bor rora-ro nnoreunte anxn n tnn nocrannent n ro
nonoxenne, npn xoropom onn oxsant ntanart samt onpeenennoro poa.
Iepp nmen n nny 3axon o mecrntx pennnecrnnnxx 1977 roa, xoropt
ntnyxan anxn ntanart ccyt nmxm c nentcoxnm yponnem oxoon n
npecrannrenxm mentmnncrn. 3axon o mecrntx pennnecrnnnxx noneprcx
xpnrnxe no ncex ntcrynnennxx yntrpanpantx nonnrnxon no nonoy
]nnanconoro xpnsnca, n rom uncne nxa Apmn n Pona Hona [156 - Paul R.
Commentary: Bailouts will lead to rough economic ride // CNN.com, September
23, 2008 (URL:
http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/09/23/paul.bailout/index.html).]. Ocoenno
nosnenannenn +ror saxon p+nnannt: net on rpeonan, urot anxn anann
saem nmxm, xoroptx npexe tno npnnxro cunrart nenpanomountmn. Bce
npxmo no cnenapnm Arnanra. Kpnrnxn nonoxenn xpnrnxyemoro saxona
ynepxmr, uro on oxasan cnom necocroxrentnocrt cnepxy, cnnsy n co ncex
cropon, xax samernn onaxt n cnoe xononxe n New York Times Hon
Kpyrman. Inannax cnaocrt +roro saxona, no cnonam Kpyrmana, cocronr n rom,
uro cycranaprnoe xpenronanne npononnn yupexennx, n ocnonnom ne
nonaammne no ero ecrnne. [157 - Krugman P. Armey of Ignorance // New
York Times blog. November 10, 2009
(http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/11/10/armey-of-ignorance/).]
K ntopam 2008 roa cosnanne cocrnenno oruyxennocrn y Ieppa
ocrnrno nnxa. On nanman, xax emoxpart n cnonx nonnrnuecxnx peuax
paccyxamr o cnryannn n Hpaxe, o reppopnsme, o rmptme Ay-Ipe. A norom
onn nauann nonpocry noptnart nonnrnxy npesnenra Fyma. Iepp nonnman
neoxonmocrt nepemen n nosnpara x nnacrn, no npexe ncero neoxonmocrt
nmemarentcrna n nannonantnym esonacnocrt. Bt xe nonnmaere, cxasan
on, mt noennte. H x cnona nepexnnan re xe uyncrna, uro n n 1992 roy,
nocne ]antmnnoro npnnera Knnnrona. Ero emoxpart cnxstnannct n moem
cosnannn c remn nmtmn, xoropte noptnann nce nontrxn ycnnnrt
nannonantnym esonacnocrt, a no xanany CNN rontxo n noxastnann, uro
cnanepon-reppopncron n rax anee. Knnnron, ne npnsemnnnmnct rora na
nx ase, ecrnnrentno ocrnr cnoe nenn. 3ror nocrynox tn nocnpnnxr xax
emoncrpannx neynaxennx, on ntsnan y nme paspaxenne, xorx x nce-raxn
ne nonnmam, nouemy Ieppa rax paccepnno neoxonmoe conmenne
npesnenrom npannn esonacnocrn. Kaxercx, npnunna xptnact ne rontxo n
pasouaponannn, nocrnrmem ero, xora nanart ner nasa on ne ynnen, xax
Fnnn Knnnron ntxonr ns camonera.
Hantmennte peun Pnxa Canrennn nomornn Ieppy ocosnart cnon uyncrna.
On ronopnn o rom, o uem x yman, npnsnancx Iepp. samernn emy, uro
Canrennn p+nnanen. Iepp +roro ne snan. uro x, snaunr, cronr nounrart
An P+n, cxasan on, n x cornacnncx c nnm. a, +romy uenonexy oruaxnno ne
xnarano P+n. Ecnn on nce panno ncntrtnaer re uyncrna, xaxne ncntrtnaer,
nouemy t ne nonecrn no +rn uyncrna xort xaxoe-ro nornuecxoe
oocnonanne? Menx xnno ncnoprnno recnoe omenne c p+nnannamn, xoropte
nce na cnere, axe camte nenente nemn, nnnctnann n cnom neonornm.
Oparnnmnct x cnoemy noontrnomy xponnxy, x npenoxnn emy nounrart
uro-nnyt ns paor P+n nnn xorx t nocernrt car Hncrnryra An P+n.
Hocne uero mt noronopnm eme pas, n x nomy, nacxontxo cnntno nonnnxno na
Ieppa +ro snaxomcrno. Iepp c roronnocrtm cornacnncx.
H nepemen x reme nponepox nx ]eepanon n npounm, xoropte
sarparnnann n cnonx ntcrynnennxx Pon Hon n nx Apmn, a x omyrnn, xax y
menx rnasa nesyr na no. Bce +ro Iepp nonnocrtm sanmcrnonan ns paccyxenn
pecnynnxannen. V menx tno raxoe nneuarnenne, yro x sarnan npecc-penns
uona Heritage n xomntmrepnym nporpammy, nepenoxmym rexcr n
ayno]opmar. uaennrne cunraercx camtm maccontm, napontm nnxennem,
onaxo npemenamn xaxercx, uro ono orpaxaer nponemt ncxnmunrentno
ontmnx nauantnnxon ns anexnx meranonncon. V ne nnxennx ner rnepo
neonornuecxo ast. Iepp tn son no mnornm, conepmenno ne cnxsanntm
pyr c pyrom n nectma nesnaunrentntm npnunnam, n nce onn nanonnn ero na
mtcnn, ornnuanmnecx nopasnrentno sarxnocrtm, n yxe Fappn Ionyorepa.
Onacennx, saponnmnecx y menx npn ncrpeue c oexrnnncramn n pecropane
na Manx+rrene, onpanannct no npemx pasronopa c Ieppom. On npoe t snan
rontxo o rom, npornn uero, a ne sa uro on ntcrynaer. Hanpnmep, y nero ne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
tno nnxaxoro mnennx no nonoy coxpamennx ponn rocyapcrna n ynpannennn
+xonomnxo, n +ro oxastnano, uro nce cneennx, xaxnx on naxnarancx ns
cpecrn maccono nn]opmannn npanoro ronxa, tnn nenonntmn n ne
oymanntmn xax cneyer. On tn moe xonrpontno rpynno, no n
pesyntrare namero pasronopa x omyman rontxo neoymenne, ne nonyunn
ornera na mnoxecrno nonpocon, nocxontxy on tn ne n cocroxnnn ocyxart
]nnancont xpnsnc xax snammn uenonex (nycrt axe nce ero snannx tnn
t nerarnnntmn).
3ror uenonex nyxancx n nnrennexryantnom opyxnn. Moxer trt, cynyn sa
noxc xaxne-ro paccyxennx P+n, on nepecran t coxpymartcx no nonoy
noxnoro npntrnx opra nomep onn n cocpeorounncx t na naxntx
nonpocax: nanpnmep, na neoxonmocrn trt +roncrom nnn na mopantnom
npenocxocrne ne perynnpyemoro npannrentcrnom xannrannsma? A nanmart,
xax on ronuercx noxpyr nec]opmnponanntx ne, pacnntnuartx n sauacrym
ne ocoenno ocmtcnenntx, tno ontno. Xorx nexoropoe yonontcrnne nce-
raxn ocrannxno. On paoran na pano n ronopnrt ymen. On nemnoro
nanomnnan mne +xcnenrpnuntx neymnx npexnnx ner, paoranmnx n nounom
+]npe, raxnx xax Honr xon Heen n Fappn Ipe, xoroptx tno npnxrno
nocnymart, orxox xo cny.
noospenan, uro noxpyr nemano raxnx Mapxon Ieppon: cmyrno
neyonnernopenntx nme, xoropte rontxo uro omyrnnn cocrnennym cnny
naroapx nnxennm uaennrnx. B 2009 roy, xora npesnpaemt ncemn
Oama sacrynnn na onxnocrt, Iepp nacrontxo noxnonnncx peuamn Pnxa
Canrennn, uro npnnxncx ncxart n Mem]nce ennomtmnennnxon. Hamen
nxrnanart uenonex. Onn nauann conpartcx c mapra 2009 roa n pecropane
Hepxnnc n pemnnn, uro nocnenn ent ynnart nanoron neantnt
ent, urot ntcxasart ncnyx cnon onacennx. Hnxaxo p+nnancxo
neonornn ryr ne tno, nnxaxnx pasronopon o oreme ener, no onacennx
tnn npnmepno re xe: npannrentcrno crano cnnmxom ontmnm, cnnmxom
nnacrntm. 3ro tno mt npornn nnx, re onn npannrentcrno, a mt
nce ocrantnte, naunnax c ]epmepon, xoropte camn xonamrcx n semne, n
saxanunnax npexropamn anxon, nexoroptm ns xoroptx npnxonnoct
oranart rpnnart nponenron cnoero oxoa.
15 anpenx 2009 roa mnrnnr npomen, xax n tno sannannponano, n npecca
xnnnact nmecre c nxrtm rtcxuamn yuacrnnxon. Ontr tn npocro
norpxcammn. Mt nonxrnx ne nmenn, uro rnopnm. Ho nce nponcxoxmee tno
rax oprannuno, rax cnexo n neceno. Tax sopono, xora ecrt nosmoxnocrt
ntcxasart ncnyx cnoe mnenne n cxasart ponno ro, uro rt uyncrnyemt. Ero
]opmynnponxn noxasannct mne nmontrntmn xax yro neoxonmo
copartcx n nom mecre c pyrnmn neonontntmn npantx nsrnxon, urot
nocnontsonartcx cnonm npanom na cnooy cnona.
C camoro nauana Iepp samernn na copannxx uaennrnx nnaxart n
rpancnapanrt co cnonamn xon Ianr. Hocxontxy P+n on nnxora ne unran,
ro cmyrno nonnman, uro +ro snaunr. Ocoenno ona nocroxnnax yuacrnnna
mnrnnron, Bnxn Taync, nce npemx nocnnact c +rnmn crpanntmn nnaxaramn,
ny, c xonom Ianrom. Ha nnx tno nanncano: Ie xon Ianr? n npouee n
raxom yxe.
Bnxn tna cneymme n moem cnncxe nme, y xoroptx x xoren nsxrt
nnrepntm. Ho noxa uro x npoonxan paccnpamnnart Ieppa. npoonxan
ecey n naexe nonxrt, nouemy nmn orxptro nocropramrcx nonnrnxo,
xoropax npornnopeunr nx ocnonntm nnrepecam. V menx cnoxnnoct
nneuarnenne, uro Iepp axe ne nonnmaer, nouemy ncntrtnaer re uyncrna,
xaxne ncntrtnaer. V nero npocro tno omymenne, na yponne nncrnnxra, uro
nepement neoxonmt, uro n ]nnanconom xpnsnce nnnonaro npannrentcrno,
xoropoe neoxonmo oysart.
Conepmenno ouennno, uro noonte uyncrna ncntrtnano mnoxecrno
nme. Hxrt rtcxu +ro nam ne nycrxx. H ecnn +rn nxrt rtcxu roxe ne
cnnmxom nnnxamr n ]axrt uro x, n raxom cnyuae onn roront x pasronopy o
ene oexrnnnsma.

Bnxn Taync ne ropena xenannem eceonart co mno. Ona ornernna mne n
+nexrponnom nnctme, uro ona cxopee noxnonnnna xnnrn Arnanr pacnpannn
nneun, uem camo An P+n. Bnxn nncana: neocrarouno xopomo
snaxoma c ee paoramn, urot oxnnrt cex oexrnnncrxo, no mne
ecrnnrentno npannrcx Arnanr, mne cnmnarnunt ntcxasannte ram nen.
Menx nonnyer n nooymennxer mtcnt o cnne nnunocrn. xon Ianr n emy
noonte ncntrtnamr xryuee xenanne meurart n rnopnrt, n raxon ntop
xaxoro uenonexa. Kaxt ns nac ncntrtnaer nocnynoe xenanne rnopnrt
opo n ocnemart cocrnennt nyrt, onaxo xax uacro +ro xenanne
noannxercx.
H +ro menx paccrpannaer, npoonxana ona n nnctme, noromy uro
uenonex cnocoen nauart sanono n nmo momenr. nenoronnxemax
onrnmncrxa, x nnxy norennnan n xaxom, xoro ncrpeuam na xnsnennom nyrn.
V nac ncex nmemrcx ynnxantnte cnoconocrn n rananrt, aponannte nam
Tnopnom, n nn onn uenonex ne cnocoen nx noannrt, ecnn rontxo mt emy ne
nosnonnm.
Hocne raxoro nnctma mne eme ontme saxorenoct noeceonart c Bnxn. 3ro
ynomnnanne Tnopna c ontmo yxnt noxynnno menx. nx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
npxmonnnentx ]anaron P+n rnopnamn xnnxmrcx nmn, a ne oxecrna.
Tnopen c manentxo yxnt +ro nacxarentnoe opamenne ns Hcrounnxa,
npoe cnona mnnt nx otuntx nme, n ono ro n eno nonropxercx n
xauecrne opamennx x rnannomy repom. Ftno t nnrepecno ysnart, xax Bnxn
npnmnpnna nepy n Tnopna c ontmo yxnt c p+nnancxo nponarano.
Ona npeoonena cnon comnennx, n mt oronopnnnct o ncrpeue. Bnxn xnna n
Mem]nce, paorana onepannonncrom n Federal Express (FedEx). H n +rom
nmenoct nexoe cnmnonnuecxoe snauenne. Komnannx FedEx nnora
ynomnnaercx p+nnannamn n xauecrne npnmepa nncrarentnoro npenpnxrnx,
onoxmero noxpyr nantna rnycnym npannrentcrnennym mpoxparnm.
Bnxn cxasana, uro na camom ene nnxora ne nocnna nnaxaron co cnonamn
Kro raxo xon Ianr?. V menx na cymxe ecrt neontmax naxnexa,
cxasana ona. Ha ne nanncano Kro raxo xon Ianr?, mne ee noapnnn sa
noxynxy. Ona nonyunna naxnexy, xora noxynana n nnrepner-marasnne
J ohnGaltGifts.com ]yronxn c nannctm Kro raxo xon Ianr?. B
Hnrepnere cymecrnyer mnoxecrno marasnnon, xoropte cnaxamr unrarene
Arnanra nemamn c coornercrnymme cnmnonnxo. Car, ynomxnyrt Bnxn,
nanpannxer na ProudProducers.com. On nepntm noxnnncx n cnncxe, xora x
ncxan marasnn J ohnGaltStore. ( mtcnenno ormernn, uro ecnn xora-nnyt
ncrpeuyct c ponom Fpyxom, ro conepmenno esnosmesno npenoxy emy
nomecrnrt na care nncrnryra cctnxy na o]nnnantnte cynennpt An
P+n.)
Ha ProudProducers.com npenaramr nenym nnnnm oext c cnmnonnxo
Arnanra: ]yronxn, mapnxonte pyuxn, xenxn, nnnensnonnte pamxn nx
]ororpa]n, monert, xonpnxn nx mtmn, nepenonte xaprnnxn, naxnexn n
axe crnnnsonannte conarcxne meantont, nce +ro c nmenem xona Ianra, c
ynomnnannem Vmentx xona Ianra n c npnstnamn unrart An P+n. Taxxe
nmemrcx cynennpt ns pnapen-meranna n men `Anxonnx xonnep,
cynep-moropt nanaroro nexa n npoune roremt Arnanra, esenymxn c
nmenamn repoen, nosynramn n nasnannxmn ntmtmnenntx xomnann. Kax x n
oxnan, na care rema Kro raxo xon Ianr? npecrannena n necxontxnx
napnannxx, n pasntx ]opmax n pacnnerxax. Taxxe n neontmom accoprnmenre
nmemrcx ronapt, ornocxmnecx x Inmny n Hcrounnxy. Mne ontme ncero
nonpannnact naxnexa co cnonamn: He cnpamnna, uro rnox crpana moxer
cenart nx rex. Cnpocn cex, uro rt moxemt cenart nx CEF.
Hs nponsneenn P+n Bnxn unrana rontxo Arnanra, xorx n conpanact
npounrart eme Mt xnnte, nepnt ee poman, onynnxonannt n 1936
roy, re ecrnne nponcxonr n nocnepenonmnnonno Poccnn. On
snaunrentno xopoue nyx pyrnx pomanon An P+n n xya onee
yoounraem. Bnxn ntranact ocnnnrt Hcrounnx, no tna cnnmxom sanxra
yuacrnem n uaennrnn, urot yennrt pomany onxnoe nnnmanne. ne
ocoenno npncrantno nsyuana rnopuecrno An P+n, no ro nemnoroe, uro x
snam ns ee ]nnoco]nn, mne npannrcx, cxasana ona. Ocoenno ro, uro mt
necem ornercrnennocrt sa camnx cex, n ro, uro cranonxct camn nce nyume n
nyume, mt enaem nyume nx ncex ocrantntx. 3ro nennxrnax, no ne ammax
noxox nce Amepnxe mtcnt, uro nao cranonnrtcx nce nyume n nyume,
xaxercx, nacxnost nponnstnaer nce nnxennx uaennrnx, xorx mne o cnx
nop nexcno, xax +ry mtcnt moxno nouepnnyrt ns Arnanra, re Amepnxa
npecrannena n camom +xcrpemncrcxom nonnomennn, n xax moxno ntpasnrt ee
raxnm sareprtm a]opnsmom. Hoxoxe, rontxo cnerxa uoxnyrte nente npoe
Vnrraxepa uemepca, opamamr nnnmanne na ]amncrcxne nen, nsnoxennte n
xnnre.
Bnxn cxasana, uro unrana Arnanra n nepno npentopno ronxn 2008
roa. Ona ncrpeuana n norax pasnte ]past, re ynomnnancx Ianr, n nnrart
ns P+n, n +ro noorpenano moe nmontrcrno, x nauana ntxcnxrt, n uem ryr
eno, x nocroxnno saananact nonpocom: uro +ro raxoe?. Bnxn, xoropax tna
poom ns Mnccypn, n xonnexe npnepxnnanact nnepantntx yexenn, no,
oxonunn xypc n nauane 1990-x roon, cmennna nonnrnuecxne nsrnxt na
npante. Ona ynnexnact Pamem Hnmo, no+romy ecrnnrentno nauana
saanart nonpoct. Hnmo, cxasana ona, orxptn mne nept x ]axram, n ecnn x
renept oxastnanact n cnryannn, xora uro-ro nponcxonr, yuacrnonana n
pasronope, re nmn cnpamnnann moero mnennx, x c ontmo one
ynepennocrn ronopnna: a-a, nor uro x ysnana. He naxno, uro x cntmana, no
nor ]axrt n rom nne, n xaxom x nx npecrannxm, xax x nx nonnmam, xax nnxy.
Ho+romy x pexomenym nam ntxcnnrt nce camocroxrentno. Bt moxere ne
cornamartcx c rem, uro naere, no nor re x uepnam ]axrt.
Pantme Bnxn nmnna Fnnna Knnnrona, no nmont npomna, xora ona
samernna, uro, ntcrynax nepe nsnparenxmn, on npornnopeunr cee cnonno
xameneon. Hepeaun Hnmo nomornn e pacmnpnrt cno nonnrnuecxn
xpyrosop, nomornn ynnert Knnnrona n ncrnnnom cnere. npnnxnact uecart
sartnox, npnronapnnax: B +rom xe ner nnxaxoro cmtcna. ne nonnmam,
sauem on rax ronopnr, no x neocrarouno pasnpamct n nonnrnxe, urot
nonxrt. Ho+romy x nauana cnymart Pama. H ne rontxo ns-sa ero onenox.
Hpocro nce, o uem on ronopnn, on npounrtnan n raserax, on mor yxasart na
ncrounnx nn]opmannn, n n nmom cnyuae +ro tna npocro npana. 3ror
ncrounnx nn]opmannn xnno nponsnen na nee cnntnoe nneuarnenne. On
ronopnr, orxya eper nce cneennx. On ne npocro pocaer cnona na nosyx n
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ne eper nx c noronxa.
Hporpammy Inenna Fexa na Fox News Bnxn cmorpena neperynxpno, onaxo
ornpannnact n Bamnnrron, urot 28 anrycra 2010 roa npnnxrt yuacrne n
mnrnnre Boccranonnennx uecrn rom camom, xoropt rax ncrpenoxnn monx
oexrnnncron c Manx+rrena. Ona tna ns uncna npantx, nepymmnx n Fora, n
xoroptx Hon Fenn nnen nennxym naexy nannn. Ona ne npnnanexana nn x
xaxo o]nnnantno nepxnn, no cunrana cex xpncrnanxo. ns uncna
noxnonnnxon Hncyca, cxasana ona, cnona oxastnax, uro moxno trt
ononpemenno nocneonarentnnne n nnornnxa ns Iannnen, n nen c Mmppe-
Xnnn.
Hoesxa na mnrnnr Fexa tna ee mecro noesxo n Bamnnrron c momenra
noxnnennx nnxennx uaennrnx. nnxora ne tnana n ncnenene,
npnsnanact Bnxn, no n Bamnnrrone ecrt uro-ro ecrnnrentno nonmenoe n
npexpacnoe ne npocro nesax, no eme ncropnx, mtcnn n nen, xoropte ram
saponnnct. 3ro noncrnny cepne cnoonoro mnpa.
Hnrepecno, nouyncrnonana t ona ro xe camoe n rom mecre, re xnny x, n
Ipnnnnu-Bnnnnx. 3ect naxonnoct nocnenee xnnnme Tomaca Hena,
nennxoro nam]nerncra n ]nnoco]a +noxn Bont sa nesanncnmocrt. Ero
nocnenn om naxonrcx na Ipoyn-crpnr. Mystxantnt ap Maries Crisis,
pacnonoxennt ram na nepnom +raxe, nasnan n uecrt nnxna crare Hena
Amepnxancxn xpnsnc. [158 - Hepnax crartx, onynnxonannax n 1776 roy,
naunnanact cnonamn: Hacrano npemx ncntrart cnny uenoneuecxo ymn. B
+ror xpnsnc nonopanen n xnsnepaocrnt narpnor yxnonxrcx or cnyxt
cnoe crpane; no ror, xro samnmaer ee ceuac, sacnyxnnaer nmnn n
naroapnocrn myxunn n xenmnn. Ha rannuxe n crene sannx npnneeno
necxontxo nnrar ns Hena: Bect mnp mox crpana, nce nmn mon partx, a
rnopnrt opo mox pennrnx. Hs rex cnon, xoropte x ntennn xypcnnom,
cneyer, uro Tomac Hen tn nenoronnxemt antrpyncr, xoropt nepnn, uro
nao cnyxnrt cnoe crpane.]
Mt saronopnnn o xopxe Bamnnrrone. V nero tno ropaso ontme
noxnonnnxon, uem y Hena nectma panxantno nnunocrn. On net axe ne
yocronncx noxopon na xnanme, no+romy na ero nocnenem npncrannme
xpacyercx ne npocro namxrnax ocxa. noconeronan Bnxn n cneymmn
npnes nocernrt Maynr-Bepnon. Menx ynnnno, uro ona nnxora ram ne
tnana. Bcero nonuaca est or cronnnt no npnxrno opore. -ro yman, uro
yuacrnnxn uaennrnx, xoropte rax uacro ronopxr o cnoem nourennn x ornam-
ocnonarenxm, n oxsarentnom nopxxe conepmamr nanomnnuecrno n ycaty n
x mornne namero nepnoro npesnenra.
Eme mt nemnoro nopaccyxann o Bamnnrrone, oxpyr Konymnx.
nopasnnn Bnxn paccxasom o nauane 1980-x roon, xora nmo rpaxannn
sanpocro mor nporynxrtcx no sannm Kannronnx es ncxxoro conponoxennx,
xax n no Fenomy omy n ent poxennx Hnnxontna. Ona n orner oxana n axana,
n ne nao trt yuacrnnxom uaennrnx, urot ncntrart nepnosannt,
ercxn nocropr, xora npecrannxemt Bamnnrron no ncem ero nennxonennn.
3ro ror camt yx, xaxo naxoxr ee ennomtmnennnxn n paorax An P+n,
xaxo nennxer noopaxenne amepnxanna, rporaer nme npoe Bnxn Taync,
axe ecnn onn nepxr n Fora.
Cmoxer nn oexrnnncrcxax pennrnx xora-nnyt crart raxnm ontmnm
sonrnxom, xoropt naxpoer n nme pennrnosntx, n arencron? Bnxn Taync,
Hamena Iennep, Mapx Mexnep n nm noonte, xaxercx, x +romy n crpemxrcx.
Hentm mnrnnra Fexa, cxasana Bnxn, tno ysnart namero Tnopna. Bor ono,
ouepenoe ocxnepnenne cnxreme p+nnancxo repmnnonornn. 3ro tno
npnmepno rax: Hocnymare, mt onxnt x +romy nepnyrtcx. Mt onxnt
ncnomnnrt, uro ecrnnrentno naxno, onxnt opecrn nepy. Bnxn xnno ne
pasenxna n ne conpanact pasenxrt oexrnnncrcxoro nsrnxa na
nannaxnemym nponemy antrpynsma. Ona cunrana, xax n nonaraercx
xopome xpncrnanxe, uro rem nmxm, xoropte nonann n sarpynnrentnoe
nonoxenne, rem, xomy ne nonesno, mt onxnt nporxrnnart pyxy nomomn,
nonnmart nx, nosnpamart na nepnt nyrt. Oexrnnncrcxax orma
ncxnmuaer ncxxne pyxn nomomn, onaxo P+n nonarana, uro re, xomy
oxastnamr nomomt, onxnt sacnyxnnart +ro nomomn [159 - Hnrepntm A.
P+n xypnany Playboy (1964). Hnr. na care Hncrnryra An P+n (URL:
http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=faq_index#obj_q7).].
Tanmyncrcxax xonnennnx narornopnrentnocrn, xora rt ne snaemt, xomy
nomoraemt, tna e conepmenno uyxa.
Mt noronopnnn o neannsannn +ronsma y P+n. Bnxn oopxna +ronsm n
rom cmtcne, n xaxom on nomoraer nmxm cranonnrtcx nce nyume n nyume.
Ona cxasana: Onpeenennt yponent +ronsma xopom nx nnunocrnoro pocra:
nt rparnre npemx na cex, urot crart nyume, a xora nt cranonnrect nyume,
ro nonnmaere na nont yponent ncex, xro nac oxpyxaer. Hacxontxo x
nonnmam, uenonex rax ycrpoen, uro nmnr ennrtcx opom. Ham paocrno
nnert, xax npeycnenamr oxpyxammne.
ynomxnyn o onacennn, ntcxasannom oexrnnncramn na ncrpeue n
manx+rrencxom pecropane, no nonoy pennrnosnoro xapaxrepa mnrnnra
Boccranonnennx uecrn n nonnrepeconancx, uro ona ymaer o arensme
Arnanra, xax ona x nemy ornocnrcx. pyxonocrnymct npnnnnnom xnnn
cam n a xnrt pyrnm, cxasana ona. nx menx For ocnona
cymecrnonannx. Kaxoe yrpo x npoctnamct, nonnax npnsnarentnocrn n
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
paocrn. Tax uro nnuno x conepmenno onontna xnsntm. Bor rax. Ho ecnn
xro-ro neononen, menx +ro ne saenaer. o rex nop, noxa mt ynaxnrentno
ornocnmcx pyr x pyry n paoraem nx ocrnxennx ono n ro xe nenn,
xoropax nx menx nonnomaercx n nnunocrno cnooe. Onaxo ynomnnanne o
neoxonmocrn nsanmnoro ynaxennx noponno nonpoc: xax moxno couerart
pennrnm, n ocoennocrn rnyoxym nepy, c npecrannennxmn An P+n o
+ronsme n c ee orpnnannem antrpynsma. Mapx Mexnep cymen paspemnrt +ro
npornnopeune, npnrnopxxct, yro ero nonce ne cymecrnyer. uro xe xacaercx
Bnxn, y menx cnoxnnoct nneuarnenne, uro ona nonpocry ne nnnxna n cyrt
p+nnancxo neonornn.
He nyxno craparentno nsyuart Arnanra, urot nonxrt, n xaxo mepe ram
orpnnaercx xpncrnancrno. Onaxo anrnpennrnosnocrt pomana ntpaxena
cnoxntm ]nnoco]cxnm xapronom, no+romy otunoro unrarenx, raxoro xax
Bnxn, +ra nponema, cxopee ncero, ne ecnoxonr. Bmecro roro unrarene
npnnnexaer xapaxrep xona Ianra, ro, xax on pemnrentno yxonr oro ncex,
xora ero npexpacnym paory xorxr npncnonrt ynpannxmmne-connanncrt c
ero ]apnxn. uro menx no-nacroxmemy noxynaer, rax +ro ro, xax on naxonr
conepmenno nont cnoco optt c rpanrenxmn. On nosnonxer nm ntnrpart
naprnm, no camo nrponoe none oxastnaercx ropaso, ropaso ontme a on
axe n ne c nnmn nrpaer. H n nrore ntnrptnaer. opo noexaer, ono ncera
noexaer, cxasana Bnxn. Kora x nonnrepeconancx, ecrt nn n xnnre xaxne-
ro momenrt, c xoroptmn ona ne cornacna, ona ornernna: Hn onoro.
nx nee ]pasa: Kro raxo xon Ianr? snyunr xax npnstn x cnooe.
Vuacrnnxn uaennrnx mnoro ronopxr o cnooe, onaxo onn nxnatnamr n
+ro cnono concem ne ror cmtcn, xaxo nxnatnann n cnoe npemx Tomac
xe]]epcon n xon Aamc. Ornt-ocnonarenn ronopnnn o cnooe n camom
npocrom cmtcne: onn nmenn n nny camoynpannenne n cnooy or nnemnero
annennx. Honoe onpeenenne onpeenenne yuacrnnxon uaennrnx
crpemnrcx sarnart cnono n pamxn, oosnauennte P+n, npornnonocrannrt
ncnontsonanne rocyapcrnenntx pecypcon oecneuennm nceomero
naroencrnnx saaue npannrentcrna, nenycmtcnenno saxnnenno n
npencnonnn x Koncrnrynnn, xoropax orxptro npornnopeunr npnnnnnam
P+n.
Mexy npounm, y Tomaca Hena, nexora onranmero n Ipnnnnu-Bnnnnx,
nmennct nen no nonoy nceomero naroencrnnx, xoropte moryr axe
ceronx noxasartcx nentmn. B cnoem nam]nere Arpapnax cnpanennnocrt on
ntcxastnancx sa nanoroonoxenne semnennaentnen c rem, urot
ntnnaunnart oxsarentnym cymmy ncem ns nannonantnoro ]ona, ns
xoroporo xaxomy uenonexy no ocrnxennn nm nanarn onoro roa yer
ntnnaunnartcx nxrnanart ]ynron crepnnnron n xauecrne uacrnuno
xomnencannn sa yrpary ero, nnn ee, npnponoro nacnecrna ns-sa nneennx
cncremt sementno cocrnennocrn. B pommpe Hpana uenonexa on
nopono pacnnctnan nnan npnnnunoro oecneuennx cra copoxa rtcxu
npecrapentx. On ntcrynan sa nporpeccnnnt nooxont nanor n axe sa
enexnte ntnnart nonopauntm n xnnopoxenntm mnaennam. Bce +ro
pan nceomero naroencrnnx.
Vuacrnnxn uaennrnx ne enamr nna, yro pearnpymr na ro xe camoe,
ncamennmnoe noannenne n nnmenne cnoot, nacroxme cnoot, sa
xoropym oponnct ornt-ocnonarenn. nx namnx conpemenntx narpnoron
cnooa +ro nosynr, cnono, xoropoe moxno ncnontsonart, nonnctnaxct n
+nexrponnom nnctme nnn n xaxnx-ro nntx cnyuaxx, oecnenennoe nacrontxo,
uro ornt-ocnonarenn copornynnct t no cnonmn nanypenntmn napnxamn.
Vuacrnnxn uaennrnx ne yunn, uro +rn crpanno oerte rocnoa tnn
panxanamn, n nonce ne panxanamn or xannrannsma. Onn tnn n nnnemepamn
nexoropte camn nnaenn paamn, onaxo nx cnoero npemenn onn tnn
camtmn uro nn na ecrt yntrpanentmn arnraropamn.
B cnyuae c Bnxn onycrnmoe ymemnenne cnoot pacnpocrpanxnoct ne
rontxo na pnrancxnx conar, no n na nce pacxot, na crnmynnpymmne
saxononpoexrt, na oennennte saxononpoexrt, n xasanoct, mt nnuero ne
moxem cenart. A Pnx Canrennn noxnnncx na +xpane n cxasan uro-ro o
,nnxennn uaennrnx, n Foxe mo, Hnrepner npocro nsopnancx.
Cneymmee, uro x nomnm: x naxoxy n Mem]nce onoro uenonexa, n mt epem
na cex ornercrnennocrt, mt ycrpannaem copannx, n c +roro nce naunnaercx.
Menx ynnnna ]pasa nnuero ne moxem cenart. Eme xax mornn, n cenann,
nonnornnn n xnsnt, noromy uro rorannrapnte Coennennte Brart ns
Arnanra nncxontxo ne noxoxn na noannxemym xopnopannxmn, nnoxo
ynpannxemym conpemennym Amepnxy, re rocnocrnymr npante nacrpoennx.
Bnxn tna ne enncrnennax xpncrnanxa cpen ]anaron Arnanra,
copanmnxcx na mnrnnr Boccranonnennx uecrn. Ona cxasana, uro nnena ram
mnoxecrno naxneex c nmenamn An P+n n xona Ianra, mnoro nnaxaron.
Hnuno y nee n yme xnnra naxonr orxnnx noromy, uro mt rparnm entrn,
xoroptx y nac ner mt onxnt ocrannrt crpany noromxam n nyumem
nonoxennn, uem ro, n xaxom ona naxonrcx ceuac, a on [Oama] x +romy ne
crpemnrcx. On esymno rparnr cpecrna. On conepmenno nrnopnpyer nonm
napoa. axe xora cornn rtcxu nme npnxoxr n Bamnnrron, urot
saxnnrt: Mt +roro ne xornm!. Bmecro roro urot cxasart: 3naemt,
Amepnxa, x paoram nx rex, x xouy ntcnymart rex, mt xornm ocranonnrt
+ror noes, on rner cnom nnnnm. Ona nasnana +ro orxponenntm
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
neynaxennem xo ncem, xro tn na mnrnnre, n, cxopee ncero, tna npana. Ho
neyxenn ecrnnrentno rax naxno, uro npesnenr Oama ne nsmennn cnoe
nonnrnxn nocne mnrnnra Inenna Fexa? Hoospenam, +ro raxax xe onneyxa, xax
n ]antmnnt opr nomep onn, cront ocxopnnmn Mapxa Ieppa.
Bnxn cxasana, uro xouer ocnonart oprannsannm n ycrpannart uro-ro npoe
nnnnnyantntx sanxrn c nentm noepxart camoonenxy nme, xoropte
rax onro tnn noannxemt rocyapcrnom, uro ne cmornn crart nyume n
ocymecrnnrt cnon meurt. Hanepnoe, nonnmart camoonenxy nme eno
xopomee, rax xe xax n noranxnnart nx x camoconepmencrnonannm n
ocymecrnnennm meurt. Ho nor ]pasouxa o noannxemtx rocyapcrnom
morna t nposnyuart na saceannn naprnn uepntx nanrep n 1969 roy.
Ftno nerpyno npecrannrt, uem yer noxnonnxrtcx noonax rpynna, ne
crontxo nonnrnuecxax, cxontxo ]nnoco]cxax no cnoe cyrn. Moxno tno t
nsxrt na noopyxenne xoe-xaxne nen ns Arnanra, cxasana Bnxn.
Hocrcxpnnrym: npoonxan nepennctnartcx c Mapxom Ieppom, n naxonen
on nanncan, uro noxa ne ntpan npemx nx urennx paor An P+n. Fyy
epxart sa nero nantnt xpecrnxom.

12. Yeaennme
Eme na sape nnxennx uaennrnx nponsomno neuro ynnnrentnoe:
arencrnuecxax ]nnoco]nx namna cee rouxy onopt n npanom xptne
amepnxancxnx nonnrnuecxnx cnn. Ecnn uaennrne xnnxer coo ynnxantnym
n snaunrentnym xoannnnm xoncepnaropon or +xonomnxn n connantnoro
ycrpocrna, xax yrnepxamr Cxorr Pacmyccen n yrnac Ben n cnoe xnnre
Bne cex or rnena [160 - Rasmussen S., Schoen D. Mad as Hell. P. 164.], ro
nonyuaercx, uro x 2011 roy oexrnnncrt monuannno yrnepnnnct n +ro
xoannnnn.
Oexrnnnsm tn raxnm rnxnm nonontm reuennem, uro npnnepxennocrt
Mapxa Mexnepa P+n conepmenno nrnopnponanact ncemn nsannxmn, na
onoxxax xoroptx on noxnnxncx. Bnnxnne P+n na uaennrne, ecnn ne
cunrart ynomnnaemtx ncxontst nnaxaron c nmenem xona Ianra, ne
npnnnexano nnnmannx npecct nnn anropon xnnr o +rom nnxennn. B cnoe
xnnxxe Fesymnoe xnnenne Ker 3epnnxe nnmt ncxontst ynomnnaer P+n.
Ipan-ama panxantno npantx mentxaer n onom +nnsoe n nauane, xora
3epnnxe aer xapaxrepncrnxy camomy nepnomy uannxy, noxnnnmemycx eme
pantme Canrennn Kenn Kapenep, y xoropo n cnncxe nx oxsarentnoro
urennx snaunnact xnnra Arnanr pacnpannn nneun. [161 - Zernike K. Boiling
Mad. P. 14.]
Mne crano xcno, uro o nnnxnnn P+n ne ronopxr ncnyx ns-sa ee
arencrnuecxnx yexenn. Ocnonnoe xpo pennrnosntx npantx, cocroxmee ns
raxnx exrene, xax nnont ncnntnmn ns sanennx yuacrnnx Voreprercxoro
cxanana uapnts Koncon (n cepenne 2011 roa on sanncan nneoopamenne, n
xoropom nonocnn P+n), nnxora ne npnmer oexrnnnsm [162 - Colson Ch.
Atlas Shrugged and So Should You // Chuck Colson Center Web site. May 11,
2011 (URL: http://www.colsoncenter.org/twominutewarning/entry/33/17003).].
Onaxo arensm P+n ne xnnxercx nenpeoonnmtm npenxrcrnnem. Ero moxno
xnrpo oorn nnn nonpocry nrnopnponart. urot uaennrne xora-nnyt
npnnxno ]nnoco]nm P+n nennxom n nonnocrtm, emy ncero-ro n nyxno, uro
necxontxo ncrnnno nepymmnx neontmax rpynna nocneonarene P+n,
xoropte nonnocrtm npnnnmamr oexrnnnsm n n cocroxnnn nonxrt, uro
naxnee ncero nx npocrtx nme.
uaennrnm neoxonmt arencrt.
H x npnnxncx ntncxnnart esoxnnxon. ncxan neantnoe coueranne:
nnnnnyymon n connyme, xaxnx rpeyer +noxa, yuacrnnxon nnxennx ns
camtx nnson, xoropte tnn t npn +rom saxonuenntmn oexrnnncramn n
arencramn. Haercx nn xort ona noonax nnunocrt n namnx ecxpannx
semnxx?

Hepntm monm xannarom crana ona ns nanonee mnorooemammnx
nepntx yuacrnnn uaennrnx. Cannn Onxap, rpa]nuecxn nsanep ns
Cn+rna, ama ner nxrnecxrn, xoropym uacro ynomnnann n npecce xax
nannonantnoro xoopnnaropa Harpnoron uaennrnx, napxy c Mapxom
Mexnepom n nexoroptmn pyrnmn, n xax onoro ns camtx nepntx
oprannsaropon nnxennx n nenom. B xnnre 3epnnxe paccxastnaercx o rom, xax
Cannn npnnena nnonepxy uaennrnx Kenn Kapenep x nannonantnomy
nnxennm [163 - Zernike K. Boiling Mad. P. 129.]. Horom Cannn nnrnponann n
New York Times: ona ntpaxana osaouennocrt rem, uro pecnynnxannt n
Konrpecce moryr yxnonnrtcx or ntnonnennx cnonx oemann [164 - Lacey M.
Tea Party Group Issues Warning to the G.O.P. // New York Times. February 26,
2011.]. Onaxo nn n onom nsannn ne tno ynomxnyro, xax cnntno nonnnxno
na Cannn rnopuecrno An P+n. Ona tna camtm yexenntm
oexrnnncrom, xaxoro rontxo moxno ortcxart nnyrpn nnxennx uaennrnx.
Cama Cannn xapaxrepnsyer cex xax no mnorom nrx cnoero npemenn, n
cmtcne nrx Bycroxa. npocro nepnna, uro nmont npannr mnpom, n ecnn
nce cranyr ennrtcx pyr c pyrom ncem, uro nmemr, nce yer ornnuno.
nannno nonarana: Bce, uro ree nyxno, +ro nmont, n xnna n
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coornercrnnn c +rnm nosynrom. Ona ncnomnnana, uro xora e tno ner
cemnanart, orunm, xoropt ro n eno nopactnan e pasnte esymnte
nen, npenoxnn e nounrart An P+n. Cannn xax pas anonanact
mapxcnsmom, cunrax, uro nor +ro norpxcammax cncrema. Bce enxrcx co
ncemn, nce pannt, n ner xnnorntx, xoropte tnn t nyume pyrnx. Bce
xnnornte onnaxont. A on [orunm] cxasan: Her, ner n ner, rt cnnmxom mano
snaemt.
Ona pemnna nonpoonart nounrart P+n, no+romy samna n xnnxnt marasnn
n xynnna Hcrounnx. Knnra menx nopasnna, cxasana Cannn. Ee nsrnx na
uenonexa, ero pont n mnpe, npecrannenne o rom, xax nce ycrpoeno, ntsnann no
mne xnnemn orxnnx axe n rom nexnom nospacre n noxnonnnn nnrartcx
antme. Hpounran Hcrounnx, Arnanra n nce, uro rontxo cmorna
ocrart, Cannn ne npocro nonnocrtm nsmennna cnon nsrnxt na mapxcnsm n
xannrannsm, no n ntpana ]nnoco]nm cnoe cnennantnocrtm n xonnexe.
Kax yro namnouxa nsopnanact, cxasana ona. ceuac xe nonxna, uro
nmenno P+n ntraercx cxasart o uenoneuecxnx cymecrnax n nx cosnarentno
cnoconocrn, xax nmenno paoramr entrn, n uem cmtcn n nennocrt xnsnn,
nouemy rax naxna mopant.
nx Cannn oexrnnnsm mapmnponan n nory c panxantntm xannrannsmom,
xoropt oennxer ncex yuacrnnxon uaennrnx. Ona nouepxnyna:
Ocnonnte npnnnnnt namero nnxennx, necomnenno, nepexnnxamrcx co
nsrnxamn An P+n na cnoonte ptnxn n ]nnanconym ornercrnennocrt.
Mnorne ns nac n 2009 roy nouyncrnonann, uro Arnanr ecrnnrentno
pacnpannxer nneun, xora nauannct nce +rn orannn, crnmynxnnn, nponsomen
xpax nnoreuno nnycrpnn, n mt ynnenn, xax npnnnnnt, o xoroptx mt
unrann n pomane, naunnamr npernopxrtcx n peantnocrt. H ona npnnxnact
onnctnart cotrnx 2008 roa npnmepno rax xe, xax +ro enan nonce ne
unranmn P+n Mapx Iepp, n rax xe, xax +ro nsnoxeno na carax,
nocnxmenntx P+n, n nocroxnno nonropxercx ontmnncrnom pecnynnxannen:
n anxoncxom xpnsnce nnnonaro rocyapcrno, perynnpymmee +xonomnxy, a ne
camn anxn.
Kax n Iepp, Cannn ncnontsonana sanyannponannoe ntpaxenne nnoreunax
nnycrpnx. Moxno noymart, uepes cemanrnxy cnxst mexy anxoncxnm
xpnsncom n nacroxmnmn anxamn moxno tno xaxnm-ro opasom pasopnart.
Cannn cxasana, uro ]nnancont xpnsnc cran ecrecrnenntm pesyntrarom
nenepno nonnrnxn, npononnmecx ecxrnnernxmn. Ona npnerna x
oexrnnncrcxo pnropnxe, ynepxx menx, uro xpnsnc cosana ra
xonnexrnnncrcxax, rocyapcrnennax, nanpannennax na nceomee
naroencrnne nonnrnxa, xoropym P+n rax xnno onncana n Arnanre.
Moxno nsxrt +rn npnnnnnt n npnmenxrt onn sa pyrnm, naunnax npnmepno
c 1960 n o 2008 roa, xora necenxa tna cnera.
Kax n n cnyuae c Ieppom, x cnpocnn Cannn, xaxym nmenno nonnrnxy ona
nmeer n nny. Cannn roxe nxonna n uncno nnepon uaennrnx n n ornnune
or Ieppa onaana xopomnmn, connntmn nosnannxmn n oexrnnnsme.
Pasymeercx, x naexncx nonyunrt or nee onncanne xpnsnca, nnmennoe omnx
mecr, nosynron n ne nyxammeecx n nonemnxe.
Ha mon nonpoct Cannn ornernna cneymmee: uro xacaercx ntxyna
rocyapcrnom roxcnuntx axrnnon, x t cxasana, uro anxoncxax cncrema n
perynnpymmne oprant, xpynnemne nnoreunte xomnannn Fannie Mae,
Freddie Mac, nystpt na ptnxe nennxnmocrn, cnocot ynpannennx n
nensexnt xoppymnnponannt xannrannsm, ocoennocrn nonnrnxn,
omecrnenno-rocyapcrnennax nonnrnxa, rnanntm opasom xnnnmnax,
xoropax npononnact mnorne rot, cnococrnonann nosnnxnonennm
mopantnoro pncxa, n n nrore +ro, xax nam nsnecrno, npnneno x xpaxy. Ha
ncxxn cnyua, urot yxe ne comnenartcx, x cnpocnn, osnauaer nn +ro, no ee
mnennm, uro anxnpt ornercrnennocrn ne necyr. Fanxnpt nocrapannct
nsnneut ns +roro ntroy, cxasana Cannn. Ho +rnm nopasymenanoct nce,
uro ona nepeuncnnna. uacro ymam, uro ontmoe npannrentcrno n ontmo
nsnec naxoxrcx n ranom cronope pyr c pyrom, a nanoronnarentmnxn
neuno ocramrcx c nocom. ne comnenancx, uro noonoe omymenne
ncntrtnamr n mnorne ns rex, xro ne xnnxercx nn oexrnnncramn, nn
yuacrnnxamn uaennrnx. Onn npnnarnsnponann npntnt n
connannsnponann pncxn, ntcxasana Cannn nonoe sameuanne, c xoroptm
tno nenosmoxno ne cornacnrtcx. Onaxo x rax n ne cymen onrtcx or nee
pasnepnyroro mnennx no ]nnanconomy xpnsncy, ntcxasannoro c rouxn spennx
oexrnnncra.
Cannn tna onnm ns nnepon nnxennx, a raxxe npeanno noxnonnnne
An P+n na nporxxennn rpex c nnmnnm ecxrnnern, +ro ns-sa P+n ona
crana nsyuart n xonnexe ]nnoco]nm. Onaxo ona rax n ne nomna antme
ouennntx anantnocre, oxcnxx, uro cnyunnoct c anxoncxo cncremo, n
npnerna x ro xe pnropnxe, xaxo x nacnymancx or moe neoexrnnncrcxo
xonrpontno rpynnt ns uaennrnx, Mapxa Ieppa. Ho nonoy ]nnanconoro
xpnsnca tno saxnneno nemano ]axron, noraconanntx cnoontm ptnxom,
xoropte ncnontsonan n pon Fpyx, no Cannn, xaxercx, nnuero raxoro ne
snana.
Cannn ncnomnnana, xax npnmna n nnxenne uaennrnx, onnctnana axnnm
nporecra npornn saxona o crnmynnponannn +xonomnxn, oprannsonannym Kenn
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Kapenep. 3ra axnnx npomna 16 ]enpanx 2009 roa, sa rpn nx o mnrnnra
Pnxa Canrennn. Cannn yuacrnonana n ne n ram nosnaxomnnact c Kenn. Ona
cxasana, uro nosnaxomnna Kenn, nacroxmym nnonepxy nnxennx uaennrnx,
c rnopuecrnom P+n. Kenn cntmana o ne, snana o ee paorax, cxasana
Cannn. Henosmoxno tno xonrt na nepnte mnrnnrn nnxennx n ne ysnart.
Hnrart ns P+n tnn noncmy, noromy uro nmo, xro unran ee xnnrn,
nonnman, uro nponcxonr. Cannn nouyncrnonana nce +ro eme o roro, xax
nspann Oamy. On ecrnnrentno xoren rnoantno nsmennrt Coennennte
Brart. Hspanne Oamt nmecre c ntxynamn roxcnuntx axrnnon osnauano
nx nee, uro nnepnte sa ncm mom xnsnt monm cnooam yrpoxaer onacnocrt,
n ceuac x npocro oxsana ntcrynnrt n ocranonnrt nacrynnenne.
Hepeo mno ouepenax xeprna, utn cnoot ymemnnn. cnpocnn, uro xe
nmenno yrpoxano ee cnooam. Ona ornernna, uro nauana npenpamartcx n
pay onra. Ham npenarann sannarnrt sa cxnepnym omecrnenno-
rocyapcrnennym nonnrnxy. Onn c myxem norepxnn xonoccantnym cymmy
ns-sa onana nnoreunoro ptnxa. Onn nnmnnnct snaunrentno uacrn
xannrana, noromy uro nx om eme ne tn ntxynnen. Onn nocrponnn eme onn
om, pemnn, uro nce panno ne cmoryr npoart nepnt n noracnrt saem. Hm
nonesno: y nnx namnnct cemmnxn, no nm n n ronony ne npnmno npocnrt
npannrentcrno nnn cocee ntxynnrt nac n cnoxnnmecx cnryannn.
Taxnm opasom, no onrontm pacrnom n yrposo cnooam ona
nopasymenana cocrnennym saonxennocrt no xpenry. Otunoe nx 1960
1970-x roon cosnanne: Bnnn cncremy. Homnm, xax n crapmem xnacce
nponannn xonrpontnym no maremarnxe, n cnenmn nepeo mno napnnmxa-
xnnnn nocouyncrnonan: 3ro cncrema nnnonara. Hex cocroxna ne n rom,
urot npnnxrt na cex ornercrnennocrt, a nepenoxnrt nnny na nespnmym
cnny, n annom cnyuae xax n n re npemena npannrentcrno, cncremy. An
P+n npeocrannxer paouym neonornm nx noontx onpanann, noromy
uro y nee ncxxoe npannrentcrno no cyrn cnoe nymxa, npnnyxammax
cnna, xoropax ecrt sno.
Cannn paccxasana mne, xax ona, Kenn n nx pystx nocne mnrnnra Canrennn
copann ennomtmnennnxon, urot 27 ]enpanx 2009 roa oprannsonart
uaennrne, n rax saponnoct nnxenne. An P+n xe, uepes Cannn Onxap,
npncyrcrnonana npn camom ero cosannn.
P+nnancxax xonnennnx cnoonoro ptnxa tna npnnxra nepntmn
yuacrnnxamn sa ocnony. Cannn onpeennna ptnxn xax rnannym onopy
nnxennx, nocxontxy nepnencrno n snaunmocrt cnoontx ptnxon,
nonnmanne, uro +xonomnuecxax cnooa n npano cocrnennocrn +ro ne
nemn, cenanmne Coennennte Brart nennxo crpano, ceuac rnannoe, n
ne nonnmax +roro, nam ne ntxnrt. na pyrne cronna, ]nnanconax
ornercrnennocrt n npannrentcrno, orpannuennoe Koncrnrynne, nonnocrtm
coornercrnonann oexrnnncrcxo xaprnne mnpa.
Bropoe pemenne, npnnxroe nnxennem n camom nauane, ne nmemnnartcx n
nonpoct omecrnenno snaunmocrn, nmemmne ontmoe snauenne nx mnornx
npantx. Omecrnenno snaunmte nonpoct, cxasana ona, ne ocyxamrcx na
exeneentntx ncrpeuax, xoropte onn ycrpannamr c xoopnnaropamn
nnxennx no nce crpane. Aoprt, onononte paxn n romy noonoe nyume
ocrannxrt rocyapcrny, cxasana Cannn. P+n c ee arensmom n noepxxo
npana na aopr cmyrno npecrannxna cee cnncox naxntx nx omecrna
nponem, uro n orpasnnoct na nnxennn uaennrnx. Hama ]nnanconax
xnsnt nonpoc xya onee ocrpt, on xacaercx xaxoro amepnxanna,
samernna Cannn. Cnacno P+n, mtmnenne panxantnoro xannranncra, cront
ntronoe nx yuacrnnxon oea n orene St. Regis n npounx oraue, no
nmemmee comnnrentnym nennocrt nx ncex ocrantntx, renept nexnr n ocnone
neno ]nnoco]nn, xoropym moxno nsyuart n pacnpocrpanxrt cpen
mnnnnonon yuacrnnxon uaennrnx.
Taxnm opasom, nponecc, onncannt n rpye uro cnyunnoct c Kansacom?,
npomen nonnt nnxn. B cnoe xnnre Tomac upanx paccxastnaer, xax
nacenenne rnynnxn, nsyopaxennoe connantno snaunmtmn nonpocamn,
ronocyer sa nonnrnxon, xoropte ncemn cnnamn orcrannamr xopnoparnnnte
nnrepect. Cnacno nnxennm uaennrnx, ero noxxm, cxnonxmmnmcx x
oexrnnnsmy, n croponnnxam Konrpecca: nonnrnxa xopnopann ontme ne
xnnxercx oexrom npncrantnoro nnnmannx. Honnrnxn-p+nnannt npoe Hona
Paana oocnonann ypesanne pacxoon npannrentcrna n nponnnynn
nporpammy, ycyrynxmmym nonoxenne enxxon. Cnana P+n, oxrpnna
panxantnoro xannrannsma npnnxra nontmn nonynncramn npantx. B rounocrn
rax, xax cxasan mne Mapx Mexnep: B nx cepnax n ymax ]nnoco]nx An P+n
cocrannxer uacrt nx nnunocrn. uro xe xacaercx omecrnenntx nnrepecon
A uro, cocrnenno? P+n ne npnsnanana camoro nonxrnx omecrna rontxo
nnnnnyymon, n uncno xoroptx nxnmuana n xopnopannn, ocoenno xpynnte.
Ecnn ner omecrna, ro ne moxer trt n omecrnenntx nnrepecon, rontxo
+roncrnunte uacrnte nnrepect, a snaunr, uro nnrepect cnntnemnx (ro ecrt
oraremnx) ncera na nepnom mecre.
Vuacrnnxn uaennrnx, moxer trt, ntpaxamrcx ne cront xcno n
npemerno, xax Hncrnryr An P+n, Hncrnryr xonxypenrnoro
npenpnnnmarentcrna (CEI) nnn Topronax nanara CBA, onaxo +rn
p+nnannt ns napoa n nx coronapnmn nmemr, no mentme mepe, raxoe xe
nonnrnuecxoe nnnxnne. Moxer trt, Cannn n ne cymena rouno nsnoxnrt nce
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npnunnt ]nnanconoro xpaxa 2008 roa, no ona n ne oxsana. uaennrne
onepnpyer omnmn mecramn, uyncrnamn n +monnxmn npnmepno rax xe
nocrynann nente n re npemena, xora mt c Cannn eme yunnnct n mxone.
Hosynrn tnn nnte, no noxo ror xe camt. Bmecro Ha nony mt ne
noem! renept ronopxr: P+n tna npana!. Bmecro Xo-Xo-Xomnmnny mt
nonoxnm mnny na nnaxarax nnmyr: Kro raxo xon Ianr?. B re nn
nnxro ocoenno ne opaman nnnmannx na nacroxmero Xomnmnna, ne
saymtnancx, npancrnenno nn ynennunnart uncno npnstnnnxon, nepexnatnax
+ry nomy na nneun entx n uepntx. Touno raxoe xe espaccycrno
nanmaercx n n sanrptnannxx uaennrnx c esoxntmn, panxantntmn
nosspennxmn An P+n, n orxoe or omenpnnxrtx nonxrn, or
npecrannenn o ope n sne, o nepe n nomomn nnxnnm.
B +rom nnxennn, xax n n 1970-e rot, npnxast oramr panxant.
uaennrne crano xoannnne nme pasntx nonnrnuecxnx yexenn or
xoncepnaropon o nneprapnannen; nme, couyncrnymmnx nsrnxam P+n. Hx
cnenn nmecre neperynnpyemt xannrannsm n xenanne ypesart nosmoxnocrn
npannrentcrna, a P+n nonena no +rn crpemnennx npancrnennym ocnony.
Mt ne nosnonnm, urot pyrne nonpoct pasennnnn nac, samernna
Cannn.
nnxenne npoonxaer eno P+n, cxasana ona. Homoraer
pacnpocrpanxrt ee nen. axe ecnn, n xonne xonnon, ne xaxt nasoner cex
oexrnnncrom, ee nen, xax mne xaxercx, onaamr rpomantm nnnxnnem.
Bsrnxt P+n na +xonomnxy, cxasana Cannn, esoronopouno nonnnxnn na
nnxenne, xax n ee nsrnxt na npenpnnnmarentcrno n nenom n eme ee
cocpeorouennocrt na nnnnnyantnocrn, xax na ocnonno nnxyme cnne
ncero xopomero, uro ecrt n omecrne.
nnxenne uaennrnx nonce ne raxoe ecnopxounoe n ne]opmantnoe,
xaxnm ero nnora nsopaxamr. B exeneentntx xon]epennnxx Harpnoron
uaennrnx npnnnmaer yuacrne ne menee noctmncor enxrncor uenonex. Mt
ocyxaem naxoxmnecx n paore npoexrt saxonon, ntpaartnaem cno orner
na nnx, ]opmynnpyem +ror orner yer nn +ro mnrnnr, cronr nn pasnepnyrt
xamnannm no pacctnxe nncem, oxcnnna Cannn. Koneuno, +ro, mxrxo
ronopx, cuacrnnnoe connaenne, uro na nannonantntx xoopnnaropa
Harpnoron uaennrnx nepoxrno, camo ontmo rpynnt nnyrpn nnxennx
oxasannct nentmn nocneonarenxmn An P+n. H onn xnnnnct ne ns
Hncrnryra An P+n, ne orxya-ro nsnne, a npnnanexann x nnxennm c
camoro nauana.
H nsanmontronoe corpynnuecrno uaennrnx c P+n nnxya ne enercx.
Ono nanepnxxa npoonxnrcx n nocne ntopon 2012 roa. uaennrne
nacrpoeno na nnnnym ncrannnm. Mt paspaorann ro, uro nastnaem
copoxanernnm nnanom, cxasana Cannn. Horpeonanoct copox ner, urot
conpemennte nente sanoenann nce nncrnryrt omecrna. Onn nauann n
mecrnecxrte, c noxonennx, ponnmerocx nocne nont, or xoroporo x ornana
npxmo nocpen nyrn, n nm norpeonanoct copox ner, urot ocrnut ano]eosa,
nonnornnmerocx n Oame. On xaxercx mne xnmueno ]nrypo. 3ro ero nen
menx nyramr.
o +roro momenra Cannn Onxap no ncem coornercrnonana moemy neany:
cronponenrnax oexrnnncrxa ns uaennrnx. Ho mon naext pacraxnn,
xora mt npncrynnnn x ocyxennm neuno axryantnoro nonpoca na yxny a.
Ona noxcnnna, uro xorx e nonnocrtm no yme nsrnxt P+n na
xannrannsm, pannonantnocrt, nnnnnyantnocrt n romy noonoe, ona
pacxonrcx c nem no nonpocy o pennrnn. Cannn xora-ro tna raxo xe
panxantno arencrxo, no cranonxct crapme, necxontxo oromna or arensma.
Ona cxasana, uro npncrantno nsyuaer +ror orpesox cnoero xnsnennoro nyrn:
ne nannmanact ncnoneonart o]nnnantnym pennrnm, x ne xaxax-nnyt
neo]nrxa n x ne xoxy n nepxont. nx menx +ror orpesox nyrn tn nnrepecen
uacrnuno n noromy, uro x npnmxnyna x nnxennm uaennrnx.
Ho ee cnonam, n +rom uyncrnonanoct neuro npoe pyxn Hponnennx.
Hmenno n ror nepno ee xnsnn nponsomen px onpeenenntx cotrn. Ona
noospenana, nnpouem, uro +ro tno, cxopee ncero, npocroe connaenne.
Kora xe ncraer nonpoc o arensme, ona ne ynepena o xonna: ynepena ne
nacrontxo, xax P+n, no ryr yx nnuero ne noenaemt.
Cannn oxasanact arnocrnxom. cenan nx cex nomerxy: Fnnsxo, no ne n
,ecxrxy.

yxe nauan npnxonrt n oruaxnne x romy npemenn, xax noncrpeuancx c
Hnrepom Kananpyuuo. nontran cuacrtx co ncemn samerntmn yuacrnnxamn
nnxennx uaennrnx, xaxne ncrpeuannct mne na nyrn. tn cnonno nont
noren, xoropt ntncxnnan nonnnnoro arencra cpen oexrnnncron ns
uaennrnx, n noxa uro es ycnexa.
Hnrep tn nacrontxo nmesen, uro npnrnacnn menx nmecre c Bnxn Taync na
ony ns perynxpntx ncrpeu oexrnnncron, npononmtx n Mem]nce.
Hpnexart x ne mor, no+romy mt noronopnnn no rene]ony. nonxn, uro
pasronop npecronr ne ns nerxnx, xora ynnen nonnct no ero +nexrponntm
nnctmom. Hnrep oxasancx peaxropom n nsarenem rene]onnoro cnpanounnxa
c yxasannem saneenn, re n Mem]nce noamr apexm. Eme y nero nmencx
ne-car, nocnxmennt tmy, coycy n nmnn x apexm. nmnm
apexm, no cnxy na crporo nere. Ho+romy x crncnyn syt, crapaxct ne
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opamart nnnmannx na xncrnennt sanax xapenoro mxca, counnmncx ns
rene]onno rpyxn.
Kax n npoune ntammnecx exrenn ns nnxennx uaennrnx, Hnrep
yocronncx ynomnnann n mecrno npecce. B anpene 2010 roa o nem, nmecre c
Bnxn, nanncann n The Commercial Appeal, xora onn oa, napxy c pyrnmn
yuacrnnxamn nnxennx, nanann na xonrpeccmena Crnna Ko+na n ono ns
xo]een Mem]nca [165 - Callahan J . Tea Partiers Protest Cohen // Commercial
Appeal. April 7, 2010.]. Ko+n, xoroporo ntnnnynn n xannart or
emoxparon, necxontxnmn nxmn pantme pasnec uaennrne n nyx n npax. On
cxasan, uro yuacrnnxn nnxennx nsnecrnte ncem nmn (rontxo es
anaxonon n xonnaxon), onn ecrnnrentno onnnernopxmr ry nectma
osnonennym uacrt nacenennx Amepnxn, xoropax ne npnemner nnuero, uro
ornnuanoct t or nopmt. H mt nnnm, uro onn npornn a]poamepnxannen,
npaxeno nacrpoent x rexm, npaxeno nacrpoent xo ncem, xro npocro ne
noxox na xpocrnoro croponnnxa xopxa Vonneca. H x omct, uro onn yxe
rnanencrnymr n Pecnynnxancxo naprnn. [166 - 3annct nnrepntm C. Ko+na
nx naprnn Monote rypxn // Commercial Appeal. April 3, 2010.]
Bnxn Taync nospasnna na +ro ntcxastnanne, opamennoe x neontmo
xomnannn, copanmecx n xo]ene, n e yanoct sacrannrt Ko+na
samnmartcx. snam, uro nt ne pacncrxa. Haemct, uro nt ne pacncrxa,
nnrnponann cnona Ko+na. Hnrep nonpocnn ero nsnnnnrtcx, no Ko+n
nsnnnxrtcx ne cran, xorx n npnsnan, uro mor t necrn cex nonexnnnee (uro
comnnrentno, nocxontxy on rontxo uro pasrpomnn npornnnnxa na
npenapnrentntx ntopax n ynepenno men na nepenspanne). B orner na
ynomnnanne anaxonon n xonnaxon on nonyunn no +nexrponno noure
nnctmo c yrposamn, onaxo crtuxa n xo]ene nocnna nnonne nnnnnnsonannt
xapaxrep. Hnrep ocrannn nexnnnt n paccynrentnt xommenrapn n
mecrno rasere, uro xora noontmn cnonamn xapaxrepnsymr nenym rpynny
nme, +ro ronopnr ne n nontsy o]nnnantnoro nnna. Hecxontxo nosxe on
cxasan: Ftno t nyume nosepxnnartcx or noontx nponoxannonntx
sameuann.
Hnrep no npemx namero pasronopa ne satnan o nnnnenre, xorx, nepoxrno,
satn o rom, xax ropxuo ymonxn o yurnnocrn. On raxo ronopnnnt n
nnuno mne npecrannxercx nonnomennem sna, cxasan on o cnoem
npecrannrene n Konrpecce.
C uero t +ro? Hpexe ncero, ornernn Hnrep, x ncxoxy ns
npenonoxennx, uro nmo opasonannt uenonex xorx t n mano crenenn
snaer ncropnm, a snaunr, nonnmaer, uro nce pexnmt, crpemnnmnecx npncnonrt
xannran rex nme, xoroptm onn cnyxnnn, n xoneunom nrore npnunnxnn
nemant npe, cexnn xaoc n nemnnyemo npnnonnn x ontmnm uenoneuecxnm
xeprnam. Kaxercx, rax tno na nporxxennn nce ncropnn uenoneuecrna n
xaxo nmnepnn, n nmom rorannrapnom rocyapcrne, npn monapxnn,
connannsme n xommynnsme. H nce +rn cncremt xnnxmr pasnrentnt xonrpacr c
amepnxancxo saxonoarentno cncremo, cornacno xoropo nnacrt
npannrentcrna, ero cnna orpannuent
H on npnnxncx paccyxart n rom xe yxe. On ntan mne pasnepnyrt,
oexrnnncrcxn ananns ponn npannrentcrna nce +ro, orneuax na nonpoc,
nouemy on cunraer cnoero xonrpeccmena nonnomennem sna. On nouemy-ro ne
xacancx nmenno +roro acnexra, cxasan rontxo, uro cunraer Ko+na
npecrannrenem sno cncremt sno, nocxontxy nnacrt npannrentcrna
npenocxonr neoxonmt mnnnmym, a ona, no ero mnennm, onxna trt
nnmnrnponana. Tontxo orpannunn nnacrt npannrentcrna, moxno samnrnrt
npano nnunocrn saornrtcx o cee camocroxrentno.
xocnyncx nonpoca o arensme, uyncrnyx, xax no mne napacraer oruaxnne.
Hnrep, narocnonn ero ymy, ycnoxonn menx. On ne oannxer cnnnox pennrnn
nnn antrpynsma n cno oexrnnncrcxn xo]e. On nter ero uepntm. On
oxasancx saxonuenntm arencrom. On npenepexnrentno ormaxnyncx or remt
pennrnn. nx nero +ro ne nmeno ocoennoro snauennx, xax ne nmeno t nx
nmoro ncrnnnoro oexrnnncra.
Bce xonnennnn n ]past, xoropte on osnyunnan, n ocoennocrn nontnoe
ynorpenenne cnona sno, tnn ocront ycr camo P+n. B +ro npemx
nonnennx yxe oxnartnann Fnnxnn Bocrox, n Hnrep npoanannsnponan nx
menx cnoxnnmymcx cnryannm, ncxox ns nosnnn oexrnnnsma:
Cymecrnyer omee yexenne, cxasan on, uro xaxt xouer xax moxno
ontme nonyunrt nx cex. Ho nnxomy ne npnxonr n ronony, uro nmeercx
nexax nasouxa c xon]eramn, xya moxno sanycrnrt pyxy, n, xax mne xaxercx,
nmenno n +rom cnyuae ]nnoco]nx An P+n n rnyoxoe nonnmanne
uenoneuecxo npnpot, ycnonn cymecrnonannx nme amr ontmne
ntrot. xax yro cnona oxasancx n pecropane na Manx+rrene cpen monx
oexrnnncron. 3ror napent snan cnom P+n. H sa cnonom n xapman ne nes.
Hnrep, xoropomy tno yxe no mecrtecxr, npnmen x P+n otuntm nyrem
nourn otuntm. Knnra Arnanr pacnpannn nneun croxna na nonxe n
mneno xomnare moe marepn, re x n ercrne enan ypoxn, cxasan on.
nnxora ne cnnman ee c nonxn, ne nonnman, uro osnauaer +ro nasnanne, ne
snan, cam nn Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nnn pacnpannn nx xomy-ro. H +ro menx
ncera sannmano. Ho ne cnnmxom, noromy uro on npounran xnnry rontxo n
2004 roy, xora narxnyncx na nee n yxnnncrnuecxom marasnne n napmnnom
ropronom nenrpe ropoa unnnxca. Onn c xeno nonropa roa nyremecrnonann
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n no xonrnnenry n anromonne c ]ypronom, n xoropom n xnnn, n sa +ro npemx
npoexann rtcxun mnnt no sanay Coennenntx Braron, Kanae n Mexcnxe.
Hpexe Hnrep paoran yunrenem n Cananne, n mrare xopxnx. A norom
cynpyrn pemnnn panxantno nomenxrt cnom xnsnt, uro ouent n yxe P+n,
xorx rora x P+n eme ne unran.
On nsxn c coo xnnry n npaueunym, urot cxoporart npemx, noxa crnpaercx
ente, n nao nn ronopnrt, uro ona nsmennna ero xnsnt. Ha ocnone
cocrnennoro xnsnennoro ontra x n cam yxe naunnan ]opmynnponart xoe-uro
nnsxoe x nexm P+n, cxasan on. Bor cnona xonnennnn P+n nnramr n
nosyxe, n unrarenn xynnent eme o roro, xax nostmyrcx sa ee xnnrn n
norpysxrcx n nonnymmne npnxnmuennx +rnn, xona, X+nxa n nce
ocrantno xomnannn. Hepeo mno tn uenonex, xoropt ne nmnn trt
npnnxsanntm x onomy mecry, sa ecxrnnernx on cmennn mnoxecrno sanxrn:
yunrent n xonnexe, apxnrexrop, npoexrnponmnx, a raxxe npenpnnnmarent n
nennrent apexm. H nor on, ocrnrnyn spenoro nospacra, noyman: Foxe, +ro
net ro xe camoe, x uemy npnmen x cam, ro xe camoe nonnmanne
nepnocrenenno snaunmocrn nnunocrn. Hcrounnx ntsnan n nem
xnnemn orxnnx, xaxo nensmenno ntstnaer y apxnrexropon. Bce xorxr
trt Ionapamn Popxamn, nnxro ne xouer crart Hnrepom Knrnnrom, cxasan
on.
H ]nnoco]cxne nstcxannx repox noxasannct emy nectma npnnnexarentntmn,
xax n ncem apxnrexropam. Hocne uero on npnnxncx nornomart P+n, nrptsaxct
n mera]nsnuecxym marepnm, cnonno n oxopox. Ftrne onpeenxer cosnanne.
Bam +ro nsnecrno? cnpocnn on menx. 3ra camax rema trnx,
onpeenxmmero cosnanne, oxasanact pemamme, n on ocosnan ncm naxnocrt
neponann P+n. Hnrep nsyuan ]nnoco]nm, no+romy tn snaxom c +rnm
xnaccnuecxnm nocrynarom. P+n, cxasan on, oxantnaercx o cyrn neme. uro
nmenno mt snaem, n orxya mt +ro snaem? H ona npnmna x ntnoy, cxasan
Hnrep, nnrnpyx P+n, uro trne cymecrnyer trne tryer. Ona
ecrnnrentno mnoro pas o +rom ronopnna. nx uenonexa nocroponnero +ro
moxer nposnyuart ranronorne, n Antepr 3nnnc noremancx na +ro ]paso,
no no xaxo-ro npnunne nmenno +ror pocxn nosynr nceptes nopaxaer
necrnaemtx oexrnnncron.
Hnnnnyantnomy cosnannm sect ne nyxnt oxasarentcrna, samernn
Hnrep. Onnpaxct na +ror xpaeyrontnt xament, nepe nnm ntcrponnact
]nnoco]nx, ronopnnmax, uro nenosmoxno nmert nnpor n n ro xe npemx
cecrt ero, a nmenno rax on oxapaxrepnsonan ]nnoco]nm rex, xro nepnr,
uro moxno xopmnrtcx ns omero xoptra.
Mt saronopnnn o nporecrax n Ernnre, n pesyntrare xoroptx tn cmemen
Xocnn Myapax. Hexoropte ns nporecrymmnx ontme ncero nosmymannct
pasnnne n yponne oxoon, samerno n Ernnre noncemecrno, n x cnpocnn
Hnrepa, xax t P+n, no ero mnennm, orpearnponana na nponcxoxmee.
Hanepnoe, ryr ecrt nponnx, no ona cxasana t cnonamn Hncyca Xpncra, uro
enxxn ncera yyr cpen nac. Homnnre +ry snamennrym nnrary? cnpocnn
on. A x ne xpncrnannn.
Hacxontxo x nonnmam, cymecrnyer omee mnenne, uro ecrt nexn nnpor,
xoropt neoxonmo pasennrt, cxasan on, no+romy xora nmn ronopxr o
pasnnne n oxoax, mne xouercx cnpocnrt: A xaxoro uepra nt xann? urot
nce tnn orartmn? P+n cocpeorounnact t na rom, uro cymecrnyer, na
trnn xax raxonom. H cyrt n rom, uro nexoropte nmn nonpocry yyr
entmn. Hoonte ntcxastnannx x ne pas ntcnymnnan n Hnnn, re
uyonnmnax enocrt nopoxaer y nme ymennym uepcrnocrt nacrontxo
otennym, uro na nnmenox n noxmortxx, xoropte noxastnamr
ocranannnnammnmcx na cnero]ope nonrenxm cnonx ymnpammnx or
ncromennx mnaennen, nnxro ne opamaer nnnmannx.
Hnrep samernn, uro n ornocnrentno cnoontx ptnountx +xonomnxax,
nanpnmep, n Ionxonre, nsnecrnt cnyuan, xora monote nmn ynopno
rpyxrcx n npoxoxr nyrt or o]nnnanron o xnepxon, a sarem moryr axe
camn crart nnaentnamn orene. Bce ynnpaercx rontxo n yaunoe creuenne
ocroxrentcrn n nnunym nnnnnarnny. Ha pyro uame necon n +rom cnope, xax
on cam c]opmynnponan, nexnr rouxa spennx, uro ntcmee npenasnauenne
uenonexa n rom, urot orart xnsnt sa pyroro, ne naxno, xax mnoro on
enaer nnn ne enaer nx cex cam. H +ro, cxasan on, ecrt ro sno, n xoropom x
onnnxn Crnna Ko+na.
Pasronop nnesanno cnona nepnyncx x +romy nexopomemy uenonexy, xoropt
sacen y Hnrepa xocrtm n ropne. Ko+n snaer ncropnm, n nnuno x no+romy ne
nonnmam, xax uenonex ocrarouno pasnnrt nosnonxer cee essacrenunno
ntcxastnart nem, rax noxynammym npocro napo, yro nmn moryr
nonyunrt uro-ro apom, rontxo noromy, uro onn uepnte, npnnanexar x
xencxomy nony, romocexcyanncrt, rerepocexcyant nnn xro-ro ram eme. 3ror
uenonex rpemnr npornn ocnon nornxn, npornn ncropnn, a re, xro emy nepnr,
rpemar npornn ocrantntx nsnparene, nponarannpyx raxym nonnrnuecxym
neonornm.
norom nepecmorpen nce nosmoxnte marepnant, ntncxnnax ntcxastnannx
Ko+na, xoropte moxno tno t cuecrt npnstnamn x cnepxecrecrnennomy
camonoxeprnonannm nnn x nosntmennm ono rpynnt nacenennx na pyro,
no nnuero ne namen. Bnpouem, +ro ne nmeer snauennx, noromy uro
anrn+mnnpnuecxn noxo neoxonm nx p+nnancxoro rnna mtmnennx, es
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xoroporo oexrnnnsm npocro ne cmor t cymecrnonart.
Hnrep onapyxnn, uro rpyt P+n nomornn emy nyume nonxrt ro, uro on
nepexnn, noxa onran n saxonycrte, cpen npenmymecrnenno uepnoro
nacenennx Canannt, n mrare xopxnx. Co npemenem on nauan noxynart
nennxnmocrt, urot nepecrpannart n pasnnnart ee. C +rnm y menx nponem
ne tno, cxasan on o cnoe xnsnn cpen pacontx mentmnncrn. ocoenno
ne opaman nnnmannx, no, ecnn uecrno, x, x coxanennm, ne mor ne samernrt, n
nam cronr +ro npoanannsnponart, uro noannxmmee ontmnncrno uepntx
cunraer cex xeprnamn. Ornt n cemtxx npncyrcrnymr xpane pexo, ecnn
noome npncyrcrnymr. ern npeocrannent camn cee, c xenmnnamn
opamamrcx ornparnrentno, xpyrom ntmr, ynorpenxmr napxornxn, no npn
+rom naroapx noconxm onn nonyuamr nonont ener na cnrapert,
anxoront, norepente nnert n xpnmnnantnym exrentnocrt. On ntrancx
nonxrt, xax rax nonyunnoct. H npnmen x ntnoy, uro xeprnamn nx
ntcrannxmr nmn npoe Crnna Ko+na, xoropte ronopxr: O, rt nocrynaemt
ouent nnoxo, no rt cnnmxom ryno, no+romy noport rex ner cmtcna. Vx
nyume mt yem o ree saornrtcx.
Kora noxnnnoct nnxenne uaennrnx, on nonxn, uro ono xax pas nx nero.
Hnrep paccxastnan: Ho mepe roro, xax uaennrne nanpano cnny,
npenpamanoct n nnxenne, x ynnen n nem ne rontxo ntpaxenne moero
cocrnennoro neonontcrna nonynncrcxo nonnrnxo npannrentcrna n yxe
mecrnecxrtx roon, no eme n nnxenne, x xoropomy cronr
npncoennnrtcx, urot ntcxasart cnoe mnenne. On xax pas rontxo uro
nepeexan na ponny, n Mem]nc, n npnnxncx ncxart nnrepecntx nme:
rpynnt noxnonnnxon An P+n, arencrnuecxne xpyxxn, n nor, namen
uaennrne. On ynnen n +rom nnxennn rnopuecxn norennnan, uro ero
ynnnno. Kax, xoncepnaropt roxe moryr rnopnrt? 3ro npnano mne cnn,
cxasan on.
Ftn ]enpant 2009 roa, n nnxenne uaennrnx crano camtm xpxnm
xnnennem n crane npantx co npemen Perana c ero xenentmn oamn.
Hnrep nauan nocemart mnrnnrn uaennrnx, n, nanepexop nponarane, +ro
oxasanoct nonce ne copanne romo]oon n pacncron +ro tno copanne
nme, xoropte ronopnnn: ycran trt nonnrnuecxn xoppexrntm,
nornopcrnonart ncem, npeocrannxrt ncem npano na comnenne n trt +raxnm
antrpyncrom-]narennanrom. Xnarnr yxe!. Hnrep oxasancx arencrom n
oprannsannn, xoropax opnenrnponana na xpncrnancrno, no ocrancx npn
cnoem mnennn. Kora npnxonrcx ronopnrt o pennrnn, x ronopm nm:
Honnmaere nn, nenn uaennrnx n rom, urot nepnyrt nac oparno x
Koncrnrynnn, no xoropo y nac nmeercx npano na camocroxrentnt ntop
pennrnn, camocroxrentnoe onpeenenne cnoe cexcyantnocrn n npounx
connantntx momenron. Ham ne nyxna reoxparnx, urot npnnxrt, uro
ntramrcx nanxsart nam nente connanncrt.
Fontmnncrno pennrnosntx nme, cxasan on, nacroxmne reoxpart, n,
xoneuno, nmxm, nocnnranntm n nepe, rpyno or nee orxasartcx. uyncrno
nnnt n npoun nenocnntnt rpys ntnyxamr nx sannmart ooponnrentnym
nosnnnm. Ho+romy ecnn nt arencr, nce, uro nt cxaxere, npocro oxsano
trt nenepntm. Hnrep tn cornacen c P+n, uro nornxa n pasym ntrecnxmr
npepaccyxn n mncrnnnsm. Hocnenn, samernn on, npoonxaer
onpantnart nme, xoropte ynnamr n xaneuar pyr pyra na rom
ocnonannn, uro nx or nyume uyxoro ora. P+n nacrontxo, npomy npomennx
sa raxoe ntpaxenne, o]nrenno npana, uro x ne mory cepxartcx, x roron
xpnuart: Cnymare, x oxsan cxasart npany! ne mory norn na
xomnpomncc n saxnnrt: a, x xpncrnannn, n naexe noxynnrt xoro-
nnyt n npnnecrn x ee opasy mtcnn, noromy uro +ro nsanmoncxnmuammne
nemn.
Xorx Hnrep ne ncrpernn nnyrpn nnxennx pyrnx arencron, saro
nosnaxomnncx c raxnmn xe nounrarenxmn P+n, xax on cam, nanpnmep, c
Bnxn Taync. Vxe na nepnom mnrnnre, re on npncyrcrnonan, n ]enpane 2009
roa, cnntnoe nnnxnne P+n omymanoct noncmy. Vxe rora, cxasan on,
mnorne ns copanmnxcx npnmnn c nnaxaramn n snauxamn, na xoroptx
xpaconannct nosynrn: Kro raxo xon Ianr? n Arnanr pacnpannn nneun.
Homnm, xora x nnepnte ynnen Bnxn, na ne tna ]yronxa c nannctm
|cepeuxo] xona Ianra. Cam Hnrep oxonncx es p+nnancxo
arpnyrnxn. Haoopor, yyun nacroxmnm essacrenunntm xannranncrom,
on cam npoanan ]yronxn c nannctm opo noxanonart n CCCP,
connannsnponannoe rocyapcrno Oamt. B xaxo-ro momenr y nero
nponsomna crtuxa c unenom nnxennx antrpyncrom, xoropt nocxnnxnyn:
,Kax, nt ropryere sect? Hpout c monx rnas! Kax yro t x onxen tn
pasanart ]yronxn ecnnarno. H x ornernn emy: Tax x xe xannranncr,
npnxrent.
Hecmorpx na +ro nponcmecrnne, Hnrep nepnn, uro nnxenne uaennrnx
couyncrnyer cnoonomy npenpnnnmarentcrny. B omem n nenom on cxasan:
Moxer, nx ancrpncxo nnn eme xaxo-nnyt +xonomnxn +ro n ne nepno,
no, xax mne xaxercx, onn onxnt nce-raxn nonnmart, uro xannrannsm +ro
ncrounnx ncex marepnantntx nar. nanomnnn emy rouxy spennx
oexrnnncron, uro yuacrnnxam nnxennx uaennrnx neocraer ceptesnocrn
n nanexame ]nnoco]cxo ast. On ornernn, uro or +roro ntcxastnannx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
neer cnonsmom, n x romy xe ono nanpanneno na ro, urot nnmnrt nme
+nrysnasma.
Mne nouynnoct sect nexoe cronxnonenne xyntryp. Bo ncex nac, xro
uyncrnyer cnom npanory, +ro npncyrcrnyer, cxasan on. Ecnn nama nent (a
nx nexoroptx rax n ecrt) cocronr n rom, urot uyncrnonart, uro nt npant, a
eme n ouent nonxn, n ecnn nam +ronsm npn +rom yonnernopen, rax n
noxanycra. Ho nnuno nx nero, cxasan on, craparentno nonpax cnona,
xpane naxno, xora nonax nn]opmannx oannxercx ne x xonnexrnnnomy
snannm, a x cymmapnomy snannm orentnoro uenonexa. H x onxen oannxrt
+ry nn]opmannm c rounocrtm n nonnmannem +ro snaunr nonpocry ne trt
nnorom. On cxasan, uro emy npannrcx Hncrnryr An P+n, on tn na onom
ns nx cemnnapon n Tennypne, no onapyxnn, uro nexoropte ns corpynnxon
raxne cnot!. Kaxercx, nx Hnrepa +ro tn ontno nonpoc. Hnora,
cxasan on, tno t nyume, ecnn t noonte nmn nonce ne nocemann
copann uaennrnx. Bet ecnn nt xornre ronopnrt c nmtmn, xpane
naxno nonnmart, uro nenosmoxno nononnnrt snannx orentnoro uenonexa
npocro-nanpocro exnapnpyx uro-ro n opamaxct co ncemn ocrantntmn, xax c
npnypxamn.
Hpespenne Hnrepa ne pacnpocrpanxnoct na camoro samernoro npecrannrenx
oexrnnncron, nensmenno neynonnmoro (nx menx) pona Fpyxa. Mne on
ouent npannrcx, cxasan Hnrep. On enaer ontmoe eno, orxponenno
saxnnxx nmxm o, cxaxem rax, +xcrpemantntx acnexrax oexrnnnsma, npn
+rom ne sanpax noc n ne ntxastnax cnncxonrentnocrt. O pyrom
ntpasnrene ne oexrnnnsma y nero tno xya menee necrnoe mnenne: emy
t on axe noconeronan nocnert oma n nepeunrart Arnanra eme pasox,
nor rontxo nosatn ero nmx. Btcnymnnax necranaprnym rouxy spennx
Hnrepa na uaennrne n ero samtcnonaroe ronxonanne oexrnnnsma, x
ocoenno oruernnno omyman, uro nente cnanxnn ypaxa, ormaxnynmnct or nce
paspacrammerocx npanoro nnxennx, xax or rpynnxn neorecanntx onnanon n
npocraxon, ]nnancnpyemtx xopnopannxmn. Hnrep nnxax ne noxonn na
npocraxa, na onnana, na mapnonerxy pecnynnxannen n noome ne utm-nno
mapnonerxy. nonnman, nouemy p+nnannt npoe Mapxa Mexnepa
ntnnramrcx n uaennrnn na pyxonoxmne ponn. a, y oexrnnncron n
uannxon nmemrcx pasnornacnx, n ocoennocrn no nonoy pennrnn, no +ro
ne raxoe yx ontmoe npenxrcrnne, xax moxer noxasartcx cnauana.
Inanntm ]axropom, onpeenxmmnm naxnym pont oexrnnncron n
nnxennn uaennrnx, xnnxercx ro, uro p+nnannt emoncrpnpymr
nexoropym neonornuecxym noxonannocrt ne oxsarentno ontmym, no
ocrarounym, n y nnx ecrt npecrannenne o rom, n xaxom nanpannennn cneyer
nnrartcx, uero ner y rex yuacrnnxon uaennrnx, xoropte ne unrann P+n.
Hep+nnannt npx nn onaamr nenocrno ]nnoco]cxo cncremo, na
xoropo tnn t ocnonant nx nsrnxt n xoropym moxno tno t
pacnpocrpanxrt cpen ronapnme no nnxennm.
Hs nennxrnoro rnena n neonontcrna P+n enana xonnenrpar, anax nmxm
omymenne nenn. Hycrt +xcrpemncrcxax, nycrt noxnonnennax mnocrtm,
npomeme n Poccnn, ee ]nnoco]nx nocnenana ocronncrna nnnnnyannsma
n cnoonoro npenpnnnmarentcrna, cront ponte nx cpenero amepnxanna.
Mne nenontno ncnomnnaercx, xax nannsm namen orxnnx n cepnax nemnen
eme ona panxantnax neonornx, nycrnnmax xopnn n yme nenoro napoa. V
nanncron roxe tnn xopnoparnnnte cnoncopt, no ncropnx coxpannna nx
nmena nnmt n npnmeuannxx. H ceronx nnxro, xpome camtx saxopenentx
mapxcncron, ne cxaxer, uro nanncrcxax naprnx tna nncrpymenrom n pyxax
Tnccena n Kpyna.
nce panno ne sameuan, urot onnonenrt P+n n ns xoncepnaropon, n ns
nnepanon nauann nocnpnnnmart oexrnnnsm nceptes n yx rem onee
npnnxnnct t sa rxxenym paory, xoropym neoxonmo npoenart, urot
ocrono npornnocroxrt +romy yuennm. He tno nacroxmnx neonornuecxnx
xon]ponrann, ne tno cronxnonennx ne. Fent om ncxan xomnpomncca,
npnnocx n xeprny cocrnennte npnnnnnt. emoxpart n nporpeccnnncrt
nnxax ne mornn yenrentno oxasart (a n ontmnncrne cnyuaen axe ne
ntrannct), uro nx xonnennnx npannrentcrna nepna c mopantno rouxn spennx.
Ho mepe npnnnxennx ntopon 2012 roa P+n no ymonuannm ntnrptnana
cnop o npancrnennocrn. Onaxo cranonnnoct ouennno, uro amepnxannt ne n
nocropre or nporpammt npantx, xora ona saenaer nx nnunte nnrepect. Ha
ontopax n mae 2011 roa na nanart mecrom nsnparentnom yuacrxe Htm-
Hopxa +ro neonontcrno npnnxno oruernnnym ]opmy. Tam noenn emoxpar,
ctrpanmn na neonontcrne, xoropoe ntsnan nnan Paana ornocnrentno
nporpammt Medicare. [167 - Korte G. Democrats seize on N.Y. election, make
Medicare top issue // USA Today. May 25, 2011.]
He ynepen, uro onnx onacenn ocrarouno, urot oepxart noey n none
neonorn. Kax samernn n 2004 roy Tomac upanx, nsnparenn moryr
nrnopnponart nnunte nnrepect, ecnn nmn mannnynnponart onxntm
opasom. Ecnn Oama xouer noenrt panxantnt xannrannsm, on onxen
npenparnrt ntopt n cocrxsanne neonorn, nocxontxy ocnonononarammne
npnnnnnt Pecnynnxn o xoroptx rpynnn nce ntammnecx amepnxannt or
Tomaca Hena o upanxnnna Pysnentra na ero cropone. Ho ne samerno,
urot on roronnncx x noonomy cocrxsannm.
Ho cuacrtm, ono ns peuamnx cocrxsann mexy oexrnnncramn n
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nporpeccnnncramn tno yxe ne sa ropamn. ara nepntx ns rpex oemanntx
earon mexy croponnnxamn An P+n n unenamn nayuno-
nccneonarentcxoro nenrpa Demos, npecrannrenxmn nnrennexryantno +nnrt
nporpeccnnncron, tna nasnauena. Moxer trt, +ra epynonax crtuxa craner
npenecrnnxom ontmnx cotrn.

13. Bennxne ea1m
Kax noxasano meponpnxrne no copy cpecrn, nponeennoe n orene St.
Regis, n sane, xoropt tn nasnan n uecrt monapxa, xoroporo P+n npesnpana,
oexrnnncrt ne nocnpnnnmamr cnyuano nponnn. H +ro moe nanmenne
nnont nornepnnoct na nepntx earax oexrnnncron c nnepanamn,
xoropte tnn nepenecent c cepennt ]enpanx na 10 mapra 2011 roa.
Ha ncem Cenepo-Amepnxancxom xonrnnenre tno t rpyno ortcxart
mecro, menee rocrenpnnmnoe no ornomennm x oexrnnncram. B uncne
oprannsaropon snaunnoct n Hannonantnoe omecrnennoe pano n nnne
panocrannnn WNYC, +ro xponoxanoe uyonnme ns narepx nentx. H
npononnnct eart n paccannxe nnepannsma, Htm-Hopxcxom
ynnnepcnrere. Vnnnepcnrer pacnonoxen pxom c napxom Bamnnrron-cxnep,
re nsanna rycymrcx nente panxant n nrnnxn c rnrapamn, nocnrenn
npeonocntx antrpyncrnuecxnx ne, pacnenammne necenxn, n xoroptx
npocnannxmrcx pasnte napasnrt. Ha napx ntxonr ]aca oma nomep onn no
Hxro anenm, re xnn snamennrt pamarypr nentx nsrnxon, Knn]]op
Oerc, xax pas n re rot, xora on ocoenno ynnexancx xommynnsmom. A
nenocpecrnenno nnomaxo nx earon tn ntpan Kyntrypnt nenrp
Cxnponna npn Htm-Hopxcxom ynnnepcnrere, nasnannt rax n uecrt pan
xexa X. Cxnponna, ocnonarenx Hoc-Anxeneccxo mxont npn Konnexe
nyecxoro comsa, nsnecrnoro ]nnanrpona n xnnonpomcepa 1940-x roon
[168 - Jack H. Skirball (obituary) // New York Times. December 10, 1985.].
Taxnm opasom, n onom mecre copannct Ionnnny, mncrnnnsm,
xonnexrnnnsm, rocyapcrnennt rorannrapnsm, antrpynsm, xommynnsm,
nyansm n nce npoune -nsmt, npaxente oexrnnnsmy.
B nporpamme earon, xoropym nsnaran mne n Hentcxom xnye Fappn
Konnnn, nponsomnn neontmne nsmenennx. Hepnte eart, nsnauantno
saxnnennte no nasnannem: Hpannrentcrno. Cxontxo nam neoxonmo?
renept nastnannct mxrue: Hpannrentcrno. B uem ero rnannax pont?. Cnntnee
ncero nsmennnact rema nroptx earon, xoropax cnauana snyuana rax:
Cncrema connantno samnrt nacenennx. Pasne mt cropoxa partxm
namnm?. Tenept xe ]opmynnponxa tna raxax: Cnooa. nx xoro n or
uero?. Henrp Demos, cyx no ncemy, npnnxn axrnnnoe yuacrne n ntope rem
nx earon, noromy uro npn raxnx ]opmynnponxax nnepanam tno t npome
ncrynnrt n o. Tpertn eart, nsnauantno nocnxmennte reme Kannrannsm.
opoerent nnn sno?, renept nastnannct Kannrannsm. Ecrt nn
npancrnennocrt n +ro cncreme?. Hasnanne rpertnx earon tno ncero nnmt
nemnoro nepe]pasnponano, no, xax x nonxn, xax pas orpaxano rpannnonnt
nsrnx nnepanon na xannrannsm, xoropt nm npecrannxncx snepem n xnerxe:
naxno, urot on xnn, no epxart ero nyume no samxom, urot on ne
nocxrnyn na npana nynnxn. opoerent nnn sno sect nonpoc nocrannen
pepom: nno uepnoe, nno enoe. Hpn nono xe ]opmynnponxe nonpoca n
xauecrne ornera moxno npenoxnrt necxoe nosmoxno nnn +ro sanncnr or.
Xorx y Demos tno npenmymecrno, nocxontxy nnepant pannct na cnoem
omamnem pnnre, n noono cnryannn ono ne nomorno xo Hyncy ntnrpart
y Maxca Bmennnra. H tno xcno, uro oexrnnncrt ntmnn nnepe eme no
npemx nsnemnnannx. Hncrnryr An P+n n npecrannrenn nenrpa Demos
paccrannnn cront co cnoe nnreparypo, n y crona nncrnryra, re pasanann
ecnnarnte pommpt c nsnoxennem ]nnoco]cxo cncremt P+n, ronnnnoct
ropaso ontme napoy. Hourn nnxro ne saepxnnancx y crona nenrpa, re
npenarann cxyunym pommpy c nrpnntm nasnannem Xopomne npannna.
ecxrt ncropn o ycnemnom perynnponannn. Hsannx nncrnryra, nanpnmep,
xnnxxa Hexo]]a Pennrnx npornn Amepnxn n pommpt P+n Hpana
uenonexa n Hpnpoa npannrentcrna, xasanoct, nmenn onee acrpaxrnte
sarnannx, menee cnxsannte c peantnocrtm, saro xnno ntstnann xnno nnrepec
y ynnnepcnrercxo nynnxn. Fpommpt P+n ntrnxenn ropaso
npnnnexarentnee, xopomo nepennerennte n orneuarannte na oporo
rnxnneno ymare, rora xax pommpa nenrpa Demos tna pacneuarana na
otuno ymare ]opmara A4 n cmnra cxpenxamn. Ecnn t x tn mnnom,
xoropt xaxer ortcxart nannrannonnym xapry nx nonera na
pacrepsanno, nsmyuenno xpnsncom Amepnxo, x, cxopee ncero, ntpan t n
npononnxn Hncrnryr An P+n, a ne Demos c ero nponepenntmn
narenronanntmn cpecrnamn.
Cpen nynnxn tn monoo xnnemarorpa]ncr no nmenn xnmn Harrepcon,
xoropt, necmorpx na xono, repnennno oxnancx na ynnne, noxa orxpomr
nepn. On yxe oxonunn ynnnepcnrer n npnmen cma c nopyro, xoropax eme
yunnact n Hene n, xaxercx, tna ne rax ynepena n esoronopouno noee
oexrnnncron, xax xnmn. On xe ncero necxontxo mnnyr nasa
nosnaxomnncx c ponom Fpyxom n tn rax cuacrnnn, yro ntnnn na
pyepma]r c xonom Hennonom. Her, c Mnxom xarrepom, nonpannncx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
on. xnmn oxnan, uro rpxymne eart cranyr coxpymnrentno noeo
Fpyxa, xoropomy npecroxno cornct n nepnom payne c Mansom
Panonoprom, npesnenrom Demos.
Hacmorpenmnct na Fpyxa n orene St. Regis, na meponpnxrnn no copy
cpecrn, x nncxontxo ne comnenancx, uro n +rom cocrxsannn on yer
Myxammeom Ann, rora xax Panonopr nostmer na cex pont connnoro,
ceptesnoro xo upesepa. Kaxo t nenpnnernnno nn xasanact +ra apena nx
oexrnnncron, Fpyx sapexomenonan cex tnantm onom, npnntuntm x
nmtm ycnonnxm, nnrepecntm oparopom n ontrntm cnopmnxom. Ha uro
cnocoen Panonopr, nourn ne tno nsnecrno. On ne rax uacro mentxan na
rene+xpane, xax Fpyx, xoropt nocroxnno noxnnxercx na xanane Fox News,
onaxo Panonopr nce panno orxasancx art mne nnrepntm o nauana earon,
uro morno oecneunrt emy nexoropym ]opy. Bmecro +roro on orocnan menx x
+nny Kannaxany, coyupenrenm nenrpa Demos n rnane ero mexynaponoro
nopasenennx. Kannaxan raxxe tn anropom xopomo npnnxro xnnrn o
+rnuecxnx nsxnax omecrna, osarnannenno Kyntrypa momennnxon. 3ro
nponsneenne esoronopouno nxnmuano n uncno npounx nsxnon
necnoconocrt orornopnrt xannrannsm.
Kora x pasronapnnan c Kannaxanom, sa necxontxo neent o earon, on
cxasan, uro y unenon oprannsannn ner ynepennocrn, uro n earax cneyer
ncrpernrtcx nmenno c nnmn, a ne, cxaxem, c Hncrnryrom Karo nnn uonom
Heritage, nnn eme c xaxo-nnyt nonynxpno crpyxrypo. Ho n nrore tno
pemeno ntrn na eart c oexrnnncramn, xoroptx on oxapaxrepnsonan xax
onoxmnx nneprapnancrno o nornuecxoro npeena. Hpnunna raxoro
ntopa, noxcnnn on, n xenannn noxasart, xya npnnonr noonax nornxa.
nx Hncrnryra An P+n eart npeocrannxmr nosmoxnocrt sanoenart
nonym nynnxy, nstnax x eme ne opamenntm, n opecrn pecnexraentnym
nnar]opmy nx cnonx +xcrpemncrcxnx ne.
3ro, c rouxn spennx Demos, n xymem cnyuae. pyro norennnantno
onacnocrtm nx yuentx ns Demos npecrannxnoct ro, uro nxnoro cnopmnxa or
nnepanon moxer npocro pacnnmmnrt n nenemxy ocrptmn n xsnnrentntmn
panxantntmn aprymenramn oexrnnncron.
//-- * * * --//
B Kyntrypnom nenrpe Cxnponna ne xnneno raxnx crpacre, xaxne ypnnnn
n 1967 roy, no npemx cxnarxn Fpanena c 3nnncom. Hanepnoe, yx oporo
pan yepxnnan nynnxy or rpyocre. Kora nepe nauanom earon
nponenn ronoconanne, npnmepno 60 % spnrene, no monm nocueram, oxnnnn
cex oexrnnncramn.
Hepntm na pnnr ntmen Panonopr, es ncxxo pnconxn. To tn connnt
rocnonn ner nxrnecxrn, necxontxo rpysnt, necnemnt, cnocont cxopee
octnart npornnnnxa rpaom nerxnx yapon, uem ornpannrt ero n noxayr. B
nauane cnoero ntcrynnennx on, xaxercx, unran no ymaxxe, sa uro, yt x
cyte, nenpemenno ntuen t emy ouxn. Ho Panonopr n ne cxptnan, uro
unraer. Hnuero ne rann sa nasyxo. B ornnune or earon Fpanena 3nnnca
sect ne tno nnxaxo xpnrnxn P+n, ee xnnr nnn rem onee repoen. Ha camom
ene x cnauana axe ne nonxn, unran nn Panonopr ee xnnrn, a ecnn unran, ro
nacxontxo +ro naxno nx earon. anare nponeem nx na ntcoxom yponne,
npnsnan n camom nauane neymn Fpaan Hepep n eart ecrnnrentno
npomnn na ntcoxom yponne.
Panonopr nauan c nanmennx, uro npexnero cornacnx mexy nnepanamn
yxe ne cymecrnyer. C 1980 roa npeonaamr nen Ponanta Perana. C
moe rouxn spennx, +rn nen, xoroptmn nceptes pyxonocrnonanoct
npannrentcrno, ronxnynn crpany n nponacrt, cronxnynn c ntcoxoro yreca,
cxasan on, nonropnn mera]opy. H renept, cxasan Panonopr, mt ncrynaem n
nont nepno, xapaxrep xoroporo noxa eme ne onpeenen. Fpyx xorx n +rom,
nosmoxno, ne tno neoxonmocrn enan samerxn, noxa oparop nanocnn
cnaentxne yapt (cnntnt rocyapcrnennt cexrop, cnpanennnte
npannna nrpt) emy n conneunoe cnnerenne. Ho sarem Panonopr saexan
npornnnnxy no sartnxy, npoemoncrpnponan, uro, nepoxrno, nce xe xopomo
snaxom co cnaocrxmn oexrnnnsma: Mexy npounm, cymecrnyer onacnocrt
ynecrn +rn eart x nepmnnam ]nnoco]nn, n cropony or npaxrnuecxnx
pemenn, or roro, xaxnmn onxnt trt nacroxmne nynnunte eart. On
nonan ne n pont, a n rnas: oexrnnncrt nocroxnno yxonnn or npaxrnuecxnx
pemenn. Heoxonmo, cxasan on, cneonart saauam nynnuntx earon,
xoropte npeycmorpent +rnm xanpom. Btnnraemte npnnnnnt onxnt
trt npnmennmt x peantnocrn.
Peantnocrt pasnxsannt mnypox, xoropt neuno nononr oexrnnncron,
morna t nocnyxnrt rposntm opyxnem, ecnn t Panonopr cymen nm
nocnontsonartcx.
On nponnrnponan Xan-Xaxa Pycco: Haxonen, xaxt, nounnxx cex ncem,
ne nounnxer cex nnxomy n orentnocrn. H rax xax ner nn onoro unena
acconnannn, n ornomennn xoroporo ocrantnte ne npnoperann t rex xe
npan, xoropte onn ycrynnnn emy no ornomennm x cee, ro xaxt
npnoperaer +xnnnanenr roro, uro repxer, n nonyuaer ontme cnnt nx
coxpanennx roro, uro nmeer. [169 - Pycco X. X. O omecrnennom oronope,
nnn Hpnnnnnt nonnrnuecxoro Hpana. Hep. A. . Xamrnna n B. C. Anexceena-
Honona. Hpnmeu. pe.]
Hponsnecx +ry nosmyrnrentnym peut n onpananne antrpynsma,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
xonnexrnnnsma n rpaxancrnennocrn, Panonopr nsxn txa sa pora: Kora
nnoreunt poxep yexaer nnuero ne noospenammero noxynarenx oma
nsxrt nnorexy, xoropym, xax yxe snaer poxep, xnnenr ne norxner, n npn +rom
poxep nonnmaer, uro cam on nce panno nonyunr npntnt ns nponenrno
naanxn, nam neoxonmo npannrentcrnennoe arenrcrno, xoropoe rorono
nonoxnrt +romy xonen.
Vap n uenmcrt tn coxpymnrentnt. Fpyxy xnno crano ne no cee, on tn
paspaxen, a Panonopr npoonxan ronopnrt o neoxonmocrn
npannrentcrnennoro nmemarentcrna, xora nmemr mecro sarpxsnenne
oxpyxamme cpet, +xcnnyarannx nenaexntx maxr n npoune npecrynnennx
co cropont xopnopann. 3arem on cran nepeuncnxrt npnmept nonoxnrentnoro
nosecrnnx rocyapcrna na xnsnt rpaxan: ynennuenne uncna
rocyapcrnenntx ynnnepcnreron (raxnx xax Texaccxn ynnnepcnrer, re, on
mor t npnannrt, oexrnnnsm snaunrcx n yueno nporpamme). On
npoonxan n rom xe yxe, nepeuncnxx npannrentcrnennte nporpammt,
xoropte xora-ro npnnnmannct xax onxnoe, a renept naxoxrcx no yrposo
ynnuroxennx ns-sa croponnnxon manentxoro npannrentcrna.
Bce +rn aprymenrt tnn ecnomano npannntmn. Oexrnnncrt n mnorne
xoncepnaropt ntnyxent tnn monuart, noxa Panonopr ronopnn, uro na
nporxxennn nocnennx rpnnarn ner cnryannx rontxo ycyrynxercx, yrpoxax
cpenemy xnaccy, cranx ero n xpane yxsnnmoe nonoxenne. Mt pncxyem
npenparnrtcx n crpany, re ecrt ropcrxa n ntcme crenenn npeycnenammnx
nme, cxasan on, nnyroxparnx, xax nastnaer ee Goldman Sachs, n
noannxmmee ontmnncrno nmn manoopasonannte, es ocryna x
nopmantno mennnne, es rapanrnponannoro oxoa n rax anee. uenomen
nepepacnpeenennx ncex oxoon n nontsy xpoxorno rpynnt cyneporaue,
nnyroxparnn, tn nnepnte onncan anannrnxom Citigroup, a ne Goldman
Sachs, no Panonopry moxno npocrnrt +ry nesnaunrentnym omnxy.
Fpyx, xax n nonaraercx saxanennomy nerepany pnnra, c camoro nauana
npoemoncrpnponan, uro on nyumn oparop. On ronopnn es xoncnexra n
mnoro xecrnxynnponan. Ho npemenam xasanoct, uro on nx nymero +]]exra
ceuac oroer or rpnynt n nauner ponrt no sany, xax npononennx. On
orcrannan cnom rouxy spennx, nepexox na nnunocrn, npoymanno pocax n
nynnxy pnropnuecxne nonpoct. On xe tn nmmnrpanr ns Hspannx. On
npnexan n Coennennte Brart. uero pan? uro enaer +ry crpany raxo
ocoenno? uro enaer +ry crpany ornnuno or pyrnx? cnpamnnan on n
manepe ynnnepcnrercxoro nexropa, enax yapenne na nocnennx cnonax, yxe
ntnrptmno ntenxxct na ]one ypannonemennoro, no ecnnernoro, npemx or
npemenn cnortxammerocx na cnonax Panonopra. Ero onnonenr pexo
ncnontsonan cnono x, oranax npenourenne xonnexrnnncrcxomy,
oomennomy mt: on necxontxo pas nponsnec mt n Demos. Fpyx xe
ronopnn rontxo or cex, nn pasy ne cxasan mt n Hncrnryre An P+n.
Heoxonmo nepnyrtcx nasa, x momenry nosnnxnonennx +ro crpant, cxasan
Fpyx. Ha camom ene Panonopr rontxo uro nmenno +ro n enan. Pycco, na
xoropom emy t cneonano saocrpnrt nnnmanne, tn onnm ns rex ]nnoco]on,
xoropte noxnonnnn amepnxannen na Bony sa nesanncnmocrt. Cytx no mne
ntuen y Panonopra ouxo sa ro, uro on ne saocrpnn nnnmanne nynnxn na
Pycco. Fpyx, co cnonm ocroncxnm axnenrom, npoonxan pasmaxnnart
p+nnancxnm snamenem, nastnax Bony sa nesanncnmocrt ]ynamenrantno,
ncropnuecxo mopantno-nonnrnuecxo penonmnne. Heonornuecxo
penonmnne. Taxono ona n tna: urot npnrn x +romy ntnoy, ocrarouno
nounrart rpaxrar Pycco O omecrnennom oronope, ns xoroporo nnrnponan
Panonopr. Ho Fpyx ne cran ocranannnnartcx na +rom. On samernn, uro ornt-
ocnonarenn ntnenn npnnnnn, xoropt orneuaer na nonpoc: Komy
npnnanexnr rnox xnsnt? H orner, ncropnuecxn, ncera, ocranancx onn n
ror xe: Tnox xnsnt npnnanexnr nnemenn, rnox xnsnt npnnanexnr xoponm,
npnnanexnr rocyapcrny, npnnanexnr Hane, npnnanexnr nexoe rpynne,
croxme na nnunocrtm, ronopnn Fpyx, npnerax x nonropam, urot
onecrn o nynnxn cnom mtcnt. Onaxo, cxasan on, exrenn +noxn
Hpocnemennx, nxnmuax ornon-ocnonarene, npnmnn x ntnoy, uro +ro nepno
ne nnonne. Tnox xnsnt npnnanexnr ree. uyrt nn ne n pn]my. Aynropnx
npnmna n nocxnmenne, xax n cneonano oxnart.
Hocne uero Fpyx conepmnn nenepoxrnt nptxox uepes ronony Pycco n
saxnnn, uro ornt-ocnonarenn orneprann nonxrne xonnexrnnnsma. Onn
orneprann camy nem, uro nt, nnnnnyantnax nnunocrt, oxsant uem-ro
xaxomy-ro nnemnemy oennennm.
Ha camom xe ene moxno nerxo oxasart, uro P+n mna ne n nory c ornamn-
ocnonarenxmn n uro onn neonoxparno ntxastnann cnom npnnepxennocrt
xonnexrnnnsmy, n oxasarentcrna romy moxno narn ne rontxo n
Amepnxancxom xpnsnce Hena, no n n norpa]nxx +rnx nme, n
exnapannn nesanncnmocrn n n Koncrnrynnn, xoropax naunnaercx cnonamn:
Mt, napo P+n nenycmtcnenno orneprana noonym
xonnexrnnncrcxym repmnnonornm, saxnnxx, uro omecrno +ro npocro
mnoxecrno nnnnnyymon [170 - Rand A. Check Your Premises: The
Monument Builders // The Objectivist Newsletter.]. Fpyx mor t npnnonrt cnon
onot xemcy M+ncony, a ne Panonopry.
Fpyx essaorno npoonxan n rom xe yxe, ynepxx, uro nent ornon-
ocnonarene cocroxna ne n rom, urot npocro maxcnmantno ynennunrt
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
omecrnennym ntroy ner, +roro ner n exnapannn. H nce xe exnapannx
nesanncnmocrn n ntcme crenenn omecrnennt oxymenr. B nem
ronopnrcx mt n nopono nsnaramrcx xonnexrnnnte xanot noannxmmero
ontmnncrna xnrene xononn, n saxnnxercx, x npnmepy, uro xopont Anrnnn
orxastnancx art cnoe cornacne na npnnxrne saxonon, n ntcme crenenn
nonesntx n neoxonmtx nx omero nara (nonxrne, cymecrnonanne
xoroporo An P+n, crpaanmax conno]one, orpnnana nonce). H cctnxn na
Tnopna c ontmo yxnt roxe ne nosnonxmr arencram-oexrnnncram xnannrt
exnapannm nesanncnmocrn. Cam Bamnnrron tn xem yrono, no rontxo ne
+roncrnuntm p+nnannem: ncem tn nsnecren ero antrpyncrnunt npan. H
ecrt eme Tomac Hen, uenonex panxantno nentx nsrnxon, xoropt
npenparnn t Fpyxa n xponanoe mecnno, ecnn t rontxo Panonopr cynyn ero
nmecro pnrnt n cnom oxcepcxym nepuarxy.
Fpyx pasmaxnnan xynaxamn na esmonnntm, pacnpocreprtm renom
Panonopra, octnax ero rpaom yapon n nepexpannax pannmm ncropnm
Pecnynnxn. Ocnonononarammn npnnnnn name crpant nonce ne n rom,
urot npnnocnrt cex n xeprny pan cocea, a n rom, urot xnrt cnoe
xnsntm. H n +rom saxnmuena nesanncnmocrt, oxnnn Fpyx npnrnxme n
norpxcenno aynropnn nenrpa Cxnponna. Ho rax nn +ro? Te, xro
nonnctnan exnapannm nesanncnmocrn, tnn nmtmn
npnnnnernponanntmn, onn ne nonyuann xanonantx or Konrnnenrantnoro
xonrpecca. Onn nomnn na rpomant pncx, xoroporo mornn t nsexart,
nonpocry ocranmnct oma n xnnx cnoe xnsntm. Onn pncxonann +ro
xnsntm pan cocee. Onn nmenno npnnocnnn cex n xeprny. H ocrarouno
nnmt nocernrt Maynr-Bepnon, xax x yexan Bnxn Taync, n ynnert, xax
camonoxeprnonanne Bamnnrrona, xora on ne saxoren yrn na noxo, ne
nosnonnn cee +roncrnuno nounrt na nanpax, npnneno x romy, uro emy
npnmnoct npoart ontmym uacrt cementx nnaenn n +ro uacrn
Bnprnnnn. Hmenno no +ro npnunne om namero nepnoro npesnenra
ynpannxercx nexommepuecxo oprannsanne, a ne npnnanexnr noromxam
Bamnnrrona, n raxoe nonoxenne neme coxpanxercx yxe onee cra nxrnecxrn
ner.
Fpyx npoonxan onnrt ono n ro xe, sanosano npnnnocx oexrnnnsm n
crapnnnte nepramenrnte oxymenrt ns Hannonantnoro apxnna, ynenunnax
repnontm nennom p+nnancxnx ne anno ncrnenmne ronont ornon-
ocnonarene n nonropxx annnmnmm p+nnancxym maxcnmy, uro
npannrentcrno +ro cnna. 3arem on nepemen x cnncxy ]ynxnn
npannrentcrna naroexnn, xax on nx nasnan, xoropte, no mnennm
Panonopra, cronnn roro, urot samnmart nx +ro rpyo cnno, nxnmuax n ro,
xaxne, c rouxn spennx npannrentcrna, nnoreunte oronopt nx nac xopomn, a
xaxne ner.
anee Fpyx nsnoxnn mnenne P+n o samnre norpenrenx, xoropoe onpeennn
xax ntop mexy cnooo (nnxaxo samnrt norpenrenx, xpome opo nonn
nsneca) n nmoecxnmn cnnamn npannrentcrna (snonamepenno nnesammnmn n
nenom yonnernopnrentnte nsanmoornomennx mexy norpenrenem n
nsnecmenom). 3amnra saemmnxon or xantx sanmoarene osnauana t, uro
mt ne nontnt ecrnonart n oronapnnartcx camocroxrentno.
Mt moxem omnartcx, cxasan Fpyx, moxem trt npant, moxem trt
nenpant, onaxo peun o omane sect ne ner, noromy uro nce mt, xax mne
xaxercx, cornacnmcx, uro oman rpyoe napymenne namnx npan, oman
]opma nacnnnx. Mt xe, xax cunraer npannrentcrno, nonce ne nmeem npana
pemart, ycrpannamr nn nac ycnonnx nnoreunoro sama. Hpannrentcrno yer
camo nam yxastnart, xaxym nnorexy part.
Fpyx npoonxan oxcnxrt, x uemy npnneer norepx rpaxanamn
paronennoro npana necrn neperonopt c anxamn camocroxrentno:
H uro xe nponcxonr, xora npannrentcrno yxastnaer nam, xaxym nnorexy
part? Hpannrentcrno nac npnnyxaer. 3naunr, ecnn mt ne cenaem roro, uro
ono rpeyer, nac oxnamr xaxne-ro canxnnn. Opyne naneeno na nent.
Hpannrentcrno +ro cnna. Oexrnnncram ns nynnxn tno xcno, uro
nponcxonr. Panonopr n ne npenonaran, uro peut ner o nepanntx
nsanmoornomennxx, ocnonanntx na cnne, uro ncropnx nayunna nac:
npannrentcrno xnrt ne moxer es roro, urot ne nmemartcx n ne ormennrt
conepmenno necnpanennnte nynxrt n xonrpaxrax saemmnxon. On o +rom
axe ne ynomxnyn. On nnmaer nme npana cecrt n ocynrt nosmyrnrentnte
ycnonnx xonrpaxra c anxom.
nontrancx npecrannrt cee, xax x mor t nocnontsonartcx cnoe
cnooo oronapnnartcx c anxom. mor t, x npnmepy, nemnoro
noropronartcx no nonoy ycnonn xpenra. Bmecro roro urot nonnctnart
oronop, re snauarcx neyonnernopnrentnte nx menx nynxrt, x mor t
nanncart nm sanncxy: Xouy, urot nponenrnax cranxa ne npentmana
uertpnanarn nponenron roontx nmecro copoxa. Hpomy nac nepecmorpert
cnoe npenoxenne n cnxsartcx co mno. C ynaxennem, raxo-ro. t npocro
nen cex, xax ropronen, cosanax cnryannm, xora xaxt ocraercx n
ntnrptme. Ecnn t copox mnnnnonon xnnenron nocrynann rax xe, nosmoxno,
nomep t npomen. Onaxo oronapnnaxct onn na onn c anxom, saemmnx
nmeer crontxo xe mancon na ycnex, cxontxo mypane, ntrammncx
oronopnrtcx c monm ornnxom. Xorx copox mnnnnonon mypanten n n +rom
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
cnyuae mornn t onrtcx cnoero.
eart o samnre norpenrenx npoonxannct n rom xe yxe: xaxt rnyn
cnom nnnnm, n oa n Fpyx, n Panonopr ne mornn ocryuartcx pyr o
pyra. Ho uero x eme tno xart, xora y +rnx nme ne tno nourn nnuero
omero? Enncrnennt cnoco, xoropt mor t npnnecrn Fpyxa x noee,
cocroxn n rom, urot yenrentno nsopaxart npannrentcrno na nce rorontm
nmoeom, a samnry norpenrenx npenpamart n nacnnne co cropont
npannrentcrna. H nce xe eart nocnyxnnn nocrannenno nenn, nocrannenno
nenrpom Demos, ntxnnrt nonnt orptn or peantnocrn, xapaxrepnt nourn
nx nce oexrnnncrcxo pnropnxn. Panonopr, orneuax Fpyxy, no-npexnemy
ne nncran oparopcxnmn rananramn, saro tn npocr n nenpnnyxen, xax yro
opamancx x xnyy Kiwanis n Htm-Xenene, a ne x necxontxnm cornxm
yxmtnxmmnxcx oexrnnncron. On mxrxo samernn, uro xapaxrepncrnxa,
annax Fpyxom ornam-ocnonarenxm, nponcrexaer ns ysocrn nsrnxa, n
cxasan, uro Koncrnrynnx, rapanrnpyx coecrnne omemy narococroxnnm,
nopasymenaer ropaso ontme, uem npocrym nontrxy samnrnrt rpaxan or
nnemnnx nparon. Cymecrnyer mnoxecrno nntx yrpos, cnocontx nanecrn
rpaxanam npe, n na npannrentcrno nosnaraercx oxsannocrt samnmart
nacenenne crpant or nnx ncex: n or enocrn, n or onesne, n or
neocrynnocrn opasonannx. Koncrnrynnx oxstnaer npannrentcrno uro-ro
npenpnnnmart n +ro cnxsn, a ne npocro cnert, pasnox pyxamn n
npnronapnnax: Bor rax yx cnoont ptnox pacnpeennn cuacrte. Ham
ocraercx nnmt noxopnrtcx ero none.
Fpyx cymen nanecrn npornnnnxy omyrnmt yap, no noxa ntnoxnncx ne o
xonna. Hnxro ne conpancx sacunrtnart noxayn, ecnn yuecrt, uro aynropnx
pasennnact npnmepno nononam, onaxo crnnt n xapaxrept onon renept
tnn nonxrnt. Panonopr cnona n cnona npnnonn npancrnennte onot sa ro,
uro npannrentcrny neoxonmo trt axrnnntm, nomorart nmxm, n +ra
neoxonmocrt noxpennxercx camo peantno xnsntm Amepnxn. Fpyx sanxn
onee acrpaxrnym nosnnnm, npocnannxx cnoont ptnox ne xax nnnensnm
na camoynpancrno nx ontmnx xopnopann, no xax nonnomenne cnoot.
Cosananoct nneuarnenne, uro na +rom eart n saxonuarcx, sax n rynnx,
no ryr Fpyx nanec coxpymnrentnt yap n cocrnennoe conneunoe cnnerenne.
On oxnnn, uro emoxparnx ne tna nx nannn rnanntm npnnnnnom
cymecrnonannx. Beymn earon nepecnpocnn ero, npenonoxnn, uro ero,
nepoxrno, sanecno ne n ry cropony, onaxo Fpyx axe ne nontrancx xax-ro
yrounnrt cnom ]opmynnponxy. cunram, uro nceomee neyonnernopenne, c
xaxnm mt cronxnynnct ceronx, n snaunrentno crenenn xnnxercx cnecrnnem
emoxparnn n ro nen, uro ontmnncrno moxer npnxastnart mentmnncrny
n annom cnyuae enncrnennomy nacroxmemy mentmnncrny, xaxnm xnnxercx
nnnnnyym, enart ro, uero emy ne xouercx enart. Fpyx ne conpancx
pasnnnart +ry remy, nocxontxy necxontxo ecxrnnern nasa An P+n yxe
ntcxastnana ceptesnte onacennx no nonoy nnacrn ontmnncrna n nnrepntm
Maxy Vonnecy [171 - Hnrepntm c M. Vonnecom moxno narn n Hnrepnere, n
rom uncne na YouTube n no apecy:
http://www.braincrave.com/viewblog.php?id=383).]. Fpyx ne nmen npana nnocnrt
xoppexrnnt n oexrnnncrcxym ormy, xax cnxmennnx ne nmeer npana
peaxrnponart xarexnsnc.
Panonopr orneuan, xax crapt conar, nnuem ne ntanax cnoe paocrn or
roro, uro ero onnonenr, ynonnomouennt camo P+n, crynnn na styune
necxn. Panonopr cxasan, uro pemennx, xoropte npnnnmamr nmn, nnnxmr na
pyrnx nme nourn ncera. Ha uro Fpyx ornercrnonan, yro n mnpe
cnoot +ro ne rax. Panonopr nospasnn, uro nponema ryr ne n emoxparnn,
a n ncxaxennn emoxparnn nocpecrnom ener n c nomomtm nme, xoroptx
ne onycxamr o ronoconannx.
Bce +ro tno ns yuennxa no ocnonam rpaxancrna n npana sa uerneprt
xnacc. Ho uro eme sect moxno tno cxasart? Mne xaxercx, Panonopr mor t
npnnomnnrt Fpyxy ornon-ocnonarene, nouepxnyn, uro onn-ro tnn
emoxpart cnoero npemenn n npn +rom perynnponann nanorn n rpart. B
nepno c 1792 no 1811 ro noymnt nanor tn n ecxrt pas ntme roro, uro
nsnmancx c pnrannen c 1765 no 1775 ro [172 - Perkins E. J . The Economy of
Colonial America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. P. 208.]. Ecnn t
x tn npornnnnxom Fpyxa, nmenno +ro x t n cxasan emy, xora on no xonen
payna sanncx n yron.
Fpyx npnnxncx n ouepeno pas norpxcart nsnrtm p+nnancxnm
npnnnnnom ropronna, yrnepxax, uro nmn cnxsant pyr c pyrom
oponontntm mexannsmom ropronnn. 3ro nosnnnx, ntnrptmnax nx ncex.
Panonopr ornernn, uro raxo npnnnnn nopasymenaer nyx panntx
naprnepon. Ho n namem omecrne, n xommepnnn, na ptnxe, panntx naprnepon
ne cymecrnyer. H saaua npannrentcrna, cxasan on, cnenrt sa rem, urot
nosmoxnocrn pasntx nme xort xax-ro ypannnnannct. On tn cepxan n
yrnepxan ouennnte nemn, onaxo +ro tno neoxonmo, noromy uro orma
P+n ocnonana na nrnopnponannn ouennntx neme. Ha ntcxastnannxx npoe
rex, xaxne enan Fpyx, yro uenonex ocrnraer panencrna oxoon,
npeocrannxx entm nosmoxnocrt nonxrtcx n cenart cocroxnne. Oruero
ncnomnnancx Anaront upanc: 3axon, nonnomax n cee nennuecrnennym nem
pannonpannx, sanpemaer cnart no mocrom, pacnonarartcx na nouner na ynnne
n xpacrt xne onnaxono ncem nmxm orartm rax xe, xax n entm.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Hoxa oparopt npoonxann rantunrt cnoe, x ynnen pasnoxennym npeo
mno cxemy, xoropym P+n n ee nocneonarenn saxpennnn sa mnorne rot n
cnonx xnnrax, +cce, raserntx xononxax n nnrepner-nam]nerax. nanman
crapt p+nnancxn rpmx, cocroxmn n orpnnannn ouennnoro n ncxaxennn
peantnocrn: ero npoentnann npxmo y menx na rnasax, n xyntrypnom nenrpe,
nasnannom n uecrt pannnna n npomcepa. C 1967 roa, xora 3nnnc
ncxyrnponan c Fpanenom, nnuero ne nsmennnoct, pasne rontxo xapaxrep
yuacrnnxon a ron, cranmn onee nexnnntm, n eme camo p+nnancrno,
ocranaxct raxnm xe +xcrpemantntm, rnyxe nycrnno xopnn n omecrne. Vpox
neuepa saxnmuancx n rom, uro oexrnnnsm moxer ycnemno samnmart cex n
earax, nocroxnno nanomnnax cnymarenxm, uro, xax +ro ntnena P+n, trne
tryer. Peantnocrt cymecrnyer n n ontmnncrne cnyuaen nrpaer ne na pyxy
P+n. Panonopr coxpanxn cnon nosnnnn, noromy uro nonxn +ro.
Fpyx men no cneam cnonx npemecrnennnxon, nonropxx o]nnnantnym
p+nnancxym nepcnm ncropnn npomtmnenno penonmnnn, xoropax
nponsomna n ry +noxy, xora ronnt nneeen pnanynnct c ]epm n ropoa, re
nx xana paora na ]apnxax naropontx xannranncron. Panonopr,
nanomnnn aynropnn, uro ncropnx penonmnnn cymecrnyer, nasnan
ntcxasannym nepcnm nmontrno, onaxo ocrannxmme mnoroe sa oprom
n copnan ypnte annoncmenrt, ntsnan oopnrentnte nosrnact
neoexrnnncrcxoro mentmnncrna n sane. Fesycnonno, penonmnnx noponna
nennuamee orarcrno, no raxxe ona noponna n nennxne necuacrtx, cronr
nnmt nounrart uro-nnyt ns ncropnn Anrnnn n nepno rtcxua nocemtcor
rpnnartx copoxontx roon. Haponncx necuacrnt, sanrt ropocxo
nponerapnar, n cyta +rnx nme nsmennnact x nyumemy rontxo xora
xannrannsm xax-ro oysann. Panonopr nponnrnponan onoro
panoxommenraropa nauana XX nexa, xoropt nasnan saxont o ercxom rpye
xommynncrnuecxnm saronopom. Panonopr cxasan:
nonaram, uro xro-nnyt moxer yxnarnrtcx sa aprymenrt pona n
saxnnrt nocxontxy xaxt cam necer ornercrnennocrt sa cnom xnsnt, uro
ecnn cemnnernn peenox xouer paorart na ]apnxe, paorart no
mecrnanart uacon n nonyuart sa +ro necxontxo nennn, ro on nmeer na +ro
nonnoe npano.
Ara, on nce-raxn unran P+n! nonxn, uro Panonopr roronnrcx ornpannrt
Fpyxa n noxayr. P+n orxponenno ntcxastnaer cnoe ornomenne x ercxomy
rpyy. B anronornm Kannrannsm nomno +cce Poepra Xeccena, Bnnxnne
npomtmnenno penonmnnn na xenmnn n ere (nsnauantno onynnxonannoe
n 1962 roy n mnnerene The Objectivist Newsletter). Cornacno xeccenoncxo
antrepnarnnno ncropnn na camom ene xannrannsm ynyumnn ycnonnx paort
ere no cpannennm c onnycrpnantno +noxo, nocxontxy onn crann
ntnonnxrt nerxym paory, ocnyxnnax na ]apnxax rxanxne cranxn. H
rontxo ror, xro ononpemenno npoxnnxer npancrnennym necnpanennnocrt n
ne onaaer snannem ncropnn, moxer nnnnrt xannrannsm sa re ycnonnx, n
xaxnx xnnn ern no npemena npomtmnenno penonmnnn, nncan Xeccen.
Kax rontxo +ro +cce tno onynnxonano n mnnerene, no yxasannm P+n ono
nemenenno nomno n oexrnnncrcxn xanon.
3ro mn], uro xannrannsm noponn ercxn rpy, cxasan Fpyx, nropx
romy, uro sa copox enxrt ner o nero nanncan Xeccen. Pasymeercx, on cenan
oronopxy: ne xouy cxasart, uro ercxn rpy +ro npexpacno. Koneuno xe
ner. uro moxer trt npexpacnoro n rom, urot ern nonsann no cranxamn na
rxanxnx ]apnxax nnn pynnn caxapnt rpocrnnx, nmecro roro urot xonrt
n mxony? Ho +ro xe xannrannsm. Fpyx nonyunn cnom onm annoncmenron or
nepntx, onaxo payn ntnrpan Panonopr. 3xcrpemnsm nosnnnn Fpyxa tn
ouennen. Hepep, neymn, cnpocnn, cunraer nn on, uro nyxno annynnponart
3axon o ercxom rpye n orpannunrt ero ncnontsonanne xaxnmn-ro ocotmn
cnyuaxmn. Fpyx opo ornercrnonan, uro nmenno rax on n cunraer.
Kcrarn, nx nporoxona, x nn sa uro ne ormennn t +ror saxon,
nenosmyrnmo nporonopnn Panonopr.
Fpyx ortrpancx, orneuax nnoxo nn]opmnponannomy anrnoexrnnncry,
xoropt nontrancx ntcrannrt Fpyxa samnrnnxom pacrna na ocnonannn roro,
uro ror samnman ercxn rpy. Fpyx c nerxocrtm napnponan +rn nanaxn,
nonropnn n ouepeno pas, uro P+n ncera nosmymano nacnnne na
nnunocrtm, a saono coomnn, uro, no ee mnennm, raxoro xnnennx, xax npana
rocyapcrna, nonce ne cymecrnyer. 3arem Fpyx cnona noomen x
orpannunrentno nnnnn n paocrno nepecrynnn ee, cxasan: Ecnn t x mor
nsrnart npannrentcrno ns name xnsnn, x, nanepnoe, nauan t c
rocyapcrnennoro opasonannx. Taxnm opasom, on pacxptncx, nosnonxx
npornnnnxy nanecrn yap. Panonopr axe necxontxo pasropxunncx. Ecnn
ynnuroxnrt rocyapcrnennoe opasonanne, ecnn ornpannrt ncex sa
opasonannem na uacrnt ptnox, ro ern nme, xoropte moryr nnarnrt,
nonyuar xopomee opasonanne. ern rex, xro ne moxer nnarnrt, opasonannx
ne nonyuar. H omecrno craner raxnm, n xaxom nam c namn npx nn saxouercx
xnrt. 3ro yer yxe ne Amepnxa. Ho moemy nnunomy mnennm, +ro yer
Anrnamepnxa.
Hponcxoxmee paspaxano menx nce cnntnee. Mt xnnem n XXI nexe.
Heyxenn ecrnnrentno, nmecro roro, urot ocyxart, xax ynyumnrt
cncremy rocyapcrnennoro opasonannx, ecrt cmtcn cnopnrt o rom, nyxna nn
ona noome? Orner na +ror nonpoc tn nonyuen eme n cepenne XIX nexa, a
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nonpoc o ercxom rpye tn pemen x 1920-m roam, xora nce npnsnann, uro
ncnontsonanne ercxoro rpya tno nennuamnm snom npomtmnenno
penonmnnn, xoropoe neoxonmo ncxopennrt. 3auem xe mt cnona ocyxaem
+rn nonpoct, +rn ouennnte ncrnnt? Heyxenn +ro neoxonmo?
Tparenx saxnmuanact n rom, uro +ro tno neoxonmo.
Kora mt cornacnnnct na +rn eart, cxasan Panonopr, nexoropte
cnpamnnann: 3auem nam ncxyrnponart c Hncrnryrom An P+n? Onn net
npocro xaxne-ro xpane npante, a nonce ne nnno conpemennoro
xoncepnarnnnoro nnxennx. Ho Panonopr ne tn cornacen c +rnm
yrnepxennem. Bce, o uem ronopnn Fpyx, na camom ene cornacyercx c
nacrpoennxmn, napxmnmn n conpemenno Pecnynnxancxo naprnn. Bce +ro
ns uncna ocnonntx npnnnnnon, osnyuenntx Fpyxom.
Fpyx nropnn emy. Mt nomornn npnart earam nonym ]opmy, mt
noronxnynn Pecnynnxancxym naprnm n nexoroptx xoncepnaropon x romy,
urot onn sanxnn nosnnnn, xoropte rpannnonno nm tnn uyxt, cxasan
on. Poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun noxnonnxer nx, nomorax nm opecrn
ontme ynepennocrn, eme ontme cnnnyrtcx n cropony panxannsma.
H, no moemy mnennm, cxasan on, +ro cnacaer namy crpany.

14. Kanna1 c Mmppen-Xnnn
V pona Fpyxa nmenact necxax npnunna nx noonoro onrnmnsma.
Hncrnryr An P+n naxonen-ro cornacnncx npncnart mne npenapnrentnte
annte, nonyuennte anannrnuecxo xomnanne Zogby ro camo, xoropax
yrnepxaer, uro nourn rpert amepnxannen npounrana xnnry Arnanr
pacnpannn nneun. Hncrnryr An P+n rxnyn c +rnm rax onro, uro x oxnan
ynnert orxponenno noraconannte pesyntrart nnn ornert na nonpoct,
c]opmynnponannte rax, uro ornernrt nnaue nenosmoxno. omnancx.
Bonpoct tnn conepmenno nerpantntmn. H pesyntrart tnn omenomnxmme
ouennntmn: Amepnxa nnmnena n An P+n.
H n +rom ne tno nnuero ynnnrentnoro. Hocne cemnecxrn ner
nonynxpnocrn xnnrn P+n npoonxann ocranartcx n uncne ecrcennepon,
nenxo nnnnaxct n amepnxancxoe cosnanne. H onpoc Zogby ncero nnmt
nornepnn ro, uro mt n rax yxe snann.
Hs 2100 conepmennonernnx rpaxan, onpomenntx n nepno c 8 no 10
oxrxpx 2010 roa, 29 % saxnnnn, uro unrann Arnanra; 69 % cxasann, uro ne
unrann; ne ynepenntx napanoct na 1 %. Ecnn pesyntrart onpoca nepnt
xorx t npnnnsnrentno, +ro snaunr, uro rpoe ns ecxrn amepnxannen
snaxomt c panxantntm xannrannsmom P+n, nocxontxy unrann ee nyxnt
]ynamenrantnt rpy. Onpoc nornepnn crepeornnnoe mnenne, uro
Arnanrom ynnexaercx monoext: 22 % cxasann, uro unrann Arnanra n
nospacre or nenanarn o cemnanarn ner; 51 % n nospacre or nocemnanarn
o nanarn enxrn; ncero 20 % npounrann xnnry n nospacre or rpnnarn o
copoxa enxrn; 5 % or nxrnecxrn o mecrnecxrn uertpex; 1 % nocne
mecrnecxrn nxrn n eme onn nponenr pecnonenron sarpynnnnct c ornerom.
pyrnm nopasnrentntm orxptrnem crano nnnxnne P+n na nonnrnuecxne
nsrnxt unrarene. Ha nonpoc: Bt cornacnt nnn ne cornacnt c rem, uro
urenne Arnanra nsmennno name mnenne no nonnrnuecxnm nnn +rnuecxnm
nonpocam? 11 % pecnonenron ntpann orner nonnocrtm cornacen; 38 %
cornacen o nexoropo crenenn; 22 % cxasann nonnocrtm ne cornacen n
crontxo xe ne cornacen o nexoropo crenenn. Hroro 49 % unrarene
Arnanra noannct nnnxnnm P+n, npornn 44 % nenoanmnxcx.
Bneuarnxmmne annte, yunrtnax ee arencrnuecxne yexennx n
+xcrpemncrcxne nsrnxt. Honyuaercx, uro snaunrentnoe uncno amepnxannen
xynnnoct na opornym nnnnym axy, nonnym cexca, nantmenntx peue n
mepo npnnpannennym panxantntm xannrannsmom.
Ouennno, uro mxontnte nporpammt Hncrnryra An P+n n ycnnnx xona
3nnncona no paore co cryenramn xonnexe nostmenn ecrnne. 3ro,
xoneuno, cnopnt nonpoc: nexoropte xonnexn nepnynn entrn, npncnannte
3nnnconom [173 - Lubove S., Staley O. Schools Find Ayn Rand Cant Be
Shrugged as Donors Build Courses // Bloomberg Markets. May 5, 2011.]. Ho +ro
ne naxno. Pesyntrart onpoca nornepxamr +]]exrnnnocrt npnnxrtx mep: 21
% pecnonenron saxnnnn, uro y nnx Arnanr nxonn n mxontnym
nporpammy nnn tn pexomenonan nx urennx n mxone; 38 % cxasann, uro
unrann xnnry no pexomenannn pyra nnn xonnern. Onpoc raxxe noxasan, uro
21 % nponenr amepnxannen unrann Hcrounnx, a +ro roxe snaunrentnax
nn]pa; 7 % unrann Inmn; 4 % Mt xnnte; n, uro camoe ynnnrentnoe,
3 % amepnxannen npounrann opoerent +ronsma, onaammym mnornmn
samerntmn neocrarxamn; crontxo xe cosnannct, uro snaxomt c
+xcrpemncrcxo anronorne Kannrannsm.
Moxno noennrt nonyuennte nn]pt nononam, no nce panno nonyunrcx, uro
P+n onaaer momntm nnnxnnem na amepnxannen.
Ecrt onn amepnxanen, xoropt cnyxnr npnmepom roro, uro moxno nasnart
+]]exrom P+n, unrarent, nsrnxt xoroporo nocroxnno menxnnct no
nnnxnnem P+n. 3ro tnmn npecearent Conera ynpannxmmnx
ueepantno pesepnno cncremo Anan Ipnncnen. Ornomennx P+n c
Ipnncnenom nnrpnronann menx c rex nop, xax x nnepnte ynnen ]ororpa]nm,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
cenannym n Onantnom xannere. Ftnn nn onn cnxsant pyr c pyrom rax
recno, xax xasanoct npn nsrnxe na +ry ]ororpa]nm?
Vnt, Ipnncnen, xoroporo x npocnn o nnrepntm n nauane 2008 roa, xora
ncex nnrepeconana mnorooemammax nnunocrt Tnmorn Iarnepa, tn
cnnmxom sanxr, urot paccxastnart mne o rom, xaxoe nnnxnne oxasana P+n na
ero xnsnt n onrym xaptepy. On coomnn uepes cnoero npecrannrenx, uro
nnny nocroxnno cnntno sanxrocrn ne moxer art nnrepntm. Ho
ecnoxonrtcx ne o uem. 3annce, ocrynntx mnpoxo nynnxe, onee uem
ocrarouno. Ha ocnonannn ero nnctmenntx paor n pasronopon c nmtmn,
snaxomtmn c Ipnncnenom n Konnexrnnom, ntpncontnamrcx ne pasntx
xaprnnt. Ona na ocnonannn ncropnn, paccxasanno Ipnncnenom n
anronorpa]nn 3noxa norpxcenn, xoropym on nanncan, noxnnyn
ueepantnt pesepnnt ]on. H nropax na ocnonannn peantnocrn.

Hourn nce, xro nncan o xnsnn P+n n +noxy Ipnncnena, nouepxnnamr ee
nnrennexryantnoe nnnxnne na yymero opaxyna. Ho na camom ene nce
snaunrentno cnoxnee. Hourn nce npemx cnoero cymecrnonannx Konnexrnn
tn, n no cnoe cyrn, n no namepennxm, nacroxme cexro. V nero nmencx
nenpepexaemt nnep, or unenon rpeonanact aconmrnax npeannocrt,
onycxanoct nmemarentcrno n nnunym xnsnt unenon, n cpee xoroptx
ncnontsonannct cnon ntpaxennx n cnoneuxn. Hmoro, xro ntrancx napymnrt
npnsnannte nopmt, nsronxnn, n nsron cranonnnnct saxonno otue,
oexrom snonamepenntx nnunocrntx nanaox. Konnexrnn, uro otuno nx
nmo cexrt, nonnexan n cnon pxt onnoxnx, sacrenunntx nme rex, y
xoro, xax paccxasana mne Fapapa Fpanen, tno mano pyse sa npeenamn
Konnexrnna. Ha camom ene nn y xoro ns nac ne tno raxnx pyse,
cxasana Fapapa. Ecnn nmennct nnsxne pystx, onn roxe nonnexannct n
nnxenne, onaxo sa npeenamn nnxennx nnxaxnx pyse ne tno.
Touno rax xe, xax 3 H+m coneronancx c xpyxxom P+n no nonoy pasnoa c
Apnc Fenn, rax n Ipnncnen coneronancx, cronr nn emy pocart paory n
Conere +xonomnuecxnx xoncyntranron n cranonnrtcx camocroxrentntm
+xonomnuecxnm xoncyntranrom. Harann+nt Fpanen nnmer n cnonx memyapax,
uro norparnn ne onn uac, eceyx c Ipnncnenom, xora ror oymtnan +ror
mar. A nx uenonexa Oprannsannn, xaxnm on tn rora, mar tn xpane
naxnt. Fpanen noranxnnan ero x pemnrentntm ecrnnxm, urot n nrore
Ipnncnen npenparnncx ns ouepenoro npomtmnennoro +xonomncra n
nocrpeonannoro, nponnerammero +xonomncra-anannrnxa. Cena nptxox,
npenaran on Ipnncneny, o uem ncnomnnan n cnonx memyapax [174 - Branden
N. My Years with Ayn Rand. P. 160.]. Onaxo o +rnx onrnx pasronopax ner nn
cnona n xnnre camoro Ipnncnena, coepxame mnoxecrno noponocre sa
ncxnmuennem rex mecr, xora peut ner o P+n n ee oxpyxennn. Hanpornn,
Ipnncnen yrnepxaer n cnoe 3noxe norpxcenn, uro pemenne cmennrt
paory anoct na ynnnenne nerxo naroapx nesanncnmomy oxoy, xoropt
nmencx y nero rora [175 - Greenspan A. The Age of Turbulence. P. 44.]. Ecnn
pemenne anoct na ynnnenne nerxo, sauem ero ocyxart, a eme n
uacamn? O Fpanene Ipnncnen ynomnnaer ncxontst, nastnax ero monotm
xonnero P+n n, cnycrx mnoro ner, ee nmonnnxom. O Fapape Fpanen on
ronopnr ncero n onom mecre, a n ro axe ne nastnax ee nmenn. On
ymanunnaer o cnoem pasronope c Fapapo, n xoropom ona yenna ero, uro
crpane ne nyxnt anxn, ynpannxemte npannrentcrnom.
Onaxo n 1950-e rot ornomennx Ipnncnena c P+n tnn raxnmn recntmn,
uro axe ero pasno c xoan Mnruen, crapnnno nopyro Fapapt, ne
sacrannn ero noxnnyrt Konnexrnn. On ocranancx n nem, axe xora ero
npnnnexarentnax tnmax xena nauana ncrpeuartcx c Annanom Fnmmenranem,
xysenom Harann+nx, a sarem ntmna sa nero samyx. Ha ]ororpa]nn co cnatt
xoan n Annana 1957 roa cpen npounx yuacrnnxon Konnexrnna
npncyrcrnyer n paocrnt tnmn cynpyr.
Tecnoe omenne c P+n npoonxanoct n na nporxxennn 1960-x roon.
Ipnncnen, uenonex amnnnosnt n paoranmn na xoncepnarnnnte
xopnopannn, ne opaman nn manemero nnnmannx na ro, uro nnep xpyxxa
xnnxercx nx omecrna napne. Ipnncnen nncan crartn nx The Objectivist
Newsletter, n 1958 roy oponontno ntsnancx unrart nexnnn n Hncrnryre
Harann+nx Fpanena, paccxastnan o 3xonomnxe cnoonoro omecrna n
enan nce nosmoxnoe, urot npnomnrt nonnuxon x eny oexrnnnsma. Ho,
mexy npounm, nce +ro on enan ornmt ne ns antrpynsma. Fapapa Fpanen
paccxasana mne, uro Ipnncnen n pyrne nexropt nonyuann nopxounte
ronopapt nnmc nponenrt or npoaxn nneron. Ho cnonam Fapapt, Hexo]]
xax-ro npnsnancx, uro na nexnnxx n Hncrnryre Harann+nx Fpanena
sapaartnan ontme, uem n cnoem xonnexe. Tax uro enexnt nnrepec, n,
nepoxrno, nemant, xpenxo npnnxstnan Ipnncnena x P+n.
On ocranancx unenom Konnexrnna, noxa ror ne pacnancx cam coo nocne
nsrnannx Fpanena. K romy npemenn counnennx Ipnncnena yxe sanxnn
nouernoe mecro cpen xanonnuecxnx rexcron oexrnnnsma, napxy c rexcramn
camo P+n. Hmenno Ipnncneny ntnana uecrt noneart mnpy, xaxo
oexrnnncram npecrannxercx pont npannrentcrna n nsnece. Ho cnonam
Harann+nx Fpanena, n p+nnancxo nepapxnn Ipnncnen croxn cpasy sa
cynpyramn Fpanen, naxoxct na ono crynentxe c yxonntm nnepom
oexrnnnsma Heonapom Hexo]]om. Hnora Ipnncnen nonnmancx ntme
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Hexo]]a, nnora naoopor, n sanncnmocrn or npnxorn P+n. [176 - Branden
N. My Years with Ayn Rand. P. 159.]
B cnonx memyapax, ntmemnx n 2007 roy n ononnenntx eme uepes ro,
Ipnncnen ymanunnaer o cnoem ntcoxom panre n nepapxnn oexrnnncron. On
mnmoxoom ornycxaer rpexn cnonm ronapnmam-oexrnnncram, ne ynomnnax o
nexnnxx n Hncrnryre Harann+nx Fpanena, n nourn nnuero ne paccxastnaer o
xenmnne, xoropax na nporxxennn rpex ecxrnnern tna nx nero
nyrenono sneso. B enncrnenno cctnxe na +cce, nanncannoe nm nx P+n,
on ronopnr, uro nncan cmente xommenrapnn nx ee nn]opmannonntx
mnnerene, c xapom mnomn, nponnxnynmerocx nontmn nx nero nexmn.
anee on npoonxan n rom xe yxe, ynepxx, uro, xax n nmo
nonoopamennt mnen, tn cxnonen npnnnmart xonnennnn npxmo n no, n
camtx npocrtx ]opmynnponxax. Hourn nce cnauana nocnpnnnmamr nem n
omnx ueprax, npexe uem ocosnamr ncm ee cnoxnocrt n npnmyr co ncemn
oronopxamn. Ecnn t tno nnaue, nam neuero tno t nocnpnnnmart, neuero
nsyuart. H mo +nrysnasm nauan yracart nnmt rora, xora nauann
ncxptnartcx nnyrpennne npornnopeunx, sanoxennte n nonym nx menx
ncrnny [177 - Greenspan A. The Age of Turbulence. P. 52.]. Heyxenn on o cnx
nop nepnr n ro, uro nnmer? O +rom on npenouen ne ronopnrt.
Fontme n ero norpa]nn n necrn rtcxu cnon ner nnuero cymecrnennoro o
roax, nponeenntx pxom c P+n. V nac ocramrcx nectma nonepxnocrnte
npecrannennx o rom, uro sa nnunocrtm tna P+n: ram ner onncannx ee
opoerene nnn nopoxon, xapxnx ncnyron, n xoroptx npnnnmana yuacrne
P+n nnora npnnnexax n Ipnncnena na nporxxennn rpnnarn ner, noxa on
uncnnncx onnm ns ee samecrnrene. H +ro xaxercx upesntuano crpanntm,
noromy uro ncex ocrantntx, xro tn pxom c nnm n re npemena, xora
Ipnncnen naxonncx n nenocpecrnenno nnsocrn or P+n, on onnctnaer n
mentuamnx noponocrxx. Ho n +rom ner nnuero crpannoro, ecnn nentm tno
npeymentmnrt snauenne +ro cytonocno rnant cnoe xnsnn, cxptrt
+xcrpemncrcxne nsrnxt, xoropte on nponarannponan c 1950-x no 1980-e
rot xax unen omecrna P+n, n camoe rnannoe npnymentmnrt ee nnnxnne
na ero noneenne na nocry npecearenx Conera ynpannxmmnx ueepantno
pesepnno cncremt.
3ro pacnntnuaroe sameuanne: Mo +nrysnasm nauan yracart no-
nnnmomy, nopasymenaer, uro ero npnnepxennocrt x P+n ocnaenana na
nporxxennn ncex rpnnarn ner. Tax net?
Hpnunna nepnocrn Ipnncnena n nepno nanontme nonynxpnocrn P+n
ncnntnaer n nnctme peaxropy The New York Times Book Review, xoropoe
Ipnncnen nanncan n 1957 roy, orneuax na ouepenym ns mnorouncnenntx
xpnrnuecxnx nanaox na Arnanra. Hs rpex nncem, yocroenntx nynnxannn,
ocrantnte nanncann Fapapa Fpanen n eme onn unen Konnexrnna,
nnctmo Ipnncnena tno camtm nsnonnonanntm, camtm nontntm n
ncnontsonannn nosynron P+n. Knnra Arnanr pacnpannn nneun nocnenaer
xnsnt n cuacrte, nncan on. Cnpanennnocrt ropxecrnyer neymonnmo.
Tnopuecxne nnunocrn, neyxnonno crpemxmnecx x nenn n pannonantnte,
nonyuamr paocrt n ocymecrnnenne samtcnon. Hapasnrt, xoropte ynopno
cnopaunnamr c nspannoro nyrn, orxastnamrcx or pasymnoro noxoa,
nonyuamr ro, uro sacnyxnnamr. [178 - Hnctmo A. Ipnncnena: Letter from
Alan Greenspan // New York Times Book Review. November 3, 1957.]
Hoxany, on ecrnnrentno tn mntm +nrysnacrom, xora nncan +rn cnona:
emy tn ncero rpnnart onn ro. Hy a ecnn nsrnxnyrt na npoune counnennx n
nocrynxn +roro ntne nourennoro noxnnoro uenonexa? Ftna nn emy noome
npncyma noonax ntnxocrt n re npemena? Hnn xe ona npoxnnxercx rontxo n
rex cnyuaxx, xora on samnmaer P+n? B anronornm 1966 roa, Kannrannsm.
Hesnaxomt nean, nomnn rpn ero +cce, n xora unraemt nx, cranonnrcx
xcno, uro neonornx Ipnncnena nncxontxo ne nomenxnact sa re ecxrt ner,
npomemne c nnctma 1957 roa, n xoropom on xnemnn napasnron.
Ecnn poman Arnanr pacnpannn nneun xnnxercx nnne oexrnnncra, ro
anronornx Kannrannsm ero xarexnsnc. 3ro raxoe xe crenonrnoe opyne,
xax n xyoxecrnennte nponsneennx P+n, rontxo nnmennoe nperensn na
nnreparypnocrt. 3ect nce nsnaraercx nopono, yuenne P+n npnmepxercx x
npaxrnuecxnm nponemam Amepnxn: x npnmepy, paccmarpnnaercx nonpoc o
rom, xaxoe npannrentcrno nam neoxonmo. Orner moxno ntpasnrt
cneymmnm opasom: Hpaxrnuecxn nnxaxoe n yx rouno raxoe, xaxoe ne
noecnoxonr nsnecmenon. Hmemrcx ram n +cce no pyrnm nonpocam, no
rnannax nent anronornn paspemnrt neuno axryantnym nponemy
npannrentcrna, xoropoe npocro-raxn ne xenaer ypart or nsneca cnon rpyte
nant. Ipnncnen yocronncx uecrn norn n uncno anropon napxy c P+n, ee
samecrnrenem Fpanenom n Poeprom Xeccenom. H ro, nacxontxo naxen tn
Ipnncnen nx P+n, nnno no rpem ero +cce, nanncanntm nx anronornn,
npornn nyx +cce Fpanena n ncero onoro Xeccena.
B +cce Ipnncnena, nonanmnx n +ror copnnx, orpaxen panxantnt nsrnx
na ycrpocrno Amepnxn. Bosnpamenne sonororo cranapra. Ormena
anrnmononontntx saxonon n noome ncex ]opm perynnponannx. Knnra,
xoropym o cnx nop nepensamr n npexpacno noxynamr, ornnuaercx pesxocrtm
rona n coepxannx n rax xe nsonnyer oexrnnncrcxnm xapronom, xax n
nnctmo Ipnncnena nx The New York Times Book Review.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
3cce Ipnncnena Hocxrarentcrno na nenpnxocnonennoe npnpannnnaer
npannrentcrnennoe perynnponanne nsneca x naennm npancrnennocrn n
omecrne. A Ipnncnen npecraer sect anrnnoom Pant]a Heepa, ntcrynax
npornn roro, urot npannrentcrno samnmano norpenrenx or neuecrntx n
neopoconecrntx nsnecmenon. Komnccnx no nenntm ymaram n npxam n
Vnpannenne no xonrponm sa npoyxramn n nexapcrnamn, no mnennm
Ipnncnena, conepmenno nsnnmnn. 3amnra norpenrenx xnnxercx rnanneme
cocrannxmme xonrponnpyemo rocyapcrnom +xonomnxn. Bcxxne saxont,
xoropte samnmamr omecrno or neuncronnorntx nsnecmenon, axe
npoexrnte n crponrentnte nopmt, nacrannaer on, ne nyxnt. Ipnncnen
ynepxer, yro norennnantno yrpost penyrannn ocrarouno, urot n
omecrne c neperynnpyemo +xonomnxo yepxart sacrpomnxa or
nosneennx nnxya ne rontx sann.
On npoonxaer paccyxart o anunocrn nsnecmena (ocropoxnte
xantuxn ero), xoropax xnnxercx nenpensoenntm samnrnnxom norpenrenx.
Penyrannx ]apmanenrnuecxo xomnannn, orpaxennax yxe n camo
nonynxpnocrn ee roprono mapxn, n ecrt uame ncero ee rnannax nennocrt.
H +ro yrnepxenne eme onee cnpanennno nx ]onontx xomnann.
uononte xomnannn croxr rex coren mnnnnonon onnapon, xoroptmn onn
exenenno nopouamr no rene]ony, ronopnr Ipnncnen. Manemee
comnenne n naexnocrn cnona poxepa nnn n xonrpaxre, n on ryr xe yer
ntmntpnyr ns nsneca.
uro ocoenno nmontrno n +rnx naccaxax, onn nn cnona ne ronopxr o rom,
xax neer cex ptnox n ycnonnxx neperynnpyemo +xonomnxn. Her, Ipnncnen
ntcxastnaer cno nsrnx na ry peantnocrt, xaxax npecrannxnact emy eme no
npemx nanncannx roro +cce nx The Objectivist Newsletter n 1963 roy (xora
on tn mntm +nrysnacrom rpnnarn cemn ner). Hmenno no+romy ero
xommenrapnn cront npnmeuarentnt. 3cce conepmenno nrnopnpyer
ntxasannym ptnxom renennnm nonce ne sameuart anno nomemero n
onxo, pyrnnnoro momennnuecrna. ecrnnrentno, oman nacrontxo
ecrecrnennax uepra ]nnancontx ptnxon, uro nectma pexo naxastnaercx xax
npecrynnenne, a n rora nosyxamrcx nnmt rpaxancxne ena rperecxne
cyt, rpynnonte ncxn n npecneonannx co cropont Komnccnn no nenntm
ymaram n npxam CBA nourn ncera sanepmamrcx es npnsnannx nnn
orpnnannx nnnt co cropont ornerunxa. Oexrnnncrt yrnepxamr, uro onn
npornn momennnuecrna, onaxo, cpaxaxct c perynnpyemo +xonomnxo, onn
orxastnamrcx or enncrnennoro mexannsma, cnoconoro nnxnnnponart
cncremarnuecxoe n noncemecrnoe momennnuecrno.
Hyumn ns camtx cnexnx romy npnmepon ]nnanconax nnpamna Fepnapa
Meo]]a, xoropax npocymecrnonana xax mnnnmym nanart ner. 3axont
nnxax ne cmornn na nee nonnnxrt ne noromy, uro saxonoarentcrno no cnoe
cyrn nenpannntnoe, a noromy, uro camn perynnpymmne oprant nnxya ne
ronnnct. Ptnxn tnn conepmenno ne cnocont ynnert +ror macmrant
oman, npocymecrnonanmn mnoro ner n camom cepne ]onontx ptnxon.
Bnn rot, n yuacrnnxn ptnxa, nxnmuax pyxonocrno xpynnemnx anxon,
nauann uro-ro noospenart. Onaxo onn ne noennnnct cnonmn noospennxmn
nn c pyrnmn yuacrnnxamn ptnxa, nn c omecrnennocrtm, ne ronopx yxe o
perynnpymmnx nnn npanooxpannrentntx opranax, no+romy nnpamna
Meo]]a npoonxana cymecrnonart. Enncrnennt cnoco nomart ero
cocroxn n xecrxom perynnponannn n monnropnnre, oxsarentnom nx
]onontx ptnxon, n n xomnerenrnom paccneonannn saxnnenn, nanpnmep,
raxnx, xaxne nocrynann or Iappn Mapxononoca, yrnepx anmero, uro
Meo]] momennnx.
Momennnuecrna onee menxne, mnoxecrno neuncrtx en naunnax or
nsxrox sa npano sannmartcx mynnnnnantntmn onnrannxmn n saxanunnax
naynarentcrnom nnnecropon n noxynarene npxmo n ropronom sane ]onono
npxn, ncera tnn na Vonn-crpnr otuntm enom, n ptnox nnxax ne
pearnponan ecxrxn ner. Hexoropte nnt omana tnn ocoenno mnpoxo
pacnpocrpanent, xora Ipnncnen nanncan Hocxrarentcrno na
nenpnxocnonennoe. To tnn otunte merot neennx nsneca [179 - Weiss
G. Wall Street Versus America. New York: Portfolio, 2006. B +ro xnnre x
ncxptn rnonnxn ne+rnunoro noneennx, otunoro nx Vonn-crpnr, npnuem
ns-sa cnaoro perynnponannx nce onn spenn no mnory ner.]. Heannxx ncropnx
noponna nonte npnmept roro, xax orentnte nnunocrn n xomnannn
nonyuamr npntnn, ynopno npeneperax nopmamn mopann, n nm nce cxonr c
pyx. Kpenrnt pasryn, ]nnancont xpnsnc n nocneonanmne sarem cxanant
amr nam cornn, axe rtcxun npnmepon roro, uro xannrannsm ne n cocroxnnn
nasnpart sa coo cam.
B ocnony cnonx oxasarentcrn Ipnncnen, xax +ro nn nponnuno, xnaer
yrnepxenne, uro nsnecment no ontmomy cuery neuecrnt n uro
perynnponanne rontxo nnmnn pas sacrannxer nx npoxnnxrt cnon xymne
cropont. Mnnnmantnte cranaprt nmemr renennnm cranonnrtcx
maxcnmantntmn, yrnepxaer on. Ho nornxe Ipnncnena, nmenno
perynnpymmne oprant, a ne camn nsnecment nnnonnt n napymennn
+rnuecxnx nopm, xoropte nponcxoxr nocroxnno, noromy uro perynxnnx,
xoropax nensmenno ocnonana na nacnnnn n crpaxe, noptnaer npancrnennym
asy cenxn. Orronocox +ro rouxn spennx snyunr n ntcxastnannxx
yntrpanpantx (x uacro cntman uro-ro noonoe or yuacrnnxon uaennrnx):
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nmenno nonnrnxa npannrentcrna n perynxnnx, a ne anxn nnnonart n
]nnanconom xpnsnce 2008 roa. Cornacno Ipnncneny, yymemy perynxropy
anxoncxo cncremt, nmn, sanxrte paoro, xoropym emy ncxope npecronr
nanpannxrt, nonepxent xoppynnnn. axe nneenne crponrentntx nopm,
ynepxer on, npnnonr x oparnomy pesyntrary: Honyuaercx emenne
noxynnrt crponrentnoro nncnexropa, uem ntepxnnart cranaprt
crponrentcrna. unpma-ononenxa, xoropax sannmaercx nenntmn ymaramn,
moxer tcrpo ntnonnnrt nce rpeonannx Komnccnn no nenntm ymaram n
npxam, yenrt ncex n cnoe naexnocrn n nexoropoe npemx onrt
xnnenron. 3ro nocnenee yrnepxenne ncrnnnax npana, n cxanan c
Meo]]om romy nornepxenne. Onaxo crpanno cntmart, yro
ynnuroxenne ncxxoro nna perynnponannx n perynnpymmnx opranon nmecro
ynyumennx xauecrna nx paort nyumn cnoco noxonunrt c
momennnuecrnom na ptnxe nenntx ymar.
Hpocro cnoco pasopartcx co cnatmn perynnpymmnmn opranamn n
perynnpymmnmn saxonamn nanxrt nyumnx ncnonnnrene n nanncart onee
+]]exrnnnte saxont. Ho y Ipnncnena ecrt nyumn penenr: on npenaraer
nsannrtcx or nnx nonce. B neperynnpyemo +xonomnxe, nnmer on, ror,
xro sannmaercx nenntmn ymaramn, ntnyxen yer norparnrt necxontxo
ner, conepmax npnsnannte cenxn, npexe uem cmoxer sanoenart raxym
penyrannm, urot emy nonepnno snaunrentnoe uncno nnnecropon, rorontx
nopyunrt emy cnon xannrant. Ecrt, npana, ona nponema, xoropym
Ipnncnen ne yuen: mt ne xnnem n neperynnpyemo +xonomnxe, na cnere
nnxora ne tno neperynnpyemtx +xonomnx, n cymecrnyer nynenax
nepoxrnocrt roro, uro onn xora-nnyt noxnxrcx. A noonte
pasrnarontcrnonannx moryr ncnontsonartcx n ncnontsymrcx nx roro,
urot ocnanrt perynnponanne conpemenno perynnpyemo +xonomnxn.
Ipnncnen nanepnxxa sa cnom xnsnt nanman ocrarouno cxananon n mnpe
nsneca, oxastnammnx, uro npecneonanne nnuntx nnrepecon sauacrym
noranxnnano nsnecmenon x napymennm saxona n nonpannm uyxnx npan n ne
menee uacro npnnonno nx x rnenn. Ho, no mnennm Ipnncnena, ne nce rax
ouennno. Ero nenpnxrne perynnponannx nmeer neonornuecxn xapaxrep,
axe pennrnosnt, xax saxnmunn t Antepr 3nnnc. Ono ocnonano ne npocro
na npancrnennocrn neorocyapcrnnennoro xannrannsma, no n na
esnpancrnennocrn xannrannsma orocyapcrnnennoro. Ero yexenne,
saxpennennoe n Kannrannsme xax o]nnnantno oxrpnne oexrnnncron,
cocronr n rom, uro npannrentcrnennoe nmemarentcrno n nsnec ne npocro
nnoxax omecrnennax nonnrnxa, no n orxponennoe sno, ]opma ]nsnuecxoro
nacnnnx.
Hsnarax +rn mtcnn n cnoem +cce, Ipnncnen oannxer na]oca, n n pesyntrare
corpynnxn perynnpymmnx opranon y nero enamrcx noxoxnmn ne na
esponorntx npannrentcrnenntx mpoxparon, sauacrym nonepxenntx
nnnxnnm xopnopann, a cxopee na rpytx +nxan++mnnxon. Kaxne t
+n]emnsmt nn ncnontsonannct n npannrentcrnenntx npecc-pennsax, pesyntrar
onn: n ocnone perynnponannx nexnr noopyxennoe nacnnne. Ho neoospnmo
ropo ymar, xoropax nensexno nosnnxaer npn ncex nnax perynnponannx,
nexnr nncroner. 3ro tn nmnmt xonex P+n, a eme Fpyxa n npounx
p+nnannen, xoropte npoonxamr cxaxart na nem n no ce ent.
3ra mera]opnuecxax nymxa nocroxnno cnnana menx c ronxy. nnen
mnoxecrno perynnpymmnx opranon n ecrnnn n npemx or npemenn nanman
na nnx naner rantxa, no nnxora nopoxa. Tax nnn nnaue, xomnannn, ontmne
n manentxne, napymann rocyapcrnennte saxont, no c nnmn nnuero ne
cnyuanoct. Tax tno no npemena mnocrn Ipnncnena, xora on, monoo
nncrarentnt +xonomncr, cnen na nnane n rocrnno y P+n. Fesycnonno,
nmenno rax ocroxr ena n nontne.
B 1968 roy, n nepno pasptna P+n c Fpanenamn, Ipnncnen nce eme nen
cex xax noxntnt annaparunx. B saxnnennn, onynnxonannom n o]nnnantnom
oexrnnncrcxom mnnerene, xoropoe nonncann Ipnncnen, xysen Fpanena
Annan Fnmmenrant, Hexo]] n eme onn unen Konnexrnna, npnnepxennt
P+n cxasann cneymmee: Mt, nnxenonncanmnecx, tnmne nexropt
Hncrnryra Harann+nx Fpanena, xornm, urot tno saoxymenrnponano
cneymmee: nocxontxy Harann+nt Fpanen n Fapapa Fpanen cnonmn
mnorouncnenntmn nocrynxamn npeanann ocnonononarammne npnnnnnt
oexrnnnsma, mt nopnnaem nx n nancera orpexaemcx or nyx
ntmeyxasanntx nnunocre, n npexpamaem ncxxne ornomennx c nnmn n c
Hncrnryrom Harann+nx Fpanena [180 - Hnctmo, nonncannoe A.
Fnmmenranem, A. Ipnncnenom, H. Hexo]]om n M.-3. Bypec (Pyxannno),
arnponannoe cenrxpem 1968 roa (For the Record // The Objectivist. Vol. 7,
issue of May 1968. P. 457).]. Ipnncnen n cnonx memyapax nn cnonom ne
ynomnnaer o +rom orpeuennn n yxe +noxn crannnnsma, xoropoe on nonncan,
yyun mntm +nrysnacrom copoxa nyx ner.
Ipnncnen cocroxn na rocyapcrnenno cnyxe no npemx npannennx Hnxcona,
tn ]nnancontm xoncyntranrom no npemx xamnannn 1968 roa, nxonn n
rpynny npannrentcrnenntx xoncyntranron, pexomenonanmnx ormennrt
nonncxn npnstn, uro tno nx P+n ono ns nepnoouepentx saau. nx
nee nonncxax nonnnnocrt tna nenpnemnema, axe no npemx Bropo mnpono
nont. B anronornn Kannrannsm ona saxnnna, uro apmecxn npnstn
nonnpaer ocnonnoe npano uenonexa npano na xnsnt n nornepxaer
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
]ynamenrantnt npnnnnn rocyapcrnennoro rorannrapnsma: xnsnt uenonexa
npnnanexnr rocyapcrny, n rocyapcrno moxer npexnnrt cnon npana na
nee, sacrannn uenonexa noxeprnonart coo n om [181 - Rand A. et al.
Capitalism. P. 226.]. Ipnncnena x paore n rpynne npnnnex Maprnn Anepcon,
conernnx n Fenom ome n ennomtmnennnx P+n.
B 1968 roy Ipnncnen orxasancx or nocra n Fenom ome. Hensnecrno, nmena
nn P+n x +romy ornomenne, saro nsnecrno o ee ponn n nasnauennn ero na nocr
npecearenx Conera +xonomnuecxnx xoncyntranron npesnenrom Hnxconom.
Ecnn t ne P+n, on mor t nonce ne nonyunrt +ry onxnocrt.
B nepno nasnauennx Ipnncnena, n nmne 1974 roa [182 - On tn npnneen
x npncxre n c]ororpa]nponancx c P+n ncxope nocne roro, xax Hnxcon tn
ntnyxen noxnnyrt nocr npesnenra, n na cmeny emy npnmen xepant
uop.], penoprep New York Times Coma Ionen npnnen nnrart n ns P+n n
ns Ipnncnena n npnmeuarentno, anno nosatro nepeonnne, re nporpamma
ero ecrnn n pont P+n n ero nasnauennn opnconant n uepno-entx
ronax. Fonee nanarn ner, ronopnnoct n crarte, Ipnncnen xnnxncx pyrom n
nocneonarenem P+n. To tno ono ns nemnornx nnrepntm, xoroptm P+n
yocronna npespennym nnepantnym npeccy roro nepnoa, n ono ns concem
yx pexnx, n xoropom ona ntcxasanact ornocnrentno naroxenarentno.
Ipnncnen, xax n nce, xro pasenxer noonte yexennx, ronopnnoct n
Times, nepnr n npancrnennocrt n esoronopounym nenecoopasnocrt
nonnoro laissez-faire xannrannsma. Ipnncnen nonean Times, uro xora on
nosnaxomnncx c P+n, ro tn cnoontm npenpnnnmarenem n rom cmtcne,
xaxo nxnatnan n +ro nonxrne Aam Cmnr no nneuarnennem or
reopernuecxoro ycrpocrna n +]]exrnnnocrn ptnxa. P+n xe n xoe onrnx
ncxyccn n nountx cnopon sacrannna menx saymartcx, nouemy xannrannsm
ne npocro +]]exrnnen n npaxrnuen, no eme n npancrnenen.
P+n ne cxptnana, xax n nouemy Ipnncnen cornacnncx na +ror nocr:
noanmnct ee nnnxnnm. nomorna Anany npoanannsnponart, uro nneuer sa
coo +ro nasnauenne, no, pasymeercx, pemenne tno ero cocrnennoe,
cxasana ona. Ecnn +ro ecrnnrentno tno ero cocrnennoe pemenne, sauem o
+rom noome ynomnnart?
Ipnncnen ne xoren +ro onxnocrn. On cxonaunnan cocroxnne n xauecrne
+xonomnuecxoro xoncyntranra, n on ormeuaer n 3noxe norpxcenn, uro tn
no mnorom ne cornacen c nonnrnxo Hnxcona [183 - Greenspan A. The Age of
Turbulence. P. 6364.]. Ho P+n xorena nnert ero na +rom nocry, n
npannrentcrne, nycrt axe ero paora n ntcmem +menone nnacrn
npornnopeunna nce ee ]nnoco]nn. Ona xorena opecrn nnnxnne uepes cnoero
mnoro +nrysnacra, n ona ero opena.
B 3noxe norpxcenn Ipnncnen ronopnr o cnoem crapom nacrannnxe,
Aprype Fepnce, xoropt xora-ro nosrnannxn Coner ynpannxmmnx
ueepantno pesepnno cncremt n yexan ero npnnxrt nocr. Onaxo o ponn
P+n sect ner nn cnona, nn ennoro ynomnnannx o rom, xax ona nomorana
npoanannsnponart, uro nneuer sa coo +ro nasnauenne, xorx o +rom nncann
na nepno nonoce New York Times.
cunram, uro c ero cropont +ro reponuecxn nocrynox, nnrnponana
rasera cnona P+n. Crpannonarax ]opmynnponxa, xora peut ner o npnnxrnn
xem-ro ntcoxoro npannrentcrnennoro nocra. Anan mo yuennx, n
]nnoco]cxom cmtcne. On samnrnnx neperynnpyemoro xannrannsma. Ho nn
on, nn x ne xem, uro raxo xannrannsm nacrynnr sanrpa.
Comnenamct, uro on saxouer ocrartcx, ecnn ero nonpocxr nocrynnrtcx
cocrnenntmn npnnnnnamn, cxasana P+n. Henocneonarentnocrt +ro
npancrnennoe npecrynnenne. [184 - Golden S. He Stresses Patience to Achieve
Goals // New York Times. J uly 24, 1974.]

Hsyuax nce nanncannoe n cxasannoe Ipnncnenom, x npnmen x ntnoy, uro
ero sameuanne o rom, yro ero +nrysnasm nauan yracart, cenannoe n
3noxe norpxcenn, ne npocro cnnaer unrarenx c ronxy: +ro axe ne
nontrxa cmxrunrt ron, +ro npocro nenpana. ne nnxy, urot ero nepnocrt
P+n xax-ro noxoneanact, urot ero pemnmocrt npernopxrt n xnsnt ee
npnnnnnt xax-ro ocnana naunnax c 1950-x roon, xora ona cran nocemart ee
canon na Bocrouno rpnnart mecro ynnne, na nporxxennn nce ero
rocyapcrnenno cnyxt n nnnort o ceronxmnero nx. Mne ncnomnnncx
poman Pnuapa Konona 1959 roa no nasnannem Mantuxypcxn xannar:
o noennonnenntx, xoroptm npomtnn mosrn n Cenepno Kopee n onoro
sanporpammnponann na yncrno xannara n npesnenrt. nnxax ne mor
orenartcx or +roro opasa. nce npemx npecrannxn cee Ipnncnena
xannarom or Mmppe-Xnnn, xoroporo eme n mnom nospacre
sanporpammnponann na yncrno, nor on nter nnepe n yter
npannrentcrnennoe perynnponanne nsneca.
nonnmam, uro +ro ne camt xyrxn opas. 3aro +ro camax noxoxmax
mera]opa nx onncannx roro, xax Ipnncnen ynopno nporanxnnan nen P+n o,
no npemx n nocne cnoe cnyxt na nocry npecearenx Conera ynpannxmmnx
ueepantno pesepnno cncremt. Oexrnnncrt anntm-anno orpexnnct or
nero, ncxnmunnn ns cnonx pxon xax npearenx, a pon Fpyx xecroxo
opymnnancx na nero sa npenonaraemoe npearentcrno P+n [185 - Trask A.
Alan Greenspan Betrayed Ayn Rand and Ruined the Economy, Says Rand
Institute President // Daily Ticker, Yahoo! News. May 9, 2011 (URL:
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/alan-greenspan-betrayed-ayn-rand-
ruined-economy-says-124734929.html).], no nnuno mne xaxercx, uro cnncox
ocrnxenn Ipnncnena, conepmenntx sa onrne rot cnyxt An P+n,
ronopnr cam sa cex.

15. Bexcent x onna1e
Anan Ipnncnen ocranancx npnnnxenntm P+n nnnort o ee cmeprn n 1982
roy. B ror ro ee nepnt nomomnnx Heonap Hexo]] ntnycrnn xnnry,
nanncannym npn nocroxnnom nmemarentcrne P+n, xoropax nastnanact
3nonemne napannenn. B +ro xnnre Hexo]] ntxnnxn npenonaraemte
cxoxne ueprt cranonnennx nannsma n Iepmannn n nponeccon, nponcxoxmnx n
Coennenntx Brarax n xonne XX cronernx. P+n nanncana npencnonne x
+romy nencronomy nponsneennm, a eme onn oexrnnncr, cront xe nnsxn
x P+n, xax n Hexo]], an emy nocropxennym penensnm:

oxrop Hexo]] npecrannn nam norpxcamme xpxoe counnenne. Hapannenn
mexy ]nnoco]cxnmn ymonacrpoennxmn onanncrcxo Iepmannn n
conpemenno Amepnxn, nponeennte nm c nopasnrentno rounocrtm, nyramr.
Kaxt, xoro nonnymr xonnexrnnncrcxne nexnnx n conpemennom mnpe, oxsan
npounrart +ry xnnry.
Anan Ipnncnen

Fyyun nnepom oexrnnncrcxoro nnxennx, Ipnncnen ne mor cenart
mentme. On n ouepeno pas pncxnyn penyranne, ntcxastnaxct n noepxxy
oexrnnnsma, na ce pas naxnannnax xnnry, xoropax cpannnnana Coennennte
Brart c Bemapcxo pecnynnxo. Ipnncnen tn ynaxaemt +xonomncr n
nce eme mnt +nrysnacr nxrnecxrn mecrn ner.
3a ro o roro on cenancx conernnxom Ponanta Perana n nponnnyn
oexrnnnsm n npannrentcrno, oxastnax camym ropxuym noepxxy
saxononpoexry o cnnxennn nanoron Kemna n Pora, npenoxennomy n 1981
roy. Onn norpeonann coxpamennx npeentntx nanorontx cranox n nancera
nsmennnn nporpeccnnnt xapaxrep nanorono cncremt cncremt, camomy
cymecrnonannm xoropo npornnnnact P+n. Ipnncnen ne mor nonce noxonunrt
c nooxontm nanorom, xax ne mor ormennrt mnnnmantnt pasmep
sapaorno nnart, npornn xoroporo P+n raxxe nospaxana, onaxo cmor
cenart cncremy onee naroxenarentno no ornomennm x rnopnam n
npenpnnnmarenxm, xoropte npecrannxmr nx omecrna ropaso ontmym
nennocrt, uem nmn, croxmne na nnxnnx crynentxax necrnnnt ycnexa. Eme
uepes na roa, n xauecrne rnant xomnrera, roronxmero nsmenennx nx
cncremt connantnoro oecneuennx, Ipnncnen npnyman nontcnrt camt
perpeccnnnt nanor ns rex, uro nnarxrcx entm n cpennm xnaccom, nanor,
yepxnnaemt c sapnnart na connantnte nyxt, ononpemenno ypesan
noconx. B rom ne tno nnxaxoro npornnopeunx. Cncrema connantnoro
oecneuennx tna xymnm npoxnnennem antrpynsma. Honyuarenn nocon
tnn rpanrenxmn. H omecrno rontxo ntnrptnano or roro, uro nm
nonnmann nanorn n ypesann ntnnart.
B 1987 roy Peran nspan Anana Ipnncnena cneymmnm npecearenem
Conera ynpannxmmnx ueepantno pesepnno cncremt. Ipnncnen uacro
eceonan c Fpanenom o ecrpyxrnnnom norennnane uPC n neoxonmocrn
yupenrt conepmenno cnoonym anxoncxym cncremy [186 - Branden N. My
Years with Ayn Rand. P. 160.]. Ho+romy ero exrentnocrt na nocry
npecearenx tna nno npearentcrnom npnnnnnon oexrnnnsma, nno
nosnpamennem x ro ponn, xaxym on ncnonnxn n Conere +xonomnuecxnx
xoncyntranron, ncnornmxa npernopxrt n xnsnt p+nnancxne npnnnnnt.

B cnonx +cce n copnnxe Kannrannsm. Hesnaxomt nean Ipnncnen
oosnaunn rpn rnanntx nenn. ne tcrpentxo nonnornnnct n xnsnt, cronno
emy ncrart y pynx ueepantno pesepnno cncremt. 3onoro cranapr nounn n
ose: nex ero nospoxennx tna uepecuyp +xcrpemantno axe nx Perana,
no n npetymne mecrt ner ncnonnenne anrnmononontntx saxonon nce
ontme ocnaenano, a n nnxamne rot Ipnncnen nnuno conpancx
npocnenrt, urot c ]nnancontm perynnponannem tno noxonueno.
Mept, npnnxrte n ornomennn perpeccnnnoro nanora, noepxannte
Ipnncnenom, Vonn-crpnr n xopnoparnnno cncremo onnart rpya, o
npeena pacmnpnnn nponacrt mexy entmn n orartmn, uero ne cnnnoct
axe aponam-pasonnxam. Mexy 1979 n 2004 roamn nmn cpenero
ocrarxa nanmann, xax nx oxo nocne ntuera nanoron ntpoc na ony
nxrym, rora xax oxo onoro nponenra nacenennx, c yuerom nn]nxnnn,
nocxounn na 176 % [187 - Sherman A., Aron-Dine A. New CBO Data Shows
Income In equality Continues to Widen // Center on Bud get and Policy Priorities.
J anuary 23, 2007.]. B 1980 roy renepantnte npexropa nonyuann n 42 pasa
ontme, uem cpenecrarncrnuecxn paoun. B 1990 roy +ror noxasarent
ynennunncx o 147. K 2010 roy renepantnte npexropa nonyuann yxe n 343
pasa ontme amepnxancxnx paounx co cpene sapaorno nnaro. [188 -
Liberto J . CEOs earn 343 times more than typical workers // CNNMoney. April
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
20, 2011 (URL: http://cnnmoney.mobi/primary/_anjlQ1-iwtfh_HqTVc); ocnonano
na nccneonannn, ocymecrnnennom AFLCIO

Hourn c camoro momenra ero nasnauennx na nocr npecearenx Ipnncnen
paronan sa ormeny saxona Inacca Crnrana, npnnxroro n +noxy Bennxo
enpeccnn, xoropt sanpeman anxam ononpemenno sannmartcx xpenrntmn
onepannxmn n nnnecrnponart n xomnannn. Ho ero pyxonocrnom ueepantnax
pesepnnax cncrema ypestnana ecrnne saxona, noxa n 1999 roy on ne tn
ormenen. 3ro nosnonnno xommepuecxnm anxam rapanrnponart pasmemenne
nnoreuntx nenntx ymar cytonocnt mar na nyrn x ]nnanconomy
xpnsncy 2008 roa.
B 2000 roy, xora unen Conera ynpannxmmnx uPC 3nap Ip+mnnx
npnnnex nnnmanne Ipnncnena x napacramme nponeme xnmnnuecxoro
xpenronannx (nnoreunte xomnannn npenarann cycranaprnte xpenrt,
sannmaxct pncxonanntm xpenronannem enxxon, xoropte ne mornn
ntnnaunnart no nnm), Ipnncnen nocnpornnnncx npenoxennm ornpannrt n
nnoreunte orenennx nannonantntx anxon nponepxmmnx [189 - Andrews A.
L. Fed Shrugged as Subprime Crisis Spread // New York Times. December 18,
2007.]. 3amnmart napo or +xcnnyarannn co cropont ncecnntntx anxon
conepmenno npornnopeunno rem ycranonxam, xaxne on ntnnnyn n
Hocxrarentcrne na nenpnxocnonennoe. 3ro tno npocro nenosmoxno.
Mexy npounm, uro raxoe xnmnnuecxoe xpenronanne? C rouxn spennx
oexrnnncron ono nmeer cront xe naxnte nocnecrnnx, cxont n npoaxa
nexapem ynxn. Hnoreunte xomnannn npenarann cycranaprnte xpenrt na
necypasno cnoxntx, nepannonpanntx ycnonnxx, npoanann nx enxxam,
xoropte nonpocry ne nonnmann, uro nponcxonr. Cornacno oxrpnne
oexrnnncron n nponarane Ipnncnena, nx anxon +ro tno n nx
pannonantntx nnuntx nnrepecax. Ho+romy nnnecrnnnonnte anxn
o]opmnxnn nnoreunte xpenrt, npnmenxx oecxypaxnnamme sanyrannte
]opmynnponxn, npncnannax nanntcmn yponent xpenrocnoconocrn es
manemnx na ro ocnonann. Hpncnoenne nanntcmero yponnx naexnocrn
nnoreuntm nenntm ymaram tno n pannonantntx nnuntx nnrepecax
xpenrno-pernnrontx arenrcrn, noromy uro raxnm opasom onn
crnmynnponann pocr cnonx oxoon.
H nce +ro nnxax ne perynnponanoct: nn cycranaprnte xpenrt, nn
exrentnocrt xpenrno-pernnrontx arenrcrn, nn xpenrnte epnnarnnt.
Ipnncnen, nepnt cnoe anno yconme nacrannnne, croxn nacmeprt sa
epnnarnnt, cnox na ner nce nontrxn nx perynxnnn. B 2003 roy on saxnnn
Fanxoncxomy xomnrery Cenara CBA, uro perynnponart nx tno t
omnxo [190 - Goodman P. S. Taking Hard New Look at a Greenspan Legacy //
New York Times. October 8, 2008.]. Eme uepes ro on cxasan na anxoncxom
cese: He rontxo orentnte ]nnanconte yupexennx crann menee
yxsnnmtmn x ocnonntm ]axropam pncxa, no n ncx ]nnanconax cncrema n
nenom cenanact onee croxo. [191 - 3ameuannx, cenannte npecearenem
A. Ipnncnenom na exeronom cese Amepnxancxo acconnannn anxnpon
(Htm-Hopx, CBA); Hpannenne uPC, 5 oxrxpx 2004 roa.]
Kora Konrpecc nontrancx saxptrt nasexy c epnnarnnamn,
cnpononnponanmnmn cxanan c xomnanne Enron, Ipnncnen +romy
nocnpornnnncx. H, xax otuno, ero onnosnnnx oepxana nepx. Bnpoxoe
pasrnamenne anntx o nenax no nnenpxentm cenxam na ycnonnxx saxasunxa
nnxax ne nocnococrnyer nponeccy onpeenennx nent n nenom, saxnnn on
nmecre c eme necxontxnmn unenamn xannera Fyma n nnctme x Konrpeccy or
2002 roa [192 - Hnctmo cenaropam M. . Kpano n 3. F. Mnnnepy,
arnponannoe 18 cenrxpx 2002 roa. Honncano A. Ipnncnenom, mnnncrpom
]nnancon H. O`Hnnom, npecearenem Komnccnn no nenntm ymaram n
npxam X. Hnrrom n x. Htmcomom, npecearenem Komnccnn no cpouno
npxeno ropronne (URL: http://www.isda.org/speeches/pdf/Derivatives-Letter-
to-Sens-Crapo-and-Miller9_18.pdf).]. Hecmorpx na snoynorpenennx
xopnopannn Enron, Ipnncnen n ocrantnte ne nepnnn, uro ena,
sarponynmero rocyapcrnennte nnrepect, ocrarouno nx onpanannx
rocyapcrnennoro nmemarentcrna. epnnarnnt, cranmne noountm
npoyxrom yma xnnnmnoro crponrentcrna, raxne xax oecneuennte sanorom
onronte oxsarentcrna, renept perynnponannct rontxo onnm, camtm
nyumnm perynnpymmnm opranom anunocrtm nsnecmena.

Memyapt Ipnncnena 3noxa norpxcenn tnn onynnxonant n 2007 roy,
sa ro o roro, xax ero penyrannx tna ynnuroxena ]nnancontm xpnsncom. B
xoporxom orcrynnennn o P+n Ipnncnen nocrapancx ormexenartcx or cnoe
nacrannnnt, nouepxnnax, uro tn ne cornacen c nem no nonpocy o
nooxonom nanore, xoropt ona nonce xorena ormennrt. Ho nourn ryr xe,
npoe t npornnopeua camomy cee, on oxnnxer cex napanne c nem rnanntm
noopnnxom oexrnnnsma: ncera naxonn mnpoxym ]nnoco]nm
xonxypennnn cnoonoro ptnxa nectma npnnnexarentno, naxoxy ee raxono
n ceronx.
H nce. Hn enno nontrxn onponeprnyrt cxasannoe nm n rpex +cce ns
Kannrannsma, xorx p+nnancxax anronornx nce eme nepensananact n
crpemnrentno pacxynanact. Knnra 3noxa norpxcenn ana cnoemy anropy
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
uyecnym nosmoxnocrt orpeutcx or nporpammt panxantnoro xannrannsma,
ntnnnyro n pannnx +cce. On mor t cenart +ro n memyapax rouno rax xe,
xax mor t ormexenartcx or +rnx +cce eme necxontxnmn roamn pantme,
nonpocnn nsxrt nx ns anronornn nnn cenan nynnunoe saxnnenne o rom, uro
+cce ontme ne orpaxamr ero nsrnxon. Ho Ipnncnen +roro ne cenan.
Bepoxrno, noromy, uro nce eme nepnn n xaxoe cnono ns +rnx +cce.
Taxxe on mor t ncnontsonart cnon memyapt, urot nsnnnnrtcx nepe
Fpanenamn: net n 1968 roy, no npemx Pasptna, on nonncan saxnnenne,
nanpannennoe npornn nnx. Ho renept-ro emy tno nsnecrno, uro nce cxasannoe
rora oxasanoct cnnomno xnenero. Fapapa Fpanen ynomxnyna, uro
ncrpeuanact c Ipnncnenom n 1980-x roax, xora conpana marepnant nx
cnoe xnnrn, n paccxasana emy, xax nce tno na camom ene. On tn npocro
norpxcen, coomnna ona mne. On npnsnancx, uro o nero oxonnn cnyxn
|o pomane P+n c Harann+nem], rontxo on nnxora nm ne nepnn. On
nsnnnxncx, cxasana Fapapa. On tn ouent mnn. nx Fapapt Fpanen +roro
tno ocrarouno. Kora x eceonan c nem, ona ne ncntrtnana nnxaxnx
ropecrntx uyncrn no +romy nonoy. Onaxo ecnn nmert n nny ornomenne
Ipnncnena x anno yconme nacrannnne, ro nectma npnmeuarentno, uro on ne
namen necxontxnx ]pas n cnoe xnnre, urot onpanartcx n ntpasnrt
coxanenne no nonoy cnoe nonncn no rem saxnnennem.
uro xacaercx +nonmnnn ero nsrnxon rounee, orcyrcrnnx raxono, ro
Fapapa Fpanen nanmana Ipnncnena na nepmnne nnacrn n ronopnr, uro
snana yxe anno: ]nnoco]nx P+n oxastnana na nero nnnxnne na nporxxennn
mnornx ner. H ceronx, es comnenn, +ro nnnxnne n ontmo mepe
coxpannnoct.
Kro-ro moxer cxasart, uro ntnot cenant cnnmxom nocnemno, axe moxer
sanoospnrt nac n npensxrocrn. B xonne xonnon, xax xe trt co snamennrtm
saxnnennem Ipnncnena n Konrpecce, xoropoe on cenan n 2008 roy,
npnsnanaxct, uro n ero mnponosspennn nmemrcx nsxnt?

To tno ono ns camtx snaunmtx cotrn n ncropnn ]nnanconoro xpnsnca.
23 oxrxpx 2008 roa Ipnncneny nenenn npecrart nepe Komnrerom Hanart
npecrannrene no nasopy n pe]opmam npannrentcrna n ero npecearenem
Ienpn Baxcmanom. Bo npemx +ro nanpxxenno ncrpeun c +rnm
naroxenarentntm o cnx nop xomnrerom Hanart npecrannrene Ipnncnen
nynnuno nuenan cex, nanomnnax cnnerene, ammnx noxasannx n nontsy
ntcrannnme nx cropont, xoropte npecranann nepe xomnreramn Konrpecca
n +noxy Maxxaprn. Onn ymonxnn n xnxnunnn, onnuann n npeanann,
ormanunnannct n nrann, ntraxct orxpecrnrtcx or cnonx neonornuecxnx
omnox, satnax o ncxxom camoynaxennn, orpexaxct or cnoero npexnero,
cxomnpomernponannoro opasa mtcne ne noromy, uro nsmennnn emy, a
rontxo ns xenannx cnacrn cnom xaptepy.
Ipnncnen tcrpentxo nepenxn nx manepy. On saxnnn Baxcmany, uro ortcxan
nsxn n ro moenn, xoropax, ouennno, ]ynxnnonnpyer nenpannntno, a ona,
cxaxem rax, onpeenxer ycrpocrno mnpa. On cxasan: Te ns nac, xro
saornncx o nnuntx nnrepecax xpenrntx nncrnryron, urot samnmart
cocrnennocrt axnnonepon, n rom uncne n x cam, norpxcent o rnynnt ymn
n ne nepxr cocrnenntm rnasam. [193 - 3axnnenne Ipnncnena cm. n apxnne C-
SPAN (URL: www.c-spanvideo.org/program281958-1).]
3ra peut o nsxne nomna no nce mnponte cnoxn nonocre. H tna nourn
noncemecrno ncronxonana xax orpeuenne or neonornn cnoonoro ptnxa, n o
ceronxmnero nx ona xnnxercx ono ns nex ]nnanconoro xpnsnca. Onaxo,
nnnmarentno npocmarpnnax nynnunte ntcrynnennx Ipnncnena, x nocrenenno
npnmen x ntnoy, uro xaprnna noxaxnnx ntrnxena ne concem rax, xax
npnnxro ee npecrannxrt. Ha ym mne npnmno cnonocoueranne nonte
cranaprt. a, Ipnncnen npnsnan nannune nsxna. Hponsnec +ro cnono.
Ero cnpocnnn, tn nn on nenpan, n on ornernn: Oruacrn. Ho on ryr xe
orpexcx or cnonx cnon, ne ycnen oronopnrt. Hopasnrentno, cxont mano
nnnmannx tno yeneno romy, xax on ormanunnancx n nocroxnno nosnpamancx
x cnoe nnuno nnne, nmemme neonornuecxym ocnony.
Ipnncnen nauan menxrt cnon yexennx npxmo nepe xomnrerom Baxcmana.
Hsxn n ero mnponosspennn, cxasan on nosxe n ro uacrn ntcrynnennx
nepe Baxcmanom, xoropax otuno samanunnaercx, nepoxrno, nosnnx nnmt na
mrnonenne n ne nmeer ocoennoro snauennx. He snam, nacxontxo on snaunm
nnn onroneuen, cxasan Ipnncnen. On nocroxnno nannpan na ro, uro
saxont npnnxrt Konrpeccom, a ne mno nnuno. anee on saxnnn
cneymmee: ronoconan ]axrnuecxn sa nce perynnpymmne saxont, xaxne
ntnnran Coner ueepantno pesepnno cncremt nonnman, uro cnxsan
xnxrno n oxsan ncnonnxrt ro, uro oeman, a ne ro, uero xorenoct t mne.
B ocnonnom +ro npana. Ipnncnen ynpannxn uPC na ocnone
xonnernantntx pemenn n nnxora ne ronoconan na cropone mentmnncrna.
Fonee roro, on noome ne onycxan o ronoconannx pasnte rnycnte n npente
npenoxennx: nanpnmep, nmenno rax on nocrynnn n 2000 roy, xora unen
conera 3 Ip+mnnx nontrancx oysart xnmnnuecxoe xpenronanne. Hpn
xaxo yono nosmoxnocrn Ipnncnen nontsonancx cnonm nenpepexaemtm
anropnrerom n uPC n nnnxnnem na Konrpecc n xauecrne +xonomnuecxoro
opaxyna, urot noannxrt perynnponanne, ecnn ono ocmennnanoct nonxrt
ronony. P+n oopnna t ero ecrnnx.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Henoxonenmax nepnocrt Ipnncnena cnoe nacrannnne nornepxaercx eme
ono pemapxo, xoropym on cenan, ntcrynax nepe xomnccne Baxcmana.
Orneuax na cnona Baxcmana o ymepnocrn ero neonornn (cyrt n
ocoennocrn xoropo ne tnn nsnoxent xomnccnn), Ipnncnen npouen
xonrpeccmenam neontmym nexnnm o naxnocrn neonornn n conpemenno
xnsnn. On cxasan, uro neonornx ecrt naxnemn anropnrm, cornacno
xoropomy nmn nsanmoecrnymr c peantnocrtm. Heonornx ecrt y xaxoro.
onxna trt. Heonornx neoxonma nam nx cymecrnonannx [xypcnn mo.
I. B .].
B ornnune or paccyxenn o nsxne +rn cnona ntpnannct y Ipnncnena
cnonranno, on ne roronnn nx sapanee. H eme onn tnn necxontxo rymannt.
Mnnnnont, moxer, axe mnnnnapt nme no ncemy mnpy neyr nnuem ne
npnmeuarentnym, nnora axe cuacrnnnym xnsnt npn ncex mtcnnmtx
rocyapcrnenntx ycrpocrnax, ne nmex crporo cncremt neponann.
Hoospenam, uro noannxmmee ontmnncrno ns nnx cnnmxom osaoueno
exenenno opto sa ntxnnanne.
nonxn, uro cnona Ipnncnena xaxyrcx mne snaxomtmn. nornxen na
xnnrn, pasnoxennte na moem nnctmennom crone, n nonxn: rouno, nor ono,
npencnonne An P+n x opoerenn +ronsma. Hepnt mar, nnmer ona,
yrnepnrt npano uenonexa na npancrnennoe cymecrnonanne, ro ecrt
npnsnart, uro emy neoxonm mopantnt xoexc, xoropt t nanpannxn n
nanonnxn ero xnsnt [xypcnn mo. I. B .]. uepes necxontxo crpannn ona
crannr nonpoc: To, uro ecrnnx uenonexa onxnt nanpannxrtcx nexnm
naopom npnnnnnon, +ro ncxyccrnennax oronopennocrt mexy nmtmn,
cymecrnymmax ncxnmunrentno xax uacrt rpannnn, nnn rpeonanne
peantnocrn? Ornocnrcx nn +rnxa x c]epe npnxore nnuntx +monn,
omecrnenntx saxonon n mncrnuecxnx orxponenn, nnn x c]epe pasyma?
3rnxa +ro cyexrnnnax pocxomt nnn oexrnnnax neoxonmocrt? [194 -
P+n A. opoerent +ronsma. M.: Antnnna Tannmep, 2012.]
3ro tna ne xaxax-ro orentnax pemapxa, a nocroxnno snyuamax rema, x
xoropo P+n uacro nosnpamanact: uenoneuecxoe cymecrno nyxaercx n
cncreme xoopnnar, n nonxrno xaprnne trnx, nycrt axe camo npocro
[195 - Rand A. For the New Intellectual: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand. New York:
Signet, 1963. P. 16.]; Fyyun uenoneuecxnm cymecrnom, nt nocrannent nepe
]axrom: nam neoxonma ]nnoco]nx. [196 - Rand A. Philosophy: Who Needs
It (apeconano ntnycxnnxam Boenno axaemnn CBA n Becr-Honre, 4 mapra
1974 r.), naneuarano n: The Ayn Rand Letter. Vol. III. No. 7, issue of December
31, 1973. P. 277. (Becrnnxn P+n otuno arnponannct necxontxnmn
mecxnamn pantme, uem ntxonnn na camom ene.)]

Heoxnanno noanmnct noptny, Ipnncnen ocnann samnry n ntan nam
ro, uro nnoxnna n nero An P+n. Ho nocxontxy nce nnnmanne tno
cocpeoroueno na ero snamennrom nsxne (n 2010 roy n Fpnrannn axe
ntmen oxymenrantnt ]nntm no nasnannem Hsxn), ro pemapxy o
neonornn nnxro ne samernn. P+n nacrontxo mano nonnmann, uro
nynnunoe npnsnanne Ipnncnena n nepnocrn cnoe nacrannnne nponycrnnn
mnmo yme.
Ipnncnen ne orpexancx or cnoe neonornn: on n ouepeno pas nornepnn
cnom npnnepxennocrt x ne. H npoonxan nornepxart cnona n cnona.
Hesaonro o roro, xax npecrart nepe xomnccne Baxcmana, Ipnncnen-
oexrnnncr marepnannsonancx n xopxrayncxom ynnnepcnrere, re
ntcrynnn c oxnaom. On nanomnnn aynropnn, uro noannxmmee
ontmnncrno cenox onxno trt oponontntm, a +ro npenonaraer
neoxonmocrt nepnrt na cnono rem, c xem mt neem nsnec, nourn ncera
conepmenno nesnaxomtm nmxm. Hpnmeuarentno, uro orpomnoe uncno
xonrpaxron, n ocoennocrn na ]nnancontx ptnxax, nnnort o neannero
pasnnrnx nn]opmannonntx rexnonorn, saxnmuannct ycrno n nauann
nornepxartcx nnctmenntmn oxymenramn rontxo n nocnenee npemx, a n
ro nocne cnntnoro nsmenennx xypcon nenntx ymar Mt nonaraemcx na
nnunte nnrepect npornnno cropont, xoropax, oeperax n ynyumax cnom
penyrannm, npeocrannxer xauecrnennte ronapt n ycnyrn. [197 - Texcr
sameuann A. Ipnncnena, Ptnxn n cyente npana, Hpoexrnax xon]epennnx
Canpt + O`Konnop, ynnnepcnrer xopxrayna, 2 oxrxpx 2008 roa.]
Xorx nynnxe +ro tno nensnecrno (ecnn rontxo ona ne cocroxna ns rex rpex
nponenron amepnxannen, xoropte unrann anronornm Kannrannsm),
Ipnncnen nepnyncx x reme, xoropym pasnnnan n cnoem +cce Hocxrarentcrno
na nenpnxocnonennoe copoxanerne annocrn. On npxmo noomen x cyrn
cnoero ntcrynnennx: An P+n tna npana. On tn npan.
B ptnouno cncreme, ocnonanno na onepnn, penyrannx onaaer rnanno
+xonomnuecxo nennocrtm. Ho+romy x norpxcen rem, nacxontxo mano n
nocnenne rot mt saornmcx o cnoe penyrannn. Kora yrpaueno onepne,
no xnno yrposo oxastnaercx n cnoconocrt nannn conepmart cenxn. H n
+rom saxnmuaercx ocnonnax npnunna ]nnanconoro xpnsnca, saxnnn on. 3a
nocnenn ro neonepne x yxranrepcxnm sanncxm anxon n npounx
]nnancontx nncrnryron n xonrexcre neaexnarntx axnn npnneno x
maccontm xoneannxm n nonpoce o npeocrannennx ccyt. H n pesyntrare x
samopaxnnannm xpenron.
Ho cnonam Ipnncnena, nonyuaercx, uro ]nnanconym aronnm ntsnann ne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
anunocrt n +roncrnunocrt anxon, ne xnmnnuecxne cycranaprnte xpenrt n
ropronnx nenntmn ymaramn c nnoreuntm noxptrnem. He necnoconocrt
raxnx nme, xax on cam, ocymecrnnxrt xonrpont na ptnxe. Hpnunna tna n
neocrarxe nept y rex, xoro An P+n nocnenana, xax repoen xannrannsma.
uepes na roa, n 2010-m, anxporcrno xpynnemero nnnecrnnnonnoro anxa
Lehman Brothers onpoxnnyno nce onot Ipnncnena, noxasan, uro nponema
neymero ]nnanconoro xonrnomepara ne n neocrarxe onepnx x
yxranrepcxnm sanncxm ]npmt, a n neuecrnocrn +rnx sannce. Fanx npneran
x nexoroptm ynonxam, naroapx xoroptm nourn nce pncxn yuacrnx n
epnnarnnntx cenxax ne nonaann n oruernte neomocrn. Ipnncnen,
xoroporo +ro ne cmyrnno, nanncan crartm, n xoropo ntcxasan mnenne, uro
xpnsnc 2008 roa tno nenosmoxno npeornparnrt: nntmn cnonamn, on n An
P+n oxasannct npant. Bnnonnte tnn noncmy: neocrarount yponent
xannrana, nnoxo paorammne xpenrno-pernnronte arenrcrna. 3ro tn
xnaccnuecxn Ipnncnen, c nstrxom nenonxrntx ]pas n maremarnuecxnx
]opmyn, n sa ncem +rnm cnononsnepxennem croxna ra camax mtcnt, xoropym
on nponnran no npemx cnyxt n npannrentcrne: n uem t nn saxnmuanact
nponema, perynnponanne ne pemenne. Ipnncnen nacrannan na rom, uro
ocnonnoe nonoxenne nnana perynnponannx, rmarentno paspaorannoro
npesnenrom Oamo, perynnpymmn opran onxen nocroxnno orcnexnnart
ptnounte pncxn npornnopeunr spanomy cmtcny. Ananns Ipnncnena tn
nonnocrtm ocnonan na neocrarxax +xonomnuecxoro npornosnponannx, n on
nonnocrtm nrnopnponan ro, uro perynnponanne ptnountx pncxon
nopasymenaer ropaso ontme, uem npocroe npornosnponanne. [198 -
Greenspan A. The Crisis // Brookings Institution. April 15, 2010.]
Bect 2010 n 2011 rot Ipnncnen npoonxan neroonart nce xpocrnee,
nporanxnnax cnom nem cnoonoro ptnxa nmo neno. On tn
upesntuano noxnen n neonornuecxn nocneonarenen. Vx sect nao orart
emy onxnoe. Ipnncnen ne xaxax-nnyt ram cyma nepemernax. On no-
npexnemy ror xe, xaxnm tn no npemena Konnexrnna, ronapnm n nepnt
npnnepxenen P+n, nexrop n +ccencr, cocrannrent annorann nx Hexo]]a,
npornnnnx saxononpoexron, ntcrynammn sa nontmenne nanora na sapnnary
n nenoxonenmt ncrpenrent nmtx perynnpymmnx saxonon, xaxne rontxo
ncrpeuamrcx emy na nyrn. Bce eme mnt +nrysnacr noctmnecxrn nxrn ner.
B anpene 2010 roa on nauan nocroxnno mentxart n cpecrnax maccono
nn]opmannn, ntraxct ononpemenno orcroxrt cnom neonornm n cnacrn
penyrannm, ynepnrt omecrno, yro xpnsnc, xoropt on nnuno nomoran
cosart, no nexoroptm npnsnaxam, ner na cna. Tenept on crapancx yenrt
ncex, yro tn ncero nnmt nnnrnxom n rpomanom n nnoxo
]ynxnnonnpymmem mexannsme, ncero nnmt eme ono xeprno peuamero
rnoantnoro +xonomnuecxoro ecrnnx, sapoxenne xoroporo ornocnrcx ax x
nepnoy paspymennx Fepnnncxo crent.
Ha xanane ABC News ero cnpocnnn, onponepraer nn ptnount xpnsnc
xannrannsm laissez-faire nnn yexenne An P+n, yro ptnxam moxno
onepnrt camoperynnponanne. 3a nocnenne rot +ro tn onn ns nemnornx
cnyuaen, xora n npncyrcrnnn Ipnncnena ynomnnann nmx P+n, no on
cnpannncx c cnryanne nrpamun. Ecnn Ipnncnen n camom ene cunran, uro n
ero opase mtcnn nmeercx nexn nsxn, emy npeocrannxnact nosmoxnocrt +ro
nornepnrt. Hnuero noonoro, saxnnn on es xoneann, yro xan
+roro nonpoca, urot samnrnrt nosnnnn panxantnoro xannrannsma. Hocne
uero npoonxnn, coomnn, uro y nero n pyrnx nonnrnuecxnx exrene ner
ontra paort c remn rnnamn pncxon, xaxne noxnnnnct nocne naennx Lehman
Brothers [199 - Greenspan: Financial Crisis Doesnt Indict Ayn Rand Theories //
ABC News. April 4, 2010
(http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2010/04/greenspan-financial-crisis-
doesnt-indict-ayn-rand-theories.html).]. Ipnncnen, nepoxrno, satn, uro
ueepantnax pesepnnax cncrema no ero pyxonocrnom xoopnnnponana ntxyn
LTCM (Long Term Capital Management), xex-]ona, xoropt pyxnyn n
1998 roy, nocrannn no yap nnarexecnoconocrt npornnntx cropon, n rom
uncne n xpynnemnx anxon c Vonn-crpnr. To tna renepantnax penernnnx
onoro ns xnmuentx cotrn ]nnanconoro xpnsnca 2008 roa, xora
pncxonannoe yuacrne n epnnarnnntx cenxax Amepnxancxo mexynapono
rpynnt (AIG) ena ne ynnuroxnno ee npornnnte cropont, n cnona n nx
uncne tnn xpynnemne nnnecrnnnonnte anxn. unnanconax cncrema onxrt
oxasanact no yrposo ns-sa ecneunocrn onoro-enncrnennoro nrpoxa.
LTCM tn ropaso mentme, uem AIG, no ero nce panno npnmnoct cnemno
ntxynart, urot cnacrn or xonnanca ncm cncremy.
uepes rpn nx nocne noxnnennx na ABC News, 7 anpenx 2010 roa,
Ipnncnen nepnyncx na Kannronncxn xonm nnepnte c rex nop, xax n 2008
roy npecran nepe Baxcmanom. Ha +ror pas on npnmen na Komnrer no
paccneonannm npnunn ]nnanconoro xpnsnca [200 - 3ror n pyrne nporoxont
FCIC naxoxrcx n apxnne cara Cr+n]opcxoro ynnnepcnrera (URL:
http://fcic.law.stan-ford.edu/).]. H ryr yxe ne tno nnxaxoro noxaxnnx, axe
npnrnopnoro, axe raxoro, or xoroporo moxno tno t orpeutcx n
cneymmn mnr nnn npn cneymmem noxnnennn na rene+xpane. Ha ce pas
Ipnncnen ne nsnnnxncx, a nanaan. Bonnennx n omecrne noyrnxnn, ptnox
nauan noccranannnnartcx, n moxno tno npoonxart araxy. Ipnncnen
nocnontsonancx +ro nosmoxnocrtm, urot pemnrentno orpeutcx or cnoero
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
uacrnunoro noxaxnnx, xoropoe nponsomno n oxrxpe 2008 roa.
ueepantnax pesepnnax cncrema, cxasan on, ecrnonana, urot
npeornparnrt pocr cycranaprnoro xpenronannx. On pasan xomnccnn
pacneuarxn no sarnannem Hnnnnarnnt ueepantno pesepnno cncremt no
orpannuennm snoynorpenenn. axe ryr Ipnncnen ne cmor yepxartcx or
ncxymennx n nocrannn xantuxn, comnenaxct, cronr nn sect ronopnrt nmenno
o snoynorpenennxx. To, uro on nasnan nnnnnarnnamn, npecrannxno coo
necxontxo meronuecxnx oxymenron. Bce tnn nororonnent conmecrno c
pyrnmn arenrcrnamn, n nexoroptx cnyuaxx nx nacunrtnanoct o nxrn.
Hnxaxnx orpannuenn ne nnonnoct. Perynnpymmne oprant coomann o
cnonx oxnannxx, onaxo, uro t nn ronopnn n cnoem oruere Ipnncnen, ne
yxastnann anxam, uro enart. He tno nnxaxnx rpeonann.
Iocyapcrnennax nymxa rax n ne ntcrpennna.
unen xomnccnn Fpyxcnn Fopn, xoropax raxxe nosrnannxna Komnccnm no
cpouno npxeno ropronne, xora Ipnncnen ornepr ee nnan no
perynnponannm epnnarnnon [201 - Goodman P. S. Taking Hard New Look at a
Greenspan Legacy.], cocpeorounnact na neonornn Ma+crpo. Cyrt name
neonornn cnonrcx x romy, uro ]nnanconte ptnxn camoperynnpymrcx, a
npannrentcrnennoe perynnponanne nno ne nyxno, nno npeno, cxasana
ona. Bt raxxe yrnepxann, uro n pesyntrare ]nnanconoro xpnsnca
onapyxnnn n +ro neonornn nsxn. Bt naxonnnct na nocry npecearenx
Conera ynpannxmmnx uPC onee nocemnanarn ner, ntmnn n orcranxy n 2000
roy [nmenno!], n sa +ror nepno cenannct camtm ynaxaemtm n mnpe
+xcneprom no ]nnancontm ptnxam. xouy cnpocnrt: nonnnxna nn na yponent
perynnponannx ]nnancontx ptnxon n CBA n n mnpe nama yexennocrt n
nontse eperynnponannx?
Fopn npoonxnna meronuno ntcrpannart onnnennx npornn Anana
Ipnncnena: necnoconocrt perynnponart +xonomnxy, necnoconocrt
npeornparnrt cnnxnne anxon n rpomante xopnopannn, xoropte yxe ne
nmemr npana na anxporcrno. Heyxenn ueepantnax pesepnnax cncrema ne n
cocroxnnn necrn ornercrnennocrt sa cnon ecrnnx, ne n cocroxnnn ncnonnxrt
cnon oxsannocrn?
Ipnncnen tn ne n rom nacrpoennn, urot npnsnanart omnxn nnn xaxrtcx.
On, xaxercx, tn pa nosmoxnocrn ocrannrt nce rax, yro on n ne
nonopaunnancx cnnno x An P+n. Hepntm enom on saxnnn, uro nnxora ne
comnenancx n npannntnocrn cnoe neonornn.
Hpexe ncero, nauan on c naxnmom, n ero ronoc snyuan cnnno n
pemnrentno, nsxn cncremt, xoropt x npnsnan, saxnmuancx n rom, uro ona
ne nosnonxer n nonno mepe ocosnart cocroxnne n macmra norennnantntx
pncxon, xoropte o rex nop tnn eme ne ncntrant. an noxnym rpaxronxy
cnoe oxrxptcxo ncnonen 2008 roa, Ipnncnen npoonxnn nepennctnart
ncropnm, onponeprax camy mtcnt o rom, uro xora-ro tn Ma+crpo. Moxer
trt, nam n xasanoct, yro mon nen ornocnrentno perynnponannx nmenn
xaxo-ro nec n nnnxnne na Konrpecc. Ho nnuno x rax ne cunram.
Bpemx ntcrynnennx Fopn ncrexno, n ontme nnxro ne pasnnn ee mtcne. Hn
onn ns unenon xomnccnn ne saunran Ipnncneny pacmn]ponxy crenorpammt
ero noxaxnnoro ntcrynnennx 2008 roa. Hnxro ne nospasnn n orner na ero
omenomnxmmee saxnnenne, yro on ne nmen nnxaxoro nnnxnnx na Konrpecc.
Hontrxa nepenncart ncropnm yanact: nnxro nnuero ne samernn. Ipnncnen
npnernyn x nsnmnenno rexnnxe oexrnnncron, nponepenno npemenem:
orpnna peantnocrt.
B onom ornomennn Ipnncnen tn npan. Or cnoe neonornn n peun o
nsxne on ne orpexcx. Pasymeercx, ero ntcrynnenne nepe xomnccne
Baxcmana ocrannno concem nnoe nneuarnenne. Onaxo nypnrt mosrn +ro
ncxyccrno, n xoropom Ipnncnen tn nnpryos. Ero noxnnenne nepe xomnccne
Baxcmana nocnyxnno cnoe nenn nepenanpannno rnen omecrnennocrn n
xonrpeccmenon n pyrym cropony. H orpexartcx or narocnonennoro
Ipnncneny ne npnmnoct.
On noxnnyn san saceannx xomnccnn n sanxn nouernoe mecro n omecrne,
npoonxax nponnrart nporpammy An P+n. Hoxa nnnact peneccnx, x
xoropo npnnena ero nonnrnxa, on n mapre 2011 roa nanncan crartm nx
xypnana International Finance, n xoropo ynepxn, yro npannrentcrnennt
axrnnnsm samenxer remnt noccranonnennx [202 - Greenspan A. Activism //
International Finance. March 2, 2011.]. Orxya raxax ntcoxax espaornna n
neocrarox nnnecrnnn? enam ntno, cxasan on, nonox nror, uro xax
mnnnmym nononnna, a ro n rpn uerneprn npnunn nponcrexamr or rpomanoro
norpxcennx n neynepennocrn, xoropte nocennnnct n xonxypenrno,
perynnpymme n ]nnancono cpee co npemen xpymennx Lehman Brothers n
tnn nopoxent nonno npannrentcrnennoro axrnnnsma. B xonne crartn on
nanncan: Htnemnn npannrentcrnennt axrnnnsm memaer nceoemnmmemy
n nnamnunomy noccranonnennm +xonomnxn.
To xe camoe mnenne Ipnncnen ntcxasan n n xommenrapnn nx Financial
Times, onynnxonannom n mapre 2011 roa [203 - Greenspan A. Dodd-Frank
fails to meet test of our times // FT.com (Be-car Financial Times). March 29,
2011 (URL: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/14662fd8-5a28-11e0-86d3-
00144feab49a.html#axzz1I108nwBH).]. Ero mnccnx cocroxna n rom, urot
araxonart axr oa up+nxa nanononnny o]opmnennt saxon, xoroptm
Konrpecc c raxnm ontmnm onosannem ornernn na yxact 2008 roa. Xorx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
saxon tn cnat, no n n raxom nne ero tno onontno Anany Ipnncneny.
Ipnncnen, nocemanmn canon na Tpnnart mecro ynnne, Ipnncnen,
nncanmn nx anronornn Kannrannsm, npornnocroxnmn nmtm ]opmam
npannrentcrnennoro perynnponannx, nepnyncx. Hpana, npx nn on noome
yxonn.
Crartx naunnanact c xparxo ncropnn ]nnanconoro xpnsnca no nepcnn
Anana Ipnncnena. Perynnpymmne oprant tnn saxnauent npacnnox xpaxom,
nx optt c xoroptm, xax nam omnouno xasanoct, y nac sanaceno
ocrarouno cpecrn. Hponema, nntmn cnonamn, saxnmuanact ne n
espaccycrne anxon n crpaxono xomnannn AIG, xoropoe ycyrynxnoct
cnatm perynnponannem, a n necnoconocrn anxon coxpannrt ocrarouno
pesepnntx cpecrn, urot xomnencnponart cocrnennym nexomnerenrnocrt. C
camoro nauana ]nnanconoro xpnsnca on rnepnn ono n ro xe, xax manrpy:
ea ne n pasryne eperynnponannx n ne n snoynorpenennxx co cropont
anxnpon, a n necnoconocrn anxoncxoro pyxonocrna coxpannrt
neoxonmte pesepnt na cnyua rex camtx snoynorpenenn, xoropte on
noompxn. 3ro nce panno uro onnnxrt cerxy-panny, ns xoropo cenan saop,
n rom, uro nopt nocroxnno ee paspesamr.
A or cneymmero yrnepxennx npocro rnasa nesyr na no: Ceronxmnne
xonxypenrocnoconte ptnxn, xornm mt +ro npnsnart nnn ner, npnnoxrcx n
nnxenne nennnmo pyxo Aama Cmnra, rontxo na mexynaponom
yponne, n ee ecrnnx conepmenno ne noamrcx [!] nonnmannm. 3a
peuamnmn ncxnmuennxmn (nanpnmep, n 2008 roy) ncemnpnax nennnmax
pyxa oecneunnana ornocnrentno cranntnt nanmrnt xypc, cranntnte
cranxn xpenronannx, nent n pasmep sapaorno nnart [xypcnn mo. I. B
.]. unnanct, saxnnn Ipnncnen, marepnx cnnmxom cnoxnax, perynnponart nx
nenosmoxno.
Ha peuamne ncxnmuennx nocneonana xenunax peaxnnx or
xommenraropon npoe Ienpn uappenna, ynnnepcnrercxoro norrepa, xoropt
nonpocnn cnonx unrarene ortcxart pyrne npnmept peuamnx
ncxnmuenn: 3a peuamnmn ncxnmuennxmn, pyccxax pynerxa +ro
necenax, esonacnax nrpa nx nce cemtn [204 - Farrell H. With Notably Rare
Exceptions // Crooked Timber (nor). March 30, 2011 (URL:
http://crookedtimber.org/2011/03/30/with-notably-rare-exceptions/).]. Hon
Kpyrman npespnrentno xmtxnyn, nanncan n cnoe xononxe n New York
Times: Anan Ipnncnen ne ocrannxer nontrox saxpennrt sa coo penyrannm
xymero ns tnmnx npecearene Conera ynpannxmmnx uPC sa ncm
ncropnm ee cymecrnonannx. [205 - Krugman P. The Exceptional Mr. Greenspan
// New York Times (nor). March 30, 2011 (URL:
http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/03/30/the-exceptional-mr-green-span/).]
Ipnncnen moxer cxontxo yrono exart or peantnocrn, onaxo crepert ero
cnona n nocrynxn nentsx. uaxr cocronr n rom, uro P+n norepnena xpax. Ee
nen pasnnnct o peantnt mnp, n xoropom mannaxantnt +ronsm ne naro,
a npe; n xoropom nsnecment, npnnneuennte sanaxom ener, nycxamrcx no
nce rxxxne, a xannrannsm rpeyer npannrentcrnennoro nasopa, noromy uro
nnaue neymepennocrt xannranncron norynr n ]nnanconym cncremy, n
omecrno n nenom.
Ftrne no-npexnemy tryer, n +ro sameuamr nce, xpome p+nnannen.
Harann+nt Fpanen xopomo c]opmynnponan n cnonx memyapax +ry mtcnt:
Ceronx xaxercx onesnenno ouennntm, uro ecnn ynaxenne x peantnocrn
xnnxercx rnanno opoerentm oexrnnncra, ro mt anexo ne ncera
pasnnnann n cee +ro xauecrno, a n onn npexpacnt ent peantnocrt
nensexno nosnnxaer na nopore n npexnnxer nexcent x onnare. [206 -
Branden N. My Years with Ayn Rand. P. 185.]

16. Hpopouec1no
Heonap Hexo]] tn nacnennxom An P+n, no rontxo ]opmantno. On
tn cnnmxom yx ontmo noxannm axe no mepxam P+n, urot crart
nnepom nnxennx n ntstnart onepne y nocneonarene, n cnnmxom yx
nonepxnocrnt uenonex, urot nperenonart na mecro cnoe nacrannnnt.
Pont noxaxa ocranact uenonexy cnoconomy, xoropt n nsxn na cex
ynpannenne Hncrnryrom An P+n n xonne 2000 roa.
pon Fpyx no ncem npnsnaxam ntammncx nnep. On xapnsmarnunt
oparop, ornnunt nexrop n nponnnarentnt nncarent. On anancnpyer na
rpann ]anarnsma, uro tno cnocrnenno n camo P+n, onaxo ne nepexonr
+ry stxym rpant n ornnune or Hexo]]a. On pemnrentnt croponnnx
ecxomnpomnccnoro panxantnoro xannrannsma, ne neammero yrptsenn
conecrn.
Mon nontrxn nsxrt y Fpyxa nnrepntm mnoro mecxnen ncrpeuann ornop. Ha
mon +nexrponnte nnctma ne orneuann, mon ronoconte coomennx ocrannxnn
onrartcx na anntm-anno nosatrtx anroornerunxax. Ho nce pesxo
nsmennnoct nocne onoro rene]onnoro pasronopa c xonom 3nnnconom.
mnmoxoom ynomxnyn, uro rax n ne cmor noronopnrt c Fpyxom, necmorpx na
mnorouncnennte nontrxn, saro nsxn nnrepntm y ero rnannoro xonxypenra,
+nna Kennn. 3nnncony raxo pacxna ne nonpannncx. Vxe na cneymmn
ent npomno nourn cemt mecxnen c moe nepno npoctt o nnrepntm x
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nonyunn no +nexrponno noure nnctmo or Kypra Kpamepa ns Hncrnryra An
P+n. Hpomy npomennx, uro rax onro ne mor Bam ornernrt, nncan on.
pon cornacen art nnrepntm. Onomy ory nsnecrno, uro cnyunnoct t,
cxaxn x 3nnncony, uro nsxn nnrepntm y oonx Fpanenon. Moxer, sa mno
npncnann t uacrnt camoner?
ncrpernncx c Fpyxom n pecropane rocrnnnnt W Hotel na Rnnon-cxnep,
re on ocranonnncx na npemx ouepenoro npnesa n Htm-Hopx. C Fpyxom x
cpasy xe nouyncrnonan cex nenpnnyxenno. Tnnnunt pyxenmnt
nspanntrxnnn. Mne ne npnmnoct nastnart ero oxropom, uro tno
ontmnm oneruennem. Btcrynax c rpnynt, on nnora xasancx nencrontm:
ouxn n npononouno onpane, xyoe nnnom, nnorno orxnyroe xoxe, a n
nepnym namy ncrpeuy x ena nn ne xan, uro on nor-nor menx yapnr. Onaxo
n nenocpecrnenno nnsocrn nce ero ocrpte yrnt yxe ne ntnnpann rax
cnntno.
pon Fpyx ponncx n 1961 roy re-ro n mxno uacrn Hepycannma, no
npoxnn n +rom pasenennom na uacrn n xoncepnarnnno-pennrnosnom ropoe
ncero necxontxo ner. Poc on n Xa]e, nopronom ropoe na noepexte
Cpensemnoro mopx, re armoc]epa tna xya onee nnepantno. Ero
ponrenn tnn nmmnrpanramn ns Rxno A]pnxn, nsnauantno nnroncxnmn
enpexmn. Oren no npo]eccnn npau. H o cnx nop npau, cxasan Fpyx. Emy
npnmnoct ntrn na nencnm, noromy uro mennnny nannonannsnponann.
Crapmn Fpyx paoran rnannpauom n mennnncxom nenrpe Pamam n Xa]e.
On c yonontcrnnem paoran t n antme, cxasan Fpyx. Hosxe x yenncx,
uro Fpyx npan: npaue n nspanntcxnx ontnnnax, noxonrpontntx
rocyapcrny, ntnyxamr ntxonrt na nencnm, urot art opory monotm, a
uacrntx ontnnn, xya onn mornn t ycrponrtcx na paory, ouent mano. Bo
ncem +rom yratnanoct +xo ercxnx nneuarnenn P+n: Fpyx nanman, xax
ero orna, ynaxaemoro npaua, ntranxnnamr co cnyxt no npnnyxennm
rocyapcrna.
Oren Fpyxa uacro esnn n nnrentnte xomannponxn sa oxean, uro otuno
nx nspanntcxnx oxropon, no+romy Fpyx nemnoro noxnn n Honone n n
Focrone, re xonn n cpenmm mxony. Xnsnt ram ero ne nneuarnnna. On
onapyxnn, uro amepnxannt nmn nenexecrnennte, rynte n
neopasnnrte. Bona no Btername noxonna x xonny, a onn axe ne snann,
re naxonrcx Bternam. ern n mxone ne mornn noxasart Bternam na xapre.
3aro x snan, re naxonrcx Bternam.
P+nnancxax nnnnnannx Fpyxa cocroxnact, xora emy tno mecrnanart.
Tora, n xonne 1970-x roon, on tn saxonuenntm connanncrom, a saono n
saxonuenntm cnonncrom. Kax n ontmnncrno pyrnx nspanntrxn n nx
ponrene. Onaxo, x cuacrtm nx Fpyxa, y nero nmencx pyr nemnoro crapme
no nospacry, ontmo nmnrent noronopnrt. On xax-ro nauan
pasrnarontcrnonart, ntnnrax npoxannranncrnuecxne nen, n x cnpocnn, re
on nx napancx, a on an mne nounrart Arnanra.
Cnauana Fpyxy npnmnoct c +ro xnnro cpaxartcx. On tn ne rontxo
saxonuennt connanncr, no, uro ropaso xyxe, noxany, n saxonuennt
antrpyncr. On cuen xnnry nenpasymnrentno, nocxontxy ero snaxomcrno c
Amepnxo orpannunnanoct cpene mxono n Fpyxnnne. a eme on snan
nosynr: Cexc, napxornxn, pox-n-ponn. Onaxo, ounrtnax xnnry, on yxe ne
cnopnn no ncxxom cnyuae, ne cnopnn c An P+n. 3aro cnopnn co ncemn
noxpyr no nonoy ne, nouepnnyrtx nm ns pomana. Kon]nnxrt c
ronapnmamn n pocrnennnxamn nosnnxann y mnomn axe ne ns-sa
nonooperennoro ornpamennx x connannsmy, a ns-sa roro, uro on cran cunrart
nspanntcxnm nyecxnm xonnexrnnnsmom.
o npourennx P+n on ronopnn: Onn ns cnocoon camonenrn]nxannn
cocronr nx menx n moe, cxaxem rax, npnnanexnocrn x nnemenn. P+n xe
yunna ero: Tt ne unen nnemenn. Tt n nepnym ouepet npnnanexnmt
camomy cee. Tt ror, xro rt ecrt. C +roro momenra on nauan nonnmart
cnonnsm concem no-pyromy: necmorpx na ero nnemennte n xonnexrnnncrcxne
xopnn, on cunran ero cpecrnom camosamnrt. Mo napo nastnaer cex
nyecxnm nycrt axe no cocrnennomy xenannm, +ro ne nmeer snauennx,
noromy, uro rax ero nastnaer nect ocrantno mnp. Ho ecnn npyr ne craner
anrncemnrnsma, xaxax rora pasnnna, trt nyeem nnn ne nyeem? Ha menx
nponsnen cnntnoe nneuarnenne +ror npnmep roro, xax oexrnnncr cnocoen
nepeuepxnyrt rtcxuenernne pennrnosnte rpannnn onnm pemnrentntm
yrnepxennem.
Arnanr yx rouno ne yxpennn n Fpyxe nspanntcxoe camocosnanne.
Hspannt manentxn, cxasan on, ram ncmy ponx, nosmoxnocrn
orpannuent, ram recno, yxacno recno. Hocne roro xax x npounran Arnanra,
mne crano xcno, xax-ro oruernnno nonxrno, uro xnnem mt onn pas, n mo
npancrnennt onr n rom, urot mox xnsnt npomna xax moxno nyume.
On cran ocoenno uyncrnnrenen x rnanntm nponemam crpant, xoropte
cnonnnct x ycnnennomy annennm co cropont npannrentcrna n ornomennm x
xnsnn camnx nspanntrxn. Onn nonpocry tnn upesmepntmn antrpyncramn.
Onn xorenn nomorart pyrnm, tnn roront xeprnonart coo pan napoa.
3ro neunax nponema nyecxoro rocyapcrna. Kro esoronopouno cunraercx
n Hspanne repoxmn? Hmn, xeprnymmne coo pan rpynnt. Hmn, oranmne
cnom xnsnt sa pyrnx. Heonornx Hspannx n rom, urot xeprnonart
nexoroptmn pan ncex. H ncx mn]onornx ne nspanntcxax, a nyecxax o
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
+rom. He o opte, ne o necxontxnx cpaxennxx, a o necxontxnx
xeprnonpnnomennxx.
tn ynnnen (npnxrno ynnnen), ycntman raxoe or Fpyxa. Mne yxe
nopxxom nonaoenn nornuecxne oocnonannx, x xoroptm p+nnannt
npnerann, onpantnax oexrnnncrcxn nsrnx na antrpynsm, n ocoennocrn
xora eno xacanoct narpnornuecxnx nonnron. Tpeyercx nemxnnnax
cmexanxa, urot nsxrt txa sa pora n orxasart n ynaxennn nmxm, oranmnm
xnsnt sa cnom crpany. Bce amepnxancxne mxontnnxn snamr ncropnm Harana
Xena, pasneunxa npemen Bont sa nesanncnmocrt, xoropt cxasan nepe
rem, xax ero nonecnnn anrnnuane: xanem rontxo, uro y menx ncero ona
xnsnt, xoropym x mory orart sa mom crpany. Hoonoro poa uyncrna nnxax
nentsx ocrannrt es nnnmannx.
Otuno oexrnnncrt c +rnm ocropoxnnuamr. B ent namxrn 2006 roa
Anexc 3nmren ns Hncrnryra An P+n ntcxasancx n ono rasere n rom yxe,
uro conart Coennenntx Braron ne npnnocnnn cex n xeprny pan
ntcoxo nenn. Kora Amepnxe yrpoxaer nacroxmax onacnocrt, ona yrpoxaer
ncem nam n namnm nnsxnm, n rom uncne n conaram [207 - Epstein A. What
We Owe Our Soldiers // Objectivist Standard (URL:
http://www.theobjectivestandard.com/blog/index.php/2007/11/what-we-owe-our-
soldiers-by-alex-epstein-3/).]. Ho cpannennm c noontmn saxnnennxmn
orxponennoe npnsnanne Fpyxom cocrnennoro +ronsma tno noono rnorxy
cnexe not.
Ona npopacraer n ree, cxasan on o cnoe ponne. Tt uacrt nnemenn.
H rt oxsan cnoemy nnemenn. Fnaropocrno n ntcoxax npancrnennocrt
acconnnpymrcx c camonoxeprnonannem no nmx nnemenn. A pasne sect ne
ro xe camoe, cnpocnn x. Bet n CBA mt roxe ormeuaem ent namxrn. Ara,
ntesxaem sa ropo na nnxnnx, nospasnn Fpyx. A n Hspanne nonaraercx
cxopert. Cyx no romy, xax on +ro onncan, pemx rxxxoe. Hnxaxoro nnna.
Hnxaxoro econa. Bce necnn no pano o xeprnonpnnomennn, mystxa
Hom Xa-3nxapona. Bce +rn necnn x snam nansycrt, noromy uro ncm +ry
narpnornuecxym uymt n Hspanne n rex nnnamr c camoro poxennx. Tt
sayunnaemt nce necnn nansycrt, n nce +rn necnn, mexy npounm, o
xeprnonpnnomennn, norepxx n nennunn.
3ro nonpoc mornnannn, npoonxan on. Mornnannx moxer trt
pasnax: nno uyncrno onra, nno ecxoptcrne. Tora x yman, +ro
camonoxeprnonanne. Tenept x ne nepm n camonoxeprnonanne. rax n
npecrannxm cee conara-oexrnnncra, xoropt craparentno anannsnpyer
cnon mornnt, nonyunn npnxas nacrynart na npaxecxne nosnnnn. Ho, cepxanr,
moxer cxasart on, cnonno npnnexnt yuennx Cranncnancxoro, xaxo
onxna trt mox mornnannx? Bt npocnre menx cenart +ro no nmx roro, no
uro x nepm, nnn xe xere, uro x npnnecy cex n xeprny pan rocyapcrna?
3ro tno t none nrnt na nont na, +roncrnuecxo nrnt. Hnxro ns
conar ontme ne naxptnaer cnonm renom rpanart, urot cnacrn or rnenn
ronapnme, yx rouno ne na rom none ox, re nommr oexrnnncrt. nnxy,
xax n mnpe oexrnnncron ntnpamr crpannnt ns yuennxon ncropnn co
ncemn paccxasamn o repoxx, narpaxenntx nocmeprno, n samenxmr nx nontmn
repoxmn: +roncrnuntmn, anuntmn, ne xenammnmn xeprnonart coo
Knncnnnramn n Herenamn.
P+n orxptna Fpyxy rnasa na nopounocrt camonoxeprnonannx n na
noncemecrnoe npncyrcrnne npannrentcrna n xnsnn Hspannx, n renept Fpyx
ncmy nnen rxxenym nant rocyapcrna, cepxnnammero cnooy na
xaxom yrny. On npounran nce xnnrn P+n, xaxne namen, n npocnn orna
npnnosnrt emy nsannx ns-sa rpannnt. ne cosnanan, uro cymecrnyer nenoe
nnxenne, uro xro-ro xpome menx roxe unraer +rn xnnrn, cxasan on. H
rontxo n 1980 roy on nosnaxomnncx c pyrnmn oexrnnncramn ns Hspannx
uepes nneprapnancxym naprnm, xoropax naxonnact no momntm nnnxnnem
P+n n ntnnrana cnonx xannaron na nannonantnte ntopt. Onn ne
nonyunnn n Kneccere nn onoro mecra. Haprnx eme npocymecrnonana
nexoropoe npemx, a sarem camopacnycrnnact. Hspannt tn ne roron npnnxrt
An P+n.
Fpyx xe, conepmenno rouno, tn x +romy roron, no n nocemnanart on cran
xeprno otunoro nx Hspannx ymemnennx cnoot n ornpannncx n apmnm.
On tn cepxanrom n noenno pasnexe, ntnonnxn saannx, ne rpeymmne
ocoenno xnann]nxannn: nanpnmep, anannsnponan nenn na npaxecxnx
reppnropnxx. Orcnyxnn, on cran nsyuart rpaxancxoe crponrentcrno n
Texnnone, Hspanntcxom rexnonornuecxom nncrnryre, a norom, n 1987 roy,
yexan n CBA yunrtcx n acnnpanrype. On cran nsyuart ]nnanct. Ero mannna
Vonn-crpnr, n n xonne 1990-x roon on nmecre c onoxamnnxom no
]nnanconomy xonnexy ocnonan xomnannm BH Equity Research, xoropax
ocnyxnnana xex-]ont, no n nrore npenparnnact n uacrnt
nnnecrnnnonnt ]on, oecneunnammn xomnannn craprontm xannranom.
Fpyx nnnncx n oexrnnncrcxoe nnxenne nourn c roro camoro momenra, xax
comen c camonera. On yuacrnonan n nyxneentno xon]epennnn
oexrnnncron, noxa yunncx n Texaccxom ynnnepcnrere. Tam on n
nosnaxomnncx c Maxnom Fepnnnepom, coyupenrenem Hncrnryra An P+n, n
c pyrnm coyupenrenem, Heonapom Hexo]]om, n c npounmn cnernnamn
oexrnnnsma. B Ocrnne on cnxsancx c mecrntmn oexrnnncramn, nmecre c
necxontxnmn rexacnamn ocnonan rpynny noxnonnnxon P+n. On yromnn menx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nepeuncnennem cemnnapon n xon]epennn, xoropte ycnen oprannsonart sa
necxontxo ner, n uncne xoroptx tn n oexrnnncrcxn xpyns no rpeuecxnm
ocrponam (na napmnnom cyentmxe). Cront axrnnnax oprannsaropcxax
exrentnocrt yxpennna onepne x nemy co cropont nnxennx oexrnnncron,
n nerom 1999 roa, xora Fepnnnep ymen na noxo, Fpyxy npenoxnnn
pyxononrt Hncrnryrom An P+n. K cnonm oxsannocrxm n xauecrne nonoro
pyxononrenx on npncrynnn rontxo uepes ro. On no-npexnemy paoran n BH
Equity, no, no ero cocrnennomy npnsnannm, rparnn na +ro ne ontme ecxrn
uacon n neenm npornn mecrnecxrn, xoropte rparnn na nncrnryr. 3ro
noxoxe na npany, cyx no romy, xax uacro Fpyx noxnnxercx na nynnxe n
unraer nexnnn.
Camoe ntammeecx ocrnxenne Fpyxa no ncxxom cnyuae, c rouxn spennx
npantx nonnrnxon +ro ero npnmnpenne c nneprapnannamn. O]nnnantnax
nosnnnx oexrnnncron no ornomennm x nneprapnannam sa rot nsmennnact
c rorantnoro nenpnxrnx na paymnoe corpynnuecrno. Ho xpane mepe, rax
xaxercx co cropont. Onaxo, no mnennm Fpyxa, nosnnnx oexrnnncron ne
cnnnynact nn na ory. Hsmennnoct nneprapnancrno, cxasan on.
Hoospenam menx ram ne tno, n 1980-x roax x ne cosnanan ncero +roro,
Mmppe Porap tn eme xnn, n onn tnn ropaso onee cnnouenntmn. Bo
ncxxom cnyuae, nx nnrennexryant tnn ropaso axrnnnee, anapxncrcxne n
anrnamepnxancxne nacrpoennx tnn ropaso cnntnee. Hneprapnannt,
cxasan on, pacxononnct. Onn crann concem pasntmn n ontme ne
npecrannxmr coo nenocrnoro nnxennx. Ornomenne oexrnnncron x
nneprapnancxo naprnn nsmennnoct. Mt ne xornm nmert c nnmn nnxaxnx
en, cxasan on.
Oexrnnncrt no-npexnemy na yx ne nepenocxr ry ]paxnnm
nneprapnannen, xoropax sanxna nosnnnm, oxapaxrepnsonannym Fpyxom xax
anrnamepnxancxax. Ho ero cnonam, nocne onnnanaroro cenrxpx +ro
crano ocoenno samerno. 3ro anrnamepnxannt, cxasan on, nsnauantno
conpannct n Hncrnryre ]on Mnseca, xoropt cneonano t nastnart
Hncrnryrom Mmppex Porapa, noromy uro ]on Mnsec ne tn anapxncrom n
ne tn anrnamepnxannem. Hnxaxo nmnn mexy p+nnannamn n noxontm
Mmppeem Porapom ne tno n n nomnne. 3xonomncr n nneprapnanen,
xoropt xoporxoe npemx nxonn n xpyxox P+n, ymen orrya, pasosnennt. B
1972 roy on onynnxonan crartm, n xoropo xpacnopeunno oxcnxn, uro
nnxenne nocneonarene P+n xnnxercx cexro. [208 - Cm.: Heller A. C. Ayn
Rand and the World She Made. P. 295301; Rothbard M. The Sociology of the
Ayn Rand Cult (URL: http://www.lewrockwell.com/rothbard/rothbard23.html).]
Fpyx orenxn ntmeynomxnyrtx neroxen or onee ymepennoro,
orpannuennoro npannennx, xoropoe paccmarpnnan xax xnaccnuecxoe
nnepantnoe xptno nneprapnancxoro nnxennx xnaccnuecxoe
nnepantnoe n yxe croponnnxon cnoonoro ptnxa n XIX cronernn.
Ho+romy x cunram, uro cymecrnyer onee pecnexraentnt, ecnn xornre,
mencrpnmoncxn, neanapxnuecxn +nemenr n nneprapnancxom nnxennn.
H mt ornocnmcx x ero yuacrnnxam, xax x norennnantntm nonyrunxam.
3ro ornomenne, onaxo, ne pacnpocrpanxercx na nanonee samernym ]nrypy
cpen nneprapnannen CBA, na neonoxparnoro xannara n npesnenrt
Pona Hona. Texaccxn xonrpeccmen, xoropt n 1988 roy tn ntnnnyr
xannarom n npesnenrt or Hneprapnancxo naprnn, cxasan, uro unran nce
pomant P+n n nonyuan nce nomepa mnnerene, noxa onn ntxonnn,
naroapx uemy n nauane 1960-x roon ero crannnn n onn px c ee
nocneonarenxmn. Hon npnsnaer n cnoe xnnxxe Konen uPC, uro P+n
nonnnxna na ero opas mtcne, no raxxe yrnepxaer, uro nnxora ne
nomtmnxn cenartcx oexrnnncrom. B ynomxnyrom mnom xon]nnxre mexy
P+n n Becrepom, anropom cnonapx, on npenouen npnnxrt cropony cnonapx:
Ona rax n ne cmorna yenrt menx n nepnocrn cnoero onpeenennx n
ncnontsonannx repmnna antrpynsm. [209 - Paul R. End the Fed. New York:
Grand Central Publishing, 2009. P. 62.]
Fpyx ne ntnpan ntpaxenn, ntcxastnaxct o xom t ro nn tno, n n
ocoennocrn o +rom uenonexe. ne cnnmxom ntcoxoro mnennx o Pone
Hone, cxasan on. Bsrnxt Hona na nnemnmm nonnrnxy Fpyx
oxapaxrepnsonan xax nourn nncrnnxrnnno anrnamepnxancxne. B xoe
xamnannn 2008 roa Hon saxnnn, uro nnemnxx nonnrnxa CBA cnococrnonana
araxam 11 cenrxpx, a onaxt axe nanncan, uro ncrnnnte npnunnt [arax]
nno orpnnamrcx, nno nrnopnpymrcx: +ro ne]rt, cosanne
neoxoncepnarnnno nmnepnn n noepxxa Amepnxo Hspannx n xon]nnxre c
nanecrnnnamn. [210 - Paul R. The Real Lessons of 9/11 // Antiwar.com. April
24, 2004 (URL: http://antiwar.com/paul/?articleid=2372).]
Eme x noospenam, uro n rnynne ymn on anapxncr, xorx oxasart +roro
ne mory, cxasan Fpyx. Ornomenne Hona x pennrnn raxxe ne ntstnano y
Fpyxa nocropra. Emy xasanoct, uro Hon na camom ene nonce ne nepnr n nontsy
orenennx Hepxnn or rocyapcrna. C ero mnennem no nonoy aopron [Hon
npornn aopron] mt nnxax ne moxem cornacnrtcx, cxasan Fpyx. Ho+romy, n
omem, x npocro ne cunram ero uenonexom, sacnyxnnammnm onepnx.
Ornomenne x pennrnn raxxe nonnnxno na nectma cmemannte uyncrna Fpyxa
no ornomennm x Inenny Fexy, nporpammy xoroporo na xanane Fox on
necxontxo pas xnannn: Ha mo nxyc, on nce-raxn cnnmxom pennrnosen. On
nocroxnno onpantnaer pennrnm cnnmxom yx onpantnaer, +ro cnyuaercx
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nce uame n uame n nocrenenno npnoperaer arpeccnnnt xapaxrep, n +ro
cnntno menx ecnoxonr n Inenne. Eme mne xaxercx, uro +ro ypno nnnxer na
ero cnoconocrt nocnpnnnmart cmtcn xnmuentx nonxrn, neoxonmtx nx
optt sa cnooy: raxnx, nanpnmep, xax npana nnunocrn n npancrnennocrt
nnuntx nnrepecon. Comnenamct, uro on ynannnnaer, n uem sect cyrt, noromy
uro ero nsrnx sarymanen pennrne. Inana o npanax nnunocrn n ono ns
nocnennx ero xnnr, no mnennm Fpyxa, yxacna: On nnxax ne moxer ororn
or pennrnn. Bce ram nepenonneno Forom.
Hentcoxoro mnennx Fpyx n o Cape Hennn: Ho-moemy, Capa uyonnmna.
Mne xaxercx, ona nonynncrxa, ee nonnrnuecxne nen esymnt, ona
nonropxer ro, uro cntmana or pyrnx. B nenom ona mne npecrannxercx ne
cnnmxom ymno. Ona oxasanact na cropone noenrene, xora nce nanaann
na ontmo nsnec, na ontmne ne]rxnte n ]apmanenrnuecxne xomnannn n
na Vonn-crpnr. Tora +ro tno mono, n ona pemnna, uro cmoxer npnopecrn
naroapx +romy xaxoe-ro nonnrnuecxoe nnnxnne. Ho xora e +ro xaxercx
ntrontm, ona samnmaer Vonn-crpnr. Ho+romy Capy Hennn x nonce ne
ynaxam. Ho nonoy ee nepcnexrnn n 2012 roy on tn nacrpoen cxenrnuecxn:
Comnenamct, uro ona npnmer yuacrne n ntopax, a ecnn npyr npnmer, ee
tcrpentxo ntmntpnyr.
Fonee roro, emy tno nonce nannenart na ycnnnx pecnynnxannen no
ntnnxennm cnoero xannara. ymam, nce yer ntrnxert rycxno,
cxasan on. Pecnynnxannt sa uro oponnct, na ro n nanoponnct. V nnx ne
yer nnrepecnoro xannara. Honaram, nce npoer nenepoxrno cxyuno. Emy
t xorenoct ynnert n uncne xannaron xoro-nnyt noxoxero na Mnrua
+nnenca, ryepnaropa Hnnant, xoroporo n 2011 roy ntnnnynn
nosmoxntm xannarom or npanoro xptna pecnynnxannen.
+nnenc nsnecren cnoe anrnnarne x connantntm nponemam,
nponcrexammnm or coxpamennx npannrentcrnenntx nporpamm. Hoonoe
ornomenne, ecrecrnenno, npnnnexaer p+nnannen. Fpyxy xorenoct nnert
xannara, xoropt orcrannr n cropony pennrnosnte n connantnte
nponemt n cocpeorounrcx na onee naxntx +xonomnuecxnx n nonnrnuecxnx
saauax. Fea nnmt n rom, ronopnn Fpyx, uro Mnru +nnenc nnmen nnunoro
oaxnnx, n y menx raxoe npeuyncrnne, uro n +ror pas ero ne ntnnnyr. [211 -
Hnrynnnx Fpyxa ne nonena. B mae 2011 roa +nnenc pemnn ne ntnnrart
cnom xannarypy. Hennn npnnxna ananornunoe pemenne n oxrxpe.]
Mnrr Pomnn? On xommapen. On nnepnn n Maccauycerce Obamacare
ueepantnt saxon o samnre nannenron n ocrynnom mennnncxom
ocnyxnnannn. Ho moemy mnennm, +ro npocro yncrnenno. Kax moxno
npecrannxrt pecnynnxannen, xoropte npornn Obamacare, ecnn rt cam
cnococrnonan nnepennm +ro nporpammt? Ho nonoy P+na Hona y
Fpyxa tnn re xe comnennx, uro n no nonoy ero orna, sa rem ncxnmuennem,
uro on ne snan, xaxont nsrnxt P+na na nnemnmm nonnrnxy, no nonaran, uro,
nepoxrno, onn tnn necxontxo nyume, uem y orna. Fpyxa omenomnno, xora
P+n Hon pesxo ntcrynnn npornn aopron. Menx ecnoxonr ero
pennrnosnocrt n ra crenent rocyapcrnennoro nmemarentcrna, xaxym on
onycxaer, cxasan Fpyx. C pyro cropont, on enncrnennt uenonex n
Konrpecce, y xoro xnarnr yxy ncrart n cxasart: Coxpamenne, npenoxennoe
pecnynnxannamn, npocro myrxa. Ham nao coxparnrt na nonrpnnnnona
onnapon, nnxax ne mentme. Fpyx nncxontxo ne paccrponncx, xora Hon
nomen na nonxrnym n cnoem npornnoecrnnn 3axony o rpaxancxnx npanax
1964 roa. On xe nonnrnx, nsnnnxmmnmcx ronom nponsnec Fpyx.
Fpyx uyncrnonan, uro nnxenne uaennrnx nce eme ne ntpaorano uerxoro
nnana ecrnn. Ha camom ene on axe ne paccmarpnnan ero xax nnxenne,
nocxontxy uaennrne pasnpana nnyrpennxx opta, n n nem ne tno
oennxmme nen. Hmn npoymr pasnte noxot, cxasan Fpyx.
Honxrnx ne nmem, sa uro onn opmrcx. Ho nce xe on nocnpnnnman
uaennrne nonoxnrentno, xax rpynny amepnxannen, xoropte ncrann n
cxasann: Xnarnr yxe. Hpannrentcrno crano cnnmxom ontmnm. Hpecrantre,
uro +roro ne cnyunnoct t. Ftno t xpane neuantno. Ho nx opta
oxastnaer: ro, uro An P+n nastnana amepnxancxnm cmtcnom xnsnn, nce
eme xnno, nce eme cymecrnyer. Amepnxannt repnxr nmemarentcrno
npannrentcrna n nx xnsnt nnmt o onpeenennoro npeena.
uero nm ne xnaraer, cxasan on, nosnpamaxct x reme, nonxro nm xe na
copannn n orene St. Regis, rax +ro nnrennexryantnoro oocnonannx roro,
no uro onn nepxr. V nnx ero nonpocry ner. Onn nmyr ero, no noxa ne naxoxr.
H, pasymeercx, cymecrnyer onacnocrt, uro onn nonyuar +ro nnrennexryantnoe
oocnonanne or nme, noontx Inenny Fexy, n or pennrnosntx npantx.
Kax t mne xorenoct, urot +ro nnrennexryantnoe oocnonanne onn
nonyunnn or An P+n.
3ro xe opta, cxasan on. V nac nectma orpannuennte pecypct no
cpannennm c pennrnosntmn npantmn. Ho mt enaem nce, uro nosmoxno,
ntraxct nannrart uaennrne xax moxno ontmnm xonnuecrnom xopomnx
ne.
Ho+romy Fpyx nonnmaercx na rpnynt n ntcrynaer nepe pasntmn
rpynnamn nnxennx uaennrnx, n n 2011 roy rpnxt ntcrynan na cammnre
uaennrnx n uennxce. Onn pas nepe ncemn 1800 eneraramn n naxt
nepe aynropne n 200 uenonex c nexnne o xnnre Arnanr pacnpannn
nneun. H xaxt pas, cxasan Fpyx, mne annonponann crox.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Ha cnere uannxon Fpyx ycnen nosnaxomnrtcx c Mapxom Mexnepom. 3ro
cnyunnoct ncxope nocne roro, xax x pan y Mexnepa nnrepntm. Fpyx snan o ero
pennrnosntx samopouxax, snan, uro onn nmemrcx y mnornx yuacrnnxon
uaennrnx. Ho +ro nncxontxo ero ne ecnoxonno. cunram, cxontxo t onn
nn nnnrann n cnom cncremy or An P+n, nce panno +ro npexpacno. Ecnn onn
nnnramr ee nonnocrtm, +ro yer npocro ornnuno. Ho ecnn onn nostmyr xorx
t uro-ro, +ro yer nyume, uem ecnn onn ne nostmyr nnuero. Tax uro, xorx
oexrnnnsm Hncrnryra An P+n ocranancx saxptrtm, xax cxasan +nn
Kennn, +ro ne nmeno nnxaxoro snauennx, xora peut mna o comsnnxax nsnne.
uannxn, nneprapnannt n npoune nonesnte cnyrnnxn conepmenno rouno
npnsnanannct nncrnryrom xax comsnnxn.
Onaxo nx oexrnnncrcxoro +xymennsma cymecrnonann orpannuennx. Fpyx
nnn nocnenn rnost n rpo nepoxrnoro oennennx nncrnryra n
Omecrna Arnanra n none npornn rpexon xonnexrnnnsma n
camoornepxennx. ne nmnm Omecrno Arnanra, cxasan on. H mne
tno t nonce na nnx nannenart, ecnn t onn nastnann cex no-pyromy. Ho
onn nmenymr cex oexrnnncramn orxptrtmn oexrnnncramn.
Enncrnennax romy npnunna n xenannn nouepxnyrt, uro mt saxptrte
oexrnnncrt, n sarnart nac n yron, uro npx nn nosmoxno. Fpyx cxasan, uro
rnannax nent rpynnt cocronr n rom, urot ne trt namn n npoxnnxrt
neynaxenne x An P+n. On nexoropoe npemx paccyxan na +ry remy: ona
xnno ero nonnonana. Mnorne nastnamr cex ymepenntmn oexrnnncramn.
Ecnn nounrart, uro onn nnmyr, nce +ro nycrte cnona. Onn ne sannmamr
rnepo nosnnnn no nonpocam, no xoroptm +ro neoxonmo.
Onaxo y Omecrna Arnanra nmenoct ono npenmymecrno nepe
Hncrnryrom An P+n: ono cenano +xpannsannm Arnanra, n Kennn tn
xoncyntranrom, a npomcepom xon Arnnanopo, unen conera Omecrna
Arnanra. Xorx xpane npante npetnann n nocropxennom +xcrase, copt
oxasannct ouent nnsxnmn, n ]nntm nonyunn crontxo nerarnnntx penensn,
cxontxo ne nonyuan nn onn co npemen Hnana 9 ns orxptroro xocmoca.
Kaprnny conpannct cnxrt ne onn ecxrox ner. B xaxo-ro momenr em
sannrepeconancx Antepr Pyn, npomcep Kpecrnoro orna. Ho nnuero ne
ntmno, nocxontxy P+n nacrannana, uro yer cama xonrponnponart nect
cemount nponecc. Ho+romy nocranonxy ornoxnnn na mnoro ner, n n
pesyntrare nonyunncx nesanncnmt npoexr, es snes n c xauecrnom
npxmnxom na nneo. unntm ynopno pacnpocrpanxnn n xpyrax uannxon, n
nepnax neenx npoxara npomna xopomo, nocne uero copt pesxo nomnn na
ytnt. 3ro oxasancx onn ns nemnornx xommepuecxnx npoexron,
npocnannxmmnx P+n, xoropt c rpecxom nponannncx. Tem ne menee
nocranonxa cneymme uacrn tna sannannponana na 2012 ro.
Fpyx cxasan, uro, no ero mnennm, ]nntm cnocnt: He cxaxy, uro
necrxmn. H +ro tna nacroxmax noxnana no cpannennm c xpnrnxo n
npecce. Camoe naxnoe, cxasan on, n rom, nonnrner nn +ror ]nntm nme na
ro, urot npouecrt xnnry. Fpyx cxasan, uro xax pas an nnrepntm no nonoy
+roro ]nntma penoprepy ns Los Angeles Times. H cnpocnn xypnanncrxy,
saxorenoct nn e nocne npocmorpa nnn, naoopor, pacxorenoct unrart xnnry
P+n. Ona cxasana, uro pacxorenoct, noxanonancx Fpyx. 3ror ]nntm
nnmaer poman xpacox, enaer ero cxyuntm. ntnyxen tn cornacnrtcx c
+rnm cyxennem. unntm nonyunncx cxyunt n crarnunt: nce ecrnne n nem
cnonrcx x romy, uro nmn npemx or npemenn nontmamr ronoc. Onaxo on
nmen ycnex n rom cmtcne, uro npoaxn xnnrn nocne ntxoa ]nntma
nocxounnn. 3ro cnyunnoct ne naroapx Omecrny Arnanra, a naroapx
nacnennxy P+n, saxnxromy npary +nna Kennn, Heonapy Hexo]]y. Oe
rpynnt ynnnrentntm opasom oennnnnct na xoporxn mnr ns-sa +roro
]nntma, no cam on nonyunncx nponantntm, o +rom ne cronr n ronopnrt.

Fpyx oxasancx nectma ypannonemenntm n xya onee rorontm x
corpynnuecrny, uem Kennn. On ne xnancx samnmart oexrnnnsm c neno y
pra. On yxonn or ornera na nonpoc, x xomy nepeyr npana na rpyt An
P+n nocne orcranxn Hexo]]a, no y menx cnoxnnoct nneuarnenne, uro,
cxopee ncero, onn ocranyrcx n pyxax nncrnryra. H +ro tn enncrnennt
nonpoc, na xoropt Fpyx orneuan yxnonunno. B nenom xe na menx nponsnena
ontmoe nneuarnenne ero orxptrocrt, no+romy x, xax n oxnan, nonyunn
npxmo orner, xora cnpocnn ero o antneme cyte oexrnnnsma. Fyer
nn ro ecxoneunt, neunt noxo sa nenoopasnmtm, oexrnnncrcxax
nnpnana, xoropax nnxora ne xonunrcx?
ymam, ner uepes nxrnanart An P+n yer noncmy, cxasan on. Ee,
ro ecrt ee nennocrn, yyr nsyuart no mnornx ynnnepcnrerax. B crapmnx
xnaccax mxon na pasop ee nponsneenn yer ornonrtcx mnoro uacon. Ee
nen yyr ocyxartcx na renennennn, n mxonax, na omecrnenntx
]opymax. Bpx nn +roro moxno nsexart ne ee camo, a ee ne.
A ner uepes nxrtecxr oexrnnnsm, xax mne xaxercx, yer cunrartcx n
nopxxe neme. Hy a uepes cro ner, no moemy mnennm, on craner
omnnnpymme cnercxo ]nnoco]ne n Coennenntx Brarax.
Fpyxy tno npnxrno rax ymart, sarnxtnax n anexoe yymee. Koneunax
nent An P+n ouent noxoxa na copoxanernn nnan uaennrnx, rontxo xya
onee amnnnosna. Her uepes cro cro nanart mt noenm, cxasan Fpyx,
ecnn nnnnnnsannx ne nornner, uro ouent axe nosmoxno. Hama crpana
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anxpor. 3ana nect 3ana anxpor. On onpeennn +ry cnryannm, xax
enexnoe, npancrnennoe, xyntrypnoe n ]nnoco]cxoe anxporcrno.
3ro ncero nnmt nonpoc npemenn.

17. Bnenne
pon Fpyx peanncr. On ne meurarent. Kora on nnannpyer uro-ro, no
nemy moxno nponepxrt uact. Ero p+nnancxoe pacnncanne nectma
peanncrnuno, noromy uro Pecnynnxancxax naprnx renept crana cxopee
naprne P+n, uem naprne Ten Pysnentra n Anpaama Hnnxontna. Ono
peanncrnuno, noromy uro ]nnoco]nx P+n nstnaer ne rontxo x
camoonontntm orauam, no n x macce uannxon, a raxxe x snaunrentno
uacrn npantx, nnrennnrennnn, cxnonxmmecx x nneprapnancrny, n
nonnrnuecxomy ncrennmmenry.
Ono peanncrnuno, noromy uro ne nce, uro samnmaer P+n, or txnona. Ee
rnmnt pannonantnomy +ronsmy, ecnn ouncrnrt ero or +xcrpemnsma n
npeynennuenn, ornnuno nropxr ro conpemenno onronne, xoropax nomoraer
nmxm orcrannart nnunte nnrepect oma n na paore. P+n upesmepno
neannsnpyer nnnnnyantnocrt, n +ro cornacyercx c ropxecrnom
nnnnnyannsma, xoropt saxpennncx n maccono xyntrype Amepnxn. Ee
nean naroponoro, crpaammero rnopna ntstnaer orxnnx n yme ne noromy,
uro P+n nonmennna, a eme n noromy, uro n nanncanntx em cnonax
sauacrym saxnmuena npana, n anexo ne ncera onn narynt nnn
snonamepennt.
Mnnnnont amepnxannen, nnmnenntx n Arnanra n Hcrounnx, naxoxr n
paorax P+n ntpaxenne cnonx cocrnenntx rnyoxo cnpxranntx uyncrn n
neponann. Ee xnnrn nstnamr x nyumnm nncrnnxram amepnxannen rouno rax
xe, xax n x nexoroptm xymnm. Heanno x cnona nepeunran xnnrn P+n n,
xorx acrparnponancx or ee ormt, n nrore cran nyume ymart o camom cee.
noxanen, uro nennnmarentno unran Hcrounnx n ercrne. 3ra xnnra n,
nanepnoe, Arnanr mornn t nsmennrt mom xnsnt x nyumemy, mornn t na
onrne rot nnepe npnart mne ontme ynepennocrn no uacrn
camoonpeenennx n npecneonannx nnuntx nnrepecon. H xoneuno, rora x t
c nerxocrtm ysnanan p+nnancxne ueprt n pyrnx, n nx noneenne tno t
mne ropaso nonxrnee. Tontxo unrart ee xnnrn mne t npnmnoct ntopouno,
npncnymnnaxct x nnrynnnn. Hnaue x npenparnncx t n ono ns rex
+roncrnuntx, xnanoxponntx, xantx o ener uyonnm, o xoroptx nnmy
crontxo ner. Ho renept +roro yxe ne cnyunrcx.
Kro-ro cxaxer, uro no orentnocrn nen oexrnnnsma ropaso onee
nonesnt n yx rouno menee amopantnt no cpannennm c oexrnnnsmom xax
nenocrno cncremo. Hcrounnx n Arnanr rax npnnnexarentnt noromy,
uro n nnx camoynaxenne coennxercx c noraxannem cnonm cnaocrxm, a
pasymnt nnunt nnrepec c +ronsmom. A +rnuecxne npecrannennx,
naroapx xoroptm xnsnt cranonnrcx cnocno, orpactnamrcx nonce. 3rn
xnnrn noxastnamr, uro trt esoronopouno +roncrnuntm n anuntm rax
ecrecrnenno, rax nerxo, rax npancrnenno. Hamn camte naxnte pennrnosnte
yuennx npout. Cnyxenne napoy npout. Homomt entm n craptm, yt
onn croxmnmn nnn ner npout. Camoornepxennocrt npout. Antrpynsm
npout. Ho ncem pasymntm +rnuecxnm cranapram (nntmn cnonamn, no nmtm
cranapram, xpome rex, xoropte ntnnraer cama P+n), +rn xnnrn, n nenom
nopasnrentno esnpancrnennte, npenaramr neonornm, xoropax nstnaer x
amepnxancxnm nennocrxm, no npn +rom amepnxancxo ne xnnxercx. 3aro renept
ee nsyuamr n namnx mxonax, nacnntno nnuxamr em ere, urot
onaroerentcrnonart nx nnn pasnparnrt nsrnxamn P+n.
A rem ns nac, xro orxastnaercx npnnnmart p+nnancxym mopant, xax nam
trt c +ro npornnopeunno xaprnno oexrnnnsma? Cronr nn nam n antme
xpnrnxonart P+n, uro mt nauann enart eme c 40-x roon, n nonnocrtm
orxasartcx or ee xnnr? ecrnnrentno nn +ro nyumn cnoco npornnocroxrt
cncreme neponann, xoropax xnno sanoentnaer nonynxpnocrt c raxo
ynepennocrtm, uro npecxasanne Fpyxa o saxnare oexrnnnsmom Amepnxn
xaxercx npanonoontm? Ecrt nn nno cnoco?
Hoxa x npononn cnoe paccneonanne, crano xcno, uro na An P+n
neoxonmo opamart nnnmanne. Ecnn ee nrnopnponart, nnuero xopomero ne
nonyunrcx. Kaxt ent mt nonyuaem nonte oxasarentcrna roro, uro ona
noexaer. C nauana npesnenrcxo xamnannn 2011 roa tno ouennno, uro,
xoro t nn ntnnnyna Pecnynnxancxax naprnx, ycnemnt xannar yer
noepxnnart nporpammy nnxennx uaennrnx, a +ra nporpamma no cnoe
cyrn p+nnancxax. H nocxontxy Oama rax yxsnnm, npecxasanne Fpyxa
operaer nce ontmn cmtcn c xaxtm nontm nem. Mt neornparnmo
npnnnxaemcx x ano]eosy oexrnnnsma. To tna nona sa ymy Amepnxn
nona, cyrt xoropo nonxnn, xaxercx, onn oexrnnncrt, onn xe n ntxasann
xenanne cpaxartcx.
To tna rpannosnax pama, noonax rem, xaxne noxastnann n craptx
xnnorearpax. nx yexenntx p+nnannen ceronxmnxx Amepnxa xnnxer
coo pannmm nepcnm connanncrnuecxoro xommapa xopxa Opy+nna, mnp
ero pomana 1984. Onaxo c rouxn spennx rex, y xoro nno nsrnx na mnp,
noea An P+n rposnr Amepnxe raxnmn nocnecrnnxmn, uro na ym npnxonr
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
anrnyronnuecxn a Merpononnca, ]nntma 1927 roa pexnccepa upnna
Hanra, n xoropom nopaomennte macct nme c nycrtmn rnasamn onramr n
nosemnom mnpe, oecneunnax norpenocrn npnnnnernponanntx xnaccon.
Fnrna noonoro macmraa rpeyer nennxoro noxx. V nac ner nennxnx
noxe, no+romy mne nenontno npecrannxercx nyumn ero samennrent:
nennxn pexnccep.

Onnnep Croyn ncrpernncx co mno n mymnom xa]e n Ipnnnnu-Bnnnnx.
3ro name nmnmoe xa]e? nmesno nonnrepeconancx on. Hnuero
noonoro. Ero cexperapt nonpocnn menx ntpart mecro nonnsocrn or roro,
re tna sannannponana ero npetymax ncrpeua, nenoanexy or
uertpnanaro ynnnt n Hxro anenm, a x ne cmor narn n oxpyre onee
yxpomnoro xa]e, noxoxmero nx ncrpeun c nsnecrno nnunocrtm. Ha
ntxoe ns merpo na uertpnanaro ynnne tno, xoneuno, ropaso cnoxonee,
onaxo cnnmxom yx yoro, cnnmxom oranano mnnoncxnmn ]nntmamn. A
nororonxa x +ro ncrpeue n es roro nocnna xoncnnparnnnt xapaxrep,
nemnoro axe nanomnnax ncrpeuy xnma Iappncona c Mncrepom Hxc n
]nntme Croyna xon u. Kennen. Btcrpent n annace.
Kora x nnepnte ynnen +ror ]nntm n 1991 roy, on menx nopasnn, n npn
nocneymmnx npocmorpax nneuarnenne rontxo ycnnnnanoct. conepmenno ne
nepm n reopnm saronopa c nentm yncrna Kennen n snam, uro ncx cmxernax
nnnnx ]nntma ntcocana ns nantna. Ho n re rpn uaca, noxa men ]nntm, x tn
roron cornacnrtcx, uro uepnoe +ro enoe, uro nonxau n momennnx repo, a
Htmman ns cepnana Can]nn moxer trt cneonarenem. rouno rax xe
tn roron norn npornn cnonx yexenn, orxasartcx or ncex comnenn n
nacnaxartcx Arnanrom n Hcrounnxom, xora nepeunrtnan +rn
maccnnnte ]onnanrt. An P+n tna ueproncxn xopome paccxasunne, n
Onnnep Croyn roxe.
Vxe mnoro ner nasa penoprept ntxcnnnn, uro Croyn noymtnaer o
pemexe Hcrounnxa. Hpana na +xpannsannm npnnanexann Warner Bros.:
xnnoxomnannx ntxynnna nx y P+n n 1943 roy, ncxope nocne ntxoa xnnrn.
unntm 1949 roa nmen cxpomnt xommepuecxn ycnex, saro tn nnrepecen c
xnnemarorpa]nuecxo rouxn spennx xorx t noromy, uro +ro tn nepnt
ontmo ]nntm c Harpnnne Hnn n rnanno ponn (xpome roro, no cnenapnm, y
nee tn poman c I+pn Kynepom, xoropt sarem nepepoc n poman nacroxmn).
Kynep n ponn Ionapa Popxa nonyunn npornnopeunnte orstnt, nocxontxy
xpnrnxn ne snann, uro cosarenxm ]nntma npnxonnoct crporo
npnepxnnartcx cnenapnx, nanncannoro P+n, n ocrannrt mecrnmnnyrnym
peut n sane cya, xoropym ona orxasanact coxpamart.
Pexnccypa Knnra Bnopa oxasanact esxnsnenno. On xax yro meronuno
nepexonr or cnent x cnene. On tn pexnccepom xnaccnuecxoro ]nntma o
manentxom uenonexe, Xne nam nacymnt 1934 roa ntnycxa. To tna
ncropnx ono centcxoxosxcrnenno omnnt no npemena Bennxo
enpeccnn. Bnop nnoxnn n +ror ]nntm nce cnoe cepne n ymy, orcrannax
ocronncrna antrpynsma, xonnexrnnnsma n camonoxeprnonannx, xoroptx ne
npnnnmana P+n. B ono cnene ernt saxnmuennt caercx nnacrxm, urot
narpay sa ero nonmxy nonyunna omnna. Hoontm camonoxeprnonannem,
cront uyxtm ]nnoco]nn P+n, nponnsan nect ]nntm. Ho x noospenam, uro
Knnr Bnop tn ntnyxen, xax n nce npoune, sapaartnart cee na xnsnt,
no+romy n cnxn Hcrounnx.
Mne xaxercx, uro Hcrounnx ne nonyunrcx n y Croyna. On, no
cocrnennomy npnsnannm, npnepxnnaercx nentx nsrnxon, n x ne
npecrannxm, xax on mor t c +nrysnasmom paorart na +xpannsanne
rnopennx An P+n. P+nnannt, co cnoe cropont, roxe ne ncntrtnamr
nocropra no nonoy Croyna. Heonap Hexo]] nasnan ero ]nntm 1987 roa
Vonncrpnr orxponenno nentm, npoyxrom panxanon n nenanncrnnxon
nsneca [212 - Peikoff L. Why Businessmen Need Philosophy. P. 14.]. H nce xe
n npecce noxnnxmrcx samerxn (nocnenxx n 2006 roy), uro Croyn ynopno
rpynrcx na pemexom Hcrounnxa n Fp+ Hnrr cronr n ouepen na pont
Popxa [213 - Dalton S. Braced for Critical Impact // Times (London). September
16, 2006.]. Crynno cncremt onee ne cymecrnyer, y Croyna cnox
ntnycxammax xomnannx, n on moxer paorart na nmtm npoexrom, na
xaxnm noxenaer. Houemy t ne na Hcrounnxom?
Croyn xasancx ycranmnm nocne npetyme ncrpeun n saxasan cee uepnt
xo]e. On cnpocnn, xro mo nsarent. 3naunr, nt ne conpaerect nncart
ouepenym nocropxennym crartm? yrounnn on. Kaxercx, mo orner ero
opaonan. Hpnuem, samertre, +ror uenonex mnoro ner paoran na ]nntmom
no nponsneennm An P+n.
Ero paora na Hcrounnxom nauanact n 1990-e rot. Hocxontxy mnorne
ero npoexrt nonyunnnct ne raxnmn, xax nnannponanoct, on nnxora ne
ronopnr o nontx, noxa onn naxoxrcx na nauantno crann. Onaxo cnyxn yxe
nomnn. On nnuero ne mor cxasart o arax, no tn ynepen n onom: npana
ontme ne npnnanexar nacnennxam P+n, noromy uro on ne nsxncx t sa
+ro eno, ecnn t npana tnn neocrynnt. A x noospenam, uro Hexo]]
cran t rptsrt semnm, nnmt t ne orart Hcrounnx nenanncrnnxy
nsneca Onnnepy Croyny.
Cnenapn An P+n pexnccepy nonpannncx. Xopomn cnenapn, cxasan
on. Hnrepecnt.
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Knnra tna orpomnax, n An P+n npoenana rnranrcxym paory, orcexax
nnmnee n ocrannxx ponno ro, uro xorena cxasart. Ho Croyn ne cunran, uro no
crapomy ]nntmy +ro samerno. Knnr Bnop cosan nnrepecnoe nponsneenne,
rontxo na ynnnenne esxnsnennoe. Ho+romy nnora axe ne uyncrnyercx, uro
nepe namn nacroxmne nmn. Mne xaxercx, Harpnnnx Hnn npnnnecna n
]nntm +monnn n ymennoe renno, onaxo n nenom no nce xaprnne
uyncrnyercx xaxoe-ro oxamenenne. Ona ouent nynax n ne cosaer omymennx
peantnocrn.
Mne sect tno neuero nospasnrt. Ionap Popx n ]nntme noxox na anromar
xonont, cnonno cron n meprnenxo, esoronopouno +roncrnunt,
nnmennt ncero uenoneuecxoro. Emy nourn nenosmoxno cnmnarnsnponart.
omnnnx upanxon, xenmnna c nexntm cepnem n cancrcxnmn
naxnonnocrxmn, nacrontxo omepsnrentna, uro nanomnnaer nepconaxe ns
]nntmon yxacon. Onaxo Croyny yanoct pasrnxert n +rnx repoxx ro, uero x
n, nepoxrno, ontmnncrno nynnxn, ne cmornn pacnosnart.
On npnsnanan neocrarxn pomana: Hmn nocroxnno ronxamr peun,
paccyxan on. 3ro neocrarox An P+n. H, pasymeercx, cnpanennno no
ornomennm x pomany. On oxounnt n yenrentnt, no nmn n nem roxe
ronxamr peun. Onaxo nx Croyna +ro ne crano npenxrcrnnem x paore na
]nntmom. V nero nmenoct cnoe npecrannenne o rom, xaxo onxna trt +ra
xaprnna.
Kora on npounran poman n nepnt pas, ro ynnen n cee nexoropte ueprt
Popxa. Mt tnn n uem-ro ponx. tn cnenapncrom, n mne npnxonnoct
nenerxo. xoren crart nennxnm pexnccepom. To tnn rxxente npemena,
ncnomnnan Croyn. B xaxo-ro momenr nama ecea nanomnnna mne nnrepntm,
xoropte x pan y yexenntx p+nnannen. 3anopaxnnammax xnnra, cxasan
mo coecennx o Hcrounnxe, x unran ee eme mnome, norom
nepeunrtnan. Mne xasanoct, uro +ro nennxn poman. Arnanr pacnpannn
nneun emy roxe npannrcx. On oxapaxrepnsonan +ror poman, xax xyrxonart,
nayuno-]anracrnuecxn, noxoxn na paccxast unnnna nxa. Ho nexamax n
ero ocnone neonornx npocnannenne xannrannsma laissez-faire nnxora ero
ne rporana. Hmontrno no]anrasnponart, nacxontxo t mt npnnnsnnnct x
pam, xaxnm ero npecrannxna cee P+n, ecnn t na Arnanrom nopaoran
Croyn, noxeprnonan cnom rnopuecxym +neprnm na ro, urot mramnonart
]nntmt na oexrnnncrcxne remt. Ha camom ene nonoct ncramr tom npn
+ro mtcnn. nnxy nepcr cytt nnn, moxer trt, nmemarentcrno
mnnocepnoro Foxecrna n rom, uro Onnnep Croyn ne oran cnon rananrt n
pacnopxxenne Heonapa Hexo]]a.
nonce ne nomeman na nonnrnuecxo ]nnoco]nn, uro t nam nn xasanoct,
cxasan on, npnxnetnax uepnt xo]e. npexe ncero pamarypr. Kax
rpaxannn, x nnora ntcxastnamct. Btcxastnam mtcnn, xoropte xaxyrcx
mne nporpeccnnntmn. Ho xax pamarypr x cmorpm na nce es nonnrnxn,
noromy uro nnaue ne nonyunrcx xopomero cnenapnx. 3aronopnre nt o
xopxe Fyme nnn o Pnuape Hnxcone, x ne crany nanaart nn na roro, nn na
pyroro. nosnonm nm camnm ronopnrt sa cex.
Hmn nnora ynnnxmrcx, cxasan Croyn, n ymamr, uro on cnnmxom yx
couyncrnyer Fymy nnn Hnxcony, cyx no ero ]nntmam o nnx. A na camom ene
npnunna n rom, uro sauacrym ra uacrt ero nnunocrn, xoropax nnrepecyercx
nonnrnxo, npocro rpaxannn, eper nepx na pamaryprom. Croyn ronopnn
npany. unntm Famnn-nnsnent mnornx ynnnn rem, uro n nem ne tno
remt saronopa, croxnmero sa araxamn 11 cenrxpx. Ho n nenom xaprnna
npecrannxna coo npxmonnnent n npannnt oruer. 3ro nam ne
+xpannsannx onoro ns npornnopeunntx n nacxnost nonnrnsnponanntx
conpemenntx pomanon.
Croyn nocnpnnnmaer P+n ouent ronxo, craparentno orenxx nncarenx or
]nnoco]a, npnmepno rax orenxmr ]nne or ceneounoro cxenera.
Hnunocrtm P+n on nocxnmancx. Menx npnnonr n nocropr ee nnrennexr,
cxasan on. Macmra ee nnrennexra, ee npxmonnnenocrt n nnnxnne na
oxpyxammnx. Ona ne crontxo pomanncr, cxontxo +ccencr, npnrnopxmmncx
pomanncrom. Mnorne pomant nacrontxo amnnanenrnt, uro repxercx nx
rnannax mtcnt. Crontxo nnreparypt ynocnr c coo npemx, a An P+n
ocraercx, n ee nen o upesntuanocrn nonynxpnt, noromy uro necyr uro-ro
nmxm.
C xyoxecrnenno rouxn spennx nponema cocronr n rom, uro P+n tna
cnnmxom nonnrnsnponana. Ee xnnrn nacxnost nponnrant nonnrnxo.
Ona nenannnr xommynnsm n Poccnm co nce crpacrtm. Ona nenannnr
rorannrapnsm, n nnonne cnpanennno, cxasan Croyn. Ona nenannnr ero
rax xe, xax mt nenannnm, xora rocyapcrno yxastnaer nam, uro enart. H c
+ro rouxn spennx x nonnmam ee ornomenne x Poccnn. Onaxo +ra
crpacrnocrt, uro neynnnrentno, sanonr ee cnnmxom anexo.
Ona crannr snax panencrna mexy rem, uro nponcxonr n Amepnxe, n rem,
uro rnopnnoct npn ne n Poccnn, n +noxy crannnnsma, cxasan on. B ee
pomane xpyrom cnnomno crannnnsm.
3ro tno rounoe nanmenne: Croyn ntpasnn cnonamn omymenne, xoropoe
speno no mne c roro momenra, xax x nauan nepeunrtnart xnnrn P+n. Kasanoct,
uro nce, cxasannoe em o npannrentcrne, ornocnrcx ne x Amepnxe, a x Poccnn,
xoropym P+n noxnnyna n 1926 roy. To, uro pyrnm npecrannxnoct
anrn+mnnpnuecxnm, nx nee tno peantnocrtm peantnocrtm rorannrapno,
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
ymnpamme c ronoy, xecroxo Poccnn.
To tna Poccnx ee ercrna, Poccnx nnmert n nacnnnx, a nonce ne
conpemennte e nnn nam Coennennte Brart, npannrentcrno xoroptx ona
nmenonana nymxo, ronopx, uro orxas or +ro nymxn ne npnunnnr nnxomy
nnxaxoro npea. B camom ene, Bocrounax Enpona c paocrtm orxasanact or
cnonx xommynncrnuecxnx npannrentcrn, xora nmxm naoeno cmorpert, xax
noannxercx cnooa. Hocneonarenn P+n, ne nnonne nonnmax, orxya
nsxnact ee orma, ecneuno npnnxnn cosannt em opas amepnxancxoro
IVHAIa. A sarem ncnontsonann ero, urot nornuecxn oocnonart nno nn
annennx: +xonomnuecxoe nounnenne enxxon xpynntmn xopnopannxmn.
Tontxo camonnmnennt nnacrnrent nnn exenen ns nocnepenonmnnonno
Poccnn mor saxnnrt, yro ontmo nsnec xnnxercx n CBA yrneraemtm
mentmnncrnom, n nonepnrt n cocrnennte cnona.
Croyn, nonnmax, uro P+n sannxnnnact na crannnnsme, cocpeorounncx na
cmxerno nnnnn Hcrounnxa. On nnen nepe coo saxnartnammym
ncropnm ecnn ouncrnrt ee or mnponosspennx P+n. Kora x nsxncx sa +ry
ncropnm, x ynnen xpenxn cmxer, cnntnte xapaxrept, no npexe ncero
nosmoxnocrt xoe-uro paccxasart o nono apxnrexrype, xoropax ntspenana n
1990-e rot. Hoxnnxnnct nente nonte apxnrexrypnte mxont. B omem, mne
saxorenoct cenart ]nntm o apxnrexrype, c pamarnuecxo ocnono, n x
pemnn, uro nonyunrcx npocro sameuarentno, cxasan on.
Hoxnonnnxn P+n (a n mnorne pyrne) anno yxe orxasannct or mtcnn, yro
Hcrounnx poman o apxnrexrype: n nem nnxr nponsneenne o
nnnnnyantnocrn n nepnocrn npnnnnnam, ecrnne xoroporo nponcxonr n
mnpe apxnrexrypt. New York Times Book Review n ono ns nemnornx
nonoxnrentntx penensn oxapaxrepnsonano poman xax nnnnym, no
ynnexarentnym ncropnm uenonexa, neymero nrny co snom [214 - Pruette L.
Battle Against Evil // New York Times Book Review. May 16, 1943.]. Hocne
ntxoa ]nntma n 1949 roy ero xpnrnxonann n rom uncne n sa ro, uro on o
apxnrexrype n uro n nem noxasana nectma nocpecrnennax apxnrexrypa.
pxnt, cxasan xnnoxpnrnx Focnn Kpoyrep o sannxx, xoropte n +rom
]nntme crponr Popx. [215 - Crowther B. The Screen in Review; Gary Cooper
Plays an Idealistic Architect in Film Version of The Fountainhead // New York
Times. J uly 9, 1949.]
Ho Croyny tno nannenart na nce +ro (na camom ene emy npannnact
apxnrexrypa ns ]nntma 1949 roa), no+romy on cocpeorounncx na mtcnn
cenart cocrnennt ]nntm o apxnrexrype. Xant o ncxxoro poa
nccneonann (roronxct x cemxam Vonncrpnr, on yxnantno xnn na Vonn-
crpnr), on npononn mnoro npemenn c up+nxom Iepn, apxnrexropom,
ypoxennem Toponro, xoropt naxonncx rora na nnxe cnoe
rononoxpyxnrentno xaptept.
Mox mtcnt cocroxna n rom, cxasan Croyn, urot oconpemennrt cmxer n
noorn x Ionapy Popxy c pyro cropont, cocpeorounnmnct na ero momn:
ycnnnrt +ror opas; ynennunrt crpaannx, uepes xaxne repo onxen nporn,
urot saxnnrt o cee; nouepxnyrt ero necranaprnocrt, netnanym cnny ero
yxa, sarem npnnecrn ero x ycnexy, nocne uero cnona cpocnrt nnns. A sarem
on cnona nonnmercx.
3ro ynnnrentnax ncropnx, npoonxan Croyn, ncropnx naenn n
nsneron. cunram, +ro nennxonennax ncropnx o xnsnn uenonexa.
Croyn ne tn oxsan crporo npnepxnnartcx rexcra xnnrn, n +ro nosnonnno
emy oorn ono npenxrcrnne, c xaxnm on cronxnyncx, paorax na
+xpannsanne. Hponema, xoropax nosnnxna y menx c xnnro, saxnmuanact n
rom, uro Ionap Popx xouer crponrt pan naxnnt, cxasan pexnccep. 3ro
nce panno uro saxnnrt, yro rnannt neocrarox pomana Mon nx n
rom, uro on o xnre. Ho +ro rontxo n rom cnyuae, ecnn npnnxrt p+nnancxym
nnrepnperannm cmxera n nepconaxe.
B pomane rnannax mtcnt P+n cocronr n rom, uro, ecnn ecrnonart, ne
npecneyx nnuno ntrot, sannmartcx antrpynsmom, +ro nnoxo nx
omecrna, cxasan Croyn. Hoonoe yexenne, xax emy xasanoct, moxno
nonxrt, ecnn nsrnx uenonexa na antrpynsm c]opmnponancx n
xommynncrnuecxo crpane, re antrpynsm ncnontsyercx nx onpanannx
rnpannn. Croyn tnan sa Xenesntm sananecom mnoro ner nasa, nsyuan
mornnt nccnenron n nnen xymne npoxnnennx roramnnx pexnmon. On
pan nnrepntm y nanarn nccnenron, xoropte cnenn n rmptmax n
ncnxymxax, no+romy nonnman, orxya npnexana P+n n orxya nsxnact ee
rnyoxo yxopennnmaxcx nenanncrt xo ncemy, uro oraer xommynnsmom.
Hoxnax +ry crpany, cxasan Croyn, nt sanpaere cno rnen c coo. On
ysnanan n paorax P+n ror camt rnen, xaxo nanman y nccnenron n
ernenon c Kyt.
mory nonxrt +ro uyncrno, onaxo ono rpeyer, urot uenonex menxncx,
poc na coo, nepecrpannan cex, cranonnncx ntme ropeun n snocrn,
cxasan on.
Croyn oxcnnn mne, uro n nexoroptx cnonx pannnx ]nntmax, raxnx xax
Poxennt uerneproro nmnx n Heeca n semnx, opamancx x +ro xe
reme. Iepo nnn reponnx mnoro crpaamr n ntnyxent nonxrtcx na
cnonmn crpaannxmn, urot ne nornnyrt or ropeun. Onaxo, cyx no
nponsneennxm An P+n, mne nnxora ne xasanoct, uro ona n cocroxnnn
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nonxrtcx ntme cnoe ropeun, cxasan on. Croyn onapyxnn, uro +ro
cnpanennno no ornomennm xo mnornm ns npantx. Onn neuno onxent,
npeant, n xorx +ro cnyunnoct n rpnnarte, no npemena xommynncrnuecxoro
nnxennx, onn rax n necyr n cee ropeut n nenanncrt ncm ocranmymcx
xnsnt. B cnyuae c P+n moxno yrnepxart, uro xaxo t nncrarentno ona
nn tna, e ne xnarano rennort n uenoneunocrn, +ro samerno n ne camo n n
ee paorax.
H nce xe P+n cmorna ntpasnrt cno nsrnx na nnunocrt xax na reponuecxn
nean, n +ro on ynaxan. Ona sannxnnnact na +ro nee, no ona npannntno ee
noaer, cxasan Croyn. Ee moxno nmnrt sa ono +ro, ne nnnxax no nce
ocrantnoe. On conpancx orennrt nnunocrt Popxa or nanoron c ero
yuacrnem. Pexnccep cunran, uro ronopnr ram ne Popx: +ro rpan-ama
panxantnoro xannrannsma ntcxastnaer cnon nsrnxt ero ycramn.
Honnmaere, Popx cxontxo yrono moxer onrart ncxxym uymt, no +ro ee
cnona. Inannoe ro, uem on sannmaercx, a on crponr, n on crpaaer ns-sa roro,
uro crponr. On, xax t ram nn tno, npexe ncero xyoxnnx. Kax Hnxacco,
Barnep nnn Ferxonen. On onn ns nnx. Horomy-ro on mne n npannrcx,
cxasan Croyn. Ecnn t on npocro croxn n paccyxan o opoerenn +ronsma,
mne t on tn nennrepecen.
Croyn norparnn nemano npemenn na +ror npoexr, cam n omnx ueprax
napocan cnenapn, nanxn nyx nncarene, urot npopaorart erann. H
mexy enom npounran n Hnrepnere maccy ncxxo epynt o rom, uro emy
nao cpouno ocrannrt cnom sarem, noromy uro on nnepan, noromy uro on
saono c nentmn n npouee. Ho sauem? cnpocnn x. Heyxenn ero
nonnyer, uro o nem nnmyr n Hnrepnere? Cymecrnyer raxax mryxa, xax
penyrannx ]nntma. Ona moxer ynnuroxnrt ]nntm eme o roro, xax on nter
na +xpant, noxcnnn Croyn. Penyrannx +ro naxnax uacrt nrpt. On
cpannnn ntnemnmm peaxnnm na npoexr c nerarnnno peaxnne, xoropym
ntsnano y nynnxn ero pemenne enart ]nntm o Maprnne Hmrepe Knnre, xorx
]nntm o Knnre on ne onen axe o +ro crann.
Herarnnntx orxnnxon tno neocrarouno, urot orxasartcx or npoexra
+xpannsannn Hcrounnxa, xoropt n nenom pasnnnancx ouent nennoxo.
Croyn nonyuan or up+nxa Iepn ocronepnym nn]opmannm o rom, xax
crponrt ornnuno or pyrnx, xoropym on conpancx ncnontsonart n cnoe
paore. On paccxasan mne, xaxne marepnant ncnontsyer, xax on +ro enaer,
xax ymypxercx crponrt no ceecronmocrn. Kax moxno cenart npoexr
emenne, nporonopnn pexnccep c nerxo sanncrtm. B ro npemx na ptnxe
nocroxnno noxnnxnnct nonte marepnant n cnnant. Bce tno nontm. 3annx
renept tno ne oxsarentno crponrt npxmtmn. Onn mornn nsrnartcx. H onn
cronnn npnemnemtx ener. Onaxo no mepe roro, xax mox ncropnx
pasnnnanact, ona cranonnnact nce onee nponnuno. Cotrnx menx
onepexann.
Ha cneny ntxonnn ronnt nontx apxnrexropon, xoropte crponnn
conepmenno nnaue. Teopnx Ionapa Popxa, npornnonocrannennoro omecrny,
ontme ne nmena cmtcna, cxasan Croyn. Tenept, xora noxnnncx Pem
Kynxac n pyrne apxnrexropt, xoropte conepnnuann c Iepn, rouno rax xe
pocax ntson craryc-xno n apxnrexrype. Onn, nnnre nn, n camn tnn
Ionapt Popxn, oxcnnn on. Bor rax n nonyunnoct. Hpoexr tn ornoxen n
onrn xmnx, onaxo ycnen npnnneut nnnmanne Fp+a Hnrra, xoropt saxoren
ctrpart Popxa. On nomeman na apxnrexrype, coomnn mne Croyn.
Kax cxasan cam axrep, n +xpannsannn Hcrounnxa Onnnepom Croynom
npoxnnxnact rnannax cyrt Popxa, n es p+nnancxo onronnn, a cama ncropnx
nepememanact n peantnt mnp conpemenno apxnrexrypt. H n rom tno t
rpomanoe ornnune or esnnxnx nocranonox Arnanra, xoropte nanonnnn
rearpt necno 2011 roa, nepenactmennte oexrnnncrcxo neonorne n
nnmennte pexnccepcxnx naxoox nnn nnrepecno pemenntx opason.
B cneymmn momenr Croyn cxasan neuro no-nacroxmemy neuantnoe. On
conpancx npnart opasy Popxa uenoneunocrn.
Mox rnannax rema, cyrt moe ncropnn ro, pan xoropo x t nepemen
Pynxon, raxona: nocxontxy n 1980-e n 1990-e rot nmn crponnn pan
ntrot, ns +ronsma, ro onn crponnn ouent mnoro, n mt nanmann
nacrynnenne +noxn anunocrn, noxasannoe n ]nntme Vonn-crpnr. nomen
pyrnm nyrem, npoonxan on. sacrannn Ionapa Popxa crponrt na naro
omecrna. On y menx crponr nx nme. xoren, urot on npoexrnponan
napxn, x xoren, urot on crponn mxont n nrponte nnomaxn. Mox xonnennnx,
ra rema, xoropym x pasnnnam, cocronr n rom, uro on crponr pan nceomero
nponnerannx.
samernn, uro nacroxmnx p+nnannen +ro npnneer n emencrno.
Hecomnenno, cornacnncx pexnccep: Onn yyr nne cex or nenanncrn, no
ecnn t P+n tna xnna, ecnn t ee mtmnenne nnuem ne cepxnnanoct, ona
nonxna t, uro rocyapcrno no-npexnemy nrpaer snaunrentnym pont n
+nonmnnn omecrna. Mne xaxercx, yt P+n xnna, ona ynnena t,
nacxontxo Mnnron upnman n Ipnncnen nepernynn nanxy, uro onn cenann c
name +xonomnxo. Comnenamct, uro ynnennoe e nonpannnoct t, n mne
xaxercx, uro, nocxontxy ona tna remnepamenrno xenmnno, ona sanpocro
morna t orcrynnrtcx or cnonx npexnnx nsrnxon n cxasart, uro nam
neoxonma cxoopnnnponannax nonnrnxa rocyapcrna, ropocxnx nnacre,
nnacre mrara n nce crpant, urot crponrt xpacnnte sannx.
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
snan, uro Croyn yxacno sanyxaercx, no +ro tno ne naxno, nocxontxy
nonyuanoct xnno o rom, xax paccennaercx neonepne. Cnymax Croyna, x
npecrannxn, xax nepeo mno na +xpane ner noonoe xnno.
Vnpannenne omecrnenntx paor []eepantnoe arenrcrno rpnnartx
roon, sannmanmeecx rpyoycrpocrnom espaorntx. I. B .] nocrponno
camte nopasnrentnte, nyumne sannx ro +noxn, cxasan on. H +ro
nonyunnoct naroapx ]eepantntm nporpammam, xax nt n camn npexpacno
snaere. Tax uro nex ]nntma tna n rom, urot coxpannrt sa repoem ero
nnnnnyannsm uepry, npncymym n up+nxy Iepn, n sacrannrt ero
conepmart xopomne nocrynxn. Bmecro xommapntx mnxpopaonon, xaxnx y nac
nonno, nnymammnx ornpamenne n ypoymmnx mnp, nouemy t Ionapy Popxy
ne cosart npoexr ornnunoro xnaprana, cnoconoro nmecrnrt mecrt rtcxu
uenonex n art nm nosmoxnocrt xnrt cnoono, na cnexem nosyxe n cpen
xpacort?
B +rom n saxnmuanact rnannax mtcnt: Pasnepnyrt Hcrounnx n
npornnononoxnym cropony.
Croyn conpancx nosnart ncex neymnx apxnrexropon mnpa, urot onn
nomornn emy cenart nennxn pemex Hcrounnxa. Hoxa on paccxastnan, x
nonnman, uem +ra nex rax npnnnexna ero nsnauantno n, cyx no ncemy,
npoonxana npnnnexart nce +rn rot. On sayman cam cenartcx Ionapom
Popxom: nepconax ]nntma onxen tn ntpaxart ero nnunoe mnenne o rom,
uro raxoe cnyxenne omecrny. conpancx nocrponrt ropo pan
omecrnennoro nara, cxasan Croyn. 3ro n tna rnannax nex ]nntma.
Ero Ionap Popx tn t ne +roncrnuen. On onxen crponrt, n rom ero cyrt.
On nonnmaer, nacxontxo +roncrnunt pyrne apxnrexropt, xoropte
cxonaunnamr cocroxnnx, n raxnx apxnrexropon mnoxecrno. Ho nocxontxy on
ymeer crponrt xopomo, on moxer enart +ro emenne, +xonomx no nxrtecxr
onnapon na xaxom ]yre xnntx, n +ro ero rnannax paora, noromy uro on
crponrent, a ne xannranncr. (3ra uacrt nnonne cornacyercx c rexcrom pomana,
noromy uro, xax x yxe ynomnnan, ener Popx ecrnnrentno ne nmnr.)
P+n or ncero +roro npnmna t n xpocrt, samernn x.
a mne nnenart, nycrt xort t cena cnom mnxny, orosnancx Croyn. V
p+nnannen nce panno ner npan, urot menxrt cnenapn. Onn nporecronann
t: ny n nycrt! Popx ne nosnonxn pyrnm nmemnnartcx n cnom paory, ne
nosnonnn t n Croyn. Hm npnmnoct t npnmnpnrtcx c ero nnennem
Hcrounnxa, re +ronsm samenen camonoxeprnonannem, panxantnt
xannrannsm uenoneunocrtm n nouepxnyra neoxonmocrt npannrentcrna n
ro npemx, xora na npannrentcrno naceamr co ncex cropon. Bectma
samanunnax nnrepnperannx, ocymecrnnrt xoropym cranonnrcx nce cnoxnee n
ceronxmne cnryannn, xora nannm saxnartnamr nen P+n.
Ham neoxonmo rocyapcrno, cxasan Croyn. Ham neoxonmo
omecrno. Mt oruaxnno n nnx nyxaemcx.

3nnnor
Bcx npoxnxrax ncropnx mnpa +ro ncropnx optt mexy +ronsmom n
ecxoptcrnem! Bce nnoxoe noxpyr nac nnma nx +ronsma. Hnora +ronsm
axe cranonnrcx npnnnnnom, oprannsonanno cnno, axe npannrentcrnom.
Tora on nmenyercx ]amnsmom.
Iapcon Kannn. Poxennax nuepa

Her ocotx comnenn n rom, xaxona yer oexrnnncrcxax Amepnxa.
Bepoxrno, cocrnenntmn rnasamn mt c namn ee ne ynnnm, onaxo nepnte
npnsnaxn yxe noxnnxmrcx. H, xaxercx, yxe samernt.
Hocnenne nonnexa oueprannx yymero oexrnnncrcxoro mnpa pnconann n
cnonx nynnxannxx An P+n, Fpanent, Anan Ipnncnen n npoune reopernxn,
pacnpocrpanxx cnon npecrannennx uepes xypnant. Kora Fpyx n xoe earon
c Mansom Panonoprom mnmoxoom ntcxasancx sa ormeny 3axona o ercxom
rpye, on npocro nonropnn anno ntnnnyrym oexrnnncrcxym oxrpnny,
c]opmynnponannym Heonapom Hexo]]om rax: Hpannrentcrno
orpnnarentno no cnoe cyrn [216 - Peikoff L. Objectivism: The Philosophy of
Ayn Rand. New York: Meridian, 1991. P. 386.]. Mnponosspenne, ntpaxennoe
+ro ]opmyno, ocrananoct nensmenntm na nporxxennn ecxrnnern, a ero
ocnonnte nonoxennx ecxoneuno nonropxnnct P+n n ee anocronamn:
Hnxaxoro npannrentcrna, sa ncxnmuennem nonnnnn, cyentx nncrnryron n
apmnn.
Hnxaxoro npannrentcrnennoro perynnponannx n xaxo-nno c]epe.
Hnxaxoro rocyapcrnennoro spanooxpanennx.
Hnxaxo connantno samnrt.
Hnxaxnx rocyapcrnenntx mxon.
Hnxaxnx rocyapcrnenntx ontnnn.
Ha camom ene noome nnuero rocyapcrnennoro. Tontxo nnnnnyanncrt,
xaxt saornrcx ncxnmunrentno o cee, ne npocnr nn y xoro nomomn n
nnxomy ne nomoraer cam.
B oexrnnncrcxo Amepnxe naunercx remnax +pa ecnpenxrcrnennoro
cnoonoro npenpnnnmarentcrna, ropaso onee npnmnrnnnoro n
xnmnnuecxoro, uem nce, uro tno o cnx nop. Oexrnnncrt +ro snamr. B uem
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
onn ne ncera oramr cee oruer n nonno mepe, yunrtnax nx nsnpamennoe
nocnpnxrne peantnocrn, rax +ro n rom, x uemy npnneer raxo mar nasa. Hnn
xe +ro nm npocro espasnnuno.
Kora Anan Ipnncnen ntcxastnancx npornn crponrentntx nopm, on
npexpacno nonnman, uro nonneuer sa coo orcyrcrnne aexnarntx
crponrentntx xoexcon n nopm noxapno esonacnocrn. 3a nxrnanart ner o
ero poxennx 146 uenonex, n ocnonnom monote xenmnnt, saxnno cropenn
nnn nornnn, ntpactnaxct ns oxon, npn noxape na mneno ]apnxe
Triangle Waist Factory na Manx+rrene n Htm-Hopxe. Or xosxen nnxro ne
rpeonan oecneuennx esonacnocrn na paounx mecrax, no+romy onn ee n ne
oecneunnann. Bnaentnt Triangle sarnann paounx n recnoe npocrpancrno es
nopmantntx nepe, a orcyrcrnne aexnarntx nopm noxapno esonacnocrn
osnauano, uro noxapntx ntxoon tno neocrarouno. B nrore nanart
nxroro mapra 1911 roa na rporyape no sannem ]apnxn nexann ecxrxn
meprntx ren. H noncmy n mnpe, re nopmt crponrentcrna neaexnarnt nnn
nonce orcyrcrnymr, pesyntrar onn n ror xe nornmne nmn.
B oexrnnncrcxom mnpe nx ncex rocyapcrnenntx cncrem, xoropte mt
npnntxnn npnnnmart xax onxnoe, yer naxara xnonxa nepesarpysxn. Onn
yyr ne npocro ymentment, ne coxpament onn nonpocry ncuesnyr. B
oexrnnncrcxom mnpe cner c opor ne yyr ynpart, mocrt yyr pymnrtcx,
noromy uro npannrentcrny sanperxr cnenrt sa nx ncnpannocrtm n nyumem
cnyuae orentnte rpaxane, pemnn, uro +ro n nx pannonantntx nnuntx
nnrepecax, yyr oponontno cunmart c nnx pxanunny n samenxrt
nsnomennte rpoct. Omecrnennte napxn n semnn, or xpoxorntx ocrponxon
senenn o orpomntx npocropon sanonennxon, yyr npoant rontxo uro
ornymenntm na cnooy meraxopnopannxm. Annannonnoe coomenne
npexparnrcx, noxa nmymn npntne xannranncr ne pemnr, uro n ero nnuntx
nnrepecax ]nnancnponart cncremy nosymno esonacnocrn. Ecnn +ro
oxaxercx ntrontm enom ornnuno. Ecnn xe ner ny ne nonesno. Ptnox rax
cxasan. Feperonax oxpana yer orcnxnnartcx n nopry, noxa norpenannte
mropmom mopxxn ronyr, xax +ro tno n annne npemena. Oront yer
oxnpart ocranxn npnrnxmnx necon, noromy uro pacrnrentnocrt n nxnx
xnnorntx ontme ne yyr samnmart necnnxn n xecrxne saxont no oxpa ne
oxpyxamme cpet, a camn epentx yyr ntpynent nouncrym n
pannonantntx nnuntx nnrepecax narntx, nnmenntx noopaxennx
npenpnnnmarene.
Kora npomtmnennocrt ontme ne yyr cepxnnart nopmt ntpoca
yrnexncnoro rasa, semnx nauner nnannrtcx or cocrnennoro xapa, raxnne
nennxon ycxopnrcx, noronte xaraxnnsmt cranyr eme onee npnntuntm
xnnennem, a eperonax nnnnx yer na rnasax ncuesart, nornomaemax nonnamn.
Pasposnennte coomecrna nme, ncrepsannte yparanamn, nanonennxmn n
ropnao, yyr npeocrannent camn cee, nx cyta ne yer nonnonart
+roncrnunt, cnoont or yrptsenn conecrn mnp.
Fenxxn n crapnxn, ocnooxennte or rnera ynnuroxamme nnunocrt,
cycnnpyemo npannrentcrnom cncremt spanooxpanennx, yyr xpapo
ntmnpart nentmn ronnamn, xax onncano n pomanrnuecxnx nonennax npomntx
+nox.
3axont o mnnnmantnom pasmepe sapaorno nnart yyr ormenent,
naroapx uemy ]apnxanrt n nonte ntcoxorexnonornunte xomnannn
nonyuar mope emeno paoue cnnt, xax n crpanax uerneproro mnpa, re
nepxonoxr maxn nopon.
Bce saxont, samnmammne norpenrenx, yyr ntuepxnyrt ns
saxonoarentntx cnoon.
Omecrnennt rpancnopr n ontmnx ropoax ocranonnrcx, noromy uro
mynnnnnantnte cycnnn nooyr x xonny.
Kopnopannn ontme ne yyr nopaoment anrnmononontntmn saxonamn,
no+romy monononnn n rpancnannonantnte xaprenn, ycranannnnammne cnon
nent, pacnneryr. uncno orxptrtx axnnonepntx omecrn coxparnrcx o
nesnaunrentnoro, nerxo xonrponnpyemoro mnnnmyma. Fontmax uapma yer
ntnycxart nexapcrna, ne nponepxx nx onxntm opasom na esonacnocrt n
+]]exrnnnocrt, perynnpyemax nnmt saoro o cocrnenno penyrannn, xax
nncan Ipnncnen n 1963 roy. Fonee roro, c xonxypenrocnoconocrtm,
cneenno x nynm cnnxnnxmn xomnann n nerantntmn ycranonnennxmn nent,
ptnox npenparnrcx n xanxoe noone ynpannennx no pacnpeenennm
npoonontcrnnx.
3axont, rapanrnpymmne connantnym samnry n perynnponanne ]ononoro
ptnxa, yyr ynnuroxent. Kopnopannn cranyr nponopaunnart cnon ena n
rane, ecnn rontxo noxenamr, nnn xe yyr ntopouno n ncxontst ennrtcx
nn]opmanne co cnonmn nnnecropamn n xnnenramn. Tontxo nacroxmne
momennnxn yyr samnment, npouax xe nynnxa, xoropym nepecranyr
npnnnmart n pacuer, yer ocrannena na nponsnon cytt.
Hncaepcxne cenxn, yxe saxonnte, cranyr npnntuntm xnnennem. Vonn-
crpnr npenparnrcx n nrpy nx ypaxon. Hosynr Hycrt noxynarent
ocreperaercx samennr nxrtecxr rocyapcrnenntx saxonon n xomnccnm no
nenntm ymaram n npxam.
Hooxont nanor ormenxr, no+romy sanocxne paoune c camo nnsxo
sapaorno nnaro, nonyuammne no ecxrt nenron n uac, y xoroptx ontme ne
yer ueepantnoro arenrcrna no oxpane rpya n sopontx, cmoryr
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paonartcx, uro nx nanor na sapnnary cocrannxer crontxo xe, cxontxo y nx
occon-mnnnnapepon ns anexnx ropoon n uyxnx sement: nont. Forarte
amepnxancxne cemecrna yyr orarert nce ontme, nocxontxy nx cocroxnnx
yyr nepeanartcx ns noxonennx n noxonenne, ne onaraemte nanorom.
Hexommepuecxne oprannsannn, sa ncxnmuennem rex, xoroptmn yyr remnrt
cnoe camonmne oraun, nmymne nnunte nnrepect, cxopo ynnxr, xax nx
]nnanct nccxxamr, noromy uro npannrentcrnenno noepxxn ontme ne
craner. Cnepxoraun, ocnooxennte or oxsannocrn ennrtcx
npnnnnernxmn, yyr nacnaxartcx cnonmn orarcrnamn es manemnx
yrptsenn conecrn, nocxontxy y nnx ne ocranercx nn enno npnunnt
oranart uacrt cnonx mnnnnapon enxxam. Fnarornopnrentnocrt
npenparnrcx n nonysatrt nepexnrox anno ormenenntx mopantntx
xoexcon n xanynme n Hery ncropnn.
Taxnm npecrannxercx pa An P+n: Amepnxa, nanomnnammax re semnn, ns
xoroptx +mnrpnponann namn npexn, re antrpynsm sannnyr n antnn yron,
a yxacammax nnmera n rononax cmeprt xnnyr ox o ox c necmerntmn
orarcrnamn. Hoc-Anxenec, unxaro n Htm-Hopx npenparxrcx n noone
Kanpa n Kantxyrrt, n xoroptx oraun yyr cnacartcx or nsmoxenntx
neopasonanntx macc n ocotx anxnanax, onecenntx ntcoxnmn crenamn.
pon Fpyx tn npan. Ha xony ceuac ne nonnrnuecxax nponema, a
npancrnennax, ]nnoco]cxax. Orpomnoe uncno amepnxannen, oruacrn
neocosnanno, orxasanoct or mopantntx xoexcon, na xoroptx nocnnrtnanoct.
Onn nocrynnnn rax ns-sa onoro macrepa xyoxecrnennoro cnona.
Fnaroponte cranennrente marnart An P+n, nencronte nnaentnt
xenesntx opor n xntuymne mpoxpart ns npannrentcrna cocrannnn ocnony
ee neonornn. Ee nonecrnonanne ntstnaer y unrarenx sanncnmocrt, n
ntopount noxo Onnnepa Croyna x Hcrounnxy npenaraer nexapcrno or
rexcra P+n nerarnn ee pomana, re npocnannxercx rnopen c conecrtm, a
npannrentcrno ne conercxoe opyne, a crponrent n naroerent. 3ro
onrnmncrnuecxoe nnenne, poxennoe n nonno naext Amepnxe, a ne n
Poccnn, oxnauenno oruaxnnem n nyxo. B +rom nerarnnnom
nonecrnonannn npnsnaercx nennocrt nnnnnyantnocrn n nnunoro nnrepeca,
onaxo orpnnamrcx npocnannxemte P+n remnte xauecrna: anunocrt n
+roncrnunocrt.
Taxo noxo neoxonm nx roro, urot ornernrt na ntson, pomennt
P+n n ee nexmn, noromy uro onn pacnpocrpannnnct ns nneprapnancxnx n
oexrnnncrcxnx nccneonarentcxnx nenrpon na nnxenne uaennrnx, na
Konrpecc n, nepoxrno, na Fent om.
Tem ns nac, xro ornepraer p+nnancxne npecrannennx o panxantnom
xannrannsme, neoxonmo unrart P+n n nnert nsxnt n ee ncxontx
noctnxax n nenornunocrt ee xonnennnn rouno rax no npemena xonono
nont nmn nsyuann xommynnsm, urot art emy ocront ornop.
Hpounran n ocmtcnnn ee xnnrn n +cce, uenonex nayunrcx ysnanart nen
npanoro +xcrpemnsma n orneuart nm, sameuart n xnsnn omecrna npoxnnennx
p+nnancxo neonornn.
Ham neoxonmo nonnmart, na uem asnpyercx ee mopant; nonnmart, ne
rontxo ro, orxya ona nponcrexaer, no n re ona nnxax ne moxer nycrnrt
xopnn: +ro rpn rnanntx monorenuecxnx pennrnn, exnapannx nesanncnmocrn,
Koncrnrynnx n pyrne paort n exnnx ornon-ocnonarene. Cnona
xannrannsm, ptnxn n cnoonoe npenpnnnmarentcrno nn pasy ne
ynomnnamrcx n rnanntx oxymenrax, cnxsanntx c ocnonannem Amepnxn.
Hpnpontmn nparamn An P+n xnnxmrcx ne rontxo Hennn n Pysnentr, no
eme n xe]]epcon, n Pycco, n Hen. Ornt-ocnonarenn ne samnmann
onnrapxnm n +ronsm. Onn xeprnonann coo. Onn tnn antrpyncramn n
ropnnnct +rnm.
Mon pystx ns uncna oexrnnncron npant n rom, uro nonpoc
npancrnennocrn onxen crart uacrtm nannonantnoro nanora. Kaxne t
uyncrna mt nn ncntrtnann no nonoy P+n, nam neoxonmo ocmtcnnrt ee
nsrnxt n paccyxart mnpe, ]nnoco]nuecxn. Mt onxnt onpeennrtcx c
cocrnenntmn ocnonononarammnmn nennocrxmn, nonxrt npancrnennoe
oocnonanne connantntx nporpamm n rocyapcrnenntx yupexenn, na
xoropte nanaamr npante. Houemy mt nnarnm sa mennnncxoe ocnyxnnanne
nenmymnx n npecrapentx? Houemy mt perynnpyem nsnec? Houemy mt
mocrnm oporn, coepxnm napxn n crponm rocyapcrnennte mxont? Houemy
mt cycnnpyem omecrnennoe pano, ropocxo rpancnopr, nenrpt
nnannponannx cemtn n mnorne pyrne nporpammt, xoropte ne ncera
npnnocxr nontsy nam nnuno?
Mt moxem npnrn x ntnoy, uro ne onxnt enart nnuero noonoro. Hnn
xe mt pemnm, uro opoxnm +rnmn nncrnryramn n noepxnnaem nx ne no
nnnxnnem ocoo sannrepeconanntx rpynn nnn ns-sa ntopa ontmnncrna, ne
noromy uro emoxpart xonrponnpymr oe nanart Konrpecca, a noromy uro rax
npannntno. 3ro npannntno, ecnn namn nsrnxt na ro, uro xopomo n uro nnoxo,
ornnuamrcx or nsrnxon oexrnnncron n nx comsnnxon ns npanoro xptna.
Bonpoc n rom, uro nmenno onpeenxer namn rnannte mopantnte nennocrn:
nam napo n pennrnosnte rpannnn nnn xe Arnanr, Hcrounnx,
opoerent +ronsma n Kannrannsm. Hesnaxomt nean.
Ham nao ntnpart name nacnene nnn An P+n.

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Bnaroapnoc1n
3ra xnnra cosananact xax nccneonanne ymonacrpoenn, nosnnxmnx n
amepnxancxom omecrne nocne ]nnanconoro xpnsnca 2008 roa. Co npemenem
x nonxn, uro nce nyrn neyr x An P+n. Karannsaropom nx nanncannx
Bcenenno An P+n ntcrynnn mo nnreparypnt arenr ns J anklow &
Nesbit Associates, Pnuap Moppnc. Pnuap oxasan mne neonennmym nomomt
na ncex +ranax paort na xnnro n, xpome roro, pennocrno orcrannan mon
xommepuecxne nnrepect. Fes nero xnnrn t, ecrnnrentno, ne nonyunnoct.
xopx Bnrre ns St. Martins Press sacnyxnnaer ocoo naroapnocrn sa
cno +nrysnasm, mypte peaxropcxne conert n ocrpt cnnn xapanam.
Taxxe x ntcoxo nenm ornnunym paory Teppt Heron ns St. Martins n
Maxna K. K+nry+nna, xoropte npocnennn sa rem, urot pyxonnct ne
napymana nnutnx npan. H naroapm ntnycxammero peaxropa Cy By sa
nsxmnte ncnpannennx monx cnnraxcnuecxnx omnox.
Mox naroapnocrt pacnpocrpanxercx na ncex, xro nomoran mne pasopartcx n
nornxe mnpa An P+n, npomnoro n nacroxmero. Hexoropte ns nnx rax
sacrenunnt, uro ne xorxr ynomnnannx cnonx nmen. Ho onn snamr, o xom x
ronopm.
npnsnarenen unenam omecrna New York Ayn Rand Group sa ro, uro onn
mnoro mecxnen epxann menx no cnonm xptnom n ne cepnnnct, xora x
xoncnexrnponan nx cnona, a raxxe sa nx uecrnocrt n nocnpnnmunnocrt.
Apnc Fenn, rpa]nuecxn nsanep P+n, ne cxynxct, rparnna na menx cnoe
npemx, n x raxxe npnsnarenen ee myxy, Hony Fenny, a eme Fennn Honnaxy,
ony Iaynrmany, 3nn xopxy pyrnm unenam rpynnt sa nx
rocrenpnnmcrno. upeepnx Kyxnnx+m, anrop xnnrn 3noxa P+n. Hpecrannxx
yymn mnp oexrnnncra, ecrnnrentno (n yxnantno) noxasan mne
sauarxn p+nnancxoro mnpa npxmo n Htm-Hopxe.
Fontmoe cnacno Pnuapy Fexapy, xoropt rax mepo noennncx co mno
sanncxmn panonnrepntm c An P+n, cenanntmn n nauane 60-x roon, n
Maxny Basepy, moemy crapnnnomy pyry n onoxnaccnnxy, xoropt
ocnexnn mon nocnomnnannx o xannrannsme n rom nne, n xaxom ror
npaxrnxonancx n 60-e rot n Fponxce.
Mne raxxe xorenoct t nonaroapnrt nonmenno cneymmnx nme:
Hnrepa Forrxe, Fapapy Fpanen, Harann+nx Fpanena, pona Fpyxa, xnma
Fpayna, Hameny Iennep, Mapxa Ieppa, Hnrepa Kananpyuuo, +nna
Kannaxana, +nna Kennn, Fappn Konnnna, Rxnna Konparona, Kypra
Kpamepa, Mapxa Mexnepa, Bnxropa Hnepxo]]epa, Cmsen Hnepxo]]ep,
Cannn Onxap, xnmn Harrepcona, Htm Hpnnca, xe]]a C+epa-Maxxopa,
Onnnepa Croyna, Bnxn Taync, Vnntxma Tomaca, Fp+a Tomncona, oxropa
Poepra unannepa, Iena unay+pca, Mapn+nny Bnoccepr n xona
3nnncona. Harannent Fpanen n pon Fpyx oxasannct n +rom cnncxe pxom
rontxo noromy, uro nx ]amnnnn naunnamrcx na ony yxny.
H, xax ncera, mox cepeunax naroapnocrt Anxann, xoropax ocraercx
pxom co mno n rope, n paocrn n no ncenenno An P+n.


An1op: I+pn Bac
Hsa1entc1no: Hennsar, Komana A
ISBN: 978-5-4453-0428-9
Io: 2014
C1pannn: 448

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