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Ontra Pouanona

Men1annn, uan1pm, pynm n uypm na


npnnneuenne ener






Bneenne
Hpecrannennte n name xnnre snannx n c]epe +sorepnxn nomoryr nam ynyumnrt cnoe
]nnanconoe nonoxenne. C nomomtm menrannn, manrp, pyn n myp moxno nsmennrt
npnntunt yxna xnsnn n ecnn ne pasorarert, ro, no xpane mepe, nsannrtcx or nyxt.
Houemy onn nmn orart n nocroxnno ynennunnamr cnon oxot, a pyrne ena cnoxr
xonnt c xonnamn? 3ect nmemr snauenne pasnte ]axropt: n opasonanne, n npo]eccnx, n
xapma, n nacnecrno, n nonx cnyuax Moxno oxcnxrt pasnnune n yponne oxoon nme
no-pasnomy. Onaxo no mnornx cnyuaxx ]nnanconoe narononyune n ocrarox cnxsant c
nnunocrntmn ocoennocrxmn uenonexa. uacro orpannuennx, npenxrcrnymmne ocrnxennm
nenn, nanpnmep pocry narococroxnnx, naxoxrcx n name ronone. Vcroxnmnecx
crepeornnt mtmnennx memamr nsrnxnyrt na mnp n cex no-nonomy. uenonexy xaxercx, uro
emy nnxora ne ntpartcx ns nyxt, y nero ner cnoconocre, ner crapronoro xannrana n r.
. Xorx moxno nocmorpert na cnryannm c pyro cropont: uro y menx ecrt ceuac, uro y
menx moxer trt, uro x mory npnopecrn, cenart n r. n. Hpexe uem uro-ro nsmennrt n
cnoe xnsnn, ouent naxno cnauana nsmennrt cnoe mtmnenne n noneenne. Ho+romy moxno
nepnrt n marnuecxym cnny menrannn, manrp, pyn n myp nnn ne nepnrt, no onn n nmom
cnyuae oxastnamr cnoe nosecrnne na uenonexa. nx onnx +]]exrnnnocrt nx npaxrnxn
yer cnxsana c Btcmnmn cnnamn, a nx pyrnx c rpanc]opmanne cnoero mtmnennx n, n
antnemem, noneennx. B oonx cnyuaxx nacrounnoe xenanne npnnnexart entrn yer
peannsonano.
3sorepnuecxne snannx ne xnnxmrcx nayxo, no onn rpannnonno na nporxxennn mnornx
nexon ncnontsymrcx nmtmn. C nx nomomtm moxno nonyunrt noxponnrentcrno n
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noepxxy Btcmnx cnn. Onn nomoramr nsmennrt cex n nonepnrt n cnon cnnt n
nosmoxnocrn. Perynxpnax npaxrnxa menrannn, myp, urenne manrp, ncnontsonanne pyn
yuar epxart n ronone cnom nent (npnnneuenne ener), no ne sannxnnnart mtmnenne na
ne. Bt exenenno xaxoe-ro npemx nocnxmaere cnoe meure, paore na coo. Bce
ocrantnoe npemx nt sannmaerect uem-ro pyrnm, a n namem nocosnannn nponcxoxr
coornercrnymmne nepement, xoropte sacrannxmr nac mtcnnrt no-nonomy n crart onee
ynepenntm, cnoxontm, ycnemntm, npnrxrnnart x cee entrn n ynyumart cnom xnsnt.
Mnorne +sorepnuecxne npaxrnxn epyr cnoe nauano n ore. 3ro ornocnrcx x manrpam n
mypam. Ho+romy sannmartcx nmn pexomenyercx n acanax (n nose ora). Menrannx
nsnauantno raxxe ornocnrcx x ore, onaxo nx npnnneuennx ener, n ontmnncrne
cnyuaen, ee moxno npononrt n cnoontx nosax.
Ocnonntmn acanamn, ncnontsyemtmn nx npaxrnxn manrp n myp, xnnxmrcx namacana n
cyxxacana (cm. pnc. 1, 2 na crp. 15). Hx neoxonmo ntnonnxrt npannntno. Hamacana (nosa
noroca) rnannax nosa oron. nx ee npnnxrnx cxtre na non, ntnpxmnre cnnny n
npnnonnmnre ronony. 3arem cornnre npanoe xoneno n c nomomtm pyx nonoxnre npanym
crony na nenoe epo. Hpanoe xoneno maxcnmantno npnxmnre x nony. anee cornnre nenoe
xoneno n onxrt xe pyxamn nonoxnre nenym crony na npanoe epo. Henoe xoneno roxe
nyxno npnxart x nony. Pyxn ne cxpemnnare, a cnoono nonoxnre na epa. Coennnre
ontmne nantnt c yxasarentntmn. Hpetnanne n +ro nose nonesno nx ]nsnuecxoro n
ymennoro sopontx.
nx rex, xomy sarpynnrentno npnnxrt namacany, nooer cyxxacana. Cxtre na non n
ntrxnnre norn nnepe. Btnpxmnre cnnny n npnnonnmnre ronony. Cornnre npanoe xoneno
n nonoxnre npanym crony no epo neno norn. Ananornuno nonropnre ecrnnx neno
noro. Pyxn cnoono onycrnre na xonenn naonxmn nnns. Coennnre noymeuxn ontmnx
n yxasarentntx nantnen na xaxo pyxe.
Ocnonn +rn nost, nt cmeno moxere npncrynart x menrannn, sanxrnxm manrpamn,
mypamn, a raxxe ncnontsonart pynt.
Tem, xro sannmaercx oro nnn nmeer xopomym npnponym rnxocrt, moxno
ncnontsonart n pyrne nost orn. Acant nomoramr ynyumnrt nnpxynxnnm +neprnn n
oprannsme. 3ro npnnecer nam nonym nontsy.
Mnorne menrannn moxno couerart c manrpamn, pynamn, ononnxrt mypamn. Hoepnre
npaxrnxn no coornercrnymme remarnxe, cocrantre cnom nporpammy npnnneuennx ener n
ntnonnxre ee. nx oneruennx +ro saaun n npnnoxennn npnnonrcx rannna c
pacnpeenennem menrann, manrp, pynnuecxnx ]opmyn n myp no ocnonntm remam.
Hpoonxare sanxrnx o rex nop, noxa ne noxnnrcx pesyntrar. urot entrn n antme
nocrynann x nam no nce ontmem xonnuecrne, cenare nexoropte npaxrnxn
noncenenntmn.

Inana 1
Men1annn

Menrannx +ro ona ns npaxrnx orn. Ona saxnmuaercx n nonnom orpemennn cosnannx
or oxpyxammero mnpa n renecntx omymenn n cocpeorouennn na onpeenennom xenannn
nnn oexre. C nomomtm menrannn moxno ocrnut marepnantnoro narononyunx,
nponnerannx n axe orarcrna. Menrannx nomoraer npecrannrt xenaemt oexr
entrn. Ona nomoxer nam ynnert cex n ponn ycnemnoro n oraroro uenonexa. Or otuno
nnsyannsannn xax onoro ns npnemon ncnxonornn n marnn ona ornnuaercx rem, uro
nanpannxer na ocrnxenne name nenn ontme +neprnn. Haxoxct n menrarnnnom
cocroxnnn, uenonex nonnocrtm cocpeoraunnaercx na cnoem xenannn, on cnnnaercx c nnm.
Menrannx nomoxer nam nacrponrt cnoe mtmnenne rax, xax yro y nac yxe ecrt entrn.
3ro npnneer x nsmenennm namero noneennx n entrn naunyr npnrexart x nam n
ecrnnrentnocrn.
entrn onn ns nnon +neprnn. 3ra +neprnx npncyma rontxo cuacrnnntm nmxm c
nosnrnnntm mtmnennem. Ho+romy camoe nepnoe menrarnnnoe ynpaxnenne, xoropoe nam
neoxonmo ocnonrt, nanpanneno na ntpaorxy omymennx cuacrtx.
Menrarnnnte npaxrnxn ocrynnt ncem nmxm. Onn nomoramr paccnanrtcx n ycrpannrt
nerarnnnte +monnn n mtcnn, a raxxe yxpennrt soponte.
Baxno sannmartcx menranne npannntno. nx +roro nyxna cnoxonax xom]oprnax
ocranonxa, re nnuro nam ne nomemaer. He cronr sannmartcx menranne n cocroxnnn
ronoa nnn cpasy nocne et. Ecnn nt no xaxo-ro npnunne cnntno paccrpoent nnn
nsnonnonant, ro nocraparect cnauana nemnoro ycnoxonrtcx. ymennoe pannonecne
nomoxer nam norpysnrtcx n menrarnnnoe cocroxnne. Bama nonoxnrentnax +neprnx yer
npnnnexart x nam entrn nnn ntneer na cnoco nx nonyuennx (nonax paora, nontmenne
sapnnart, npoexr, oemammn npntnt, n p.). Vurnre, uro nx nonyuennx pesyntrara
menrnponart nyxno nocroxnno. 3ro onxno crart uacrtm name xnsnn.

Men1annn R cuac1nnnmn uenonex!
Craparect ncntrtnart xax moxno ontme nonoxnrentntx +monn, naunnare xaxt
ent c mtcnxmn, uro nce nam no cnnam. Crox nepe sepxanom n rnxx na cnoe orpaxenne,
nonropnre necxontxo pas: Cuacrte, orarcrno, cnna, ycnex. onepxm cee n xnsnn. Bce,
uro co mno nponcxonr, x c naroapnocrtm npnnnmam. 3ro mo mnp n ntme nac rontxo
snest. Mne no mnorom neser n nce mon xenannx ncnonnxmrcx. cuacrnnnt uenonex!
Hponsnocnre +rn cnona ncxpenne n ynepenno. urot ycnnnrt ynepennocrt n rom, uro nt
yaunnnt n cuacrnnnt, npnnomnnre cnyuan nesennx n cnoe xnsnn. Tenept nt moxere
nonropnrt menrannm c ontmnm ycnexom. Houyncrnyre, uro name reno paccnanxercx n
ecrnnrentno nanonnxercx cuacrtem.

Men1annn Hpnnnnanne ener
Hororontrect x menrannn. Hpecrantre, uro name reno crano nnnxnm. Ono omasano
meom nnn napentem. C pasntx cropon x nam nerxr entrn. Onn nponnxamr n oxna, nepn,
menn n npnnnnamr x nam. Hx cranonnrcx nce ontme n ontme. Bt moxere cnoxnrt +rn
entrn n nauxn n cocunrart, no nx norox ne npexpamaercx. Tenept entrn nce npemx yyr x
nam nnnnyrt n +ror nponecc yxe ne ocranonnrt.

nx roro urot entrn npnrxrnnannct x nam, pexomenyercx epexno x nnm ornocnrtcx:
ne mxrt n ne crnart xynmpt, cxnatnart nx na xpanenne n onpeenennom nopxxe no
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nomnnany. Koneuno, nyxno nmert nx ener xpacnnt n opornt xomenex.

Perynxpno npaxrnxyre +ry menrannm n meura craner peantnocrtm y nac noxnnrcx
mnoro ener.

Men1annn Hpncnoenne ener
Tax menrnponart nanonee +]]exrnnno neuepom (nepe cnom) nnn yrpom (cpasy nocne
npoyxennx). Hxrre noyonee n saxpore rnasa. tmnre ponno, cnoxono n
paccnanxrect. Ornycrnre na nonm cnom ]anrasnm. Hpecrantre, uro y nac pyxn-
mynantna, xoropte ntrxrnnamrcx no nce cropont n nonsyr sa enexntmn xynmpamn no
ncemy mnpy. Houyncrnyre cnonmn mnorouncnenntmn mynantnamn entrn, npecrantre,
xax nx mnoro, n mtcnenno nostmnre nx cee. Boopasnre, uro renept y nac ouent-ouent
mnoro ener n nt nx neorpannuenno pacxoyere. Omyrnre yonontcrnne or ncex namnx
noxynox. Ho xenannm, moxere npecrannrt cex cnoncopom n menenarom. Hycrt namn
]anrasnn nanonnxr nac paocrtm n npnnecyr cuacrte. Kora onn saxonuarcx, ro ntpasnre
naroapnocrt entram sa nce nepexnrte namn npnxrnte mnnyrt. Oemare entram
nouame anart cnooy cnoemy noopaxennm. Hocne +roro orxpore rnasa.

Men1annn Hc1opnn c1apon xynmpm
nx menrannn nam nonaonrcx crapax xynmpa. Vcrporect noyonee n xpecne nnn na
nnane n nostmnre ee n pyxn. Bnnmarentno paccmorpnre nce noreprocrn, crnt,
naopnannte xpax n oropnannte yronxn. Houyncrnyre xynmpy noymeuxamn nantnen.
Honecnre ee x yxy n npncnymarect x ne. Boopasnre, uro ona paccxastnaer nam cnom
ncropnm. Kynmpe npnmnoct mnoro crpancrnonart no cnery n ona ncntrana mnoxecrno
npnxnmuenn, notnan no mnornx crpanax. 3axpore rnasa n ycntmtre, uro +ra crapax
xynmpa paccxastnaer, n pyxax xaxnx nme ona notnana, uro nomorana nm noxynart.
Hanonnnre cnon ]anrasnn nnrepecntmn nyremecrnnxmn n npnoperennxmn. Heoxonmo,
urot n antnemem entrn acconnnponannct y nac c narononyuno xnsntm noesxamn
na ortx, npnxrntmn noxynxamn, ycnemno xnsntm. 3anepmnre ncropnm crapo xynmpt
paccxasom o rom, xax ona nonana x nam. Btpasnre naroapnocrt xynmpe sa ynnnrentnym
ncropnm n sannmnre ee n noxnor.

Men1annn A1pny1m ora1c1na
nx menrnponannx nororontre onn ns arpnyron orarcrna. 3ro moxer trt
anrnxnapnax nemt, xpynnax enexnax xynmpa nnn mnennpnoe yxpamenne. Vono cxtre,
ycnoxorect. Houyncrnyre +neprernxy npemera, xoropt naxonrcx y nac n pyxax.
Hpecrantre cnoe nonone. A renept noopasnre, uro name nonone nornomaer +neprnm
npemera, naxoxmerocx y nac n pyxax. Ono ycrpemnxercx emy nancrpeuy n nrxrnnaer ero.
Houyncrnyre, uro nt cnnnaerect c nenno nemtm. Mexy namn n ne opasonanact
npounax cnxst, nt ee ne nnnre, no uyncrnyere.
Hpecrantre, uro nennocrt y nac n pyxax ncnycxaer sonorncrym tmxy. 3ro n ecrt
+neprnx. C saxptrtmn rnasamn rnyoxo noxnnre n npn +rom mtcnenno nrxnnre n cex
sonorncrym tmxy. Ona ycrpemnxercx x nam n onacrt rpertero rnasa. Bo npemx ntoxa
nosnontre +ro tmxe cmecrnrtcx na cepenny name rpyn, a sarem x onacrn cepna.
Hycrt ona ocraercx ram. Hotmnre necxontxo pas cnoono. Tenept ntoxnnre n no npemx
txarentno nayst cosepnare naxannnnammymcx n name rpyn +neprnm ener.
Hpoonxare tmart n +rom xe pnrme n omyrnre npnrox +neprnn x cepenne rpyn. Bt
moxere omyrnrt n +rom mecre renno nnn npoxnay, nerxoe noxantnanne nnn npoxoxenne
nonn. B nmom cnyuae +ro yyr npnxrnte omymennx.
Menrnpyre exenenno, n cnoonoe npemx. Boopaxaemax +neprnx ener npnnneuer
entrn nacroxmne.

Men1annn Hsonnne ener
Cosare cnoxonym ymrnym armoc]epy n xomnare. Moxno ncnontsonart nx +roro
pasnnunte narononnx nnn nxnmunrt mystxy, xoropax nomoxer nam nacrponrtcx
coornercrnymmnm opasom.
B ontmnncrne cnyuaen sannmartcx menranne pexomenyercx n onnouecrne. Onaxo
nnora moxno nponecrn menrannm Hsonnne ener nmecre c unenamn name cemtn nnn
xomnantonamn no nsnecy. Bo nropom cnyuae menrnponart nyxno ram, re nt paoraere,
urot nmenno rya ycrpemnnnct noroxn ener, npnrxrnnaemte namn.
Pacnonoxnnmnct noyonee, neoxonmo npecrannrt orarym ocranonxy n xomnare,
cron, nomxmncx or xcrn, ropt ener n p. Hpecrannxre nce +ro n xpacxax n nanonnxrect
omymennem nsonnnx. 3arem, coxpanxx cnoe +monnonantnoe cocroxnne, npnmnre nosy
noroca (namacany) nnn oneruennt napnanr +ro nost (cyxxacany) n saxpore rnasa.
Pncynox 1. Hamacana

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Pncynox 2. Cyxxacana

Hocraparect npn +rom paccnanrtcx. Orpemnrect or nocroponnnx mtcne n
npecrantre, uro nt ouent orart. Bnnrare n cex +ror opas, cnerect c nnm noenno.
Omyrnre cex cuacrnnntm, nonyunre paocrt or npntnn, xoropym npnnocxr nam namn
entrn. Hpetnare n raxom cocroxnnn crontxo, cxontxo cmoxere nonyuart paocrt or
cnoe ]anrasnn. B sanepmenne menrannn paccmorpnre xaprnnt nsonnnx, c xoroptx
naunnanact nama menrannx.
Ecnn nt sarpynxerect npecrannrt cex n orarcrne n nsonnnn, ro ncnomnnre xaprnnt
nnn xnno]nntmt, re nsnecrnte nmn naxoxrcx n pocxomn n nocrantre cex na nx mecro.
Houyncrnyre nx +neprernxy n nnnrare ee n cex.
3annmarect menranne exenenno no 10 15 mnn n reuenne 2-x neent. Ocoenno
+]]exrnnno enart +ro o nonnonynnx.

Men1annn eneanmn ny1t
Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne n saxpore rnasa. Cxaxnre cee ynepenno: Mo nyrt
yctnan entramn. Tenept nonropxre +ry ]pasy, menxx nnronannn. Ionopnre +ro rpomxnm
n rnxnm ronocom, tcrpo n menenno. Moxno ncnontsonart nacxont n ropxecrnennt
ron, necent n rpycrnt. Haxonen, nonropnre nonmenym ]pasy neceno n c nmontm.
Taxnm opasom nt onxnt ocrnrnyrt cocroxnnx +]opnn.
Hpn xaxom nponsnecennn ]past npncnymnnarect x cee. 3ameuare, xaxne y nac
nosnnxamr omymennx, npnxrno nn nam ee snyuanne. Honropxre +ro necxontxo pas n
reuenne nx.
Ha nropo ent nponenre menrannm, ncnontsyx pyrym nonmenym ]pasy: onaam
orpomntm orarcrnom. anee npoonxare menrnponart exenenno, ncnontsyx
cneymmne ]past: xynamct n pocxomn n entrax, nonyuam entrn c nerxocrtm n
cnooo, nanonnen ontmnmn entramn, entrn npnrxrnnamrcx xo mne co ncex
cropon, entrn rexyr xo mne pexo.

Men1annn Opamenne x Bmcmnu cnnau
3ry menrannm nx npnnneuennx ener npononrt nyume yrpom, cpasy nocne
npoyxennx. Cxtre yono n xpecne nnn ocranarect n xponarn. 3axpore rnasa n
paccnatrect. Hanpantre cnon mtcnn c opamennem x Btcmnm cnnam. 3ro moxer trt For,
Bcenennax, anren-xpannrent n p. Mtcnenno oparnrect x ro cnne, n xoropym nepnre, n
nonpocnre y nee onpeenennoe xonnuecrno ener. Oxsarentno npn +rom cxaxnre o rom, nx
uero nam nyxnt entrn. Hooemare Btcmnm cnnam n cnyuae ncnonnennx npoctt n anee
opoconecrno ntnonnxrt cnom mnccnm na 3emne. C paocrtm nonaroapnre Btcmne
cnnt, apymmne nam xenaemoe. 3arem nepnnrect x peantno ecrnnrentnocrn n xnre
nocrynnennx ener. Hpn +rom ne nyxno nocroxnno npetnart n cocroxnnn oxnannx. Bt
moxere npocro xnrt n sannmartcx cnonmn enamn. Kora npner nasnauennt uac, entrn
y nac noxnxrcx. Btcmne cnnt nomoryr nam n camt noxoxmn momenr, n nx nac +ro
yer neoxnannocrtm.

Men1annn eneanmn no1ox
Coepnre nce nmemmnecx y nac nannunte xpynnte entrn. Vono cxtre na nnan nnn n
xpecno n pasnoxnre xynmpt nepe coo. 3arem nonoxnre na nnx naonn n saxpore rnasa.

Ecnn nam npnxonrcx nepeanart xomy-ro entrn (npoanny, naccaxnpam n rpancnopre),
ro anart n pyxn cneyer rontxo pacnpannennte xynmpt. Hnaue nt pncxyere oxasartcx
nenexnnntm, a entrn yyr or nac ycxontsart.

Bam neoxonmo nx nponeennx menrannn ocrnut cocroxnnx rpanca. nx oneruennx
saaun nxnmunre mystxy, nanomnnammym xypuanne pyutx, snon naammnx moner,
cosammym nneuarnenne npnnnxennx nnn ynennuennx uero-nno. Ocnoonre cnoe
cosnanne or mtcne, cocpeoroutrect na cee, na omymennn xom]opra n rene. ocrnrnyn
cocroxnnx rpanca, nt nonnocrtm orpemnrect or ncero semnoro. Tenept npecrantre
ncrounnx ener n orarcrna. Moxer trt, +ro yer ]onran, nnn sanne anxa, nnn onaxo
ns sonortx moner. Hpecrantre, xax ns +roro ncrounnxa ner momnt enexnt norox n
cnnnaercx c xynmpamn, nexamnmn nepe namn. 3ror norox ener nenccxxaem n nepe namn
opasyercx ropa ener, nmn nanonnxmrcx nce namn xomentxn n xapmant. V nac cranonnrcx
nce ontme n ontme ener. Kynmpt naxannnnamrcx n n rex mecrax, re nt otuno nx
xpannre. Mexy rem norox npoonxaer nnrtcx. Bt conepmaere onroxannte oporne
noxynxn, ornpannxerect nyremecrnonart n r. . Honeptre n ro, uro nt nenepoxrno orart.
Bt ne sannmaerect nocuerom ener, nt npocro nx rparnre no cnoemy xenannm.
Menrnpyre exenenno na nporxxennn ne menee 2-x neent. enare +ro o
nacrynnennx nonnonynnx.

Men1annn Hne1nan +neprnn
Hororontrect x menrannn, noyonee cxtre, paccnatrect n saxpore rnasa.
Boopasnre, uro nepe namn cronr xpacnnt cron ns ouent opororo epena. Ocmorpnre ero,
npncxtre n norporare ero nonepxnocrt. anee ynntre, uro cnena or nac na crone
cxonnenrpnponana enexnax +neprnx n nne crycrxon xenro-ronyoro nnera. Hpecrantre,
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uro nt oxyrant +neprernuecxo (acrpantno) oonouxo. Hpnxocnnrect acrpantno
nonepxnocrtm pyx x crycrxam +neprnn n nouyncrnyre, uro onn npnnnnamr x namnm pyxam.
Paccmorpnre nnera +rnx crycrxon. Onn ns nnx (xenrt) nama enexnax +neprnx.
Hpecrantre, uro cnpana or nac na crone naxonrcx orxptrt uemoanunx. Bt epere
cnonmn acrpantntmn pyxamn crycrxn +neprnn n xax ns nnacrnnnna nennre nauxn ener.
Houyncrnyre +ror nponecc xax moxno peanncrnunee. Hpn +rom nt moxere ycntmart
noxpycrtnanne n sanax nontx xynmp. Ioronte nauxn c entramn axxyparno cxnatnare n
uemoanunx. Hpoonxare sanxrne o rex nop, noxa ne saxonunrcx enexnax +neprnx na
crone. He nepexonre na anromarnuecxne ecrnnx n mtcnn. Kaxax nauxa onxna trt
namn ocosnana n npouyncrnonana. anee saxpore uemoanunx n nonoxnre ero na xpanenne
no xponart, n ce], anx n r. . Cenare rnyoxn nox n orxpore rnasa. Hpononre
menrannm xaxt ent n ona npnnecer xenaemt pesyntrar. Hepnte pesyntrart nt
cmoxere samernrt yxe uepes 2 neenn.

Men1annn Cuac1te n nsonnne n uoen ansnn
Hororontrect x menrannn. Cxtre n nose noroca. Oparnrect x cnoemy cosnannm n
omyrnre cnoe . Boopasnre, uro cnepxy na nac naaer nyu cnera. On nponnxaer uepes
ronony, npoxonr no ncemy reny n uepes norn yxonr n semnm. 3ror nyu cnernrcx n necer n
cee oxecrnennym +neprnm. On nanonnxer nac cuacrtem n nmontm, npnnocnr n namy
xnsnt nsonnne n marepnantnt ocrarox. Hpouyncrnyre +ro xaxo xnerouxo cnoero
rena. Hoytre n cocroxnnn naxencrna crontxo, cxontxo nonyunrcx. ymare o rom, uro
cuacrtem n nsonnnem nanonnena xaxax mnnyra name xnsnn. C xaxtm noxom nt nce
ontme nnnrtnaere oxecrnenno nmnn n c xaxtm ntoxom nsnyuaere nce ontme
cuacrtx. Cocpeoroutre omymennx na onacrn cepna. Houyncrnyre nonnt renna n nmnn,
xoropte pacnpocrpanxmrcx orrya no ncemy reny. 3rn nonnt yxoxr eme antme n
orxptroe npocrpancrno n no Bcenennym. Hocmorpnre na cex co cropont n oparnre
nnnmanne na cnerxmncx nyu na ronono. Tenept cnona oparnrect x cnoemy pasymy,
cnoemy . Houyncrnyre cnom cnny n snaunmocrt, noneptre n ro, uro nt cmoxere
ocrnrnyrt nmtx nene. Hpecrantre, uro nt cmorpnre na cex cnepxy n nnnre, xax name
reno cnxer. Or nac ncxonr +neprnx, ncrounnxom xoropo xnnxercx oxecrnennax nmont.
Bt cmorpnre na cex n nnnre, xax cnxnne noxpyr nac xonenercx nmecre c txannem. 3rn
xoneannx txanne xnsnn. Bt xnnere no saxonam Bcenenno n cymecrnyere n ee pnrme.
H ona aer nam cnnt n nmont, urot ocrnut ncnonnennx namero xenannx. Houyncrnyre
roronnocrt npnnxrt apt neec. Cnycrnrect c ntcort n nepnnrect x cnoemy reny.
Hpncnymarect x cnonm renecntm omymennxm. Ocosnare narononyune n nsonnne n
name xnsnn. Btpasnre naroapnocrt oxecrnenntm cnnam n Bcenenno sa ro, uro nt
openn cuacrte n orarcrno.
Perynxpnoe sanxrne menranne nomoxer nam ynyumnrt cnoe marepnantnoe nonoxenne,
yer cnococrnonart npnnneuennm ener n cenaer namy xnsnt cuacrnnno.

Men1annn Bonmenan nemepa
Vono cxtre n saxpore rnasa. Paccnatrect n nocnymare cnoe txanne. Tenept
npecrantre, uro nt naxonrect n cxasouno nemepe. Bac oxpyxamr ropt sonora n
paronennocre, nt nnnre cynyxn, nanonnennte coxponnmamn, no noramn y nac
npexpacnte xonpt, na crenax snamennrte xaprnnt. Bt nnnre nce +ro cnepxammee
nennxonenne n nonnmaere, uro ono name. B nmo momenr nt moxere nsxrt crontxo opa,
cxontxo saxornre. Bt onaarent necmernoro orarcrna.
Ho oxonuannn menrannn nexoropoe npemx nocnnre cnoxono n c ynepennocrtm n
ycnexe nosnpamarect x npnntuno xnsnn, xoropax cxopo nsmennrcx c ]nnancono
cropont.

Men1annn Memox c entraun
Bostmnre xynmpt no 50 nnn 100 pyne n nonoxnre nx nepe coo. Cxtre noyonee
na nnan nnn n xpecno, paccnatrect n saxpore rnasa. Hpecrantre, uro npocrpancrno
noxpyr nac nanonneno +neprne, cxonnenrpnpyre ee n map n nomecrnre y cex na
ronono. Cmorpnre, xax +ror map cranonnrcx nce xpue, on npnoperaer nce onee uerxym
]opmy. Cocpeoroutrect na +rom mape. 3arem npecrantre, xax on uepes maxymxy
nponnxaer n name reno. Hocrenenno on onycxaercx nce nnxe n nnxe n oxonr o yponnx
conneunoro cnnerennx. Houyncrnyre renno or +roro mapa, pacnpocrpanxmmeecx no
namemy reny. Hpecrannxre map xax n npexe xpxnm n uerxnm. 3arem noopasnre, uro y
mapa noxnnxercx nyu. On nanpannxercx x xynmpam n ocnemaer nx. Bcx +neprnx mapa c
nomomtm +roro nyua nepememaercx n namn xynmpt. entrn nnnrtnamr +ry +neprnm n
cranonxrcx onee xpxnmn, sarem onn naunnamr cnernrtcx.
Hepexnmunre nnnmanne na npocrpancrno na coo. Hpocrpancrno +ro
+nepronn]opmannonnoe none Bcenenno. B nem cymecrnyer necuernoe xonnuecrno ener.
3rn entrn onaamr ontmo cnno. Onn naxoxrcx n memxe, pacnonoxennom na name
ronono. H rontxo no +roro memxa orenxer nac or orpomnoro xonnuecrna ener.
Hopoctre nnepx ony ns xynmp n npn +rom npecrantre, uro ona cnonm xpaem
ncnaptnaer no memxa. Hs opasonanmecx npopexn na nac rpaom ctnxrcx xynmpt
pasnoro ocronncrna. B +rom enexnom noroxe naxonrcx nanmra ncex crpan. Hocrenenno
npopexa cranonnrcx ontme, ycnnnnaercx n norox ener, on yxe nanomnnaer nannny,
xoropax necercx na nac c orpomno cxopocrtm. K namnm noram naamr entrn pasntx crpan
n pasnoro ocronncrna n nmecre c nnmn nosnpamaercx nama xynmpa.
Bcnomnnre ceuac o rom, nx uero nt xornre npnnneut x cee entrn. Onpeennre, xaxax
nmenno cymma nam neoxonma, n naepnre ee ns naammnx na nac ener. B mtcnxx
nanpantre +ry cymmy na peannsannm cnoero xenannx n npn +rom npoonxare nanmart sa
rem, xax na nac naamr entrn. Onn yxe nerxr co ncex cropon n cyrpoamn onaamr x
namnm noram. uro nt npn +rom uyncrnyere? 3anomnnre cnon paocrt n yonnernopenne.
Hoymare eme pas o rom, nx uero nam nyxno mnoro ener. Eme pas nornepnre
neoxonmym cymmy. Bosmoxno, y nac yxe noxnnnoct omymenne, uro nent ropaso nnxe,
uem xasanoct. Mexy rem entrn npoonxamr naart, a map +neprnn xya-ro ncues, cxopee
ncero, on paccexncx n npocrpancrne.
B reuenne 24 u nam neoxonmo ncrparnrt xynmpt, xoropte nt ncnontsonann nx
menrannn. Kora nt neoxnanno nonyunre neoxonmym enexnym cymmy, ro norpartre
ee rontxo na sannannponannym nent.
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Men1annn Hpn1naenne ener
nx nponeennx +ro menrannn nam neoxonmo copart n ome nce nannunte entrn,
nxnmuax menout, n npnroronnrt marnnr. Hpnmnre nosy noroca n pasnoxnre entrn noxpyr
cex, nostmnre marnnr n pyxn. Tenept maxcnmantno paccnatrect n saxpore rnasa. Bt ne
onxnt o uem-nno ymart, saytre npo nce. Bcnomnnre, xax x nam npnmnn entrn,
xoropte naxoxrcx pxom c namn. Tenept norpysnrect n npomnoe n ncnomnnre, xax nt
nonyuann entrn pantme. Bcnomnnre nce entrn, nonyuennte namn na nporxxennn xnsnn.
Hpecrantre cee, uro nt +ro marnnr, xoropt npnrxrnnaer nce +rn entrn. Or nac
ncxonr marnernuecxax cnna, xoropax npnnnexaer x nam entrn. Hpecrantre, uro or ener
roxe ncxonr marnernuecxax cnna. Ona sapxxaer nam marnnr n eme ontme naunnaer
npnrxrnnart entrn. Hpecrannxre cex ro onaarenem marnernuecxo cnnt,
npnnnexamme entrn, ro nenocpecrnenno marnnrom, npnrxrnnammnm entrn.
Hepexonre ns onoro opasa n pyro. Moennpyre n cnoem noopaxennn cnryannn, n
xoroptx t entrn npnrxrnnannct x nam. 3ra menrannx nomoxer nam nacrponrtcx na
npnnneuenne ener. Btnonnxre ee na nporxxennn 2-x neent o nonnonynnx. Bcxope nt
samernre, uro entrn x nam nauann nocrynart ns camtx neoxnanntx ncrounnxon.

Men1annn eneanan ueu1a
Hpecrannxre nepe coo na yponne rpertero rnasa xaprnnxy, n xoropo nama meura
yxe ncnonnnnact. He nyxno ymart o rom, xax +ro nponsomno. 3ro moxer ornneut namn
mtcnn or rnannoro n nanpannrt nx no pyromy nyrn.

urot entrn nonnnct n namem ome, nnxora ne ynocnre ns nero ncm nannunocrt. axe
n ]nnancono rpynt nepno oxsarentno ocrantre camym xpacnnym (nonym uncrym
xpynnym) xynmpy oma. Ona yer cnmnonom enexno +neprnn, xoropax nauner ncxope
nospacrart.

Hpecrannxre cnoe cuacrnnnoe yymee, n xoropom y nac mnoro ener. Boopaxare, uro
nt nmn onaaere, nt orart, nt ycnemnt, c namn nponcxoxr rontxo re cotrnx, xoroptx
nt xere. Hycrt xaprnnxa c orarcrnom yer xpxo. Houyncrnyre cex n nsonnnn.
3anomnnre cnon omymennx npn +rom. Bam oxsarentno nyxno ynnert n noopaxaemo
xaprnne n camoro cex: +ro nmenno y nac ocrarox, nmenno y nac ctnact meura. Ecnn nt ne
cmoxere nnncart cex n xenaemoe yymee, ro cxontxo t nt nn npecrannxnn ]nnanconoe
narononyune, ono oxaxercx ne y nac.
He cronr pnconart n noopaxennn nenocpecrnenno entrn. Cxopee ncero, nt xenaere nx
nx npnoperennx uero-ro pyroro. Bor nmenno +ro n npecrannxre. Bo npemx menrannn
ouent naxno omymart npnnnn paocrn or cnoero noopaxennx. Ecnn nce nponcxonr
nmenno rax, snaunr, nt nocosnarentno nornepxaere cnoe xenanne. Ono y nac ncrnnnoe.

Men1annn Honnmn xomenex
Hororontrect x menrannn nonoxnre nepe coo xomenex n yono cxtre. Bostmnre
n pyxn xomenex n sarnxnnre nnyrpt. Hocnnre cnoxono n cnoono notmnre. 3axpore
rnasa n npecrantre, xax co ncex cropon nonerenn entrn. Onn ycrpemnxmrcx n nam
xomenex n axxyparno n nero yxnatnamrcx. Komenex yxe nonon, a entrn nce nerxr n
nerxr, naamr noxpyr nac. Houyncrnyre yonnernopenne or nponcxoxmero n namem
noopaxennn. 3anomnnre +ro omymenne n ono yer npnrxrnnart x nam entrn n
antnemem.

Men1annn Hpnyunoaenne ener
Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne n saxpore rnasa. Paccnatrect n npncnymarect x cnoemy
txannm. Hpecrantre, uro nt epxnre n pyxax xpynnym xynmpy. Bpyr ona naunnaer
mnoxnrtcx n y nac n pyxax yxe 10, 15, 30 xynmp n r. . Kynmpa npoonxaer mnoxnrtcx n y
nac yxe entramn nanr ontmo nopr]ent, a entrn noxnnxmrcx eme n eme. Bt
nanonnxere nmn uemoant, cynyxn n r. . Hacnannmnct spennmem, nepnnrect x
ecrnnrentnocrn n nemnoro nocnnre eme c saxptrtmn rnasamn, urot npnrn n cex.

Men1annn eneanmn oat
Cxtre noyonee n paccnatrect. 3axpore rnasa. Hpecrantre, uro nt cronre no
enexntm oxem. Kynmpt naamr na nac cnepxy n rnxontxo mypmar. Bt nporxrnnaere
nnepe naonn n na namn pyxn n nneun onycxamrcx, xpyxact, enexnte xynmpt. 3ror
nonment oxt ner n ner. Ornxnnrect noxpyr noncmy naxoxrcx entrn. oxt
ner nce cnntnee n xynmp naaer nce ontme n ontme. Bt yxe npaxrnuecxn xynaerect n
entrax. Bt moxere croxrt no enexntm oxem crontxo, cxontxo saxornre.
Ho oxonuannn menrannn nouyncrnyre ynepennocrt n rom, uro name xenanne
peannsyercx n y nac yer mnoro ener.

Men1annn Xpannnnme ener
Hororontrect x menrannn npnmnre yonym nosy, paccnatrect, saxpore rnasa.
tmnre ponno n cnoxono. Hpecrantre ontmoe xonnuecrno ener. Bosmoxno, +ro
necxontxo nauex xpynntx xynmp nnn nent nopr]ent, nnn cynyx. Tenept noopasnre, uro
nt cronre na nopore xomnart, onepxy nanro nauxamn ener. uanrasnpyre antme
nycrt entramn nanonnnrcx nect nam om. Hpecrantre eme ontmee xonnuecrno ener.
Hpoonxare sanxrne o rex nop, noxa xnaraer namero noopaxennx.
3ror cnoco menrannn nomoxer nam npnymnoxnrt cnoe ]nnanconoe narococroxnne.

Men1annn 3ono1oxpannnnme
Hororontrect x menrannn n npnmnre yonym nosy. Xenarentno npenapnrentno
ntnonnnrt ynpaxnennx, cnococrnymmne penaxcannn. Omyrnre paccnanenne no ncem
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rene, nouyncrnyre renno no ncex ero uacrxx. Homare cex na mtcnn o rom, uro nt yxe nn
o uem ne ymaere. 3axpore rnasa n are cnooy ]anrasnn. Hpecrantre, uro nt oxasannct
n sonoroxpannnnme. Bt ne rontxo nnnre cnnrxn sonora n sonorte monert, no n moxere
sanycrnrt n nnx pyxn, nt moxere ntpnyrt n ropy sonora n noapaxrartcx n nem.
Hacnanrect ocosnannem cnoero orarcrnamn, are nonm cnonm +monnxm. 3nare, uro
Bcenennax ecxoneuna n cnonx nporxxennocrn n nosmoxnocrxx. Bce orpannuennx
naxoxrcx rontxo n namem cosnannn. Ho+romy orpoctre nce onot pasyma n ytre
orart n cnoem noopaxennn. 3anomnnre xaprnnxn, xoropte nt npecrannxere. Onn
nomoryr nam nocnponsnonrt omymenne narononyunx n orarcrna xax rontxo nosnnxner n
+rom neoxonmocrt. Perynxpnax npaxrnxa +ro menrannn nomoxer nam sapaorart
neoxonmoe xonnuecrno ener.

Men1annn Banxno1a
Hororontre nx menrannn xpynnym anxnory, npnmnre yonoe nonoxenne n
paccnatrect. Bnnmarentno nocmorpnre na anxnory c oenx cropon. 3anomnnre nce ee
noponocrn n ornoxnre n cropony. A renept mtcnenno npecrantre cnauana ony cropony
anxnort, norom pyrym. Bnnrare opas anxnort n cex rax, urot sanomnnrt ero
naonro. 3ro neoxonmo nx ne rontxo cosnarentnoro, no n nocosnarentnoro crpemnennx
x entram. Hpononre menrannm xaxt ent.

Men1annn eneanmn nnxpt
Mtcnenno nacrporect na menrannm, npnmnre yonym nosy, paccnatrect n saxpore
rnasa. Hpecrantre, uro nt nonann n a+ponnamnuecxym rpyy n oxasannct n noroxe ener.
Hycrt +ror norox npoxonr cxnost nac. B cnoem noopaxennn nponycxare ero uepes cnon
reno n ymy. Hycrt +ror norox ener npoer uepes nac n ocnoonr or xenannx. Taxnm
opasom nt moxere nemnoro orcrpannrtcx or nanxsunnoro xenannx nmert ouent mnoro
ener n nmenno no+romy neoxnanno narn cnoco ero ocymecrnnennx.

Men1annn Kon1ax1 c entraun
Cxtre noyonee, paccnatrect n saxpore rnasa. Oxpyxammn mnp uacro npecrannxer
coo ro, uro nt ymaere. On xax sepxano orpaxaer namy cyrt. Ho+romy npecrantre, uro
nt moxere omartcx c entramn, saxnmunre c nnmn oronop o nsanmnom corpynnuecrne.
Hpecrantre, xax nt epexno oxonrect c xynmpamn, pasrnaxnnaere nx, axxyparno
cxnatnaere, nouyncrnyre nmont x nnm. Boopasnre, uro entrn ornnaunnamr nam rem
xe. Onn npnrxrnnamrcx n namy xnsnt, nomoramr nam, nmxr nac. uro yer n namem
noopaxennn, xaxne +monnn yyr nanonnxrt nac, ro nt n nonyunre ns nnemnero mnpa.

Men1annn Bespasuepnan xynmpa
3ra menrannx npononrcx c nentm sapxnrt ranym noy na npnnneuenne ener.
Henocpecrnenno menrannx n sapxxennax noa nomoryr nam nsmennrt ]nnanconoe
nonoxenne n nyumym cropony. Hororontre nx menrnponannx xpynnym xynmpy.
Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne, nocrantre pxom emxocrt c noo. 3arem paccnatrect n
orxnmunrect or nocroponnnx mtcne. Cxonnenrpnpyre cnoe nnnmanne na xenannn
npnnnexart x cee entrn n nanpannxre cnom +neprnm noe. He ornnexarect na pyrne
mtcnn n npemert, nnaue nt nanonnnre noy ne ro nn]opmanne. Fytre cmenee n
npecrannennn cnoero xenannx n ynepennee n cnonx cnnax.
epxnre xynmpy na noo n npncrantno n nee nrnxtnarect. Boopasnre, uro xynmpa
npyr crana mnoxnrtcx n nam xomenex ryro nanr entramn. Hpecrantre, uro nomnnan
xynmpt ynennunncx n necxontxo pas. To xe camoe nponsomno n c entramn n namem
xomentxe. Tenept nomeurare o rom, xax n xya nt t norparnnn +rn entrn. Hycrt nama
meura npnmer nexn opas, xoropt nt nomecrnre n cnernt map n pacnonoxnre n nenrpe
cnoe ronont.
Cenare nox n menenno ntoxnnre na noy. B +ror momenr npecrannxre, xax
cnernt map c npnymanntm namn opasom nepenocnrcx ns name ronont n noy.
3apxxennym c nomomtm menrannn noy moxno ncnontsonart nx nnrtx n uncrom nne
nnn npnroronnennx nannrxon.

Men1annn Kanan noc1ynnennn ener
C nomomtm +ro menrannn moxno sapxnrt noy n omecrnennom mecre, pxom c
saneennxmn, n xoroptx npamamrcx xpynnte enexnte cymmt. Hcnontsonanne +ro not
nosnonnr npnnneut x nam ]nnanconte noroxn.
Hayunrect xom]oprno cex uyncrnonart n oxpyxennn ontmoro uncna nesnaxomtx
nme. Ocranonnrect na ynnne n esonacnom mecre n nponnxnnrect nacrpoennem ronnt.
Hpn +rom orpoctre pasnnunte paccyxennx n nontrarect nn o uem ne ymart.
B raxom cocroxnnn noonre x mecry opamennx ontmoro xonnuecrna ener. 3ro moryr
trt anx, ropront nenrp nnn xpynnt marasnn n p.
Hpecrantre, uro ns +roro mecra nanaxen xanan nocrynnennx ener x nam. On ner x
ropntmxy npnroronnenno namn yrtnxn c noo. Omyrnre enexnt norox, nymn no
namemy xanany. Hpecrantre, xax nama noa sapxxaercx +neprne ener.

entrn npnrxrnnamrcx x rem, xro nx ynaxaer. Ho+romy nnxora ne paspactnare menxne
monert n rem onee ne ntxntnare nx. Ecnn nt nmn ne nontsyerect, ro nyume
cxnatnare n xonnnxy n y nac yer ranncman, nanpnmep, nonnt moner cynyuox.

Vnorpenxre noy n uncrom nne neontmnmn rnorxamn nnn ncnontsyre nx
npnroronnennx nnmn n nannrxon.

Men1annn en1mn c1on +neprnn
Vono cxtre n saxpore rnasa. tmnre ponno n cnoxono. Pacnonoxnre pyxn n norn
cnoono, ne cxpemnnax nx. Boopasnre nepe coo +neprnm, xoropax nenpeptnno
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nnxercx nnns n nnepx, crymaer npocrpancrno n nmeer nn xenroro crona. Mtcnenno
nannmnre na +rom crone ry enexnym cymmy, xoropym xornre nonyunrt. Hpecrantre, xax
nt enaere mar nnepe n nxonre n +ror cron, nt oxastnaerect n noroxe +neprnn +neprnn
ener. Ona nanonnxer nac nsnyrpn, cranonnrcx name uacrtm. Tenept nam ner
neoxonmocrn pasmtmnxrt o rom, re pasotrt entrn, nt camn onaaere enexno
+neprne. Tenept entrn yyr camn x nam npnrxrnnartcx. Houyncrnyre paocrt or roro,
uro +neprnx ener npnnanexnr nam. A renept pacrnopnrect n xenrom crone. Cenare
rnyoxn nox n orxpore rnasa. Hpn +rom npecrannxre cex nce eme n xenrom crone.

Men1annn opora x ora1c1ny
Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne, saxpore rnasa n paccnatrect. Oparnre nnnmanne na
omymenne n rene, nouyncrnyre ero. Boopasnre, uro nnyrpn nac nycrora. B namem rene
aconmrno nnuero ner, ram rontxo nama yma n nam nnyrpennn mnp. Hpecrantre, uro nt
naxonrect n cnoem mnpe. Tam nt cnntnt n mnoroe nx nac nosmoxno. Hpecrantre, xax
rpannnt namero rena pacrnopxmrcx n npocrpancrne. Tenept nt moxere cnpocnrt cex:
nouemy nam ne xnaraer ener? uro memaer crart orartm? He ntrarect uerxo
c]opmynnponart ornert na +rn nonpoct, a nouyncrnyre, n xaxom mecre onn naxoxrcx.
Boopasnre nepe coo ontmne nopora. Hycrt onn orropoxr n namem nnyrpennem mnpe
onapyxennym nponemnym uacrt. Bostmnre ontmo xnmu n sanpnre +rn nopora.
Vnnuroxtre xnmu nmtm cnocoom. Taxnm opasom nt orroponnn or cex enocrt n nce,
uro c nem cnxsano.
Bnont omyrnre cnoe n oxaxnrect n nenrpe cnoero nnyrpennero mnpa. Hoymare o rom,
re moxer npxrartcx n +rom mnpe name orarcrno. Ecnn nt ne namnn +ro mecro n cee, ro
moxere cenart nonpoct onee xonxperntmn. Ie n namem nnyrpennem mnpe nont om,
nepnt mnnnnon onnapon n r. .? Cenare necxontxo maron n +rom nanpannennn, y cex
sa cnnno nocrpore eme onn ontmne nopora. Kax n panee, sanpnre nx na xnmu, xoropt
sarem ynnuroxtre. Bt nponoxnnn nyrt x orarcrny. Oparno oporn y nac ner.
Oparnrect x cnoemy ontry n ncnomnnre cnyua, xora nt epxann n pyxax mnoro ener.
Hocrantre nx cex saauy nponoxnrt opory x orarcrny na ro nnepe. enare +ro
no+ranno neenx sa neene, mecxn sa mecxnem. Hpn neoxonmocrn, nt moxere
nocnontsonartcx cnonm ontrom n nnont oparnrtcx x yxe snaxomomy cocroxnnm. 3ro
neoxonmo nx roro, urot trt ynepenntm n cnonx ecrnnxx.
Bt mtcnenno npomnn opory nnnom n ro n moxere ocranonnrtcx. Orxpore rnasa n
nepnnrect n cnom xomnary.
Hpononre menrannm 2 3 pasa n neenm na nporxxennn 3-x neent n entrn naunyr
npnrxrnnartcx x nam.

Men1annn Cxasounmn ropo
Bostmnre enexnym xynmpy. Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne n xpecne nnn na nnane,
paccnatrect n saxpore rnasa. Cenare necxontxo rnyoxnx noxon n ntoxon.
Houyncrnyre, xax yxonr nanpxxenne n nam cranonnrcx renno n xom]oprno. urot
ocranonnrt n ronone norox nenyxntx mtcne, nocunrare n yme or 10 o 1. Honropnre +ro
crontxo pas, cxontxo nonaonrcx nx ocrnxennx rnyoxoro paccnanennx. Ecnn
nonnocrtm paccnanrtcx ne yaercx, ro moxno npnmennrt ayrorpennnr. Cnenre sa cnonmn
omymennxmn n nonropxre mtcnenno: x cnoxono tmy n c xaxtm ntoxom
paccnanxmct nce ontme mon pyxn paccnanxmrcx.., mon norn paccnanxmrcx
Tenept noymare, uro nmenno n nx uero nt xornre nonyunrt. Houyncrnyre
ynepennocrt n rom, uro nt cmoxere ocrnut xenaemoro n namn nacroxmne ecrnnx nam n
+rom nomoryr.
Mtcnenno napncyre nepe coo xpacnnym nept. Hpecrantre, uro ona xnnxercx
rpannne mexy mnpom peantntm n rnopuecxnm. Houyncrnyre nmont x napnconanno
namn nepn n romy mnpy, xoropt naxonrcx sa ne. Hpecrantre, uro nept npyr
ocnernnact entm cnerom. Bor on cran eme xpue. Tenept nt moxere noorn x +ro nepn,
xoropax orxptnaercx nx nac. 3a nem nt nnnre cxasount ropo. C ynepennocrtm nxonre
n nero. Cmeno saxnnre, uro nam nyxno mnoro ener. Honpocnre ropo nomout nam n
operennn ener.
Honoxnre na cnon xonenn nmym xynmpy. Hpecrantre, uro n 30 cm na name ronono
naxonrcx cnerxmncx map. Cenare ero onee xpxnm n cnoem noopaxennn.
Hpecrannxre, xax +ror map menenno onycxaercx n nponnxaer n namy ronony. anee on
nponnraercx no namemy reny x onacrn conneunoro cnnerennx. Hpecrantre, xax ns +roro
mecra noxnnxercx cnerxmncx nyu n naaer na enexnym xynmpy. On sacrannxer cnernrtcx
entrn n nanonnxer nx +neprne. Tenept nepexnmunrect na cnerxmncx map n namem rene.
Hpocnenre nsrnxom sa rem, xax enexnax xynmpa menenno nonnmaercx n nntner no
nosyxy. Ona oranxercx or nac n ncxope ncuesaer ns nna. uepes necxontxo cexyn
npecrantre, xax nmecro ono xynmpt x nam nosnpamaercx norox ener. Bce npocrpancrno
noxpyr nac nanonnxercx enexntmn xynmpamn. Tenept ncnomnnre o cnerxmemcx mape.
Menenno nonnmare ero nnepx no namemy reny n nepnnre n ncxonoe nonoxenne na
ronono. Hpecrantre, uro ero cner cran npnrnymenntm. Boopasnre, uro nt noxnaere
cxasount ropo, ntxonre sa nept, no ocrannxere ee orxptro. Mtcnenno nepnnrect na
cnoe mecro n orxpore rnasa. Menrannx saxonuena, a ncnontsyemym enexnym xynmpy
nam neoxonmo n reuenne 24 u norparnrt nnn pasmenxrt.

Men1annn C1pana nsonnnn
Hororontrect x menrannn, cxtre noyonee n paccnatrect. Hpecrantre, uro nt
naxonrect n Crpane nsonnnx. Bt pacnonoxnnnct na enom necouxe na oxeancxom
noepexte. Boxpyr nac nnnt nesax. Houyncrnyre paocrt or ynnennoro. Bt moxere
nonxrtcx n ornpannrtcx na nporynxy no cxasouno crpane. B ne nt ynnnre sonorte
nmennunte nonx, osepa c xpncrantno noo, xpacnnte ropt co cnexntmn nepmnnamn,
neca n mnoroe pyroe. Horynxre no crpane crontxo, cxontxo nam saxouercx.
Hpecrantre cex nntnymnm n noxe no rnxo pexe. Ha ee eperax pacryr +xsornuecxne
]pyxrt. Bt nonntnaere x epery, na xoropom cronr ontmo samox. Bt noxonre x nemy
n nac ncrpeuamr c paocrtm. Ho mystxy nac nponoxamr nnyrpt samxa n noxastnamr
nennannte coxponnma. Bam apxr nx n nt cranonnrect namnoro oraue, uem nam
meuranoct.
Hpoonxare cnoe nyremecrnne. Bt moxere notnart n nmo uacrn mnpa n npnopecrn
nnn nonyunrt n noapox nce, uro rontxo noxenaere. Bect mnp noxpyr nac cran paem. Xnsnt
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
n nem npoxonr n paocrn n nsonnnn n npnnocnr nam nacnaxenne. Ocosnare cnon
esrpannunte nosmoxnocrn n cuacrte. Tenept nt moxere nepnyrtcx x cee omo c
mtcntm, uro mnoroe n xnsnn nosmoxno n uyeca n ne nponcxoxr. Omyrnre onontcrno
xnsntm n cuacrte.

Men1annn Anren-eneanmn xpann1ent
Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne n saxpore rnasa. Bxnmunre cnoe noopaxenne.
Hpecrantre, uro nt naxonrect n ouent xpacnnom cay. uacrt epenten yronaer n eno-
posono nene n naroyxaer. Bosyx nanonnen nx apomarom. pyrne epentx cxnonnnn cnon
nerxn no rxxecrtm cnentx ]pyxron. Mexy epentxmn pacnonoxent ]onrant. Bt
moxere norynxrt no cay, orneart countx nnoon n npncecrt oxono onoro ns ]onranon.
Omyrnre npoxnay nosyxa, ycntmtre xypuanne not n nonyunre or +roro yonontcrnne.
Hepexnn npnxrnte mnnyrt, npoonxnre nporynxy no cay. opoxxa mexy epentxmn
npnneer nac x rnxomy npyy. Boa n nem ouent uncrax n npospaunax. Hocnnre na epery
npya n rnmnne n npoxnae, omyrnre nerxn nerepox. anee nt nnont ornpannxerect rynxrt
no cay. Bt nere no annee n oxastnaerect n posapnn. Bt nnnre mope nneron n ntxaere
nx apomar.
3arem nt oxonre o renncro uacrn caa. 3ect npoxnano, na ronono rycrax nncrna.
Hemnoro notn ram, nt ornpannxerect antme n oxastnaerect y nonoxnx ropt. 3ect nt
naxonre enym mpamopnym necrnnny. Ona npnnonr nac x nepmnne ropt, re cronr
enocnexnt xpam, or xynonon xoroporo ncxonr cnxnne. B xpame napnr rnmnna. Bt
nxonre n nero n canrect n yonoe xpecno. Bam ouent xom]oprno n nt cnoxono uero-ro
xere.

Bce monert nmemr nnnenym n oopornym cropont. Hnnenax cropona nastnaercx anepc,
a oopornax penepc. Foxonax nonepxnocrt monert nastnaercx rypr. Monert nmemr
cranaprnte ]opmy n nec.

Heoxnanno ona ns nnyrpennnx nepe xpama orxptnaercx n nepe namn npecraer nam
anren-enexnt xpannrent. On yxe anno nac oxnaer n xnnxercx namnm nacrannnxom. Bt
moxere paccxasart emy nce o cnoem ]nnanconom cocroxnnn n marepnantnom nonoxennn. On
n cnom ouepet acr nam ornert na mnorne nonpoct, ocoenno xacammnecx ener.
Oparnrect sa nomomtm n noepxxo x cnoemy anreny-enexnomy xpannrenm. B
sanepmenne pasronopa ne saytre ntpasnrt emy naroapnocrt.
Tenept nt moxere orxptrt rnasa. Hoymare na rem, uro cxasan nam anren. Bosmoxno, n
ero cnonax nt naere ornert na mnorne nonpoct. Cneyre ero coneram, n ncxope entrn
cranyr npnrexart x nam.

Men1annn mon1an ener
nx nponeennx +ro menrannn nyxno narn noxoxmn ]onran. B noroxn nernn
ent pacnonoxnrect nosne +roro ]onrana n nnnmarentno na nero cmorpnre. Oparnre
nnnmanne na ro, c xaxo cnno ter ns nero noa, xax nepennnamrcx n conneuntx nyuax
xanentxn not, xax onn pasneramrcx n pasnte cropont n nonaamr na namy xoxy, oexy.
Tenept npoxnnre cnom ]anrasnm n npecrantre, uro ns ]onrana c noroxamn not
ntneramr sonorte monert. Onn nepenopaunnamrcx n nosyxe, cnepxamr na connne n snenxr.
Onn nerxr n namy cropony n nonaamr n namn xapmant. Hpn xaxom namem nnxennn
cntmen nx menonunt snon. 3rn entrn renept npnnanexar nam. Fytre ynepent
]onran nenccxxaem. 3ror enexnt norox yer oecneunnart nac ncm xnsnt. uro nt
renept uyncrnyere? Ecnn nt nanonnent paocrtm nnn ncntrtnaere nocropr, ro coxpannre
+rn +monnn xax moxno ontme, pasrnxtnax noopaxaemt ]onran.
Kaxt pas, xora y nac nosnnxner norpenocrt n entrax, npecrannxre +ror ]onran
ener. 3ra menrannx nomoxer nam nsannrtcx or nerarnnntx ycranonox, xoropte
npenxrcrnymr operennm ]nnanconoro narononyunx.
B antnemem npononre menrannm oma. Vennnrect na 10 15 mnn. Bxnmunre
npnrnymennt cner nnn nocnontsyrect cneuamn. Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne,
paccnatrect n saxpore rnasa. Tenept nt moxere meurart o uem yrono. Hpecrantre, uro
nexn +ro +xpan. Paccmarpnnare na +rom +xpane nmte nemn, xoropte nt t xorenn
npnopecrn. Hycrt xpxne xaprnnxn ntsonyr y nac cnntnte nonoxnrentnte +monnn. Bet n
+ror momenr +rn nemn npnnanexar nam n nt moxere nx axe norporart. Henocpecrnenno
entrn npecrannxrt ne cronr. Camn no cee onn ne ntsonyr cront npnxrntx n
pasnoopasntx +monn, net +ro npocro ymaxxn, xorx n nennte. B sanepmenne menrannn
cxaxnre mtcnenno c ynepennocrtm, uro nt orart, y nac ecrt nce, uro nt xenaere, nt
npnrxrnnaere x cee entrn, uro y nac yer c nstrxom ener n r. .

Men1annn Ennenne c entraun
nx nponeennx menrannn nostmnre nonym xynmpy xpynnoro nomnnana. Cxtre yono,
cnoxono n rnyoxo tmnre, paccnatrect. Orronnre nce nocroponnne mtcnn. Bostmnre
xynmpy n pyxn n nnnmarentno ee pasrnxtnare. Paccmorpnre nce mentuamne erann ee
pncynxa n sanomnnre xax moxno ontme nx. Taxnm opasom nt nacrponrect na nonny
+neprnn ener. Bocnpnnnmare +ry +neprnm ncemn opranamn uyncrn spennem, cnyxom,
xoxe, oonxnnem. Hpecrantre, uro nt nanonnxerect +neprne +ro xynmpt n
npenpamaerect nmecre c ne n xenro-senenoe onaxo.
Hpononre +ry menrannm xaxt ent n yxe uepes neenm nt cmoxere onapyxnrt
nepnte nepement n cnoe xnsnn. Bamn oxot naunyr pacrn.

Men1annn Tnopenne ener
3ra menrannx nomoxer nsmennrt name nocnpnxrne xnsnn n orxpoer nosmoxnocrn nx
npnnneuennx ener. Hpn +rom nt nsannrect or nerarnnntx mtcne, xoropte memamr nam
ocrnut nenn yxe ceuac.
Cxtre yono n paccnatrect. 3axpore rnasa n oroxnnre n rnmnne. Hpecrantre, uro
nepe namn cronr cron. B ero nenrpe nexnr orxptrt uemoanunx. Cnena or nac na crone
naxonrcx nexn marepnan, npecrannxmmn coo +neprnm 3emnn. Bt moxere
npecrannrt ero rax, xax nam saxouercx. Cnpana or nac na crone naxonrcx pyro marepnan
+ro neecnax nn]opmannx. Bt epere n ony pyxy +neprnm 3emnn, a n pyrym neecnym
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
nn]opmannm n oennxere nx. Hs +rnx nyx marepnanon nt macrepnre enexnte xynmpt
n nente nauxn ener. Hpecrantre, xax ns neneomtx marepnanon n namnx pyxax
nonyuamrcx menecrxmne nonte xynmpt. Ioronte entrn cxnatnare n uemoanunx.
Hepnonuecxn cmorpnre na nero n nornomare ncxoxmym or ener +neprnm. Hpoonxare
nennrt entrn o rex nop, noxa oa marepnana no croponam or uemoanunxa ne saxonuarcx.
Hocne +roro saxpore uemoanunx, no nomnnre o +neprnn ener. Cxpecrnre pyxn na rpyn
n nocnnre nexoropoe npemx n raxo nose. Houyncrnyre, xax +neprnx ener pacrexaercx no
ncemy namemy reny. anee nt moxere orxptrt rnasa.
3annmartcx menranne pexomenyercx no 30 mnn xaxt ent n reuenne 3-x mecxnen.
Onrnmantntm npemenem nx +roro xnnxmrcx yrpo n neuep. Menrannx nomoxer nam narn
nonym paory c onee ntcoxnm sapaorxom nnn nonyunrt ntronoe npenoxenne.
Homnnre, uro nce moxer nponsorn es nsnnmnnx ycnnn c name cropont, no nce-raxn
opamare nnnmanne na cotrnx, xoropte nponcxoxr n name xnsnn n nacroxmem.
Men1annn R uarnn1 nn ener
Hororontrect x menrannn. Cxtre noyonee, saxpore rnasa n paccnatrect.
Orxnmunre nce nocroponnne mtcnn. Bce, o uem nt ceuac ymaere +ro npnnneuenne
ener. Boopasnre cex ouent orartm uenonexom. V nac ontmoe ]nnanconoe cocroxnne n
nt moxere pacnopxxartcx entramn xax yrono. Kaxne +monnn y nac noxnnnnct?
Vcranonnre cpox, n reuenne xoroporo nt t xorenn nonyunrt ontmym cymmy ener.
Hpecrannxre, xax +neprnx ener n nne cnerontx nyue nponnxaer n nac. Omyrnre, uro nt
nanonnent +ro +neprne. Bt nacrontxo nonnt em, uro camn naunnaere nsnyuart ee n
oxpyxammn mnp. Bt oraere cnom ecxoneunym +neprnm n rem camtm npnnnexaere
entrn x cee. Bt noont marnnry, npnrxrnnammemy entrn. Tenept nt snaere, uro raxoe
nsonnne. Bama meura ctnact. Bt uyncrnyere paocrt n nocropr or +roro. Hacnaxarect
npnxrntmn +monnxmn n sarem nosnpamarect x peantnocrn. Honaroapnre Bcenennym sa
npeocrannennym nosmoxnocrt nepexnrt +rn cuacrnnnte mnnyrt.

Men1annn R n entrn
Vcrporect noyonee n xom]oprno ocranonxe. Inyoxo notmnre n cnoxonom pnrme
n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr. Cxaxnre mtcnenno, uro nce cnoxono ornycxaere.
Honanmare sa pnrmom cnoero txannx. Hpoonxare paccnanxrtcx. 3arem oparnrect
sa nomomtm x cnoemy ntcmemy , x cnoemy anreny-xpannrenm. Hpecrantre, uro nt
nonann no ncenencxym xasny.
Bt npoxonre n ontmoe nomemenne n nnnre, uro noncmy naxoxrcx entrn.
Hpncnymarect x cee. uro nt ceuac uyncrnyere, xaxne mtcnn noxnnxmrcx y nac? uro nt
conpaerect enart c +rnmn entramn? Cnenre sa cnonmn cocroxnnem n mtcnxmn. Tenept
nt moxere nsxrt crontxo ener, cxontxo saxornre. uyncrnyere nn nt yonnernopenne or
+roro? Ecnn a, ro snaunr, nam ecrnnrentno nyxnt entrn n onn npnnecyr nontsy.
Moxere eme notrt n opase onaarenx orarcrna. Bosnparnnmnct x peantnocrn,
noymare o cnonx nepexnnannxx. Bosmoxno, name ornomenne x entram necxontxo
nsmennrcx. Ecnn xe onn nam neoxonmt, ro nt nx oxsarentno nonyunre.

Men1annn Hsonnne Bcenennon
3ry menrannm xopomo npononrt na npnpoe. Ocmorpnrect noxpyr. Mope, pexa nnn
osepo, xypuamn ponnx +ro uacrt ncenencxoro nsonnnx. H +ro nsonnne esrpannuno,
ono npnnanexnr nam. Ocranonnre cno nsrnx na noe. Hpecrantre, cxontxo xanenex
ceuac naxonrcx nepe namn. Bt moxere onycrnrt pyxn n noy n omyrnrt cnny n npoxnay
not. Omyrnre n cex uacrtm npnpot, uacrtm Bcenenno. Tenept cnoxono n c
ynepennocrtm nponsnecnre: 3ro moe nsonnne n ono, noono Bcenenno, esrpannuno.
orxptr nx nara, xoroptm nocroxnno nanonnxercx mox xnsnt. 3axpore rnasa n
necxontxo pas rnyoxo noxnnre n nonnocrtm ntoxnnre nosyx. Hpn +rom npecrannxre,
uro nam oprannsm nanonnxercx uncro +neprne. 3axonunre menrannm ]paso: a
npnymnoxnrcx moe orarcrno!
B xononoe npemx roa +ry menrannm moxno npononrt no ymem nnn n accene.
Inannoe, urot nam nnxro ne meman. Taxnm opasom nt moxere ntpaorart y cex
mtmnenne oraroro uenonexa n nsmennrt crepeornnt cnoero noneennx. Hmenno +ro n
npnneer nac x ]nnanconomy nponnerannm.

Men1annn R ora1 xax Bor
3ra menrannx ocnonana na nonoxennn, uro nentsx trt oraue Fora, nentsx crart Forom,
no moxno acconnnponart cex c nnm. Hororonnnmnct x menrannn, naunnare nonropxrt
]pasy: For orar n x orar. 3annmarect +rnm na nporxxennn 20 mnn exenenno, n
reuenne mecxna. urot ne cnrtcx co cuera, moxno ncnontsonart npn +rom uerxn.
Marnuecxym ]pasy nt moxere nponsnocnrt ncnyx, n yme nnn menorom. Taxnm opasom nt
operere cnny, ynepennocrt n cee, n cnoem narononyunn n n rom, uro entrn yyr x nam
npnxonrt.

Cnono pynt noxnnnoct na Pycn n XIII n. B re npemena n xauecrne ener ncnontsonannct
cepepxnte cnnrxn, xoropte pynnn na xycxn. 3rn uacrn cnnrxon n nastnann pynxmn.

anee npecrantre ecxoneunocrt neec, npnponte semnte orarcrna, nennune
uenoneuecxoro pasyma, nosnonxmmero cosanart n nsoperart, enart orxptrnx. Bcnomnnre
o pasnnuntx npnpontx xnnennxx (oxt, payra, cner, cenepnoe cnxnne n p.). Omymare
npn +rom nonoxnrentnt nacrpo, orxporect mnpy. Bcnomnnre mnoroopasne ncero
xnnoro n +rom mnpe (pacrennx, xnnorntx). Ocosnare cex uacrtm +roro mnpa n uacrtm
Bcenenno. Hpecrantre, uro namn nosmoxnocrn esrpannunt rax xe, xax ecxoneuna
Bcenennax. Hcntrare nocropr or +roro ocosnannx, nouyncrnyre naroapnocrt x mnpy,
ynepennocrt n cee n ytre n +ry mnnyry nennxnm. Menrannx saxonuena, no nama paora
no ocrnxennm nenn npoonxaercx. B reuenne nx nonropxre ]past: Forarcrno cnna
Fora, Forarcrno cnna Bcenenno, Forarcrno mox xnsnt. Moxno ncnontsonart +rn
]past xax saxnnnannx, npncrynax x ntnonnennm nono paort. Onn xnnxmrcx sanorom
ycnexa n npnneyr x nponnerannm.

Men1annn oc1a1ox n nponne1anne
Ofpepakfupoean u onynukoean ua cafe : PRESSI ( HERSON )
Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne. Tpn pasa rnyoxo noxnnre n nonnocrtm ntoxnnre
nosyx. Boopasnre nepe coo senenym nyxaxy. Hpnrnxnrect nnnmarentnee n cmoxere
pasrnxert na ne xpxne nxrna nneron. Bt crynaere na mxrxym rpanxy n nere no +ro
nyxaxe.
Ha namn esonaunoe cnnee neo. pxo cnernr connne n ero nyun nacxamr namy xoxy.
Ho namemy reny pacxoxrcx nonnt renna. Bt paccnanxerect nce ontme, omymaere
opoxenarentnocrt oxpyxammero mnpa. Bame txanne cranonnrcx nce onee
samenenntm n nerxnm.
Bt npoonxaere nrn no nyxaxe n nnnre noxpyr ontmne epentx. Bt ponno n
cnoxono tmnre n nam xopomo. Berep cnerxa noxaunnaer nerxn epenten, menecrnr
nncrno. Bt noxonre x necy, or xoroporo neer npoxnao. Bt cntmnre nenne nrnn n
xypuanne pyutx. Bt sameuaere nepe coo pyue n nere nont nero. C nerxn na nerxy
nepenapxnnamr nrnnt, cxnost nncrny epenten naaer axypnax rent, nam ouent xom]oprno
n +rom nernem necy.
Bt nere nce antme n namero cnyxa ocrnraer mym naamme not. On cranonnrcx nce
rpomue n rpomue. On sarnymaer nenne nrnn n nanonnxer coom nce noxpyr. Bpyr epentx
paccrynamrcx n nepe namn nosnnxaer noona. Boa crpyxmn crexaer no xacxay xamne n
c rpoxorom naaer c optna nnns. V nonoxnx noonaa nt sameuaere nerxn ryman. Bt
noxonre nnxe, ncraere y camo not n cmorpnre na nee. Bpyr nt sameuaere pxom
xamennte crynenn, neymne nnns. Ho nnm nt cnycxaerect x noe. Bt nnnre, uro ona ouent
uncrax n npospaunax, ona nanonnena +neprne n cnno. 3ra noa cnocona ncnenxrt n
ounmart, nomorart n ncnonnennn xenannx. Bt nxonre n noy n ncraere no crpyn
noonaa. Bame reno omtnaercx cnepxy nnns uncro noo n nanonnxercx +neprne. Boa
rennax n xynanne n noonae nx nac ouent npnxrno. 3ra noa cmtnaer c nac nce
nerarnnnte +monnn (uyncrno onnouecrna, norepn, ont, rpenorn n p.). C noo yxoxr
nce namn nenpnxrnocrn. B nac renept rontxo nonoxnrentnte +monnn n +neprnx. Bt
naxonrect n cocroxnnn rpanca n npn +rom ononnxerect. Bt omymaere cex xom]oprno n
cnoono.
Tenept nam nyxno nporonopnrt cneymmne ]past: ornycxam nce yexennx, norepn n
saort, xoropte pantme npncyrcrnonann n moe xnsnn, orxptr nx nonyuennx
oxecrnennoro cuacrtx, ocronn nponnerannx n moe xnsnn, nponneram, x xnny n
nmnn n opom spannn, xnny n orarcrne n nponneram, ocronn exenenno
nontsonartcx ncemn naramn mnpa, npnnnmam nponneranne, ocrarox, nsonnne.

Men1annn Heuoan c entraun
Cxtre yono, saxpore rnasa n paccnatrect. Hpecrantre cex n omamne ymrno
ocranonxe. Bt cnnre n xom]oprnom cocroxnnn n nnuro nac ne ecnoxonr. Bame cosnanne
cnoono or xaxnx-nno mtcne. Bpyr n nept nerpomxo nocryuann. Bt orxptnaere nept
n nnnre nepe coo crporo oeroro uenonexa c uemoanom n pyxax. On cnpamnnaer, xax
nac sonyr n coomaer, uro y nero ecrt x nam nopyuenne. On npocnr yennrt emy nemnoro
nnnmannx n nt nponoxaere ero n cnom xomnary. 3ror uenonex nepeaer nam uemoan,
ronopnr, uro on npenasnauen nx nac n npenaraer ero orxptrt. Bmecre nt enaere +ro n
nnnre, uro uemoan nanonnen nauxamn ener nmenno ro nanmrt, xoropax nam
neoxonma. Bac nepenonnxmr pasnte +monnn: cpen nnx paocrt, cmxrenne, neonepne.
Bt nanepnxxa ntpaxaere comnenne, uro +ror uemoan nam. Onaxo uenonex nacrounno
yrnepxaer, uro on npnnanexnr nam. 3rn entrn ncera tnn namnmn, rontxo onn
npemenno xpannnnct n pyrom mecre. 3rn entrn nosnarpaxenne sa namy paory, sa nce
ro xopomee, uro nt conepmnnn n cnoe xnsnn, sa ro, uro nt npocro xnnere. Hensnecrnt
uenonex npomaercx c namn n yxonr, a nt nponoxaere ero x ntxoy.
Bosnparnnmnct n xomnary, nt cmorpnre na coepxnmoe uemoana n epere n pyxn
necxontxo nauex c entramn. Bt xnaere nx ropxo pxom c uemoanom n saymtnaerect o
rom, cxontxo nx, uro nt cmoxere c nnmn cenart, xax nx norparnre. Tenept nt orart
uenonex n mnoroe moxere cee nosnonnrt. Bama xnsnt nsmennrcx n nyumym cropony.
Hpoxnnre cnom ]anrasnm n mtcnenno conepmnre mnoxecrno noxynox n ]nnancontx
ananrmp. Hoymare na xaxo nee, xoropax npnxonr nam n ronony.
Oparnre nnnmanne, uro xax rontxo nt nsxnn nemnoro ener ns uemoana, on ryr xe
nanonnnncx nnont. Ho+romy nt moxere n meurax nosnonnrt cee aconmrno nce. Hycrt
nepe namnm nsopom npoxoxr pasnte opast. Kora namn xenannx n meurt nccxxnyr, a
uemoan no-npexnemy yer nanonnen entramn, saxpore ero n nocrantre xya-nnyt.
On renept ncera yer pxom c namn. entrn ncera yyr y nac no pyxo. Omyrnre
ynepennocrt n cnonx cnnax, n sanrpamnem ne, n rom, uro nam mnoroe no nneuy.
3ra menrannx nomoxer nam mtcnnrt onee macmrano n narn nyrn x ]nnancono
cocroxrentnocrn.

Men1annn eneanmn nnc1ona
Cxtre yono n xpecne nnn na nnane. Pacnonoxnre pyxn na xonenxx naonxmn nnepx.
3axpore rnasa n paccnatrect. are cnooy ]anrasnn. Hpecrantre, uro nt naxonrect n
ocennem necy renntm noroxnm nem. Cnepxy na nac naamr pasnonnernte nncrtx. Onn
menenno xpyxarcx n onycxamrcx na semnm. Pas n nmecro nncrten nonerenn enexnte
xynmpt. Bt cmorpnre, xax onn naamr, n nam or +roro npnxrno. Bpyr naneren nerepox n
nmecro xynmp cnepxy ynana nauxa ener. Eme ona, n eme Haepnre neoxonmoe
xonnuecrno ener n nonaroapnre Btcmne cnnt sa ro, uro onn nx nac enamr. Cxaxnre
cnacno n entram, xoropte nonann nam n pyxn.

Men1annn entrona
Cxtre yono, rnyoxo n cnoxono notmnre n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr. 3axpore
rnasa n paccnatrect. Honnmnre ronony nnepx, no ne orxptnare rnasa. Hpecrantre, xax
neo pasomnoct na ne nononnnxn n ns nero noctnannct enexnte xynmpt. Hx ouent
mnoro n onn nce nerxr n nerxr. entramn yctnan non n name xomnare, onn nexar na crone,
na nnane, onn noncmy. entrn yyr naart c neec o rex nop, noxa nt nx ne
ocranonnre. Onaxo ne cronr snoynorpenxrt neecntmn apamn, no ncem nyxna mepa. Hpn
neoxonmocrn, nt moxere nonropnrt menrannm n nacnanrtcx ontmnm xonnuecrnom
ener. Perynxpnte sanxrnx nomoryr npnnneut entrn n cnom xnsnt.

Men1annn Hama nsonnnn
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Hpnmnre yonoe nonoxenne, saxpore rnasa n paccnatrect. Hpecrantre, uro nt cronre
nepe nxoom n nemepy. 3ra nemepa nonmenax n npospaunax (xax ns xpycranx).
Hpecrantre, xax rnepo nt cronre na norax n cmeno nonre n +ry nemepy. Bnyrpn nt
nnnre nensnecrno orxya naammn cner, a crent nemept cnepxamr n nepennnamrcx. Bt
ynnnent, nopaxent nennanno xpacoro. Bpyr nt cntmnre rnxym nocrounym mystxy
n snon xonoxontunxon. Bt nere no nemepe nrnyt n cntmnre mystxy nce oruernnnee. Bt
nere anee no nycromy npoxoy n cntmnre +xo cnonx maron. H nor nnepen noxasancx
cner. Bt nere rya n nonaaere n pyrym nemepy. Ona eme onee nennxonenna. Hocpen
+ro nemept cronr xpycrantnax xononna, a na ne sonorax uama. Kononna n uama cnepxamr
n nyuax cnera n manxr x cee. Bt noxonre x uame nsonnnx n nnnre, uro ona o xpaen
nanonnena xnxocrtm. Bt ocropoxno nonocnre uamy x ryam n ornnnaere nemnoro
nonmenoro +nnxcnpa. Fytre ynepent n cnonx ecrnnxx, nt ne onxnt pacnnecxart +ry
xnxocrt. Ecnn nt uyncrnyere neynepennocrt nnn n uem-ro comnenaerect, ro nycrt +rn
uyncrna npenparxrcx n mtntnte nystptxn, pasnerxrcx no nce cropont n nonnyr c rnxnm
mopoxom. Tenept nt cmeno moxere ntnnrt crontxo nonmenoro +nnxcnpa, cxontxo
saxornre, uama nce panno ocranercx nanonnenno.
Hpecrantre opas, osnauammn namn xenannx, n xnntre ero n uamy nsonnnx.
Hanmare sa rem, xax +ror opas npnymnoxaercx. Ecnn name xenanne entrn, ro nx
cranonnrcx nce ontme n ontme. Bor yxe sonorte monert nanonnxmr uamy n ctnxrcx ns
nee na non. uepes necxontxo mnnyr yxe nect non n nemepe yctnan sonortmn moneramn.
Hacnanrect +rnm spennmem. Honeptre n ro, uro +ro nce name.
Bepnnre uamy na mecro. Btpasnre naroapnocrt Btcmnm cnnam, xoropte npeocrannnn
nam nosmoxnocrt notnart n nonmeno nemepe n nocnontsonartcx uame nsonnnx.
Menenno nepnnrect x peantnocrn n ornxnrect noxpyr. Hanmare sa rem, uro craner
nponcxonrt n name xnsnn. Vxe uepes nexoropoe npemx n ne nponsoyr nepement.


Inana 2
Man1pm

Manrpt cnxmennte ]opmynt, cocroxmne ns cnon na cancxpnre. Onn onaamr
morymecrnenntm ecrnnem n oxastnamr narornopnoe nnnxnne na ]nsnuecxoe,
ncnxnuecxoe cocroxnne uenonexa n ero xnsnt. Manrpt cnococrnymr npocnernennm
yxonnoro cosnannx n nomoramr ocrnut xenaemo nenn. Hx moxno ncnontsonart ne
rontxo nx cnoero yxonnoro camoconepmencrnonannx, ncnenennx, no n marepnantnoro
narononyunx.
Manrpt ntstnamr onpeenennym nnpannm n rene uenonexa n no+neprernuecxom
npocrpancrne noxpyr nero. Onn cosamr noxpyr uenonexa onpeenennoe +nepro-
nn]opmannonnoe npocrpancrno n rem camtm nomoramr ncnonnennm xenann.
B +ro rnane noopant manrpt, xoropte nomoryr nacrponrt cex raxnm opasom, urot
npnnnexart entrn n ynyumnrt cnoe ]nnanconoe nonoxenne.
Hpn urennn manrp uenonex nonnocrtm norpyxaercx n +ro sanxrne n pesonnpyer c +nepro-
nn]opmannonntm nonem Bcenenno n Btcmnmn cnnamn. nx +roro neoxonma cnoxonax
ocranonxa. nx ontmero xom]opra moxno saxeut apomarnuecxne cneun nnn nanouxn.
Manrpt ocrynnt ncem, rnannoe, npannntno nx unrart. Moxno enart +ro n yennennn
nnn n xpyry cemtn nnn pyse. nx +roro sanxrnx xenarentno npnnxrt ony ns ocnonntx
acan orn. 3arem nao saxptrt rnasa n necxontxo pas rnyoxo noxnyrt n cnoono
ntoxnyrt nosyx. C]opmynnponart mtcnenno cnoe xenanne npnnnexart entrn n
apeconart ero Btcmnm cnnam n Bcenenno.
Manrpt unramr rontxo ncnyx, napacnen. nx nonyuennx xenaemoro pesyntrara naxno
snyuanne namero ronoca. Cnymart manrpt, xoropte unraer pyro uenonex, moxno n
xauecrne nororonnrentnoro +rana, urot nonxrt, xax +ro nyxno npannntno enart.
Manrpt nonropxmr no necxontxo pas, moxno mnoxecrno pas. uncno nonropon npn +rom
ncera onxno trt xparno 3. Cunraercx, uro nanontmn pesyntrar npnnocnr nonropenne
manrp 108 pas. 3ro uncno xnnxercx cnxmenntm. Ono cocronr ns nn]p, xoropte
cnmnonnsnpymr +neprnm Btcmnx cnn, conepmencrno cornopennoro Forom n neunocrt (1, 0
n 8 coornercrnenno). urot cunrart uncno nonropon manrp n ne cnrtcx, ncnontsymr uerxn.
Hpn nocroxnno npaxrnxe manrp uerxn sapxxamrcx +neprne Bcenenno n moryr
ncnontsonartcx xax ranncman.
He pexomenyercx unrart cpasy mnoro manrp. Fonee +]]exrnnno ntpart ony-ne,
nomorammne pemnrt namn nponemt na annt momenr, n nocnxrnrt npemx nm. axe ecnn
y nac rontxo ona nent pasorarert, ro ntnpare neontmoe uncno manrp n sannmarect
rontxo nmn. uepes nexoropoe npemx (neenx mecxn) moxno cmennrt manrpt.

Man1pm ornne Aynm

Kynr pono ama nnno ra nonr

3ry manrpy pexomenyercx unrart n nonnonynne, n yennennom mecre, xya naaer
nynnt cner. Heoxonmo nporxnyrt pyxn n cropony Hynt n nonropxrt manrpy ne menee 5
mnn.
Hyume ncero enart +ro o rex nop, noxa ne nosnnxner omymenne, uro cner Hynt
nanonnxer nce name reno. Honropxre +ro sanxrne xaxym neenm na nporxxennn 3-x
mecxnen, nesanncnmo or ]ast Hynt. B nacmypnym noroy, xora Hyna cxptra onaxamn,
neoxonmo npecrannxrt ee n ro cropone, re ona onxna trt.
uepes 3 mecxna manrpy cneyer unrart 1 pas n mecxn nocroxnno. Hpoonxnrentnocrt
sanxrnx ra xe. Ecnn nt nponycrnnn nonnonynne, ro nam neoxonmo nauart unrart manrpt
cnauana (3 mecxna xaxym neenm) n norom onxrt 1 pas n mecxn.

Aym mpn rax an uanpa ax namax

urenne +ro manrpt onxno npononrtcx no 12 mnn na nporxxennn 12-rn nonnonynn.
Vxe nocne rpertero sanxrnx nt samernre nepement n cnoe xnsnn. Hocne sanepmennx
npaxrnxn yaua yer conyrcrnonart nam no mnorom, a entrn norexyr pexo.

Man1pm ornne Aaxmun
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Aym maxanaxmmtx nnmaxe nnmnynpnxx xnmaxn ranno naxmmn npauoaxr

3ra manrpa opamena x ornne orarcrna Haxmmn (pnc. 3). Ona nomoraer opecrn
orarcrno, oxpyxnrt cex pocxomtm, ynyumnrt omecrnennoe nonoxenne. Taxxe ona
cnococrnyer xaptepnomy pocry.
Pncynox 3. Fornnx Haxmmn

Om xpnm mpnm naxmmn o namaxa

urenne +ro manrpt cnococrnyer ycnexy no ncex enax, a raxxe npnnocnr orarcrno n
onontcrno xnsntm.

Om naxmmn nnran mpn xamana xapnran cnaxa

3ra manrpa ncnonnxer xenannx n npnnocnr orarcrno. Ee nyxno unrart xaxt ent no 3
pasa n reuenne mecxna. Hyumee npemx nx sanxrnx paccner.

B nnynsme ornnx Haxmmn onnnernopxer orarcrno, nsonnne, cuacrte n yauy. Ona
ouent xpacnna n rpannosna, ee nsopaxamr c nymx nnn uertptmx napamn pyx. Cunraercx,
uro Haxmmn samnmaer nme or e n nnmert.

Camt +]]exrnnnt nepno npaxrnxn manrpt c 13 anpenx no 14 max.

Om xpnm xmnm mpnm mpn naxmmn npncnnxae namax

3ra manrpa npnnocnr ycnex n ]nnanconoe narononyune.

Om xpnm mpnm mpnm mpnm mpnm mpnm mpnm mpnm naxmmn mam
rpaxe nypae nypae unnra ypae ypae cnaxa

3ra manrpa nomoraer ocrnrnyrt ycnexa n nsnece. nx +roro ee nyxno nonropxrt
exenenno n reuenne mecxna. Kpome roro, ona npnnocnr connantnt ycnex, ecnn
npaxrnxonart ee na nporxxennn 2-x ne.

Man1pa nn nonyuennn orpounoro ora1c1na

Om ram rananarae capna nnrxna paa capnaa capna rypane namo
apaa xpnm ram namax

C nomomtm +ro manrpt moxno nonyunrt orpomnoe orarcrno, cocroxmee xax ns nenntx
neme, rax n ns ener.

Man1pa nosnpamennn onron

Om mpn pama xax pama xax xax pama

3ra manrpa noapnr nam paocrt n ycrpannr nce npenxrcrnnx na namem nyrn. Ona
nomoxer nam pacnnarnrtcx c xpenropamn n nepnyrt nmte onrn.

eneanan uan1pa

Om namo xanaae cnaxa

3ra manrpa xnnxercx ynnnepcantno. Perynxpnoe ee nonropenne nomoxer opecrn entrn.

Man1pa nn coxpanennn ener

Paa cnomaca anra nn xno parna xaryman paxmo xano nanara
xano naxpa rynaa xym

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Ecnn nt npaxrnxyere +ry manrpy, ro namn entrn yyr no naexno samnro.

Man1pa, coxpannmman ora1c1no

Axo nnrne mnapa maxa ranema cnxo ranaa capna nnrxnan namxaa
namaa axana mpnry xa rxana xa rxana naxpa xacrnn uxnnn uxnnn
napa myxa crena xnnn xnnn axo rana xn nare arau uxa rau uxa
anarap anarapa mpn pypa ma xna naa cnaxa

Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoxer nam coxpannrt nmemmnecx y nac entrn n ynennunrt
cnoe orarcrno. Moxno unrart ee n n rom cnyuae, ecnn namn ]nnanct n nopxxe nx
npeynpexennx yxymennx marepnantnoro nonoxennx.

Man1pa ora1c1na

Om cauun+xam paxma Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoxer crart orartm.


Man1pa orau ora1c1na

Om pnnxax uamyne xyxnpama pamxa rapynapa uan xan xax
axa exxara amyxa xe caa pora napax om mnnm xym nxara cnaxa
amyxn paxooma namax

unrax +ry manrpy, nt opamaerect x oram, noxponnrentcrnymmnm orarcrny.
Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoxer nam npnnneut n cnom xnsnt entrn.

Man1pa nsonnnn

Om mpnm xpnm mpnm xamane xamananae npacn npacn mpnm xpnm om
maxanaxmmnmne namax

urenne +ro manrpt nosnonnr nam xnrt n nsonnnn marepnantntx nar. Ona npnnecer
nam raxxe ycnex n pasnnuntx enax n paocrt. Hyume ncero npaxrnxonart +ry manrpy
exenenno n nepno c 16 anpenx no 15 noxpx.

Man1pa nn ua1epnantnoro ooramennn

Knnm xpnmnxemaa namax

C nomomtm +ro manrpt moxno marepnantno oorarnrtcx.

Man1pa ynnnepcantnoro ooramennn

Om pam pnm paym cax myxpae namax

3ra manrpa nomoxer yxonnomy pocry n ynennuennm marepnantnoro narononyunx.

Man1pa nn npnmnn

Pamaxapa maxamanaca parxynnpa npnnorrama amacanraxam paxma exn
me napamam mpnam

Hpaxrnxa +ro manrpt nomoraer ynennunrt nmym npntnt n opecrn orarcrno.

Man1pa c1peunmnxcn x ora1c1ny

Om pnnxax uamyne xyxnpama pamxa rapynapa uan xan xax
axa exxara amyxa xe caa pora napax om mnnm xym nxara cnaxa
amyxn paxooma namax

3ra manrpa opamena x oxecrnam, xoropte nomoramr oram orarcrna (Haxmmn n
Kyepe). Ee urenne npnnocnr yauy n nomoraer nonyunrt marepnantnte nennocrn, n rom
uncne entrn. Honropxrt ee nyxno xaxt ent no 108 pas.

Hpap1xana n uan1pa ornne Aaxmun

Maxanaxmmn namacryxam namacryxam cypemnapn xapnnpne namacryxam
namacryxam aannxn

3ra manrpa (npaprxana) npnnocnr nmont n orarcrno xenmnnam. Hocne roro, xax nt ee
npounrann 9 pas, neoxonmo sanxrtcx cneymme manrpo Haxmmn. Ee nyxno nonropnrt
37 pas.

Om mpnm xpnm mpnm xamane xamanae npacna npacna mpnm xpnm
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mpnm om maxanaxmman namax

3ra manrpa opamena x ornne orarcrna Haxmmn, xoropax nomoraer n pemennn mnornx
]nnancontx nonpocon. Coueranne nyx manrp ycnnnnaer ecrnne.

Man1pm Kpnmne

Knnm xpnmna xnnm

Hpaxrnxa +ro manr pt nomoxer npnnneut entrn n ynennunrt cnon oxot. Ona
opamena x ory Kpnmne (pnc. 4).
Pncynox 4. For Kpnmna

Bpnm xpnm xnnm xpnmnaa cnaxa

urenne +ro manrpt npnnecer nam ne rontxo entrn, no n yxonnoe pasnnrne. Ona
nanonnnr nac rapmonne n nomoxer onpeennrt ncrnnnte nenn.

Man1pa narononyunn n nsonnnn

Om mpnm xpnm xnnm rnaym nm namo xaranarn raneman xann nacnnn
maxa naxmmn napa napae mpnm nnxy rae cnaxa

Honropenne +ro manrpt npnneer nac x nsonnnm. Bt omyrnre narononyune no mnornx
c]epax name xnsnn.

Man1pa Kpnmne n pyrnu orau nponne1annn

Om mpn xpnmnax namax

3ra manrpa nomoraer nonyunrt n ap or oron nponnerannx n Kpnmnt nmont n
marepnantnte nara. Honropxrt ee nyxno xaxt ent no 108 pas.

35-cnoanan uan1pa

Pamaxapaa maxamanaca parxynnpa npnnorrama amacanraxam mam pa

Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoraer nonyunrt npntnt n pasorarert.
Kpnmna +ro onn ns ntcmnx oron n nnynsme. B coornercrnnn c pennennncxnmn
nncannxmn, on xnnncx na semnm n uerneprom rtcxuenernn o n. +. B 60-x rr. npomnoro nexa
nepa n Kpnmny pacnpocrpannnact na 3anae.

B cocran +ro cnoxno manrpt nxonr pyrax, 32-cnoxnax. Hocnenxx manrpa nomoraer
ouncrnrtcx or rpexon.

Man1pa eneanoro nponne1annn

Aym xpnm mpnm xnnm nym xannxyna ana cnamnna cnxnm
xaranacam aanax aanax cnaxa

Hpaxrnxyre +ry manrpy n nt pemnre cnon ]nnanconte nponemt. entrn naunyr
nocrynart x nam ns neoxnanntx ncrounnxon.

Man1pa nn nsneca n xaptepm

Om ram rananarae namaxa

Manrpa nomoraer yauno necrn ena n nsnece, a raxxe cnococrnyer nponnxennm no
xaptepno necrnnne. Bce +ro nomoxer nam nonyuart ontme ener.

Man1pa nn xouuepcan1on

Om mpn ranemax namax

Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoxer n xommepuecxnx enax n pacxptrnn cocrnenntx
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rananron.

Man1pa, oeperamman n npnyunoaamman eneanoe n ua1epnantnoe nuymec1no

Om am xpnm xpom xpnm xpax caxa naxap axapn xyna npnxn xapn
napa ma xnana xapn maxa xaa nnna mnnn mano nanuxnra annn
ymra rpaxa nnna pnnn nnpa nnnn ynma nnn xnannnn xan xann
moxnnn rpnxa rana nnnn xyra xpnram xapma xpnram nnma uaxpn ram
namaa namaa paxma paxma mam aua nam xypy xypy xpnm xym xym
xym rxam rxam nxar cnaxa

Hpaxrnxa +ro manrpt naexno samnrnr nce name nmymecrno, xax enexnoe, rax n
marepnantnoe, n axe nomoxer ero npnymnoxnrt.

Man1pa xpann1entnnna ora1c1na

Aym xpnn a cn a y caa xpnm namax

Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoraer opecrn orarcrno n coxpannrt ero.

Man1pa yaun

Om pam pnm paym cax yxae namax

3ra manrpa nomoxer yauno necrn ena na paore n n nsnece, uro cnococrnyer
nontmennm enexntx oxoon.

Man1pa Knn1epy

saxn saxun xou xoxen ro

Hpn urennn manrpt ory Rnnrepy nam naunyr nomorart n pyrne orn. 3ra npaxrnxa
npnnecer nam ocrarox n yxpennr pyxecxne ornomennx. 3annmartcx em nyume ncero no
uernepram n reuenne 4-x mecxnen na paccnere. anee manrpy cneyer nonropxrt 1 pas n
mecxn o ocrnxennx pesyntrara. Ecnn nt crpemnrect nonyunrt npnrox ]nnancon n
xoporxne cpoxn, ro nonropxre manrpy xax moxno ontme pas. enare +ro n marnuecxne
noun (c nocxpecentx na noneentnnx) n nn (uernepr) Rnnrepa. Marnuecxnm nem
cunraercx npemx or nocxoa o saxara connna, a marnuecxo noutm npemx or saxara o
paccnera.

Man1pa ua1epnantnmx nar

Iax an uanpe

3ra manrpa nomoxer nam npnymnoxnrt cnoe marepnantnoe n enexnoe nmymecrno.
Honropxre ee n marnuecxne nn (noneentnnx) n noun (c uernepra na nxrnnny) Hynt.
Marnuecxnm nem cunraercx npemx or paccnera o saxoa connna, a marnuecxo noutm or
saxara o nocxoa.

Man1pa npeycnenammero uenonexa

Om mpn ypraa namax om ypram ennm capanamaxam npanae

Honropenne +ro manrpt cenaer nac npeycnenammnm uenonexom. Ona ycrpanxer
nerarnnnte nosecrnnx remntx cnn, npenxrcrnnx x nponnerannm. Manrpa ycrpanxer raxne
ueprt xapaxrepa, xax +ronsm n pannoymne, npnaer cnnt n nnnxrentnocrt.

Man1pa nn coxpanennn nuymec1na n ener

Aym namo xaranare rnaym maxa rananarae cnny papan xnraa om
mpnm xpnm xnnm capna xana campa xmaxaa capna naxmmn npaaa
capna noxa namnxa om panaa xpom xpom xpom am am am xpnm xpnm
xpnm caxa napa xaman anam mama nama manaa nama manaa caxa nann
man nnnapanam xxypy xypy pam pam spam xpnm xpym xmam caxana
xyra npera nnmaua mar pyman anam xnam paxma paxmaca axmnnn
moxnnn mynnnn uaryx mamrn orn nan caxa nane rana rpaxa maxnnn
axnnn nn xnam canam xypy xypy nxpom nxpom nxpom caxa nau uopa
xaam nnna paa rxam rxam rxam om caa xnam caa rnaym rnaym
rnaym caxa nann rxna nnxnam caa nnxnam caa caym mpnm mama mano
paxam caxa aca xaa om mpnm xpnm xnnm mpn maxa rananarae
xym nxar cnaxa

Honropenne +ro manrpt naexno coxpannr nce name nmymecrno n entrn.

Man1pa, npnnocnman ora1c1no
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Om xpnm xnnm mpnm namax

Hpn xaxonennom urennn +ro manrpt nt cranere orart es rpexon n napymennx
saxonon.

Man1pa nn noncxa xnaa

Om xance xancexane xpnm xnnm cnaxa

Hpaxrnxonart +ry manrpy cneyer rontxo n yennennn. Ona nomoxer nam n noncxax
xnaa.

Man1pa nn npn1oxa ener

Om naxmmn nnran mpn xamanaxapnran cnaxa

urennem +ro manrpt nanonee +]]exrnnno sannmartcx n nepno c 13 anpenx no 14 max.
Bcero nonropnrt ee cneyer 20000 pas. Bce namn xenannx, cnxsannte c nonyuennem ener n
marepnantntx nar, cyyrcx.

Man1pa qnnanconoro nponne1annn

Aym xpnm mpnm xnnm nym xnnxyna ana cnamnna cnxnm
xaranacam aanax aanax cnaxa

Perynxpno unrare +ry manrpy n ocrnrnere ]nnanconoro nponnerannx n yere xnrt
narononyuno.

Man1pa, npn1nrnnamman entrn

Aym namo xanaae cnaxa

3annmarect urennem +ro manrpt 5 pas n ent n yere xnrt n cuacrte n orarcrne.

Man1pa ora1c1na n nmnn

Om pam pnm paym cax myxpae namax

3ra manrpa ynnnepcantnax. Ona nomoraer opecrn n nmont, n orarcrno. Taxxe ona
cnococrnyer yxonnomy ounmennm.

Ynnnepcantnan uan1pa

Om mpn maxanaxmmnx namax

3ra manrpa nomoxer nam n yxonno n marepnantno c]epe. Ona npnnnecer rapmonnm n
nam om n cemtm. unrax ee, nt operere orarcrno n mypocrt, cranere onee sopontm
uenonexom. Ona nnnxer na nnunocrnte xauecrna pasnnnaer cmnpenne, cocrpaanne,
oporentnocrt n cnococrnyer camonosnannm.

Man1pa narocnonennn

Manranam nmry me maxemnapnx

3ra manrpa cnococrnyer naunnannm nmtx en, n rom uncne n cnxsanntx c ]nnancamn.
Ona raxxe npnnocnr cuacrte n nmont.

Man1pa, sapnaamman noy

Om xyp xyna cnaxa rar cannryp nap+ntxm apro +nactx nmaxn pno
o na npauoaxr

3ry manrpy cneyer nonropxrt na noo. 3apxxennax raxnm opasom noa nomoxer
npnnneut entrn n namy xnsnt. Hpenapnrentno nyxno ntyunrt manrpy nansycrt, urot
nponecc sapxxennx not marnuecxo +neprne npomen ycnemno.
Hocne npourennx manrpt nocrantre cocy c noo n nynnt cner, ntnre na ynnny nnn
noonre x pacxptromy oxny n nporxnnre naonn x Hyne.
Eme necxontxo pas rnxnm ronocom npournre manrpy n reuenne 5 mnn. Hocne +roro
ntnere noy manentxnmn rnorxamn.

Man1pa nn qnnanconoro narononyunn

Baxpa rynnaa xym n om xpnm mpnm xpnm
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Manrpa nomoxer opecrn ]nnanconoe narononyune n crart nponnerammnm uenonexom.

Hpocmorp n npocnymnnanne nneoponnxon c urennem manrp xopomo ncnontsonart nx
penaxcannn. 3ro nomoxer cnpannrtcx co crpeccom n nepexnrt nenaronpnxrnt nepno n
xnsnn. 3arem moxno nepern x camocroxrentnomy urennm manrp.


Man1pa nn coxpanennn n npnyunoaennn nuymec1na n ener

Om namo xaranare rnaym maxa rananarae cnny papan xnraa om
mpnm xpnm xnnm capna xana campa xmaxaa capna naxmmn npaaa
capna noxa namnxa panaa xpom xpom xpom am am am xnnm xnnm xnnm
caxa napa xaman anam mama nama manaa nama manaa caxa nann
man nnnapanam xxypy xypy pam pam spam xpnm xpym xmam caxana
xyra npera nnmaua paxma paxmaca axmnnn moxnnn mynnnn uaryx
mamrn orn nan caxa nane rana rpaxa maxnnn axnnn nn xnam canam
xypy xypy nxpom nxpom nxpom caxa nau uopa xaam nnna paa rxam
rxam rxam mar pyman anam xnam caa xnam caa rnaym rnaym rnaym
caxa nann rxna nnxnam caa nnxnam caa caym mpnm mama mano
paxam caxa aca xaa om mpnm xpnm xnnm mpn maxa rananarae xym
nxar cnaxa

Hpaxrnxa +ro manrpt coxpannr n ymnoxnr namn ]nnanct n marepnantnte nennocrn.

Man1pa, npnnocnman oc1a1ox

Mn

Hponsnecenne +rnx snyxon nomoxer cenart xnsnt narononyuno, c ocrarxom. 3ra
manrpa nomoraer raxxe n cnoxntx xnsnenntx cnryannxx, npn onesnxx.
Vnnnepcantnax manrpa nx npnnneuennx ener, nonropxre ee mnoroxparno.

Man1pm ory Kyepe

Om axmnaa xyepax nampananaaa xanaxanan naaex

Manrpa c opamennem x ory orarcrna Kyepe nomoxer nam nonyunrt neoxonmym
cymmy ener (pnc. 5).
Pncynox 5. For Kyepa

xana xana campeexnnr me exn anaa cnaxa

3ra manrpa raxxe npnnocnr entrn n nomoraer n +rom or Kyepa.

Om mpnm om xpnm mpnm xpnm

3ra manrpa roxe opamena x ory Kyepe. Ee urenne cenaer nac orartm n cuacrnnntm.
Honropxrt manrpy nyxno 108 pas. Hpn +rom nao nonepnyrtcx nnnom na cenep.

Knnm mpnm xnnm nnrrecnapaa namaxa

Honropenne +ro manrpt cnyxnr rem xe nenxm. Perynxpnte sanxrnx nomoryr nam
npnnneut entrn n cnom xnsnt. Honropxrt manrpy cneyer 108 pas, nonepnynmnct nnnom
na cenep.

Man1pa nn nponne1annn

Aypexn xana exn nnam exn maxemnapn camacramaxxnam exn exn
me napamemnapn

Perynxpno nonropxre +ry manrpy n namn oxot ynennuarcx. Ona npnneer nac x
nponnerannm.

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Man1pa ornne Tape

Aym xpnm crpnm xym nxar

Honropxrt +ry manrpy nyxno no 108 pas n ent na nporxxennn mecxna. 3ro nomoxer nam
ocrnut ncnonnennx nmoro xenannx, n rom uncne enexnoro. Kpome roro, +ra manrpa aer
rnyoxne snannx, npnnocnr noey n pasnnuntx enax, ncnenxer or mnornx onesne n
ornonr neyaun.
nx tcrporo ncnonnennx xenannx nannmnre ero na ymare. anee 108 pas nepennmnre
+ry manrpy, xaxt pas mtcnenno ee nporonapnnax.

Om rap+ ryrrap+ ryp+ cnaxa

3ra manrpa raxxe o pamena x ornne Tape n nomoraer ocrnut xenaemoro n oecneunrt
cex entramn (pnc. 6).
Pncynox 6. Fornnx Tapa

Man1pa ora1c1na n npnnnexa1entnoc1n

Anm xamaa xnnm xnnm xamnnan xnnm

Honropxx +ry manr py, nt cranere onee orart n npnnnexarentnt. Bama aypa yer
npnrxrnnart pyrnx nme.

Man1pa ecc1pamnn n ener

Om mpn xan n xa n namax

Hpaxrnxa +ro manrpt nomoxer nam opecrn nce mtcnnmte nara mnpa. Manrpa yer
nac samnmart n nanpannxrt n xnsnn. C nem nt operere rnyoxne snannx n cnny.

Ian1pn-uan1pa

Om xyp xnax cnaxa rar cannryp napanntxm xapro enactx xnnmaxn
xno no nax npauoaxr

urenne +ro manrpt nomoraer ncnonnnrt nmoe xenanne, n rom uncne cnxsannoe c
entramn.

Man1pa npnnneuennn ener

Knnm ronannaxaa cnaxa

Honropxx +ry manrpy, nt nonyunre yxonnoe pasnnrne n operere marepnantnte
nennocrn.

Man1pa nn samn1m ener

Om ram rananarae capne nnrxna pae capnae capne rypane nama
apax xpnm ram namax

Hpaxrnxyre +ry manrpy n namn entrn n pyrne marepnantnte nennocrn oxaxyrcx no
naexno samnro.

Man1pa sopontn n nsonnnn

Om rpnxmaxam axamaxe cyranxnm nymrn napxanam ypnapyxamnna
anxanan mpnrnop myxmnx mampnrar

Honropenne +ro manrpt nomoxer nam ne rontxo npnnneut entrn n cnom xnsnt, no n
coxpannrt nnn ynyumnrt camoe nennoe soponte.
unrare +ry manrpy no mnoro pas (xparno 3), a urot ne cnrtcx co cuera, nontsyrect
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npn +rom uerxamn. B namy xnsnt noyr marepnantnte nara, xoropte cosayr nsonnne
noxpyr nac. C naroapnocrtm ornocnrect x romy, uro noctnamr nam orn. axe ecnn nt
eme ne pasorarenn, ro, nosmoxno, y nac ecrt camax rnannax nennocrt soponte. unrare
manrpy napacnen n ne ntrarect yraart cmtcn ee cnon, nx nac on ne nmeer snauennx.
Hyume nouyncrnyre nnpannm n ropne no npemx nponsnecennx snyxon.


Inana 3
Pynm

Pynt +ro snaxn, cocroxmne ns npxmtx nnnn. Hs nnx cocroxn an]annr pennnx napoon
Cenepno Enpont n ntpesann nx na epene. B camom pennem an]annre tno ncero 24
pynt. Pynt mnpoxo ncnontsonannct repmancxnmn napoamn n na nx ocnone nosnnxno
necxontxo xstxon (anrnocaxconcxnx, cxannnancxnx n p.). Hanonee pennnm pynam
npnananoct marnuecxoe snauenne, no+romy nx nsopaxann na yxpamennxx, xamnxx,
opyxnn, monerax.
nx operennx cuacrtx n yaun pynt ueprnnn na nosonouenntx omeuxax.
B ocnone ontmnncrna pyn naxoxrcx ona nnn ne neprnxantnte nnnnn. Hx ntpesamr
nepnennxynxpno xoy penecntx nonoxon. Iopnsonrantnte nnnnn n pynax npaxrnuecxn
orcyrcrnymr.
Bocnontsonartcx marnuecxnmn pynamn moxer xaxt xenammn. nx +roro neoxonmo
napnconart ony ns nnx n npn +rom npecrannrt oexr cnoero xenannx. 3neprnx pyn
nomoxer ero opecrn. Moxno pnconart pynt ram, re nt xpannre entrn na mxarynxe,
xomentxe, a raxxe na xynmpax n p. Hnn moxno nonoxnrt n nnx snauxn c nsopaxennem
pyn. Pynt nomoryr npnnneut entrn n rom cnyuae, ecnn nx pnconanne n ncnontsonanne
yyr conponoxartcx nacrounntm xenannem +roro.
nx roro urot maxcnmantno ncnontsonart +neprnm pyn, moxno nsopaxart nx na
xynnnapntx nmax, mtcnenno ueprnrt nx na noe. Vnorpenenne sapxxenno nnmn n
not nomoxer nam n ocrnxennn ]nnanconoro narononyunx.

Bcero n mnpe onapyxeno 5000 namxrnnxon c pynnuecxo nnctmennocrtm, ontmax uacrt
ns nnx naxonrcx n Bnennn. Hourn nce onn ntnonnent ns xamnx. Onaxo camte pennne
pynt naueprant na xocrxnom rpene.

B +ro rnane npnnoxrcx pynt, a raxxe opxt c nx ncnontsonannem nx npnnneuennx
ener n operennx orarcrna.

Pynm

Pyna mey
3ra pyna ntstnaer nont +ran n nepement n xnsnn. Ona cosaer ycnonnx nx
ocrnxennx nenn. Pyny uey no mnornx ]opmynax cranxr na nepnoe mecro (pnc. 7).
Pncynox 7. Pyna uey

Pyna Hnrnas
Pyna osnauaer nnooponocrt semnn n nosmoxnocrt uero-nno. Ona naenxer xnsnenno
cnno nce xnnoe. Pyna Hnrnas cunraercx opamennem x ory nnooponx upepy (pnc.
8).
Pncynox 8. Pyna Hnrnas

Pyna O1ana
3ra pyna xnnxercx cnmnonom nacnenx n nacnecrna. Ona nxnmuaer ontr npomntx
xnsne n nmeer cnxst c npetymnmn noxonennxmn cemtn. Pyna Orana orpaxaer
nnrepect ne rontxo onoro uenonexa, n ontme crenenn ona opnenrnponana na ncm cemtm
(pnc. 9).
Pncynox 9. Pyna Orana

Pyna Hay1ns
3ra pyna pasnnnaer nncrnnxr camocoxpanennx. Ona nomoraer npn upesntuantx
cnryannxx n n nepnot xpnsncon. Pyna Hayrns raxxe aer nosmoxnocrt npoonxnrt cnoe
pasnnrne npn cnoxntx xnsnenntx ocroxrentcrnax (pnc. 10). Ona nomoraer npeoonenart
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pasnnunte npenxrcrnnx n nepexnrt nnmennx.
Pncynox 10. Pyna Hayrns

Pyna nomoraer pasnnrt n cee raxne xauecrna xapaxrepa, xax ornercrnennocrt, repnenne,
nnnmarentnocrt, ncnnnnnnnponannocrt.

Pyna Anxnas
3ra pyna osnauaer nepement nocpecrnom cmeprn. Hpox onn +ran xnsnn, uenonex
nsmenxercx n ne moxer nepnyrtcx x cee npexnemy. Taxnm xax pantme on nnxora ne yer,
no ero xnsnt npoonxaercx. Pyna Axnas moxer npnnecrn ne rontxo x nonoxnrentntm,
no n orpnnarentntm nepemenam (pnc. 11).
Pncynox 11. Pyna Axnas

Paspymnn onn ocroxrentcrna, pyna moxer ntsnart noxnnenne pyrnx. Hnora
orpnnarentnte nepement moryr nonneut sa coo eme ontmee narononyune n
nponneranne.

Pyna Typncas
3ra pyna napymaer npnntunt nopxox n xnsnn. Tontxo raxnm opasom moxno npnrn x
uemy-ro nonomy n ynyumnrt cnom xnsnt. Ho+romy, pemnn nocnontsonartcx anno pyno,
nyxno nmert n cee cnnt n crpemnenne x nono xnsnn. Hnaue nmecre c npnntuntmn
nemamn n nopxxamn nt pncxyere roxe nocrpaart. Pyna Typncas nomoraer rem, ue
nnyrpennn mnp coepxarenen (pnc. 12).
Pncynox 12. Pyna Typncas

Pyna Anrns
3ra pyna oecneunnaer samnry or neopoxenarene n remntx cnn. Onaxo pyna Anrns
moxer snaunrentno nsmennrt cncremy name xnsnn (pnc. 13).
Pncynox 13. Pyna Anrns

Pyna Tnnas
3ra pyna rpannnonno osnauaer nonna, myxecrno, cnny saxona. Ona nomoraer nonnam
ntnonnxrt cnom saauy, naenxer nx cnno. Pyna Tnnas nomoraer ocrnut nmtx nene
saxonntmn nyrxmn, ona noepxnnaer nopxox n cnpanennnocrt (pnc. 14).
Pncynox 14. Pyna Tnnas

Pyna nomoraer uenonexy cnpannrtcx c camnm coo n nocrannrt nnrepect pyroro
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uenonexa nnn omecrna ntme cnonx. Ona paccrannxer rpaxancxne npnopnrert.

Apxeonoramn onapyxeno mnoro pyn, oruexanenntx na nnacrnnxax ns sonora. Onn
ncnontsonannct xax meantont n ntnonnxnn ]ynxnnm oeperon. Meantont pennnx
repmannen nanomnnann onee nsnecrnte pennepnmcxne.


Pyna Bepxano
3ra pyna cnmnonnsnpyer pyxn marepn. Ona cnococrnyer noxnnennm xnsnn n pocry. Pyna
Fepxano npnaer xnsnennte cnnt (pnc. 15).
Pncynox 15. Pyna Fepxano

Pyna Connno
Pyna onaaer +neprne Connna. Ona nsnyuaer cner n renno, cnococrnyer pocry ncero
xnnoro. 3ra pyna oxastnaer nomomt n xnsnn (pnc. 16).
Pncynox 16. Pyna Connno

Kpome roro, pyna cnococrnyer camopeannsannn n nponnxennm x connantnomy ycnexy n
cnane. Ona naenxer cnno rnopuecrna n cosnannx. C nomomtm +ro pynt moxno
nnxnnnponart ycrapenmne n npeonocnte nemn, npnntuxn n p.
Ona nomoraer opecrn nonoe n npoyxrnnnoe, a raxxe ncnpannrt npomnte omnxn n
rpexn. Onaxo nyxno ncnontsonart ee c ocropoxnocrtm, urot ne ncromnrt cex
+monnonantno npn ontmnx nepemenax n ycnexax.

Pyna aras
3ra pyna cnmnonnsnpyer sanepmennocrt n oxonuanne uero-nno. axe neunoe nnxenne
nponcxonr or onoro +rana x pyromy, or onoro nnrxa cnnpann pasnnrnx x pyromy. Pyna
aras moxer osnauart n npomexyrount pesyntrar, onaxo raxnm opasom ona neer x
xoneuno nenn (pnc. 17).
Pncynox 17. Pyna aras

Pyna Pano
3ra pyna osnauaer nyrt nnn opory. Ona nomoraer ntnonnnrt rnannoe npenasnauenne n
cnoe xnsnn. Pyna Pao cnococrnyer nnunocrnomy pasnnrnm n nnanomepno
nnoornopno paore (pnc. 18). Ona nomoraer pasnnrt n cee rnopuecxoe nauano n n ro xe
npemx ncnonnxer Foxtn samtcnt.
Pncynox 18. Pyna Pao

Pyna Ieo
3ra pyna nomoraer n naprnepcxnx ornomennxx. Ona oecneunnaer pannonennt omen
nemamn, +neprnxmn, +monnxmn. Pyna Ieo npnnocnr ntroy oonm yuacrnnxam
ornomenn nnn cenxn (pnc. 19).
Pncynox 19. Pyna Ieo

Pyna Hep1po
3ra pyna cnmnonnsnpyer nospoxenne n nmom nne. Kax nospoxenne nocne rxxenoro
ynaxa, rax n nocne cmeprn. Pyna Heprpo cnxsana c 3emne (pnc. 20). Ona cnmnonnsnpyer
ee crnxnn, no+romy uacro ncnontsyercx n saxnnnannxx nx nsneuennx or onesne.
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Pncynox 20. Pyna Heprpo

Pyna 3nnas
Pyna nomoraer nosnart rant n cexpert, n rom uncne nx npnnneuennx ener (pnc. 21).
Ona nomoraer n nyremecrnnxx, nosnonxer uerxo ocosnart cnon namepennx.
Pncynox 21. Pyna 3nas

Pyna Hepa
Pyna cnxsana c npemenamn roa. Ona npnnocnr pesyntrar n acconnnpyercx co copom
ypoxax. Pyna Hepa yunr repnennm n xponornnno paore, sa uro uenonex oxsarentno
yer nosnarpaxen (pnc. 22).
Pncynox 22. Pyna Hepa

Pyna Aaras
3ra pyna osnauaer norox not. Ona naenxer +neprne n cnno. Taxxe pyna Haras
oecneunnaer nocrynnenne nn]opmannn, oocrpxer nnrynnnm (pnc. 23). Ona cnococrnyer
]opmnponannm nnunocrn.
Pncynox 23. Pyna Haras

Pyna Ypys
3ra pyna cnmnonnsnpyer npnponte cnnt n crnxnn. Ona pasnnnaer rnopuecxne
cnoconocrn, cnococrnyer ononnennm xnsnenntx cnryann. Pyna Vpys ecrnyer
esocranonouno (pnc. 24).
Pncynox 24. Pyna Vpys

Pyna Bynto
3ra pyna osnauaer paocrt n cuacrte. Onaxo nx nyxno sapaorart. Pyna Bynto
npenonaraer pasenenne paocrntx +monn c pyrnmn nmtmn (pnc. 25).
Pncynox 25. Pyna Bynto

Pyna Kenas
3ra pyna nomoraer xcnomy nnennm xax n npxmom, rax n n nepenocnom cmtcne (pnc. 26).
Ona nomoraer nocrnut semnte saxont n ncnontsonart +rn snannx.
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Pncynox 26. Pyna Kenas


Pynnuecxne qopuynm
Cymecrnymr ]opmynt, cocrannennte ns pyn. Onn nomoramr n ocrnxennn pasnnuntx
nene n naenent ontme +neprernxo n marnuecxo cnno, uem orentnte pynt.
uopmynt ns pyn moxno ueprnrt na pasntx npemerax, nmemmnx ornomenne x entram,
nocnrt c coo, ncnontsonart nx nponeennx marnuecxnx opxon.
Btnpax ry nnn nnym pynnuecxym ]opmyny, noymare na snauennem xaxo pynt.
Honpare re pynnuecxne ]opmynt, xoropte n ontme crenenn noxoxr nmenno nam
(pnc. 27 53).
Pncynox 27. uopmyna npnrxrnnannx
ener: uey Hnrnas Orana

Pncynox 28. uopmyna nx npeoonennx
rpynocre c entramn: Hayrns uey Axnas

Pncynox 29. uopmyna nx ynyumennx
marepnantnoro nonoxennx: Typncas uey Orana

Pncynox 30. uopmyna nx operennx
]nnanconoro narononyunx: Tnnas Anrns uey Orana uey Anrns
Tnnas

pennerepmancxne napot ntpesann pynt na xamnxx, meranne, epene. Onn npnanann
+rnm nnctmenam marnuecxoe, cnxmennoe snauenne. B nnx onapyxnnamrcx opamennx x
oram n namxrnte nanncn.

Pncynox 31. uopmyna nx cosannx
]nnanconoro cocroxnnx: uey Hnrnas Orana aras

Pncynox 32. uopmyna nsonnnx: aras
uey Hnrnas Orana

Pncynox 33. uopmyna nontmennx
marepnantnoro ocrarxa: uey Orana Fepxano Connno

Pncynox 34. uopmyna enexnoro ycnexa: Connno
Connno uey
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Pncynox 35. uopmyna operennx
marepnantntx nennocre: uey-Orana-Connno-Connno

Pncynox 36. uopmyna nonyuennx
npntnn: Ieo uey Heprpo Orana

Pncynox 37. uopmyna nx
ycnemnoro nnoxennx ener: Pao uey Hnrnas Orana

Pncynox 38. uopmyna nx operennx
orarcrna: Pao uey Orana uey Pao

Pncynox 39. uopmyna nx
operennx ]nnanconoro cocroxnnx: Pao uey Hnrnas Orana uey
Pao

Pncynox 40. uopmyna nx nocroxnnoro nocrynnennx n
npnpocra ener: uey Fepxana Hepa

Pncynox 41. uopmyna npnpocra enexntx
nnnnann: uey Harys uey Fepxana uey

Pncynox 42. uopmyna
enexno npntnn: no ropnsonrann Anrns uey Orana uey Anrns; no
neprnxann Pao uey Orana uey Pao

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Pncynox 43. uopmyna nacrpoxn enexnoro
npnroxa: Pao uey Orana

Pncynox 44. uopmyna nx nocrynnennx
ener n cement mxer: Hepa uey Orana uey Hepa

Pncynox 45. uopmyna noxnonennx nx nontx en n
nsnece: uey uey uey

Pncynox 46. uopmyna marepnantnoro ycnexa:
nx neyme pyxn Connno Connno Connno; nx pyro pyxn uey Orana
Connno Connno

Pncynox 47. uopmyna nonoro yponnx
narococroxnnx: aras uey Vpys Orana


Hcropnuecxne namxrnnxn c pynamn coepxar nn]opmannm o nnxnnrax n nx noxoax. B
nnx moxno npocnenrt ocooe nonoxenne xenmnn y repmancxnx napoon roro npemenn c
npanom na cocrnennocrt.

Pncynox 48. uopmyna nx npnroxa xnnenron:
Fepxana Orana uey

Pncynox 49. uopmyna nx noroxa xnnenron,
npnnocxmnx cranntnt oxo: uey Orana Ieo Connno Bynto

Pncynox 50. uopmyna nx npnnneuennx
xnnenron, xoropym cneyer epxart npn cee: uey Kano Ieo Connno

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Pncynox 51. uopmyna ynennuennx npoax: Pao
Hayrns uey

Pncynox 52. uopmyna snaunrentntx nepemen n nsnece n nyumym
cropony: 3nas uey

Pncynox 53. uopmynt, nomorammne n nsnece:
aras Fepxana aras

Opnm c pynaun

Hauep1anne pyn na xynmpax apoua1nuecxnun uacnaun
nx naueprannx pyn na xynmpax moxno ncnontsonart ne rontxo otunte nnmymne
cpecrna, no n ronxym nanouxy, cmouennym apomarnuecxnm macnom. nx +roro nooyr
macna anentcnna, nauynn n xopnnt. Bo npemx +roro sanxrnx npecrannxre ro, uero nt
xornre nonyunrt, n nepexnnare +ro +monnonantno. Hpnronapnnare npn +rom, uro ouent
nyxaerect n entrax, uro entrn nyxnt nam xax nosyx. Homeuennym xynmpy xpannre xax
moxno ontme. Ecnn ona nonaercx nam n pyxn, ro ne saytre noymart o ee marnuecxo
cnne n cxopom nocrynnennn ener.

Opn c pynaun n apoua1nuecxnun uacnaun
Pynt moxno ncnontsonart nx nponeennx opxa no npnnneuennm ener. nx +roro
napncyre n nenrpe enoro nncra ymarn ony ns pyn n onenre ee nanouxo, cmouenno
apomarnuecxnm macnom. 3arem cnepnnre nncr n necxontxo pas n nomeurare o ncnonnennn
cnoero xenannx. 3arem coxrnre ymaxnt nncr na nnamenem cneun. Ecnn c onoro pasa
ymara ne cropnr nonnocrtm, ro nonropnre opx na 25- ent Hynnoro xanenapx.

Marnuecxnn xomenex
nx roro urot npnrxrnnart entrn, neoxonmo nocnrt c coo xomenex ns
narypantntx marepnanon (sammn nnn xoxn). Xopomo, ecnn n nem yer mnoxecrno
orenenn n xapmamxon. Ho nnery ntnpare xomentxn uepnte, xopnunente, opanxente,
xpacnte, sonorncrte. B xauecrne enexnoro marnnra moxno nonoxnrt n onn ns
xapmamxon xomentxa nxrnpynenym monery. Ona yer npnrxrnnart x cee pyrne entrn.
nx naenennx xomentxa marnuecxo cnno moxno n xapmamex xomentxa nonoxnrt
xycouex xopemxa xpena nnn nepecxonym nerouxy, a raxxe naxanart +]npnoro macna nauynn.
B cnoonte manentxne npospaunte xapmamxn nonoxnre xycouxn xoxn c
napnconanntmn na nnx pynamn. B annom cnyuae nooyr pynt uey n Orana. Hepnax
pyna yer npnrxrnnart x nam xpynnte entrn, a nropax yepexer nx or norepn.
He nxnatnare n raxo xomenex ]ororpa]nn nnsxnx n nmnmtx nme.

Komenex c pynaun
nx npnnneuennx xpynntx ener neoxonmo nororonnrtcx. Hpnopernre oporo
xomenex ns narypantno xoxn. B ]asy npntnamme Hynt na nnyrpenne nonepxnocrn
xomentxa naueprnre uey. nx +roro nocnontsyrect uepno rymtm. B nponecce
naueprannx pasronapnnare c pyno. Paccxaxnre e o cnoe norpenocrn n entrax,
nonpocnre o nomomn, noneare o cnonx nnanax n r. . Hocne roro xax xpacxa nocoxner,
nanecnre na nee xannm cocrnenno xponn. Kora xpont ntcoxner, saxpennre pyny cnoem
naxa. Honoxnre n xomenex nepasmennym monery nnn xynmpy. nx sanepmennx opxa
xannnre n xomenex nemnoro apomarnuecxoro macna nauynn, anentcnna nnn xopnnt.

omeuxa-1anncuan
Ha nnacrnne ns epena xnontx nopo pasmepom 3 u 3 cm ntxrnre nnn naueprnre
opnamenr ns pyn Connno, Hnrnas n uey. uertpe pynt Connno pacnonoxnre raxnm
opasom, urot n nenrpe opasonanact pyna Hnrnas. B nanpannennn uertpex cropon
cnera noxpyr pacnonoxnre pyny uey. Hepnax pyna npnacr nam xnsnenntx cnn n
nomoxer ocrnut xenaemoro. Bropax pyna xnnxercx cnmnonom nnooponx n ona
nocnococrnyer ncnonnennm name meurt. Tpertx pyna cenaer nac onaarenem
marepnantntx nennocre.

Pynt n annne npemena ncnontsonann nx nanncannx rantx nocnann. Hpnnnnn
ranonncn saxnmuancx n conmemennn necxontxnx pyn no connaammnm nnnnxm. B
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nexoroptx cnyuaxx n pynax nmecro noountx nnnn nncann nx uncno.

3ror ranncman c pynamn nomoxer npnnneut x nam entrn. Onn yyr nocrynart x nam nce
n ontmem xonnuecrne n nt yere xnrt n cranntnocrn n narononyunn. Tanncman
npeocrannr nam nosmoxnocrt ne ynycrnrt cno manc n sapaorart mnoro ener.
Hocne nsroronnennx ranncmana oparnrect c montamn o nomomn n noepxxe x ory
Onny. anee conepmnre opx xeprnonpnnomennx. nx +roro pasnenre xocrep na ynnne
nnn n neontmo xaponne n coxrnre ram xycouex apannnt, nonere nemnoro nnna. uem
ntme pasropnrcx nnamx, rem n onee xoporxne cpoxn ncnonnnrcx name xenanne.
nx conepmennx opxa xeprnonpnnomennx Onny moxno ntnnrt nnno no y nnn
xcent. Tam xe cneyer saxonart xycox apantero mxca.
Ha roronym omeuxy-ranncman xannnre nemnoro cnoe xponn. Honoxnre ranncman n
memouex, cmnrt ns narypantno rxann senenoro nnera, n epxnre ncera npn cee. uem
onee nnsxo on yer x nam pacnonoxen, rem ontmn marnuecxn +]]exr craner
oxastnart.



Inana 4
Mypm

Mypt +ro xecrt, xnnxmmnecx +nemenramn orn. Onn naenent cnxmenno cnno n
ynyumamr +neprernuecxoe, ]nsnuecxoe n +monnonantnoe cocroxnne uenonexa. Hx moxno
ncnontsonart nx camoperynxnnn, neuennx, yxonnoro conepmencrnonannx n ncnonnennx
xenann. Cpen mnoxecrna myp cymecrnymr raxne, xoropte nomoramr nsmennrt cnoe
]nnanconoe nonoxenne n nyumym cropony. Mypt moxno cunrart n cnxmenntm opxom,
n +nemenrom ncnxorepannn. B nmom cnyuae onn rapmonnsnpymr cocroxnne uenonexa n
cnococrnymr ocrnxennm ero nene.
Mypamn nyume sannmartcx n cnoxono xom]oprno ocranonxe. Hepe +rnm
neoxonmo nponecrn omonenne (npnnxrt ym nnn ntmtrt pyxn). He pexomenyercx
ycrpannart npaxrnxy cpasy nocne et nnn n cocroxnnn ronoa. Taxxe xenarentno
npenapnrentno opecrn ymennoe pannonecne n ncnomnnrt o cnonx nenxx n xenannxx. B
nexoroptx cnyuaxx moxno nocnontsonartcx mypamn n nmo ocranonxe, nanpnmep nx
roro, urot ycnoxonrtcx n xon]nnxrno cnryannn.
Btnonnxrt mypt moxno crox, cnx, nexa, no nyume ncero +ro enart npnnxn ony ns
ocnonntx nos orn. B nmo nose cnnna onxna trt npxmo. Hpn ntnonnennn myp
naxno cnenrt sa cnonm txannem. Ono onxno trt cnoxontm, rpynax xnerxa onxna
nnrartcx no ncem orenam (tmart rontxo nepxymxamn nerxnx nenpannntno). Hpn
ntnonnennn myp ne nanpxrare upesmepno pyxn. Bamn nantnt onxnt nnrartcx nerxo n
cnoono, ne oxastnare nantnamn ontmoro annennx na nonexamne rxann.
B ontmnncrne cnyuaen npemx ntnonnennx myp ne nmeer snauennx. Onaxo nonesnee
ncero sannmartcx mypamn neuepom. 3ro cnnmaer nanpxxenne nenntx saor n nomoraer
paccnanrtcx n nororonnrtcx xo cny. Hpoonxnrentnocrt sanxrnx no mnornx cnyuaxx
moxer onpeenxrtcx nnnnnyantno. Inannoe, urot npaxrnxa tna perynxpno n
npnnocnna nam yonnernopenne. Xenaemt pesyntrar npnxonr ne cpasy. urot name
xenanne no nonoy nocrynnennx ener ncnonnnnoct, neoxonmo xaxoe-ro npemx. Mypt
moxno npaxrnxonart n couerannn c menranne n manrpamn.

Mypa Hpopmn n qnnanconmx enax
3ra mypa nsmennr ]nnanconoe nonoxenne rex, xro ena orxrnnaer or sapnnart o
sapnnart. Ona nsmenxer +neprernuecxn nacrpo n ycrpanxer nporpammy enocrn.
Hocne ocnoennx +ro mypt moxno nocnontsonartcx pyrnmn npnrxrnnammnmn entrn,
npnnoxmnmn x nsonnnm n np.
Ecnn n name xnsnn tnn n cnernte nonoct, xora ener nam xnarano, ro +ra mypa nam
ne nomoxer. Bam pexomenyercx cpasy npncrynart x pyrnm.

Btnonnnrt nexoropte mypt moxno n n nepeptn na paouem mecre, ecnn y nac
orentnt xanner. B raxom cnyuae nt ne rontxo nopaoraere na ocrnxennem cnoe
nenn, no n paccnanrect, nepexnmunrect na nnte nonpoct n nyume oroxnere.

Perynxpnax npaxrnxa mypt Hpoptn n ]nnancontx enax cenaer nac onee ynepenntm
n cnntntm uenonexom. V nac nsmenxrcx ncnxonornuecxn nacrpo n ornomenne x entram.
Hmenno +ro n npnneer x romy, uro entrn naunyr x nam nocrynart n ontmem xonnuecrne.
Pexomenyercx ntnonnxrt mypy no yrpam n reuenne 3 5 mnn na nporxxennn neenn.
3arem npepnnre sanxrne na raxo xe cpox n nnont nosononnre.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre naonn napannentno pyr pyry na yponne rpyn. Coxpanxre mexy
nnmn paccroxnne 5 7 cm.
2. Hpnnoxnre pyr x pyry ocnonannx naone.
3. He coennxx naonn nonnocrtm, cnoxnre nmecre noymeuxn npxmtx mnsnnnen n
oxontx nonepxnocre ontmnx nantnen.
4. Hemnoro cornnre cpenne nantnt n coennnre nx noymeuxamn.
5. Vxasarentnte n estmxnnte nantnt oenx xncre epxnre npxmtmn na paccroxnnn
pyr or pyra (pnc. 54).
6. 3axpore rnasa n cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n onacrn xonunxa. Bame txanne npn
+rom onxno trt n ymepennom remne n rnyoxnm.
7. Boopasnre, uro namn naonn +ro nonmenax uama. Bt moxere nanonnnrt ee uem
yrono n ee coepxnmoe nnxora ne saxonunrcx. Hoytre n raxom cocroxnnn necxontxo
mnnyr.
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Pncynox 54. Mypa Hpoptn n ]nnancontx enax

Mypa Bmronoe nnoaenne ener
3ra mypa nomoxer ntrono nepenecrn entrn n axnnn nnn nennte ymarn, nnoxnrt n
anx. Ee moxno ncnontsonart rem, xro pemnn npnopecrn paronennocrn nnn nennxnmoe
nmymecrno nx antnemero nonyuennx ener. Bame ]nnanconoe nnoxenne oxsarentno
onpanaercx n npnnecer nam npntnt. Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt nomoxer ntpart nanonee
yaunt nn nnoxennx ener. Ona ne nosnonnr nam nnyrartcx n comnnrentnoe eno. Taxxe
ona cnococrnyer ntrono npoaxe nmemmnxcx marepnantntx nennocre.
Mypa nacrpannaer namy +neprernxy na pocr n pasnnrne. B nac yer sanoxena
nporpamma npnymnoxennx, no+romy n yyr pacrn namn oxot. Bxnatnart entrn no
uro-nno nyxno ne nosnee, uem uepes cyrxn nocne ntnonnennx mypt.
Hpaxrnxyre mypy no 1 2 mnn n ent yrpom nnn neuepom n reuenne 2-x neent. Hocne
+roro npepnnre sanxrnx na raxo xe cpox n norom nosononnre n rom xe pexnme. Ecnn
neoxnanno namn oxot crann ymentmartcx, ro na 3 4 nx ynennutre
npoonxnrentnocrt sanxrnx o 5 7 mnn.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn pyx nepe coo na yponne rpyn. Haonn pacxpore nnepx n
pacnonoxnre ornocnrentno pyr pyra no yrnom.
2. Comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro n yxasarentnoro nantnen na npano xncrn.
3. Ocrantnte nantnt npano xncrn paccnatre n nemnoro pasnenre.
4. Cnoonte nantnt npano xncrn npnnoxnre x rtntno cropone neno xncrn no nnnnn,
xnnxmmecx npoonxennem ee estmxnnoro nantna.
5. Bce nantnt neno xncrn paccnatre, sarem nonycornnre mnsnnen n estmxnnt nanen
(pnc. 55).
6. 3axpore rnasa n rnyoxo, menenno tmnre. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n onacrn
cepna. Hpecrantre, uro ram naxonrcx ncrounnx cnerxmecx +neprnn, xoropym nt ro
nanpannxere no nnemnmm cpey, ro nosnpamaere x cee.
7. Houyncrnyre ynepennocrt n cnoem namepennn nonyunrt oxo or xannranonnoxennx.
Coxpanxre +ro cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 55. Mypa Btronoe nnoxenne ener

max1n-uypa
3ra mypa nomoxer nam ynennunrt cnon oxot. entrn yyr nocrynart x nam no nce
ontmem xonnuecrne. Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt npnacr name +neprernxe onpeenennte
cnocrna. Hpaxrnxyre maxrn-mypy 3 pasa n ent no 12 mnn. Perynxpnte sanxrnx
oxsarentno npnnecyr nonoxnrentnt pesyntrar.
Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre pyxn nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora naonxmn nnns n
nancrpeuy pyr pyry.
2. Btnpxmnre mnsnnnt n estmxnnte nantnt n coennnre nx noymeuxamn.
3. Cornnre yxasarentnte n cpenne nantnt. Hpn +rom ontmne nantnt onxnt trt
npnxart x naonxm n cnpxrant no ntmenasnanntmn nantnamn (pnc. 56).
Pncynox 56. Baxrn-mypa

4. Bnnmarentno cnenre sa cnonm txannem n craparect enart nox c xaxtm pasom
nce onee menenno.
5. Hoymare o cnoem xenannn n noytre n +rom cocroxnnn necxontxo mnnyr.

Mypa oc1yn x nsonnnm
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3ra mypa oxastnaer nomomt rem, xro ne nmeer nocroxnnoro ncrounnxa oxoa nnn
nmeer necranntnte oxot. Mypa nomoxer crart onee ynepenntm n cnonx cnnax n +ro
ntneer na nyrt ycnemno exrentnocrn, xoropax yer xopomo onnaunnartcx.
Perynxpnax npaxrnxa mypt ocryn x nsonnnm noccranonnr nam +neprernuecxn
ananc n ycnnnr npnrxxenne ener. Bamn oxot yyr pacrn nocrenenno n nt yere
nonyuart crontxo ener, cxontxo nam neoxonmo na annom +rane xnsnn.
C +ro mypo nt cmoxere ne rontxo narn onee onnaunnaemym paory, no n
oprannsonart cnoe eno, nauart xaptepnt pocr. Bosmoxno noxnnenne n neoxnannoro
ncrounnxa ener. B pesyntrare nama xnsnt craner ]nnancono nesanncnmo n cnoxono.
Venxre ntnonnennm mypt no 2 3 mnn n ent yrpom nnn nepe cnom na nporxxennn
neenn. Hocne +roro npepnnre sanxrnx na neenm n norom npoonxnre n rom xe pexnme.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn. Pacnonoxnre nx naonxmn xnepxy, a
nantnamn nnepe.
2. Cnoxnre xncrn oxontmn nonepxnocrxmn, xax yro xornre sauepnnyrt not n
npnropmnm.
3. Ha xaxo xncrn comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro, yxasarentnoro n cpenero nantnen
(pnc. 57).
4. 3axpore rnasa n cnoxono, rnyoxo tmnre.
5. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n onacrn nepenocnnt. Boopasnre, uro +ro mecro
ncnycxaer xpxn cner +neprnm.
6. Houyncrnyre ynepennocrt n nenccxxaemocrn +roro +neprernuecxoro ncrounnxa,
xnnxmmerocx ncrounnxom nsonnnx. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx
mnnyr.
Pncynox 57. Mypa ocryn x nsonnnm

Mypa Hcnonnenne eneanoro aenannn
C nomomtm +ro mypt moxno peannsonart cnoe coxponennoe xenanne o npnoperennn
oporo nemn. Em moryr nocnontsonartcx re, xro ne ncntrtnaer nponem c entramn, no ne
moxer cee nosnonnrt ouent nennte noxynxn. nx ncnonnennx xenannx naxno conmart
ono ycnonne nemt ne onxna npenasnauartcx nx noncenennoro nontsonannx. K
npnmepy, +ro moxer trt xaprnna nsnecrnoro xyoxnnxa, mnennpnoe yxpamenne, nropo
anromonnt n p. He pexomenyercx ntnonnxrt +ry mypy rem, xro xnner n marepnantntx
sarpynennxx. Pocxomt n +rom cnyuae neymecrna n ne npnnecer nontst. B annom cnyuae
nauart npaxrnxy cneyer c pyrnx myp.

He cronr naunnart npaxrnxy cpasy mnornx myp. Btepnre ony-ne, xoropte nanonee
neoxonmt. Hocne roro xax onn oxaxyr cnoe ecrnne, nepexonre x cneymmnm.
Vmepennocrt no ncem onn ns npnnnnnon orn n mypocrn.

Mypa nomoxer cosart n nac +neprernuecxn nacrpo na npnrxxenne ener.
Bosmoxna cnryannx, uro entrn noxnxrcx y nac neoxnanno, ns panee nensnecrnoro
ncrounnxa. B raxom cnyuae nam ocranercx rontxo nopaonartcx ncnonnennm xenannx. Hn n
xoem cnyuae ne orxnatnare +rn entrn npo sanac. Oxsarentno norpartre nx n
coornercrnnn c namnm coxponenntm xenannem.
Hpaxrnxyre mypy no 3 5 mnn 2 pasa n ent na nporxxennn neenn. Hyume ncero
enart +ro yrpom nnn neuepom. Ecnn y nac noxnnnoct nropoe coxponennoe xenanne, ro
nosononnre npaxrnxy mypt na neenm no 1 2 mnn 1 pas n ent. Hocne +roro cenare
nepeptn or neenn o mecxna n norom eme nonropnre sanxrnx n reuenne neenn.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn pyx nepe rpytm naonxmn nnns.
2. Hpnnoxnre ontmne nantnt oenx xncre pyr x pyry oxontmn nonepxnocrxmn.
3. Cornnre n npnxmnre x naonxm yxasarentnte, cpenne n estmxnnte nantnt.
4. Btrxnnre mnsnnnt nnepe (pnc. 58).
5. 3axpore rnasa n cnenre sa cnonm txannem. Ono onxno trt cnoxontm n
pasmepenntm.
6. Cxonnenrpnpyre cnon omymennx n onacrn xonunxa. ymare o cnoe cnxsn c semne.
Pncynox 58. Mypa Hcnonnenne
enexnoro xenannx

7. Houyncrnyre ynepennocrt n cnoem xenannn nmert pocxomnym nemt. Coxpanxre
raxoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.

Mypa Ycnex n cnoeu nsnece
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Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt npnnecer ycnex nx namero nsneca. Mypa nanenena na nomomt
naunnammnm nsnecmenam, a raxxe rem, y xoro nsnec cymecrnyer anno n ena nyr ne
ouent xopomo. Ecnn nam nsnec yxe nanaxnnaercx, ro ntnonnenne mypt nonnmer ero na
nont yponent.
Mypa cosaer noxpyr nac aypy ycnexa. Bama +neprnx cranonnrcx onee +]]exrnnno. B
raxom cocroxnnn nt cmoxere ocrnrart nocrannenntx nene n sapaartnart ontme ener.
Hpn +rom nt yere samnment or pasnnuntx crpeccon.
Pesyntrarom npaxrnxn craner raxxe oocrpenne nnrynnnn.
nx noepxannx cranntnocrn n nsnece mypy cneyer ntnonnxrt no 2 3 mnn n
reuenne neenn. 3arem nyxno cenart neentnt nepeptn n npoonxnrt sanxrnx n
npexnem pexnme. Hyumee npemx nx ntnonnennx mypt yrpo. Ecnn cocroxnne en n
nsnece nacropaxnnaer, ro npaxrnxyre mypy n raxom xe pexnme 2 neenn.
B upesntuano cnryannn moxno nonropnrt ee eme 2 pasa n reuenne nx.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn pyx nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora no cpennno
nnnnn rena. Haonn epxnre opamenntmn xnepxy, a nantnt nnepe.
2. Xenmnnam pexomenyercx cxart n xynax nenym pyxy, a myxunnam npanym. anee
npnnonrcx onncanne nx xenmnn, a myxunnam cneyer ntnonnxrt nce c pyro pyxn.
3. Fontmo nanen neno xncrn nanoxnre nonepx ocrantntx nantnen. Hpn +rom norrem
yxasarentnoro nantna ynpnrect n ocnonanne ontmoro nantna. Hoymeuxy ontmoro
nantna npnnoxnre x nnxnemy mex]ananronomy cycrany mnsnnna.
4. Hoymeuxy estmxnnoro nantna npano pyxn npnnoxnre x ocnonannm ontmoro
nantna.
Pncynox 59. Mypa Vcnex n cnoem nsnece

5. Coennnre noymeuxn npantx ontmoro nantna n mnsnnna. Hpn +rom ne xacarect
nmn cornyroro estmxnnoro nantna.
6. Vxasarentnt n cpenn nantnt npano xncrn ntnpxmnre n npnnenre pyr x pyry
(pnc. 59).
7. 3axpore rnasa n cnenre sa cnonm txannem.
8. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n nepxne uacrn xnnora, nemnoro npanee or cpennno
nnnnn rena. Omyrnre ynepennocrt n cnnt nx npeycnenannx n nsnece. Coxpanxre cnoe
cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.

Mypa Hpeoonenne xpnsnca n sac1on
3ra mypa nomoxer rem, y xoro sarpynnrentnoe ]nnanconoe nonoxenne. Perynxpnax
npaxrnxa mypt npnacr nam cnnt n npnnneuer entrn. Hocne ntxoa ns xpnsnca y nac
ocranercx sanac +neprnn nx antnemero ynennuennx cnonx oxoon.
Kax rontxo nt nouyncrnyere n cee cnnt, cpasy nepexonre x ecrnnxm no ycrpanennm
xpnrnuecxoro nonoxennx. He cronr xonnrt n cee +neprnm. 3ro raxax marepnx, xoropax
nyxaercx n nocroxnnom nnxennn. Opamare nnnmanne na erann nponcxoxmero.
Inannoe ne ynycrnrt npeocrannennte nosmoxnocrn.
Honropxre mypy no 3 5 mnn n yrpennne uact na nporxxennn 3-x ne.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre pyxn nepe coo c napannentntmn naonxmn.
2. Hpnnoxnre ocnonannx naone pyr x pyry.
3. Cornnre cpenne, estmxnnte nantnt n mnsnnnt na xaxo pyxe. Hpnnoxnre cpenne
]ananrn +rnx nantnen ono pyxn x ananornuntm ]ananram pyro pyxn.
4. Btrxnnre yxasarentnte nantnt nnepe n npnnoxnre nx noymeuxamn pyr x pyry.
5. Hpncnonnre pyr x pyry ontmne nantnt n ornenre nx na 90 or naone (pnc. 60).
6. 3axpore rnasa n cnenre sa cnonm txannem. Ono onxno trt rnyoxnm n
neroponnnntm.
Pncynox 60. Mypa Hpeoonenne xpnsnca n sacrox

7. Houyncrnyre nnyrpn cex cron +neprnn. Hmenno on nomoxer nam npeoonert
cnoxnnmymcx cnryannm. Ocranarect n raxom cocroxnnn necxontxo mnnyr.

Mypa Cpounoe npnnneuenne ener
Btnonnenne +ro mypt nomoxer cpouno pasotrt entrn na nenpennennte
pacxot. Taxnm opasom nt cmoxere npeoonert xpnrnuecxym cnryannm n nepern x
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cranntno xnsnn. Pesyntrar or npaxrnxn mypt noxnnrcx sa xoporxoe npemx. He cronr
sannmartcx +rnm uacro, nnaue nac nocrnrner +neprernuecxn ncananc.
Pexomenyercx ntnonnxr mypy yrpom, eme 3 pasa n reuenne nx n na nout no 5 10 mnn.
Mexy sanxrnxmn onxen trt npomexyrox ne menee 4 u. Onoro nx nx raxo npaxrnxn
ocrarouno.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora no cpennno nnnnn rena.
2. nx xenmnn pexomenyercx npanym xncrt nepenepnyrt naontm nnns, a nenym
naontm nnepx. nx myxunn nce ecrnnx ntnonnxmrcx naoopor. anee npnnonrcx
onncanne nonoxennx pyx nx xenmnn.
3. Comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro n yxasarentnoro nantnen neno xncrn. Ocrantnte
nantnt cnoono pasnenre.
4. Hpant mnsnnen coennnre c nentm estmxnntm nantnem noymeuxamn.
5. Hent mnsnnen coennnre c npantm estmxnntm nantnem noymeuxamn.
6. Cpenne nantnt epxnre cnoono, ne nanpxrare (pnc. 61).
7. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n nepxne uacrn xnnora no cpennno nnnnn rena.
Houyncrnyre renno n npnnnn +neprnn n +rom mecre.
8. Houyncrnyre ynepennocrt n neoxonmocrn nonyuennx onpeenennoro xonnuecrna
ener n cnny nx +roro. Coxpanxre raxoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 61. Mypa
Cpounoe npnnneuenne ener

Mypa 3amn1a o1 no1epn ener
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt nomoxer yepeut cnon ]nnanct. ecrnne mypt
pacnpocrpanxercx xax na nannunte entrn, rax n nennte ymarn. Mypa samnmaer
]nnanct or pasnnuntx nocnrnonenn. C ee nomomtm noxpyr nac opasyercx samnrnax
+neprernuecxax oonouxa.
Btnonnxre mypy no 1 2 mnn 1 pas n ent neuepom. Ecnn nt uyncrnyere yrposy nx
cnonx ]nnancon, ro sannmarect no 4 5 mnn 2 pasa n ent. Mexy npaxrnxo onxno
npoxonrt ne menee 4 u. uepes 2 neenn npepnnrect na neenm n sarem npoonxnre sanxrnx
n npexnem pexnme. Hocne ncuesnonennx yrpost npaxrnxyre mypy n nepnom pexnme.
Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne nenrpa nepxne nononnnt xnnora.

Hpn ntnonnennn myp n acanax nam nosnonounnx naxonrcx n nanonee ntnpxmnennom
nonoxennn. B +rom cnyuae +neprnx cnoono naunnaer nnpxynnponart n namem rene, uro
nomoraer npannntnomy ncnxonornuecxomy nacrpom nx sanxrnx.

2. Coennnre nantnt n samox. Hpn +rom noymeuxn nantnen ono xncrn pacnonoxnre na
ntcrynammnx cycranax pyro xncrn.
3. Cxpecrnre ontmne nantnt. Xenmnnam cneyer nonoxnrt cnepxy npant ontmo
nanen, a myxunnam nent (pnc. 62).
4. 3axpore rnasa n paccnatrect. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n nenrpe nepxne
nononnnt xnnora. Mtcnenno pacnonoxnre ram mnr. On yer naexno oxpanxrt nac n
namn entrn. Hoytre n raxom cocroxnnn necxontxo mnnyr.
Pncynox 62. Mypa 3amnra or norepn
ener

Mypa Ycnex n pao1e
3ra mypa nomoxer npn ycrpocrne na nonym paory. Moxno nocnontsonartcx +ro
mypo n rem, xro orxptnaer cocrnennt nsnec. Perynxpnax npaxrnxa mypt nomoxer
ynennunrt cnon enexnte oxot n nponnnyrtcx n xaptepe.
Mypa nontcnr paorocnoconocrt, rax xax ynennunr nam +neprernuecxn norennnan.
Baxno npncrynart x exrentnocrn cpasy nocne ntnonnennx mypt. 3ro neoxonmo nx
roro, urot axrnnnsnponannax n nac +neprnx ne yracna.
Ecnn n nenom nt onontnt cnoe paoro, no xenaere ocrnrnyrt ontmnx pesyntraron,
ro npaxrnxyre mypy no 1 3 mnn yrpom exenenno na nporxxennn neenn. 3arem
npepnnre sanxrne na neenm n anee nosononnre no nsnecrno cxeme.
Ecnn paora aercx nam c rpyom, a oxot mant, ro npaxrnxyre mypy no 3 4 mnn
exenenno. Honropxre +ro yrpom n neuepom na nporxxennn 2-x neent. Hocne +roro
npepnnrect na neenm n npoonxnre sanxrnx n npexnem pexnme.
nx noncxa nono paort yenxre mype no 4 5 mnn 2 pasa n ent n nmoe npemx.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne nenrpa nepxne nononnnt xnnora. Haonn
epxnre napannentno, na paccroxnnn 2 3 cm pyr or pyra.
2. Cnnernre nantnt raxnm opasom, urot onn tnn opament nnyrpt naone.
3. Xenmnnam cneyer nent ontmo nanen nanoxnrt nonepx ocrantntx, a myxunnam
npant.
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4. He nsmenxx nonoxennx pyx, ntrxnnre cpenne nantnt nnepe (pnc. 63).
5. 3axpore rnasa n cnenre sa cnonm txannem.
6. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx nemnoro ntme nynxa. Boopasnre n +rom mecre ncrounnx
momno +neprnn. Bt moxere c nerxocrtm nanpannrt +neprnm n oxpyxammn mnp.
Houyncrnyre rnepoe xenanne ocrnut ycnexon n paore. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne n
reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 63. Mypa Vcnex n paore

Mypa Hpnnneuenne ener nn ny1emec1nnn
Mypa nomoraer n rom cnyuae, ecnn nt anno meuraere xya-nno ornpannrtcx oroxnyrt
nnn notnart na +xcxypcnn n +xsornuecxom mecre. Ecnn nt comnenaerect, cronr nn nam
exart nnn ner, ro ornoxnre ntnonnenne mypt na xaxoe-ro npemx.
Ecnn nt rnept n namepennn nonyremecrnonart, no eme ne onpeennnnct c xonxperntm
mapmpyrom, ro mypa nomoxer nam npnnxrt pemenne n cenart ntop. Hpaxrnxa mypt
neoxnanno npnneer nac x ncrounnxy ener n nt nonyunre crontxo, cxontxo nonaonrcx
nx xom]oprnoro ortxa. Bo npemx noesxn nt yere naxonrtcx no oxpano Btcmnx
cnn n ortx npoer narononyuno.
Hpncrynare x ntnonnennm mypt nocne roro, xax pemnre xya-ro noexart, xenarentno
sa 3 4 mecxna o art oresa. B reuenne 3-x neent npaxrnxyre mypy no 2 3 mnn 2
pasa n ent. Mexy sanxrnxmn onxen trt nepeptn ne menee 3 u. Hocne +roro cenare na
neenm nepeptn n nonropnre sanxrnx. Hpoonxare npaxrnxy axe n rom cnyuae, ecnn
entrn yxe y nac noxnnnnct. Bo npemx nyremecrnnx nt moxere npoonxnrt sanxrnx no 1
2 mnn 1 pas n ent.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo: npanym na yponne nenrpa nepxne nononnnt xnnora,
a nenym na yponne cepna. Haonn npn +rom onxnt trt opament x cee. Henax xncrt
onxna naxonrtcx na 2 3 cm ntme npano.
2. Hpnxmnre xonunxn ontmoro, estmxnnoro nantnen n mnsnnna na npano xncrn pyr x
pyry.
3. epxnre yxasarentnt n cpenn nantnt npnxartmn pyr x pyry n cnoono
ntrxnyrtmn.
4. Coennnre xonunxn ontmoro, yxasarentnoro n cpenero nantnen na neno xncrn.
5. Coennnre oxontmn nonepxnocrxmn npxmte estmxnnt nanen n mnsnnen na neno
xncrn (pnc. 64).
6. 3axpore rnasa, tmnre cnoono. Mexy noxom n ntoxom enare naysy na 2 3 c.
7. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n onacrn nepxne uacrn xnnora. Boopasnre, uro ram
naxonrcx ncrounnx +neprnn. 3neprnx cnoono nepememaercx nnepx n nnns nont namero
nosnonounnxa. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne ornpannrtcx n nyremecrnne. Coxpanxre
cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 64. Mypa Hpnnneuenne
ener nx nyremecrnnx

Mypa mn1 mauanm
3ra mypa samnrnr nac or ncex e n nanacre. Ona nomoxer ocrnut ntcoxoro yponnx
yxonnoro pasnnrnx, opecrn onronerne n marepnantnoe narononyune. Hpn perynxpno
npaxrnxe mypt Bnr Bamant nt cranonnrect neyxsnnmt nx nerarnnno +neprnn
oxpyxammnx nme.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn pyx nepe coo, naonxmn x cee.
2. Coxmnre npanym xncrt n xynax raxnm opasom, urot ontmo nanen pacnonarancx
nonepx ocrantntx.
3. Btnpxmnre naont neno pyxn, comxnnre nantnt.
4. Hpnxmnre x neno naonn npant xynax (pnc. 65).
5. 3axpore rnasa. tmnre cnoono. Houyncrnyre cex cnoxono n ynepenno,
ocosnare, uro nt naxonrect no naexno samnro.
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Pncynox 65. Mypa Bnr Bamant

Mypa Hoxynxa nennanuoc1n
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt nomoxer nam nonyunrt entrn nx npnoperennx nennxnmoro
nmymecrna. Btnonnenne mypt nomoxer rem, y xoro ner cocrnennoro xnntx nnn nmemrcx
nnant no ynyumennm xnnnmntx ycnonn, no neocrarouno nx +roro ]nnancon. Mypa
nomoxer npnrxnyrt entrn n ntnonnnrt saymannoe.
Mypa axrnnnsnpyer n nac +neprnm nx ocrnxennx cnonx nene. Onaxo neoxonmo
conmcrn ono ycnonne npnoperaemax namn nennxnmocrt onxna ynyumart xauecrno
name xnsnn, no ne onxna trt upesmepno pocxomtm.

Hpaxrnxa myp nomoxer nam no mnorom nsmennrt xnsnennym ]nnoco]nm. Ocmtcnenne
cnonx xenann n nyre nx ocrnxennx enamr uenonexa onee npocnernenntm n
neneycrpemnenntm. Mypt ne repnxr cyert n nomoramr rem, xro saornrcx o cnoe
yxonnocrn.

Haunnare exenenno npaxrnxonart mypy, xax rontxo y nac noxnnnact norpenocrt
npnopecrn nennxnmocrt. Hpononre sanxrnx 2 pasa n ent no 2 3 mnn.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn pyx nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora naonxmn x cee.
2. Hanoxnre nenym naont na npanym nepnennxynxpno.
3. Hpant ontmo nanen pacnonoxnre no nentm mnsnnnem raxnm opasom, urot on
npn +rom naxptnan nente estmxnnt, cpenn n yxasarentnt nantnt.
4. Hantnt neno xncrn epxnre cneenntmn.
5. Comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro n cpenero nantnen na neno xncrn.
6. Paccnatre yxasarentnt n estmxnnt nantnt neno xncrn (pnc. 66).
Pncynox 66. Mypa Hoxynxa nennxnmocrn

7. 3axpore rnasa n npncnymarect x cnoemy txannm.
8. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx na cronax n nouyncrnyre, xax rnepo nt cronre na norax.
Omyrnre +neprnm 3emnn, xoropax nonnmaercx no namnm noram n pacrexaercx no ncemy
reny. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne npnopecrn neoxonmym nam nennxnmocrt.
Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.

Kmenana-uypa<
>
Mypa nomoxer npnnneut x cee entrn n crart orartm uenonexom. Ona cenaer namy
xnsnt marepnantno narononyuno. Hpaxrnxyre mypy n rom cnyuae, ecnn rnepo
namepent nsmennrt cnoe ]nnanconoe nonoxenne.
3annmarect no 2 3 mnn exenenno o rex nop, noxa ne samernre ynyumennx cnoero
marepnantnoro nonoxennx.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn naonxmn pyr x pyry.
2. Cnennre nantnt raxnm opasom, urot onn pacnonarannct na rtntno cropone
npornnononoxno xncrn.
3. Btrxnnre yxasarentnte nantnt nnepe n coennnre nx. He menxx nonoxennx pyx,
nanpantre yxasarentnte nantnt nnns (pnc. 67).
4. 3axpore rnasa n cocpeoroutrect na txannn. Boxnnre n ntoxnnre 7 15 pas.
5. Onycrnre xncrn naonxmn na epa n nocnnre cnoxono necxontxo mnnyr. B +ro
npemx oymtnare cnoe xenanne pasorarert.
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Pncynox 67. Kmenana-mypa

Mypa Bnarononyune n nponne1anne
3ra mypa ynyumaer xauecrno xnsnn. Ona opamena x ory mypocrn Ianeme n nomoraer
ocrnut orarcrna n nponnerannx.
Mypa nanonnxer oprannsm n cosnanne rapmonne n nacrpannaer na npnnneuenne ener.
Ee pexomenyercx ntnonnxrt exenenno no 2 3 mnn.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre pyxn na yponne rpyn. Henax xncrt onxna trt opamena x nam rtntno
cropono, a npanax naontm.
2. Cnennre nantnt oenx xncre mexy coo (pnc. 68). Horxnnre pyxn n pasnte cropont
n nouyncrnyre, xax nanpxramrcx mtmnt namnx pyx n nneuenoro noxca.
3. Cenare ntox n paccnatre pyxn, ne pacnennxx nx.
4. Cmennre nonoxenne pyx (nonepnnre npanym xncrt rtntno cropono x cee, a nenym
naontm). Honropnre npetymne ecrnnx.
5. Bce ecrnnx nonropnre 6 pas.
6. 3axpore rnasa n nocnnre necxontxo mnnyr n paccnanennom cocroxnnn.
Pncynox 68. Mypa Fnarononyune n
nponneranne

He-uypa
Perynxpno npaxrnxyx +ry mypy, moxno ncnonnnrt sanernoe xenanne, xacammeecx ener.
Bt cmoxere nonyunrt neoxonmym cymmy ns neoxnannoro ncrounnxa. Hmere n nny,
uro norparnrt ee nyxno rontxo no nasnauennm. Baxno, urot name xenanne tno
npannntno c]opmynnponano. 3annmarect no 2 3 mnn xaxt ent o rex nop, noxa name
xenanne ne ncnonnnrcx.

Btnonnenne.
1. Hpnmnre ony ns acan. Onycrnre pyxn na epa.
2. Ha neno xncrn npnnoxnre noymeuxy ontmoro nantna x ocnonannm mnsnnna.
3. 3arem nent ontmo nanen oxnarnre ocrantntmn nantnamn ro xe xncrn (pnc. 69).
Pncynox 69. He-mypa

4. 3aepxnre txanne n sarem menenno n rnyoxo noxnnre. B xonne noxa pacxpore
oe naonn. Hpn +rom npecrannxre, uro nce namn nponemt yxoxr.
5. Honropnre nce ecrnnx 7 pas.

Mypa Yaunan noxynxa
3ra mypa nomoxer cenart yaunoe npnoperenne. Hoxynaemax nemt oxsarentno
onxna trt nx nnunoro nontsonannx. Bosmoxno, nt anno o ne meurann nnn ona
nonaonnact nam concem neanno. B +rom cnyuae npaxrnxa mypt nomoxer narn cpecrna
nx ee npnoperennx.
Perynxpnax npaxrnxa mypt samnrnr nac or nsnnmne rpart ener, nce namn noxynxn
yyr yauntmn.
Hpaxrnxa mypt Vaunax noxynxa rapmonnsnpyer +neprernuecxoe nsanmoecrnne
uenonexa c nnemnnm mnpom. Ona nacrpannaer na pannonecne nonyuenne +neprnn (ener) n
ee orauy. 3neprernuecxn ananc nonoxnrentno cxaxercx na soponte n camouyncrnnn.
Btnonnxre mypy nepe rem, xax ornpannrtcx sa noxynxamn. nx +roro ocrarouno 5
10 mnn.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn no npxmtm yrnom pyr x pyry. Haonn
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npn +rom onxnt trt opament nnepx.
2. Comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro, yxasarentnoro, cpenero n estmxnnoro nantnen
npano xncrn. Hpant mnsnnen epxnre ntrxnyrtm.
3. Henym xncrt paccnatre.
4. Hnorno npnxmnre pyr x pyry nente yxasarentnt n cpenn nantnt, nemnoro
ornenre or nnx ontmo n estmxnnt nantnt, a raxxe mnsnnen.
5. Hepnennxynxpno npnnoxnre npant mnsnnen oxono nonepxnocrtm xonneno
]ananrn x norrm nenoro estmxnnoro nantna (pnc. 70).
6. 3axpore rnasa n cnenre sa cnonm txannem.
7. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx na cnoe rpyn n noopasnre, uro ram naxonrcx
ncrounnx +neprnn. Hs nero nsnnnaercx renno. Bonnt +neprnn noont pacxptnammemycx
cnerxmemycx nnerxy.
8. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne cenart yaunym noxynxy. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne
n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 70. Mypa Vaunax noxynxa

Mypa Mopcxon rpeemox
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt cenaer namy xnsnt nyume n npnnecer nam soponte n orarcrno.
Ona npnaer uenonexy cnny n nanonnxer ero +neprne.

Cymecrnyer mnoxecrno myp. Cpen nnx ecrt mypt ne rontxo nx npnnneuennx ener n
ycnexa n nsnece, no n nx sopontx, cuacrtx, yauno cemeno xnsnn. Hao ntnpart re,
xoropte nanonee neoxonmt nam n annt momenr.

Ononpemenno mypa ynyumaer cocroxnne sopontx. Ona nsmennr nam +neprernuecxn
norennnan n nt naunere npnrxrnnart x cee entrn. Btnonnxre mypy perynxpno no 2 3
mnn n ent.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre pyxn nepe coo na yponne rpyn naonxmn pyr x pyry.
2. Cnennre nantnt n samox raxnm opasom, urot norrente ]ananrn yxasarentnoro,
cpenero, estmxnnoro nantnen n mnsnnnen tnn nanpannent nnyrpt, a ocnonannx naone
naxonnnct pyr or pyra na neontmom paccroxnnn.
3. Hnorno coennnre ontmne nantnt (pnc. 71).
4. 3axpore rnasa n tmnre cnoxono. Hpncnymarect x omymennxm n cnoem rene.
Bcnomnnre o cnonx xenannxx n npecrantre, uro onn yxe ncnonnnnnct. Hoytre n raxom
cocroxnnn necxontxo mnnyr.
Pncynox 71. Mypa Mopcxo rpeemox

Hyman-uypa
Btnonnxx +ry mypy, nt opamaerect x ory Connna. On nomoxer nam npeoonert
]nnanconte rpynocrn n npnymnoxnr namn oxot. Orntne nt cmoxere xnrt eseno.
Fnaroapx ory Connna, entrn camn yyr naart x nam n pyxn.
Pexomenyercx npaxrnxonart mypy no 5 mnn 4 pasa n ent.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn.
2. Comxnnre noymeuxn npantx ontmoro, yxasarentnoro n cpenero nantnen. Ocrantnte
nantnt ntnpxmnre.
3. Comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro, cpenero n estmxnnoro nantnen neno xncrn.
Ocrantnte nantnt ntnpxmnre (pnc. 72).
4. 3axpore rnasa, tmnre cnoxono. ymare o cnoem xenannn opecrn ontme ener.
Houyncrnyre paocrt or ncnonnennx +roro xenannx. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne
necxontxnx mnnyr.
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Pncynox 72. Hyman-mypa

manxxa-uypa
Hpaxrnxyx +ry mypy, nt cmoxere npnrxrnnart x cee entrn n ntrono nx rparnrt nnn
nxnatnart n nennocrn. Mypa ynyumnr name narococroxnne n npnnecer yauy.

Vnneuenne +sorepnxo n nocnenne rot cranonnrcx nce onee pacnpocrpanenntm.
3auacrym n xnsnn uenonexa nponcxonr ro, no uro on nepnr. Ho+romy sanxrnx menranne,
mypamn, ncnontsonanne pyn n mnoroe pyroe nomoramr ocrnut xenaemoro.

Pexomenyercx yenxrt e no 15 mnn 3 pasa n ent. Hpoonxare sanxrnx o rex nop,
noxa ne noxnnrcx oruernnnt pesyntrar.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn na yponne rpyn naonxmn x cee.
2. Oxnarnre nent ontmo nanen uertptmx nantnamn npano xncrn (yxasarentntm,
cpennm, estmxnntm n mnsnnnem).
3. Hoymeuxy ontmoro nantna npano pyxn coennnre c noymeuxamn yxasarentnoro n
cpenero nantnen neno pyxn.
4. Festmxnnt nanen n mnsnnen neno pyxn epxnre npxmtmn (pnc. 73).
5. 3axpore rnasa n rnyoxo pasmepenno tmnre, nponsnocx nporxxno Om.
6. Cxonnenrpnpyrect na cnoem xenannn npnnnexart entrn. Hpecrantre, uro ono
ncnonnnnoct. Hoytre n raxom cocroxnnn necxontxo mnnyr.
Pncynox 73. Banxxa-mypa

Mypa mnnanconoe pemenne
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt nomoxer n neennn nsneca. Honesno ntnonnxrt mypy nepe
npnnxrnem naxntx pemenn, cnxsanntx c ]nnancamn. Ona cnococrnyer oocrpennm
nnrynnnn. Mypa samnrnr nac or nnrpnr n saronopon co cropont neopoxenarene. Bt
cmoxere ocrnrnyrt cnoe nenn es norept. Hpn +rom nt npoxnnre ynepennocrt n
cnoxocrnne.
Btnonnxrt mypy cneyer onoxparno, n ent npnnxrnx naxnoro ]nnanconoro pemennx.
3anxrne npononre n reuenne 10 15 mnn, ne menee uem sa uac o pemammero ecrnnx.
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt onxna npononrtcx rontxo n cnoxono ocranonxe. Moxno
sanxrtcx em naxanyne nx npnnxrnx naxnoro ]nnanconoro pemennx.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora naonxmn nnepx.
Fontmne nantnt ornenre n cropont.
2. Hanoxnre ony naont na pyrym. Xenmnnam cneyer cnepxy pacnonoxnrt npanym
naont, a myxunnam nenym.
Pncynox 74. Mypa unnanconoe pemenne

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3. Ha xaxo naonn npnxmnre ntrxnyrte nantnt pyr x pyry, xpome ontmnx.
4. Cnennre ontmne nantnt (pnc. 74).
5. 3axpore rnasa n cnoxono tmnre. Hpoonxnrentnocrt noxa n ntoxa onxnt trt
onnaxontmn.
6. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx na norax n nouyncrnyre cnxst c semne.
7. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne npnnxrt npannntnoe pemenne. Coxpanxre cnoe
cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.

myun-uypa
3ra mypa nomoraer ncnpannrt marepnantnoe nonoxenne. Hpaxrnxyre ee perynxpno n
operere cnnt n ynepennocrt n cee, a sarem cranyr ynennunnartcx namn oxot.

Hpn perynxpntx sanxrnxx mypamn namn nantnt cranyr onee rnxnmn, a xncrn onee
nsxmntmn n nonnxntmn. Hpnntuxa npncnymnnartcx x cee cenaer nac ypannonemenntm
n rapmonnuntm uenonexom.

Mypa axrnnnsnpyer n nac nosnrnnnym +neprnm n nerpannsyer nerarnnnym.
Hpononre sanxrnx xaxt ent.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn.
2. Hpn noxe ornenre pyxn n cropont.
3. Btrxnnre npant yxasarentnt nanen nnepx.
4. Coennnre ontmo n cpenn nantnt na npano pyxe (pnc. 75).
5. 3axpore rnasa, 6 pas noxnnre n ntoxnnre, ne menxx pnrma txannx.
6. Honropnre nce ecrnnx 6 pas.
Pncynox 75. Byun-mypa

Ma1anrn-uypa
Btnonnxx +ry mypy, nt nonyuaere noepxxy ora Connna. 3ro nosnonnr nam crart
orartm. entrn yyr nocrynart x nam es ocotx ycnnn c name cropont.
Hpaxrnxyre mypy no 4 mnn 3 pasa n ent o rex nop, noxa ne noxnnrcx pesyntrar.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn pyx nepe coo na yponne rpyn naonxmn pyr x pyry.
2. Cnennre nantnt n samox.
3. Cpenne nantnt ntrxnnre n coennnre noymeuxamn (pnc. 76).
4. 3axpore rnasa n tmnre cnoxono. Cxonnenrpnpyre cnon omymennx na rene.
Hpecrantre, uro nt yxe orart. Coxpanxre cnoe nonoxenne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 76. Maranrn-mypa
Mypa entrn n onr
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt nomoxer nam oonxnrt entrn nnn nonyunrt xpenr. axe ecnn nt
yxe npenpnnnmann esycnemnte nontrxn pasotrt entrn, ro nce panno npncrynare x
ntnonnennm mypt. Cneymmne nontrxn yyr onee ycnemnte.
3ra xe mypa nomoxer n c nosnparom ener. Hcnontsonan nx no nasnauennm, nt nepnere
nx n cpox. B antnemem nam ne npnercx sannmart, rax xax name ]nnanconoe nonoxenne
ynyumnrcx.
Hpncrynare x ntnonnennm mypt sa noe cyrox o roro, xax nsxrt xpenr nnn oonxnrt
entrn. Honropxre ee n reuenne nx 5 7 pas uepes xaxte 2 3 u. Ha ono sanxrne
ornonre 5 15 mnn. uem xpynnee neoxonmax cymma ener, rem onee npoonxnrentntm
onxno trt name sanxrne.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre pyxn nepe coo na yponne rpyn raxnm opasom, urot npanax naont
orxptnanact xnepxy, a nenax nnns.
2. Comxnnre noymeuxn ontmoro, estmxnnoro nantnen n mnsnnna na npano pyxe.
3. na pyrnx nantna coxmnre mexy coo n ntnpxmnre.
4. Hent yxasarentnt nanen xonunxom npnxmnre x ocnonannm ontmoro nantna.
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5. Hent cpenn nanen npnxmnre x nenrpy naonn.
6. Btrxnnre estmxnnt nanen n mnsnnen neno xncrn nnepx. Onn moryr naxonrtcx
ornocnrentno pyr pyra no yrnom.
7. Coennnre noymeuxy nenoro ontmoro nantna c nnemne oxono cropono npanoro
ontmoro nantna n onacrn norrx (pnc. 77).
8. 3axpore rnasa n rnyoxo cnoxono tmnre.
9. Cxonnenrpnpyre cnon omymennx n onacrn cepna. Boopasnre, xax c xaxtm noxom
x nam nocrynaer cnerxmaxcx +neprnx, a c ntoxom ona nsnnnaercx ns nac.
10. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne nonyunrt neoxonmym cymmy ener. Coxpanxre
cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 77. Mypa entrn n onr

annna-uypa
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt oxastnaer cnntnoe nosecrnne na +neprernuecxoe cocroxnne
uenonexa n ero cnoconocrt npnrxrnnart entrn. Cymecrnymr na napnanra ntnonnennx
+ro mypt.

Btnonnenne.
Bapnanr 1.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn naonxmn nnepx.
2. Coennnre noymeuxn ontmoro n yxasarentnoro nantnen (pnc. 78).
3. 3axpore rnasa n tmnre cnoxono.
4. Cnoono nonoxnre pyxn na epa.
5. ymare o cnoem xenannn n npecrannxre, uro ono ncnonnnnoct. Ocranarect n raxom
cocroxnnn necxontxo mnnyr.
Pncynox 78. xnxna-
mypa (napnanr 1)

Bapnanr 2.
1. epxnre xncrn npe coo na yponne rpyn naonxmn nnns.
2. Hpnnoxnre noymeuxn yxasarentntx nantnen x mex]ananronomy cycrany ontmnx
nantnen (pnc. 79).
3. 3axpore rnasa n npncnymarect x cnoemy txannm.
4. Cnoono onycrnre pyxn na epa.
5. Hoymare o cnoem xenannn n npecrantre, uro ono ncnonnnnoct. Coxpanxre cnoe
cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 79. xnxna-mypa (napnanr 2)

Mypa Bontmoe ora1c1no n c1anntnoc1t
3ra mypa nomoxer rem, xro xenaer onaart ontmnm orarcrnom. Hpaxrnxyre ee, n
namn ]nnanconte nosmoxnocrn cranyr neorpannuenntmn. Mypa oxaxer cnoe nosecrnne
n rom cnyuae, ecnn nt yxe nmeere xaxoe-ro cocroxnne.
nx rex, xro ne moxer cunrart cex oecneuenntm uenonexom, mypa ne npnnecer nontst.
B +rom cnyuae ontmn ycnex yer or pyrnx myp.
Hpaxrnxa mypt Fontmoe orarcrno n cranntnocrt nonesna nepe xpynntmn
]nnancontmn cenxamn n noxynxo nennocre. Ona nomoxer n cocrnennom nsnece n
npnnecer ntcoxn oxo, a raxxe coxpannr npnoperennoe.
Perynxpno ntnonnxx mypy, nt operere nnyrpennmm cnny n npnrxnere x cee ontmne
entrn. Bama +neprnx yer nce npemx paorart na npnymnoxennem ener. Hpn +rom nam
ne npnercx ntnnartcx ns cnn. Hesanncnmo or ocroxrentcrn, name ]nnanconoe cocroxnne
yer ynennunnartcx.
Hpaxrnxyre mypy no 2 3 mnn 2 pasa n ent yrpom n neuepom n reuenne 2-x neent.
Moxno npoonxnrt sanxrnx n anee. Hocne +roro npepnnre nx na neenm n sarem
nosononnre no 2 neenn c neentntm nepeptnom. Hpn xenannn opecrn entrn n xoporxne
cpoxn, ntnonnxre mypy no 4 mecxna c nepeptnom n 2 neenn. Ecnn nam npecronr
npnnxrt naxnoe ]nnanconoe pemenne, ro moxno npaxrnxonart mypy no 7 10 mnn 3 pasa n
ent na nporxxennn 2-x neent. Hpn neoxonmocrn uepes neenm nonropnre sanxrnx.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora na paccroxnnn 10 cm
pyr or pyra.
2. Xenmnnam cneyer nonepnyrt npanym xncrt nnns, a myxunnam nenym.
3. Cnoxnre nmecre xonunxn ontmoro, yxasarentnoro n cpenero nantnen na xaxo pyxe.
4. Festmxnnte nantnt n mnsnnnt epxnre cnoono, ne coennxre nx (pnc. 80).
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5. 3axpore rnasa n rnyoxo tmnre. Box n ntox enare nnanno, c onnaxono
npoonxnrentnocrtm. Btepxnnare txarentnym naysy n 1 c.
6. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n nenrpe nepxne uacrn xnnora. Houyncrnyre npnnnn
renna n +neprnn n +rom mecre.
7. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne pasorarert. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne necxontxo
mnnyr.
Pncynox 80. Mypa Fontmoe orarcrno n
cranntnocrt

Mypa Hpnnneuenne noxyna1enen
Btnonnenne +ro mypt nomoxer ynennunrt npntnt nyrem npnnneuennx noxynarene.
C nomomtm +ro mypt nt nananre oxym ropronnm, a nam ronap craner nx
noxynarene camtm npnnnexarentntm. Mypa nomoxer nserart xon]nnxron c
noxynarenxmn nnn pemart nx, ecnn onn nce-raxn nponsomnn. B cnyuae, ecnn nama ropronnx
ne npnnocnr oxoon, ro cnauana neoxonmo npaxrnxonart mypt nx ynyumennx
cnryannn. Tontxo nocne roro xax nam nsnec crannnsnpyercx, moxno nepexonrt x
npnnneuennm ontmoro noroxa nontx noxynarene.
Btnonnxrt mypy moxno nesanncnmo or npemenn n mecra. axe enart +ro na paouem
mecre n orcyrcrnne xnnenron.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora naonxmn nnepx.
2. epxnre nantnt cnoono n nemnoro pasneenntmn.
3. Hepennernre nantnt raxnm opasom, urot norrente ]ananrn nantnen ono xncrn
oxasannct mexy norrentmn ]ananramn nantnen pyro xncrn.
4. Ha xaxo pyxe coennnre xonunxn ontmnx nantnen n mnsnnnen (pnc. 81).
5. 3axpore rnasa n npncnymarect x cnoemy txannm.
6. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n onacrn nepxne uacrn xnnora. Boopasnre n +rom
mecre ncrounnx cnerxmecx +neprnn. Houyncrnyre, xax ona nanonnxer name reno.
7. Omyrnre cnntnoe xenanne ynyumnrt ropronnm n npnnneut noxynarene. Coxpanxre
cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 81. Mypa Hpnnneuenne
noxynarene

Mypa entrn nn nn1ennex1a n yxonnoc1n
C nomomtm +ro mypt moxno nonyunrt entrn na opasonanne n pyrne
nemarepnantnte nennocrn. Hpaxrnxa mypt nomoxer c camoonpeenennem n ntopom
yuenoro saneennx nnn npn cocrannennn nnana no camoopasonannm.
Perynxpnoe nonropenne mypt nomoxer nam narn cpecrna nx peannsannn cnonx nene.
Btnonnxre mypy no 5 7 mnn 3 pasa n ent na nporxxennn 3 5-rn ne. Hocne roro xax
neoxonmax cymma ener y nac noxnnrcx, moxno ntnonnxrt mypy no 1 2 mnn 1 pas n
ent. 3ro nonaonrcx n rom cnyuae, ecnn norpeymrcx ononnnrentnte ]nnanconte
cpecrna na peannsannm name nenn.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn. Haonn pacnonoxnre neprnxantno, na
paccroxnnn 3 5 cm pyr or pyra.
2. Hpnxmnre pyr x pyry ocnonannx naone.
3. Hpnnoxnre pyr x pyry mnsnnnt.
4. Vxasarentnte, cpenne n estmxnnte nantnt cornnre n cnpxutre mexy naonxmn.
5. Fontmne nantnt oenx xncre coennnre nmecre n npnxmnre x yxasarentntm nantnam
(pnc. 82).
Pncynox 82. Mypa entrn nx nnrennexra n
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yxonnocrn

6. 3axpore rnasa n cnoono tmnre.
7. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx n onacrn nepenocnnt. Boopasnre, uro ram n nac nxonr
nyuncrax +neprnx.
8. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne opecrn entrn nx ocrnxennx cnoe nenn.
Coxpanxre raxoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.

Mypa Pasyunan 1pa1a ener
3ra mypa nayunr pasymno rparnrt entrn n yxnatnartcx n cno mxer. Hpaxrnxa
mypt nomoxer nserart nenyxntx n ouent opornx noxynox. Bt nepecranere oanxnnart
y pyrnx n npn +rom ne oxaxerect n cnryannn nonnoro esenextx.
Mypa nomoxer n rom cnyuae, ecnn namn oxot coornercrnymr cpenemy yponnm. Ecnn
neocrarox ener cnxsan c ouent nnsxnmn oxoamn, ro npenourenne cronr orart pyrnm
mypam.
Hpn cxnonnocrn x nycro rpare ener ntnonnxre mypy no 2 3 mnn 1 pas n ent.
Hpaxrnxy npoonxare o rex nop, noxa ne samernre nepement n cnoem ornomennn x
entram. Otuno na +ro yxonr mecxn. Hocne +roro sanxrnx npepnnre na mecxn n norom
nosononnre nx. Honesno ntnonnxrt mypy no 5 7 mnn nepe noxoom n marasnn. Ecnn nt
namepent nonyunrt entrn (sapnnary, enexnt nepeno), ro nosannmarect 8 10 mnn,
urot samnrnrtcx or nanpacno pacrpart.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre xncrn nepe coo na yponne rpyn. Haonn onxnt trt opament pyr x
pyry.
2. Comxnnre cpenne n estmxnnte nantnt na xaxo xncrn.
3. Cnoxnre noymeuxn ntrxnyrtx cpenero n estmxnnoro nantnen ono xncrn c
noymeuxamn ananornuntx nantnen pyro xncrn.
4. Ornenre ontmne nantnt na cex n coennnre nx xonunxn.
5. Cornnre yxasarentnte nantnt n npnxmnre nx pyr x pyry norrentmn ]ananramn.
6. Ananornuno cornnre n npnxmnre pyr x pyry mnsnnnt (pnc. 83).
7. 3axpore rnasa n npncnymarect x cnoemy txannm.
Pncynox 83. Mypa Pasymnax rpara
ener

8. Cxonnenrpnpyre omymennx na cnnne n onacrn cepna. Houyncrnyre renno,
pacrexammeecx no reny ns +roro mecra.
9. Houyncrnyre cnntnoe xenanne npnnnexart entrn x cee n rparnrt nx pasymno, c
nontso. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.

Mypa Bmronan xouuepnnn
3ra mypa nomoxer saxnmuart ntronte xommepuecxne cenxn. Ona samnrnr nac or
nepennart, neopoxauecrnennoro ronapa, pexnamntx nonymex. Hpaxrnxa mypt npnneer
x oocrpennm nnrynnnn. Mypa nsmennr nam +neprernuecxn nacrpo n nt cranere
npnrxrnnart x cee entrn n ntronte cenxn.
Hpaxrnxonart mypy cneyer naxanyne cenxn, 3 pasa n ent no 3 5 mnn. B
nocneymmem moxno enart ee onoxparno sa necxontxo uacon o xaxo cenxn.

Btnonnenne.
1. Pacnonoxnre pyxn nepe coo na yponne rpyn naonxmn pyr x pyry.
2. Coennnre xncrn xonunxamn nantnen.
3. Btnpxmnre mnsnnnt n ornenre nx nasa (pnc. 84).
4. 3axpore rnasa n cnoxono tmnre.
5. Hoymare o xenannn saxnmunrt ntronym cenxy n npncnymarect x cee, omyrnre
cnoxocrnne n ynepennocrt n cnonx cnnax. Coxpanxre cnoe cocroxnne necxontxo mnnyr.
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Pncynox 84. Mypa Btronax xommepnnx

Mypa 9 paronennoc1en
Hpaxrnxa +ro mypt cnococrnyer npnoperennm orarcrna. Ona npnnocnr n xnsnt
narononyune n nsonnne. Hontmaer ona n yxonnt yponent pasnnrnx. Mypa naunnaer
npnnnexart x nam ononnnrentnym +neprnm. C ee nomomtm n name xnsnn ]opmnpymrcx
cranntnte ]nnanconte nnnnammnecx noroxn.
Pexomenyercx ntnonnxrt mypy exenenno no 15 mnn. Moxno nauart c xoporxnx
sanxrn n nocrenenno ynennunnart nx npoonxnrentnocrt.

Btnonnenne.
1. epxnre pyxn naonxmn xnepxy nepe coo na yponne nepxne uacrn xnnora.
2. Hanoxnre nantnt neno naonn na nantnt npano naonn.
3. Oxnarnre xonunxamn nantnen npano xncrn yxasarentnt nanen neno xncrn.
4. Ornenre ontmne nantnt n cropont (pnc. 85).
5. 3axpore rnasa n npncnymarect x cnoemy txannm.
6. Boopasnre ro orarcrno, xoropoe nam t xorenoct nmert. Houyncrnyre paocrt or
onaannx nm. Coxpanxre cnoe nonoxenne n reuenne necxontxnx mnnyr.
Pncynox 85. Mypa 9
paronennocre


Hpnnoaenne

Couerannx +sorepnuecxnx npaxrnx no remam
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Kax cena1t pynm
nx nponeennx marnuecxnx opxon n npnnneuennx ener moxno nocnontsonartcx
rorontmn pynamn, xoropte npoamrcx n +sorepnuecxnx marasnnax. Onaxo ontmym
nontsy npnnecyr pynt camoentnte. Onn oxaxyrcx onee ecrnenntmn, rax xax yyr
naenent cnno namero xenannx. Opamax na nnx nsrnx nnn epx nx n pyxn, nt yere
ncntrtnart ocote uyncrna n nama +neprnx oennnrcx c nx marnuecxo +neprne.
nx nsroronnennx pyn nyume ncnontsonart narypantnte marepnant. Hooyr nx +roro
epeno, xamnn, xycouxn xoxn, rnnna. Moxere ntpart ror marepnan, xoropt nam ontme
npannrcx nnn noxonr no ropocxony.
Ecnn pynt naueprnrt na ymare, ro onn npocnyxar neonro, pncynox na nnx moxer
cmasartcx. Pynt, ntnennennte ns rnnnt, onaamr +neprne 3emnn, onaxo npn naennn
moryr pasnrtcx. Pynt, nsroronnennte ns epena n xoxn, ornnuamrcx onroneunocrtm, nx
npnxrno epxart n pyxax. Ha xoxe pynt moxno ntpesart nnn napnconart xpacxamn. Pynt
moxno raxxe enart ns meranna, npnuem pasntmn cnocoamn (uexannrt, rpannponart). 3rn
pynt yyr camtmn onroneuntmn. Onaxo merann +ro xonont marepnan, n ero ne
ncera npnxrno nsxrt n pyxn n npnnoxnrt x reny. onroneunocrt pyn ns xamnx sanncnr o
cnocoa nsroronnennx. Kament, xax n merann, ornocnrcx x xonontm marepnanam.
nx xpanennx pyn npexpacno nooyr mxarynxn nnn rxanente memouxn. Hx moxno
raxxe nsroronnrt camocroxrentno, ntmnn nnn napnconan cnennantntmn xpacxamn
marnuecxne snaxn.
nx nsroronnennx pyn nam nonaoxrcx saroronxn ns nerox xaxoro-nno necnoro epena.
Berxn namerpom 3 4 cm opaorare pyanxom n naxauno ymaro, urot nce pynt
tnn onnaxonoro pasmepa n rnaxne no oxontm nonepxnocrxm. Horom na nnx cenare no
nnnexe nomerxn xapanamom n napextre onnaxontmn xpyxouxamn neontmo ronmnnt.
nx +roro moxno ncnontsonart rncxn n nosnx nnn moentnym nnny. 3arem xaxt
xpyxox co ncex cropon ormnn]yre naxauno ymaro c menxnm sepnennem. 3ro
neoxonmo nx roro, urot pynt tnn rnaxnmn n ponntmn. Hyume cenart ontme pyn,
uem nam neoxonmo. 3anacnte saroronxn moryr npnronrtcx n antnemem.
anee na epenxnntx saroronxax napncyre npocrtm xapanamom pynt n ntpextre nx c
nomomtm ]nrypno cramecxn nnn noxa nx pestt no epeny. Hocne +roro ntpesannte
snaxn oxpactre macnxno xpacxo n are e npocoxnyrt. anee noxpore pynt co ncex
cropon naxom nx epena. Hocne roro xax on ntcoxner, pynt moxno ncnontsonart n
pasnnuntx pnryanax.
nx nsroronnennx xamenntx pyn neoxonmo cnauana narn noxoxmne xamnn. 3ro
moxno cenart n necy, na eperax pex n mope. B raxnx mecrax mnoro rnaxnx oxpyrntx
xamemxon, xoropte naenent npnpono cnno. He cronr ncxart xamnn n cnyuantx
mecrax (na crpoxax, nont opor n r. n.). Oropannte xamnn onxnt trt neontmoro
namerpa 2 3 cm.
Cnauana xamnn neoxonmo ormtrt c mtnom n npocymnrt na connne. 3arem moxno
npncrynnrt x naueprannm pyn. Hanecnre na xaxt xament npospaunt nax n are emy
npocoxnyrt. 3arem na xamnxx naueprnre pynt. Hpenapnrentno moxno norpennponartcx n
ueprnrt pynt na ymare. Ha xamnxx pynt ntnonnxre noocroxo xpacxo c nomomtm
narno nanouxn nnn neontmo xncrouxn. Hnnnn ueprnre ynepenntmn nnxennxmn, rora
onn yyr uerxnmn n xpacnntmn. Bce neprnxantnte nnnnn pyn ueprnre, nex xncrouxy
cnepxy nnns, a naronantnte cnena nanpano. Kaxax pyna onxna trt nam nnsyantno
npnxrna. Ecnn n ne uyncrnyercx xaxax-ro ncrapmonnx, ro nepeenare ee.
Hsroronnenne pyn moxno npenparnrt n marnuecxn pnryan, conponoxaemt
menrarnnno mystxo, nporonapnnannem npo cex manrp n saxnnnann.

Kax noopa1t uysmxy nn uen1annn n uan1p
Mystxa nomoraer nororonnrtcx x menrannn n nponecrn ee. Ona cosaer n nomemennn
npnxrnym armoc]epy. Cnennantno noopannte menonn nomoramr paccnanrtcx n
orpemnrtcx or nenntx saor. Onn samenxmr reuenne mtcne n nomoramr nacrponrtcx na
nyxnym nonny.
Menrarnnnax mystxa nanonee nonesna nx rex, xro rontxo npncrynaer x +sorepnuecxnm
npaxrnxam n eme ne nmeer nantxon tcrporo paccnanennx n nepexnmuennx mtcne.
Hpn snaxomcrne c mystxo oparnre nnnmanne na ro, xax ona na nac nosecrnyer. Ona
onxna connaart c namnmn nnyrpennnmn pnrmamn n samenxrt nx. Hn n xoem cnyuae ne
ncnontsyre mystxy, xoropax yopaxnr, nanomnnaer o nenpnxrnom.
nx menrannn n manrp noxonr mystxa c monoronntm snyuannem, uacro coepxamax
+rnnuecxne mornnt n snyxn npnpot. Knaccnuecxne menrarnnnte xomnosnnnn nomoramr
satrt o pennom mnpe. Onaxo mystxa ne onxna ntstnart connnnocrt. Ona onxna trt
rnxo, no rax, uro t ne npnxonnoct nanpxrart cnyx.
nx urennx manrp onee ncero noxonr nnncxax mystxa. Ona oxastnaer ontmoe
yxonnoe nosecrnne n ornnexaer or oxpyxammero mnpa.
Ecnn nt ncnontsyere mystxy, coepxamym snyxn npnpot, ro npenapnrentno
osnaxomtrect c ne. B ne ne onxno trt pesxnx n rpenoxntx snyxon. Ona onxna
ntstnart y nac rontxo npnxrnte nneuarnennx. Ouent xopoma nx menrannn mystxa, n
xoropo snyxn npnpot coueramrcx co cnoxono menone. Bym neca n mopcxoro npnox,
nenne nrnn, xypuanne pyutx ouent xopomo paccnanxmr n cosamr nnyrpennmm
rapmonnm. 3antnanne nerpa n ryn necxon nx menrannn npx nn nooyr. Onn moryr
ntsnart rpenoxnoe cocroxnne n yxymnrt nacrpoenne.
Moxno npnopecrn roronte sanncn mystxn n cnennannsnponanntx marasnnax. Taxym
mystxy uacro ncnontsymr nx menrannn, orn, manrp. Ona moxer ncnonnxrtcx na
conpemenntx n napontx mystxantntx nncrpymenrax.
nnamnuecxax mystxa, ncnontsyemax n mamancxnx npaxrnxax, n annom cnyuae ne
nooer. Ona ouent pnrmnuna, coepxnr rpomxne snyxn ynon n apaanon. Hpn
menrannn n urennn manrp +ro yer ornnexart n axe cnnart txanne. Hyume ntpart
onee cnoxonym mystxy.
Kocmnuecxax mystxa, ncnonnxemax na cnnresarope, cnococrnyer norpyxennm n mnp
rpes. Ona moxer oxasartcx nanonee noxoxme n rex cnyuaxx, xora neoxonmo
acrparnponartcx or ncero semnoro n mtcnenno oparnrtcx x Btcmnm cnnam.
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Moxno nx cosannx coornercrnymmero nacrpox nocnymart cnoxonym xnaccnuecxym
mystxy. Xopomo paccnanxer mystxa, ncnonnxemax na ]nere n ap]e. Taxxe ntstnaer
cnoxocrnne n ymnpornopenne mystxa crpynntx, yxontx n xnannmntx nncrpymenron.
nx xaxo menrannn moxno noopart cnom mystxy, xoropax yer oneruart ee
ntnonnenne.

Bnarononnn n apoua1nuecxne uacna nn npnnneuennn ener

Menrannxmn, manrpamn n mypamn moxno sannmartcx c ncnontsonanne narononn n
apomarnuecxnx macen. Cymecrnymr apomart, xoropte cnococrnymr npnnneuennm ener.
Hx nonyuamr ns pacrenn, xnnxmmnxcx cnmnonamn ener, orarcrna, narononyunx,
ycnexa.
Ctptem nx nonyuennx +]npntx macen moryr trt nncrtx, nnert n nnot +rnx pacrenn.
Apomarnuecxne macna c annnx nop ncnontsymr n marnn, mennnne, ncnxorepannn n +ro
nnonne oxcnnmo. Hayxo oxasano, uro apomart nosecrnymr na +monnonantnoe
cocroxnne uenonexa. A +ro n cnom ouepet oxcnxer xo ero mtcne n noneenne.
Ho+romy nnnxnne apomarnuecxnx macen na cnoconocrt npnrxrnnart entrn cymecrnyer.
Apomarnuecxne macna moxno ncnontsonart nx apomarnsannn nomemennx, n xoropom nt
sannmaerect menranne, manrpamn, mypamn n p. Onn neoxonmt nx nponeennx
nexoroptx marnuecxnx opxon, nanpnmep c pynamn. Moxno n npocro nocnrt c coo n
meantone xycouex rxann, cmouennt apomarnuecxnm macnom.
Apomarnuecxne macna moxno npnopecrn n +sorepnuecxnx marasnnax n anrexax. Onn
ornnuamrcx mnororpannocrtm nosecrnnx na oprannsm uenonexa. Ho+romy ns rex
apomamacen, xoropte cnococrnymr npnnneuennm ener, ntnpare re, xoropte noxoxr
nmenno nam eme n no pyrnm napamerpam. B npnnaraemtx nncrpyxnnxx ncera onnctnaercx
nosecrnne apomarnuecxoro macna na oprannsm. Hponeptre eme n name nnnnnyantnoe
nocnpnxrne xonxpernoro apomara. Moxer nonyunrtcx rax, uro npoe t on nam noxonr,
no npn ero npoonxnrentnom ntxannn nosnnxamr ncxom]opr n rononnax ont. B raxom
cnyuae nam neoxonmo noopart pyroe apomarnuecxoe macno.
nx npnnneuennx ener ncnontsymrcx apomarnuecxne macna asnnnxa, epramora, nauynn,
xopnnt, anentcnna, xepa, cocnt, nnanr-nnanra, posmapnna, rnosnxn n nmnpx.
Apomarnuecxne macna moxno nanocnrt na pasnnunte npemert, cnxsannte c entramn
nnn npenasnauennte nx nponeennx marnuecxnx opxon. Moxno cmastnart nmn cneun,
xenarentno senenoro nnera, cnmnonnsnpymmero orarcrno. Exenenno saxnrare raxym
cneuy na necxontxo mnnyr. Moxno npn cnere raxo cneun sannmartcx +sorepnuecxnmn
npaxrnxamn. Hepnt pas cneuy saxnrare na mecro ent Hynnoro xanenapx n cnenre sa
rem, urot ona oropena o nonnonynnx (n reuenne 10-rn ne).
Moxno ncnontsonart apomarnuecxne macna, npnnnexammne entrn, nx apomarnsannn
cnoero rena. Heontmoe xonnuecrno pasneennoro macna nanecnre nmecro yxon na reno.
Hpenapnrentno nponeptre, ner nn y nac na +ro macno anneprnn.
Apomarnuecxnmn macnamn moxno cmastnart ce]t, xomentxn, anxnort, anxoncxne
nnacrnxonte xaprt. Hpn +rom nporonapnnare: entrn x entram. Hmn c nomomtm
apomanamn moxno apomarnsnponart o]nc.
Mnorne apomarnuecxne macna cnococrnymr npnrxrnnannm ener. Onaxo xaxoe ns nnx
oxastnaer n cnoe ynnxantnoe ecrnne.
Macno nmnpx ne rontxo npnrxrnnaer entrn, no n cnococrnyer npnnxrnm cmentx
]nnancontx pemenn.
Macno asnnnxa npnnnexaer entrn, a raxxe ynyumaer mosronym axrnnnocrt, ycrpanxer
paspaxenne, uro nmeer snauenne npn ynpannennn nsnecom n neennn neperonopon.
Macno anentcnna rpannnonno cnxstnaercx c orarcrnom.
Macno epramora cnococrnyer npnroxy ener n ynyumaer nsanmoornomennx mexy
nmtmn.
Macno xopnnt nontmaer +neprernuecxn norennnan. Ero xopomo nanocnrt
nenocpecrnenno na entrn nepe rem, xax nx norparnrt. 3ro nomoxer coxpannrt +neprnm
ener n namem +neprernuecxom none.
Macno nauynn npnrxrnnaer entrn n nomoraer nponeennm neperonopon.
Macna xepa n cocnt rpannnonno acconnnpymrcx c narononyuno xnsntm.
Macno nnanr-nnanra cnocono npnnnexart entrn n ynyumart nsanmoornomennx mexy
nmtmn.
Macno rnosnxn npnrxrnnaer entrn n samnmaer or neyau. Ono npnnecer nam ycnex n
enax.
Macno +nepnnn nomoraer ynennunrt enexnte oxot.
Penen1m apoua1nuecxnx cuecen nn npnnneuennn ener
1. nx tcrporo nonyuennx ener
Tpeyercx
7 xanent macna nauynn
no 5 xanent macna xepa, cocnt
2 xannn macna nmnpx.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart nce nnrpenenrt.
Hpnmenenne. oannrt n nanny c renno noo nnn
nanecrn na entrn n npemert, cnxsannte c nnmn.

2. Vcnemnt nsnec
Tpeyercx
3 xannn macna epramora
no 1 xanne macna nauynn, asnnnxa
menorxe xopnnt.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart nce nnrpenenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hanocnrt cmect na nxonte nepn oma n o]nca, cmastnart pyxn.

3. Fnarononyunax xnsnt
Tpeyercx
3 xannn macna nauynn
no 1 xanne macna anentcnna (nnanr-nnanra) n rnosnxn.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart nnrpenenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsonart nx apomarnsannn paouero nomemennx n +sorepnuecxo
npaxrnxn.

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4. nx nponsneennx xopomero nneuarnennx
Tpeyercx
4 xannn macna nnanr-nnanra
2 xannn macna nanant
1 xannx macna post (nauynn).
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart nnrpenenrt.
Hpnmenenne: nanocnrt na xoxy nnn apomarnsnponart nocono nnarox.

5. nx operennx orarcrna
Tpeyercx
5 xanent macna nama
3 xannn macna man]ex
no 2 xannn macna post n neponn.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart nnrpenenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hanocnrt na xomenex n enexnte xynmpt.

nx apomarnsannn nomemennx n sanxrn +sorepnxo moxno nocnontsonartcx
apomarnuecxnmn nanouxamn. Hpoamrcx onn n +sorepnuecxnx marasnnax. Hx enamr ns
amyxa n nponnrtnamr apomarnsaropamn. Ocnono nx apomarnsaropa xnnxercx uepnt
yront. On nnnrtnaer apomarnsarop n ntenxer ero c tmom npn ropennn. Hnxaxnx pyrnx
npnmece npn +rom ne ntenxercx. Apomarnuecxne nanouxn moryr raxxe coepxart cmecn
cnenn. Hnxaxne cnnrernuecxne oanxn n nx cocran ne nxoxr.
Hpn apomarnsannn nomemennx raxnmn nanouxamn ycrpanxmrcx nerarnnnax +neprnx n
nenpnxrnte sanaxn. He pexomenyercx nontsonartcx raxnmn narononnxmn uacro, rax xax
+ro moxer oxasartcx neesonacntm nx sopontx. Hoxnrart nanouxn cneyer rontxo na
cnennantntx nocranxax, urot ne cosanart onacnocrt nosropannx oxpyxammnx
npemeron. Hocne sanxrn nomemenne cneyer nponerpnrt.
Fnarononnx, npnnnexammne entrn, moxno npnroronnrt n omamnnx ycnonnxx. nx +roro
neoxonmo saroronnrt nnn npnopecrn cyxoe pacrnrentnoe ctpte onpeenenntx
pacrenn. K nnm ornocxrcx epramor, mxra, asnnnx, mnpr, xacmnn, nepena, cocna,
nanuarxa, anp, nnna, xopnna, mycxarnt opex, xep, rnosnxa, maopan, nepen ymncrt,
posmapnn, xynxyr, anentcnn. B cocran enexnoro narononnx moxno nnonrt ontmoe
uncno xomnonenron. nx ero npnroronnennx ncnontsyre rnnnxnym nocyy (ropmouex).
nx nauana conepmnre marnuecxn pnryan. Ha copanntm pacrnrentntm ctptem nonre
pyxo n nanpannennn uacono crpenxn n ymare o entrax n orarcrne, npecrannxre
cnom meury nt orart uenonex. Hocne +roro sanere nonnt ropmouex pacrnrentnoro
nsmentuennoro ctptx nymx craxanamn xnnxrxa, naxpore xptmxo n nocrantre ero na 30
mnn na noxnym anm. Hepnonuecxn nepememnnare coepxnmoe ropmouxa epenxnno
nonarxo nnn noxxo. B nponecce npnroronnennx marnuecxoro sentx npnronapnnare o
rom, uro entrn y nac ecrt, uro entrn nac nmxr, uro entrn npnrxrnnamrcx x nam n r. .
3arem orxpore ropmouex n oonre c nnm nce xomnart n ome, urot onn nanonnnnnct
marnuecxnm apomarom.

Penen1m narononnn nn npnnneuennn ener
Penenr N 1
Tpeyercx
3 cr. n. mxrt
no 1 cr. n. xopnnt, ymncroro nepna ropomxom, mycxarnoro opexa, cemxn xynxyra.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt, nocrannrt
na noxnym anm na 30 mnn.
Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsonart nx apomarnsannn nomemennx.

Penenr N 2
Tpeyercx
2 u. n. cmont cocnt
no 1 u. n. xopnnt, xopnx rananrana
2 3 xannn macna nauynn.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hoxeut cmect nx apomarnsannn nomemennx.

Penenr N 3
Tpeyercx
4 cr. n. xnon cocnt
no 2 cr. n. nnerxon n nncrten maopana, asnnnxa, posmapnna, nepent
1 cr. n. nept anentcnna.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt, nocrannrt na noxnym anm na 30 mnn.
Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsonart nx apomarnsannn nomemennx.

Penenr N 4
Tpeyercx
no 1 cr. n. rpant noxnoro nepna, mycxarnoro opexa
1 menorxa ma]pana.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hoxeut cmect nx apomarnsannn nomemennx.

Penenr N 5
Tpeyercx
2 u. n. naana
no 1 uacrn mycxarnoro opexa, xopnnt
no 0,5 uacrn xopnx nmnpx, menyxn mycxarnoro opexa, rnosnxn.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hoxeut cmect nx apomarnsannn nomemennx.

Penenr N 6
Tpeyercx
5 mn macna mnnanx
7 xanent macna nauynn
5 xanent macna xepa
no 1 xannn macna posmapnna (mycxarnoro opexa) n xopnnt.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
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Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsonart cmect nx apomarnsannn nomemennx n nanecennx na xomenex
n xynmpt.

Penenr N 7
Tpeyercx
10 mn macna mnnanx
3 xannn macna maopana
no 2 xannn macna +nxannnra n nnmona.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsonart cmect nx apomarnsannn nomemennx n meantonon.

Penenr N 8
Tpeyercx
3 xannn macna nepna ymncroro
no 2 xannn macna pomamxn, xepa
1 xannx macna mxrt nepeuno.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsonart cmect nx apomarnsannn nomemennx n meantonon.

Penenr N 8
Tpeyercx
7 xanent macna nauynn
5 xanent macna xepa
2 xannn macna mycxarnoro opexa
1 xannx macna xopnnt.
Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hanecnre apomarnuecxym cmect na xomenex, xonnnxy.

Penenr N 9
Tpeyercx
25 mn macna-ocnont (mnnantnoro, nepcnxonoro)
7 xanent macna nauynn
5 xanent macna xepa
4 xannn macna nernnepa
2 xannn macna nmnpx.<
> Hpnroronnenne: cmemart xomnonenrt.
Hpnmenenne. Hcnontsyre macno nx apomarnsannn cneue, enexntx xynmp, meantona.



3axnmuenne
3sorepnuecxax npaxrnxa pasnoopasna n moxer ncnontsonartcx no mnornx c]epax xnsnn.
Tenept nt snaere, xax c nomomtm menrannn, manrp, pyn n myp npnnnsnrtcx x
ncnonnennm cnonx sanerntx xenann n pasorarert. Bepa n cnon nosmoxnocrn n ymenne
nanonnxrt ocyr nonesntmn sanxrnxmn npnnecyr ononnnrentnt +]]exr. Bcxope nt
cmoxere samernrt nonoxnrentnte nsmenennx n cnoe xnsnn n ynennuenne ]nnancontx
nocrynnenn.
Homnnre, uro ontmoe snauenne n ocrnxennn nenn c nomomtm +sorepnuecxnx npaxrnx
nmemr npannntnocrt nx ntnonnennx n nonoxnrentnt nacrpo. Hycrt marnuecxne pennne
snannx nomoryr nam n xnsnn!
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