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MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

1
.

1.1

() , - ,
..
- .
- () ( ) .
, ,
.

, ,
, ,
.
.
- , , ( , ,
, , ).
.
, ,
, .
, , .
, , ,
, .
1-1
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

x, y, z
:

u
{ } = v
w

.
(, ) :

TD = 21 yx
1 zx
2

xy
y
1

2 zy

1
2

1
2
1
2

xz

yz
z

x , y , z - , x , y ,z - . :

xy = yx
xz = zx
yz = zy
:

x , y , z , xy , xz , yz .
( , ..
)
.

x xy xz

TH = yx y yz
zx zy z

x , y , z - xy , xz , yz -

. :

1-2
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

xy = yz
xz = zx
yz = zy
:

x , y , z , xy , xz , yz .
, ,
, 15 .
15-
15- . , , , ( )
.
.

1.2

(. . ) X Y. , , .

. 1.1.
1-3
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

x ( ):

Fx

x
= 0 = x +
dx dy x dy + Xdxdy +
x

yx

+ yx +
dy dx yx dx
y

(1.1)

x yx
+
+ X = 0
x
y

(1.2)

y xy
+
+Y = 0
y
x

(1.3)

,
,
. ,

xy = yx

(1.4)

. 1.2.

1-4
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

( X, Y Z, . . 1.2) :

x xy xz
+
+
+ X = 0,
y
z
x
y xy yz
+
+
+ Y = 0,
y
x
z
z xz yz
+
+
+ Z = 0.
z
x
y
1.3.

(1.5)

(,
, )

, .
ABCD A'B'C'D'
, . 1.3.

. 1.3.
1-5
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

() :

(A ' B')

u
= dx +
dx +
dx .
x

(1.6)

, (
) x (A'B'-AB)/AB AB=dx

A ' B' = (1 + X ) dx

(1.6)

(1.6) , (1.6)
(dx),
2

v
u u
+

2 x + = 2
+
x x

2
x

, .
,

x = u x

(1.7)

y = v y

(1.7)

xy ,

. , AB
x A'B',

(1 dx )(

v x )dx = v x

AD y, AB
AD :

xy = u y + v x

(1.7)

(1.7 , , ) ,
.
:

x = u x
x = v y
x = w z
1-6
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

xy = u y + v x
zx = w x + u z
.
yz = w y + v z

, .
.

xy x y:

2
2 xy
2 u
2 v
2 x y
=
+
=
+
.
x y
x y y x y x
y2
x2

(1.8)

, ,
, x y = y x . .
2

( )
u u , . .

u -u=0
1.4

(1.9)

( )


- :

x = E x

x = x E
. , , ,
xinit ,

x =

x
E

+ xinit

x = E x E xinit

(1.10)

1-7
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

. . 1.4 () ,
x x
x y

. 1.4.
x

x E.

,

x E .

x y,

y E y E ( .

1.4()).
Y
( ):

x =
y =

x
E

y
E

y
E

x
E

x y
, . 1.4(),

xy =

2(1 + )
xy .
E

1-8
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

( = , = )
T

y xy

x y xy

= [D ]1 ,

1
E
1
[D] =
2
1
0 0

[D]

1
1
=

E
0

1
0

(1.11)

,
0

(1 ) 2

(1.12)

0 .

2(1 + )

(1.13)

[D] , [D]-1 -
.
,

1
[ x ( y + z )]
E
1
y = [ y ( z + x )]
E
1
z = [ z ( x + y )]
E

xy = xy , yz = yz , zx = zx ,
G
G
G

x =

G= E

2 (1 + )

1-9
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

= [D]1 ,

1

1
0


0
1

E
0
0
0
[D] =
1 + (1 )
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
1 2
2

0
0

1 2
2

0 ,

1 2
2
0



init
init = xinit yinit xy
,
T

= [D]1 + init

(1.14)

, :

xinit = yinit = T ,

init
xy
= 0,


T.

. , (1.14),

= [D] [D] init

(1.15)

,
,
, (1.15)
[D].
(. (1.12) (1.13)).
1-10
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

, , .
, . 15 . , -
15 ( , ,
). ,
15- .

1-11
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation,

117933, , 6,
. (095) 956-09-29/28, (095) 232-35-75