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Bak - 2012

Nrin ideyas: lqar sbatov


Mllif: Elin liyev
Layihnin msul katibi: Jal Muradova
Kitabn dizayn: Novruz Novruzov
Kompter dizayn: Glnar Sfrova
ngilis dilin trcm: Anar zimov
Rus dilin trcm: Natalya Starostina
Korrektor: Suada Abbasbyli
Azrbaycan dilind mtnin redaktoru: Prvan liyeva, Nriman bdlrhmanl
ngilis dilind mtnin redaktoru: Anar zimov
Rus dilind mtnin redaktoru: Aleksandra vanova
Kitabda say Rubenik, Yuriy amilov, Abram Bekker, Vadim Jurba, Solomon Kuliov, Lev varts, Vladimir Kalinin, Abram Levit, Yuriy Raxil, Anatoliy Xmelevskiy,
Elin liyevin, Frid Xayrullinin v Bahadur Cfrovun foto killrindn istifad olunub.
Btn hquqlar qorunur. Mllifin yazl razl olmadan kitabn materiallarndan istifad qadaandr. Kitabn mtni v yaxud hr hans bir shifsi mllifin yazl
icazsi olmadan nternet v korporativ bklrd ap edil bilmz v kompterin yaddana yazmaqla onlardan xsi v mumi mqsdlr n isitfad etmk
qadaandr. Bunlara hm d shiflrin skan, foto killrinin kilmsi, mikrofilmin kilmsi, hminin fotomexaniki, elektron v ap yolu il yaym daxildir.
Mtndn, killrdn, illstrasiyalardan v kitabn ayr-ayr shiflrindn istifad yalnz mllifin yazl icazsindn sonra mmkndr. Kitabn mllifi trfindn
mnbnin orijinalln gstrmk v mllif hquqlarn qorumaq n btn lazmi addmlar atlmdr. Kitabdak nqsanlar, yanllqlar, xtalar haqqnda
mllif hquqlarnn sahiblri trfindn veriln btn informasiyaya ad olaram v vvlcdn onlara z tkkrm bildirirm.

Project Idea by Ilgar Isbatov


Author by Elchin Aliyev
Executive Edition by Jale Muradova
Design by Novruz Novruzov
Computer Layout by Gulnar Safarova
English Translation by Anar Azimov
Russian Translation by Natalya Starostina
Proofreading by Suada Abbasbeyli
Azerbaijani Edition by Parvana Aliyeva, Nariman Abdulrahmanly
English Edition by Anar Azimov
Russian Edition by Alexandra Ivanova
Photos by Isay Rubenchik, Yury Shamilov, Abram Bekker, Vadim Zhurba, Solomon Kulishov, Lev Schwars, Vladimir Kalinin, Abram Levit, Yury Rakhil, Anatoly
Khmelevsky, Elchin Aliyev, Farid Hayrullin and Bahadur Jafarov.
All rights reserved. Any use of the materials in this book is prohibited without the authors written permission. No part of this book can be reproduced in any
form or in any media including the Internet and corporate networks, or stored in computer systems for private or public use without the copyright owners written
permission. This also refers to scanning, photoing, microfilming, and other dissemination by any other photomechanical, electronic or printing means. Reprinting
the text and photos, citing the materials, and any reproducing the entire book or its parts as well as the illustrations is only allowed with the authors written
permission. The author has undertaken all possible efforts to show the original sources and copyright for the materials this book contains. The author would be glad
to be advised by the copyright owners of any errors, inaccuracies or omissions, and would appreciate such important information.

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2012, Ilgar Isbatov, Elchin Aliyev


Btn hquqlar mdafi olunmudur
All rights reserved

ISBN: 978-9952-8076-53
720.922-dc22
Printed in Turkey by Mega Basm Yayn San. ve Tic. A..

Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu


Respublikann qocaman layih tkilatlarndan biridir

Hr bir insan hyat boyu dflrl mr yoluna nzr salr, onu dyrlndirmy alr, mnal
anlar iftixarla v xo tssratlarla xatrlayr, yadda qalmayanlarn is zrindn tez tb kemy
alr.
Artq 75 ildir ki, yaradlan v tn dvr rzind mvffqiyytl faliyyt gstrn Bak Dvlt
Layih nstitutu is burada alan, faliyyt gstrn iilr n bhsiz mr yolunun ayrlmaz bir
hisssidir v bu mr yolu hm ac, hm d irin xatirlriyl, hm uurlar, hm d uursuzluqlar il
ox zizdir, dyrlidir v nhayt mnaldr. nki n adi vzifni icra edn sravi iidn tutmu n
uurlu layihlr imza atm mtxssisdk hr ks grdy iin dyrini, hmiyytini baa dr,
qururlanr v bundan mnvi rahatlq tapr. Tsadfi deyil ki, n vaxtsa burada alm istniln ii
dnyann harasnda olmasndan asl olmayaraq doma instituta balln qoruyub saxlayr v sanki
bu laqlrdn bir enerji, stimul alr.
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu yarand gndn bu gndk zrin dn missiyan tarixin btn
dvrlrind mvffqiyytl yerin yetirmidir. Lakin tn srin 50-ci illrinin ortalarndan balayan
bir dvr xsusi olaraq qeyd etmk lazmdr. Bu dvrd kemi Sovet ttifaqnda btn sahlrd
olduu kimi, memarlqda da Stalin mrhlsin nqt qoyuldu v mumiyytl memarla qar
ifratlq damas il total hcum baland. lkd memarlq sntinin saslar sarsdld. sl
memarlq nmunlri vzin hazr qliblrdn xm qutular quradrlmaa baland v bu ilr
n memar tlb olunmurdu. Layih tkilatlarnn funksiyas is bir tipli layih mhsullarnn ktlvi
istehsalndan ibart idi. Azrbaycanda da bu proses geni vst ald. Bir ox tikintilr dayandrld.
Binalarn fasadlar sadldirildi. Grkmli memarlarn tikilmkd olan srlri eybcr hala salnd.
Bu dvrd lkmizd memarlq sntinin qorunub saxland sas mrkz, oca is mhz Bak Dvlt
Layih nstitutu oldu. Burada lknin glck memarlq hyatnda z szn deyn grkmli memarlar
nsli formalad. N.M.Hacbyov, T.Y.arinki, V.ulgin, D.H.Seyidova, L..Qonsiorovski, A.S.Surkin,
B..Ginzburq, F..Rstmbyova kimi simalarn ardnca F.A.Quliyev, .Novruzi, H.Y.mirxanov,
Z..Mmmdov, O.M.Babayeva, F.Yzbaov v baqalar kimi lkmizin paytaxt olan Bak hrinin
bu gnki simasnn formalamasnda hmiyytli rol oynam istedadl memarlar nsli yetidi. Mhz
onlar memarlq sntini yaatdlar v bu gnki nsl trdlr. Onlarn yaratdqlar v nsildn-nsl
trdklri snt sevgi, yksk pekarlq mhiti institutun yerldiyi mkanda sanki bdi brqrar
oldu v hr gln yeni nsil d mhz bu mhit, bu tsirlr kklnir, yaayr v yaradr.
nstitutda faliyyt gstrmi v bir ox mrkkb layihlrin hyata keirilmsind hmiyytli rol
oynam mhndislr xsusil qeyd olunmaldrlar. R.A.liyev, H.S.amilov, K.A.Krimov, L.F.Sokolyar,
Q.V.Subbotin, E..Dudarov, A.S. Heybtov, V.A.Faynteyn, N..smaylov, E.M.Mmmdova, D..apiro,
B.E.Kotlyar, A..Stavitski, S.S.Vakulov, M.M.Kazmov, M.Yampolski, V.Y.Prijebilski kimi mhndislr

mhz Bak Dvlt Layih intitutunda pekar mtxssis kimi formalam v sonrak mhndislr
nslinin nmayndlri olan v bu gn d pekar layihilr kimi faliyyt gstrn F.H.Aayeva,
N..Poluxov, V.H.Hsnov, S.N.Nazarov, F.S.Aslanova, L..Hmzyeva v baqalar kimi mtxssislrin
formalamasnda hmiyytli rol oynamlar.
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu xalqmzn yaratd digr maddi-mnvi nmunlr kimi milli
srvtimizdir. Xsusn mstqillik qazandqdan sonra qonu dvltlr v xalqlarn nailiyytlri il
tan olduqca bu daha aydn drk olunur.
nstitutun qorunub saxlanmasnda v bu gndk glib-xmasnda, tarixinin n tin v kemkeli
dvrnd ona rhbrlik etmi A.A.lsgrovun rolu xsusi qeyd olunmaldr. tn srin 80-ci illrinin
vvllri institut n uurlu olmam v tnzzl dvr yaanmdr. Mhz, Abbas lsgrov
instituta direktor tyin olunduqdan sonra sasl dyiiklr ba vermi, islahatlar aparlm, gnclr
dstk verilmi v mssis yenidn inkiaf etmidir. Hminin tn srin 90-cu illrinin vvlrindki
mrkkb raitd mhz o, institutu qoruyub saxlaya bilmi, onun potensialn xilas etmidir.
nstitutun tarixind byk fxrl v qrurla qeyd olunmal ilr oxdur v bu ilr Bak hrinin
byk bir hisssini hat edir. H.liyev adna Respublika Saray, T.Bhramov adna Respublika Stadionu,
Respublika Xstxanas, Dnizknar Milli Park, onlarla mktblr, uaq baalar, xstxanalar, idman
komplekslri, milyonlarla kvadratmetr yaay sahlri layihlndirilmi v ina edilmidir. Bak
Dvlt Layih nstitutu trfindn hazrlanan v 1986-2005-ci illri hat edn sonuncu Ba plan 1987ild Az.SSR Nazirlr Sovetinin qrar il tsdiq edilmidir.
Bu gn Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu z tarixi nnlrini mntiqi ardcllqla v dvrmzn
reallqlar v arlar nzr alnmaqla davam etdirir. nstitutda yeni bacarql, istedadl, iddial
gnclrin clb edilrk irli kilmsi v tcrbli mtxssislrin himaysi altnda yetidirilmsi z
bhrlrini vermkddir. Son dvrlrd Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu istr lk daxilind, istrs d
lkmizin hdudlarndan knarda bir ox uurlara imza atm, institutda Bak hrinin mrkzi
hisssinin (1550 ha) mfssl planladrlmas layihsi hazrlanaraq Azrbaycan Respublikas Dvlt
hrsalma v Arxitektura Komitsin thvil verilmidir, 283 min ha razini hat edn Byk Baknn
Regional nkiaf Plannn hazrlanmas is davam etdirilir.
Kollektiv is z tarixi nnlrini, nailiyytlrini v missiyasn davam etdirrk daha byk uura
imza atmaq, Bak hrinin yenidnqurma, tikinti v abadladrma ilrin yeni-yeni thflr vermk
zminddir.

lqar sbatov
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun direktoru

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

75

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Bak krfzindn Bak hrinin grn, iyul 2012-ci il


A panorama of Baku from the Baku bay, July, 2012
. , 2012

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute One of the Oldest Organizations of Azerbaijan

From time to time, everyone considers his or her life and tries to evaluate it, proud of good moments
and trying to forget failures.
Its been already for 75 years that the Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute),
since its establishment, has undoubtedly been an inseparable part of the staffs lives, full of happy and
sad memories; and successes and failures, yet always dear, valuable and meaningful.
Regardless of a position, from the lowest qualified to that of the most successful designers, everyone
in the Institute enjoys the significance and value of his or her job and finds moral pleasure in it.
It is not occasional that the Institutes designers never lose their contacts with it and receive energy
and stimuli from them wherever they continue their career.
Bakghiprogor has always been successfully implementing its mission. However, the time since mid1950s and so far should be particularly mentioned. Then, similarly to all other fields of Soviet life,
Stalins epoch was ended in architecture, and so-called fight against excessiveness started. Basics of
architecture were forgotten. True architecture was replaced for standard residential boxes, which
didnt require an architect. The function of designing agencies was massive unified production. Facades
were simplified. Famous architects design under construction were being made ugly. In that time,
Bakghiprogor became the true Azerbaijan centre of architecture preserved. A new generation of national
architects, who would become prominent in future, formed there.
N.M.Hajibeyov, T.Y.Sharinski, V.S.Shulghin, D.H.Seyidova, L.I.Gonsiorovski, A.S.Surkin,
B.I.Ginsburg, F.I.Rustambeyova and others were followed by F.A.Guliyev, A.N.Novruzi, H.Y.Amirkhanov,
Z.A.Mammadov, O.M.Babayeva, F.H.Yuzbashev etc. from the new generation of talented architects,
who played an important role forming todays image of Baku, Azerbaijan,s capital. Its them who helped
architecture survive and preserved it for the future.
Their masterworks, experience they have passed to coming generations of architects and highly
professional environment they creates serve a fundament of the Institute, and every newcomer grows
up into an expert in this environment and under these influences.
The Institutes engineers, who have played important roles in a number of complicated designs,
deserve special mentioning.
It was Bakghiprogor where R.A.Aliyev, H.S.Shamilov, K.A.Karimov, L.F.Sokolyar, Q.V.Subbotin,
E.I.Dudarov, A.S. Heybatov, V.A.Faynshteyn, N.I.Ismaylov, E.M.Mammadova, D.I.Shapiro, B.E.Kotlyar,

A.I.Stavitski, S.S.Vakulov, M.M.Kazimov, M.Yampolski, V.Y.Prijebilski and other engineers became true
professionals and played important roles forming todays active designers and real experts, F.H.Agayeva,
N.Sh.Polukhov, V.H.Hasanov, S.N.Nazarov, F.S.Aslanova, L.A.Hamzayeva and others.
Bakghiprogor is a true national wealth, which provides wonderful fruits. It has become even
more evident in comparison to other nations and their accomplishments since Azerbaijan gained her
independence.
A.A.Alaskarov, who has been leading the Institute through its most crucial times, must be mentioned
in particular. Early 1980s werent years of success for the Institute - they were those of degradation. It
was Abbas Alaskarov whose appointment Director of the Institute fundamental changes started after:
reforms were arranged; the youth were supported; the agency began to develop again. His another
accomplishment is that he managed to keep the Institute existing and save its capacity in early 1990s
complicated conditions.
The Institutes portfolio has been historically including a lot of pride-worth designs, whose
implementations cover a major part of Baku. The Heydar Aliyev Palace, Tofig Bahramov National
Stadium, National Hospital, Seaside National Park, dozens of schools, kindergartens, clinics, sport
complexes and millions of residential square meters have been designed and constructed. Prepared by
Bakghiprogor, the General Layout of Baku for 1986-2005 was approved in 1987 by the Azerbaijan Soviet
Socialist Republics Cabinet of Minsters resolution.
Currently, Bakghiprogor continues its historical traditions with logical consistency and modern
realities and challenges met. That young skilful, talented and ambitious architects are employed, grown
under influence by experienced professionals and promoted is bringing success. Bakghiprogor has been
recently successful in many projects both domestically and abroad: Detailed Layout of Baku Centre
(1550 hectares) has been developed and submitted to the Republic of Azerbaijans Committee for Urban
Development and Architecture; Greater Baku Regional Development Plan (283,000 hectares) is being
worked on.
The Institutes staff continue their historical achievements and missions; they are on the eve of even
larger successes again and again contributing to Bakus reconstruction, development and improvement.

Ilgar Isbatov
Director

Televiziya qllsindn Baknn grn, 2011-ci il


A panorama of Baku from a television tower, 2011
. , 2011

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1987
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Baknn mnzrsi
The Panorama of Baku
.

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baknn yeni v tarixi tikililri.
Hkumt Evinin binas (memarlar L.Rudnev,
V.Munts, K.Tkaenko) masir yaay evinin
(memar .sbatov) fonunda
New and historical building of the city
of Baku. Building of the House of the
Government (rch. L.Rudnev, V.Munts,
K.Tkachenko) against a house of modern
construction (rch. I.Isbatov)

.
(. ., ., .)

(. .)

Bak dnyann n gzl paytaxtlarndan biridir. Bu iri meqapolisd


insan ox ey heyran edir: dniz
doru enn amfiteatr tipli mhll
terraslar, yumaq mlayim cnub
iqlimi, orada mkunlaan insanlarn cazibsi v lbtt ki, kklri
qdim vaxtlara gedib xan nfis
memarlq.
Bak iki iri sivilizasiyann rql
Qrbin ksimsind yaranb. Buna
min olmaq n mdrik rql
mdni Qrb nnlrinin sx
qovuduu bizim qdim paytaxtmzn srarngiz memarlq simasna
nzr salmaq kifaytdir.srlr boyu
mslman memarl nnlrini
qoruyub saxlayan hr gzl Avropa nailiyytlrini mnimsmidir
v hr sakinlri n rahat
yaay tmin edck, gndlik
hyatda yksk snt nmunlri il
nsiyytd olmaa imkan verrk,
insan sevindirir. Bu gn mstqil
Azrbaycann paytaxt Avrasiyann
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Baku is one of the most beautiful


capitals of the world. So much is
impressive in this large megalopolis:
quarters coming down to the sea
as terraces, mild southern climate,
charm of people living here, and , of
course, fine architecture, which roots
in the ancient times.
Baku is situated on the crossroads
of the two greatest civilisations,
the East and West. It is not difficult
to understand it - it would be just
enough to look at the architectural
image, so versatile, of our ancient
capital, where traditions of the wise
East and civilised West are so closely
interwoven.
Having preserved the traditions of
Muslim architecture for centuries,
the city has adopted remarkable
European achievements and doesnt
only provide for the residents
comfort, but also gladdens your
eyes having a chance to enjoy
masterpieces of art in daily routine.
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2


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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

015

Heydr liyev Mrkzi, Bak hri,


2012-ci il. Memar Zaha Hdid
Heydar Aliyevs Center, Baku, 2012.
Architect Zakha Khadid
, .,
2012 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

018

Tarixi smailiyy binas


(memar Yozef Ploko) masir yaay evinin
(memar Nazim Vliyev) fonunda
The Historical building of Ismailia
(rchitect Joseph Ploshko) against a house of
modern construction
(Architect Nazim Valiyev)

( )

( )

H.liyev prospektind oxsviyyli yol


qova. Memar Yegan Hacyeva
The Multilevel road outcome on H.Aliyev
Ave., Baku. Architect Yegana Hajiyeva

.., ..

srtl inkiaf edn iri snaye v


mdni mrkzlrindn biridr.
Bak oxmilyonlu halisi olan,
yalnz iri iqtisadi v mdni
mrkz yox, hm d hrsalma
chtdn mrkkb bir mrkzdir.
1918-ci ild, lk mstqilliyini
ld edndn sonra onun tikinti
sahsindki hrsalma problemlri
zrind grkmli azrbaycanl v
xarici memarlar ilmilr.
Qdim Bak dnizin knarnda bir
tpnin stnd yaranmdr. hr
XII srdn etibarn perimetr boyunca dniz ailaraq v rahat bir liman
tkil edrk qala divarlar il hat
olunmudur. Khn hrin qala
divarlar il hat olunan bu razisi
22 hektardr v indi ri hr
adlanr v masir meqapolisin
mrkzind yerlir. ri hr
YUNESKO-nun mhafiz olunan
abidlr siyahsna salnm nadir
hrsalma abidsidir.
Aberon z yarmshra mnzrsi,

Today, independent Azerbaijans


capital is one of the largest and
fastest growing industrial and
cultural Eurasian centres.
A city of millions of people, Baku
is not only a great industrial,
economic, and cultural centre,
but also a geographic junction,
extremely complicated in terms
of urban development, whose
problems the most prominent
Azerbaijani and foreign architects
have been working on since the
very first years as the nation became
independent in 1918.
The ancient Baku was born on a
hill close to the sea. Starting from
the 12th century, the city had been
surrounded with fort walls, which
entered the marine to make a
comfortable haven. Limited to the
fort walls, the approximately 22
hectares of the old town are called
Icheri-Sheher (literally Internal
City) and now find themselves
B a k

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1918

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D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Qdim hr rihr.
irvanahlar saraynn fraqmenti
The Old city of Icheri-Sheher.
Fragment of the Palace of Shirvankhans
-.

gcl klklri v isti yay il khn


qalann tikintisinin xsusi xarakterini qabaqcadan myynldirmidi.
Burada ba yoxdur, mlklr v
hytlr hddn zyad kiikdir. Birbirin sx bitiik tikililri, hddn artq dolaiq klri, oxlu dar dng
v dalanlar var. XIX srin ortalarnda Bakda olmu rus tdqiqats
v syyah .Berezin Bak qalasnn
kclrini bel tsvir edirdi: onlar o
qdr dar v dolaqdr ki, Bakda bir
ay yaadqdan sonra mn bir ky
girndn sonra ondan xb-xmayacam bilmirdim. Tikintidki
bu qarma-qarqlq hm hri
dmndn mdafi etmy, hm
d ox iddtli Bak klklrindn

Bak hrinin mrkzi tarixi hisssinin


grn. rihr
The Panorama of the central historical
part of Baku. Icheri-Sheher

.. -
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

in the centre of the modern


megalopolis.
Icheri-Sheher is a unique site of
urban developing art; it has been
included into the UNESCO World
Heritage list.
With its semidesert landscape,
strong winds and hot summers,
Absheron had determined a special
character of urban development in
the old fort. There are no gardens
here; estates and yards are tiny.
Terraced houses make up an
extremely confusing network of
streets, a lot of narrow alleys and
blind alleys. A Russian explorer and
traveler I.Berezin, who came to Baku
in the middle of the 19th century,
they are so narrow and intricate
that, having lived in Baku for a
month, I didnt know if I would find
a way out of a street once I entered
it. Such a chaotic building served
both to protect the fort from the
enemy and mitigate strikes by Baku
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

021


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(1078 .).
XV

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XVII-XVIII
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Mhmmd ibn bubkr mscidinin


minarsinin fraqmenti, ri-hr, 1078-ci il
Fragment of a minaret of a mosque of
Muhammad Abu Bakr, Icheri-Sheher, 1078

, -, 1078

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bak hrinin 1734-c ild panoram.
Mis zrind oyma qravra.
Mllif ohann Qommann, Nrnberq
The Panorama of Baku of 1734.
The engraving on copper.
Author Johann Gommann, Nuremberg
. 1734 .
. ,

Bak liman qravras. Jan-Jak Elize


Reklnn Yeni universal corafiya. Torpaq v
insanlar (Nouvelle geographie universelle.
La terre et les hommes), Paris, 1880.
Mllif, T.Teylor, ngiltr
The Engraving Baku Port. The new universal
geography is executed for Jean-Jacques Elise
Reklyas capital work. Earth and people
(Nouvelle geographie universelle. La terre et
les hommes),
Paris, 1880. Author T.Teylor, England
.
-
.
(Nouvelle geographie
universelle. La terre et les hommes), ,
1880 . .,

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

023

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

024

irvanahlar saraynn Karvansaraynn


grn
The Fragment of the Caravanserai of the
Palace of Shirvan khans
-

qorunmaa xidmt edirdi. Klrin


yrixtli planlamas qda bumbuz
Bak nordunun qarsn almaa kmk edird, yayda is traf
evlrdn dn klg saysind
srinlik yaradrd.
Bak qalasnn n qdim,
yrnilmi hisssi erkn
abidlrdn olan Qz qalas nn
(eramzn vvli) v Mhmmd ibn
bubkr mscidinin minarsinin
(1078-ci il) yerldiyi sahilyan
hisssidir.
XV srd tpnin stnd
Azrbaycan memarlnn nadir
abidsi olan olan irvanahlar saray
kompleksi tikildi.
XVII-XVIII srlrd amax darvazas il hrin sahilyan hisssini
birldirn ticart magistral inkiaf
etmy balad. O, Qz Qalasnn
yanndan balayaraq istiqamtini
dyiir v Salyan darvazasna
trf gedirdi. O, hm d iki bazar birldirirdi, Yuxar bazarda

winds blowing through. Curved


street planning damped rushes of
freezing Baku northern wind in
winter while in summer it provided
for coolness in shadows from house
walls.
The coastal part was the oldest
and most developed one in the
Baku fort with the earliest sites, the
Maidens Tower and a minaret of
the Muhammad Abu Bakr Mosque
(1078).
In the 15th century, a unique piece of
Azerbaijani architecture, the Shirvan
Shahs Palace complex, was built on
a hilltop.
In the 17th-18th centuries, the citys
high-street started to develop: it
joined the Shamakhi Gate with the
coastal part, changed its direction
near the Maidens Tower and led to
the Salyan Gate. It also connected
the two markets, Yukhari (Upper)
Bazaar, housing jewellers and
large-size stores, and Ashaghi
B a k

,

-

-, , .


,
,

. , , , .
- ,
-,
, . -

,
XIX ,

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

rihr qala darvazalarndan Bazarn


ksinin (indiki Azrbaycan prospekti)
grn
The View from serf gate Icheri-Sheher on
Bazarnaya St. (nowadays the ave. Azerbaijan)
-
. ( .)

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

zrgr v iri tacir dkanlar, Aa


bazarda baqqal dkanlar v xrda
sntkar emalatxanalar yerlirdi.
ndi Byk Qala adlanan k, o
zaman ictimai hyatn mrkzi v
ss-kyl bir yer idi orada bazarlardan savay bir ne karvansara,
mscid v hamam var idi.Hm d
bu k mahiyyt etibaril orta sr
hrinin sas kompozisiyas, onun
mrkzi idi, z uzunluu v enin
gr digrlrdn seilirdi. hr
mhlllrini btn istiqamtlrd
ksn digr ikinci drcli klr
ondan xeyli dar idi.
ri hrl yana, bakllarn
byk hisssi vahid Bayr hr
anlaynda birln hrtraf

Dnizknar bulvarn mnzrsi.


Bak hri, XIX sr
The Panorama of the boulevard,
Baku, the XIX century
, ., XIX

(Lower) Bazaar, where groceries and


small repair-shops were located.
Now called Beyuk-Gala (Major
Fort), the street was the centre
of public life and the most lively
place including few caravanserais,
mosques and baths in addition
to the bazaars. In essence, this
street was the medieval citys main
compositional axis, distinguished
for its length and width. Other,
secondary, streets, which cut
through the quarters in all the
directions, were much narrower.
Besides Icheri-Sheher, many people
lived in suburbs entirely called
Bayir-Sheher (External City),
which include a number of small
settlements. Due to changes of the
socio-political system and growth of
Bakus economic significance, those
settlements had been integrated
into a single urban organism of a
Vorstadt. (a relevant German term)
since the 19th centurys second half.


- .


1859 ,


,

.
, XIX

22
,
. 1806 1881

400 .
,
.
,

026

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

,

.

,
.

,
,
1859 , .

- ,
.
- , , , .

-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

027

Qdim qala divarnn mnzrsi.


Bak hri, XIX sr
The Panorama of an ancient fortification,
Baku, the XIX century
,
., XIX

hrin dalq hisssinin mnzrsi,


Bak hri, XX srin vvli
The Panorama on the Upland part of Baku,
the XX century beginning
.,

Dnizknar bulvarda imrlik.


Bak hri, XIX srin sonu
Swimming baths in the seaside boulevard,
Baku, the end of the XIX century
,
., XIX
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Qdim hr rihr giri.


XX srin ortalar
The Entrance to the Old city
of Icheri-Sheher, the XX century middle
-,

Qdim hr rihrin mnzrsi,


XX srin ortalar
The Panorama of the Old city
of Icheri-Sheher, the XX century middle

-,

,

.


,
- ., .,
., .,
., ., . .
, ,


1898 .- .
,

,
, .
-

029

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

qsblrd yaayrd. Bayr


hr bir sra yaay mntqlri
daxil idi. ctimai-siyasi sistemin
dyimsi v Bak hrinin iqtisadi hmiyytinin artmas il
laqdar XX srin ikinci yarsndan
balayaraq, bu yaay mntqlri
yegan hrsalma sistemind
fortadtda birldi.
amaxdak dadc zlzldn
sonra 1859-cu ild yalt mrkzinin
Bakya krlmsi, hminin
srtl inkiaf edn neft snayesi
hrin bymsin sbb oldu v
Bakn qsa bir mddt rzind ar
Rusiyasnn n iri hrlrindn
birin evirdi.
Hl XIX srin vvlind 22 hektar
Bak hrinin mrkzi hisssind k.
XX srin sonu
The Street in the central part of the city of
Baku, the end of the XIX century
,
XIX

That Baku was made the district


centre after a devastating earthquake
in Shamakhi in 1859, and the oil
industry developed fast determined
the citys agile development to turn
it into one of the largest cities in
the Russian Empire during a short
period of time.
In the early 19th century fit into
just twenty two hectares within the
fort walls, the city started to occupy
more and more vacant territories
in the Vorstadt: in fact, Bakus area
had grown up to 400 hectares since
1806 by 1881. The population grew
also incredibly fast: the tempo was
higher than in Europes largest cities.
The process of the citys formation,
spontaneously leaving the histoical
core, started outside of the walls.
The early external city streets almost
repeated the outline of the fort walls,
they were next to.
At the same time, the first general
layouts of Baku had been developed




,
.
, , , , ,
.
,
,
.
,

,
,

.
, -

030

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

razid z qala divarlar daxilind


yerln hr fortadtn yeni bo
razilrini tutmaa balad. 1806-c
ildn 1881-ci il qdr hrin razisi
1300 hektara qdr byd. hr
halisi d srtl artrd v tempin
gr Avropann n iri hrlrini
td. hrin kor-tbii surtd
tarixi mrkzi razisindn knara
xma prosesi onun divarlar yanndan formalamaa balad. lk
hr klri z konturlarna gr
vvlc qala divarlarnn konturlarn tkrar edirdi, nki onlarn
bilavasit yaxnlndan keirdi.
Eyni zamanda Bak hrinin ilk
kompleks ba planlar ilnmy
balad. 1859-cu ildn etibarn mlki
mhndis v memarlar bunun
zrind ilyirdilr.
Onlar arasnda xsusi yeri Qasm by
Hacbababyovun yaradcl tuturdu. Onun oxsayl layihlri sasnda
hrin mxtlif hisslrind abadlq
ilri aparlrd. Onun tlbsi Qafar
smaylov yzdn ox birmrtbli
yaay evlri, oxlu dkanlar,
mscid, hamam tikmidir.
nqilabdan vvlki Baknn n maraql memarlarndan biri sonralar
sovet dvrnd hrin ba memar
olan Zivr by hmdbyov idi.
Bakya ilmk n dvt olunmu memarlar, sasn Peterburq
mlki mhndislr institutunun
mzunlar .Qoslavski, .Ploko,
Y.Skibinski, K.Skurevi, .Edel,
A.Eyxler, H.Bayev v b. o dvrd
ox v mhsuldar ilyirdilr.
lk, daha mfssl, tam v professional ilnmi Bak hrinin Ba plan
1898-ci ild mlki mhndis H.Fonder Nonne trfindn yaradlmdr.
Bak neft mdnlrinin istismarndan alnan misli grnmmi
glirlrin bir hisssi mdn sahiblri
trfindn malikanlrin tikilmsin,
hrin abadlna srf olunurdu.
Binalarn inasnda istifad olunan
memarlq slublar v sullar ox
mxtlif idi v sasn memarlarn
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Bak hrinin mrkzi hisssind bina.


XIX srin sonu
The Building in the central part of the city of
Baku, the end of the XIX century
,
XIX

by civil engineers and architects


since 1859. Production by Kasumbey Hajibababeyov, whose
numerous designs the citys different
parts were improved by, occupies
a special place among those. His
student Gafar Isnaylov built more
than one hundred one- and twofloor houses; plenty shops, a mosque
and bath.
One of the most interesting
architects in pre-revolutionary
Baku was Ziverbey Ahmadbeyov,
who would later become the first
Architect-in-Chief of Soviet Baku.
Invited architects, mostly graduates
of the Saint Petersburg Institute of
Civil Engineers, such as I.Goslavski.
I.Ploshko. Y.Skibinski, K.Skurevich,
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

-
.
,
XIX XX ,
,


.

, ,
,

.



.
,
,
,
, .
.,
,

.
, ,

.


- ,
.


: ., . .,
., . ..
-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

031

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

032

pekarlndan deyil, ifariinin


ltaqlndan asl olurdu. Bakda neorenessans, neoqotika,
neobarokko, klassisizm, ampir, modern slublarnda tikililr
meydana glirdi.
Saxta rq, yni mavritan slubunda binalar tikilir, milli memarlq
elementlrindn istifad olunmasna
chdlr edilirdi.
O dvrd tikiln binalarn mxtlif
slublarda olmasna baxmayaraq, onlar inaat ilrinin yksk
keyfiyyti, tikililr n dzgn
taplm miqyas, a dala yerin
yetirilmsi v detallarn ox gzl
cizgilri birldirirdi. Memarlq sul
v formalarnn mumiliyi, zlk
materialn ilq tonlu xrda dnvr
hng dann eyniliyi hrin frdi
bdii obraznn formalamasna
imkan yaradrd.
mumiyytl, XIX srin sonu - XX
srin vvlinin Bak memarl
bard danarkn, bel bir fakt

I.Edel, A.Eikhler, N.Bayev etc.


worked in Baku a lot and fruitfully
at that time.
Yet the first, most detailed, full and
professional general layout of Baku
was developed in 1898 by a civil
engineer N. von der Nonne.
Part of fabulous revenues from Baku
oil fields was invested by tycoons
into building their mansions and
improving the city.
Architectural styles and ways
used in the construction were
very different and depended on
the clients whims rather than the
architects professionalism.
Structures were erected under
the styles of Renaissance Revival,
Gothic Revival, Empire, and Art
Nouveau. At the same time, there
were buildings in a pseudo-oriental,
or Mauritanian, style, and some
efforts were made to use national
architectural elements.
Though the styles of the buildings

.
,
,

, ,
.

,
.
1923
. ,
,
. 1 1923

. 25
. 1923-1925
.
1924-1926 .,

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Dnizknar bulvarn grn,
XIX srin sonu
The View of the seaside boulevard,
the end of the XIX century
,
XIX

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

033

hrin mrkzi hisssinin mnzrsi.


Sa trfd Aleksandr Nevski kilssi
grnr, XIX srin sonu
The Panorama on the central part of the city.
On the right the Cathedral of Alexander
Nevsky is visible, the end of the XIX century
.
,
XIX

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

034

Qasmby Hacbababyov
(1811-1874)

Gasimbey Hajibababeyov
(1811-1874)
-
(1811-1874)

lk Bak memarlarndan olan Qasmby Hacbababyov Cnubi Qafqaz lklrind memar


lq v hrsalma sahsind dvlt v ictimai tkilatlarda ilyn ilk mtxssisdir. Qasmby
Hacbabababyov 1848-ci ildn amax memarnn mavini ilmi, 1856-c ild is quberniya
memar olmudur. Sonra 1868-ci ildk Bak hr memar kimi almdr. O, hrin planladrlmasn o qdr gzl bacarrd ki, mhlllri o qdr ustalqla yerldirirdi ki, bu dflrl rus
v Avropa memarlarn heyrt salmdr. Baknn btn klri mkann relyefini v topoqrafiyasn, tplrini v yamaclarn nzr almaqla pillvari yerldirilmidi. O, z layihlrind
k, meydan, park, ba v bulvarlarn kompleks halnda tikintisini nzrd tuturdu. Memar
dniz sahili yaxnlnda indiydk mvcud olan hr balarnn quruluunu ilyib hazrlamd. Memarn layihsi zr 1860-1861-ci illrd Dnizkna bulvar, 1860-c ild Sisianov ba,
Bak Xeyriyy yncann (indiki Nizami muzeyi), 1870-ci ild Vorontsov (indiki slam Sfrli)
ksi 1-d ikimrtbli karvansaray, yri kd (...) yaay evlri ina edilmidir. XIX srin
ortalarndan balayaraq Bak hrinin ilk trafl ba planlarnn ilnib haznmasna balanlr.
1859-cu idn is hmin plan zrind bir ox mlki mhndislr v memarlar alrlar. Onlarn
arasnda Qasmby Hacbababyovun yaradcl xsusi yer tutur. Onun oxsayl layhlri zr
hrin mxtlif hisslri abadladrlmdr. Qasmby Hacbababyov mrnn son illrind
amaxnn memar kimi almdr.

Q
One of the first Baku architects, Gasimbey Hajibababeyov, was the first in the South
Caucasus to work for government and public organisations in the field of architecture and
urban development. Since 1848, Gasimbey Hajibababeyov worked as Assistant to Shamakhi
Government Architect, whom he would replace in 1856. His next position was Baku Architectin-Chief (by1868). Gasimbey Hajibababeyov was so skilful planning the city, that the disposition
of Baku neighbourhoods repeatedly admired Russian and European experts. All the streets in
Baku were stepped considering the hilly relief. The architect envisaged a complex approach
to streets, squares, parks, gardens and the Seaside Boulevard. He developed the still existing
structure of city gardens near the embankment. The architects implemented designs include
the Embankment (1860-1861), Tsitsianov Garden and, now the Nizami Museum, Baku Noble
Assembly (both in 1860), a two-floor caravanserai in Vorontsovskaya Street (1870, now 1 Islam
Safarli Street), and residences in Krivaya Street. From the mid-19th century, early complex
general layouts of Baku were developed; many civil engineers and architects undertook those
since 1859. Gasimbey Hajibababeyovs numerous designs, different parts of Baku were under
improvement by, occupy a special place among them. In his last years, Gasimbey Hajibababeyov
was the architect of Shamakhi.

Q
, - , . 1848 -
, 1856
. 1868 . , , .
, ,
.
, . ,
. 1860-1861
, 1860 , ( ), 1870 -
. ( . ), 1, . XIX , , 1859 , .
- .
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

qeyd etmk lazmdr ki, nisbtn


qsa tarixi dvr rzind hr z
inkiafnn n coqun dvrlrindn
birini yaayrd. Onu yaradan
memar v inaatlarn myi v
istedad saysind haql olaraq
rqin Parisi adn alm Bak
orijinal v tkrarolunmaz bir smaya
sahib oldu.
Ancaq bununla yana, snayenin
inkiaf v hr hali axn halinin
onsuz da tin olan yaay raitini
daha da airladrd. hrin traf,
snaye tikililri v neft hasil olunan yerlrl yana, Baknn fhl
qsblri yerln snaye rayonlar xsusil dhtli vziyytd
idi. Rus yazs M.Qorki Bak
proletariatnn ar raitini tsvir
edrk, onu zlmt chnnminin
dahiyan mnzrsi adlandrmdr.
Vziyyt birinci dnya v vtnda
mhariblri dvrnd xsusil
airlad. Bakya qaqn axn artd,
tikinti is demk olar ki, tamamil
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

constructed were different, a high


implementation quality, right sizes
chosen, white stone used and
excellent detailing were what all
those buildings had in common.
Some unity of architectural methods
and formats, and of facing material
used (warm-hue small-grained lime)
contributed to the citys original
image.
In general, regarding Bakus
architecture in the late 19th and
early 20th century, one should notice
the city experienced one of the most
intensive-development periods,
historically rather short. Thanks to
efforts and talents of architects and
builders who had created Baku, it
gained an originals image, which
would make it famous as Paris of the
East.
At the same time, industrial
development and population inflow
deteriorated living conditions, which
hadnt been perfect before either.
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Metropol mehmanxanasnn binas memar


Qasmby Hacbababyovun layihsi zr
tikilmidi v 1940-c ild memarlar Sadq
Dadaov v Mikayl Hseynovun rhbrliyi
altnda sasl yenidnqurmadan sonra burada
Nizami adna dbiyyat Muzeyi yerlmidir
The Building of Metropol hotel was
constructed according to the project of
architect Gasymbek Gadzhibababekova and
after radical reconstruction in 1940, under the
direction of architects Sadykh Dadashev and
Mikael Useynov, in it arranged a building of
the Museum of the Azerbaijani literature



1940 ,

,

.

035

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

dayandrld.
Azrbaycanda sovet hakimiyyti
mcburi qurulduqdan sonra Baknn yenidn qurulmas v Bak
fhllrinin, xsusil d neftilrin
yaay-mit raitinin yaxladrlmas sas vziflrdn biri oldu.
Bu mqsdl Sovet Rusiyasnn n
yax memarlar: akademik A.usev,
professorlar L.lyin v A.vanitski,
L.Rudnev, A.v V.Vesnin qardalar
Bakya ezam olundu.
Kskin yaay bhranndan xmaq
n geni inaat ilri baland.
Yalnz Bak trafnda deyil, onun
tarixi mrkzind, hminin ona
yaxn yerlrd yaay, inzibati v
ictimai binalar, klublar v mdniyyt
evlri tikilirdi. Bu binalarn kemi
tikililrl qonuluu zhltkn
deyildi, bu is onlar yaradanlarn
mhartini bir daha sbut edirdi.
1923-c ildn etibarn fhl
qsblri inasnn geni proqram
hyata keirilmy balad. Baknn

The outskirts and the industrial


districts were in the most terrible
situation: workers townships
were located next to factories and
oil wells. Maxim Gorky, a famous
Russian writer, described Baku
workers hard lives as those in
a genially painted picture of the
dark hell. The situation became
especially difficult during the First
World and Civil Wars, when more
and refugees were arriving in Baku
while construction stopped almost
completely.
After the violent establishment of
Soviet Rule in Azerbaijan, one of the
main tasks was to reconstruct Baku
and improve living conditions of
labour, especially in the oil field. To
reach this goal, the best architects
of Soviet Russia were sent to Baku:
A.Shusev, L.Ilyin, A.Ivanitsky,
L.Rudnev, and A&V.Vesnin Brothers.
Large construction was started to
escape from the acute housing crisis.

., -.
1923 1929
,
, ,
. 1930 -, 1932-1934
- .
. .
-

.
: ,
, , ,
, .


. (
., .). -

036

Aa Tzpir ksind
(indiki Mirz Ftli ksi)
ikimrtbli da binann layihsi.
Memar Mirz Qafar smaylov
The Project of the stone two-storeyed
house on Nizhnyaya Tazapirskaya St.
(nowadays Mirza Fatali St.).
Architect Mirza Gafar Izmaylov

.
( . ).

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

XX srd Bakda alan n mhsuldar memarlardan biri mhur memar Qasm by Hac
bababyovun agirdi olan Qafar smaylov idi. Arxiv materiallarndan mlumdur ki, Qasmby
Hacbababyov karvansaray ina ednd Qafar smaylov onun yannda ilyirdi. O, la qrafik
idi, memar n qrafik ertyojlar v materiallar yerin yetirirdi. Qafar smaylov z karyerasna
Salyanda memar-texnik kimi balamdr, eyni zamanda da yaay evlrinin layihlndirilmsi
v inas il mul olmudur. O, 1880-ci ild Bakya km, burada da layihlndirm v tikinti il mul olmudur. Qafar smaylov hmin dvrn n mhsuldar memar olmu, 250-dn
artq azmrtbli binann layihsini vermi v ina etmidir. O, 1868-1898-ci illrd sasn xsusi
faliyytl mul olmudur. Memarn layihlrinin ksriyyti rihrd gerkldirilmidir.

Mdi Mirz Qafar


smaylov (XIX sr)
Meshadi Mirza Gafar
Izmaylov (XIX century)

(XIX )

Q
The well-known architect Gasimbey Hajibababeyovs student, Gafar Izmaylov was one of the
most productive architects working in Baku in the 19th century. From the archive materials, it is
known it was 1868 as Gafar Izmaylov had already been working for Gasimbey Hajibababeyov
under the Caravanserai construction. He was an excellent drawer and prepared different sketches
and other materials for his patron. Gafar Izmaylov started as a Technician Architect in Salyan and
also designed and constructed residences, activities to be continued in Baku, where he moved jn
1880. Having designed and constructed more than 250 low-rise buildings, Gafar Izmaylov was
the most productive architect of the time. In 1868-1898, he was mostly into private practice. Many
of designs were implemented in the Icheri Sheher (Baku Fort).

Q
, XIX ,
, - . , 1868 - -.
.
- , . 1880 , .
,
250- . 1868-1898
. -.

037

Krasnovodsk ksind (indiki


Smd Vurun ksi) ikimrtbli
da binann layihsi.
Memar Mirz Qafar smaylov
The Project of the stone twostoreyed house on Krasnovodskaya
St. (nowadays Samed Vurgun St.).
Architect Mirza Gafar Izmaylov

. (
. ).

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Zivr by hmdbyov 1873-c ild amaxda anadan olmudur. Mlki mhndis, I


Nikolay adna Peterburq mlki mhndislr institutunu 1902-ci ild bitirn ilk azrbaycanl
mzundur. 1902-1910-cu illrd Bak quberniya idarsinin texniki kimi faliyyt gstrmidir.
1918-ci ild Zivrby hmdbyov Baknn ba memar tyin edilmidir. O, eyni zamanda
sovet hakimiyyti illrind Baknn ilk ba memar olmudur. Memarn layihsi zr 19051914-c illrd Tzpir mscidi, 1912-1913-c illrd Sadt mktbinin binas, 19121913-c illrd ttifaq mscidinin binas, Mixaylov xstxanasnn binas, yaay evlri v
baqa tikililr ina edilmidir.

Q
Zivrby hmdbyov
(1873-1925)

Ziverbey Ahmadbeyov
(1873-1925)

(1873-1925)

Ziverbey Ahmadbeyov was born in 1873 in Shamakhi, Azerbaijan. He was a civil engineer,
the first Azeri who graduated from Nicholas the First Saint Petersburg Institute of Civil
Engineers in 1902. From 1902 through 1910, he worked as a Technician for the Baku Governor
Office. From 1910, he held the position of a District Architect at the Baku Mayors Office.
In 1918, Ziverbey Ahmadbeyov became Architect-in-Chief of Baku. He also was the first to
occupy this position in the Soviet time. The architects implemented designs include Taza Pir
Mosque (built in 1905-1914), Saadet School (1912-1913), Ittifag Mosque (1912-1913), buildings
of the Mikhaylov Hospital, residences, etc.

Q
1873 . , -
. 1902 . 1902 1910 . 1910
. 1918 . . .
1905-1914 -, 1912-1913 , 1912-1913
, , .

038

Tzpir mscidi. 1905-ci il iyulun


23-d Zivrby hmdbyovun
layihsi zr Tzpir cm mscidi
zlnn ilk da qoyulmudur.
Tikinti 1914-c ild baa atmdr
Mechet Taza-Pir. On July 23,
1905 the first stone of the base
of a cathedral mosque of the
Basin feast according to Ziverbek
Ahmadbeyovs project was put.
Construction was complete in 1914
-. 23 1905


-
.
1914

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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75
illik

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yu biley i n

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039

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

ctimai yncan yay binas (indiki


Azrbacan Dvlt Filarmoniyas),
stiqlaliyyt prospekti (kemi Nikolayevsk
ksi), 2. Bina 1910-1912-c illrd
tikilmidir
The Summer building of Public meeting
(nowadays a building of the Azerbaijani
state philharmonic society), Istiglaliyat Ave.
(. Nikolayevskaya St.), 2. The building
is constructed in 1910-1912

(
),
. (.
.), 2. 1910-1912

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

042

osif Vikentyevi Qoslavski


(1865-1904)
Joseph Vikentyevich Goslavsky
(1865-1904)

(1865-1904)

osif Vikentyevi Qoslavski 1865-ci ild Varava quberniyasnda polyak zadganlarnn


ailsind anadan olmudur. Nikolay adna Sankt-Peterburq mlki mhndislr nstitutunu
bitirdikdn sonra 1891-ci ild gnc mtxssisi Aleksandr Nevski pravoslav kilssini tikmk
n Bakya gndrirlr. Gnc mtxssis osif Qoslavski monumental kilsnin tikintisi
kimi msuliyytli ii yerin yetirmk n syl alrd. Layihnin mllifi Qoslavskinin
mllimi akademik R.Marfeld idi. 1892-ci ild, pekar faliyytinin uurla balanmasndan
bir il sonra gnc memar osif Qoslavskini Baknn ba memar tyin edirlr. O, bu vzifd
mrnn axrnacan, yni, 12 il ilmidir. O, bir ox maraql fikirllrini hmin illrd
gerkldirir. Onlarn arasnda Hac Zeynalabdin Tayevin saray (indiki Azrbaycan Tarixi muzeyi), ilk mslman qzlar mktbinin binas (indiki Azrbaycan MEA M.Fzuli adna
lyazmalar nstitutunun binas), Mixaylovsk (zizbyov) xstxanasnn binalar kompleksi,
Texniki mktbin binas (Azadlq prospekti, 20), Texniki cmiyytin binas (Nizami ksi,
115) vardr. Hmin illrd neft snayesinin inkiaf nticsind v Qoslavskinin yaratd
edevrlrin saysind znd qrb memarlq mktbinin nnlrini v rq memarlnn
elementlrini birldirn Baknn simas formalard. Qoslavski yaradclnn tac indi Bak
hr cra Hakimiyytinin yerldiyi Bak hr Dumasnn binasdr. O hqiqtn Baknn n
yax inzibati binasdr. Bu binann tkrarolunmaz memarl hrin rsmi hisssin xsusi
gzllik verir. Binann zl 1900-c ilin may aynda o zaman adland kimi, Nikolayevsk
(indiki stiqlaliyyat prospekti) qoyulmudur. Tikintiy yz minlrl ar rublu xrclnrk
bina drd il ina edilmidir. Amma znn n yax srini grmk osif Qoslavskiy qismt
olmad, o, 1904-c ild 38 yanda ar xstlikdn vfat etdi.

Q
Joseph Vikentyevich Goslavsky was born in 1865 in the Warsaw Province of the
Russian Empire to a noble-by-birth family. Upon graduating the Nicholas the First Saint
Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineers in 1891, the young architect was sent to Baku for the
construction of the Alexander Nevski Cathedral. Goslavsky worked non-stop to fulfil his
important assignment related to the monumental cathedral. The project had been designed
by Goslavskys teacher, Academician Marfeld. In 1892, a year after such a promising onset of
his career, the young architect was promoted to the position of Baku Architect-in-Chief. He
would have been holding this position for twelve years before his death. He would bring into
life many of his remarkable ideas. Those include Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyevs Palace (now
the Museum of Azerbaijan History), the first Muslim school for women (now the Fund of
Manuscripts of the National Academy of Sciences), a complex of the Mikhalovskaya (now
Azizbekov) Hospital, Technical School (20, Avenue Azadlig) and Technical School (115,
Nizami). In those oil-boom years, Bakus image was being formed: it combined the European
school of architecture and oriental elements thanks to Goslavsky and a cohort of other
brilliant architects who created their masterpieces in this city. Now the Baku Chief Executive
Office, Baku Parliament crowned Goslavsky architectural career. It is rightfully considered
the best office building in Baku. Its unique architecture brings romantic charm to the citys
official section. Its fundament was laid in May 1990 in Nikolayevskaya Street (now Avenue
Istiglaliyyat). The construction took four years; the government didnt stint with funds having
allotted hundreds of thousand of royal roubles. However, Joseph Goslavsky wouldnt be
destined to see his best design implemented: in 1904, he died because of a hard disease at the
age of 38.

Q
1865 , . - . 1891
.
,
. B a k

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n s t i t u t u

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illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

.. 1892 ,
,
. , .. 12 .
. -
- ,
- , () , (.,
.20) (. , .115). , , ,
. ,
. .

. 1900 ,
( . ). ,
, .
: 1904 , 38 , .

Bak hr Dumasnn (indiki Bak


hr cra Hakimiyytinin) binas,
stiqlaliyyt prospekti (kemi
Nikolayevsk ksi),4. 1903-1904-c
illrd osif Vikentyevi Qoslavskinin
layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of the Baku municipal
duma (nowadays a building of
Executive power of Baku), Istiglaliyet
Ave. (former Nikolayevskaya St.), 4.
It is constructed in 1903-1904
according to the project of architect
Joseph Vikentyevich Goslavsky

(
.), .
(. .), 4.
1903-1904

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

043

Bak

Dvlt

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ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

044

neft mdni rayonlarnda meydana gln qsblrin adlarnn


saylmas tikintinin srti v hcmi
bard tsvvr yarada bilr. 1923-c
il mayn 1-d 25 min sakin n
nzrd tutulan Razin adna birinci
fhl qsbsinin sas qoyuldu.
1923-1925-ci illrd Binqdid
qsb salnd. 1924-1926-c illrd
Vorovski, Artyom adna, Yeni
Raman qsblri meydana gldi.
1923-c ildn 1926-c il qdr A
hrd, Zabratda, Suraxanda,
ubanda v b. yerlrd qsblr
ina edildi. 1930-cu ild Yeni
Suraxanda, 1932-1934-c illrd
Bind v Lkbatanda qsblr
meydana gldi. Pyotr Montin adna
qsb Keldki qsb il hrin
Zavokzaln hisssini birldirdi.
Qsblrin inasnda ox sad v
iddiasz memarla malik fasadlar
olan bir v ikimrtbli evlrin bir
ne tipi geni yaylmd. Yaay
evlri il yana, ictimai-mdni
tyinatl obyektlr: maazalar, klublar, mdniyyt evlri, xstxanalar
v s. layihldirilirdi.
O dvrn geni vst alm qsb
tikintisind Mmmdyarov adna
qsbnin inas frqlnirdi (memar
lar A.vanitski, A.Samoylov). O
zamank Baknn kasb adamlarnn
miskin daxmalar olan imal-qrb
ucqar hrin n hmiyytli,
srtl tikiln rayonlarndan birin
evrildi. Bu, SSR-d btv yaay
rayonunun ilk kompleks tikinti

Mlikovun yaay evi, slam Sfrli ksi


(kemi Vorontsov ksi), 19. Bina 18951897-ci illrd memar osif Vikentyevi
Qoslavskinin layihsi zr tikilmidir.
Melikovs House, Islama Safarli St. (former
Vorontsovskaya St.), 19. The building was
constructed in 1895-1897 according to the
project of architect Joseph Vikentyevich
Goslavsky
, .
(. .),
19. 1895-1897

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

tcrbsi idi. Rayon llrin


gr ox da byk olmayan, ancaq
yax planladrlm mhlllr
blnmd.Xsusi mit xidmti
korpuslar, camarxanalar, du
pavilyonlar, tiki emalatxanalar v
s. bir yenilik idi. Yallqlar rayonun klrini dvrlyir v geni

Yaay binas, stiqlaliyyt Pr. (kemi


Nikolayevski k.), 25. Bina 1892-ci
ild mlki mhndis osif Vikentyevi
Qoslavskinin layihsi sasnda tikilmidir.
Hazrda binada Qrb Universiteti yerlir
House, 25 Istiglaliyyat St. (former
Nikolayevskaya St.), built in 1892, designed
by an architect and civil engineer Jozef
V.Goslavski, currently the West University
, . (.
.), 25.
1892

.

Not only in Baku outskirts, but also


in the historical centre and directly
around, residences, offices, clubs,
culture houses and other public
buildings were being constructed.
Their neighbouring past structures
was very tactful and not pushy,
which another time proved the
creators skills.
In 1923, a large program to build
workers towns was launched. Just
listing new towns in Bakus oil
districts gives an idea of the tempo
and volume of the construction.
On 1May, 1923, the first town
of this, Razin, was laid to house
approximately 25,000. In 1923-1925,
Binagadinski Town was built.
In 1924-1926, small townships,
Vorovski, Artyom, and Novo
Ramaninski, emerged.
From 1923 1929, workers towns

-
,
,
,

.
.

, .

, , ,
..

.

046

B a k

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illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Hac Zeynalabdin Tayevin qadn mslman
mktbinin binas, stiqlaliyyt Pr. (kemi
Nikolayevski k.), 8. Bina 1898-1901-ci illrd
mlki mhndis osif Vikentyevi Qoslavskinin
layihsi sasnda tikilmidir. Hazrda bu binada
Azrbaycan Milli Elmlr Akademiyasnn
M.Fzuli adna lyazmalar institutu v
Hseyn Cavidin Ev-Muzeyi yerlir
Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev Girls
Muslim School, 8 Istiglaliyyat St. (former
Nikolayevskaya St.), built in 1898-1901,
designed by an architect and civil engineer
Jozef V.Goslavski. Currently the Fuzuli
Institute for Manuscripts of the National
Academy of Sciences and Hussein Javids
House Museum

,
.a (.
.), 8.

1898-1901 .

..

-

mhlldaxili sahlrin byk bir


hisssini doldururdu.
O illrd tikiln yaay v ictimai
binalarn memarlq simasnda mumi meyllr hiss olunurdu.Onlardan
biri d btn kemilrdn imtina
v yenilik axtar idi. O illrd
konstruktivizm adn alm yeni
cryan geni yaylmd.Onun ar
iqtisadiyyat, fayda, gzllik idi.
Konstruktivizm formalarn ycamlna, dmir-betonun geni texniki
v estetik imkanlarndan istifady
saslanrd. Mahiyyt etibaril bu
primitiv cryana inqilabi avanqard
nihilizmi v hyatn tam qurulmas kimi xyali ideallarn romantikas
zmin yaradrd.
Konstruktivist memarln ideya
mqsdi il sovet hakimiyytinin
ilk illrinin rsmi ideologiyas olan
sovet sosialist ideologiyas arasnda
sx laq mvcud idi. Yeni dvltin
tkkl tlb edirdi ki, incsnt
v memarln dili yeni rejimin
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

were built in White City, Zabrat,


Surakhani, Shubani and other parts of
Baku. In 1930, Yeni-Surakhani Town
arose, and 1932-1934 marked the
launch of Bina and Logbatan. Peter
Montin Town joined Kishli with the
area of Baku beyond the railway
station (so-called Zavokzalniy).
Few types of single and two-floor
residences with extremely simple
and even simplistic architecture
of facades were common in town
construction. Along with residences,
socio-cultural facilities such as
shops, clubs, kindergartens, schools,
houses of culture, hospitals etc. were
designed.
Mamedyarov Town (by architects
A.Ivanitski and A.Samoylov) is
worth special attention in the entire
huge-scope town construction.
The north-western part of Baku,
then built in with miserable huts of
the poor few and far away, would
become one of the most significant
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

. -
.
,
,
, , . ,
. ,
,

.


, .
,
-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

047

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

048

Yuzef Kasperovi Ploko


(1867-1931)
Josef Kasperovich Ploshko
(1867-1931)

(1867-1931)

Yuzef Kasperovi Ploko 1867-ci ild anadan olmudur.vvlc mperator Rssamlq Akademiyasnda thsil alm, sonra oran atb Sankt-Peterburq mlki mhndislr institutunda oxumudur. Ploko thsilini baa vurduqdan sonra Kiyev gndrilmidir. Orada iki il ildikdn
sonra osif Qoslavskinin dvti il Bakya glmi, Bak hr upravasnn sah memar vzifsini
tutmudur. Bir mddt sonra o, Bak hrinin memar vzifsin irli kilmidir. Ploko istedad v zhmtsevrliyi saysind memarlar arasnda layiqli yerini tutmu v tezlikl Bakn znn monumental v gzl ina edilmi binalar il fth etmidir. Bunlar yaay evlri, ictimai,
mlki, dini tikililr idilr. Plokonun memarlq srlrinin slub sistemi eynitipli deyildi. Bu Avropa klassizmi, Venesiya v fransz qotikas, xsusil, XX srin vvllrind daha ox dbd olan
modern slublar idi. Memarn sifariilri onun yaradclq fantaziyasnn heyran olan mhur
yerli milyonular idilr. Onun yaradcl sasl v oxchtlidir, Azrbaycan paytaxtnn memarlq-planladrma quruluunda xsusi yer tutur. Plokonun Bakdak monumental xarakterli
ilk ii smailiyy drhal onu hr memarlq mhitind n crgy xard. Polyak memarnn sri hrin sl bzyi oldu. Venesiya slubunda yerin yetirilmi gzl smailiyy
saray gcl tssrat dourur dada sl simfoniyan tcssm etdirn memarn v dayonanlarn ustalna heyran qalmamaq olmur. Yuzef Ploko yaay evrinin tikintisind d zn
byk memarlq ustas kimi gstrdi. O, kompozisya sullarn gzl bilirdi v zn mxtlif
istiqamtlrd, xsusil yax hiss etdiyi modern slubunda gerkldirir v tikililrd tsssm
etdirirdi. Telefonn (indiki 28 may, 4-6), eyni zamanda Torqov (indiki Nizami, 93) klrindki
yaay evlri buna sbutdur. O, ikinci byk sifariini milyonu Murtuza Muxtarovdan Vladiqafqaz hrindki mscidin tikintisi n ald. 1908-ci ild baa atdrlm v Muxtarov
mscidi adlanan bu tikili Terek aynn knarnda ina edilmidir v bhsiz, hrin n yax
tikililrindndir. Onun digr dini layihsi Bakdak Mddds Mariya polyak katolik kilssi idi.
1912-ci ild ina edilmi bina 1930-cu illrd uurulmudur. Plokonun layihsi zr tikilmi
Persidskaya ksindki (indiki Muxtarov ksi, 6) Muxtarov saraynn binasnn zrind
mrkzi qll vardr, detallar fransz qotikas slubunda ilnmidir. Qll polyak cngavrinin
byk fiquru il bitir. Muxtarov saray XX srin ikinci onilliyind hrd ina edilmi n yax
binadr. Birinci dnya mharibsin qdr Yuzef Plokonun son ii Qorakovskaya ksindki
(indiki Tayev ksi, 13) Novaya Yevropa otelinin altmrtbli binasdr. 1920-ci illrd
Ploko Bakda mhndis ilyirdi v Zivrby hmdbyovla birlikd Aberonda hr-balar
layihsinin mzakirsind itirak etmidir. 1925-ci ild, Bakda, demk olar, 30 il yaadqdan
sonra o, Varavaya, sonra is Fransaya getmidir.

Q
Josef Kasperovich Ploshko was born in 1867. He initially studied at the Emperors Academy of
Arts, but left it soon and entered the Saint Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineers. After graduation
in 1895, Ploshko was sent for a job in Kiev. After two years working there, he moved to Baku by
an invitation from Josef Goslavski for the position of a District Architect at the Construction
Department of the Baku Mayors Office. With the time passed, he would be promoted as Baku
Architect-in-Chief. Thanks to his great talent and diligence, Ploshko occupied a worthwhile place
among the local architects and soon won Baku with his remarkable, monumental and beautifully
constructed buildings. Those were residences, tenant buildings, public and civil structures and
temples. The style system of Ploshkos architectural masterpieces was not homogeneous. It
included European Classics, upmarket Venetian and French Gothic, and especially Art Deco,
particularly fashionable in the early 20th century. Admiring Ploshkos creative fantasy, well known
local millionaires became his clients. Designs by this architect are fundamental and multifaceted;
they occupy a prominent place as part of the architectural planning structure in Azerbaijans
capital. Ismailiyye, Ploshkos first design in Baku, proved monumental and immediately moved
him into the first rows of local architects. The building, constructed by the Polish architect, became
a true beauty of Baku. A splendid Venetian Gothic palace, Ismailiyye is very harmonious, plastic
and well-detailed; it causes strong emotions of admiring the skills displayed by the architect and
masons, who composed a true symphony of stones. Josef Ploshko also proved a great maestro
of residential architecture. He easily mastered compositional skills and succeeded in different
styles, especially Art Deco, which he extraordinarily felt and implemented in the buildings
B a k

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1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

constructed. Residences in StreetsTelefonnaya (now 4-6 28 May) and Torgovaya (now 93 Nizami)
are to prove it. The architect was assigned his second large project, a mosque on the Terek Rivers
bank in Vladikavkaz, Russia, by a millionaire Murtuza Mukhtarov. Called Mukhtarovs Mosque,
it was finished in 1908 and now is the most beautiful building of Vladikavkaz. Another religious
structure by Josef Ploshko was Mary the Virgins Catholic Church in Baku. Built in 1912, it would
be demolished in 1930s. Mukhtarovs Palace in Persidskaya Street (now 6 Mukhtarov), also
designed by Ploshko, appears as a central corner tower part, its facades filigreed in the French
Gothic spirit and the portal richly decorated. The tower part is crowned by a large-size figure
of a Polish knight. Mukhtarovs Palace is the best building of Bakus 1910s. Josef Ploshkos last
project before the First World War was the New Europe Hotel in Gorchakovskaya Street (now
13 Taghiyev). In 1920s, Ploshko worked as an engineer in Baku and together with Ziverbey
Ahmedbeyov participated in discussions around a project of garden cities on Absheron. In 1925,
after almost thirty years spent in Azerbaijan, he left for Warsaw and then for France.

Q
1867 . ,
. 1895 .
,
.
. .
, , , .
. , , , .
, .
, -
. -
. . , , ,
, , -
, .
. , ,
. . ( . 28 ,4-6),
. ( ., 93).
. . ,
1908 ,
, , . .
, 1912 , 1930- .
( . , 6), , , ,
. . .

. ( ., 13). 1920-
- -
. 1925 , , ,
, .
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

049

050

srafil Hacyevin yaay evi, Cfr Cabbarl


ksi (kemi amaxinskaya ksi), 12. Bina
1910-1912ci illrd memar Yuzef Kasperovi
Ploko layihsi zr tikilmidir
Israfil Gadzhievs House, Jafar Jabbarli
St. (former Shamakhinskaya St.), 12.
The building is constructed in 1910-1912
according to the project of architect Yuzef
Kasperovich Ploshko
,
. (.
.), 12.
1910-1912

inqilabi mqsdlrin uyun glsin


v kemil btn laqlri kssin.
Bu dil ox yksk drcd qti v
yeniliki olduu n bu dvlt
tlblrin uyun glirdi. Etiraf
etmk lazmdr ki, o dvrn ksr
memarlar sovet hakimiyytinin
ideya mqsdlrin rik idi.

and fast developed districts in the


city. This was one of the first USSR
experiences in system developing an
entire residential district. A district
was divided into small-size yet
well planned quarters. A novelty
consisted in special householdservice buildings including laundry,
shower rooms, tailors shops etc.
Green areas framed the streets and
filled in quite a little of internal
quarter spaces.
General tendencies are felt in the
architectural image of residences
and public buildings constructed
in those years. One of those was
a determined refusal from all the
past and looking for the new. A
trend called Constructivism became
largely common then; the trend
slogan was Economy, Benefit, and
B a k



.

,

.
, ( )

.

,
, ,
., ., , .,
., . , .,
., .
. -
.

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
smailiyy xeyriyy cmiyytinin binas,
stiqlaliyyt prospekti (kemi Nikolayevsk
ksi), 10. Bina 1907-1913-c illrd memar
Yuzef Kasperovi Plokonun layihsi
zr tikilmidir
The Building of the charitable society
Ismailia, Istiglaliyat Ave. (former
Nikolayevskaya St.), 10. The building is
constructed 1907-1913 years according to the
project of architect Yuzef Kasperovich Ploshko

, . (.
.), 10.
1907-1913

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

051

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Yevgeni Yakovlevi
Skibinski (1858-1928)
Yevgheniy Yakovlevich
Skibinski (1858-1928)

(1858-1928)

Yevgeni Yakovlevi Skibinski 1858-ci ild amaxda kollej maviri (polkovnik) Yakov Konstantinovi Skibinskinin ailsind anadan olmudur. Onun valideynlri 1859-cu ikd amaxda ba
vern dadc zlzldn sonra Bakya kmlr v memarn atas qubernatorun dftrxanasnda
xsusi taprqlar zr ba mmur vzifsind alrd. Skibinski 1886-c ild Peterburq Rssamlq
akademiyasn bitirdi v Bak hr upravasnn texniki kimi ilmy balad. 1896-c ildn o Bak
Texniki mktbind mllim kimi faliyyt gstrdi. Yevgeni Skibinski sasn mmurlar, tacirlr
v varl ustalar n nzrd tutulmu bir- mrtbli yaay evlrinin tikintisi il mul olurdu. 1900-c ilcn o 250-dn artq layh yaratmd. O, hmin dvrn digr mmurlar kimi Bak v
Aberonun qdim memarlnn yerli nnlrindn istifad edrk, rq memarl motivlrindn
yararlanrd. Yevgeni Skibinski 1899-cu ild Persidski (indiki Murtuza Muxtarov) ksi 24-d Aabala Quliyevin mlknn layihsini hazrlayaraq z istedadn gstrmidir. Hal-hazrda hmin binada Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaq yerlr. Bina bilavasit irvanahlar saray memarlnn tsiri
altnda yaradlmdr. Binann hcmi kompozisiyas btvdr v byk plastikliyi il seilir. Aabala Quliyevin evinin memarl rq slubunda olan digr tikililrin fonunda frqlnir, Baknn
v Azrbaycann memarlnda rfli yer tutur. 1883-c ild memar Yevgeni Skibinski hm d memarlq chtdn ox maraql olan, rq saraylarn xatrladan Bak dmiryol vazalnn layhsinin
yaradlmasnda itirak etmidir. XX srin axrlarnda Bakya gnc memarlarn glmsi artq qocalm Skibinskini hr xidmtini trk etmy v Bak orta mexaniki-inaat texniki mktbind
mllim vzifsin kemy mcbur etdi. Yevgeni Skibinski 1928-ci ild vfat etmidir.

052

Aabala Quliyevin yaay


evi, Murtuza Muxtarov ksi
(kemi Persidskaya ksi), 24.
Bina 1899-cu ild memar Yevgeni
Yakovlevi Skibinskinin layihsi
zr tikilmidir. Hazrda binada
Azrbaycan Respublikasnn
Memarlar ttifaq yerlir
The House Aga Bala Guliyeva,
Murtuza Mukhtarov St. (former
Persidskaya St.), 24. The building
is constructed in 1899 according to
the project of architect Yevgheniy
Yakovlevich Skibinski. Currently
Union of Architects of the Republic
of Azerbaijan
,
. (.
.), 24.
1899

.

Yevgheniy Yakovlevich Skibinski was born in 1858 to the family of Colonel Yakov
Konstantinovich Skibinski in Shamakhi, Azerbaijan. After 1859s devastating earthquake in the city,
the family moved to Baku for the father to be promoted as the Senior Officer on Special Missions
at the Governors Chancellory. In 1886, Skibinski graduated from the Saint Petersburg Academy
of Arts and occupied the position of a Technician at the Baku Mayors Office. In 1896, he switched
to teaching at the Baku Technical School. Mostly, Yevgheniy Skibinski was into one-to-three-floor
residential designs for officers, merchants and rich artisans. By 1900, he had developed more
than 250 designs. As other architects of the time, Yevgheniy Skibinski used oriental architectural
motifs he adopted from ancient construction traditions in Baku and Absheron. It was a mansion
for Aga-Bala Kuliyev at 24, Persidskaya Street (now Mukhtarov Street) that Yevgheniy Skibinski
demonstrated his talent designing. Currently, the building houses the Azerbaijan Union of
Architects. The building was created under direct architectural influence from the Shirvan Shahs
Palace: its spatial composition is integral and remarkable for its great plasticity. The house design
is different from other oriental structures and occupies an honourable place in the architecture of
Baku and Azerbaijan. Yevgheniy Skibinski died in 1928.

Q

() 1858 .
1859 , . 1886

. 1896 . , , , ,
. 1900 250 . , - 1899 . 24
( .). . , .
- .
1928 .
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053

ns titutu

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h sr

ol u n u r
Aabala Quliyevin yaay evi, Murtuza
Muxtarov ksi (kemi Persidskaya
ksi), 24. Bina 1899-cu ild memar Yevgeni
Yakovlevi Skibinskinin layihsi zr
tikilmidir. Hazrda binada Azrbaycan
Respublikasnn Memarlar ttifaq yerlir
The House Aga Bala Guliyeva, Murtuza
Mukhtarov St. (former Persidskaya St.), 24.
The building is constructed in 1899 according
to the project of architect Yevgheniy
Yakovlevich Skibinski. Currently Union of
Architects of the Republic of Azerbaijan
, .
(. .), 24.
1899

.

Konstruktivistlr Leonid, Viktor v


Aleksandr Vesnin qardalar, Mixail
Ginzburq, .Leonidov, L.Lisitski,
Konstantin Melnikov, V.Tatlin,
B.ofan, A.Rodenko, L.Popova,
V.Stepanova, V. v Q.Stenberq qardalar forma tkilin nnvi bdii
obrazl yanaman inkar edirdilr.
Msln, Aleksandr Vesnin iddia
edirdi ki, masir rssamlarn yaratd srlr tsvirilikdn uzaq tmiz
konstruksiyalar olmaldr.
Konstruktivizm klassik mnada ar
Rusiyasnda Oktyabr evriliindn
sonra meydana gln sovet hadissi
saylr.O yeni, avanqard, proletar
incsntinin cryanlarndan biridir.
Bakda konstruktivizm maraq onun yerli nvn Bak
konstruktivizminin yaradlmasna
gtirib xard. Ktlvi tikintid
dmir-betonun ttbiqi imkanlar
ox mhdud idi - o zaman metal v
sement ox az taplan materiallar idi
v ona gr d dmir-betonla yox,
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Beauty. Constructivism was based


on form laconicism and great
technical and aesthetic capacities of
ferroconcrete. It was revolutionary
avant-garde nihilism and the
romantics of utopian ideals in
total life construction that laid the
ground for this, actually primitive,
trend.
There was a close connection
between the constructivist credo
and early soviet official ideology,
the ideology of socialism. Building a
new nation demanded that the style
of the arts and architecture meet
the revolutionary goals of the new
regime and tear all ties to the past.
As this style was extremely radical
and innovating, it fully matched
those government requirements.
One should admit most, if not all,
the architects of the time shared the
new soviet ideology.
Constructivists, Leonid, Victor and
Alexander Vesnin brothers, Michael
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

, ,
, , ,
.
,



, , .

-
.

-

,
. ,

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055

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

056

Kazimir Brunovi
Skurevi (1866-1950)
Kazimir Brunovich Skurevich
(1866-1950)

(1866-1950)

Kazimir Brunovi Skurevi 1894-c ild Peterburq mlki mhndislr institutunu bitirmidir.
O, Bakya memar osif Qoslavskinin dvti il hr upravasnda sah memar vzifsind ilmy
glmidir. Fal v igzar olan Skurevi zl faliyyt xeyli vaxt ayrm, hm yaay evlrini,
hm d ictimai tikililri layihlndirmidir. Kazimir Skureviin diqqtini drhal detallarn baxml
cizgilri v dayonma sntindn mhartl istifad olunan yerli memarlq nnlri clb etmidi.
O, yerli memarln mahiyytin varmaa, z layihlrind istifad ed bilcyi sas prinsiplri
mnimsmy alrd. Memar Baknn rihr qalasnn razisind, memarlq abidlrinin v
mhur irvanahlar kompleksinin hatsind mumi tarixi fona uurla uyun gln bir sra yaay evlri yaratmaa mvffq olmudur. Skureviin n mhur tikililri Dvlt Banknn (18971899) Krasnovodsk v Merkuryevsk klrinin (indiki S.Vurun ksi v Azrbaycan prospekti)
tinindki binas, Persidsk (indiki M.Muxtarov, 13) ksindki Rotildin kontoru (1897-1899), amaxinkada uaq yetimxanas (1897-1899), Tayev pasajdr (1896). Skurevi eyni zamanda pot
binasnn, Nobel qardalar Aksioner yoldalnn idar binasnn (1900-1903), ticart crglri
ansamblnn, mslman v uaq gimnaziyas v xstxanalar binalarnn layihsini vermidir.
Tdqiqatlarn fikrinc, Kazimir Skureviin n byk uuru o zaman yal memarla novator
yanama il yerin yetirilmi Dnizknar bulvarn (1902) layihsi idi. Qoslavskinin lmndn
sonra Skurevi hr memar vzifsini tuturdu v Bak hr Dumasnn z byk slfinin son
layihsinin daxili bzyinin vurulmasna rhbrlik edirdi. O, mllif fikrini hyata keirmk v
layihnin thrif edilmsin yol vermmk n btn imkanlarndan istifad edirdi. Kazimir Skurevi Bakda 12 il ildi v bu mddt rzind ictimai v zl xarakterli xeyli bina ina etdi. Sonra
o, hr memar vzifsindn istefa verdi, z vtnin, Varavaya getdi. Kazimir Skurevi Polada
40 ildn artq ald Varava Kral qsrinin, eyni zamanda Krakov saraynn brpasna rhbrlik
etdi, Suleyuvkada maral Pilsudski n malikannin layihsini verdi. Amma, bhsiz ki, Kazimir Skureviin n mhur tikilisi Pola Seyminin binasdr.

Q
Kazimir Brunovich Skurevich graduated from the Saint Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineers in
1894. It was in 1895 that he came to Baku, invited by an architect Josef Goslavski for the position of
a district architect in the Baku Mayors office. Energetic and active, Skurevich contributed a lot as a
private architect designing both residences and public structures. Kazimir Skurevich was interested in
local architectural traditions, which immediately attracted his attention with rich details and virtuoso
stone work. He tried to conceive the essence of local architecture and adopt its basic principles he
could use in his own designs. In the Icheri Sheher (the Baku Fort), the architect managed to create
a number of houses successfully fit into the entire historical background including the prominent
complex of the Shirvan Shahs Palace and other architectural sites. The National Bank (1897-1899) on
the intersection of Krasnovodskaya (now S.Vurgun) and Merkuryevskaya (now Avenue Azerbaijan)
Streets, Rothschilds Office in Persidskaya Street (now Mukhtarov, 13), Orphanage in Shamakhinka
(1897-1899) and Taghiyevs Passage (1896) are considered the best known buildings by Skurevich.
Skurevich also designed a post office, the Nobel Brothers Joint-Stock Company Office (1900-1903),
a mall ensemble, a Gymnasium for boys and two hospitals, a Muslim one and one for children.
As researchers think, the Seaside Boulevard design (1902), which demonstrated a then innovative
approach to green architecture, is the greatest achievement by Kazimir Skurevich. After Josef
Goslavskis death, Kazimir Skurevich occupied the position of the City Architect and managed the
interior design for his great predecessors last project, the Baku City Parliament. He made all necessary
efforts to follow the authors concept and to prevent from distorting the design. Kazimir Skurevich
worked in Baku during 12 years and built quite a few structures in Baku, both public and private.
Then, he left the position of the City Architect and went back home, to Warsaw. In Poland, Skurevich
would work more than 40 years: he managed the restoration of the Warsaw Royal Castle and Krakow
Wawel and designed Marshal Pilsudskys estate in Suleyuvka. However, Kazimir Skurevichs best
known implemented design is the Polish Sejm.

Q

1894 . 1895
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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

. , , ,
. ,
. ,
, . -, ,
. (1897-1899) (
.. .), (1897-1899) (
.,13), (1897-1899), (1896 ). , .
(1900-1903), , . , (1902 ),
.
. , .
12 .
, .
, , . , ,
.

Dvlt Banknn binas, Zrif


liyeva ksi (kemi Merkuryevsk
ksi), 27. Bina 1897-1899-cu illrd
memar Kazimir Brunovi Skureviin
layihsi zr tikilmidir.
The Building of the State bank,
Aliyevas Zarifa St. (former
Merkuryevskaya St.), 27. The building
is constructed in 1897-1899 according
to the project of architect Kazimir
Brunovich Skurevich
,
. (.
.), 27.
1897-1899

Bak

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057

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Rotildin kontorunun binas
(indiki Azrbaycan Respublikas Ba
Prokurorluunun binas), Murtuza Muxtarov
ksi (kemi Persidskaya ksi), 13.
Bina 1899-cu ild memar Kazimir Brunovi
Skureviin layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of office of Rothschild
(nowadays a building of the Prosecutor
Generals Office of the Azerbaijani Republic),
Murtuza Mukhtarov St. (former Persidskaya
St.), 13. The building is constructed in 1899
according to the project of architect
Kazimir Brunovich Skurevich
(

), .
(. .), 13.
1899

dmir-betona oxar materialla


tikirdilr. Konstruktivizm dvr
olan 20-ci illrin sonu - 30-cu illrin
vvllrind Bakda ina ediln
binalarn demk olar ki, hams yerli
gu dandan tikilirdi, sonra is
betona bnzr suvaqlanrd.
O dvrn n sciyyvi ictimai binalar arasnda elektrik dmir yolunun
binalar kompleksini, mdniyyt
saraylarn, Nriyyat sarayn,
nturist mehmanxanasnn, fizioterapiya xstxanasnn, Dinamo
idman cmiyytinin, Dvlt banknn, fabrik-mtbxin binalarn v
bzi baqa tikililri qeyd etmk olar.
O illr yalladrma sahsind d
byk ilr grlrd. Hm hrin
tarixi hisssind, hm d onun yeni
rayonlarnda balar, baalar v
parklar salnrd. Minlrl bakllar imciliklrd itirak edirdilr.
hri kilck material il tmin
etmk n 1923-c ild Bakda ilk
df itillik salnd. O, illr boyu
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Ginsburg, I.Leonidov, L.Lisitsky,


Constantine Melnikov, V.Tatlin,
B.Iofan, A.Rodchenko, L.Popova,
V.Stepanova, V. and G. Sternberg
Brothers etc rejected the traditional
stylistic approach to architecture.
For instance, Alexander Vesnin
stated Items, created by
contemporary artist, must be pure
constructions without a ballast of
depicting.
Classical constructivism is usually
considered a soviet phenomenon
emerging after the October
revolution in the Tsar Russia as one
of he trends in the new avant-garde
proletarian arts.
The constructivist fashion in Baku
created its local, Baku variant.
Opportunities to use ferroconcrete
in common construction were
extremely limited due to the
shortage of metal and cement;
therefore, they built not from
ferroconcrete, but to copy it. Almost
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

20-
30- ,

.



, ,
, ,

,
, , - .

. ,

,
,
.
, 1923

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

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059

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

060

ohann Vilhelmovi Edel


(1863-1932)
Johann Wilhelm Edel
(1863-1932)

(1863-1932)

ohann Vilhelmovi Edel 1863-c ild zadgan ailsind anadan olmudur. O, pravoslav
kilssind xa suyuna kilndn sonra ohann Vasilyevi adn almdr. Glck memar Bakya
80-ci illrin vvllrind tsadfn glmidir. Hmin vaxtda hrd artq onun alman -kolonist
qohumlarndan oxlar yaayr v ilyirdi. Bel ki, 1861-ci ild onun misi Henrix Henrixovi
Edel Bak Ali mktbinin mllimi vzifsin dvt olunmudu. ohann Edel Moskva Bdaye
cmiyytinin rngkarlq, heykltralq v memarlq mktbini bitirdi. 1888-ci ildn o, madam
Sofiya Valdenin xsusi mktbi olan Bak Mariya qadn gimnaziyasnda mllimlik etmy
balad. 1890-c ild memarn layihsi zr Musa Nayevin Birja (indiki zeyir Hacbyli)
ksindki iki binasnn inasna balanmdr. Binalarn birind Bak ctimai yncann
Q klubu yerlmidir. Bina italyan slubunda ox orijinal memarla malik idi v hrd o
dvrn n yax binalarndan biri hesab ollunurdu. ohann Edelin layihs zr eyni zamanda
S.M.ibayev v K zavodunun nzdind zrif grn malik Spassk-Preobrajenski kilssi tikilmidir. Kilsnin binasnn zrindki qbb sanki btn A hr hakim idi. nqilabdan sonra ibayevin zavodu neftayrma zavoduna evrilmidi. 1929-cu ild kils baland, sonra is uuruldu. 1891-ci ild .Edel Qz qalasnn arxasndak dadan mqdds Apostol Varfolomey zng
qllsinin tikintisi sifari edilmidi. Hmin qll ina edildi v 1892-ci il sentyabrn 14-d ibadt
n ald. Zng qllsi rus slubunda kiik kils idi, qbbsind ikitrfli xa qurulmudu.
1892-ci ild memarn layihsi zr Byk Dniz ksind (indiki Blbl prospektindki 1 sayl
poliklinika) Bak Quberniya xzindarlnn binas tikilib istifady verilmidi. 1892-ci ilin sentyabrnda ibayevin Balaxandak mdnind Edelin layihsi zr aacdan da-mdn sntinin
himaydar saylan mqdds Misirli Makariy kilssi tikildi v istifady verildi. Sonralar kils
yann zaman yanmdr. 1904-c ild Sabunuda Bizans slubunda dadan mqdds Makariy kilssi ina edildi. Kils 1930-cu ild dadld. 1904-c ild Qoslavskinin lmndn sonra
ohann Edel Rusiya mperator Texniki cmiyyti Bak blmsi binasnn tikiliini davam etdirdi.
1907-ci ild memar Bak hr Dumasna namizdliyini verdi, amma lazmi qdr ss toplaya
bilmdi. Bundan sonra o sasn pedaqoji faliyytl mul oldu. Oktyabr evriliindn v SSR
yaradlandan sonra ohann Edel Bak Sovetind almdr. Memar ohann Edel 1932-ci il fevraln 14-d vfat etmidir.

Q
Johann Wilhelm Edel was born in 1863 to the family of a noble by birth. Baptised as a Russian
Orthodox, he received Vasilyevich as his middle name. It wasnt occasional that the future
architect came to Baku in the early 1880s. By that time, many of his relatives from German colonists
had already been living and working in Baku. For example, his uncle Heinrich Heinrichovich Edel
was invited to teach at the Baku Higher School in 1861. Johann Edel graduated from the School
of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture at the Moscow Artistic Society. From 1888, Johann Edel
taught drawing at Baku Mariinskaya Gymnasium for Women and Ms. Sophia Waldes private
school. In 1890, the construction of Musa Naghiyevs two buildings started under the architects
design in Birjevaya Street (now Uzeyir Hajibayov), one to house the Winter Club of the Baku
Public Assembly. The latter one was notable for its architecture following the Italian style yet very
original and was undoubtedly considered the best building in the city of the time. By Johan Edels
design, a very elegant Saviours Transfiguration Church at S.M.Shibayev&Co Plant was also
built. The church dome seemed crowning the White City (a part of Baku). After the Communist
Revolution, Shibayevs Plant became Gara Garayev Oil Refinery. The church was closed in 1929
and demolished later. In 1891, J. Edel was assigned the stone construction of the Saint Apostle
Bartholomew Chapel behind the Maidens Tower. The chapel was completed and sanctified on
14 September, 1892. It was a small Russian-style church with a mirrored cross on the top. In 1892,
the Baku Province Chancellory at 8 Bolshaya Morskaya Street (now Polyclinic #1 in Avenue BulBul) was built by the architects design and sanctified. In September 1892, a wooden church to
commemorate the Saint Reverend Macarius of Egypt, considered the Patron of Mining, was built
and sanctified under Edels design. Later, he church would burn down. In 1904, a Byzantine-style
stone Saint Macarius Church was built in Sabunchu, Baku, to be demolished in 1930. After the
architect Goslavskis death, Johann Edel continued the construction of the Baku Department of
the Emperors Russian Technical Society in 1904. In 1907, the architect ran an election campaign
for Baku Parliament Member, but didnt manage to receive enough votes. Mostly, he was into
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teaching then. After the Communist Revolution and the USSRs establishment, Johann Edel
worked as an architect at the Baku Mayors Office. He died on 14 February, 1932.

Q
1863 .
. . , - . , 1861

. ,
. 1888
.
1890 ( . ),
.
, , ,
. - .. . ,
, .
. .
1929 . 1891 .
. ,
14 1892 .
, .
1892 , . , 8 ( 1
.-). 1892
. ,
. .
1904 - . , 1930 . 1904 ,
..,
. 1907
, . ,
. .
14 1932 .

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061

062

Yusif Mmmdliyev ksi (kemi


Poliseyski ksi), 20-d yaay binas.
Bina 1894-1896-c illrd memar ohann
Vilhelmovi Edelin layihsi zr tikilmidir
The House, Yu.Mamedaliyev St. (former
Politseyskaya St.), 20. The building is
constructed in 1894-1896 according to the
project of the architect Johann Vilhelm Edel
, .. (.
.), 20.
1894-1896

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Mitrofanovun yaay evi, Sid Rstmov
ksi (kemi Orlovski ksi), 3. Bina 18981902-ci illrd memar ohann Vilhelmovi
Edelin layihsi zr tikilmidir
Mitrofanovs House, Said Rustamov St.
(former Orlovskaya St.), 3. The building is
constructed in 1898-1902 according to the
project of the architect Johann Vilgelm Edel
, .
(. .), 3.
1898-1902

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75

063

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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Memar Adolf Eyxler 1869-cu ild anadan olmudur. O, 1892-1911-ci illrd Bak hr upravasnn sah memar ilmidir. Bu dvrd o, onlarla yaay evinin layhsini vermi v ina
etmidir. Memarn sas layihlrindn biri Bak Xilaskar sa kilssinin (indiki 28 may ksindki
lteran kilssi) layihsidir. Kilsnin layihsi memar trfindn neoqotik slubda yaradlmdr. Memarn yaradclnn tdqiqatlar qeyd edirlr ki, Adolf Eyxler Almaniyann Marburq
hrindki mqdds Yelizaveta kilssindn ilham almdr. Kilsnin zlqoyma mrasimi
1896-c il martn 21-d Bak qubernatorunun v hr basnn itirak il hyata keirilmidir.
Mrasimd Emmanuel Nobel d itirak edirdi. Kilsnin 1899-cu il martn 14-d ba vern al
mrasimin min nfrdn artq insan ymd. 1900-c il aprelin 23-d orada ilk orqan musiqisi
konserti oldu, konsertd ohann Sebastyan Baxn srlri ifa olundu. Memar Adolf Eyxler 1911-ci
ild vfat etmidir.

Q
Adolf Vasilyevi Eyxler
(1869-1911)
Adolf Vasilyevich Eichler
(1869-1911)

(1869-1911)

An architect Adolf Vasilyevich Eichler was born in 1869. From 1892 through 1911, he worked
as a District Architect of the Baku Mayors Office. During this period, he designed and built
dozens of residences. One of the architects main projects is the Saviour Church in Baku (now
Lutheran Church in 28 May Street). The church had been designed in the style of Gothic Revival.
Researchers studying the architects projects think Adolf Eichler was inspired by the Saint
Elisabeth Church in Marburg, Germany. The foundation stone of the Saviour Church was laid in
a ceremony on 21 March, 1896, attended by the Governor, Baku Mayor, and Emmanuel Nobel.
More than one thousand people came for the sanctification ceremony on 14 March, 1899. On 23
April 1900, the first organ music concert in the church represented pieces by Johann Sebastian
Bach. The architect Adolf Eichler died in 1911.

Q
1869 . 1892 1911
. .
( .28 ).
. , , .
21 1896 . .
, 14 1899 ,
. 23 1900 , .
1911 .

064

Yevangel-Lteran Xilaskar kilssi,


28 May ksi (kemi Telefonn
ksi), 17. Bina 1896-1899-ci illrd
memar Adolf Vasilyevi Eyxlerin
layihsi zr tikilmidir
Evangelic and Lutheran Church of
the Savior, st. on May 28 (former
Telefonnaya St.), 17. The building is
constructed in 1896-1899 according
to the project of architect Adolf
Vasilyevich Eichler
-
, . 28
(. .), 17.
1896-1899


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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

066

Nikolay Georgiyevi
Bayev (1878-1949)
Nicolay Gheorghiyevich Bayev
(1878-1949)

(1878-1949)

Nikolay Georgiyevi Bayev 1878-ci ild Htrxanda anadan olmudur. 1901-ci ild Peterburq Mlki mhndislr nstitutunu bitirmidir. 1911-1918-ci illrd Bak hr upravasnn
ba mhndisi ilmidir. 1921-1925-ci illrd Azrbaycan SSR Xalq Maarifi Komissarl Bak
Tikinti darsinin ba mhndisi kimi almdr. 1929-1930-cu illrd Bayev Azselstroy
trestinin ba mhndisi kimi faliyyt gstrmidir. 1942-ci ild Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn zvlyn daxil olmudur. Memar H.Q.Bayev Bakda ina edilmi bir ox layihlrin
mllifidir: Aleksandrovsk bulvarnda elektrik yarmstansiyasnn binas (indiki Neftilr
prospektindki ns teatr), Maylov qardalarnn teatr (1910-1911-ci illr, ndiki Opera v
Balet Teatr), Bakdak Sabunu vazal (1926-c il) v s.

Dmiryol vazalnn binas, Azadlq


prospekti (kemi Stanislavski
ksi), 22. Bina 1926-c ild memar
Nikolay Georgiyevi Bayevin
layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of the railway station,
Azadlyg Ave. (former Stanislavskaya
St.), 22. The building is constructed
in 1926 according to the project of
architect Nikolay Georgiyevich Bayev

, . (.
.), 22.
1926

Born in Astrakhan, Russia. Graduated from the Saint Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineers.
Positions: 1911-1918, Engineer-in-Chief, the Baku Mayors Office; 1921-1925, Engineer-in-Chief,
Baku Construction, Ministry of Education, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic; 1929-1930,
Engineer-in-Chief, Azerbaijan Rural Construction. Professional membership: the Azerbaijan
Union of Architects, from 1942. Designs implemented: an electrical substation (now the Uns
Theatre) on Alexander Embankment (now Avenue Neftchilar), Mayilov Brothers Theatre
(1910-1911, now the Opera and Ballet Theatre), Sabunchu Train Station in Baku (1926), etc.

Q
1878 .. 1901
. 1911-1918
. 1921-1925 . 19291930 .. . 1942
. .. , :
( Uns .), . (1910-1911 ,
), (1926 ) .

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ol u n u r
Dmiryol vazalnn binas, Azadlq
prospekti (kemi Stanislavski ksi), 22.
Bina 1926-c ild memar Nikolay Georgiyevi
Bayevin layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of the railway station, Azadlyg
Ave. (former Stanislavskaya St.), 22.
The building is constructed in 1926
according to the project of architect Nikolay
Georgiyevich Bayev
,
. (. .), 22.
1926

genilnrk, hrin yalladrlmasnda hmiyytli rol oynad.


O zaman qabaqcl sovet
hrsalanlar trfindn Bak hri
inkiafnn ba planlarn ilyib
hazrlamaq sahsind z miqyasna gr byk ilr aparlrd. Bel
ki, 1924-c ildn 1937-ci il qdr
hrin Ba plannn variant
ilnib hazrland.
30-cu illrin ortalar Bak memarlnda ciddi dyiikliklr dvr
oldu. Azrbaycann milli memarlq
irsinin planl v drin yrnilmsi
v istifad olunmas dvr balad.
Milli memarln uurlu inkiafna
1936-c ild Azrbaycan Memarlar
ttifaqnn yaradlmas bir tkan
verdi. Bakda Sovet hakimiyytinin
qurulmasndan sonrak ilk illrd
Azrbaycan snaye institutu
nzdind memarlq-inaat fakltsi
tkil olunmudu. 30-cu illr qdr
bu faklt artq oxlu memar v inaat hazrlamd. Memarlq-inaat
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

all the buildings erected in Baku


in the era of Constructivism, from
late 1920s through early 1930s, were
made from local stone, gush, with
further plastering imitating concrete
texture.
Among the most specific public
buildings of the time, one
should mention the complex of
structures for the electric railway,
the Palaces of Culture, Palace of
Media, Hotel Intourist, complex of
physiotherapeutic hospital, Dinamo
Sport Society, National Bank,
cafeterias and some others.
A great job was done to develop
green areas. Gardens, garden
squares and parks were laid both
in the historical part of the city and
its new districts with thousands
of the residents participating in
volunteer manual work on
Saturdays. To provide the city with
flora to plant, the first nursery
garden was established in Baku in
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

,
,
.

. 1924 1937
.
.
30-

.
.
1936
.
,
,
-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Bak hrinin inkiafnn ilk Ba plan 1898-1900-c illrd mlki mhndis Nikolay
Avqustovi fon der Nonne trfindn ilnib hazrlanmdr. O, zndk hazrlanm btn planlar trafl yrnrk znn Ba plannda n yax variantlardan istifad etmidir.
sasn Baknn genilndirilmsin xsusi fikir verilmidir. Baknn Dalq hisssindki
tikililr mhz fon der Nonnenin layihsi zr tikilmidir. Ba plan il rzind hazrlanm, 1900-c il qdr tamamil hyata keirilmidir. 1884-c ild Bakda Texniki cmiyytin
nzdind Birldirilmi Sanitar komissiya yaradlmdr v komissiyann sdri quberniya
idarsinin ba memar N.A. fon der Nonne seilmidir. Mayn 31-d o, ilk df olaraq, Bak
hrinin kanalizasiya vasitsil assenizasiyas mruzsini tqdim etmidir.

Nicolay
von der Nonne (1832-1908)

Bakus first general layout was developed by a civil engineer Nicolay Avgustovich von
der Nonne in 1898-1900. Having studied all the projects earlier prepared, he used the best for
his own ones. Bakus enlargement was focused on in those designs. It was von der Nonnes
design the citys uphill part was developed by. It took three years to design the general layout,
which would have been fully implemented by 1900. In 1884, a United Sanitary Commission
was established under the Technical Society in Baku. Then Engineer-in-Chief of the Province
Office, von der Nonne was elected Chairman of the Commission. On 31 May, he for the first
time presented a report, Disposing Sewage in Baku by Means of Sewerage.


(1832-1908)

Nikolay Avqustovi
Fon der Nonne
(1832-1908)

1898-1900

. , , .
. . ,
1900 . 1884 ,
.. . 31 .
.

068

Deburun yaay evi, Niyazi ksi


(kemi Sadovaya ksi), 9.
Bina 1890-c ild memar Nikolay
Avqustovi fon der Nonnenin
layihsi zr tikilmidir
Deburs House, Niyazi St. (former
Sadovaya St.), 9. The building is
constructed in 1890 according to
the project of the architect Nikolay
Augustovich von der Nonne
, .
(. .), 9.
1890

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Seyid Mirbabayevin yaay evi
(hazrda binada Azrbaycan Respublikasnn
Dvlt Neft irkti yerlir), Niyazi ksi
(kemi Sadovaya ksi), 1. Bina 1890-c ild
memar P.ternin layihsi zr tikilmidir.
Seid Mirbabayevs House (now in a building
the State oil company of the Azerbaijani
Republic settles down), Niyazi St.
(former Sadovaya St.), 1. The building is
constructed in 1890 according to the project
of the architect of P. Shtern

(

), .
(. .), 1.
1890 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

072

Aleksey Viktorovi
usev (1873-1949)
Alexey Victorovich Shusev
(1873-1949)

(1873-1949)

Aleksey Viktorovi usev grkmli sovet memar, SSR-nin mkdar memarlq akademiki, SSR EA-nn akademiki, drd Stalin (Dvlt) mkafat laureatdr. Aleksey Viktorovi
usev 1873-c il oktyabrn 8-d Kiinyov hrind dini mssislr baxcsnn ailsind
anadan olmudur. usev 1891-1897-ci illrd Peterburq Rssamlq Akademiyasnda thsil almdr. Onun mllimlri arasnda akademik L.N.Benua v rssam .E.Repin d vard. Gnc
memar Akademiyan bitirib Orta Asiyada v Smrqnddki arxeoloji ekspedisiyalara qoulmudur. Syahtin gediind usev mir Teymurun qbri v Bibixanm cm mscidi
kimi qdim memarlq tikililrinin tdqiqi il mul olmudur. 1888-1889-cu illr dvrnd
usev Tunis, Avstriya, italiya, ngiltr, Belika v Fransada olmudur. Rusiyaya qaytdqdan
sonra o Sankt-Peterburqda mskunlamdr. XX srin ilk onilliklrind usev zn kils
memarlnn ustas kimi gstrmidir. Bundan baqa usev brpa v tarixi-arxeoloq kimi
d ilmidir. Amma usevin mlki ilri daha genimiqyasl idi. 1911-ci ild o, memarlq
akademiki oldu. El hmin ild d onu Moskvadak Kazan vazalnn tikintisinin ba memar tyin etdilr. 1917-ci ilin oktyabr evrilii usevin karyerasna xll gtirmdi, ksin o
n ox ehtiyac duyulan mtxssislrdn oldu. 1918-1925-ci illrd o memar .V.Joltovski il
Yeni Moskva hrinin yenidnqurulmas layihsinin ilnib hazrlanmas il mul oldu.
1922-ci ild A.V.usev Moskva Memarlq Cmiyytinin sdri seildi v 1932-ci ildk hmin
vzifd ald. usevin SSR-nin btn halisin mlum olan ilk sri Leninin Mavzoleyi
oldu. lk mavzoley aacdan idi v onu usevin rhbrliyi altnda V..Leninin dfnin qdr
cmi bir sutka rzind ina etdilr. Aac tikilinin silueti eynil bu cr sonu pilllrl bitn
kubvari formada idi. 1924-c ilin yaznda Aleksey Viktorovi ikitribunal daha geni mavzoley tikdi, amma sonra mlum oldu ki, Leninin csdini burada uzun mddt saxlamaq olmaz,
ona gr d daha uzunmddtli bina tikmk vzifsi qarya xd. Memarlar arasnda n yax layih n msabiq elan edildi, hmin msabiqd d A.V.usev qalib gldi. 1930-cu ilin
oktyabrnda yeni mavzoley hazr idi. Bina dmir-betondan tikilmidi, z qranit plitlrl,
irisi is mrmr v labradoritl dnmidi. Bu tikili formasna gr konstruktivizml
qdim srdablr xas olan elementlrin zvi birlmsindn yaradlmdr. A.V.usev Bakda ilk mehmanxanalardan olan, 1934-c ild ina ediln nturistin layihsini vermidi.
1988-ci ild mehmanxana srmdn sonra brpa olunmudu. Brpalar mehmanxanann
xarici grnn v myyn memarlq elementlrini saxlayb binan yenilmi, raitini
yaxladrmdlar. Tssf ki, mehmanxana sonralar skld. A.V.usev 1949-cu il mayn
24-d vfat etmidir.

Q
Alexey Victorovich Shusev is a prominent soviet architect. His awards include USSR
Architect of Honours and four Stalin Prizes. He was member of the USSR Academy of
Architecture and Academy of Sciences. He was born on 8 October 1873 in Kishinev, now the
capital of Moldova, to the family of charities supervisor. From 1891 through 1897, Shusev
studied at the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts. Academician L.N.Benois and the famous
artist Ilya Repin had been among his professors. After graduation, the young architect joined
an archeological expedition to Samarkand, now in Uzbekistan. During this trip, Shusev
researched such ancient sites as Tamerlans tomb and the Bibi Khanum Juma (Cathedral)
Mosque. From 1888 through 1899, Shusev visited Tunis, Austria, Italy, England, Belgium
and France. Back in Russia, he resided in Saint Petersburg. In the first decades of the 20th
century, Shusev proved a maestro of church architecture. He also worked as a restorer and
historian/archeologist. However, his secular designs were the largest. In 1911, he was elected
a member of the Academy of Architecture. In 1911, he was appointed Architect-in-Chief for
the construction of a new building for Kazanski Railway Station in Moscow. The revolution in
October of 1917 didnt harm Shusevs career; in contrast, he became one of the most demanded
architects. From 1918 through 1925, he designed a New Moscow reconstruction project
together with an architect I.V.Joltovsky. In 1922, Shusev became Chairman of the Moscow
Architecture Society to occupy the position trough 1932. It is Lenins Mausoleum that became
the nationally popular building by Shusev. The first mausoleum was wooden, constructed
under Shusevs supervision during 24 hours by Lenins funeral. The silhouette was the same
as of the later versions: cubic and top-stepped. In 1924s spring, Alexey Victorovich built a
B a k

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more spacious mausoleum with two balconies, but it became clear later, that Lenins body could
be preserved for a very long period, and a longstanding structure had to be built. A contest among
architects for the best design was announced, and Shusev won it. In 1930, the new mausoleum
was ready. The building had been constructed from ferroconcrete, covered with granite plates
and decorated with marble and labradorite. The mausoleum shape displays a harmonious
combination of constructivism and elements typical for ancient tombs. A.V.Shusev designed one
of the very first Baku hotels, the Intourist, built in 1934. In 1988, the hotel was restored after a
landslide. The restorers preserved the appearance and all the crucial architectural elements of the
hotel, renovated it and improved the living conditions. Unfortunately, the hotel was demolished
later. Shusev died on 24 May, 1949.

Q
, , , ,
. 08 1873 ,
. 1891 1897 . .. ..
. ,
, .
-. 1888 1899 .. , ,
, , . , ..
-. -
. , . . 1911
.. , 1911 .
1917 , , . 1918 1925 ..
. 1922
.. , 1932 . ,
. ,
.. .
. 1924 , , ,
.
, ... 1930 .
, ,
. , . ..
, 1934 . 1988 . , ,
. , .
.. 24 1949 .

Bak

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L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

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073

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

074

fakltsinin ilk mzunlar arasnda


sonralar mhur memarlar Sadx
Dadaov v Mikayl Hseynov da
var idi. Bu memarlarn ilrind
sovet dvr Azrbaycan memarl
inkiafnn btn yolu tam ksini
tapmdr.Onlarn birg yaradclnn nticsi Bakn bzyn oxlu
mhtm tikililr idi.
75 illiyi bu il qeyd olunan
Bakdvltlayih layih institutu kollektivinin ildiyi layihlr
sasnda milyon kvadrat metrlrl
yaay sahsi, uaq mktbqdr
mssissi, mdniyyt, mit,
shiyy, ticart,idman obyektlri
tikilmi v istismara verilmidir.
Bu, institut mtxssislrinin iinin
yekunudur.
Bu uura aparan yol uzun v tin
olmudur. 1937-ci ild institut yaranmaa imkan tapmam kinci dnya
mharbsi balad v institutun onlarla mkda, memar v
layihilri ya cbhy getdi, ya
da mdafi ilrin clb olundu.
nstitut ar mharib raitind
mdafi tikililri layihldirmy
balad.
Mharibdn sonrak illrd Sovet
ttifaqnn xalq tsrrfat v iqtisadiyyat yenidn qurulmaa
balayarkn Bakdvltlayih
institutunun yaradclq diapazonu
ninki son drc genilndi, hm
d daha byk vst ald.
1930-cu illrin sonu 1950-ci
illr memarlqda osif Stalin dvr idi. Mharibdn vvlki v
mharbdn sonrak ilk illrd

Bak hrindki nturist


mehmanxanasnn binas.
1934-c ild memar Aleksey Viktorovi
usevin layihsi zr tikilmidir
Baku, Inturist hotel. It is constructed in 1934
according to the project of architect Alexey
Viktorovich Shusev
., .
1934

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illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

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ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

076

Lev Aleksandpovi lyin


(13.6.1880-11.12.1942)
Lev Alexandrovich Ilyin
(13.6.1880-11.12.1942)

(13.6.1880-11.12.1942)

Sovet memar, Peterburq Memarlar cmiyytinin zv, SSR Memarlar Akademiyasnn


mxbir zv Lev Aleksandrovi lyin Rusiyann Tambov quberniyasnda hvskar rssam
ailsind anadan olmudur. O, 1897-ci ild Peterburq Aleksandr kadet korpusuna daxil
olmudur. 1897-ci ild Peterburq mlki mhndislr institutuna daxil olmu, eyni zamanda
Tambovda hr memarnn kmkisi kimi faliyyt gstrmidir. 1902-ci ild thsilini baa
vurmu, Peterburq Bdaye Akademiyasnda L.N.Benuann emalatxanasnda mul olmudur.
L,A.lyin yaradclq hyatnn ilk illrind memarl msabiqlrind fal itirak etmi, teztez mkafatlar alm, Peterburqda oxlu binalar tikmidir. 1910-cu illrd onun n hmiyytli
tikililri arasnda Byk Pyotr adna iri xstxana kompleksi, memarlq hisssini yerin
yetirdiyi bir sra krplr vardr. 1918-ci ild lyin Peterburq hri Muzeyinin yaradlmasnda
itirak etmi, 1935-ci ildk muzeyin fasilsiz direktoru olmudur. 1925-1937-ci illrd L.A.lyin
faktiki olaraq Leninqrad hrinin ba memar (bu vzif formal olaraq 1938-ci ild yaradld)
idi. O, 1932-1935-ci illrd hrin ilk sovet ba plannn ilnib hazrlanmasna, 1935-1937-ci
illrd is plann hyata keirilmsin rhbrlik etmidir. hrsalama iind byk mtxssis
olan L.A.lyin SSRi-nin bir ne hrinin, o cmldn 1930-1936-c illrd ba memar ilduu
Baknn ba planlarnn ilnib hazrlanmasnda itirak etmidir. O, eyni zamanda S.M.Kirov
adna Dast parkn planladrlmasnn mllifi (1939) v S.M.Kirovun heyklinin memarlq
hisssinin mllifi idi. L.A. lyin Leninqradn v Baknn planladrlmasna, memarln mumi
msllrin dair bir sra mqallr yazmdr. 1940-1941-ci illrd L.A.lyin SSR Memarlq
Akademiyas hrsalma institutunun direktoru, memarl nzriyyisi, oxsayl elmi srlrin
mllifi, Leninqrad Memarlar Cmiyyti idar heytinin zv idi. O, 1942-ci il dekabrn 11-d
mhasird olan Leninqradda artilleriya ati zaman hlak olmudur.

Q
Lev Alexandrovich Ilyin was a soviet architect, member of the Saint Petersburg Society of
Architects, and associated member of the USSR Academy of Architecture. He was born in Russias
Tambov Province to the family of an amateur artist. In 1890, he entered the Saint Petersburg
Alexander Cadet Corps. In 1897, he started studying at the Saint Petersburg Institute of Civil
Engineers simultaneously working as Assistant City Architect of Tambov. In 1902, he graduated,
but continued his architectural education for a while as a student of L.N.Benoiss Atelier at the
Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts. During early years of his professional career, L.A.Ilyin actively
participated in architectural contests and was awarded often; he built a lot in Saint Petersburg.
His most prominent implemented designs of 1910s include a large complex of Peter the Great
Hospital and a number of bridges he provided the architectural part of. In 1918, Ilyin participated
in the establishment of the Saint Petersburg City Museum, whose only director he would have
stayed by 1935. From 1925 through 1937, L.Ilyin was factually Leningrad Architect-in-Chief while
the formal position would only be established in 1938. He managed developing the first soviet
general layout of the city in 1932-1935 and 1935-1937, and its implementation. A great urban
developer, L.A.Ilyin participated in elaborating general layouts of several soviet cities including
Baku, whose Architect-in-Chief he was in 1930-1936. L.A.Ilyin also designed the planning of
S.M.Kirov Highland Park (1939) and the architectural part of S.M.Kirov monument. He wrote a
number of articles regarding Leningrads and Bakus planning and general architectural problems.
In 1940-1941, L.A.Ilyin was Director of Urban Development Institute of the USSR Academy of
Architecture. An architecture theorist, he wrote numerous scholarly papers. He also acted as a
Board Member of the Leningrad Society of Architects. On 11 December, 1942, he died on Avenue
Nevski in the besieged Leningrad under a cannonade.

Q
- , , - , , -. 1890 . 1897
, .
1902 , ,
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.. .
.. ,
, .
1910- - . , , . 1918
, 1935 . 1925
1937 .. ( 1938 ),
1932-1935 1935-1937 . , ..
, , 1930-1936 . .. ..
(1939 ) ... , , . 1940-1941
.. - , , .
. 11 1942 ..
.

Dast parkda Sergey Mironovi


Kirovun abidsi. Park kompleksinin
planladrlmas v abidnin
memarlq hisssi memar Lev
Aleksandrovi lyin trfindn
1939-cu ild yerin yetirilmidir
The Monument to Sergey Mironovich
Kirov in Upland park. Planning of a
complex of park and an architectural
part of a monument is executed
in 1939 according to the project of
architect Lev Aleksandrovich Ilyin

.


1939

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

077

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1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Hkmt Evinin damndar Bak hrinin


panoram, 1950-ci illr
Panorama of the city of Baku from a roof of the
House of the Government, the 1950th years

, 1950-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /


. 30-

.
-
, .


.

, .

, 75-
.

1937 ,
,

.

.
75
,
,
, , ,

, , ,
, .
.

079

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

080

Aleksandr Platonovi
vanitski (1881-1947)
Alexander Platonovich
Ivanitski (1881-1947)

(1881-1947)

Aleksandr Platonovi vanitski Rusiyann Volnsk quberniyasnn Ostroq hrind anadan


olmudur. Xarkov hrind realn mktbini, sonra Peterburqda mlki mhndislr institutunu
bitirmidir. 1925-ci ild Bak hr soveti A..vanitskiy Bak hrinin v Azneft qsblrinin
planladrlmasnn v tikintisinin layihlrini trtib etmyi taprmdr. Layihldirm demk
olar, be il kmidir. Nticd aadak ilr yerin yetirilmidir: ak hrinin v Azneft
qsblrinin 25-30 il hesablanm (1930-cu ild tsdiq olunmudur) ba plannn sxemi; S.Razin
adna Azneft qsbsinin planladrma layihsi (V.A. v A.A.Vesnin qardalar il birlikd); Montin adna v Binqdi adna Azneft qsbsinin planladrma layihsi (V.A. v A.A.Vesnin qardalar il birlikd); Azneftin Ahr qsbsinin planladrma layihsi (V.A. v A.A.Vesnin qardalar il birlikd); S.Razin adna Azneft qsbsinin tikinti layihsi (V.A. v A.A.Vesnin qardalar
il birlikd, qsbnin zl 1925-ci il mayn1-d qoyulmu, noyabrn 1-d ilk nvbnin tikintisi
baa atmdr);birtipli yaay evlrinin layihsi (Azneftin Bak v yeni qsblrd tikdiyi bir,
iki v mrtbli birtipli 36 ev, 1925-1928-ci illrd S.Razin v Montin adna qsblrd tikilmidir); Bak hrind yallq zonalr; Dnizknar bulvarn yenidn qurulmas layihsi (1927ci ild hyata keirilmidir); Yuryevsk ksind (indiki Nrimanov prospekti) keidin layihsi
(1927-1928-ci illrd hyata keirilmidir); Bak hrinin Ermniknd adlanan hisssind bulvarn layihsi (A.V.Samoylovla birlikd, 1927-1928-ci illrd hyata keirilmidir); Ermnikndd
yataqxana (indi mehmanxanadr) layihsi (P.A.Polak v A.V.Samoylovla birlikd). vanitskini layihlrin qdr Bak hri v onun snaye rayonlar yallq v iqlim chtdn lverili
deyildi, kifayt qdr klg salan bitkilr tlb olunurdu. Btn yall sni yolla yaratmaq
lazm glirdi, he bir yerli ehtiyat yox idi. Yallq sistemi adambana 6,5-7 kv.m hesab il
layihlndirilmidi, bu da hmin dvr n yenilik idi! Layih sasn 1927-ci ild yerin yetirildi.
Bu balar v meydanalarla birlikd (400m) Dnizknar bulvar, mbrknd park (sonradan
L..lyinin layihsi il genilndirilmidi), Vazalyan v Dast parklar idi. Dnizknar parkn
layihsini hyata keirmk n (plan zr 3 km) oxsayl gmi krplrini v tmir trsanlrini
skdlr v hr tikililri hr x ald. Dnizknar park genilndirmk mqsdil dniz
x doldurmaq lazm gldi. Petrovsk meydannda olan geni pillkan lpdyn atrd. Yuryevsk ksind (indiki Nrimanov prospekti) yeni yol alandan sonra frdi tikinti aparanlar
A.P.vanitskinin tliqsi il tkc mhndis avadanl bksi il tmin olunmu sahlr yox,
hm d hr sovetindn kredit v material kmyi almdlar. Onu da qeyd elmk lazmdr ki,
Torqov ksinin, Balaxan ossesinin (indiki Heydr liyev prospekti), Dalq rayona giriin v
digrlrinin abadladrlmas ilri d aparlmdr. Aleksandr Platonovi vanitski 1947-ci ild
vfat etmidir.

Q
Alexander Platonovich Ivanitski was born in Ostrog City, Volinskaya Province, Russia. He
graduated from the Realschule in Kharkov and then the Institute of Civil Engineer in Saint
Petersburg. In 1925, Baku Government committed A.P.Ivanitski projects for the planning and
urban development of the city and Azneft (Azerbaijan Oil Company) towns. It took five years to
design. The following were the results: 1. Layout of Baku and the towns for 25-30 years (approved
in 1930). 2. Layout of Stephen Razin Town (with V.A.Vesnin and A.A.Vesnin). 3. Layout of
Peter Montin Town and Binagadinski Town (with V.A.Vesnin and A.A.Vesnin). 4. Layout of
Belogorodski Town (with V.A.Vesnin and A.A.Vesnin). 5. Urban development of Stephen Razin
Town, first line (with V.A.Vesnin and A.A.Vesnin). Construction started on 1 May, 1925 and
finished till November. 6. Urban development of Peter Montin Town, first line. 7. Different types
of residences (36 types, one-, two- and three-floor) in Baku and the new towns. Implemented in
1925-1928 in Stephen Razin and Peter Montin Towns. 8. Highways and high-streets of Baku. 9.
System of green spaces in Baku. 10. Design of new embankment in Baku. Implemented by 1927.
11. Design of Yuryevskaya Street (now Avenue Narimanov) in Baku. Implemented in 1927-1928.
12. Development design of the so-called Ehrmanikend Boulevard in Baku (implemented in 19271928 with A.V.Samoylov). 13. Dormitory design (now a hotel) in the so-called Ehrmanikend (with
R.A.Polak and A.V.Samoylov; implemented in 1927). Before Ivanitskis designs, Baku and its
industrial part had been notable for complete treelessness and a climate requiring shadowy flora.
There was no natural flora, and it had to be planted. Green spaces were planned as large as 6.5-7
square meters per capita - an innovation for the time. Much of 1927s design was implemented.
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It was a 400-meter-long seaside boulevard with a chain of gardens and fields, Chambarakand
Park (later enlarged under L.I.Ilyins design), Zavokzalniy Park and Nagorniy Park. For the
embankment project (planned as 3-km long), numerous piers and vessel-repair docks were
demolished for the city to face the sea. For its larger size, the embankment was stepped into the
marine with the additional part piled up. A large staircase near Petrovskaya Square smoothly
brought one to the very water, to waves coming. After the new Yuryevskaya Street (now Avenue
Narimanov) was laid, individual developers, by Ivanitskis request, received not only pieces of
land with engineering facilities, but also credits and materials from the city government. By 1930,
when Ivanitski came to Baku for the last time, two thirds of the street had been ready, and trams
were coming down and up. Enlarging Torgovaya Street, improving Balakhan Road (now Avenue
Heydar Aliyev) and entrances to Bakus uphill part, etc. should be also mentioned. Ivanitski died
in 1947.

Q
. .

., . 1925 . .. . . .
: 1.
25-30 ( 1930 ). 2. . ( .. ..).
3. . . (
.. ..). 4.
( .. ..). 5. . , ( .. ..).
1 1925., 1- . 6. . , 1 . 7. (36 ,
) . .. . 1925-1928 . 8. ..
9. .. 10. ..
1927 . 11. ( .)
. 1927-1928 . 12. .
( 1927-1928 ..). 13. (
) ( .. ...
1927 ). , ,
. , . 6,5-7
, ! 1927 . (400) , ( .. ),
. ( 3 ) , .
. , . ( .) , ..,
, .
1930 ( ) 2/3
.
( ), . 1947 .

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082

Lev Bladimirovi Rudnev 1885-ci il martn 13-d Rusiyann Novqorod hrind anadan
olmudur. Realn mktbini v Rssamlq mkrbini Riqa hrind bitirmidir. 1915-ci ild
L.N.Rudnev Peterburq Rssamlq Akademiyasn bitirmi, orada L.N.Benuann tlbsi olmudur. 1917-ci ild L.N.Rudnev Mars lndki inqilab qurbanlarna hsr olunan msabiqd ilk
mkafatn almdr. Mharib baa atandan sonra dalm Voronej, Stalinqrad, Riqa v Varava hrlrinin brpa olunmasnda itirak etmi, onun layihsi zr mdniyyt v elm saray
ucaldlmdr. 1922-1948-ci illrd L.V.Rudnev Leninqrad Rssamlq Akademiyasnn professoru, 1942-1958-ci illrd is Moskva Memarlq institutunun professoru olmudur. L.V.Rudnevin
n yax tikililri n iri monumentalladrlm hcmlrin ycaml, orderi modernldirm
chdlri xarakterikdir. 1952-ci ild memar L.V.Rudnevin layihsi zr ( Memar V.O.Muntsla
birlikd Azrbaycan SSR-in Hkumt Evi tikilmidir. 1955-ci ild Varavada (Pola) Mdniyyt
v elm saray ina olunmudur. Memar L.V.Rudnev 1956-c il noyabrn 19-da vfat etmidir.

Lev Vladimirovi
Rudnev
(13.03.1885-19.11.1956)
Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev
(13.03.1885-19.11.1956)

(13.03.1885-19.11.1956)

Q
Lev Vladimorovich Rudnev was born on 13 March,1885 in Novgorod, Russia. He graduated
from the Realschule (Secondary Technical School) and Art School in Riga, now Latvia. In 1915,
L.V.Rudnev graduated from L.N.Benoiss course at the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts. In
1917, he was awarded the 1st Prize of a contest for the Revolution Victims Memorial on the
Martian Field in Saint Petersburg. After the Second World War, he restored the Cities of Voronej,
Stalingrad, and Riga from the ruins; in Warsaw, a Palace of Culture and Science was built by his
design in 1955. In 1922-1948, Rudnev was a Professor of the Academy of Arts in Leningrad. In
1948-1952, he held a similar position at Moscow Architectural Institute. Rudnevs best structures
are notable for their monumental large-volume laconism and display an aspiration to modernise
the order. In 1952, the Azerbaijan Government House was built in Baku by his design (with
another architect, V.O.Munts). L.V.Rudnev died on 19 November, 1956.

Q
13 1885 . .
.. 1915 .. , ... 1917 ..
. , , ,
. 1922-1948 .. - . 1948-1952 - . .. , . 1952
.. ( ..) . 1955 ()
. .. 19 1956 .

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Azrbaycan Respublikas Hkumt Evinin
binas. 1940-1952-ci illrd memarlar Lev
Vladimirovi Rudnev v Vladimir Oskarovi
Muntsun layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of the House of the Government
of the Azerbaijani Republic. It is constructed
in 1940-1952 according to the project of
architects Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev and
Vladimir Oskarovich Munts

.
1940-1952

Baknn memarlq tcrbsind


tsadfn bo razilrin tikintisi
tmayl stnlk tkil edirdi.
na ediln obyektlrin oxu hrin
mrkzi hisssind cmlmidi.
hrin bu hisssind oxlu sayda
sakinlrin krlmsi zrurti
yarand n khn, keyfiyytsiz
tikililr sklmrd. Bu is yeni
tikintini tnzimlmkd tinlik
yaradrd.
Buna baxmayaraq, bir sra iri
hrsalma tdbirlri hyata keirildi. Msln, Sovet ksi (indiki
Nrimanov prospekti) hrin ox
sx v kor-tbii mskunlam hisssi
szn tam mnasnda dadld.
50-ci illrd Neftilr prospektinin yenidnqurma layihsi yerin
yetirildi. El o dvrd Hs Hacyev (indiki Azrbaycan prospekti)
ksinin yenidnqurmas zr
ciddi ilr grlrd.
Bnzrsizlik v milli ifadlilik
axtarlar Azrbaycan memarlarn
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1923 to play a prominent role in


urban plantations.
Leading soviet developers designed
large-scope general layouts for Baku.
For instance, three variants of such
were developed from 1924 through
1937.
That the Azerbaijan Union of
Architects was founded in
1936 promoted the successful
development of national
architecture. A department for
architecture and construction under
Azerbaijan Industrial Institute had
already been established in Baku
during the early soviet years. It
was still 1930s that the department
had already certified a lot of
architects and builders by. Wellknown architects in future, Sadikh
Dadashev and Michael Useynov
were of the first graduates. Their
designs most fully display the entire
way Soviet Azerbaijan architecture
had gone. Their coproduction
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2


.

1937 ,
,
, .



.
,
,
, ,
, .
1930-
1950- -
-

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Aleksandr Aleksandrovi
Vesnin (1883-1959)
Alexander Alexandrovich
Vesnin (1883-1959)

(1883-1959)

Aleksandr Aleksandrovi Vesnin 1901-1912-ci illrd Peterburq mlki mhndislr institutunda thsil almdr. Bdii mdniyyt institutunun iind itirak etmi LEF-in memarlq
qrupunun zv olmudur. O, Masir memarlar birliyinin sdri (1925-1931-ci illr), Masir memarlq jurnalnn msul katibi (1926-1930-cu illr) idi. VXUTEMAS -VXUTEN (19211930-cu illr) v Moskva Memarlq nstitutunda (1936-c ilcn) drs demidir. SSR Tikinti v
Memarlq Akademiyasnn fxri zv (1956-1959-cu illr) idi. A.A.Vesnin oktyabrdan sonrak
onillik rzind sovet bdii avanqardnn formalad incsntin mxtlif nvlrinin qarlql
faliyyti prosesinin sas nmayndlrindn idi. O, grkmli memar, parlaq teatr dekorusu,
hssas rssam, yeni kitab qrafikasnn pionerlrindn biri idi. Pngkarlqda eksperimentlr, teatrda i, kitab qrafikas, bayram trtibat v lbtt, hmin illrin yeni memarl A.A.Vesnini sovet
bdii avanqardnn n sralarna xaran bdii nticlrin btvlyn tkil edirlr. 1922-ci ild
A.A.Vesnin Bdii Mdniyyt nstitutu n xsi Kredosunu yazmdr. O, z kredosonun
bir sra mddalarn el hmin ilin iyununda Sntkarn vziflri haqqnda adl qeydlrind
dqiqldirmidir. Bu sndlrd erkn konstruktivizmin nzri prinsiplri formul edilmidir.
Hm d memarlq konstruktivizmi nzriyysinin maddilik konsepsiyas, bdii konstruktivizm
v istehsalat snti il laqsi yax izlnir. Hmin dvrd incsntin bu konsepsiyalarn tsiri
hiss olunan, demk olar ki btn sahlrind (teatr, rngkarlq, kitab qrafikas, bayram trtibat,
memarlq v s.) alan A.A.Vesnin sonralar znn erkn memarlq konstruktivizminin yaradclq kredosunun sasn tkil edn fikirlrini ifad edir. Mn bel hesab edirm ki, - o yazr, - sntkar tbit trfindn v insann li il yaradlm eylri tsvir etmmli, yaxud rh
etmmli, yeni eylr yaratmaldr. Vacib deyil, hmin ey mqsduyun v ttbiqi hmiyyt
malik olacaq (mhndis tikintisi, gndlik yalar), yoxsa yalnz mqsduyun (yeni masir
forma sasnda mslnin hlli tapr il laboratoriya ii) olacaq, masir sntkar trfindn
yaradlm hr bir ey insannn urunu tkil edn, ona psixi-fiziololi chtdn tsir gstrib,
onda qzn falla ruh ykskliyi douran fal qvv kimi hyata daxil olmaldr. Masirliyin cld, mthrrik srti, aydn, dqiq, dzxtli, riyazi, maddi (sntkar trfindn eylri
qurmaq n gtrlm, - sonra A.A.Vesnin aydnladrr) ritmi v mqsduyunluq masir
sntkar trfindn yaradlan quruluu (plastik pitmika qanunlarna sasn sntkarn iradsi
il tnzim olunan) myynldirir. Masir sntkar trfindn yaradlan eylr tsvirilik
yk olmadan, birbaa v hndsi yri prinsipi zr v maksimum tsiri il yana vasitlrin
qnati prinsipi zr qurulmu srf konstruksiyalarla olmaldr. Bel ki, hr bir eyin konstruksiyaladrlmas plastikann sas elementlrinin (materialn, rngin, xttlrin, sthin...) mhkm
birldirilmsindn ibartdir, ona gr d bu elementlrin yrnilmsi sntkar trfindn ilk sraya qoyulmaldr. Masir mhndis dahiyan eylr yaratd: krp, parovoz, aeroplan, kran.
Masir sntkar onlarn tkiledici balanc kimi, psixi-fizioloji tsir chtdn insann uruna
tsiri plannda z gcn, grginliyin, potensialna gr bunlara brabr eylr yaratmaldr.
A.A.Vesninin Kredosu istehsalat incsnti nzriyyilrinin byannamlrindn sntkarn
formayaratma problemlrin diqqti il frqlnir. O, formann konstruktiv mqsduyunluunu
elan edir, amma eyni zamanda masir hyatn btn ruhunun formaya tsiri haqqnda da danr, formann insana psixo-fizioloji tsiri mslsini d qoyur, formal elementlrin yrnilmsinin
vacibliyini qbul edir. Memarlq konstruktivizminin ilk nzri sndindki bu ilk byannamd
formann bdiiliyi znn btn konstruktiv v mli rtiliyi il sonra, msln Qrbi Avropa funksionalizmi il mqayisd bizim memarlq konstruktivizmimizin znmxsusluunu
myynldirirdi.

Q
Alexander Alexandrovich Vesnin (16.05.1883 - 07.11.1959) studied at the Institute of Civil
Engineers in Saint Petersburg (1901-1912 .). He worked for the Institute of Artistic Culture, 19211924, and entered the architectural group of the Left Front in Arts (1924). His positions include
Chairman of Contemporary Architects Union (1925-1931), Executive Editor of the Modern
Architecture magazine (1926-1930) and professorship at the Higher Art-and-Craft Atelier/Institute
(1921-1930) and Moscow Architectural Institute (till 1936 ). He was a Member of Honours of the
USSR Construction and Architecture Academy (1956-1959). A prominent architect, brilliant stage
artist, master of avant-garde scenography, a fine painter and a pioneer in the new book graphics,
Alexander Vesnin became of the key persons in the interaction of different arts to form the 1920s
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soviet avant-garde. Painting experiments, theatre work, book graphics, festival decorations and,
of course, the new architectural designs of those years make up the total to place A.A.Vesnin
into the first rows of soviet avant-garde. In 1922, he wrote his personal Credo for the Institute of
Artistic Culture. He detailed a number of the statements in June as part of On Artists Missions.
Those papers defined the theoretical principles of early Constructivism. Connection between the
theory of architectural Constructivism, and the concepts of Thingism, Artistic Constructivism
and Industrial Arts is clearly traceable therein. A.A.Vesnin, who worked then in almost all arts
where those concepts were felt (theatre, painting, book graphics, festival decoration, architecture,
etc.), presented his own interpretation, which would later lay the ground of the early architectural
Constructivist credo. He wrote, I think an artist shouldnt depict or interpret things created by
nature or human, but make new things instead... No matter whether such things are reasonable
and utilitarian (engineering construction or household items) or just reasonable (e.g. a laboratory
project for a modern form problem solution) - every thing created by a modern artist is to enter
life as an active force organising human mind, affecting it psycho-physiologically and calling
to energetic activity... High and dynamic modern tempo; clear, exact, direct and mathematic
rhythm; material and purpose determine a structure regulated by the artists will according to the
plastic rhythmic laws and generated by the thing the artist has created. ...Things a modern artist
creates must be pure constructions without illustrative ballast; they must be built by the principle
of straight and curved lines and with minimum means of maximum effect. ...As constructing
every thing consists in strong connection between basic plastic elements (material, colour, line,
plane, and texture...), the artist must see studying these elements as a priority. ...The modern
engineer has created such genius things as the bridge, train engine, airplane and crane. The
modern artist must create things of equal power, intensity, and potential in terms of their psychophysiological impact on the mind of the organising premise, the human being. A.A.Vesnins
Credo differs from declarations by industrial art theorists with his attention to form issues. He
insisted form must be constructively reasonable, but, at the same time, wrote all the modern
life spirit affected form; he thought form must have psycho-physiological influence on human
and recognised the importance of studying form issues. Stated in the first theoretical paper of
architectural constructivism, the artistic status of form, with all its constructive and utilitarian
determination, later provided for the uniqueness of soviet architectural constructivism unlike, for
instance, western european functionalism.

Q
(16.05.1883 - 07.11.1959), (1901-1912 .). , 1921-1924 ., (1924 ).
(1925-1931 .),
(1926-1930 .). -
(1921-1930 .) ( 1936 ). (1956-1959 .).
- ,
. , , ,
. , ,
, , , , , ..
. 1922 . .. . .
. . , . ..,
, (, , , , ..),
, Bak

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Baknn Qarahr adlanan


hisssind fhllrin mdniyyt
saray. Bina 1929-1932-c illrd
memarlar Aleksandr v Leonid
Vesnin qardalarnn layihsi zr
tikilmidir
Palace of culture of workers in the
Black city, Baku. The building is
constructed in 1929-1932 according
to the project of architects of brothers
Alexander and Leonid Vesnins

, .
1929-1932

. , - , -
, , . , ( ,
) (
), , ,
, ,
-, . , , , , , ( , - ..)
(
), . , , , .
(, , ,
, ...),
. , , ,
. .. . ,
,
, .
, , , .

086

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frdi memarlq simasna malik olan


bir sra ox hmiyytli ictimai v
yaay binalar yaratmaa gtirib
xard. Bu, Azneft, Buzovnaneft
trestlrinin yaay evlri, Artistlr
evi, Alimlr evi, M.F.Axundov
adna ktlvi Dvlt kitabxanasnn
binas v s. tikililrdir.
Yeni binalarn tikintisi il yana,
khn yaay fondunun yenidn
qurulmas ilri aparlrd. XIXXX srlr dnmind hrin
mrkzi hisssind tikilmi bir v
ikimrtbli evlr bir o qdr, htta
bir qdr d artq hndrlkd st
qatlar lav olunurdu. Bu zaman
yalnz bu, v ya digr binann konstruksiya xsusiyytlri deyil, hm
d hr bir konkret tikilinin qonu
evlrl uyunluu, onlarn artq
formalam mhitl ahngdarl,

resulted in a number of remarkable


buildings that have beautified Baku.
Bakus history is either inseparable
from designs by the team of
Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence
Design and Planning Institute),
whose 75th anniversary is being
celebrated this year.
Bakghiprogor owes its birth to
1937, when the volume of projects
on reconstructing and developing
Baku significantly grew. This
is what required establishing a
separate design agency inside the
Baku Mayors office. For the 75
years since then, millions of square
meters of residences, kindergartens,
and schools; a lot of cultural,
home-service, health, trade and
sports facilities have been built and
commissioned under designs by the

.

,
.

.

,

- .

Suraxanda Fhl klubu,


Memarlar Vesnin qardalar, 1928-ci il
Club of workers in Surakhani.
Architects Vesnins brothers, 1928
.
, 1928

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Leonid Aleksandrovi
Vesnin (1880-1933)
Leonid Alexandrovich Vesnin
(1880-1933)

(1880-1933)

Leonid Aleksandrovi Vesnin (1880-1933, Moskva) Peterburq Rssamlq akademiyasnda (1901-1909-cu illr) L.N.Benuann emalatxanasnda thsil almdr. Moskva Ali Texniki
Mktbinin professoru (1923-1930), Moskva Memarlq nstitutunun (1932-1933) professoru olmudur. 1925-ci ildn Masir memarlar birliyinin zv idi. Viktor Aleksandrovi Vesnin (1882
-1950) Peterburq mlki mhndislr institutunda (1901-1912) oxumudur. 1925-ci ildn Masir memarlar birliyinin zv idi. SSR Memarlq Akademiyasnn ilk prezidenti (1939-1949),
Sovet Memarlar ttifaqnn msul katibi (1939-1949) olmudur. Moskva Ali Texniki Mktbinin
(1923-1931) v Moskva Bdaye emalatxanasnn (1921-1930) professoru idi. Vesnin qardalarnn inqilabaqdrki ilri arasnda rus klassisizmi memarlna uyun mlklr (Rusiyann Qorki
hrind indi Bdii muzey olan Sirotkinin evi, 1913) seilir. Hmin dvrn kontor, ticart v
snaye binalarnda (Moskvada Kuznetsk krpsnn yannda bank binas, 1913) rasionalizm
cizgilri meydana xmdr. Sovet hakimiyytinin ilk illrind vesninlr (hmin vaxt ayrlqda
ilyirdilr) cmiyytin gndlik ehtiyaclarn dmy ynlmi (Leonid Vesninin fhllr n
yeni tipli yaay evlrinin v Biktor Vesninin snaye qurularnn layihsi) memarlq sahsind
fal alrdlar. Vesninlr yeni memarlq formalarnn meydana xmasna tsir gstrn yeni
konstruksiya v materiallar intensiv surtd ttbiq edirdilr. Vesnin qardalarnn yaradclnda bdii-memarlq formayaratmann yeni prinsiplrinin formalamasna teatrn byk tsiri
olmudur. Aleksandr Vesnin shnd zrif oxblmli konstruksiyalardan dinamik elementlrl
birlikd myyn memarlq hcmlrinin yaradrd. O, Tatlinin tsiti altnda yasz snt maraq
gstrib znn avanqard ideyalarn shn trtibatna ttbiq edrk Kamera teatr, Maly teatr, eyni zamanda V.E.Meyerholdla mhsuldar mkdalq etmidir. Bu sahd onun uurunun
zirvsi Q.K estertonun roman zr tamaaya qoyulan (Kamera teatr, 1923) Cm axam
olan adam tamaas hesab olunur. 1923-c ildn Vesnin qardalar kollektiv layihlr yaratmaa
balayrlar v hmin layihlrdn oxu sovet memarlnn inkiafnda bir mrhl hesab olunur. 1925-ci ildn konstruktivizm adalanan istiqamt balq edirlr. Vesnin qardalar v konstruktivizm hrkatnn digr nmayndlri sosial chtdn yeni bina tiplrinin axtarlarna
byk hmiyyt verirdilr v binann funksional-konstruktiv sasna xsusi diqqt yetirirdilr.
20-ci illrin vvllrind Vesnin qardalar btv divarlar li karkasla vz etmy imkan
vern yeni konstruksiya v materiallarn estetik imkanlarnn akara xarlmasna (Moskva
n msabiq layihlri: mk saray, 1923; Leninqradskaya pravda qzetinin Mskva
blmsinin binas, 1924; Arkos aksioner cmiyytinin binas, 1924) xsusi diqqt yetirirdilr.
20-ci illrin ikinci yarsndak srlrin memarlq formalarnda hr eydn vvl funksional
tyinat (funksional metot adlanan) meydana xrd, yni funksional prosesin tlblri (ayr-ayr mkanlarn qalql laqsi, adamlarn hrktinin hesaba alnmas) plann v binann avadanlqlarnn rasional tkili yolu il nzr alnrd.Pavilyon kompozisiyasndan qurunun
tyinatna gr keidlr v dhlizlrl birldirilmi ayr-ayr korpuslara blnmsidn geni
istifad olunurdu, bunun saysind binann trafna dolandqca yeni nzr nqtlri yaranrd, hcm v mkanlarn nisbti dyiirdi (Moskvadak siyasi mhbuslar cmiyytinin binas,
1931-1933-c illr; Moskvann Proletarsk rayonunun Mdniyyt saray, 1930-1934-c illr).
Vesnin qardalarnn hmin dvrdki n hmiyytli srlri arasnda Moskvann Krasnaya
Presnaya rayonundak univermaqn binasn (1927-ci il) gstrmk olar. Layihlr ox vaxt yaradclq tandemind-lkd, yaxud ikilikd yaradlrd. Nhng Dneprhes (1927-1932-ci illr,
layihnin rhbri Viktor Vesnin) kompleksi xsusil monumentaldr. El burada, Zaporojyed
V.Vesninin rhbrliyi altnda hr planladrmasnn prinsiplri kkndn tzlndi-yaay binalar knin perimetri boyunca deyil, daha azad kild yal meydanalarda yerldirildi.
Vesnin qardalarnn dnya konstruktivizminin n yax slri srasna daxil olan hmin birg
layihlrd v gerkldirilmi tikililrd (ZL Mdniyyt saray, 1930-1934-c illr; Siyasi
mhbuslar cmiyytinin binas, 1931-1934-c illr) ciddi funksional mntiq zrif gzllikl zvi
surtd birlir. Amma memarlq obrazlar o dvrdki dvlt siyastinin tcavzkar antitarixiliyi saysind - reallqla facivi qardurmaya girirdilr. Bel ki, ZL Mdniyyt saraynn
tikintisi zaman nmayikaran surtd XVII srin ox qiymtli abidsi olan Simonov monastr
dadlmd). Vesnin qardalarnn 1932-ci ildn sonra yaradlan layihlri sovet memarl n
mumi olan istiqamtd, kemiin klassik nnlrindn istifad etmkl yerin yetirilmidi. A.
v V.Vesninlrin layih yaradclnda indi yenidn ilk illrind olduu kimi klassizm stnlk
tkil edir. Utopiya v reallq hllik bir-birin ox ciddi ziddiyyt tkil edirlr, buna gr d onlarn daha hrtprst (amma hyata keirilmmi) sonrak layihlri (Ar Snaye Xalq Komis-

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

sarlnn binas, 1934-1936-c illr; Zaryadyed Xalq Komissarlar Sovetinin binas, 1940-1941-ci
illr) Moskva memarlna yad olan nhng llri il frqlnir. Qardalar hminin bacarql
pedaqoq idilr. (Baumanskoye ad il mhur olan Ali texniki mktbd, VXUTEMAS, VXUTEN v Moskva memarlq institutunda drs deyirdilr.)

Q
Mansions styled under the architecture of Russian Classicism are notable among preRevolutionary projects by the Vesnin Brothers e.g. Sirotkins House, now the Museum of Arts
in Gorky City, Russia, 1913. Features of Rationalism (framework used and large glass plates)
come evident in the periods offices (a bank on the Kuznetsk Bridge in Moscow, 1913), malls, and
industrial buildings. During the early soviet years, the Vesnins (not a team yet) actively designed
residences to meet the societys acutest demands e.g. new-type residences for factory workers by
Leonid Vesnin and industrial buildings by Victor Vesnin. The Vesnins intensively applied new
constructions and materials causing new architectural forms. New architectural and generally
artistic form principles in the Vesnin Brothers production owe a lot to theatre, namely to onstage
designs by Alexander Vesnin: some architectural spaces from avant-garde multilevel structures
with such dynamic elements as lifts and wheels. Interested in nonfigurative art under a prominent
artist and designer, Vladimir Tatlins influence, Alexander Vesnin had brought his avant-garde
experiment into scenography and fruitfully worked for the Chamber and Maliy Theatres as
well as with the famous director V.E.Meyerhold. His reported top in the field is The Man Who
Was Thursday after G.K.Chestertons famous novel, staged in 1923 at the Chamber Theatre.
From 1923, the Vesnins co-produced designs many of which would become milestones of Soviet
architecture. From 1925, they spearheaded Constructivism. Together with other representatives
of the school, they found it very important to search for socially new types of buildings and
emphasised the significance of the functional-and-constructive basics of a building. In the early
1920, the Vesnins paid special attention to disclosing the aesthetic capacities of new constructions
and materials that enabled glassed framework instead of windowless walls (contest designs
for Moscow: Labour Palace, 1923, the Lenigradskaya Pravda newspapers Moscow office, 1924,
and Arkos Join-Stock Companys office, 1924.). The architectural forms in 1902s second half
display the authors aim to stress on their functional purpose (the so-called functional method)
i.e. requirements of the functional process (considering interconnection between separate spaces
and visitors flow) were met through rational planning and equipping. A pavilion composition
was used: the structure was divided into separate buildings, different in purpose, but joint
with corridors and passages, which is owed new perspectives and correlation between spaces
and volumes e.g then-House of Ex-Political Prisoners Society in Moscow, 1931-1934; factory
workers clubs in Baku, 1928-1932; Proletarski District Palace of Culture in Moscow, 1930-1934.
A general store on Krasnaya Presnya in Moscow, 1927, is among the times other remarkable
projects by the brothers. Designs were often co-developed then by the two or three architects.
The gigantic complex of the Dnieper River Power Plant (19271932, supervised by Victor Vesnin)
is especially monumental. Victor Vesnin also supervised cardinal renewing the urban planning
principles of the same Ukrainian city, Zaporojye: groups of new residences werent limited to
street perimeters, instead placed more freely, on a green field. In the Vesnins designs, an
image of the factory world sometimes neighboured that of the theatre world, and the pathos of
social transformations was mixed with subtle irony. Those team designs and buildings by the
Vesnin Brothers (Likhachev Car Plants House of Culture, 1930-1934, and the already mentioned
House of Ex-Political Prisoners Society, 19311934) belong to the masterpieces of the world
constructivism and represent a harmonious combination of functional logic with spectacular
finesse. However, the architectural images catastrophically conflicted with the reality due to an
aggressive anti-historical approach by the government policy of the time (e.g the 17th centurys
extremely valuable architectural site, the Simon Cloister was demonstratively demolished for
propagandist purposes and the future Likhachev Car Plants House of Culture). The brothers
designs after 1932 were oriented to classical traditions, a then-trend in soviet architecture. This
domination meant the Vesnins coming back to their early motifs. The official government utopia
and reality continued their harsh confrontation; so, their most ambitious late and unimplemented
designs e.g. houses for the Heavy Industry Ministry (1934-1936) and Cabinet of Ministers (1940Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Viktor Aleksandrovi
Vesnin (1882-1950)
Victor Alexandrovich Vesnin
(1882-1950)

(1882-1950)

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

089

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

090

1941) are excessively gigantic, which goes against the Moscow architectural traditions. All the
brothers were extraordinary professors of the Baumann Higher Technical School, Higher Artand-Craft Atelier/Institute and Moscow Architectural Institute.

Q
, ( , ,
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1925 , .

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-
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, ( )
, . ( , , - ).
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Dvlt Banknn binas, Bl-Bl pr., 17.
Bina 1932-1934-c illrd tikilmidir
The Building of the State bank, Bul-Bul Ave., 17.
It is constructed in 1932-1934
,
. -, 17.
1932-1934

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

091

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

slub xsu-siyytlrinin qorunub


saxlanmas nzr alnrd. Nisbtn
qsa mddt rzind vvllr
yaraqsz tikililrin ina edildiyi
hr magistrallarnn grkmini
dyidirmk mmkn oldu.
Bel irimiqyasl tikinti ilrind memarlarn - o dvr qdr artq formalam byk milli kadr dstsinin
rolu ox vacib idi. Onlar arasnda ilk
nvbd o dvr qdr Azrbaycan
memarlnn ustalar adn haql
olaraq qazanm Mikayl Hseynov
v Sadx Dadaovun adlar qeyd
olunmaldr. Onlarn yaradcl
onunla sciyyvi idi ki, onlar z
srlrind Azrbaycan memarlq
irsini klassik Avropa memarlnn
sas qanunlar il mhartl sintez
28 May ksind (kemi Telefonn ksi)
yaay binas. 1929-cu ild tikilmidir
The Residential building on st. on May 28
(former Telefonnaya St.). It is constructed in 1929
.28 (.
.). 1929

Bakghiprogor team.
A long and very difficult way has
brought them to such success. The
team hadnt fully formed since
1937s establishment, when the
World War Two started, and dozens
of architects and planners from
the Institute were mobilised to join
the army and trench works. The
institute had to design defending
facilities under hard conditions of
war time.
During postwar years, as restoring
the USSR economy started, not only
did the scope of creative production
by the Bakghiprogor team expand
significantly, but also changed in
terms of style and content.
Late 1930s through 1950s covered
the so-called Stalin period of
architecture. In prewar and early
postwar years, Bakus construction
practice was dominated by
a tendency to build in sites
occasionally proving vacant. Most


.
,
. , ,
(
) ,
,

. 50-

.
( ).




.
,
, ,

092

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
28 May ksind (kemi Telefonn ksi)
yaay binas. 1929-cu ild tikilmidir
The Residential building on st. on May 28
(former Telefonnaya St.). It is constructed in 1929
.28 (.
.). 1929

edirdilr. Hseyn Mcidov, nvr


Qasmzad, Qznfr lizad,
Hnif lsgrov v o zaman hl
gnc olan Tlt Xanlarov, fiq
Zeynalova v digr memarlarn da
yaradcl uurlu idi.
Mharibdn sonrak illrd Baknn
inkiafnn yeni ba plann v Aberon yarmadasnn rayon planlamas layihlrini yaratmaq zr ilr
baland. Bu andan etibarn kollektivin iind mhkm v qabaqcl yeri
hrsalma layihlmsi tutdu.
Bak hrinin mharibdn sonrak
1976-c il qdr ilk ba plan 19521954-c illrd Bakdvltlayih
institutu trfindn ilnib hazrland. Plan respublika Nazirlr Sovetinin qrar il 1958-c ild tsdiq
olundu.
V.M.vanov, V.A.Aleksandrov,
A.Q.Osipov-Stepanov, T.Y.arinski
onun mlliflri idi. Bu plan
hrin son strukturunu, onun
ictimai v nqliyyat magistrallar
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

new buildings concentrated in


the central part of the city. The
government didnt dare to resolutely
demolish old and largely rundown
structures there as many residents
would have had to be moved.
This complicated regulating urban
development.
Nevertheless, a number of largesize urban development activities
were implemented. For example,
Sovetskaya Street (now Avenue
Narimanov) was literally cut
through uphill neighborhoods,
extremely densely, chaotically and
spontaneously built in. In 1950s,
design reconstruction for Avenue
Neftchilar was implemented. At the
same time, serious work was being
done to reconstruct Husi Hajiyev
Street (now Avenue Azerbaijan).
Searches for originality and
national expression had brought
Azerbaijan architects to a number
of very significant public and
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

,
... .

,
. XIX-XX
-

,
.
,

,

.

, .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

093

094

sistemini, mrkzlrini myyn


etdi. Aberon yarmadasnn rayon
planlamas hrin ba planndan
drhal sonra Bak aqlomerasiyasnda istehsal qvvlrinin v
halinin yerldirilmsi sistemini
dqiqldirdi.
Bu sndlr uyun olaraq,
Aberon yarmadasnda yaay
mntqlrinin: Hvsan, Bin,
Dbndi, Zabrat, Mataa, Xrdalan,
Lkbatan, Sahil,lt, Mrdkan,
vlan, Buzovna, Pira, Bilgh
v Qobustann ba planlar ilnib
hazrland.
Bunlar dayaq tdqiqatlar idi,
sonrak btn sistem layihlri, ilk
nvbd, mhndis sistemlrinin,
hminin btn Aberon regionu
n mumi olan tikililrin inkiaf
sxemlri onlara saslanrd.

residential designs with a unique


architectural outfit, successfully
implemented. Those are blocksof-flats for national oil companies
Azneft and Buzovnineft, Artists
Residences, Scholars Residences,
the M.F.Akhundov National Public
Library etc.
Along with new building, old
housing resources were being
reconstructed. Single- and two-floor
houses built on the eve of the 20th
century were being built on to reach
the same and quite often even higher
height. Not onl were constructive
specificities of buildings, but
also proportions of the entire
neighbourhoods, original stylistic
specificities and their harmonious
combination with the environment
considered. For a rather short time,
B a k

-

.


.
,


.
,
, -,
-,
, , .

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

095

Drdnc beillikdn balayaraq


(1946-1950), Bakdvltlayih
sistemli olaraq nvbti planlama
dvr n yaay-mlki inaat
obyektlri yerldirilmsinin kompleks sxemlrini ilyib hazrlayrd.
Bellikl, Aberon yarmadas
razsnd tikintinin elmi chtdn
saslandrlm, variantlar nzr
alnmaqla yerldirilmsinin doqquz
sxemi trtib olundu. Bu sxemlr
layih orqanlar n srmay
qoyulularn v sasl yaay
evlri inasnn razi yerlmsini,
hr tsrrfatnn sosial v
mhndis sistemlrinin inkiafn
myynldirn znmxsus bir
mnb idi.
Bakdvltlayih kollektivind bu
dvrd hll olunan iri hrsalma
problemlri srasna Btn nv
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

they managed to transform a lot of


the most important arterial roads
earlier built along with shabby
structures.
Under such large-size construction,
the role of architects, represented
by a great team of national
professionals already formed,
was very important. Ive already
mentioned Michael Useynov and
Sadik Dadashev, who had already
been rightfully awarded Masters of
Azerbaijani Architecture.
Their production was special for
skilful synthesising Azerbaijan
architectural heritage with the
basic rules of classical European
architecture. Designs by such
architects as G.Majidov, Anvar
Kasim-zadeh, Gazanfar Alizadeh, and Hanifa Aleskerov; and
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Bak hrind pedaqoji kompleksin binas.


Bina 1930-cu illrd tikilmidir
The Complex of normal school, Baku. The
building is constructed in the 1930th years
,
.. 1930-

Bak hrind fhl klubu.


Bina 1930-cu illrd tikilmidir
Club of workers, Baku.
The building is constructed in the 1930th years
, ..
1930-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

hrin mrkzi hisssinin tikililrinin


panoram (hazrda Nigar Rfibyli k.),
1960-c illr
Panorama of building of the central part of
the city (nowadays Nigyar Rafibeyli St.),
1960th years

( . ),
1960-

Bak hrinin Smd Vurun k. v imali


Sovet meydan arasnda yerln mrkzi
hisssinin tikililri, 1960-c illr
Building of the central part of Baku between
Samed Vurgun St. and Severno-Sovetskaya
Square, the 1960th years
.
. , 1960-

098

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Muan mehmanxanas. 1927-ci il.
Azadlq Pr. (kemi Lenin Pr.). Memarlar
A.P.vanitskiy, R.A.Polak, A.V.Samoylov
Mugan hotel building, 1927. Azadlyg Ave.
(former Lenin Ave.). Architects A.P.Ivanitsky,
R.A.Polak, A.V.Samoylov
,
1927 . . (. .).
..,
.., ..

hr srniin nqliyyat inkiafinn kompleks nqliyyat sxemini


(SSR Dvlt ekspertizas trfindn
bynilmi v sonra Azrbaycan
SSR Nazirlr Soveti trfindn
tsdiq olunmudur), imali Abe
ron kurort zonasnn ba plan
(respublikann Nazirlr Soveti
trfindn tsdiq olunmudur) v
nhayt, SSR Dvlt plan komitsi
v SSR Dvlt mlki tikinti idarsi
trfindn bynilmi v Azrbajcan
SSR Nazirlr Soveti trfindn tsdiq
olunmu 2005-ci il qdr Bak
hrinin ba plan daxil edil bilr.
Bakdvltlayih layih institutu
mkdalarnn yerin yetirdiyi sas
hrsalma ilri arasnda Baknn
btn rayonlarnn mfssl planladrma layihlrini, sas hr
ictimai v nqliyyat magistrallarnn
planlama v tikinti layihlrini
gstrmk lazmdr.
Onlar ox hmiyytlidirlr, nki mhz onlar Bakida hralma
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

then young Talat Khanlarov,


Sh.Zeynalova etc. - were not of less
success.
In postwar years, work was started
to prepare basics for Bakus and
Absheron districts general layouts.
Since then, urban development has
been occupying a stable and leading
place in the staffs work.
The first postwar general layout of
Baku through 1976 was developed
by the Bakghiprogor team in
1952-1954. The plan was approved
by the Resolution of Azerbaijans
Cabinet of Ministers in 1958. It
had been designed by V.M.Ivanov,
V.A.Alexandrov, A.G.OsipovStepanov, and T.Y.Sharinski. This
plan determined the citys final
structure, and the network of
its public and transport arterial
roads and centres. The Absheron
Peninsulas district planning
followed Bakus general layout
specifying the system of industrial
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2


.


.

1976

1952-1954 .
1958 .

..,
.., .., ...

,

, .
,
,


.

: , , , , , ,
, -, ,
, , , , , , .
,
-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

099

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0100

beilliyini hyata keirmk n


el bir planlama sndlri sistemi
yaratdlar ki, onsuz hr icraiyy
komitsinin hr tikintisinin cari
tnzimlnmsi zr saslandrlm
faliyyti mmkn olmazd.
Mharibdn sonrak illrd indi
ki Hseyn Cavid v naatlar,
Nrimanov prospektlrinin, 28 May
ksi, Azrbaycan prospektinin ,
Bayl v imal-qrb Sallaxana rayonlarnn, T. Bhramov adna stadiondan imalda yerln byk rayonun
v baqalarnn hrsalma sas
qoyulmu, onlarn sonrak tikintisinin miqyas myynldirilmidi.
Hminin qeyd etmk lazmdr
ki, yeni rayonlar birtipli layihlr
sasnda formalaarkn sas magistrallar frdi layihlr sasnda
tikilirdi.

and human distribution in the Baku


agglomeration.
According to those documents,
general layouts were developed
for Absherons following towns:
Govsani, Bina, Dubandi, Zabrat,
Mastaghi, Vishnyovka, Khirdalan,
Lok-Batan, Primorsk, Alyat,
Mardakyan, Shuvalan, Buzovna,
Pirshaghi, Bilgah, and Gobustan.
The designs were basic for all the
following system projects, first of
all utility network development
and facilities common for the entire
peninsula.
Starting from the fourth so-called
Five-Year Plan of USSR Economic
Development (1946-1950),
Bakghiprogor had been regularly
developing multi-complex schemes
for housing and public facilities for

, ,
,
, , .
.. (1946-1950 ),

.
,
,
-, .
,
-

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Smd Vurun ksind ola


tikililrinin panoram, 1950-ci illr
Panorama of building
of Samed Vurgun Street, 1950th years

, 1950-

hrin Neftilr prospekti v Dalq hisssi


arasnda olan tikililrin panoram, 1950-ci illr
A panorama of building of the city between
Neftyanikov Ave. and the Upland part,
the 1950th years

.
, 1950-

0101

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

hrin n mxtlif yerlrind:


Azrbaycan v Nrimanov
prospektlrind, cnubi v imali Sovet meydanlar rayonunda,
Bakxanov, Murtuza Muxtarov
adna klrd qzn inaat ilri
balanmd. Ayr-ayr bo razilr
tikilir, khn evlr sklr, Montin
qsbsind xstxana ina edilir, Neftilr prospektind tikinti
layihlri yaradlr, filarmoniya
yannda ba abad edilir, Muxtadr
ksind yaay evi, Baylda strtl bazar tikilirdi.
V..Lenin adna Respublika stadionunun, Moskva prospektind krpnn layihldirilmsi v inas o
dvrn iri ilrindn idi.
Bu dvrn tikililri daxili dnlm kompozisiya, elementlrin
mkmmlliyi v fal mllif
nzarti saysind btn ina
proseslrinin, xsusil d bzk
ilrinin davamll il seilir.
Bu illrd Bakdvltlayih
da memarlar .A.Mmmdov,
Y.H.Kngrli, A.Q. Buzov,
.Q.Tayev, V.A. Aleksandrov, A.Q.Osipov-Stepanov,
A.P.Aqaronov, A.Y.Borodatov,
A..Glmmmdov, .V.Tixomirova,
A.K.Axpatelov, F..Rstmbyova,
V.S.ulqin; konstruktorlar
K.Y.Krimov, A.N.Novosartov;
mhndislr K.A.Kalantar,
A.Z.Bliner, S.S.Vakulov,
K.P.Kanevski, M.M.Kazmov;
texniklr A.P.ubukova, T.V. Jirnova,
A.S. Malyas, Y.A. Qubert v baqalar ox v mhsuldar ilmilr.
50-ci illrin ortalarnda Sov.KP MK
v SSR Nazirlr Sovetinin qbul
etdiyi Glck snayeldirm,
keyfiyytin yaxladrlmaBak, Sadovaya ksi
(hazrda Niyazi ksi), 1950-ci illr
Baku, Sadovaya St.
(now Niyazi Street), the 1950th years
, . (
. ), 1950-
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Smd Vurun ksind olan tikililrinin


panoram, 1950-ci illr
Panorama of building of Samed Vurgun Street,
1950th years
,
1950-

the next five-years period. Thus,


nine schemes were composed to
provide for a scientifically proven
construction picture throughout
the Absheron Peninsula. Those
schemes became a kind of a
source for the economy-planning
government agencies, which
determined investment amount and
territorial distribution for residential
construction and the development of
the citys social and utility networks.
Complex Network Development
Scheme for All Kinds of Urban
Public Transportation, approved
by the USSR Examination and later
by the Cabinet of Ministers of the
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic,
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2


,

.
,

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(
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) , ,

2005
,

.
, ,
,


,

.
,
,


.

.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0103

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0104

Sadq lkbr olu


Dadaov
(15.04.1905-24.12.1946)
Sadikh Alekper oglu Dadashev
(15.04.1905-24.12.1946)

(15.04.1905-24.12.1946)

Sadq lkbr olu Dadaov (1905-1946) Azrbaycan sovet memarlnn sasn qoyanlardan
biri, Azrbaycan MEA-nn hqiqi zv, respublikann mkdar incsnt xadimi (1940), SSR
Dvlt Mkafat laureatdr (1941). Grkmli memarlar S.Dadaov v M.Hseynov Azrbaycann
sovet dvr memarlnn sasn qoymu, onun inkiafnn btn yolunu birg kemilr. Onlar hl uaqlqdan tan olmu, mktbd, sonra is Azrbaycan Dvlt Politexnik nstitutunun
memarlq fakltsind bir yerd oxumular. 1929-cu ilin dekabrnda Bak hrind mdniyyt
saray v kitabxana mvzusunda diplom iini uurla mdafi edib S.Dadaov v M.Hseynov
sovet dvrnd ali memarlq thsili alan ilk azrbaycallar olmular. Onlarn dostluu btn
mr boyu, 1946-c ild S.Dadaovun vaxtsz lmndk davam etmidir. M.Hseynovun atas
milyonu idi, Xzr dnizind byk gmilri v Bakda iri mlk vard. Dadaovlarn bir ne
evi vard. Bel bir mny malik olmaq uzun mddt onlardan tr thlk trtmidir. Yalnz
byk yaradclq uurlar v mumittifaq Knd Tsrrfat Srgisind Azrbaycan pavilyonunun trtibatna gr veriln Stalin (dvlt) mkafatlar memarlar repressiyadan xilas etdi. Memar
S.Dadaovun M.Hseynovla yerin yetirilmi sas ilri fabrik-mtbx (Krupskaya adna dum
evi), Bak Sovetinin yaay evi (ndiki respublika Nazirlr Sovetinin binas), Azrbaycan Tibb
Universitetinin yataqxanas, Nixami kinoteatrnn v Azrbaycan Yeyinti Snayesi Xalq Komissarlnn binas (1937-1939-cu illr), .Hacbyov adna Musiqi Akademiyasnn binas (1939-cu
il), Azrbaycan Texniki Universitetinin binas( 1931-1933-c illr), Nizami adna dbiyyat Muzeyinin binas (1940-c il), Buzovnaneft v Azneftzavod trestlrinin binas, alimlrin yaay
evi v baqalardr. Bakdak Tikinti Materiallar Elmi-Tdqiqat nstitutu S..Dadaovun adn
dayr.

Q
One of the founding architects in Soviet Azerbaijan; Member of the National Academy of
Sciences; the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republics Artist-of-Honour (1940); USSR National Prize
(1941). Prominent architects S.Dadashev and M.Usseynov were at the ground zero of Soviet
architecture and through the complicated way of its development. It was in childhood that
they had already met each other; they studied together at school and then at the Architectural
Department of Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute. In December 1929, having brilliantly presented
their graduation project, Culture Palace and Library in Baku, Sadih Dadashev and Mikael
Usseynov became the first Azeri architects professionally educated in soviet time. Their
friendship continued all their lives, till Sadih Dadashevs early death in 1946. Both the friends
families were very prosperous. Mikael Usseynovs father was a millionaire owning steamers
on the Caspian Sea and a huge mansion in Baku. The Dadashevs owned few buildings. Such
origins had been hanging over the both architects as the sword of Damocles for many years. Only
great creative successes and the Stalin Award for Azerbaijans Pavilion at the USSR Agricultural
Exhibition saved the architects from repressions. Main projects by Sadikh Dadashev co-designed
with M.Usseynov are a cafeteria (now a maternity house); blocks-of-flats for the Baku Parliament
(1938, now the Cabinet of Ministers), Buzovni Oil Trust, Azerbaijan Oil Plant, and Azerbaijani
scientists; a dormitory for Medical Institute, the Nizami Cinema, Food Industry Ministry of the
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Uzeyir Hajibayov Conservatory (1939), Polytechnic Institute
(1931-1933), Nizami Museum of Azerbaijan Literature (1940) etc. To commemorate S.A. Dadashev,
the Research Institute of Construction Materials in Baku has been given his name.

Q
- , , (1940 ), (1941 ). . .
. , ,
. 1929 ,
, -,
. ,
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

1946 .
. , . . .
. , .: - ( .),
(1938 , ),
, . (1937-1939 ), .. (1939 ), (1931-1933 ), . (1940 ),
, , . .. - .

Azrbaycan Dvlt Musiqi


Akademiyasnn (kemi
.Hacbyov adna Azrbaycan
Dvlt Konservatoriyasnn) binas.
Bina 1939-cu ild memarlar Sadq
Dadaov v Mikayl seynovun
layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of the Azerbaijani
national conservatory of Uzeir
Gadzhibekov. The building is
constructed in 1939 according to
the project of architects Sadykh
Dadashev and Mikael Useynov


. .
1939

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0105

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0106

Mikayl lsgr olu


seynov
(06.12.1905-07.10.1992)
Mikael Aleskerovich Usseynov
(06.12.1905-07.10.1992)

(06.12.1905-07.10.1992)

Mikayl lsgr olu seynov (1905-1992) grkmli Azrbaycan memar v memarlq tarixisi, SSR-nin xalq memar (1979-cu il), professor (1939), Azrbaycan MEA-nn hqiqi zv (1945ci il), SSR Memarlq Akademiyasnn akademiki, Sosialist myi Qhrman (1985-ci il), Stalin
(Dvlt) Mkafat laureat (1941-ci il), ngiltr v rlandiyann Asiya Kral Cmiyytinin zv
idi. M..seynov Bakda varl aild anadan olmudur. Onun yaradclnn ilk dvr sovet memarlnn konstruktivizm dvrn dmdr. Hmin vaxtlar hl tamamil gnc olan memar
ilhama glib yeni memarlq dilini mnimsmy can atrd. O dvrdki n hmiyytli ilrdn
biri Bayldak indi doum evi olan fabrik-mtbxin binasdr. 1946-c ildk o, memar S.Dadaovla
birg almdr. Onlar hl tlb vaxt Nizam Gncvinin heyklinin birg layihsin gr ilk
mkafatlarn almdlar. Sovet memarlnda klassisizm, sonra is milli irs doru dn gnc
memar trfindn rbtl qarland. Hmin dvrd tikilmi Nizami kinoteatr v yaay
evlri (indiki Azrtacn binas) ansambl indiydk snt hmiyytini itirmmilr. Simmetrik
yerlmi hmin binalar 28 May ksinin balancn tkil edirlr. M.seynov Azrbaycann
masir memarlnda milli irsin yerini v rolunu drk elmkl yetkinlik dvrn qdm qoyur.
Bakda Musiqi mktbinin binas, Moskvada Azrbaycan pavilyonu, nhayt, Bakda Nizami
adna dbiyyat Muzeyinin binas rqin v Azrbaycann forma v motivlrinin ttbiqi ideyasnn inkiafn nmayi etdirir. M.seynovun frdi ilri Azrbaycan Milli Kitabxanasnn (1960-c
il), Azrbaycan MEA binalar kompleksin (1951-1966-c illr) v baqalardr. M.seynov orijinal,
milli yaradclq tfkkrn, parlaq frdi grm qabiliyytin v dsti-xtt malik memar idi.
Memarln qdim milli nnlrin hrmt ona drk etdiyi formalar z yaradclna istifad
etmk imkan vermidir. M.Hseynov hmi qeyd edirdi ki, milli memarlq milli formadr.
Zahirn yumaq v hddn artq ziyal xasiyytli insann daxili mtanti heyrt doururdu.
Onun 200-dn artq layihsi vardr ki, onlarn da ksriyyti hyata keirilmidir.

Q
A Soviet Azerbaijani architect and architecture historian. Born in Baku to a rich family. His
father was a millionaire-owner of Caspian steamers and of a major embankment mansion. This
social ex-status had been putting him under a threat of arrest for many years of Stalins regime.
Usseynovs first productive stage came along with Constructivism in Soviet architecture. Then
very young and inspired by the total impulse, he tried to understand these new architectural
message and style. A cafeteria in Bayilovo, Baku, can be mentioned among the times most
remarkable designs by Usseynov. By 1946, he had been co-designing and co-researching with
S.A.Dadashev. Still students, they were awarded the first prize for the design off monument to
Nizami, a prominent poet and thinker of the 12th centurys Azerbaijan. That soviet architecture
turned back to classical and then national legacies was unconditionally supported by the young
architect. The ensemble of the Nizami Cinema and block-of-flats, built then, hasnt yet lost its
artistic significance. Symmetrically placed, they make up a kind of a propylaeum stressing the
beginning of 28 May Street. It was understanding the place owned and the role played by the
national heritage in developing Azerbaijans modern architecture that the architect reached true
maturity with. A musical college, the Nizami museum (both in Baku) and Azerbaijans pavilion
in Moscow demonstrate how the idea of oriental forms&motifs and national architecture applied
was developed. Individual designs by M.A.Usseynov include the M.F.Akhundov National Public
Library (1960), complex of buildings for the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences (1951-1966 )
etc. Mikael Usseynov displayed an original national creative thinking, bright vision and style.
Deep knowing and respecting ancient national architectural traditions allowed him to use them,
reconsidered, in his own designs. Mikael Usseynov always said, National architecture is national
form. Appearing mild, this extremely cultured man was one of incredible internal unassailability.
He developed more than 200 designs, mostly implemented. His awards include Stalin Prize (1941),
USSR Peoples Architect (1970), and Hero of Socialist Labour (1985). Professional membership
and others credentials: Professor (1939); Member, the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences (1945);
Member, the USSR Academy of Architecture; Member, the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain
and Ireland.

Q
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

75

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

(06.12.1905-07.10.1992) -
, (1970 ),
(1939 ), (1945 ), , (1985 ),
(1941 ), . .. . , . ,
, - .
.. .
, ,
. ( ) . 1946
...
,
XII . ,
. . ,
, 28 .
. ,
, , .
. .. - .. (1960 ), (1951-1966 )
. ,
, . . : - .
, .
200, .

0107

Bak Sovetinin iilri n


yaay evi (hazrda Azrbaycan
Respublikas Nazirlr Kabinetinin
binas). Bina 1938-ci ild memarlar
Sadq Dadaov v Mikayl
seynovun layihsi zr tikilmidir
The House for employees of
the Baku Council (nowadays a
building of the Cabinet of the
Azerbaijani Republic). The building
is constructed in 1938 according
to the project of architects Sadykh
Dadashev and Mikael Useynov

(

).
1938

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Azrbaycan MEA-nn binas. Kompleks
1951-1966-c illrd memar Mikayl
seynovun layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Building of Academy of Sciences of
the Azerbaijani Republic. The complex is
constructed in 1951-1966 according to the
project of architect Mikael Useynov

.
1951-1966

s v tikintinin dyrinin aa
salnmas tdbirlri bard v
Layihldirm v inaatda israfln aradan qaldrlmas bard
qrarlar ktlvi yaay evlri
tikintisinin balancn qoydu. Sovet
adamlarnn ksriyytini yaay
evlri il tmin etmk v onlar n
nisbtn rahat yaay-mit raiti
yaratmaa ynldilmi bu qrarlar
ktlvi yaay evlri tikintisini simasz v maraqsz etdi.Yalnz memarlq
layihlrinin deyil, hm d inaat
ilrinin keyfiyyti xeyli aa dd.
El bir vaxt glib atd ki, tktk layihldirm tcrbsi
Elm iilrinin yaay evi. Bina memarlar
Sadq Dadaov v Mikayl seynovun
layihsi zr tikilmidir.
The House the house of workers of a science.
The building is constructed according to the
project of architects Sadykh Dadashev and
Mikael Useynov
.


Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

General Layout of Resort Area in


Northern Absheron, approved by
Azerbaijans Cabinet of Ministers,
and, finally, the new Bakus
General Layout Through 2005,
approved by the USSR Planning
Committee, USSR Ministry for
Civil Construction and Cabinet
of Ministers of the Azerbaijan
Soviet Socialist Republic, should
be considered of the largest urbandevelopment challenges met by the
Bakghiprogor team at the time.
Detailed planning for almost
all the layout-unit districts of
the very Baku, planning and
development designs for the citys
main public and transport arterial
roads should be undoubtedly
referred to fundamental urbandevelopments projects submitted by
Bakghiprogors staff.
Their significance is impossible
to underestimate as they had
developed a system of basic
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

, . .,
28 , , , ,

.
. ,
. ,
,

,
.

: .,

...,
, .,
. ..
-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0109

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0110

inaatn artan hcmini tmin ed


bilmirdi, onun srtini azaldrd.
Bakdvltlayih institutu qarsnda n qsa mddt rzind yeni
rayonlarda kompleks ktlvi tikintini tmin etmk n layih-smeta
sndlri ilyib hazrlamaq vzifsi
qoyuldu. Yalnz layih tkilat
strukturunun tkmilldirilmsi
v frdi layihlmdn birtipli layihlrin ktlvi ttbiqin
kemkl bu mslni uurla hll
etmk olard. Bakdvltlayih
kollektivi mhz bu yolla getdi.
nstitut istehsalat-texniki bazann
inkiafna v blrin, memarlq
emalatxanalarnn ixtisasl kadrlarla mhkmlndirilmsin birinci
drcli diqqt yetirdi. Bu dvrd
kfiyyat bsi, bir sra layih
emalatxanalar, bir ox blr
yenidnqurmaya mruz qald,
texniki kitabxana genilndirildi v
layih kabineti ayrld.
Nticlr drhal zn gstrdi.
Bu dvrd Bakdvltlayih
hrtraf razilrin v onun ayrayr hisslrinin planlamasnn bir
ox yeni layihlrini ilyib hazrlad. Layihilrin kollektiv dncsi
yeni rayonlara, arasksilmyn
tikinti mhlllrin ynldi.
Bakda yeni yaay rayonlarnda tikintini hri hat edn
yarmdair boyunca bo razilrd
aparmaq qrara alnd. Bo razilrd
birinci mikrorayonun salnmas
1957-1959-cu illrd balad. hali o
vaxt tikiln birtipli yaay evlrini
xruovka adlandrrd. Kommunal

planning documentation for the


urban-development five-year plan
in Baku, which, the documentation,
rational and proven actions by the
mayors office to regulate urban
development would have been
almost impossible without.
In postwar years, an urbandevelopment basis for now-Avenues
Hussein Javeed and Inshaatchilar,
Avenue Narimanov, 28th May Street,
Avenue Azerbaijan, Bayilov and
North-Western Districts, Salakhani,
a large district to the north from
Tofig Bakhramov Central National
Stadium, and others were being
laid, and the scope for their next
development was being determined.
It should be also noted that basic
arterial roads were built in by
special projects while new districts
were formed following some sample
designs.
Intensive constructing residences
and public houses was started in the

, ,

,
,
, . (
..),
.
...
( ..),
.

,
, ,

, .

..,

imali Sovet meydannn mnzrsi,


1950-1960-c illr. Yaay evlri memar
nvr Qasm-zadnin layihsi zr tikilmidir
The Panorama of Severnaya Sovetskaya
Square, Baku, the 1950-1960th years. Houses
are constructed according to projects of
architect Enver Kasim-zade
,
., 1950-1960- .

-
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

0112
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

.., ..,
.., ..,
..-, ..
, ..,
.., ..
, .., ..
; ..
, ..; .., ..,
.., ..,
.. .

50-

,


.


,

.

, .
,


,
.

-


.

Neftilr prospekti v Azneft


meydannn mnzrsi. 1950-ci illr
Neftyanikov Ave. and Azneft Square
Panorama, the 1950th years
.
., 1950-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0113

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0114

mnzillrd yaayan bir ox bakl


aillrini ox qsa mddt rznd
nisbtn babat yaay raiti il
tmin etmk mmkn oldu, nki
o illrd respublikann rayonlarndan paytaxta knd halisinin axn
gclnmidi. Tikintiy yeni snaye
metodlarnn ttbiq olunmas hesabna buna nail olmaq mmkn oldu.
Bakda 1960-c ild Zaqafqaziyada
ilk evtikm kombinat tikildikdn
sonra iripanelli evtikm srtl inkiaf etmy balad.
Sallaxanada, hrin imal-qrb
hisssind (1,2,3,4,5 -li mikrorayonlar); stadiondan imal trfd,
8-ci kilometr qsbsind, Razin,
Zabrat, Zuulba v Xrdalanda yaay massivlri salnrd.
Snaye evtikmsi sasnda birtipli
layihlrin geni ttbiqin baland.

citys very different parts: Avenue


Azerbaijan, Avenue Narimanov
(complex development), around
the Southern and Northern Soviet
Squares, Street Bakikhanov, and
Street Murtuza Mukhtarov. Separate
vacant sits were built in; rundown buildings were demolished;
a hospital in Montino Town was
being constructed; designs to
develop Avenue Neftchilar and
improve Philharmonic Garden were
being created; a block-of-flats in
Mukhtadir (now S.Rustamov) Street
and a roofed market in Bayilov were
being erected. The largest projects
in that period were the design and
construction of V.I.Lenin (now
T.Bakhramov) National Stadium and
an overpass across Avenue Moscow.
The times structures are special for a
B a k

D v l t

Buzovnaneft tresti iilrinin yaay evi. Bina


1950-ci illrd memarlar Sadq Dadaov v
Mikayl seynovun layihsi zr tikilmidir
The House of employees of Buzovnyneft trust.
The building is constructed in the 1950th years
according to the project of architects Sadykh
Dadashev and Mikael Useynov

. 1950-

Hs Hacyev ksinin (indiki Azrbaycan


prospekti) mnzrsi. 1960-c illr
Gusi Gadzhiev St. Panorama (now the ave.
Azerbaijan), the 1960th years
. (
.), 1960-
L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0116

Bak eremukasn yaradan ilk memar-mlliflrdn


M.A.Mmmd- zad, F.A.Sadxov,
R.A.Boyacan, L.A.Piralova,
A..Glmmmdov, .V.Tixomirova,
Q.K.Filonovi, A.A.Val,
F..Rstmbyova, A.A. zizov,
Q.A.Sadxov, .A. Orlova-Stroqanova, T.Y.arinski v baqalarnn
adlarn kmk olar.
Yeni razilrin mnimsnilmsi
il eyni vaxtda Bakdvltlayih
layih institutunun mkdalar
artq hrin tikilmi hisssind
d layihlr ilyib hazrlayrdlar.
Bak, Turist, Sport mehman
xanalar layihldirildi. Kiik
formal hcmlr maraql v eidli
hll olunurdu: dnizknar bulvarda tikililr - vertolyot meydanas,
Mirvari kafesi, uaq teatr. nstitut
memarlarnn planlarna gr bu
dvrd 2000 yerlik yal yay teatr
tikilmy balad. Metronun 26
Bak komissar stansiyasnn (indiki
Sahil stansiyas) layihsi ilnib
hazrland. 9 yanvar baas v
funikulyor qarsnda meydana abadladrld. 2500 nfrlik
V..Lenin adna saray (indiki Heydr
liyev adna saray) v Bak planetarisi layihldirilirdi.
Bu ilrd memarlar A.Q.Buzov,
V.S. ulqin, A..Glmmmdov,
A.C.Surkin, A.C.Ruvinskaya,
X.A.Babazad, Y.C.Kopelevi; konstruktorlar N.N.Nikonov, T.S.amilov,
A.C.Qelfat, K.A.Krimov;
mhndislr K.A.Kalantar,
M.M.Kazmov, A.Z.Bliner,
S.S.Vakulov, K.P.Kanevskinin byk
myi olmudur.
Bak memarlnda yeni mrhl
1960-1980-c illrd balad. Beton,
metal, dn geni istifad olunmas yeni inaat materiallarnn
konstruksiya xsusiyytlrindn
istifady saslanan yeni memarlq
formalarnn ilnib hazrlanmasna imkan yaratd. Bu dvr rzind
Bakda yaay v mdni-mit

well-planned composition, thorough


detailing, and, owing to active
supervision by the authors, for high
construction quality, especially in
decoration.
Architects I.A.Mamedov,
Ja.N.Kengerli, A.G.Buzov,
Sh.S.Tagiev, V.A.Aleksandrov,
A.G.Osipov-Stepanov,
A.P.Agaronov, A.E.Borodatov,
A.I.Gjulmamedov, I.V.Tihomirova,
F.I.Rustambekova, V.S.Shulgin,
A.S.Surkin etc.; constructors
K.A.Kerimov and G.S.Shamilov; and
engineers K.A.Kalantar, A.Z.Bliner,
S.S.Vakulov, K.P.Kanevskij,
M.M.Kjazimov etc.
Adopted by the Central Committee
of the USSR Communist Party and
Cabinet of Ministers in the mid1950s, Resolutions On Actions
for Further Industrialisation,
Construction Quality Improvement
and Lower Cost and On
Elimination of Excessiveness in
Designs and Construction initiated
massive residential construction.
Aimed at relatively comfortable
housing most soviet people, those
resolutions in general brought
to faceless and dull residential
development. Quality went
significantly down not only in
designs, but also in construction.
The time came when separate
designs couldnt provide for
growing construction and lowered
its tempo. Bakghiprogor was
committed to develop, during very
short time, budget documentation
for complex massive development
in new districts. It was only possible
to solve the problem through
organisational improvements in
Bakghiprogor and shift from special
designs to sampled ones. This was
the way Bakghiprogor chose.
The institute paid special attention to
high-quality equipment and human
resources for the departments and
ateliers. The exploration department
B a k




.
.


, .
, ,
,
.

.


.
,
.


.

1957-1959 .
.
,
, ,


.

.
1960

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0117

Smd Vurun (kemi Krasnoarmeyskaya


k.) v Bakxanov (kemi Nijnebulvarnaya
k.) klrinin ksimsind Artistlrin
yaay evi. Bina memar Konstantin vanovi
Senixinin layihsi zr tikilmidir
The House of actors on crossing of
streets of Samed Vurgun (former
Krasnoarmeyskaya St.) and Bakikhanov St.
(former Nizhnebulvarna St.). The building
is constructed according to the project of
architect Konstantin Ivanovich Senchikhin

(.
.) .
(. .).

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

and others; and a number of ateliers


were reorganised; the technical
library was enlarged, and a special
design office was established.
All these measures immediately
proved effective. At that time,
Bakghiprogor developed quite
a few new planning designs for
the suburbs and some other parts
of Baku. The team mind was
focused on new districts and soliddevelopment neighbourhoods.
It was decided to build new
residential districts in Baku in large
masses on a semicircle of vacant
sites around the city.
The first micro-rayon (commuter
town ) was started on a free site
in 1957-1959. People informally
called standard blocks-of-flats
built then khrushchobas (playing
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

.

,
-
( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
; 8- , , , , .

.
-, ,
..-,
.., ..,
.., ..

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0118

nvr li olu
Qasm-zad
(12.02.1912-12.03.1969)
Enver Ali oglu Gasim-zadeh
(12.02.1912-12.03.1969)

-
(12.02.1912-12.03.1969)

nvr li olu Qasm-zad (1912-1969), grkmli Azrbaycan memar, Arbaycam MEAnn mxbir zvdr (1967-ci ildn). ..Qasm-zad M.zizbyov adna Azrbaycan Dvlt
Snaye nstitutunu (indiki Dvlt Neft Akademiyasn) bitirmidir (1936-c ild). O, 1934-c ildn
Azrbaycan Dvlt Layih nstitutunda ilmi, texnikdn layihnin ba memarnacan yol kemidir. 1947-ci ildn respublika Nazirlr Soveti yannda memarlq idarsinin risi, Bak vilayt
craiyy Komitsi, sonra Bak hr craiyy Komitsi sdrinin tikinti ilri zr birinci mavini,
Tikinti lri zt Dvlt Komitsi sdrinin birinci mavini ilmidir. ..Qasm-zad 1962-ci
ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun (indiki Azrbaycan Texniki Universitetinin) rektoru tyin
edilmidir. Memar ..Qasm-zadnin sas ilri Hs Hacyev ksindki (indiki Azrbaycan
prospekti), Sovet ksindki (indiki N.Nrimanov prospekti), Aa Nemtulla ksindki,
naatlar ksindki iri yaay komplekslri, Azrbaycan Tibb Universitetinin, Azrbaycan
Dvlt Heft-Qaz Layih nstitutunun (indiki S.Vurun ksindki Maliyy Nazirliyinin binas,
1956-c il), Oktyabr rayon partiya komitsinin (indiki Dvlt Gmrk Komitsinin) inzibati binalar, metropolitenin Ulduz stansiyasnn (1967-ci il) binas v baqalardr. .. Qasm-zadnin
bir ox ilri xaricd ap olunan bir sra elmi v xsusi nrlrd ks olunaraq sovet memarlnn
qzl fonduna daxil edilmidir. 1967-ci ild ..Qasm-zadnin Azrbaycan sovet memarlnn
yaradclq problemlri adl sasl monoqrafiyas iq z grmdr. ..Qasm-zad bu iri
hcmli id Azrbaycan memarlnn inkiafn tdqiq etmi v geni yaradclq tcrbsini
mumildir bilmidir.

Q
Soviet Azerbaijani architect. Graduated from Azizbayov Azerbaijan Industrial Institute
(1936). From 1934, he had been working for AzGosProject National Designing Institute, first
as a Technician, and finally as Project Engineer-in-Chief. Other positions since 1947: Chief of
Architecture Office at the Cabinet of Ministers of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic; First
Deputy Chairman of Baku Executive Office; Minister of Construction; Chairman of National
Construction Committee; Deputy Chairman of the National Planning Committee; Rector of
Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute (appointed in 1962); and Associated Member of the Azerbaijan
Academy of Sciences (1967). Main designs implemented: major residential complexes in Streets
Husi Hajiyev (now Avenue Azerbaijan), Sovetskaya (now Avenue Narimanov), Aga Neymatulla
and Avenue Stroyiteley (now Avenue Inshaatchilar); offices for Medical Institute, the Ministry of
Finance (Samed Vurgun Street, 1956 ); Ulduz Subway Station (1967) and others. Many works
E.A.Gasim-zadeh were included into gold fund of Soviet Architecture and found reflection in a
number of world printing editions of special and scientific literature.

Q
- (12.02.1912-12.03.1969), , - (1967 ).
.. (1936 ). ..- 1934 ,
. 1947
,
, , , , .
..- 1962 . ..- -
( .), . ( .),
. , . ( .), , ( .., 1956
), ( ), (1967
) . ..- , . 1967 ..-
.
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

lsgrov Hnif liisgndr olu 1912-ci il yanvarn 14-d Bakda mllim ailsind anadan
olmudur. 1936-c ild Azrbaycan Dvlt Snaye nstitutunun (indiki Azrbaycan Dvlt Neft
Akademiyas) inaat-memarlq fakltsini bitirmi, Bakda Gnclr Saray mvzusunda
uurla diplom mdafi etmidir. Thsilini baa vurandan sonra H.lsgrov Azrdvltlayih
institutunda Gnc, Yevlax, ki, Xamaz, Naxvan hrlrinin Ba Planlar zrind almdr.
kinci Dnya mharibsi zaman mhndis-kapitan H.lsgrov cbhd olmu, ikinci drcli
Byk Vtn mharibsi, Qrmz ulduz ordenlri v oxlu medallarla tltif olunmudur.
Mharibdn sonra sevimli iin qaytm, Yevlax v Lnkran hrlrinin Ba Plan zrind
almdr. Memarn yaradclq yolunda n vacib mrhl Zaqatala hrinin Ba Plandr
ki, bu indiydk hrin inkiafnn sas sndi olaraq qalr. H.lsgrov 1948-ci ild vvlc
respublika Nazirlr Soveti memarlq ilri idarsi risinin, sonra is Dvlt Tikinti Komitsi
sdrinin birinci mavini tyin edilmi, eyni zamanda layihlndim v tikinti ilrin davam
etmidir. H.lsgrovun n maraql ilrindn biri Bakda Nizami meydannn yenidnqurma
layihsidir. O, eyni zamanda Bakda 26 Bak komissarn xatrsin ucaldlm memorialn
(A.Hseynovla birg), metropolitenin Avrora (ndiki Q.Qarayev) yeralt stansiyasnn, Bakda
Krarazsutikinti tresti yaay binasnn, Gncd toxuculuq kombinat inzibati binasnn v
s. layihsini vermidir. H.lsgrov 1967-ci ildn Baknn ba memar olmudur. O, 1972-ci ild
SSR Dvlt Mkafatna, 1976-cild is respublika dvlt Mkafatna layiq grlmdr. O,
Azrbaycann mkdar naats idi.

Q
Born on January 14, 1912 in Baku to a teachers family. Education: Department for Architecture
and Construction, Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (graduated in 1936); Graduation Design: Youth
Palace in Baku. Positions/Employers: AzGosProject; First Deputy Chief of Architecture Office
at the Cabinet of Ministers of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (since 1948); First Deputy
Chairman, Construction Committee of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic; Baku Architectin-Chief (since 1967). Designs: general layouts of Ganjah, Yevlakh, Shaki, Khachmas, Nakhchivan,
Zakatala (one of hist best and still in effect) and Lankaran Cities; reconstruction of Nizami Square in
Baku (one of his most interesting projects); 26 Baku Commissars Memorial in Baku (together with
A.Husseinov); Aurora Subway Station (underground); a block-of-flats for Kura-Araks-Vodstroy
Company in Baku; an office for a cloth factory in Ganjah, etc. Awards: Patriotic War Second Rank
Order, Red Star Order, and a lot of medals (for his battle service at the time of World War Two as
an Engineer Captain); USSR National Prize (1972); National Prize of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
Republic (1976); and Builder-of-Honour of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.

Q
14 1912 .
1936 - , :
. . , , , ,
, . - .
, . ..
1948 .
, ,
.
. . (
.) 26- , , ,
() . 1967 .
.. . 1972 , 1976 . . .
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Hnif liisgndr olu


lsgrov
(14.01.1912-30.04.1991)
Ganifa Ali-Iskender oglu
Aleskerov
(14.01.1912-30.04.1991)

(14.01.1912-30.04.1991)

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0119

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

binalar inas, hminin mhndis


v nqliyyat sistemlrinin inkiaf,
yallama v hrin abadl zr
byk ilr gedirdi.
Yeni yaay evlrind tikinti ilri o
dvrd artq sas qoyulmu yaay
rayonlarnda, msln Skkizinci
kilometrd, elc d sasn Bak
amfiteatrnn cnub-rq hisssind
yerln yeni rayonlarda aparlrd.
hrin bu yeni yaay massivi
hmdli yaylasnda yerln v
z nvbsind iki mikrorayondan
hmdli v Gnlidn,
hminin Z v Hvsan kndlrin
yaxnlqda cmlmi rayonlardan
ibart idi.
Yeni hr razilrinin intensiv
mnimsnilmsi il yana, hrin
tarixn formalam mrkzi
hsssind d tikinti gedirdi.
Bakdvltlayih layih institutu
kollektivinin Azrbaycan paytaxtnn sas meydannn V..Lenin
adna (indiki Azadlq meydan)
meydann tikinti layihsi zr
msabiqd itirak o illrin mhm
hadissi idi. Bu msabiqd birinci
v ikinci yerlr Azrdvltlayih
layih institutunun memarlar il
bldrld.
Bu illrd hminin Baknn dniz
sahili abadladrlr, Bak amfiteatrnn cnub-rq hisssi v hrin
sas magistrallar, o cmldn Lenin
prospekti (indiki Azadlq prospekti),
Moskva prospekti (indiki Heydr
liyev prospekti) v s. tikilib abad
edilirdi. Respublikann memarlq
simas ideyaca maraql, irimiqyasl
Baknn imali Sovet meydannn mnzrsi,
1950-1960-c illr. Yaay evlri memar
nvr Qasm-zadnin layihsi zr
tikilmidir
The Panorama of Severnaya Sovetskaya
Square, Baku, the 1950-1960th years. Houses
are constructed according to projects of
architect Enver Kasim-zade
,
., 1950-1960- .

-
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

with the name of then-leader of the


USSR, Nikita Khrushchev, who had
initiated that kind of residences,
and trushoba, which means
slum in Russian). However it
may be, the design allowed for
relatively tolerable living conditions
for many Baku families, who had
been for years handling together in
run-down or so-called communal
(multi-shared) flats: after all,
rural immigration to the capital
significantly increased in those
years, and industrial construction
applied greatly contributed to
meeting the growth of housing
demand.
Large-panel construction started
developing fast after the first
South-Caucasian panel-building
manufacturing-and-assembly
factory was constructed in Baku in
1960.
Residential neighbourhoods were
also laid in Salakhani, in Bakus
north- western part (micro-rayons
1, 2, 3, 4, 5), and to the north from
the stadium; in the Towns of 8th
Kilometre, Razin, Zabrat, Zagulba,
and Khirdalan. Applying standard
designs on the basis of industrial
house assembly was largely
initiated.
M.A.Mamed-zade, F.A.Sadyhov,
L.A.Piralova, A.I.Gjulmamedov,
I.V.Tihomirova, G.K.Filonovich,
A.A.Val, F.I.Rustambekova,
A.A.Azizova, G.A.Sadyhov,
I.A.Orlova-Stroganova, T.Ja.
Shharinski and others should be
noted among the first architects
who pioneered the Baku variant of
Cheryomushki, a famous commuter
town in Moscow.
Simultaneously with adopting new
territories, the Bakghiprogor team
developed designs for the citys
built-in part. The Hotels Baku,
Tourist, and Sport were being
designed. Small-size formats are
implemented in interesting and
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

, .., ..,
.., ..,
.., .., ..
.


. ,
, .

:
, ,
.

2000 .

.26- (
).
9
.
... 2500

.

..,
.., ..,
.., ..,
.., ..;
..,
.., ..,
..;
.., ..,
.., ..,
...

1960-1980- .
,
,

,
.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0121

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Hsn li olu Mcidov grkmli Azrbaycan memar, respublikann mkdar mdniyyt


iisidir (1960). Azrbaycan SSR Nazirlr Soveti yannda Tikinti Komitsinin sdri (1958-1960-c illr),
.ldrm adna Azrbaycan Dvlt Politexnik nstitutunun (indiki Azrbaycan naat Mhndislri
Universiteti) kafedra mdiri (1960-1978-ci illr) olmudur. Memar H..Mcidovun gerkldirilmi
sas ilri arasnda F.Dzerjinski adna klubu (1948-ci il, sonralar hriyar adna Mdniyyt Mrkzi),
Daxili lr Nazirliyinin binas (1954-c il), Bak mehmanxanas (1970-c-il), zizbyov (indiki
Korolu metrostansiyasnn binas, 28 aprel kinoteatrnn (indiki Uaq Filarmoniyasnn)
binas v baqa tikililr vardr. 1961-ci ild V..Leninin 90 illik yubileyin onun layihsi zr
Moskvann V..Lenin adna Muzeyinin filial (indiki Muzey Mrkzi) tikilmidir.

Q
Hsn li olu Mcidov
(1914-1978)
Hasan Ali oglu Majidov
(1914-1978)

(1914-1978)

A Soviet Azerbaijani architect. Awarded Builder-of-Honour of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist


Republic (1960). Positions: Chairman, Construction Committee under the Cabinet of Ministers of
the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1958-1960 ); Head of Chair, Polytechnic Institute
(1960-1978 ). Main designs implemented: Dzerzhinsky Club (1948, now Shahriyar Cultural
Centre), Ministry of Internal Affairs(1954), Baku Hotel (1970), Azizbeyov Subway Station
(1972), 28 April Cinema (1952, now Childrens Philharmonic Hall); Baku Branch, Moscow Lenin
Museum(1955, now Museum Complex).

Q
, (1960 ).
(1958-1960 ), (1960-1978 ).
.. .
(1948 , .),
(1954 ), (1970 ), (1972 ), 28
(1952 , ) . 90- .. 1961
. .. (1955
, ).

0122

Derjinski adna klub (hazrda


hriyar adna klub), Bak hri,
1948-ci il, Memar Hsn Mcidov
Club of Derzhinsky (nowadays club
of Shakhriyar), Baku, 1948.
Arch. Hasan Majidov
. (
.), ., 1948 .
.

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Qznfr lizad Azrbaycan Dvlt Snaye nstitutunun (indiki Azrbaycan Dvlt Neft Akademiyas) n qabiliyytli tlblrindn biri idi. Hl yeniyetm vaxtlarndan Azrbaycan memarlq abidlrini hvsl yrnirdi. 1937-ci ild thsilini baa vurub Moskvaya getdi v SSR Memarlq
Akademiyasnn aspiranturasna daxil oldu. O, byk rus memarlarnn (Bajenov, Kazakov v s.)
srlri, Kreml v Qzl meydanla tan oldu, usev, Joltovski, ofan kimi sntkarlardan drs ald.
Artq aspirant kimi gnc memar hmiyytli uur qazand onun fhl klubu layihsi n yax klub
binalarnn mumittifaq msabiqsind birinci mkafata layiq grld. Oqonyok jurnalnda (30
aprel 1950-ci il, N18) memar haqqnda byk mqal drc olunmudu. Q.lizad Moskval mhur
memarlarn rhbrliyi altnda z dissetasiyas dram teatr binasnn layihsi zrind alrd.
vvlc teatr binas n Dnizknar bulvarda yer ayrlmd, Sonra is H.Hacyev ksind
tikildi. Q.lizad hm d xeyli digr gzl memarlq srlrinin mllifidir. Onun layihlri zr
Mingevirtikinti, Kraraztikinti trestlrinin yaay evlri tikilmidir. Binalarn byklyn
baxmayaraq, memar yaay evlrin xas olmayan monumentallqdan qaa bilmidir. Q.lizad
AMEA-nn ncsnt nstitutunun memarlq blmsinin mdiri idi. O, 1965-ci ild Azrbaycann
mkdar naats fxri adna layiq grlm, 1965-ci ild memarlq doktoru elmi drcsi alm,
1970-ci ild is professor seilmidi.

Q
One of the most talented graduates of Azerbaijan Industrial Institutes Architectural
Department. Still young, he started studying traditional national architecture with great interest.
Upon graduation, he moved to Moscow and was admitted a Doctorate Student of the USSR
Architecture Academy. He met them personally, and some of them became his professors. Still a
doctorate student, he achieved great success: his design of a club for factory workers was awarded
the first prize of the USSR Contest for Club Designs. Mr.Alizadeh worked on his graduation
project, Drama Theatre Design, advised by famous Moscow architects. Back in Baku, he continued
the topic. First, a site on the Seaside Boulevard was provided for the theatre. However, it was
later decided to build it in Husu Hajiyev Street (Husu Hajiyev was a young Red-Army soldier
and Communist from Shusha, Azerbaijan, who had perished when on duties). Mr. Alizadeh
also designed many other beautiful buildings. Large-size blocks-of-flats for Mingachevirstroy
Company and KuraAraksStroy have been built under his designs. In spite of the large sizes, the
architect managed to avoid heavy monumentalism, which would have been wrong for a block-offlat. He was Head of the Architecture Sector at the Hajibeyov Institute of Azerbaijan Art History,
the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1965, Mr. Alizadeh was
awarded Builder-of-Honour of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic; he became Doctor of
Architecture the same year and Professor in 1970.

Q

. , 1937
.
.
30 1950 18 (1195) . . .
.
, , , , 20- . XX . .
, .
, ,
. .
. .
1965 . ,
1965 , 1970 .
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Qznfr Mdd olu


lizad
(05.02.1910-19.01.1994)
Gazanfar Madat oglu Alizadeh
(05.02.1910-19.01.1994)

(05.02.1910-19.01.1994)

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0123

House on Rasheed Bekhbudov Avenue, the


1960th years. Architect Gazanfar Alizadeh
,
1960- .

- ,
,
.


,
, ,
, ,
-
.
,
, , ,

, ,

.
,


.


.. (
),

- .

, -
,

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Rid Behbudov prospektind yaay evi,


1960-c illr. Memar Qznfr lizad

0125

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0126

v hrsalma nqteyi-nzrindn
ox hmiyytli bir sra obyektlrl:
Ali Sovetin Ryast heytinin,
Azrbaycan Kommunist partiyas
Mrkzi Komitsinin (indiki Prezi
dent aparat) binalar, Moskva,
Azrbaycan mehmanxanalar,
hminin dniz v dmiryol vazallarnn binalar il znginldirildi.
Bir szl, lknin memarlar qarsnda qoyduu tlblr dyiir v
mrkkblirdi. Buna uyun olaraq
Bakdvltlayih layih institutu
mkdalarnn hll etdiyi msllr
d dyiird.
1970-1980-c illrd layih institutunda
xsusil byk dyiikliklr ba verdi.
Snaye evtikmsinin inkiaf, inaat
ilrinin ildn-il artmas, layihlrin
keyfiyytin tlbatn bymsi
yeni ciddistruktur dyiikliklri

various solutions e.g. structures


on Baku Boulevard: helicopter
touchdown, Cafe Pearl, and
Childrens Theatre.
As planned by the institutes
architects, the construction of
an open-air Green Theatre for
2,000 seats was started. 26 Baku
Commissars (now Sakhil) Subway
Station was under design. 9th
January Garden Square was
improved. The Lenin (now Heydar
Aliyev) Palace for 2,500 seats and
Baku Orrery were being designed.
Architects A.G.Buzov, V.S.Shulgin,
A.I.Gjulmamedov, A.S.Surkin,
A.S.Ruvinskaja, H.A.Babazade,
and E.S.Kopelevich; constructors
N.N.Nikonov, G.S.Shamilov,
A.S.Gelfat, and K.A.Kerimov;
and engineers K.A.Kalantar,

:
( ), (
. ) .


,
:

,
( ),
, ,
.
, ,

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Paris kommunas adna zavodun fhllri


n Nrimanov prospektind (indiki
Hseyn Cavid prospekti) yaay evlri.
1950-ci illrd memar Mikayl seynovun
layihsi zr tikilmidir
Houses of employees of plant of the
Commune of Paris on Narimanov Ave. (now
Guseyn Jaweed Ave.). Are constructed in
the 1950th years according to the project of
architect Mikael Useynov

.
. (
. ). 1950-

naatlar prospektind yaay evlri.


1950-ci illrd memar nvr Qasm-zadnin
layihsi zr tikilmidir
Houses on Inshaatchylar Ave. Are
constructed in the 1950th years according to
projects of architect Enver Kasim-zade
..
1950-
-

0127

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Memar Vadim Mixaylovi vanov 1906-c il oktyabrn 16-da Bakda anadan olmudur. 19211931-ci illrd Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunda thsil almdr. V.M.vanov 1937-1967-ci illrd
Bak hrinin ba memar vzifsind almdr. O, eyni zamanda memar L.A.lyinl birlikd
Mahaqala hrinin Ba Plann (1931-1934-c illr) v Drbnd hrinin planladrlmasnn ilkin sxemini (1933-c il) ilyib hazrlamdr. V.M.vanov Sumqayt hrinin birinci nvb planladrmasnn (1941-ci il), Aberon yarmadasnn rayon planladrmas sxeminin (1947-1949-cu
illr) v Bak hrinin Ba Plannn (1948-1952-ci illr) mlliflrindn biridir. V.M.vanov 1931ci ildn Azrbaycan Dvlt Snaye nstitutunda, 1948-ci ildn Azrbaycan Dvlt Politexnik nstitutunda drs demidir. O, rf nianordeni v medallarla tltif olunmudur.

Q
Vadim Mixaylovi vanov
Vadim Mikhaylovich Ivanov

Born in Baku on October 16, 1906. Studied at Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute from 1921
through 1930. Positions: Baku Architect-in-Chief (1937-1967); Professor, Azerbaijan Industrial
(Polytechnic since 1948) Institute, since 1931. Co-designs: General Layout of Makhachkala City
(1931-1934, together with L.A.Ilyin), Draft General Layout of Derbent City (1933, together with
L.A.Ilyin), and General Layout of the first line in Sumgait City (1941); and district planning
schemes for Absheron Peninsula (1947-1949) and Bakus General Layout (1948-1952). Awards:
Znak Pochyota (Sign-of-Honour) Order and various medals.

Q
16 1906 .. 19211930- . 1937-1967 .. ..
. (1931-1934 ) . (1933 ). . (1941
), (1947-1949 ) . (1948-1952 ). 1931 ( 1948 - ) . .. .

0128

Bak hrinin mrkzi hisssinin


mnzrsi. 1950-ci illr
The View of the central part of
Baku, the 1950th years

., 1950-
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0130

tlb edirdi. Bakdvltlayihd


LBM-lr brosu yaradld, snaye
evtikm bsi tkil olundu, sas
gstricilrin ilnib hazrlanmas hesabna sndlrin iqtisadi
thlili gclndirildi, elmi-texniki
nailiyytlrin layihlrd qeydiyyat
sistemi ttbiq olundu, inaat materiallarnn israfna sistematik nzart
hyata keirilirdi v nhayt, norma
nzarti qrupu yaradld.
hrsalmada yksk manevretm
qabiliyyti v plastikliyi tmin edn,
tikinti sxln 30% artran kompleks hcm-planlama elementlri
sasnda snaye yaay evlrinin
yeni nslinin ilnib hazrlandn qeyd etmk lazmdr. Onun
mlliflri memarlar A.Q.Axundov,
N..Frczad, T.Y.arinski;
mhndislr A.A.lsgrov,
V.Y.Prijebilski idi.
Btn bu tdbirlr kollektivin
istehsal faliyytinin gstricilrinin
artmasn tmin etdi. Layihlrin
keyfiyyti yaxslad, myin
smrliliyinin ykslmsi hesabna mt mhsulunun hcmi artd.
Bu is icralarn sayn azaltmaqla
istehsal proqramn yerin yetirmy
imkan verdi.
Bakdvltlayihnin kadr
trkibind d dyiikliklr ba verdi,
o, gnc v bacarql mtxssislrl
tamamland.Bunu qeyd etmk
kifaytdir ki, institutun emalatxana
v istehsalat blri rhbrlrinin
orta ya ken srin 90-c illrind
28 ya idi.
Bak hrinin iqtisadiyyatna, onun
yaay evlri tikintisin v xidmt
infrastrukturuna srmay qoyuluunun artmas 70-ci illrin vvllrind
trtib olunmu 2000-ci il qdr
Bak hri inkiafnn Ba plann
yenidn nzrdn keirmy zrurt
yaratd.
Bu Bakdvltlayih institutunun
kollektivi trfindn 1982-ci ild
edildi.
Bu dvrd Bak kemi Sovet ttifa-

M.M.Kjazimov, A.Z.Bliner,
S.S.Vakulov, and K.P.Kanevskij
contributed a lot to those projects.
A new stage in Bakus architecture
began in 1960s-1980s. Largely
applied concrete,metal and
glass promoted developing new
architectural formats based on using
constructive features of the new
building materials.
For that period, large-scope
operations had been run in Baku
for residential and socio-cultural
construction, as well as for utility
and transport networks; and soft
landscaping and improving the city.
New residences were being
constructed both in housing districts
that had already been laid e.g.
Eighth Kilometre and new ones,
mostly situated in the south-eastern
part of Baku terraces.
This new residential body of
Baku, located on the Ahmadli
Plateau, consisted, in its turn,
from two micro-rayons, Ahmadli
and Guneshli, and also adjacent
neighbourhoods concentrated near
Villages Zikh and Govsani.
Along with intensive developing
new urban sites, the central
historical part was also under
construction. That Bakghiprogors
team participated in the contest for
development designs of Lenin (now
Azadlig - freedom) Square, the
main one in Azerbaijans capital, was
a significant fact of those years; they
would share the victory with their
colleagues from the AzGosProject.
During those years, Baku
embankment was also being
improved; the south-easter part of
the Baku terraces and some main
arterial roads including Avenue
Lenin (now Avenue Azadlig),
Avenue Moscow (now Avenue
Heydar Aliyev) etc. were under
development.
As a matter of fact, national
challenges for architects changed
B a k

.
,
.

1970-1980- .
,

,


.
,
,

,
- ,
, , .

- ,

,
30- ,
..,
..,
.., ..,
...

.
,
,

.
,

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

naatlar prospektind yaasy evlri


The House on Inshaatchylar Ave.
.

qnn n iri, hmiyytli snaye v


mdni mrkzlrindn biri idi.
lkmiz mstqilliyini qazanan
vaxta qdr Bakdvltlayih iri
layih institutuna evrilmidi v
Baknn planlamas v tikilmsi
il bal mxtlif problemlrin
hlli zr ba institut idi. Mssis
kollektivinin Moskva, Leninqrad,
Kiyev, Daknd, Tbilisi, Kiinyov v
baqa hrlrin layih institutlar
il daimi yaradclq laqlri v
mhsuldar mbadilsi yaranmd.
Bakdvltlayih institutunun
kollektivi Dakndd, Mahaqalada, Ulyanovskda, Koqalmda
(Tmen vilayti, Rusiya) obyektlrin
layihldirilmsin qarda
kmyini sirgmirdi.
Sovet dvrnd bir sra mumittifaq v respublika msabiqlrind
Bakdvltlayihnin mllif
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

and got more and more complicated


stage after stage. Accordingly, so did
tasks of the Bakghiprogor team.
Herein, one should distinguish
designs of new generations of
industrial blocks-of-flats based
on complex space-and-plan
elements providing for high urbandevelopment mobility and plasticity
in residences with building density
increased to 30% (by A.A.Aleskerov,
V.E.Prizhebilskij, N.I.Faradzhzade,
Ju.G.Ahundov, and T.Ja.Shharinskij.)
All these activities provided for the
teams production growth. Design
quality improved; production grew
at the cost of higher productivity,
which allowed for smaller teams
designing.
Bakghiprogor staff also changed:
young and capable experts were
employed. It is enough to say
the average age of the institutes
most important level, ateliers and
production departments heads, was
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2


.
,

80- 35 .
,

,
2005 ,

1986 .

,
.

0131

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0132

Teodor Yakovlevi
arinski (1911-1993)
Theodor Yakovlevich Sharinski
(1911-1993)

(1911-1993)

Teodor Yakovlevi arinski 1911-ci il noyabrn 22-d anadan olmudur. mk faliyytin


sravi ertyoju vzifsil balamdr. Sonra 1936-c ild Azrbaycan Dvlt Snaye nstitutunu (ndiki Azrbaycan Dvlt Neft Akademiyas) bitirmi, mhndis-memar kimi, 1947-ci ild
Baklayih (sonralar Bakdvlthrlayih institutunun ba mhndisi tyin edilmidir. nstitutda hkm srn yaradclq mhitinin sasn mhz o qoymudu v mrnn axrna qdr
ba mhndis kimi almdr. T.Y.arinski kinci dnya mharibsinin itiraks idi. imali Qafqazdan Pola v exoslovakiyadan kemkl Berlincn getmi, 1946-c ild trxis olunmudu.
T.Y.arinski Sovet ttifaqnda hrin sosial orqanizm kimi inkiafnn sasnda duran BaPlann
hmiyytini drk edn ilk memarlardan idi. Memar bel hesab edirdi ki, bo sahlrin olmad
formalam hrlrd istehsaln inkiaf, razinin faliyyt mnsubiyytinin v hryaratma
bazasnn dyidirilmsi istehsaln modernldirilmsindn, snaye ehtiyaclar n ayrlm
razinin smrli istifadsind masir sviyyy qaldrmaqdan, halinin hr yaradan qrupuna
vermkdn ibartdir. O, min idi ki,istehsal qvvlrinin v mk balansnn yerldirilm sxemi ilnib hazrlanmadan, byk iqtisadi rayon sistemind onlarn xalq tsrrfat hmiyyti
myynldirilmdn hrin mkmml Ba Plan ola bilmz. Bu hddn artq vacib ideyasn o, hyatnn sas iini Baknn Ba Plann ilynd hyata keirdi. Bak hrinin inkiafnn Ba Planlarnn (1952, 1972, v 1986-c illr), kurort zonasnn Ba Plannn, Bak hri
nqliyyatnn kompleks sxeminin (1979-cu il), Buzovna qsbsinin Ba Plannn (1981-ci il),
Hvsan qsbsinin Ba Plannn (1979-cu il), Xrdalan qsbsinin Ba Plannn (1977-ci il), lt
qsbsinin Ba Plannn (1976-c il), hmdli v Gnli (1976-1986-c illr) yaay rayonlarnn
tikili layihlrinin hyata keirilmsi bilavasit onun ideyas idi. T.Y.arinskinin rhbrliyi altnda dnizdki Neft Dalarnda yaay evlrinin nadir layihsi ilnib hazrlanmd. Neftilr
n yaay evi kimi layihlndiriln binalar sonralar turist pansionlar funksiyasn yerin
yetir bilrdi. hrsalma zr mtxssis, parlaq natiq v xeyirxah insan olan T.Y.arinski hm
d pedaqoq idi. Bir ox illr rzind istehsalat faliyyti il yana Azrbaycan Poltexnik institutunun inaat fakltsind hrsalamann saslarndan mhazir oxuyur, diplom v kurs
layihlrin rhbrlik edirdi.

Q
Born on November 22, 1911. Started as a draughtsman in 1930. Graduated in 1936 from
Azerbaijan Industrial Institute in Baku as an Engineer-Architect. Appointed Engineer-in-Chief
of BakProject (later Bakghiprogor) in 1947 and would hold this position till his untimely death
in 1993. He should be credited the unique creative environment of the Institute. As a soldier, he
fought in the North Caucasus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Berlin during World War Two and
was demobilised in 1946. He was one of the first in the USSR who understood the importance of a
city general layout as the fundamental document for such a social organism to develop according
to. The architect thought that, in established cities without vacant territories, industrial growth
and the functional modification of sites and of city-forming basis must consist in industrial
modernisation, effective industrial-land usage and the transformation of the basic urban
population group. He was sure no full-pack general layout of a major city is possible without
distribution schemes for production resources, labour balance, relations between a major city and
the region around, and the economic importance of the city and region identified as part of a larger
district. He managed to display this extremely significant message in the General Layout of Baku,
the main design of his entire life. His ideas were directly implemented in general development
plans of Baku (1952, 1972, and 1986), a resort-zone general layout, and Bakus transportationnetwork layout (1979); general layouts for Buzovna (1981), Govsani (1979), Khirdalan (1977), and
Alyat (1976); urban residential developments in Bakus Ahmadli and Guneshli (1976-1986) etc. A
unique offshore residential complex for Oil Stones, an oil-production town in the Caspian Sea,
was developed under Sharinskis leadership. Designed for oilers stay, it can become a resort
when the oil field is exhausted, and the environment is properly restored. A strategist of urban
development, brilliant speaker and kind man, he couldnt help becoming a professor. For many
years along with his designing activities, he had been lecturing urban development and advising
graduation and course projects at the Department for Construction of Azerbaijan Polytechnic
Institute.

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Q
22 1911 . 1930 . 1936 ,
, 1947 (
- ). ,
, 1993 . ..
, . 1946 . ..
, . , , , ,
, , , ,
. ,
, ,
.
- .
(1952, 1972,1986 ), ,
(1979 ), (1981 ), (1979 ),
(1977 ), (1976 ), (1976-1986 ) .
.. . , . -,
, . , ,
.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0133

Respublika stadionu. Memarlar A.Borodatov,


L.Qonsiorovski, O.sayev, T.Sergeyev
Republican stadium of V.I.Lenin. Architects
A.Borodatov, L.Gonsiorovsky, O. Isayev,
T.Sergeev
....
.,
., ., .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Vadim Sergeyevi ulgin 1926-c il dekabrn 8-d Bak hrind anadan olub. 1950-ci
ild Azrbaycan snaye institutunun memarlq-inaat fakltsini bitirib. V.S. ulgin z mk
faliyytin 1950-ci il sentyabrn 26-dan Bakmetrolayih institutunda balayb. Ordu sralarnda xidmt gstrdikdn sonra mk faliyytini 1953-c il oktyabrn 1-dn BakDvLayih
institutunda ba mhndis vzifsind davam etdirmidir. Sonralar V.S.ulgin BakDvLayih
institutunda qrup rhbri, layihlrin ba mhndisi, ba memar qismind almdr. O, Moskvada xidmti ezamiyytd olarkn 1974-c il oktyabrn 2-d facili surtd infarktdan vfat edir.

Q
Vadim Sergeyevi ulgin
(08.12.1926-02.10.1974)
Vadim Sergheyevich Shulghin
(08.12.1926-02.10.1974)

(08.12.1926-02.10.1974)

Born on December 8,1926 in Baku. In 1950, he graduated from the Department for Architecture
and Construction, Azerbaijan Industrial Institute. His career started in 1950 at Baku Subway
Design Institute. He continued as a Senior Engineer for Bakghiprogor. Later, he would be
promoted as Head of a Group, Project Engineer-in-Chief, and Project Architect-in-Chief at the
Institute. His life tragically ended as a result of large infarct while he was on his professional trip
in Moscow on October 2, 1974.

Q
8 1926 . 1950 - . .. 26 1950
. 1 1953
. .. ,
, . 2 1974
.

0136

Dnizknar bulvarda ahmat


klubu. 1961-ci il. Memarlar V.ulqin,
S.A.Smdova
Chess club on Primorsk the
boulevard, 1961. Architects
V.S.Shulghin, S.A.Samedova

, 1961 .
.., ..

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Yerli snaye Nazirliyinin binas n layih,
Neftilr pr., 1965-ci il. Memar V.ulqin
The building Project for the Ministry of the
local industry, Neftchilar Ave., 1965.
Architect V.S.Shulghin

, ., 1965 .
..

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0137

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0138

kollektivlrinin layihlri yksk


mkafatlar qazanmd. Msln,
Bak hrinin mrkzinin planlama v ina layihsi (1972, Birinc
mkafat); Sumqayt hrinin
planlama v ina layihsi (1979,
Birinc mkafat); Baknn mrkzi
rayonunun dnizsahili hisssinin
planlama v ina layihsi (1-2 yer
lr Azrdvltlayihin mllif
kollektivi il bldrlmdr);
Bakda V..Lenin adna meydann
planlama v ina layihsi (1-2 yerlr
Azrdvltlayihin mllif kollektivi il bldrlmdr).
Sovet ttifaq mvcud olarkn
Bakdvltlayih kollektivi 1985
v 1986-c illrin sosialist msabiqsi
yekunlarna gr birinci yer tutmudur. Ona Azrbaycan KP MK-nn,
Azrbaycan SSR Nazirlr Sovetinin,

35 years in 1980s.
Investment growth in Bakus
economy, its housing construction
and serving infrastructure required
a new general layout for Baku
instead of the previous one,
composed in the early 1970s for the
period through 2005, which was
done by Bakghiprogor in 1986.
Baku had become one of the largest
and most important industrial and
cultural centres in the USSR.
When Azerbaijan gained
independence, Bakghiprogor had
become a large-size designing
institute, a leading one in terms of
solutions for problems related to
Baku planning and development.
The team had got permanent
creative ties and fruitful exchange
with a number of designing


,
.

, ,
, , , .


, , ,
( ,
).

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Dnizknar bulvarda Uaq kinoteatr.


1952-ci il. Memar V.ulqin
The Childrens cinema on Primorsk the
boulevard, 1952. Architect V.S.Shulghin

, 1952 .
..

0139

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0140

Dnizknar bulvarda Mirvari kafesinin


tikintisi. Memarlar V.ulqin, A.A.Val,
.Orlova-Stroqanova
Zhemchuzhina cafe Construction on
Primorsk the boulevard. Architects
V.S.Shulghin, A.A.Val, I.Orlova-Stroganov

.
.., .., .-

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Azrbaycan Hmkarlar v LKG


MK-nn keici Qrmz bayra
verilmidir.
Bakdvltlayihnin doqquz
mkda Azrbaycann Dvlt mkafat, biri is SSR Dvlt mkafat
laureat adna layiq grlmdr.
O illrd institutda respublikann
15 mkdar memar, mkdar
mhndisi, mkdar inaats, 7 Byk Vtn mharibsi veteran, 100dn ox mk veteran ilmidir.
Sovet imperiyasnn tnzzl
btn lkni, o cmldn d
Bakn uzunmddtli qarmaqarqlq v qeyri-sabitliy dar
etdi. 80-ci illrin sonu 90-c illrin
vvllrind hrd tikinti, demk
olar ki, dayand. Eyni zamanda
Azrbaycann planl sosialist iqtisadiyyatndan azad bazar iqtisadiyya-

institutes of Moscow, Leningrad,


Kiev. Tashkent, Tbilisi, Kishinev and
other cities. Bakghiprogors team
always provided friendly support
designing structures in Tashkent,
Mahachkala, Ulyanovsk, and
Kogalim (Tyumen District, Russia).
In soviet time, Bakghiprogor
designs were highly awarded by
a number of federal and national
contests: Baku Centre Planning
and Development Design (1972,
1st Prize), Sumgait City Planning
and Development Design (1979,
1st Prize), Central Baku Seaside
Planning and Development
Design (1st Prize shared with the
AzGosProject team), and Lenin
Square in Baku: Planning and
Development Design (1974, 1st Prize
shared with the AzGosProject team).

. ,

. (1972 ,
);
. (1979 ,
);

(1-2
);

...
(1974 , 1-2
).
1985 1986
.
-

Dnizknar bulvarda Mirvari kafesi.


Memarlar V.ulqin, A.A.Val,
.Orlova-Stroqanova
Zhemchuzhina Cafe on Primorsk the
boulevard. Architects V.S.Shulghin, A.A.Val,
I.Orlova-Stroganov

. ..,
.., .-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0141

0142

rihrd 100 yerlik kafe-kababxanann


layihsi. Memar V.S.ulqin
The cafe shashlik house Project on 100 seats
in Icheri-Sheher, 1962.
Architect V.S.Shulghin
- 100
-,
1962 . ..

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

0144

rihrin Bazar meydan qazntlar


zaman. 1963-c il
The Market square in Icheri-Sheher during
excavation, 1963
-
, 1963

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
rihrin Bazar meydan. 2010-cu il
The Market square in Icheri-Sheher, 2010
-, 2010

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0145

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Baknn apayev ksinin abadladrma


layihsi. Memar .V.Tixomirova
The Project of an accomplishment
of Chapayev St. in Baku. Architect
I.V.Tikhomirova
.
.. ..

0146

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baknn apayev ksinin abadladrma
layihsi. Memar .V.Tixomirova
The Project of an accomplishment of
Chapayev St. in Baku.
Architect I.V.Tikhomirova
.
.. ..

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0147

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baknn Moskva (indiki Heydr liyev) prospektind t-sd


snayesi elmi-tdqiqat institutu Bak blmsi inzibati binasnn
v yaay evinin layihsi. 1967-ci il. Memar P..Yarinovski
The Project of an office building of the Baku office of all-union
scientific research institute of the myasomolochny industry and
a house on Moskovsky Avenue (nowadays Heydar Aliyev Ave.)
to Baku, 1967. Architect Yarinovsky P.I.


( . ) .,
1967 . ..

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baknn Moskva (indiki Heydr liyev)
prospektind t-sd snayesi elmi-tdqiqat
institutu Bak blmsi inzibati binasnn v
yaay evinin layihsi. 1967-ci il.
Memar P..Yarinovski
The Project of an office building of the Baku
office of all-union scientific research institute
of the myasomolochny industry and a house
on Moskovsky Avenue (nowadays Heydar
Aliyev Ave.) to Baku, 1967.
Architect Yarinovsky P.I.




( . ) ., 1967
. ..

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0149

0150
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Baknn Dnizknar bulvarnda


vertolyot meydanas
The Helipad square on the Primorsk
boulevard of Baku

.

0151

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Textikintitkilat tresti inzibati binas.
Memar fiq Zeynalova
The Office building of trust Orgtekhstroy.
Architect Shafiga Zeynalova

.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0153

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0154

Bakda Yal teatr.


Memar Abram Surkin
Green theater in Baku.
Architect Abram Surkin
.

Turist mehmanxanasnn binas.


Memar Vadim ulqin, 1974-c il
The Turist hotel Building, 1974.
Architect Vadim Shulghin
, 1974 .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Bak mehmanxanasnn binas. 1970-ci il.


Memar Hsn Mcidov
The Baku hotel Building, 1970.
Architect Hasan Majidov
, 1970 .

Bakda Musiqi mktbinin layihsi


The Project of musical school in Baku
.

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

75

illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr

ol u n u r

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Respublika velotreki. 1970-ci il.
Memar Zeynb Quliyeva
The Republican bicycle track, 1970.
Architect Zeynab Guliyeva
, 1970 .

tna keidi onun inkiafnn planladrlmas prosesin tsir etdi.


1987-ci ild tsdiq olunmu Baknn
2005-ci il qdr iqtisadi v sosial
inkiafnn Ba plan hrin planl
iqtisadiyyat rivsind inkiafn nzrd tutmudu. Tssf ki,
keid dvrnd bu plann bir ox
mddalar pozuldu. Ona gr d
bugn bu Ba plan qanunverici
snd kimi khnlmidir v demk
olar ki, hyata keirilmsi mmkn
deyil.
Bu gn bizim qdim, ancaq daima
yeniln hrimiz z memarlq
tarixinin yeni shifsini yaayr.
1994-c ild Bakda imzalanm,
srin mqavilsi adlanan byk
neft mqavilsi inkiafin masir
mrhlsini ad. lverili investisiya iqlimi lkd masir binalarn
inas n geni imkanlar yaratd. Artq bugn hr memarl
tikilmkd olan hndr rahat
yaay evlri, dnya standartlar
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Bakghiprogor won 1985s and 1986s


Socialist Competitions (a federal
industrial format at the time of the
USSR). The team was awarded the
Challenge Banner of the Central
Committee of the Communist Party
of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
Republic, Cabinet of Ministers
of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
Republic, Azerbaijan Trade Unions
and National Komsomol Central
Committee.
Nine employees of Bakghiprogor
were awarded Azerbaijan National
Prize, and one was awarded USSR
Government Prize. In those years,
the staff included 15 Architects-ofHonours, Engineers-of-Honours,
and Builders-of-Honours of
Azerbaijan, 7 veterans of World
War Two and more than 100 Labour
Veterans.
The starting collapse of the Soviet
Empire brought the entire country
including Baku into a long period of
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

,
,
.

,
. 15 ,
, 7

, .

,
,
.
80- - 90- .




.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0159

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0160

Baknn inkiafnn texnini-iqtisadi


saslandrlmas plan, 1969-cu il
The Plan of the feasibility study on
development of Baku, 1969
-
., 1969

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75
illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr
ol u n u r

0161

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0162

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bakda Dniz vazal. Memarlar A.A.Val,
V.ulqin, .Orlova-Stroqanova
Marina, Baku. Architects A.A.Val,
V. Shulghin, I.Orlova-Stroganov
, ..
.., ., .-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0163

sviyysin cavab vern mehmanxana komplekslri, iri ticart


mrkzlri, bank, igzar mrkz
binalar v s. il znginlir. Bakda
vtndalarmzn v burada ilyn
xarici mtxssislrin tlbkar zvqn oxayan kommersiya yaay
evlri meydana glmidir.
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu 2008-ci
ildn yeni bir mrhly qdm
qoydu.
Bel ki, cnab prezident lham
liyevin frman il Dvlt
hrsalma v Arxitektura
Komitsi yaradld. Bak Dvlt
Layih nstitutuna 25 il rhbrlik
etmi A.A.lsgrov Prezidentin
srncam il Azrbaycan Respublikas Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura Komitsinin sdri tyin edildi.
Eyni zamanda Bak Dvlt
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

chaos and instability. Construction


in Baku almost stopped in late 1980s
- early 1990s. At the same time,
Azerbaijans transition from planned
socialist economy to free market one
affected the vision of future urban
development.
Approved in 1987, General Plan
of Bakus Economic and Social
Development through 2005 assumed
the citys existence within the
strict limits of planned economy.
Unfortunately many provisions of
the plan were violated during the
transition period. Therefore, this
plan/layout has been out-of-date as
a legal document and isnt feasible
practically.
Nowadays, the ancient yet always
transforming city is experiencing a
new page of its architectural history.
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

1987

2005
. ,
.

.
,

. 1994
,
.

Bak Gmrk darsi binasnn layihsi.


Memar Abram Surkin
The Project of a building of the Baku customs
Architect Abram Surkin
.



.


, , ,
, ,
.
,


.
2008

.

.

.., 25
.



.

.
13 2008
..

.


,

,
.

. , -

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bak Gmrk darsinin binas.
Memar Abram Surkin
The Building of the Baku customs.
Architect Abram Surkin
.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0167

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0168

Feyzulla Aasfr olu


Quliyev
Feyzulla Agasafar oglu Guliyev

Quliyev Feyzulla Aasfr olu 1940-c il fevraln 2-d Azrbaycan Respublikasnn Salyan rayonunda anadan olub. 1964-c ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutununun Memarlq
fakltsini bitirmi, memar ixtisas almdr. 1964-1968-ci illrd Qazaxstan Respublikasnn Karaqanda hrind blproy institutunda memar, qrup rhbri, layihnin ba memar, Memarlq-Planladrma emalatxanasnn rhbri kimi vziflrd almdr. 1968-2005-ci illrd
Azrbaycan Respublikasnn paytaxt Bak hrind BakDvltLayih institutunda layihnin
ba memar v Bak hrinin Ba plan emalatxanasnn rhbri vzifsind ilmidir. 19751990-c illrd daimi i yeri saylan BakDvltLayih institutunda ilmkl brabr indiki Azrbaycan Memarlq v naat Universitetind mllim kimi almdr. 2005-ci ildn is
Azrbaycan Dvlt Rssamlq Akademiyasnda dosent vzifsind alaraq tdrisl mul
olur. 2008-ci ildn tdrisl yana Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura Komitsi trfindn hyata
keiriln beynlxalq sviyyli layih olan Byk Bak Regional nkiaf Plan layihsin hr
planladrmas zr mslhti qismind clb olunmudur. Hazrda hmin layih zrind alr. F.A.Quliyev Azrbaycan Respublikann mkdar Memardr, Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn dar Heytinin zvdr, Yaxn rq lklrinin Beynlxalq Memarlq Akademiyasnn
mxbir zvdr, Bak hrinin ba plannn (1986-2005-ci illr) mllifidir. Hazrda Azrbaycan
Dvlt Rssamlq Akademiyasnda dosent vzifsind tdrisl mul olmaqla paralel olaraq yaradclq faliyytini davam etdirrk yeni hrlrin hrsalma sndlrinin trtibat, memarlq
komplekslrinin, ayr-ayr binalarn layihlr il mul olur. Elmi jurnal v elmi konfranslarda
elmi mqallrl xlar edir v memarlq, hrsalma zr drsliklr hazrlayr.

Q
Born on February 2, 1940 in the Salyan District of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Graduated
as an architect from the Department of Architecture at Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute in
1964. From 1964 through 1968, he had been working as an Architect, Head of a Group, Project
Architect-in-Chief, and Head of the Architecture-and-Planning Atelier in the OblProject Institute,
Karaganda City, Kazakhstan. From 1964 through 2005, he had been Project Architect-in-Chief
at Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute) and head of the Baku Chief
Planning Atelier. Along with working for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning
Institute) from 1975 through 1990, his permanent job, he had been teaching at now the Azerbaijan
University of Architecture and Construction. From 2005, he has been a Lecturer at the Azerbaijan
National Painting Academy. Since 2008, he has also been involved as an urban planning advisor
for the international Greater Baku Regional Development Plan. F.A.Guliyev is a Member of Board
at the Azerbaijan Union of Architects, Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and an
Associated Member of the International Architecture Academy of the Middle East. He is credited
the Baku General Layout of 1986-2005. Mr.Guliyev is currently into architectural designs of new
urban development projects and separate buildings.

Q
2 1940
. 1964 . 1964-1968 , , ,
. 1968-2005
. 1975-1990
. 2005 . ..
, ,-.
. (1986-2005.). ,
- .
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

1940-c il noyabr aynn 5-d Bak hrind anadan olub. Orta mktbi bitirdikdn sonra
1960-63-c illrd Sovet ordusunda xidmt edib. 1964-c ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun
naat fakltsinin Memarlq bsin daxil olub. 1969-cu ild hmin institutu bitirdikdn sonra
memarlq faliyytin balayb. O ildn bu zamana kimi yaradc memar kimi alr. 1972-87ci illrd Bakdvltlayih institutunda ba memar vzifsindn b risi vzifsin kimi
ykslib. Bu illrd bir ne layihlrl brabr Glstan adlq saraynn layihsini ilyib v
inasnda bilavasit itirak edib. 1987-ci ild Dvlt Tikinti Komitsinin srncam il Sumqayt
hrind yeni tkil edilmi Azrdvltlayih institutunun filialna mdir tyin edilib. Mlum
hadislrdn sonra 1988-ci ild Bakya qaydb. 1989-cu ildn 2007-ci il kimi Azrbaycan
Memarlar ttifaqnda I vitse prezident vzifsind alb v tutduu vzif il yana yaradclq
faliyytini davam etdirib. H.mirxanov eyni zamanda elm v thsil sahsind alaraq dosent
adna layiq grlmdr. O, 1980-ci ild Respublika Dvlt Mkafat il tltif edilmidir.
1991-ci ild mrhum akademik M.Hseynovun tqdimat il mkdar memar adna layiq
grlmdr, 2000-ci ild is hrt ordeni il tltif olunmudur. Hal-hazrda tqadddir.
Tqadd olmasna baxmayaraq Azrbaycan Respublikas Mdniyyt v Turizm Nazirliyinin
Layih-smeta mrkzind ba memar vzifsind alr.

Q
Born on November 5, 1940 in Baku. Education: 1964-1969, Department for Architecture, School
of Construction, Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute. Positions: 1972-1987, from Senior Architect to
Chief of Department, Bakghiprogor; 1987-1988, Sumgait City Branch Director, AzerGosProject,
National Construction Committee; 1989-2007, First Vice President, Azerbaijan Union of Architects;
currently - Senior Architect, Design Budgeting Department, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the
Republic of Azerbaijan. Other ranks/activities: Docent (lecturing and researching). Designs and
implementations: Gulustan Palace in Baku etc. Awards: 1980, National Prize of the Azerbaijan
Soviet Socialist Republic; 1991, Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of Azerbaijan; 2000, Shohret
(Glory) Order.

Q
5 1940 ..

1960-1963 . 1964
.
1969 ,
. 1972-1987 .. ,
. ,
, . 1987
.. 1988 ..
1989 2007 ,
, - . ,
.. . 1980 .. . 1991
. .
2000 .. .
, , - .

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Hafiz Yusif olu


mirxanov
Hafiz Yusif oglu Amirkhanov

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0169

Kino-konsert zalnn layihsi. 1960-c illr.


Memar Hafiz mirxanov
The Project of a cinema and concert hall,
the 1960th years. Architect Hafiz Amirkhanov
, 1960- .

0170

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0171

Kino-konsert zalnn layihsi. 1960-c illr.


Memar Hafiz mirxanov
The Project of a cinema and concert hall, the
1960th years. Architect Hafiz Amirkhanov
, 1960- .

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0172

liby Novruzi
Alibey Nouruzi

Memar liby Novruzi 1942-ci il noyabrn 8-d Bak hrind anadan olmudur. 1965-ci
ild Moskva Memarlq nstitutunu frqlnm diplomu il bitirmidir. 1967-1969-cu illrd elmi
tdqiqatlar nticsind klyin v memarlq hcmlrinin qarlql laqsi zaman aerodinamik
proseslrin mahiyyrini akara xarmdr. .Novruzi aerodinamika sahsind perforasiyaladrlm strukturlarn klyi nizamlama xsusiyytlrini kf etmi, eyni zamanda klyi nizamlayan yaay evlri v tamaa zalnn mexaniki qurular olmadan havasnn tbii surtd
tmizlnmsi sahsind ixtiralarn mllifidir. Sautgempton universitetinin professoru Yan
P.Kastro tcrblr apararaq memar .Novruzinin kf v ixtiralarnn dzgnlyn etiraf etmidir. Fransada .Novruzinin ilyib hazrlad layih zr 20 mrtbli eksperimental bina
tikilmidir. Memarlq qzetinin ba mqalsind (Moskva hri, 1973-c il, N12) liby Novruzi XX sr aerodinamik memarlnn banisi adlandrlmdr. .Novruzi 1974, 1977 v 1985-ci
illrd Azrbarcan Memarlar ttifaqnn mkafatna, 1978-ci ild is respublika Dvlt Mkafatna, 1991-ci ild Azrbaycan Respublikasnn mkdar Memar fxri adna layiq grlmdr. 1992-ci ildn rq lklri Beynlxalq Mmarlq Akademiyasnn akademikidir. .Novruzi
250-dn artq memarlq v hrsalma layihsinin mllifidir.O, eyni zamanda 150 rngkarlq
srinin, iki nrin (Sivilizasiya, 1998; Bir portretin tarx roman, 2003) mllifidir. Halhazrda NOVCO Group holdinqinin prezidentidir.

Q
Born on November 8, 1942 in Baku. Graduated from Moscow Architectural Institute in 1965 with
distinction. As a result of a research in 1967-1969, he found out the essence of aerodynamic processes
in interaction between wind and architectural volumes. A.Nouruzi is the author of a discovery
in the field of the aerodynamics of wind-regulating features in perforated structures as well as of
inventions: wind-regulating residences and a theatre hall with natural air conditioning without
mechanical devices. A famous expert in aerodynamics Ian P.Castro (the University of Southampton)
experimentally proved discoveries and inventions by Nouruzi. A twenty-floor block-of-flats was
built to test A.Nouruzis design. In the Architecture newspaperseditorial (Moscow, USSR,#12, 1973),
Nouruzi was called the founder of the 20th centurys aerodynamic architecture. Awards: Prize of
the Union of Architects of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1974,1977, and 1985); National
Prize of Azerbaijan (1978); Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991). Professional
membership: the International Academy of the Architecture of Eastern Countries (since 1992).
Credits: more than 250 designs and urban developments, 150 paintings, Civilisation (1998, a popular
science book) and a novel, History of One Portrait (2003). Position: President, NOVCO Group.

Q
8 1942 .. 1965
. 1967-1969 . . . -
,
.
. (Ian P.Castro)
(University of Southampton), ,
.. 20- . . (., , 12 1973 )
. 1974, 1977 1985 . . -
. 1978 -
. 1991 . 1992
. . 250- . 150- : -
(1998 ) (2003 ).
. NOVCO Group.
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Yan Maksovi Neyman (1925-1979) Bak hrind anadan olmudur. 1949-cu ild Azrbaycan
Dvlt Snaye nstitutunun (indiki Azrbaycan Dvlt Neft Akademiyas) memarlq-inaat
fakltsini bitirmidir. 1949-cu ildn Bak hr Layih institutunda mk faliyytin balamdr. Sonralar 1979-cu ildk hmin institutda qrup rhbri, layihlrin ba mhndisi,
layihlrin ba memar kimi almdr.

Yan Maksovi Neyman


Ian Maxovich Neyman

Q
Born on August 21, 1925 in Baku. Graduated from the Department for Architecture and
Construction of Azerbaijan Industrial Institute in Baku (1949). Had been working for Bakghiprogor
by December 31, 1979 (Head of a Group, Project Engineer-in-Chief, Project Architect-in-Chief etc.)

Q
21 1925 . 1949
- .
24 1949 . , ,
31 1979 .
Luna kinoteatrnn layihsi.
1960-c illr. Memar Yan Neyman
Project of cinema Moon, the 1960th
years. Architect Ian Neyman
a ,
1960- .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0173

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0174

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
V..Lenin adna Respublika stadionu
razisind rtl zglk hovuzunun
layihsi. Memar Yan Neyman
The Project of the covered swimming pool
in the territory of Republican stadium of
V.I.Lenin. Architect Ian Neyman


....

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0175

0176

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

rihrd Azrbaycan Sovet


Ensiklopediyas Ba redaksiyasnn sas
fasadnn layihsi. 1980-ci il.
Memar Zeynb Quliyeva
The Project of the main facade of a building
of the Main edition of the Azerbaijani Soviet
encyclopedia in Icheri-Sheher, 1980.
Architect Zeynab Guliyeva


-, 1980 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0177

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0178

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Ensiklopediya binas kompleksinin hcmmkan hlli zr mxtlif layih tkliflri
Various design offers according to volume
spatially solution of a complex of buildings of
the Encyclopedia

-

rihrd Azrbaycan Sovet


Ensiklopediyas Ba redaksiyasnn binas.
1980-ci il. Memar Zeynb Quliyeva
The Building of the Main edition of the
Azerbaijani Soviet encyclopedia in IcheriSheher, 1980. Architect Zeynab Guliyeva


-, 1980 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0179

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Layih nstitutu Bak hri cra


Hakimiyytinin tabeiliyindn
Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura
Komitsinin tabeiliyin keirildi.
13 fevral 2008-ci ild
A.A.lsgrovun mri il sbatov
lqar Aydn olu Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitutunun direktoru tyin edildi.
Komitnin yaradlmas v Baknn hrsalma v arxitektura
problemlri il mul olan Ba
Layih nstitutunu onun tabeiliyin
verilmsi ilk nvbd dvltin bu
qurumlar qarsnda lkmizin
nvbti mrhllrd inkiaf il
laqdar olaraq qoyduu byk
vzif v taprqlarla laqdar
idi. Bunlar ilk nvbd szsz ki,
hrsalma layihlrinin hazrlanmasndan ibart idi. Bel ki, tn
srin 90-c illrinin vvllrind

The modern development stage


has been marked by the Century
Contract, a major oil contract signed
in 1994 in Baku. A favourable
investment climate in Azerbaijan
has created broad opportunities to
construct modern buildings.
The citys architecture is being
enriched by highly comfortable
residences, modern hotel complexes
meeting the worlds standards, large
malls, banks, offices etc. New private
housing meets the highest demands
of native and expat residents.
A new stage in Bakghiprogors
life started in 2008. The National
Committee for Urban Development
and Architecture was established
by a resolution of President of
the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham
Aliyev. A.A.Aleskerov, who had

0180

90-

- ,
,


.

,
.
,

.

,
,


.

ArcGIS.

1:500
- .
2009 , ,

.


.
Bakda Xoreoqrafiya mktbinin bina
kompleksi. 1972-ci il. Memar Abram Surkin
The Complex of buildings of the Baku
choreographic school to Baku, 1972.
Architect Abram Surkin

.,
1972 .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75
illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr
ol u n u r

0181

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

mstqillik qazandqdan sonra ba


vern hadislr, torpaqlarmzn
ial, qaqn v kknlr, keid
dvrnn iqtisadi problemlri
hrsalma msllrin diqqti arxa
plana keirmidi v uzun illr istr
Bak hri, istrs d digr rayonlarn ba planlar hazrlanmrd v bu
sbbdn d mtxssis axn da ba
vermirdi.
Bellikl, Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitutu qarsnda ilk nvbd
hrsalma problemlrinin hlli il
mul olmaq vzifsi qoyuldu.
Qsa dvr rzind gnc kadrlar
bu i clb edildi,razi diqqtl
yrnilmy balanld, eyni zamanda mxtlif kompter proqramlarnn mnimsnilmsi n tlimlr
keirildi, hrsalma layihlrinin
hazrlanmas n tlb olunan Arc-

been leading Bakghiprogor for more


than twenty years, was appointed
Chairman of the Committee.
At the same time, Bakghiprogor was
brought from supervision by Baku
Mayors Office to that by the newly
established Committee.
On February 13, 2008, Ilgar Aydin
oglu Isbatov was appointed Director
of Bakghiprogor by A.A.Aleskerovs
resolution.
Establishing the Committee
and bringing Bakghiprogor,
whose profile, after all, involves
Bakus urban development and
architecture, under its supervision
has been connected to new major
tasks on further development in
Baku and Azerbaijan.
First of all, its preparing urban
development projects. Early 1990s

, .,
., ., .,
., ..
, ,
2011 ,
, .


1550 .
, ArcGIS.

0182

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bakda Xoreoqrafiya mktbinin bina
kompleksi. 1972-ci il. Birinci mrtbnin
plan. Memar Abram Surkin
The Complex of buildings of the Baku
choreographic school to Baku, 1972.
First floor plan. Architect Abram Surkin

., 1972
. .

Bakda Xoreoqrafiya mktbinin bina


kompleksi. 1972-ci il. Tdris korpusunun
perspektiv ksiyi. Kompleksin sas
korpusunun foyesinin eskizi.
Memar Abram Surkin
The Complex of buildings of the Baku
choreographic school to Baku, 1972.
Perspective cut of the educational case.
Sketch of the foyer of the main case of a
complex. Architect Abram Surkin

.,
1972 .
.
.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0183

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

GS proqram mnimsnildi. hrin


mrkzi hisssinin ilk nvbd 1:500
miqyasnda maketi hazrland v
onun hcmi-planladrma strukturunun fasilsiz monitorinqi aparlmaa balanld.
2009-cu ild dvlt sifarii il
Bak hrinin mrkzi hisssinin
mfssl planladrma layihsinin
hazrlanmasna balanld v
paralel olaraq glck hrsalma
layihlrinin hazrlanmas n komanda formaladrlmaa balanld. .Eyvazov, T.Nayev, S.Nazarov,
A.Mmmdova, A.Hsnova,
N.Rsulova kimi mtxssislrin
bu mrhld myi xsusil qeyd
edilmlidir.
Nhayt, 2011-ci ild Layih
uurla tamamlanaraq v mvafiq tkilatlarla razladrlaraq

problems after Azerbaijan regained


independence (partial occupation,
numerous refugees and internally
displaced persons, economic
difficulties of the transitional period)
moved urban development out of
priorities.
For many years, Baku and other
cities and regions in Azerbaijan
had been living without new
general development plans, which
prevented from high-quality human
resources inflow.
Thus, Bakghiprogors team faced
a priority challenge of urban
development. In the shortest
time possible, young human
resources were involved; site
exploration started; professionalsoftware trainings and workshops
were arranged. The Institute

, .
25 ..
10 ..
, 400 100 , .
,
.


.,


. ,

0184

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Azrbaycan Respublikas Prokurorluunun
xidmti binasnn layihsi. 1977-ci il.
Memarlar A.Surkin, Q.Sadqov
The Project of an office building of
prosecutors office of the Azerbaijani republic,
1977. Architects A.Surkin, G.Sadykhov

, 1977 .
., .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0185

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Azrbaycan Respublikas Prokurorluunun


xidmti binasnn tikilmmidn vvl
N.Rfibyli ksinin sahsi
N.Rafibeyli Street Site before construction of
an office building of prosecutors office of the
Azerbaijani Republic
.

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Azrbaycan Respublikas Prokurorluunun
xidmti binas. 1977-ci il.
Memarlar A.Surkin, Q.Sadqov
Office buildings of prosecutors office of the
Azerbaijani Republic, 1977.
Architects A.Surkin, G.Sadykhov

, 1977 .
., .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0187

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0188

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Neftilr prospekti tikintisinin layih tklifi.
V..Lenin meydannda (indiki Azadlq
prospekti) inzibati bina tikintisi n layih.
Neftilr prospekti, 1970-ci illr
The Design offer on Neftchilyar Ave.
building. The project of an office building for
construction on V.I.Lenin Square
(now Azadlyg Square).
Neftchilyar Avenue. 1970th years

..

. .. (
).
. 1970-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0189

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Heydr liyev adna Saray.


Memar Vadim ulqin
The Palace of Heydar Aliyev.
Architect Vadim Shulghin
. .

Heydr liyev adna Sarayn eskizi.


Memar Vadim ulqin
The Palace Sketch of Heydar Aliyev.
Architect Vadim Shulghin
. .

0190

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Moskva mehmanxansnn binas.


Memar Mikayl seynov
The Moscow hotel Building.
Architect Mikael Useynov
.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0192

Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura


komitsin thvil verildi.
lkd ilk df hrsalma
layihlrinin hazrlanmasnda
ArcGS proqram kimi qabaqcl texnologiyadan istifad olundu v ilk
df 1550 ha razid Bak hrinin
mrkzi hisssinin mfssl planladrma layihsi hazrland, ilk
df hrsalma reqlamenti ttbiq
olundu. Bu razid halinin saynn
czi tbii artm nzr alnmaqla
adam bana 25 kv.m mnzil fondu,
10 kv.m-dn artq yallq sahsi, hr
100 nfr 400 avtomobil, yerst
v yeralt avtomobil dayanacaqlar
il tam tmin olunmaqla razilrin
planladrlmas v rekonstruksiyas
hazrland. Yeni nqliyyat sxemind
qovaqlar v dynlrdki
problemlr hll edildi, bir sra

bought ArcGIS, a special urbandevelopment software. Central


Bakus 1:500 model was made, and
permanent monitoring its volumeand-planning structure started.
In 2009, developing a detailed
layout of Bakus central part
was started. Alongside, a team
to work on forthcoming urbandeveloping projects was being
formed. Such professionals as
Sh.Eyvazov, T.Naghiyev, S.Nazarov,
A.Mamedova, A.Hassanova and
N.Rasulova cant be ignored
considering their accomplishments
on this stage.
Finally, the detailed layout for
Bakus centre was successfully
developed, and, in 2011, agreed with
all the authorised bodies, the project
was submitted to the National

., , ,
, .,

,

.,

.,
.,
., .
.

.,
., . ., .,
., ..

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

csartli tdbirlr nzrd tutuldu.


Mfssl planladrma layihsi il
yana, bir sra uurlu mlki v
yaay obyektlri layihlndirildi.
Bunlar Yeni Yasamal, C.Quliyev,
H.B.Zrdabi, M.brahimov
klrindki yaay evlri, FHN
Akademiyasnn Thsil korpusu,
rifzad ksind Diaqnostika mrkzi, Metronun texnoloji
korpusu v yeni giri pavilyonu,
Qbl cra Hakimiyytinin inzibati binas, Nizami ksind drd
mrtbli ticart mrkzi, Neftilr
v stiqlaliyyt klrind, Gnclik
meydannda yerln yaay binalarnn fasadlarnn yenidn qurulmas
v s. uurlu layihlrdir.
Bu layihlrin hazrlanmas zaman Z.Mmmdov, .Mmmdov,
C.Orucova kimi tcrbli memar-

Committee for Urban Development


and Architecture.
For the first time in the practice of
the nations governance, a detailed
layout for a city centre covering
more than 1,550 hectares, a true
regulation of urban development,
was composed. For the first time
in Azerbaijan, such an advanced
technology as ArcGIS was used.
Planning and reconstruction designs
considering population growth were
generated. The project envisions
25 square meters of housing and
10 square meters of plants per
capita; and 400 parking places per
100 persons underground and
on-ground. Innovative planning
decision were presented; the
problem of numerous transportation
hubs was solved.


.
2011

Floriada

.
..
2011
Yngl atletika maneji. 1973-c il.
Memar Zeynb Quliyeva
The Track and field athletics arena, 1973.
Architect Zeynab Guliyeva
, 1973 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0193

0194

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Yngl atletika manejinin sas fasadnn v


giri hisssinin eskizi.
Memar Zeynb Quliyeva
Sketches of the main facade and an entrance
part of a track and field athletics arena.
Architect Zeynab Guliyeva

.

Yngl atletika maneji. Plan.


Memar Zeynb Quliyeva
The Track and field athletics arena. Plan.
Architect Zeynab Guliyeva
. .

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0195

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0196

Yuzef Kadmov
(07.01.1928-08.01.2012)
Yuzef Kadimov
(07.01.1928-08.01.2012)

(07.01.1928-08.01.2012)

Memar Yuzef Kadmov 1928-ci il yanvarn 7-d anadan olmudur. 1953-c ild Moskva Memarlq nstitutunu bitirmidir. Thsilini baa vurandan sonra Azrdvltlayih institutunda
memar v layihnin ba memar ilmi, 1984-1989-cu illrd is Bakdvlthrlayih institutunun ba memar kimi almdr. Y.Kadmov oxlu obyektlr layihlnditmi v ina etmidir.
Onlarn arsanda H.liyev adna Konsert-idman kompleksinin, Milli Thlksizlik Nazirliyinin,
Azrbaycan Partiya tarixi v partiya arxivi nstitutunun, Nsimi Rayon Partiya Komitsinin,
Aktyorlar Evinin, Bak hri Layih institutlar kompleksinin, kemi Bak Soveti (indiki
rihr) stansiyasnn binalarn gstrmk olar. O, eyni zamanda C.Cabbarl, H.Cavid,
N.Nrimanovun heykllrinin, air X.Natvann Adamdak qbirst abidsinin, Qazan
xl kndind M.V.Vidadinin, ua hrind M.P.Vaqifin heykllrinin mllifi-memardr.
Y.Kadmovun btn ilri mumittifaq v respublika memarlq baxlarnda yksk qiymt
alm, diplomlara v fxri frmanlara layiq grlmdr. Onun n sanball ilri mummilli lider H.liyev trfindn nzrdn keirilmi v nzartd saxlanmdr. Memarn ayr-ayr
srlri SSR v Azrbaycan Dvlt Mkafatlarna irli srlmdr. Y.Kadmov Azrbaycann
mkdar Mhdisi v Azrbaycann mkdar Memar fxri adlarna, hrt ordenin,
Prezident tqadn layiq grlmd. O, rq lklri Memarlq Akademiyasnn zv idi.
Y.Kadmov 2012-ci il yanvarn 12-d vfat etmidir.

Q
Graduated from Moscow Architectural Institute in 1953. Positions: Architect/Project Architectin-Chief/Architect-in-Chief (the latter position from 1984 through 1989), Bakghiprogor. Designs:
Heydar Aliyev Concert-and-Sport Complex, Ministry of National Security, Azerbaijan Institute of
Communist Party History and Archive, Nasimi District Communist Party Office, Actors House,
Designing Institutes Complex in Baku, and BakSoviet (now Icheri Sheher) Subway Station;
monuments of Jaffar Jabarli, Hussein Javid, and Nariman Narimanov (all in Baku); the grave
monument of Natavan in Agdam, a monument for Vidadi in Shikhli Village, Gazakh District,
a monument for Vaghif in Shusha, etc. His major designs were under direct consideration and
supervision by National Leader Heydar Aliyev. Nominations: USSR and Azerbaijan National
Prizes. Awards: Diplomas by USSR and Azerbaijan architectural exhibitions; Engineer-ofHonours of the Republic of Azerbaijan; Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of Azerbaijan;
Shohrat (Glory) Order; Presidential Stipend. Professional membership: the International
Academy of the Architecture of Eastern Countries.

Q
7 1928 . 1953 . . , 1984
1989 .
. , , - . , , , , , . ,
( ). -
, , , , ,
. . . . .
.
, , , . .
8 2012 .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Bakxanov ksind Radio evinin layihsi.


1986-c il. Memar Yuzef Kadmov

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

The Project of The radio house on Bakikhanov St.


to Baku, 1986. Architect Yuzef Kadimov
.
., 1986 .

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0197

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

larn itirak il yana E.Umudov,


N.fndiyeva, A.Mrslova,
E.Hacliyev kimi gnc memarlarn
istedad z xd v Bak Dvlt
Layih nstitutu hrimizi bzyn
bir sra uurlu layihlr imza
ataraq z anl nnlrini brpa
etmi oldu. 2011-ci ild gnc memarlar N.fndiyeva v E.Hacliyevin
itirak il hazrlanan Hollandiyann Venlo hrind Floriada
srgisindki Azrbaycan pavilyonu
ina edildi v byk uur qazand.
2011-ci ild Azrbaycan
Baknn mrkzi hisssind Nrgizkafesinin
layihsi. Memar Abram Surkin
The Nargiz cafe Project in the central part of
the city of Baku. Architect Abram Surkin

.

Along with central Bakus detailed


layout, Bakghiprogors team
has recently developed a great
number of original designs for
residences and public buildings.
Those are designs of residences in
Yeni Yasamal and Streets Guliyev,
Zardabi, and Ibrahimov; a lecture
building for the Academy of
Azerbaijans Ministry for Emergency
Situations; Medical Diagnosis
Centre in Sharifzadeh Street; a new
technical building for Baku Subway;
Gabala City Mayors Office; a fourfloor mall in Nizami Street; facade
reconstruction in Avenue Neftchilar,
Avenue Istiqlaliyyat, and Victory
Square; etc.
Together with such experienced
architects as Z.Mamedov,
A.Mamedov and J.Orujeva, young


,
.
2009 2010

.
2011
..
-
.


.

,
.

0198

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Nrgiz kafesi. Memar Abram Surkin
Nargiz Cafe. Architect Abram Surkin
.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0199

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0200

Rasim Hsn olu liyev


Rasim Hassan oglu Aliyev

Rasim Hsn olu liyev 16 iyul 1934-c il Gnc hrind anadan olub. 1958-ci ild Memarlq ixtisas zr Azrbaycan Politexnik institutunu bitirmidir. 1958-ci ildn 1965-ci il kimi
Ba Dvlt Layih institutu AzrDzltLayih-d memar ilmi, daha sonra emalatxana
rhbrinin mavini vzifsind almdr. R.H.liyev 1965-ci ild Memarlq planlama idarsin
mdir mavini tyin olunmu, daha sonra is uzun illr Bak hrinin ba memar vzifsind
alaraq yaradc baxmdan istedadl memar v bir tkilat kimi qeyri-adi qabiliyytini gstr
bilmidir. Yaradclq faliyyti dvrnd R.H.liyev trfindn yzdn artq yaay v ictimai
binalar layihlndirilmi, hyata vsiq almlar. Onlarn arasnda Ceyran-Batan qsbsind
yaay evlri, Quba hrind 600 yerlik klub, Bak hri Vaqif ksind yerln yaay
evi, Hackndd, Slyan, Krdmir hrlrind avtovazal, Zaqatalada yaay evi, Hzi Aslanov v Xalqlar Dostluu metro stansiyalar v digrlri vardr. R.H.liyevin bu layihlrini
xsusil qeyd etmk lazmdr: Bak hrind Qonaq evi, Naxvanda Hseyn Cavid Mavzoleyi,
Trkiynin Ankara hrind Azrbaycan Respublikasnn sfirliyinin binas. R.H.liyev bir sra
monumentlrin v abidlrin mllifidir. ctimaiyyt trfindn yksk qiymtlndiriln Bak
hrind Rixard Zorgenin abidsi (heykltra V.E.Siqal), Naxvan hrind iki df Sosialist
myi Qhrman Heydr liyevin abid-bst (heykltra .H.Eldarov), Naxvann mrkzi
meydannda Heydr liyevin abidsi (heykltra .H.Eldarov) buna misaldr. R.H.liyev z
yaradclnda hrin ba memar vzifsind ald illr Baknn hrsalma baxmndan
inkiafna xsusi diqqt yetirmidir. Onun bilavasit rhbrliyi altnda Bak hrinin axrnc
ba plan ilnib hazrlanmdr. Onun tbbs il Bak hrinin mrkzi hisssinin, hminin
Neftilr prospektinin v Dnizknar bulvarn planlamas v tikintisi layihsinin hazrlanmas
mqsdil mumittifaq msabiqlri keirilmidir. R.H.liyev Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnda
ictimai ilrl d fal mul olur. Dflrl tkilatn rhbr vziflrin seilmi, hal-hazrda
is Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn Vitse-prezidentidir. Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn Fxri
Qzl niannn sahibidir. Memarlq v hrsalmann inkiafndak myin gr R.H.liyev
lknin mkdar memar fxri ad verilmidir. O, Azrbaycann Dvlt mkafat laureat, rq
lklri Beynlxalq Memarlq Akademiyasnn akademiki, Rusiya Memarlq Akademiyasnn
fxri zvdr. Azrbaycan Respublikasnn htr ordeni il tltif edilmidir.

Q
Born on July 16, 1934, in Ganjah City, Azerbaijan. Graduated from the Department for
Architecture of Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute in 1958. Professional career: Architect, then Atelier
Deputy Chief, AzGosProject Head National Designing Institute (1958-1965); Deputy Head of the
Office for Architecture and Planning (appointed in 1965). For many years afterwards, he had
been Baku Architect-in-Chief. On this position, he demonstrated extraordinary organisational
talents and architectural creativity. Designs/implementations: more than one hundred residential
and public buildings and facilities including blocks-of-flats in Jeyran-Batan Town, an open-air
cinema in Ganjah City, 600-person club in Guba City, and block-of-flats in Vaghif Street, Baku; bus
stations in the Cities of Salyan, Kurdamir and Hajikend; a block-of-flats in Zakatala City; Khalglar
Dostlugu and Azi Aslanov Subway Stations; and many others. In addition, the following designs
by Mr.Aliyev deserve special mentioning: the Guest House in Baku, Hussein Javid Mausoleum
in Nakhchivan and Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Ankara, Turkey. Mr.Aliyev has
also designed a number of memorials including those to commemorate Richard Sorge (Baku,
sculptured by Vladimir Tsigal) and Heydar Aliyev (a bust to honour his two-time Hero of
Socialist Labor award in Nakhchivan and a monument in the central square of the same city, both
sculptured by Omar Eldarov). As Baku Architect-in-Chief, R.G.Aliyev concentrated on the citys
development. Bakus last General Layout has been developed under his direct supervision and
with his participation. He initiated USSR contests to design and develop Bakus centre, Seaside
Boulevard and Avenue Neftchilar. R.G.Aliyev is also active in his organisational efforts for the
Azerbaijan Union of Architects. He has been repeatedly elected for the Unions Board and is
currently Vice President thereof. Awards: Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of Azerbaijan;
Azerbaijan National Prize; Golden Emblem of Azerbaijan Union of Architects; Shohret (Glory)
Order of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Professional membership: Member, the International
Academy of the Architecture of Eastern Countries; Member-of-Honours, Russian Academy of
Architecture.
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Bakda Qonaq evi. 1979-cu il.


Memarlar Rasim liyev, Yevgeni Kiryaov
The House of receptions to Baku, 1979.
Architects Rasim Aliyev, Evgeny Kiryashov
., 1979 .
,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Siyasi Maarif Evinin layihsi. 1980-ci illr.


Memarlar Rasim liyev, Aleksandr Qarber
The Project of the House of political
education, the 1980th years. Architects Rasim
Aliyev, Alexander Garber
,
1980- . ,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

75

illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr

ol u n u r

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

SSR Tininti Bank Azrbaycan kontorunun


xidmti binas. 1981-ci il. Memarlar
B..Ginzburq, A.S.Surkin, .S.Tayev
The Office building of the Azerbaijani office
Stroybank of the USSR, 1981. Architects
B.I.Ginzburg, A.S.Surkin, Sh.S.Tagiyev

, 1981 .
.., ..,
..

zbk ksind mktb, Bak hri.


Memarlar N.Aayev, R.drisov
School on Uzbekskaya Street, Baku.
Architects N.Agayev, R.Idrisov
, ..
., .

0206

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

SSR Tininti Bank Azrbaycan kontorunun


xidmti binas. 1981-ci il. Memarlar B..Ginzburq,
A.S.Surkin, .S.Tayev
The Office building of the Azerbaijani office
Stroybank of the USSR, 1981. Architects
B.I.Ginzburg, A.S.Surkin, Sh.S.Tagiyev

, 1981 .
.., .., ..

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

SSR Tininti Bank Azrbaycan kontorunun


xidmti binasnn eskizi, mrtblrin plan
v ksiyi. 1981-ci il. Memarlar B..Ginzburq,
A.S.Surkin, .S.Tayev
The Sketch, plans of floors, a cut of an office
building of the Azerbaijani office Stroybank
of the USSR, 1981. Architects B.I.Ginzburg,
A.S.Surkin, Sh.S.Tagiyev
, ,

, 1981 .
.., .., ..

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0209

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Memar Faiq Hseyn olu Yzbaov 25 iyun 1942-ci ild anadan olub. 1964-1969-cu illrd
Azrbaycan Politexnik institutunun inaat fakultsind oxuyub. 1968-1985-ci illrd Bak
hr cra Hakimiyytinin Xsusi layih-smeta brosunda ilyib. 1985-ci ildn1991-ci ildk
Bakdvltlayih institutunda 2 sayl emalatxanann rhbri vzifsind alb. 1991-ci ildn
zl memarlq praktikas il muldur. 1992-ci ildn Caspian Service irktinin ba memardr. 1970-ci ild rfli myin gr SSR Ali Sovetinin medal il tltif edilib. 2000-ci ild
Azrbaycann mkdar memar fxri adna layiq grlb. rq lklri Beynlxalq Memarlq
Akademiyasnn mxbir zvdr.

Q
Faiq Hseyn olu
Yzbaov
Faig Hussein oglu Yuzbashev

Born on June 25, 1946. Education: Construction Department, Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute
(1964 - 1969). Positions: an employee of the Special Design-Budgeting Bureau at the Baku Mayor
Office (1968-1985); Head of Atelier #2, Bakghiprogor (1985-1991); free-lance architect, since 1991;
Architect-in-Chief, Caspian Service, since 1992. Profession membership: Associate Member, the
International Academy of the Architecture of Eastern Countries. Awards: USSR Supreme Council
Medal of Distinctive Labour, 1970; Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 2000.

Q
25 1946 . 1964 1969
.
1968 1985 - .
1985 1991
2. 1991 . 1992 -
Caspian Service. 1970
. 2000
. - .

0210
Bakda khn dyirmann binasnda
Rssamlar evi v gnclrin asud
vaxt mrkzinin layihsi. 1988-ci il.
Memarlar Faiq Yzbaov v
Glnara smaylova
The Project of the House of artists
and the center of leisure of youth
in a building of an old mill to Baku,
1988. Architects Faig Yuzbashev,
Gyulnara Ismaylova


, 1988 .
,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

0212
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bakda Kino evinin layihsi.
1960-c illr
The Project of The cinema house to Baku,
the 1960th years
, 1960-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0213

0214

Baknn 28 Aprel (indiki 28 May)


ksindki lteran kilssinin kinoteatr
kimi yenidnqurulmas plan. Sahnin plan,
binann ksiyi, mrtblrin plan. 1980-ci
illr. Memar B..Ginzburq
The Project of reconstruction of a building
of Lutheran church on st. on April 28 (now
st. on May 28) under a cinema. Site plan,
building cut, plans of floors. 1980th years.
Architect B.I.Ginzburg

.28
( .28 )
. , ,
. 1980- .
..

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75
illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr
ol u n u r

0215

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0216

Bak hrinin Ba plannn mzakirsi


zaman. 1980-ci illr
On discussion to the General Plan
of Baku, 1980

., 1980

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bak hrinin Ba plannn
mzakirsi zaman. 1980-ci illr
On discussion to the General Plan
of Baku, 1980

., 1980

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0217

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0218

hkmtinin itirak v Dnya


Banknn krediti sasnda hazrlanmasna qrar veriln Byk Baknn
Regional nkiaf Plannn hazrlanmasnda Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu Ba koordinator seildi.
2009, 2010-cu ilin yekunlarna gr
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu MDB
lklrinin layih tkilatlar arasnda n yax layih tkilat seildi.
2011-ci ild is nstitutun direktoru
MDB lklri arasnda n yax
layih tkilat rhbri adn qazand.
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu uzun
illrdir ki,lkmizd sas memarlq mktbi funksiyasn da
yerin yetirir. Bel ki, lkmizd
v lkmizdn knarda halhazrda faliyyt gstrn onlarla
istedadl pekar memar mhz
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun
yetirmsidir. Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitunda formalam pekar
kollektiv, nnlr sadiqlik, ardcllq, gnclikl tcrbnin uurlu
vhdti sabaha md artrr v
yeni nailiyytlrin qazanlacandan
xbr verir.
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun
qazand nailiyytlrd memarlarla
yana, institutun digr istehsalat
blrinin, hminin idaretm v
tsrrfat strukturunda alanlarn
da myi bykdr.
nstitutda Konstruksiya bsin
Texnika elmlri zr flsf doktoru
Poluxov N.. rhbrlik edir. Nazim
Poluxov hm d Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitutunun ba konstruktorudur.
Onun rhbrliyi altnda istniln
layihd binann sasn tkil edn
konstruksiyann strukturu hazrlanr, hesablanr, cizgilri ilnilir v
nhayt tikilrk hyata vsiq alrlar. n masir tcrblrin ttbiqi il
yana etibarllq Nazim Poluxovun
rhbrlik etdiyi mtxssislrin sas
keyfiyytlridir.
Mhndis ilri bsi is ninki
institututda, hminin d lkd
bu ixtisaslar zr n tcrbli

ones (E.Umudov, N.Efendiyev,


A.Mursalova and E.Hajialiyev)
participated in those and other
designs.
Having successfully implemented
such complex and interesting
projects, Bakghiprogors team have
managed to restore their glorious
traditions.
In 2001, Azerbaijans pavilion,
designed by young talented
architects N.Efendiyeva and
E.Hajialiyev, was built for Floriada
Exhibition in the Netherlands Venlo.
In 2011, Bakghiprogor was chosen
the chief coordinator for Greater
Bakus Regional Development
Plan, ordered by the Azerbaijan
Government and the World Bank.
With reference to 2009s and
2010s outcomes, Bakghiprogor
was awarded CIS Best Designing
Organisation. In 2011, Director
I.A.Isbatov was awarded CIS Best
Chief of Designing Institute.
For many years, Bakghiprogor has
been a national cradle of architects.
Dozens of professionals from
abroad have also gone through
Bakghiprogors school.
The Institutes current team
represents a good combination
of earlier generations experience
and respect to traditions with
young talented architects creative
environment, which provides for
reasonable belief in future successes.
Besides the architects, other staff
members deserve great credits
for Bakghiprogors current
achievements.
Ph.D in Technical Sciences
N.S.Polukhov manages the
Institutes Construction Department.
Hes also Bakghiprogors
Constructor-in-Chief. He supervises
any design in terms of the building
structure prepared and calculated,
and draughts developed and
implemented. Along with the latest
practices applied, its reliability
B a k


,
,

,

.
, ,

.

...

.

, ,
.


,

...


.

...

, ..,
.., ..,
...

,
.
...
-

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0219

mtxssislrin ildiyi kollektivdir. Bu by mkdar mhndis


Hsnov V.H. rhbrlik edir.
bd gnclrl yana Aslanova
F.S., Hmzyeva L.., Yzbaova
S.S., Ftliyeva M.F. kimi tcrbli
mtxssislr alr.
Hr bir sanball layih tkilatnda
olduu kimi institutumuzda da texniki b falliyt gstrir. Texniki
by mkdar mhndis Nazarov
S.N. rhbrlik edir. Sabir Nazarovun
rhbrliyi altnda bd tikintinintkili layihlri, layih-smeta
sndlri v layihlrin texnoloji
hisslri hazrlanr. bd Quliyeva
N.T., Rsulova N.N. kimi tcrbli
mtxssislr alrlar.
Nhayt, istehsalat mexanizminin nizaml faliyytind
myi olanlar qeyd olunarkn
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

that is the main quality of Nazim


Polukhovs team.
The Engineering Department is a
team of experts the best not only
institutionally, but also nationally.
Engineer-of-Honours of the
Republic of Azerbaijan V.H.Hasanov
manages the Department. Along
with the young, F.S.Aslanova,
L.A.Hamzayeva, S.S.Yuzbasheva,
M.F.Fataliyeva and other
experienced employees are working
for the Department.
As any other respectable designing
agency, the Institute has a technical
department. Engineer-of-Honours
of the Republic of Azerbaijan
S.N.Nazarov is the head thereof.
For construction purposes, the
Department develops organisational
projects, design budgets, and
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Bakhrlayih institutunun mkdalar.


27 may 1987-ci il
The Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute,
on May 27, 1987

, 27 1987

, ,
. ,
.., .. .
, ,

,

.

Bakhrlayih institutunun mkdalar


The Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute

nstitutun partiya v ictimai hyatnda fal itirak edn,z ilrini vicdanla v


namusla, pekarlqla yerin yetirn, doma kollektivin hrmtini qazanan,
onun qaysn kn sosialist istehsalnn qabaqcllar, kommunist myinin
nmyndlrinin adlar mk hrti kitabna daxil edilib.
(mk hrti kitabnn Nizamnamsindn xar)

k
Distinguished Labour Book includes names of socialist and communist pacemakers actively participating in the Institutes communist and public life;
implementing their duties honestly, diligently, professionally and with high
quality; sharing the teams beliefs and problems; and enjoying the colleagues
respect (from Statutes of Distinguished Labour Book).

k

, ,

, ,
,
.
( )

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Dilar Hidayt qz Seyidova


Rhbr vziflrd olmaqla yana 40 ildn artq memarlq faliyyti
mddtind Bak hrinin tikintisind v abadladrlmasnda
fal itirak etmidir. Tqad xmasna baxmayaraq Layihnin Ba
Mhndisi bsinin rhbri kimi faliyyt gstrmy davam edir.
D.H. Seyidova institutun ictimai v partiya hyatnda fal itirak edir,
dflrl partiya tkilatnn bro trkibin zv v katib seilmidir.
Yolda D.H.Seyidova yax iin gr rf nian ordeni,
1941/1945-ci illrd Byk Vtn mharibsind rfli my
gr, Qafqazn qhrmancasna mdafisind itirak, V..Leninin
100-illiyin hsr edilmi rfli mk medallar il, Azrbaycan SSR
Ali Sovetinin fxri frman, Bak Sovetinin iki fxri frman il tltif
edilmidir. Ona Azrbaycann mkdar inaats ad verilmidir.

Seyyidova, Dilara Hidayat kizi


Having occupied managing positions for more than 40 years as an
architect, she actively participates in developing and improving
the City of Baku. Having retired, she continues working as Head
of the Bureau Group of Project Engineer-in-Chief. D.H.Seyyidova
continuously takes active participation in the institutes communist
and public life. She was repeatedly voted for as a member of the
Bureau and secretary of the communist organisation. For her good
professional performance, D.H.Seyyidova has been awarded the Signof-Honor Order; medallions For Distinguished Labour in the Great
Patriotic War of 1941-1945, For Participation in Heroic Defence of
Caucasus, and For Distinguished Labour to Commemorate V.I.Lenins
100th Anniversary; two Diplomas-of-Honour of the Supreme Council
of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic; two Diplomas-of-Honour
from Baku Soviet; and Builder-of-Honours of Azerbaijan.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0225

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Teodor Yakovlevi arinskiy


nstitutun ba mhndisi. Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda 45 il
ildiyi mddtd o, 36 ildir ki, institutun ba mhndisi vzifsind
alr. Byk Vtn mharibsi itiraksdr. Dy taprqlarn
yerin yetirdiyin gr drd dy ordeni v 8 medalla tltif
olunmudur. Yolda T.Y.arinskiy yksk ixtisasl hrsalma memar
kimi Bak hrinin planlamas il bal btn tdbirlrd fal itirak
etmidir. Ona Azrbaycann mkdar inaats ad verilmidir.
Yolda T.Y.arinskiy Azrbaycan SSR Dvlt mkafat laureatdr.

Sharinski, Theodor Yakovlevich


Institute Engineer-in-Chief. For 45 years, he has been working for
Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute)
including 36 years as the Institute Engineer-in-Chief. He fought in
the Great Patriotic War. For battle assignments, he has been awarded
war orders and eight medallions. A high-quality architect and urban
developer, Comrade T.Y.Sharinski actively participates in all the
events connected to Bakus layout. He has been awarded Engineerof-Honours of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Comrade
T.Y.Sharinski is a laureate of the Government Prize of the Azerbaijan
Soviet Socialist Republic.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0227

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Mslm Mamedovi Kazmov


Santexniki bnin risi. 40 ildn artqdr ki, Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitutunda alr. Byk Vtn mharibsi itiraksdr,
dvlt trfindn dy medallar il tltif olunub. 1959-cu ildn
Bak v Aberonun mhndis tchizatnn layihlrinin ilnib
hazrlanmasnda xsn z itirak edir. Yolda M.M.Kazmov yax
iin gr 1965-ci ild anl mk medal il, Bak cra Komitsinin
fxri frman il v V..Leninin anadan olmasnn 100 illiyin hsr
olunmu anl mk medal il tltif edilmidir. Dflrl institutun
hmkarlar tkilatnn yerli komitsin sdr seilmidir.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0229

Kazimov, Muslim Mamedovich


Head of Sanitary Engineering Department. Hes been working for
Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute) for
40 year. He is a veteran of the Great Patriotic War, and has battle
government awards. He has been directly participating in developing
engineering equipment projects for Baku and Absheron. For his
immaculate work, Comrade M.M.Kyazimov has been awarded (1965)
a medal For Distinguished Labor to Commemorate Vladimir Ilyich
Lenins 100th Birth Anniversary. He was repeatedly voted for as
Chairman of the Local (Institute) Trade Union Committee.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Nina Petrovna Vasilyeva


3 nmrli emalatxanann ba konstruktorudur. Nina Petrovna
Vasilyeva institutda 1957-ci ildn ilyir. mk faliyytin sravi
mhndis kimi balayaraq emalatxanann ba konstruktoru
vzifsin kimi ykslmidir. Mikrorayonlarn tikinti layihlrinin,
yaay evlrinin, ictimai binalarn individual layihlrinin ilnib
hazrlanmasnda xsn itirak edir. N.P.Vasilyeva daim institutun
ictimai hyatnda fal itirak edir v dflrl hmkarlar komitsinin
trkibin zv seilmidir. 1960-c ild Bak Sovetin deputat seilmidir.

Vasilyeva, Nina Petrovna


Constructor-in-Chief of Atelier #3. Nina Petrovna Vasilyeva has been
working for the institute since 1957. Having started as an ordinary
engineer, she has grown up to Constructor-in-Chief of the Atelier.
She directly participates in urban development designs for microrayons (commuter towns), houses and public buildings. N.P.Vasilyeva
always and actively participates in the institutes social life and
was repeatedly voted for as a member of the institutes trade-union
committee. In 1960, she was voted for as a Baku Soviet
(Parliament - A.A.) Member.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0231

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Hac lsgr olu Sadxov


Hac lsgr olu Sadxov Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda 1965-ci
ildn ilyir. 1 nmrli emalatxanann rhbri kimi 1967-ci ildn
1984-c il qdr Bak hrinin tikintisind v abadladrlmasnda
fal itirak etmidir. Layihlrin ba mhndisi bsin kerk
yolda H..Sadxov layihlrin ilnib hazrlanmasnda fal itirak
etmidir. H..Sadxov institutun partiya v ictimai hyatnda daim
fal itirak edir.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0233

Sadikhov, Haji Aleskerovich


Haji Aleskerovich Sadikhov has been working for Bakghiprogor
(Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute) since 1965. As Head
of Atelier # 1 from 1967 through 1984, he actively participated in
developing and improving the City of Baku. Having moved to the
Project Engineers-in-Chiefs, Comrade Sadikhov directly participates
in developing designs. H.A.Sadikhov constantly takes an active part
in the institutes communist and public life.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Kmalddin Aslan olu Qurbanov


Kfiyyat bsinin qazmas. Kmalddin Aslan olu Qurbanov
kfiyyat bsind buruq ustas kimi1953-c ildn alr. Yolda
K.A.Qurbanov institutda ildiyi dvrd mksevr, savadl v
mtxssislr tlbkar ii kimi zn tantmdr. Kollektivin
hrmtini qazanmdr.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0235

Gurbanov, Kamaladdin Aslan oglu


Driller of Exploration Department. Kamaluddin Aslan oglu
Gurbanov has been working the driller of the Exploration
Department since 1953. For the time being, Comrade K.A. Gurbanov
has proved a diligent, technically trained and demanding expert. He
enjoys the staffs respect.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Fira smaylovna Rstmbyova


Layihnin ba memar. Fira smaylovna Rstmbyova Bak
Dvlt Layih nstitutunda 1949-cu ildn alr.O, sravi memar
vzifsindn 3nmrli emalatxanann rhbri vzifsin kimi
ykslmidir. Uzun illr Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun ictimai
hyatnda aktiv itirak edrk institutun yerli komitsnin zv, yerli
komitnin sdr mavini, 5 il rzind yerli komitnin sdri, Memarlar
ttifaqnn zyinin sdri v Respublika naatlar ttifaq Ryast
Heytinin 3 il zv olmudur. Tqad getmyin baxmayaraq
layihnin ba memar vzivsind alr. Arbaycan SSR Ali Soveti
Ryast Heytinin Fxri Frman il, Bak hr cra Hakimiyytinin
frmanlar il tltif edilmidir. 1979-cu ild ona Azrbaycan
SSR mkdar memar ad verilmidir. Yolda F..Rstmbyova
Azrbaycan SSR Dvlt Mkafat laureatdr.

Rustambekova, Fira Ismaylovna


Project Architect-in-Chief. Fira Ismaylovna Rustambekova has been
working for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning
Institute) since 1949. Starting her path as an ordinary architect, she
had grown up to Head of Atelier #3. She actively participated in
the institutes public life: for many years, she was a member and
then Deputy Chairman of the institutes local committee, as well as
Chairman of the committee for five years, Chairman of the institute
cell of the Architects Union and, for three years, a Presidium
Member in Azerbaijan Builders Union. Having retired, she keeps on
working as Project Architect-in-Chief. She was awarded diplomas
by the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Soviet
Socialist Republic and by the Baku Executive Office. In 1979, she
was awarded Architect of Honours of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
Republic. Comrade F.I.Rustambekova is the laureate of the National
Prize of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0237

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Leyb Fedorovi Sokolyar


Layihnin ba mhndisi. O, Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda 40
ildn artqdr ki,alr. 1945-ci ildn z mk faliyytin balayaraq
texnik-inaat vzifsindn layihnin ba mhndisi vzifsin kimi
ykslmidir. 3 nmrli emalatxanann mdir mavini olmudur.
Mikrorayonlarn, yaay, ictimai binalarn tikinti layihlrinin
ilnib hazrlanmasnda fal itirak etmidir v Bak hrinin ba
plannn mhndis blmsinin mllifidir. L.F.Sokolyar institutun
ictimai hyatnda fal itirak edir v dflrl mssisnin hmkarlar
komitsinin trkibin zv seilmidir.

Sokolar, Leyb Fyodorovich


Project Engineer-in-Chief. He has been working at Bakghiprogor
(Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute) for more than 40
years. Having started his labour path as a Builder Technician in 1945,
he has grown up to Project Engineer-in-Chief. He also was a Deputy
Head of Atelier #3. He actively participates in urban development
designs for micro-rayons (commuter towns), houses and public
buildings. He is the author of the engineering part for Bakus general
layout. L.F.Sokolyar always and actively participates in the institutes
social life; he was repeatedly voted for as a member of the Institutes
Trade Union Committee.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0239

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

rina Vladimirovna Tixomirova


Layihnin ba memar. irina Vladimirovna Tixomirova institutda
1948-ci ildn ilyir. Bu 35 il rzind taprlan i ciddi, byk
hvsl, vicdanla v diqqtl yanamas onu daim frqlndirib.
Yolda .V.Tixomirova mk faliyyti zaman Bak hrinin v
Aberonun tikintisind fal itirak etmidir. Onun trfindn
Severneye stadiona yaay massivi, Drujba molodyoj ksi zr
yaay evlri. Hvsan yaay qsbsi, bir sra mktb,yataqxana
v s. binalar layihlndirilrk tikilmidir. Yolda .V.Tixomirova
byk sayda gnc mtxssis yetidirmidir. O, qayke yolda
v institutun ictimai v istehsal hyatnda fal itirak edn yax
tkilatdr. Yolda .V.Tixomirova V..Leninin anadan olmasnn
100 illiyi il laqdar anl mk medal il tltif edilmidir.

Tikhomirova, Irina Vladimirovna


Project Architect-in-Chief. Irina Vladimirovna Tikhomirova has
been working for the institute since 1948. For all the thirty five years
passed, she has been notable for a serious and thoughtful approach to
work, and great desire and honesty to fulfil her work commitments.
For the time being, Comrade I.V.Tikhomirova has been actively
participating in urban developing Baku and Absheron. She has
the following designs-and-implementations: a residential complex
To the North from the Stadium, residences in Drujba Molodyoji
(Youth Friendship - A.A.) Street, Govsani Residential Town, a
number of schools and dormitories, etc. Comrade I.V.Tikhomirova
has brought up and trained a lot of young experts. She is special
for a unique combination of qualities, a delicate comrade and good
organiser in the institutes productive and social life. Comrade
I.V.Tikhomirova has been awarded a medal For Distinguished Labour
to Commemorate Vladimir Ilyich Lenins 100th Birth Anniversary.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0241

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Abram Semyonovi Surkin


Layihnin ba mhndisi. mk faliyytin 1959-cu ild Bak Dvlt
Layih nstitutunda layihnin ba mhndisi vzifsind balamdr.
Layihnin ba mhndisi kimi bir ox msuliyytli layihlr
rhbrlik etmi v onlar hyata keirmidir. Yolda A.S.Surkin bir ox
iri hcmli tikililrin layihlrinin mllifidir.: Azrbaycan SSR Neftkimya Snayesi Nazirliyinin, Bak gmrk idarsinin,Respublika
prokurorluunun, Bak xoreoqrafiya mktbinin inzibati binalar,
metro stansiyalar, XI Qzl Ordu monumenti v s. A.S.Surkin 1982-ci
ild Azrbaycan SSR Dvlt Mkafatna,1986-c ild is Azrbaycan
SSR mkdar memar adna layiq grlmdr. Respublika
hmiyytli tqad olaraq A.S.Surkin layihnin ba mhndisi
kimi iini davam etdirmidir. Bak Dvlt Layihd ilyrkn
intitutun ictimai hyatnda aktiv itirak etmidir.

Suhrkin, Abram Semenovich


Project Engineer-in-Chief. He started working for Bakghiprogor
(Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute) in 1959 as a Project
Engineer-in-Chief. For the time being, he has developed and
implemented a lot of important projects. Comrade A.S.Suhrkin is
the author of many large-size buildings: offices for the Ministry
of Oil-and-Chemical Industry of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
Republic, Baku Customs, National Prosecutors Office, a subway
station, Baku Choreographic School, the 11th Red Army Monument
and many others. A.S.Suhrkin was awarded the Government Prize
of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic in 1982 and the title of
Architect-of-Honours of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
in 1986. A Personal Pensioner of the Azerbaijan Government, he
continues working as Project Engineer-in-Chief. During his work for
Bakghiprogor, Comrade Surkov participated in the institutes
social life.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0243

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Frid li olu Sadxov


Layihnin ba memar. Frid li olu Sadxov 1958-ci ildn Bak
Dvlt Layih nstitutunda ilyir. Yolda F..Sadxov yksk
professionalli , mksevrliyi, tvazkarl il, tcrbyl daim
blmk arzusuyla, insanlara qar diqqti il Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitutunun kollektivi arasnda drin hrmt qazanmdr. Yolda
F..Sadxov Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda bu layihlri yerin
yetirmidir: yay kafesinin tikintisi d daxil olmaqla funikulyorun
aa stansiyasnn yerldiyi zonann abadladrlmas layihsi;
Razin qsbsindn imal-qrbd olan sahnin detal planlama
layihsi; Badamdar qsbsi(aa plato); Mrdkan-vlan
qsbsinin mrkzi; 3123 mhll, Yuxar-Dairvi k. zr
9 a mikrorayonunun tikinti layihsi, Gnli yaay massivi
v digrlri. F.S.Sadxov institutun ictimai hyatnda fal itirak
edrk, Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun partiya v hmkarlar
tkilatlarnn btn taprqlarn yerin yetirmidir.

Sadikhov, Frid Ali oglu


Project Architect-in-Chief. Farid Ali oglu Sadikhov has been
working for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning
Institute) since 1958. His high professional level, diligence,
modesty, attention to people and permanent readiness to share his
experience and knowledge with the institutes young employees
have won for Comrade F.A.Sadikhov deep respect from all the
staff of Bakghiprogor. For the time being at the institute, Comrade
F.A.Sadikhov has presented the following designs: a development
project for the lower funicular station with a summer cafe; detailed
planning project for a territory to the north-west from Razin Town;
Badamdar Town (lower plateau); centre of Mardakyan and Shuvelyan
Towns; urban development for a commuter town Micro-Rayon #9
in Extra-Circular Street, quarter 3123; Guneshli residential complex
and many others. F.A.Sadikhov actively participates in the institutes
social life and implements all assignments from its communist
organisation and trade union.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0245

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Fauziy Siradtdimovna Axund-Zad


Qrup rhbri. Yolda Fauziy Siradtdimovna Axund-Zad 1960-c
ildn Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda ilyir. z mk faliyytin
mhndis kimi balamdr. Hazrda qrup rhbri vzifsind alr.
Bak hrinin mikrorayonlarnn, yaay massivlrinin layihlrinin
hazrlanmasnda aktiv itirak edir. F.S.Axund-Zad z faliyyti
zaman oxlu sayda gnc mtxssis yetidirmidir. O,zn hm
yax yolda kimi, hm d institutun ictimai v istehsalat hyatnda
aktiv bir ii kimi gstrmidir.

Akhundzadeh, Fauziyya Siradetdinovna


Comrade Fauziyya Siradetdinovna Akhundzadeh has been working
for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute)
since 1960. She started her working life as an engineer. Currently,
she is Head of Group. She takes part in urban developing projects
for microrayons (micro-district, commuter towns) and residential
complexes of Baku. For the time being at Bakghiprogor, Comrade
F.S.Akhundzadeh has grown up and trained a lot of young experts.
She is notable for a rare combination of characteristics: she is a tactful
comrade and good organiser in the institutes production and
social life.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0247

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Konstantin Petrovi Kanevskiy


Ba mtxssis. Konstantin Petrovi Kanevskiy institutda
1948-ci ildn alr. z mk faliyytin texnik-smeta vzifsind
balayan yolda K.P.Kanevskiy ba mtxssis vzifsin kimi
ykslmidir. nstitutda ildiyi dvrd yolda K.P.Kanevskiy zn
mksevr , texniki chtdn savadl v tlbkar mtxsssis kimi
tantmdr. Kollektivin hrmtini qazanmdr.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0249

Kanevski, Constantine Petrovich


Chief Expert. Constantine Petrovich Kanevski has been working for
the institute since 1948. Comrade C.P.Kanevski started his labour path
as an Estimating Draftsman Technician and has grown up to Chief
Expert of the Estimation Department. For the time of his working at
the institute, Comrade C.P.Kanevski has proved a diligent technically
trained and demanding expert. He enjoys the staffs respect.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Qalina Konstantinovna Filonovi


Layihnin ba memar. Qalina Konstantinovna Filonovi Bak
Dvlt Layih nstitutunda 1959-cu ildn ilyir. z yoluna sravi
memar vzifsindn balayaraq layihnin ba memar vzifsin
kimi ykslmidir. Faliyyti dvrnd frdi olaraq v kolleqalar il
birg oxlu sayda yaay v ictimai binalar, sosial-mdni obyektlr,
hrsalma komplekslrinin tikinti layihlrini ilyib hazrlamdr.
Hyata ken layihlri bunlardr: 8 km., Gnli qsblrind
yaay massivlri v s. Yolda Q.K.Filonovi Azrbaycan SSR
Ali Soveti Ryasr Heytinin fxri frman il tltif edilmidir.

Filonovich, Galina Konstantinovna


Project Architect-in-Chief. Galina Konstantinovna Filonovich
has been working for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and
Planning Institute) since 1959. Having started her labour path as an
ordinary architect, she has grown up to Project Architect-in-Chief. For
the time being, she has designed a lot of residences, public buildings,
sociocultural facilities, and urban development projects on his own
and together with his colleagues. Her implemented designs include:
residences in 8th Kilometre Town, Guneshli Town etc. Comrade
G.K.Filinovich has been awarded a diploma by the Presidium of the
Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0251

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Ramiz Abu olu liyev


Santexniki bnin risi. Ramiz Abu olu liyev institutda 1956-c
ildn ilyir. z mk yoluna sravi mhndis vzifsindn balayaraq
santexniki bnin risi vzifsin kimi ykslmidir. Yksk ixtisasl
mtxssis kimi mhndis tchizatnn layihlndirilmsind z
xsn itirak etmidir. Yolda R.A.liyev institutun ictimai-siyasi
hyatnda fal itirak edrk, bir ox illr komsosol komitsinin, ilk
partiya tkilatnn katibi olmudur. Ona Respublikann mkdar
inaats ad verilmidir. z myin gr yolda R.Aliyev
Azrbaycan Kommunist Partiyasnn Rayon komitsinin 26 Bak
komissarlar adna Bak Xalq deputatlar Sovetinin fxri frmanlar il
tltif edilmidir.

Aliyev, Ramiz Abush oglu


Head of Sanitary Engineering Department. Ramiz Abush oglu
Aliyev has been working for the institute since 1956. Having
started as an ordinary engineer, he has grown up to Head of
the Sanitary Engineering Department. A high-quality expert, he
directly participates in designing engineering equipment. Comrade
R.A.Aliyev actively participates in the institutes socio-political
life; for many years, was the Komsomol Committee Secretary
and Secretary of the First-Step Communist Party Organisation.
He has been awarded Azerbaijans Engineer of Honours. For his
immaculate work, Comrade R.A.Aliyev was awarded Diplomas of
the Baku Soviet of Peoples Deputies (Parliament - A.A.) and 26 Baku
Commissars District of the Azerbaijan Communist Party.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0253

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Aalar Sultan olu Heybtov


Aalar Sultan olu Heybtov 1954-c ildn tyinatla Bak Dvlt
Layih nstitutunda z mk faliyytin balamdr. O, sravi
texniki ii vzifsindn institutun direktor mavini vzifsin kimi
ykslmidir. nstitutun ictimai hyatnda fal itirak edir v uzun
illrdir ki, Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun hmkarlar komitsinin
zvdr. Arbaycan SSR Ali Soveti Ryast Heytinin Fxri frman
il tltif edilmidir.

Gheybatov, Agalar Sultan oglu


Deputy Director. Agalar Sultan oglu Gheybatov started his working
life for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning
Institute) in 1954 by the government graduates employment order.
He has grown up from an ordinary Technician to Deputy Director.
He actively participates in the institutes social life and has been a
member of the Institute Trade Union Board for many years. He has
been awarded a Diploma of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of
the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0255

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Hseyn Sleyman olu amilov


Qrup mdiri. H.S.amilov Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda
1952-ci ildn ilyir. Byk Vtn mharibsi veterandr, dy
medallar il tltif edilmidir. z mk faliyytin sravi texniki ii
vzifsindn balayaraq emalatxanann ba konstruktoru vzifsin
kimi ykslmidir. Mikrorayonlarn tikinti layihlrinin, yaay
evlrinin v ictimai binalarn layihlrinin ilnib hazrlanmasnda
fal itirak etmidir. Hal-hazrda mllif nzarti qrupunun mdiri
vzifsind alr. Yolda H.S.amilov institutun ictimai hyatnda
fal itirak edir, dflrl partiya tkilatnn bro zv seilmidir v
hal-hazrda hmkarlar komitsinin sdridir.

Shamilov, Hussein Suleyman oglu


Head of Group. Hussein Suleyman oglu Shamilov has been working
for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute)
since 1952. He is a veteran of the Great Patriotic War and has been
decorated with government battle awards. Having started his
labour path as an ordinary Technician, he has grown up to Atelier
Constructor-in-Chief. He directly participated in urban developing
micro-rayons (commuter towns - A.A.) and designing houses and
public buildings. He is currently Head of the Author Supervision
Group. Comrade H.S. Shamilov actively participates in the
institutes public life; he was repeatedly voted for as a member of the
Communist Party Local Bureau and is Chairman of the Trade Union.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0257

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yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Dmitriy Aleksandrovi Jarkov


Tdqiqat bsinin risi. Dmitriy Aleksandrovi Jarkov 1955-ci ildn
Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda alr. mk faliyyti dvrnd
o, sravi texniki ii vzifsindn tdqiqat bsinin risi vzifsin
kimi ykslmidir. nstitutda faliyyti zaman D.A.Jarkov zn
mksevr, texniki chtdn savadl v tlbkar mtxssis kimi
gstrmidir.

Jarkov, Dmitriy Alexandrovich


Head of Exploration Department. Dmitriy Alexandrovich Jarkov
has been working for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and
Planning Institute) since 1955. He stepped on his labour path as an
ordinary Technician and has grown up to Head of the Exploration
Department. For the time of his working for the Institute, Comrade
D.A. Jarkov has shown himself as a diligent, technically skilful and
demanding expert. He enjoys the staffs respect.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

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Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0260

Bakdvltlayih nstitutunun
direktor mavini akir Eyvazovun
adn xsusil qeyd etmk lazmdr. Bu gn Bakdvltlayih
institutu texniki chtdn n yax
tmin olunmu layih tkilatdr
v bu texnikadan istifad ed biln
mtxssislr malikdir. Bu bir ox
kompter proqramlarn mkmml
bilmkl yana yksk tkilatlq
qabiliyytlrini nmayi etdirn
akir Eyvazovun fdakar myi
saysind mmkn olmudur.
nstitutda n hmiyytli funksiyalardan biri d Layihnin ba
mhndisi olan hliman krly
aiddir. Layih iinin tkilind,
layih-smeta sndlrinin toplanmasnda, sifarii il tlb olunan
mnasibtlrin qurulmasnda,
tikintiy mllif nzartinin hyata

technological parts for the designs,


under Sabir Nazarovs leadership.
N.T.Guliyeva, N.N.Rasulova and
other experienced employees are
working at the Department.
Lastly, Bakghiprogor Deputy
Director Shakir Eyvazov should be
particularly mentioned among the
responsible for organisational issues
of the production mechanism.
Nowadays, Baku Residence Design
and Planning Institute is the best
equipped designing agency and has
employed human resources capable
of using the equipment.
Demonstrating perfect professional
computer skills, high-level
organisational abilities and
commitment, Shakir Eyvazov should
be credited this. Project Engineerin-Chief Ahliman Shukurlu
B a k

Bakdvltlayih institutunun mkdalar.


1980-ci illr
The Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute,
the 1980th years

, 1980-




.


.



.

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

keirilmsind hliman krlnn


myi ox bykdr. yanamada msuliyyt, tlbkarlq v
pekarlq onu sciyylndirn sas
keyfiyytlrdir.
nstitutun ba memar hmdaa
Mmmdovun ad xsusil qeyd
olunmaldr. Snt mnasibti,
pekarl il o, gnclr nmun
olur, onlar istiqamtlndirir.
Layih mhsulunun ml
glmsind v kollektivin uurla-

Bakdvltlayih institutunun mkdalar


1 May nmayiind. 1 may 1985-ci il
The Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute at May
Day demonstration in Baku, on May 1, 1985


., 1 1985

implements the Institutes most


important functions. His efforts
are great in the field of organising
project operations, processing
design budget papers, establishing
proper relations with clients, and
implementing authors control
over construction. Responsibility,
exactingness and professionalism
are his performance qualities.
The Institutes Architect-in-Chief
Ahmadaga Mammadov must be
especially mentioned. His love of
architecture and professionalism are
standards for the young employees
to reach.
Accountant-in-Chief K.S.Gurbanova,
HR Manager S.A.Naghiyeva, Special
Expert L.A.Batagova, employees of
the Archive and Document Release
Department N.V.Goncharova and

,
- , ,

.
. ,

.


, , . .

.

: ..,
.., -

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0261

hr razisinin mumi sahsi:


hr mhitinin layih hdudunda razisi: 22078 ha 100 %
- hminin:
- tikinti n ayrlan sah: 10953 ha 49,6 %
- snaye zonas: 4651 ha 21%
- kommunal-anbar zonas: 881 ha 3,9 %
- xarici nqliyyat zonas: 510 ha 2,3 %
- digr razilr: 5083 ha 23%
Texniki-iqtisadi gstricilr:
-hali: 1450 min. nfr
-yaay fondu:
-mumi sah: 26100 min.kv.m.
- yaay sahsi il orta tminat: hr bir adama 18 kv.m.
- total city area - 22,078 hectares 100% within the city layout borders, including:
- service area: 10,953 hectares, 49.6%
- industrial area: 4651 hectares, 21%
- public utility/storage area: 881 hectares, 3.9%
- external transportation area: 510 hectares, 2.3%
and
- other territories: 5083 hectares, 23%
Technical and economic indicators:
- population: 1,450,000
Housing
- 26,100,000 square meters in total - 18 square meters per capita.
:
- : 22078 100%
- :
- : 10953 49,6%
- : 4651 21%
- - : 881 3,9%
- : 510 2,3%
- : 5083 23%
- :
- : 1450 .
- :
- : 26100 . ..
- : 18 ..

Bak hrinin ba plan, 1986-c il


Baku General Layout, 1986
., 1986
yaayn tikilm razisi
residential sites

mrkzi planlama rayonunun srhdlri rivsind yaayn tikilm razisi
residential sites within borders of central layout district

nzr alnan mddt yaayn tikilmsi n ehtiyat razilr
reserve sites for residential development for planned time

snaye-zavod razilri
industrial sites
-
kommunal-anbar razilri
storage sites
-
nzr alnan mddt ehtiyat n kommunal-anbar razilri
reserve sites for storage and industry for planned time
-
dmir yolu v dniz nqliyyat razilri
territories for railway and marine transportation

yksksrtli hr yollar v fasilsiz hr magistrallar
highways and arterial roads

hr hmiyytli idarolunan hrktli magistral klr
all-city arterial roads of regulated traffic

rayon tyinatl magistral klr
district arterial roads

shiyy komplekslri
public health facilities

metropoliten stansiyalar
subway stations

elmi-tdqiqat v thsil mssislri kompleksi
research and academic institutions
-
nzr alnan mddt elmi-tdqiqat mssislri n ehtiyat razilr
reserve sites for research institutions for planned time
-
mumi istifad n yallqlar
public green sites

mumhr istiraht zonalar
all-city recreation sites

tarixi-memarlq abidlri
historical and architectural sites
-
hr v rayon tyinatl ictimai mrkzlr
all-city and district public centres

sanitar-mdafi zonalar
sanitary buffer zones
-
idman komplekslri
sport complexes

hrin layih hisssind neft mdnlri
oil mines within the city layout borders

hrin layih hisssindn knarda neft mdnlri
oil minds out of the city layout borders

hrin layih srhddi
the city layout border

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0264

Nazim Mmmd
olu Hacbyov
Nazim Mamed oglu Hajibeyov

Nazim Mmmd olu Hacbyov 08.02 1928-ci ild Bak hrind anadan olub. 1935-ci ild
mktb daxil olaraq, onu 1945-ci ild Tbiliisi hrind bitirib. 1941-ci il kimi Bak hrind
yaamdr. 1942-ci ild memarlar ailsi(atas Mmmd Hacbyov, anas Cahan Talinskaya) imali Qafqaza repressisya olunmudur. Hmin il onlar Daknd hrin krlrlr v 1943-c
ild is Tbilisi hrin krlrk 1945-ci il kimi orada yaamlar. kinci dnya mharibsi
bitdikdn sonra N.M.Hacbyovun ailsi vtn -Bak hrin dnr. N.M. Hacbyov 1946c ild Azrbaycan Snaye nstitutuna daxil olur. Amma 1949-cu ild memarn ailsi yenidn
Daknd srgn olunur v o, 1951-ci ild orada memarlq fakltsini bitirir. N.M Hacbyov
thsili bitirdikdn sonra memar qismind Uzqosproyekt layih institutuna i qbul olunur.
Sonralar o, institutun hrsalma bsin rhbr tyin olunur. Memarn ailsi 1966-c ild dadc Daknd zlzlsindn sonra Bakya qaytmaa mcbur olur. N.M Hacbyov doma
hr qaytdqdan sonra AzDvltLayih, Sentrosoyuzproyekt, BakDvltLayih institutlarnda ba memar vzifsindn balayaraq institutun direktoru kimi yksk vziflrd
alr. Faliyyti zaman Azrbaycanda v zbkistanda bir sra layihlri hyata keirmidir.
N.M.Hacbyova 1979-cu ilin dekabrnda Azrbaycann mkdar memar ad verilmidir. 1982ci ilin maynda Glstan saraynn layihsi v tikintisin gr N.M.Hacbyova Azrbaycann
Dvlt mkafat tqdim olunmudur. 1983-c ildn 1990-cu il kimi Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaq dar Heytinin birinci mavini vzifsind almdr. 1975-ci ildn 1983- c il kimi
Bak hri xalq deputatlar sovetinin deputat seilmidir. 1988-ci ilin fevralnda memarlq v
hrsalma sahsind smrli myin gr Azrbaycan SSR Ali Soveti Ryast Heytinin Fxri
frman il tltif edilmidir.

Q
Born on 08.02.1928. In1941, his parents, Mamed Hajibeyov and Jahan Talishinski, were exiled
to Northern Kazakhstan. The same year, their location was changed for Tashkent, Uzbekistan, to
be followed by Tbilisi, Georgia, in 1943, where they would have been living by 1945, and where
Nazim Hajibeyov would graduate from school, in 1945, too. After the World War Two, the family
returned to their hometown, Baku. In 1946, Nazim Hajibeyov entered Azerbaijan Industrial
Institute. However, the family were again excited to Tashkent in 1949, where Nazim Hajibeyov
graduated from the Department for Architecture at Middle Asian Polytechnic Institute (1951).
His professional career as an architect started at UzGosProject (Uzbekistan National Designing
Institute). Later, he would be promoted Head of the Urban Development Department at the
Institute. In 1966, his family had to return to Baku after a devastating earthquake in Tashkent. In
his hometown, N.Hajibeyov worked for designing institutes: AzGosProject, CentroSoyuzProject
and Bakghiprogor - holding positions from Project Architect-in-Chief to Director. From 1983
through 1990, he had been First Deputy Chairman of Board. He had been repeatedly voted for
as Member of Baku Parliament from 1975 through 1983. He developed a number of projects
implemented in Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. His awards include Architect-of-Honours of the
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (December 1979); National Prize of the Azerbaijan Soviet
Socialist Republic(May, 1982); and Diploma of Honours by the Presidium of the Supreme Council
of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic for his fruitful work in the field of Architecture and
Urban Development (1988).

Q
08.02.1928 .. 1935
, 1945 .. 1941 .. 1942
( , ) . .,
1943 ., 1945 . .. .. 1946
.. .
1949 ., ..
1951 .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

.. . . 1966
.
.. , , . 1979 ..
. 1982 .
1983 1990 . 1975 1983 .

Glstan mrasimlr saray,


1980-ci il. Memarlar Hafiz
mirxanov, Nazim Hacbyov
The Palace of celebrations of
Gyulistan, 1980. Architects Hafiz
Amirkhanov, Nazim Hajibeyov
,
1980 .
,

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0265

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0266

Abbas Abbas olu


lsgrov
Abbas Abbas oglu Alaskarov

Abbas Abbas olu lsgrov 13 dekabr 1937-ci ild Bak hrind anadan olmudur.
1957-ci ild orta mktbi bitirmidir. 1963-c ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunu bitirmidir. naat sahsind z mk faliyytin 1960-c ild Tikinti Nazirliyind balayaraq, daha
sonra Azrbaycan Snaye Tikintisi Nazirliyind davam etdirmidir. Orqtexstroy trestinin
ba mhndisi vzifsind tkilatn tikinti v istehsal zr btn ilrin rhbrlik edrk
aadak layihlri hyata keirmidir: Bak hrind 1-9 mikrorayonlar; Naxvan, Gnc v
Sumqayt hrlrind mikrorayonlar; Mit Kondisionerlri Zavodu; Respublika v Glstan saraylar; Drin zllr Zavodu; Kr su kmri. Aada adlar kiln obyektlrin
layihlndirilmsin bilavasit rhbrlik etmi v onlarn tikintisind, hminin yenidn qurulmasnda itirak etmidir:
- ltd Aac emal kombinat.
- Bakda 1,2,3,4 nmrli, hminin Naxvan, Gnc, Sumqaytda ev tikm kombinatlar
- Bakda 2 v 4 nmrli, hminin Sumqaytda 1 nmrli v Gncd,Naxvanda dmir
mmulatlar zavodu.
- Poyluda qum-nql karxanas.
1977-ci ildn bu gn qdr rhbr vziflrd alm v almaa da davam edir.
- AzDvltLayih (institutun ba mhndisinin mavini)
- Bak Ba Tikinti idarsinin Layih-texnologiya institutu(direktor).
- BakDvltLayih layih institutu( institutun direktoru).
- Azrbaycan Respublikas Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura Komitsi( Komitnin sdri).
O cmldn A.A.lsgrov hal-hazrda Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn sdridir. Onu rhbrliyi
altnda ilk df olaraq 9-cu mikrorayonda, Haqverdiyev, Qutqanl, M.Seyidov, Plotnikov klrind,
Mtbuat prospekti zr oxmrtbli monolit yaay evlri ucaldlmdr v o, hminin iripanelli
evlrin yeni seriyasnn mllif kollektivinin rhbri olmudur. A.A.lsgrov BakDvltLayih
institutunda ildiyi dvrd Gnli, Qanl-Gl, Yeni-Yasamal, hmdli, Primorskiy, Lk-Batan, Badamdar yaay rayonlarnn, hminin XR sfirliyi, Xoreoqrafiya mktbinin binalarnn v Milli
Parkn Ba Plannn, Srhd qounlarnn qulluqular n idman kompleksinin tikintisi zr layih
ilrin rhbrlik etmidir.Bak hrinin 1986-2005-ci illr n Ba plannn mlliflrindn biridir.
Abbas Abbas olu lsgrov Azrbaycann mkdar mhndisi, Azrbaycann mkdar memardr
v hrt , Xalqlar Dostluu, rf nianordenlri il tltif edilmidir.

Q
Born in Baku in 13.12.1937. Education: Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute (graduated in 1963).
His professional experience started in 1960 under the Ministry of Construction and later the
Ministry of Industrial Construction of Azerbaijan. As Engineer-in-Chief of the OrgTechStroy Trust,
he headed construction designing and implementation for micro-rayons 1-9 in Baku and microrayons in the cities of Nakhchivan, Ganjah, and Sumgayit; and the Air Condition Plant, Heydar
Aliyev Palace, Gulustan Palace, Deepwater Offshore Platform Plant and the Kur River Water
Pipeline. He directly headed designing and participated in the construction and reconstruction
of the following structures:
- wood refinery factory in Alyat;
- building assembly plants 1, 2, 3, and 4 in Baku; and similar plants in Nakhchivan, Ganjah,
and Sumgayit;
-ferroconcrete-item-production plants ##2 4 in Baku , #1 in Sumgayit, and also in Nakhchivan
and Ganjah.
- gravel-and-sand quarry pit in Poylu.
From 1977, he has been working as a CEO for
- AzGosPromProject (Deputy Engineer-in-Chief),
- GlavBakStroy Institute of Design and Technology (Director);
- Bakghiprogor Designing Institute (Director) ;
- Committee for Urban Development and Architecture of the Republic of Azerbaijan
(Chairman).
..Aleskerov is currently Chairman of the Union of Architects of Azerbaijan.
Under his supervision, high-rise ferroconcrete blocks-of-flats were constructed in microrayon 9; Streets Akhverdiyev, M.Seyidov, Plotnikov, and Kutkashinli; and Avenue Metbuat;
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

he headed a team of architects for a new series of large-panel buildings, (Assembling Volumeand-Planning Elements). As a head of the Bakghiprogor Designing Institute, A.A.Aleskerov
supervised operations to construct commuter towns in Guneshli, Ganli-Ghel, Yeni Yasamali,
Ahmadli, Primorsk, Lok-Batan, and Badamdar; and the China Embassy, Choreographic School,
National Park General Layout, and the Sport Complex for Frontier Soldiers. He is among the
authors of the Baku General Layout for 1986-2005.
Abbas Abbasovich Aleskerov is Azerbaijan Engineer-of-Honours, and Azerbaijan Architectof-Honours; he has been awarded Orders of Shohret (Glory), Drujba Narodov (Peoples
Friendship) and Znak Pochyota (Sign of Honour).

Q
. 13 1937 . 1957 . 1963 .
1960 . .
, : 1-9 .;
: , , ; ; ; ; . :
- ;
- 1; 2; 3; 4 . , .
- 2 4 . , 1 , .
- - .
1977
- (. ),
- - ();
- ( );
- ( ).
..
.
9 , , ., , , ,
- . , ..
, -, -, , , - , ;
, , , . . 1986-2005. , , ,
.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0267

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0268

lqar Aydn olu sbatov


Ilgar Aydin oglu Isbatov

4 Sentyabr 1964-c ild anadan olmudur. 1987-ci ild Moskva Memarlq nstitutunun
hrsalma fakltsini frqlnm diplomu il bitirmi, Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun Bak
hrinin Ba Plann ilyib hazrlayan emalatxanada i balamdr. Zabrat, Hvsan kimi
hrtipli qsblrin v Dbndi hrinin ba plann hazrlamdr. Bakda Dnizknar Bulvarn layhsini ilyib hazrlayan mlliflr kollektivinin trkibind olmu, sonra hmin layih
sasnda Milli Parkn layihsi hazrlanmdr. .sbatov Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunda ilyn
zaman onlarla yaay evlrinin v ictimai binalarn layihsini ilmidir. Memar dflrl respublika msabiqlrinin v lin n yax layihsi msabiqsinin qalibi olmudur. .sbatov
1998-2001-ci illrd Azrbaycan Dvlt Layih nstitutunda layihnin ba memar kimi almdr. O, 2001-ci ild Feniks-AA zl irktini tsis etmi, orada memarlq layihlndirmsi
iini davam etdirmidir. Bu gn Feniks-AA irktinin yerin yetirdiyi layihlr sasnda
onlarla yaay evi v quru tikilmidir v tikilmkddir. .sbatov 25 illik pekar faliyyti
dvrnd 100-dn artq memarlq layihsi hazrlam v hyata keirmidir. 13 fevral 2008-ci
ild .sbatov Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutuna direktor vzifsin tyin edilmidir. Otn dvr
rzind o, institutun kadr potensialnn v maddi-texniki bazasnn inkiafnda hmiyytli
ilr grmy mvffq olmu, hminin bir ox layihlrin hazrlanmasnda bilavasit itirak
etmidir. Neftilr v stiqlaliyyt klrindki binalarn fasadlarnn yenidn qurulmasnda,
Yeni Yasamal, C.Quliyev, H.B.Zrdabi, M.brahimov klrindki yaay komplekslrinin
layihlndirilmsind, FHN Akademiyasnn thsil korpusunun, Qbl cra Hakimiyytinin inzibati binasnn, 132-134, 6 v 18 sayli mktblrin, Nizami ksind ticart mrkzinin, yksk
mrtbli ofis binasnn v s. layihlrin hazrlanmasna rhbrlik etmi v mllifi olmudur.
Baki Dvlt Layih nstitutu 2009, 2010-cu illrin nticlrin gr MDB lklri arasnda n
yax layih tkilat nominasiyasnn qalibi olmu, lqar sbatov is 2011-ci ilin nticlrin gr
n yax layih tkilat rhbri adna layiq gorlmdr. 2009, 2010, 2011-ci illrd lkdaxili v
MDB mkannda keiriln ilin n yax layihlri v tikintisi nominasiyalar zr msabiqlrin
qalibi v laureat olmudur. 2009-cu ild balanlan v 2011-ci ild thvil verilmi Bak hrinin
mrkzi hisssinin mfssl planladrma layihsinin mlliflrindn biri v layihnin ba memar olmudur. Onun rhbrliyi altnda hal-hazrda Byk Baknn Regional nkiaf Plannn
hazrlanmasnda Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutu Ba Koordinator kimi itirak edir. .sbatov 2010cu ild Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezidentinin frman il Trqqi medalna, 2012-ci ild is
Azrbaycann mkdar memar fxri adna layiq grlmdr.

Q
Born in 04.09.1964. In 1987, he, with distinction, graduated from the Urban Development
Department of Moscow Architectural Institute and started working for the Baku General Layout
Atelier at Bakghiprogor. Subsequent positions: Project Architect-in-Chief, AzGosProject (from
1998 to 2001); Founder, Feniks- A.A architectural company (since 2001). On February 13, 2008,
Ilgar Isbatov was appointed Director of Bakghiprogor. Since then, hes enhanced the Institutes
human and material resources. Mr.Isbatov has designed and actively headed many architectural
projects: facade reconstruction for residences in Avenues Neftchilar and Istiqlaliyyat; tower
blocks in Yeni Yasamal and Streets J.Guliyev, Zardabi, and M.Ibrahimov; an academic building
for the National Ministry for Emergencys Academy; Gabala City Mayors Office; schools 132/134,
18 and 6; a mall in Nizami Street; high-rise office buildings, etc. He has been one of the authors
and Architect-in-Chief of Central Bakus Detailed Layout, developed since 2009 and successfully
completed in 2011. As Director, he is leading Bakghiprogors chief coordination of Greater Bakus
Regional Development Plan. His designs also include detailed planning for Zabrat and Govsani
Towns, the General Layout of Dubandi City, and dozens of houses and blocks-of-flats besides
already mentioned ones (more than one hundred designs implemented for 25 professional years).
He participated in team designing the Baku Seaside Boulevard, which later became the basis for
the National Park design. His company, Feniks - A.A., has dozens of projects under construction in
Baku. Mr.Isbatov has been repeatedly awarded by national professional contests; Taraggi Medal
by President of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2010); and Architect-of-Honours of the Republic of
Azerbaijan (2012). In 2011, he was awarded CIS Best Chief of Designing Institute. CIS Best Design
and Years Best Implementation are also among his awards. Led by Mr. Isbatov, Bakghiprogor
was awarded CIS Best Designing Organisation in 2009 and 2010.
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Q
4 1964 . 1987 ..
, ,
. ., . , .
.
1998 2001
. 2001 . FeniksAA, .
, Feniks-AA, .
. 100- . 13
2008 . -
. .. : . , , ., , .,
,
., 132-134,
6 18, ., .
.. 2009 2010
. 2011
..
. 2009, 2010 2011 .. . ..
., 2009
2011 . ..
. 2010
. . 2012 .
.

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0269

0270

Bakdvltlayih institutunun mkdalar.


11 dekabr 1987-ci il
The Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute, on
December 11, 1987

, 11 1987

Bakdvltlayih institutunun mkdalar.


1980-ci illr. Abbas lsgrova Fxri
Frmann tqdim edilmsi
The Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute, the
1980th years. Delivery to Abbas Alaskarov of
the Certificate of Honor

, 1980- .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

ra imza atlmasnda xsusi myi


olanlar - ba mhasib Qurbanova K.C., kadrlar zr mtxssis
Nayeva S.., xsusi ilr zr
mtxssis Bataqova L.A, Arxiv v
buraxl bsinin iilri Qonarova N.V. v Petrenko N.A., mumi
by rhbrlik edn Sultanova
S.R., Tsrrfat bsinin mdiri
Ltifov C.., iilr Rstmov H.N.,
hmdova A.M. da qeyd olunmaldr. Onlarn inzibati idar olunmada
v tsrrfatda faliyyti saysind
institutun illik maliyy dvriyysi
artmdr, iilrin maddi tminat
yaxlamdr.
Nhayt, lamtdar bir haldr ki,
Bakdvltlayih institutunun
korifeylrindn biri Azrbaycann
mkdar mhndisi v mkdar memar, hrt, Xalqlar dostluu,
rf nian ordenlrinin kavaleri
Abbas Abbas olu lsgrovun da
75ya tamam olur.
A.A. lsgrov uzun mddt rzind
Baldvltlayih institututuna
rhbrlik etmidir. Onun rhbrliyi altnda Haqverdiyev, M.Seyidov, Plotnikov, Qutqanl klrind, Mtbuat
prospektind v 9-cu mikrorayonda
yksk mrtbli monolit yaay
evlri layihlndirilrk tikilmidir.
A.A.lsgrov KOPE- iripanelli
evlrin yeni seriyasnn mllif kollektivinin rhbridir. A.A.lsgrov
Bakdvltlayih institutuna bal zaman Gnli, Qanl-Gl, YeniYasamal, hmdli,Primorsk, LkBatan, Badamdar razisind yaay
rayonlarnn, XR sfirliyinin binas,
Xoreoqrafiya mktbi,Milli Parkn
ba plannn v Srhd qounlar
n dman Kompleksinin tikintisi
zr layihlndirm ilrin rhbrlik
etmidir.
A.A .lsgrovun xidmtlri lknin
rhbrliyi v ictimaiyyti trfindn
yksk qiymtlndirilmidir.
A.A.lsgrov Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezidentinin srncam
il Azrbaycan Respublikasnn
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

N.A.Petrenko, Head of the General


Department S.R.Sultanova, Head of
Economic Department J.S.Latifov,
and the Departments employees
H.N.Rustamov and A.M.Ahmadova
should be also mentioned for
their efforts to finally have the
Institutes projects successfully
implemented. Their organisational
and administrative performance is
to be credited the Institutes annual
financial growth and the staffs
higher salaries.
To conclude, its symbolical that
one of the Bakghiprogor coryphaei,
Engineer-of-Honours and Architectof-Honours of the Republic of
Azerbaijan, holder of the Shohret
(Glory), Drujba Narodov
(Peoples Friendship) and Znak
Pochyota (Sign of Honour)
Orders, Abbas Abbasovich
Aleskerov is celebrating his 75th
anniversary in this very same year
with the institute.
A.A.Aleskerov had been heading
Bakghiprogor during long time.
Under his supervision, solid-cast
blocks-of-flats in 9th micro-rayon; in
Akhverdiyev, M.Seyidov, Plotnikov,
Kutkashinli, and Avenue Metbuat
were designed and built.
A.A.Aleskerov was head of the
production team for a new series
of large-panel buildings with
Arranged Volume-and-Planning
Elements. As head of Bakghiprogor,
A.A.Aleskerov also managed project
operations to construct residential
districts Guneshli, Ganli-Gyol,
Yeni-Yasamal, Ahmadli, Primorsk,
Lokbatan, and Badamdar; and China
Embassy, Choreography School,
National Park General Layout
development, and a Sport Complex
for Frontier Troops.
A.A.Aleskerovs merits have
been fairly appreciated by
the government and public.
By President of the Republic
of Azerbaijans Resolution,
1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2


.., ..
.., .., ..,
..,
..
, , .

,
.
, , ,

,
,
,

,
, 75 .
..

.

9- ,
, , , ,
. ..
- .
, ..

, -, -,
, , -,
, ,
,

,
.
..
-

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0271

01.01.2006-c il tarixi n
Bak hrinin Ba plannn icra durumu
Execution of the Master plan
of Baku as of 01.01.2006

01.01.2006

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

hrsalma v Memarlq zr Dvlt


Komitsind Baknn mrkzi hisssinin
sasl planladrlmas layihsinin
mzakirsind. 2011-ci il
On discussion of the Project of detailed
planning of the central part of Baku in the
State committee on Urban Development and
architecture, 2011


.
, 2011

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

hrsalma v Memarlq zr Dvlt


Komitsind Baknn mrkzi hisssinin
sasl planladrlmas layihsinin
mzakirsind. 2011-ci il
On discussion of the Project of detailed
planning of the central part of Baku in the
State committee on Urban Development and
architecture, 2011


.
, 2011

Dvlt hrsalma v Memarlq


komitsind gr zaman
Meeting in the State committee on Urban
Development and architecture


Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0275

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0276

Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura


Komitsinin Sdri tyin olunmudur
v lknin memarlq ictimaiyyti is
onu Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn sdri semidir.
Layih institutunun kiik (Sovet
ttifaqnn mvcud olduu dvrl
mqayisd) kollektivi Baknn
simasnn dyimsind byk
ilr yerin yetirir.nstitutda byk
nslin memar nmayndlri il
yana, gnc memarlar da ilyir v
yaradrlar. Aparc dnya memarlq
studiya v institutlar il birbaa
laqlr yaranr. Bakdvltlayih
institutunun mtxssislri dnyada
keiriln btn memarlq forum v
grlrinin, bienalle v srgilrin
daimi itiraklardr.
hrin simasn daha da
gzlldirn v lkmizi xaricd
layiqinc tmsil ed bilck hm
hcm baxmndan iri miqyasl , hm
d memarlq baxmndam maraql bir
sra ilr yerin yetirilmidir. Bu Bak
hrinin mrkzi hisssinin mfssl
planlama layihsi, Azrbaycan
Respublikasnn Hollandiyada srgi
pavilyonu, Neftilr prospekti v
stiqlaliyyt ksi zr evlrin fasadlarnn rekonstruksiyasdr.
Hazrda Ba koordinator v icra
olan Bakdvltlayih institutu
Byk Baknn Regional nkiaf Plannn yaradlmas zr alr.

A.A.Aleskerov has been


appointed Chairman of the Urban
Development and Architecture
Committee of the Republic of
Azerbaijan, while Azerbaijani
architects community has elected
him Chairman of the Union of
Architects of Azerbaijan.
The new generation of professional
architects in Bakghiprogor plays an
active role implementing the current
stage of Bakus transformation.
Mobile and technically well
equipped, the team implements
great projects for the citys new
appearance. Young architects
creatively work for the institute
together with the older generation.
Direct ties with the worlds leading
architectural studios and institutes
are being established. Bakghiprogor
is regularly represented at
international forums, meetings,
exhibitions and biennials.
A number of both large-size and
architecturally interesting projects
were implemented to even improve
the our citys beautiful image and
properly representing Azerbaijan
abroad. Those are detailed planning
Bakus central part, the Exhibition
Pavilion of the Republic of
Azerbaijan in the Netherlands, and a
reconstruction design for facades in
Avenue Neftchilar and Istiglaliyyet
Street. Bakghiprogor is the Chief
Coordinator and Implementer of the
Greater Baku Regional Development
Plan.

Azrneftya stehsalat birliyinin mkilri


n ykskmrtbli yaay binalar, Xtai
rayonu, Bak h.

.
..



,


.


.


.
, ,
.
,
,


:
,

,

., .
.



,
.

Multystoried houses for employees of


production association Azrneftya in the
Khatai district, Baku


Azrneftya .
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75
illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr
ol u n u r

0277

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0278

Ofeliya Musa qz
Babayeva
Ophelia Musa ghizi Babayeva

Babayeva Ofeliya Musa qz 1937-ci il sentyabr aynn 28-d Bak hrind anadan olmudur. 1961-ci ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun naat fakultsinin Memarlq bsind
diplom iini M.Hseynovun rhbrliyi altnda la qiymtl mdafi etmidir. Onun memarlq
faliyyti ox axliliyi il sciyyvidir: snaye obyektlri, yaay mikrorayonlar, mktblr, uaq
baalar, malic mssislri v sosial-mit xidmtlri. 1961-1963 c illrd tyinat ald
Dvltkimyalayih institutunda , SSR-nin Kimya snayesi n Sumqayt v Nvai hrlri
Kimya Kombinat, Moskva hrknarndak Radioaktiv zavodunun v s.,bu kimi layihlrin d
mllifi kimi almdr. 1963-1965 ci illrd Bak hrind S.Dadaov adna AzETM v Quradrma institutunun eksperimental laboratoriyasnda kiik elmi ii vzifsind alm, seysmik rayonlarda yksk mrtbli yaay evlrinin layihlndirilmsini yerin yetirmi v hmin layihlr
yerli mtbuatda drc edilmidir. 1965-ci ild AzETM v Quradrma institutunun yenidn qurulmas il laqdar Bakdvltlayih institutuna keirilmidir. 1965-ci ildn Bakdvltlayih
institutuna Layihnin Ba Memar vzifsind alaraq bir sra maraql layihlrini trtib etmidir
ki, bunlardan mumi sahlri 1 mln.kv.m. artq olan yaay mikrorayonlar , mktblr, malic
mssislri v sosial-mit xidmyi tikintilrini qeyd etmk olar. Memarlq yaradclnn 16 ili
Azrneftya NEZ-nun Babk prospektindki MKR-nun hyata kerilmsin hsr edilmidir. Bunun
nticsidir ki , dalm Qarayev adna zavodun sahsi oazis evrilmidir. Maraql layihlrdn
biri d zizbyov rayonu aan qsbsind analoqu olmayan lillr n layihdir ki, bu da 250
arpaylq sanatoriya kompleksidir v bu tikili tkilatln bhrsi sayla bilr. Bak Metropoliteninin nzibati Binasnn Layihsini mvffqiyytl hazrlamdr.

Q
Born on September 28, 1937 in Baku. Graduated from the Architectural Department, School
of Construction, Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute. Advised by M.Husseinov, she earned A for
her graduation project. Employed by National Chemical Project Institute from 1961 through 1963,
she designed chemical plants in Sumgait and Navoyi, a radioactive plant near Moscow, etc. From
1963 through 1965, she had been working for the S.Dadashov Institutes experimental laboratory
as Junior Expert and participated in designing high-rise residences for seismic regions; the designs
were published locally. Due to the Institutes reorganisation, she moved to Bakghiprogor in 1965.
Since then, she has been working there as Project Architect-in-Chief and designed a number of
interesting projects: commuter towns with the total area as much as 1 million square meters,
schools, and public utilities. She devoted 16 years to develop a commuter town in Avenue Babel
for the Azerneftyag Company. As a result, the area of the demolished Qarayev Plant has become an
oasis. Another interesting design of hers is a unique 250-bed sanatorium complex for people with
disabilities in Shagan Town, Azizbayov District; currently under implementation, the design can be
considered a great example of construction arrangement.

Q
28 1937 . 1961

.. .
1961-1963 ,
- . ., . 1963-1965

. ., .
1965 . .
. 1965 , , : , ,
- 1 ... 16
.. .

. .. .
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Frid Hseyn Bala qz Aayeva 6 aprel 1939-cu ild Bak hrind anadan olub. 19471957-ci illrd 151 sayl orta mktbd thsil alb. 1961-ci ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun naat fakltsin daxil olaraq 1968-ci ild institutu bitirmidir. z mk faliyytin 1968-ci
ild AzrDvltLayih institutunda balayaraq 1980-ci il kimi orada almdr. nstitutda
ildiyi dvrd,1973-c ild Sosialist yarnn qalibi fxri nian il tltif edilmidir. 1974-c
ild SSR Ali Soveti Ryast Heytinin frman il mkd frqlnm medal il tltif edilmidir. F.H. Aayeva 1980-ci ildn 2008-ci il qdr BakDvltLayih institutunda almdr.
1990-c ild mk veteran medal il tltif olunaraq, 1997-ci ild mk veteran fxri adna layiq grlmdr. 2007-ci ild is Azrbaycan Respublikasnn mkdar inaats adna
layiq grlmdr. 2008-ci ildn ELN memarlq-inaat irktind konstruktor bsinin risi
vzifsind alr. F.H.Aayeva Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezident Aparatnn nzibati binasnn, .lkbrov k., .Qurbanov k., S.lkbrov k., 8-ci mikrorayonda yaay evlrinin
tikintisind itirak edib.

Q
Born on 6 April, 1939, in Baku. Education: 1961-1968, Construction Department, Azerbaijan
Polytechnic Institute. Employers/Positions: 1968-1980, AzGosProject; 1980 - 2008, Bakghiprogor;
since 2008, Head of Constructors Department, ELN Architecture&Construction. Co-designed
Office of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and residential towers in Streets A.Alekberov,
Sh.Gurbanov and S.Alekberov, as well as in 8th micro-rayon (commuter town) etc. Awards: 1973,
Socialist Competition Winner Sign-of-Honour; 1974, Medal of Labour Honour; 1990, Medal
of Labour Veteran; 1997, Labour Veteran (a rank-of-honour); 2007, Builder-of-Honour of the
Republic of Azerbaijan.

Q
6 1939 .. 1947 1957
151. 1961
, 1968 . 1968
,
1980 . 1973 , , . 1974
.
1980 2008 .. . 1990
, 1997 . 2007
.
2008 - ELN
. .. , .., .., ..,
8- .

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Frid Hseyn Bala qz


Aayeva
Farida Husseinbala ghizi
Agayeva

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0279

Baknn Heydr liyev prospektind


mehmanxana binas. 2011-ci il.
Memar lqar sbatov
A hotel Building on Moskovsky Avenue to
Baku, 2011. Architect Ilgar Isbatov

., 2011 .

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baknn Sbail rayonunda 6 sayl mumthsil
mktbinin binas. 2011-ci il.
Memar lqar sbatov
The Building of high comprehensive school
No. 6 in the Sabailsky region of Baku, 2011.
Architect Ilgar Isbatov

6 .,
2011 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0281

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0282

Glar Firidun qz smaylova 3 iyun 1956-c ild anadan olub. 1973-c ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun memarlq fakltsin daxil olub. 1978-ci ild institutu bitirrk Memar
ixtisasna yiylnib. 1984-1995-ci illrd BakDvltLayih institutunda 2 sayl emalatxanada layihnin ba memar vzifsind alb. Professional faliyyti dvrnd (1978-ci ildn bu
gn qdr) bir ox layihlrin mllifi olmudur v onlarn da bir hisssi hyata keirilmidir.
Bunlar C.Cabbarl adna metro stansiyas kompleksinn, Partiya mktbi (Y.Qdimovla birg)
binasnn layihlri, Atatrk prospekti boyunca yaay evlri, Talassemiyal v Daun sindromlu xstlr n tibbi reabilitasiya mrkzlri, ki hrind Olimpiya mrkzi, Bakl futbol
klubunun stadionu, avtovazaln layihsi, ASAN xidmtinin inzibati binasnn layihsi, Dolasaray, Parkom, Nizami ksind Konsul MTK yaay evlrinin layihlri, Azrbaycan
prospektind yaay evi, 1 mln.hali n nzrd tutulan Xazar aylends adl sni adalarda
yeni hrin layihsi v s. G.F.smaylova 1981-ci ildn Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn zvdr.
rq lklri Beynlxalq Memarlq Akademiyasnn mxbir zvdr. Memar G.F.smaylova
mxtlif memarlq msabiqlrinin v baxlarnn laureatdr.

Glar Firidun qz
smaylova
Gulara Firidun ghizi Ismailova

Q
Born on 3 June, 1956. Education: 1973-1978, Architect, Department for Architecture, Azerbaijan
Polytechnic Institute. Positions: Project Architect-in-Chief, Atelier 2, Bakghiprogor. Designs/
Implementations: since 1978, J.Jabbarli Subway Station; Communist Party School (together
with Y.Kazimov); residences in Avenue Ataturk and Azerbaijan Ave.; residences Dolchasaray,
Parkkom, and Consul MTK in Nizami Street; medical rehabilitation centres against thalassaemia
and Down Syndrome; Olympic Centre in Shaki City, Azerbaijan; Bakili Club Soccer Stadium; bus
station; ASAN Service Office; a project of a new city for 1,000,000 residents on artificial Khazar
Islands, etc. Professional membership: since 1981, Member, Azerbaijan Union of Architects;
Associated Member, the International Academy of the Architecture of Eastern Countries.
Repeatedly awarded as an architect at various exhibitions and contests.

Q
3 1956 . 1973 . 1978
, . 1984-1995 .
2. ( 1978 )
, . .., ( .),
,
, , , , ASAN,
, Parkom, , . , 1 .
. 1981 .. .
- .
.. .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Hsnov Vahid Hseyn olu 06 iyun 1955-ci ild Bak hrind anadan olub. 1972-ci ild
115 sayl Bak orta mktbini bitirmidir. 1972-ci ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun naat fakultsinin stilik qaz tchizat v ventilyasiya ixtisasna qbul olunmudur v 1980-c
ild institutu bitirmidir. 1972-ci ildn bu gn qdr BakDvltLayih institutunda alr.
Hal hazrda BakDvltLayih nstitutunun Mhndis ilri bsinin risidir. Hsnov Vahid Hseyn olu Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezidentinin 9 noyabr 2007-ci il tarixli srncam il
Azrbaycan Respublikasnn mkdar mhndisi fxri ad il tltif edilmidir.

Q
Born on June 6, 1955 in Baku. Graduated from the Construction Department of Azerbaijan
Polytechnic Institute majoring in Gas Heating Supplies and Ventilation (1972-1980). Since 1972,
he has been working for Bakghiprogor. Currently, he is Head of the Engineering Department. By
the resolution of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, he was awarded Engineer-in-Chief of
the Republic of Azerbaijan on November 9, 2007.

Q
6 1955 . 1972
115 .. ,
1980 . 1972 .
. 9 2007
.

Vahid Hseyn olu


Hsnov
Vahid Hussein oglu Hasanov

Yaay evi, Zivrby hmdbyov


ksi, Bak h. Memarlar Faiq
Yuzbaov, Glar smaylova
Apartment building, Zivarbay
Ahmadbayov St. Architects Faig
Yuzbashev, Gulara Ismayilova

.
,

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0283

0284

Baknn mrkzi tarixi hisssindki


mhllnin sasl planladrlmas v
yenidnqurulmas layihsi. 2012-ci il
The Project of detailed planning and
reconstruction of quarter in the central
historical part of Baku, 2012


., 2012

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baknn mrkzi tarixi hisssindki
mhllnin sasl planladrlmas v
yenidnqurulmas layihsi. 2012-ci il
The Project of detailed planning and
reconstruction of quarter in the central
historical part of Baku, 2012


., 2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0285

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0286

Mmmdov Zlfqar lif olu 1941-ci il yanvar aynn 30-da Brd rayonunun Qll
kndind mllim ailsind anadan olub. 1948-1958 ci illrd Brd hrind 1 sayl orta
mktbi bitirmidir. 1961-1967 ci illrd Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun naat Fakultsinin
Memarlq bsind thsil alm v 1967-ci ild ali thsilini memar ixtisas zr baa vurmudur.
O, ilk df memar kimi faliyyt BakDvtLayih institutunda balamdr. Tez bir zamanda
onun igzarl v bacar nzr alnaraq 1969-cu ild o, ba memar vzifsin , 1973-c ild
is qrup rhbri vzifsin tyin edilmidir.. Bir ox mlki v sosial obyektlrin mllifidir.
Mmmdov Z.. 1974-c ildn Azrbaycan Respublikas Memarlar ttifaqnn zvdr.
Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezidentinin frman il 09.11. 2007-ci ild Respublikannn mkdar
Memar fxri ad il tltif olunmudur. Mmmdov Z.. 01.02. 2008-ci il tarixindn 08.08. 2011ci il tarixin kimi Azrbaycan Respublikas Dvlt hrsalma v Arxitektura Komitsind b
mdiri vzifsind almdr. Hal-hazrda Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun Ba mhndisi v
memarlq bsinin risi vziflrind faliyyt gstrir.

Zlfqar lif olu


Mmmdov
Zulfugar Alif oglu Mammadov

Q
Born on January 30, 1941 in Ghilishli Village, the Barda District of Azerbaijan. Graduated from
the Architectural Department, School of Construction, Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute (19611967). He started his architectural career at Bakghiprogor. His diligence and skills earned him the
position of Senior Architect (1969) and Head of a Group (1973). From 2008 through 2011, he had
been Head of Department at the Republic of Azerbaijans. Committee for Urban Development
and Architecture. Currently, he is Senior Architect and Head of the Architecture Department at
Bakghiprogor.

Q
30 1941 . 1948-1958 1 .
1961-1967 . 1967 .
.. . 1969
, 1973 . ..
. .. 1974 . 2008 2011 ..

. .
9 2007 .. .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Sabir Nazarovi Nazarov 24 oktyabr 1948-ci ild Bak hrind anadan olmudur. 1966-c ild
orta mktbi bitirrk .ldrm adna Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun texnologiya fakltsin
qbul olunub. 1972-ci ild .ldrm adna Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun texnologiya fakltsini
bitirmidir. mk faliyytin 28 sentyabr 1972-ci ild BakDvLayih institutunda balamdr.
Mhndis-texnoloq qismind bir sra layihlrin ilnib hazrlanmasnda itirak etmidir: Glstan saray, Prezident iqamtgahnn qonaq evi, 16 nmrli mssis, 20 nmrli mktb, zoopark,
Mir-Qasmov adna xstxanann rekonstruksiyas, Elmi-tdqiqat Pediatriya nstitutu, Qaraba
mehmanxanasnn rekonstruksiyas, sosial tyinatl mssislr-mktblr,uaq baalar, poliklinikalar, dkanlar, hmdli,Gnli, Yeni-Yasamal, Xrdalan, 9-cu mikrorayon yaay zonalarnda
ictimai ia mssislri. 1990-c ildn mhndis ilri bsinin risi qismind BakDvltlayih
institutunda layihlndirilmd avtomatladrlma sisteminin ttbiqi prosesind bilavasit v fal
itirak etmidir. Naxvani, Plotnikov klrind, Mtbuat, Azadlq prospektlrind yerln
yaay evlrinin, Dnizknar bulvarn razisind Milli parkn eskizinin, Bak hrind XR
sfirliyinin, Prezident iqamtgahnda qonaq evinin, Sahil metrosunun stnd yerln yaay v ofis binalarnn layihlrinin ilnib hazrlanmasnda fal itirak etmidir. Bak hrinin
mrkzi hisssinin detal planlama layihsinin qrafik v nmayi materiallarnn hazrlanmasnda
itirak etmidir. Azrbaycan Prezidentinin 9 noyabr 2007-ci il tarixli srncam il Sabir Nazarovi
Nazarova Azrbaycann mkdar mhndisi ad verilmidir.

Q
Born on 24 October, 1948 in Baku. Graduated from the Technological Department of Ch.Ildrim
Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute (1966-1972). He started his career in Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence
Design and Planning Institute) on September 28, 1972. As a Engineering Technologist, he participated
in developing designs of the Gulustan Palace, Presidential Guest House, Factory #16, School #20,
the Zoo, Mir-Kasimov Hospital reconstruction, Research Institute of Motherhood-and-Childhood
Protection, Hotel Garabakh reconstruction, and such social structures as schools kindergartens,
polyclinics, shops, and foodservice in micro-rayons #9, Ahmadli, Guneshli, Yeni Yasamal and
Khirdalan. Since 1990, he has been actively and directly participating, as Head of the Engineering
Department, in applying the automatic designing system at Bakghiprogor. He actively participated
in computer-and-design developments for residences in Streets Nakhchivani. Avenues Metbuat and
Azadlig; and Seaside National Park, China Embassy in Baku, Office-and-Residence Complex over
Sahil Subway Station, and an office in Jafar Jabbarli Street. By the resolution of President of the
Republic of Azerbaijan, Sabir Nazarovich Nazarov was awarded Engineer-in-Chief of the Republic
of Azerbaijan on November 9, 2007.

Q
24 1948 . 1966 ..,
1972 . 28 1972 . : , , N16, N20, ,
. -, , ,
, , , , , , , -, , 9 . 1990
. .,
, , ,
, .,
, , - ..
. .
9 2007
.
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Sabir Nazarovi
Nazarov
Sabir Nazarovich Nazarov

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0287

0288

Baknn 28 May metro stansiyasnn


yerst xnn yenidn qurulmas layihsi.
2012-ci il. Memarlar lqar sbatov, Elin
Umudov, Nigar fndiyeva
The Project of reconstruction of a land exit
of metro station on May 28 to Baku, 2012.
Architects Ilgar Isbatov, Elchin Umudov,
Nigar Efendiyev

28 ., 2012 .
,
,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baknn Neftilr prospektindki binann
fasadnn yenidnqurulmas layihsi. 2010-cu il.
Memar lqar sbatov
The Project of reconstruction of a facade of a
building on Neftchilyar Ave. to Baku, 2010.
Architect Ilgar Isbatov

. ., 2010 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0289

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0290

Nazim amil olu Poluxov


Nazim Shamil oglu Polukhov

Poluxov Nazim amil olu 1960-c il martn 22-d Grcstan Respublikas Marneuli rayonunun Sdl ndind fhl ailsind anadan olub. 1967-ci ild Sadaxl knd 2 sayl orta
mktbinin birinci sinfin gedib, 1977-ci ild is Sadaxl knd 1 sayl orta mktbini bitirib, 1977-ci
ild Azrbaycan naat-Mhndislri nstitutunun (indiki AzMU-nun) inaat fakltsin qbul
olunub v 1982-ci ild hmin institutda thsilini uurla baa vuraraq inaat-mhndis ixtisasna yiylnib 1982-ci ild AzM-ni bitirdikdn sonra gndril Bakdvltlayih institutunda
mhndis-konstruktor vzifsind i balayb, 1982-ci ilin oktyabr ayndan 1984-c ilin may
ayna qdr Ordu sralarnda xidmt tdikdn sonra 1994-c ilin dekabrn 21-n qdr hmin
institutda mhndis, ba mhndis, aparc mhndis, qrup rhbri, emalatxanann (bnin)
ba konstruktoru vziflrind ilyib. 1994-c il dekabrn 22-dn 1996-c il fevraln 7-n kimi
is Velensa layih firmasnda ba konstruktor, 1996-c il fevraln 8-dn oktyabrn 14-n kimi
is Gnay MS Trk-Azrbaycan birg mssissind mhndis-konsrtuktor vzifsind
ilyib. 1996-c il noyabrn 1-dn 1997-ci avqustun 31-n qdr TASS-in pk yolu proqram
rivsind Danimarkann Ramboll irktind Bak v Trkmnba hrlrinin Br terminalnn rekonstruksiyas v yenidnqurulmas layihsind mhndis-konstruktor vzifsind,
1997-c l sentiyabrn 15-dn 2008-ci il martn 31-n dk Kanadann Stonepay tikinti-layih
firmasnda, Royal-Parkyaay massivinin layihsind mhndis-konstruktor, tikintid is tikintinin ba mhndisi , tikintinin texniki nzart mhndisi vziflrind ilyib. Paralel olaraq Feniks-AA.Nigel,As-Ko, Akademik proje,Aran-Elita,Novco, MDM Mhdud
Msuliyytli Cmiyytlrd v Xzr Gnclrin Elmi Yaradclq Mrkzind Layihlrin Ba
konstruktoru kimi ilmidi . Azrbaycanda tikiln yzlrl ykskmrtbli yaay binalarnn
, adlq evlrinin, dman Olimpiya komplekslrinin, ictimai ,ia v istehsalat binalarnn konstruktiv hesabatn, layihlndirilmsini v tikintisin nzarti yerin yetirmi, hminin digr
respublikalarda-Qazaxstann Aktau, Aktb v Karaqanda hrlrind, Dastann Mahacqala v Drbnd hrlrind yaay binalar komplekslrinin ba konstruktoru olub. 2006-c
ild AzMU-d Dmirbeton yatq qabqlarn kontur konstruksiyalarn srtliyindn asl olaraq
zlzly davamllnn tdqiqi mvzusunda namizdlik dissertasiyasn mdafi edib v texniki elmlr namizdi alimlik drcsini alb. Elmi mqallrin mllifidir. 2008-ci il aprel aynn 1-dn bu gn kimi Bak Dvlt Layih institutunun Ba konstruktoru v konstruktorlar
bsinin risidir.

Q
Born to a manual workers family in Sadakhli Village, the Marneuli District of Georgia
on March 22, 1960. Graduated as a Civil Engineer from the Construction Department of the
Azerbaijan Institute of Engineering and Construction (1977-1982). Professional experience:
1982/1984-1994, Constructor Engineer, Engineer, Senior Engineer, Leading Engineer, Head of a
Group, and Atelier (Department) Constructor-in-Chief, Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design
and Planning Institute); 1994-1996, Constructor-in-Chief, Velensa Designing Company; 1996,
Constructor Engineer, GUNAY IMS Turkey-Azerbaijan Joint Venture; 1996-1997, Constructor
Engineer, Reconstruction and Renovation of Ferry Boat Terminals in Baku and Turkmenbashi,
Ramboll Company (Denmark), TASIS Silk Way Program; 1997-2008, Constructor Engineer/
Engineer-in-Chief/Technical Supervising Engineer, Royal Park Residential Project, Stonepay
(Canada). At the same time, he had been working Constructor-in-Chief for Phoenix AA, Nigel,
As-Ko, Academic Project, Aran-Elite, and Novco Limited Liability Companies; and for projects
by Khazar Junior Scholarly Creative Centre. Since 2008, he has been Constructor-in-Chief
and Head of Constructors Department, Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning
Institute). His participation in construction projects includes constructive calculations, designing
and construction supervision for hundreds of high-rise blocks-of-flats, celebration houses, sport
centres, public buildings, utility structures and factories; he has also been Constructor-in-Chief
for residential complexes in Aktau, Aktube and Karaganda (Kazakhstan); and Makhachkala and
Derbend (Dagestan, Russia). In 2006, he obtained his doctorate in Technical Sciences from the
Azerbaijan Institute of Engineering and Construction for his thesis, Investigating Earthquake
Resistance with Reference to Contour Structures of Ferroconcrete Fundament Blocks. His credits
include a number of special articles.

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

75

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

22 1960 . 1977
- 1982 , , -. - .
1994 , , , , .
1994 1996
. .. -
- . 1996
1997 - Ramboll

. 1997 2008 -
Stonepay, -
Poyal-Park,
. -, ,
-, , -, NOVCO, ,
- . , , ,
,, , . ..
, , ,
. 2006 . . 1 2008
.

Qbl rayonu cra hakimiyytinin


inzibati binasnn layihsi, Qbl
hri. Memar lqar sbatov
Design, the Gabala District
Executive Oficce, Gabala City.
Architect Ilgar Isbatov

,
..

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0291

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0292

Baknn Qlb meydanndak binann


fasadnn yenidn qurulmas layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memarlar lqar sbatov, Elin Umudov
The Project of reconstruction of a facade of
a building on Pobedy Square to Baku, 2012.
Architects Ilgar Isbatov, Elchin Umudov

. , 2012 .
,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Bibiheybt qsbsind AZFEN irkti
inzibati binasnn layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memarlar lqar sbatov, Elin Umudov
The Project of an office building of the
AZFEN company to Bibi-Eybat settlement,
2012. Architects Ilgar Isbatov,
Elchin Umudov

AZFEN .-,
2012 . ,

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0293

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0294

1947-ci ild Bak hrind anadan olub. 1966-c ild orta mktbi bitirdikdn sonra
Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun memarlq bsin daxil olmudur. 1971-ci ild institutu bitirdikdn sonra Azqosproyekt, indiki Dvlt Layih nstitutunda ilmy balamdr.
1974-c ildn is elmi-tdqiqat institutu TbilZNEPd faliyytini davam etdirmidir. 1975-ci
ildn 1985-ci il kimi Moskvann SNPqradostroitelstva elmi-tdqiqat institutunda thsilini
baa atdraraq, 1985-ci ild memarlq zr elmlr namizdi elmi drcsin layiq grlmdr.
1992-ci ildn 2009-cu il kimi memar qismind fiziki xs kimi faliyyt gstrib. 2009-cu ildn
etibarn BakDvltLayih institutunda i balamdr.

Q
hmdaa Rza olu
Mmmdov
Ahmadaga Rza oglu Mammadov

Born in 1947 in Baku. Education/Degree: 1966-1971, Architecture Department, Azerbaijan


Polytechnic Institute; 1975 - 1985, PhD in Architecture, Central Research Institute of Urban
Development in Moscow. Employers: 1971 - 1974, AzGosProject Designing Institute; 1974,
Tbilisi Central Research Designing Institute; 1992 - 2009, self-employed architect; since 2009,
Bakghiprogor.

Q
1947 ..
1966 . 1971 , ,
. 1974 . 1975-1985 . - ., 1985
. 1992 2009
. 2009 .

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Clalt Hmbt qz Orucova 6 iyun 1965-ci ild anadan olub. 1982-ci ild Azrbaycan naat Mhndislri nstitutunun memarlq fakltsin daxil olaraq 1987-ci ild frqlnm diplomu il institutu bitirmidir. 1987-ci ildn BakDvltLayih institutunda ilyir. C.H.Orucova
faliyyti dvrnd memar, aparc memar, layihnin ba memar vziflrind almdr.
Hal-hazrda memarlq bsinin mdiri vzifsind alr. Bir ox yaay v inzibati binalarn
layihlndirilmsind itirak etmidir. Onun rhbrliyi altnda C.Quliyev, H.Zrdabi k. yaay evlri, Azrbaycan Respublikasnn Hollandiyada pavilyonu, Marxal istiraht kompleksi,
Drngl metro stansiyasnn bir hisssinin rekonstruksiyas layihlri ilnib hazrlanmdr.

Q
Born on 6 June, 1965. Education: 1982-1987, Department for Architecture, Azerbaijan Institute
for Engineering and Construction (graduated with distinction). Positions/Employers: since
1987, Architect/Leading Architect/ Project Architect-in-Chief/Head of Architecture Department
, Bakghiprogor. Co-designed a lot of residences and offices; led designing residences in Streets
J.Guliyev and H.Zardabi, Pavilion of the Republic of Azerbaijan in the Netherlands, Marhal
Recreation Complex, a section of Darnagul Subway Station (reconstruction), etc.

Q
6 1965 . 1982
- ,
1987 . 1987
. .. , , .
. . ..,
., , , .

Clalt Hmbt qz
Orucova
Djalalat Humbat ghizi
Orujova

0295

Hollandiyann Venlo hrind


keiriln Floriada gl srgisind
Azrbaycan Respublikasnn
pavilyonu
Pavilion of the Azerbaijan Republic
at the flower-show Floriada in
of Venlo, Holland


.,

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0296

Baknn 28 May metro stansiyasnn


texnoloji korpusunun layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memarlar Ofeliya Babayeva, Elin Umudov
The Project of the technological case of metro
station on May 28 to Baku, 2012. Opheliya
Babayeva, Elchin Umudovs architects

28 ., 2012 .
,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Baknn Nizami ksind yaay


evinin layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memar lqar sbatov
The Project of a residential building on
Nizami St. to Baku, 2012.
Architect Ilgar Isbatov

. ., 2012 .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Eyvazov akir sgrxan olu 07 oktyabr 1978 ci ild Sabirabad rayonunda anadan olub.
2000-ci ild Azrbaycan naat Mhndislari Universitetini Tikintinin iqtisadiyyat v idar
olunmas ixtisas zr bitirmidir. mk faliyytin 2002-ci ildn balamdr. Kompter
proqramlarn mkmml mnismsi nticsind layihlndirm ilrin aktiv qoula bilmi v
uurlar ld etmidir. zl mssislrd toplad tcrb ona Bak Dvlt Layih institutunda
qsa mddt rzind frqlnmy imkan vermidir. O vvlc b mdiri, daha sonra is
nstitutun direktor mavini vzifsin tyin olunmudur. Bak Dvlt Layih institutunun
n masir texnoloji avadanlqlarla tchiz olunmasnda v iilrin bu texnikalardan istifadni
mnismsind .Eyvazov yksk tkilatlq qabiliyyti v zmkarlq nmayi etdirmidir. O
eyni zamanda layihlrin ayr-ayr blmlrinin hazrlanmasnda bilavasit rhbrlik etmidir.
Xsusn mvcud binalarn fasadlarnn yenidn qurulmasnda .Eyvazov bir mtxsis kimi
frqlnmidir.Onun itirak il hazrlanm layihlr sasnda Neftilr prospektind, stiqlaliyyt
ksind yaay binalarnn fasadlarnn yenidn qurulmas, 6 v 18 sayl mktblrin yeni
korpuslar ina edilmidir.

akir sgrxan olu


Eyvazov
Shakir Asgarkhan oglu
Eyvazov

Q
Born on October 7, 1978 in Azerbaijans Sabirabad District. Education: Construction Economy
and Construction Management, Azerbaijan University for Construction Engineering (graduated
in 2000). His professional activities started in 2002. Positions/Employers: Head of Department,
then Deputy Director, Bakghiprogor. His earlier experience at private companies and perfect
computer skills had let him quickly reach professional success, actively joining design processes
and directly leading some of their parts. He is credited up-to-date equipping Bakghiprogor
and relevant training the staff. Participation in other projects: facade reconstructions in Avenue
Neftchiler and Istiqlaliyyat Street; construction of two schools in Baku.

Q
7 1978 .
2000
- . .
.. .
.. :
. , .
.. .
.. ., .,
6 18.

0298

Yaay binasnn rekonstruksiyas,


Sbayl rayonu, Bak h.
Reconstruction of multystoried house
in the Sabayel district, Baku


.
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

0300

Azrbaycan Respublikasnn Rusiya


Federasiyasnn Moskva hrindki
mumrusiya Srgi Mrkzindki
pavilyonunun layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memarlar lqar sbatov, Elin Umudov
The Project of pavilion of the Azerbaijani
Republic on the All-Russia exhibition center
in Moscow, the Russian Federation, 2012.
Architects Ilgar Isbatov, Elchin Umudov


., ,
2012 . ,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Azrbaycan Respublikasnn Rusiya
Federasiyasnn Moskva hrindki
mumrusiya Srgi Mrkzindki
pavilyonunun layihsi. 2012-ci il. Memarlar
lqar sbatov, Elin Umudov
The Project of pavilion of the Azerbaijani
Republic on the All-Russia exhibition center
in Moscow, the Russian Federation, 2012.
Architects Ilgar Isbatov, Elchin Umudov


., ,
2012 . ,

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0301

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0302

Nina Vasilyevna Qonarova 6 may 1946-c ild Bak hrind anadan olmudur. 1964-ci
ild 68 nmrli mktbin 11 sinfini bitirib. Hmin il BakDvltLayih institutunun buraxl
bsin texnik vzifsind i qbul olunub. 1978-ci ildn buraxl bsinin mdiri vzifsind
alr. Hal-hazrda mssisnin layih-smeta sndlrinin arxiv verilmsi v buraxl bsinin
mdiridir.

Q
Born on May 6, 1946 in Baku. She started her career at Bakghiprogor in 1964, her very
school graduation year, as Release Department Technician. Since 1978, she has been Head of the
Department. Currently, she is also holding the identical position at the Institute Archive

Q
Nina Vasilyevna
Qonarova
Nina Vasilyevna Goncharova

6 1946 . 1964
11 68.
. 1978
.
.

Azrbaycanda in Xalq
Respublikas sfirliyinin binalar
kompleksi, Xqani k., Bak h.
Complex of buildings of embassy
of the Chinese National Republic in
Azerbaijan, Khagani St., Baku


, ., .

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Qurbanova Kamil Cfr qz 1951-ci il mart aynn 3-d Bak hrind anadan olub. 1959-1969
cu illrd 160 sayl orta mktbd thsil alb. 1969 cu ild Xalq Tsrrfat nstitutuna qbul olmudur v 1974-c ild institutu bitirmidir. 1974-c ildn bu gn qdr Bakdvltlayih institutunda alr. Faliyyt iqtisad vzifsind balamdr. Ondan sonra ba iqtisad, aparc
iqtisad, qrup rhbri, ba mhasibin mavini, institutun ba iqtisads ilmidir. Hal-hazrda
ba mhasib vzifsind alr. Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezidentinin Frman il 09.11.2011-ci
ild Trqqi medal il tltif olunmudur.

Q
Born on March 3, 1951 in Baku. Graduated from the National Institute of Economics (19691974). From 1974, she has been working for Bakghiprogor (Baku Residence Design and Planning
Institute) as an Economist, Leading Economist, Head of a Group, Deputy Chief Accountant, and
Institute Economist-in-Chief, and (currently) Accountant-in-Chief. On 09.11.2011, Ms.Gurbanova
was awarded the Taraggi Medal by a resolution of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Q
3 1951 . 1959-1969
160. 1969 , 1974 . 1974
. ,
, , , , .
. 9 2011 .

Kamil Cfr qz
Qurbanova
Kamila Jafar kizi Gurbanova

Azrbaycanda in Xalq
Respublikas sfirliyinin binalar
kompleksi, Xqani k., Bak h.
Complex of buildings of embassy
of the Chinese National Republic in
Azerbaijan, Khagani St., Baku


, ., .

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0303

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Larisa li Mirz qz Hmzyeva 1939-cu il oktyabrn 11-d Bak hrind anadan olub.
1957-ci ildn 1961-ci il qdr Leninskaya Elektroset mssissind ilmidir. 1962-ci ild
Bak energetika texnikumunu bitirmidir. 1961-ci ildn 1995-ci il qdr Azqospromproyekt layih institutunda ilmidir. 1962-ci ildn 1968-ci il qdr Azrbaycan Neft v Kimya institutunda thsil alaraq mhndiselektrik ixtisasna yiylnmidir. 1997-ci ildn 1999-cu
il qdr Azrneftlayihtikinti layih institutunda ilmidir. 1999-cu ildn bu gn qdr
BakDvltLayih institutunda alr. L.Hmzyeva institutda ildiyi dvrd yksk
pekarlqla aadak ilri yerin yetirmidir: Azrbaycanda in Xalq Respublikasnn
sfirliyinin binas, Azadlq, Mfiq, Avtovazal metro stansiyalarnn, Respublika mehmanxanasnn rekonstruksiyas, Fvqlad Hallar Nazirliyi Akademiyasnn kompleksi, Bak
metropoliteninin texnoloji korpusunun ii layihsi, Bak . Yasamal rayonunda poliklinika v s.

Q
Larisa li Mirz qz
Hmzyeva
Larissa Ali Mirza ghizi
Gamzayeva

Born on October 11, 1939 in Baku. Education: 1961- 1962, Baku Energy College; 1962-1968,
Engineer Electrician, M.Azizbeyov Azerbaijan Institute for Oil and Chemistry. Employers/
Positions: 1957-1961, Leninskaya Electroset; 1961-1995, AzGosPromProject; 1997-1999,
AzerNeftLayiheTikinti; since 1999, Bakghiprogor. Successful designs/implementations: China
Embassy in Baku; reconstruction of Azadlig, Mushfig and AvtoVogzal Subway Stations; Academy
of Ministry for Emergency Situations; Baku Subway Technical Building (draft design); a polyclinic
in Bakus Yasamal District, etc.

Q
11 1939 .. 1957 1961
. 1962 . 1961 1995 .
1962 1968 ..,
-. 1997 1999
Azrneftlayihtikinti. 1999 . .. : ,
, , ,
,
, . .

0304

Nizami ksind yerln binann


rekonstruksiyas, Bak h.
The project of reconstruction of a
building on Nizami St., Baku

., .

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

Aslanova Firuz Smd qz 1948-ci ild iyul aynn 26-da anadan olub. 1955-1966 c illrd 134
sayl orta mktbd thsil alb. 1966-c ild Azrbaycan Politexnik nstitutunun naat fakultsinin
Su tchizat v kanalizasiya ixtisasna qbul olunmudur. 1972-ci ild institutu bitirmidir. 1967ci ildn bu gn qdr Bakdvltlayih institutunda alr. Bakdvltlayih institutunda
ilyrkn aadak layih ilrind itirak etmidir: hmdli qsbsind mikrorayon; Yeni
Yasamalda mikrorayon; Xoreoqrafiya mktbi; in Xalq Respublikasnn Sfirliyi; Badamdar
qsbsind yaay evlri; Azadlq, Mviq metro stansiyalarnn abadladrlmas; Naxvan MR
Fvqlad Hallar Nazirliyinin inzibati binas; Respublika mehmanxanasnn rekonstruksiyas;
Azrbaycan Respublikas Fvqlad Hallar Nazirliyinin Akademiya kompleksi; Cavanir
ksind yaay evi; Bak hrinin mrkzi hisssinin yenidn qurulmasnn mfssl
planladrma layihsi v s.

Q
Born on July 26, 1948. Graduated from the Water Supplies and Sewerage Department,
Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute (1968-1972). Since 1967, she has been working for Bakghiprogor
(Baku Residence Design and Planning Institute) . Projects she has participated in include microrayons (commuter towns) in Ahmadli and Yeni Yasamal, Choreographic School, China Embassy,
residences in Badamdar, Azadlig and Mushvig Subway Stations; an office for the Ministry of
Emergency of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, the reconstruction of the Hotel Republic, a
complex for the Academy of the Ministry of Emergency for the Republic of Azerbaijan, a residence
in Javanshir Street in Baku, the detailed reconstruction of Bakus centre etc.

Firuz Smd qz
Aslanova
Firuza Samad ghizi Aslanova

Q
26 1948 . 1955-1966
134. 1966 ,
1972 . 1967
.
: , , ,
, , , , ., , , , ..

0305

Nizami ksind yerln binann


rekonstruksiyas, Bak h.
The project of reconstruction of a
building on Nizami St., Baku

., .

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0306

Bakda Fvqlad Hallar Nazirliyi


Akademiya binasnn layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memarlar lqar sbatov, akir Eyvazov
The Project of a building of Academy of the
Ministry of Emergency Situations to Baku,
2012. Architects Ilgar Isbatov, Shakir Eyvazov

.,
2012 . ,

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

The Project of a building of Academy of the


Ministry of Emergency Situations to Baku,
2012. Architects Ilgar Isbatov, Shakir Eyvazov

., 2012
. ,

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Bakda Fvqlad Hallar Nazirliyi


Akademiya binasnn layihsi. 2012-ci il.
Memarlar lqar sbatov, akir Eyvazov

0307

0308

Azrbaycan Respublikasnn Prezidenti


lham liyev Dvlt hrsalma v Memarlq
komitsind Bak hri mrkzi hisssinin
sasl planladrlmas layihsinin mzakirsi
zaman, 2012-ci il
Visit by the President of the Azerbaijan
Republic Ilham Aliyev of the State committee
on Urban Development and Architecture.
Discussion of the Project of detailed planning
of the central part of Baku. 2012



.

..
2012

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Azrbaycan Respublikasnn Prezidenti
lham liyev Dvlt hrsalma v Memarlq
komitsind Bak hri mrkzi hisssinin
sasl planladrlmas layihsinin mzakirsi
zaman, 2012-ci il
Visit by the President of the Azerbaijan
Republic Ilham Aliyev of the State committee
on Urban Development and Architecture.
Discussion of the Project of detailed planning
of the central part of Baku. 2012



.

.. 2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0309

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

75

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r

0311

Baknn Yasamal rayonunda yaay binasnn


layihsi. 2012-ci il. Memarlar lqar sbatov,
Elin Umudov
The Project of a residential building in the
Yasamalsky region of Baku, 2012. Architects
Ilgar Isbatov, Elchin Umudov

., 2012 .
,
Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Byk Baknn
Regional nkiaf Plan.
Planladrlan zonann
razidn istifad xritsi
Great Baku Regional
Development Plan. Landuse
Map of the Planning Zone

.

Baku State Project Institute /

0314

BakDvltLayih institutunun direktoru


lqar sbatov Azrbaycan Respublikasnn
Prezidenti lham liyev Bak hrinin
glck inkiaf il bal tkliflr haqqnda
mlumat verir
The director of Bakgiprogor design institute
Ilgar Isbatov tells to the President of the
Azerbaijan Republic Ilham Aliyev about
offers on further development of Baku





.

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
BakDvltLayih institutunun direktoru
lqar sbatov Azrbaycan Respublikasnn
Prezidenti lham liyev Bak hrinin
glck inkiaf il bal tkliflr haqqnda
mlumat verir
The director of Bakgiprogor design institute
Ilgar Isbatov tells to the President of the
Azerbaijan Republic Ilham Aliyev about
offers on further development of Baku





.

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0315

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0317

Baknn mrkzi hisssinin sasl planladrlmas


layihsinin materiallar, 2011-ci il
Materials of the Project of detailed planning of the
central part of Baku, 2011

., 2011

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0318

Baknn mrkzi hisssinin sasl


planladrlmas layihsinin materiallar,
2011-ci il
Materials of the Project of detailed planning
of the central part of Baku, 2011

.,
2011
B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

75

illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr

ol u n u r

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baknn mrkzi hisssinin sasl


planladrlmas layihsinn materiallar,
2011-ci il
Materials of the Project of detailed
planning of the central part of Baku, 2011


., 2011

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0321

Baknn mrkzi hisssinin


sasl planladrlmas layihsinn
materiallar, 2011-ci il
Materials of the Project of detailed planning
of the central part of Baku, 2011

.,
2011

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Bakda igzar mrkzin layihsi, 2012-ci il


The Project of the business center to Baku, 2012
., 2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75
illik

Bak

yu biley i n

Dvlt

L a y ih

h sr
ol u n u r

0323

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

0324

BakDvltLayih institutunun
mkdalar bu gn. 14 sentyabr 2012-ci il
Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute today.
On September 14, 2012

.
14 2012

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
BakDvltLayih institutunun
mkdalar bu gn. 14 sentyabr 2012-ci il
Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute today.
On September 14, 2012

.
14 2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0325

0326

BakDvltLayih institutunun
mkdalar bu gn. 14 sentyabr 2012-ci il
Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute today.
On September 14, 2012

.
14 2012

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

illik

yu biley i n

h sr

ol u n u r
BakDvltLayih institutunun
mkdalar bu gn. 14 sentyabr 2012-ci il
Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute today.
On September 14, 2012

.
14 2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

75

0327

BakDvltLayih institutunun
mkdalar bu gn. 14 sentyabr 2012-ci il
Staff of Bakgiprogor design institute today.
On September 14, 2012

.
14 2012

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0330

BakDvltLayih
institutunun kemi v indiki
mkdalarn doma ocan
75 illiyi mnasibtil
rkdn tbrik edirik!

We congratulate
all former and present employees
of Bakgiprogor design institute
on the 75 anniversary
of our native enterprise!




75-
!

Bu gn biz yubileyimizi
bu trkibd qarlayrq:

Today we meet our anniversary


in the following structure:

Aslanova Firz Smd qz


Atayev Firdovsi brahim olu
Aayev Rft Nadir olu
Bataqova Ldmila Aleksandrovna
Barov Heydr sgndr olu
Buynak Lidiya Nikolayevna
Cfrli Orxan Elbrus olu
Eyvazov akir sgrxan olu
liyev Elmar lkbr olu
liyeva Fatim Hacli qz
fndiyeva Nbar Fizuli qz
hmdova Almaz Mustafa qz
Ftliyeva Mlaht Frmz qz
Hacliyev Elnur Akif olu
Hsnov Vahid Hseyn olu
Hseynov Altay Ramiz olu
Hseynova Cmil lham qz
Hmzayeva Larisa Mirzoyevna
Hsnzad Frid Asif qz
Hsnova Aynur Yaar qz
brahimov hliman Polad olu
sayev sa Vasilyevi
sbatov lqar Aydn olu
smaylova Clbiyy ahbaz qz
smaylov smayl Allahverdi olu
smaylova Knl Cbrayl qz
smaylova Nzakt Aa-Mehdi qz
Krimov Hidayt Vilayt olu
Qarayev Frhaf Abdi olu
Qonarova Nina Vasilyevna
Quliyeva Natella Tofiqovna
Qulubyov Aarhim Aazki olu

Agayev Rufat Nadir oglu


Ahmadova Almaz Mustafa gizi
Aliyev Elmar Alekber oglu
Aliyeva Fatima Hajiali gizi
Aslanova Firuza Samad gizi
Atayev Firdovsi Ibrahim oglu
Bagirov Heydar Iskandar oglu
Batagova Lyudmila Alexandrovna
Buynak Lydia Nikolaevna
Efendiyeva Nubar Fizuli gizi
Eyvazov Shakir Askarhan oglu
Fataliyeva Malahat Faramaz gizi
Garayev Farhad Abdi oglu
Goncharova Nina Vasilyevna
Guliyeva Natella Tofikovna
Gurbanova Kamila Jafar gizi
Hajialiyev Elnur Akif oglu
Hamzayeva Larissa Mirzoyevna
Hasanov Vahid Huseyn oglu
Hasanova Aynur Yashar gizi
Hasanzada Farida Asif gizi
Huseynov Altay Ramiz oglu
Huseynova Jamila Ilham gizi
Ibrahimov Ahliman Polad oglu
Isayev Isa Vasilyevich
Isbatov Ilgar Aydin oglu
Ismailov Ismail Allahverdi oglu
Ismailova Jalabiya Shahbaz gizi
Ismailova Konul Jabrayil gizi
Ismailova Nazaket Aga-Mehti gizi
Jafarli Orhan Elbrus oglu
Kerimov Hidayat Vilayet oglu

B a k

D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

Kulibayov Agarahim Agazeki oglu


Lyatifov Javanshir Shukur oglu
Mahmudova Malahat Rakif gizi
Mammadov Ahmadaga Rza oglu
Mammadov Amin Faramaz oglu
Mammadov Inglab Ibrahim oglu
Mammadov Zulfugar Alif oglu
Mammadova Aynur Dayanat gizi
Mammadova Gariba Jahid gizi
Mursalova Aynur Bahtiyar gizi
Mustafayev Kamran Nadir oglu
Mustafayeva Fidan Vagif
Nagiyeva Svetlana Aliyevna
Najafov Mamedali Alaskar oglu
Nazarov Sabir Nazarovich
Orujlu Sevinj Elchin gizi
Orujova Jalalet Humbat gizi
Petrenko Natalia Alexandrovna
Poluhov Nazim Shamil oglu
Rasulova Natavan Nushiravan gizi
Rustamov Habib Nushiravan oglu
Rustamov Ravan Rasim oglu
Rzaguliyeva Dilshad Isa gizi
Sadyhov Nasimi Isa oglu
Sadyhov Yusif Mehdi oglu
Sadyhova Samira Faik gizi
Shahmuradov Ilkin Abdoul oglu
Shyukyurlu Ahliman Gulu oglu
Sultanova Stella Rafail gizi
Umudov Elchin Azer oglu
Yusifov Nizami Tofik oglu
Yuzbashova Samira Sanan gizi

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

Qurbanova Kamil Cfr qz


Ltifov Cavanir kr olu
Mahmudova Mlaht Rakif qz
Mustafayev Kmran Nadir olu
Mustafayeva Fidan Vaqif qz
Mrslova Aynur Bxtiyar qz
Mmmdov hmdaa Rza olu
Mmmdov Amin Framiz olu
Mmmdov Zlfqar lif olu
Mmmdov nqlab brahim olu
Mmmdova Aynur Dyant qz
Mmmdova Qrib Cahid qz
Nazarov Sabir Nazarovi
Nayeva Svetlana liyevna
Ncfov Mmmdli lsgr olu
Oruclu Sevinc Elin qz
Orucova Clalt Hmbt qz
Petrenko Natalya Aleksandrova
Poluxov Nazim amil olu
Rzaquliyeva Dilad sa qz
Rstmov Rvan Rasim olu
Rstmov Hbib Nuirvan olu
Rsulova Natavan Nuirvan qz
Sadqov Yusif Mehdi olu
Sadqova Samir Faiq qz
Sadqov Nsimi sa olu
Sultanova Stella Rafail qz
ahmuradov lkin bdl olu
krl hliman Qulu olu
Umudov Elin Azr olu
Yusubov Nizami Tofik olu
Yuzbaova Samir Snan qz

0331

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

0332

stifad olunan dbiyyat v digr informasiya


mnblrinin siyahs:
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liyev E.T. Masir azrbaycan memarlar, Mega Basm nriyyat, stanbul h., 2008 il.
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liyev E.T. Bak memarlq abidlrind fasad heykltralq nmunlri, Mega Basm
nriyyat, stanbul h., 2010 il.
liyev E.T. Mkanlarn astanasnda. Bak tarixini yazan qaplar, Mega Basm nriyyat,
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Qlman lkin, Bak v bakllar, Zaman nriyyat, Bak h., 1999 il.
The Architecture Collection, Volume 1, Everbest Printing, Hong Kong, 2002.
Elchin Aliyev, Nino Laghidze Red Bridge. Contemporary architects of Southern Caucasus
(Azerbaijan, Georgia), Mega Basim Publishing, Istambul, 2012
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Carles Broto, Josep M. Minguet, Facades, Spain, 1999
Clifford A. Pearson, Modern American Houses, Taschen, 1992
Dennis Sharp, Pierre Mardaga, Histoire visuelle de Larchitecture du XXe sicle, Secker of
Warburg, 1972
Ivan Zaknic, Matthew Smith, Dolores Rice, 100 of the Worlds Tallest Buildings, Images
Publishing, 1998
Justin Henderson, Nora Richter Green, Design Secrets: Architectural Interiors, Taschen, 2001
Philip Jodidio, Architecture Now, Taschen, 2004
S.Giedion, Raum, Zeit, Architektur: Die Entstehung einer neuen Tradition, Otto Maier Verlag,
Ravensburg, 1975.
Susan Zevon, Outside Architecture, Mitchell Bearley Publications, 1999

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, ., 1964 .
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D v l t

L a y i h

n s t i t u t u

1937-2012

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, ., 1937 .
.., ,
, , 1989 .
., .,
, , ., 1950 .
.., XVI-XIX ..
, ., 1964 .
.., XVI-XIX .. , ., 1959 .
.., , ,
., 1958 .
.., .., .., , , ., 1963 .
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, ., 1978 .
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.., , ,
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www.all-pages.com, www.azerbaijan.az, www.bakgiprogor.az, www.bakucity.az,
www.bakupages.com, www.bakusearch.com, www.google.az, www.megabook.ru,
www.ourbaku.com, www.redbridge.az, www.unesco.org, www.wikipedia.org,
www.window2baku.com, www.baku.ru, www.totalarch.com

Bak

Dvlt

L a y ih

ns titutu

1 9 3 7 - 2 0 1 2

Baku Residence Design and Planning institute /

26.
27.
28.
29.

0333

lqar Aydn olu sbatov 4 Sentyabr 1964-c ild anadan olmudur. 1987-ci ild Moskva Memarlq nstitutunun hrsalma
fakltsini frqlnm diplomu il bitirmi, Bak Dvlt Layih nstitutunun Bak hrinin Ba Plann ilyib hazrlayan emalatxanada i balamdr. Memar dflrl respublika msabiqlrinin v lin n yax layihsi msabiqsinin qalibi olmudur. .sbatov 1998-2001-ci illrd Azrbaycan Dvlt Layih nstitutunda layihnin ba memar kimi almdr. O, 2001-ci ild
Feniks-AA zl irktini tsis etmi, orada memarlq layihlndirmsi iini davam etdirmidir. Bu gn Feniks-AA irktinin
yerin yetirdiyi layihlr sasnda onlarla yaay evi v quru tikilmidir v tikilmkddir. .sbatov 25 illik pekar faliyyti
dvrnd 100-dn artq memarlq layihsi hazrlam v hyata keirmidir. 13 fevral 2008-ci ild .sbatov Bak Dvlt Layih
nstitutuna direktor vzifsin tyin edilmidir. Otn dvr rzind o, institutun kadr potensialnn v maddi-texniki bazasnn
inkiafnda hmiyytli ilr grmy mvffq olmu, hminin bir ox layihlrin hazrlanmasnda bilavasit itirak etmidir.
Baki Dvlt Layih nstitutu 2009, 2010-cu illrin nticlrin gr MDB lklri arasnda n yax layih tkilat nominasiyasnn qalibi olmu, lqar sbatov is 2011-ci ilin nticlrin gr n yax layih tkilat rhbri adna layiq gorlmdr. 2009,
2010, 2011-ci illrd lkdaxili v MDB mkannda keiriln ilin n yax layihlri v tikintisi nominasiyalar zr msabiqlrin
qalibi v laureat olmudur. Onun rhbrliyi altnda hal-hazrda Byk Baknn Regional nkiaf Plannn hazrlanmasnda Bak
Dvlt Layih nstitutu Ba Koordinator kimi itirak edir. .sbatov 2010-cu ild Azrbaycan Respublikas Prezidentinin frman
il Trqqi medalna, 2012-ci ild is Azrbaycann mkdar memar fxri adna layiq grlmdr.
Ilgar Aydin oglu Isbatov Born in 04.09.1964. In 1987, he, with distinction, graduated from the Urban Development Department of
Moscow Architectural Institute and started working for the Baku General Layout Atelier at Bakghiprogor. Subsequent positions:
Project Architect-in-Chief, AzGosProject (from 1998 to 2001); Founder, Feniks- A.A architectural company (since 2001). On
February 13, 2008, Ilgar Isbatov was appointed Director of Bakghiprogor. Mr.Isbatov has designed and actively headed many
architectural projects. He has been one of the authors and Architect-in-Chief of Central Bakus Detailed Layout, developed since
2009 and successfully completed in 2011. As Director, he is leading Bakghiprogors chief coordination of Greater Bakus Regional
Development Plan. He participated in team designing the Baku Seaside Boulevard, which later became the basis for the National
Park design. His company, Feniks - A.A., has dozens of projects under construction in Baku. Mr.Isbatov has been repeatedly
awarded by national professional contests; Taraggi Medal by President of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2010); and Architect-ofHonours of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2012). In 2011, he was awarded CIS Best Chief of Designing Institute. CIS Best Design
and Years Best Implementation are also among his awards. Led by Mr. Isbatov, Bakghiprogor was awarded CIS Best Designing
Organisation in 2009 and 2010.
4 1964 . 1987
.. 1998 2001
. 2001 . Feniks-AA, . , FeniksAA, . 13 2008
. .. 2009 2010 . 2011
.. . 2009,
2010 2011 .. . ..
., 2009 2011
. .. . 2010
. . 2012 .
.

Elin Tofiq olu liyev 1967-ci il sentyabrn 18-d Bak hrind anadan olmudur. Azrbaycan naat Mhndislri nstitutunun memarlq fakultsini 1989-cu ild frqlnm diplomu il bitirmidir. S.V.S.T.- d (Slovakiya Ali Texniki Mktbi) istehsalat tcrbsi kemidir. 1988-ci ildn Sovet ttifaqnn squtuna qdr mumittifaq Gnc Memarlar cmiyytinin Zaqafqaziya
bsinin Sdri olmudur. 1989-cu ildn Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn zvdr. 1998-ci ildn Azrbaycan Dizaynerlr ttifaqnn zvdr. 1994-c ildn Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn dar Heytinin zvdr. 1998-ci ild memarlq zr namizdlik
dissertasiyasn mdafi etmidir. yirmi illik professional faliyyti zaman 70-dn ox memarlq v dizayner layihlrini yaratm v hyata keirmidir. E.T.liyevin layihlri Rusiya, ran, AB, Trkiy, Fransa, Almaniya, Grcstan kimi lklrin mxtlif
mkafatlar v diplomlar il tltif edilmidir. Dflrl Azrbaycan memarlar ttifaq trfindn lknin n yax memar adna
layiq grlmdr v 2008-ci ild Azrbaycan Memarlar ttifaqnn Qzl rf nian il tltif edilmidir. Hminin, mxtlif
lklrin Memarlar v Dizaynerlr ttifaqlarnn, Memarlar ttifaqlarnn Beynlxalq Assosiasiyasnn, rq lklri Beynlxalq
Memarlq Akademiyasnn, Azrbaycan Mdniyyt Nazirliyinin v bir ox dvlt, zl v beynlxalq tkilatlarn diplom,
tkkrnam v fxri frmanlar il tltif edilmidir. Memarlq, hrsalma v dizayn sahsind qrxdan ox elmi mqalnin v
yeddi kitabn mllifidir.
Elchin Tofig oglu Aliyev was born in Baku on September 18, 1967. In 1989, he graduated with distinction from the Department
of Architecture, Azerbaijan Institute for Engineering and Construction. He passed his internship at S.V.S.T. (Slovakian Higher
Technical School, Bratislava). From 1988 till the collapse of the USSR, he had been Chairman of the South-Caucasian Section, the
USSR Society of Young Architects. His professional membership includes the Union of Architects of Azerbaijan (from 1989), Board
thereof, and Union of Designers of Azerbaijan (from 1998). He has obtained his PhD in Architecture (1998). He has developed
and implemented more than 70 architectural and design projects. His projects have been awarded in Russia, Iran, the US, Turkey,
France, Germany and Georgia. The Union of Architects of Azerbaijan has repeatedly recognized Elchin T.Aliyev the best architect
in the country. In 2008, the Union awarded him the Honorary Golden Badge. He has also been awarded Diplomas and Letters-ofGratitude by foreign national unions of architects and designers, the International Association of Unions of Architects, Ministry
of Culture of Azerbaijan, and other governmental, public and international organisations. He has written seven books and more
than forty scientific articles in the field of architecture, design and urban development.
18 1967. . . 1989
. S.V.S.T. ( , ). 1988.
. 1989. 1998. 1994.
. 1998. . 70- . .. , , , , , , .
. 2008
.
, , , , ,
, , . , .