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Georg Scheuerer

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

j

U D j S
t
x j

Ui

, Dj

, S

ij p ij

gi

q j ij P ij U j

g iU i

[]
-

Fluent:
DPM (Discrete Phase Model),
MPM (Macroscopic Particle Model)

Fluent:
VOF, Mixture model, Eulerian model

k-

k-


-

+

+


:

:
N


:

1
lim
N N


n 1


:
1
M k lim
N N

M
k

n 1

k (
(volume fraction) ):
1 N
k lim M k n
N N
n 1
(Np ):
Np


m 1

k m

Ui

Mk Mk

k
Mk

M k U i M k U i

k k
Mk

M k E M k E

M k k k


:
- Mk

:

:

j
M k M k
U
t
x j

j
M k
M k U
t
x j

, .
.

M k

M
j
k

U

x
j

U j
Mk

x
j

, .
.


nt

2
:
M k
Vint
1

t
Vint

:
M k 1

x j

M k
j M k
Vint
0
t
x j

U
:

t
x j

k
t

x j

k U V
j

j
int

0
k

M k
x j


k


k:
dMk/dx

Np


m 1

k m

Ui

k p
xi

Uj
x j

x j

ij
k

Ui

k gi

M k
M k ij
ij M k
U U V

x j
x j
xi
i

j
int


:
( 3)
( 2)
( 1)
:

= []
( 0)


:
5 Np: U 1 , U 2 , U 3 , p k , k
k
k
k

3 Np:
1 Np:
1:

!
:
p1 p

Np



:
Ishii, Thermo-Fluid Dynamic Theory of Two-Phase Flow
(1975)
Drew & Passman, Theory of Multicomponent Fluids (1998)


,

Ishii Drew & Passman

k k k kU

t
x j

:
Np


m 1

k m

Np


m 1

k m

k kU
t

U
k

x j

k pk k

xi
x j

ij

g
k

kU i k M i k N i k

-

:
k pk
0
k k gi N i k
xi
:
pk
0 k
k k gi
xi
:
k
0 pk
N ik
xi
N

2
1

p1 1
x2

k kU i k k k U j k U i k

t
x j

k pk k ij k

k k g i M i k [...]
xi
x j
(. . )
(Nik = 0)
i

U
k k 0


( )
U mi ix 1U i1 2U i 2

mixU i mix mixU j mixU i mix


p ij mix

mix gi
t
x j
xi
x j
-

mixU i mix mixU j mixU i mix


p ij mix

mix gi
t
x j
xi
x j
( ,
..)

11 11U j mix

0, 2 1 1
t
x j

Volume of Fluid (VOF) : Fluent


Homogenous free surface flow model
: CFX
: (, )
,

k k U i k k k U j kU i k

t
x j

k pk k ij k

k k gi M i k
xi
x j
+
(Nik = 0)
i

U
k k 0




M 1i 11 2 A12 F12 U 2i U1i U 2i U1i

M 2i M 1i
: 0
A12 , 1/L
F12
(,
1, 2)


Interfacial Area Density (IAD)

,


Interfacial Area Density (IAD)

,


( )

:

(, , )


F12


:
f , p
dp ;
Ur
;
Ap
;


( )
:

(, ,
)




(dk, dl)