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Holocaust Internet Scavenger Hunt Complete the following scavenger hunt to familiarize yourself with the Holocaust.

You may use the websites given to complete the answers or any additional website you wish. 1. Define the term Holocaust: The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-

sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.
2. What does it mean?

Sacrifice by fire
3. List five groups persecuted by the Nazis during WWII. http://www.ushmm.org/learn 1. Poles 2. Jews 3. Gypsies 4. The Disabled 5. Russains 3. How did the Nazis determine who was a Jew and who was not?

German officials identified Jews residing in Germany through census records, tax returns, synagogue membership lists, parish records (for converted Jews), routine but mandatory police registration forms, the questioning of relatives, and from information provided by neighbors and officials.
4. Compare and contrast 2 maps: the European Jewish population in 1933 map and the European Jewish population in 1950 map. Choose 3 European countries from the maps and give before and after data (specific numbers) of the Jewish population before 1933-and after, 1950. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?ModuleId=10005161&MediaId=358 http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?ModuleId=10005143&MediaId=360 Country 1. Poland 2. Romania 3. Czechoslovakia Before 3,000,000 980,000 357,000 After 45,000 280,000 17,000

5. Describe the Nuremburg Laws. http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/timeline/nazifica.htm

Hitler announced the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. These laws stripped Jews of their civil rights as German citizens and separated them from Germans legally, socially, and politically. Jews were also defined as a separate race under "The Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor." Being Jewish was now determined by ancestry; thus the Germans used race, not religious beliefs or practices, to define the Jewish people. This law forbade marriages or sexual relations between Jews and Germans.

6. Using the timeline in the year 1938, Joseph

Goebbels was the Minister of Propaganda

7. Describe what happened during Kristallnacht and its purpose. On November 9-10, 1938, Nazis in Germany torched synagogues, vandalized Jewish Homes, schools and businesses and killed about 100 Jews. Kristallnacht was a turning point in Nazi anti-Jewish policy that would culminate in the Holocaustthe systematic, state-sponsored mass murder of the European Jews. 8. Locate the website: http://library.thinkquest.org/trio/TTQ03068/finalsolution.htm Describe Hitlers Final Solution for the Jews. Hitlers Final Solution was to kill Jews throughout Europe along with other races he believed to be sub-humans.

9. Explain the methods Hitler used to carry out his Final Solution. Germany invaded the Soviet Union to gather up Jews. They collected as many Jews as they could grab a hold of. Hitler had sent SS (Schutzstaffel) units to search town to town throughout most of Europe to track down all the Jews in their path. Some Jews were killed right there on the spot, but most were sent to death camps built by Nazis and still under construction. They were going to be sent to Auschwitz, and other death camps where mass murder would shortly begin. 10. What was the purpose of the ghetto? http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERghetto.htm The purpose of the ghettos was to hold the Jews.

11. Describe life in the Warsaw Ghetto. http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007708 The ghettos were mostly overcrowded. They were would be several families to one apartment and the living conditions were unbearable. The plumbing broke down so all human discretions were thrown in the streets along with the garbage and diseases would spread fast since everyone was cramped so close together.

12. Look at the following pictures and describe what is taking place in the photos. http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blpdresettle.htm The pictures show Jewish families moving their belonging from their houses into ghettos. 13. What were two forms of transportation that were used during the Holocaust? Trains and cattle wagons

14. Locate the following website: http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blchart.htm One of these was not a camp. Circle the incorrect answer. a. Belzec b. Auschwitz c. Deutsch Haus d Treblinka

15. Which camp had the highest estimated number of murders? Auschwitz Where was it located? Oswiecim, Poland

What was the estimate? 1,100,000

16. Name at least three other camps, identify their locations and functions, when they were established, evacuated, and liberated. Name of Camp Belzec Location Belzec, Poland Chelmno, Poland Functions Extermination Established March 17, 1942 Evacuated Liberated Liquidated by Nazis December 1942 Closed March 1943 (but reopened); Liquidated by Nazis July 1944 Summer 1944 by Soviets


Extermination Dec. 7, 1941; June 23, 1944


Sobibor, Poland

Extermination March 1942


17. What was the purpose for building concentration camps?

Camps were an essential part of the Nazis' systematic oppression and mass murder of Jews, political adversaries, and others considered socially and racially undesirable 18. Who was imprisoned and murdered there? . Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Gypsies, dissenting clergy, homosexuals, as well as others who were denounced for making critical remarks about the Nazis 19. How many concentration camps were established in Poland? Six extermination camps and about 13 in total.

20. Describe the living conditions in a concentration camp.

21. Why do you think Germany built so many camps in Poland? Poland had the highest population of Jews 22. In 1942, what was the Wannsee Conference? A conference to devise a plan to start the Final Solution of the Jewish Question. 23. How many Jewish victims were murdered in the camps? 6 million

24. How many other victims were also murdered in the camps?

5 million 25. Why did the Nazis force inmates to go on death marches in l945? The Nazis began dismantling the camps, hoping to cover up their crimes. The jews in those camps were forced to walk to camps in central Germany. 26. Who is Oscar Schlinder and why is he considered a hero? *Be sure to provide ample information!

Oskar Schindler was a Germany who joined the Nazi party, he used his authority -and bribes, to secretly move his workers and some endangered Jews to Bruennltz. There him and his workforce set up a bogus munitions factory, which sustained them in relative safety until the war was over.