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6

GSM

6 -
6.1

:
SIM -
MT Mobile Terminal ( )
SIM- - ,
(Ki IMSI).
( ).

. 6.1

6.2
6.2.1
2,
.
. 6.2.

125

. 6.2
6.2.2 ,
, Idle Busy,
, BSC.
Cell Reselection Handover.
.
6.2.3 (Active mode)
MS
SACCH
. MS BTS.

126

GSM

. 6.5 .
MS Busy
.
BSC
.
6.2.4
6.2.4.1 Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)
Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)
MS. MS DTX
()
ON .
, MS . MS ,
, Post ,
TCH. ,
MS , Pre,
ON TCH. Post
() , TRC
.
,
, .

127

MS Post ,
, BTS (update) .
DTX
, .. , ,
.
6.2.4.2 (DRX)
MS
Discontinuous Reception (DRX). , BTS
, . MS
, MS ,
sleep mode. MS
.
6.2.5
MS , ,
MS .
,
. MS GSM
.
MS.
6.2 MT

GSM900

GSM1800

GSM1900

20 (43 dBm)

1 (30 dBm)

1 (30 dBm)

8 (39 dBm)

0.25 (24 dBm)

0.25 (24 dBm)

5 (37 dBm)

2 (33 dBm)

0.8 (29 dBm)

2 (33 dBm)

,
, 4 GSM 900 1
GSM 1800.

6.3 (SIM)
GSM Subscriber Identity
Module SIM-. SIM- , ,
, -,
. SIM- MS
.
SIM- :
128

GSM

: ,
- IMSI, Ki 3/8.

: LA, ,
PLMN ...

, .

6.3.1 SIM-
2 SIM-.
ID-1 SIM Plug-in SIM.
SIM-.
ID-1 SIM
ID-1 SIM ISO
Integrated Circuit (IC) ).

. 6.6 SIM- ID-1


Plug-in SIM
SIM- SIM- ID-1
.
MT.

. 6.7 SIM

129

6.3.2
GSM ,
SIM-.
:
, 3;
, Ki;
, A8;
Kc
SRES;
, SIM-.
6.3.3 , SIM
SIM GSM.
, GSM PLMN. ,
SIM, : .
6.3.3.1
: SIM,
,
( ).

IC
,
SIM:

ICCID - .
( ).
.
IccID=89701+99+010000000001 19 ;
:
. ITU-T .118:
89
7 (. ITU-T E.164)
01 GSM-900
99
01
SIM: ,
SIM ( , PLMN);
130

GSM

International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI):


, .
IMSI=MCC+MNC+MSIN=250+99+91X1X8;
: LAI,
;
();
;
, ( );
PLMN;
: , ;
, Kc
Kc .
, SIM
:
Personal Identification Number (PIN) PIN ;
/ PIN ;
PIN ;
PIN Unlock Key (PUK) - PUK ;
PUK .
, . 6.8, , SIM. TEMS
Investigation ERICSSON

131

. 6.8 , SIM-
132

GSM

6.3.4 MS
, (Mobile Terminal)
, SIM-
MS. PIN PUK
.
6.3.4.1 PIN-
PIN 4 8 . PIN
. ,
, PIN- .
PIN-.
PIN- .
PIN- SIM . ,
PIN- SIM-
, SIM-
PIN-, .. SIM
PIN.
6.3.4.2 / SIM
SIM- , GSM .
SIM PIN-
(Unblocking Key) PUK. PUK 8- . PUK
, . 10
PUK , MS.
MS SIM-.

133