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NAME__________________ FINAL EXAM Semester 2 Chemistry II B

_____ 23.

In a chemical reaction, the limiting reactant is the reactant that a) has the smallest mass b) runs out irst c) has the greatest mass !) is le t o"er

_____

I 3.# moles o Al$N%3)3 are use! u& in the ollo'ing balance! reaction, ho' man( moles o )N%3 'ill be &ro!uce!* 2 Al(NO3)3(aq) a) +.# moles b) ,.# moles + 3 H2SO4(aq) Al2(SO4)3(s) + 6 HNO3(aq)

c) 3.# moles !) 2.# moles

For -uestions ** an! **, consi!er the ollo'ing balance! e-uation. 2 /nS _____ 21. 0 3 %2 2 /n% 0 2 S%2

I 3.## moles o /nS are combine! 'ith 1.## moles o %2, ho' man( moles o /n% can be &ro!uce!* a) 2.## moles b) 2.,2 moles c) 3.## moles !) 3.,2 moles

_____ 23.

)o' man( moles o the e4cess reactant 'ill be le t o"er a ter the reaction $5uestion **) sto&s* a) #.33 moles b) 6.## moles c) 6.33 moles !) nee! more in ormation

_____ 2,.

I 2#.## g o magnesium react 'ith excess o4(gen an! 27.## g o magnesium o4i!e are &ro!uce!, 'hat is the &ercent (iel!* 8he balance! e-uation is 2 Mg$s) 0 %2$g) 2 Mg%$s) a) 12.22 9 b) ,#.36 9 c) 26.13 9 !) 71.11 9

_____ 22.

I the tem&erature is hel! constant, 'hat 'ill ha&&en to the &ressure e4erte! b( a gas i the "olume o the container is !ecrease!* a) increase b) !ecrease c) remain the same !) increase, or !ecrease $it !e&en!s) 117

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_____ 27.

<hich o the ollo'ing is N%8 true about &ressure* a) b) c) !) &ressure is e4erte! e-uall( in all !irections &ressure is !e ine! as orce &er unit area gas &ressure can only be measure! in units o mm o mercur( atmos&heric &ressure !ecreases 'ith increasing altitu!e

_____ 2+.

8he &ressure o a sam&le o gas is 3##. mm )g an! the "olume is 3#.# L. I the "olume is change! to 3#.# L, 'hat is the ne' &ressure* a) 733 mm )g b) 3##. mm )g c) 2.3# 4 6#3 mm )g !) 3.## 4 6#3 mm )g

_____ 3#.

I the tem&erature o a sam&le o gas is !ecrease! at constant &ressure, the "olume o the gas 'ill. a) increase b) !ecrease c) remain the same !) increase, or !ecrease $it !e&en!s)

_____ 36.

Stan!ar! tem&erature an! &ressure, S8=, re ers to. a) b) c) !) 6##o: an! >ero atmos&here absolute >ero an! one atmos&here 223 ? an! >ero atmos&here 223 ? an! a &ressure one atmos&here

_____ 32.

A sam&le o gas in a rigi! container $constant "olume) is at a tem&erature o 23.#o:. I the tem&erature o the gas is increase! to 3#.# o:, 'hat 'ill ha&&en to the &ressure e4erte! b( the gas* a) it 'ill !ouble amount b) it 'ill hal"e amount c) it 'ill increase b( a small amount !) it 'ill !ecrease b( a small amount

_____ 33.

@ou ha"e 11 2 liters o an i!eal gas at S8=. 8he number o molecules o gas in this sam&le is. $8hinA. )o' man( molecules 'oul! 22.1 L o an i!eal gas ha"e at S8=*) a) 3.#6 4 6#23 b) ,.#2 4 6#23 c) 66.2 !) 22.1

_____ 31.

For a constant number o moles o a gas, "olume "aries. a) b) c) !) !irectl( 'ith the absolute tem&erature an! in"ersel( 'ith &ressure in"ersel( 'ith the absolute tem&erature an! !irectl( 'ith &ressure !irectl( 'ith the absolute tem&erature an! !irectl( 'ith &ressure in"ersel( 'ith the absolute tem&erature an! in"ersel( 'ith &ressure 11!

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_____ 33.

:onsi!er the ollo'ing. @ou ha"e 2 liters o neon gas at a &ressure o 2 atmospheres, 2 liters o carbon !io4i!e gas at a &ressure o 3 atmospheres, an! 2 liters o nitrogen gas at a &ressure o 4 atmospheres. All three sam&les are at room tem&erature. I (ou trans er all 3 gases to the same rigi! container, 'hat is the &ressure e4erte! b( the nitrogen in the inal mi4ture* a) 2 atm b) 3 atm c) 1 atm !) + atm

_____ 3,.

In -uestion 33, 'hat is the total &ressure e4erte! b( the gas mi4ture* a) 2 atm b) 3 atm c) 1 atm !) + atm

_____ 32.

A sam&le o gas has a "olume o 3#.# L at a tem&erature o 3##.?. <hat tem&erature 'oul! be nee!e! or this sam&le to ha"e a "olume o ,#.# L i its &ressure remains constant* a) 1## ? b) 72o: c) 3,#o: !) 23# ?

_____ 37.

Betermine the number o moles o gas in 13.# liters o o4(gen at S8=. a) 6.,6 moles b) 2.#6 moles c) 22.3 moles !) 13.# moles

_____ 3+. 8he "olume o a sam&le o gas at S8= is +.23 liters. <hat "olume 'ill this gas occu&( at 6##o: an! a &ressure o 2.3# atm* a) 6+.3 L b) 6,.1 L _____ 1#. c) 63.3 L !) 3.33 L

<hat "olume o carbon !io4i!e 'ill be &ro!uce! rom the combustion o 1.3# moles o &ro&ane $:3)7) at S8=* :3)7 $g) a) 6#6 L b) 3#2 L 0 3 %2 $g) 3 :%2 $g) 0 1 )2% $l)

c) 1#3 L !) 3#1 L

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_____ 16.

I a &iece o blue litmus &a&er sta(s blue an! a &iece o re! litmus &a&er turns blue, then the substance it is being teste! must beC. a) aci! b) base c) neutral !) s'eetD sour

_____ 12. Aci!s taste _________ 'hile bases taste __________. a) sourD bitter b) bitterD sour c) bitterD s'eet

_____ 13. 8he &) o an aci! is a number lo'er than ______ 'hile the &) o a base is abo"e _______. a) 2 D 7 b) 7 D 2 c) 61D 2 !) both are 2 _____ 11. 8he name o the aci! )2S%1 isC.. a) sul urous aci! b) h(!rosul uric aci! _____ 13. 8he name o the aci! )2:%3 isCC. a) carbonic aci! b) carbonous aci! c) sul uric aci!

c) h(!rocarbonous aci!

_____ 1,. <hich o the ollo'ing ormulas is that o &hos&horic aci!* a) )2=%1E b) )=%12E c) )3=%1 _____ 12. <hich is the correct ormula or nitric aci!* a) )N%3 b) )2N%3 c) )3N :. neither

_____ 17. Aci!s that B%NF8 contain carbon are calle! 'hat* A. inorganic aci!s G. organic aci!s _____ 1+. 8he name o the base Na%) isC A. so!ium h(!ro4i!e G. so!ium o4(gen h(!ro4i!e :. so!ium monoh(!ro4i!e

_____ 3#. 8he correct ormula or so!ium bicarbonate $h(!rogen carbonate) isCC A. Na2:%3 G. Na2):%3 :. Na):%3 _____ 36. 8he higher the concentration o electrol(tes 'ithin an aci! or base, the _______ its con!ucti"it(. A. smaller G. greater :. neither A or G _____ 32. S"ante Arrhenius !e ine! an aci! as an( substance that &ro!uce! _______ 'hen &lace! in 'ater. A. )2% G. %)E :. )3%0 _____ 33. Arrhenius also !e ine! bases. )e belie"e! a base 'as an( substance 'hich &ro!uce! ________ 'hen &lace! in 'ater. A. )2% G. %)E :. )3%0 _____31. Accor!ing to the Gronste!ELo'r( !e inition o a #ase, an( substance that
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________ a &roton 'as a base. A. !onate! G. acce&te!

:. either one

B. neither

_____33. Accor!ing to the Gronste!ELo'r( !e inition o an a%i&, an( substance that __________a &roton 'as an aci!. A. !onate! G. acce&te! :. either one B. neither _____3,. 8he ormula use! to calculate &) rom the h(!ronium ion concentration is 'hich o the ollo'ing. A. &) H Elog I)3%0J G. E &) H Elog I)3%0J :. &) H log IE)3%0J B. &) H log I)3%0J _____32. 8he &) o a solution 'ith a I)3%0J o 2.# 4 6#E3 isCC.. A. 3.## G. 6.## :. E3.3# B. 1.2# _____37. A solution has a &) o 7. <hat is its &%)* A. 7 G. , :. 6# B. 2 _____3+. 8he &%) o a solution 'ith a I%)EJ o 6.3 4 6#E2 isCCCC.. A. E6.72 G. E2.67 :. 6.72 B. 2.67 _____,#. I a solution has a I%)EJ o 6.# 4 6#E+ , it 'oul! be consi!ere! a$n)C. A. aci! G. base :. neutral solution _____,6. 8he same solution in the &re"ious -uestion $K2#) 'oul! ha"e a I)3%0J o C. A. 6 4 6#E2 G. 6 4 6#E+ :. 6 4 6#3 B. 6 4 6#E3 _____,2. 8he "alue o A' isC. A. 6 4 6#E61 G. 6 4 6## :. 6 4 6#E2 B. 6 4 6#61

_____,3. )o' man( more I)3%0J are oun! in a solution 'ith a &) o 1 o"er a solution 'ith a &) o 2* A. 2 G. 6#4 :. 6##4 B. 6###4 _____,1. I a com&oun! acce&ts a &roton rom an aci!, but can also !onate a &roton to a base, it is re erre! to asC. A. an anh(!ri!e G. mono&rotic aci! :. am&hoteric _____,3. <hich o the ollo'ing re&resents the conLugate aci!Ebase &airs or the !issociation o h(!rochloric aci!* A. ):l M )3%0 G. )3%0 M :lE :. ):l M :lE _____,,. 8he &) o an aci! is a number lo'er than ______ 'hile the &) o a base is abo"e _______. A. 2 D 7 G. 7 D 2 :. 61D 2 B. both are 2 _____,2. 8he "alue o '( isC.
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A. 6 4 6#E61

G. 6 4 6##

:. 6 4 6#E2

B. 6 4 6#61

_____,7. NH3 + H2O --------> NH4+ + OH From the e-uation abo"e, 'hich is the conLugate aci!* A. N)3 G. )2% :. N)10 B. %)E _____,+. H2O+ HCl --------> Cl - + H3O+ From the e-uation abo"e, 'hich is the conLugate aci!* A. )2% G. ):l :. :lE B. )3%0
32. An e4cess o Al an! ,.# mol o Gr2 are reacte! accor!ing to the e-uation 2Al 0 3Gr2 2AlGr3 . )o' man( moles o AlGr3 'ill be orme! assuming 6##9 (iel!* a. b. c. !. e. 37. 2.# mol 3.# mol 1.# mol ,.# mol 7.# mol

<hat mass o o4(gen $%2) is re-uire! to react com&letel( 'ith 23.# g o :,)61* a. +.27 g b. 6,.# g c. 32.# g !. 77.1 g

3+. )o' man( moles o %2 are re-uire! or the com&lete reaction o 13 g o :2)1 to orm :%2 an! )2%* a. 6.3 4 6# 2 mol b. #.,1 mol c. 662.3 mol !. 1.7 mol e. none o these 1#. I 67.# g o :%2 is &ro!uce! in the reaction o : 2)2 'ith %2 to orm :%2 an! )2%, ho' man( grams o )2% are &ro!uce! in this reaction* a. 2.32 g b. 3.,7 g c. +.# g !. 61.2 g e. none o these 16. 8he limiting reactant in a reaction is a. the reactant or 'hich there is the least amount in grams b. the reactant 'hich has the lo'est coe icient in a balance! e-uation c. the reactant or 'hich there is the most amount in grams !. the reactant or 'hich there is the e'est number o moles For the reaction o :2)1(g) 'ith %2(g) to orm :%2(g) an! )2%(g), 'hat number o grams o :%2 coul! be &ro!uce! rom 2.# g o :2)1 an! 3.# g o %2* a. 3.3 g b. 1., g c. 2., g !. ,.3 g e. none o these

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13. )o' man( mole%)les o carbon !io4i!e 'oul! be orme! i 3#.## g o o4(gen an! ,.23 g o &ro&ane is burne! in the ollo'ing reaction* :3)7(g) 0 3%2(g) 3:%2(g) 0 1)2%(g) a. b. c. !. 3.31 4 6# 2 3 6.3+ 4 6# 2 3 2#.3 4 6# 2 3 2.22 4 6# 2 3 molecules molecules molecules molecules

11. <hen N)3 is &re&are! rom 27 g N 2 an! e4cess )2, the theoretical (iel! o N) 3 is 34 g. <hen this reaction is carrie! out in a gi"en e4&eriment, onl( 3$ g is &ro!uce!. <hat is the &ercentage (iel!* a. 779 b. 629 c. 619 !. 729 13. 6.63 atm H ______________ torr a. 73+ b. 13#. c. ,33 !. +32 e. 2,# 1,. a. b. c. !. e. 6,7 torr H ______________ atm #.112 63, #.226 #.7#2 213

12. 2,3 A=a H ______________ =a a. #.2,3 b. 3.2, 4 6# 3 c. 2.,3 !. 2.,3 4 6# 3 e. 2.,3 4 6# 1 17. A balloon has a "olume o 6.2# L at 21.# :. 8he balloon is heate! to 17.#:. :alculate the ne' "olume o the balloon. a. 6.2# L b. 6.3# L c. 6.2# L !. 2.6# L e. 2.1# L 1+. A sam&le o helium gas occu&ies 2.,3 L at 6.2# atm. <hat &ressure 'oul! this sam&le o gas e4ert in a 6.3#EL container at the same tem&erature* a. #.,2+ atm b. 3.36 atm c. 6.2# atm !. 2.62 atm 3#. A gas has a "olume o 3.# L at a certain &ressure. )o' must the &ressure be change! to !ouble the "olume o the gas at constant tem&erature*

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a. b. c. !. e.

8he &ressure must be !ouble!. 8he &ressure must be hal"e!. 8he &ressure must be -ua!ru&le!. 8here is not enough in ormation to !eci!e. none o these

36. A helium balloon has a "olume o 2.3# L at 23.3 : an! a &ressure o 6.## atm at sea le"el. 8he balloon is release! an! loats u&'ar!. At a certain height the atmos&heric &ressure is #.76# atm an! the tem&erature is 62.#:. :alculate the "olume o the balloon. a. 2.23 L b. 2.71 L c. 6.13 L !. 2.26 L e. none o these 32. A ,.3EL sam&le o nitrogen at 6.3 atm is allo'e! to e4&an! to 63.# L. 8he tem&erature remains constant. <hat is the inal &ressure* a. #.#,3 atm b. #.62 atm c. #.23 atm !. 3.# atm e. #.37 atm 33. A gas sam&le is hel! at constant &ressure. 8he gas occu&ies 3.,2 L o "olume 'hen the tem&erature is 26.,:. Betermine the tem&erature at 'hich the "olume o the gas is 3.13 L. a. 3#+ ? b. 276 ? c. 2#., ? !. 2+1 ? e. 32, ? 31. Naseous chlorine is hel! in t'o se&arate containers at i!entical tem&erature an! &ressure. 8he "olume o container A is 6.3# L, an! it contains ,.2# mol o the gas. 8he "olume o container G is 2.2# L. )o' man( moles o the gas are in container 2* a. 66.3 mol b. 6+.2 mol c. #.122 mol !. 3.+, mol

33. %ne mole o :%2 at S8= 'ill occu&( a. 6.# L b. 22.1 L c. 11 L !. 11 g e. 21.3 L 3,. <hich o the ollo'ing statements is true o 6+.# g o F2$g) at S8=* a. b. c. !. 32. It contains ,.#2 4 6# 2 3 molecules. It contains the same number o molecules as 6O2 mol o %2$g) at S8=. It occu&ies a "olume o 22.1 L. It occu&ies a "olume o 11.7 L.

An o4(gen sam&le $%2) has a "olume o 1.3# L at 22 : an! 7##.# torr. )o' man( o4(gen molecules !oes it contain*

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a. b. c. !.

6.6, 4 6# 2 3 3.7 4 6# 2 2 2.32 4 6# 2 1 6.6, 4 6# 2 2

37. A gas is collecte! o"er 'ater at a certain tem&erature. 8he total &ressure is 2,2 torr. 8he "a&or &ressure o 'ater at this tem&erature is 62 torr. 8he &artial &ressure o the gas collecte! is a. 2,2 torr b. 62 torr c. 22+ torr !. 213 torr 3+. )o' man( moles of O2(g) are nee!e! to react com&letel( 'ith 32.# L o :) 1(g) at S8= to &ro!uce :%2(g) an! )2%(g) accor!ing to the ollo'ing reaction. :)1(g) 0 2O2 :%2(g) 0 2)2%(g) a. 66., b. 32.# c. 1.,1 !. 2.32

,#. Pse the Ainetic molecular theor( o gases to &re!ict 'hat 'oul! ha&&en to a close! sam&le o a gas 'hose tem&erature increased 'hile its "olume decreased. a. Its &ressure 'oul! !ecrease. b. Its &ressure 'oul! increase. c. Its &ressure 'oul! hol! constant. !. 8he number o moles o the gas 'oul! !ecrease.

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