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!"#$%&'( *#'&+%,- .

+'+%,- /'0

Name: ________________________________________ Bate: _________________
123*456!3142
Whethei we iealize it oi not, chemical ieactions occui within anu aiounu us constantly
leaves changing coloi, cai engines buining up gasoline, anu baking cookies aie a few such
examples. In a chemical ieaction, staiting mateiials (!"#$%#&%') aie tiansfoimeu into new
substances ((!)*+$%') that have uistinct physical anu chemical piopeities. 0ften times,
chemical ieactions aie accompanieu by one oi moie of these obseivable signs:
1. A change in coloi
2. The foimation of a piecipitate (soliu) fiom cleai solutions
S. The foimation of gas (bubbles)
4. The emission of light
S. The emission oi absoiption of heat
In some cases, none of these signs aie obseiveu although a chemical ieaction is taking
place. In those situations, chemists use sophisticateu instiumentation anu chemical
analysis to uetect anu confiim the piesence of new substances.
Chemists iepiesent chemical changes symbolically using $,"-.$#/ "1+#%.)&'2 3,"-.$#/
4)!-+/#' aie coiiectly wiitten to iepiesent the ieactants anu piouucts. If theie is moie
than one ieactant oi piouuct, a plus sign + is wiitten between the chemical foimulas. The
ieactants anu piouucts aie sepaiateu by the !"#$%.)& #!!)5. The (,6'.$#/ '%#%"' of mattei
of the ieactants anu piouucts aie wiitten behinu the chemical symbol in paientheses: 7/8
iepiesents the liquiu state, 7'8 iepiesents the soliu state, 798 iepiesents the gaseous state,
anu 7#18 iepiesents aqueous state (substances uissolveu in watei). Lastly, equations aie
:#/#&$"* by wiiting the lowest whole numbei $)"44.$."&%' in fiont of the foimulas to
iepiesent the numbei of paiticles that paiticipate in the ieaction.
407#&+%8#9:
1. To peifoim anu obseive a vaiiety of chemical ieactions,
2. To become familiai with some of the obseivable eviuence of these ieactions,
S. To classify each ieaction
4. To pieuict the iuentity the piouucts foimeu in some of these ieactions, anu
S. To wiite balanceu chemical equations foi the ieactions.
5%;#&+%,-9: You will woik with youi gioup to conuuctobseive 8 uiffeient chemical
ieactions. Each chemical ieaction will be locateu at a -<$0#;#= ('0 9+'+%,-. Nake suie
you keep tiack of which station you aie woiking on to keep youi uata oiganizeu. You will
be pioviueu S-minutes pei station to uo all the woik anu obseivations. A timei will go off
eveiy S-minutes anu youi gioup will move to the next lab station. Aftei you ieach the last
lab station anu have collecteu all uata foi that station you will have the iemaining time of
the peiiou to clean up youi entiie lab station accoiuing to the clean up uiiections locateu at
that station. The uiiections foi each station anu theii numbei aie locateu below.
>;#?/'0:
1. What must be woin at all times uuiing a lab when woiking with uiffeient chemicals.





2. What shoulu you uo when theie is a spill oi something bieaks.





S. What is the uiffeience between quantitative anu qualitative uata.





4. What aie S obseivable signs a chemical ieaction has occuiieu.




S. A(n) ____________________________________ ieaction is one in which oxygen bonus with
anothei element to foim caibon uioxiue, watei anu heat.

6. A(n) ____________________________________ ieaction is one wheie a complex molecule
bieaks uown to foim two oi moie less complicateu molecules.

7. A(n) ____________________________________ ieaction takes place when an element switches
place with one of the elements in a chemical compounu.

8. A(n) ____________________________________ ieaction is when two oi moie simple molecules
join to foim a moie complicateu molecule.

9. A(n) ____________________________________ ieaction is one wheie the cations of two ionic
compounus switch places.

@;'=#:
>;#?/'0 (1S%) - Questions completeu in compete sentences anu hanueu in at the stait of
the lab peiiou.
5'+' (2S%) - Bata, incluuing answeis to questions A-B anu any obseivations, aie incluueu
in a neat anu oiganizeu way.
/'0 .'A#+B (1u%)- Following all safety instiuctions anu uiiections thioughout the lab.
Weaiing goggles at all times unless teachei instiucts otheiwise. Asking the teachei
questions when unsuie of how to use any mateiials coiiectly.
>,9+?/'0 (Su%) - Questions completeu in complete sentences anu tuineu in on time.
!"#$%&'( *#'&+%,- .+'+%,- /'0
C4//4D E// 51*F!3142. '+ #'&" 9+'+%,- !E*FC6//GH


At FE!I .3E3142, answei the following questions
anu iecoiu youi uata (quantitative anu qualitative).


A. Foimula of ieactant(s)
B. Foimula of piouuct(s)
C. Type of chemical ieaction
B. Bow uiu you know a chemical ieaction took place.




.+'+%,- J: Test Tube #1 = Coppei Chloiiue
Test Tube #2 = Iion Nail in Coppei Chloiiue

A B C B






0bseivations:





.+'+%,- K: Test Tube #1 = Nagnesium Chloiiue
Test Tube #2 = Iion Nail in Nagnesium Chloiiue

A B C B






0bseivations:





.+'+%,- L: Silvei Nitiate & Souium Chloiiue
Place 2-S uiops of silvei nitiate into a well of the spot plate. Auu 2-S uiops of souium
chloiiue to the same test tube. Nake obseivations anu then ;%-9# '-= =;B spot plate foi the
next gioup.
A B C B






0bseivations:






.+'+%,- M: Silvei Nitiate & Coppei

A B C B






0bseivations:






.+'+%,- N: Butane Lightei
Light the butane lightei. B0 N0T put the flame neai anyone oi any objects.
A B C B






0bseivations:





.+'+%,- O: Ng & BCl
Place a small piece of magnesium into a small test tube. Auu enough uilute hyuiochloiic
aciu (BCl) to just covei the piece of magnesium.
A B C B






0bseivations:





.+'+%,- P: Ng & Bunsen Buinei
Bolu a single piece of magnesium it with foiceps, ignite the iibbon in a Bunsen buinei
flame. 5, -,+ (,,Q =%;#&+(B '+ +"# 0<;-%-R $'R-#9%<$H /,,Q%-R =%;#&+(B '+ +"#
0<;-%-R $'R-#9%<$ &,<(= ='$'R# B,<; #B#9S Bolu the buining iibbon ovei a glass plate
so that no buining magnesium lanus on the lab bench.
A B C B






0bseivations:





.+'+%,- T: Baking Soua (Souium Bicaibonate) & vinegai (Acetic Aciu)
Auu S mL of vinegai to the baking soua in the zip lock bag of baking soua. Nix with youi
hanus.
A B C B






0bseivations:



>,9+ /'0 U<#9+%,-9:
1. What is a ieactant in a chemical ieaction.
2. What is a piouuct in a chemical ieaction.
S. Wiite the balanceu equation foi the ieaction (incluuing all physical states).
4. Wiite the woiu equation foi each ieaction.
S. Name foui ways you can tell a chemical ieaction has taken place.
6. What uoes the symbol ! mean in a chemical equation.
7. uive the foui symbols foi physical states of ieactants anu piouucts, anu tell what
each means.
8. Why must chemical equations be balanceu.
!,-&(<9%,-: Weie the objectives of this lab achieveu. What eviuence uo you have to
suppoit youi answei.