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Sciences -

Sciences

Separation Techniques!
Unit Overview! Tap water is more than just water. It is a mixture of pure water and a variety of other substances, such as chloride, uoride, and metallic ions. Gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, are also dissolved in tap water. The dissolved substances give tap water its taste. Tap water is one example of a mixture called solution. Mixtures can be solids or gases. Not all mixtures are solutions. Colloids and suspensions are mixtures. A mixture can be homogeneous or heterogeneous. Since substances in a mixture keep their properties, we can separate mixture into its parts by using different methods such as distillation, evaporation, ltration, magnetic attraction and chromatography.!

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Instructors Name: Skenny Darbouze !

Resources!
Science Explorer: From Chemical Interactions( Prentice Hall)! Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry ( Pearson)!

Lab: What makes a mixture a solution?! Lab: Scattered Light! Lab: getting the iron out! Lab: Salt dissolving in water! Lab: Speedy solutions! Lab: Does it dissolve?! Lab: Calculating a concentration! Lab:Temperature and solubility! Lab: Whats in my pen?! Lab: Can I drink that water?! Lab: Who is the culprit?!

Project: Solve a mystery with forensic techniques.! Quizzes (2)! Unit Test

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! Sciences -

Separation Techniques
Guiding Questions!
How can we make contaminated water suitable for drinking?

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Knowledge and Skills

Enduring Understandings!
! There are many separation techniques including chromatography that is used for criminal investigations

Students will ...!

! Dene the following terms: solution, solvent, solute, soluble, insoluble and particle;! ! Give examples of the formation of simple soluble solutions or insoluble precipitates, (e.g. removing stains, nail varnish remover);! ! Show an understanding of dissolving in terms of particle size.! ! Determine when a solution has become saturated;! ! Give examples of suspensions, colloids, emulsions and foam;! ! Describe the following separation techniques: chromatography, evaporation, distillation and ltration;! ! Give examples of how pure water can be obtained using appropriate separation techniques;! ! Detail two main processes required to make water suitable for drinking.

Students will be able to...!

! Carry out the process of making a saturated solution;! ! Describe and carry crystallization using a saturated solution;! ! Describe both suspensions and colloids in terms of the mixture of particles;! ! Show an understanding of the concept of concentration strength.! ! Carry out a dilution to make a concentration change to the order of 1/10 or 1/100 times! ! Carry out different separation techniques such as chromatography, evaporation, distillation and ltration;! ! Use the results of a chromatogram to determine the nature of an unknown mixture;! ! Show an understanding of distillation in terms of evaporation and condensation;! ! Show an understanding of ltration in terms of particle size;!

Areas of Interaction
Approaches to Learning!
! Making observations, organizing and recording data and making deductions

Health & Social!


! Availability of drinking water on Earth and how we can save water.

Assessment Tools and Criteria


Laboratory reports emphasis on method of variable control and manipulation of data. Evaluation of methods in reflection journal Solve a mystery with forensic techniques Quizzes (2) Unit test

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