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# UNIT 8: Genetics

## DAYSHEET 90: SOL Simulation & Monohybrid Cross Practice

Name _____________________________________

Biology I
Date: __________

## Bellringer: Scientific Method Review

FISH EGGS: A scientist knows that the percent of fish eggs that hatch is affected by the temperature of the water in an aquarium.
She is attempting to identify which water temperature will cause the highest percentage of fish eggs to hatch. The scientist sets up 5
aquariums at the following temperatures: 10C, 20C, 30C, 40C, and 50C. She adds 50 fish eggs to each aquarium and records the
number of eggs that hatch in each aquarium.
Independent variable(s): __________________________________________________________
Dependent variable: ______________________________________________________________
List 3 variables that should be controlled (held constant): _______________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Describe any control group(s) in the experiment (if one doesnt exist, leave this section blank):
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

GAS MILEAGE: A car magazine is trying to write an article that rates the top 5 most fuel efficient SUVs (the SUVs that can drive the
most miles for each gallon of gasoline). They make sure each model of SUV has exactly 10 gallons of gasoline in its fuel tank and
reset the odometer (instrument that measures the distance a vehicle has traveled) to zero. The SUVs are then driven until they run out
of gasoline. The distance on the odometer is recorded.
Independent variable(s): __________________________________________________________
Dependent variable: ______________________________________________________________
List 3 variables that should be controlled (held constant): _______________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Describe any control group(s) in the experiment (if one doesnt exist, leave this section blank):
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

## Activity 2: More Practice with Punnett Squares

2. A man who is a carrier (heterozygous) for Tay Sachs disease has a child with a normal woman.
What is the probability (%) their child will have Tay Sachs disease?
Key: _____ = Tay Sachss Disease

_____ = Normal

## Parents: _______ x ________

3. A man who is heterozygous for Huntingtons disease has a child with a normal woman. What is the
probability (%) their child will have Huntingtons disease?
Key: _____ = Huntingtons

_____ = Normal

## Parents: _______ x ________

4. A man and a woman are both carriers (heterozygous) for Sickle Cell Anemia. Their first child has
Sickle Cell Anemia. What is the likelihood (%) their next child will have Sickle Cell Anemia?
Key: _____ = Normal

## Parents: _______ x ________

5. A homozygous dominant man marries a woman with cystic fibrosis (CF). What is the expected ratio
of children with cystic fibrosis to normal children in their family?
Key: _____ = Normal

## Parents: _______ x ________

6. A homozygous dominant woman marries a man with Cystic Fibrosis. What is the probability (%)
their child will be a carrier (heterozygous) for CF?
Key: _____ = Normal

## Parents: _______ x ________

7. A heterozygous woman marries a man with Achondroplasia. What is the probability (%) their child
will be a carrier (heterozygous) for Achondroplasia?
Key: _____ = Normal

_____ = Achondroplasia

## Activity 2: Even More Punnett Square Practice!

Gerbils can have either white fur or tan fur. Tan fur (G) color is dominant to white fur (g) color. A
homozygous dominant (GG) male gerbil is crossed with a homozygous recessive (gg) female gerbil.

## 1. What is the male gerbils genotype? __________________________

2. What is the female gerbils genotype? ________________________
3. What is the male gerbils phenotype? _________________________
4. What is the female gerbils phenotype? ________________________
5. List all the possible genotypes of the offspring: ___________________________
6. List all the possible phenotypes of the offspring: __________________________
7. What is the genotypic ratio? ______________________
8. What is the phenotypic ratio? _____________________
9. What is the probability of an offspring having white fur? __________________
10. What is the probability of an offspring having tan fur? __________________

Hummingbirds can have short or long beaks. Short beaks (H) are dominant to long beaks (h). A homozygous
recessive (hh) male hummingbird is crossed with a heterozygous (Hh) female hummingbird. A Punnett Square
has already been completed for you.

## 11. What is the male hummingbirdss genotype? __________________________

12. What is the female hummingbirdss genotype? ________________________
13. What is the male hummingbirdss phenotype? _________________________
14. What is the female hummingbirds phenotype? ________________________
15. List all the possible genotypes of the offspring: ___________________________
16. List all the possible phenotypes of the offspring: __________________________
17. What is the genotypic ratio? ______________________
18. What is the phenotypic ratio? _____________________
19. What is the probability of an offspring having long beaks? __________________
20. What is the probability of an offspring having short beaks? __________________

Alligators can have short or long tails. Long tails (A) are dominant to short tails (a). A heterozygous (Aa) male
alligator is crossed with a heterozygous (Aa) female alligator. A Punnett Square has already been completed for
you.

## 21. What is the male alligators genotype? __________________________

22. What is the female alligators genotype? ________________________
23. What is the male alligators phenotype? _________________________
24. What is the female alligators phenotype? ________________________
25. List all the possible genotypes of the offspring: ___________________________
26. List all the possible phenotypes of the offspring: __________________________
27. What is the genotypic ratio? ______________________
28. What is the phenotypic ratio? _____________________
29. What is the probability of an offspring having long tails? __________________
30. What is the probability of an offspring having short tails? __________________

## HW90: Scientific Method Revisited

Name: ___________________________

Biology I
Date: ____________________