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Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet

Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Cooling of 23% sodium chloride solution Project No.: By:

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-404 1.132 -13 -13 903 0.158 1.250 145 0.0376 0.0004 LMTD Corrected LMTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), Kg/s Temp. in, C Temp. out, C r, Kg/m3 2 m, mNs/m cp, kJ/kgC Q, kW k, W/mC R,m C/W 3.5 3.5 C C Shell Sodium Chloride 33.2 -9 -10 1050 2.300 4.36 145 0.5800 0.0004

Step 3. Start configuring the exchanger. Beg coefficient to t

No. of

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance

Step 6. Shell side heat transfer coefficient

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Area of one tube = Cross sectional area of tube =

0.0125 16 0.00925 2 0.079 0.00007

m m m m m

Segmental baffle cut 25% page numbe

Step. 4 Bundle and Shell diameter Step. 5 Tube side heat transfer coefficient

page number 648

Bundle diameter =

0.417758 0.430258 7382 5.24 216 0.0032 40.80 165.86

m m

Shell diameter = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Prandtl No. = Length / ID = jh Nusselt number =

page number 665

hi =

W/m C

The values in this block will keep on changing

xchanger Design Spreadsheet


MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Step 3. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the assumed overall heat transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 1000.00 W/m C Then the required transfer A = Number of tubes required = No. of passes = Tubes per pass = Area of tubes per pass = Volumetric flow = Av. Velocity = 41.714 531 4 134 0.00900 0.001254 0.139284 m
2

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

132.85 m m/s m/s

Step 6. Shell side heat transfer coefficient

Tube Pitch = Pattern = Baffle Spacing = Area of Shell = Equivalent Diameter, de =

0.015625 Tri. 0.237 0.020363 0.008876 0.031660 1.55 6,300 17 0.0070 114 7,444 0.00013 0.00040 0.000042 0.0087 107.9

m m m m m/s m/s

Volumetric flowrate = Shellside velocity = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Prandtl No. = Segmental baffle cut 25% page number 673 jh = Nusselt number = ho = R1 = R2 = R3 = R4 = Overall heat transfer coefficient =

W/m C For 2 tube passes

W/m C

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 0.165 0.148 0.134 0.120 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

k1 n1 Clearance

For 2 t.p For 4 t.p For 6 t.p 0.249 0.175 0.0743 2.207 2.285 2.499 0.0125

page number 649 page number 649 page number 646

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet


Project: Item No.: Evaporator Service: Water cooler Project No.: By: MAS

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside Tube R-22 168.5 5 5 0.8053 0.011 0.163 48,000 0.0049 0.0040 0.87 Corrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h Temp. in, oF Temp. out, oF r, lb/ft3 m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 79.0 79.0
o o

Step 5. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin wit this point

Shell Water 11,014.1 86 82 62.42 1.903 1.003 44,188 0.3351 0.004 13.78 F F Step 4. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Over all heat transfer Coefficie

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of p

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.5000 16 0.370 2 0.108 0.262

in. in. ft. in.2 ft2

Equivalent Diameter, de (see

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = lb/h per tube per pass = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

66 3 1.3 1.18 4,025 0.027 0.00021 7.04 11

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs U

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside D adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, num baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diamete required.

n Spreadsheet
MAS Date/Time:
11-Mar-14 8:40

Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficient to this point: Ustart = 10 Btu/hft2oF Over all heat transfer Coefficient, Uo = 9.7 Btu/hft2oF ft2 Then the required transfer A = 63 Number of tubes required = 239 Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = 2 Total tube count = 132 Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = 5.802 psi ft2 Actual effective transfer area, A = 35

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 10 0.134 11 0.120 12 13 14 15 16 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065

0.017 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = #DIV/0! 0.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

elect tube arrangement mate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

0.65 Tri. 8 5 4 0.064 7.5 171,820 56,431 0.00153 0.357 139.7 179 9.7 0.0% 10.5

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 2 - S ( R + 1 - ( R2 + 1 ) ) = 2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT = 3.80 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = ( R2 + 1 ) =

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

heck tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, ube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell pacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as .