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Samaritan Aramaic language

Samaritan Aramaic language


Samaritan Aramaic
Armt Pronunciation [armi], [armit], [rmj], [rmj] Israel and Palestine, predominantly in Samaria and Holon. [1] by 12th century; liturgical use

Region Extinct

Language family Afro-Asiatic Semitic Central Semitic Northwest Semitic Aramaic Western Writing system Samaritan alphabet Language codes ISO 639-2 ISO 639-3 sam sam Samaritan Aramaic

Samaritan Aramaic, or Samaritan, is the dialect of Aramaic used by the Samaritans in their sacred and scholarly literature. This should not be confused with the Samaritan Hebrew language of the Scriptures. Samaritan Aramaic ceased to be a spoken language some time between the 10th and the 12th centuries. In form it resembles the Aramaic of the Targumim, the Aramaic word for interpretation or paraphrase, and is written in the Samaritan alphabet. Important works written in Samaritan include the Samaritan translation of the Samaritan Hebrew Pentateuch in the form of the targum paraphrased version. There are also legal, exegetical and liturgical texts, though later works of the same kind were often written in Arabic.

Sample
Exodus XX.1-6: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Umellel El'e yet kel milleyya aalen elmimar. Ana ema Eluek deppiqtek men ara Mirem mibbet awadem. La ya'i lak ela'en uranem al eppi. La tewed lak efsel ukel demu debumeyya millel wedbaraa millera wedbameyya millera laraa. La tisgad lon ula teememminon ala anaki ema elaak el qana fuqed ob awaan al banem wel telitaem wel rewi'a'em elsenai. 6. Wabed esed lalafem elra'emi welnateri fiqqudi. Notice the similarities with Judeo-Aramaic as found in Targum Onqelos to this same passage (some expressions below are paraphrased, not literally translated):

Samaritan Aramaic language

Bibliography
J. Rosenberg, Lehrbuch der samaritanischen Sprache und Literatur, A. Hartleben's Verlag: Wien, Pest, Leipzig. Tal, Abraham, A Dictionary of Samaritan Aramaic: Brill 2000 ISBN 90-04-11645-1

External links
Samaritan Aramaic Targum [2] - Aramaic text of Samaritan Targum with English translation.

References
[1] Samaritan Aramaic reference (http:/ / www. ethnologue. com/ language/ sam) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013) [2] http:/ / tanakh. info/ gn2-1

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


Samaritan Aramaic language Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=592185331 Contributors: Aelfthrytha, Andrew Dalby, BD2412, Briangotts, Dbachmann, Greyshark09, Ire erI, Johnpacklambert, Kwamikagami, Lfdder, Mahmudmasri, Nick Number, Nickrds09, Sardanaphalus, Sirmylesnagopaleentheda, Sl, Taivo, Valley2city, Wonder al, -, 5 anonymous edits

License
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