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. VII.

LTE


1.

17 2006 . 142

( 8
2006 ., 8572).
2. LTE
,
IP ( IPv4,
IPv6).
3.
IPv4
IPv6.
_____________

. VII.

LTE

MME
MME LTE,
ECM-IDLE, ECM-CONNECTED EMM-DEREGISTERED,
.
. MME LTE,
ECM-IDLE, ECM-CONNECTED EMM-DEREGISTERED
()
1
(IMSI)
IMSI (IMSI
unauthenticated-indicator)
ISDN (MSISDN)
(ECM-IDLE, ECMCONNECTED, EMM-DEREGISTERED)
(MM State)

(GUTI)

(IMEI/IMEISV)
(ME Identity)

(Tracking Area List)
,

(TAI of last TAU)
LTE
(E-UTRAN Cell Global Identity)
,
LTE
(E-UTRAN Cell Identity Age)


HSS

1

(CSG ID)

(CSG membership)

(Access mode)
:
(RAND), (XRES), (KASME),
(AUTN)
(Authentication Vector)

(UE Radio Access Capability)
2 (
GSM
UMTS)
(MS Classmark 2)
3 (
GSM)
(MS Classmark 3)

(Supported Codecs)

(UE Network Capability)
GSM UMTS
(MS Network Capability)
DRX
(UE Specific DRX Parameters)

(Selected NAS Algorithm)

(Selected AS Algorithm)

(eKSI)
KASME
(KASME)

(NAS Keys and COUNT)

(Selected CN operator id)
HSS
(Recovery)

1

(Access Restriction)

(ODB for PS parameters)
APN-OI
(APN-OI Replacement)
IP MME S11 S-GW
(MME IP address for S11)
MME
S11
(MME TEID for S11)
IP S-GW S11/S4
(S-GW IP address for S11/S4)
S-GW
S11/S4
(S-GW TEID for S11/S4)
IP SGSN S3
(SGSN IP address for S3)
SGSN
S3
(SGSN TEID for S3)
IP eNodeB
(eNodeB Address in Use)
eNodeB
(eNB UE S1AP ID)
MME
(MME UE S1AP ID)

(Subscribed-UE-AMBR))

(UE-AMBR)


(EPS Subscribed Charging Characteristics)

/
(Subscribed RFSP Index)

/
(RFSP Index in Use)

1

(Trace reference)

(Trace Type)

(Trigger id)
,

(OMC Identity)

(URRP-MME)

(CSG Subscription Data)


(APN in Use)

(APN Restriction)
APN
(APN Subscribed)
(IPv4, IPv6, IPv4v6)
(PDN Type)
IP ()
(IP Address(es))

EPS
(EPS PDN Subscribed Charging Characteristics)

(APN-OI Replacement)

(VPLMN Address Allowed)
IP PDN GW (
)
(PDN GW Address in Use (control plane))
PDN GW
S5/S8 ( )
PDN GW TEID for S5/S8
(control plane)

(MS Info Change Reporting Action)

1
2

(CSG Information Reporting


Action)

EPS
(EPS subscribed QoS profile)

(Subscribed- APN-AMBR)

(APN-AMBR)
GRE, PDN GW

(PDN GW GRE Key for uplink traffic (user plane))
EPS
(Default bearer)
EPS
EPS
(EPS Bearer ID)
(TI)
IP S-GW S1-u
(IP address for S1-u)
S-GW
S1-u
(TEID for S1-u)
PDN GW
S5/S8 ( )
(PDN GW TEID for S5/S8 (user plane))
IP PDN GW S5/S8 (
)
(PDN GW IP address for S5/S8(user plane))
EPS
(EPS bearer QoS)

(TFT)

(Emergency Access Point Name(em APN))

1
QoS
(Emergency QoS profile)


(Emergency APN-AMBR)
PDN GW
(Emergency PDN GW identity)
_____________

. VII.

LTE

S1-AP,
eNodeB MME
S1-AP,
eNodeB MME, .
. S1-AP

1
E-RAB
(E-RAB SETUP REQUEST)
E-RAB
(E-RAB SETUP RESPONSE)
E-RAB
(E-RAB MODIFY REQUEST)
E-RAB
(E-RAB MODIFY RESPONSE)
E-RAB
(E-RAB RELEASE COMMAND)
E-RAB
(E-RAB RELEASE RESPONSE)
E-RAB
(E-RAB RELEASE INDICATION)

(INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP REQUEST)

(INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP RESPONSE)
(INITIAL
CONTEXT SETUP FAILURE)

(UE CONTEXT RELEASE REQUEST)

2
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME

1

(UE CONTEXT RELEASE COMMAND)

(UE CONTEXT RELEASE COMPLETE)

(UE CONTEXT MODIFICATION REQUEST)

(UE CONTEXT MODIFICATION RESPONSE)

(UE CONTEXT MODIFICATION FAILURE)

(HANDOVER REQUIRED)

(HANDOVER COMMAND)

(HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE)

(HANDOVER REQUEST)

(HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDGE)

(HANDOVER FAILURE)

(HANDOVER NOTIFY)

(PATH SWITCH REQUEST)

(PATH SWITCH REQUEST ACKNOWLEDGE)

(PATH SWITCH REQUEST FAILURE)

(HANDOVER CANCEL)

(HANDOVER CANCEL ACKNOWLEDGE)
eNodeB
(eNB STATUS TRANSFER)
MME
(MME STATUS TRANSFER)
1

2
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
2


(PAGING)

INITIAL UE MESSAGE
NAS
(DOWNLINK NAS TRANSPORT)
NAS
(UPLINK NAS TRANSPORT)
NAS
(NAS NON DELIVERY INDICATION)

(RESET)

(RESET ACKNOWLEDGE)

(ERROR INDICATION)
S1
(S1 SETUP REQUEST)
S1
(S1 SETUP RESPONSE)
S1
(S1 SETUP FAILURE)
eNodeB
(ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE)
eNodeB
(ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ACKNOWLEDGE)
eNodeB
(ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE FAILURE)
MME
(MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE)
MME
(MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE ACKNOWLEDGE)
MME (MME
CONFIGURATION UPDATE FAILURE)

(OVERLOAD START)

(OVERLOAD STOP)
1

MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME
eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME
eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME
eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
2


(UE CAPABILITY INFO INDICATION)

(TRACE START)

(TRACE FAILURE INDICATION)

(DEACTIVATE TRACE)
(LOCATION
REPORTING CONTROL)
(LOCATION
REPORT FAILURE INDICATION)

(LOCATION REPORT)

(WRITE-REPLACE WARNING REQUEST)



(WRITE-REPLACE WARNING RESPONSE)

(KILL REQUEST)

(KILL RESPONSE)
eNodeB
(eNB DIRECT INFORMATION TRANSFER)
MME
(MME DIRECT INFORMATION TRANSFER)

(eNB CONFIGURATION TRANSFER)

(MME CONFIGURATION TRANSFER)

(CELL TRAFFIC TRACE)

____________

eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME
MME eNodeB
eNodeB MME

. VII.

LTE

SGsAP,
MME MSC /VLR
1.
, MME LTE
(VLR)
GSM900/1800 UMTS.
2. SGsAP, SGs MME
MSC /VLR,
.
. SGsAP

1

(ALERT-ACK)

(ALERT-REJECT)

(ALERT-REQUEST)
( VLR )
(DOWNLINK-UNITDATA)
EPS
(EPS-DETACH-ACK)
EPS
EPS-DETACH-INDICATION)
IMSI
(IMSI-DETACH-ACK)
IMSI
(IMSI-DETACH-INDICATION)

(LOCATION-UPDATE-ACCEPT)

2
MME VLR
MME VLR
VLR MME
VLR MME
VLR MME
MME VLR
VLR MME
MME VLR
VLR MME

1

(LOCATION-UPDATE-REJECT)

(LOCATION-UPDATE-REQUEST)

(MM-INFORMATION-REQUEST)

(STATUS)

(SERVICE-REQUEST)

(MS-ACTIVITY-INDICATION)

(MS-UNREACHABLE)
( VLR)
(UPLINK-UNITDATA)

(PAGING-REJECT)

(PAGING-REQUEST)

(RESET-ACK)

(RESET-INDICATION)
TMSI
(TMSI-REALLOCATION-COMPLETE)

(RELEASE-REQUEST)

_____________

2
VLR MME
MME VLR
VLR MME
VLR MME
MME
VLR
MME VLR
MME VLR
MME VLR
MME VLR
MME VLR
VLR MME
VLR MME
MME
VLR
VLR MME
MME
VLR
MME VLR
VLR MME

. VII.

LTE

Diameter,
MME c HSS ( S6a), SGSN HSS (
S6d), MME EIR ( S13), SGSN EIR ( S13'), PCRF
PDN GW ( Gx), V-PCRF H-PCRF ( S9), PCRF
( Rx)
1. Diameter S6a/S6d
( Auth-Application-Id)
16777251. Diameter,

S6a/S6d MME/SGSN HSS, 1.


1. Diameter,
S6a/S6d MME/SGSN HSS

1


.

(Update-Location-Request
(ULR))


.

(Update-Location-Answer
(ULA))

.
(AuthenticationInformation-Request (AIR))

.
(Authentication-

316, R

1

MME SGSN HSS

316, R

HSS MME SGSN

318, R

1

MME SGSN HSS

318, R

HSS MME SGSN

Information-Answer (AIA))

1

.

(Cancel-Location-Request
(CLR))

.

(Cancel-Location-Answer
(CLA))

.
(Insert-Subscriber-DataRequest (IDR))

.
(Insert-Subscriber-DataAnswer (IDA))

.
(Delete-Subscriber-DataRequest (DSR))

.
(Delete-Subscriber-DataAnswer (DSA))

.
(Purge-UE-Request (PUR))

.
(Purge-UE-Answer (PUA))
.
(Reset-Request (RSR))
.
(Reset-Answer (RSA))
.
(Notify-Request (NOR))

317, R

1

HSS MME SGSN

317, R

MME SGSN HSS

319, R

1

HSS MME SGSN

319, R

MME SGSN HSS

320, R

1

HSS MME SGSN

320, R

MME SGSN HSS

321, R

1
321, R

322, R

1
322, R

323, R

1

MME SGSN HSS


HSS MME SGSN
HSS MME SGSN
MME SGSN HSS
MME SGSN HSS

1
.
(Notify-Answer (NOA))

2
323, R

3
HSS MME SGSN

2. Diameter S13/S13'
Auth-Application-Id 16777252.
Diameter, S13/S13' MME/SGSN EIR,

2.
2. Diameter,
S13/S13' MME/SGSN EIR

.
(ME-Identity-CheckRequest (ECR))

.
(ME-Identity-CheckAnswer (ECA))

324, R

1

MME SGSN EIR

324, R

EIR MME SGSN

3. Diameter Gx AuthApplication-Id 16777224, S9 Auth-Application-Id


16777267. Diameter,
Gx PCRF PDN GW, S9 V-PCRF
H-PCRF, 3.
3. Diameter,
Gx, S9

1


(PCC).

(CC-Request (CCR))

272, R

1

PDN GW PCRF,
V-PCRF H-PCRF

1


.
(CC-Answer (CCA))

.
(Re-Auth-Request (RAR))

.
(Re-Auth-Answer (RAA))

272, R

PCRF PDN GW
H-PCRF V-PCRF

258, R

1
258, R

PCRF PDN GW
H-PCRF V-PCRF
PDN GW PCRF
V-PCRF H-PCRF

4. Diameter Rx AuthApplication-Id 16777236. Diameter,


Rx PCRF
( AF), 4.
4. Diameter, Rx

1
.

(AA-Request (AAR))
.

(AA-Answer (AAA))

.
(Re-Auth-Request (RAR))

.
(Re-Auth-Answer (RAA))
.
(Session-TerminationRequest (STR))
.
(Session-TerminationAnswer (STA))

.
(Abort-Session-Request
(ASR))


2
265, R

1
265, R

258, R

1
258, R

275, R

1
275, R

274, R

1


3
AF PCRF
PCRF AF
PCRF AF
AF PCRF
AF PCRF
PCRF AF

PCRF AF

1

.
(Abort-Session-Answer
(ASA))

274, R

AF PCRF

_____________

. VII.

LTE

NAS
1. NAS
( EMM), MME S1-MME,
1.
1. NAS EMM,
S1-MME

1

(Attach accept)

(Attach complete)

(Attach reject)

(Attach request)

(Authentication failure)

(Authentication reject)

(Authentication request)

(Authentication response)
CS
(CS service notification)
( )
(Detach accept)
( )
(Detach accept)
( )
(Detach request)

2
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME

1
( )
(Detach request)
NAS (
)
(Downlink NAS Transport)

(EMM information)

(EMM status)

(Extended service request)


(GUTI (Globally Unique Temporary Identifier) reallocation
command)


(GUTI reallocation complete)

(Identity request)

(Identity response)

(Security mode command)

(Security mode complete)

(Security mode reject)

(Service reject)

(Service request)

(Tracking area update accept)

(Tracking area update complete)

(Tracking area update reject)

(Tracking area update request)

2
MME
MME
MME
MME

MME
MME

MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME

1
NAS (
)
(Uplink NAS Transport)
NAS
(Downlink generic NAS transport)
NAS
(Uplink generic NAS transport)

2
MME
MME
MME

2. NAS
( ESM), MME S1-MME,
2.
2. NAS ESM,
S1-MME

1
EPS
(Activate dedicated EPS bearer context accept)
EPS
(Activate dedicated EPS bearer context reject)
EPS
(Activate dedicated EPS bearer context request)
EPS
(Activate default EPS bearer context accept)
EPS

(Activate default EPS bearer context reject)


EPS
(Activate default EPS bearer context request)

(Bearer resource allocation reject)

(Bearer resource allocation request)

(Bearer resource modification reject)

(Bearer resource modification request)
EPS
(Deactivate EPS bearer context accept)
EPS
(Deactivate EPS bearer context request)

2
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME

1

(ESM information request)

(ESM information response)

(ESM status)
EPS
(Modify EPS bearer context accept)
EPS
(Modify EPS bearer context reject)
EPS
(Modify EPS bearer context request)

(PDN connectivity reject)



(PDN connectivity request)

(PDN disconnect reject)


_____________

2
MME
MME
MME

MME
MME
MME
MME
MME
MME

. VII.

LTE

GTP
1. S-GW, PDN GW, SGSN, MME
Sv, S11, S4, S5, S8, S3, S10, S16 GTP
2 ( GTPv2-).
1.1. GTPv2-
1.

P T 0
0


TEID

1.
GTPv2-
1.1.1. :
1)
6 8 GTPv2-,
2;
2)
5 ( P) .
P 0, ;
1, GTPv2-C
;
3)
4
TEID :
T = 0, TEID ;
T = 1, TEID 5 8
. TEID ;
4)
3 1 ,
0, .
1.1.2. .
1.1.3. 3 4 .
, .

1.1.4. 9 11, TEID, 5 7,


TEID, GTPv2-.
.
1.2. GTPv2-.
1.3. GTPv2-C 1.
1. GTPv2-C

1
1
2
3

2
(Echo Reques)
(Echo Response)
(Version Not Supported Indication)
SGSN/MME MSC (S v)

25

26
27
28
29
30

32
33
34
35


( SRVCC)

(SRVCC PS to CS Request)
SRVCC
(SRVCC PS to CS
Response)
SRVCC

(SRVCC PS to CS Complete Notification)
SRVCC

(SRVCC PS to CS Complete Acknowledge)
SRVCC

(SRVCC PS to CS Cancel Notification)
SRVCC

(SRVCC PS to CS Cancel Acknowledge)
SGSN/MME PGW (S4/S11, S5/S8)

(Create Session Request)

(Create Session Response)
EPS
(Modify Bearer Request)
EPS
Modify Bearer Response

1
36
37
38
39

2

(Delete Session Request)

(Delete Session Response)

(Change Notification Request)t

(Change Notification Response)
(Messages without explicit response)

64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73

EPS (Modify Bearer Command)


(MME/SGSN PGW S11/S4, S5/S8)
EPS
(Modify Bearer Failure Indication)
(PGW MME/SGSN S5/S8, S11/S4)
EPS (Delete Bearer Command)
(MME/SGSN PGW S11/S4, S5/S8)
EPS
(Delete Bearer Failure Indication)
(PGW MME/SGSN S5/S8, S11/S4))
EPS
(Bearer Resource Command)
(MME/SGSN PGW S11/S4, S5/S8)

(Bearer Resource Failure Indication)
(P GW MME/SGSN S5/S8, S11/S4)

(Downlink Data Notification Failure Indication)
(SGSN/MME S GW S4/S11)

(Trace Session Activation)

(Trace Session Deactivation)

(Stop Paging Indication)
PGW SGSN/MME (S5/S8, S4/S11)

95
96
97

EPS
(Create Bearer Reques)t
EPS
(Create Bearer Response)
EPS
(Update Bearer Request)

1
98
99
100

2
EPS
(Update Bearer Response)
EPS
(Delete Bearer Request)
EPS
(Delete Bearer Response)

PGW MME, MME PGW, SGW PGW, SGW MME (S5/S8, S11)
101


(Delete PDN Connection Set Request)
102

(Delete PDN Connection Set Response)
MME MME, SGSN MME, MME SGSN, SGSN SGSN
(S3/S10/S16)
128

(Identification Request)
129

(Identification Response)
130

(Context Request)
131

(Context Response)
132

(Context Acknowledge)
133

(Forward Relocation Request)
134

(Forward Relocation Response)
135

(Forward Relocation Complete Notification)
136

(Forward Relocation Complete Acknowledge)
137

(Forward Access Context Notification)
138
(Forward Access Context
Acknowledge)
139

(Relocation Cancel Request)
140

(Relocation Cancel Response)
141

(Configuration Transfer Tunnel)

1
152

2

(RAN Information Relay)
SGSN MME, MME SGSN (S3)

149


(Detach Notification)
150

(Detach Acknowledge)
151

(CS Paging Indication)
153

(Alert MME Notification)
154

(Alert MME Acknowledge)
155

(UE Activity Notification)
156

(UE Activity Acknowledge)
SGSN/MME SGW, SGSN MME (S4/S11/S3), SGSN SGSN (S16),
SGW PGW (S5/S8)
162

(Suspend Notification)
163

(Suspend Acknowledge)
SGSN/MME SGW (S4/S11)
160
161
164
165
166
167
168
169
1


(Create Forwarding Tunnel Request)

(Create Forwarding Tunnel Response)

(Resume Notification)

(Resume Acknowledge)

(Create Indirect Data Forwarding Tunnel Request)

(Create Indirect Data Forwarding Tunnel Response)

(Delete Indirect Data Forwarding Tunnel Request)

(Delete Indirect Data Forwarding Tunnel Response)
2

170
171

EPS
(Release Access Bearers Request)
EPS
(Release Access Bearers Response)
SGW SGSN/MME (S4/S11)

176
177


(Downlink Data Notification)

(Downlink Data Notification Acknowledge)
SGW PGW, PGW SGW (S5/S8)

200
201


(Update PDN Connection Set Request)

(Update PDN Connection Set Response)

2. S-GW, PDN GW, SGSN


S1-U, S5/S8, S4, S12 GTP
1 (GTPv1-U).
2.1. GTPv1-U
2.

PT (*) E
S
PN


TEID


2.
GTPv1- U
2.1.1. :
1)
6 8 GTPv1-U,
1;
2)
5 ( PT) ,
1;
3)
4 , 0,
;
4)
3 ( )
. 1,
, 0 ;

5)
2 ( S)
. S 1,
, 0
;
6)
1 ( PN) .
PN 0, ,
1, .
2.1.2. .
2.1.3. 3 4 .
,
.
2.1.4. TEID .
2.1.5. 9 10 .
2.1.6.
.
2.2.
.
2.3. GTPv1-U 2.
2. GTPv1-U

1
2
26
31
254
255


(Echo Reques)

(Echo Response)

(Error Indication)

(Supported Extension Headers Notification)

(End Marker)
GTP (G-PDU)
____________

. VII.

LTE

IP, UDP, TCP


1. IP.
1.1. IP 4 ( IPv4)
1.
1.1.1. 20 ,
60
65 535 .
1.1.2. IP.
1.1.3.
.
1.1.4.
:
1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) .
1. IPv4

1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12



IP
IP

()
3
4
4
8
16
16
3
13
8
8
16
32
32

1
13
14

1.1.5.
2.

2.

02
3
0 ,
1
4
0 ,
1
5
0 ,
1
67
02 ,
.
1.1.6. IP IP
, .
576 .
65 535 .
1.1.7. IP

.
1.1.8.
.
3.
3.
0
1
2
,
0
1
0
1



0

1.1.9.

(8 ).
0.

1.1.10.

.
0, .
1.1.11.
.
1.1.12.
( ) .
.
1.1.13. IP-
.
1.1.14. IP-
.
1.1.15.
:
1) 1 ,
2)
: (1 ),
(1 ), ( ).
: (1 ), (2 ),
(5 ).
1
, 0 .
1.1.16. ,
32 .
.
1.2. IP 6 ( IPv6)
4.
40 , 1280

( 1500 ) .
4. IPv6

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1.2.1.

()
4
8
20
16
8
8
128
128

IP.

1.2.2.
IPv4
.
1.2.3.

,
IP, , ,
, .
, ,
0 ,

.
1.2.4.
IPv6 .
1.2.5. ,
,
, IPv4.
1.2.6. IPv6
,
IPv6
.
1.2.7.
, 8 .
1.2.8. IPv6
:
;
;
;
;
;

.
1.2.9. IPv6
,
. , .
1.2.10. IPv6
IP- .
2.
UDP.
2.1. UDP IP 17.
2.2. UDP
5.

5. UDP

1
2
3
4

Source Port
Destination Port
Length
Checksum


2
2
2
2

.
2.3. Source Port ( )
( ) .
.
, 0.
2.4. Destination Port
.
2.5. Length ( )
.
8 ( ).
2.6. Checksum ,

16- IP,
UDP ,
2- . ,
UDP, ,
UDP.
.
0, ( 0
1).
,
(
, ).
3.
TCP.
3.1. TCP IP 6.
3.2. TCP 6.
6. TCP

1
1
2
3
4
5

2
Source Port
Destination Port
Sequence Number
Acknowledgment Number
Data Offset


3
16
16
32
32
4

1
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

2
Reserved
Control Bits
Window
Checksum
Urgent Pointer
Options
Padding

3
6
6
16
16
16

.
3.3. Source Port .
3.4. Destination Port .
3.5. Sequence Number .
SYN.
SYN,
(ISN), ISN+1.
3.6. Acknowledgment Number .
ACK ,
, .
.
3.7. Data Offset . 32-
TCP. .
TCP ( ) , 32 .
3.8. Reserved .
.
3.9. Control Bits :
URG Urgent Pointer;
ACK Acknowledgment Number;
PSH Push;
RST (Reset) ;
SYN ;
FIN .
3.10. Window . ,
,
.
3.11. Checksum .
,
16 1.
,
16- .
.
Checksum
. 96- ,

TCP.
, TCP.
TCP
. IP
TCP-
TCP IP. TCP
TCP (
, ), 12-
.
3.12. Urgent Pointer .

.
URG.
3.13. Options .
TCP
. .
.
:
1)
;
2)
,
(1 ) .
2
, , .
, .
. TCP
:
End of Option List (0) .
TCP,
Data Offset. ,
- ,
TCP.
No-Operation (1) (,
).
Maximum Segment Size (2) .
16 . ,
TCP,
.
( SYN). ,
.
3.14. Padding . .
TCP

32- . 0.

3.15. LISTEN, SYN-SENT, SYN-RECEIVED,


ESTABLISHED, FIN-WAIT-1, FIN-WAIT-2, CLOSE-WAIT, CLOSING, LASTACK, TIME-WAIT CLOSED.
LISTEN TCP
.
SYN-SENT
.
SYN-RECEIVED
.
ESTABLISHED
.
.
FIN-WAIT-1
TCP
.
FIN-WAIT-2
TCP.
CLOSE-WAIT
.
CLOSING TCP
.
LAST-ACK
, TCP (
).
TIME-WAIT ,
TCP
.
CLOSED ().
TCP
, ,
-.
3.16. TCP
7.
7. TCP

1
2
3
4
5
6

OPEN
SEND
RECEIVE
CLOSE
STATUS
ABORT

____________

. VII.

LTE


LTE
( ):
1)

.
25
,

24.08.2006 112 (
4 2006 ., 8194) (
112-06);
2)
, .
,
, .. 4 8 26 112-06.
_____________

. VII.

LTE

S-GW
EPS S-GW LTE,
GSM900/1800, UMTS .
. EPS S-GW
()

LTE

1
(IMSI)

IMSI (IMSI unauthenticated-indicator)


(IMEI/IMEISV)
(ME Identity)
ISDN
(MSISDN)

(Selected CN operator id)

MME S11
(MME TEID for S11)
IP S11
(MME IP address for S11)
SGW S11/ S4 (
)
(S-GW TEID for S11/S4(control plane))
IP S-GW S11/ S4 (
)
(S-GW IP address for S11/S4(control plane))

GSM 900/1800,
UMTS
3

1
IP SGSN S4 (
)
(SGSN IP address for S4(control plane))

SGSN S4 (
)
(SGSN TEID for S4 (control plane))

(Trace reference)

(Trace Type)

(Trigger id)

,

(OMC Identity)


(Last known Cell Id)


(Last known Cell Id age)



(APN in Use)


EPS
(EPS PDN Charging Characteristics)
IP PDN GW (
)
(P-GW Address in Use(control plane))

PDN GW S5/S8 (
)
P-GW TEID for S5/S8
(control plane)
IP PDN GW (
)
(P-GW Address in Use (user plane))

1
GRE, PDN GW

( PDN GW GRE Key for uplink traffic (user
plane))
IP S-GW S5/ S8 (
)
(S-GW IP address for S5/S8 (control plane))
SGW S5/ S8 (
)
(S-GW TEID for S5/S8(control plane))
IP S-GW (
)
(S-GW Address in Use (user plane))
GRE, S-GW

(S-GW GRE Key for downlink traffic (user
plane))

EPS
EPS
(EPS Bearer ID)

(TFT)
IP PDN GW (
)
(P-GW Address in Use (user plane))

PDN GW S5/S8 (
)
(PDN GW TEID for S5/S8 (user plane))
IP S-GW S5/ S8 (
)
(S-GW IP address for S5/S8 ((user plane))
SGW S5/ S8 (
)
(S-GW TEID for S5/S8 (user plane))
IP S-GW S1-u, S12
S4 ( )
(S-GW IP address for S1-u, S12 and S4 (user
plane))

1
IP eNodeB
S1-u
(eNodeB Address for S1-u)

eNodeB
S1-u
(eNodeB TEID for S1-u)
IP
S12
(RNC IP address for S12)


S12
(RNC TEID for S12)
IP SGSN S4 (
)
(SGSN IP address for S4(user plane))

SGSN S4 (
)
(SGSN TEID for S4 (user plane))
EPS
(EPS Bearer QoS)
,
S-GW PDN GW
(Charging Id)

____________

. VII.

LTE


1. ( )

.
2.

( );
3.
()
().
4. ,
:
1)
;
2) ()
;
3) (, , ) (, ,
);
4)
(, , );
5) ;
6) /
,
.
7) ;
8) ;
9) EPC,
.
5. .
6.
.
7.
.
,
,

,
.
8.
.
9.
, ,
.
10.

.
_____________

. VII.

LTE

PDN-GW
EPS PDN-GW LTE,
GSM900/1800, UMTS .
. EPS PDN-GW
()
1
(IMSI)

IMSI (IMSI unauthenticated-indicator)


(IMEI/IMEISV)
(ME Identity)
ISDN
(MSISDN)

(Selected CN operator id)

(RAT (Radio Access Technology) type)

(Trace reference)

(Trace Type)

(Trigger id)

,

(OMC Identity)

GSM 900/1800,
UMTS
3

LTE



(APN in Use)


(APN-AMBR)


IP-()

(IP Address(es))

(PDN type)
IP- S-GW (
)

(S-GW Address in Use (control plane))



S-GW S5/S8 (

)
(S-GW TEID for S5/S8 (control plane))
IP S-GW (
)

(S-GW Address in Use(user plane))


GRE, S-GW

(S-GW GRE Key for downlink traffic (user


plane))
IP P-GW S5/ S8 (
)

(P-GW IP address for S5/S8 (control plane))



PDN GW S5/S8 (

)
(P-GW TEID for S5/S8 (control plane))
IP PDN GW (
)

(P-GW Address in Use (user plane)


GRE, PDN GW
.

(PDN GW GRE Key for uplink traffic (user


plane))

1


(MS Info Change Reporting support indication)


(MS Info Change Reporting Action)



(CSG Information Reporting Action)

(BCM)
EPS
(Default bearer)


EPS
(EPS PDN Charging Characteristics)

EPS
EPS
(EPS Bearer ID)

(TFT)
IP S-GW (
)
(S-GW Address in Use (user plane))

S-GW S5/ S8 (
)
(S-GW TEID for S5/S8 (user plane))
IP PDN GW (
)
(P-GW Address in Use (user plane))

PDN GW S5/S8 (
)
(PDN GW TEID for S5/S8 (user plane))
EPS
(EPS Bearer QoS)

1
,
S-GW PDN GW
(Charging Id)
_____________

. VII.

LTE

HSS ,
LTE
HSS , LTE,
.
. HSS , LTE

1
(IMSI)
ISDN
(MSISDN)


(IMEI/IMEISV)
MME,
(MME Identity)
MME (MME Capabilities)
EMM ESM
(MS PS Purged from EPS)

(ODB parameters)

(Access Restriction)


(EPS Subscribed Charging Characteristic)

(Trace Reference)

(Trace Type)

1
2

,

(OMC Identity)

(Subscribed-UE-AMBR))

(APN-replacement)

/
(RFSP Index)
,
MME
HSS
(URRP-MME)

(CSG Subscription Data)




(Context Identifier)

(PDN Address)
(IPv4, IPv6, IPv4v6)
(PDN Type)

(APN-OI Replacement)

(Access Point Name (APN))

EPS
(EPS subscribed QoS profile)


(Subscribed-APN-AMBR)


EPS
(EPS PDN Subscribed Charging Characteristics)

1
2


(VPLMN Address Allowed)
PDN GW
(PDN GW identity)
PDN GW
(PDN GW Allocation Type)
PDN GW
(PLMN of PDN GW)
IMS
MME
(Homogenous Support of IMS Over PS Sessions for
MME)
PDN
GW
APN - P-GW
(APN - P-GW relation #n)
_____________

. VII.

LTE

, EIR
1. EIR
(IMEI)
(IMEISV).
2. IMEI :
(TAC) 8 ;
(SNR) 6 (
,
TAC);
1 , 0
IMEI .
IMEI 15.
3. IMEISV :
(TAC) 8 ;
(SNR) 6 (
,
TAC);
(SVN),

. 2 .
IMEISV 16.
4. EIR ,
:
IMEI ,
;
IMEI ,
;
IMEI
( ,
).
5. LTE
IMEI EPC
EIR
:
.

. VII.

LTE


1.
LTE ,

LTE .
2.
LTE,
LTE,
LTE
.
3. ,

,
,
.
4. :
;

LTE;

LTE;
.
5.

LTE :
1)
LTE, :
, ;

( ) ;
2)

,
:
, ;
;
3)

,
:

, , , ;
;
, ;
4) ;
5)

,
:
;
(
),
;
6)
,
.
6.
LTE
, , ,


.
7.
LTE (

).
8. ,
.
9.
:
1)

(,


);
2) ( ,
);
3) (,
).
10.

, ,
.
11.
.
12.
, ,
.

13. LTE

.
14.

.
15.
LTE
.
16.
.
_____________

16

. VII.

LTE


1.
EIR Equipment Identity Register (
).
2.
eNodeB Evolved NodeB ( LTE).
3.
ECM EPS Connection Management (
EPS).
4.
ECM-CONNECTED EPS Connection Management-CONNECTED
( - )
5.
ECM-IDLE EPS Connection Management-IDLE (
EPS).
6.
EMM EPS Mobility Management (
EPS).
7.
EMM-DEREGISTERED

EPS
Mobility
ManagementDEREGISTERED (
EPS )
8.
EPC Evolved Packet Core ( LTE,
LTE).
9.
EPS Evolved Packet System (
LTE).
10. GSM Global System for Mobility (
).
11. GTP GPRS Tunnelling Protocol (
GPRS).
12. HSS Home Subscriber Server ( ).
13. ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol (
).
14. IMEI International Mobile Equipment Identity (
).
15. IMEISV International Mobile Equipment Identity and Software
Version (
).
16. IMSI International Mobile Subscriber Identity (
).
17. IP Internet Protocol ( ).
18. LTE Long-Term Evolution ( ).

19. MME Mobility Managemen Entity (


).
20. MSISDN Mobile Subscriber ISDN Number (
ISDN).
21. NAS protocol Non-Access-Stratum protocol (
).
22. PDN GW Packet Data Networks Gateway (
, ).
23. PCRF The Policy and Charging Rules Function (
).
24. S1-AP S1 Application Protocol (
S1).
25. SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node (
GPRS).
26. SGsAP SGs Application Part (
SGs).
27. S-GW Serving Gateway ( ).
28. SRVCC Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (
).
29. TCP Transmission Control Protocol (
).
30. TEID Tunnel Endpoint Identifier (
).
31. UDP User Datagram Protocol (
).