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1

Ernst Benz, On Understanding Non-Christian Religions, in: Mircea Eliade and Joseph M. Kitagawa (eds.),
The History of Religions: Essays in Methodology (Chicago, 1959), p. 131.
2
; .,
: Fransis L..Hsu, Rethinking the Concept Primitive. Current Anthropology, V (June, 1964),
p. 169178. .
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. . : Stanley Diamond, The Search for the Primitive, .: Man's Image in
Medicine and Anthropology, ed. by I.Galdston (New York, 1963), p. 62115.

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George Taplin, The Narrinyeri: An Account of the Tribe of Australian Aborigines Inhabiting the Country
around the Lakes Alexandrina, Albert, and Coorong (Adelaide, 1847), p. 55; : A.W.Howitt, The
Native Tribes of South-East Australia (London: Macmillan, 1904), p. 488 ( Howitt, Native Tribes.)
: Wilhelm Schmidt, Ursprung
der Gottesidee, I (2d ed.; Mnster, 1926), 328,399 ff., 408 ( Schmidt, Ursprung).
12
Taplin, The Narrinyeri, . 55; : A.W.Howitt, Native Tribes, p. 488489.
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Howitt, Native Tribes, p. 489.
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Howitt, Native Tribes, p. 494.
21
Ibid., p. 495.
22
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1886); On Australian Medicine Men (XVI, 1887).
25
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Schmidt, Ursprung, I, p, 249 ff.
26
. : .S.Hartland, The High Gods of Australia. Folk-lore, IX (1898), p. 230329
27
Andrew Lang, Australian Gods: A Reply. Folk-lore, X (1899), p. 14.
28
E.S.Hartland, Australian Gods: Rejoinder. Folk-lore, X (1899), p. 50.
(Ursprung, I, 273311)
[Die Kritik der Theorie Langs], . [Der
monotheistic Pr-animismus A.Langs]. : Raffaelle Pettazzoni,
Dio: Formazione e sviluppo del monoteismo nella storia delle religioni (Rome, 1922), I, p. 4350. . ,
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Andrew Lang, God (Primitive and Savage). In: J. Hastings (ed.), Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, VI
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30
J.G.Frazer, Totemism and Exogamy, I (London, 1910), p. 148.
31
. : Lang, Australian Gods, p. 26 ff., 28 ff.
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A.P.L.Cameron, Notes on Some Tribes of New South Wales. JAI, XIV (1885), p. 351 ff.
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Lang, God (Primitive and Savage), p. 245a.

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. Pettazzoni, Op. cit., I, p. 67 ff., 355 if. ..
Dio, Supreme God in the Polytheistic
Religions ( ) Unique God in the Monotheistic Religions
( ) (I, p. XVI). 1955 .
: L'Onniscienza di Dio (Torino); . . 507512.
55
., : Schmidt, Ursprung, I, p. 270273, 670674; Anthropos XXI (1926), p. 269272; The
Origin and Growth of Religion, .. (New York, 1931), p. 209214.
56
., : R.Pettazzoni, Monoteismo e Urmonoteismo. Studi e materiali di storia delle
religioni, XIX-XX (19431946), p. 170177; : idem, Das Ende des Urmonotheismus? Numen, III (1956),
19561959; Numen, V (1958), p. 161163.
57
R.Pettazzoni, The Supreme Being: Phenomenological Structure and Historical Development. In: M.
Eliade and J.M.Kitagawa (eds.), The History of Religions: Essays in Methodology (Chicago, 1959), p. 60.

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F.Graebner, Das Weltbild der Primitiven (Munich, 1924), p. 2527, :


Schmidt, The Origin and Growth of Religion, p. 247248. : Zur australischen
Religions-geschichte. Globus, 96 (1909), p. 341 ff., 362 ff.;
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F.Lehmann, Die Religionen Australiens und der Sdsee, 19111930. Archiv fr Religionswissenschaft, XXIX
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R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965),
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Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 38 ff, 49 ff.


W.E.H.Stanner, The Dreaming. B: T.A.G.Hungerford (ed.), Australian Signposts (Melbourne, 1956),
p. 5165; : William A.Lessa and Even Z.Vogt, Reader in Comparative Religion (New York:
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Ralph Piddington, Karadjeri Initiation. Oceania, III (19321933), p. 4687; idem, An Introduction to
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.Spencer, Native Tribes of the Northern Territory of Australia (London: Macmillan, 1914), p. 214 ff., 270 ff., 295
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Strehlow, Aranda Traditions, p. 35.

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W.E.H.Stanner, On Aboriginal Religion. Oceania Monographs, 11 (Sydney, 1963), p. 254


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Strehlow, Aranda Traditions, p. 3031.


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Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 153.


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R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians, p. 227231. .


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Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 199.
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R.M. and ..Berndt, The First Australians (Sydney: Ure Smith, 1952), p. 7879.

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R.M. and ..Berndt, The First Australians, p. 9899.
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Andreas Lommel, Die Unambal: Ein Stamm in Nordwest-Australien (Hamburg, 1952).


Ibid., p. 10.

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Helmut Petri, Sterbende Welt in Nordwest-Australien (Braunschweig, 1954), p. 98 ff.
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Petri, Sterbende Welt, p. 132 ff., 139 ff.
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Ibid., p. 147. . : .Hernndez, Myths and Symbols of the Drysdale River Aborigines.
Oceania, XXXII (19611962), p. 113127, ()
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144
Strehlow, Aranda Traditions, p. 29.
145
26 27 1838 . (.
Journals of Two Expeditions of Discoveries (London, 1841) I, p. 201204, 213
215). ,
.. (1901), X. (1916) .. (1921). 1928 .

, ; .:
..Elkin, Rock Paintings of North-West Australia. Oceania, I (December, 1930), p. 257279; idem, Studies in
Australian Totemism. Oceania Monographs, 2 (Sydney, 1933), p. 6773.
1947 . X.; .: ..Elkin, Grey's Northern Kimberley Cave-Paintings Re-found. Oceania, XIX
(September, 1948), p. 115.
. , -, [Elkin,
Grey's Northern Kimberley Cave-Paintings Re-found, p. 9]; , 27 ,
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Petroglyphs in South-East Australia. Oceania, XX (19491950), p. 119157; A.P.Elkin and C.H. and
R.M.Berndt, Art in Arnhem Land (Melbourne, 1956), p. 757; Charles P.Mountford, Art, Myth and Symbolism. In:
idem, Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land ( Records), Vol. I
(Melbourne, 1956), cf. R.M.Berndt, The Mountford Volume on Aboriginal Art. Mankind, V, October, 1958,
p. 249261; A.P.Elkin, Art and Meaning: A Review Article. Oceania, XXXIII (September, 1961), p. 5458;
F.D.McCarthy, The Cave Paintings of Groote Eylandt and Chasm Island. In: Mountford, Records, II (Melbourne,
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146
A.Capell, Mythology in the Northern Kimberley, p. 389 ff., 403.
147
Worms, Contemporary and Prehistoric Rock Paintings, p. 549550.
148
Elkin, Rock Paintings of North-West Australia, p. 263; 269, n. 8.
149
Ibid, p. 276.
150
Petri, Sterbende Welt, p. 102103.
151
, , (. Adam,
Anthropomorphe and Darstellungen, p. 22, n. 44). ,
, ,
, , (. Elkin, Grey's Northern
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[Elkin, Rock-Paintings of North-West Australia, p. 278].
152
A.R.Radcliff-Brown, The Rainbow-Serpent Myth of Australia. Journal of the Royal Anthropological
Institute, LVI (1926), p. 1926; idem, The Rainbow-Serpent Myth in South-East Australia. Oceania, I (1930),
p. 342347; Ursula McConnel, The Rainbow-Serpent in North Queensland. Oceania, I, 1930, p. 347349; Elkin,
The Rainbow-Serpent Myth in North-West Australia. Oceania, I, (1930), p. 349352; Ralph Piddington, The
Water-Serpent in Karadjeri Mythology. Oceania, I (1930), p. 352354. . : John Loewenstein, Rainbow
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Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 201; cp. Oceania, I, p. 262.
155
Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 198.
156
(. . .).
157
Petri, Sterbende Welt, p. 163.
158
Ibid., p. 170.
159
.: .F.Ashley-Montagu, Coming into Being among the Australian Aborigines (New York, 1938).
. : .G.H.Strehlow, La Gmelit de lme humaine, La Tour Saint-Jacques, 1112 (Paris, 1957),
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H Petri, Sterbende Welt, p. 197 ff., 215216; Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 199 ff.
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Spencer and Gillen, Native Tribes of the Northern Territory of Australia, p. 318 ff.
Strehlow, Aranda Traditions, p. 5657.
163
Ralph Piddington, Totemic System of the Karadjeri Tribe. Oceania, II, 4 (1932), p. 377378.
162

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W.Lloyd Warner, A Black Civilization: A Study of an Australian Tribe (
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.: Eliade, Birth and
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. .Whiting, R.Kluckhohn, and A.Anthony, The Functions of Male Initiation
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Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 5; : R.H.Mathews, The Bora or initiation Ceremonies of the
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Mathews, The Bora or Initiation Ceremonies, p. 418. Cp. ,
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Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 6.
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176
Ibid,, p. 7, [Howitt, The Native Tribes of South-East Australia, p. 625 ff.]. . :
Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 79, -
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178
. Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 4; Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 179184; R.M. and ..Berndt,
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Warner, A Black Civilization, p. 114 ff.; Meggitt, Desert People, p. 281316.
179
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180
. Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 89.
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Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 180181.

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183
[Meggitt, Desert
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. ;
, .
.: Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 21 ff., 141 ff. . :
Ad.E.Jensen, Beschneidung und Reifezeremonien bei Naturvlkern (Stuttgart, 1933); F.Speiser, ber die
Beschneidung in der Sdsee, Acta Tropica, I (1944), 929; F.R.Lehmann, Bemerkungen zu einer neuen
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184
. : Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 2122, 141. .:
.Zerries, Das Schwirrholz. Untersuchung ber die Verbreitung und Bedeutung des Schwirrens im Kult (Stuttgart,
1942), p. 84125. , ; .
F.Speiser, Kulturgeschichtliche Betrachtungen ber die Initiationen in der Sdsee. Bulletin der Schweizerischen
Gesellschaft fr Anthropologie und Ethnologie, XXII (19451946), p. 2861.
185
R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians, p. 145.
186
C. inter alia: ibid., p. 142.
187
Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 173,182.
188
C. Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 25 ff., , . 142 ff. .
: .Basedow, Subincision and Kindred Rites of the Australian Aboriginal. Journal of the Royal
Anthropological Institute, LVIII (1927), p. 123156; Ashley-Montagu, Corning into Being among the Australian
Aborigines, p. 302 ff.; Bruno Bettelheim, Symbolic Wounds (1st ed.; Glencoe, III., 1954), p. 173 ff.; J.Winthuis,
Das Zweigeschelchterwesen (Leipzig, 1928), p. 29 ff.; H.Baumann, Das doppelte Geschlecht. Ethnologische
Studien zur Bisexualitt in Ritus und Mythos (Berlin, 1955), p. 313 ff.; R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First
Australians, p. 145146.
189
W.E.Roth, Ethnological Studies among the North-West-Central Queensland Aborigines (Brisbane and
London, 1897), p. 180. . , : Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 26.

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and Rebirth, p. 7 n. 13 (); Bettelheim, Symbolic Wounds, p. 180 ff.
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Arunta, I, p. 99 ff.; Strehlow, Aranda Traditions, p. 54 ff., 8586 .. . : L.Adams, Anthropomorphe
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R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians, p. 138.


Warner, A Black Civilization; Ronald M.Berndt, Kunapipi (Melbourne: F.W.Cheshire, 1951); .
: W.S.Chaseling, Yulengor, Nomads of Arnhem Land (London, 1957).
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226
Warner, A Black Civilization, p. 375.
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R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians, p. 245.


Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 226.
230
R.M.Berndt, Kunapipi, p. 16.
231
., .: J. de Leeuwe, Male Right and Female Right among the Autochtons of Arnhem Land.
Acta Ethnographies, XIII (Budapest, 1964); XIV (1965), p. 303348. ,
,
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232
., .: Eliade, Patterns in Comparative Religion (New York and London, 1958), p. 415 ff.; idem,
Yoga: Immortality and Freedom (New York and London, 1958), p. 244 ff., 267 ff., etc.; idem, Mephistopheles and
the Androgyne (New York and London, 1966), p. 78 ff.
233
W.E.H.Stanner, On Aboriginal Religion. Oceania Monograph 11 (Sydney, 1963), p. 87.
, -, ( , . 96).
234
Ronald .Berndt (ed.), Australian Aboriginal Art (New York, 1964), p. 83.
235
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236
Frederick D.McCarthy, Australia's Aborigines: Their Life and Culture (Melbourne, 1957), p. 119.
-, , , (Elkin,
The Australian Aborigines, p. 304).
237
A.P.Elkin, Art and Life. B: R.M. Berndt (ed.), Australian Aboriginal Art, p. 19.
238
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347, esp. 342. [McCarthy, Australia's Aborigines, p. 129].
240
. Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 41 ff.; Bettelheim, Symbolic Wounds, p. 239 ff.
241
R.M. and ..Berndt, The First Australians (Mew York: Philosophical Library, 1954), p. 54.
242
R.M. and ..Berndt, Sexual Behavior in Western Arnhem Land, p. 8991.
243
Eliade, Birth and Rebirth, p. 43.
244
Roth, Ethnological Studies, p. 174 ff.; B.Spencer and F.J.Gillen, The Native Tribes of Central Australia
(London: Macmillan, 1899), p. 475 ff.; R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians, p. 151.
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249
Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 193.
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Catherine H.Berndt, Women's Changing Ceremonies in Northern Australia. L'Homme: Cahiers
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Berndt, Wuradjeri Magic, Part I, p, 334 ff.


Howitt, The Native Tribes of South-East Australia, p. 408 ff.
278
Max Kaltenmark, Le Lie-sien tchouan: Biographies legendaires des immortels taostes de 1antiquit
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279
Cf., inter alia: P.Boyanc, La Religion astrale de Platon Cicron. Revue des Etudes grecques, LXV
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Cf. M. Eliade, Mythes, rves et mystres (Paris, 1957), p. 132 ff. [= Myths, Dreams and Mysteries (New
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Howitt, The Native Tribes of South-East Australia, p. 405; . . 389 .
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Schamanismus in Australia. Wiener Vlkerkundliche Mitteilungen, V (1957).
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Howitt, The Native Tribes of South-East Australia, p. 358359. . : Elkin, Aboriginal Men of
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284
Elkin, Aboriginal Men of High Degree, p. 85; Berndt, Wuradjeri Magic, Part I, p. 356 ff.; Part II, p. 79.
285
Elkin, Aboriginal Men of High Degree, p. 85.
286
B.Spencer and F.J.Gillen, Native Tribes of Central Australia (London, 1899), p. 522 ff.; Elkin,
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Elkin, Aboriginal Men of High Degree, p. 138.
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Elkin, Aboriginal Men of High Degree, p. 7677.
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Berndt, Wuradjeri Magic, Part I, p. 340.


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317
. .Lucas Bridges, The Uttermost Part of the Earth (New York, 1948), p-248 ff.
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Elkin, The Australian Aborigines, p. 304.
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Eliade, Mphistophls et landrogyne, p. 24 ff.
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A.R.Radcliff-Brown, The Rainbow-Serpent Myth of Australia. Journal of the Royal Anthropological


Institute, LVI (1926), . 19 () . 24 ( , ); idem, The
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Radcliff-Brawn, The Rainbow-Serpent Myth of Australia, p. 20; . , . 292.
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Elkin, The Rainbow-Serpent in North-West Australia, p. 350; idem, Aboriginal Men of High Degree,
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A.Lommel, Die Unambal: Ein Stamm in Nordwest-Australien (Hamburg, 1952), p. 42 ff.
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H. Petri, Sterbende Welt in Nordwest-Australien (Braunschweig, 1954), p. 250 ff.

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Howitt, The Native Tribes of South-East Australia, p. 418.


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R.M. and .. Berndt, The World of the First Australians, p. 416.


(ibid., p. 413). ; .: ibid., p. 412.
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355
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370
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378
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. W.E.H.Stanner and Helen Sheils (eds.), Australian Aboriginal Studies: A Symposium of Papers
Presented at the 1961 Research Conference (Melbourne and Oxford, 1963), p. 82.
383
D.J.Mulvaney, Prehistory. Ibid., p. 39.
384
A.A.Capell, : Discussions on the Antiquity of Man in Australia. In.: Stanner and Sheils
(eds.), Australian Aboriginal Studies, p. 84. .: Mulvaney, Prehistory,

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p. 3351 ( , 5051); idem, The Stone Age of Australia, Proceedings of the Prehistoric
Society, XXVII (1961), p. 36107; idem, The Prehistory of Australia (London, 1967). C. : F.D.McCarthy, A
Comparison of the Prehistory of Australia with That of Indo-China, the Malay Peninsula and Netherlands East
Indies, Proceedings of the Third Congress of Prehistorians of the Far East, Singapore, 1938 (1940), p. 3050; idem,
The Stone Implements of Australia (Sydney, 1946); idem, Recent Developments and Problems in the Prehistory of
Australia. Paideuma, XIV (1968), p. 116; J.Haekel, Ethnologische und prhistorische Probleme Australiens.
Wiener Vlkerkundliche Mitteilungen, II (1954), p. 6685.
385
McCarthy, A Comparison of the Prehistory of Australia; idem, The Oceanic and Indonesian Affiliations
of Australian Aboriginal Culture. Journal of the Polynesian Society, LXII (1953), p243261; idem, Australia's
Aborigines: Their Life and Culture (Melbourne, 1957); N.B.Tindale, Man of the Hunting Age. Colorado
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386
McCarthy, The Oceanic and Indonesian Affiliations of Australian Aboriginal Culture, p. 243261,
. 252 . . : Bolletino del Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici, ed. Emmanuel Arati. Vol.
IV (1968), p. 111 ff.
387
. (McCarthy, The Oceanic and Indonesian Affiliations, p. 253 ff.); .
.
388
R.M.Berndt, Discovery of Pottery in North-eastern Arnhem Land. Journal of the Royal
Anthropological Institute, LXXVII (1947), p. 133138; R.M. and ..Berndt, The World of the First Australians,
p. 20 ff., Warner, A Black Civilization, p. 445 ff.
389
R.M.Berndt, Discovery of Pottery in North-eastern Arnhem Land; F.D.McCarthy and Frank M.Setzler,
The Archeology of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land
(1948), II (1960), p. 223227.
390
Mulvaney, Prehistory, p. 50.
391
F.D.McCarthy, Ecology, Equipment, Economy and Trade. In: Stanner and Sheils (eds.), Australian
Aboriginal Studies, p. 181. .: ibid., p. 188, .. (D.S.Davidson),

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393
. .Eliade, The Myth of the Eternal Return (New York: Pantheon, 1954); idem, Myth and Reality
(New York: Harper & Row, 1963).

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p. 169181, : p. 171, 178 .
395
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396
., : .A.Worms, Contemporary and Prehistoric Rock Paintings in Central and Northern
Kimberley. Anthropos, L (1955), p. 546566, . 552 ; Gisela Odermann, Holz- und
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E.A.Worms, Religion. In: Stanner and Sheils (eds.), Australian Aboriginal Studies, p. 231247; .
. 236.
398
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100 ff. [ : The Savage Mind (Chicago, 1966), p. 35 ff., 75 ff.].
405
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