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.., ..

1980

621.039.51.15

. ., . .

. .: , 1980 88 .
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1955 .

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80-80.2304000000

, 1980

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1.
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1.1.
1.2. :

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1.3.
1.4.
. . . .
1.5.
1.6.
,
- -

1.7. .

2.


2.1.

2.2.

2.3.

2.4.

2.5.
,

. .
3.

3.1.
3.2.

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3.3.
. .

3
10
10
11
16
21
27
31
44
46
46
51
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63
70
74
74
75
80
84

202




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03.05.79. 26.11.79. -20441. 60X90716. .
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+ f

F(

r/%?/'4fo

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1
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ak(6F)
ak(F) J'
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6F = Mfa8(r ' % ' )


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at (6F) = Nds/la.; ak (6F) = Nds/lak.

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Nds
R =
l+Nds^

V*

~ t
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ra

a la

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at(F) = $F(rt \ ')0% ', n')dE'd&dV.
ai(6F)=Ndsfi(r, )
(1.15)
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1 + Nds

(,> n)
ft
ft(,
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fk(r, , ) 1

ak
(1.15), Nds
ds , :
25

XF+
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0 =


+(, , )

+ f ;(', , nn', r ) ^ + ( r , E W)dE'dQ' +

lf(r,E)

X 1%(E\ , nn', r)v(, )*+(, ' , n')dE'dk'+tfilai-fjak).

(1.21)

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bat
6F

4- IF (, % ) /, (, f n) d&fEdK = /, (, , );
6F

[bF \akJ4

ak
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n)dEdQdV^0.
Q + (r, , )

j Q+ (, , n) F (, , n) dEdQdV = 0.
F(r, , ) .
(1.21), , 26

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(1.16), (1.7), (1.17).
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d V ?r+(r,E,n,t)

eF(r,E,n,t)

v
1

dt

\ ( V f f + ft. . n, Of (r.E'.iT, t) X
/ / ( , ')

v P (r, ') (, , ' , nil') + j ^ ^

2j)

. F + ( r , , n, t)F(r,

' , n ' , t)

lf(T, E')bt(t, E')

td () dQdEdQ'dE
l'd () dE'dQ'dEdQ

* [8],
.
27

+ V! f dV f F+ ( r , > ", 0 ^-^~ dEdQdE'dQ' f F < r * ' ' " ' ' > X
^J J
i

//(r, ')

oo

X bt (r, ') , exp [ - , (* - *')] ' +


+ JdVjQ(r, , n, /)F+(r, , n, *)<*<.

(1.22)


k3$(t).
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F+(r, , /).
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1^ + % '' ) [. *')*<*. \ ).*.


28

+ ]

bdT
AP

()] dQdEdQ'dE' = .,

(1.24)

f^^-SH* ( ' ,+ S PA b ( '' )x

dq>(t) T_^
dt

[ /(/) 1
L

X [ - Xt (t t')] dt' + q (t).



.
=

Jj >

j F+(r,E,n)F(r,.n)

dQdE

j ^

>

(1.25)

(1 >26)

, ,
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1 , ,
, ,

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X td{E)dQdEdQ'dE'~\ / ..

(1.27)

1-
, 1 , .
i-
.

\dV]q(v,

, n, Q F + ( r , , n) dEdQ

,j

2&,

q(t), (1.28),

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). (1.26)

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29

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(&=1) ,
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3F+(r S , n )

F+(r,E,n) _ f

dS

ftn/^

n)dE'dV-

Wfs

vKP(E, ) j

E, 9 E ^ m

r)F,

E,^ n)dE,dQf

r___ 0#

(L29),

(1.10) F+p (, , n),


(1.29) F(r, , ),
(1.10).

, ( 1) /^,

X %(, \ nn', r)dEdQdE'di'.

(1.30),

(1.7) (1.17) , ,
.,
*

^. J
XF(r,

J[/fll7s(r,)

1%(,) J

, n)dEd+--ldVl[w{E,

', nn', r ) -

wKp(E, E', nn', r)]F+(r, E, n)F(r, E', n)dEdQdE'dV +


+

_ i _ O f f
.

v ( ' , r ) X ( . F , n n ' , rr))

J[

V P ( ' , OX) XKKPP((,.^ E'' , nn', r) 1 f + ^

1/(T,E')
>

n ) F ( f

, ^ n>) dEdQdE>

^ .

lf(r,E')
(1.31)
, (1.30) (1.24)
(1.12) F + F+
F,
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(1.31)
1

30

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(1.25).

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(1.10) (1.16),
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dEdQdy

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[lak (, ) ] - 1

.

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/ , ,

F(r,E,

n ) - > F ( r , , n)

[la.(r, ) ] - ' ->[/;.(, ) ] - ' ;

[lak(r, ) ] - ' - > [ ^ ( , ) ] - ' .

; - F 7 ; ' "> dEdQdV; , = *'?

'

n)

dEdQdV.

^/
32

(L\ I = [?
\ak

J I ak
ak

?\ I ? = _2_ f t ^^L

ak

i a,a.

ak J / ak
a

l~a'k
<*k

a "k

\ . flfe f

ai \

^=

at \ a
'i
i

ah )
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=i(i-i)-i(t-i)]~

F, /, 4, w ,
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F/ F.
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Fr [(dJak)"1 ~(aJai)~l] dEdQdV,
^
- aifak

ds

laifs

+ ^L V+dE'dtt = - ( - J

- M

(1.32)

,

dF'

F'

fw*F'dE'd&+ t^F'dE'dQ'

= 0. (1.33)

*aifs

(1.32) F\ (1.33) +,
,


33

- i - \ dEdQdV + f F'Y+ (a/ w) dEdQdE'dQ'dV +


latfs j

+ f /?' Y+ / J J ^ :

p . \ dEdQdE'd&W.

(**)

\/ ' ak

/-4

a"k |J

[* \ ,

\ 1 ddQdF f F"+ (

/a

*J
\ dEdQdV +

+ F'T+ (a/ w) dEdQdE'd&'dV + f F' V+ (-^1

-22-WdQdE'dQWl

(1.34)

(1.34) ,
. /"
F'.
&,
>,
, F
F'. k ,
(1.34) ,
.

(1.32).
(+)
,
(F+).
(1.34) ,
,

,
. ,
34

j > ' ^ + Waifs)"1 (laifsrl]dEdQdV

+ $F'F+(w'w)dEdQdE'dQ'dV +

+ J FF+ (v'x'/l'f v%/lf) dEdQdE'dQ'dV = 0.

(1.35)

, &
v-*V.

(1.32) + .
,
(1.34), F'
, , ,
F\
ajak. , ,
,
.

Fr F, . . F' F.
:
\*k)l

ak {)F[

ak

at { l'a.

X dEdQdV f FV+ (
J

\laifs

la% )

ak { l^

lak)\

\ dEdQdV + f FV+^w' w)dEX


lai

f*J

X dQdE'dQ'dV + f + f-^-

^L\dEdQdE'dQ'dVX.

(1.36)



- J FF+ [(laifs)"1 (laifsV1 ] dEdQdV + J FF+ (W w) dEdQ X
X dE'dQ!dV + J FF+ (vY/// VJC//,) dEdQdE'dQ'dV = 0.

(1.37)

(1.36)


,
(1.37).
F\ (1.10),

, ak/cik
. ,
. ,

35


. ,
, ,
,
.

(*),
I k , -
, ,

.
, (1.32), .
(1.32) ,
.
,
,
, .
(
(1.32) F\ (1.33) W+,
,

, ),
, (**),

j (F'ff+/ds + +dF'/ds) dEdQdV = J (/ds) (FrxP+) dEdQdV =
= J (n v ) ( F ' + ) dEdQdV = F' (rs) Y + (rs) dEdQ (mfc).

,
,
,
, ,
, [(*^)" 1 ( ^ ) " 1 ]

[ F'ird) [ ( ^ ) - 1
-(aklak)-1] dEdQdV.
, (**) ,
, (1.34) (1.36).

,
4^+,


.
-

.
,36

-

bp[F,
bq[F,

SF(r, , n)F+(r, ' , )(, , n, ' , n')db


J F ( r , , n ) F + ( r , ' ' , n')Kq(t> E, n, ", n')db'

F+ ]
F+,Kq]

(1.38)

d@ = dEdQdE'dQ'dV. (1.38)
(1.26),
(kl)/k (1.31),
- (1.27),
, Kq:

= 8(-',

n nyv;

Kq = v(r, ')(, , \ ')//,(, )\


pt = , (, ' ) {)1,\ Kq = vr/lp
(k l)/k

vo6pXo6p

6 ( ", ')
+ +

*. *>

= nJlfi

if?

(1.39)

,=

6 ( ' , ')
+ .1
/.1
l
aifs

*<,=

6 ( ' , ')
. 2

- 2 . 2

/.1

+ .2 +

/. 2

#&

: l/ a- IifS -> latfs; w -*

-> ;'; vx/// -> v'x'//f, .


: F->F', F+-+F+'.
, -> ^, Kq -+ Kq
:
bP[F, F+, Kp]/bq [F, F+, Kq] - bp[F, F+\

K.'P\lbq [F\ F+\

'].

/, . .

)/)-

6p[f, F+', *Q

6 p [ F , F + , ]

bq[F',

F+i, ^ ]

'

f +

*]

( * ) <'*>

,
:
37

b, [F, F+\ K',\ = b',"\ b, [F, F+', K,] = b',;


b, [F, F+, K,] = b'r, b, [F, F+, K/] = b,.
(1.40) bp/b'g b"plb"q
,

(*)/(*)-(H)/ (*-<
+

(f-i)/^=

,+II+HI

I, II, III:
SF+KpdE'dQ'
iF+KadE'dQ'

JdEdQdV;

*J'*:*>

; ^

\ "

(1.41)

-SF'<E'dQ')dEdMV;

III =

- \

I
:
,
dF' +

= 0
w'F&E'dQ! - ^ 1 F&E'&Q!


bp/bq ,
(1.21).

at -> \ ak -+ bq;
38

- J ^ ^

=f

^ -

iF+K d E dQ
lq' '

. (1.42)


(1.5) F.
(1.42) .
(1.33) ?+, (1.42) F',
,

(1.7), (1.17),
I = - (bqlb'q) [JF'Y + (Cfl - Q)s) dEdQdV - j* F4>+ (w'

-w)d@-

-jFT+(vY//;-vx///)de].

(1.35).
II
:


dF+/ds + F+/laifs J wF+dE'dtt J (v%/lf) F+dE'dQ' = 0

(1.43)


,
F+
II. ,

ds

/'
aifs

f w'Y'dE'dQ' t^Ly'dE'dW

IF'KpdE'dV SF'KqdE'dQ'

(14)


JF +/ .
(1.44)
. (1.44) :
4 ' ,
,
, ,
(1.44). , ,
, '
, , .
39

(1.43) W, (1.44) F+,



, (1.7), (1.17),
(b"p lbp)/(bg/b'(l),
II:
II =

'

\ WF dEdQdV (ay' w) W'F+ d@

f (

~J\

i'f

i bp b'q

h )

III ,

' Kg Kq:

,
.
I, II, III,

-

bq

bb ".

"

+ (bq/b'g) [ - J (F'V

JJ

+ TF%/bp)

fc^|d6 +

(I'aTfl - Qh) dEdQdV +

+ J" (FV+ + WF+b'plbp) (w' w) d@ + j" (F'V+ + V'F+bp/bp) x


x (vWt-vrJlJde].

(1.45)

,
:
,fbP\/bp

Ib'p

/"-*;
b'n"

\^'[
40

bp
Kp Kp

bp\

I bp

bp

'-\\i
b,

Kg KQ

b
T

__

* / "_

b'"

\bp

dB + h-

bj

h--h.)\x

("

"\

\=

(;

bP \b"q

bgj

b'

b'qbp

bp

\bq

bq

(1.41)
(1.45), (1.45)

\ /

bq J

+ (W) \-1(*'* + v'F%ibP) (Gl -Q}s)


X dEdQdV + J ( F ' + + WF+bplbp) (w' w)d@ + (FV+ +
+ W'F%/bp) (v'x'/l'f - v%/lf) d@].

(1.45a)

(1.45a) (1.45)
,
= ', Kq K'q ,
b"' = bq, (1.45) (1.45) . (1.45)
.
,

, ,

(1.35).
(1.45) (1.45)

.
(1.45) ,
. F+/ F+,
[6],
-
. (1.45) (1.45)

,
.

, : F/ = F; / = \
F+' = F; ^ + , = Y+; b'g^b'q=b'g" = ba\ b'p =b"p ='" = bp. (1.45), (1.45)
:
41

- J ( + + W + ) (&,! - C}.) ^dQdK + J (FY + + ^

) (*' - w) X

X dS + J (+ + Yi? ) (vY/z; - vx/Z,) d0.


(1.46)
(1.46)
(1.37).
(1.46) ,

. ,
(1.46)
[6] [7]. ,
(1.35) (1.37)
^ Y+

.
4 **+
.
-

.
Qi(r, ) (, ),

J F+ (, , n) Q, (, , n) dEdQdV = (/ = 1, 2).

(1.47)

/ UQi \ / ?! =

UQ2 ( UQl

\WQJI

HQ'2 V

UQ2 J

UQ2

= J W L f F+' ( - &

dEdOdV.

(1.48)


, ,
:
ffP/? + Wai^ J wVdE'dQ' j* (vx///) WdE'dQ' =
= Q 1 /UQ 1 -Q 2 /UQ 2 ,

(1.49)


dF+'/ds + F+'liatf* - 1 w'F+' dF'dQ! j* (v'%'/l'f) F+' dE'dQ! = 0.
(1.50)
(1.49) F+'y (1.50) 1*,
, 42

,
(1.7) (1.17),
(1.48) (1.47),

) / () - '-*"

- ->-"+

+ J (W a) W + ' d6 + J + ' (v Y//; vx///) d.

(1.51)


(1.35),
, F+' -+ F+; >2 -+ UQ2

)/
+1WF

() - -Jw+te;r

l7i )dEdadV

>

{w w)dB + l WF (vY/'/ - vx///) ^6,

(1.52)

(1.37).
.

, .
(1.49) ,
.
(1.7)
WSQ (rs.rp., > ),
.
Q\ Q2
ysQl WsQ**
:
UQ*

= I F+ (* , n) VsQt(r5f , n)()dEdQ

(* = 1, 2)

:
UQ;

= J F + ' (* n) VsQ{ (* 9 n) (ndSBHyTp) dEdQ (/ = 1,2).


:
V-VsQMQt-VsQMQz.

(1.53)

L\Qi/lXQ2
(1.48),
:

)/()^'<~-VsQMQMnt&ma^d&IQ.

(1-54)
43

(1.54)
, . (1.49)
Qi = Q2 = 0 F+', (1.50) 4,


. (F+'
+* ) =
=

(F+'^F) . -

(1.53),

(1.54),

, ,
. (1.54)
(1.51).
.
1.7.

,
, . .
. . 1964 .,


[19].
. .
[65]. ,
, -20 -4
:
; , ;
18; 6;
- 65.
, ,
, -
.
[66].
&, KB, ,
, , .

- [67].
. .
. . . . .
-
- &,
(, )
(R, Z) -. , 44

, . -
.
.
4000.
- -
-6.
.
[66].

-
. ,

. . . . . [68].

, -,
PERTVS [34], . [69, 70].
,

,
: , , , , , .
, FORSS [71]

.


[72].

2



2.1.


[54],

.
.

. ,

.

,
. ,

, . .,
, -
, .

,

, ,
,
. .
,

.
,
,
.
,

.

, ,
, ,
.

,

46

,
, .

[73],
-
.
, . 1

(8/)
(8R/R),

,

.
2.3.

,
( ),


. 2.4
:
,
,
,
,

. ,
,
,
, ,
(
) .




, - .

,
. ,

.



.

.
47



.
. . (74, 75], [62].

,
.

, ',
-
,
(. .
,
) . 2.3.
, ,
, . .
,
-
. ,
. . [26, 76].

,
.


2.5.

.
,

. ,
,

,
.


,

.
1. ,
. ,
,
.
,
.
2. ,
, .

/(#), f(x)dx
dx.
48

3.

( )

Mx = \i

Mx = \i-= J" xf(x)dx.

D(x) = o2 = ( \i)2 = J (

[iff{x)dx.

,
: 2 = 2\\?. D(x)
, f(x):
, a D(x) .

= VD(x) .
4.
\, ..., ,
- <={:1 ... } /- .
b
- b =

- = { 2... }.

.
5. \ = \\,..., \
(jui ... jLin),
.
:
bik = = [(xt \it) (xk \ik)] =
D (xt) = o\ i = k ()
QOV {xu xk} i*f*k ().
,
D(x),
\
D(x) =

Puai0i
aa

9n i i

ol
j = ^
:
L

ot

49

6. *={\ ...] ' = { ... )


= *, *
,
() () () =1()
D(x) D(y) D(y) =
= A'D(x)A.
* / = 1 , ,
D(y) ^, * cr^=A'D(x)A.

, ,
.
.

. ,
.

.

,
.
, ,
,

,
R 8{ 8Ri, ,
Ri = Rio(1 + 6#//#/) d = ci0(l + 8ctfci0). RI0 7-
,
.

MRj = RIQ + M8Rj = RI0 + SJCM (8c{/ci0).

,
,

D (R) = (R MR)2 = M[8R M8R]2 = D (8R).


(xi9 xk) = [fa xt) (xk Mxk)] = M [(fix, Affix,) x
X (6xk M8xk)] = b (fix,, 8xk)\ xt = xi0 + fix,; xk = xk0 + 8xk.
,

, .
50


/-
{{} {d2}
,
,
D(N0),
{d\}.
,

&(RI) = StID(N0)SI.
(2.2)
D(N) , . . ,

62(#/) = f]S/V?.

(2.2)


, /
Su (. . 50, . 6).
2.2.



. , ,

,
,
^0-
, . .
D(No).
, . . .

,
. , ,
. . . . [77]. 1972 .
: ENDF/B,
,

.
1977 .
,
,

, ,
.
(2.2)
,
.
51

,


,
. ,
,
(., , (25]),
,

, .

, , N% ,
,
.
, ,
,
,
. .



.
,
(2.1), (8cfc)aij- i ;
/ ;
v;
/; ;
k %\ k
/; tr.
,
, dau,

dlu = ()1

(2.3)

(8c/c)aij ,
.
(2.3), . .
,
. ,

.

, , ,
. (2.4) f7-
. ,

<&/*),/ = (&/*)/ + W^fSTfl + ( W * .


52

(2.4)



,
(8/) (2.3):

dlu = 7 ) 2 + ( ) 2 f, + (<)2.

(2.5)

TaH

dai? <f * , ^
, a dCTRim
. clai
,
, (2.3)
. ,

, . .
.

(2.4).
,
, .

* d, daI/T =d/yn.

.
, ,
. ,

. .

252Cf, (6/) v252G\
,
,
(6/)
.

. , , . .
.
, ,
,
,
,
,
. v 252Cf
,
, 252Cf *
.
53

, .


.

.
.

.
fjy ,
,

.
,
.

,
(2.4), .
, (2.5)
,
.
(2.1) (2.2) .
.
, (2.1)
(2.4)
8/:

bR/R = 2 S^, (8c/c)Z?l + 2 f 2 fjSat (* + (2 Svi,) x


X (bc/c)* +

(Sfi/ + Scif) (8C/C)\

a

,
,


,
i.
.
,

:
(

2 ( 2 // ( - 2 2 2
_

%(Sfi, + Setl)(6c/c*
i/

54

ffSaa (8/);

-> . J ] (S / / + Sc/)(6c/cCH">ft,

j=nk

k-
.
N, N
(8/)1. , N>N0.

I 1 N.
(8/)1 Zt. ,
^'/

f/Satfi
(2.6)

2 2 (sfti+sctt) (* = L
i

, m)

,=nk

6R/R = yZt(6c/cy.
(8c/c)1 ,

:
D2 =

Z/d/,

(2.6)

D2 = (6R/R)*; d) = [(8/)1]*.

. (2.6)
[. (2.2) (2.2)].
, .

N0 N ,
,
, .

.
,
,
, ,

235U,
,
. .

55

.
, .
,
di(i=l, ..., )
, do.
,
D(ft),
() =
2
2
= d i+d 0 (t = l,..M ), Dl7(n) = pt7 yd* + dl X

X /d) + dl , pl7 = 4 / > / ( ^ + 4)(d/ + 4)


-
R
S^ = {5^i . . .S#rt}, R,
,
8% = S^D () S^.

D(n) ,

,
, ,
(2.6), (2.6).
2.3.

,
,
,
. L
Ri(I= 1, 2, ..., L), N .
Hj (7=1, 2, ..., L)
- ,

[73].

,
.
( 1 % ) ,
( 2 % ) ,
( 1 % ) ,
(20%, 3 0 % ) , ,
, . .
.
,
56


di,Tp(i=l, ..., N)f
:

21<] (/=1, . . .,!),


. .
. ,
-
dio(i = I, ..., N). ,
, dl0-voo.

, d2itTp^d2io(i=l,
..., N), . .
, .
,
.

Fj - dj
/
[78]: Wi=l/dj; F} = XfWj = Xj/dj.

F d*, (*=1, ..., N)
N

F = V XtlditTV. F,
:
(2.7a)
F = V ^. - min;

]Z?,d?lTp < / / ? ( / = 1, . . ., L);

(2.76)

rf?.Tp <d%

(2.7B)

(i'= 1, . . ., N).

(2.7a)
L (2.7)
, (2.7)
. - l ^ & ^ N ,
2Xi/d2i,TT)
XilXu.
d\, ,
i. ,
Wio,
,

: XiWi0 =
= XhWko. Xi/Xk = wko/wio = d2i0 /dl0. (2.7)
. , , {/
, 57

. , ,
dio i -
, dko k,
Xtwi0 = {1 Xt/Xk = m^oldlo.

-.
(2.7)
, :
,/ 4 =/,;

73,, = (>0,
d?,Tp = tt (tt > 0);
t' = {tv tt, . . ., tN)

/(t) = - F ( t ) ;

(2.7) :
/(t) = - ^ - - * m a x ;

(2.8)

1= 1

gl(t) = ffi-yAl(t(>0
ftW-'w'*>0
^+,(t)s^>0

(1=1, . . .,/,);
(i = U . . ., N);
(i = l, . . .,

(2.86)
(2.8)

tf).

(2.8r)


ft(t)>0;

t = l , . . .,; M = L + 2N.

(2.8)

, (2.7) (2.8) .
(2.8)

[79].
,
t* ,
(., , [79]).
/(t) gi(t) ,
, , . .
.

. ,
t* (),
:
1) t* .
>0\
(*=1, 2, ..., ), ,

2)uigi(t*) = Q(i=U2,
. . ., ) 3) V / ( t * ) + J > , V f t ( t * ) = 0.
i=i

,
t*.
2. 58

,
, 2 g;(t*)>0
U( = 0, ,
g t -(t*)=0.
,
,

d,
V^-(t*)-d>0 .

.

.
(2.8),

,
.
.
1. (2.86),
. . L = l, (2.8) (2.8).
:
, (2.8)
(2.8),

^ yKi/ti+uiH2

) AitX

VO> = 0


KjAfi

= KJAmt2m = = const,

(2.9)

ti = tmVAmKi/AiKm.

(2.10)

(2.10) - /,
(2.86) ,

21=1 = tmyJjKrnj\
VM7 = *.
t=\
tm (2.10),

t^tPVKjAij^VA^

(* = 1, . . .,N).

(2.11)

, (2.11)
(2.8) (2.86).
(2.8), , i ti>ti0.
4. ,
,
Pi .
(2.8), ti = tio (i=l, ..., pi)
59

. (2.86)

,
.
, (2.86),

tt=

N.

i = l

] / -|f-

V = Pi+L

. - ..0.

(2.12)

^-

, (2.8) ,
(2.8). ,
(2.11) 2 / | //// = A(t% I yAtKi

= .

, -

: :
:

PI

^V/

2 V>MC7

2 //

, / = p i + l , ..., N tu
(2.12), U (2.11).
, U>UQ.
tioy ,
ti>Uo. ,
ti = tto ,
(2.8). p^N.
(
, 2M;^o^# 2 , . .

.) ,
(2.86),
-^]Mo
*j=
N '"'
-VKt/At
2
VAiKt
i=p+1
60

i = (p+U

. . .,N).

(2.13)

, t, (2.9)-(2.13),
,
(2.8). , . .
, .

: t* ,
>0, uN+l>0 >0,

u(ff* J^A/^\ = 0;

Ui(tio-t])

= 0 (* = 1, . .

j]Ki/ti + u(fP-j]Atti)
N

(2.14)

tf);

(2.14)

-0.

(2.14r)

> uN+i .
0 (i = p+l, ..., N), = .
(2.14) Kilt*uAi = 0 (i=p+l, ..., N).
ti (2.13),

>0

-1& * )7 { '-&4 , >0 L / = 1 , ...,


(2.14) /(^ uAi=^ui. .
(2.11) (2.12) ,
2

(23 VbXi)*

-|]/*

tf

40

>0 / = 1 , ..., .
,
, , ,
(2.9) (2.13), (2.8) L = l .
2.
. (2.86) ,
(2.8),
(2.86) (. / ) ,
. ,
(2.8) (2.86)
(2.8)
61

,
,
.
, ,

. ,
, (2.8)
.

. , ,
. ,
(2.8)

= 1 , 2, ..., /, :

(1, /?) = - 2

Kt/ti-WJj*

{min[0, (/|0 _/,)]}_

-(l/i?m)g{min[o, f ^ - g Z / ^ j j J 1 .

(2.15)

i? m >0; \>Rt>R...>Rm>Rm+u
Rm-+0 m-^oo.
0 ( t , Rm)
.
,
.
,

F(t)=q*t + t*Qt, q t /- ,
Q - .
,
,
Q d2, d^,
d^Qdfe = 0, 1.
,
.

,
. . -

,

n- ,

.


.
, , 62

.
: t = ti
di=vO(^i, Rm) max 0 ( t i + a-idi, Rm)
ai t 2 =ti-raidi. /-

maxO(th + aftdft, Rm)


tfe+i = tfc + afcdfe.
. /2-
( ) \<&(tn + andn, Rm)=0, , t n + a n d n ,
ti. 0 ( t , Rm),
0 ( t , Rm+i).
,
Rm.
2.4.


.
N , D(iV),
L
.
it=={fu > /JV}
, ,

= ( 1 + )

( * = 1 , . . .,0

(2.16)


= ~1 (N)i + QrtV-l(L)Q\

(2.17)

V(L)
; Q/ = (/ Ci)lCi (I = 1, 2, . . ., L)
L.
/
01"" /,
, {C7cxj/.
,



, . .
63

, .

'

S/,=

1-
/- .
Q'" = Q F'f,
Q Q / = ( 7 C / ) / C j ( / = l , ..., L).
V(L)
Vij(L) = ^-,, etj
/ / ; ,-
/ .
, ,
[60,62].


, , ,

.

. 2.2
,
D(Af0)
D(JV), .
(2.6)
S.
/*,



.
(2.16)

) /?.
,
,
,

64

= 2 /?/d?0 + II ( ( ^ - / (1 + | ] Su ftX\ I //Y - min. (2.18)


51- ,
(2.6).
[32] [47].

.
(2.17) ,
D(N) V(L).
.
, ,
(2.17). /* ( i = l , ..., N),
, , ,
()'='<, ()' = ''', a ( D - ^ ^ D - 1 ,
(V~1)* = V~1,
Mf = Y,

(2.19)


- ,

= F V 1 (L) F' + D" 1 (;

(2.20)

Y ,
Y = FV~ l (L)Q.

(2.21)
1

f = M~ Y.
fA~l = D(N + L)
- .
:
( + L) == pj.d[d'.t d\
i- ,

; p'ij i- -
, p'if = p'ir
(2.20).
,
- -
ZR. R0
,
-
N

: R = RQ+R0I> Zmfu
t=i

8% = ZfR D (N -f L) .

.
,
,
NXN, N ( 100). 65

,
.

- ,
.


.
, ,
, , [51]:
(1 + )-1 = 1, - (I, + )-1 ,

(2.22)

1, \q qXq
; pXq\ qXp.
D(N + L)
D(N),
F V(L)
:
D(N + L) = 1 - [D"1 (N) + F V 1 (L) F ' p 1 .
, ,
D (N + L) = [IN + D (N) F V 1 (L) F]-*D (N)
(2.22), D(N) F =
NxL V _ 1 (L)F'= LxN. ,
(2.22),
D(N+L)=

{lN-D(N)F[lL+V~{(L)F'D(N)?rl\/~1(L)^}D(N).

(2.23)

(2.23) :
D(JV + L) = \IN D(N)F[W(L)

+- F ' D ^ F r ' F ' ) D(^V).

(2.24)


. (2.24)

.
(2.24)
NXN
LxL.
, , N>L.
,

, ,

,
. ,
, -,
.

.
66


.
,
,
.
V(L)

.
F V - ^ L J F
,
/-
S r ~
S/ = (Sn, 52, . . ., 5//):
>/wy

s,S!

FV-'(L)F = - ^ + i ^

.+

SjrSi

(2.25)


(2.25)
D(JV+1)

-['

(0 +

(2.24)
L = l ,

s x sj
?
F

( + 1 ) = ( | , - D(^)SlS'
^(^).
^
A?-HS{D(W)Sj

(2.26)

(2.26)
(2.25) D(N + K+\) D(N + K):
D(N + K)SK+lS'K+1

D(N + K + l) = llN

D(N + K). (2.27)

, V(L)
D(N + L)
(2.27), .
V(L)
Y (2.21) ,

:

Sx +

+67

Y(tf + + 1) = 4(N + ) + -J

+1

Y Y(7V)=0:

EK 1

+ ~~CK+1
c

S+I.

(2.27)

/c+i

(2.27) (2.27)
(2.17), .
R
ZR
(+1)


, SK+I
+i (/+1)- :
&(N + + I) = ZRD(N

+ + 1)ZR

(2.28)
62(N + K+l)
l

*("+WR]K+I

= &(N + K)X

0(N+K)SK+l]

D(M+K) ZRD(N + K)SK+\ = SK+\X


X D (N + K) ZR.
l'RD(N + K)SK+l
rN+Kt /c+i =

(z.zy)
[z'RD(N + K)ZR] K+lD(N

+ K)SK+l]

&(N+K + - b2(N + ) (l
\

'"+*.*+' ] #
1 + 4+iK+i/

(2.30)

+i = S/c+i D(N + /C)SK+I


(-)-
-
. , | rN+Ki +i \ < 1
62(N + K+l) AK+I
(/(+1)- . +> 62{N +
+ + 1)->2(/-/) :


. * + 1->0 2 (# + + 1)^6 2 (# + ) (1 -r%+Kt + 1 ) ,
. . ,

68

, . .

.
rN+K, + (2.29).

(/(+1)-
R N + K -
. | rN+, +i |
, SK+I = OCZH; =^0. (2.30)
. 2.
,
{ , ,
2
, " \

.

,
,


62(/V+
, . 2.
+ /+1) +1
,

,
. Ai 2
.
(/+1)-
, ,
[&*(N + K)-V(N

+ + I) \^o]/[S2(N

+ )
(2.31)

.
= 1/10.

9
4 (2.31) >/c+iX
(1/ 1). =1/10 Ai ='miAo= 3wK+i 2.
0
,
[ + K)~&(N + + I) \^o]/[&2(N + )- 6 * ( ^ + /+1)|==0]>.

(2.32)

25/26,
, 0
96% . (2.32)
0 < ^ | : + 1 ( 1 / 1 ) .
=
= 25/26 A2=supr (0) = WK+I/5.
69


Jp = VR D (N + ) ZR VR X
X D(N + K+ P)ZR9


ZR.
,


ZR.
,
.
d/
+i (/+1)- .

/-
Zc, :

\\ . . . 1 - 1 i i+ 1 . . . # } '

, { (2.29) (2.30),

df = dU 1

( 2 SjptjdidjY

s-^r

(2-33)

dl+K+{ +i ,
2(^ + /+1),
.
,
du


2 Sjpijdidj/wK+u

/-
, .
1/401/50,
.
6 KB,
, ,
.
2.5.
,

. 2 . 3 ,

,
70

,

.
2.3.
, . .

: ,
L
,
,
.
2.4, D(N + L)
-
D(JV)
, F
V(L)
:
D(N + L)= {l D(N)F[V + F*D(N)rl F'} D(N).

(2.34)


, ,
, :
ZiID(N + L)Zi<H>

( / = 1 , . . .,).

(2.35)


,
(2.35)
. 2.3
,
,


, :
YJ yd] -* min;

(2.36)

ZMl-D(yV)F[V + F ^ D ( ^ ) F r 1 F } D ( ^ ) Z / < ^ ( / = 1, . . ., N).


(2.366)
0<dj<d*0

( * = l , . . . f N).

(2.36)

(2.36) d
D(JV), : Dij(N) = 6ijd{dj;
8ij . (2.36)
,
,
2.3
.
71

. ,
(2.36) ,
,
(2.7).
(2.366)
.
.
, ,
,
. (2.36)
, 2.3.

(2.36) Rm-*0
:

(d, Rm) = hid] + - j - ( (0, (di0- dtW +


+ 2 [min(0, (H*.-l<D(N + L)Zf))]2\.
/-1

(2.37)


.
,
[7982],
.
,
.


2.3. ,
,
,
,
,
.

, ,

, ( , . .
, )
.

.

,

,
72


.

, .
2
6 (d), (2.366):
[VS2(d)h = Z'[V|D(A0]Z-2Z4v,D(A0J X
+ F (V + FD (N) FT1 F'D (N) Z + Z'D (N) F (V + FD (N) F')" 1 X
X F [ v P (N)] F (V + FD (N) F')" 1 F'D (N) Z,
(2.38)
[ViD(jV)],
D(N) d{.
, ? ~>(/=1, ..., L), . .

, (2.36) (2.7).
, ,
,
. (2.7)
,
.
,

.
(2.36). .
,

. ,
, , 23
, (
).

3



3.1.



.




.
[25, 26, 56, 57].

,
,
.
() WRENDA,
[83].
,

. ,
,
, .

. ,

, ,
.
, ,
,
.

2.3 2.5. 3.2

.

, WRENDA75 [83], 1 (
) 2 (
).

3.3.
76. 74


,
,

.

235U, 239Pu, 238U
UKNDL [84],
.
.
Na
-70.
,
2.3.
[53],
.

.
. . [65].
,
,
.
,
[85]
. 2 .
3.2.

. ,


.
1)
. [86]
&1%,
.
[24]
. , , ,


-
, . .
2) ,
,
.
[20] ,
1 % .
75

3)

20%.
4) ,
,
, ,

.
2
. [23, 24]
2 % , , ,
( 1) 10%
.

.

&
.

1 2% & KB
5
15 3 1 2% KB
5 3, Na.
. 3.1.

( X - 2 4 - 3 )
-

Va = 5

3.1

Va . = 10

Va = 5 *

0,000720
0,000350
0,000070
0,000035
0,005930
0,014400
0,0088
0,0170
0,00058

0,000823
0,000405
0,000081
0,000041
0,00575
0,01440
0,0088
0,0170
0,00058

0,0122
0,0127
0,0055
0,0244

0,0122
0,0127
0,0055
0,0244


239
240
24
242p u
238(J
16Q
23

Na

0,000823
0,000405
0,000081
0,000041
0,005750
0,014400
0,008800
0,017000
0,000580

238U

wo
23Na

<
0,0420; "Na 0 , 0 1 3 0 .

76

0,0122
0,0127
0,0055
0,0244

50 :

, (2.7),
(2.76) .
. N
96. ,
( , , ,
.)- ,
, . 3.2.
. dio
(2.7).

,

.
. 3.2 ..

, 2.2.
. 3.2,
(2.7)
,
(2.7). (2.7) ,

3.2

(.) (.)
,
.


0,8<<10,5
239

Pu cap

239pu

fis

v fis
U cap

238

238JJ fis
238U V f j s
240
Pu
240

cap
Pu fis
Vfis
cap
fis

24
Pu
24l
Pu
24
24l

P l l Vfis

242

Pu cap
cap
cap

23

Na cap

238U
le

tr

O tot

50
6

20
5
3
50
7
3
50
10
4
50
50
50
50
20
10
6

50
2,6
i;2
9,3
1,8
1
46
3,5
2
50
9,7
4
50
20
48
50
10
9
1,4

0,1<<0,8

15
4
1
10

30
7
3
30
10
3
30
30
30
50
20
10
3

9,5
1,3
0,5
2,7

14
5,3
3
30
5
2,3
30
15
14
50
8
6
1,1

<0, 1

10
5
2
15
.
.
20

*
20
15
2
20
30
30
50
20
10
4

3,7
1,2
0,5
2,1

18
3,7
1,2
20
11
7
44
10,3
10
2

v252Cf 0,3%

17


.
, ,
.,
KB,
4 7% .
. 3.2
,
WRENDA75
2 ( ).

. ,
. 3.2, ,
,
.
48 ,
,

. (2.36)
, 48
.
,
(2.7) .
. 3.3.
3.3
(.) (.)
,
.


0,8<E<10,5
239p u cap
2 3 9 P u fig
" P u Vf1s
238

U cap
U fis
4 J v fls
24
cap
24
fis

238

24

Vfjs

24l
Pu
24

24

cap
fis
v fis
242
Pu cap
cap
cap
23
Na cap
238TJ tr

" 0 tot

78

0,1<<0,8

50
50
15
9,6
6
4
4
3
3
2,1
1
1
20
9,6
10
4
5
2,8

3
2,1

50
46
30
14
7
4
7
5,4
3
2,3
3
3
50
50
30
30
10
9,8
10
5,3
4
4
3
2,6
50
50
30
30
50
20
30
15
50
48
30
15
50
50
50
50
20
11
20
10
10
10
10
7
6
2,9
3
2,1
2
v" Cf 0,3%

<0, 1

10
5
2
15

20

20
15
2
20
30
30
50
20
10
4

4,5
2,8
1,2
4,6

18
5,0
1,8
20
11
8
44
13
10
2,

, . 3.2.
,
.
. 3.3 -
WRENDA75
1 (
).

,
. 2
. 1 ? ,

.
. ,
[22], ,

.
.

5/\ = Slkdk,Tpe6 =

Hi/N.

(2.7)
d = d0, . . N

V V ^ o = 1


, 2.3,
4,5, . . Qt t h/cPi, , * 4,5.
i=i

, ,

dZKi/cPi, , *16, . . 3,5 .


,
#2/#2 -

.
1016, . . #2/#2 ~ 16
. ,
2,53,5 .


,
, , 2,3, . .
, , -

, 48
.

79

82.
, ,
,
.

.

, .
,
. , ,
238U
238U,
,

.
3.3.

,
. . . . ,

, . 1,
, . 2.
1973 1977 . ,
. . . . [27, 5658],
[54, 55], . . ,
. . , . . .
.

.
,
- ,
(
). ,

.

, ,

.
,
, ,
,
.
. . . [62, 74, 75].


,

, .
80


. .

[53].
9-26 [66] -26 [87].

1977 .
82 .
(48) ,
ZPR, ZEBRA, SNEAK.

[88].
.

, ,
(2.17),
.

,
UKNDL [84],
-70. (-70 UKNDL)
, ,
,
.
.

,
,
, ,

.
.
, (2.17)

.
, (2.27
2.27). ,
,
.

48 82
[58].

( )

, . 3.4.
239Pu (F9),
238 U(F8), 238U (8) 235U (F5)
81

0,5

-28

-23

2,5

-31

1,5

-1,5

ZPR-6-7

-27

-28

ZPR-6-6A

SNEAK-7A

1,5

-33

-3

-30

SNEAK-7B

(8)

(9)

(9)

(8,5)

(4,5)

(5)

(5)

(4)

(4)

(1,5)

(1,5)

F9/F5

-35

()
()
(-8)
(7)

1
9
0

(3,5)

8
1

(7)

(-5)

(-10)

(-15)

. -1,5

2,5

(-11)

(-12)

0,5

-0,5

-1,5

3,5

0,5

(-6)

(-2)

(4,5)
(3,5)
(1)

2
2

(4,5)

(3,5)

(3)

(-7,5) - 1 , 5

(-3,5)

(5)

(3,5)

(4)

(2)

9/5

(-3,5) - 1 , 5

(-5)

(0,5)

(-3,5) 0,5

(-1)

(-2,5)

C8/F5

(-2,5)

1 (-9)

(10)
(6)

C8/F9

0,5

13

F8/F5

3.4

(14)
(13)

0
0

(22)

(22)

(22)

(27)

(25)

12

(18)

(28)

12
4

10/5

() 76 ()
'
\
, % (
-100% )

239 (9) 10 (10)


U (5)
( %)
,
.
, ,
/ L

235

1 \*\

/- /' loo

/ /, %,
, (^ 19; | 1. jn/ ,
L

/.

.


. , 1 3
. 3.1 &
, -70, 1,4%.
&,
, 1,3% 0
4 % , -70.
KB
, 7%
, -70 1.31.

3 % .
, ,
,
.

1. Moorhead . The effect of crross in cross-sections data on calculation for a


large dilute fast reactor. Proc. IAEA Seminar on Physics of Fast and
Intermediate Reactor. Vienna, 1961, p. I l l 145.
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actor. .:
. , 1964. . 2.
, -, 1965, . 388395. Auth.: G. Cecchini, U. Farinelly,
A. Gandini, M. Salvatorc.
3. Humi M., Wagschal J., Yeivin Y. Multigroup constant from integral data.
Ibid., p/668, p. 398^-402.
4. Gandini A. Study of the sensitivity of calculation for fast reactor field with
Pu-239, U-238 and 233-U-Th to uncertainties in nuclear data. ANL-6608(62).
5. . H.
.
, 1963, . 15, . 6, . 472481.
6. . ., . .
, , ,
. . .
. 1965, . 2. . 242246.
7. Gandini A. A Generalized Perturbation Method for Bilinear Functional
J. Nucl. Energy, 1967, v. 21, p. 755.
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. .:
. , 1955. . 5. ..,
, 1958, . 598606.
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. , 1957, . 113, 3.
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. ., , 1961, . 83.
. . . . . . ., ,
1963.
12. . .
. .: .
. , 1968, . 1, . 38.
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. .:
. , 1964,
. 2. , -, 1965, . 359. .: . . , . . , . . , . . , . . ,
. . , . . , . . .
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. ., , 1976.
84

20.
21.
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24.
25.
26.

27.
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Greebler P., Hutchins B. A. User reguirements for cross-section in energy


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