Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

MPLS

(MPLS)?
? ?
?
(FEC)?
, (LSR)?
?
R3 "" R4 10.1.1.0/24?
"", "", "" "" ?
() MPLS IP- ( MPLS)?
()
MPLS?
Cisco IOS
(MPLS)?
GRE- 24 .
MPLS LSP?
,
?
? ?
?
LDP TDP
LDP/TDP?
MPLS Catalyst 6500 7600 Optical Services
(OSR)?
MPLS-?

,
(MPLS) .

. (MPLS)?

. (MPLS) ,
. MPLS
( MPLS). .
MPLS :
Virtual Private Networking (VPN)
Traffic Engineering (TE)
Quality of Service (QoS)
Any Transport over MPLS (AToM)

, . MPLS
.

. ? ?

. , , ,
(FEC). , ,
FEC, .

Label (), 20
Exp , 3 ; Class of Service
(CoS).
S , 1
TTL , 8

. ?

. ( )
( ). , .
.

. (FEC)?

. FEC IP-,
. FEC
IP- , , FEC , Edge-LSR
. , IP- FEC.

. (LSR)?
?

. MPLS.
( FEC). .

FEC 10.1.1.0/24, R1 "" R2.


FEC 10.1.1.0/24, R2 "" R1?

FEC 10.1.1.0/24, R1 "" R2. R2


"" R3.

FEC 10.1.1.0/24, R1 "" R2. FEC 10.2.2.0/24,


R2 "" R1.
.

R4 R1 R2,
10.1.1.0/24.

. R3 "" R4 10.1.1.0/24?

. . .

. "", "", "" ""


?

. R2 R3. R2 L FEC F R3. R3

L FEC-F ( R2
FEC-F). :

L F R2.
L FEC-F R3.
L FEC-F R2.
L FEC-F R3.

. ()
MPLS- IP- ( MPLS)?

. , IP-.
. IP . MPLS .
MPLS, .

. ()
MPLS?

. . , . MPLS
Ether, ( ,
IP, IPX Appletalk Ether). Cisco Ether,
, . ,
Appletalk , Appletalk,
. , MPLS , ,
.

. Cisco IOS
(MPLS)?

. Cisco Series 2691, 3640, 3660, 3725, 3745, 6400NRP-1, 6400-NRP-2SV, 6400-NSP, Catalyst 5000 (RSM), 7200, 7301, 7400, 7500,
Catalyst 6500/Cisco 7600 Series WS-SUP720-3B WS-SUP720-3BXL, Gigabit Switch Router (GSR), Route Processor Module
(RPM), Universal Broadband Router (UBR) 7200, AS5350 IGX8400-URM.
Cisco TDP- .
LDP-, RSVP- BGP-
Software Advisor ( ). Software Advisor
, Cisco IOS .

. GRE- 24 .
MPLS LSP?

. MPLS LSP ( ) (,
) . GRE, MPLS
IP-. , .

.
, ?

. , , , S = 1
.
. , S = 0.

. ? ?
?

. RFC3032 - MPLS Label Stack Encoding (RFC3032


MPLS) .
0 (220-1). 0-15 , 4-15
. 0-3 :
0 "IPv4 Explicit NULL Label". ,
, IP- 4.
Exp . QoS MPLS.
1 "Router Alert Label".
, .
. , Router Alert
Label .
"Router Alert Option" IP- (,
)
2 "IPv6 Explicit NULL Label". ,
, IP- 6.
3 "Implicit NULL Label". ,
. . ,

( ) ( Lfib).
, LDP- , .

. LDP TDP
LDP/TDP?

. LDP- TCP- 646, TDP- TCP- 711.


mpls ip . TCP
LDP/TDP
.

. MPLS Catalyst 6500 7600


Optical Services (OSR)?

. , MPLS, (OSM)
(, , Parallel Express Forwarding (PXF))
FlexWAN. VPN.
IP- WAN-,
, FlexWAN. Supervisor 720.

. MPLS-?

. MPLS MPLS.


MPLS
- Cisco

1992-2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. .


PDF : Jan 05, 2010
http://www.cisco.com/support/RU/customer/content/9/92112/mpls_faq_4649.shtml