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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Dedication

I dedicate this work to Dr.P.Rajeshwar Reddy, Secretary/Correspondent

of Anurag Engineering College and Secretary of Consortium of Engineering

Colleges Managements, A.P. He has given me an opportunity to work in this

esteemed institute, when I was down and out and needed this job desperately.

To be frank, I was not even in the competition, when many senior faculty

members have attended the interview along with me on 13th May 2007. He

has spotted some potentiality within me and created a post to take me in. That

had given me a lot of confidence and went on to receive my M.Phil degree,

became the youngest Anuragian to assume an administration office by

becoming the Training and Placement Officer.

This particular work is

dedicated to him to convey him that I have fully utilized the opportunity he

had given me and I have made my own contribution in making this institute

an incubation centre for research and development.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Acknowledgements

I express my deep gratitude to Dr.Akash N.Patwari, Principal, Anurag Engineering College, who had written the Preface to this book.

My deep sense of gratitude is extended to Mr.D.Pandu Ranga Rao, HOD, H&S, for his support and encouragement.

I thank Mr.YVR Naga Pavan for advising me to write this book. I thank Mr.

H.Venkateswara Rao, faculty of Environmental Science for his guidance in

writing the second chapter of this book.

I thank Mr.Bhupathy Rao, In charge of the Exam Branch for giving me the list of the letters that students need to write on various occasions.

I thank my wife and my daughter without whose cooperation; I could not have compiled this book.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Preface

"Speech is Silver and Silence is gold", which is an obsolete idea today, because these

are the days where one has to express ones ideas, thoughts,abilties very clearly . When

it comes to the professional students, No one needs to tell about the importance of the

communication skills for them.

Engineering students from the rural backgrounds are not inferior to the students from

metro cities in any area except in the Communication Skills. I strongly believe that they

can pick up these essential skills with some effort. I call this book as a kick-starter for

the students, who want to be good speakers or a writers. If a student uses a prewritten

speech in this book and speks on the dais, it will help in a great deal to his/her confidence.

With that confidence he/she can prepare a script on his/her own and can make wonderful

speech. So is the case with the pre-written letters given in this book

In order to create an English speaking Environment, we have made a rule that all the

students and faculty should communicate exclusively in English in the college Premises.

I am glad that Sudheer has given the most frequenty used expressions in the classes/labs

in the second chapter of the book. The students and faculty , can reproduce those

expressions accordingly.

We know how important is the Compering/anchoring's role in making an event successful.

This is the first time I have come across a book that tells you how to do the anchoring in

the events. I congratulate Mr.Sudheer Kumar.N, for his efforts. I have spotted the talent

within him, I have made him the Training and Placement Officer. I wish him all the

success in his career as an author, placement officer and as well as a lecturer.

as an author, placement officer and as well as a lecturer. (Dr.Akash N.Patwari) Principal Anurag Engineering

(Dr.Akash N.Patwari) Principal Anurag Engineering College

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students Author's Message Dear Students, Being a lecturer in

Author's Message

Dear Students,

Being a lecturer in English Department is a challenging job because it is the only department that is expected to show the results of its work immediately. For instance, if a student joins in the I B.Tech in the month of September and commits a grammatical error in the same month, everyone points their finger at the English Department. All the subjects in the professional courses have practical applications. Students learn computer languages like "C", "C++" etc and No one bothers how many of you are able to do the live projects on your own even in the IV B.Tech using these languages. It is not to find fault with anybody but at the level of Engineering, Students are expected to put that extra effort to apply whatever they learn in the theory classes into practice otherwise all the effort that is put in by your parents, college management, faculty, government and by yourself by coming to college every day just goes in vain. If you can apply whatever we teach in the English classes, you can write or speak any kind of an expression in English. But some of you are failing to use the right expressions at the right time and you are being mocked at I know you feel ashamed of this weakness. Let us not expose our weakness to the society. Hence this book is an effort to uphold your pride. You need some time to improve your English but at the same time we can not avoid using English in our day to day life or at least in the college, where all the communication is supposed to happen in English. That is why I have written this book to help you out in

writing letters for various needs to various people of various ranks

Being an EMCEE/ compère (anchor) for the college day celebrations or any other function or seminars.

Knowing the Tips and Techniques to improve your English Language Communication Skills

To learn the day to day expressions that are used by the Native speakers of English

Matering the Clasified Vocabulary

In learning the Essential Vocabulary

proposing vote of thanks and many more

This book will help them in finding out the expressions that you need in different situation as mentioned above. In this book, I have tried my best to cover all the situations that a student/faculty of comes across every day.

The other work I have done previously was "text-analysis as a language learning strategy" submitted as the dissertation for the fulfillment of my M.Phil Degree. I have worked so hard to write the dissertation and proposed many new ideas in Teaching English in that work. Unfortunately, it could not be useful for anybody except for fetching me an M.Phil degree. Hence, I have decided to do some work that will be useful for the students. If any one of you derives benefit out of this book, it gives me an immense pleasure and satisfaction for me.

Yours,

gives me an immense pleasure and satisfaction for me. Yours, (N.Sudheer Kumar) Lecturer in English. N.Sudheer

(N.Sudheer Kumar)

Lecturer in English.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Contents

Chapter - I Compère (anchoring)

8

Tips for the Anchors:

8

Welcoming the guests on to the dais

8

Expressions to invite the Guests on to the dais:

9

Expressions to Honour the guests:

9

Welcome speech

9

Sample welcome speech:

10

Expressions to request the guest to address the gathering:

10

After the Speech

10

During the prize distribution:

11

Cultural Activities:

11

Dealing with the problematic crowd:

12

Vote of Thanks:

13

Chapter - 2 Twenty days Challenge to enhance your English proficiency:

14

Chapter - 3 Class Room Expressions for the Teachers and the Students

17

Greetings and small expressions:

17

Teacher to s tudent classroom English

17

Student to teacher classroom English

18

In the examination hall

19

In the laboratory

19

Chapter - 4 Readymade Speeches for different Occasion

23

Some tips to make a wonderful speech

23

Sample speeches:

23

Welcome speech on the inauguration of the technical paper presentation:

23

Vote of thanks for the Valedictory ceremony of the Technical paper Presentation

24

Senior's speech on the occasion of the freshers' Party:

24

Farewell Speech:

24

Speech about the departmental Association

25

Inauguration of a guest lecture: (by a student)

25

Speech on improving English

26

Independence Day celebrations

26

Senior student's suggestion for the I B.Tech students during the orientation

27

Ethics in Professional Education

28

Chapter - 5 Readymade letters for different occasions

29

Guidelines for writing good Professional letters:

30

Leave Letter

30

Requesting for the issuing of original Certificates:

31

Requesting for the Bona fide certificate

32

Permission letter

33

Apology Letter for resorting to malpractice during External Examination (undertaking Letter by JNTU)

33

Apology Letter for coming to the college without proper dress code

34

Complaint Letter

34

Complaint letter about the poor quality food served in the

35

Change of Address:

36

Letter to the Bank manager about the loss of ATM cum Debit Card:

36

Chapter - 6 Useful Expressions in English

38

Chapter - 7 Classified Vocabulary

46

Chapter - 8 Essential Vocabulary:

57

FREQUENTLY USED POLLYSYLLABIC (long) WORDS (3, 500)(words in Capital letters receive stress/accent)

58

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

CHAPTER - I

Compère (anchoring)

Compère (anchor) plays a vital role in making an event successful. An anchor of the event can radiate energy by being lively, by using the right tone and modulation, by using impressive expressions, by using the right body language, by dressing sensibly etc. Here are some tips given for the anchors:

Tips for the Anchors:

1. Some Anchors tend to give importance to accent and fluency rather than clarity. An anchor should try to speak loudly and clearly rather than striving to use American accent. Many people think that fluency is speaking more number of words per minute, which is completely wrong. Fluency means speaking without having breaks. Speak at a reasonable pace quite clearly. Your tongue should touch the hard palate of your mouth strong enough for your voice to sound clearly to the audience. "Brit or American, flaunt that accent only if you know how to do it correctly, else you could just end up making a fool of yourself" -an excerpt from an article on fake accent in Deccan chronicle on 1st September 2010

2. An anchor of the event must consider himself as the representative of the college /organization that is organizing that particular event. You need not hesitate to use the word "I" to start the proceedings.

3. Minimizing the use of paper to do the anchoring helps you in maintaining eye contact with the audience.

4. Remember that the lectern on the dais is not to hide yourself behind it.

5. Wear a smile on your face, which acts as an antidote to your nervousness and makes your tone impressive.

Welcoming the guests on to the dais

Before inviting the guests on to the dais, it is essential to brief the gathering about the essence of the event and about your institute. I have here given a sample introduction:

"Good Afternoon! I am Srinivas.N of IV B.Tech EEE welcome you all to the STANZA-2k11. Anurag Engineering College became a renowned place of learning over the last ten years, as it has the pride of producing several luminaries in different disciplines. If you take a quick look around you, I am sure you will agree that our institute has come a long way in the last few years. Dr P.Rajeswara Reddy had envisaged the bright future of this college ten years back and all his dreams have come true today. It was not a cakewalk. The diligent efforts of the management, various principals, and all the employees have seen a remarkable spurt in making the college as the most preferred one in this region. We feel proud to be the students of Anurag Engineering College because we are provided with the state-of-the- art Infrastructure, well qualified faculty, a perfect atmosphere for academic pursuit. The pristine surroundings of our college stage the most conducive atmosphere reminding us the ancient gurkulas which were located in this kind of an atmosphere. The annual day of our college is really a moment that we should enjoy and savor. Although we have miles to go, we need to celebrate each and every mile stone in order to go ahead with added enthusiasm."

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

After the brief introduction, the anchors should invite guests on to the dais. While inviting the guests on to the dais, The Anchors should avoid using the same expression to invite all the guests on to the dais. He/she has to use different expressions to invite different guests otherwise the language of the anchor appears monotonous thus He/she fails to be impressive. Here are different phrases to invite the guests on to the dais:

Remember:

1. Before you invite the guests on to the dais, ensure that you have got the list of all the guests to welcome.

2. Before starting the proceedings, check with the chief Coordinator or organizers, whether there are any additions or deletions in the list of the guests given to you.

3. Double check that the remarks you are going to make about your guests are factually correct.

4. Make sure that you pronounce their names correctly.

Expressions to invite the Guests on to the dais:

I consider it a great honour to welcome Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof the dais

on to

may I Invite the chief guest Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

on to the dais

The next dignitary to honour us with his/her presence is. Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

I am glad to invite Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

It will now be the turn of

I request Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

Next, we look forward for the presence of

It is my privilege to invite Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

With equal pleasure invite

In some of the events, the role of the anchor is confined only to invite the guests on to the dais and the later proceedings are looked after by the president of the meeting. In that case after inviting the guests, use the following phrases and leave the stage:

Now, I request

Now over to Mr./Ms

On to the dais to come on to the dais to grace the dais on the dais. on to the dais.

on to the dais.

(president) to preside over the meeting.

Expressions to Honour the guests:

Now the dignitaries on the dais will be garlanded and offered bouquets.

I request Ms. Veena of I B.Tech to honour the chief guest with a bouquet.

Welcome speech After inviting the guests on to the dais and honoring them with bouquets, it is our tradition to have a welcome address. Anchor may invite someone representing the institute to welcome the guests and all the invitees one by one. A sample welcome address is given below. The essential elements to cover in your welcome speech are:

to specifically acknowledge any important guests

to generally welcome all the guests, stating the name of the event and host and thank them for coming

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

to give a brief introduction of the host

to give a brief introduction of the occasion

to give any especial welcomes ie.,to the important guests

to introduce the next speaker if appropriate

Sample welcome speech:

"I am really privileged to have the pleasant task of welcoming the distinguished gathering for the college annual day celebrations STANZA-2k11. On behalf of the Anurag Engineering College and on my own behalf, I warmly and respectfully welcome the Chief Guest, Hon'ble Vice chancellor of JNTUH Prof D.N.Reddy. We are highly honoured that our Hon'ble Vice chancellor is amongst us today. We are indeed grateful to the VC for graciously and readily accepting our invitation. We are eagerly looking forward to his address. Let me extend my thanks to Mr. Venepally chander Rao, MLA, Kodad, who has always been with us. His presence is always a moral boost for us. I thank him for making his presence despite his busy schedule.

A warm word of welcome to Dr.P Rajeswara Reddy, secretary/correspondent of our

college, we are waiting with full of ebullience to listen to your motivational words.

A hearty welcome to our Principal, Dr Akash N Patwari. He has an indomitable spirit

to maintain the discipline. His personal academic achievements are a source of motivation for us.

Now,

I am pleased to invite all the committed teaching and non teaching staff of Anurag

Engineering College. My word of welcome goes next to all the invitees, the parents and the vibrant students of Anurag Engineering College."I thank you all for attending .i look forward to wonderful events to follow. Thank you"

Expressions to request the guest to address the gathering:

Ladies and Gentlemen, we rarely get this kind of an opportunity to listen to the words of

great personality Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof privilege of listening to the message of Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

,

So let us have the

I Invite Mr./Ms/Sri/Smt/Dr./Prof

Now, let us have the pleasure of listening to the opening remarks of the Honourable principal. After the Speech

That was really an inspiring speech. Sir, On behalf of all the students of our college ,I promise to put your words into practice

Thank you sir for your cogent message, we are charmed by your sharp eloquence

Sir/madam, I thank you for making such a thought provoking speech.

Thank you sir/madam, we have now come to know your secret of success, you have just now preached what you have practiced. I assure you that we would follow in your foot steps to reach the stars.

That was really an amazing speech, wasn't it (to the audience

Sir/madam, I must tell you

that you have got the gift of the gab (ability to speak easily and confidently in a way that makes people want to listen to you and believe you).

Thank you sir… Thank you for your words of wisdom.

to address the gathering

).

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

During the prize distribution:

I request the chief guest

events/sports.

to give away the prizes to the winners of literary

Thank you sir/madam for taking the trouble of giving away so many prizes. I am sure all the winners felt proud of receiving the prizes from your hands. While announcing the names of the prize winners, the compère has to maintain the same kind of energy to invite all the winners in different categories. There is nothing like prestigious events and non prestigious events. The person winning the Essay writing competition should equally be treated as the one who wins the 100meters sprint as both of them have put in a lot of effort, one physically and the other mentally.

Some useful phrases during prize distribution

The winner/runner of 400meters running is………

The best student award for the academic year 2010-11 goes to

Ladies and gentlemen put your hands together to invite winner of Jam competition Mr./Ms----------

I request the prize winners to come closer to the dais to so that we don't squander the valuable time.

Cultural Activities:

Everyone may not agree with me but the home truth is that people wish that the cultural activities start as early as possible. The person who does the anchoring for the cultural activities can afford to a bit informal than the previous events. At this juncture, completely do away with the prewritten scripts. All you need to remember is the name of the performer and what he/she going to perform. Some phrases:

Now we are going to have a very flamboyant and raucous event

Now, we are going to have a rocking performance by Mr. Syam of III B.Tech

Let's give a big round of applause to Ms Vandana of IV B.Tech, who is going to sing a melodious song for us.

That was a splendid performance

It was an incredible dancing performance by Ms Meena

Wow

It was a class act. As we normally do not use any negative description in the college function as does by in the reality shows on Telugu TV channels, any of the following phrases could be used based on the suitability

Mr. Syam

what an amazing performance

Gorgeous

Alluring

Attractive

Appealing

Sweet

Good-looking

Charming

Glamorous

Beautiful

Eye-catching

Smart

Striking

Fascinating

Beautiful

Bubbly

Sparkling Full of life Shining

Vivacious

Energetic

Head turner

Humorous

Smart

Witty

Funny

Stunning

Lovely

Superb

Exquisite

Fabulous

Excellent

Fantastic

Outstanding

Exceptional

Terrific

Wonderful

Glittering

Likeable

Attention-grabbing

Impressive

Sparkling

Remarkable

Marvelous

Prominent

Pleasing

Extraordinary

Great

Amazing

Elegant

Fashionable

Stylish

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Dealing with the problematic crowd:

Many people in spite of having desire to do the anchoring, hesitate to do the anchoring keeping the problematic crowd in mind. I have got the opportunity to do the anchoring in the final year (in 2005) of my post graduation for the College Annual day celebrations of Nagarjuna University College. Dr P.Raja Sekhar, the then HOD of English Department kept the responsibility of doing the anchoring and choosing the other two anchors to accompany me. It was not that there weren't any one who could do better but everyone was afraid of the crowd in the university. At the university level, we can not expect the students to be disciplined as the students of corporate colleges. So, I have shouldered the responsibility of doing the anchoring because I was at the verge of finishing my education and I thought I would not be getting the opportunity as such any more.

On that day, the atmosphere was electrifying with Vice chancellor, chief guests, Executive members of the university and students over two thousand .From the dais, the crowd was appearing as if it was a huge ocean to me. My junior was first to start the proceedings, as expected a part of the crowd started giving slogans "anchor marali…anchor marali…" . Situation was not dissimilar when the turn of my other classmate did the anchoring. Then I have decided not to allow the problematic crowd to dictate terms to me. First thing I did was to keep my voice as loud as possible and I stopped reading from the prewritten script. I tried to make spontaneous remarks. Soon I could gain control over the audience and to my surprise , Prof.Hara Gopal Reddy, Principal of University College and the Present vice chancellor of Nagarjuna University stood right behind me and said " Those two were faltering , you alone continue till the end" , which gave me a lot of confidence and I continued till the end.

Vote of Thanks:

Ladies and gentlemen

It is a great honor and privilege to be called upon to propose a Vote of Thanks. I thank Prof D.N.Reddy, whose presence today is a great source of motivation to us. We are extremely grateful to Mr. Venepally Chander Rao to have acceded to our request to join with us for our college annual day celebrations. I thank all the guests for being patient and giving away so many prizes. I would like to thank all our honored guests for their presence and participation today.

For this overwhelming success, I should thank Dr.P Rajeswara Reddy garu for leading us from front in making arrangements for this auspicious occasion.

I thank our principal for enunciating the college report and promising more achievements for the next academic year. I thank the officers' trio, Mr. Jai Pal Reddy, Mr. Pandu Ranga Prasad and Mr. Bhupathi Rao, who have given yeomen's service and setting a right example of administrating and monitoring the work.

I thank all the members of different committees for their unstinted support for this function by working with

great alacrity. I express my deep sense of gratitude to all the vivacious volunteers, who have done a commendable job in making the arrangements.

I would like to congratulate all the prize winners for leading the way in attaining many great accomplishments.

I thank from the bottom of the heart, the conveners of various events for the successful conduction of various events.

I thank all the energetic performers in the cultural activities for enthralling performances.

I would like to thank again all the guests, staff, parents and all our students fro sharing the responsibilities and joy with us today. I hope the memories of this day will be alive forever.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students While proposing V ote of thanks, you should

While proposing Vote of thanks, you should look at the person to whom you are thanking. As you can see in the above picture, I am looking straight at the Chief Guest "Prof. Sai Baba Reddy, former Registrar of JNTUH, while thanking him for his valuable message. He has even acknowledged my remarks.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

CHAPTER - 2

Twenty days Challenge to enhance your English proficiency:

The moment you see this heading your eyes would have lit up. It might have sounded like the book 30 days to improve your English. I do not mean to say that you can master LSRW skills in twenty days but there will be a significant difference in your proficiency of English, if you follow the below mentioned guide lines. You might feel that "it is easier said than done". I am also a student of Telugu medium in a small town. I have studied in Chintakrindhi Kankaiah High school, Mangalagiri. But I have practiced the following guidelines and it has brought about a dramatic improvement in my proficiency in English language and I recommend anyone who wishes to improve their English Language communication skills, to follow the guidelines mentioned below:

1. Students should buy the book, ENGLISH CONVERSATION PRACTICE, by Grant Taylor, Mc Graw Hill publishers. They have to read the phrases and expressions aloud. Your ears should listen to you uttering the phrases There is a book called " Learn Spoken English in half the time" written by Lynn Lund Quist, the whole essence of the book is that anybody who wants learn any new language, She/he has to take some text of that language and he/she has to read it aloud. Our ears should listen to our voice. Then the listening mechanism in the brain gives a positive signal to speaking mechanism that this man has spoken this particular sentence so many times and he/she can speak it without hesitation. The best example I can give you here is, No matter whatever the background of the student, he/she does not hesitate say "May I come in sir". But the same student hesitates to say "Nice to meet you". The number of words is same. But the only difference is that his/her ears have heard him/her speaking the phrase "May I come in sir many times. This is not a new theory for us; small Brahmin kids can say Vedas effortlessly by using this technique only. Students should use this ENGLISH CONVERSATION PRACTICE, by Grant Taylor so that they can improve their English conversation. There is no other book available in the market that can match this book. It costs 120 rupees. (30 minutes per day)

2. Every day, each student has to translate an article in Telugu news paper into English. Let it be a small article, Then the students' minds start probing, "How to tell this expression in English?". "What word to be used for this Telugu word in English, for example a student has come to me asked me what is to be

called •~Û˝≤\T (when a building collapses, whatever the material remaining after the collapse)" in English.

I just told him that it is called debris. Likewise we can improve your Vocabulary, syntax and writing

skills. So, How to find that word that is probing you to find the meaning? Many people do not realize the importance of Telugu to English dictionary. Here the Telugu to English Dictionary will definitely help you in finding out the right word. Telugu to English dictionary is published by Oxford University Press,

I recommend that Dictionary, rather that Sankarnarayana's or CP Brown's dictionaries. As the in these

dictionaries the Telugu language that is used is the language of 19th century. Now most of these words are not at all in use.(10 minutes a day)

3. If reading is the input, writing is the output. For speaking listening is very important. As I have mentioned in the first point, the student should listen to his/her own voice. Apart from that, we have to ensure that

Our brains are programmed in such a way that we remember

songs 20 times more that sentences. Some songs by Boy zone or Britney spears are very good and if we listen to them we quite regularly, we can easily memorize them. (10 minutes a day)

4. Many People recommend you to watch English movies to improve your English. I agree with them but with a small correction. Instead of watching the whole movie passively. Watch a particular scene of the movie, repeatedly. This is what is called active listening. A lot of research had been done and it has been

they listen to English news

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

concluded that this particular method will definitely help the listener to internalize the language. You need not worry about memorizing the dialogues; just watch a particular scene in that particular movie again and again. Your subconscious mind takes care of storing the language and vocabulary in your minds. (10 minutes a day)

5. I do not subscribe to the view that one should speak English, without worrying about the mistakes that they would commit. It is can only help a person to overcome his/her shyness to speak English but if a person keeps on speaking English with so many Grammatical errors in his speech, slowly he/she gets used to speaking English with the same grammatical errors. I have been observing a professor of English in a reputed institute for the last ten years; He speaks English very fluently but with so many grammatical errors. I have not seen even a small improvement in his proficiency of English. Nobody dares to correct him also. People talk about his lack of proficiency behind his back only.( even I have not). So learn the basic grammar at least Tenses. You should learn correct English and you should try to speak correct English as much as possible. But remember, nobody or nothing is perfect in the world. You should strive for excellence not for perfection. (30 minutes a day)

6. Read an English Newspaper daily. The Hans of India is the news paper that I recommend the students to read for these reason: using the right word in the right context, touching upon the issues that are relavant to the state and our region, and more importantantly, it has got a student offer where the students just have to pay 200 rupees for for six months subscription. Just like Active Listening, we need to do active reading with the news paper. Instead of reading the whole paper passively, try to identify the unfamiliar words in an article that you find it to be interesting, observe the collocations, tone of the article and the sentence structure etc. (30 minutes a day)

Allocate 2 hours a day like this for 20 days and find the difference within you. Our day of 24 hours is divided into three equal parts of 8 hours each. First eight hours for work, second eight hours are for rest and the remaning eight hours are for entertainment. You can keep these two hours of time in a day under the entertainment part as all you are going to do is to read newspapers, listening to music, writing an article etc. You do not need to put yourself understress to do all these things, infact, you can use these things as the stress busters, listening to the music for example. If you can find considerable difference within 2 days. If you continue to do not for one or two years you with do wonders.

CHAPTER - 3

Class Room Expressions for the Teachers and the Students Teachers have to be good communicators in English. Every teacher should always bear in their mind that the students observe and catch the language of the teachers hence the teachers must use right expressions In English. Students irrespective of their back grounds, use the expression "may I come in sir/madam" so easily for the obvious reason is that the expression has been used for a long time by them. All the expressions given in this chapter are also as easy as the expression "May I come in sir?" But this small talk has to be internalized by the teachers and students and should be able to speak these expressions as effortlessly as "May I come in sir/madam". This small talk helps a lot in boosting the confidence of the students, which would pave the way for them to speak some longer sentences. There are two types of English:

Conversational English

Subjective English Some students are proficient in conversational English and some in subjective English. Conversational English is to speak some small expressions in English fluently like requesting, taking permissions, seeking information and so on. A person is considered to have subjective English if he/she can speak or write on intellectual topics. Some students are good at both; some students are good at conversational English and

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 13

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

some are good at subjective English. Obviously, speaking subjective English is much more difficult than conversational English; however, people who speak conversational English make a very good first

", "has a nice

with a good accent thereby making the other people feel that he/she is very good at English but if

you want them speak on any of the intellectual topic, their true colors would be revealed. However one has to take a leaf out of their book. They are creating very good first impression, which is the best impression. If you go to an interview and make this good first impression to get the job, what else you need? So, use every opportunity to use the conversational English and it has to be started in the class room. So let us see different expressions to be used in the classroom.

day

impression. These people use very small expressions like "Hi", "How is the day so far "

Greetings and small expressions:

Good morning everybody

Good afternoon everyone

See you tomorrow/next week

How are you today?

Fine

Have a nice day

Teacher to student classroom English

What we are going to cover today is

 

Today, I am going to talk about

The important point I want to make today is

Last time, we talked about

;

today we will go on and

First of all, I would like to talk about

Today's topic is

What I want to do today is

 

Before starting the lesson, let me briefly recap yesterday's lesson

Now, let's start today's lesson

 

Have you done the homework?

Today we will be discussing….

The importance of this topic is

If that's clear, we will go on to the next point.

Now, let's approach the problem in a different way.

The second point I want to make is

 

Let's get back to the idea of

I'd like to finish talking about

before we move on.

Are you following? Or day dreaming?

Will you please keep quiet?

 

Are you ready?

Let me give you an example.

 

For instance

Let us take

for example.

What's the problem

Excellent! You have the work very well; however, there is some room for improvement.

If anybody requires some additional information, you can meet me in staffroom.

Could you speak louder please? I can't hear you

Now, let's move on to…

 

That's correct

Listen carefully

That's right

Perfect

What is another meaning of

?

●●

The study material is with the CR (class representative), you can get it Xeroxed, if you want.

Let me take the attendance

 

Why were you absent yesterday?

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 14

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

It is easy to fall behind with your studies if you miss even just a few classes

I am sorry to say that if you keep on skipping the classes like this, you will be in the danger of detention.

Yesterday, I have observed that some students have given proxy attendance. I hope they would rectify their before I resort to severe actions.

You can dress down on Saturdays (dress code relaxation). But on the remaining days, you should be in the formal outfits

You should know the subject Inside out

rote-learning (mugging up) is not at all useful

Your performance in the I Mid term examination is quite satisfactory.

Have a look at the past papers, it will help you in getting an idea about the exam pattern

You do not need to be in panic about the exams

Student to teacher classroom English

Can I come to your office

Would you give us an example

Sir, would you mind repeating that

Could you say that again please?

Sir/madam, your voice is not audible to the last benches; could you speak a little louder?

How do you say

in English

What page?

I don't understand

I am sorry sir I am not able to recall the answer

Sir/madam… Please do not erase the board

What is the difference between "a" and "b"?

Could you explain a little bit more about it

I didn't understand today's lesson

When is the homework due?

When shall we submit the assignment?

Excuse me sir/madam, can I talk to you for a minute

Can I change seats?

I'm sorry I am late

I am not feeling well can I go to the rest room?

Sir/madam, I hope you take this in the right spirit, I am not able to make out the concept you are teaching.

I am terrible sorry if I had done any thing wrong. I assure you that I won't repeat it again

I have nauseous feeling, shall I go to the wash room.

I was absent yesterday because I was feeling a bit feverish yesterday.

My head is throbbing shall I leave the class.

When I sat down and looked at the exam paper my mind just went blank

I

am yet to copy the information on it

In the examination hall

Please be seated according to the given seating arrangement

Verify your details on the OMR sheet.

Do not write anything on the question paper except your hall ticket number

Deposit your mobile phones and wallets with me

Do not forget to fill in your set number and question paper code.

Only half an hour left.

Strike off the blank pages

Make it fast, we are running out of time

In the laboratory

Wearing apron is obligatory in the chemistry laboratory.

Please handle the equipment carefully

You will not be allowed into the lab without record/observation/drafter.

Sign in the log in register before turning on the system.

After the successful execution of the experiment, handover the equipment to the lab assistant.

Please arrange the chairs before leaving the lab

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

CHAPTER - 4

Readymade Speeches for different Occasion

Some tips to make a wonderful speech

When developing your speech, research it, get your facts right and make sure you know what message you want to get across.

Speak from the heart, believe in what you are saying and take control of your audience.

Rehearse your speech in front of a mirror or in front of a friend or family member (ask them for helpful suggestions).

When you practice your speech, time yourself. If it is too long or too short you will need to make changes.

If you are well prepared you do not need to use your notes too much.

End your speech with your prepared ending and wait for applause OR stand back from the lectern / table.

Enjoy your speech, have fun and use the opportunity to deliver a speech that enhances your image!

Sample speeches:

Welcome speech on the inauguration of the technical paper presentation:

Good morning one and all, it gives me an immense pleasure to inaugurate the Anurag Vista-2k10, a national level technical paper presentation and technical Quiz. I am happy to welcome Patron of Anurag Vista, Dr.P.Rajeswara Reddy garu, Principal, Dr Akash N Patwari, Honourable members of the Advisory committee and organizing committee, faculty and participants. Today, Anurag Engineering College is proud to host the minds and the master minds from all over the country. Events like national level paper presentations are part and parcel of healthy academic environment. So, first of all, give a big round of applause to the college management. We live in an age of progress. Those days of mugging up the subject and reproducing in the exams have gone and if any one of the students still does the same, will stay behind and will recede. Those students who want to make their future journey smooth and impressive must develop the ability to do research to propose new ideas and theories. Students should participate in these kinds of events and they should send some of their papers to the national and the international journals. It would definitely help you to enhance the creativity. Ladies and gentlemen, you all know the importance of "presentation" .the world is their oyster for the students, who have good presentation skills. Here we should not forget that the people with good presentation skills are not born but they are made. One can master the presentation skills only by making presentations repeatedly. Even if a student makes presentations at the college level, it would definitely help him/her in developing presentation skills. If a student can present at the national level events like Anurag vista, it would do a world of good to his/her self confidence. Therefore, each and every participant is winner of priceless self confidence. Sharing our ideas with others is the best way of creating more ideas. So let us share and discuss our ideas. An idea can change our life but the ideas of the technocrats can change the course of the world. So, get ready to quench your thirst for technical knowledge.

Vote of thanks for the Valedictory ceremony of the Technical paper Presentation

Dignitaries on the dais, Organizing committee, participants, faculty and volunteers, It is a great honor and privilege to be called upon to propose a Vote of Thanks for the valedictory session of Anurag Vista-2k10. I have to say that Anurag Vista-2k10 has been a great success, the participation levels of the students and the quality of the papers presented are the indicators of the

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 16

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

success.

For this overwhelming success, I should first thank Dr.P.Rajeswara Reddy garu, whose indomitable spirit to uphold the higher academic standards has led to organize this highly purposeful event. I thank Dr.Vinay babu garu, whose presence today is a great source of motivation to us. Our grateful thanks are directed to all the guest of honours and the members of the Advisory committee, belong to eminent walks of life and they managed to stay their preoccupations to attend this event and give the event the benefit of their erudition and experience.

I am grateful to our principal Dr.Akash N Patwari, whose guidance, support and the constant

monitoring has been one of the prime reasons for the success of the event. Ladies and Gentlemen, Today, We have discovered a great event manger in our college in the form of Dr.N. Ravi kumar, the convener of the Event. Well done sir! The members of various committees and the student volunteers connected with the holding of this event are to have our gratitude and thanks. At the end of the day, participation matters and the participants from various colleges are to whom we are indebted for making the event a great success. I would like to congratulate all the participants for presenting papers of high quality Before I conclude, I therefore thank you all once again for your excellent cooperation and we remember everybody's share in the success of Anurag Vista-2k10.

Senior's speech on the occasion of the freshers' Party:

Honourable principal, Head of the departments, esteemed faculty, and all my friends, At the very outset, I would like to express my best compliments to you all on the occasion of the

'Freshers' day' today. I am privileged to stand before you to welcome all the junior friends. I must congratulate them all on their selecting the best college in the district. It is known fact that we have

a dynamic management, motivated lecturers and devoted professors. We are taught in a beautiful

environment .Owing to all these things, our college secure has become a pioneer in this region. You have stepped into this college with fresh thoughts, noble aims, high hopes and aspirations. I assure you that your ambitions will be accomplished by the successful guidance of our beloved lecturers. The flag of Anurag group of Institution is hosting in every nook and corner of our state due to brilliant performance shown by some of our senior friends. It is the first and foremost duty of yours to follow the footsteps to achieve laurels to our college.

We, the seniors, are always ready to extend our helping hand to the juniors regarding studies. The functions like this will create kind of friendly atmosphere among us. We are ready to offer any kind of assistance you need. It's time I took leave of you wishing you bright career. Thank you very much for giving me this opportunity.

Farewell Speech:

Respected dignitaries on the dais, seniors and my dear classmates, I rise to speak to you today with a heavy heart because today we would be bidding farewell to the college. Four years of engineering, seems to have passed very quickly. Now we are on the verge of completion of our course. For many of us, it is like a dream come true to have done our graduation in a very prestigious college like this. We have been taught the most advanced technology along with traditional values. We have been imparted scientific temper along with ethics. The college has engineered us into very good Engineers along with compassionate human beings.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Saying adieu to such a fantastic college is a very painful thing. I will miss this college, the faculty, and my beloved friends. I extend my heart full wishes to the college management for rendering their continuous support to the students. And I hope it will continue the same, with the coming batches also. Now friends the time has come, to part. All the best to you all and warm wishes to the college management for their successful administration.

Speech about the departmental Association

Dignitaries on the dais, Heads of the departments, faculty and my dear friends, I am Ramya sree of

III B.Tech ECE. Today I would like to tell a few words about the departmental Association of ECE

department ECE on the occasion of its first anniversary. The departmental association of ECE has been established in the year 2009. The association plays a significant role as an important adjunct to course work since it sponsors lectures by eminent engineers, debates, competitions, general knowledge quiz, essay competitions and various programmes and, in general, stimulate interest in the diverse spheres of a student's life. The association strives for synchronization between academic learning and recent development in Industry and thereby to provide opportunity for all round development of students. This association is run by the students and for the students to achieve the above objectives. The faculty advisors are appointed by the department to advice students regarding the various activities conducted by E-Spice. This helps students to learn the managerial skills also. The association has been well established and has been working very actively since the inception and I wish the association continues to flourish and to achieve its objectives. Thank you very much.

Inauguration of a guest lecture: (by a student)

Honourable Guest, faculty and my dear friends,

I would like to welcome you all for the second guest lecture in this semester. My dear friends, as you

all

know, our Secretary/ correspondent and our Principal, wants to have a vibrant academic atmosphere

in

the college by conducting various seminars, paper presentations, group discussions and guest

lectures. Guest lectures are part and parcel of having such vibrant academic atmosphere.

It is indeed a remarkable day in the history of our department as we have Mr. Ravi Kumar, who is

going to give his guest lecture on "Robotics". We have heard a lot about him. Mr. Ravi Kumar, besides his long list of qualifications of expertise, has vast academic experience. He has authored many books and many of his articles have been published in national and international journals. Many of his students are very well placed in many government and non government organizations.

I must thank our head of the department for arranging this guest lecture by such a renowned

academician. In today's environment, hoarding knowledge ultimately erodes your power. If you know something very important, the way to get power is by actually sharing it. At Anurag, emphasis is given on not only making you academically brilliant, but to make true leaders and team players, thus preparing you for the real life corporate world. This is done by inviting people from industries and top institutions to provide valuable information to our students. We Invite Eminent personalities form various Industries and Institutions to lend valuable Information from their Experiences to our students. Guest Lecture is a way of enriching our students with the latest updates of the Industries and Technicalities. The Students are bestowed with knowledge about Industry needs, latest technical updates, Avenues for Higher studies etc. These kinds of guest lectures would certainly help us to dwell deep into the subject rather than having a superficial understanding of the subject. I suggest you all to be interactive through out the seminar rather than being passive listeners. The more interest you show the more benefit you gain

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

from this lecture .I don't want to take much time as I know that you are eagerly waiting to listen to his lecture. Before I conclude, I once again thank the management, the principal and the Head of the department for setting up a right platform for us to brain storm on this topic Thank you.

Speech on improving English

Good afternoon everybody, I am Aathira Vijayan of II B.Tech IT (A) section, I am glad to say today

a few words on the subject which is of vital importance to us,

English is now the international language .So it is very important to learn English well. We should study English in the correct way, so that we can make the most of the time we spend learning English. Discovering ways to improve their English is a problem which baffles many students. There are three ways to improve English First of all, we have to learn many English words and study English grammar in great detail. Reading is the best way to increase vocabularies and learn how to avoid making grammar errors. If we read magazines written in English, regular reading will make it easier for us to remember the many new words we come across. Having a dictionary is just like having a teacher close at hand. We need to use a dictionary to look up those words that we don't know. It makes reading a very enjoyable pastime. Secondly, besides learning to read English, we must learn to understand spoken English, and practice speaking. Try listen to radio stations, if at first you don't understand, keep listening and maintain a regular habit of listening to radio stations. Repeat after the broadcast and learn how to pronounce correctly and frequently. Thirdly, we should try to talk with people who will give you conversation practice. Don't be afraid to speak, afraid to be laughed at. If we never learn to take risks to open mouths, it will be impossible to improve speaking skills. There is no reason to be ashamed of speaking poor English. If we can learn from our mistakes, failure can become part of our success. In fact, the secret of success may come from failure. In conclusion, there is no short cut to learning English. Persistence is the major secrets of success. If you want use English as your native language, don't ever give up trying to achieve your goal. If we are prepared to work hard at it, we will be successful in the end

Independence Day celebrations

Good Morning Everybody,

At this congregation to celebrate the 64th Independence Day, I should only say that on this day it is incumbent on us to remember our national leaders who have made sacrifices for getting independence for the country. We all should be proud to be born in this country. Our country is a perfect example of "unity in diversity". India is the largest democracy in the world. Our economy is developing in leaps and bounds. There are so many things we should feel proud of however; there are some problems posing

a serious threat to the nation's development. The gap between the rich and poor has always been

formidable and has only made the poor people more frustrated. Terrorists want to create unrest in the country. Corruption is obstructing the fruits of development reaching the poor people. My dear friends! Now is the time to show our courage, now is the time to display our unity, and now is the time to fight against the poverty. We, the youngsters should shoulder the responsibility of transforming India from developed country from being developed country. If you can not fight against corruption, try to stay away from it. If you can't eradicate poverty in the

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

country, at least eradicate poverty at your home. If you can't imbibe values in the society, at least inculcate them within you. It is also time for us to do away from the blaming the society and the government. John F Kennedy said. "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can for the country". We can contribute to the development of our country by doing our work sincerely. On this auspicious day I declare that I practice what I have preached and I hope you all do the same. Thank you very much.

Senior student's suggestion for the I B.Tech students during the orientation programme.

Good Afternoon Everybody. Today, I would like to extend a warm welcome to the I B.Tech students. Let me first congratulate you all for choosing the best college in the region. To achieve your goals or expectations, you need to do some small things right, they are small things but big things happen when you do the small things right. The first thing that I want you to do is to be regular to the college. You should not miss any classes or labs. Students tend to think that they need only 75% of attendance to attend the examinations yes, it is enough to attend the exams but not enough to become merit student. You should not miss any classes or labs. The next thing I suggest you is to do away with the procrastination or postponing. So many surveys have proved that it is the biggest enemy to many students. Especially you the I B.Tech students have to fight against this enemy. You can be a bit lethargic as you have been idle for almost for 6 months. You have to finish studying the topics that have been taught in the classes on the same day itself as soon as you go home. For that you need to bury yourself in books for at least four hours a day. Learning the core subject inside out is so important but there is one more important thing that every student should learn almost parallel with your core subject is " English language" you should spend at least one hour a day to learn English. Of course, you have to communicate only in English in the college campus. You should not feel shy to speak English. Do not think that if I make mistakes while speaking in English, people would make fun out of me. That won't happen in Anurag. Everybody will appreciate you speaking in English. No body minds if it is a broken English or Spoken English I asked you to spend four hours for studying core subjects and one hour for learning English language, which means that you need to spend at five hours with your studies. You may think that it is not possible. I can confidently say that it is possible provided that you should avoid the timewasters. The time waster number one is your mobile phone. We do not allow the students to carry their mobile phones into college campus rather than we forcing you, you should have a self control over using phone. For all the parents who are here, I would like to stress that if you want your son or daughter to prosper in their career, you should not give him a mobile phone. The time waster number two is the television. You should stop gluing to the television in order work on some productive work Anurag Engineering College has been the most preferred college in the region. You might not have seen the advertisement of Anurag in the local cable TV or you might not have found big hoardings of Anurag. But we are the most preferred college just because of the standards we maintain in providing the quality education to the budding professionals. I hope you all work hard to keep the flag of Anurag to fly high. Thank you.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

CHAPTER - 5 Readymade letters for different occasions

Communication in the professional organizations happens mostly in written. Students, the moment they enter into a professional institute, they are asked to put their pen on paper for each and every request, complaint or any for any other reason. They are perplexed by this and mistook it as the Red Tapism. Something given in writing has some advantages:

There is a lesser chance for the message to be misunderstood.

It can be used for the purpose of maintaining a record.

Authorities take complaint in written more seriously than the oral one. No one can evade this as long as he/she is in the professional organization as a student o r an employee. The audience for these letters is the higher officials. It is not a good practice to write letters to the higher officials with so many spelling and grammatical errors. Although making mistakes is part and parcel of learning, making some blunders and taking them to the higher officials will not help you in fulfilling the purpose of your work. In this chapter, I have given ready-to-use letters for needs that a student comes across everyday. The format and the expressions used in the letter may look new to you but still use them without any hesitation because they are written in the format that is used internationally. Avoid using the Indian English as much as possible because you are going to work in multinational companies. When I attended the interview of BPO of GE (General Electronics) the HR, Mr. Sandeep commented remarked that I had Mother Tongue Influence. I was clue less at that time what was mother tongue influence was. Mother tongue influence is not just about pronunciation but also about using the Standard English expressions. We should not translate the expressions in Indian Languages into English Just like Chiranjeevi does in the movie Shankar Dada MBBS. The classic example of the mother tongue influence is "What is your good name?" which is a word to word translation of the Hindi expression "aap ka shubh naam kya hai?. The native Englishmen would be confused and he might say, "I don't have good name and bad name, I have only one name. I had a similar experience when an international seminar was held at Nagarjuna University in the year 2004. I was serving food to Prof. Gordon Tucker, renowned linguist; He asked me what was that curry. I said it was "ladies finger", He said "I am not a cannibal to eat ladies fingers'. He was just kidding after all he was a linguist. He knew it was an Indian expression to "okra" but he just wanted me to realize that it was not Standard English expression. The both expressions that I have shared above had a lot of influence over me and I want my students to be aware of the mother tongue influence.

Let us see what are the Indian expressions we use and why they have to be avoided.

 

Indian Usage

 

Standard English Usage

Respected sir in letters

Dear sir

Yours obediently or Your respectfully

Yours sincerely/truly/respectfully

Lady’s finger

 

okra

Brinjal

aubergine

Hotel

restaurant

Pay attention on, angry on , discuss about

Pay attention to, angry with/at (behaviour), discuss

Cover

Envelope

Today morning

This morning

Yesterday night

Last night

Marriage

Wedding

Full shirt, half shirt

Full sleeves, half sleeves

   

too

Also I also need pen

I

too need pen

Sugar

Diabetic

Lifting the phone

Picking up the phone

Doubt

Follow up question

Shift to new house

Moving to new house

I did my graduation at presidency college

I

earned my bachelor’s degree at presidency college

Cousin brother, cousin sister etc

 

Cousin

In tension

Nervous

Hardworking

Diligent

Would be

Fiancé/fiancée

Ragging

Fagging

Discuss about

Discuss

Angry on

Angry with

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Guidelines for writing good Professional letters:

1.

Before you begin writing a business letter, define clearly your purpose in writing. Make sure that you have

a

clear idea of:

The events that have led to your writing the letter

 

Your maximum aims (the most you can hope to achieve)

Your realistic aims (what you expect to achieve)

The information you need to explain in the letter

The argument you need to deploy

2.

If you are writing to someone whose name and title you do not know, use the greeting Dear Sir or madam, and the ending yours faithfully, signing yourself with your initials and surname.

3.

If

you are writing to a named person, address them as Dear Mr./Mrs./Miss/Ms

,

and end Yours Sincerely,

followed by your first name and surname.

 

4.

Your letter should sound natural. Your personality should never be sacrificed for the sake of pedantic style or flowery language. Write your letters as if you are talking to the persons concerned face to face. Imagine for a moment that you are in the same room with them. What would you tell them? Write your letters in the same pattern of language.

Kodad

05th October 2010

To

Dr. Akash N. Patwari, Principal,

Anurag Engineering College,

Kodad

Dear Sir,

Leave Letter

Sub: - Leave Letter

I hereby wish to apply for leave on Monday, 6th October, '10 as I have an appointment with the Dentist.

I request you to kindly grant me one day leave for the same.

Thanking You,

Yours Sincerely,

(Subba Rao.P) H.T.No: 09C11A0129 II B.Tech Civil

Requesting for the issuing of original Certificates:

Kodad

05th October 2010

To

Dr. Akash N. Patwari

Principal,

Anurag Engineering College,

Kodad

Sub: - Issue of my original certificates

Sir,

My name is A.V.Rao. I have studied in this esteemed institute from 2006 to 2010. I have successfully completed my graduation recently and I have been placed in Infosys. I do not have any dues to be paid to the college and I have also returned all the borrowed books to the library. I have enclosed the no dues certificates from the office as well as the Library along with this letter. So, I would like to request to issue my original certificates which have been with the institute for the course of study. Thanking you,

Yours sincerely,

A.V.Rao, ECE Branch,

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

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Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

H.T No: 06C11A0420.

Enclosures: No Dues Certificates from the Accounts Officer and Library. Requesting for the Bona fide certificate

Kodad

05th October 2010

To

Dr. Akash N. Patwari

Principal,

Anurag Engineering College,

Kodad

Sub: - Issue of Bonafide Certificate

Sir,

I am S.Sunil of I B.Tech, CSE bearing the hall Ticket Number 10C11A0550. I am writing this letter to request you to issue

a Bonafide certificate for the Purpose of applying for EBC scholarship.

As the last date for applying for the scholarship is fast approaching, I request you to oblige and the same be made available to me at the earliest. Thanking you,

Yours sincerely,

S.Sunil

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

This

is

to

certify

that

Sri/Kum/Ms

R/o

S/o/D/o belonging to Village, located

at

Caste

a

distance

of

KM

from

the

college

Mandal

District.

He/She was admitted in this college

of

course

on

date

with admission number

 

during

the academic year

and

the course will be completed by

 

He/She belongs

to

Sub

Caste. His/ her Parental Income per year is Rs

 

as

per the

college admission register. The student is eligible for college attached hostel/student managed hostel/day scholar

scholarships. The student is admitted into college attached hostel on

Place:

Date:

Signature & Name of the Principal (Name of the Educational Institution With seal)

(date).

(Please observe that "Bonafide" can also be written as "Bona fide". Both the spellings are correct. But many students write it as "Bonafied", which is to be avoided)

Kodad

13th September 2010

To

Dr. Akash N. Patwari

Principal,

Anurag Engineering College,

Kodad

Dear Sir,

Permission letter

Sub: - Permission letter

I need to go to bank to draw a Demand Draft in favour of "Institute for electronic governance" for registering in JKC. Therefore I request you to grant permission for one hour i.e., from 13:00 hrs to 14:00 hrs.

I have approached you through proper channel by giving prior intimation to Academic counselor of our section and Head of the department, Mr.YVR Naga Pavan. Hence I request you to permit me to go to bank. Thanking You,

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 23

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Yours Sincerely,

(Sindhuja V)

H.T.No: 07C11A1236

IV B.Tech IT

Apology Letter for resorting to malpractice during External Examination (undertaking Letter by JNTU)

From

V.Ravan kumar Hall Ticket Number: 04PR1A0420 B.Tech (CSE), Sri Lanka Engineering College

Bobbarlanka

To

The Controller of Exams

JNTUH

Kukatpally, Hyderabad

Sub: Apology for resorting to malpractice

Kodad

12.06.2010

Dear Sir/madam,

I, Ravan Kumar.V, would like to sincerely apologize for resorting to malpractice during my MI exam held on 11.06.2010.

I confess that I have brought cheating slips containing the formulas related to the subject and I was caught red handed

by the observer deputed by JNTUH. I have been appearing for MI exam for the last six years but I have been able to

clear the paper. Out of the desperation, I have done this shameful act.

I know that these reasons are not justified but I beg your pardon for this act as it is my first and last mischievous act. I hereby assure that I will not commit such mistakes in the future.

I hope you would consider my case on human grounds and reprieve me off the punishment.

Thank You

Sincerely Yours,

Ravan Kumar

Apology Letter for coming to the college without proper dress code

Kodad

26th September 2010

To

Dr. Akash N. Patwari

Principal,

Anurag Engineering College,

Kodad

Sub: - Apology letter for neglecting dress code

Dear Sir,

This is to make an apology for failing to meet the prescribed dress code of the college. I have been to my native village

for the three day vacation. I have dressed in casual outfit i.e., T-shirt and Jeans to feel comfortable during the long

journey from my home town. Unfortunately, the bus that I was travelling had been struck in the traffic last night and as result I was late in reaching Kodad. I have come to college straight from the bus stand fearing of being late to the college. Hence I request you to accept my apology and allow me sit in the classes for today. I assure that It will not happen again.

Thanking You,

Yours Sincerely,

Vikram .R H.T.No: 10C11A1236

I B.Tech IT

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 24

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Complaint Letter

G.Swetha

Door Number: 110/3

Bhargavpeta

Mangalagiri-522503, Guntur (DT), A.P.

07.09.2010

To

The Sub inspector of Police, Town Police Station Mangalagiri Circle, Guntur (DT).

Sub: Complaint-eve teasing- auto driver-reg.

Dear Sir,

I am writing this letter to inform you about the harassment I am being subjected to by an auto driver. I am doing my

B.Tech in KL University .I travel by the college bus and I alight from the bus at the Hanuman temple everyday. An auto driver named Dussaasan Rao has been following me and making some obscene remarks for last two weeks. I have just ignored his remarks as if I have not listened to them. But the thug has taken my silence for granted and he has increased

the intensity of his harassment. He has obstructed on my way to home and threatened to kill me unless I go out with him everyday. The shop vendors of the area have witnessed all this and unable to open their mouth because they were afraid of that man but all they could do was to give me the details of the person. Hence, I request you to kindly look into the matter at the earliest and take suitable action. Thanking You,

Yours sincerely,

(G.Swetha)

Complaint letter about the poor quality food served in the Canteen.

Vizianagaram

21.09.2010

To

Mr. Nala Bheema Rao Contractor, Canteen, Rajiv Arogya Sri College of Engineering.

Ref: Sub-standard Food Dear Mr. Rao, I, along with my classmates have visited our college canteen run by you. I wanted to throw a party to my friends for winning a prize in the quiz competition. Unfortunately, the sub-standard food served in your restaurant really dampened our spirits. We have ordered Egg puffs first. The puffs are tasteless and moreover the eggs had a rotten smell. The server had told us that it happened for the first time. Unwilling to disappoint my friends, I have ordered some chips. Even they had not been any better. They are stiff and dripping with poor quality oil.

I hope in future the quality of your food is able to match up to the quality of your service.

Yours Sincerely

(Kuranakar Rao.D)

III Mechanical.

Kodad

05th October 2010

To

The Academic Counselor.

I B.Tech, IT-A section

Change of Address:

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 25

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

Anurag Engineering College,

Kodad

Sub: - Change of Address regarding Dear Sir:

This letter is to inform you that I have a new mailing address. Please update your records to replace my previous address:

Sk.Nazeer Baba 145-129, Rotary Nagar, Khammam

With the following new address:

Sk. Nazeer Baba 1-110/3, Bhavani Nagar, Kodad, Nalgonda (DT)

Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.

Sincerely,

Sk. Nazeer baba

H.T.No: 10C11A1240

I B.Tech IT

Letter to the Bank manager about the loss of ATM cum Debit Card:

S. Suresh Reddy, I MBA Anurag Engineering College

Ananthagiri

Kodad (M)

21.10.2010

To

The Bank Manager State Bank of Hyderabad Ananthagiri (V) Kodad (M), Nalgonda (DT).

Sub: loss of debit card regarding.

Dear Sir/Madam, This is to bring to your notice that I had lost my ATM cum debit card today on my way to college. My account number is 62111723455. Please bar all the transactions linked to my debit card and forward me a current statement so that I can verify that no unauthorized withdrawals have been made to the card since I lost it.

I also request you to issue a new debit card for me as early as possible. Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.

Yours Sincerely,

(S.Suresh Reddy)

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 26

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

1. Above par: this phrase is used to describe something that is of good quality.

2. above their weight: this phrase is used to describe someone performing above their standards

3. absence of mind: failure to remember or pay attention

4. Achilles heel: A weakness in an otherwise strong system.

5. acid test: The definitive method of assessment.

6. actions speak louder than words: It is more effective to do something than just talk about it

7. add insult to injury make a bad situation worse.

8. after their own heart:

Something that pleases a person and a good representation of their own wishes or ideas.

9. all ears: Very attentive.

10. all

Greek to me:

Incomprehensible

11. all over the place: Scattered around in a disorganized manner

12. all the geese are swans: people who have unrealistically good opinion about the people or things.

13. any port in the storm: The belief that in crisis any source of relief and /or assistance is to be welcomed.

14. appeal to Ceaser: Make an appeal to the most important person or highest available authority.

15. apple of their eye: One's favourite person

16. asking for trouble: behaving in a manner that greatly increases the probability of a problem.

17. at a rate of knots: moving rapidly

18. at sixes and sevens: To be in a state of confusion.

19. at the cross roads: At a point of deciding between several options

CHPATER - 6 Useful Expressions in English

20.

at

the end of the day: What

needs to be done after all the things have been considered

21.

back of the mind: if something is at the back of the mind, you intend to do it but you are not thinking actively about it.

22.

back to basics: To reject complicated methods or details and return to simpler method

23.

back to square one: to go right back to the start

24.

bad apple: an immoral person

in

group of good people

25.

bad blood: describes the hostility between two people or groups

26.

bag and baggage: everything

27.

balanced personality: Describes

a

person with no unusual

behaviours

28.

ball of fire: A lively person.

29.

bark at the moon: waste time

on a protest that has no effect.

30.

barrel of laughs: Something very amusing

31.

be

there for them: offer support

and assistance for someone

32.

bear the brunt: endure the majority of something unpleasant

33.

bed of nails: A disagreeable situation

34.

bed of roses: An agreeable situation with no problems

35.

bee in their bonnet: Having a preoccupation about something

36.

been around: if a person is been around then they are experienced.

37.

beginning of the end: the start

of

a process that leads to the

end of something

38.

behind the closed doors: in secret

39.

behind their back: back stabbing

40.

believe it or not: The phrase indicates that what follows

although sounding incredible is

in

fact true.

41.

bell the cat: Undertake a dangerous job on behalf of the

group.

42. below par: to describe someone who is not performing up to the expected standard.

43. below the belt: Describes behaviour that is unfair, often with sadistic intention.

44. bend with the wind: Alter according to the situations or conditions

45. benefit of the doubt: make conclusion that favours someone when the evidence is ambiguous

46. better half: joking term for life partner

47. better late than never: it is better that something is done than it is not done at all.

48. better safe than sorry: It is better to be cautious and avoid injury than to be hasty and get hurt

49. between the lines: True meaning of something said in a roundabout manner.

50. beyond their wildest dreams:

Something that exceeds all expectations

51. big ask: Something that is difficult to achieve.

52. bird's eye view: overview or summary

53. birds of a feather flock together:

People of similar interests tend to be friendly with each other.

54. bite the dust: To be defeated.

55. bite their tongue: suppress the urge to say something

56. bits and pieces: A collection of unimportant things

57. bitter end: it implies that he/she has done something difficult to do

58. bitter pill: something that is accepted with difficulty.

59. black and blue: severely bruised. Beat someone black and blue means hit someone hard and repeatedly

60. black spot: An area with a reputation for something unpleasant.

61. blank look: A facial expression indicating no recognition.

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

Page 27

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

 

hours during night.

105. clear as crystal: obvious

 

62. blessing in disguise : something

which at first appears bad but which may in fact be good

63. blind leading the blind: poor leadership with underlings obediently following bad commands.

83. burn their fingers: Fail badly in an attempt to do something.

84. burning desire: Strong desire.

85. business is business: A justification to for doing

106. clock is ticking: A warning that there is limited amount of time left.

107. close call: An event that was nearly a serious accident but in fact passed successfully.

64. blink of an eye: something happens very quickly

65. blood is thicker than water: A saying that claims that loyalty to

family members is greater than loyalty to anything else.

66. blood money: money gained from a death of a person.

67. blood sweat and tears: when it

unpleasant things to people as there is no room for emotions at work

86. busy bee: A person who always likes to be busy with work

87. butter would not melt in their mouth: Meaning that they appear innocent which deceptive

108. cloud nine: A state of extreme happiness.

109. come hell or high waters: come what may

110. come of age: something reached its full successful development

111. conspiracy of silence: refers to a group deliberately keeping secret or refusing to comment on a particular matter.

112. cool as a cucumber: calm and without signs of panicking

113. couch potato: A person who leads a lazy life and whose leisure

88. butter fingered: Prone to drop the things

89. butterflies their stomach:

requires a lot of effort to do some work, we use this phrase.

68. blow hot and cold: To alternate between enthusiasm and apathy

feeling nervous.

90. by a whisker: by a very small margin.

91. by and large: Generally

69. blow their own trumpet: be boastful

70. blowing the money: Spending large amounts of money

71. bone of contention: The cause of an argument or disagreement

72. boot is on the other foot: The situation is reversed

73. bottom line: the most important facts in a situation.

74. brain storming session: A group meeting where ideas on how to solve a problem or attain a particular target.

75. bread and butter: The main or sole source of income.

76. bridge the gap: Create a

92. by hook or crook: by any means.

93. by no stretch of imagination: an emphatic denial.

94. by the book: perform a procedure exactly as described in official guidelines

95. call a spade a spade: speak in a direct manner

96. call it a day: stop doing something for that day

97. calm before the storm: A period of unnatural calm before the onset of something unpleasant

98. can a duck swim?: A sarcastic reply to a question to which the answer is obvious

99. can't judge a book by its cover:

hours are spent watching television.

114. could eat a horse: if someone uses this phrase then he/she is considered to be extremely lazy.

115. could hear a pin drop: It was very quiet.

116. credit where credit is due: Praise should be given where it is merited.

117. crocodile tears: An insincere display of sorrow or regret.

118. crying over the spilt milk: cry over something that has happened and cannot be repaired.

119. culture shock: Feeling of stress

connection between two things or people

77. bring down to earth: forcibly remind somebody with an

the true nature of something cannot be judged by its appearance

100. carbon copy: An exact duplicate

due to the radical change of the environment

120. cut from the same cloth: Very similar in personality.

unrealistic interpretation of a situation of the true state of affairs.

78. bring home: make the importance of something apparent.

79. bring the house down: be a great success with an audience.

80. bring to book: punish in a court of law.

81. burn the candle at the both ends: engage in an activity with too much energy, there by tiring oneself out.

82. burn the midnight oil: work long

101. chalk and cheese: Describing two totally dissimilar things or people

102. charity begins at home: A saying that advises that a person should attend to the needs of their own family before considering being good to others

103. chip off the old block: A child who is just like their parent in looks and/or behaviour

104. class act: term of approval for somebody who is skilled at their job.

121. cut the Gordian knot: solve a problem in a direct manner without getting sidetracked by niceties.

122. cut your coat according to your cloth: Make the best use of what has been given to you.

123. damage control: activity designed to minimize the adverse reaction to a piece of scandal or news.

124. dance on their grave: show disrespect for the memory of a dead person

125. day in and day out: Describes a

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

 

Page 28

 

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

 

regularly occurring event, often with the implication that a monotonous activity is being described.

147. eleventh hour: The last possible minute that something could be done

148. empty nest syndrome: feeling of loneliness in the middle aged parents created by their children having reached adulthood.

149. enough is enough: A statement of warning to cease an activity.

169. Garbage in garbage out: If a computer system or database is built badly, then the results will be bad

126. deep pockets: A wealthy person

170. gather the dust: stay unused

 

127. deliver the goods: do what is hoped for

128. die hard: be difficult to get rid of

171. get a move on: hurry up

172. get away with: to avoid punishment

129. dig their own grave: this phrase

173. get it off their chest: If someone gets something off their chest, then they talk about something that has been worrying or angering them for sometime

174. get the nod: be approved

150. eye-catching: visually appealing

is used to describe someone damages themselves

130. divide and rule: maintaining supremacy over opponents by

151. face the music: Accept punishment for a misdeed

152. feast or famine: A situation in

encouraging them to fight against themselves.

131. do the honours: Do a task for on behalf of a group.

132. do justice to: Do something that is of suitable quality

133. do them proud: Do something that would make others proud of you

134. doctor ordered: something that gives optimal benefit

which there is either too much or too little

153. feather in their cap: A praiseworthy achievement

154. feel free: An expression of permission to do something

155. feel the pinch: experience financial problems

156. fiddling while Rome burns: To do something trivial while more important things need to be done.

175. ghost at the feast: a person who spoils the enjoyment of what

should be happy occasion by being depressing

176. gift of the gab: the skill of being persuasive speaker

177. girl next door: A women of average attractiveness, seen as a realistic prospect as a partner; the male version is "boy next door"

135. dog tired: exhausted

136. don't call us, we'll call you: A response by the theatre mangers after dismissing poor quality performers

157. fight fire with fire: defend or counterattack using the same methods as he original attack.

178. give and take: accepting each other's needs and wishes

179. give up: to quit

158. final say: The ultimate decision

180. go nuts: go nuts

137. don't mince words: A demand that something is said clearly and directly

159. firing on all cylinders: working efficiently

160. fit as a fiddle: very healthy

181. go on: continue

182. grass roots: the ordinary member of the public or group

138. don't pay the ferry man: don't pay someone until they have completed the task

139. dose of their own medicine: A person receiving a "taste of their own medicine' experiences the

161. flog a dead horse: waste time and energy.

183. grease the palm: Bribe

 

184. green-eyed monster: Jealousy

162. fly in the ointment: something that mars an otherwise an acceptable or pleasant situation

163. forbidden fruit: Something

185. half measures: little enthusiasm or commitment

186. hand to mouth: only the basic necessities.

 

187. hang around: wait unnecessarily

same harm or discomfort he or she had inflicted on others

140. down and out: having no luck no money, no opportunity.

141. down to earth: realistic and unpretentious

142. dress rehearsal: A practice of an event replicating as far as possible the condition of the event itself

enjoyable that is illegal or immoral is forbidden fruit

164. foul play: If the police suspect foul play, they think a crime was committed.

165. French leaves: To take French leave is to leave a gathering without saying goodbye or without permission

166. From the bottom of their heart:

188. hang in there: show determination

189. have a nice day: do well in whatever you are about to do

190. have the guts: possess the courage

191. have the last laugh: be proven correct after opposing arguments initially seemed more implausible

143. Dutch courage: gaining courage by drinking alcohol

If someone does something from the bottom of their heart, then they do it with genuine emotion and feeling.

192. head in the clouds: Absent- minded

144. easy money: money that is earned easily.

193. heart and soul: if a person putting his heart and soul into something they have worked very hard

194. helping hand: assistance

145. easy come easy go: The belief that something easily gained can be easily lost.

167. from the word go: From the word go means from the very beginning of something.

195. here today, gone tomorrow:

146. eat like a pig: eat large amounts with bad table numbers

168. fruits of the labor: the rewarding aspects of work

transitory

196. hero to zero: A person whose

 

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

 

Page 29

 

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

 

status declines to appoint of being disliked and/or being

someone joins In an activity because it is popular and the other people are doing it rather than because they have genuine interest.

215. jump out of their skin: be very frightened

234. let bygones be bygones: forget the past

 

235. let down: disappointment.

 

considered as of insignificant status

197. hidden agenda: The secretly intended outcome of an activity that is not the same as the aim that is publicly claimed.

198. hit the nail on the head: give an answer or judgment that is exactly right

199. hold the stage: be the most prominent person in a situation

236. let the sleeping dogs lie: Leave something alone , because

237. level best: The highest standard that can be attained when making a genuine effort

238. lick their boots: being far too polite

216. jump to conclusions: make a decision before all the evidence has been heard, usually based on emotions and prejudice rather than logical reasoning

217. just about: approximately

239. like a dream: worked successfully or as expected

240. like a headless chicken: A person who behave illogically

200. Hobson's choice: No option

218. just what the doctor ordered:

something that gives the optimal benefit. the phrase is usually used jokingly to describe something the speaker finds pleasurable such as an alcoholic drink

219. keep an eye on: watch and/or attend to

220. keep in shape: maintain physical fitness

221. keep in touch: maintain regular communication

241. like getting blood out of stone:

201. hold their breath: wait anxiously for something to happen

202. how's the enemy: Another way of asking "what is the time"

203. ice breaker: something done deliberately to initiate the conversation between two people who do not know each other or something that attempts to reconcile people who are not communicating following a disagreement

which is very difficult or impossible

242. lion's share: the largest proportion

243. lips are sealed: A promise to keep a secret

244. live and breathe: followed by the name of an activity

245. look down on: be snobbish and/ or regard as inferior

246. lost for words: Utterly amazed to

204. if the cap fits, wear it: an implication that one should welcome positive criticism

205. if you can't beat them join them:

222. keep mum: To remain silent

the point of being incapable of producing a coherent statement

247. lull before the storm: A period of unnatural calm before the onset of something unpleasant, such as an argument.

248. mad about something: very keen or interested about something

249. make a heavy weather of it:

223. keep options open: not committed to particular course

an advice that argues that if an enemy cannot be defeated, then pragmatically sensible to join with the enemy

of action that would exclude the other options being taken.

224. keep the ball rolling: keep an activity going

225. keep the flag flying: maintain support for or representation of something or someone in spite of difficulties

206. in good nick: to be in good condition or form

207. in one ear and out the other:

behave as if something is far more difficult and /or laborious than it actually is

 

when the person is not paying heed to the suggestions of the others

226. keep the Woolf from the door:

have enough money and possession to avoid being homeless, suffer effects of poverty hunger etc.

250. make a mint: Earn a large amount of money.

208. in the same boat: have the same problems and advantages as the other person

251. make a mountain out of a molehill: Exaggerate.

227. keep themselves to themselves:

252. make a move: begin to do something

209. in their good books: in favour

be secretive or avoid providing much personal information.

210. in two minds : undecided

253. make both ends meet: earn

211. itching to: have a strong urge to

228. keep your chin up: advice to maintain a cheerful, positive attitude, even though the situation may be difficult to deal with.

enough money to provide the basic necessities of life.

254. make it big: be successful

212. jack of all trades and master of none: indicating that a person is adept at many things but he or she is ultimately not an expert in anything

255. make the best of: make optimal use of what is provided

229. key moment: a turning point

256. make their blood boil: make very angry

213. joker in the pack: A term of mild disapproval for the member of a group most likely to do or say something foolish

214. jump on the band wagon: The phrase usually implies that

230. kick the bucket: to die

231. kill the golden goose: destroy a successful scheme

257. make their mark: Have a long lasting effect

232. laugh up their sleeves: Hide their amusement

233. lend an ear: listen

258. make their mind up: To make a decision.

 

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

 

Page 30

 

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

259. make up for the lost time: Over- indulge in an activity because of not having the opportunity earlier

260. man for all seasons: A person who can adapt to any situation

seems to bring nothing but misfortune

300. pay lip service: do something without any sincerity or particular effort.

301. pearls before swine: something of high quality presented to people incapable of appreciating it

281. nuts and bolts: the basic and most important details

282. off color: To feel unwell or to perform below the expected standard.

261. man of leisure: A man of leisure

262. man of letters: An educated man

   

263. many months ago: A long time ago

264. mark my words: Attend carefully to what I say

265. matter of time: it is believed that it will certainly happen at some point of time.

266. money doesn't grow on trees: A rebuke if someone is asking for something too expensive.

267. more the merrier: the opinion that the more people are, the better it is

283. off the record: A person saying 'off the record' means that they

cannot be formally attributed as having said it.

284. on a roll: Enjoying a period of especially good luck or good performance.

285. on the cards: Very likely to happen

286. on the receiving end: being the recipient of something unpleasant

287. once in a blue moon: Indicating very rare event

288. one step forward and two steps

302. penny wise, pound foolish: being obsessive about minor savings of

money thereby incurring bigger expenses as a result.

303. people in the glass houses should not throw stones: people who themselves can be criticized should not criticize others

304. pierce their heart: cause a feeling of strong emotion

305. pigs might fly: An expression of disbelief used in reply to improbable statement

306. pillar of strength: A person who

268. music to their ears: received with pleasure.

269. nail biting: describes something that creates a feeling of nervousness or apprehension

back: a description of an activity that in which nothing seems to be accomplished in spite of doing a lot of activity

can be relied upon to offer assistance and support

307. play a blinder: do something extremely well

308. playing in to their hands:

270. naked truth: the truth

289. open book: someone about whom everything is known, with no attempt to hide secrets.

290. order is order: If an order has been given, it must be obeyed.

291. other side of the coin: An argument presenting an opposite point of view

Unwittingly doing something that is advantageous to the opponent

309. poke their nose in: interfere or be over inquisitive

310. polished performance: A skilful performance with no evidence of awkwardness.

271. neck and neck: in a competition a situation in which competitors are very similar in performance

272. nerves of steel: impervious to shock or anxiety

273. new ball game: something completely different

274. nip in the bud: stop something before it can develop

275. nit picking: find fault by finding trivial errors in details that have no real importance

292. out of sight is out of mind: A proverb expressing the opinion that someone or something not encountered regularly is likely to be forgotten

311. pot calling the kettle black:

someone who makes a criticism that just as much applies to themselves

312. practice what they preach:

276. no more Mr. nice guy: An indication that the speaker has had enough of trying to be pleasant and reasonable and will now have to be more unpleasant with people in order to get the results he/she needs

277. No smoke without fire: The belief that ambiguous evidence or rumors amount to tangible proof of something

278. no stone unturned: nothing has been ignored, everything has been explored

293. pack their bags: Prepare to leave

behave in their own lives as they exhort others to do in theirs

294. pain in the neck: An annoyance

313. presence of mind: The ability to behave rationally.

314. prick the bubble: destroy an illusion

295. Pandora's box: something is harmless if left alone but once distributed creates havoc or problems

296. paper tiger: An apparently threatening person or thing who in fact is harmless

315. prodigal son: A person who squanders money left or given to them by parents on a dissolute lifestyle.

297. part and parcel: An integral component.

298. pat on the back: expression of approval

316. Put heads together: work on a problem together

317. put their heart into it: worked with great enthusiasm or determination

318. Quality time: A period of time during which can be undertaken

279. not their cup of tea: not something they find appealing

280. not their day: A day which

299. pave the way: make something possible by doing the initial work necessary

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

 

Page 31

 

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

 

money for the problematic time

369. split the bill/ go Dutch: share the cost of something equally

370. spur of the moment: something done on spur of the moment is done spontaneously

371. square eyes: A person who watches television a lot

372. stab in the back: betray

without interruptions or distractions

319. rags to riches: move from poverty to wealth

342. school of thought: A method of thinking about something

343. see eye to eye: agree

320. rain cats and dogs: rain heavily

321. reach for the stars: be ambitious

344. see the funny side: recognize a humorous aspect to an otherwise a serious situation

322. reality bites: The truth can sometimes be unpleasant

323. reap what you sow: Be affected by the results of their own action

324. red carpet: special treatment reserved for a very important guest.

325. revolve around: be wholly principally dependent upon

326. rewrite history: attempt to alter the interpretations of the events that have already happened

327. rise through the ranks: Attain promotion to a high level of status, having started at a low position

328. root cause: the most important and original cause of something

329. rough and ready: Very elegant

or pleasing but enough to serve the purpose

330. rough diamonds: A pleasant person though lacking in refined manner

345. seize the day: use whatever opportunities arise

346. sell like a hot cake: if something sells like a hot cake then it is in great demand

347. sell their soul to the devil: Have no moral scruples

348. send the right message: present an argument or statement that is well received

349. send the wrong message: an argument or statement that is badly received

350. set alarm bells ringing: begin to feel apprehensive about something

351. set the town on fire: To do something that is talked about

352. settle the score: Have revenge

353. sharpen up: disturbed or frightened

354. shift gears: Change the level of activity

373. stand on dignity: insist upon being treated with a marked degree of respect

374. state of the art: The mos t advanced version and thus the most technologically advanced

375. stay focused: maintain concentration

376. stay the distance: preserve till the end in spite of difficulties

377. steal a person's clothes: use another person's ideas or arguments and pretend that they are your own

378. step down: resign

379. step into their shoes: take over from someone else and succeeding in this attempt

380. stick to their guns: maintain belief and support for an argument in spite of considerable opposition

331. round the corner: likely to happen soon

332. rub shoulders: be in a regular close proximity

333. rub the salt in the wound: make things even more worse

355. shot in the dark: A wild guess

381. still water runs deep: something that appears harmless or placid may in fact be dangerous

382. stop gap measure: A temporary solution to a problem

356. show their true colors: to show true nature of someone

357. show them the door: To eject from the house or office

358. silver tongue: eloquence

334. run with the hare and hunt with the hound: to maintain cordial links with both sides in a dispute

359. six feet under: dead

360. slip of the tongue: An error in speaking

383. storm in a tea cup: An excessive amount of fuss over a minor incident

384. straight from the heart: sincere

335. running battle: A conflict that goes on for a long time with neither side willing to concede

361. slow on the uptake: slow to learn

362. smell a rat: detect or suspect deception

385. stumbling block: A problem that produces errors and either stops or slows up the running of a plan

336. rush of blood: A sudden, irrational change in mood or thought

337. safe bet: A wise choice

363. snake in the grass: An unanticipated problem or danger or a disloyal associate

386. sugar the pill: make something easier to accept

387. swallow their pride: something swallowing their pride is accepting that they are wrong about something or that they lack the ability to do something even though this admission is damaging to their prestige

388. sweep under the carpet: Ignore or try to forget something because it is embarrassing

389. swim against the tide: Against normal desired practice or inclination

338. safe pair of hands: A person who

can be trusted to do something efficiently

339. sail close to wind: Take risks in the hope that this will bring more favorable outcome than a cautious approach

340. save the day: successfully resolve a problem

341. saving for a rainy day: saving

364. so far so good: everything as anticipated

365. sort out the men from the boys:

Discover who are really capable and/or skilled

366. speak from the heart: express sincere opinions

367. speak the same language: have similar opinions

368. speak volumes: If something 'speaks volumes', then it is particularly descriptive

 

N.Sudheer Kumar, Lecturer in English, Anurag Engineering College, Kodad. sudheerenglish@gmail.com

 

Page 32

 

Readymade Speeches, Expressions and Letters for the Students

390. take home message: The summary of the information contained in something

410. touch and go: If something is' touch and go' then its outcome is uncertain

391. take it or leave it: An expression of disinterest with the implication that the speaker is

411. tough act to follow: someone or something who has been

not in whether someone accepts or rejects it

392. Take the breath away: Say or do something that amazes.

393. take the bull by the horns: deal with the problem directly and decisively

394. take the easy way out: Choose to end something by the method requiring the least effort

very good and whom it will be difficult to match in ability

Administration of Mr. Pathan F Khan is a tough act to follow

412. tough cookie: A resilient person

413. trial and error: Something is calculated by 'trial and error' is done by trying out various methods until the correct one is found

414. trip down memory lane:

395. take their point: accept the validity of an argument

396. take to heart: believe

Reminiscence

415. Trojan horse: An attractive gift that is destructive

397. take words out of their mouth:

416. try to see it my way: the speaker wants someone to see from his point of view

417. turn a deaf ear to: ignore

 
 

say the exact words or a paraphrase of something that someone else was contemplating saying

418. turn down: reject

398. teach them a lesson: punish

419. turn of the tide: A change of fortunes such that the side that was winning now begins to move towards defeat

420. two heads are better than one:

 

399. tear limb from limb: destroy violently

400. thanks for nothing: An expression of annoyance that someone has failed to do something that they were meant to do

401. that's life: An expression of acceptance that unexpected events can happen

402. that's the spirit: That is the correct emotional response and/or level of commitment

403. thin on the top: bald head

the opinion that two people working at the same problem can be more effective than one person.

421. unbalanced personality: A person who behaves in an unusual way