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.. , ..

2005

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621.396.4
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, 2005

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........................................................... 6
1.

1.1. . .......................... 9
1.2.
,
................................................................................ 12
1.3.
....................................................... 15
1.4. ................................................... 21
1.5. . .................... 26
1.6.
.................................................. 29
1.7.
............... 33
1.8. ....... 37
1.9.
............................................................................ 41
2.

2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.

............................................... 47
............. 49
............................................................... 53

- ............................................. 56
2.5. ............................ 58
3.
3.1. ................................................................... 63
3.2. .................... 66
3.3.
....................................... 70

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3.4. -
....................................... 76
3.5.
................................... 77
3.6.
......................................... 82
3.7. .
........................................... 84
3.8. ...................................... 88
4.

4.1.
..................................................... 90
4.2. .......................... 92
4.3.
..................................................... 95
4.4. ................................... 99
4.5. ............................................................... 100
5.

5.1. ............................ 101
5.1.1.
.................................................................. 101
5.1.2.
- ................................... 105
5.1.3.
........................................ 112
5.1.4. .............. 118
5.2. .................................. 120
5.2.1. .................. 120
5.2.2.
................................................. 122
5.2.3. .... 124
5.2.4.
..................................... 127

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5.3. ............................... 128


5.3.1. ............... 128
5.3.2.
....................... 129
5.3.3.
........................................................... 132
5.3.4. ...................... 134
6.
6.1. ............................ 136
6.2.
................................... 140
6.3. ....................... 143
6.4.
....................................................................... 144
6.5. .
......................... 147
6.6. ........ 150
6.7. .................................................... 154
6.8. ......................................... 155
6.9. ........................................... 155
................................................................................... 156

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c ;
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14


arcsin
.
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(1.3)

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t 0t 0

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:
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16

.
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(1.5)
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; s ( x0 x, y0 y ) ; x, y ; x0 , y0 .
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m ; F ; a
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x (t ) v x (t ) dt ,

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17

, a(t ) , v (t ) . . (1.7).

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.

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18

, RA RB
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R 1
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19

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20

(. 1.7). . R
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(1.9)
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,
.

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21

. 1.8. -

- . O (. . 1.8) . , , . ,
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t AB , t BC . RAB , RBC (1.9), O.
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22


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23

, p . grad p
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n ,
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24

1.
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25
1 u2 u2
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26

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41

1.9.


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42

,
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P. G. S .
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44

P MIN k P P ,

P , ; kP
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P MIN P ..
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45

k1 , , k1 1, k2 , , k2 1,
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46

. C
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1
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47

2.

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48

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49

, .

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(2.3)

50

E 2

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. 2.3.

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. . ,
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53

.
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60Ih cos

60E1h2 cos2

R
Dz
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E1
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54

, (2.1) 2 ,
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55


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56

2v
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0 v,

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58

,
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59

S ; 0 .
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S1
R

. 2.9.
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S R

c
,
2cos

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(2.12)

60

c
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61

. 2.10.
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62

. 2.11 , ,
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63

3.

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RMAX 4

P G S A

4 2 P.MIN

P.MIN k P
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k , .
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k ; k 1,38 1023 /
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f .

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).
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66

, 1 , .

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N

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3.3.

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[4]. , s (t ) ,
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(3.9)

72

t 0 (, ); k . k =1.
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. 3.10.
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(3.10)

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Z x t

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(3.11)

n(t ) .
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. 3.11 (3.12), (3.13), F D .

. 3.11. W1 Z / s0 , W1 Z / s1

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76

3.4. -



Z x t x t s t dt.

-

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, s2(t), (t)s1(t).

(. 3.13).
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t
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77

x(t)
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78


0 , 1 ,..., N 1 :


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E N 1 2Z i

ln c, 1 .
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80

, W1 ( Z / s0 ) , .

. 3.17. W1 Z / s1
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83

D1 , F1 , . .
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85

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86

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87

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88

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89

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90

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94

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