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I-V.


1990

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835


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Toumanoff . Mamikonids and the Liparitids, Armeniaca, Venise, 1969.p.p. 125137.


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ESSAYS ON THE HISTORY OF SIUNIK


by G. M. GRIGORIAN
SUMMARY

Through the critical analysis of the numerous basic sources and auxiliary material this research
represents to the reader the comprehensive history of the Armenian Siunik province social
political relations and cultural life during the period of developed feudalism. The documented
historical reality testifies that Siunik was inhabited by the descendants of the HaikSisakan kin
from the most ancient times, and that following generations have preserved their national
appearance and psychological peculiarity up today. This area of the Armenian upland played an
important role as one of the cradles of civilization. After the creation of Armenian alphabet,
Mesrop Mashtots and Sahak Parthev entrusted the translation of the Bible precisely to the cleric
scholars of Siunik (Shaghat). And this work had been performed as a masterpiece, designated
as a Queen of translations".
Unsignificant exceptions aside, Siunik had been always existed as a component of a united
Armenian state. If secessionist tendencies sometimes appeared, they were conditioned not by the
imagined ethnic difference of the land, as it unfoundedly try to interpret several contemporary
sorry-historians (Z. Bouniyatov, D. Akhoundov, F. Mamedova, etc.).In reality, these noted
tendencies were caused by the land significant military and political might. Being one of the
vast-territorial provinces of the Greater Armenia, Siunik had never been in composition of the
,,Caucasian Albania", and also had never been called ,,the Albanian outskirts". All such
[. 296]
newly-baked theories and light-minded hypotheses are evidently imposed from outside, pursuing
an aim to strengthen theoretically contemporary PanTurkic political territorial aspirations, and
to create consciously a middle in the field of the Caucasian studies. It's an incontestable reality,
that for all civilized peoples' history of feudalism, the intensification, of contradictions and
secessionist tendencies are extremely typical. Just the same tendencies were apparent also in
Armenian medieval history. Some representatives of the contemporary Azerbaijanian
historiography completely unfoundedly call a galaxy of the prominent Armenian intellectuals,
such as Movses Kalankatuatsy, Mkhitar Gosh, Kirakos Gandzaketsy and others were not
Armenians, only because all of them were born in Artsakh province. Such biased and fabricated
theories" absolutely deprived of any facts, represent themselves an example of the empty
statements. The history of Siunik is constituent part of the Armenian people's history. This truth
is testified by the numerous political, economic, legal, cultural primary sources, such as
manuscripts, memoranda in the rewritten Bibles, thousands of inscriptions, which give to any
civilized people a substantial right of being proud.
It is reprehensible occurence, when some people, whatever intentions they have, wish and
attempt to soak up the history of the others, using as a pretext contemporary borderlines of the
present day administrativepolitical maps. The history of Siunik represents one of the brightest
pages of the allArmenian history, and nobody has any right to falsify it's glorious, merited past
by the anty-scholar, unfounded ,,theories".
On the pages of this book we have analyzed historical problems of the feudal houses of Siunik,
political events during the period of it's kingdom; mutual struggle of the Armenian and Georgian
peoples, and also creation and destruction of the Orbelian principality. The political fall ot Siunik

had taken place for the reason of Seljuk Turks', Tatar-Mongols' and Eastern warlike tribes'
invasions.
Manuscript sources and particularly lapidary inscriptions testify that in the 1213-th centuries
feudal relations were most developed precisely in Siunik, where due to the political
circumstances,
[. 297]
under the general leadership of Zakharians, numerous representatives of the old and new noble
families of Historical Armenia were centralized. Among them Khaghbakians, Orbelians,
Akhthamarians, Mehevanians and others. Created by the competition situation appeared to be
useful most of all for the churches. Big donations of land and profitable enterprises were done to
the bishopric of Siunik province, to it's churches and monasteries (Tatev, Vahanavank,
Noravank, Tsaghats Kar, Tanahat and others). All of them also served as prominent scientific
and important scholar centers of the land. Independently from political disunity of Siunik,
Armenian church was providing its autocratic power under the rich taxes and exactions,
collected from the people. It was tring to attain all three well known forms of rent.
On the base of the fragmented evidencies of the prime sources it is possible to presume, that the
feudal serfdom of peasantry also existed in Siunik, however, it had not got peculiar features,
typical for classic countries of feudal enslaving. The main reason was that Siunik was lashing of
the stable political basis. In this land free peasant communities predominated. They were giving
previously determinated taxes and exactions to civic and cleric lords. Besides, when it was
needed, they were also carrying out field work. There were peasant's unrests, directed against the
ruling classes in Siunik, on the social ground, which could get the appropriate political direction
under the favourable conditions. Blows of such type were the rebellions of peasants from
Tsouraberd, Tamlek and other old lords of native land" from the free peasant communities. As a
matter of fact, all this rebellions were an active response on the powerful Tondrakit movement.
Foresightly using the inju" right, given to Armenians by the Mongol khans, cleric and civic
lords of Siunik payed a special attention to the illumination and education tasks. Ciadzor and
Tatev Universities, Hermon, Spitakavor Astvatsatsin, Yeghegis and Srkghonk criptorial centers,
patronized and assured by Proshians, Orbelians and provincial bishopric, had won the allnational glory. Vigorous grouth of the spiritual and cultural life was greatly conducived, taking
into account the circumstances that both political and
[. 298]
clerical power in Siunik was centralized in the same hands of the Orbelian noble family.
Prominent and humane Armenian intellectuals of the time (such as Frik, Kirakos Gandzaketsy,
Khachatur Kecharetsy, Stephanos Orbelian) being the witness of the wide popular circles' hard
conditions, rised their voice of protest against the Mongol governors. In the second half of the
13-th century, when the anty-Mongolian insurrection had blazed up and entire rank of Armenian
princes had been taking over the leadership of it, and martyred in the Mongol's clutches for the
participation and leadership the struggle. The Mongolian court tryed to oppress subject peoples,
continually using divide et impera" principle. Khans were always active in setting capable of
fighting chiefs of the great feudal families against each other.

Rich documents and wide material give us all the grounds for a conclusion, that downfall of the
Siunik kingdom, and also extermination of the Orbelian principality and their family had the
following reasons:
1Political disunity of the country.
2. Invasions of the conquerors.
3. Contradictions between Armenian feudal families and secessionist aspirations.
Armenia as a whole, and it's province of Siunik in particular, bit by bit had lost an ability to
withstand the outside enemies, and so it had become an area of permanent clashes with foreign
conquerors. As a result, an outmigration appeared, and instead of local masters, the dominant
position was conquered by chiefs of the nomadic tribes. However, viable forces of the land, it's
craftsmen and peasantry, had never abandoned their native mountains. They had taken shelter
and put out shoots in them, having an invincible belief into the future. Two centuries had been
needed, until began the definitely new and full of glory historical period, which hero was to be a
dread and horror for Turkish-Persian invaders, great son of Siunik Davit-bek.

*
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. . 21, 38, 39, 77, 98, 115, 130, 134, 150, 151, 166, 172, 181, 186, 198, 202, 210,
264, 313
, 256
8992
, 203
[. 361]
, 170
, 95, 108
, - 197
, 204, 266, 268, 273, 275, 285, 333335
, 76, 81, 115, 119, 139, 169, 184, 187, 241, 245, 329-332
, 116
116, 270
, II 169
, 168
, 323
. .13, 219
. . . 235
39, 69
168
103
, 110112, 114, 115, 124, 328
, 168

3. . 15, 2022, 29, 31, 33, 291


6870, 165, 207, 208, 232, 311
, .
151, 152
7576, 79, 81, 105,106, 110113, 122124, 128, 131, 332, 139, 169171,
182184, 187, 192, 201, 203, 204, 241, 243, 245, 261, 262, 283, 328331
, 73, 88, 95, 115, 119, 166, 314316
, 197, 262, 263
1415, 113, 128, 194. 254, 264, 268, 284
, . - , 137
() 316
266
, 162164
, 163, 164
, 300
, 300
, 300
, 81, 276
, 300
, 300
, 300
, 132, 134
, 18, 19
85
209
78, 82, 105, 117119, 167, 170, 322, 332
, , 152

, 204, 237, 248


-, 301
(?) 331
42, 43, 45, 46, 49, 52, 60, 62, 66, 68, 79, 85, 89, 93, 172
55
185
, 173, 330
, 279
, 299
, 300
, 123
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, 123, 331
222
130, 321
251, 252
, 189, 299
, 157, 222, 314, 323
[. 362]
, 303
, 299, 300
, 78, 82, 322
, 300
, 300
, 300
, 110

72, 73, 135, 134, 206, 207, 288


, 14, 60, 141, 160, 224, 231
, 132, 134
, 81, 116, 118, 173, 241, 329, 331
, 246
. . 39
122, 169, 201, 331
, 64
, 80
18
12, 132, 261
- 123, 173
, - 301
, 161, 318
185
, II 121
31
, .
223, 229, 278
, 300
321
. 85, 257
195
, 248
. . 22
31

2
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. , 130
221
, 77
164
. 133
, 19, 27
309
, 299
, 64, 77
68, 72, 85, 90, 94, 99, 165, 311
II, 43
III, 7, 4356, 66, 90, 94, 225
IV, 44
VII, 270
- 189, 212, 250, 252
() 198202, 221, 289
, 226
, - 306
, 251
, 40
, 322
, 88
, 79, 81, 82, 117, 127, 167, 332, 333
, 242, 244

(, ) 262
31
, 227
, 300
, 299301
. 266
, 75, 111, 211, 219, 235, 252, 265, 277
43, 53, 58
251
195
28, 303
200, 282
, 162
209, 211
[. 363]
301
, 185
263
, 169
-, 305
, , . 157
, (1302 .) 236
, (XI .) 232, 306309, 313, 321
, (XII .) 78
II, 100, 170
, 297

249
249
, 248
, 212
() 70, 200, 277, 278, 304
41
, 128, 271, 272, 279, 280, 284
73
, 302
, 206
85, 87, 96, 145, 149, 154
, 212
, 300
, 202
, 301
IX , 277
II, 230, 302
I, 5760, 82, 163, 164, 224, 225, 305, 306
II, 6164, 76, 82, 225, 306, 307
, 118
, 269
, 82
158, 186, 189, 197, 199, 200, 240, 254, 277, 278, 280
, 53, 54
, 195
189, 191, 258260

190
131
, 130, 137, 316
, 134, 170
, 76
, 59
, 108, 222
, .
. . 16, 21, 40, 59, 64, 77, 156, 158, 219, 223, 226, 230, 305, 308
49, 65, 70, 72, 117
. 23
. . 220
, 300
, 90
, 168
. . 150
223
186
294, 298
, 280
185, 186
, 239
, 224
, 332
, 299301
, (IX .) 157, 216, 226, 227

[. 364]
, 172
, 143
, 303
4648
, 182, 201
236, 252
, 202
V, 44, 46, 50, 54, 109, 225
VI, 44, 94, 99
, (XIV .) 192
, , 8991, 94, 138, 324
, 43, 65
82
, 170
107
33
X. 238, 242, 243
, 237
, 94
I, 44
II, 100103, 154
(), 4648, 5052, 54, 225
, 130
. . 6, 37, 140, 226
279

- 73, 84
, 99, 101, 106, 108, 120, 125128, 139, 144, 145, 217,
242-246, 279, 321, 326, 330
, , .
128 . 11, 53, 64, 96, 121, 123, 311313, 319323,
325, 327, 329, 331, 332
() 118
, 333, 335
, 300
, 258, 260
. . 38
248, 272, 273, 275, 276
, 29, 33
. 162164
, 300
150
, 74, 76, 78, 115, 171, 202, 203, 282
, 64, 78
, 167, 322
, 300
, 61, 162, 163, 229
, 231
162
. . 234
, 164
17
, 217, 323, 324

, . . 42, 43
, 123, 330
, - 9, 12
107, 108
. . . 24, 186
. 103
, 16, 221, 222
, 204, 205, 265, 283
195
, 248
, 108
(, ) - 44, 49, 62, 63, 67, 70, 90, 310
(-) 9, 73, 204
. . 7, 9, 36, 43, 60, 140, 141, 207
[. 365]
222
76, 115, 123, 182,184, 189, 193, 236240, 242243, 251 253, 331
, 202
, 200
, 248
, 185, 333
, 122
, 173
. . 217
27, 28, 36, 139.
, 280

, 9, 66, 85, 93, 114, 127, 164, 165, 206, 207, 225, 231, 243, 310
203, 254
, 94
, .
, 151, 237
5, 54, 55, 66, 69, 71, 74, 76, 83, 85, 86, 89, 91, 92, 98, 101, 104, 141, 160, 207, 292,
297
143
271
. 247
. . 57
67
, 186
- 42, 49
- 30
41
, 55, 6873, 84, 85, 89, 138, 165, 171, 206, 207, 311
, 70, 95, 123, 238
, 81, 189
(), , 76, 81, 115120, 169, 184, 241,
245, 261, 280, 282284, 321, 329332
, 4354
, 55
, 168
, - 197
, 123
, 67

, 49, 55, 56, 67, 70


, 205
51
, 203, 261
, 282
, .
, 302
XXII, 250
, 301
, 300, 301
, 190
. . 67, 88, 89, 102, 180
309
2224, 28
49, 51
9, 123, 209212, 320, 322, 328331
, 108, 109, 142, 147, 151, 216, 237, 257
333, 335
. 185
. 51
. . 43, 44, 135, 149, 270
. . 218
[. 366]
, 48
. 17
. 59

- () 204, 267269, 271273, 284


- 204, 264, 265, 267, 272, 282, 286, 289
, 91
, 131
, 161, 318
, 185, 259, 275
, 249
, 190
, 231
- 264, 266, 267, 285
31
, II 225
, 63, 64
, II 16, 62, 306, 308
41
I, . . , 30
. . 53, 54, 63, 69, 143
, . , 107, 108, 146, 216, 256257, 323
. . 44
() 48, 95, 314
, 279, 280
18, 21, 23, 34, 36, 37, 66, 68, 87, 89, 92, 93, 149, 150, 152, 177, 212, 225,
289, 292, 204
173, 185
. . 262, 263
185, 251
. . 39

. 12
IV 252
277
218
251
, 192, 266
-, 76
, 274
89, 208, 214, 216
. 53, 217, 234, 252
65, 247
, 130
, 118
, 81, 82, 118, 119, 249
274, 334
(), 169
, 227
48, 53
, 143
, 123, 124, 331
, 300
259
(), 143
- X. 55, 71, 72, 104, 123, 134, 149, 210, 220
- 258
. 22

. 11
, 63, 164, 225
9, 54
, 185, 242, 245
. . 39
221
234
() 251
. 190
. 11, 175, 180, 217, 264, 265
[. 367]
276, 311315, 316, 319325, 327, 328, 330332
- .
III, 215, 226
V, 225
. 233
. . 5, 141
( ) 6, 140, 141
, 171
, 46, 47
, 4143
, , 49, 55, 56
, 67, 69 73, 75, 83, 87, 88, 90,
103, 105, 160, 206208, 213, 232, 288, 310315, 317
, , 95, 101, 106, 120, 122, 123, 125, 130, 133, 139,
168170, 201, 236, 240, 257, 320, 321, 324, 331, 333
13, 128

, 161, 318
. 13
190
, 79, 82, 322
. 196
122, 168, 333
. 31, 271
, 110
. . 20, 2936, 291
12, 13, 73, 132
, 64
, 79, 82, 332
, 100, 243, 324
, 80, 170
. . 6, 13, 41, 43, 45, 48, 53, 54, 66, 72, 85, 88, 89, 94, 95, 140, 186, 258
248
. 94, 256
, 91, 93, 142, 154
, 301
, 268
, , 100
, 236
, 190
, 169, 251
282, 283
. . 20, 44, 46, 52, 84

, 143
, 223, 228
. 13, 17
, 299
. 146, 147, 152, 258, 259, 277, 289
. . 149
, 222
, 170
, 196
, 130
, 185
. 182
. . 9
, 190
, 130
192, 195
264
, 194, 241, 248
43
247
, 302
, 131
[. 368]
77, 78, 309
78, 210
, 64, 77

72, 7678, 83, 217, 292


70, 147, 309, 311, 315, 323, 326, 327, 329
- 81, 258
- . 86, 97, 179, 185, 188, 212, 217, 218
- . . 18, 66
, 248
- . 53, 220
, 190
- 5759, 82, 225
, 266
. . 135
(-) 11, 96
12, 33, 186, 286, 291
131
, 161, 318
, 300
18
12, 99, 100, 125, 127, 130, 133, 212, 242, 243, 313, 317, 320, 323
, 332
, 260262, 264
. . 259
, 154
, 169
, 169, 201
, 166
195

185
, 190
219
. 196
. . 15, 16, 21, 33, 36
. X. 132, 186, 202, 218
268
275
16
( ) 15, 16, 18, 21, 23, 28, 31, 33, 34, 36, 37, 46,
52, 221, 292, 304
, 199
195
. 9, 54
, 212
16, 18, 19, 37, 40, 212, 221
. 184, 185, 193, 238
, 173
, 105, 117, 131, 132, 134, 184186, 202, 238, 241, 328, 329
85, 86, 88, 94, 116, 128, 138, 142, 152, 154, 187, 212, 225, 256, 287
248
. . 20, 38, 39, 46, 53, 69, 84, 135, 167
. 141, 143
169
- 49, 67, 68, 77, 189, 205, 206
- 100, 147, 148, 151
- 59

66, 75, 94
102, 260
15, 21, 34, 36, 46, 52, 292
147, 185, 242
237
, 328
, 300
, 302
, 97
185
[. 369]
, 129
112, 195, 197, 280
, 300
, 300, 301
308
167
, 108, 109, 120, 147, 257
62
(), 121, 123, 139, 240, 330
, 171
, . ,
, .
81, 82, 118, 249
, 132, 332
, 202

, 143
, 161, 318
. . 35
, 28
180183, 213, 220, 253, 254
, 169
185, 186
251
() 234, 235
, 301
30
- 57
. 28
323
195
169, 249
241
236
236
257
77, 157, 185, 186191, 194, 195, 206, 246, 252, 254, 261, 262, 277
, 185
, (1016 .) 231
195, 199, 278, 280, 281
157, 158, 212, 228230, 302, 304
() 185, 200, 251
, 74, 183

, .
69
, 247
223
, 131
, . 217, 303, 305
252
196
251, 252
, 158 160, 164, 223
, 81, 111, 122, 127, 131, 139, 171, 185, 193, 214, 220,
237, 239244, 249, 252, 255, 289, 328, 329
, 275
, 203, 205, 249
, 241
, 210, 211
, 162, 324, 325
, 145, 174, 320
, 65, 76, 77, 206, 207
, 128, 331
(XIII .) 325
[. 370]
, 191
251
. 18
186
169

. 9, 1113, 54, 7375, 78,79, 98, 123, 124, 126, 127, 130, 133, 145, 193, 194, 196,
199, 241, 250, 260, 317
263
, . -
262
. . 21, 38, 64, 233
, 38, 41 44, 4649, 5156, 69, 226
5, 6, 11, 12, 15, 20, 26, 40, 43, 46, 47, 51, 55, 56, 59, 65, 67, 69, 70, 7276, 78, 79,
81, 83, 8589, 9193, 95, 96101, 103110,113115, 117121, 123126, 128-129, 131,
133, 134, 139, 153, 154, 160166, 168173, 175, 176, 179, 180, 182185, 187, 188, 191,
194, 197, 200206, 211, 212, 214, 217220, 237, 239, 242244, 249, 253, 254, 272, 271,
275, 280, 282285, 287290, 292294, 310, 317, 322, 328330
, 248
, 281
. 111, 154, 186, 189, 192, 206, 217
274, 334
, .
103
() 129, 148,185, 205, 240, 243
323
257
235, 250, 253, 277
. . 20, 36, 148, 204, 267, 268, 271273, 279, 336
75, 76, 111, 134, 170, 236
, 230
186
168
266
. . 219

() 95, 279
. 70, 144, 168, 311, 315
, 97, 201, 326
, 116, 117
, 122, 168, 333
, 130
, 144
, 258
, 320
, 134
30
207
. . 7, 85, 116, 117,139
, . , 333, 335
123, 173
110
, . 186
. . 8, 140, 158, 217
. 196
72, 7477, 111, 115, 154, 167, 183, 184, 202, 214, 236
17
, 299
309
88
- 116, 145, 256, 257
236, 258

[. 371]
, 110, 111
, 87, 88, 316
20, 128, 204, 265, 268, 269, 271273, 279, 284, 333, 336
, 45
, 44, 84, 89, 90, 94
, 222
334
, 224
, 302
, 299
, 300
, 227
, I 230
- 31, 291
, 302
- I 28
, 300
, 302
. . 13, 20, 58, 60, 90,133, 158
. . 135
45, 88, 102, 154
, 170
, 98
231
115

X. 38, 175
43, 102, 221, 233, 260262
222
335
, 79, 82, 322
, 91, 167, 169,171
44, 45, 48, 53, 55, 56, 66, 164, 310
, 277
, 186
, , 136, 318, 320
, . 161, 318
I, 70, 72, 74, 77, 129, 164, 165, 206209, 310312, 314316
II, 133,144, 161, 166, 167, 209211, 330
134
, 299
, 171
, 240, 260
, 249
, 200, 202
, 190
, 299
, 30
, 132, 332
, 123, 331
, 190
, 279

, - 116, 236, 242, 243, 245247


, 167
236
, 166
. 86
( - ) 88, 96
( -) 100, 101, 256
, 28
, 168
[. 372]
. . 35, 36
, 80
, 30, 164, 224, 307, 309
, 63, 225, 306
93
. 11, 189
- 11, 21, 40, 41, 55, 57, 58, 61, 62, 65, 69, 71, 142, 160, 163, 208, 259, 263,
267, 287, 292, 312
, 5861, 63, 64, 77, 78, 82, 163, 204, 225, 231, 306-309
123, 330
- . . 220
251
, 185
, 204, 271, 272, 321
, 301
, 119, 248
195

200
251
, 168
, 130, 134137, 144, 186, 319, 320
151
, 1720, 27, 61, 163, 328
95, 315
, 14, 157, 163, 223, 228, 229
, 330
, 78
, 282
II, 14
, 304, 305
, - 39, 42
I, 14, 60, 141, 224, 230
II, 60, 163, 164, 216, 224, 305
, 7075, 83,
, 119, 194, 204, 261264
, 8798, 101, 103106, 110, 113, 127, 131, 133136,
138, 139, 153, 154,161, 165, 166, 168, 208, 210, 213, 224, 232, 311, 313320
, 266, 270, 271, 333, 335
, 265
, 300
, 143
, 268, 272, 282, 283
, 158160, 163, 198, 229, 230
, 115

, 64
, , 121 123, 139, 168170, 329, 331
, 301
. 283
, 6164, 306
, 137
. . 16, 28, 34, 36
. 11, 115,177, 189, 202, 203, 219, 276, 303, 321
, 223
, (IX .) 227
, 161, 209, 210, 303, 318
90
, 159, 198,230, 305
, II 165, 226, 306
[. 373]
336
25
280, 281
, 67, 68, 166, 169, 312, 313
233
206, 208, 209
, 270, 271, 280283
, 205
280
, (XI .) 15, 16, 164, 308
, (III .)110

233
301
, 14, 32, 222
197, 281
7, 12, 14, 15, 21, 2931, 33, 37, 39, 41, 4252, 55, 58, 59, 61 63, 66
68, 71 73, 7579, 84, 86-88, 90104, 106111,113, 120, 125127, 131, 136139,141,
144148, 152, 154, 157, 159363, 165167, 172, 174, 176, 177,182, 183, 185, 187, 188,
192, 198, 205211, 213223, 224240, 243, 254, 257, 276, 286, 289, 294, 298, 303, 305,
307309, 311, 313, 315,318328
, 185
233
, 197
, 131
, 301
, .
- 126, 131, 184, 185, 142146, 252, 255, 283, 289, 330
195
, 307
, 199
301
17
, .
. 39
17
109
. . 149
199
, 231

, 122, 168, 333


() 39, 58
31, 61
31
320
100, 101
, 64
123, 124
, 171
159
, 114
, 7, 44, 5456, 66, 69, 165, 287, 311
, 95
, 68
, 110, 328
90, 91, 105, 138, 167, 171
, , 12, 70, 74, 75, 78,79, 83, 88, 95, 98109,
111 113, 119, 120, 125, 127, 128, 130, 131, 133, 134, 136, 139, 144, 150, 153, 154, 160, 161,
166, 167, 170, 180, 183, 200, 204, 210, 211, 213, 214, 217, 218, 233, 234, 238, 239, 242, 246,
279, 311, 313, 316327
[. 374]
, 282
79, 332
- 40, 90, 152, 163, 292
, .
, 131
, 108
, I 111,167, 169

68, 70, 258, 308312, 314, 316, 318, 326, 327, 329
168
. 217
168
300
- . . 22, 42, 49
- . 220
-, .
- . 196
- 197
202
32
(, ) 24, 27, 119, 189, 191, 194, 256, 258263, 266, 283, 286
6, 192, 258, 260, 262, 265, 266, 282284, 287
249
185, 186, 189, 197199, 254
280
124
300, 301
212, 219, 237
197, 280
189, 192, 194, 195, 247, 271, 273, 277282
, 191
96
14, 293
. 237, 243, 269

, 185
185
, 237, 244
X. . 220
258, 260
. . 17
- 41
, 268
. 13
190
210
8082, 118, 119, 249, 333
- 41
27, 37, 256, 282, 284, 286
. . 71
247
7982, 169, 322, 332, 333
-, 88
. . 9, 1619, 24, 27, 33, 36, 37, 94
, 185
, 75, 115
195
168
. . 13, 14
221, 222
222

. 59, 76, 308


I, 134, 227, 228, 231
II, 158, 217, 231, 299, 300, 324
178
145, 320
37, 152, 177, 289, 294
274
- 335
95, 166, 314
95, 314
30
168
116
[. 375]
, . -
150
- 275
77, 79, 129
, - 265
, 203
, 77
, 79
85, 93, 94, 96, 99, 125, 127, 154, 242, 317, 323
, 206
- 9
, 217

99100
48
77
, 231
101
, 65
, 246
, 59
, 205
, 170
, 7982
, 64
, 76, 308, 309
, 161, 318
, 76
, (?) 76, 77
, 300
- 76, 83
, 6264, 76, 82, 225
172
, 167
, 67, 68
, -67, 68
164
, 72

- 9, 11, 12, 20, 48, 64, 7276, 8183, 85, 86, 89, 91, 96, 98, 101, 104,
105, 109, 110, 128130, 132135, 139, 160, 167, 173, 179184, 203, 204, 214, 217, 249,
253, 254, 260, 284, 287, 292, 331
37, 112, 152155,177, 185, 235, 289, 294
249
, 333, 334
12, 133
. 184, 251
. . 14, 15, 22, 37, 89, 113115, 117, 233, 237, 247, 278, 282
335
64
, 208
171
- 48
129
, 129
107
123, 173, 330
300
34
, 54
, 61, 64
, 79, 330
88, 92
171
, 302
, 8789, 9396, 145, 147, 256

266, 283
96
321
48
107109, 146
168
154
[. 376]
, .
, 109
, 164
17, 18, 20
. 220
. (. ) 39
14, 160, 293
. . 190, 193
. 67, 94, 189, 271, 277, 281
85, 89
121124, 133, 139,173, 211, 330
109
. 12
59, 60, 63, 82, 225
. . 260
. 260
227
, 300

, 300
93
166
(, ), 81, 197, 271
- 49
I, 231
II, 10, 16,163, 164, 224, 225, 306308
. 11, 31, 96, 110, 272, 317
171
85, 93, 165, 311
, 127, 243, 244
273
. 219
267273, 284
, 12, 76, 78, 81 83, 119, 169
131, 325
45
- 113
. 219
15, 113, 269, 273, 274, 280, 281, 333-336
, 249
. 42, 43
169
() 137
173
168

82
63
75, 76, 110, 111, 131, 134, 168, 171, 183, 201, 203, 236, 257
- 81
107
, 70, 71, 86-88, 90, 95,138
, 330
(), 116
, 123, 127, 243, 244
, 49, 55, 56, 67, 68, 73, 74, 86, 87, 311, 315
, , 128
, 98, 106, 107,109112, 118/120, 125, 126, 139, 176, 183, 217, 236,
324, 328
107
, .
. 145, 146, 258, 277
22
122
. . 17
248, 278, 279
. . 21, 24
3. . 28, 33, 34



IXXV .

.
. .
. 3. .
. .

1527 13.03.1989 . 16.02.1990 . 02782.


60 x 841/16. 2. , .
. . 24,5+26 . . .+ l . + 4 . . . . 26,73. -. .27,08.
5000. . 425. . 7587. 5 . 55 .
, 378310. . .
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