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Connecting LANs, Backbone Networks, and Virtual LANs

01204325: Data Communication and Computer Networks


Asst. Prof. Chaiporn Jaikaeo, Ph.D. chaiporn.j@ku.ac.th http://www.cpe.ku.ac.th/~cpj Computer Engineering Department Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

Adapted from lecture slides by Behrouz A. Forouzan The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Outline

Network connecting devices Backbone networks Virtual LANs

Network Connecting Devices

Layer-1 Connecting Devices

Repeaters

Connected segments become single collision domain

Repeater Function

Hubs

Similar to multiport repeaters All segments belong to the same collision domain

Layer-2 Connecting Devices

Bridges

Bridges process information up to the frame-level (layer 2)

Bridges

Connecting LANs while separating collision domains

MAC addresses are used for filtering Connected segments form a single network (same broadcast domain)

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Learning Bridges
AD

EA

BC

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Loop Problem

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Graph Representation

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Creating Spanning Tree

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Blocking Ports

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Switches

Similar to multiport bridges Also run Spanning-Tree Protocol

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Layer-3 Connecting Devices

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Routers

Capable of connecting networks of different types Routers separate networks into different broadcast domains

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Backbone Networks

Bus Backbone

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Star Backbone

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Connecting Remote LANs

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Virtual LANs

Regular Switch

Three LANs are connected by a regular switch, forming one LAN (one broadcast domain)

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Switch with VLAN Feature


Different VLANs belong to different broadcast domains They are considered isolated networks

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Multiple VLAN Switches


Trunk Trunk

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Routing Across VLANs

Router is required to connect different VLANs


Trunk

Trunk Trunk

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