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Traditional Methods

(Done by hand)

Traditional Process
Cotton picking:
Cotton requires about 200 days to mature. Since the bolls (rounded seed capsule) do not all mature at the same time, the fields must be gone over two or three times by the pickers. The small, sticky seeds must be separated from the wool in order to process the cotton for spinning and weaving. Another method of hand picking, called snapping, is to take the entire boll from the plant. It is faster than the common picking method, but can be used only with special varieties of cotton, and special gins are required to process the cotton. Deseeded cotton is cleaned, carded (fibers aligned), spun, and woven into a fabric that is also referred to as cotton. Cotton is easily spun into yarn as the cotton fibers flatten, twist, and naturally interlock for spinning.

Grain Crushing:
In order for the grains to germinate it must first be moistened with about 10% water overnight or 18-24 hours. After soaking, rinse the grains twice per day for an additional day or two. Then you will grind the grain using a metate (flat hollowed stone using a smaller stone to grind)

On the upper left corner is a picture of a cotton boll on the bottom part of the cotton which is attached to the stem. The boll has to be separated. The upper right hand picture shows people gathering cotton. On the bottom pictures it shows the separation of cotton which needs to be done before it can be used for any product.

When Process Is Preferred:

When there is a family owned business (like Duck Dynasty), or for home- businesses who do personalized orders. Also, many people do it as a hobby, like people who own and train Draft Horses to plow and farm traditionally instead of using equipment.

House Construction, Wool Process, & Pottery Process

Mesopotamian house construction: The very first housing processes recorded in Mesopotamia were mainly constructed using mud bricks formed into adobe. Some bricks were small enough to fit in your hand and others were as large as modern concrete foundations. The bricks were handmade and could basically be described as sunbaked pieces of sand and mud. The bricks were formed literally by people packing mud into a rectangular shape and setting them out in the sun to bake. These bricks were laid in various patterns to maximize strength and stability. Most commonly, the bricks had square or rectangle faces, The houses were built close together to create more space. The rooftops of the houses were either flat or domed, and there were cutouts that acted as doors. Mesopotamians implemented arches, domes, and columns into their clay-brick designs. Mesopotamian House

Pottery Process:
The artist collects clay, plants, minerals, and remains of broken pottery from the reservation. The clay is then purified and soaked to make it malleable. The clay is then rolled and curved to form the new pot or you may simply use a pug mill. Once you have the amounted wanted you will throw the ball of clay onto a Pottery Wheel this is called centering. You will start to shape the clay into a pot by using swift movements with your hands. At this point in the process, the pot is polished, painted and set ablaze (fired).

Fun Facts
As well all know, jeans are made of blended cotton. The term "Jean" is a French name that comes from sailors of Genoa, who wore the cloth. These sailors were called "genes!" Many people use traditional manufacturing methods in their everyday hobbies. There is a large community of draft horse owners that use their big horses to farm small acreages of land for fun. There are several religions that use traditional methods of manufacturing to live. The most well-known example are the Amish people.

Wool Process:
A sheep is caught by the shearer. After the wool is sorted, it must be washed. After wool is dry, it must be beaten with a chubug. The next step is carding. This straightens and smooths the fibers to prepare them for spinning. After pulling and twisting a length of yarn, it must be wind it onto spindle by hand, then start drafting and twisting more yarn.
-Climate and development knowledge network. (2011, November 11). Retrieved from http://cdkn.org/2011/11/newresearch-shows-that-traditional-farming-systems-are-essentialfor-adaptation/ -(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.madehow.com/Volume6/Cotton.html -the plow that broke the plains. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/machines_ 05.html -Charleston, C. (2010). Inland rice fields. Retrieved from