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# .

, ,
.

() ,
.
,
.

.

,
.
.
()

.

()

,
.

1.

1.1.

, Y ( ) ,
, ,
X ( ) , , .

1.2.

.

,
(-1;j0)
0 .

,
(-1;j0)
0 .

1

( ):

1 := 2

b0 := 2

2 := 4

3 := 5

:

Wo ( s) :=

Wo ( s)

b0

( s 1) ( s 2) ( s 3)
2
( s + 2) ( s 4) ( s + 5)

B ( s) := b0
A ( s) := ( s 1) ( s 2) ( s 3)
n_o := length ( ) 1

n_o = 3

A ( s)

m_o := length ( b) 1

m_o = 0

B ( s)

40

18

a := A ( s) coeffs , s
3

1

m_o

Wo ( s) :=

j =0

m_o j

bm_o j s

j =0
n_o

40

18

a=
3

Wo ( s)
n_o j

an_o j s

2
3

s + 3 s 18 s 40

m_o

Woz ( s) :=

m_o j

bm_o j s

j =0
n_o

m_o

n_o j

an_o j s

j =0

Woz ( s)

m_o j

bm_o j s

j =0

2
3

s + 3 s 18 s 38

n_o

Aoz ( s) :=

n_o j

an_o j s

m_o

j =0

m_o j

bm_o j s

j =0

Aoz ( i ) i 3 18 i 38
3

X ( ) := 3 38

Y ( ) := 18

2000
1000
Y()

10

10

1000
2000

18

v := Y ( ) coeffs ,
0

:= polyroots ( v)

= ( 4.243i 4.243i 0 )

0 = 4.243i

1 = 4.243i

2 = 0

X ( 0) = 16

X ( 1) = 16

X ( 2) = 38

. , .. Y(

) .

m_o

Wo ( s) :=

m_o j

bm_o j s

j =0

Wo ( s)

n_o

2
3

s + 3 s 18 s 40

n_o j

an_o j s

j =0

a2 a0 0

M := 1 a1 0
0 a a
2 0

1 := submatrix ( M , 0 , 0 , 0 , 0)

1 = 3

2 := submatrix ( M , 0 , 1 , 0 , 1)

2 = 14

3 := M

3 = 560

, ..
> 0.
P ( n) := Re ( Wo ( i n) )

Q ( n) := Im ( Wo ( i n) )

n := 0 , 0.01 .. 100
0.033

0.02
Q ( n)
0.00767
0.05

0.037

0.024

0.012

P ( n)

. , ..
,
, (-1; j0)

0.0012
0.005

2.

2.1.
,

. ,
,
.

W ( s ) =

B( s)
.
A( s )

(2.1)

WR ( s )
( 1), W ( s ) ,
.

,
WR ( s ) =

R( s)
,
C ( s)

(2.2)

W ( s ) =

WO ( s )
.
1 + WO ( s ) WR ( s )

(2.1) (2.2)

B( s)
A( s )
B ( s ) C ( s )
W ( s ) =
=
.
B ( s ) R ( s ) A ( s ) C ( s ) + B ( s ) R ( s )
1+

A( s ) C ( s )

(2.3)

.

D ( s ) = ( s s1) ( s s2 ) ... ( s sn 1) ( s sn ),

(2.4)

s1, s2 ,..., sn 1, sn .
(2.4),
D ( s ) = s n + d n 1s n 1 + K + d1s + d 0 ,

(2.5)

n ;

d k ( k = 0,1,..., n 1)
:

d k = f ( s1, s2 ,..., sn 1, sn ).

A ( s ) C ( s ) + B ( s ) R ( s ) = D ( s ) .

(2.6)

s , , ,
.
:

A ( s ) nO B ( s ) mO , nO > mO ;

C ( s ) nR R ( s ) mR , nR mR .
(2.5) (2.6) ,

A( s ) C ( s ) :
n = nO + nR .

,
A ( s ) .
, :
B ( s ) = bmO s mO + bmO 1s mO 1 + K + b1s + b0 ;
A ( s ) = s nO + anO 1s nO 1 + K + a1s + a0 ;
R ( s ) = rmR s mR + rmR 1s mR 1 + K + r1s + r0 ;

(2.7)

C ( s ) = s nR + cnR 1s nR 1 + K + c1s + c0 ;
D ( s ) = s nO + nR + d nO + nR 1s nO + nR 1 + K + d1s + d 0 .
, ,
. (2.7) ,
nR + mR + 1 ,
(2.6) n = nO + nR .
:

nR + mR + 1 = nO + nR ;
mR + 1 = nO ;
mR = nO 1.

nR mR :
mR = nO 1;

(2.8)

nR nO 1.

(2.8), mR
nR .
.
(2.6) (2.7):
( s nO + anO 1s nO 1 + K + a1s + a0 ) ( s nR + cnR 1s nR 1 + K + c1s + c0 ) +
+(bmO s mO + bmO 1s mO 1 + K + b1s + b0 ) (rmR s mR + rmR 1s mR 1 + K + r1s + r0 ) =
= s nO + nR + d nO + nR 1s nO + nR 1 + K + d1s + d0 .
.
nO + nR .
, .

:
1.
;
2.
(2.8);
3.

;
4. , (2.6),
.

2.2.
4.
. ,
,
:
p1 = 2, p2 = 4, p3 = 10, p4 = 5, p5 = 16.
WO ( s ) =

b0
.
( s 1) ( s 2 ) ( s 3 )

(2.2.1)

b0 = 2, 1 = 2, 2 = 4, 3 = 5.
:
1.
WO ( s ) =

B( s)
b0
=
,
A ( s ) ( s 1) ( s 2 ) ( s 3 )

B ( s ) = b0 ,

A ( s ) = ( s 1) ( s 2 ) ( s 3 ).

A ( s ) :
A ( s ) = s 3 + a2 s 2 + a1s + a0 ,

A ( s ) = ( s 1) ( s 2 ) ( s 3 ) = ( s 1) ( s 2 ( 2 + 3 ) s + 2 3 ) =
= s3 ( 1 + 2 + 3 ) s 2 + ( 1 2 + 1 3 + 2 3 ) s 1 2 3.

b0 = 2, a0 = 1 2 3 = 40,
a1 = 1 2 + 1 3 + 2 3 = 18,
a2 = ( 1 + 2 + 3 ) = 3.

WO ( s ) =

B( s)
b0
2
= 3
=
.
A ( s ) s + a2 s 2 + a1s + a0 s3 + 3 s 2 18 s 40

2.

.
nO = 3,

mO= 0,

n = 5

A( s ) , B ( s ) , D ( s )

.
:
mR = nO 1;

(2.2.2)

nR nO 1.

,
nR = n O n ,

(2.2.3)

(2.2.2) (2.2.3) :
nR = n O n = 5 3 = 2,

m O= n 1 = 3 1 = 2.

, :
R ( s ) = r2 s 2 + r1s + r0 ,
C ( s ) = s 2 + c1s + c0 ;
R ( s ) r2 s 2 + r1s + r0
WR ( s ) =
= 2
.
C ( s)
s + c1s + c0
3.
.

D ( s ) = ( s p1 ) ( s p2 ) ( s p3 ) ( s p4 ) ( s p5 )

D ( s ) = s5 + d 4 s 4 + d3s 3 + d 2s 2 + d1s + d 0 .

:
d 0 = p1 p2 p3 p4 p5 = 6400,
d1 = p1 p2 p3 p4 + p1 p2 p3 p5 + p1 p2 p4 p5 +
+ p1 p3 p4 p5 + p2 p3 p4 p5 = 7120,
d 2 = ( p1 p2 p3 + p1 p2 p4 + p1 p2 p5 + p1 p3 p4 + p1 p4 p5 + p1 p3 p5 +
+ p2 p3 p4 + p2 p3 p5 + p2 p4 p5 + p3 p4 p5 ) = 2788,
d3 = p1 p2 + p1 p3 + p1 p4 + p1 p5 + p2 p3 + p2 p4 + p2 p5 +
+ p3 p4 + p3 p5 + p4 p5 = 484,
d 4 = ( p1 + p2 + p3 + p4 + p5 ) = 37,

## D ( s ) = s5 + 37 s 4 + 484 s3 + 2788s 2 + 7120s + 6400.

4. , :
A ( s ) C ( s ) + B ( s ) R ( s ) = D ( s ) .
:
( s 3 + a2 s 2 + a1s + a0 ) ( s 2 + c1s + c0 ) + b0 (r2 s 2 + r1s + r0 ) =
= s5 + d 4 s 4 + d3s 3 + d 2 s 2 + d1s + d 0 ;
s5 + (a2 + c1) s 4 + (a1 + a2c1 + c0 ) s 3 + (a0 + a1c1 + a2c0 + b0r2 ) s 2 +
+(a0c1 + a1c0 + b0r1 ) s + a0c0 + b0 r0 = s 5 + d 4 s 4 + d3s 3 + d 2 s 2 + d1s + d 0 ;
, :

c1 = d 4 a2 ,

a2c1 + c0 = d3 a1 ,

a1c1 + a2 c0 + b0 r2 = d 2 a0 ,
a c +a c +b r = d ,
0 1
1 0
0 1
1

a0c0 + b0 r0 = d 0 .
(2.2.4) :

(2.2.4)

1
a
2
N = a1

a0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

a2

b0

a1
a0

0
0

b0
0

0
0
0 ;

0
b0

d 4 a2
d a
3 1
M= d 2 a0 .

d
1

d 0

V ,

V = N 1 M .
:

V T = [ c1 c0

r2

r1 r0 ] .

c1 = d 4 a2 = 34,
c0 = a2 (d 4 a2 ) + d3 a1 = 400,
r2 =

1
(a1 + a22 ) (d 4 a2 ) a2 (d 3 a1 ) + d 2 a0 = 1120,
b0

1
r1 = [ (a0 + a1 a2 ) (d 4 a2 ) a1 (d 3 a1 ) + d1 ] = 7840,
b0
r0 =

(2.2.5)

1
[ a0 a2 (d 4 a2 ) a0 (d 3 a1 ) + d 0 ] = 11200,
b0

(2.2.5) :
R ( s ) r2 s 2 + r1s + r0 1120s 2 + 7840s + 11200
WR ( s ) =
= 2
=
.
C ( s)
s + c1s + c0
s 2 + 34s + 400

(2.2.6)

2).

2

( ):

1 := 2

b0 := 2

2 := 4

3 := 5

p1 := 2

p2 := 4

p3 := 10

p4 := 5

p5 := 16

:

Wo ( s) :=

b0

( s 1) ( s 2) ( s 3)

Wo ( s)

2
( s + 2) ( s 4) ( s + 5)

B ( s) := b0
A ( s) := ( s 1) ( s 2) ( s 3)
D ( s) := ( s p1) ( s p2) ( s p3) ( s p4) ( s p5)
n_o := length ( ) 1

n_o = 3

A ( s)

m_o := length ( b) 1

m_o = 0

B ( s)

n_z := length ( p) 1

n_z = 5

D ( s)

B ( s) 2
A ( s) ( s + 2) ( s 4) ( s + 5)
D ( s) ( s + 2) ( s + 4) ( s + 10) ( s + 5) ( s + 16)

40

18

a := A ( s) coeffs , s
3

1
m_r := n_o 1

m_r = 2

## n_r := n_z n_o

n_r = 2

m_r

R ( s , r) :=

m_r i

R ( s , r) r2 s + r1 s + r0

rm_r i s

i =0

n_r

C ( s , c) := s

n_r 1

n_r i1

cn_r i1 s

C ( s , c) s + c1 s + c0

i =0

R ( s , r)
Wr ( s , r , c) :=
C ( s , c)

Wr ( s , r , c)

r2 s + r1 s + r0
2

s + c1 s + c0

D ( s) := ( s p1) ( s p2) ( s p3) ( s p4) ( s p5)
D ( s) ( s + 2) ( s + 4) ( s + 10) ( s + 5) ( s + 16)

6400

7120

2788
d := D ( s) coeffs , s

484

37

a2
N ( a , b) := a1

a0
0

V := N ( a , b)

d4 a2

d3 a1
M( a , d) := d2 a0

d1

d0

1 0 0 0
a2 b0 0 0

a1 0 b0 0

a0 0 0 b 0

34

400

3
1.12

10
V =

3
7.84 10

4
1.12 10

M( a , d)

ck := submatrix ( V , 0 , 1 , 0 , 0)

rk := submatrix ( V , 2 , 4 , 0 , 0)

1.12 104

r = 7.84 103

3
1.12 10
400

34

c=

## R ( s , r) 1120 s + 7840 s + 11200

2

C ( s , c) s + 34 s + 400

R ( s , r)
Wr ( s) :=
C ( s , c)

Wr ( s)

## 1120 s + 7840 s + 11200

2

s + 34 s + 400

3.
,

.
,
.

W(j)

.
P() Q()
.
() (), :
A( ) = P 2 ( ) + Q 2 ( );
Q ( )
( ) = arctg
.
P
(

- ()
() .
- ()
.
(),
0 .
.
.
.
, - ,
.
, ,
. ,

.

.
, , ,
.
, .

3

,
:

3

B ( s) := 2
Wo ( s) :=

A ( s) := s + 3 s 18 s 40

B ( s)
A ( s)

Wo ( s)

2
3

s + 3 s 18 s 40

Po ( _n) := Re ( Wo ( i _n) )

Qo ( _n) := Im ( Wo ( i _n) )

Ao ( _n) := Wo ( i _n)

:

2

## R ( s) := 1120 s + 7840 s + 11200

2

C ( s) := s + 34 s + 400
Wr ( s) :=

R ( s)
C ( s)

Wr ( s)

## 1120 s + 7840 s + 11200

2

s + 34 s + 400

P ( s) := B ( s) C ( s)
D ( s) := A ( s) C ( s) + B ( s) R ( s)

n_z := length ( d) 1

n_z = 5

6400

7120
2788
d := D ( s) coeffs , s

484
37

n_z

D ( s) :=

n_z j

dn_z j s

j =0

W_z ( s) :=

P ( s)
D ( s)
2

W_z ( s)

2 s + 68 s + 800
5

## s + 37 s + 484 s + 2788 s + 7120 s + 6400

Pz ( _n) := Re ( W_z ( i _n) )

0.15
0.11
Po ( _n) 0.062
Pz ( _n)

0.018
0

0.026

10

15

20

25

15

20

25

0.07

_n
0.044
0.016
Qo ( _n) 0.012
Qz ( _n)

10

0.039
0.067
0.095

_n

0.15
0.12
Ao ( _n) 0.09
Az ( _n)

0.06
0.03

10

15

20

25

15

20

25

_n
4
2.4

o ( _n) 0.8
z ( _n)

0.8

10

2.4
4

_n

0.02
0.012

Qo ( _n)

0.004
0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.004
0.012
0.02

Po ( _n)
0.1
0.06

0.02
Po ( _n)
0.1
0.06

Qz ( _n)

0.02
0.05

0.014
0.02

0.023

0.059

0.096

0.13

0.06
0.1
Pz ( _n)

(
)

## D ( i ) i + 37 484 i 2788 + 7120 i + 6400

5

X ( ) := Re ( D ( i ) )

Y ( ) := Im ( D ( i ) )

7120

0
v := Y ( ) coeffs ,

484
0

Y ( ) := 484 + 7120
5

:= polyroots ( v)

21.652
3.897

= 0

3.897

21.652
6.831 106

4
2.741 10
X ( ) = 6.4 103

4
2.741 10

6.831 106

Y ( n)

32

2 .10

1 .10

16

0
1 .10

2 .10

16

. , .. Y(
)
(
)
X , , .
,

32

4.
,

n

w(t ) = L1 { W ( s)} = Ci e si t ,
i =1

(4.1)

L1 { W ( s )} ,
si ,

Ci .

B(s)
,
A( s )

W ( s) =
Ci =

B( s)
d
A( s)
ds

S = Si

(4.2)

W ( s ) n
s t
h(t ) = L1 { H ( s )} = L1
= Ci e i ,
s i =1

(4.3)

H ( s) =

W ( s)
B( s )
=
,
s
s A( s )

Ci =

B( s)
d
( s A( s ))
ds

S = Si

1.
(4.2)
2
3 s + 6 s 18
2
C2 =
2
3 s + 6 s 18
C1 =

1
= ,
9
1
,
S =4 =
27

S =2

(4.4)

C3 =

2
3 s + 6 s 18
2

S =5

2
.
27

(4.1)
n

1
1
2
w _ o(t ) = Ci e si t = e 2t + e 4 t + e 5t .
9
27
27
i =1

2.
(4.4)
2
4 s + 9 s 36 s 40
2
C1 =
3
2
4 s + 9 s 36 s 40
2
C2 =
3
2
4 s + 9 s 36 s 40
2
C3 =
3
2
4 s + 9 s 36 s 40
C0 =

1
,
20
1
,
S =2 =
18
1
,
S =4 =
108
2
.
S =5 =
135
S =0

(4.3)
n

h _ o(t ) = Ci e si t =
i =1

1 1 2 t
1 4t
2 5 t
+ e +
e
e .
20 18
108
135

3.

W ( s ) =

WO ( s )
.
1 + WO ( s ) WR ( s )

(2.1) (2.2)

B( s)
A( s )
B ( s ) C ( s )
P(s)
W ( s ) =
=
=
.
B ( s ) R ( s ) A ( s ) C ( s ) + B ( s ) R ( s ) D (s )
1+

A( s ) C ( s )

W ( s ) =

2s 2 + 68s + 800
s 5 + 37 s 4 + 484 s3 + 2788s 2 + 7120s + 6400

2s 2 + 68s + 800
W ( s ) =
.
( s + 2) ( s + 4) ( s + 10) ( s + 5) ( s + 16)
(4.2)
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
5 s 4 + 148 s 3 + 1452 s 2 + 5576 s + 7120
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C2 =
5 s 4 + 148 s 3 + 1452 s 2 + 5576 s + 7120
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C3 =
5 s 4 + 148 s 3 + 1452 s 2 + 5576 s + 7120
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C4 =
5 s 4 + 148 s 3 + 1452 s 2 + 5576 s + 7120
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C5 =
5 s 4 + 148 s 3 + 1452 s 2 + 5576 s + 7120
C1 =

S =2

=1,

35
,
9
2
,
S =10 =
9
34
,
S =5 =
11
2
.
S =16 =
99
S =4

(4.1)
n

w _ z (t ) = Ci e si t = e 2t
i =1

35 4t 2 10t 34 5t 2 16t
e e + e + e .
9
9
11
99

4.

(4.4)
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
6 s 5 + 185s 4 + 1936s 3 + 8364 s 2 + 2 7120 s + 6400
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C1 =
6 s 5 + 185s 4 + 1936s 3 + 8364 s 2 + 2 7120 s + 6400
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C2 =
6 s 5 + 185s 4 + 1936 s 3 + 8364 s 2 + 2 7120 s + 6400
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C3 =
6 s 5 + 185s 4 + 1936 s3 + 8364 s 2 + 2 7120 s + 6400
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C4 =
6 s 5 + 185s 4 + 1936 s 3 + 8364 s 2 + 2 7120 s + 6400
2 s 2 + 68s + 800
C5 =
6 s 5 + 185s 4 + 1936 s 3 + 8364s 2 + 2 7120 s + 6400
C0 =

S =0

1
= ,
8

1
= ,
2
35
,
S =4 =
36
1
,
S =10 =
45
34
,
S =5 =
55
1
.
S =16 =
792

S =2

(4.3)
n

1 1
35
1
34
1 16t
h _ z (t ) = Ci e si t = e 2t + e 4t + e 10t e 5t
e .
8 2
36
45
55
792
i =1

4

.
,
.
1.

3

B ( s) := 2
Wo ( s) :=

A ( s) := s + 3 s 18 s 40
B ( s)
A ( s)

1 := 2

Wo ( s)

2
3

s + 3 s 18 s 40

2 := 4

3 := 5

n_o := length ( ) 1

n_o = 3

l := 1 .. n_o
C _o ( s) :=

B ( s)
d
A ( s)
ds

( )

C _ol1 := C _o l

1 1 2

9 27 27

1
21
1 1

20 18 108 1418

C _o =

n_o1

_o ( t ) :=

i+ 1 t

C _oi e

i =0

_o ( t )

1
1
2
exp ( 2 t ) +
exp ( 4 t ) +
exp ( 5 t )
9
27
27

l := 0 .. n_o

Ch_o ( s) :=

B ( s)
d
s A ( s)
ds

( )

Ch_ol := Ch_o l

Ch_o =

n_o

h_o ( t ) :=

i t

Ch_oi e

i =0

1
1
1
2
+
exp ( 2 t ) +
exp ( 4 t )
exp ( 5 t )
20 18
108
135

h_o ( t )

2.

2

## R ( s) := 1120 s + 7840 s + 11200

2

C ( s) := s + 34 s + 400
2

R ( s)
Wr ( s) :=
C ( s)

Wr ( s)

## 1120 s + 7840 s + 11200

2

s + 34 s + 400

P ( s) := B ( s) C ( s)
D ( s) := A ( s) C ( s) + B ( s) R ( s)

6400

7120

2788
d := D ( s) coeffs , s

484

37

1
n_z

D ( s) :=

n_z := length ( d) 1

n_z j

dn_z j s

j =0

W_z ( s) :=

P ( s)
D ( s)
2

W_z ( s)

2 s + 68 s + 800
5

## s + 37 s + 484 s + 2788 s + 7120 s + 6400

n_z = 5

p1 := 2

p2 := 4

p3 := 10

p4 := 5

p5 := 16

l := 1 .. n_z
C _z ( s) :=

P ( s)

C _zl1 := C _z ( pl)

d
D ( s)
ds

C _z = 1

35
2

9
9

34
11

101

5000

n_z 1

_z ( t ) :=

C _zi e

pi + 1 t

i =0

_z ( t ) exp ( 2 t )

35
2
34
2
exp ( 4 t ) exp ( 10 t ) +
exp ( 5 t ) +
exp ( 16 t )
9
9
11
99

l := 0 .. n_z

Ch_z ( s) :=

P ( s)

## Ch_zl := Ch_z ( pl)

d
s D ( s)
ds

1 1 34 22 34 1

8 2 35 991 55 769

Ch_z =

n_z

h_z ( t ) :=

Ch_zi e

pi t

i =0

h_z ( t )

1 1
35
1
34
1
exp ( 2 t ) +
exp ( 4 t ) +
exp ( 10 t )
exp ( 5 t )
exp ( 16 t )
8 2
36
45
55
792

3. C

0.23

_o ( t) 0.17
_z ( t)

0.1

0.036

0.03

0.8

1.6

2.4

3.2

2.4

3.2

0.15

0.058

h_o ( t) 0.034

0.8

1.6

h_z ( t)
0.13

0.22

0.31
t