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150.

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: 4-56, 5-54,
6-34, 1-76.

150, 151

2005

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3

4-56

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1:1

hc c
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F ()

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. . 2. 5-54
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, . . ; ( ) .
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6

h
6

. 2.

, . . , , 128 188 .
128 . , , , 128 128 = 0 188 128 =
= 60 .

h
6
r

GOS-620
5-54

1.
2.

3.
4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

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. 2 5-54.
, (,
I II).
,
(. , III ).
, f = 103 ;
= 25 ; mx = 5 / (. , III A, . 7).
, ( . .3): )
f = 1 ; )
f = 25 .
.
( ) 25 200 (68 f =
= 1 mx = 5 /).
: f = 1 ,
mx = 5 /, ) = 50 , ) = 100 .
.
(1/ )
.

.


GOS-620

4-56


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. ( ) 6-34 5-54
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6-34
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1.
2.
3.

4.

.
, . 3.
, (, III, ).
0 = 25 , , ( =
= 50, 100 f = 1 ).
f = 1 , = 100
mx = 5 / ,
0 ( 6-34 0 = 25, 10
6

40 ).
.
= 50
T ( f ). 56 f 18 , mx , (. , III A, .7).
: = 100 , mx =
= 5 /; ) f = 1 ; ) f = 2 .
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(f )
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T.

. ,

. . 4. 6-34 . f = 1 ( ) , ( 0 = 25 ). - .


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1. , . 4.
2. , (, III, ).
3. ( 11 6-34),
(A /A ) m (56
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. 4.
,

0 < m 6 1); m (.13) 2Amax 2Amin


(. . .6 .7).
4. 100% (Amin = 0) ,
( 10
6-34 ).
5. A /A m. (.14).

:
.
: 6-1,
, .

V (t) .
V (t) . F (),
,
V (t).

( ).
F (w)
V (t), :
, .
V (t) : , .
,
.
I. (. 1). V0 , , f = 1/T, T
. T / = 7.
(.2), (.3) (.4), ( ):
a0
A0
1
hV i =
=
=
2
2
T

Z/2

V0 dt = V0

.
T

/2

:
2
an =
T

Z/2

V0 cos(n1 t) dt = 2V0

/2

sin x
sin(n1 /2)

.
T n1 /2
x

(1)

F ()

- 

|Fn ()|

6
- 

V (t)
V0 6

V (t)

sin x
x

V0

T-

1 2

. 2.

2(2n + 1)
4n
< n <

(2)

2(2n + 1)
2(2n + 2)
< n <
,

(3)

n =

n = 0, 1, 2, . . .
T / = 7 . 2. , n =
= .
II. T / = 3,5 (. 3).

sin[n /(2T )]
n /(2T )

2

(4)

n- n = 0
8n
4(2n + 1)
< n <

(5)

4(2n + 2)
4(2n + 1)
< n <
.

(6)

n =

10

,
bn = 0. An = an ,
n = 0

sin x
x

. 1.

V0
|An | =
2T

2 0

6
- 


T-

0
1 2

12

. 4. (T / = 3,5)

. 3.

|F ()| = |An |
. 4.
. 6-1, ( ) , .
, (1- )
1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5
6 . 6 , .
Y ,
( )
.
, .

, .
I.
1. () 6-1.
2. 1 (. 1 ) . 10 .
3.

T / = 7: ( )
; ; ,
11

(an /a1 ) (1).


( T / = 7) . ,
, :
n
n
sin n
an sinnn
an
a1

1
/7
0,434

2
2/7
0,782

3
3/7
0,975

4
4/7
0,975

5
5/7
0,782

6
6/7
0,434

4. 10 (. , I).
5. ,
[. (2)].
.
(a) [. , II).
- , (
).
6.
(. , III).
7.
[. , II)].
8. , , . ,
, , ,
. 6.
, , T /
.
II.
9. (4)
T / = 3,5.

(. . 3).
10. , . 7.
11.
. T / .
12


.
:
.
.
(. ).

. F (), ,
.

. .
f (t)

t1 T

t1

t2 T

t2

t1 + T

t2 + T

. .1. T

f (t)
1 = 2/T , T (. .1).

a0 X
[an cos(n1 t) + bn sin(n1 t)]
f (t) =
+
2
n=1

(.1)

f (t) =

A0 X
An cos(n1 t n ).
+
2
n=1

(.2)

a0 /2 = A0 /2 ( ) f (t); an bn 13

.
2
an =
T

t1Z
+T

2
bn =
T

t1Z
+T

(.3)

f (t) cos(n1 t) dt;

t1

(.4)

f (t) sin(n1 t) dt.

t1

t1 .
, t = 0, f (t) =
= f (t), , .. bn . t = 0 , , an ,
.
An n n- an bn
:
An =

a2n + b2n ;

n = arctg

bn
.
an

(.5)

, : 1 , 21 , 31 ,
. . . , (0 1 ).
(.2) .
cos =

+e
2

1
2

A0 +

An ein ein1 t +

n=1

F ()

V (t)





- T-

An ein ein1 t .

n=1

An = An ein ;

A0 = A0 .

1 X in1 t
An e
.
f (t) =
2 n=

. .2.

(.6)

f (t)

14

,
.
. (. .2) V0 , , f = 1/T , T .

(.7)

(.8)

V0

An An :
An = An ein ;

ZT
2
Ak =
f (t) eik1 t dt.
T


f (t) =

, ( n1 ) . (.6) (.7): k1 (.2) (n = k), (.7)


(n = k n = k). (.6) (.2) (.7) .
An (.6). (.7) eik1 t
,
, , t1 = 0 t2 = 2/1 . , , n = k.
Ak T /2.

sin x
x

 -  -  . .3.

( ). (.3)
a0
A0
1
hV i =
=
=
2
2
T

Z/2
/2

15

V0 dt = V0

.
T


2
an =
T

Z/2

sin x
sin(n1 /2)

.
V0 cos(n1 t) dt = 2V0
T n1 /2
x

(.9)

t
.
.
t < 1/.
.
V0 cos(0 t) T
(. .4).
f (t) t = 0.
n- (.3)

= V0

sin x
x

- 

- - -

. .4.

. .5.

 T

. - . 0 ,
(  0 ) (. .6):
f (t) = A0 [1 + m cos(t)] cos(t).

(.12)

m . m < 1 Amin = A0 (1 m) Amax = A0 (1 + m).

Amax Amin
.
(.13)
m=
Amax + Amin
(.12) - :
f (t) = A0 cos(0 t) + A0 m cos(t) cos(0 t) =
= A0 cos(0 t) +

A0 m
A0 m
cos(0 + )t +
cos(0 )t.
2
2

(.14)

V0 cos(o t) cos(n1 t) dt =

/2

,
bn = 0. F () . .3. An
(sin x)/x.
. .3 , T .
( ) ( = 0)
, , , 1 = 2/ .

' 2 t ' 1.
(.10)

Z/2

6
t

/2

2
An = a n =
T

F ()

V (t)

6F ()

sin[(0 n1 ) 2 ] sin[(0 + n1 ) 2 ]
+
(0 n1 ) 2
(0 + n1 ) 2

V (t)

(.11)

F (w) , T /
, . .5. (. . .3 .5),
, ,
0 .
16

Amax
Amin
0

0
. .6. ,

0
(0 + )
(0 )

. .7. ,
17

F () (. 7).
0 A = A0 (.14);
(0 + ) (0 )
(.14).
m/2 : A =
= A0 m/2.

1. F ():
) ;
) ;
) ;
) ;
) ;
) .
2. , ? , , ?
3. ,
? , , ?
4. , :

150. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
151. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
. . . . . . . . . 13

f (t) = A0 cos(t + m cos t),


m  1.
, .

1. .. . . III. .: , 1983.
128.
2. . . . III. . .: , 1976. 6.4.

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