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1.

012.












Rmax=100
=900
=900
max=30
h=15
=32
VRmax=2000/
R=300
=10
=10
R=5
=0.10
=0.10

2. .
()
. ,
.
, .
( ) :
, ..
.
.

.

. ,

.
. , ..
.
().

.
, ,
.
.

3. .
,
, .
,
. .
,
.

()

.
, ( ).

- .
,
.

. ,
.
7.

4. .
- .

(1).

.1. .
:
= 3

:
2R

3
max = 2 150 10 = 1
c
3 10 8
c = 3 108 /

T =

(4.1)

,
:
F=

1
1
=
=1
T 110 3

(4.2)

:
=

2 R 2 300
=
=2
c
310 8

(4.3)

:
D

33000

33000
= 33000
11

(4.4)

2
== =1o =0.017
0 .5

.
.

:
L =
2

k
0.8 0.03
a
=
= 1.945

cos(0.5 )
0.017 cos
0.5

(4.7)

ka=0.8-0.9,

, [5]:
R

min

( + )

3 10 8 2 10 6 + 1 10 6

= 450
2

2
=1

(4.8)

500 .
, 500
(.2).

.2. .
:

= arctg

H
R

max = arctg 30000 1.6 89 0


500
min

(4.9)

= 44.5 0 .

44.5 0 (.3).

.3. .
:
L

0.8 0.03
a
=
=1.929
cos(0.5 )
0.017 cos(0.5 1.6)
k

2
0.5

(4.5) .
. =0.013
[2], 10%.
(1.1) 4=1.46. , ,
(1.1) 2=1.21 , .. 19300.
0.1.
, ,
.
50 [5]. :
L =10 lg

=10 lg 500000 = 70

0.05

(4.10)

500 -
.
:
t =

2R

min = 2 500 2 10 6 = 1.3

c
3 10 8

(4.11)

.
, ,
.

5. .

, .
[3]:
n

F
1000
=
=100
F
10
m

(5.1)

Fm=10 .
[3]:
2
2 = 1
n

(5.2)

12 .

:
1/ 2

=
=2 n
=( 0.01 100 )1 / 2 =1o .
1
1

1/ 2

=( 25 100 )1 / 2 =50

.
/ :

1R

2
=
R n

2
1
0 .5 =
= 0.51

1 .1
1

q=

q=

1R

300

56

= 3.02

(5.3)

/ :
2

0.5 = 1 = 0.56

1
1

q=

q=

1R

300

50

= 3.38

(5.3)

/ q=6.

[2]:
K

min
N
0

(5.4)

min ,
N0 ,
.
/, [2]:
q=

2E

min
= 2K
p
N
0

(5.5)

q2 6
= = 3 = 4.8
2
2

[2]:
- - : 0.5;
- - : 2;
- - : 0.8;
- : 2.5.
:

= 4.8 + 0.5 + 2 + 0.8 + 2.5 = 10.6 = 11.5

0.1 100 F=1000 .


100100. :
t

= 0.1

10 10
= 2.5c
22

(.4).

.4. .
:

10
=
=4
2.5

10
V =
= 20
0.5

6. .
:

=
=500 10 3 2 10 6 =1

P
D 2 2
500000 33000 2 0.03 2 3

P
=
=
=1.5 10 12
min
4
3
( 4 ) R
( 4 ) 3 150000 4
E

(4.6)

(6.1)

R=Rmax .
,
.
:
E

R4
max
max
max
50 150000 4
D =10 lg
=10 lg
=10 lg
=111
c
E

R4
3 500 4
min
min
min

(6.2)

Dc 5 .
():
,
. .5 .

.5. .
, /
, , ,
. .
1

= 500 .

- -
.
F
=
max

2 V

max = 2 556 = 37

0.03

(6.3)

1.2-1.4 .
=1.2 500 = 600

=500
-

= 500 10 3 2 10
=
= 1000


1 10 3

(6.4)


.
.

7. .
7.1 .
.
1.
.
()
() ,
(), ().
().

().
().

( 2,3). ()
.

, , ,
.
: ()
, .
,
()
, .
, ,
.
. ,
.

.

:
Q

= 90 = 90

1o

(7.1)

7.2 .
2.
() (),
.
.

(), .
.
N , .
N NR,
(). ,
.
0, NR.
. .
NR.
.
, ().
, ,
, NR .
, ,
. N R
. .

, N R .

, . N
. N
125 . , , , 128
. ,
N NR.
, N .
, ,
NR , 0 = N R .
.

. , , :
R
c

=
R =
(7.2)
R
2

2 3

R ,

R , 3
. R = 5 , R = 30 .
R =
2 3 =30 2 3 =104
R

1
F

c
3 10 8
F
=
=
=1.44
2 R 2 104

(7.3)

.. , .
NR :
N

R
100000
= max =
= 962
R max
R
104

.. 10-.

(7.4)

7.3 .
3.
.
.
, 4- .
.
- .

. 180 0.
4- ,
.
.

.

(). ,
,
.
()
,
.
. , ,
(.6).

.6. .
, .

. ,
.
. ,
125 . -
, .
,
.
,
, .
.
.
,
.
.
.
,
.
:

70 90
=
= 6300

1 1

.. 13 .
:
F =1250

8. .
,
, .
, ,
, , .

: , ,
- .

[2]. .
.
, , [2]:

min

= arcsin

4h

= arcsin
a

0.013
0.8
4 15

R=Rmax :
H

min

=R

max

sin

min

= 22

9. .
1. / . : . , 19761978. .1-4.
2. / ..
:., 1970.
3. .
. , 1987.
4. / .. :.,
1978.
5. ..
:., 1973.


1.
2.
3.
4. . -

5.
6.
7.
7.1 .

7.2
7.3
8.
16
9.
1.
2.
3.

2
3
4
5
7
9
10
12
14
17