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Special report: LNG


Special report: Oilfield services

, ,

6 (72) 2013

44

/MARKETS

/AROUND THE WORLD

:
OGJ
OGJ
ESPO
:
PETROLEUM TRADING GLOBAL AND
RUSSIAN: TRENDS AND EVENTS
By OGJ, Reuters, Platts, SPIMEX

?


FLUNKING THE ACG TEST?
BAKU READY TO GIVE UP ON PARTNERSHIP WITH BP
Ivan Zabludnev, Ekaterina Maykova

44

12

OGJ

?
TAJIKISTAN: PAMIR PIPEDREAM OR NEW
CENTRAL ASIAN EXPORTER? OGJ
Gabe Collins, Bo White

/ LNG
OGJ

GLOBAL LNG PRICING EVOLVES;
SUPPLY, DEMAND STRUGGLE TOWARD
BALANCE OGJ
Warren R. True

56

18



RUSSIA TRYING TO HOP ON DEPARTING
TRAIN WITH ITS LNG PROJECTS
Alexander Sobko, Ilya Alkov

28

OGJ


US DEBATE ON LNG EXPORTS CENTERED AT ENERGY DEPARTMENT OGJ
Steven Miles, Thomas Eastment




?
HOLING UP IN BANGLADESH
Can Bangladesh be a growth area for
Southern Asia?
Sergey Kapitonov

64

KG D6
OGJ

RIL, BP OFFER $5 BILLION TO HIKE KG
D6 GAS OUTPUT OGJ

Nakilat

18

1-4

/
OILFIELD SERVICES
/ SPECIAL REPORT
: ?
:


FRACKING: MORE HARM OR MORE
GOOD?
EOR: KEY AREAS OF TECHNOLOGICAL
DEVELOPMENT
The markets opinion

76




DOWNHOLE HYDRAULIC DRILLING MACHINE WITH A SELF-ROTATING BITS
Toktamys Mendebaeyv, Nurlan Smashov

80

TRANSFERRED GEOTHERMAL ENERGY


HEATS WELLBORE
Shaobin Hu, Lingling Guo, Yongjian Liu

86

69

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118

- ( ),
Atlantic
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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

290 /

2013

Global LNG pricing evolves; supply,


demand struggle toward balance
Global LNG faced a number of problems as
2013 began. All reflect industry's growing
pains; none responds to easy solution. As in
recent years, industry supply and demand
are struggling to find balance, as expected
supply from some areas lags, other possible,
unexpected supply has appeared on the
horizon in the last 12-18 months, and some
markets are behind announced schedules for
installing regasification.
Key words: LNG, regions, projects, pricing.
Warren R. True


, . ,

. ,
.
, .
,
.
JCC (Japan
Crude Cocktail).
, ,
,
- Henry
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WIGLOX
LNG Consultancy , ,

$1418 , Oil&Gas Journal, 1 April 2013, p.90-99.

2013



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LNG Development

, ,
( ).
2013 ,

. ,
4,4 /.
Golden Pass
LNG $10
15,6 / ,
, ,
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5
-

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20

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Cheniere Energy
2013
( ).

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7,7
, 4,2 /
BG 3,5
Gas Natural Fenosa.
3 4 , 2017
8,3 .
, -
3 4
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2012
$4,5
5. BG (1,3 /), Korea Gas
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2013 Shell Kinder Morgan El Paso Pipeline Partners , -

.
2013
LNG Canada Development , . ( ).
24 /
25.
2020.

BC LNG Export
Cooperative
20. , , - . . LNG Partners
HN DC LNG,
50%.
1,8 /
20.



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(. ).
3,5 /.
2012
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., .

4 /.
160. 3 . 70%
CNOOC Gas and Power Group,
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, 2015, 3,8 / 160.3.
CNOOC Gas&Power, Tianjin Gas Group.
. 2013
. .
2012 Petronet
LNG, . 5 /
2007. 2010.

22

,
, 1 /
.
Wood Mackenzie
-
.

GAIL Dabhol LNG 5
/ ( ) 340
. . , ,

Gazprom Marketing &
Trading Singapore LNG Pioneer
138.3.
GAIL 2011.
GAIL,

, , .
. 1400 .
GAIL
,
23
7,5 /, 10
/. Dabhol LNG

GAIL

.

3380.


Dahej Hazira.

.
Inpex Masela

Abadi
.


2,5 /; , 8400/ . Masela 60%. Shell
Upstream Overseas Services (30%)
PT EMP EnergiIndonesia (10%).


: JGC Corporation,
Saipem. ,

.
,

.

Tangguh
LNG ( BP) .
$12 3,8 /,

11,4 /.
BPIndonesia , 40%
,
PT Perusahaan
Negara,
. BP
37,16%. : CNOOC
(13,90%), Nippon Oil Exploration
(12,23%) LNG Japan Corporation
(7,35%).
Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Nusantara Regas
Pertamina (60%) Perusahaan Gas Negara
(40%) 3 /
. Nusantara
Regas
- Total Inpex, 1,5 /
20122022.
Total Inpex Mahakam
,
Bontang LNG

.
. Petronas


1,2 /.

, 2015, ,
Prelude Shell .
, Kinawit
,
.
Malaysia
LNG ( Petronas)

Linde Group

Bintulu LNG, .
672. /,
2014.

24

, .
.
2012 Santos, Reuters, Gladstone
15%,
$18,2.

7,8 /. ,
,
( 2015).
: Santos
(30%), Petronas Total
( 27,5%), Korea Gas
Corporation (15%).
,

.
BG Group
,

Queensland Curtis LNG

8,5 /
36%.
BG Queensland
Curtis LNG CNOOC
$1,93. , CNOOC


.
,

.
,
BG CNOOC
5
20 2015.

CNOOC -

10% 40%.
,
Walloons Fairway
Surat 5%20%.
CNOOC 25% BG
Bowen ( ).

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2012
Australia Pacific LNG (APLNG) , . ( ). APLNG: Origin Energy,
ConocoPhillips Sinopec.
,
2015.
2016.

9 /. , .
.
2012
Pluto LNG Woodside
Petroleum .
$15.
4,3 .

,
$900.
Woodside Petroleum Ltd. , ,
,
.
Carnarvon
Exmouth. , Banambu
Deep1,
Oil&Gas Journal Russia

625 /

OGJR


2013

Gorgon Australian Marine Complex .

WA389P.
Anake1 WA269P,
-
Pluto.
2011 Chevron
Australia

Gorgon, . ,
. 2013, 2014

.
2012 Chevron
,
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2013 -

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$34 - . ,
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. .

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Toho Gas 1,7, 490. 280.

15.

Ichthys
20002001. 362 3, 527 . 2016.
: Inpex (72,8%), Total (24%),
Osaka Gas (1,2%), Tokyo Gas (1,6%)
Toho Gas (0,4%).
- Prelude

$11
2016,
3,6 , 1,3
400. .

1. . .
. OGJR, 5 (71), 2013, . 82.
2. .
, OGJR, 5 (71), 2013, . 76.
3. ..
,
. OGJR 12 (68), - 2013, . 20.
4. .. .
,
. 10 (65), 2012, . 16.
5. .. .
-
.4 (59), 2012, . 16.
6. , . .
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25

Bentley Systems

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. +7(495) 989-71-64
www.bentley.com/Russia

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2006.
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2013

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Russia trying to hop on departing


train with its LNG projects
Russia is trying to keep up with other gasproducing nations in developing projects
to liquefy and export gas. Experts see the
reasons for this sluggishness and lagging
behind this growing segment of the gas
industry in the monopoly of Gazprom,
which is complicating the liberalization
of LNG exports and, accordingly, slowing
the implementation of planned Russian
projects.
Key words: LNG plants, export, liberalization.
Alexander Sobko, Ilya Alkov

.

.
.

, ,
.
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, 2020
3540
10.
- ,


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.

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: The LNG Industry in 2012, GIIGNL


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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

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2016, 2017,
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2012
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: OGJ,

Oil&Gas Journal Russia


-
,
. (. 2
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3. .: .
daily. 12.02.2013
4. .. .
. OGJR, 5 (71), 2013, . 82.
5.Cheniere Sees Financing, Decision on Sabine Pass Units. By
Edward Klump. Bloomberg, Apr 17, 2013

2013

33



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3 () (Natural Gas Act, 1938.)


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1992
,

(),
. ,

US debate on LNG exports centered at


Energy Department
Discussions about the possible launch of
North American LNG exports are largely
devoted to the consequences of that step for
the world gas markets. But often little is said
about the effect of liquefied gas exports on
the U.S. market itself. The pros and cons of
U.S. export strategy for the national economy
have crystallized into a heated debate
involving not only private businesses but also
American government agencies and legislative
bodies.
Use of hydraulic fracturing to produce
natural gas and oil from shale and other
tight formations has transformed US energy
markets. Vast new oil and gas reserves are
now commercially accessible, placing North
American energy independence within reach.
Key words: U.S., LNG, export, domestic gas
prices, politics, regulators.
Steven Miles, Thomas Eastment


.
, - , 65.

Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Steven Miles


Baker Botts. 1980
- ( -), 1984
MBA ( -),
1984 ,
Cornell Law Review.
Thomas Eastment Baker
Botts. 1972


( -), 1975
( ).

(
).

, -,

.
,
:
18.

, ,
[3].


,
,

(- ), Oil&Gas Journal, 1 April 2013, p.100-106.

2013


.

(National Energy Policy
Act, 1969.) :
, ;

;
;

;
, ,
, [4].

( Sabine Pass)
,
, -

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.

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(EIA)
.
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(,
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);
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, -

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$

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15,70

19,35

17,75

$
$

19,75

Rio de Janereiro
16,84

Bahia Blanca
18,09

: FERC, Market Oversight, Waterborne Energy Inc., Houston

37

: FERC
( 11 2013 .)

38

FERC


, FERC
1. Robbinston ( ): 14,17 3/ (Kestrel Energy
Downeast LNG)
2. Astoria ( ): 42,50 3/ (Oregon LNG)
3. Corpus Christi ( ): 11,33 3/ (Cheniere
Corpus Christi LNG)
(),

4. Offshore New York ( -): 11,33 3/
(Liberty Natural Gas)

, FERC
5. Freeport ( ): 50,99 3/ (Freeport LNG Dev/
Freeport LNG Expansion/FLNG Liquefaction)
6. Corpus Christi ( ): 59,49 3/ (Cheniere
Corpus Christi LNG)
7. Coos Bay ( ): 25,50 3/
(Jordan Cove Energy Project)
8. Lake Charles ( ): 67,99 3/
(Southern Union Trunkline LNG)
9. Hackberry ( ): 48,16 3/ (Sempra
Cameron LNG)
10. Cove Point ( ): 21,25 3/ (Dominion
Cove Point LNG)
11. Astoria ( ): 36,83 3/ (Oregon LNG)
12. Lavaca Bay ( ): 39,10 3/ (Excelerate
Liquefaction)
13. Elba Island ( ): 14,17 3/
(Southern LNG Company)
14. Sabine Pass ( ): 36,83 3/
(Sabine Pass Liquefaction)
,
15. Kitimat ( ): 19,83 3/
(Apache Canada Ltd.)
16. Douglas Island ( ):
7,08 3/ (BC LNG Export Cooperative)
(),

17. Brownsville ( ): 79,32 3/
(Gulf Coast LNG Export)
18. Pascagoula ( ): 42,50 3/
(Gulf LNG Liquefaction)
19. Sabine Pass ( ): 73,66 3/
(ExxonMobil Golden Pass)
20. Plaquemines Parish ( ): 30,31 3/ (CE FLNG)
21. Cameron Parish ( ): 4,53 3/
(Waller LNG Services)
22. Ingleside ( ): 30,88 3/
(Pangea LNG (North America))
23. Lake Charles ( ): 15,30 3/
(Magnolia LNG)
24. Cameron Parish ( ): 5,67 3/
(Gasfin Development)
,

25. : 91,22 3/ (Main Pass
Freeport McMoRan)
,

26. Prince Rupert Island ( ):
28,33 3/ (Shell Canada)
27. Goldboro ( ):
18,98 3/ (Pieridae Energy Canada)
28. Kitimat ( ):
56,66 3/ (LNG Canada)

1
,

FERC

2
-

,
3/*

Freeport LNG Expansion; FLNG Liquefaction

39,66

17 2010**

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28,33

3 2011

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39,66

19 2011

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48,16

21 2011

Jordan Cove Energy Project

33,99 ()

23 2012

LNG Development Co. (Oregon LNG)

35,41

16 2012

Cheniere Marketing

59,49

31 2012

Excelerate Liquefaction Solutions I

39,10

5 2012

10

Carib Energy (USA)

0,84 ();
0,28 (-)

20 2011

11

Gulf Coast LNG Export

79,32

10 2012

12

Southern LNG Co.

14,17

31 2012

13

Gulf LNG Liquefaction Co.

42,50

31 2012

14

CE FLNG

30,31

21 2012.

15

Golden Pass Products

73,66

26 2012

16

Pangea LNG (North America Holdings)

30,88

19 2012

17

Trunkline LNG Export LLC

56,66

10 2013

18

Freeport-McMoRan LNG Energy LLC

91,22

22 2013

19

Sabine Pass Liquefaction LLC

7,93

27 2013

* , ( ).
:

** , Freeport LNG

;

-
;
,
,
.

NERA Economic
Consulting,
.
NERA
,
EIA. NERA , ,

EIA
,
:
,

[5].
NERA .



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Oil&Gas Journal Russia


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(+7 (38259)69999), (+7 (391)2788790),
(+7 (846)3393600)
: 125284, . , -, . 31 , . 1, . 9,
./: +7 (495) 2257595, cck@sibserv.com.
: www.sibserv.com


EIA NERA .
, 40
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Sierra Club
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Energy Advantage, : DOW,
Celanese, Eastman, Huntsman; Alcoa Nucor. .
OGJRussia). ,


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, , ,
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-

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

[9].


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[10].

, ; ,
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.

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. , - (
-) Henry Hub,
.
,
,

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,
.


.

1.EnergyInformation Administration, Annual Energy Outlook


2013Early Release, Table 134. Natural GasImports and Exports
(2012), projecting 2020as the year the US will become a net
exporter of natural gas.
2.Sabine Pass Liquefaction LLC, FE Docket No. 10111LNG,
DOE/FE Order No. 2961, p. 28; May 20, 2011; Sabine Order.
3.Mexico and Canada alsoimport largevolumes of natural
gas from the US though these transactions are made primarily
through cross-border natural gas pipelines.
4.Sabine Order, pp. 2729.
5.MacroeconomicImpacts of LNG Exports from the United
States, NERA Economic Consulting, Dec. 3, 2012, http://www.
fossil.energy.gov/programs/gasregulation/reports/nera_lng_
report.pdf.
7.Office of Fossil Energy, Department of Energy, Procedural
Order, FE Docket No. 10161LNG, et al.p. 2; Jan. 28, 2013.
8.Expedited LNG for American Allies Act of 2013, S. 192, 113th
Congress (2013). See also H.R. 580, 113th Congress (2013).
9.Sen. Ron Wyden, Getting natural gas right a
priority, The Hill (Feb. 5, 2013), http://thehill.
com/opinion/op-ed/281281getting-natural-gas-right-apriority.
10.Sabine Order, pp. 3233.

IGTC

5-

RPTC

12-

RRTC

13-

2013

500 .
75 , :
-
-
-
50 !
!
, , :
www.europetro.com
+7 495 517 77 09
moscow@europetro.com

41


.. ( -)

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AzerbaijanInternational Operating Company
(AIOC) BP. 2012

. ,
.
: , , ,
, , -, .

44

.
2011,
45,3 , 10,8% .
2012 43,9 , 3,2%
2011.


. , 2011 51,4 .
2012 SOCAR () 4546 . .
. 10,8 ,
4,4%
2012. 2013 40,8 ,
3,1 2012.
, (7,1%)
Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Flunking the ACG test?


Baku ready to give up on partnership with BP
The authorities in Azerbaijan, where oil production and exports are
falling for the second year in a row now, are looking for the causes
and trying to put the situation right. As the offshore Azeri-ChiragGunashli (ACG) project provides the lions share of the countrys oil,
performance there is having a direct influence on the overall results.
The BP-led Azerbaijan International Operating Company (AIOC) is
developing ACG. In the autumn of 2012, Azerbaijani President Ilham
Aliyev blamed the company for the sharp drop in production and
demanded urgent measures to rectify the situation. At the same time,
the geology of the South Caspian is far from straightforward, creating
further difficulties for the projects implementation.
Key words: South Caspian, Azerbaijan, development, production,
accidents, Shah Deniz.
Ivan Zabludnev, Ekaterina Maykova

2011, .
. 2011
37,4 42,6 . 2012 34,9 , 6,7% ,
2011. 2013
8,4% 8,5 .
, 60% , .
. -- (), 75%
. AIOC , (. ).
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, 2015
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, 2015
55 .
, 2015
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56


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Gabe Collins
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Bo White

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Tajikistan Pamir pipedream or new
Central Asian exporter
Tajikistan is energy starveda situation
that results in up to 70% of the population
suffering from severe power outages
each winter, imposes an estimated annual
economic hit of around 3% of GDP,1 and
causes unsustainably high rates of indoor
air pollution and deforestation due to
overreliance on fuelwood.
Key words: Tajikistan, Central Asian,
China, gas, export, exploration, business
climate.
Gabe Collins, Bo White

Oil&Gas Journal Russia

0 62.1
0 100

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Energy Corp.
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1.Daryl Fields, Artur Kochnakyan, Gary Stuggins, John BesantJones, Tajikistans Winter Energy Crisis: Electricity Supply and
Demand Alternatives, The World Bank Europe and Central Asia
Region, November, 2012.
2.Total and CNODC Farm-in to Tethys Tajikistan Assets,
Tethys Petroleum press release, 21December 2012.
3.Jeff Tester, Oil and Gas Well Drilling, 4April 2011.
4.WanXu, CNPC Discovers High Gas Flow at Turkmen Well,
Dow Jones Newswires, 28September 2010
5.Natural Gas Competition Study, Railroad Commission of
Texas, Workshop 5December, 2005.
6.Ishaan Tharoor, LIVIN ON THE EDGE.Emomali Rahmon,
Time, 1February 2011.

20





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64

30% ( ,
$1025 ) [1].
. (2011
2015) 8% ; 10%- 2017 [2]. 2015
15. ,
[2].

- , [3].
.
Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Holing up in Bangladesh
Can Bangladesh be a growth area for Southern Asia?
Gazprom International (GI) started testing the Shrikail-3 well
at the field of the same name in Bangladesh at the end of May
2013, obtaining a maximum flow of 413,000 m3 of gas per day.
This is a good result compared with recent well-yields obtained
by local companies and western majors. By investing in its own
fuel and energy sector, Bangladesh is aiming above all to meet
its domestic market needs, but exports are not being ruled out
in time.
Key words: Bangladesh, energy shortage, gas production, drilling.
Sergei Kapitonov


( - ), 80%
[4]. ,
23 , 400 3 (
), , ,
20 [5]. ( 60% 10)

[5].


, (
Chevron ConocoPhillips,
Tullow Oil Santos), .
53% , Petrobangla.

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- ( Bibiyana, Jalalabad Moulavi
Bazar) Petrobangla. major 10 94. /
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4. . .

( ) . 2013

upstream
. , , -
.
.

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.


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,
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,
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, .



. , 2013,
-


GI 26 2012 10
6 . Petrobangla:
Bangladesh Petroleum & Production
Company Ltd. (BAPEX, 5)
Bangladesh Gas Fields Company Ltd. (BGFCL, 4)
Sylhet Gas Fields Ltd. (SGFL, 1). , GI ( ,
),
( , , ,
.). .
,
, $193,5.

65


, .
2003 - Shell
,
,
, .
2009
17,18 Total, PTTEP, Tullow Oil Okland
Rexwood Offshore. , Tullow Oil,
, .
2010 16 Cairn, Sangu
Santos.
.

, .

, GI . :


.
. .
,
: ConocoPhillips ONGC,
.
, , , -
(
.[6]).
2009

, 2014.
, ,
. 2012 38 ,

110. 2
, .

, ,

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.

,

. , GI

66

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- . , ,

100
. Shahbazpur, BAPEX, Petrobangla,
,
,
.
.
, ,
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.
.
. ,
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$175/10003, 2013
$250280/10003 [7]. , , . ,
(. ).
.
:
, ,
,
- Shrikail.
Oil&Gas Journal Russia

47

100

40.000

Ariel F40.000 2012 .

-
.
1966 40 000
100 .
, ,
,
.


100%
F40.000 www.arielcorp.com/unit40k
www.arielcorp.com

ARIEL CORPORATION
World Standard Compressors
35 Blackjack Road

Mount Vernon, OH 43050

www.arielcorp.com


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1.World Bank, World DevelopmentIndicators


2.IMF, Bangladesh: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, 2013
3.Bangladesh Bank, Annual Report 20112012
4.Zia Wadud, HimadriS.Dey, Md. Ashfanoor Kabir, ShahidulI.Khan, Modelling and forecasting
natural gas demandin Bangladesh, Energy Policy (39), 2011
5.BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2012
6. , ., ..
, OGJRussia 3 (69), 2013, . 82.
7.Shannaj Beggum, Petrobangla to hike gas price to $78per MCF, TheIndependent, 10March
2013
8.Shamsuddin A H M, Brown Todd A, Rickard Mike, Bangladesh gas reserves, resource potential
may be underestimated, Oil&Gas Journal, April 2002

Oil&Gas Journal Russia

KG D6


KG D6.
RelianceIndustries Ltd.
. RIL
, Niko
Resources Ltd. $5
KG D6.
: , , , , .

RIL, BP offer $5 billion to hike KG D6 gas


output
Reliance Industries Ltd., BP PLC, and Niko
Resources Ltd. have outlined $5 billion in
development and exploratory work to the
Indian government to hike gas production
on the deepwater KG D6 block off the
countrys eastern coast. RIL as operator
is responding to pressure from Indias
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
to drill more wells on the block because
production fallen below projections made in
the production sharing contract. The operator
blames the underperformance on reservoir
complications.
Key words: India, production fallen, PSA, gas,
block.

KG D6 . 2012
D6 56,7
3 22 ,
-
.

D6,
, 113,3
3 .
2013

RelianceIndustries
Ltd., BP PLC Niko Resources Ltd.,
D6 ,


,
1500.

: ?
D6, , D6 NEC25, RIL,
BP Niko 60%, 30%
10% (.1).
,

.
Niko,
,
D6,

1
D6 NEC-25

NEC-25

D6

Krishna-Godavari

Bengal


-
.
, 2012,

$88,5 $4,2 ,

D6.
Oil&Gas Journal, 4 April 2013, p. 62-63.

69

2000 RIL, BP
Niko
D6,

. Dhirubhai 132002

2006.

2008,
2009. 20
76452. , ,
,
(FPSO).
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.
Dhirubhai
13
18, 2009.

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70

30

, 3
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DOWNHOLE HYDRAULIC DRILLING MACHINE WITH A SELF-ROTATING BIT
Summarized are technical solutions used in creation of an efficient, small-size (by length)
downhole hydraulic drilling machine designed for drilling wells. Basic design features include:
roughness of the inner surface of inclined, in the direction of rotation, blades having the form
of semicylinder; convexly curved side vents, and interrupted stepped diamond-containing matrix
having in each sector horizontal circle-wise internal channels for the working fluid jet discharge.
The constructive specific features of the downhole hydraulic drilling machine allow the
achievement of high values of rotation speed and the shaft torque with the lower specific
consumption of metal and working fluid.
Key words: well, drilling, bottomhole, torque factor, rotation, fluid, consumption, pressure.
Toktamys Mendebaeyv, Nurlan Smashov

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, SPE.
TRANSFERRED GEOTHERMAL ENERGY HEATS
WELLBORE
After the heat-pipe technology was applied,
the average wellhead temperatureincrease
of the three wells was 10C.This
temperatureimprovement extends the normal
production time andincreases oil production.
Theoretical calculations and laboratory
experiments have demonstrated the feasibility
of heat transfer with a sucker rod string.
Liaohe field tests of the wells show this
technology can heat the wellborein steamstimulated wells.
Key words: wellbore heating, gravity heat pipe,
working fluid, the temperature field.
Shaobin Hu, Lingling Guo, Yongjian Liu

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia


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Oil&Gas Journal Russia



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, -




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.

1.Yong, Bi, Yonjian, Liu, and Jifu, Liu, Laboratory experiment


on gravity heat pipe sucker rod [J], Oil and Gas Field Surface
Engineering, Vol. 27 (2008), No. 4, pp. 3435.
2.Yongjian, Liu, Lupeng, Huang, and Wei, Li, Analysis and
calculation the heat transfer characteristics of the gravity heat pipe
sucker rod string [J], Low Temperature Architecture Technology,
Vol. 139 (2010), pp. 4042.

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HIGH-OCTANE GASOLINE ADDITIVES
A study was made of the physical and chemical properties of the
main oxygenate gasoline additives, which raise the octane number
of gasoline and its compliance with class 4 and 5 requirements.
An aggregate of the key performance factors for such additives
(octane number and saturated vapor pressure) was used to assess
preferences for the type of additives from the point of view of the
prospects for their use in the technological processes of automobile
gasoline production.
Key words: gasoline, oxygenate additives, octane number, saturated
vapor pressure
Alexander Zolotarev, Sergei Kuznetsov, Mikhail Levinbuk

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Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Phillips 66

, Athabasca,

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, Oil & Gas Journal, 7 January 2013, p. 82-87;
2February 2013, p.74-79.

Oil&Gas Journal Russia

Scott Sayles KBC Advanced TechnologiesInc. ().



, . . - (., )
- (., ).
Sim Romero KBC Advanced TechnologiesInc. . ,
Coking.com. -
- (., -).
HEAVY OIL REFINING1, 2
Growth in the need to upgrade heavy crude oils, such as Athabasca bitumen and others, into
synthetic crude oils as well as the need to process heavier conventional crudes is increasing
the use of coking. Fines, or solids, in delayed-coker feedstocks reduce the ability of the coker
to utilize capacity fully.
This first of two articles on the presence and effects of fines in delayed-coker feedstocks
discusses the nature and sources of fines that enter a coking operation. The second,
concluding article (OGJ, Feb. 4, 2013) will discuss the impact of fines and the mitigation steps
that can improve reliability and profitability of the operation.
Key words: heavy crude oils, delayed-coker feedstocks, fines, oke drum, filter systems.
Scott Sayles, Sim Romero

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Operations, Rio Oil & Gas, Sept. 1316, 2010, Rio de Janeiro.
2.Romero, Sim, Delayed Coking Process Design, Operations
and Optimization, Canada Coking Conference, Oct. 2226,
2012, Fort McMurray, Alta.
3.US Patent 4,404,092 Delayed Coking
Process: Energy-use analysis andimprovement
for delayed coking units; http://xa.yimg.
com/kq/groups/3004572/1046193709/name/Energy-use+analysi
s+and+improvement+for+delayed+coking+units.pdf.
4.Elliott, John, Fine-tune your delayed coker: obstacles
and objectives, http://www.fwc.com/publications/tech_
papers/files/Fine%20tune%20your%20delayed%20coker.pdf.

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USING PORTABLE PIPELINES FOR MAINTENANCE ANDEMERGENCY
REPAIR OFOIL AND PRODUCT PIPELINES
The use of portable pipelines and mobile pumping units from the
Russian Defense Ministrys pipeline division arsenals enables
maintenance and emergency repairs to be carried out at oil and
petroleum product pipelines. Rapid assembly and relatively low
cost allows this technology to put lengthy substitute pipelines with
pumping capability in place.
Key words: portable pipelines, mobile pumping units, pipe couplings,
optimal substitution schemes.
Alexei Yelkin, Alexander Savelyev, Sergei Inyutin

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10,93
10,84
10,67

2,90
2,75
3,19
3,35
3,34

1,53
1,57
1,56
1,55
1,60

23,08
22,05
22,43
22,57
22,35

13,50
13,37
13,37
13,43
13,32

4,51
4,41
4,36
4,37
4,26
non-
12,45
12,55
12,21
12,19
12,80
non-, non-OPEC
30,46
30,33
29,94
29,99
30,38
OPE*
35,79
36,60
36,71
36,54
35,71

-0,89
-0,37
0,07
-0,09
-0,70
* .
: DOE International Petroleum Monthly, OGJ

46,79
0,73
4,81
9,72
9,96
17,11
42,30
87,15
3,67
2,93
10,07
3,10
1,60
21,37
13,27
4,27
13,17
30,71
35,32
-1,94

Oil & Gas Journal, 27 May 2013, p.30


Oil&Gas Journal Russia

, . /

,
. /

2012

, 3

2013

2013

2013

2012

. /

2013

2013

7592
308
170
330
774
829
4180
547
33
82
30
254
15
40
8756
1160
1730
250
730
61
290
28
1400
2000
470
67
255
315
22 552
41
180
3110
2720
740
2770
2700
910
9250
130
1
2820
15
861
54
197
99
25
1498
46
16
9

7640
348
170
330
770
823
4210
541
38
77
30
250
15
38
8786
1160
1770
260
730
61
290
28
1380
2000
470
67
255
315
22 302
42
160
2970
2650
740
2820
2600
940
9250
130
1
2919
14
930
53
187
95
24
1545
46
16
10

7616
328
170
330
772
826
4195
544
35
80
30
252
15
39
8771
1160
1750
255
730
61
290
28
1390
2000
470
67
255
315
22 427
42
170
3040
2685
740
2795
2650
925
9250
130
1
2869
15
895
53
192
97
25
1522
46
16
10

7490
349
154
330
765
869
4047
552
41
69
30
230
17
39
8651
1170
1770
255
675
64
290
28
1220
2070
470
65
255
315
23 150
41
155
2595
3325
750
2725
2585
878
9925
170
1
3260
16
1035
52
205
107
26
1758
43
16
4

127
-21
16
7
-43
149
-7
-5
11
22
-2
1
120
-10
-20
55
-3
170
-70
2
-723
15
4450
-640
-10
70
65
46
-675
-40
-390
-1
-140
2
-13
-10
-1
-237
3
6

1,7
-6,1
10,3
0,9
-5,0
3,7
-1,3
-12,6
15,9
9,8
-9,7
1,4
1,4
-0,9
-1,1
8,1
-3,9
13,9
-3,4
3,3
-3,1
1,2
9,7
17,1
-19,2
-1,3
2,6
2,5
5,3
-6,8
-23,5
-14,0
-12,0
-9,2
-9,7
3,5
-6,2
-8,9
-3,9
-13,5
8,0
-0,2
171,4

42 914,3
3966,2
1189,9
906,6
3342,9
6600,9
9802,2
5759,5
340,0
4190,0
28,3
3283,4
340,0
3209,8
12 867,5
6515,9
113,3
8,5
2974,7
56,7
708,3
1983,1
246,5
1,7
257,8
40 806,5
736,6
793,2
13 173,5
9915,5
1133,2
4674,5
2663,0
7082,5
396,6
252,1
25 108,9
113,3
2864,2
1002,9
410,8
679,9
11 048,7
8799,3
42,5
85,0
65,2

42 755,6
3980,4
1189,9
915,1
3342,9
6600,9
9802,2
5759,5
340,0
3776,4
28,3
3484,6
340,0
3209,8
12 864,7
6515,9
113,3
8,5
2974,7
56,7
708,3
1983,1
246,5
1,7
257,8
40 820,7
736,6
793,2
13 173,5
9915,5
1133,2
4674,5
2663,0
7082,5
396,6
252,1
27 414,9
104,8
3212,6
1082,2
475,9
682,8
11 156,4
10 504,8
48,2
85,0
65,2

85 669,6
7946,0
2379,7
1821,1
6685,9
13 201,8
19 604,4
11 510,5
681,1
7965,8
56,7
6766,6
681,1
6412,8
25 731,3
13 031,8
226,6
17,0
5949,3
113,3
1416,5
3966,2
491,5
3,4
515,6
81 625,2
1473,2
1586,5
26 346,9
19 831,0
2266,4
9348,9
5326,0
14 165,0
793,2
488,1
52 525,2
219,0
6075,1
2084,8
886,2
1362,1
22 204,8
19 302,9
89,5
170,8
129,8

13 479

13 538

13 508

13 417

92

0,7

76 964,1

85 290,3

162 253,8

883
13
1662
10 386
81
12
389
53
20 089
514
59
2110
2500
3398
1000
2565
174
7093
83
506
88
75 287
30 586
2583

921
13
1696
10 366
82
11
399
50
19 904
515
59
2140
2500
3270
1010
2562
165
7005
83
507
88
75 089
30 347
2689

902
13
1679
10 376
82
12
394
52
19 996
514
59
2125
2500
3334
1005
2564
169
7049
83
507
88
75 188
30 467
2636

898
14
1600
10 410
83
12
350
51
18 857
566
43
2218
2465
3132
919
2531
143
6165
83
506
87
74 825
31 106
3025

4
-1
79
-34
-2
44
1
1139
-52
16
-93
35
202
86
33
26
884
1
364
-639
-389

0,5
-4,1
4,9
-0,3
-1,8
-1,7
12,6
1,5
6,0
-9,1
36,2
-4,2
1,4
6,4
9,3
1,3
18,4
14,3
0,2
0,5
0,5
-2,1
-12,9

2801,8
147,3
3501,6
57 325,8
566,6
127,5
11 904,3
589,3
84 783,2
2561,0
1501,5
1461,8
1699,8
11 694,6
849,9
5136,2
946,2
55 266,2
3498,8
28,3
127,5
283 441,7
47 821,0
15 386,0

1501,5
167,1
3600,7
64 830,4
566,6
127,5
13 907,2
589,3
92 865,7
2818,8
1501,5
1612,0
1699,8
13 258,4
849,9
5691,5
963,2
60 419,4
3898,2
28,3
127,5
302 014,8
47 821,0
17 539,1

4301,9
313,0
7103,2
122 155,6
1133,2
255,0
25 811,7
1180,2
177 649,8
5379,0
3003,0
3073,0
3399,6
24 953,3
1699,8
10 828,0
1919,4
115 685,8
7396,7
56,7
255,5
585 455,3
95 642,1
32 923,1

1
1

()
( )
1
1

1
1
1
1,2
1

1,2


1


*OPEC

OPEC
,
. - .
: Oil & Gas Journal. - OGJ

(Baker Hughes)

Oil & Gas Journal, 13 May 2013, p. 34

1755

3209
: Baker Hughes Rig Count

1
2

2013

2013
125
354
257
136
429
429

2013
115
336
247
133
464
437

2012
80
312
245
118
158
423

2012
89
312
244
109
492
438


2012
96
356
241
119
365
423

1756
3488

1962
3298

1979
3663

1919
3518

119

!
,
(495) 228-34-77 e-mail: subscription@ogjrussia.com
www.ogjrussia.com .

12

4356.

7986.

4026.

7381 .

5394.

9889.

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www.ogjrussia.com .

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