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DESIGNING CLASSROOM TESTS (Continued)

TSL3112 LANGUAGE ASSESSMENT PISMP TESL SEMESTER 6 IPGKDRI

GUIDELINES FOR CONSTRUCTING TEST ITEMS


TEST SPECIFICATION GUIDELINES:
Aims of the test Range of topics to be tested Range of skills to be tested Decide on test formats for each skill Types of test items Number of items by topic, skill and types Level of difficulty of test items Allocation of marks

Decide on test formats for each skill:


Elicitation and response modes in test construction
Elicitation mode: Oral (student listens) administration directions; sentence(s), question; word, pair of words; monologue, speech; prerecorded conversation; interactive (live) dialogue. Written (student writes) administration directions; sentence(s), question; word, set of words; Paragraph; essay, excerpt; short story, book.

Decide on test formats for each skill:


Elicitation and response modes in test construction
Response mode: Oral repeat; read aloud; yes / no; short response; describe; role play; monologue (speech); interactive dialogue). Written mark multiple-choice option; fill in the blank; spell a word; define a term (with a phrase); short answer (2 to 3 sentences); essay.

Types of test items:


Select the item type that provides the most direct measure of the intended learning outcome (Linn &Miller, 2005). For example if the intended learning outcome is writing, naming, listing, or speaking, the task should require the students to supply the answer. In cases where the learning outcome does not make clear which item type to use, selection-type items would be favoured because of the greater control over the students response and the objectivity of the scoring.

Types of test items: The objective test item:


the great variety of different type of objective test items can be classified into those that require the student to supply the answer and those that require the student to select the answer from a given number of alternatives.

Types of test items:


Supply types:
short-answer items completion

Selection types:
multiple-choice items true-false items matching items

Types of test items: Designing multiple-choice items: