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..

2005

..

.


,

2005

514.11
, :
/..; . . .
. , 2005. 288 c. ISBN 5-7722-0248-0.

.

, -
,
.
. 3. . 94. .: 5 .

.
:
(. .
. -. , . .. )


..3
1. ...5
1.1. .5
1.1.1. 5
1.1.2. .7
1.1.3. .....9
1.1.4. ...12
1.1.5. .12
1.1.6.
.15
1.2. .17
1.2.1. 17
1.2.2.
.25
1.2.3.
.............28
1.2.4. ...32
1.2.5. .
...38
1.2.6.
...52
1.3. ....53
1.4. ........59
2. ,

....65
2.1.
.65
2.2. ....72
2.3. ....80
2.4.
....92
2.5. .....98
3. .
....99
3.1. ........99
3.2. .......114
3.2.1. ....115
3.2.2. ......118
3.2.3.
.......121
3.2.4.
124
3.2.5.
..141
3.3. ..154
3.4. ...162
4. .169
4.1. ........169
4.2. .......176
4.3.

...181
4.4.
......183
4.4.1. ...183
4.4.2. , ....189

4.5. R sin 2 n x , cos 2 k x = 0 .....192


4.6. R (sin x cos x, sin 2x ) = 0 .198
4.7.
..........200
4.8. t = tg

x
2

( ) ....205
4.9.
....213
4.10.
217
4.11. .
...223
4.12. ....226
4.13. .....231
5. .......245
5.1. ....245
5.2. ..251
5.3. .268
5.4. ...270

6. ...274
6.1. 1:
........274
6.2. 2:
, ..276
6.3. 3:
,
.......279
6.4. 4:
....282
282




. ,
,
* ().
,
. ,
.
,

.
.
,
( ).
,
.
,
.

. .
, , ;

.
, ,

.


. ,
.
.


.


,
.

, ,
.
, ,
, , ,
.

,
.

(
, ..),

-
.

(
)
,
.
,
, .

,
.
:
, .
, ,
,

,
.

1.

, .

. ,

. ,
() ,
(),
() .

.
1.1.
1.1.1.

Mx

O~
x~
y

OM x x

O~
x .
x
,

O~
x
.

1.1. b x ,
M x OM x ,
x O~
x.
sin x .

1.2. a x ,
M x OM x ,
x O~
x.
cos x .
, b x = sin x,

a x = cos x .

x ( x )
sin x
cos x , x sin x x cos x , x R
.
sin x cos x
1. : D(f ) = R .

2. : E(f ) = [ 1;1] .
3. : (
) 2 .
4. : sin x - ; cos x .
5. :

sin x x + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
2
2

+ 2n;
+ 2n , n Z.
2
2

cos x x ( + 2n , 2n ), n Z;
x (2n , + 2n ),

nZ.

6. :

max sin x = 1 x =
xR

+ 2n , n Z ;
2

min sin x = 1 x =
xR

+ 2n, n Z;
2

max cos x = 1 x = 2n , n Z;
xR

min cos x = 1 x = + 2n, n Z .


xR

7. x : sin 2 x + cos 2 x = 1 .
8. sin x cos x . 1.2 1.3
.

1.1.2.

1.3. x
b x M x (. 1.1) a x
tgx .
b x = sin x , a x = cos x ,

tgx =

sin x
,
cos x

+ n, n Z .
2

(1.1)

1.4. x

a x M x (. 1.1) b x
tgx .
b x = sin x,

tgx =

a x = cos x ,

cos x
,
sin x

x n, n Z .

(1.2)

tgx ctgx
1. :

D(tgx ) = x x R , x + n, n Z ;
2

D(ctgx ) = {x x R , x n, n Z}.
2. : E(tgx ) = R , E(ctgx ) = R .
3. :

.
4. : .
5. :

tgx

+ n; + n , n Z;
2
2

tgx

(n,

+ n ), n Z.

6. : .
7. x : tgx ctgx = 1 .

8. tgx ctgx . 1.4


1.5 .

1.1.3.


y = sec x

sec x =

1
cos x


1. :

cos ec x =

1
sin x

y = cos ec x
(1.3)

D(sec x ) = x x R , x + n, n Z ;
2

D(cos ecx ) = {x x R , x n, n Z}.

2. : E(f ) = ( ;1] [1;+ ) sec x


cos ec x .
3. : 2 .
4. : sec x - ,

cos ec x - .
5. : sec x

+ 2n; + 2n , + 2n; 2n , n Z ;
2

2n; + 2n , + 2n; + 2n ,
2

nZ ;

cos ec x

+ 2n, 2n , 2n; + 2n ,
2
2

n Z;

+ 2n; + 2n , + 2n; + 2n ,
2
2

nZ.

6. :

sec x : x = 2n , n Z

(sec 2n = 1) ,
x = + 2n, n Z

(sec( + 2n ) = 1) ;
cos ec x : x =

+ 2n , n Z
2


cos ec + 2n = 1 ,
2

x =

+ 2n, n Z
2

cos ec + 2n = 1 .
2

7. sec x cos ec x . 1.6


1.7 .

1.1.4.

1.1.5.
(. .1.1)
x


0; , .
2
.
1.1

+
2

sin

cos

cos

sin

sin

cos

cos

sin

cos

sin

sin

cos

cos

sin

sin

cos

3
+
2

tg

ctg

ctg

tg

tg

ctg

ctg

tg

ctg

tg

tg

ctg

ctg

tg

tg

ctg


x x > 2
.
1. x sin x cos x 2 , ..
x = t + 2n , n Z , 0 < t < 2 ,
t :

sin (t + 2n ) = sin t ; cos(t + 2n ) = cos t .

, ,
2 , x .
tgx ctgx . x > , ..
x = t + n , n Z , 0 < t < , tg t ctg t :

tg(t + n ) = tg t , ctg(t + n ) = ctg t .

,
2

.
< t < 2 ,
2

t + ; ;
2
3
;
2 .
2
2. 0 < t <

(. 1.1).
3.
1.1 .
:


2
2
( sin
cos , cos sin , tg ctg , ctg tg ).
2 ;
)

)
,
t .

sin + = cos ,
2

cos + = sin ,
2

tg + = ctg .
2

, t = + .
2
2

sin x , cos x , tgx .
1.1.
) sin 5700 ;

) cos 420 0 ; ) tg 750 0 ;

) ctg 10350 ; ) sin

23
;
6

) cos

) sin 1140 0 ;

20
29
; ) tg .
3
4

(
= sin (180

) sin 570 0 = sin 3600 + 2100 = sin 2100 =

1
+ 30 0 = sin 30 0 = ;
2

) cos 4200 = cos 3600 + 600 = cos 60 0 =

1
;
2

) tg 7500 = tg 180 0 4 + 300 = tg300 =

1
;
3

0
0
0
0
) sin 1140 = sin 360 3 + 60 = sin 60 =

(
= ctg(90

3
;
2

) ctg 10350 = ctg 180 0 5 + 1350 =

e) sin

+ 450 = tg 450 = 1 ;

23


= sin 4 = sin = sin = ;
6
6
6
2

) cos

20
2
2

= cos 6 + = cos =
3
3
3

= cos = cos = ;
3
3
2

) tg

29

= tg 7 + = tg = 1 .
4
4
4

1
2

: ) ; )

1
2

1
3
1
; )
; )
; ) 1;
2
2
3
1
2

) ; ) ; ) 1.
1.1.6.

n , n = 0,1,2,...,12 m , m = 1,3,5,7 . ,
6
4


.
1.2 ( )


, , , .
6 4 3 2
2
3
5

,
,
, ..
3
4
6
0,

.
1.2

sin

1
2

2
2

3
2

cos

3
2

2
2

1
2

tg

1
3

ctg

1
3

cos ec

2
3

sec

2
3

( ) ( )

( )

15o ,
12

18o ,
36o .
10
5
(,

sin

5 1

5+ 5
5 1

=
, cos
=
, tg
=
),
10
4
10
10
2 2
10 + 2 5

.
(. 2, 2.17
2.18).
,
1.2, , .
1.2.
1.2.1.
, x
,
R
, -
l ,
,
R (.1.8):

x=

l
.
R

1
, , l

R, .. l = R . 1800 ,
1

180 0
57 0 17 8.

- ,

x =

0
.
1800

(1.4)

0 =

x 1800

(1.5)

.
, :

180 : = : x
0

x 1800
0
0
=
; =
.

180 0

1 2
R R
2
() l = R .
S = R 2 :
L = 2R . , 2 ~ R 2 , ~ S ,
S =

R : 2 = S :
2

R 2 1 2
= R ,
=
2
2

2 ~ 2R , ~ l 2R : 2 = l :
l=

2R
= R .
2

1. 2.
: 50 , 10 0 , 150 , 180 , 20 0 , 250 , 30 0 , 36 0 ,

400 , 450 , 600 , 70 0 , 72 0 , 750 , 80 0 , 90 0 .

. (1.4), :

50

10 0

150

180

200

250

300

360

36

18

12

10

5
36

400

450

600

700

720

750

80 0

900

2
9

7
18

2
5

5
12

4
9

1.3.

22030 . *).
.

8
l = = 1;
8

: l = 1;

*)

S=

18 4
= = .
2 8

4
.

30 =30 , 1 =

1
,
60

45o
1

22 30 = 22 =
.
2
2
o

45o
2 = .
=
8
180 0

1.4.

3 : 5 : 10 .
.
. 3 + 5 + 10 = 18,

3600 : 18 = 200 .
AB, BC AMC . 1.9

200 3 = 600 ; 200 5 = 100 0 ;


200 10 = 2000 .

, ,


, .

1
1
5
BC = 1000 = 500
;
2
2
18
1
1
5
B = AMC = 2000 = 1000 ;
2
2
9

A =

C = 180 0 500 + 100 0 = 300


:

.
6

5
5

; ; .
18
9
6

,
,
x ( x )

n, n Z .
2

1.5. n, (n + 1) , n Z ,
2 2

9
; ) 6; ) 8; ) 13; ) 15
2

) 4; )

,
.
. n,

2 n; 2 (n + 1) , .

( = 3,141592653...) (1)

((1) = 57,295779513 ...) .


0

1.

1 = (0,636619772...)

2
= 0,636619772... ,
2

.
2

0,63

< 1 < 0,64 ;


2
2

0,636

< 1 < 0,637 ;


2
2

0,63661 < 1 < 0,63662


..
2
2
() ,
1 (1 ). ) )
, , :

0,63

< 1 < 0,64 .


2
2

) 0,63

< 1 < 0,64 4,


2
2

2,52

< 4 < 2,56 .


2
2

2,52 ; 2,56
2
2

3
3
=

2
;
3
;

; 2 .
2 2 2
9
9 9

0,63 < < 0,64 2,835 < < 2,880 .


)
2
2 2 2
2
2 2
2

2,835 ; 2,880 2 ; 3 .
2
2
2 2
)

6 0,63

< 6 < 6 0,64


2
2

3,78

< 6 < 3,84 .


2
2

n
3.78 3.84 ([3,78] = 3, [3,84] = 3) ; ,
, n = 3 . ,


6 3 ; 4 . -
2 2

-
1
(. ).
)

8 0,63

< 8 < 8 0,64


2
2

5,04

< 8 < 5,12 ;


2
2


n = 5 8 5 ; 6 .
2 2

) 13 0,63 < 13 < 13 0,64


8,19 < 13 < 8,32 ;
2
2
2
2

[5,04] = [5,12] = 5


n = 8 13 8 ; 9 .
2 2

9, 45 < 15 < 9,60 ;


) 15 0,63 < 15 < 15 0,64
2
2
2
2

[8,19] = [8,32] = 8

[9,45] = [9,60] = 9


n = 9 15 9 ; 10 .
2
2

2.

(1) : (1) 57 o178

(1) = 57,295779...0 .

57,2 0 < (1) < 57,30 ; 57,29 0 < (1) < 57,300 ;
57,2950 < (1) < 57, 2960 ..
(1) .
) )
(1) : 57,20 < (1) < 57,30 .

1.4.
) 4 57, 2 0 < 4 (1) < 4 57,30 228,80 < 4(1) < 229, 20 .

(228,8 ; 229,2 )
[180 ; 270 ] 4(1) [180 ; 270] 4 ; 32 ;
0

) 6 57,2 0 < 6(1) < 6 57,30 343,2 0 < 6 (1) < 343,80 .

, 343,20 ; 343,80

[270 ; 360 ] = [3 90 ; 4 90 ],
0

..

n=3

6 ; 2 .
2

) 15 57, 20 < 15(1) < 15 57,30

858,0 0 < 15(1) < 859,50 .


n

8580
859,50
=
9

= 9.

0
0
90
90

(9 = 9 ) , 15(1) [9 90 0 ; 10 90 0 ] , .. 15 9 ; 5 .
2

4,

9
, 6, 8, 13, 15
2

. 1.10.
: ) ;

3
;
2

) ; 3 ;
2

) ;

3
;
2

) 4;

) ; 2 ;
2

9
9

; ) ; 15 .
2
2

1.5.
1. x

n ,
2
1 (1) (

).
.

x = 11 .
11 57,20 < 11 (1) < 11 57,30

629, 20 < 11(1) < 630,30 .

629,2 0 ; 630,30

2 n; 2 (n + 1) .

629, 20
= 6,

0
90

630,30
= 7 . ,

0
90

n ( n; (n ) + 1 )
2 2

(1) .
57,29 0 < (1) < 57,300 ,

11 57,29 0 < 11 (1) < 11 57,30 0 630,19 0 < 11(1) < 630,30 .

630,190 ; 630,30

[630 ; 720 ] , .. 11 7 2 ; 8 2 11 72 ; 4 .
0

630,190 630,30
= 7.

=
0
0
90
90

2. , x

n (n + 1) n
2
2

( n ~ 10 ),

n; (n + 1) .
2 2

1,57 ,
2

n ,

3 1,57 < 6 < 4 1,57 6 ; 2 ;


2

5 1,57 < 8 < 6 1,57 6 ; 3 ,


2

9 1,57 < 13 < 10 1,57 13 9 ; 5 ..


2

, x

n , .
2
1.6. cos 11.
. , 11
(3; 4) . cos 11 11

7
7
.
11 < , cos 11 < 0 cos 11 > 0 ,
2
2
7
7
11 > . ,
= 11
2
2
(?).

7
7
3,142 > ,

2
2
7
7
10,997 > . , 11 >
2
2
cos 11 > 0 .

3,142 > ,

: cos 11 .
1.2.2.
1.7.

sin 8700 cos ec5700 + cos 6900 ctg570 0 .

(
= sin (180

. sin 870 0 = sin 2 360 0 + 150 0 = sin 1500 =


0

300 = sin 30 0 =

1
;
2

cos ec5700 = cos ec 3600 + 2100 = cos ec2100 =

= cos ec 180 0 + 300 = cos ec30 0 =

1
= 2 ;
sin 300

cos 6900 = cos 2 3600 300 = cos 300 =

3
;
2

ctg 5700 = ctg 1800 3 + 300 = ctg 300 = 3 .

1
( 2) + 3 3 = 1 .
2
2
2

1
.
2
21

183
2 + sin 2 2
.
2
2

1.8. cos2

21


cos 2 = cos10 + 2 = cos 2 = sin 2 ;
2
2

3
183
183

sin 2
= sin
2 = sin 90 + 2 =
2
2

= sin 2 = ( cos 2) = cos 2 .


2

21

183
cos2 2 + sin 2 2
= sin 2 2 + cos2 2 = 1.
2
2

: 1.
1.9.

A = cos 7550 sec 9430 tg2840 ctg9890 .

. sec 9430 = sec s 3600 2 + 2230 = sec 2230 < 0;

tg2840 = tg 2700 + 140 < 0 ;

ctg9890 = ctg 1800 5 + 890 = ctg890 > 0 .


,
, , A > 0 .
: A > 0 .
1.10.

A = sin 2 1120 0 cos ec 5100 sin 4050 cos 50 0 + sin 870 0 +


+ tg5800 cos 7600 .
. ,

sin 11200 = sin 400 ;

cos ec510 0 = cos ec150 0 = 2;

sin 4050 = sin 450 =

1
;
2

cos 500 = sin 400 ;

tg5800 = tg 400 ;

cos 760 0 = cos 40 0 .

A = sin 2 400 2

1
1
sin 400 + + tg400 cos 400 =
2
2
2

1
1

= sin 400
+ sin 400 .
+ sin 400 = sin 400
2
2

sin 400 < sin 450 =

sin 400

1
,
2
1
1
=
sin 40 0
2
2

A=
:

1
.
2

1
1
sin 400 + sin 400 =
.
2
2

2.3.


.
1.5. y = f (x ),
,
) X ()
x = 0 ;
)

f (x )

x X : f ( x ) = f (x ) .

y = f (x ),

x X ,

) X ()
x = 0 ;
)

x X ,

f (x )

x X : f ( x ) = f (x ) .

1. , f (x )

g(x ) X
X.
2. f (x ) g(x )
X X .

3.

X X .
4.
X X.
5.
,
.
6. f (x ), x X ,

() X ,

x = 0 , f1 (x )
f 2 (x ) :
f (x ) + f ( x )
f (x ) f ( x )
, f 2 (x ) =
.
2
2
7. f (x ) f (x ), x X ,
X ; f (x )
f (x ), x X , X .
8. y = c, c R c 0 .
y = 0 (c = 0 )
f1 (x ) =

.
1.11. e,
:
) y = sin 3x , x [ 100; 102] ;
) y = cos

tgx , x R , x + n, n Z;
2
2

) y = sin x 2 + 4 , x R ;

) y = tg x +


, x R ; x + + n , n Z;
4
4 2

) y = x 3 x ctgx,

x R , x n, n Z;

) y = cos x ctgx, x R , x n , n Z .
) y = c,

c R.

. ) [ 100; 102]
x = 0 , sin 3x
, ;
) ;
) , :

1) x = 0 ;

2) sin ( x ) + 4 = sin x 2 + 4 x R ;
2

) , ,
x = 0

tg( x + 4) tg(x + 4 ), x 0;

tg( x + 4) tg(x + 4 ) ;
) ;
) ;
) , .. y( x ) = y(x ) = c x R.
c = 0 y = 0 ,
.
: ), ), ), ); ).
1.12. ,
a b :
) y = a sin x + b cos x , x R ;
) y = a sin 2 x + b tg x , x R ,
) y = a

+ n , n Z;
2

sin x
ctgx

+b
, x R; x n, n Z ;
tgx
sin x
2

3
) y = a cos x 1 + b3 x sin x 2 ,

) y = a cos

x 1 + b3 x sin 3 x ,

x 1;

x R.

. ) y1 = a sin x - a 0 ,

y 2 = b cos x -
bR .


a = 0; b R ;

y = a sin x + b cos x

)
;
)

a R b R

sin x
= a cos x
; y1 = a
tgx

X = {x} , x R , x n ;
2
ctgx
cos x
y2 = b
=b 2

sin x
sin x
( cos x
sin x
ctgx
1
+b
). y = a

2
tgx
sin x
sin x
a R
bR ;
)

y1 (x ) = a cos x 1

x 1 ; y 2 (x ) = b3 x sin

x 2 -

3 x sin 3 x 2 .
y(x ) = y1 (x ) + y 2 (x )

a R , b = 0.

) y = a cos

x 1 + b3 x sin 3 x

a = 0 , b R .
: ) a = 0 , b R ; ) a R , b R ; ) a R , b R ;
) a R , b = 0; ) a = 0 , b R .
1.13. a ,

2 2 a 2 1 sin x + a 2 2 = 0
x

.
.

y(x ) = 2 2 a 2 1 sin x + a 2 2 .
x

xR

sin x , y(x ) -

. y(x ) = 0
, x = 0 . , x = x 0 , x 0 0 y(x ) = 0 , y(x ) - ,

x = x0

(y( x 0 ) = y(x 0 ) = 0 ) .

x = 0 :

a 2 1 = 0 a = 1 .
,
a = 1
. a = 1 ,

2 1 = 0 2 = 20
x

x = 0 x = 0.

: a = 1 .
1.13
,

f (x ) = 0 , f (x ) - .
1. f (x ) = 0 f (x ) - ,
;

, x = 0 .

2. f (x ) = 0 , f (x ) -
, ,
.
1.2.4.

.
1.6. T 0
y = f (x ), x X , x X
x T x + T X

f (x T ) = f (x ) = f (x + T ) .
f (x )
T .
, , T - f ,
2T,3T,..., .
1.7. T
f .
,
)
,
, . , ,
D(sin x ) = D(cos x ) = R ,

+ k; + k ), k Z , . .
2
2

y = tgx y = sec x
,
y = tgx
y = sec x.
D( tgx ) = D(sec x ) = U(

) y 0 E( y)
.


( ) .
.
1. f (x )

T > 0 , f (ax + b ) , a 0

T
.
a
2. f (x ) g(x )
T1 T2
T1 T2 , y = a f (x ) + b g (x ) ,
a , b R , a 0 , b 0 ,
T , T1 T2 .
T1 T2 , n N m N ,
T = nT1 = mT2 = T n , m .
T1 =

a f (x ) + b g(x )

f (x ) g(x )
T ,
T1 T2 (. 1.11).
3. f (x ) -

T , f (x )
T .
1.14.
) y = [x ] , x R ; ) y = {x}, x R ;

*) y = x 10k , 10k x < 10(k + 1), k Z;


) y = sin x ,

x [ 100; 100]

, .
: )

y = [x ]

x x .
[x ]
x

x .

[7.8] = 7 ; [ 3.2] = 4 .

[5.3] = 5 ;

y = [x ]
. 1.12. ,
T , [x + T ] = [x ] x R .

y = [x ] .

[x ] :

n Z x R [n + x ] = n + [x ] .

) y = {x}

x .

{x} = x [x ] ,
x
. y = {x}
. 1.13.

, y = {x}
T = 1 .
[x ]

{x + 1} = x + 1 [x + 1] = x + 1 ([x ] + 1) = x [x ] = {x},
.. {x + 1} = {x} x R .
)

. ,

T = 10 .

x [10k; 10(k + 1)) ,


y = x 10 k , k Z .
y(x + 10) . x + 10 [10(k + 1), 10(k + 2)),

y(x + 10) = x + 10 10(k + 1) = x + 10 10k 10 =


= x 10k = y(x ) .
y = x 10k , x [10k, 10(k + 1)), k Z ,
. 1.14.
) y = sin x , x [ 100, 100] ,
, ,
, ( ),
,
() .
: ) ;
) T = 10 ;

) T = 1 ;
) .

1.15.

) y = 3 sin 4x +

; ) y = 2 cos x + 4 ;
3
5

8
3

) y = tg 6 x ;

) y = 2 sec x +

: ) Ty =

2
= ;
4 2

) Ty =
: )

;
6

.
4

) Ty =

2
= 5 ;
(2 5)

) Ty =

2
3
= .
(8 3) 4

3
; ) 5 ; ) ; ) .
2
6
4

1.16.

y = 2 sin 3x + cos12 x, x R .
. Tsin 3 x =

2
2
; Tcos 12 x =
= .
3
12 6

Ty = T =

m
n = m n = .
3
6
4

m , 4, 4.

Ty =
:

2
4 = .
6
3

2
.
3

1.17.

8
3

) y = cos x + sin

12
x;
5

) y = tg 6 x + sec 8x + ctg 9x ;

) y = sin 2x cos 2x .
: ) T

8
cos x
3

2
3
2
5
= ; T 12 =
= .
sin x
(8 3) 4
(12 5) 6
5

3
4

5
4 5
10
n= m= m.
6
3 6
9

Ty = T T = n = m
m = 9;

n = 10 Ty =
) Ttg 6 x =

Ty =

15
;
2

; Tsec 8 x =
= ; Tctg 9 x = .
6
8
4
9

n= m= k
6
4
9

n m k
= = .
6 4 9

n M 6; m M 4; k M9, .. n = 6, m = 4, k = 9 Ty = ;
) y = sin 2x cos 2 x =
: )

15
;
2

) ;

1
sin 4 x
2

Ty =

2
= .
4 2

.
2

1.18.

y = cos 2 8x .
.

1:

y = 2 cos 8x ( sin 8x ) 8 = 8 sin 16 x


Ty =

2
=
16 8

Ty =

.
8

2:

y=

1 + cos16 x
2

Ty =

2
= 8.
16

.
8

1.19. ,
) y = cos 4x + sin 2x;

) y = cos 6x + sin 2x;

) y = cos 4x + sin 6x
, .
. ) Tcos 4 x =

2 1
2
= ; Tsin 2 x =
= .
4 2
2

y = cos 4x + sin 2 x ,

1
n = m
2
n m , n = m = 0;

) Tcos 6 x =

2
= ; Tsin
6 3

2x

2
= 2 .
2

n
n = m 2
= m 2
3
3
n m , n = m = 0;

) Tcos 4 x =

2 1
2 1
= ; Tsin 6x =
=
Ty = T
4 2
6 3

T=

n m
=
2 3

n = 2

m
3

m = 3,
Ty = 1 .

n
=
2
,

: ) ; ) ; ) Ty = 1 .

1.2.5. .

1.8. y = f (x ) , x X :
)

(a , b ) X ,

x1 , x 2 (a; b ) , x1 < x 2

f (x1 ) < f (x 2 ) ;
) (a , b ) X ,

x1 , x 2 (a; b ) ,

x1 < x 2

f (x1 ) > f (x 2 ) .

.
1.9. y = f (x ) , x X :
) (a , b ) X ,

x1 , x 2 (a; b ) , x1 < x 2
f (x1 ) f (x 2 ) ;

) (a , b ) X ,

x1 , x 2 (a; b ) , x1 < x 2
f (x1 ) f (x 2 ) .

(a; b )

f (x ) ,

f (x ) > 0 x (a; b ) .

f (x ) < 0 , f (x ) (a; b ) .

1.10. x 0 ,

y = f (x ) , x X ,
f ,
(x 0 , x 0 + ) X , > 0 , x

f (x ) f (x 0 ) .
f (x ) < f (x 0 ), x x 0 , ,

x 0 - f (x ) .

:

1.11. x 0 ,

y = f (x ) , x X ,
f ,
(x 0 , x 0 + ) X , > 0 , x

f (x ) f (x 0 ) .
f (x ) > f (x 0 ), x x 0 , ,
x 0 - .

.

(
) .
. x 0 -

y = f (x ) , x X x 0
f (x 0 ) , f (x 0 ) = 0 .

f (x 0 ) = 0 ,
f (x ) .
f .

x0 X ,

( ).
x 0 - f (x ) ; f (x )

(x 0 , x 0 + ) ,
x 0 :
)

f (x ) > 0

f (x ) < 0

x (x 0 ; x 0 ) f (x ) < 0 x (x 0 ; x 0 + ) ;
x (x 0 ; x 0 ) f (x ) > 0 x (x 0 ; x 0 + ) .

f (x )
x 0 , x 0
.
1.12. M
y = f (x ) , x X X ,
x M X ,

f (x ) M = f (x M )

x X , x x M .

M = max f (x ) = f (x M ) .
xX

1.13. m
y = f (x ) , x X X ,
x m X ,

f (x ) m = f (x m )

x X , x x m .

m = min f (x ) = f (x m ) .
xX


. ,
y = x , x (a ; b ) ;


y = tgx , x ;
2 2

, y = f (x )

[a; b ] , M
m .

.
1.20.

) y = sin 3x ;

) y = sin (3x 4 ) .

: ) y = sin 3x
y = sin x
3 . y = sin 3x
3

2
. :
3
2
2
+ n; + n , n Z ;
6 3
2 3 3

3 1 2
2
+ n; + n , n Z .
2 3 3
6 3

) y = sin 3x

= sin 3 x .
4
12

y = sin (3x 4 )

y = sin 3x

.
12

.
12

2
+ + n;
6 12 3
2
= + n;
12 3

2
+ + n =
6 12 3
2
+ n ,
4 3

n Z;

7
2
2
+ n; + n ,
12
3
4 3

n Z.

1.21.

sin 1, sin 3, sin 4, sin 7, sin 9, sin 11.5.


. 1. 1, 3,

2 n, 2 (n + 1) (.


3
1.5). 1 0; ; 3 ; ; 4 ; ;
2
2
2
5

7 2; ; 9 ; 3 ; 11.5 ; 4 . ,
2

4, 7, 9, 11.5

1, 3, 7 9 1- 2-
, sin 0, 4 11.5
3- 4- , sin 0 .
, ,

: sin 1, sin 3, sin 7 , sin 9 , , : sin 4, sin 11.5 .


sin 1 sin 7 :

sin 1 sin 7 = 2 sin 3 cos 4 ,

3
sin 3 > 0, cos 4 < 0 4 ;
2

sin 1 sin 7 > 0 sin 1 > sin 7.


sin 7, sin 9 sin 3 :

sin 7 sin 9 = 2 sin 1 cos 8 > 0


5

8 ; 3

cos 8 < 0

sin 7 > sin 9;

sin 7 sin 3 = 2 sin 2 cos 5 > 0 sin 7 > sin 3.


sin 7 > sin 9 sin 7 > sin 3,
sin 9 sin 3 :

sin 9 sin 3 = 2 sin 3 cos 6 > 0 sin 9 > sin 3.


sin 4 sin 11.5 :

sin 11.5 sin 4 = 2 sin 3.75 cos 7.75 < 0 sin 11.5 < sin 4 < 0

3
3.75 ;
2

sin 3.75 < 0 ;

7.75 2; cos 7.75 > 0 .


2

sin 1 > sin 7 > sin 9 > sin 3 > sin 4 > sin 11.5.
2.
1, 3, 7, 9


0; ,
2

y = sin x
, 4, 11.5


; 0 ,
2

y = sin x

sin 3 = sin ( 3) , sin 7 = sin (7 2 ) , sin 9 = sin (3 9 )


3, 7 2, 3 9 1

0;

.
2

sin 4 = sin ( 4 ) < 0, sin 11.5 = sin (11.5 4 ) < 0


( 4)

(11.5 4 )


; 0 .
2

y = sin x


; 0
2


0;
2



2

. 0; .
2

0;

( 3) (7 2)

3 10 ,

3 < 10 , 3 < 7 2 sin 3 < sin 7.


( 3) (3 9)

6 2 6 < 2, 3 < 3 9

sin 3 < sin 9;

(7 2) (3 9)

16 5 16 > 5, 7 2 > 3 9

sin 7 > sin 9;

1 (7 2 ) 2 6 2 > 6, 1 > 7 2
sin 1 > sin 7.
,

sin 1 > sin 7 > sin 9 > sin 3 > 0.


4 11.5 4 :

( 4 ) (11.5 4) 5 15.5 5 > 15.5, 4 > 11.5 4

sin 11.5 < sin 4 < 0.

sin 1 > sin 7 > sin 9 > sin 3 > sin 4 > sin 11.5.
3. (1) , (3) , (4 ) , (11,5)
, 1, 3, 4, 7, 9, 11.5

. (1) 57,30 ,
:

57 0 < (1) < 580 ,


1710 < (3) < 1740 ,
2280 < (4 ) < 2320 ,
3990 < (7 ) < 406 0 ,
5130 < (9 ) < 5220 ,
655.50 < (11.5) < 667 0
(. 1.15).

(
= sin (180

sin 1710 = sin 180 0 90 = sin 9 0 ;


sin 2280

sin 1740 = sin 60 ;

+ 480 = sin 480 ; sin 232 0 = sin 52 0 ;

sin 3990 = sin 390 ;

sin 4060 = sin 460 ;

sin 5130 = sin 1530 = sin 27 0 ; sin 522 0 = sin 162 0 = sin 180 ;
sin 655.5o = sin 64.5o ;

sin 667 o = sin 53o .

y = sin x


;
:
2 2

sin 64.50 < sin 11.5 < sin 530 < 0;


sin 520 < sin 4 < sin 480 < 0;
sin 180 < sin 9 < sin 27 0 ;
sin 57 0 < sin 1 < sin 580 ,
,

sin 60 < sin 3 < sin 9 0 ;


sin 390 < sin 7 < sin 460 ;

sin 11.5 < sin 4 < sin 3 < sin 9 < sin 7 < sin 1 .
: sin 11.5 , sin 4 ; sin 3 ; sin 9 ; sin 7 ; sin 1 .
1.22.

y = x cos ctg x .
90
30

. x1 = cos

7
, x 2 = ctg
.
90
30


<
y = cos x
90 2
, 0 < x1 < 1. y = ctgx
7
42
45

(0; ),
=
<
=

30
180
180
4
7

ctg > ctg = 1, . . x 2 > 1.


30
4
0<

0 < x1 < 1, x 2 > 1


, x1 < x 2 .
D( y)

(x x1 )(x 2 x ) 0 (x x1 )(x x 2 ) 0 x1 x x 2 ,
..

cos

7
x ctg .
90
30

: x cos

7
; ctg . .
30
90

1.23.

7
7

x ctg x sin (cos 2 cos 5) 0 .


6
4

. ctg

= ctg + = ctg = 3 ;
6
6
6

sin

= sin 2 = sin =
.
4
4
4
2

3
< 2 < cos 2 < 0 < 5 < 2 cos 5 > 0
2
2
cos 2 cos 5 < 0 .

(x 3 ) x +

1
1

; 3 .
0 x
2
2

: x

; 3 .
2

1.24.

y = 2 cos 2 x sin x + 1 .
. 1:

y = 2 1 sin 2 x sin x + 1 = 3 2 sin 2 x sin x =


2

1
1
1 1
1

= 3 2 sin 2 x + sin x + + = 3 2 sin x + .


16 8
8
4
2

1 5

0 sin x + ,
4 4

1
25
max y(x ) = 3 2 0 =
;
xR
8
8

min y(x ) =
xR

t [ 1;1] , :
y

2. sin x = t ,
y

25
25
2 = 0 .
8
16

y(t ) = 3 2t 2 t [ 1;1] .

y y .
:
1) :

y( 1) = 3 2 + 1 = 2; y(1) = 3 2 1 = 0.
2) :

yt = 4 t 1 = 0 t =

3) y = max 0 ; 2 ;
: y =

1 1 25
1
1
.
y = 3 2 + =
4
16 4 8
4

25 25
25

= ; y = min 0 ; 2 ; = 0 .
8 8
8

25
; y = 0 .
8

1.25*.

y = 3 sec x + 4 cos x
.
. :
) y(x ) ;
) .
)

3
3 sin x

+ 4 cos x =
4 sin x =
y =
2
cos x
cos x
3

sin
x
cos
x
+
cos
x

2
2
sin x 3 4 cos 2 x
.

=
=
4
2
2
cos x
cos x

sin x = 0,

3
y = 0 : cos x =
,
2

cos x = 3 ,

x = n, n Z,

x = + 2m, m Z,

5
x = + 2k, k Z.
6

y(x ) x =

+ n , n Z ,
2

.
)

2
x = n , n Z , 3 4 cos x ,

3 4 cos 2 (n ) = 3 4 = 1, sin x
n + - n -
+ n. x = 2n , n Z ,

y(x )
y(2n ) = 3 + 4 = 7 , x = (2n + 1), n Z ,
y((2n + 1) ) = 3 4 = 7 .

y = cos x

5
.
6

+ cos x > 0 ,
sin x
2

sin 3 + cos = 3 .

6 2
6 2

, y(x ) ,

cos
x
2

- + x = .
6

x = , x = + 2n ,
6
6
y(x ) :


y + 2n = 3
6

3
3
.

+4
4
3
7
=
<
2

5
x = + 2n, n Z , y(x )
6
5

y + 2n = 4 3 > 7

. 1.16 y = 3 sec x + 4 cos x .

: y min = 7 x = + 2n,

y min = 4 3 x =

nZ;

+ 2n , n Z ;
6

y max = 7 x = 2n , n Z ;

5
y max = 4 3 x = + 2n, n Z .
6
1.26.
) y =

1
1
sin x
2

) y = 1 +

1
1

sin x
2

.
,

.
) y =

1
sin x

1.

1
2

y=

1
1
, t = sin x .
t
2

1
t = sin x , x R.

2
E(sin x ) = [1; 1],

y = f (x) + a

1
1 3 1

E(t ) = 1 ; 1 = ; .
2
2 2 2

2.

y=

1
3 1
, t ; , t 0.
t
2 2

.1.17 ,

E(y ) = ; [2 ;+ ) .
3

) t = sin x

1
1
; p = ; s = 1 + p3 ; y = s
2
t


.
1. t = sin x
2. p =

3 1
E(t ) = ; .
2 2

1
2

1
3
, t ; 0 U 0;
t
2

3
2

E(p ) = ; [2;+ ) .

2
3

3
3. s = 1 + p , p , [2 ,+ ) .
3

s(p )
,
3

19

E(s ) = ;1 + 1 + 23 ;+ = ; [9 ;+ ) .

27

19
[9 ;+ ) .
27

4. y = s , s 0 ;

y = s

E( y ) = 0 ;

19
[3 ;+ ) .
27
19

: ) ; [2 ;+ ) ; ) 0 ;
[3;+ ) .
3
27

1.2.6.
1.27. y = cos x sin x .

. y(x ) 2 .
[0; ] ;
Oy [ ;0]

[ ; ]

y = cos x sin x =

[0; ]

sin x = sin x

1
sin 2 x .
2

y = cos x sin x
. 1.18.
1.28. y =
. y(x ) =

sin 2x
.
sin x

2 sin x cos x
= 2 cos x ,
sin x

x n , n Z (. 1.19).

1.29.

y = x + tgx ctgx .
.

y = x + tgxctgx = x + 1 ,
x

n, n Z
2

(. 1.20).
1.3.
1.

( )
) ctg( 420 ) ;

: ) sin 5700 ;
0

2.

) cos 840 0 ;

) tg 870 0 ;

) cos 510 0 ; ) sec 600o .

: ) sin

13
;
3

) cos

217
287
; ) tg
;
6
4

) sec

29
;
3

) cos ec

113
.
6

1.2.1
3.

2
;
3
4.

3
5
7
5
4 5 7 11
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
.
4
6
6
4
3
3 4
6

390 0 , 450 0 , 5100 , 5700 , 600 0 , 780 0 ,


810 0 , 840 0 , 900 0 , 930 0 , 1000 0 .
5.

12
37 0 30 .

6.

10
.
3

, ,
.
7.
ABCD 3: 6: 7: 8.
( ).
8. [n; (n + 1)], n Z ,

) 5;

17
;
2

29
;
2

) 23;

63
.
2

1.2.2

35
.
2
10. A = cos 21 ctg14 cos ec17 .
11. A = cos 3 cos 5 cos 6 cos 8 .
ctg100 + tg400
12.
.
A=
1 ctg10 0 ctg500

9.

A = cos12 tg

tg6900 sin 4800 ctg870 0 cos 5700 .

13.

14. cos ec 8700 ctg8550 + sec 10200 sin 8100 .


15. : ) cos 2 22 030 ; ) sin 2 220 30 ; ) tg 220 30 .

19

27
cos 2 3 sin 2 3 .
2
2

16.
17.

cos 2 659 0 sin 749 0 +


9
2

1
cos ec 2 6900 + sin 5110 .
16

18. cos ctg(7 + ) sec(11 + ) .

1.2.3
19. ,

) y = sin x ;
) y = sin x

) y = sin x

;
3

cos + x ;
4 4

) y = cos x tgx, x

+ n , n Z ;
2

n
m
+
, n Z; x +
, mZ.
6 3
4
2
20. , a b

) y = tgx tg 2x tg3x, x

:
) y = a sec x + b cos ec x,

n
;
2

) y = a 3 x sin x + b x 2 cos x 3 ;
3

) y = a x tg x + b ctgx; x
) y = a x sin

n, n Z;
2

x
x
+ b cos x.
x
x

21. ,
:
) y = sin 3x + cos 2x;

) y = sin 3 x + cos 2 x;

) y = sin 3x + sin 2 x;

) y = sin 3x cos 2 x;

) y = sin 3x sin 2 x;
) y = cos 3x cos 2x .
22. a ,

cos 2 x 2a cos x + a 2 + x 2 = 0
.

23*. a ,

cos 4 x a 2 2 cos 2 x 2a 2 = 0

.
2

[ b, b],

24*. a ,

cos 4 x a 2 2 cos 2 x 2a 2 = 0
[ b, b] ,
b > 0.
1.2.4
25.

19
x + ;
4
6

) y = 5tg

4
5

) y = 3 cos ec 8x +

;
3

) y = ctg 11x .

) y = 2 sin x + 3 ;

26.
) y = cos

10
14
4
8
x + sin x ; ) y = tg x + ctg x + sec 4x ;
3
5
9
3


3x sin 3x + .
4
4

) y = cos

27.
) y = cos3 2 x;

) y = cos 4 x;

) y = cos 2 2x sin 6 x ;

) y = sin n x , n N .

28. ,
,
) y = tgx + ctg3x;

) y = tgx + ctg

) y = cos 2 3x + sin 12x ;

3
x;
4

) y = cos 2 x + sin 8x .

29. :
) y = sin

5
3
x cos x ;
3
2

) y = sin

2
10
x + ;
4 5
3

) y = 2 sin

4
16
x cos x ;
9
3

) y = tgx ctgx + 1 .

1.2.5
30. ()
:
) y = cos 4 x;
) y = tg3x ;

4 x ;
3

) y = cos

) y = tg 3x

.
3

31.

cos 1, cos 3, cos 5, cos 6, cos 8 .


32.
) sin 410 , cos 410 , ctg410 ; ) sin 530 , cos 530 , tg530 ;
) sin 230 0 , cos 230 0 , tg230 0 ;
33.

tg142 0 ; tg 460 ; ctg430 ; ctg1480 ; cos 430 ; sin 460.


34.

34

y = x + tg (x + cos 2 ) .
45

35.

y=

(sin 2 x ) x tg 113 .

90

36.

11
19

x x sec x ctg x tg 2 0 .
6
6

37.

y = 3 sin 2 x 4 cos x + 2 .
38.

y = 2 cos 2 x + 4 sin x + 3 .
( 3947)

3
.
2 sin x 1

40. y =

5
42. y =
.
2 sin x + 3

1
43. y = log 3
. 44. y = 2 2 sin x 1 .
sin x + 2

45. y =
47. y =

2
.
cos x + sin x

41. y =

3
.
sin x 2

39. y = tgx + ctgx .

46. y =

4
.
cos x 3 cos x
2

3 cos 2 x 9 cos x + 4
.
cos 2 x 3 cos x


( 4852)

48. y = cos x sin x .


50. y = 3

cos x

49. y = 2 cos 2 3x 3 cos 3x .

. 51. y = 3

tgx

. 52. y =

7 3 sin 2 x 2 cos x .

53*.

E( y )

1
y = sin x + cos ecx .
2


1.2.6


55. y = sin x + cos x .

54. y = sin x + 3 cos x .


56. y = 2 sin x .

57. y = sin x

x
2 .
59. y =
1 + cos x

60. y =

2 cos

.
2

58. y =

sin x
1 + tg 2 x

2 sin 2x
.
1 cos 2 x

61. y = sin x cos x + cos sin x .

62. y = sin x +

1
cos ecx .
2

1.4.
1. )

1
1
3
1
1
; ) ; )
; )
; )
; ) -2.
2
2
2
3
3

2. )

3
;
2

3.

3
;) 1 ; ) 2;
2
5

) 2.

11

1200 1350 1500 2100 2250 2400 3000 3150 3300

4.

3900

4500

5100

5700

6000

7800

13

17

19

10

13

8100

8400

9000

14

9300

10000

31
50

6
9
5
5
4(5 3)
5. l = ; S = 15 2. 6. = 6 ; S =
.
2
3
13
5
11
3
; B = ; C =
; D = .
24
8
24
8
8. ) [;2] ; ) [2;3] ; ) [4;5] ; ) [7;8] ; ) [10;11] .
7. A =

9. A < 0 . 10. A > 0 . 11. A > 0 . 12. 3 . 13. -2. 14. 0.


15. )

2 +1
; )
2 2

19. ), ) ;

2 1
; )
2 2

2 1 . 16. os 6 . 17.

1
. 18. -1.
2

), ) .

20. ) a R , b = 0 , b 0, a = 0 ;
) a R , b R ;

) a 2 + b 2 0 ;

) a R , b = 0, b R , a = 0.
21. ), ), ) ; ), ) . 22. a = 1. 23. a < 1 .
24. a = 1 . 25. )

; ) ; ) ; ) .
19
4
2
11

26. ) 15 ; )

; ) .
2
3

27. ) ; ) ; ) ; ) T = n ; T = 2 n
. 28. ) ; ) T = 4 ;
) ;
29. ) 12 ; )

) T = 2 .

9
3
9
; ) ; ) .
2
5
2

n n
+
; , n Z ,- ;
4 2 2

30. )

n n
; +
, n Z ,- ;
2 4 2
x=
x=

n
+
, n Z ,- ;
4 2

n
, n Z ,- ;
2

n n
+
; + , n Z ,- ;
6 2 12 2

n n
; + , n Z ,- ;
+
12 2 3 2
x=
x=

n
+
, n Z ,- ;
6 2

n
+
, n Z ,- .
12 2

31. cos 3, cos 8, cos 5, cos 1, cos 6

(cos 3 < cos 8 < cos 5 < cos 1 < cos 6) .

32. ) sin 410 , cos 410 , ctg410 ;

) cos 530 , sin 530 , tg530 ;

) tg 2300 , sin 230 0 , cos 230 0.


33. ctg148 0 , tg142 0 , sin 46 0 , cos 430 , tg46 0 , ctg430.

34. cos 2; tg

36. 0;

34
.
45

35. sin 2; tg

113
.
90

2
3; tg 2 . 37. y min = 2;
3

y max =

19
.
3

38. E y = [ 1;7] . 39. ( ;2] [2;+ ) . 40. ( ;1] [3;+ ) .

41. [ 3;1] . 42. [1; 5] . 43. [ 1; 0] . 44. 0;


45. ( ; 1] [1; + ) .

1
[8; + ) .
2

46. ( ; 2] [1; + ) .

47. (0; 1] [2; + ) . 48. y . = 2 ; y . =


49. y . =

9
1
; y . = 5 . 50. y . = ; y . = 1 .
8
3

51. y . ; y . = 1 .
52. y . =

2.

11
; y . = 3 .
3

53. y min = 2 x =


+ 2n , n Z ;
2 4

y min =

x = + 2n, n Z ;
2
2


y max = 2 x = + 2n, n Z ;
2 4
y max =

x = + 2n , n Z .
2
2

] [

E y = ; 2

2 ;+ .

54. y = sin x + 3 cos x = 2 sin x +

(. 1.21)
3

55. . y = sin x + osx

T = .
[0; ]
(. 1.22).

56. 1.23.

57. 1.24

58. y =

sin x
1 + tg 2 x

= sin x cos x , x

59.

x
x
os
2 =
2 =
y=
x
1 + cos x os
2
2os

+ n , n Z (. 1.25.
2

1, + 2n < + 2n, n Z,
(. 1.26).
=
1, + 2n < x < 3 + 2 n , n Z.
60. y =

2 sin 2x
sin x
=2
cos x (. 1.27).
sin x
1 cos 2 x

61. 1.28.

62. 1.29 (. 1. 25).

2. ,

2.1.

,

.
,
30.


( ).

( 3.2)
.
. ,
,
.

.
,
.
1. ,

, ,
, x , y, z ,
, .
2.

.
1.

sin 2 + cos 2 = 1

(2.1)

tg =

sin
cos
; ctg =
cos
sin

(2.2)

1
= 1 + tg 2
2
cos

(2.3)

1
= 1 + ctg 2
2
sin

(2.4)

2.

sin ( + ) = sin cos + cos sin

(2.5)

sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin

(2.6)

cos( + ) = cos cos sin sin

(2.7)

cos( ) = cos cos + sin sin

(2.8)

tg( ) =
3.

tg tg
1 m tgtg

(2.9)

sin 2 = 2 sin cos

(2.10)

cos 2 = cos 2 sin 2

(2.11)

cos 2 = 2 cos 2 1

(2.12)

cos2 = 1 - 2sin 2

(2.13)

tg 2 =

2 tg
1 tg 2

(2.14)

sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin 3

(2.15)

cos 3 = 4 cos3 3 cos

(2.16)

4.

cos 2 =
sin 2 =

1 + cos 2
2

1 cos 2
2

(2.17)

(2.18)

5.

sin

1 cos
=
2
2

(2.19)

os

1 + cos
=
2
2

(2.20)

1 cos
=
=
2
1 + cos

(2.21)

sin
=
1 + cos

(2.22)

1 cos
sin

(2.23)

tg


(2.19), (2.20 ), (2.21) (+ -)
, .
6.
3.

sin cos =

1
[sin ( + ) + sin ( )]
2

(2.24)

cos cos =

1
[cos( + ) + cos( )]
2

(2.25)

sin sin =

1
[cos( ) cos( + )]
2

(2.26)

7.

sin + sin = 2 sin

cos
2
2

(2.27)

sin sin = 2 sin


+
cos
2
2

(2.28)

cos + cos = 2 cos


cos cos = 2 sin
tg tg =

+

cos
2
2

sin
2
2

sin ( )
cos cos

8. , sin , cos , tg tg

(2.29)
(2.30)
(2.31)

( )

2
sin =

1 + tg 2
2

(2.32)

2
cos =
2
1 + tg
2

(2.33)

2
tg =

1 tg 2
2

(2.34)

2tg

1 tg 2

2 tg


.
1. (2.1)
(.
. 1.1.1, . 1.1).
(2.3):

1
sin 2 + cos 2 sin 2 cos 2
=
=
+
=
cos 2
cos 2
cos 2 cos 2
= 1 + tg 2 ,

+ n , n Z .
2

(2.4).
2. (2.5)-(2.8)
,
(2.9)-(2.34)

(2.8).

M (cos , sin ) ,

M (cos , sin ) (. 2.1)

OM OM .

(OM

OM .

( )

a , b = a b cos a , b

(OM

OM = OM OM cos( ) = cos( ) .

(2.35)

, OM OM
,
,

(OM

, OM

) = cos cos + sin sin .

(2.36)

(2.35) (2.36) ,

cos( ) = cos cos + sin sin .


(2.9)
(2.5), (2.7)
:

tg( + ) =

sin ( + ) sin cos + cos sin


=
.
cos( + ) cos cos sin sin

cos cos
cos 0, cos 0 , :

tg( + ) =

tg + tg
, ; ; + + n , n Z .
1 tg tg
2

3. () (2.10), (2.11) (2.14)


(2.5), (2.7) (2.9) ,
= . ,

cos( + ) = cos 2 = cos cos sin sin


cos 2 = cos 2 sin 2 .

(2.1) (2.12) (2.13).
(2.15).

3 = 2 + ,
sin 3 = sin (2 + ) = sin 2 cos + cos 2 sin .

sin 2 = 2 sin cos , cos 2 = 1 2 sin 2 , ,

sin 3 = 2 sin cos 2 + 1 2 sin 2 sin =

= 2 sin 1 sin 2 + sin 2 sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin 3 .


(2.16).
4. (2.17) (2.18)
(2.12) (2.13).

cos 2 =

1 + cos 2
;
2

sin 2 =

1 cos 2
.
2

cos 2 = 2 cos 2 1
cos 2 = 1 2 sin 2



, .
5. (2.19) (2.20)
(2.17) (2.18).

.
2

(2.22) (2.23):

2 sin cos

2 =
2
2 = sin , (2n + 1), n Z;
tg =

2 cos
1 + cos
2 cos 2
2
2
sin

sin
2 sin 2

2 =
2 = 1 cos , n , n Z .
tg =
2 cos 2 sin cos
sin
2
2
2

6. (2.5) (2.6),

sin ( + ) + sin ( ) = 2 sin cos ,

sin cos =

1
[sin ( + ) + sin ( )] .
2

(2.7) (2.8) (2.25)


(2.26).
7. (2.27)-(2.30) (2.24)-(2.26).
, (2.27). (2.24)

+ = x, = y =

x+y
xy
; =
.
2
2

sin

x+y
xy 1
cos
= (sin x + sin y ) ,
2
2
2

sin x + sin y = 2 sin

x+y
xy
cos
,
2
2

(2.27),
.
(2.25), (2.26),
(2.29) (2.30).
8. , sin cos tg

sin =

2 sin

cos
2 sin cos
2 tg
2
2 =
2
2 =
2 ;

1
cos 2 + sin 2
1 + tg 2
2
2
2

:
2

cos =

cos 2

cos 2 sin 2
sin 2
2
2 =
2
1
2
cos
+ sin 2
2

1 tg 2
2 =

1 + tg 2
2

2 .

2.2.
.2.1 , ,
.

.

.

,
.
(!).
(!) 2.1. :
) sin 4 x + cos 4 x = 1

1 2
sin 2x;
2

(2.37)

) sin 6 x + cos6 x = 1

3 2
sin 2 x.
4

(2.38)

. ) 1.

sin 2 x + cos 2 x = 1 .
sin 4 x + 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x + cos 4 x = 1
sin 4 x + cos 4 x = 1 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x
1
sin 4 x + cos 4 x = 1 sin 2 2 x
2

2.

sin 4 x + cos 4 x =

= sin 2 x

2
+ 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x + cos 2 x 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x =

= sin 2 x + cos 2 x

(sin

) 1.

1
(2 sin x cos x )2 = 1 1 sin 2 2 x.
2
2
x + cos 2 x

= 13

sin 6 x + 3 sin 4 x cos 2 x + 3 sin 2 x cos 4 x + cos 6 x = 1

sin 6 x + cos 6 x = 1 3 sin 2 x cos 2 x sin 2 x + cos 2 x

3
sin 6 x + cos 6 x = 1 sin 2 2 x .
4

(a

2.

))
sin x + cos x = (sin x ) + (cos x ) =
x + cos x ) (sin x ) sin x cos x + (cos x ) =

+ b 3 = (a + b ) a 2 ab + b 2 ,
6

= sin 2

2
2
= sin 2 x + 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x + cos 2 x 3 sin 2 x cos 2 x =

= sin 2 x + cos 2 x

3
(2 sin x cos x )2 = 1 3 sin 2 2 x.
4
4

2.2.

sin x + cos x + sin 5x + cos 5x = 2 2 cos 2 x sin 3x + .


4

.

(2.27) (2.29):

(sin x + sin 5x ) + (cos x + cos 5x ) =


= 2 sin

x + 5x
x 5x
x + 5x
x 5x
+ 2 cos
=
cos
cos
2
2
2
2

= 2 cos 2x (sin 3x + cos 3x ) = 2 cos 2x sin 3x + sin + 3x =


2

= 2 cos 2 x 2 sin 3x + cos = 2 2 cos 2x sin 3x + .


4
4
4

2.3.

sin x 2 sin 2x + sin 3x


n
= tg 2x , x 2n , x +
, nZ.
cos x 2 cos 2 x + cos 3x
4 2
. (2.27) (2.29)

(sin x + sin 3x ) 2 sin 2 x = 2 sin 2 x cos x 2 sin 2 x =


(cos x + cos 3x ) 2 cos 2x 2 cos 2 x cos x 2 cos 2 x
2 sin 2x (cos x 1)
=
= tg2 x .
2 cos 2 x (cos x 1)
(!) 2.4.

16 cos x cos 2 x cos 4x cos 8x =

sin 16x
, x n , n Z .
sin x

. 16 cos x cos 2 x cos 4x cos 8x =

= 16

sin x
cos x cos 2 x cos 4x cos 8x .
sin x

2 sin x cos x = sin 2 x , 2 sin 2x cos 2 x = sin 4 x ,

2 sin 4x cos 4 x = sin 8x , 2 sin 8x cos 8 x = sin 16 x


16 sin x cos x cos 2 x cos 4x cos 8x = sin 16x

16 cos x cos 2 x cos 4x cos 8x =

sin 16x
.
sin x

(!) 2.5.

sin x + sin 2 x + sin 3x + ... + sin nx =


=

sin

nx
(n + 1)x
sin
2
2
,
x
sin
2

x 2m, m Z . (2.39)

. A(x ) sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x + ... + sin nx =

x
2 (sin x + sin 2x + ... + sin nx ) =
=
x
2 sin
2
2 sin

x
x
x

2 sin sin x + 2 sin sin 2x + ... + 2 sin sin nx .


x
2
2
2

2 sin
2
1

2 sin

x
sin kx, k = 1,2,..., n ,
2

(2.26), ..

2 sin

x
x

sin kx = cos kx cos + kx =


2
2

= cos

2k 1
2k + 1
x cos
x,
2
2

A(x ) =

x
3
3
5
cos cos x + cos x cos x +
x
2
2
2
2
2 sin
(
k =2 )
(
)
k
=
1
2
1

5
7
2n 1
2n + 1

+ cos x cos x + ... + cos


x cos
x =
2
2
2
2

(k =3 )

cos

k =n

x
2n + 1
(n + 1)x sin nx
x 2 sin
cos
2
2
2
2 .
=
x
x
2 sin
2 sin
2
2


(2.30).
2.4 2.5
( 2.4) (
2.5)
. ,

.
2.4

. 2.5 ,
,
,

( 2.26),
.

(. 2.19, 2.20,
4.26).
2.6.

1 + osx 1 cos x 1 sin x

=
, x + n , n Z .
cos x
2
1 + osx + 1 cos x
.
1 + osx 1 cos x ,

1 + osx + 1 cos x ,

( 1 + osx 1 cos x )
( 1 + osx ) ( 1 cos x )
2

1 + cos x 2 1 cos 2 x + 1 cos x


=
1 + cos x 1 + cos x

2 1 sin 2 x 1 sin x
=
=
.
2 cos x
cos x
2.7.

1 + os 4x + 1 cos 4x = 2 sin 2x + ,
4

n x

+ n, n Z .
4

. (2.17) (2.18)
:

A(x ) 1 + cos 4 x + 1 cos 4 x =


= 2 cos 2 2x + 2 sin 2 2 x = 2 ( cos 2 x + sin 2 x ) .
n x

+ n, n Z :
4
cos 2 x = cos 2 x,

sin 2 x = sin 2 x.

A(x ) = 2 (cos 2 x + sin 2x ) = 2 sin + 2 x + sin 2x =

= 2 2 sin 2 x + cos = 2 sin 2 x + .


4
4
4

2.8.

x
5
cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x + cos 4x = 4 cos cos x cos x .
2
2
. (2.2)

A(x ) (cos x + cos 4 x ) + (cos 2x + cos 3x ) =


5
3
5
x
= 2 cos x cos x + 2 cos x cos =
2
2
2
2

5
3
x
x
5
= 2 cos x cos x + cos = 4 cos cos x cos x.
2
2
2
2
2
2.9. :

) 4 cos6 x + sin 6 x 3 cos 2 2 x = 1 ;


)

sin 6 x + cos 6 x 1 3

= , x n, n Z .
4
4
2
sin x + cos x 1 2

. 2.1:

) 41

3 2
1

sin 2 x 1
sin x + cos x 1
3
4
)
=
= .
4
4
sin x + cos x 1 1 1 sin 2 2 x 1 2
2
6

3 2
sin 2 x 3 cos 2 2 x = 4 3 sin 2 2 x + cos 2 2 x = 1 ;
4


m,
2

2.10. , x R , x

m Z ,
cos 2n x + sin 2 k x < 1, n N, k N, n 2, k 2 .
. x =

m , m Z , cos 2 m x + sin 2 k x = 1 .
2

m, m Z :
2

cos x < 1 sin x < 1 .

0 < cos 2 n x < cos 2 x

0 < sin 2 k x < sin 2 x .

0 < cos 2n x + sin 2k x < cos 2 x + sin 2 x < 1.

(!) 2.11. :
) sin 4 x + cos 4 x =

3 + cos 4x
4

(2.40)

) sin 6 x + cos 6 x =

5 + 3 cos 4 x
8

(2.41)

) cos 4 x sin 4 x = cos 2 x

(2.42)

1
cos 2 x 3 + cos 2 x =
4
1
= cos 2 x (7 + cos 4 x )
8

) cos 6 x sin 6 x =

),

) (2.37) (2.38)

( 2.1) sin 2 2x
(2.41);

(2.43)

1 os4 x
, (2.40)
2

)(

) cos 4 sin 4 x = cos 2 x sin 2 x cos 2 x + sin 2 x = cos 2x ;

( ) ( )=
x )(os x ) + cos x sin x + (sin x ) =

) cos6 x sin 6 x = cos 2 x sin 2 x

= cos 2 x sin 2

2
2
= cos 2 x os 2 x + 2 cos 2 x sin 2 x + sin 2 x cos 2 x sin 2 x =

( (

))

1
1
= cos 2x 1 sin 2 2 x = cos 2 x 4 1 cos 2 2x =
4
4
=

1
1
1 + cos 4 x
cos 2 x 3 + cos 2 2 x = cos 2 x 3 +
=
4
4
2

1
= cos 2 x (7 + cos 4x ) .
8

2.3.
(!) 2.12. : ) tg 2 x + ctg 2 x;
) tg 3 x + ctg3 x;
) tg 4 x + ctg 4 x ,
tgx + ctgx = a , | a | 2 .
. ) tgx + ctgx = a ,

tg 2 x + 2 + ctg 2 x = a 2

tg 2 x + ctg 2 x = a 2 2 .

:
) (tgx + ctgx ) = a 3
3

tg 3 x + 3tgx ctgx(tgx + ctgx ) + ctg 3 x = a 3

tg3 x + ctg3 x = a 3 3a .

) tg 2 x + ctg 2 x

) = (a
2

tg 4 x + 2 + ctg 4 x = a 4 4a 2 + 4

tg 4 x + ctg 4 x = a 4 4a 2 + 2 .
: ) a 2 2 ; ) a 3 3a ; ) a 4 4a 2 + 2 .
(!) 2.13. , x

3

1 + cos x + 3 1 cos x 3 2 .

1 + cos x + 3 1 cos x =

2
2

x
x
3

+ sin 3
2 cos

2
2

x
x 3
= 2os
+ 2 sin 2 = 3
2
2
3

x
x

3 2 os 2 + sin 2 = 3 2 .
2
2

t [0,1] : t t t , m 2 , n 2 . t = t = n t
t = 0 t = 1 .
m

cos 2

x 3
x
x
x
cos 2
sin 2 3 sin 2 ,
2
2
2
2

cos 2

x
x
x
x
+ sin 2 3 cos 2 + 3 sin 2 .
2
2
2
2

2.14.

A=

sin 1300 sin 700 sin 140 0 sin 160 0


.
sin 1750 sin 1150 sin 850 cos1150

(
)
sin 70 = sin (90 20 ) = os 20 ;
sin 140 = sin (90 + 50 ) = cos 50 ;
sin 160 = sin (180 20 ) = sin 20 ;

) : sin 1300 = sin 1800 500 = sin 50 0 ;


0

cos1150 = sin 250 .

sin 1750 = cos 850 ;

sin 1150 = cos 250 ;

A =

sin 50 cos 20 0 cos 50 0 sin 20 0


=
cos 850 cos 250 + sin 850 sin 250

(
(

)
)

sin 50 20 0
sin 300
=
= 1.
cos 850 250
cos 60 0

: 1.
2.15. A =
.

sin 150 3 cos150


.
cos 150 + ctg30 0 sin 150

3 = tg600 ; ctg30 0 = tg600


A=

sin 150 tg600 cos150


.
cos 150 + tg600 sin 150

cos150 :

A=

tg150 tg600
= tg 150 60 0 = tg 450 = 1 .
0
0
1 + tg60 tg15

: -1.
2.16.

A = tg6 0 tg12 0 tg180 ... tg780 tg84 0 .


. A 14
(84 : 6 = 14) tg n 60 , n = 1, 2,..., 14 . tg84 0 = ctg6 0 ;

tg780 = ctg120 ,..., tg480 = ctg42 0 ,

)(

) (

A = tg6 0 ctg6o tg12 0 ctg120 ... tg 420 ctg 420 = 1 .


: 1.
2.17. : ) sin 150 ;
. 1:

) cos150 .

sin 150 = sin 450 300 = sin 450 cos 300 cos 450 sin 300 =
=

2 3
2 1
6 2

=
.
2 2
2 2
4

cos 150 = cos 450 300 = ... =


2. sin 150 =

1 cos 300
2 3
;
=
2
2

1 + cos 30 0
cos 15 =
=
2
0

: sin 150 =

cos 150 =

6+ 2
.
4

2+ 3
.
2

6 2
2 3
=
;
4
2
6+ 2
2+ 3
=
.
4
2

2 3 2 2 3
84 3
=
=
=
2
4
4
,

6 2
4

6 2
.
4

2+ 3
6+ 2
=
.
2
4

(!) 2.18. : ) sin 18o ; ) cos 36o.


.

sin 54o = cos 36o

sin( 3 18o ) = cos(2 18o ) .

3 sin 180 4 sin 3 180 = 1 2 sin 2 180 .


sin 180 = t ,

) (

4t 3 2 t 2 3t + 1 = 0 4t 3 4 t 2 + 2t 2 2 t (t 1) = 0

(t 1)(4t 2 + 2 t 1) = 0

0 < sin 180 <

t1 = 1, t 2 ,3 =

1
,
2

t=

1 5
.
4
5 1
.
4

sin 180 =

5 1
4
2

5 1
= 5 +1
cos 36 = 1 2

4
4
0

: sin 18o =

5 1
;
4

cos 36o =

2.19. A = sin

5 +1
.
4

3
2
cos .
10
5


( cos

).
10

1: A = sin

3
2
sin =
10
2 5

= sin sin
=
10
10
=

10 sin 3 sin =

10
2 cos 10
10
2 cos

2 cos sin 2 cos sin =

10
10
10
10
2 cos
10
1

sin + sin sin =

5
5
5
2 cos
10

1
=
2

cos

1
5 =
10 = 1 .
2

2
cos
cos
10
10

sin

2. ,

A = sin

sin
= 2 sin cos =
10
10
10
5

2
2 2 sin cos
sin

1
10
10
cos =
5 = 1.
=

5 2 cos
2
2 cos
10
10
3. (2.15)

sin

= sin( 3 ) = 3 sin 4 sin 3 .


10
10
10
10

A = 3 sin

4 sin 3
= 2 sin 1 2 sin 2 =
10
10
10
10

2 2 sin cos
1

10
10
cos = .
= 2 sin cos =

10
5
5 2
2 cos
10
: A =

1
.
2

,
2.18 2.19

A = sin

5 +1
5 1 1
sin = cos sin =

= .
10
10
5
10
4
4
2

(!) 2.20. A = cos 6

11

sin 6 .
12
12

. (2.43):

cos 6 x sin 6 x =
A = cos 6

=
:

1
cos 2 x 3 + cos 2 2x ,
4

11

sin 6
= cos 6
sin 6
=
12
12
12
12

3 15 3
1

1 3
cos 3 + cos 2 =
.
3 + =
4
6
6 4 2
4
32

15 3
.
32

(!) 2.21.

A = cos 2 10 0 sin 2 70 0 + cos 2 300 sin 2 500 .


.
(, ,
),

,
.
. ,
,
, 2.4 2.5.
1.

A=

1 + cos 200 1 cos140 0 1 + cos 600 1 cos1000

=
2
2
2
2

[(

) (

)]

1
cos 20 o + cos 140o + cos 60o + cos 100 o =
2

= cos 80 0 cos 60 0 + cos 80 0 cos 20 0 =

= cos 800 cos 600 + cos 200 = 2 cos 800 cos 400 cos 200 =
0

2 sin 20 0 cos 200 cos 40 0 cos 80 0 1 sin 1600


=
=
=
4 sin 200
sin 20 0
0

1 sin 20 0
1
=
= .
0
4 sin 20
4

(2.17), (2.18), (2.29)
.
2 cos 200 cos 400 cos 800
sin 20 0
2:

A=

1 + cos 20 0 1 cos 140 0 1 + cos 600 1 cos 100 0

=
2
2
2
2

11
0
o
o
+ cos 20 + cos 140 + cos 100 =
22

11
0
0
o
+ 2 cos 80 cos 60 + cos 100 =
22

11
1
0
o
+ cos 80 cos 80 = .
22
4

1
, (2.29)
2
(cos100o = cos(180o 100o ) = cos 80o ).

cos 60o =

1
.
4

2.22. tg

x
1
, sin x + cos x = .
2
5

. sin x cos x tg

x

2

(2.32) (2.33),

x
1 tg 2
2 +
2 x
1 + tg
1 + tg 2
2
2 tg

tg

x
2 = 1 , x (2n + 1), n Z .
x 5
2

2t
1 t2 1
x
= t .
+
= 3t 2 5t 2 = 0.
2
2
5
2
1+ t
1+ t

t1 = 2,

1
t2 = .
3

1 sin x + cos x 2 (?),


(sin x + cos x ) < 0 .

x

2

x
3
.
< x < , tg = 2 ;
< x < 2 ,
2
2
2
x
1
tg = .
2
3
, ;

: tg

x
1
3
= , < x < 2 ;
2
3
2

tg

= 2 , < x < .
2
2

2.23.

< x <

tgx = 3
sin x ,

3
.
2

. < x <
sin x = sin 2 x =

3
, sin x < 0 .
2
sin 2 x
=
cos 2 x + sin 2 x

tg 2 x
tgx
=
2
1 + tg x
1 + tg 2 x

sin x =

3
.
10

3
.
10

2.24. cos 2 x , sin


.

x 3
= .
2 4

cos 2 x = 2os 2 x 1 ,

cos x = 1 2 sin 2

x
x

, cos 2 x = 21 2 sin 2 1 .
2
2

9
31

cos 2x = 21 2 1 = .
16
32

31
.
32

2.25.

A=

sin 200 cos 40 0 cos 500 sin 700


.
cos 200 sin 40 0 sin 500 cos 700

. ,

sin 200
cos 40 0
0
=
tg
20
,
= ctg 400
0
0
cos 20
sin 40

..,

A = tg20 0 ctg40 0 ctg50 0 tg70 0 =

)(

= tg20 0 ctg200 tg50 0 ctg50 0 = 1 .


: 1.
2.26.

A=

sin 100 0 + 2 sin 2000


.
sin 100

. sin 200 0 = sin 180 0 + 20 0 = sin 200 ,

A=

(sin 100

sin 20 0 sin 20 0 2 sin 400 cos 60 0 sin 20 0


=
=
sin 100
sin 100

sin 40 0 sin 20 0 2 sin 10 0 cos 30 0


=
= 3.
sin 100
sin 10 0

3.

2.27.

A=

sin 1,9 cos 2,7 tg3,3


.
cos 0,4 sin 1,7

. ,

A=

sin (2 0,1) cos(0,7 )tg(0,3 )


=

cos sin (2 0,3 )
2 10

3 3

cos tg
3
3
10
10 10
= ctg tg = 1 .

3
10
10
sin sin
10
10

sin
=

: -1.
2.28. :

(cos 40

sin 400

(cos 80

sin 80 0

. A = cos 400 sin 400 + cos 80 0 sin 800 .


cos 40 0 > sin 40 0 cos 800 < sin 800 ,

A = cos 40 0 sin 40 0 + sin 80 0 cos 80 0 =

) (

= sin 50 0 sin 40 0 + sin 80 0 sin 100 =

= 2 sin 50 cos 450 + 2 sin 50 cos 450 = 2 2 sin 5 .


: 2 2 sin 50 .
2.29.

A = tg750 2 sin 750 +


.

2 cos150 ctg150 .
tg750 > tg600 = 3 ,

2 sin 750 < 2 , tg750 > 2 sin 750


tg750 2 sin 750 = tg750 2 sin 750 .

2 cos 150 ctg150 =

2 cos150 tg750 = tg750 2 cos150.

)
3 + 1 ( 3 + 1)
=
,

A = 2 tg750 2 cos150 .

tg45o + tg30o
tg75 =
=
1 tg 45o tg30o
3 1
o

6+ 2
3 +1
=
(. 2.16)
4
2 2

cos15o =

A = 2

2
3 + 1
3 +1
2
= 3 + 3.
2
2 2

: 3 + 3 .

21
11
tg ;
4
4

2.30. ) ctg

) ctg( 2 ) tg 2 ;
) sec

28
167
tg
.
3
6

3
3
11

= ctg 2 + = ctg = ( 1) = 1 .
4
4
4

) ctg

21

= tg 5 + = tg = 1 ,
4
4
4

tg

21
11
= tg .
4
4

, ctg

) ctg( 2) = ctg2;
. 1.5), ctg( 2) > 0 .

< 2 < , ctg2 < 0 (. . 1.1.2,


2

, tg 2 < 0 (.1.1.2, .1.4).

tg 2 < ctg( 2) ;

) sec

28
4

= sec 8 + = sec + =
3
3
3

= sec

tg

1
=
= 2;
3 cos 3

5
1
167
5

= tg 27 + = tg = tg =
,
6
6
6
6
3

tg

167
28
> sec .
6
3
21
11
= tg ; ) tg 2 < ctg( 2) ;
4
4

: ) ctg

) tg

167
28
> sec .
6
3

2.4.
2.2.

;
4

(2.44)

.
4

(2.45)

1. ) sin x + cos x = 2 cos x


) sin x cos x = 2 sin x
2. tgx + ctgx =

2
n
, x
, nZ.
sin 2x
2

8 cos 2 2 x
n
, x
, nZ.
sin 6 x
6

4. 2 cos 2 2 x + cos 2x 1 sec x = 2 cos 3x , x + n , n Z .


2
3. tgx + ctgx + tg3x + ctg3x =

5. sin x cos x + cos 5x sin 5x = 2 2 sin 2x cos 3x


6.

cos 2 x 4 cos 3x + cos 4 x


n
= ctg3x , x
, nZ.
sin 2 x 4 sin 3x + sin 4x
3

7.

cos x + sin x

= tg x + , x + n, n Z .
cos x sin x
4
4

8. cos 2 x +

9. sin 2 x

.
4

cos 4x
2
.
sin 2 x =
8
2
8

2
2
+ sin x + cos x = + cos 2x + .
6
3
2
3

(!)10. ) cos8 x + sin 8 x =

1
sin 4 2 x 8 sin 2 2x + 8 ;
8

) cos8 x + sin 8 x =

1
cos 4 2x + 6 cos 2 2 x + 1 ;
8

) cos8 x + sin 8 x =

1
cos 2 4 x + 14 cos 4 x + 17 ;
32

(2.47)

1 + cos 2 2 x
;
2
3 + cos 4 x
) cos8 x sin 8 x = cos 2 x
;
4

(!)11. ) cos8 x sin 8 x = cos 2 x

(2.48)

(2.49)
(2.50)

) cos8 x sin 8 x = cos 2x cos 4 x + sin 4 x .

(!)12. cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x + ... + cos nx =

(2.46)

sin

(2.51)

nx
(n + 1)x
cos
2
2 ,
x
sin
2

x 2m, m Z .(2.52)
13.

14.

1 + sin x 1 sin x 1 cos x


=
, x n , n Z .
sin x
1 + sin x + 1 sin x
sin 7 x + sin 3x sin x sin 9 x
= tgx tg3x tg5x ,
cos x + cos 3x + cos 7 x + cos 9 x

n
n
+
, x
+
; nZ.
6 3
10 5
(1 cos 4x )(tgx + ctgx ) = tg2 x ,
15.
4 cos 2 x
x

n
+
,
4 2

n, n Z .
2

16. sin + sin + sin = 4 cos

cos cos , + + = .
2
2
2

17. sin 3x cos3 x + cos 3x sin 3 x =

3
sin 4x .
4

18. sin 3x cos3 x cos 3x sin 3 x =

1
(sin 6 x + 3 sin 2 x ) .
4

19. cos 3x cos3 x + sin 3x sin 3 x = cos3 2 x .


20. cos 3x cos3 x sin 3x sin 3 x =

1
(1 + 3 cos 4x ) .
4

21. sin 3x cos3 x cos 3x sin 3 x =

sin 2x
3 2 sin 2 2x .
2

) (

22. 3 sin 4 x + cos 4 x 2 cos6 x + sin 6 x = 1 .


23.

2 sin 2 x sin 4 x
= tg 2 x .
2 sin 2x + sin 4x

2 cos 2 2x + tgx cos 4x 1

24.
= tg x + ,
2
4
2tgx ctgx sin 2x sec x 2
x
25.

n
n
, x +
, nZ.
2
4 2

1 + cos x 1 cos x

x
= tg , x + 2n , n Z .
2
1 + cos x 1 cos x
4 2

2.3.

26. A = sin 200 cos 50 0 sin 80 0 .


27. A = sin 630 sin 180 sin 27 0 .
28. A = sin 2220 + sin 780 + cos1080 .
29. A = cos 2230 cos 557 0 + cos1330 cos 287 0 .
30. A =

cos 450 sin 1200 + cos1350 sin 150 0


.
cos 2850 sin 300 + sin 1050 sin 1200

31. A =

2 sin 510 0 tg150


.
3ctg480 0 + ctg750

32. A =

sin 700 2 sin 50 0


cos ec 100.
0
0
cos 80 2 cos 20

33. A = tg3 + ctg3 ,

tg + ctg = 4 .

34. A = tg10 + ctg8 , tg + ctg = 2 .


35. A =

sin 1,3tg 2,9 cos1, 4


.
cos 4,2ctg1,6 sin 1,1

36. A = cos 4

sin 4 .
8
8

37. ) A = cos 6

11
11
sin 6 ; ) A = cos 6 + sin 6 .
12
12
12
12

38. ) A = cos8

7
sin 8 ;
8
8

) A = cos8

7
+ sin 8 ;
8
8

sin 8 ;
12
12

) A = cos8

+ sin 8 .
12
12

) A = cos8

39. A = sin

9
11
3
+ cos 2 sin
.
10
5
10

40. A = cos

3
19
+ cos + cos + ... + cos .
20
10
20
20

41. A = sin 2 10 0 + cos 2 200 sin 2 400 cos 2 500 cos ec 100 .

3
2

42. sin , cos , tg = 2 ; .


43. tg3,
44.

sin + cos = 0 .

sin 2, cos 2,

cos =

4
5


; .
2
45. sin 2,

cos 2, sin =

46. sin ,

tg

4

; .
5
2

4
= .
2 3

sin 2 cos ,
2
2

47. A =

sin < 0, cos < 0 .


48. tg

x
, sin x + cos x = 2 .
2

49. tgx,

2 sin x + 5 cos x
=2.
3 sin x 4 cos x

50. sin cos ,

) tg

= 0 ; ) tg = 1 ; ) tg = 3 .
2
2
2

51. tg

1
3

, sin = ;2 .
2
2
2

1
3

, sin = ;2 .
2
3
2

3
3

;2 .
, sin =
4
2
2

52. tg
53. tg

54. cos, ctg =

12
7

;4 .
5
2

(!) 55. ) sin 2 x;

) sin 3 x + cos3 x;

) sin 4 x + cos 4 x; ) sin 6 x + cos6 x ,

sin x + cos x = a .

56. cos, ctg = 5 sin < 0 .


57. ) A = cos154 0 tg 480 sin 56 0 ctg42 0 ;
) A = cos140 0 sin 1400 + sin 40 0 cos 40 0 .
58. ) A = cos 2 750 cos 2 150 +
) A = tg1050 2 sin 750

3
tg2250 ;
2

2 cos150 ctg150 .

59.

1
A = sin 150 sin 2850 cos 3300 + sin 1050 tg60 0
2

2.5.
26.

3
1
1
1
. 27. . 28. 0. 29.
. 30. 2 3 . 31.
. 32. 2.
8
8
2
3

33. 52. 34. 2. 35. -1. 36.

38. )

1
15 3
13
. 37. )
; )
.
32
16
2

3 2
7 3
17
97
1
1
; )
; )
; )
. 39. . 40. 0. 41. .
8
32
16
128
2
2

42. sin =

2
1
; cos =
. 43. tg3 = 1 .
5
5

44. sin 2 =

24
7
; cos 2 =
.
25
25

45. sin 2 =

24
7
24
; cos 2 =
. 46. sin =
. 47. A > 0 .
25
25
25

48. tg

x
= 2 1.
2

49.

13
.
4

50. ) sin = 0; cos = 1; ) sin = 1; cos = 0 ;


) sin =
51.

3
1
; cos = .
2
2

3 2 . 52. 2 2 . 53. 2 + 3 . 54.

12
.
13

55. ) sin 2 x = a 2 1 ; ) sin 3 x + cos3 x =


) sin 4 x + cos 4 x =

1
1 + 2a 2 a 4 ;
2

a
3 a2 ;
2

) sin 6 x + cos6 x =

1
1 + 6a 2 3a 4 .
4

56.

5
. 57. ) 3 cos 4 0 ; ) 2os40 0 .
26

58. )

3 ; )

3 +1 .

59.

1
.
2

3. .

3.1.
, ,

.

( 3.5, 3.7, 3.8 ).

- .
, ,
20-

, ,
; ,
..

.
3.1. -
(X R ) f ,
x X ()
y = f (x ) Y. ,

(
) y = f (x ), x X , Y.

f ,

D(f ) .
Y
f (x )
x X , ..

Y = {y y = f (x ), x X} ,
( Y )
f E(f ) (. 3.1). ,

Y f (x ) x X ,
Y = f (X ) .

, f (x ) = 3x 2, x [1; 3] , f ([1; 3] ) = [1; 7] .


,
y 0 E(f ) = f (X ) y = f (x ), x X ,
x , ..
f (x ) = y 0 , y 0 E (f ) .

y = 2 x + 6, x [1; 4] ,
X = [1; 4] Y = [8; 14] .
y 0 Y 2x + 6 = y 0
y
y
x = 0 3 . x g( y ) = 3, y [8; 14],
2
2
Y X , ..
,

f (x ) = y 0 , y 0 E(f )
,

x = y 0 , y 0 [c; d ], 0 < c < d , x1 = y 0

x 2 = y 0 . cos x = y, y [ 1; 1]
x = arccos y + 2n , n Z .

y = f (x ), x X ,

f (x ) = y 0 , y 0 Y = f (X ) ,

3.2. Y = f (X ) .

y 0 Y x 0 X ,
f (x 0 ) = y 0 , y = f (x ), x X ,
.
, f ,

X ,

.
,

y = kx + b, k 0 , X R ,
, . y = x 2 ,
, (
y 0 > 0 x R : x1 = y 0

x 2 = y 0 ).

.3.2 :
) y = x 2 , x R ,- ,
) y = x 2 , x ( ;0] ,- , x = y , y [0;+ ) .
y = x 2 , X1 = ( , 0]

X 2 = [0, + ) ,
.


: , Ox
y Y = f (X )
, ,
y = f (x ), x X , . ,
.
3.3. x = g( y ) ,

Y = f (X )

y = f (x ), x X , ()
y 0 Y x 0 X , f (x 0 ) = y 0 ,
y = f (x ), x X .

y = f (x ),

xX ,

x 0

X
y0

Y ,

x = g (y ), y Y ,

y0 Y

x0 X ,
.
, y 0 = f (x 0 ) ,

g(y 0 ) = x 0 (. 3.3)

f (g(y 0 )) = y 0 g(f (x 0 )) = x 0 .

y = f (x ), x X x = g(y ),

yY,

(. 3.3).
y = f (x ), x X , x = g( y ), y Y ,
. g(y ) f 1 (y ) .
.

.
3.1. f ()
X Y = f (X ) - ,
Y
1
() f .
3.2. f ,
()
X R (
), Y = f (X )
, ()
f 1 .

x = f 1 ( y ), y Y

y = f (x ), x X ,

x f (x ) = y , y Y = f (X ) .
3.1.

y = 2x + 2, x [1; 3].

.
[1;3] . 3.2
[4; 8] ,
,
.

[1;3],

2x + 2 = y ,
1

f 1 ( y ) : x = y 1 ,
2
y [4; 8]. . [4; 8]

[1; 3] , .. f 1 ([4; 8]) = [1; 3].

x=

1
y 1, y [4; 8].
2

x = f 1 ( y ),

y Y ,

, : y = f 1 (x ),

x = f

(y ))

x Y .

y x . , f 1

, , .
( x y y x) ,

M 0 (x 0 , y 0 ) x = f 1 ( y ), y Y (
y = f (x ), x X ) M1 (y 0 , x 0 )

y = f 1 (x ),

x Y ,

M 0 y = x ( 3.2, . 3.4).

y = x ,
y = x :
) Y OY OX ;
) X OX OY ;
) x = f 1 ( y ),

yY .

y = f 1 (x ), x Y ,
.
, D(f ) - ()

f , E(f ) - ,

y = f 1 (x ) E(f ) ,

( )

( )

D(f ) , .. D f 1 = E (f ); E f 1 = D(f ) (
).
3.2. f

y = 2x + 2 ;

x [1; 3] .

( )

D(f ) = [1; 3], E(f ) = [4; 8]

D f 1 = [4; 8] .
.
,
,

y=

1
x 1, x [4; 8].
2

. 3.4

y = 2x + 2; x [1; 3],

y=

1
x 1, x [4; 8].
2

( )
E(f ) = D(f ) = [1; 3].

D f 1 = E(f ) = [4; 8] ;
1

1
x 1 , x [4; 8].
2

: y =

3.3. f 1 :

1
2 x + 1, 2 < x < 0;

y = x 2 + 2, 0 x < 2;
1
x + 5, 2 x 5.
2
.

y1 (x ) =

1
x +1
2

(3.1)

y 3 (x ) =

1
x +5
2

( 2;0 ) [2; 5]

k > 0 k = .
2

y 2 (x ) = x 2 + 2

[0; 2) .

y1 (0 ) = 1 y 2 (0) = 2 , y(x )

x = 2 ,

x = 0 .

y1 (0 ) = 1 y 2 (0) = 2 .
, y(x )
(?),
. 3.1
f 1
D f 1 = (y1 ( 2 ) ; y1 (0 )) [y 2 (0) ; y 3 (5)] ,
. ,

( )

( )

, D f 1 = E (f ) = (0; 1) [2; 7,5] .


:

1
x +1= y
2

x = 2 y 2, y (0; 1);

x2 + 2 = y

x = y 2 , y [2; 6 );

1
x+5= y
2

x = 2 y 10, y [6;7.5]

y(x )

(3.1) (. 3.5):

2 x 2, 0 < x < 1;

y(x ) = x 2 , 2 x < 6;
2 x 10, 6 x 7,5.

2 x 2, 0 < x < 1;

: y(x ) = x 2 , 2 x < 6;
2 x 10, 6 x 7,5.

3.4. f 1

y = x3, x R .
. y = x 3

,

3.2

x = 3 y, y R
( y = 3 x , x R ),


. . 3.6
y = x3 y = 3 x .
: y = 3 x , x R .
, x = 1, x = 0 x = 1
x 3 = 3 x = x , .. 1; 0; 1
x 3 = 3 x . x 3 = 3 x
x 3 = x
.

x = x .

3.3 . f (x ) = g (x ) f (x )

g (x )
X ,
X f (x ) = x ; g (x ) = x .

3.5.

x3 + 6 = 7 3 7x 6 .
.

f (x ) =

x3 + 6
7

g (x ) = 3 7 x 6

,
; E (f ) = E (g ) = R.

x3 + 6
= y,
7
x = 3 7 y 6 y = 3 7 x 6 y
.

x . , f 1 (x ) = g (x ), .. f g
.
3.3

x3 + 6
= x x 3 7x + 6 = 0 .
7
,

(x

x 6(x 1) = 0 (x 1) x 2 + x 6 = 0

x = 1,
x 1 = 0 ,
2
x = 2 ,
x + x 6 = 0 ,
x = 3.
:

x = 1, x = 2, x = 3.

3.3. , f g f (x ) = g (x )

,
f (x ) = x g (x ) = x .

f (x ),
.

g (x ) y = x

1 x3 = 3 1 x
, f (x ) = 1 x 3

g (x ) = 3 1 x


.
, ,
,

1 x3 = x

x1 = 3

1
31
1
31
+
+3
2
108
2
108

x 2 = 0, x 3 = 1

x4

:
x 5

x 4 + x 3 2x 1 = 0 .
, 3 1 x = t x = 1 t 3 ,

1 x = t 3

3
1 t = x

x t = x3 t3

xt =0

2
2
x + xt + t 1 = 0

,

( t = 1 x3 )

x 3 + x 1 = 0 , x 1 .

t = 1 x3

x x 5 x 3 2x 2 + x + 1 = 0
, : x 2 = 0 x 3 = 1
.
x 5 x 3 2x 2 + x + 1 x 1

x 4 + x 3 2x 1 = 0 .
, ,
x 4 x 5 .
3.3 X
f (x ) = g (x ) X1 ,
f g .
X1 = X

, 3.3.
X1
X ,
f (x ) = g (x )

f (x ) = x g(x ) = x X1 .

.
3.6.

(x 1)2 = 1 +
.

x.

X = [0; + ) .

( X1 X )

X1 = [1; + )

f (x ) = (x 1) g (x ) = 1 + x
.
2

3.3

(x 1)2 = x

x 2 3x + 1 = 0

X1 = [1; + ) .

x =

3+ 5
.
2

[0; 1)
f (x ) = (x 1)2

,
g (x ) = 1 + x -


E(f ) I E (g ) = [1; ) .
,


[0; 1) ,
. ,

x=0

(. 3.7).
: x 1 = 0 ; x 2 =

3+ 5
.
2

3.7. f 1

y=
.

1
, x ( , 0] .
x +1
2

1
2x
y(x ) = x 2 + 1 = 2
.

x +1

y(x ) 0

( , 0] ,

1
(?)
x +1

y=

E(y ) = (0, 1] .

1
0
x +1

x ; y(0 ) = 1 .
y(x ) ,

E(y ) = (0; 1] .
3.2
f 1 (x ) , ,

(0; 1] ,

( )

E f 1 = ( ; 0]. ,
1
y = 2
(?).
x +1

x (y ) < 0

y=

1
1 y
= y , x =
.
y
x +1
2

(x (y ) ( ; 0]) .
y=

1
,
x +1
2

1 x
, x (0,1] , .
x

: y =

1 x
, x (0; 1] .
x

3.8.

x=

1 y
,
y

. 3.8

x ( , 0]

2f 1 6 cos 2 x + 7 sin x = sin x + 5 ,


, f (3x + 2) = 6x + 5.
. :
) f (x ) ;
) f 1 (x ) ;
) .

f (x )

f (3x + 2) = 6 x + 5 .
:

t = 3x + 2, x =
f (t ) = 6

1
(t 2 )
3

t2
+ 5 f (x ) = 2 x + 1 .
3

f (3x + 2) = 6x + 5 f (3x + 2 ) = 3(3x + 2 ) + 1

f (t ) = 2 t + 1, t = 3x + 2.

f 1 (x ) f (x ) = 2 x + 1
y = 2x + 1 x.

x=

y 1
x 1
f 1 (x ) =
.
2
2

,
:

1
6 cos 2 x + 7 sin x 1 = sin x + 5
2

sin 2 x sin x = 0

x = n, n Z ; x =

: x = n , n Z ;

x=

k, k Z .
2

k, k Z .
2

3.9.
,

g(x ) f (x ) , g(x )

x+2
.
x +1
(x + 1) + 1 = 1 + 1
. f (x ) =
x +1
x +1
f (x ) =

D(f ) = ( , 1) ( 1, + )


( , 1) ( 1, + ) ( D(f ) ).
( 3.1).

g (x ) =

2y
x+2
= y , x =
,
x +1
y 1

2 x
x 1

g(x ) = 1 +

1
.
x 1

D(g ) = E(f ) = ( , 1) (1, + ),

( , 1) (1, + ) .

g(x ) f (x ) :

)(

2x x+2
2 x2 2
x+ 2 x 2

0
0.
(x 1)(x + 1)
(x + 1)(x 1)
x 1 x +1
,

, x 2 ; 1 (1, 2 .
. 3.9
.
: 1 < x 2 .
3.2.
sin x, cos x , tgx, ctgx
y

( y [ 1; 1] sin x osx ; y R - tgx ctgx )


.

.
.
x = 0
. sin x -


2 ; 2 ;

; ;
2 2

cosx - [0; ] ; tgx -

ctgx - (0; ) .

3.2.1.

; y = sin x
2 2
. 3.2
f 1 (x ) , x [ 1; 1] ,
.
(
).

arcsin x
arcsin x
() , x
(arc , sin ).
, x [ 1; 1]
,
x .

(f (f

(y )) = y;

[ 2; 2] ,

(f (x )) = x )
sin (arcsin x ) = x, x [ 1;1]
1


arcsin (sin ) = , ;
2 2

(3.2)
(3.3)

, sin (arcsin x ) ,

(3.2) x [ 1; 1] ,

arcsin (sin ) R ,

(3.3) ; .
2 2
y = arcsin x
1. : D(y ) = [ 1; 1] .
2. :

E( y ) = ; : arcsin x x [- 1; 1] .
2
2 2 2

3. :

x [- 1; 1]

arcsin x

arcsin ( x ) = arcsin x .
4. : ,
.
5. :
.
6. : .
[ 1, 1] :

min (arcsin x ) = .
x[1; 1]
2
:

max (arcsin x ) =

x[1;1]

.
2

7. y = arcsin x , x [ 1; 1] ,
. 3.10 3.11


y = sin x , x ; ,
2 2

y = x .

y = cos x [0 ; ]
. 3.2
f 1 (x ), x [ 1; 1],
arccos x (), ..
x [ 1; 1] ,
[0; ] , x :

cos(arccos x ) = x , x [ 1;1]

(3.4)

arccos(cos ) = , [0; ] .

(3.5)

arccos(cos ) R ,

(3.5) [0 ; ] .

y = arccos x
1. : D(y ) = [ 1; 1] .
2. :

E( y ) = [0; ]: (0 arccos x x [- 1; 1]) .

3. : arccos x - ,
. x [- 1; 1]

arccos( x ) = arccos x

(3.6)

4. : .
5. :
.
6. : .
[ 1, 1] :

min (arc cos x ) = 0 .

x[1; 1]

max (arc cos x ) = .

x[1; 1]

7. y = arccos x , x [ 1,1] ,
. 3.12 . 3.13
y = cos x , x [0; ] .

3.2.2.


;
2 2

y tgx

, +
(E(y ) = R ) , , 3.2, ,


; , f 1 (x ) ,
2 2

y = tgx , x

,
. arctgx (), ..

xR
,


; ,
2 2

x:

tg(arctgx ) = x, x R

(3.7)


arctg(tg ) = , ;
2 2

(3.8)

arctg(tg )

+ n , n Z ,
2

; .
2 2

R ,

(3.8)

y = arctgx
1. : D(y ) = R .


; ( < arctgx <
2
2
2 2

2. : E( y ) =
x R ).

3. :

arctg( x ) = arctgx

(3.9)

x R .
4. : .
5. :
.
6.

7. y = arctgx , x R . 3.14
. 3.15 y = tgx ,


x ; .
2 2

y = ctg x

(0; )

, + (E (y ) = R ) ,
, 3.2, ,
y = ctg x , x (0; ) , f 1 (x ), x R ,
. arcctgx (),
.. x R ,

(0; ) , x :

ctg(arcctgx ) = x, x R

(3.10)

arcctg(ctg ) = , (0; )

(3.11)

arcctg(ctg ) R ,
n , n Z (3.11)
(0 ; ) .
y = arcctgx
1. : D(y ) = R .

2. : E( y ) = (0; ) ( 0 < arcctgx <


x R ).
3. : , .
x R

arcctg( x ) = arcctgx
4. : .
5. :
.
6. :
.
7. y = arctgx, x R , . 3.16
. 3.17 y = ctgx, x (0; ) .

3.2.3.
.
1. arcsin x + arccos x =
2. arctgx + arcctgx =

, x [ 1;1]
2

, xR
2

.
3. arcsin ( x ) = arcsin x,

4. arccos( x ) = arccos x,

x [ 1;1] .

x [-1;1] .

5. arctg( x ) = arctgx, x R .

6. arcctg( x ) = arcctgx, x R .
.
7. arcsin (sin ) = ,


; .
2 2

8. arccos(os ) = ,

[0; ] .

(3.12)

(3.13)


; .
2 2

9. arctg(tg ) = ,

10. arcctg(ctg ) = , (0; ) .


D.
11. sin (arcsin x ) = x , x [- 1; 1] .
12. cos(arcsin x ) = 1 x 2 , x [ 1; 1] .
13. sin (arccos x ) = 1 x 2 ,

x [ 1;1].

14. cos(arccos x ) = x ,
15. tg(arcsin x ) =

x [ 1;1] .

x
1 x2

, x ( 1;1) .

16. ctg(arcsin x ) =

1 x2
, x [ 1; 0) (0;1] .
x

17. tg(arccos x ) =

1 x2
,
x

18. ctg(arccos x ) =

19. tg(arctgx ) = x,
20. ctg(arctgx ) =
21. sin (arctgx) =
22. cos(arctgx ) =

1 x

x [ 1; 0 ) (0;1] .
, x ( 1;1) .

xR .
1
, x0
x
x
1 + x2
1
1+ x2

, x R .

, xR .

23. ctg(arcctgx ) = x , x R .
24. tg(arcctgx ) =

1
, x 0.
x

25. sin (arcctgx ) =


26. cos(arctgx ) =

1
1+ x 2
x
1+ x2

, xR .
, xR .



,
,
,
arcsin ( x ) = arcsin x ,

sin (arcsin x ) = x ..,

.
:
15.

tg(arcsin x ) =

sin (arcsin x )
,
cos(arcsin x )

sin (arcsin x ) = x ,

cos(arcsin x ) = 1 x 2
(
12).
x
tg(arcsin x ) =
x ( 1, 1) .
1 x2
22.

cos(arctgx ) ,

cos 2 x =

1
.
1 + tg 2 x

cos(arctgx ) =

1
1 + tg 2 (arctgx )

1
1+ x2

x R .

, cos x =


; ,
2 2

arctgx

1
1 + tg 2 x


; cos > 0
2 2

+.
,
.

.

3.2.4.

1
3

3.9. sin 2 arccos .


.
11 12 3.2.3,

1
1
1

sin 2 arccos = 2 sin arccos cos arccos =


3
3
3

1 1 4 2
= 2 1 =
.
9
3 3
:

4 2
.
9

3.10. cos arcsin

2
1
arctg .
5
2

2
1

A = cos arcsin arctg =


5
2

= cos arcsin

2
1

cos arctg + sin arcsin


5
2

2
1
sin arctg .
5
2

12,
22, 11 21 :

A = 1

4
25

2 12
2 21 + 1
+
=
.
1 5
1
5 5
1+
1+
4
4
1

2 21 + 1
.
5 5

+ arcctg4 .
5

tg( + ) =

tg + tg
,
1 tg tg

3.11. tg arcsin
.

tg arcsin + tg(arcctg4 )
3
5

tg arcsin + arcctg4 =
.
5

1 tg arcsin 3 tg(arcctg4)

(3.14)

15 (.3.2.3)

3
35
3

tg arcsin =
= ,
5
1 9 25 4

tg(arcctg4 ) =

1
1
= .
tg(arcctg4 ) 4

(3.14),

3 1
+
3
16

tg arcsin + arcctg4 = 4 4 = .
5
1 3 1 13

4 4
:

16
.
13

1
3

3.12. cos 2arctg .


. cos 2 tg (2.33)

1 tg 2
cos 2 =
.
1 + tg 2

1

1
1 tg arctg

1
3
1

9 = 4.
cos 2arctg =
=
2
1 5
3


1
1+
1 + tg arctg
9
3

:

4
.
5

3.13. cos 2ar sin


.

3
.
4

= arcsin .

cos 2 = 1 2 sin 2 ,
4
3 3
9
1
3

sin = sin arcsin = , cos 2 arcsin = 1 2 = .


4 4
16
8
4

1
.
8

3
> ,
4 4
3

cos 2 arcsin < 0 .


4

arcsin

2 arcsin

3
>
4 2

arcsin cos

53
19
, arctg ctg , arccos (cos15),
3
4

arctg(ctg14 ) .., ..

,
.
,
, ,
x - (
). .
, ,

, -
.

3.14. arcsin cos

29
.
3

29

arcsin cos
3

29

arcsin (sin ), ; sin = cos .
3
2 2

arcsin (sin ) = ,


; ,
2 2

29

arcsin cos = arcsin (sin ) = .


3

cos

29


= cos10 = cos = sin = sin .
3
3
3
6

2 3


; ,
6 2 2
29


= arcsin cos = arcsin sin = .
3
6 6

: arcsin cos

29
= .
3 6

3.15. arctg tg

54
.
7

. arctgx


; ,
2 2

(3.8)

tg = tg

54
.
7

(?).
tg

tg

54
:
7

54
5
5
2

2
= tg 7 + = tg = tg = tg .
7
7
7
7

2

; .
7
2 2

2
2
54
arctg tg = arctg tg = .
7
7
7

: arctg tg

54
2
= .
7
7

3.16. arcctg tg
.

63
.
5

63

5
ctg, (0; ) ,
tg

arcctg(ctg ) = (0; ) :

(3.11):

63
3
3

3

= tg12 + = tg = ctg = ctg .
5
5
5

2 5
10

tg


(0; ) . :
10

ctg = ctg + = ctg .


10
10
10

9
(0, )
10
9 9
63

arcctg tg = arcctg ctg = .


5
10 10

: arcctg tg

63 9
= .
5 10

3.17. arccos sin

88
.
3

. 1:

sin

88

= sin 29 + = sin =
.
3
3
3
2

arccos sin

88
3
= arccos
=
3
2

= arccos

3
5
= = .
2
6 6

arccos

(3.6).
2. (3.12),

88
88

arccos sin = arcsin sin = arcsin sin =


3 2
3 2
3

+ arcsin sin
2

: arccos sin

5
= + = .
3 2 3 6

88 5
= .
3 6

,

.
3.18. arccos (os 13) .

. C 1.
(arccos x = : [0; ] cos = x )

arccos x

[0; ] ,
cos = cos 13 . ,

cos cos 13 = 0 2 sin

+ 13 13
=0
sin
2
2

+ 13
= n , n Z ,

= 2n 13, n Z , (3.15)
2

= 2m + 13, m Z. (3.16)
13 = m, m Z ,
2

m n ,
:

0 2n 13 ,
0 2m + 13 ,
:

13 2n + 13,
13 2m 13.
,
.
n .
, n = 2 , 4 12,56 < 13;
n = 3 , 6 18,84 > + 13 .
m = 2 ,
, = 13 4 ( (3.16)).
: arccos(cos 13) = 13 4 .
2.
,
cos = cos 13 (cos x = cos a , a R ) .
(3.15) (3.16),

= 2n 13, n Z ,
= 2m + 13, m Z.

1.
3. .

y = cos x .

B (13, cos 13) , .. x = 13, y = cos 13 .

, .

y = cos x ,

x = [0; ] .

(. 3.18) (?).
3.18
,

y = cos x

= OA = CD = 13 4 .
3.19. arccos(cos 11) .
. .

x ( x = 11 )

n
.
2

1.4 ( 1, 1.2.1)
, 11

7

2

11 > . . 3.19 x = 11
2

7
x =
2
7
- , 11 > .
2

. 3.19

= OA =

AB .
2


7
7
AB = D = 11 = 11 = 4 11 .
2
2
2
: 4 11 .
1 (. 3.18).
3.20. arcsin (cos 8) .
. -, cos 8



sin 8 sin + 8 ,
2
2

arcsin (sin ) = ,


; .
2 2

= arcsin (cos 8) = arcsin sin 8 =

= arcsin sin 8 + 2n .

2
n ,

8 + 2n
2 2
2

8 2n 8 .

n = 1 . =
: arcsin (cos 8) =

5
8 + 2 = 8 .
2
2

5
8.
2

3. .
y = cos x

(8, cos 8) .

y = sin x ,

; . (8, cos 8) ,
2 2
0


y = sin x , x ; .
2 2

(. 3.20).

. 3.20 = 0A = BC = 8

5 5
= 8 .
2 2

5
8 .
2

3.21. arctg(ctg17 ) .
. 1. ,


; tg = ctg17 ,
2 2

tg = tg 17 = 17 + n , n Z.
2
2

< 17 + n <
2 2
2

17 < n < 17.

, , n = 5

11
17 + 5 = 17.
2
2

: arctg(ctg17 ) =

11
17 .
2

2.
xy
y = ctgx, 0 < x < 6, x n, n Z (17 < 6 ) ,


x ; .
2 2
y = ctgx (17, ctg17 )

y = tgx,

, x
y = tgx .
y = tgx rctg(ctg17 )
(. 3.21)

. 3.21 tgx ctgx ,

= OA = BC =
:

11
17 .
2

11
17 .
2

y = arcsin (sin x ) ,

y = arccos(cos x ) ,

y = arcsin (cos x ) ,

y = arccos(sin x ) ,

y = arctg(tgx ) ,

y = arcctg(ctgx ) ,

y = arcctg(tgx ) ,

y = arctg(ctgx ) .

3.22. y = arcsin (sin x )


:
) arcsin (sin 8) ;

23

arcsin (sin 10) ; ) arcsin sin ;


2

) arcsin (sin 13) ;

arcsin (sin 17 ) .

sin x 2 - ,
2 y = arcsin (sin x ) .

3
2 ; 2 2 .

; arcsin (sin x ) = x y = x .
2 2

x ; , (. . 3.22) sin x = sin ( x ) = OA .


2 2

( x ) ; ,
2 2

3
x ; .
2 2

- x ,
x,
2
2
arcsin (sin x ) =
x, < x 3 .

2
2

ABC ;
2 2
(. 3.23).

CD 2 .
AB : y = x , CD : y = x 2 .
EF : y = x 4 ..
arcsin (sin x 0 ) .
x 0

arcsin (sin x 0 ) . :
)

5
< 8 < 3 , .3.23
2
arcsin (sin 8) = (3 x ) x =8 = 3 8 ;

) 3 < 10 <
)

7
arcsin (sin 10) = (3 x ) x =10 = 3 10;
2

7
23
23

<
< 4 arcsin sin =
2
2
2

= (x 4 ) x= 23 =
2

) 4 < 13 <

23
4;
2

9
arcsin (sin 13) = 13 4;
2

11
arcsin (sin 17 ) = (5 x ) x =17 = 5 17.
2
23
) 3 10 ;
)
4;
: ) 3 8 ;
2

) 5 < 17 <

) 13 4;

) 5 17.

3.23. y = arccos(cos x )
:
) arccos (cos 4 ) ;

) arccos cos

11
;
2

) arccos (cos 7 ) ;) arccos(cos 14) .


. y = cos x 2 -

, arccos(cos x )
2 . ,
y = arccos(cos x ) .

y = arccos(cos x ) [0; ] ;
y.

[ ; ] .

[0; ]

arccos(cos x ) = x ( 3.5)
y = x , x [0; ] . [ ;0 ) y = x

( ).
,

x , x [0, ],
y = arccos(cos x ) =
x , x [- ,0).

[ ; ]

, y = arccos(cos x )
(. 3.24).

:
) < 4 < 2
) <

arccos(cos 4 ) = (2 x ) x = 4 = 2 4;

11
11
11

< 2 arccos cos = 2 ;


2
2
2

) 2 < 7 < 3

arccos(cos 7 ) = 7 2;

) 4 < 14 < 5
: ) 2 4 ;

arccos(cos14 ) = (x 4 ) x =14 = 14 4.
) 2

11
; ) 7 2 ; ) 14 4 .
2

3.24. y = arcsin (cos x )


:
) arcsin (cos 3) ; ) arcsin (cos 4 ) ;
) arcsin (cos 8) ; ) arcsin (cos 14 ) .
.

arcsin (cos x ) = arcsin sin x = arcsin sin x ,


2

y = arcsin (cos x )

- y = arcsin (sin x ) (. 3.22);


- ;

-
.

y = arcsin (cos x ) (. 3.25).

y = arcsin (cos x )
:

arcsin (cos x ) =

arccos(cos x ), x R.
2


y = arcsin (cos x ) :
- y1 = arccos (cos x ) (. 3.24);
-
(y 2 = y1 ) ;
- y 2 (x )
.


y = arcsin (cos x ) (. 3.25).
:
) 0 < 3 <

arcsin (cos 3) =

) < 4 < 2
) 2 < 8 < 3
) 4 < 14 < 5
: )

3;
2

3
arcsin (cos 4) = 4 ;
2
arcsin (cos 8) =

5
8;
2

arcsin (cos14 ) =

9
14.
2

3
5
9
3 ; ) 4 ; ) 8 ; ) 14 .
2
2
2
2

3.25. y = arctg(tgx )
:
) arctg (tg3) ;

) arctg (tg5) ;

) arctg (tg7 ) ;

) arctg tg

21
.
2

. y = tgx
.
y = arctg(tgx ) .


; ,
2 2

y = arctg(tgx ) = x ( 3.8)
(. 3.26).
:
)

3
<3<
2
2

3
5
< 5 < arctg(tg5) = 5 2 ;
2
2

3
5
< 7 < arctg(tg7 ) = 7 2 ;
2
2

5
21 7
21 21
<
< arctg tg =
3 .
2
2 2
2 2

arctg(tg3) = 3 ;

: ) 3 ;

) 5 2 ; ) 7 2 ;

21
3 .
2

3.2.5.

3.26. :

;
3

) arcsin x =

) arcsin x = 2 ;

) arcsin x = 1 .

) arcsin x =

;
8

y = arcsin x


D(y ) = [ 1;1]; E(y ) = ; ; arcsin (- x ) = arcsin x
2 2

arcsin x =

x = sin

) arcsin x =


x = sin = sin ;
8
8

) arcsin x = 2
) arcsin x = 1
: )

3
;
2

x ,

3
=
;
3
2

2>

;
2

x = sin 1 .

) sin

;
8

) ; ) sin 1 .

3.27. :

arcsin x < ;

6
) arcsin x < ; ) < arcsin x < ; )
6
3
5
arcsin x .
4

y = arcsin x

D(y ) = [ 1; 1] :

) arcsin x <
6

1
x < sin
6 1 x < ;

2
1 x 1

< arcsin x <


3
5

sin

arcsin x < 6
)
arcsinx

< x < sin


3
5

< x < sin ;


2
5

x < sin 6

x sin

1 x 1

1 1

x 1;
;1 .
2 2

,
, . ,
, .

: ) x 1;

1
; sin ;
; ) x
2
5
2
1
2

1
; 1 .
2

) x 1;

3.28. :
) arcctgx =

;
3

) arcctgx = 3 ;

) arcctg x =

2
;
3

) arcctgx = ;

) arcctg( x ) = 1 .

y = arcctg x

(D(y ) = R;
:

E(y ) = (0; ), arcctg(- x ) = arcctg x )

) arcctgx =

) arcctgx =

1
=
;
3
3

x = ctg

x = ctg = ctg +
3
2

= tg
) arcctgx =
) arcctgx = 3

x ,

) arcctg( x ) = 1

1
=
;
6
3
E(y ) ;

x = ctg3;

- arcctgx = 1

arcctgx = - 1
: )

=
6

x = ctg( - 1) .

1
1
; )
; ) ; ) ctg3 ; ) ctg( 1) .
3
3

3.27


), ), ) .

3
< arcctgx < ;
4
4

3.29.

) arcctgx >

2
;
3

) arcctgx <

.
6

y = arcctgx
D(y ) = R .

.

) arcctgx >
)

1
2
2
;
x < ctg x <
3
3
3

3
3

< arcctgx < ctg < x < ctg


4
4
4
4
1 < x < 1;

) arcctgx <

x > ctg

: ) x <

x > 3.
6

1
; ) 1 < x < 1 ; ) x > 3 .
3

3.30.

< arctgx .
6
3

. 3.28
y = arctgx

( Ox ).
y = arctgx

(x1 , x 2 ]

[ x 2 , x1 ) .

: x 3;

1 1

; 3 .

3 3

3.31.

2(arcsin x )2 arcsin x 1 = 0 .

. t = arcsin x .
y = arcsin x


; .
2 2

t -

2t t 1 = 0 ,

1
t1 = ; t 2 = 1 .
2
.

arcsin x =

1
2

1
1
x = sin = sin ;
2
2

arcsin x = 1 x = sin 1.
. 3.29
.
: x = sin

1
, x = sin 1.
2

3.32.

2(arcsin x )2 arcsin x 1 > 0 .


. ,


1
t < 2

2 t 2 t 1 > 0 t > 1

t ,
2
2
1

1
; 1; x 1; sin (sin 1; 1] .
2

2 2 2

. 3.29 ( x).

: x 1; sin

1
(sin 1; 1] .
2

3.33.

(arcctgx)2 4 arcctgx +
3

t = arcctgx ,

=0.

0< t < ,

4
2
t 2 t +
=0.
3
3

t 2 = . t1 = ; t 2 =
3
3
0 < t < .

1
arcctgx =
x = ctg =
.
3
3
3
t1 =

: x =

1
.
3

3.34.

(arcctgx)2 4 arcctgx +
3

0.

t < (t = arcctgx ) ,
3
x

1
(. 3.30).
3
1
.
3

: x

3.35.
) arccos x 2 =

;) arccos x = 2 ;
3

) arccos x 2 =

2
;
3

) arccos x =

.
3

2
) arccos x =

) arccos x = 2

x 0

1
=
3 2

x 2 = cos

x , cos 2 < 0

x [0;1] ;

2
x ,
3
x 2 0 x 2 [0;1] ;

) arccos x 2 =

) arccos x =

x = cos

1
=
3 2

x=

1
;
2

2
1
cos = < 0 ,
3
2

x=

1
.
4

. 3.31 y = arccos x 2 ,
. 3.32 y = arccos x .
: ) x =

2
1
; ) ; ) ; ) x = .
2
4

3.36.
) arcsin x 2 >

1
; ) arcsin x 2 < 2 ; ) arcsin x 2 < 1 .
6
2

. ) y = arcsin x 2

[ 1;1]
arcsin x 2 >
2
1
x > sin =

6 2
1 x 1.

1 1

x 1;
; 1 ;

2 2

2
) E arcsin x = 0; 2 > ,
2
2

arcsin x 2 < 2
)

x [ 1; 1] ;

1
1
arcsin x 2 < 1 sin x 2 < sin 1
2
2

1
1
x - sin1 ; sin sin ; sin1 .
2
2

y = arcsin x 2 . 3.33.
. 3.33

sin

1
< x 2 < sin 1 .
2
:

) x 1;

1 1
; 1 ; ) x [ 1; 1] ;

2 2

) x - sin1 ; sin
3.37*.

1
1
sin ; sin1 .
2
2

arccos(cos x ) =

x+ .
18
6

. (. 3.23)

2k x, x [(2k - 1), 2k ), k Z
arccos(cos x ) =
x 2k, x [2k, (2k + 1)], k Z,

2k x = 18 x + 6 , x [(2k -1), 2k ), k Z ;

x 2k = x + , x (2k, (2k + 1)], k Z.


18
6

.

. ,

5
E(arccos(cos x )) = [0; ] , E x + = R .
6
18
, ,
.
. 3.34

y1 = arccos(cos x )

y2 =

x+ .
18
6

x =

x + , x [ ,0 );
18
6

2 x =

x + , x [, 2 );
18
6
4 x =

x=

x + , x [0, );
18
6

x 2 =

x + , x [2,3 );
18
6

x + ; x [3, 4 ) .
18
6

,
: x =

3
3
33
; x = ; x = ; x = 3.
23
13
23

3.38*.

arccos(cos x )

x+ .
18
6

3 3 33

x ; ; {3}.
23 13 23

: x ;

3 3 33

; {3}.
23 13 23

3.39*.

arcsin (cos x ) = x 2 +

.
2

. arcsin (cos x )
. 3.24), x 2 +

x R (.
2


,
2 2

arcsin (cos x ) = 2 ,

x 2 + = .

2 2

x = 0 . x
:

arcsin (cos 0 ) = arcsin 1 =

.
2

: x = 0 .
3.40*.

arcsin (cos x ) = (x )2 + a

a ,
(3.17)

[0; 2] ,
.
. y1 = arcsin (cos x )

3.24 (. 3.25). y 2 = (x ) + a
2

(, a ) .
(3.17)

[0; 2]


2
2 x = (x ) + a 0 x ,

x - 3 = (x )2 + a < x 2.
2

(3.18)

a =

A ;
2

(. 3.35)]

(3.18) :

x1 = 1, x 2 = , x 3 = + 1 (!).

, a1 a ,
2


0; 2; ,
2
2
a1 a <

y=

x , x [0; ]
2

3
y = x , x (; 2] ,
2

, .. (3.18)
. a1 a
(3.18), x = 0 :

= 2 + a a1 = 2 .
2
2

, a 2 ;

(3.17)
2

. .
(3.18)

x1 =

2 1 1 2 4a
2

x2 =

2 + 1 + 1 2 4a
.
2

< a < a 2
2

y1 (x ) = arcsin (cos x ), x [0;2], y 2 (x ) = (x )2 + a


. a 2 a

, y 2 (x )

y=

3
x y = x . a 2 a
2
2

3
x = (x )2 + a x = (x )2 + a .
2
2

x = (x )2 + a x 2 (2 1)x + 2 + a = 0
2
2
,
D x = 0 :

(2 1)2 4 2 + a = 0

1
2

x1 = ;
:

x2 = +

1
.
2

a 2 =

1 2
.
4


2 1 1 2 4a

,
a 2 ; x1 =
2
2
2
x2 =
a=

2 + 1 + 1 2 4a
;
2

1 2
1
1
x1 = , x 1 = + .
4
2
2

3.3.
3.1
1. f 1 (x )

x 1
2 + 2 , 3 x 3,
f (x ) =
3 x 5 , 3 < x 7,
2
2
f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
2. f 1 (x )

f (x ) = 2 x 1 x , x

1
,
2

f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
3. f 1 (x )

f (x ) = x 2 2 x + 2, x 1 ,
f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
4. 3,

x 2 2x + 1 = x 1 .

5. f 1 (x )

f (x ) =

2x + 5
, x > 2 ,
x+2

f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
6. f 1 (x )

x , 0 x < 4,
f (x ) =
x 2 6 x + 11, x 4,
f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
7. f 1 (x )
) f (x ) = x 4 2 x 2 , x 1 ; ) f (x ) = x 4 2 x 2 , 1 x 0 ;
) f (x ) = x 4 2 x 2 , 0 x 1 ; ) f (x ) = x 4 2 x 2 , x 1 .
8*. 7, :
) x 4 2 x 2 = 1 1 + x ;

) x 4 2 x 2 = 1 + 1 + x .

9. :
) x 3 + 8 = 93 9x 8 ;

) x 3 + 12 = 133 13x 12 .

10.

f 1 (x ) = 3x 5 ,
, f (2 x + 1) = 6 x + 9 .
11.

x f 1 (x + 2 ) < 2 x + 4,
f (x ) = x + 3 .

12.

4 f 1 cos 2 x = 1 cos x ,
, f (2x + 3) = 4x + 6 .
13.

f 3 sin 2 x

13
,
3

, f 1 (x + 4) = 3x + 2 .
14.

3g 2 (x ) 40g (x ) + 77 = 0 ,
g(x ) - , y = loq 1 (x 2 ) .
3

3.2.4

15. sin 2 arccos

3
arctg1 .
2

2
5

17. sin 2 arccos .

1
2

20. sin 2arctg .

18. cos 2 arcsin

1
.
4

19. sin 2 (arcctg5).

1
3

3
1
arccos .
5
4

2
5

24. tg arcsin

1
2

2
3

26. ctg(arctg5).

25. tg arccos .

2
1
+ arccos .
3
5

21. tg arcsin .

23. tg 2 arccos .

16. sin arcsin

1
3

22. tg 2 arcsin .

1
5

27. ctg 2 arccos .

1
2

1
2

28. sin arctg 15 . 29. cos arcsin

2
.
3

1
2

5
.
13

30. sin arccos .


5
2

31. cos arcsin

32. cos(2arcctg3).

33. ctg arccos arctg5 .

34. cos(arctg2 arcctg3).

35. sin (arcctg3 arcctg2 ).

36. , arctg2 = arcctg3 +

4
5

.
4

77
.
6

38. arccos sin

103
.
8

40. arccos cos


.
8

42. arccos sin

37. arcsin cos


39. arcsin sin

41. arccos sin

43. arccos cos

45. arctg tg

279
.
5

101
.
18

28
.
5

29
.
6

47
.
7

44. arctg tg

45
.
7

46. arctg ctg

65
.
9

89
103

.
48. arcctg tg
.
11
13

49. arcsin (sin 16 ).


50. arccos(cos 23).
51. arcsin (cos 8).

47. arcctg tg

52. arccos(sin 12 ).

53. arctg(tg13) .

54. arcctg(ctg11).

55. arctg(ctg5).

56. arcctg(tg18).

57. y = arccos(sin x ) :
) arccos(sin 17 );

) arccos(sin 3);

) arccos(sin ( 10));

) arccos( sin 19).

) arcctg(ctg14 ) ;

) arcctg(ctg25) ;

58. y = arcctg(ctgx ) :
) arcctg(ctg( 3));

) arcctg(ctg( 12)) .

59. y = arctg(ctgx ) :
) arctg(ctg7 ) ;

) arctg(ctg( 5));

) arctg(ctg15) ;

) arctg(ctg( 13)) .

60. y = arcctg(tgx ) :
) arcctg(tg9 ) ;

) arcctg(tg( 7 ));

) arcctg(tg16) ;

) arcctg( tg17 ) .

3.2.5

61. ) arcsin x = 1,5;
) arcsin x = 1,6;
62. ) arccos x =

) arcsin x =

) arcsin x =

39
; ) arccos x =
;
6
40

) arccos x = 3;

;
6

) arccos x = 3,42 .

4
.
9

; ) arccos x = ;
3
3

63. ) arcsin x =

;
3

) arctgx =

64. ) arctgx =
) arctgx =
65. ) arcctgx =

) arcctgx =

.
3

; ) arctgx = 1;
6

; ) arctgx = 1,5.
2

1
;
2

) arcctgx = 3;

) arcctgx =

5
;
6

) arcctgx =

.
6

66. ) arcsin x + arccos x = 1; ) arcsin x + arccos x =


) arcsin x + arccos x =

.
2

67. ) arctgx + arcctgx = ;


) arctgx + arcctgx =

) arctgx + arcctgx = 2;

.
2

68. 18(arcsin x ) 3 arcsin x 2 = 0.


2

69. 2(arcsin x ) arcsin x 3 = 0.


2

70. 6(arccos x ) 7 arccos x + 2 2 = 0.


2

71. 6(arccos x ) + arccos x 2 2 = 0.


2

72. 9(arctg2 x ) 3 arctg2 x 2 2 = 0.


2

;
3

73. 2(arcctgx ) 7arcctgx + 5 = 0.


2

74. arcsin x = arccos x.

75. arcsin 3x = arccos 4 x.


77. 4arctgx + 8arcctgx = 3 .

76. 2 arcsin x + 3 arccos x = .


78. 3arctg(2x ) + 4arcctg(2 x ) =

5
.
3

79. 3 arcsin (4 x ) + 6 arccos(4 x ) = 4 .


80. (arcsin x ) + (arccos x ) =

2
.
8

81. (arcsin x ) + (arccos x ) =

5 2
.
36

82. (arcsin x ) + (arccos x ) =

17 2
.
36

83. (arctgx ) + 4(arcctgx ) =


2

84. arcsin 3x arccos 3x =

5 2
.
16

2
.
9

85. arcsin (x 1) arccos(x 1) =


86. arctgx arcctgx =

88.

( )
( )

5 2
.
18

2
.
18
87.

arctg(x + 1) 1
= .
arcctg(x + 1) 2

arcsin 3x
12
= .
2

arccos 3x

89. ) arcsin x 2 =

3
; ) arcsin x 2 = ;
3
2


; ) arctgx 2 = 1.
4

) arctgx 2 =

90*. arccos(sin x ) =
92*. arctg(ctgx ) =

94. arcsin sin

x
+ .
7 2

91*. arcctg(ctgx ) =

x
.
3

x
. 93 cos(arccos x arcsin x ) = x 2 1 .
3 6

2
= x + 2 1 . 95. arccos x = arctgx .
x

96. arccos(1 x ) =

1
9
. 97. arcsin (cos x ) = x 2 4 x + .
2x

98.

2
2
arcsin 2
= x + 1.

x +2

99.

2
2
arcsin 2
= x + 1 , x 1 .

x +2


100. ) arcsin x <

;
3

) 2 < arcsin x < 1;


101. ) arccos x <

5
;
6

) 0 < arccos x < 3;


102. ) arctgx

;
4

) arcsin x >
)

;
6

< arcsin x .
2
3

) arccos x >

;
3

) arccos x

.
6

) arctgx >

2
;
3

) arctgx >
103. ) arcctgx

;
6

3
< arctgx 1.
2

2
; ) arcctgx < 3,1;
3

) arcctg x <

;
6

5
< arcctgx .
6
6

104. arcsin (x 5) arcsin (2x 9 ).


105. arccos(2x 3) arccos(3x 2).
106. arccos(x + 2 ) < arccos(2 x + 3).
107. arcsin 2 x +

2
arcsin x
0.
6
18

108. arccos2 x

7
2
arccos x +
> 0.
12
12

109. arctg2 x

2
arctgx 2 0.
3
9

110. arcctg 2 x

11
2
arcctgx +
< 0.
12
8

111. arccos x arcsin x


112. arctgx arcctgx >

114.

( )
(arccos( 3x ))
arcsin 3x

5 2
.
18

5 2
.
18

12
.

113.

115.

arctg(x + 1)
1.
arcctg(x + 1)

( )
(arccos( 3x ))
arcsin 3x

<

12
.

116.

< arcsin x 2 < .


6
3

117.

118. arcsin 2 x + arccos2 x

2
.
8

119. arcsin 2 x + arccos2 x <

5 2
.
36

120. arcsin 2 x + arccos2 x

5 2
.
36

121. (arctgx ) + 4(arcctgx )


2

5 2
. 122. arctgx arcsin x .
16

123. arccos(2 x ) < arccos(x 1) .

125. 7 4 3 x
126.

arctgx 2 1.
4

124. arccos(1 x )

.
2x

1
1
arccos(cos x ) .
x

1
9
arcsin (cos x ) x 2 4 x + .

127*. arccos(sin x )

x
x
+ . 128*. arctg(tgx ) + .
7 2
3 3

129*. arcsin (cos x ) arccos(cos x ) .


130*. a ,

arcsin x + 2 arccos x = a
.
131*. a ,

(arcsin x )2 + 4(arccos x )2 = a 2
, .

3.4.

2x 1, 1 x 2,

1. f (x ) = 2
5
3 x + 3 , 2 < x 8.
1

x 1
+ ,

2. f (x ) = 3
3
1 x ,
1

3. f 1 (x ) = 1 + x 1,

1
x < 1,
2
x 1.

x 1.

5 2x
5. f (x ) =
,x > 2.
x2
1

4. x = 1;

x = 2.

x 2 ,
0 x < 2,
6. f (x ) =
3 + x 2 , x 3.
1

7. ) f 1 (x ) = 1 + 1 + x ,

x 1 ;

) f 1 (x ) = 1 1 + x , 1 x 0 ;
) f 1 (x ) = 1 1 + x , 1 x 0 ;
) f 1 (x ) = 1 + 1 + x ,
8. ) x = 0, x = 1, x =
9. ) x = 1, x =
11. 1 < x < 4 .
13. x =

x 1 .

1 5
;
2

) x =

1+ 5
.
2

1 33
9
; ) x = 4, x = 1, x = 3 . 10. x = .
2
8
12. x = + 2n, x =

+ n, n Z .
2

+ 2m, n , m Z .
3

14. x = 2; x = 1 .

2
2
2 3

4
7
+2
. 17.
sin
. 16.
21 . 18. .
15
2
12
15
25
8

15.

19.

1
4 2
1
4
4
. 20. . 21.
. 22.
. 23.
21 .
26
5
7
17
2 2

24.

1 3
3 4 15
1
23
1
.
. 25.
. 26. . 27.
. 28.
5
2 2
4 + 3 15
5
4 6
3+ 5
. 30.
6

29.
35.

43.

1
5 2

. 37.

3
. 31.
10

5
1
4
19
. 32. . 33. . 34.
.
5
17
26
2

7
5

. 38.
. 39. . 40.
. 41. . 42.
.
3
10
8
18
8
10

3
2
5
15
13
. 44. . 45. . 46.
. 47.
. 48.
.
6
7
7
18
26
22

49. 5 16 . 50. 8 23 . 51.


54. 11 3 .55.
57. ) 17
)

5
9
8 . 52. 12 . 53. 13 4 .
2
2

3
13
5 .56.
18 .
2
2

; ) 3 ;
2
2

7
11
10 ; ) 19 .
2
2

58. ) 14 4 ;
) 3 ;

) 25 7 ;
) 4 12.

59.

5
7;
2

) 5

60. )

3
;
2

9
15 ;
2

) 13

9
.
2

7
11
9 ; )
16 ;
2
2

) 7

3
9
; ) 17 .
2
2

61. ) x = sin 1,5 ;

) x =

1
;
2

62. ) x =

3
;
2

) x = cos

63. ) x =

3
;
2

) x =

64. ) x =

1
;
3

65. ) x = tg
66. ) ;

1
;
2

) ; ) x = sin

39
;
40

1
;
2

4
.
9

) x = cos 3 ; ) .

) x = 3 ;

) x =

) x = tg1 ;

) ; ) x = tg1,5 .

) x = 3 ;

) x = ctg3 ;

1
.
3

) .

) ; ) x [ 1; 1] . 67. ) ; ) ; ) x R .

68. x =

3
1
.
; x=
2
2

69. x = sin 1 ; x = sin

3
.
2

3
1
72. x =
; x = 0 . 71. x = 0 .
.
2
2
1
5
1
73. x = ctg 1 ; x = tg . 74. x =
. 75. x = . 76. x = 1 .
2
5
2
70. x =

77. x = 1 .

3
.
2

78. x =

79. x =

3
1
. 80. x =
.
8
2

81. x =

3
1
1
1
; x=
. 82. x = . 83. x = 1 . 84. x = .
2
2
2
6

85. x =

1
3
3
1
1 . 88. x = .
; x = 1+
. 86. x = 3 . 87. x =
2
2
2
3

89. ) x = 4

3
3
; ) x = sin ; ) x = 1 ; ) x = tg 1 .
4
2

7
7
7
; x = ; x = .
6
4
2
3
3
9

5
91*. x = ; x = ; x = . 92*. x = ; x = ; x = .
4
2
4
4
2
4

90*. x = 0; x =

93. x =
95. x =

1
; x = 1 ; x = 1 .
5
5 1
.
2

98. x = 0 .
100. ) 1 x <

94. x = 2 ; x = 2 .

96. x = 1 .

97. x =

3
5
; x= .
2
2

99. x = 0 .

3
;
2

1
< x 1 ; ) 1 x < sin 1 ;
2

)
101. )

3
1
x < sin ;
2
2

sin

3
< x 1;
2

) 1 x <

102. ) x 1 ; ) x R; ) x >

1
;
3

1
;
2

3
3
x
.
2
2

) cos 3 < x < 1 ;

103. ) x

1
3
<x
.
2
2

1
3
; ) tg < x tg 1 .
2
3

) x > ctg 3.1 ;

) x > 3 ;) 3 x < 3 .
104. 4 x 5 .105. x = 1 .
107.

106. 2 x < 1 .

3
1
1 1
< x 1.
x . 108. 1 x < ;
2
2
2
2

109. x 3 .

110. 1 < x < 3 . 111. 1 x

112. x > 3 . 113. x 0 . 114.


116. 4

1
1
1
1
x<
x< .
. 115.
2
2
3
3

3
1
1
3
<x<
,
<x<4 .
4
4
2
2

117. tg 1 x 1; 1 x

119.

3
.
2

1
3
<x<
.
2
2

tg 1. 118. x =

120. 1 x

1
.
2

3
1
;
x 1 . 121. x 1 .
2 2

122. 1 x 0 .
125. x = 1 ; 1 +
127*. x =

123. 1 x <

3
. 124. 1 x 2 .
2

2
3
5
x 1 + 2 ; x = 2 + 3 .126.
x .
2
2
3

7
7
7
7
7
; x ; 0 x ; x .
2
4
6
6
4

, x + n , n = 1, 2,3,...;
4
2

3
7
< x ; < x .
2
2
4

128*. x

+ 2n x + 2n, n Z .
4
4

3
130*. x = sin a
a .
2
2
129*.

2 5a 2 2
131 . x = sin
5

a ;
2
5

2 5a 2 2
5

17
<a
.
2
2

x = sin

8 9. . 3.5.
90*. . 3.37* 3.2 57 3.3.
91*. . 58.
92*. . 59.

104.

x 5 2x 9,

arcsin (x 5) arcsin (2 x 9) 1 x 5 1 4 x 5,
1 2x 9 1.

105. , arccos x - .
127*. . 90.

128*.

y2 =
129*.

y1 = arctg(tgx )

y1 = arcsin (cos x )

x
+ .
3 3

y 2 = arccos(cos x ) .
130*. arcsin x = t , arccos x =

131*.

t .
2
2

t ,
2

arcsin x = t , arccos x =

t,
2

5t 2 4t + 2 a 2 = 0 .

tB =
.
5

1) 2

f (t ) = 5t 2 4t + 2 a 2 ;

D 0,


f 2 0,


f 2 < 0,

2) t1 < t B ,
f 0.
2

4.
4.1.


sin x = a , cos x = a , tgx = a ,
a - .


a 1 .

sin x = a

cos x = a

tgx = a a R .

x , a > 1,
sin x = a
(4.1)
n
x = ( 1) arcsin a + n, n Z, a 1;

x , a > 1,
cos x = a
x = arccos a + 2n, n Z, a 1;
tgx = a x = arctga + n , n Z .

sin x = a

(4.2)
(4.3)

a 1

x = ( 1) arcsin a + n , n Z ,
n

a <1

arcsin a + 2n , n Z arcsin a + 2m , m Z .

sin x = 0

x = n , n Z;

sin x = 1

x=

+ 2n , n Z;
2

sin x = 1 x =

+ 2n , n Z .
2

cos x = a a < 1
arccos a + 2n , n Z arccos a + 2m , m Z .
:

+ n, n Z;
2

cos x = 0

x=

cos x = 1

x = 2n , n Z;

cos x = 1 x = + 2n , n Z .
4.1 4.2

sin x = a cos x = a a < 1
4.1. sin x =

2
~
y=
2
M1

M2 ,

O~
y (. 4.1).

M1OA = 1

M 2OA = 2 = 1 .
,

2
.
2

x1 = 1 = arcsin

2
=

2
4

x 2 = 1 =

3
=
4 4

sin x =

2
.
2

sin x 2 - ,

3

+ 2n , n Z , + 2m, m Z .
4
4
: x =

+ 2n , n Z;
4

x=

3
+ 2m, m Z .
4

. 4.1

2
a , a < 1 , ,
2
, ,
arcsin a + 2n , n Z arcsin a + 2m , m Z
sin x = a .

x = ( 1)n arcsin a + n , n Z .
,
,
x1 = arcsin a x 2 = arcsin a .
4.2. cos x =

1
.
2

1
. ~
x =
2

M1 M 2 ,

O~
x (. 4.2).

M1OA = M 2OA = ,
.. x1 = = arccos

x 2 = =

1
=
2 3

cos x =

1
.
2

cos x - 2 ,

+ 2n , n Z , + 2m, m Z .
3
3
: x =

+ 2n, n Z .
3

4.3. tgx = 2 .
.
,
(. 4.3)

tgx = 2

AB
= 2 = tg1 .
OA

,
tgx = 2

AB = 2;
B .

BOA 1 , .. tg1 = 2 ,

1 = arctg2 .
tg( + 1 ) = tg1 ,

2 = + 1 = + arctg2

tgx = 2 .

tgx

x = arctg2 + n , n Z .
: x = arctg2 + n,

nZ.

4.4 4.5
.
a
() .
4.4. sin x = cos1 .
. a = cos1 0 < cos1 < 1,

x = ( 1) arcsin (cos1) + n, n Z .
n


arcsin (cos1) = arcsin sin 1 = 1
2 2
n

1 + n , n Z .
2

x = ( 1)

n n :

x=

1 + 2k , k Z (n = 2k );
2


x = 1 + (2m + 1), m Z (n = 2m + 1) .
2
: x =

1 + 2n; n Z; x = + 1 + 2m, m Z .
2
2

4.5. cos 2 x = 2 cos 6 .


.

a = 2cos 6 .

2 cos 6 1 .

. 4.4).

11
< 6 < 2 (.
6

;2 ,
2

11
6,
6

cos x

cos 6 > cos

2 cos 6 > 2 cos

11

3
= cos =
.
6
6
2

11
= 3 >1
6

cos 2x = 2 cos 6 .

: ( ).
. sin x = sin , cos x = cos ,
, sin kx = sin mx , cos kx = cos mx
R .

sin x = sin

x = ( 1)n + n, n Z

x = + 2n , n Z
x = + 2m, m Z

cos x = cos x = + 2n, n Z .

(4.4)
(4.5)

tgx = tg R ,

+ n , n Z
2
tgx = tg x = + n , n Z .

(4.6)

sin 3x = sin x :

sin 3x = sin x

3x = x + 2n , n Z,
3x = x + 2m, m Z

x = n , n Z,

x = + m , m Z.

4
2


sin 2 x = a ,

cos 2 x = a tg 2 x = a ,
1 1 3
1
a ; ; a ;1;3 4 2 4
3
2
tg x = a .

.

.
4.6. :
) sin 2 x =

1
;
2

) sin 2 x =

3
.
4

. ) 1.

1
1 os2 x 1

=
os2x = 0
2
2
2

n
2 x = + n , n Z x = +
, n Z.
2
4 2

sin 2 x =

2. sin 2 x =

1
2

sin x = 2 ,

sin x = 1

n
x = ( 1) 4 + n , n Z,

x = ( 1)m+1 + m, m Z

4
n
x= +
, nZ.
4 2
) 1:

sin 2 x =

3
4

1 os2x 3
=
2
4

os 2 x =

2
2 x = + 2n, n Z
3

2
2: sin x =

3
4

x=

+ n, n Z .
3

3
,
sin x =
2

3
,
sin x =
2

n
x = ( 1) 3 + n, n Z,

x = ( 1)m+1 + m, m Z,
3

1
2

x = 3 + 2n , n Z,

x = 2 + 2m, m Z,

x = + 2k , k Z,
3

2
x = + 2l, l Z,
3

x=

+ n , n Z.
3

. 4.5

4.6, ).
:
) x =

n
+
, nZ;
4 2

) x =

+ n, n Z .
3

4.2.
(

b = 0, a 0 ,

a sin x + b cos x = c )

c
. ,
a
c
a = 0, b 0, cos x = .
b

sin x =

c = 0, a 0, b 0
tgx =

b
.
a

a 0, b 0, c 0 .

a 2 + b 2 > 0 ( )
a
a 2 + b2

sin x +

b
a 2 + b2

cos x =

a 2 + b2

(4.7)

2
2
a +b


b
+
2
2
a +b

a 2 + b2
.

= 1,

= cos ,

a 2 + b2

= sin

(4.7)

sin x cos + cos x sin =

c
a 2 + b2

sin (x + ) =
.

c
a 2 + b2

(4.8)

a
a 2 + b2

= cos ,

b
a 2 + b2

= sin ,

cos (x ) =

c
a2 + b2

(4.7).

(4.9)

(4.8) (4.9)
,

a +b
2

a 2 + b2 c2 .

(4.8) (4.9)

x = + ( 1)n arcsin
x = arccos

c
a +b
2

c
a2 + b2

+ n , n Z ,

+ 2k , k Z .


(4.7)

a sin x + b cos x = c.
4.7.

sin x + 3 cos x = 2 .
.

cos =

( 3 ) +1 = 2 ,
2

1
3
2
sin x +
cos x =
.
2
2
2
1
3

, sin =
, .. = ,
2
2
3

cos sin x + sin cos x =


3
3
2

sin x + =
3 2

x = + ( 1)n + n, n Z .
3
4

: x =

+ ( 1)n + n, n Z.
3
4

, :

a sin f (x ) + b cos f (x ) = c .

4.8.

2 sin (3x ) + 5 cos(3x ) = 5 .


.

22 + 52 > 52 ,

, .
,

sin (3x ) = sin ( - 3x ) = sin 3x;

cos(3x ) = cos( 3x ) = cos 3x,

2 sin (3x ) + 5 cos(3x ) = 5


2 sin 3x + 5 cos 3x = 5

2
5
5
sin 3x +
cos 3x =

29
29
29

cos sin3x + sin cos3x =

= arccos

2
29

= arcsin

5
.
29

sin (3x + ) =

5
29

5
,
29

3x + = ( 1)n+1 arcsin

5
+ n , n Z
29

1
5
5

x = arcsin
+ ( 1)n +1 arcsin
+ n , n Z .
3
29
29

: x =

1
( 1)n +1 1 arcsin 5 + n , n Z .

3
29

4.9. ,

f (x ) = 4 sin (5x 3) 7 cos(5x 3) .


.

7
4

f (x ) = 4 2 + 7 2
sin (5x 3)
cos(5x 3) =
65

65
= 65 sin (5x 3 + ) .
sin (5x 3 + ) 1 x R R ,
65 65 sin (5x 3 + ) 65 .

: 65; 65 .
4.10.

2x 3
x 1
y(x ) = 12 sin
+ 10 sin 2
.
12
3 2
.
(2.18),

2x 3
x 1
y(x ) = 12 sin
+ 51 cos

6
3 2

x 1
x 1
y(x ) = 12 sin
5 cos
+5=
3 2
3 2
12 x 1 5
x 1
+ 5 =
= 13 sin
cos
3 2
13 3 2 13

x 1
= 13 sin
+ 5 ,

3 2
= arccos

12
.
13

5 13 y(x ) 5 + 13 .

: [ 8;18] .
4.3.

f (t ) = 0 , t = sin (x )
t = cos (x ) , t = tg(x ) , (x ) - .

4.11.

10 sin 2 2x + 7 cos 2 x 4 = 0 .
. f (sin 2 x,

cos 2 x ) = 0 .
~
sin 2x 1 cos 2x , f (cos 2x ) = 0.
2

10 sin 2 2x + 7 cos 2 x 4 = 0

10 1 cos 2 2x + 7 cos 2 x 4 = 0
10 cos 2 2x 7 cos 2x 6 = 0 .
t = cos 2 x , 1 t 1 ,

10 t 2 7 t 6 = 0 .
:

1
6
t1 = ; t 2 = .
2
5

cos 2 x =

1
2

1
.
2

2
2 x = + 2n , n Z
3

: x =

t1 =

x=

+ n , n Z .
3

+ n, n Z .
3

4.12. cos 2 x sin x = 0 .


. cos 2 x = 1 2 sin 2 x ,
:

2 sin 2 x + sin x 1 = 0 .
2t 2 + t 1 = 0

t = sin x ,

1
sin x = 1 sin x = . :
2
x=

+ 2n, n Z;
2

: x =

x = ( 1)m

+ m, m Z.
6

+ 2n, n Z; x = ( 1)m + m, m Z.
2
6

. 1. cos 2 x sin x = 0
,
. , ,

cos 2 x = sin 2 x ,

sin 2 x 4 = 0,

x
cos = 0,
2 4

sin 2x sin x = 0

3
2 x 4 = n, n Z,

x = + m, m Z,
2 4 2

x =

2
+ n, n Z
6 3

x=

3
+ 2k , k Z.
2

,
. ,
n = 2 + 3k , k Z ,

x=

2
3
+ (2 + 3k ) = + 2k,
6 3
2

kZ.

2. (4.4)

sin 2x = sin x
2

: x =

2 2 x = x + 2n, n Z,

2 x = x + 2n, n Z,
2

x = 6 + 3 n, n Z,

x = + 2n , n Z .

2
+ n, n Z .
6 3

4.4.
4.4.1.
4.1.
k ( k )

a 0 sin k x + a1 sin k 1 x cos x + ... +


+ a k 1 sin x cos k 1 x + a k cos k x = 0 .

(4.10)

a 0 sin x + a1 cos x = 0 .
osx
(a 0 0, a1 0) :

tgx =

a1
.
a0

k = 2 k = 3 (4.4)
:

a 0 sin 2 x + a1 sin x cos x + a 2 cos 2 x = 0 ;

(4.11)

a 0 sin 3 x + a1 sin 2 x cos x + a 2 sin x cos 2 x + a 3 cos3 x = 0 . (4.12)


, ,

.
:
1) a 0 a k ;
2) a 0 = 0 () a k = 0 .
, cos k x ,
k -
t = tgx :

a 0 t k + a1t k 1 + L + a k 1t + a k = 0 .
, k = 2 k = 3 :

a 0 t 2 + a1 t + a 2 = 0 ;
a 0 t 3 + a1t 2 + a 2 t + a 3 = 0.
( a 0 = 0 () a k = 0 ) (4.10)
. ,

a0 = 0 :
cos x = 0,

k 1
k 2
x cos x + ... + a k cos k 1 x = 0,
a1 sin x + a 2 sin
a 0 = 0 a k = 0 :

sin 2 x = 0,

k 2
x + a 2 sin k 3 x cos x + ... + a k 1 cos k 2 x = 0.
a1 sin

,
.
,
u = sin (x ) , v = cos (x ) , (x )
- , ..

a 0 sin k (x ) + a1 sin k 1 (x ) cos (x ) + L + a k cos k (x ) = 0.


4.13.

2 sin 2 x 3 sin x cos x + cos 2 x = 0 .


.
(4.11) (a 0 = 2, a 2 = 1) .

cos 2 x ,

[ cos x = 0
(?)]

2tg 2 x 3tgx + 1 = 0 .
t = tgx ,

2t 2 3t + 1 = 0 .
: t1 =

tgx =

1
t 2 = 1 .
2

1
; tgx = 1 , :
2
1
x1 = arctg + m, m Z ;
2

: x =

+ n , n Z;
4

x2 =

+ n, n Z .
4

1
x = arctg + m, m Z .
2

4.14.

sin 3 x + 1 3 sin 2 x cos x 3 sin x cos 2 x = 0 .


.
(4.12) ( a 3 = 0 ).

sin x = 0,
2
2
sin x + 1 3 sin x cos x 3 cos x = 0.

x = n , n Z .

(a 0 0

a 2 0) . cos 2 x
t = tgx,

t2 + 1 3 t 3 = 0 .

t1 = 1, t 2 = 3 .

tgx = 1 tgx = 3 . :

x=

+ n, n Z , x = + m, m Z .
4
3

: x = n ,

x=

+ m, m Z ;
4

nZ; x =

+ k, k Z .
3

4.15.

2 3

3 + 1 sin 2 x 2 3 1 cos 2 x = 0 .

. .

2 3 2 3 cos 2 x + sin 2 x ,
:

2 3 cos 2 x + 2 3 sin 2 x

3 + 1 sin 2 x

2 3 cos 2 x + 2 cos 2 x = 0

2 3 sin 2 x 2 3 + 1 sin x cos x + 2 cos 2 x = 0


1
1

cos 2 x = 0 .
sin 2 x 1 +
sin x cos x +
3
3

2-
a 0 = 1,

1
1

tg 2 x 1 +
= 0.
tgx +
3
3

1
1

.
a1 = 1 +
, a 2 =
3
3

os 2 x 0,

t = tgx

tgx =

tgx = 1

1
,
3
x=

: x =

+ n, n Z, x = + k, k Z .
4
6

+ n, n Z;
4

x=

+ k, k Z .
6

4.16.

4sin 3 x + 8 cos x sin 2 x cos 3x 3 cos x = 0 .


.

cos 3x = 4 cos3 x 3 cos x ,

sin 3 x + 2 cos x sin 2 x cos3 x = 0 .


.
cos3 x (cos x 0 ) ,

tg 3 x + 2 tg 2 x 1 = 0

t 3 + 2 t 2 1 = 0 , t = tg x .
t = 1 .

t 3 + 2 t 2 1 (t + 1) ,

t 3 + 2 t 2 1 = (t + 1) t 2 + t 1 .

t1 = -1,
t + 1 = 0,
t + 2t 1 = 0 2

.
t = 1 5
t
+
t

1
=
0
,

2 ,3

2
3

tgx = 1,

tgx = 1 5 ,

tgx = 1 + 5 ,

2
: x =

x = 4 + n , n Z,

1+ 5

x = arctg 2 + m, m Z,

1 + 5

+ k, k Z.
x = arctg
2

+ n , n Z ;
4

x = arctg
x = arctg

1+ 5
+ m , m Z ;
2

1 + 5
+ k , k Z .
2

.
,
. ,
.
4.17.

os3x + 2cosx sin 2 x = 0 .


.

os3x = 4cos3x 3cos x ;


sin 2 x = 1 cos 2 x,

cosx (2cos x 1) = 0 .

4cos3 x 3cos x + 2 cos x 1 cos 2 x = 0


2cos3 x cos x = 0

2cos 2 x 1 = cos 2x ,

cos x cos 2 x = 0 ,

cos x = 0,
cos 2 x = 0,

x=

x = 2 + n , n Z,

2x = + m, m Z.

+ n, n Z;
2

cos 3x + 2 cos x sin x = 0


2

cos x = 0,
tgx = 1,

, ,
,
..

x=


+ m, m Z.
4 2

cos 3x cosx sin2 x = 0 .

: x =

x=

+ n , n Z ;
2

+ m, m Z .
4 2



. . 4.6.
4.4.2. ,

f (sin x, cos x ) c ,

c R , f (sin x, cos x ) - (4.10)


2k .

c = c cos 2 x + sin 2 x

= c cos 2k x + k cos 2(k 1) x sin 2 x + ... + k cos 2 x sin 2(k 1) x + sin 2 k x


f (sin x , cos x ) = c cos 2k x + k cos 2(k 1) x sin 2 x + ... + sin 2 k x ,


2k .
f (x )

(cos

x + sin 2 x

1.

4.18.

cos 4 x + sin 4 x + 5 sin 3 x cos x cos 2 x sin 2 x 2 sin x cos3 x = 1 .


.
.

(sin

x + cos 2 x 1,

cos 4 x + sin 4 x + 5 sin 3 x cos x cos 2 x sin 2 x 2 sin x cos3 x =


= sin 4 x + 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x + cos 4 x

cos x sin x 5 sin 2 x 3 sin x cos x 2 cos 2 = 0

sin 2 x = 0,

2
2
5 sin x 3 sin x cos x 2 cos x = 0.

x=

n
; nZ.
2


. cos 2 x ; cos x 0 ,

5t 2 3t 2 = 0 .
t = tgx, t R
5tg 2 x 3tgx 2 = 0 .
2
5

: t1 = ; t 2 = 1 .

tgx =

2
2
x = arctg + m, m Z;
5
5

tgx = 1 x =
: x =

x=

+ k, k Z .
4

n
2
; n Z ; x = arctg + m, m Z ;
2
5

+ k , k Z .
4

4.19.

3 sin 2 x sin 2x + 2 cos 4 x + 4 sin 4 x = 2 .


.
, ,
. .

3 sin 2 x 2 sin x cos x

(sin

x + cos 2 x 1 ,

2 = 2 sin 2 x + cos 2 x .

3 sin 4 x + 3 sin 2 x cos 2 x 2 sin 3 x cos x


2 sin x cos 3 x + 2 cos 4 x + 4 sin 4 x =
= 2 sin 4 x + 4 sin 2 x cos 2 x + 2 cos 4 x

5 sin 4 x 2 sin 3 x cos x sin 2 x cos 2 x 2 sin x cos3 x = 0


sin x = 0,

3
2
2
3
5 sin x 2 sin x cos x 2 sin x cos 2 cos x = 0.

x = n; n Z .

5t 3 2 t 2 t 2 = 0 ,
t = tgx .
,

(5t

) (

5t 2 + 3t 2 3t + (2t 2 ) = 0

tgx = 1 x =

(t 1) (5t 2 + 3t + 2) = 0 .

+ n; n Z .
4

: x = n; n Z ; x =

+ m; m Z .
4

t =1,

..

4.5. R sin 2 n x, cos 2k x = 0


,
u = sin 2 n x v = cos 2 k x -

,
. .
1.

1 cos 2x
2
=
R sin 2 n x , cos 2 k x =
+
1
cos
2x
2
cos x =
2

sin 2 x =

1 cos 2 x n 1 + cos 2 x k ~
= R
,
= R (cos 2x ).

2
2

R () -

~
u = sin 2n x v = cos 2 k x, R () -
t = cos 2x . .

2 . t = sin 2 x

t = cos 2 x

k
~
R sin 2 n x, cos 2 k x = sin 2 x = t = R t n , (1 t ) = R (t ) .

3.


.
4.20.

cos 4 x + sin 4 x cos 2 x

1
=0.
2

. 1.

sin 2 x =

1 cos 2x
1 + cos 2 x
, cos 2 x =
,
2
2

(4.13)

1
1 + cos 2 x 1 cos 2 x

+
cos 2x = 0
2
2
2

cos 2 2 x 2 cos 2 x = 0 ,

(4.14)

cos 2 x = 0,

cos 2 x 2 = 0 2 x = 2 + n , n z .

: x =


+ n, n Z .
4 2

2.

cos 2 x = t , 0 t 1 ,

, cos 2 x = 2 cos 2 x 1 = 2 t 1 ,

t 2 + (1 t )2 (2t 1)

t1 =

1
3
= 0 2t 2 4 t + = 0.
2
2

1
3
t2 = .
2
2

0 t 1

.

cos 2 x =

1
1
osx =

2
2

x=


+ n,
4 2

(. . 4.7).

nZ

3. (2.37 ) ( 2.1)

1
cos 4 x + sin 4 x = 1 sin 2 2 x =
2
=1

(4.13)

1
1 1
1 cos 2 2 x = + cos 2 2x .
2
2 2

1 1
1
+ cos 2 2x cos 2x = 0
2 2
2

cos 2 2 x 2 cos 2 x = 0 .

(4.14),
1.
: x =


+ n,
4 2

nZ.

4.21.
) y = cos 4 x + sin 4 x ,
) y = cos 6 x + sin 6 x ,
) y = cos8 x + sin 8 x .
: ) (2.37),

1
y cos 4 x + sin 4 x = 1 sin 2 2x .
2
0 sin 2 2 x 1,

1
1
1 1 cos 4 x + sin 4 x 1 0 ,
2
2
) (2.38)

..

1
y ; 1 ;
2

3
y cos 6 x + sin 6 x = 1 sin 2 2x ,
4
1
4

, y ; 1 ;
) (2.46)

1
y(x ) cos8 x + sin 8 x = sin 4 2 x sin 2 2x + 1 .
8

sin 2 2 x = t , 0 t 1 ,

1
f (t ) = t 2 t + 1 , E(f ) t [0;1]
8
E( y ) y(x ) .
f (t ) [0, 1]

f f

[0; 1]. E(f ) = [f . ; f . ] .

,


.
:
) f

1
f (0) = 1; f (1) = ;
8
) :

f (t ) =

1
t 1 = 0 t 0 = 4.
4

t 0 = 4 (0;1)

E y = ;1 .
8

: ) ;1; ) ;1; ) ;1 .
2
4
8

, E cos 2 n x + sin 2 n x = n 1 ;1 .
2

y = cos 2 n x + sin 2n x .

cos 2 x = t ,

t [0; 1] , f (t ) = t n + (1 t )n
[0;1] . ,

:

max f (t ) min f (t ) .
t[0 ,1]

) f (0) = 1,

t[0 ,1]

f (1) = 1 ;

n 1
) f (t ) = nt n 1 n (1 t ) = 0

t 0 =

t0 =

1
.
2

1
(0;1)
2
n

1 1 1
1 1
f (t 0 ) = f = + 1 = 2 =
2 2 2
2 2

n 1

1 n 1
) max f (t ) = max , 1 = 1;
t[0;1]
2

1 n 1
1 n 1
min f (t ) = min ; 1 = .
t[0;1]
2
2
1

2

n 1

cos 2 n x + sin 2n x 1 .

4.22.
) cos 2 n x + sin 2 k x = 1 ;

) cos 2 n x + sin 2 k 1 x = 1 .

. ) 1

cos 2 n x + sin 2k x = 1 cos 2 n x + sin 2 k x = cos 2 x + sin 2 x

cos 2 x os 2 (n 1)x 1 + sin 2 x sin 2 (k 1) x 1 = 0 .

os 2 (n 1)x 1 0

(4.15)

sin 2 (k 1) x 1 0 ,

(4.15.) :

cos 2 x cos 2(n 1) x 1 = 0,

sin 2 x sin 2(k 1) x 1 = 0,

cos x = 0 ,

sin x = 1,
sin x = 0 ,
cos x
= 1.

cos x = 0,
2(k 1)
x = 1,
sin

sin x = 0 ,
2(n 1)
x = 1,
cos

x=

n
, nZ.
2

2. , x ,

cos x = 1 sin x = 1, ..

x=

n
, n Z ,
2

).
, .

n
, n Z, cos x < 1 sin x < 1.
2
cos 2n x < cos 2 x;
2k
sin x < sin 2 x

(4.16)

n 2 k 2 . (4.16),
..

cos 2n x + sin 2 k x < cos 2 x + sin 2 x = 1 ,

n
, n Z , cos 2n x + sin 2k x < 1
2

) , x =

n
, n Z , ;
2

) .
: ) x =

n
, nZ;
2

+ 2m, m Z .
2
4.6. R (sin x cos x, sin 2x ) = 0
) x = n , n z ; x =

t = sin x + cos x .

t 2 = (sin x + cos x )2 = 1 + sin 2 x sin 2x = t 2 1 .


R (sin x + cos x , sin 2 x ) = 0
t

~
R t, t 2 1 = 0 R (t ) = 0,
R () - t .

4.23.

cos3 x + sin 3 x sin 2x 1 = 0 .


. :

cos3 x + sin 3 x = (cos x + sin x ) cos 2 x cos x sin x + sin 2 x =


1

= (cos x + sin x )(1 cos x sin x ) = (cos x + sin x ) 1 sin 2 x .


2

(cos x + sin x )1 1 sin 2 x sin2x 1 = 0 .

cos x + sin x = t , sin 2 x = t 2 1 ,


) (

t 1 t 2 1 t 2 1 1 = 0
2

t (t + 3)(t 1) = 0 t1 = 0, t 2 = 3, t 3 = 1 .
,
:

cos x + sin x = 0,
cos x + sin x = 1,

cos x + sin x = 3.

cos x + sin x = sin x + sin x =

x+x
xx
= 2 sin 2
cos 2
=
2
2
= 2 sin

cos x = 2 cos x ,
4
4
4

cos x 4 = 0,



1
,

cos x =
4
2

3
,
cos x =
4
2


x - 4 = 2 + n, n Z,

x - = + 2m, m Z,
4
4

, 3 > 1.
2

: x =

+ n , n Z; x = + 2m, m Z ;
4
2

x = 2k , k Z .
4.24.

1
1
1

+
= 3.
sin x cos x sin x cos x
.

sin x 0,

cos x 0,
x R ,

x n, n Z,

2
x R.

cos x sin x 3 cos x sin x + 1 = 0 .


cos x sin x = t ,

1 2 sin x cos x = t 2

(cos x sin x )2 = t 2
sin x cos x =

1 t 2
.
2

3
1 t 2 + 1 = 0 3t 2 + 2 t 1 = 0 .
2
1
: t1 = 1, t 2 = .
3
cos x sin x = 1
t

x=

+ 2n , n Z
2

x = + 2m,

mZ.

cos x sin x =

1

3

osx sin x =

1
1
1
cos x
sin x =
2
2
3 2

x = arccos
+ 2k, k Z .
cos x + =
4 3 2
4
3 2

: x =

1
arccos
+ 2n, n Z.
4
3 2

4.7.

()

[(2.27)-(2.31)];
sin kx cos mx , sin kx sin mx , cos kx cos mx -
[ (2.24)(2.26)],
.



2.
4.25.

cos 5x + sin x = cos x sin 3x.


.

(cos 5x cos x ) + (sin x + sin 3x ) = 0

2 sin 3x sin 2 x + 2 sin 2 x cos x = 0

sin 2 x (cos x sin 3x ) = 0 ,

sin 2 x = 0 ,
cos x sin 3x = 0.

x =

n, n Z .
2

(4.4) .

x ,
2

cos x = sin

sin x = sin 3x
2

: x =

2 x = 3x + 2m , m Z,

x = 3x + 2k , k Z ,
2

x =

x =


+ m, m Z;
8 2

+ k, k Z.
4


n, n Z; x = + m, m Z;
2
8 2

x=

+ k, k Z.
4

4.26.

x
1
os cos x cos 2x cos 4 x = .
2
16

. 16 sin

x
.
2

16 sin

x
x
x
cos cos x cos 2x cos 4 x = sin ,
2
2
2

X = {x x R , x 2k, k Z}.
,

x
= 0
2

.
,
x = 2k , k Z

2 sin

sin

x
x
cos = sin x,
2
2

2 sin x cos x = sin 2 x,

2 sin 2 x cos 2 x = sin 4x ,


sin 8x sin

2 sin 4 x cos 4 x = sin 8x ,


x
=0
2

sin 8x = sin

x
.
2

(4,4)

8x = 2 + 2n, n Z,

x
8x = + 2m, m Z,

x = n, n Z,

15

2
4
x = + m, m Z .
17
17

x = 2k , k Z

4
.
n = 2k
15
2
4
+ m = 2k n, m, k .
17
17
15
n = k . ,
2

4
n , n Z , n 15k , k Z .
15
(2m 17k 1
m, k Z ) .
x =

: x =

2
4
4
n , n Z; n 15k , x =
+ m, m Z .
15
17
17

4. 27.


5
3

sin x cos 2 x + + cos 5x + cos 2 x = 0 .


8
8
4
4

.

:


5 1
3

sin x cos 2 x + = sin 3x + + sin x =


8
8 2
2
4

1
3

= cos 3x sin x + ;
2
4

3
1

cos 5x + cos 2 x = cos 7 x +


4
4 2

+ cos(3x + ) =
2

1
(sin 7 x + cos 3x ) .
2

sin 7 x + sin x + = 0.
4

3

sin 4 x + 8 = 0,



3
cos 3x = 0,
8

x=

+ n, n Z x =
+ m, m Z .
32
4
24
3

: x =

+ n, n Z ; x =
+ m, m Z .
32
4
24
3

4.28.

cos 2 x + cos 2 2x + cos 2 3x + cos 2 4x = 2 .


.

cos 2 kx =

1 + cos 2kx
,
2

cos 2 x + cos 4 x + cos 6x + cos 8x = 0 .


(cos 2 x + cos 8x ) (cos 4 x + cos 6x )
,

cos 5x cos 3x + cos 5x cos x = 0 .



:

cos x = 0,
cos 2 x = 0,

cos 5x = 0.
:

x=



+ n, n Z; x = + k , k Z; x = + m, m Z .
2
4 2
10 5

x=


+ m, m Z .
10 5


+ n = + m, m Z, n Z ,
2
10 5

m , n .

2+m
, m Z, n Z .
5
~, m
~ Z,
m = 2 + 5 m
,

~
n = m
n=

~ = 0 : m = 2, n = 0 x = x = ;
( m
1
2
2

~ = 1 : m = 7 , n = 1 x = x = 3 ..).
m
1
2
2

: x =



+ m, m Z ; x = + k , k Z .
10 5
4 2

4.8.

t = tg

x
2

( )
t = tg

x

2
R (sin x , cos x ) = 0 ,

(4.17)

.. ,
u = cos x v = sin x . ,

x
x
x
2 sin cos
2 tg
x
x
2
2 =
2 = 2t ,
sin x = 2 sin cos =
2
2 sin 2 x + cos 2 x 1 + tg 2 x 1 + t 2
2
2
2
(4.18)

x
cos 2 sin 2
x
x
2
cos x = cos 2 sin 2 =
x
2
2 cos 2 + sin 2
2

x
x
1 tg 2
2
2 =
2 = 1 t ,
x
x 1+ t2
1 + tg 2
2
2
~
R (t ) = 0
2t 1 t 2 ~

;
R
t
0
t R

=
(
)
1+ t2 1+ t2

t = tg
1.

t (x ) = tg

x
2

x
.
2

x = + 2n , n Z .
(4.17) , ,
.
x
,
2
x = (2n + 1), n Z , .

t = tg

2.

t = tg

x
2

(4.17) n.

n > 2 ,
.
,
.
4.29.

sin x + cos x = 1 .
.
. ,

u = sin x v = cos x , ..
R (sin x , cos x ) = 0 .
(4.18)

2t
1 t2
+
= 1,
1 + t 2 1+ t 2

(4.19)

2t
1 t2
~
R (t ) =
+

1+ t2 1+ t2
t.

(4.19)

(1 + t ),
2

2t + 1 t 2 = 1 + t 2 t 2 t = 0
. : t1 = 0 t 2 = 1 .
x,

x
x
x = 2m, m Z,
tg 2 = 0,
2 = m, m Z,

x = + 2k, k Z.
x

x
tg = 1
= + k, k Z,
2

2
2 4

: x = 2m, m Z ; x =

+ 2k , k Z .
2

4.29.
sin x + cos x = 1 ,
sin x cos x = 1

.

4.29 ,
,
()
sin x cos x
. ,
sin x + cos x = 1
:
:

sin x + cos x = 1

sin x + = 1
4

1
1
1
sin x +
cos x =
2
2
2
2

x+

= ( 1)n + n , n Z
4
4

x = 2m n = 2m, m Z ( n);

+ (2k + 1) = + 2k,
2
2
n = 2k + 1, k Z ;
x=

k Z n:

sin x + cos x = 1
1

cos x =
4
2

x =

sinx + sin x = 1
2

x=


+ 2n , n Z,
4 4

+ 2m, m Z; x = 2k, k Z .
2

,
sin x + cos x = 1 , sin x cos x = 1
x =

n , n Z . ,
2

.
.

sin x = 1,

cos x = 1.
sin x = 1,

cos x = 1.

1. sin x + cos x = 1
2. sin x cos x = 1

3. sin x + cos x = 1

sin x = 1,
cos x = 1.

sin x = 1 ,

cos x = 1.

4. cos x sin x = 1

.

2. sin x cos x = 1

sin x = 1,

cos x = 1.

. x =

+ 2n , n Z (sin x = 1)
2

x = + 2m, m Z (cosx = 1)
. , .

sin x cos x < 1, .. sin x

x 0; , x ;
2
2

( cos x )

sin x < 1, cos x < 1 .


3

x ; , x ; 2

2
2

sin x cos x > 1.


, a = sin x
b = cos x

(. 4.8)
c = OA = 1

(a + b > c )

sin x cos x > 1.


+ 2n, n Z
x = 2n , n Z ,
2
,
sin x cos x 1.
,
x=

2 .
, (4.17)
t = tg

x

2

. ,

sin x + 3 cos x = 2 (. 4.7)

) (

t 2 2 3 2 t
: t1, 2 =

)(

3 2 1 2 .

3 2

= 0 .

( 3 2 )(1 2 )
x = 2arctg(( 3 2 )(1 2 )) + 2m, m Z ,
tg

..

x
=
2

:
x = 2arctg 3 2 1 2 + 2n , n Z .
:

((

+ ( 1)n + n , n Z,
3
4

x=

)(

))

t = tg
2

a sin f (x ) + b cos f (x ) = c ,


.
( !)
,
t = tg

x
.
2

4.24.
4.30.

1
1
1

+
= 3.
sin x cos x sin x cos x
.

x R, x

n, n Z .
2

(4.18),

1+ t2 1+ t2 1+ t2

+
= 3, t 0, t 1 ,
2t
1 t 2 2t 1 t 2

2t 3 + t 2 4t + 1 = 0, t 0, t 1 .

t1 = 1 .
. 2t 3 + t 2 4 t + 1 = 0
(t 1) :

-4

-1

2t 2 + 3t 1 = 0 .
: t 2,3 =

3 17
.
4

tg

x 3 17
=
2
4

3 17
x = 2 arctg
+ n , n Z .
4

, ,
4.24:

x=

1
arccos
+ 2k , k Z .
4
3 2

: x = 2 arctg

3 17
+ n , n Z .
4

,
t = tg

x
, , ,
2


.
4.31.

sin x + 1
+ cos x = 1 .
x
tg + 1
2

x R ,

. : x + 2n, n Z,
x 2 + 2n , n Z .

t = tg

x
. , x 0 = + 2n , n Z ,
2

. (4.18)
:

2t
+1
2t 2 t 1 = 0,
1 t2
1+ t2
+
=
1

t +1
1+ t2
t 1.
1
t1 = 1 t 2 =

2
t

x
x = 2 + 2n , n Z,
tg 2 = 1,

x = 2 arctg 1 + m , m Z.
tg x = 1 ,

2
2

: x =

1
+ 2n , n Z; x = 2arctg + 2m, m Z .
2
2
5
x
+ + 1 = tgx .
2
2 4

4.32. tg
. :

x R ,
x R ,

+ + n , n Z,

2 4 2
x 2 + m, m Z.

x 2 + m, m Z,

t = tg

x
. x = + 2n , n Z ,
2

x = + 2n , n Z ,- .

..

x
.
2
x
1
+
tg
x
2 = 1 + t ; tgx = 2 t ,
tg + =
1 t2
2 4 1 tg x 1 t
2

t = tg

2 t + 2 = 5 t ,
1+ t
5t
2
5t
2
+1 =

t= ,
2
2
1 t
1 t 1 t
3
1 t
t 1,

..

x = 2 arctg + m , m Z .
3

: x = (1 + 2n ), n Z; x = 2 arctg + m , m Z .
3

tg

x 2
=
2 3

1

x = (1 + 2n ), n Z , .
.
4.9.

:

1 + cos 4x =

2
.
sin x

0 1 + cos 4x 2 x R ; :

2
2
sin x

x R , sin x > 0 .

2
< 0 ,
sin x
(1+ cos 4x ) x R .
{x + 2k < x < 2k, k Z}
sin x < 0 ,

.
, x
, :

1 + cos 4 x = 2,

2
= 2.

sin x
, x

x =

+ 2k, k Z .
2

4.33.

1 + sin 2 x =

2
.
cos x

. 0 1 + sin 2 x 2 x R .

2
2 x R , cos x > 0.
cos x
, :

1 + sin 2 x = 2,

2
= 2.

cos x


+ n , n Z .
4
x cos x > 0 ,

: x = + 2n, n Z .
4

x =

2 2 = 2 . ,
2 :

+ n , n Z , x = 2m, m Z .
4
: ( ).

x =

4.34.

(2 + cos 2 x )(3 sin y ) = 12 sec 2 3z .


.

1
. cos 2 3z
2
cos 3z
[0;1]
z R . sec 2 3z
sec : sec 2 3z =

[1;+ ) z R , z


+ n , n Z (
6 3

cos 3z = 0 ), .. sec 2 3z 1
12 sec 2 3z 12
z ( ).
:

(2 + cos 2 x )(3 sin y ) (2 + 1)(3 ( 1)) = 12 ,

, x , y , z
,


x * = n , n Z;
cos 2 x = 1,

*
*
sin
y
1
,
=

y = + 2m, m Z;

2
2 *

cos 3z = 1,
* k
z = 3 , k Z.
*

: x = n , n Z ; y = 2 + 2m , m Z ;

z=

k
, kZ.
3

,


.
, , , 4.34.

, ,
.
4.35.

cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x + ... + cos nx = 0 .


. (2.51)

cos x + cos 2x + ... + cos nx =

sin

nx
(n + 1)x
cos
2
2
x
sin
2

x R , x 2l, l Z ,

sin
:

(n + 1)x = 0 .
nx
cos
2
2

nx
2 = m, m Z,

(n + 1)x = + k, k Z,
2
2

2m

x = n , m Z,

x = (2k + 1) , k Z.

n +1


(
cos x + cos 2x + ... + cos nx = n 0 ),

x = 2l, l Z

: x =

2m
~, m
~ Z; x = (2l + 1) .
, m Z, m nm
n
n +1

4.36.

A = sin

9
+ sin + ... + sin .
10
5
5

. ,
2.5:

nx
(n + 1)x

sin
sin

2
2 ,
sin x + sin 2x + ... + sin nx =
x

sin

n = 18, x =

A=

A = sin

sin

sin

10

18 19
sin
20
20 .

sin
20

19

20 1
= sin
= sin
20
20
20

5 1
= sin
=
(. 2.18).
10
10
4

5 1
.
4

4.10.



.
4.37.

sin x = cos x .

.
cos x
sin x
, :

sin x > 0,

x 2n,

cos x > 0,

+ 2n , n Z.
2

sin x = cos 2 x sin 2 x + sin x 1 = 0 .

t = sin x , 0 < t < 1 ,

t 2 + t 1 = 0 . : t1 =

t2 =
sin x =

x = ( 1)n arcsin
:

1 5
< 1 ,
2

5 1
0 <
< 1 .

5 1
2

5 1
2

5 1
+ n , n Z ,
2


5 1
+ 2n , n Z,
x = arcsin
2

5 1
+ 2m, m Z.
x = arcsin

2
.
: x = arcsin

5 1
+ 2n, n Z.
2

4.38.

cos x 1 = sin

x
.
4

cos x 1 0,
cos x 1,

x
x
sin 4 0,
sin 4 0.
cos x 1 x R .

cos x 1,

cos x 1
, cos x = 1 .
:

cos x = 1,
x = 2n, n Z,


x = 4n , n Z .
x
x = 4m, m Z,
sin 4 = 0,
: x = 4n ,

nZ.

4.39.

1 + sin 2 x = cos x + sin x .

(4.21)

cos x + sin x 0 .
1 + sin 2 x = sin x + 2 sin x cos x + cos 2 x = (sin x + cos x )2 ,

. :
2

(4.21)

sin x + cos x = cos x + sin x .


:

sin x + cos x = sin x + cos x ,

sin x + cos x 0.
, (4.21)
sin x + cos x 0 :

sin x + cos x 0

2 cos x 0
4


+ 2n x + 2n , n Z .
2
4 2


+ 2n;
4

: x

+ 2n n Z .
4

4.40.

1 + tg 2 x = 2 sin x .
. 1 + tg 2 x =

(4.22)

x R , x + n ,
2
2
cos x

n Z . (4.22)

1
= 2 sin x
cos x

sin 2 x = 1 sin 2 x = 1

2x =

+ n , n Z.
2

: x =

n
+
, n Z.
4 2

4.41.

1 cos x = ctg

x
.
2

(4.23)

. 1.
(2.18),

1 cos x = 2 sin 2

x
x
= 2 sin .
2
2

x
x
2
2 sin =
2 sin x
2
cos

x
x
x
2 sin sin = cos ,

2
2
2
x 2n.

: ) sin

x
x
> 0, ) sin < 0 :
2
2

x
x
x
x

2 x
= cos 2 1 cos 2 = cos .
sin > 0 : 2 sin
)
2
2
2
2
2

x 2n.

cos

1
x
t 1 = 0 .
= t , t 2 +
2
2

t1 = 2 ,

t2 =

1
.
2

. cos

x
1
=
,
2
2

x=
sin

+ 4n , n Z .
2

> 0, x = + 4n , n Z ;
2
2

x
x
x
x

2 x
= cos 2 cos 2 1 = cos ,
sin < 0 : 2 sin
)
2
2
2
2
2

x 2n.

t = cos

1
x
t 1 = 0 .
, t 2
2
2

: t1 = 2 ;

cos

t2 =

1
.
2

x
1
x
3
3
=
= + 2n, n Z, x = + 4n .
2
2
4
2
2

x
0 .
2
3

x = + 4n . x = + 4n ;
2
2
3
x = + 2n

:
2

x = + 2n , n Z .
2
, ctg

: x =

+ 2n , n Z .
2

2.

t = tg

x
1 t2
2t 2
: 1 cos x = 1
=
.
2
1+ t2 1+ t2

2t 2
1
2t 2
1
=

= 2
2
2
t
1+ t
1+ t
t

2t 4 t 2 1 = 0 .

t > 0 , t = 1

tg

= 1 , x = + 2n , n Z.
2
2

ctg

3.

x
1 + cos x
=
2
1 cos x

(2.21)

( +,

(4.23) , ctg

x
0 ).
2

(4.23)

1 cos x =

1 + cos x
1 cos x

1 cos x =

(1 cos x )2 = 1 + cos x ,

cos x 1,

x=

1 + cos x
1 cos x

cos x = 0,
cos x = 3,

+ n, n Z .
2

,
ctg

x
0 , ..
2

x
+ n , n Z, 2n x + 2n, n Z .
2 2

x=

+ n, n Z ,
2

x=

+ 2n , n Z .
2
: x =

+ 2n , n Z.
2

n,

..

4.11. .

4.42.

16 x 2 cos

4x
= 0.
3

16 x 2 = 0,

4x
= 0,
cos
3

4 x 4,

[ 4;4]

x = 4,

4x
= + n, n Z,

2
3
4 x 4,

x = 4,

3(2n + 1)
x =
, nZ.
8

4 x 4.

5 n 4.
: x = 4;

x=

3(2n + 1)
4,
8

3(2n + 1)
, n = 5,4,...,4.
8

4.43. ,
:

sin 2 x =

2 + 1 (sin x + cos x 1),

cos 2 x + cos 2 2 x + cos 2 3x = 1.


.

sin x + cos x = t ,

sin 2 x = t 2 1 ,

t2

2 + 1 t + 2 = 0.

: t1 = 2 , t 2 = 1 .
sin x + cos x = 1

sin x + cos x = 2

+ 2n , n Z ,
4

x = + 2m , m Z , x = 2k , k Z .
2
x=

(4.24)


(2.17),
cos 4 x (2 cos 2x + 1) = 1 .
cos 2 x = t .

cos 4 x = 2 cos 2 2x 1 = 2 t 2 1
t 2t 2 + t 1 = 0 .
1
: t = 0, t = 1, t = .
2
1
cos 2 x = 0; cos 2x = 1; cos 2 x = ,
2

+
, n Z; x = + 2m, m Z;
4 2
2

x = + k, k Z .
(4.25)
6
x=

(4.24) (4.25), ,

x=

+ 2n , n Z , x = + 2m, m Z .
4
2

: x = + 2n , n Z ; x = + 2m, m Z .
4
2

4.43
. ,
,

nZ,

x=

+ 2m, m Z ,
2

x=

+ 2n ,
4

, ,
x = 2k , k Z , .
4.44.

tg 2 x 3tgx = sec x 1 ,

(4.26)

[ 2,2] .
. .

tgx tgx 3 0,

sec x 1 0,

tgx tgx 3 0,

1 cos x
0.

cos x

, ,



x + 2n , 2n + 2n,
2
3

+ 2n , n Z .
2

(4.26) ,

tg 2 x 3tgx = sec 2 x 2 sec x + 1 .


(4.27)
1
sec 2 x =
= tg 2 x + 1 , sec x = tg 2 x + 1
2
cos x
(4.26) . (4.27)

3tgx = 2 tg 2 x + 1

1 + tg 2 x = 1 +

3
tgx
2

tgx

tgx = 0

tgx = 4 3 .

x1 = 2n

x 2 = arctg4 3 + 2n , n Z. [ 2; 2]
: 2; 0; 2
: arctg4 3 arctg4 3 2 (. 4.9).

: 2; 0; 2; arctg4 3; arctg4 3 2 .
4.12.

.
4.1. :
1. cos 2 x =
5. tg 2 x = 1 .
9.

3
1
1
1
. 2. cos 2 x = . 3. cos 2 x = . 4. tg 2 x = .
4
2
4
3
6. tg 2 x = 3 .

7. cos x = sin

3
. 8. tg3x = ctg3.
2

2
7
2 sin 5x = tg . 10. 2 cos 5x + cos ec = 0 .
5
6

4.2. :
11. 2 sin 2 x 2 3 cos 2 x =

12. 3 sin 5x

13.

1
.
3

+ 4 cos 5x = 6 .
3
3

3 sin 2 x + 6 cos 2 x = .
3
3 2

14. 8 sin 2 x 24 cos 2 x = 4 .


( 15-16):

4x 5 cos 4x .
3
3

16. f (x ) = 6 sin 6 x + 14 cos 2 3x 5 .


15. f (x ) = 12 sin

4.3. :
17. cos3 x + 2 cos x (sin x + 1) = 0 .

18. tgx 3ctgx = 2 .

5
3

ctg = 2ctg x + .
4
4
4

3
2
20. 2 sin x + cos x + 2 sin x = 0 .
3

19. tg x +

4.4. :
21. sin 2 x 2 sin 2x + 3 cos 2 x = 0 .

1
sin x sin 2 x 2 sin x = 0 .
2
cos 2 x sin x + sin 3x + cos 3x 4 sin x + 3 cos x = 0 .
sin 3 x cos x + 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x 3 sin x cos3 x 6 cos 4 x = 0 .
sin x + cos x 4 cos3 x = 0 .
sin 2 x + 4 cos 2 x + 2 sin 4 x = 3 .

22. 3 sin 3 x +
23.
24.
25.
26.

27*. sin 4 x + 3 cos 4 x + cos3 x sin x + sin 3 cos x =

1

2

tgx 1 .
4.5. :

3
1
.
29. 7 cos 4 x + sin 4 x + cos 4 x = .
4
2
3
13
30. cos 2 2 x + sin 2 4x = .
31*. cos6 x sin 6 x =
.
2
32
x
x 5
32. sin 4 + cos 4 = .
2
2 8
2
2
33. sin x + cos 2x = sin 2 3x + cos 2 4 x .
x
x
34. sin 4 4 x + cos10 4 x = 1 .
35. sin 6 + cos7 = 1 .
2
2
3
8
2
*
36. sin x + cos x = 1 .
37 . cos x 3 sin 2 x = 1 + cos 6 x .
3 + sin 2 x
6
6
.
38*. cos x sin x =
8
28. sin 4 x + 3 cos 4 x =

:
39. ) f (x ) = cos 4 x sin 4 x;

) f (x ) = cos 6 x sin 6 x;

40. ) f (x ) = sec 2 x + cos ec 2 x;

) f (x ) = sec 4 x + cos ec 4 x .

41. ) f (x ) =

) f (x ) =

) f (x ) = cos8 x sin 8 x;

1
;
cos x + sin 4 x
1
) f (x ) =
.
2n
cos x + sin 2n x
4

) f (x ) = cos 2 n x sin 2 n x.

1
;
cos x + sin 6 x
6

4.6. :
42. cos 2 x = cos x sin x .

43. sin x + cos x

44. sin 2 x (sin x + cos x ) = 2(sin x + cos x 1) .

1
= sin 2 x .
2

45. cos3 x sin 3 x = cos 2 2 x .

2 (sin x cos x ) + cos 4x = 1 sin x cos x 1 .


1
1
1
47.

+
=2.
cos x sin x sin x cos x
46*.

4.7. :
48. 2 (cos 5x + sin 3x ) = sin x cos x.
49. cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x = sin x + sin 2 x + sin 3x .
50. sin 2 x sin 8x = cos 5x cos 11x .

51. sin 3x

2
cos x + + cos x cos 4 x = 0 .
6
3
3

52. sin 2 2 x + sin 2 6x = cos 2 x + cos 2 5x .


53. 4 sin 2 x cos 4 x sin 6 x + cos12x = 0.
54. cos 3x + sin 4 x + cos 5x + sin 6x = 0 .
55. 4 sin x cos 2 x sin 4 x = cos x.
4.8. :

x
5
1

= 3 tg 2 1 . 57. tg 2x 1 = 2ctg 2x + .
cos x 1
2
4

x
x
58. cos 2x tg
3 = tg
3 cos 2x .
2
2
13
x
1
x
x 3
59.
= ctg .
60. tg + ctg = ctg .
sin x + cos x
2
4
2
2 4
56.

4.9. :
61. 2 y sin x + y 2 = 1 .

62. (1 + 2 cos x )(2 sin y ) = 9 + cos 2 z .

63. 2 + sin 2 2x = cos 2 2 x + 3 sec 2 4 x .

64. tg 4 x + ctg 4 x = 2 .

65. sec 4 x + cos ec 4 x = 4(1 + sin 2 x ) . 66. tg 5 x + tg3 x + tgx = 3 .

67*. 1 + 2 sin

11
5
x sin x cos 3x cos 8x + sin 2 2 x = 0 .
2
2

3x
cos 5x sin 5x + 2 = 0 .
8

69. 2 cos x sin x + tg 2 x = 0 .


4

68*. cos 2

4.10. :
70.

4 6 cos x = 2 cos x . 71.

sin x cos x = sin x + cos x .

72.

tgx = cos x .

73*.

4 2 cos x = tgx .

74.

tg 2 x = 2 sin x .

75. sin x 1 = 3 sin x 2 .

76.

5tgx tg 2 x 3 = 2tgx 3 .

77. sin 2 x + cos 2 x = 2 .


79*. ctgx +

78. sin x cos x =

1
.
4

sin x
3
= .
sin x + cos x 2

4.11
80.

sin x + sin 2 x + sin 4x + sin 5x = 0


(0, 2] .
4x
81.
10 + 3x x 2 tg
= 0.
3
5 x
x
x
82.
lg
cos + sin = 0 .
2
2
x+4
x x 1
=
.
83. cos
2
3

x
2 = sin x .
2
1 + cos x
sin 2x
= 2 cos x .
1 cos 2x
2 cos

84.
85.

86.

1
1

2 cos 2 x +
+ cos x +
= 11 ,
2
cos x
cos x

[ , ] .
87. ,

sin x + cos x = cos 2x ,


cos 2 x + cos 2 3x = 1.
4.13.

5
+ 2n, n Z; x = + 2m, m Z ,
6
6

x = + k, k Z .
6
n

x= +
, nZ.
3. x = + n, n Z .
4 2
3

n
x = + n, n Z
.5. x = +
, nZ.
6
4 2

3
x = + n, n Z .
7. x =
+ 2n , n Z .
3
2
6 n
2
x=
+
, n Z . 9. . 10. x = n, n Z .
6
3
5

1. x =

2.
4.
6.
8.

11. x =

( 1)n
1
+
arcsin + n, n Z .
6
2
12 2

12. .

13. x =

1
1

arcsin
+ ( 1)n + n , n Z .
12 2
6 2
3

n
+ ( 1)n +1 +
, n Z ,
6
8 2

19
x=
+ n , n Z,
x=
+ m, m Z .
24
24

14. x =

15. [ 13; 13] .

16. 2 85 ;

+ n, n Z .
2

18. x = + n , n Z;
4

2 + 85 .

17. x =

19. x = n ,

nZ;

x = arctg3 + m, m Z .
x=

5
+ n, n Z;
6

x = + 2k , k Z .
2

21. x = + n , n Z;
4

x=

22. x = n ,

x=

20. x =

nZ;

7
+ 2m, m Z;
6

x = arctg3 + m , m Z .

x = arctg2 + k, k Z .
23. x = arctg3

arctg2 + m , m Z .
4

+ m, m Z;
4

2
+ n, n Z .
3

+ n , n Z;
x = + m, m Z;
2
3
x = arctg2 + k, k Z .

25. x = + n, n Z .
4

24. x =


m
+ n , n Z; x = +
, mZ .
2
4
2

27. x = + n, n Z .
28. x = + n, n Z .
4
3
1

1
29. x = + n, n Z;
x = arccos + m, m Z .
3
2
4
n
m
, n Z;
x= +
, mZ.
30. x = +
8 4
12 2

31. x = + n, n Z .
32. x = + n, n Z .
6
3
m
33. x = n , n Z ; x =
+
, mZ .
10 5
n
m
34. x =
, n Z; x = +
, mZ .
4
8
4
x = 4m, m Z .
35. x = + 2n , n Z;

36. x = n , n Z; x = + 2m, m Z .
2
1
17 1

37. x = + n, n Z ; x = arccos
+ m, m Z .
6
2
4

38. x = + n, n Z .
39. ) ) [ 1;1] .
6
26. x =

40. ) [4;+ ) ; ) [8;+ ) .

+ n, n Z .
x = + 2m, m Z;
4
2
x = 2k , k Z .

n
43. x = ( 1)
+ n , n Z . x = + 2m, m Z .
6
3

44. x = + 2n , n Z ;
x = 2m, m Z .
2

42. x =

41. ) [1;2] ; ) [1;4] ; ) 1;2 n 1 .


+ n, n Z ;
4
x = 2k , k Z .
3
46*. x = + 2n, n Z .
4

48. x = + n, n Z ;
4
2
49. x = + 2n, n Z;
3
n
50. x =
, n Z;
13
n
51. x =
+
, nZ.
12 2
45. x =

n
+
, n Z;
8 4
k
x= +
, kZ
14 7

52. x =

54.
55.
56.
57.

+ 2m, m Z;
2

+ n, n Z .
4
m
x= +
, mZ .
16 6
2
m
x= +
, mZ .
8
2
m
x=
, mZ.
3

47. x =

x=

+ m, m Z;
2

x=

+ m, m Z
2

k
+
, k Z ).
14 7
n
m
x= +
, n Z;
x= +
, mZ.
8 4
12 2

2m
x = + n , n Z;
x= +
, mZ .
2
6
9

m
x = + n , n Z;
x= +
, mZ .
6
10 5

1
x = + 2n, n Z; x = arccos + 2m, m Z .
3
3
n,
1
m
x= +
n Z;
x = arctg3 +
, mZ.
8
2
2
2

x =
53.

x=

58. x =
59. x =

2
arctg3 + 2n , n Z;

x = 2k, k Z .

+ n, n Z .
2

60. x = + 2n , n Z;

1
x = 2arctg + 2m, m Z .
3

+ 2n , n Z ; y = 1
2

x = + 2m, m Z; y = 1 .
2

62. x = 2n , n Z; y = + 2m, m Z ;
2

z = + k , k Z .
2
n,
n,
63. x = +
nZ.
64. x = +
nZ.
4 2
4 2

65. x = + n, n Z .
66. x = + n, n Z .
4
4
n

67. x =
, n Z . 68. .
69. x = + 2n , n Z .
2
4

70. x = + n, n Z .
71. x = + 2n , n Z .
2
2
5 1
72. x = arcsin
+ 2n , n Z .
2

73. x = + 2n , n Z;
4
3 1
x = + arccos
+ 2m, m Z .
2

74. x = n , n Z; x = + m, m Z .
3
61. x =

75. x = ( 1) arcsin
n

3
+ n , n Z .
4

12
+ n , n Z .
5
n
77. x = +
, nZ.
8 4

5
78. x = + 2n, n Z;
x = + 2m, m Z .
12
12

79*. x = + n , n Z;
x = arctg2 + m, m Z;
4
1 + 41
x = arctg
+ k, k Z .
10
3k

80. n = 6.
81. x { 2;5} , k = 2,1,0,...,6 .
4

83. n = 5.
84. .
82. x , , .
2 2 2

85. x = + 2m , m Z ;
2n < x < (2n + 1), n Z .
2

3+ 5

86. ; arccos
. 87. x = + m, m Z.
2
4
3
76. x = arctg

7. arccos sin

3 3
3
.
= arccos cos =
2
2
2 2


3 = 3
2
2

arctg(tg ) = , < < .


2
2

8. arctg(ctg3) = arctg tg

> tgx
5
3
2

;

5
2 2

,
tg > tg = 3 .
3
5
3
, 2 sin 5x 2

9.

7
1
1
=
=
= 2 .
7

6
sin
sin
6
6
2
2
2
12. 3 + 4 = 25 < 36 = 6

10. cos ec

.
17.

cos x = 0,
2
sin x 2 sin x 3 = 0.
19.

tg x + + 1 =
.

tg x +
4

t = tg x +
4

.
20.

(t

1 (2t 1) = 0

t = sin x .
3

2t 3 t 2 2 t + 1 = 0

22.

sin x = 0,

2
3 sin x + sin x cos 2 = 0.

sin 2 x + sin x cos x 2 cos 2 x = 0 .
23.

sin 3x = 3 sin x 4 sin 3 x ,


cos 3x = 4 cos3 x 3 cos x ,
cos 2 x = 1 2 sin 2 x ,
2 cos3 x 3 sin 3 x = 0 ,

.
24. .
: cos x = 0

sin 3 x + 2 sin 2 x cos x 3 sin x cos 2 x 6 cos3 x = 0 .


t 3 + 2 t 2 3t 6 = 0 (t + 2 ) t 2 3 = 0
t = tgx .

25. (sin x + cos x ) sin 2 x + cos 2 x 1 ,


.
27.

2
1 1
1
= cos 2 x + sin 2 x = cos 4 x + 2 cos 2 x sin 2 x + sin 4 x .
2 2
2

sin 4 x + 2 sin 3 x cos x 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x +


+ 2 sin x cos3 x + 5 cos 4 x = 0 .

cos 4 x ,

t = tgx

t 4 2t 3 2t 2 + 2t + 5 = 0 .

t tgx = 1 x =

+ n, n Z .
4

, ,
tgx 1 , .

(t

(t + 1)
,

4

2t 3 2t 2 + 2t + 5

t 3 + t 2 3t + 5 = 0 .
t + 1 t = 1 .
t ( 1;1)
tgx < 1 ,

t 3 + t 2 3t < 5 .
28. :
(2.17) (2.18); t = cos 2 x
t = sin 2 x .
29-33.
34, 35, 36. . 4.22.

1 + cos 2 x
1 cos 2x
;
sin 2 x =
;
2
2
cos 6 x = cos(3(2x )) = 4 cos3 2x 3 cos 2 x .
t = cos 2 x ( t 1) .

37*. os 2 x =

5
1
t3 t + = 0
4
2

(2 t 1)(2 t 2 + t 2 ) = 0 .

38*. cos 6 x sin 6 x = cos 2 x sin 2 x 1

1 2
sin 2 x =
4

3 + cos 2x
= cos 2x
;
4
3 + sin 2 x 7 cos 2x
=
.
8
16
2

t = cos 2x;

4t 3 + 13t 7 = 0

4t 3 t + 14 t 7 = 0

(2 t 1)(2t 2 + t 7 ) = 0 .

39. )
f (t ) = t n (1 t ) , t = cos 2 x , ..
n

E(f ) = min f (t ); max f (t ) (. 4.21).


0 t 1

0 t 1
1
1 sin 2 2x
1
1
sin 4 x + cos 4 x
40. ) f (x ) =
.
+ 4 =
= 16 2 4
4
1
4
cos x sin x
sin
2
x
sin 2 x
16
t = sin 2 2 x , 0 < t 1 ,
1

f (t ) = 16 t 2 t 1 .
2

f (t )
(0,1] .
41. 4.21.
46*. sin x cos x = t . sin 2 x = 1 t 2 ;

cos 4 x = 1 2 sin 2 2 x = 1 2 1 t 2

= 1 + 4t 2 2t 4 .

2t 4 4 t 2 2 t + 2 = 0 t 4 2 t 2

)(

1
t +1 = 0
2

1
t 2 =0
2

t2 t 2 t + 2

t 2 = 0,

t 3 + 2 t 2 1 = 0.

t 2 = 0 sin x cos x = 2

x=

3
+ 2n, n Z .
4

1
= 0 ,
2
t 1 . ,
1
f (t ) = t 3 + 2 t 2
t > 1 ,
2

t 3 + 2t 2

f (1) = 1 + 2

1 1+ 2
=
> 0.
2
2

cos x + =
6
3

1
1

= sin 4 x + + sin 2 x = sin 4 x + cos 2 x;


2
6
2 2
6 2

cos 4 x = sin + 4x = sin 4x + .


3
6

2 3

51. sin 3x

53.


,
.

56. 1. tg

x
= t ,
2

6t 4 5t 2 + 1 = 0 .

2.

1
x

= 3 tg 2 1
cos x 1
2

1
=3
cos x 1

sin 2

1
6 cos x
=
.
cos x 1 1 + cos x

x
x
cos 2
2
2
2 x
cos
2

58. 1. ,

(cos 2x 1) tg x + 3 = 0 .

2. tg

x
= t , x 2n + 1, n Z .
2

61.

(sin x + y )2 + cos2 x = 0

cos x = 0,

sin x + y = 0.

62. 9 + cos 2 z 9 z R ,

(1 + 2 cos x )(2 sin y ) 9

x R y R , ,
, :

cos x = 1,

sin y = 1,
cos z = 0.

64.

t = tg 4 x

(t (0,+ )) ,

1
t+ =2,

t
t = 1 tgx = 1 .

65. 40,

sec 4 x + cos ec 4 x 8 x R , 4(1 + sin 2 x ) 8 .

66. f (x ) = tgx + tg3 x + tg 5 x

+ n; + n , n Z,
2
2

(E (f ) = R ) . f (x ) = 3
.

x=

+ n, n Z .
4

f (x ) = 3

tgx = 1 ,

..

67.
,

(1 + cos 3x )(1 cos 8x ) + sin 2 2 x = 0 .


.
68. .
71. .
;
t = sin x cos x .
73*. cos x = t ,

2 t 3 3t 2 + 1 = 0 .


2t = z .

z 3 3z 2 + z = 0
77. 1.

(z 1)(z 2 2z z ) = 0 .

max ( sin 2 x + cos 2 x ) = 2


xR

2x =

n
+
, nZ.
4 2

2. .
sin 4 x = 1.
78.

f (x ) = sin x cos x

2 -

.
[0; ] , sin x = sin x f (x ) =

1
sin 2 x .
2

79. ,
.

81. x = 2;

x = 5 - 10 + 3x x 2 = 0.
4x
tg
= 0 ,
3
2 x 5 .

83. .

y 2 (x ) =

y1 (x ) = cos

x
2

x 1
, ,
3 3

x
2 =
1 + cos x
2 cos

84.

x
2 =
x
2 cos
2
2 cos

1, + 4n < x < + 4n ,
=
n Z.
1, + 4n < x < 3 + 4n ,
x
x
=1

sin = 1
x = + 4n
2
2
x = 3 + 4n .

sin

5.
5.1.


,
.
5.1.

1
sin x > .
2
. sin x
, 2 -,


(x1 + 2n; x 2 + 2n ), n Z , x1 x 2 -

1
2

~
y

2 .
,

~
yp

sin x =

1
~
y=
2


M1 M 2 .

7/6 0
M2

P(x)
x
/6
-1/2

~
x
~
y =-1/2
M1



. 5.1
6
7

, M 2 (. 5.1), . . x1 = ,
6
6
7
1
x 2 = x ,
6
2
~
y p P(x ) ,
M1

1
2

x , . . 5.1

1
~
yp >
2

7
< x < , sin x
6
6

7
+ 2n < x < + 2n, n Z .
6
6

7
: + 2n < x < + 2n, n Z .
6
6
5.2.

cos x >

1
.
2

(5.1)

. 1. y = cos x
y=

1
.
2
y

y= cos x

M
M1

y=1/2

M2

-3

xM 0


3 2
. 5.2

2
3

4 3
3 2

y = cos x
x R ,
-,

; .
2 2
1
y =
y = cos x
2


;
M1 M 2 ,
2 2

x1 = x 2 = .
3
3
(5.1) x M
y = cos x ,

1

. x M ;
2
3 3

; .
2 2
y = cos x (5.1)
y=

+ n;
+ n , n Z.
3
3

: + n < x < + n , n Z.
3
3

2. (5.1)
.

cos x >

1
2

{ ~x p }

cos x > 2 ,

cos x < 1 ,

2
(5.1)

O~
xp <
x , 1 ~

1
2

1 ~
< xp 1.
2

. 5.3 , P(x ) , ~
xp
,
M1M 2 M1 M 2 . M1M 2


+ 2n;
3
M1 M 2
2
+ 2n;
3

+ 2n , n Z,
3

+ 2n , n Z.
3

= + ;
3
3

= + ,
3
3

~
y
M1
P(x)

~
xp

M2
x

/3

/3

~
x

M2
M1
~
~x=1/2
x =-1/2
. 5.3

+ n < x < + n , n Z .
3
3

: + n < x < + n , n Z .
3
3

5.3.

A1
/2

B1

A2
/2

B2

tgx 1 .

(5.2)

y = tgx (. 5.4).
,
. 5.4
(5.2)
A1B1 , A 2 B 2 .., ..
-1

3/4
y=-1

+ n < x + n , n Z .
2
4

: + n < x + n , n Z .
2
4

,
. 5.4
5.5.
5.4.

cos x + sin x 2 .

(5.3)

cos x + sin x = 2 cos x ,


4

(5.3)

cos x 1 .
4

x = 2n , n Z , x = + 2n , n Z .
4
4

: x = + 2n , n Z .
4

5.5.

cos x + sin x > 1 .


.

cos x + sin x = 2 cos x ,


4


~
y

cos x >
4
2

1
,
cos x 4 >
2

1
.
cos x <
4
2


5.2. , ,

~
x
0

. 5.5

n < x <
:

+ n, n Z (. 5.5).
2

n < x < + n, n Z .
2

5.6.
) cos x < cos 3; ) sin x sin 5; ) tgx ctg3 .
~
y
. )

cos x < cos 3


. 5.6.
,

3
cos3
[0 ;2]
0
2-3
(3;2 3) ,

~
x

(3 + 2n; 2 3 + 2n ), n Z .

. 5.6

3
< 5 < 2
2


. 5.7 ,

sin x sin 5
{x} x ,

5 2 + 2n x 3 5 + 2n ,
nZ.

) ctg3 = tg 3 ,
2

< 3 < y = tgx


2 2
2

; ,
2 2

tgx tg 3
3 + n x < + n , n Z.
2
2

).
: ) 3 + 2n < x < 2 3 + 2n, n Z;
) 5 2 + 2n x 3 5 + 2n , n Z ;
)

3 + n x < + n, n Z .
2
2

5.2.
,
, , , .

.
, ( 4).
.
5.7.

6 sin 2 x + sin x 2 0 .
. 1. sin x = t , t 1,

6t 2 + t 2 0 .

t ;

1 2
3
t t + 0
2 3
t 1 .
2
x ,

sin x 3 ;

sin x 1 .
2

. 5.8, .

2
2

+ arcsin 3 + 2n x arcsin 3 + 2n , n Z,

+ 2n x 5 + 2n , n Z.
6
6
:

2
2

x + arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n


3
3

+ 2n;
+ 2n , n Z .
6
6

2.
,
.
.

6 sin 2 x + sin x 2 = 0 .
[0, 2]

x1 =

5
2
2
; x 2 = ; x 3 = + arcsin ; x 4 = 2 arcsin .
6
6
3
3
7

; 2
6 6
(. 5.8, ):

5
; ;
6 6

2
5
; + arcsin ;
3
6

2 7
2
2

+ arcsin ; 2 arcsin ; 2 arcsin ; .


3
3
3 6

2
1

sin x + sin x
3
2

, -

2 7
1
2

2 arcsin ; . sin x < 0 , sin x + > 0 , ..


3 6
2
3

2
1

sin x + sin x .
3
2


(. 5.8 ).

x + 2n; + 2n
6
6

2
2

+ arcsin + 2n; 2 arcsin + 2n , n Z.


3
3

(f (x ) a1 ) (f (x ) a 2 ) K (f (x ) a n ) 0 ,

f (x ) -

sin x , cos x , tgx; a1 , a 2 , K, a n - .



x k , k = 1,2,K, K

f (x ) = a 1,

f (x ) = a 2 ,K, f (x ) = a n .

.
M (
[0;2] M ). M

K x k
, .

,

(f (x ) a1 ) (f (x ) a 2 ),K, (f (x ) a n )
.
, .
5.8.
(5.4)
4 cos x cos 2x > 1 .
.

4 cos x cos 2 x =

4 sin x cos x cos 2 x sin 4 x


, x n, n Z .
=
sin x
sin x

sin 4 x
>1
sin x

sin 4x sin x
> 0.
sin x

(5.4).
x R x = n , n Z ,
(5.4)
. , x = 2n , n Z ,
(5.4).

sin 4 x sin x
> 0
sin x
.

y1 (x ) = sin 4 x sin x y 2 (x ) = sin x :

sin 4 x sin x = 0

4 x = x + 2n , n Z,
4 x = x + 2m, m Z,

2n
, n Z,
3
2m
+
, m Z,
5
5
x = k, k Z.
y1 (x )
y 2 (x )

x =

x =

sin x = 0

(.

5.9).

5
sin 4 x sin x
.
sin x
y1 (x ) y 2 (x )
. x = k , k Z ,
0<x<

(. 5.9.).

x = 2n , n Z
(5.4) .
:

+ 2n < x < + 2n;


5
5
3
2
+ 2n < x <
+ 2n;
5
3

3
2
+ 2n < x <
+ 2n; n Z.
5
3
. x = k , k Z ,
, y1 (x )
y 2 (x ) , .. y1 (k ) = 0 y 2 (k ) = 0 .
5.9-5.14


.
5.9.
(5.5)
sin x + cos x + sin x cos x 1 .
.

t 2 1
sin x + cos x = t sin x cos x =
,
2
t,

2 t 2 ( t 2; 2 ,

t = sin x + cos x = 2 cos x ,


4

- 2 2 cos x 2 x R ).
4

2
t 1
t+
1 t 2 + 2t 3 0
2
(t + 3)(t 1) 0 3 t 1 .

2t 2

2 t 1.
, (5.5)

2 sin x + cos x 1 cos x


4
2


7
+ 2n x + 2n , n Z ,
4
4

+ 2n x + 2n, n Z .
4
4
(4n + 1)
:
x 2(n + 1), n Z .
2

5.10.
.

cos 2 x + cos 2 2x + cos 2 3x 1 .

(5.6)

cos 2 x + cos 2 2x + cos 2 3x =


1 + os 2 x 1 + os 4 x 1 + os 6 x
=
+
+
=
2
2
2
3 1
1
= + cos 4 x + (cos 2 x + cos 6 x ) =
2 2
2
3 1
= + cos 4 x + cos 4 x cos 2 x =
2 2
3 1
= + cos 4 x (2 cos 2x + 1) =
2 2
3 1
= + (2 cos 2 2x 1)(2 cos 2x 1).
2 2


.

, (5.6)

(2 cos 2 2x 1)(2 cos 2 x + 1) 1


.
cos 2 x = t ,
1 t 1 :

(2t

1 (2 t + 1) 1

4t 3 + 2 t 2 2t 1 1

t 2t 2 + t 1 0
t (t + 1)(2 t 1) 0.

t 1,

0 t 1

cos 2 x 1,

0 cos 2x 1 .


. . 5.10 ,
(5.6) (2 x ) , M 5
M1M 2 , M 3 M 4 , ..

M 5 : 2x = + 2n; n Z :

M1M 2 : + 2n 2x + 2n; n Z ;
2
3

M 3M 4 :
+ 2m 2x + 2m; m Z .
3
2

x = 2 + n , n Z,

+ n x + n , n Z,
4
6

+ m x + m, m Z.
6
4

: x = + n,
+ n x + n, n Z.
2
6
4
5.11.

cos x + cos 2 x + cos 3x 0 .

(5.7)

. 1.
,

(cos x + cos 3x ) + cos 2x = 2 cos 2x cos x + cos 2x =


= cos 2 x (2 cos x + 1) ,

, (5.7)

cos 2 x (2 cos x + 1) 0,

(5.8)

, ,

(2 cos

x 1 (2 cos x + 1) 0 .

(5.9)

(5.8) (5.9)

.
(5.9).

1
,
cos x
2

2 cos 2 x 1 0,
1

cos x ,

2
cos
x
1
0
,

2
1

2 cos x 1 0,
cos x
,

2 cos x + 1 0,
2

cos x 2 .
. 5.11,

(5.10) ,

3 + 2n; 4 + 2n
2

4 + 2n; 3 + 2n

(5.10)


2
+ 2n x + 2n , n Z .
4
3

5
3

4 + 2n , 4 + 2n , n Z .

2
: + 2n x + 2n , n Z ;
4
3
3
5
+ 2n x + 2n , n Z .
4
4
2.
(5.8)

.
1.

f (x ) = cos 2x (2 cos x + 1)

cos 2 x (2 cos x + 1) =0).


n
+
, nZ,
4 2
2
x = + 2m, m Z .
3

x=

2. f (x )
n m , 0 x 2 .
, f (x )

4 ;

9
6 (. 5.12).
4

3. f (x ) 6 , ,

x = 0 , f (0) > 0 , , f (x ) > 0


9
7
x , .
4
4
f (x ) ,

f (x )

f (x )
6 , 5.12.
4. . 5.12 , f (x ) 0

2
5

3
+ 2n
x + 2n;
+ 2n + 2n;
3
4

4
4
7
4

+ 2n;
+ 2n , n Z ,
4
3

2
+ 2n x + 2n;
4
3
3
5
+ 2n x + 2n , n Z .
4
4

5.12.

sin x
x
ctg .
1 + cos x
2
.
:

1)

x R , x n , n Z .
sin x
x
2)
= tg ,
1 + cos x
2

t 2 1
x
0 , t = tg .
t
2

,
(. . 5.13):

x

x
2 + n < 2 4 + n ,
tg 2 1,

x
x
n < + n , n Z,
0 < tg 1,

2
2 4

+ 2n < x 2 + 2n , n Z,


2n < x + 2n , n Z,

+ n , n Z.
2

n < x + n, n Z.
2

n < x <
:

5.13.
3

cos x + 3 sin x > 1 .

(5.11)

. 3 cos x 1 3 sin x 1
x R , (5.11)
x R , sin x cos x

, .. x n ,
.

+ n , n Z ,-
2

x 0;
3
3

cos x > cos x > cos 2 x,


sin x > sin x > sin 2 x.

,
3

cos x + 3 sin x > cos x + sin x > cos 2 x + sin 2 x 1.

x ,
3

cos x + 3 sin x = 3 cos x + 3 sin x >

> (cos x + sin x ) > cos 2 x + sin 2 x 1 .


3
, ; ,
2 2
sin x cos x , (5.11)

x n , + n , n Z.
2

: n < x < + n, n Z .
2

0;

5.14.

1 + sin 2 x sin x + cos x .

(5.12)

1 + sin 2 x =

(sin x + cos x )2

= sin x + cos x = sin x + cos x .

(5.12)

t t

t 1 0 0 t 1,

t = sin x + cos x = 2 cos x

.
4

0 cos x
4
2


2 + 2n x 4 4 + 2n ,

+ 2n x + 2n, n Z,
4
4 2


4 + 2n x 2n,

+ 2n x 3 + 2n , n Z.
2
4

: + 2n x 2n , n Z;
4

3
+ 2n x + 2n , n Z.
2
4
5.15 - 5.20 *.


.

5.15*.

cos (cos x ) >


.

cos x = t

3
.
2

cos t >

3
.
2

+ 2n < t < + 2n , n Z .
6
6

t [ 1;1] ( 1 cos x 1) ,

cos x <
(. 5.14).
6
6

t<
6
6

+ arccos 6 + 2n < x < arccos 6 + 2n,

arccos + 2n < x < arccos + 2n, n Z.

6
6

arccos + 2n < x < arccos + 2n , n Z .


6
6

: arccos + 2n < x < arccos + 2n , n Z .


6
6
5.16*.

sin (cos x )
.

1
.
2

sin (cos x ) = cos cos x ,


2

1
cos cos x ,
2
2

+ 2n cos x + 2n, n Z,

2
3
3
1 cos x 1,


7
cos x
6
2 3
1 cos x 1,

(n = 0),

1 cos x

arccos + 2n x 2 arccos + 2n , n Z.
6
6

: arccos + 2n x 2 arccos + 2n , n Z.
6
6
5.17*.

os (sin x )

1
.
2

. x R
1 sin x 1 . cos x -

, os (sin x ) cos1
2

x R. 1 <
1 <
3
3

1
1
cos1 > cos = , os (sin x ) >
3 2
2
x R.
: x .

0; 0 < 1 <

5.18*. ,
x


0;
2

sin x < x < tgx .


(5.13)
.

y
O~
x~

OA (. 5.15).

x , OA

OAB ,

O~
x 0 < x <

OCB (CB 0B) .

.
2

OAB

S1 , S2 S3 . S1 < S2 < S3

1
1
sin x
.
OB AD = OB OA sin x =
2
2
2
, OA = OB = 1.
1
x
1
1
tgx
S2 = R 2 x = ;
S2 = OB BC = OB OBtgx =
,
2
2
2
2
2
sin x x tgx

< <
sin x < x < tgx .
2
2
2
S1 =

5.19*. (5.13),

) cos x > 1

x2
2

(5.14)

) sin x > x

x3
4

(5.15)

x 0; .
: ) cos x = 1 2 sin 2
2

x
x x
, sin < (5.13)
2
2 2

x
x
cos x > 1 2 = 1
;
2
2
) sin x = 2 sin

x
x
x
x
x
x
cos = 2 tg cos 2 = 2 tg 1 sin 2 .
2
2
2
2
2
2

(5.13)

tg

x x
x
x2
x
> ; 1 sin 2 > 1 = 1
.
2
2 2
4
2

sin x > 2

x x2
x3
1 = x .
2
4
4

5.20*.


x 0;
2

x
x3 x5
>x +
.
2
4 64
. tgx
x
x
x
2 x
sin x 2 sin 2 cos 2 2tg 2 cos 2
tgx =
=
=
.
cos x
cos x
cos x
1

> 1 x 0 ; ,

cos x
2
tg

x
x x2
x 3 x5
2 x

tgx > 2tg cos


> 2 1 = x +
.
2
2
2
8
4 64
x x

tg >
(5.14)
2 2
2

cos

x
1x
> 1 .
2 2
2
5.3.

5.1. :
1. sin x <

1
1
. 2. cos x . 3. sin x sin 4. 4. cos x < cos 2.
2
2

5. tgx 3.

6. ctgx < 3.

9. sin x < cos1. 10. cos 2 x

3
2

7. tgx tg2. 8. ctgx > tg .

3
1
. 11. sin 2 x . 12. tg 2 x 3.
4
2

5.2.
13. 2 sin 2 x cos x 1 0 .

14. 4 sin 2 x + 2 3 + 1 cos x 4 3 < 0 .

3
.
2
17. sin x cos x + sin 2x 1 . 18. sin x cos x + 6 2 sin 2 x 0.
19. sin 2 x + sin 4 x + sin 6 x 0 . 20*. cos x cos 3x sin 4x 1.
21*. cos x cos 3x cos 4 x 1. 22*. sin 2 x + sin 2 2 x + sin 2 3x 2 .
15. tg 2 x + tgx 2 0 .

23.

tgx < cos x .

16. sin 3x + 3 cos 3x <

24.

1 2 cos 2 x 2 sin x 1.

3 4 sin 2 x < 2 sin x + 1. 26. sin 4 x 4 sin x .


tgx 1
27. tgx 1 (cos12x 1) 0. 28.
1.
sin x
cos 6x cos 2x
0.
29*. 1 2 cos 2 x + 3 sin x 0. 30.
cos 3x
31. cos 2 x cos 4x < 0.
32. 4 sin 4 x + cos 4 x + cos 6x > 3.
25.

33. 3 + sin 3x 2 sin x .


35. 4

34.

3 + 2 cos 3x 2 cos x.

17 + 7 cos 4x
> cos x.
24

36.

18 + 3x x 2 (sin x + cos x ) = 0 .
37.

18 + 3x x 2 (sin x + cos x ) 0 .
38.

x
2
cos 4 x + sin 4 x
1 + cos x
[ ; 3] .
39.
sec x cos ecx .
2 cos

:
40*. cos (cos x ) <

1
.
2

41*. sin (sin x )

42*. sin (sin x ) < 0.


:

x2 x4
+ .
2 16
x3 x5
*
46 . sin x > x
+ .
4 64

44* . cos x < 1

1
.
2
43*. cos (sin x ) < 0.
45*. cos x > 1

x2 x4
+ .
2 32

5.4.

5
13
+ 2n < x < + 2n , n Z.
6
6
2
2
2. + 2n x + 2n , n Z.
3
3
3. 4 + 2n x 4 + 2n , n Z.
4. 2 + 2n < x < 2 2 + 2n , n Z .

5. + n x < + n , n Z.
3
2
6. arcctg3 + n < x < + n, n Z .

3
7. + n < x 2 + n , n Z. 8. n < x < + n, n Z.
2
2 2

5
9. + 1 + 2n < x < + 2n , n Z.
2
2

10. + n < x + n , n Z .
6
6
1.

11.

+ n x + n , n Z .
4
4

+ n < x + n ,
+ m x + m, n , m Z .
2
3
3
2

x = + 2n; + 2m x + 2m, n, m Z .
3
3

+ 2n < x < + 2n ,
3
6

+ 2m < x < + 2m, n , m Z ,


6
3

+ 2k < x < + 2k, k Z .


6
3

+ n < x arctg2 + n ;
2

+ m x < + m, n, m Z .
4
2
2
1
3 2
5
1
3 2
arcsin + n < x < + arcsin + n ,
9
3
4 3
9
3
4 3

12.
13.
14.

15.

16.

nZ.

17. + 2n x + 2n ;
4
2
5
+ 2m x < + 2m, n , m Z .
4

3
18. arcsin + 2n x + arcsin + 2n ;
4
3
4
4

2
arcsin + (2n + 1) x + arcsin + (2n + 1) ,
4
4
4
3
nZ.

+ n x n;
+ m x + m ;
4
4
3

2
+ k x + k , n, m, k Z .
2
3
*
*
20 . . 21 . x = n , n Z .

22. x = + n;
+ m x + m, n , m Z .
2
6
4
5 1
23. + 2n x < + arcsin
+ 2n, n Z .
2

5
7
24. x = + n;
+ 2m < x < + 2m, n , m Z .
2
4
4

25.
+ 2n < x < + 2n ;
10
3
2
9
+ 2m < x < + 2m , n , m Z .
3
10
26. 2n x + 2n, n Z .

27. x = + n; x = + m, m Z .
3
4

28. + 2n < x < 2n ;


2

2 1

+ arcsin
+ 2m x < + 2m ,
2
4
2
19.

5
2 1
arcsin
+ 2k , n , m, k Z .
4
2
1
1
29. + arcsin + 2n x arcsin + 2n , n Z .
4
4

30. + 2n < x < + 2n;


+ 2m x < + 2m;
6
6
4
2
+ 2k < x

3
5
7
5
+ 2k x < + 2k;
+ 2l < x + 2l;
4
6
6
4
3
7
+ 2t < x + 2t , n , m, k, l, t Z .
2
4

2
+ n < x < + n , n Z .
3
3

32. + n < x <


+ n;
+ m < x < + m;
10
10
10
2

7
+ k < x < + k, n , m Z .
2
10

31.

2
7
+ 2n x + 2n , n Z .
3
3

34. + 2n x + 2n ;
3
6

+ 2m x + 2m, n , m Z ,
6
3
33.

+ 2k x + 2k, k Z .
6
3
35.

11
75
+ 2n < x < + 2n , n Z . 36.
.
6
6
4

37. 11.


; 0; (; 3 ) .
2
2

38.
39.

5
+ 2n x < + 2n; + 2m < x + 2m;
4
2
4
3
+ 2k < x < 2 + 2k, n, m, k Z.
2

+ n < x < arccos + n , n Z .


4
4

41. arcsin + 2n x arcsin + 2n, n Z .


6
6
40. arccos

42. + 2n < x < 2 + 2n ,

n Z.

43. .

6.
6.1. 1

1
1.

ABCD
AB : BC : CD : DA = 3 : 4 : 5 : 6 .
.
2. A = sin 5 cos 2 tg

22
.
3

3. A = sin 5700 tg7500 + sec 6900 cos ec810 0.


4. A =

cos 2 37 030 + sin 2 7 030


.
cos 37 030 + sin 7 030

5. ,
) , ) :

;
2

3) y = tgx cos ecx ;


1) y = sin x sin x

2) y = sin 5x ;

4) y = xtgx.
6. () :
1) y = 5 cos

11
15
2
15
x + 4 sin x ; 2) y = cos x + 3 sin
x.
7
8
3
6

7. :

sin 360 , sin 1720 , sin 1950 , sin 3480 , sin 440 0.
5
1

8. (x sin 3) x tg x ctg 0.
6
2

9.

y = 4 cos 2 x 6 sin x + 9 .

10.

y=

1
1
cos x
2

.
2
1. ABC . ,
5, 7, 12
(AB : BC : CA = 5 : 7 : 12) . BC .
MBC . .
2. :
) 2150;

) 360 20 ;

) 167 0 30 ;

) 5340 .

1
17
1 33
sin 4 .
2
2
2 2

3. A = cos 4
4.

A = tg 2 5860 sec 6600 tg226 0 ctg430 + tg 2 3130 + tg460.


5.
) ,

) :

1) y = cos(sin x ), x R ;
3) y = tg(sin x ),

x R;


x ; ;
2 2
4) y = ctg(sin x ), x R.
2) y = sin (tgx ),

6. :

9
2

5
4
8
x + 5 cos x ;
2) y = 2 sin
9
3
4
5x
3) y = 4 cos
x + sin
.
3
12

1) y = 3 cos x + 4 7 sin x 3 ;

7. :
) sin 170 0 sin 370 0 ;

) cos 3330 cos 444 0 ;


) cos 359059 ctg44 0.

) tg 2330 ctg2330 ;
8.

x x tg 2 sec x 0.
3
6

9.
10.

y=

y = (tg 2x + ctg 2x )2 .

1
sin x 3

.
6.2. 2
,
1
1. :

) sin x + cos x + 2 sin x

= 2 sin x;
4

) sin x + cos x + sin 3x + cos 3x = 2 2 cos x sin 2 x

;
4

2
sin 2x;
+ cos x + = 1
2
6
6

sin 7 x + sin 5x sin x sin 11x


= tg 2x tg3x tg6 x;
)
cos x + cos 5x + cos 7 x + cos11x
5 + 3 cos 4x
) sin 6 x + cos6 x =
;
8
1 + sin 2 x

)
= ctg x .
4
1 sin 2 x

) sin 2 x

2. :

) A =

sin 130 0 cos 2100 sin 1400 cos 240 0 1


;
cos 2 550

1 + 3tg150
) A =
;
3 tg150
) A = cos ec

x
,
2

) A = tg

sin 6 ;
8
8

23
11
+ sin ;
sin
6 10
10

) cos 2 ,
) tg

) A = cos 6

5
;
4

tg = 3
sin x + cos x =

3
;
2

3 +1
;
2

7
7
ctg + tg ctg .
8
8
8
8
2

1. :
)

2 (sin x cos x ) cos x = cos 2 x;


4

sin 2 x

;
4
) tgx + ctgx + tg x + ctg x = 4 2
sin 4x
4
4

4
) sin x

3
4
+ cos x + = sin 2 x;
8
8 4

sin x + sin 2x + sin 3x + sin 4 x


5
= tg x;
cos x + cos 2x + cos 3x + cos 4 x
2

) cos8 x

3 cos 4x
8
;
sin x = sin 2 x
4
4
4

1 cos 2 x
4

= tgx .

1 + cos 2 x
4

2. :
) A = cos 2640 sin 360 + cos1140 ;
) A = 32 cos

2
3
8
cos cos L cos ;
17
17
17
17

) tg 4 x + ctg 4 x , tgx + ctgx = 3 ;


)

23
11
A = cos ec sin
+ sin ;
6 10
10
3

x ;
;
2

) sin 2 x ,

) A =

cos

x
1
=
2
3

x ; 2 ;
2

2 sin 3,1 cos 1,9 + cos 2,1


;
2 cos 2,4 sin 2,6 sin 1,1

) A = cos

tgx = 3

7
4
11
ctg tg sin .
12
30
15
12

6.3. 3
;

1
1. f 1 (x )

f (x ) = 3x 2 x 4 , x

2
,
3
f (x ) f 1 (x ) .

2. f 1 (x )

x 2 14 , 0 x 4,
f (x ) = 2
x 8x + 20, x > 4,
f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
3.

x 2 8x + 20 = 4 + x 4 .
4. f 1 (2 x + 1) = 5x + 6 ,
f (3x + 2 ) = 6 x 4 .

5. f (2 sin x + 4 ) cos 2 x + 5 ,

f 1 (x + 2) = 2 x 4 .

6. :

1
4

) sin 2 arccos ;

1
2

1
4

) tg arccos ;

1
) ctg(arctg2 + arcctg3).

27

7. : ) arccos sin
; ) arctg(ctg17 ) ;
4

) cos arccos ;
2
4

) arcsin (cos11) .

8. :

5
;
2

) arctgx 2 = ;
6
) arccos x =

) arcctgx =

5
;
2

) 2 arcsin 2 x + 4 arccos 2 x = 3 .

9. :

;
) arctgx ;
6
3
) arcsin (2 x 3) arcsin (3x 4) ;

2
) arctg2 x arctgx 2 0 .
3
9
) 1 < arcsin x <

10*. :
) arcsin 2 x + 4 arccos2 x 2 2 ; ) arcsin (sin x )
2
1. f 1 (x )

f (x ) = 2 x + 5 + 3x 6 , x 2,

f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
2. f 1 (x )

x 3 , 1 x 1,
f (x ) =
2 x 2 4x + 3, x 1,
f (x ) f 1 (x ) .
3.

2x 2 4 x + 3 = 1 +

x 1
.
2

4. f (3x + 2 ) = 2x 6 ,

f 1 (x + 2) = 4 x + 6 .

x
.
7

5. f 1 (tgx + 1) tg 2 x +

tgx 1
+ .
2 2

6. :

) sin arcsin

1
1
1

+ arccos ; ) tg 2 arcsin ;
4
3
4

1
2

) sin arctg2 + arctg .

) cos arcsin ;
2
3
7. :

) arcsin cos

) arctg ctg

49
;
3

) arccos(sin 21) ;

49
;
5

) arccos(sin ( 17 )) .

8. :

;
5

) arcsin 2 x = ;
9
) arcsin x =

) arctgx = 1,5 ;
) arcsin (x 3) arccos(x 3) =

9. :
) arcsin (x 1)

) 1 < arccos x < 3 ;

2
.
9

;
3

) arctg(2x 4 ) arcctg(2 x 4 ) ;
) arccos x arcsin x

5 2
.
18

10*. :
) arctg 2 x + 4arcctg 2 x

5 2
x
; ) arctg(tgx ) + .
16
3 3

6.4. 4

1
I. :
1. tg 2 3x = 3 . 2. sin 4 x cos 4x =
3. sin 2 x + sin 2 x = 5 sin x .

1
.
2

4. sin 2 x + sin 2 3x + cos 2 2 x =

3
.
2

2 sin 3 x + 2 sin x + 3 cos x = 0 .


2 cos 2 x sin 3x + sin 9 x = 0 .
7. 1 + sin 2 x = tg 2 x + ctg 2 x .

5*.

8.

2 cos 2 x sin 3x + sin 9 x = 0

180 0 , 2700 .
II. :

.
4
2
2
tgx 1 0 .
3. tgx ctg3 .
4. tg x
3
5. cos x + cos 3x + cos 5x 0 [0,2] .

1. sin 2 x

1
.
2

2. cos x <

2
I. :

1
.
2. tg3x + ctg3x = 2 .
3
3. 2 sin 3x cos 2 x = 1 .
4. cos 2 x + cos 2 2x + cos 2 3x = 1 .
5*. 7 sin 3 x + 5 cos3 x 4 sin x 2 cos x = 0 .
1. tg 2 2 x =

6.

6. 2 cos 5x cos 3x + cos 4 x = 0 .

7. cos 2

2
x
+1 =
.
x
2
sin
4

8.

2 cos 5x cos 3x + cos 4 x = 0

900 , 270 0 .
II. :
1. cos 2 x <

3
.
4

2. sin x <

3
.
4

3. ctgx arccos( 1) . 4. 4 cos 2 x + 2 3 1 cos x 3 0 .


5. sin x sin 3x + sin 5x 0 [0,2] .

1. .. .
.: , 2000.
2. ., ., .
. .: , 2002.
3. ..,
..,
..,
.., ..
. .: , 2001.
4. ..
. .: . , 2001.
5. 3000 . .: ;
-, 1998.
6. .., .., ..,
.. . .:
, 1983.


.. x
..

.05. 6084 1/16.

. . . . .
.-. .

.
390005, , . , 59/1.
- .

5-7722-02448-0

,
2005