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IV.

1.

.
.
, ,
, + .
. 3
.
I.

:
1.

d
+ div v = 0
dt

2.

dv
= grad p + f A
dt

p ik = p ik , .

,
.

1
f A = j H .
c

II.

,

p = p ( , T , H ) ,
e =e ( , T , H ) ,
, .
,
, ,

dq = de + pd (1 )


III.

de + pd (1 ) = 0 .

1 H
rot E =
,
c

div E =0 ,

1 E
4
rot H =
+
j ,
c
t
c
div H =0 ,

,
, .
,

E
<< j
t

).

rot H =

4
j.
c


, ,
, .

47

[ ] [

1 1
f A = j H = H rot H .
c
4
:

dv
1
= grad p H rot H .
dt
4

2.

1
f A = H rot H
4
f

H 2
=
8

1
+
H H
4

][ [ ]

( )

1 2
H rot H = H H = ( H ) H H .
2

:
f iA =

H 2 H k H i
+
.
x i 8
4 x k

H k
= div H = 0 f i A
x k


H 2 H iH k

ik
=
f iA =

M ik .
x k
8
4
x k

M ik = ik

H 2 H iH k
+
-
8
4

.
, ,
.
:
Pik = ik p + M ik .
:

dv i Pik
=
dt
x k

3.
.
, ,
,

() u :

j =en u

n - e .
, ,
:

u ~ f


. ,
48

,
.
.
,

u <<v ,

1
u ~ e E + v H .
c

, ()

1
j = E + v H .
c

, ,
, . ,
,
,

1
E + v H =0.
c

. rot E =


1
rot H v
c


H
rot v H =
t

4.
, ,
, .
:

H = H v


H
rot v H =
.
t


rot v H =v div H H div v + H v v H .

div H =0 ,

div v =0 ,

( )

( )




H
rot v H =
= H v v H .
t

=
+ v ,

dt
t

( )

()


dH
= H v ,
dt

,
.

49

,
.

5.
, ,
:

d v 1
v = v p v H rot H
dt
4

( ) ( [

]) .

d v
d
v
=
dt
dt

v 2

v 2

d
=
dt

v 2 d

=
t
2 dt

v 2

v 2 v 2 d
+ v

.
2
2 dt

( )


d

= v = ( v ) + v .
dt

d v

v
=
dt
t

( )

v 2

v 2 v 2
v 2
+ v
+
v =
2
2
t 2

( )

v 2
+
v


v p = ( p v ) p v

()

de
dq
p d
=
+ 2
,
dt
dt
dt

( )

de
dq
p v
=
+
.
dt
dt

( )

( )

de
d
p v =
q =
( e ) + e v q = ( e ) + ( e v ) q .
dt
dt
t

q = 0

(f

v = v p = ( e ) ( ( e + p )v ) .
t

()

,
:

( ) ( [ ]) ([ ] )
A 1 1
f v = v H rot H = v H rot H
4
4



[v H ] = cE ,

( ) ( )


E rot H = H rot E div E H
A c
f v = E rot H .
4

( )( ) [ ]

1 H
rot E =
,
c t

(f

A

H2
c
v =

div E H .
t 8 4

()

(), () ()

50

v 2
v 2

H2
c

+ div
v = ( e ) div ( ( e + p )v )

div E H ,
t
t 8 4
2
2

,
:

v 2
= div w +
v + S

c
E H -
w = e + p - , S =
4

v 2 H 2
e +
+
2
8

6.

= const ,
div v = 0

v 1
+ v v = p H rot H
t
4

( )

div H =0


H
= rot v H .
t

, ,
:

p = p 0 + p1 ,
H = H 0 +h ,
h << H 0 , p 1 << p 0 .

div v = 0 ,
div h =0 ,


h
= rot v H 0
t

v 1
= p 1 H 0 rot h
t
4



p 1 = p e it +ik r ,
h = h e it +ik r ,
v =v e it +ik r .

, :




h = k v H 0 ,
k v = 0 ,
k h = 0 ,


1
v = k p +
H 0 k h .
4
, :



h = v k H 0 ,
k v = 0 ,
k h = 0 ,

[ [
]]
(

]]


1 1
v = k p +
H 0 h
h H 0 k .
4

k ,
:
p +

1
H 0 h = 0 ,
4

1
v =
h H 0 k .
4


51


h = v k H 0

1
v =
h H 0 k
4

,
:

(k ) =

(H

).

H 0 :

H0
V = k k =
.
4


, .. k v = 0 k h = 0 ,
, :

h
1
v=
p =
H 0 h .
,
4
4
.

()

52