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Fan Basics

Fan Laws
The simplied form of the most commonly used fan laws include. CFM varies directly with RPM CFM1/CFM2 = RPM1/RPM2 SP varies with the square of the RPM SP1/SP2 = (RPM1/RPM2)2 HP varies with the cube of the RPM HP1/HP2 = (RPM1/RPM2)3

Fan Performance Tables and Curves


Performance tables provide a simple method of fan selection. However, it is critical to evaluate fan performance curves in the fan selection process as the margin for error is very slim when selecting a fan near the limits of tabular data. The performance curve also is a valuable tool when evaluating fan performance in the eld. Fan performance tables and curves are based on standard air density of 0.075 lb/ft3. When altitude and temperature differ signicantly from standard conditions (sea level and 70 F) performance modication factors must be taken into account to ensure proper performance. For further information refer to Use of Air Density Factors An Example, page 3.

Fan Testing - Laboratory, Field


Fans are tested and performance certied under ideal laboratory conditions. When fan performance is measured in eld conditions, the difference between the ideal laboratory condition and the actual eld installation must be considered. Consideration must also be given to fan inlet and discharge connections as they will dramatically affect fan performance in the eld. If possible, readings must be taken in straight runs of ductwork in order to ensure validity. If this cannot be accomplished, motor amperage and fan RPM should be used along with performance curves to estimate fan performance. For further information refer to Fan Installation Guidelines, page 14.