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GSM

4/12/2014


GSM


Radio link

2 Mbit/s PCM links

BSS Base Station Subsystem


NSS Network Switching
Subsystem
NMS Network Management
Subsystem


Air

A
O&M
4/12/2014


GSM

NSS
MSC (mobile switching center)
HLR, VLR, EIR

MS
MS


O&M
handover

4/12/2014


GSM

BSS

(BSC)
(BTS - Base Transceiver Station)
(TC)


BTS
TC


Air A

MS NSS
handover

4/12/2014


GSM

NMS
(Network Management Subsystem)
:





4/12/2014


GSM

GSM

4/12/2014


GSM

Air

FDD
Frequency
Divided
Duplex


200kHz
124
GSM-900
374
GSM-1800
4/12/2014


GSM

Air
(Carrier Frequency Range)

GSM 1800

GSM
Uplink: 890 - 915 MHz
Downlink:
935 - 960 MHz
Carrier Pairs (in MHz)
890.0
935.0
890.1
935.1
890.3
935.3
124 Carriers
....
....
914.9
959.9
915.0
960.0
Duplex Frequency = 45 MHz

4/12/2014

Uplink: 1710 - 1785 MHz


Downlink:
1805 - 1880 MHz
Carrier Pairs (in MHz)
1710.0 1805.0
1710.1 1805.1
1710.3 1805.3
374 Carriers
....
....
1784.9 1879.9
1785.0 1880.0
Duplex Frequency = 95 MHz


GSM

Air

B2 <

100 kHz

f p1

B
125

f p2

f p3

fp123 fp124

100 kHz

B=25 MHz
1?
:

4/12/2014

890.1 890.3


GSM

Air

BTS
( ) FDMA

MS
BTS
,

() TDMA
4/12/2014


GSM

10

Air

FDMA Frequency
Devision Multiple
Access
TDMA Time
Devision Multiple
Access
TSL

4/12/2014


GSM

11

Air
GSM

GMSK
Gaussian
Minimum
Shift
Keying

3.69 s
4/12/2014


GSM

12

Air
( )


TDMA frame
Timeslot


Dedicated

() -
Common
-

4/12/2014


GSM

13

Air
TDMA

TDMA

,

4/12/2014


GSM

14

Air
,
MS

MS

1.

2.


3.

SCH
(
)

TDMA
4/12/2014


GSM

15

Air
,

MS
1.

2.

3.

TDMA
,
,
-

4/12/2014


GSM

16

Air
,
MS

Paging
1.
BTS
paging LA
2.

MS

3.


TDMA .


measurement
reports BSC
4/12/2014


GSM

17

Air






uplink downlink, , (bi directional)

4/12/2014


GSM

18

Air
12

4/12/2014


GSM

19

Air



MS MSC/VLR
, -

MS ( , )
4/12/2014


GSM

20

Air

(downlink)
FCCH Frequency Correction Channel
SCH Synchronization Channel BTS
BCCH Broadcast Control Channel ( ), Frequency hopping
sequence, Channel mapping


PCH Paging Channel - downlink
RACH Random Access Channel uplink MS
AGCH Access Grant Channel - BTS SDCCH

(uplink downlink)
SDCCH Stand Alone Dedicated Control Channel (call set-up, authentication,
location update, assignment of traffic channels, transmission of short messages)
SACCH Slow Associated Control Channel
T MS)
FACCH Fast Associated Control Channel handover

(uplink downlink)
TCH/F Traffic Channel full rate (13Kbit/s)
TCH/H Traffic Channel half rate (5.6Kbit/s)
TCH/EFR enhanced full rate (13Kbit/s)
4/12/2014


GSM

21

Air
(mapping) ,

4/12/2014


GSM

22

Air
( burst )

1 3.69
1 576,9
(
156.25 )

577 ms 8 =
4.615 ms


156.25 / 0.577 ms =
270.8 kb/s

4/12/2014


GSM

23

Air

4/12/2014


GSM

24

Air



(access burst)
Random AccessChannel (RACH)
MS "timing
advance" ,
MS BTS

4/12/2014


GSM

25

Air



()

4/12/2014


GSM

26

Air
,

Channel coding

Interleaving

Equalization

Frequency hopping

Antenna diversity- BTS

(12,5%)


TDMA

4/12/2014


GSM

27

Air
,

4/12/2014


GSM

28

Air
, Channel coding

Channel coding
(12,5%
)
(
GSM 260 20 )
456 20
57%

4/12/2014


GSM

29

Air
(Channel coding)

4/12/2014


GSM

30

Air
, Interleaving

Interleaving
(burst) ,

1
456 8
57
(burst) ( )


(Ciphering) A5
4/12/2014


GSM

31

Air
, Equalization

Equalization
, .. MS BTS
26
"Viterbi
equalization"

26/156.25 ~ 17%

4/12/2014


GSM

32

Air

4/12/2014


GSM

33

Air

(Digitizing and Source Coding)


13 : 213
4/12/2014


GSM

34

Air

(Digitizing and Source Coding)
Residually
Excited Linear Predictive (RELP) ()
260 bit 20 ms (13 kBit/s)
(voice activity detection):
(
),

6,5
kBit/s (half rate coding)

4/12/2014


GSM

35

Air
, Frequency hopping

( burst )
,
.
4

4/12/2014


GSM

36

Air
, Antenna receiver
diversity

4/12/2014


GSM

37

Air
, adaptive power control

MS

Slow
Associated Control
Channel (SACCH)

4/12/2014


GSM

38

T MS
GSM
Power
Class
Number

GSM 900

Power level
number

GSM 1800

Maximum Power
power
level
output
number

GSM 1900

Maximum
power
output

Power
level
number

Maximum
power
output

PL0

30 dBm /
1W

PL0

30 dBm /
1W

PL2

39dBm /
8W

PL3

24 dBm/ 250
PL3
mW

24 dBm /
250 mW

PL3

37dBm /
5W

PL29

36 dBm /
4W

33 dBm /
2W

PL4

33dBm /
2W

PL5

29 dBm /
800 mW

4/12/2014


GSM

PL30

39

Tx MS
Power level
number

Power output
level dBm

Power level
number

Power output level


dBm

39

29

36

37

30

34

35

31

32

33

30

31

28

29

26

27

24

25

22

10

23

20

11

21

18

16

12

19
8

14

13

17

12

14

15

10

10

15

13

11

16

11

12

17

13

18

14

19

15

GSM power level table for GSM 900

4/12/2014

GSM power level table for GSM 1800


GSM

40

Air
, adaptive frame
alignment

4/12/2014


GSM

41

(transmission)

BTS,

BTS
TRX

4/12/2014


GSM

42

(transmission)

BTS BSC, , 2 Mbit/s

4/12/2014


GSM

43

(transmission)

BTS BSC, .
?

4/12/2014


GSM

44

(transmission)

BTS BSC, c
90 GSM
PCM E1

4/12/2014


GSM

45

GSM

(,
)

4/12/2014


GSM

46


BTS

4/12/2014


GSM

47

4/12/2014


GSM

48

4/12/2014


GSM

49

W
N
n
B N f
W- , ;
B- ;
Nf- ;
n-
;
4/12/2014


GSM

50

,
B

B(N, )
Nu ,
= /

4/12/2014


GSM

51

4/12/2014


GSM

52

:
P
,
Nu ,
= /

4/12/2014


GSM

53

4/12/2014


GSM

54

4/12/2014


GSM

55


, ,
B
X = (
) (


) / 3600
:
540 100 / 3600 = 15
5% 15
20
20 / 7 , - 3

4/12/2014


GSM

56

4/12/2014


GSM

57

4/12/2014


GSM

58


,
9

4/12/2014


GSM

59

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