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6

4/12/2014

MTT

ATM

(Asynchronous Transfer Mode,
)

,

ISDN (Broadband-ISDN, B-ISDN).

1993 .
4/12/2014

MTT

ATM

,
,

.
,

.

.

: 1/1, /, SDH
STM-n.

: IP, SNA, Ethernet, ISDN.
4/12/2014

MTT

ATM,

-
. ,
.

,

.
-
,
, .
4/12/2014

MTT


, -

,

.
20

.
4/12/2014

MTT

ATM

UNI
NNI
B-ICI
4/12/2014

MTT



(Virtual Channel Identifier, VCI),

.
(Permanent
Virtual Circuit, PVC) (Switched Virtual Circuit,
SVC).
- Virtual Path,
,

.
(Virtual Path Identifier, VPI)

4/12/2014

MTT

ATM

.
SDH/SONET.
-
-3 (155 /). -12 (622
/).
1/1 /,
.

IBM Turboways ATM 155 PCI


network interface card (SDH)
4/12/2014

MTT

ATM

DS1

1,544

1300

E1

2,048

E3

32,768

DS3

34,368

400

STS-1

51,840

15

STS-3

155,520

15

STS-12

622,080

15

4/12/2014

MTT

ATM
,
,
- ,
-
53 .
- cell.
48 , - 5
.

4/12/2014

MTT

10

,
,
. ,


,
, .
, 53 , 155
/
3 .
( 2%) ,
125 ( 64 /).
4/12/2014

MTT

11

- ,

.
48
48 ,
125 .
6 - ,
,
. 32
4 ,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

12


48-
10 %, 32
16 %.

4/12/2014

MTT

13

ATM

,
, 4
,


.

4/12/2014

MTT

14

ATM
(service class)

.

,
,
.

, ,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

15

ATM
,

,
.

(Constant Bit Rate, CBR)
(Variable
Bit Rate, VBR).
4/12/2014

MTT

16

ATM
,
,


.
,


,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

17

ATM

4/12/2014

MTT

18


ATM
Peak Cell Rate (PCR) -
;
Sustained Cell Rate (SCR) -
;
Minimum Cell Rate (MCR) -
;
Maximum Burst Size (MBS) -
;
Cell Loss Ratio (CLR) - ;
Cell Transfer Delay (CTD) - ;
Cell Delay Variation (CDV) - .
4/12/2014

MTT

19

QoS ATM



QoS,
.
QoS
CTD, CDV CLR.
,

, ,
.
4/12/2014

MTT

20

QoS ATM

- .
,

,
QoS,
- .

QoS,
,
Best Effort .

- Unspecified Bit Rate,
UBR.
4/12/2014

MTT

21

ATM

4/12/2014

MTT

22


ATM

4/12/2014

MTT

23

AAL
( Adaptation Layer,
AAL)
AAL1-AAL5,

.
AAL

.

AAL.
4/12/2014

MTT

24

AAL

AAL1

AAL3/AAL4, AAL5

()
()

D ()

4/12/2014

MTT

25

AAL
.
-
(Segmentation And Reassembly, SAR).
AAL (, , )
,

.
- (Convergence
Sublayer, CS).
, , ,
( ,
),
,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

26

AAL1
AAL1

(Constant Bit Rate, CBR),
, ,

.

,
.
4/12/2014

MTT

27

AAL3/4
AAL3/4
(Variable Bit
Rate, VBR). ,
,
. AAL3/4

,

.
,
-
,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

28

AAL5
AAL5
AAL4.

, .
AAL5
,
,
.

,
, D.
4/12/2014

MTT

29

AAL QoS

QoS AAL
.

.
,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

30

ATM


,
.

,
- (Virtual
Path Identifier, VPI)
(Virtual Channel Identifier, VCI).

-
, -,
-
,
.
4/12/2014

MTT

31

ATM
(Generic Flow Control)

.
.

(VitualPath Identifier, VPI)
(Vitual Channel Identifier, VCI)
1 2 .
,
(VPI) (VCI) .
(Payload Type,
PT) 3- ,
, -
(,
).
,
- Explicit Congestion
Forward Identifier.
4/12/2014

MTT

32

ATM
(Cell
Loss Priority, CLP).
,

,
. ,
CLP=0
,
CLP=1 - .
4/12/2014

MTT

33

ATM
(Header Error
Control, ) ,
.

,
, ,
.
,

SDH ,
. ,

SDH ,
.

4/12/2014

MTT

34



-
.


VPI, VCI .

.


, .
4/12/2014

MTT

35




VPI,
VCI,

(VCI),
VPI .

.
4/12/2014

MTT

36

ATM
20- .
,
ISO 7498. :
http://www.juniper.net/techpubs/software/erx/junose61/swconfig-link/html/atm-config2.html#86303


.164, 1 AFI, 8 IDI .164 (15 ),
11 DSP (Domain Specific Part)
:
4 ,
;
6 - End
System Identifier (ESI), - ,
-
IEEE;
1 ,
.
4/12/2014

MTT

37

ATM
LAN emulation, LANE (
),


.

.

, ,

,
,
.
4/12/2014

MTT

38

ATM

,
, :
(

155 622 /),
(
,
), - (

).
4/12/2014

MTT

39

ATM


- Gigabit Ethernet.
,
,

, , ,
Gigabit Ethernet. ,

.
, ,
,
Fast
Ethernet.
4/12/2014

MTT

40

ATM

- Internet.

IP.
IP-,
SDH,


IP-.

4/12/2014

MTT

41





,
frame relay.

:
CBR,
,
VBR,
,

.
4/12/2014

MTT

42



PCR,
SCR, MBS,
,
, .

, .

SONET/SDH PDH.

,
- BISDN, ISDN.

4/12/2014

MTT

43